Saints Cyprian and Justina are honored in the Catholic Church, Eastern Orthodox Church and Oriental Orthodoxy as Christians of Antioch, who in 304, during the persecution of Diocletian, suffered martyrdom at Nicomedia (modern-day İzmit, Turkey) on September 26.
The story must have arisen as early as the 4th century, as it is mentioned both by St. Gregory Nazianzen and Prudentius; both, nevertheless, have confounded Cyprian with St. Cyprian of Carthage, a mistake often repeated. The attempt has been made to find in Cyprian a mystical prototype of the Faustian legend. The legend is given in Greek and Latin in Acta SS. September, VII. Ancient Syriac and Ethiopic versions of it have been published.
Cyprian, known by the title of the magician, to distinguish him from Cyprian, bishop of Carthage, received a liberal education in his youth, and particularly applied himself to astrology; after which he traveled for improvement through Greece, Egypt, India, etc. Cyprian was a magician in Antioch and dealt in sorcery.
Justina of Antioch is a Christian saint, known for converting Cyprian, a pagan magician of Antioch. She is said to have been martyred in the year 304 AD. Justina was said to have been a young woman who took private vows of chastity and was killed during the persecutions of the Roman emperor Diocletian.
A would-be suitor sought a magic spell to induce Justina to marry him. The charms had no effect on Justina, who spent her time in prayer and fasting. Brought to despair, Cyprian made the sign of the cross himself and in this way was freed from the toils of Satan. He was received into the Church, was made pre-eminent by miraculous gifts, and became in succession deacon, priest and, finally, bishop, while Justina became the abbess of a convent. It is, however, certain that no Bishop of Antioch bore the name of Cyprian.
She is mentioned in Foxe's Book of Martyrs. It was under the 10th Persecution in 303 AD while Diocletian was Emperor of Rome. It says:
" In the course of time he [Cyprian] became acquainted with Justina, a young lady of Antioch, whose birth, beauty, and accomplishments, rendered her the admiration of all who knew her. A pagan gentleman applied to Cyprian, to promote his suit with the beautiful Justina; this he undertook, but soon himself converted, burnt his books of astrology and magic, received baptism, and felt animated with a powerful spirit of grace. The conversion of Cyprian had a great effect on the pagan gentleman who paid his addresses to Justina, and he in a short time embraced Christianity. During the persecutions of Diocletian, Cyprian and Justina were seized upon as Christians, the former was torn with pincers, and the latter chastised; and, after suffering other torments, both were beheaded."
During the Diocletian persecution, both were seized and taken to Damascus, where they were tortured. As their faith never wavered, they were brought before Diocletian at Nicomedia, where at his command they were beheaded on the bank of the river Gallus. The same fate befell a Christian, Theoctistus, who observing Cyprian's faith, declared himself a Christian.
After the bodies of the saints had lain unburied for six days, they were taken by Christian sailors to Rome, where they were interred on the estate of a noble lady named Rufina and later were entombed in Constantine's basilica.
Their feast day appeared in the calendar of Roman Rite celebrations from the thirteenth century until 1969, when it was removed because of the lack of historical evidence of their existence. Their names were also removed from the subsequent (2001) revision of the Roman Martyrology, the official but professedly incomplete list of saints recognized by the Roman Catholic Church. The Roman Martyrology, however, includes five saints called Cyprian and two named Justina. Some traditionalist Catholics continue to observe pre-1970 versions of the Roman Calendar.
The Spanish author, Pedro Calderón de la Barca, took the story as the basis of a drama: El mágico prodigioso. In 2005, American author Tono Rondone published a novel, The Martyrs, which is a continuation of this tradition. 
The Great Book of Saint Cyprian, full of prayers and spells, which is widely sold in the Portuguese- and Spanish-speaking world. Similarly,
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Saint Cyprian and Saint Justina.|
Saints Cyprian and Justina are honored in the Catholic Church , Eastern Orthodox Church and Oriental Orthodoxy as Christians of Antioch , who in 304, during the persecution of Diocletian , suffered martyrdom at Nicomedia (modern-day İzmit , Turkey ) on September 26. Origin The story must have arisen as early as the 4th century, as it is mentioned both by St. Gregory Nazianzen and Prudentius ; both, nevertheless, have confounded Cyprian with St. Cyprian of Carthage , a mistake often repeated. The attempt has been made to find in Cyprian a mystical prototype of the Faustian legend. The legend is given in Greek and Latin in Acta SS. September, VII. Ancient Syriac and Ethiopic versions of it have been published. Legend Cyprian, known by the title of the magician, to distinguish him from Cyprian, bishop of Carthage . He received a liberal education in his youth, and particularly applied himself to astrology; after which he traveled for improvement through Greece, Egypt, India, etc. Cyprian was a magician in Antio
Sep. 2 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - Sep. 4 All fixed commemorations below celebrated on September 16 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For September 3rd, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on August 21 . Saints Saint Phoebe , Deaconess of Cenchreae near Corinth (1st century) Hieromartyr Aristion of Alexandria (Kelladion), Bishop of Alexandria Scabiosa (modern Iskenderun) (c. 167) Hieromartyr Anthimus of Nicomedia , Bishop of Nicomedia (302) Hieromartyr Theophilus the Deacon, and martyrs Dorotheus, Mardonius, Migdonius, Peter, Indes, Gorgonius , Zeno, Virgin Domna , and Euthymius (302) Martyr Basilissa of Nicomedia (309) Martry Zenon, immersed in a cauldron of boiling lead. Martyr Chariton, thrown into a pit of boiling lime. Martyr Archontius. Venerable Theoctistus of Palestine, fellow ascetic with Venerable Euthymius the Great (451) Saint Constantine the New (Heraclius Constantine), Emperor of Byzantium, in the Church of the Holy Apostles (641) Pre-Schism
Oct. 1 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - Oct. 3 All fixed commemorations below celebrated on October 15 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For October 2nd, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on September 19 . Saints Saint Damaris of Athens (1st century) Hieromartyr Cyprian and Virgin- martyr Justina of Antioch, and with them Martyr Theoctistus of Nicomedia (304) Martyrs David and Constantine, Princes of Argveti , Georgia (740) Venerable Monk-Martyrs Michael, Abbot of Zovia Monastery near Sevastoupolis and 36 fathers with him, by beheading (c. 780) (see also: October 1 ) Venerable Theophilus the Confessor, under the iconoclasts (8th century) Blessed Andrew , Fool-for-Christ , at Constantinople (936) (see also: May 28 ) Pre-Schism Western Saints Saint Leudomer (Lomer), Bishop of Chartres in France (c. 585) Saint Gerinus (Garinus, Werinus), brother of St Leodegarius (Leger), persecuted by the tyrant Ebroin , stoned to death near Arras in the north of France (677) H
Dec. 27 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - Dec. 29 All fixed commemorations below are observed on January 10 by Orthodox Churches on Old Calendar . For December 28th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on December 15 . Feasts Afterfeast of the Nativity of Christ . Saints Apostle Nicanor the Deacon , one of the Seven Deacons , and one of the Seventy (34) Martyr Secundus , an Enlightener of Spain, sent by the Apostles to Spain to preach the Gospel of Jesus Christ (1st century) The 20,000 Martyrs of Nicomedia (302), including: Hieromartyr Glycerius, priest; Deacons Theophilus and Migdonius; Martyrs Zeno, Dorotheus, Mardonius, Indes, Gorgonius, Peter, and Euthymius; Virgin-martyrs Agape, Domna (the former pagan priestess), Theophila, and others. Martyr Ploutodoros. Venerable Babylas of Tarsus in Cilicia. Venerable Stephen the Wonderworker. Pre-Schism Western Saints Martyrs Castor, Victor and Rogatian, in North Africa. Saint Domnio (Domnion), a righteous priest in Rome. S
May 18 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - May 20 All fixed commemorations below celebrated on June 1 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.[note 1] For May 19th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on May 6. Saints Hieromartyrs Patricius (Patrick), Bishop of Prusa, and with him the Presbyters Acacius, Menander, and Polyenos (c. 100 or c. 362 )  [note 2] Martyrs Calocerus and Parthenius, brothers (250)   [note 3] Martyr Philoterus of Nicomedia (303)  Martyr Acoluthus of the Thebaid (303) [note 4] Martyr Cyriaca (Kyriake) and the six holy virgin-martyrs in Nicomedia (307)  Martyr Theotima of Nicomedia (c. 311)  Saint John, Bishop of the Goths in Crimea (787)  Pre-Schism Western Saints Martyr Pudens, the senator (c. 160)   Virgin-Martyr Pudentiana (Potentiana), daughter of Saint Pudens the senator (160)    Saint Cyril of Trier, Bishop of Trier, (5th century)  Saint Adolph
Holy Forty Martyrs Church, Veliko Tarnovo, 13th century The Forty Martyrs of Sebaste or the Holy Forty (Ancient/Katharevousa Greek Ἃγιοι Τεσσεράκοντα; Demotic: Άγιοι Σαράντα) were a group of Roman soldiers in the Legio XII Fulminata (Armed with Lightning) whose martyrdom in 320 for the Christian faith is recounted in traditional martyrologies. They were killed near the city of Sebaste (present-day Sivas in Turkey), in Lesser Armenia, victims of the persecutions of Licinius, who after 316, persecuted the Christians of the East. The earliest account of their existence and martyrdom is given by Bishop Basil of Caesarea (370–379) in a homily he delivered on their feast day. The Feast of the Forty Martyrs is thus older than Basil himself, who eulogised them only fifty or sixty years after their deaths. Martyrdom A miniature from the Syriac Gospel Lectionary, created c. 1220 near Mosul and exhibiting a strong Muslim-Mongol influence. According to Basil, forty soldiers who had openly confessed the
Nov. 19 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - Nov. 21 All fixed commemorations below are observed on December 3 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For November 20, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on November 7 . Feasts Forefeast of the Entry into the Temple of the Most Holy Theotokos . Saints Martyr Dasius of Dorostolum , Romania (303) Martyrs Eustathios the Deacon, Thespesios, and Anatolios, of Nicaea (312) Martyrs of Persia, under Shapur II (343): Martyrs Bassus and 42 companions in Heraclea in Thrace. Saint Isaac, Bishop of Armenia (440) Saint Proclus of Constantinople , Archbishop of Constantinople (447) Venerable Gregory Decapolites (816) Venerable Theoctistus the Confessor, Patrician (855) Pre-Schism Western saints Martyrs Octavius, Solutor and Adventor, patron-saints of Turin in Italy where they were martyred (297) Martyrs Ampelus and Gaius, in Messina in Sicily under Diocletian (c. 302) Saint Maxentia, born in Ireland, she settled as an anchoress near Senlis
This is a list of people, places, things, and concepts related to or originating from the Byzantine Empire (AD 330–1453). Feel free to add more, and create missing pages. You can track changes to the articles included in this list from here . Note: People are listed by first name. Events, monuments and institutions like "Battle/Siege/Council/Church/Duchy/etc. of NNN" are listed by the location/name. A Aachen Cathedral Aaronios Abas I of Armenia Abaskiron Abbasid Caliphate Abbasid invasion of Asia Minor (782) Abbasid invasion of Asia Minor (806) Al-Abbas ibn al-Ma'mun Al-Abbas ibn al-Walid Abd al-Aziz ibn al-Walid Abd al-Aziz ibn Shu'ayb Abdallah al-Battal Abdallah al-Khazin Abdallah ibn Abd al-Malik Abd Allah ibn al-Fadl Abdallah ibn Qais Abdallah ibn Rashid ibn Kawus Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan Abd al-Malik ibn Salih Abkhazia, Kingdom of Ablabius (consul 331) Ablabius (assassin) About the Mystery of the Letters Abu Abdallah Umar ibn Shu'ayb Abu Firas al-Hamdani Abu Ghanim Abu Hafs ibn Amr Abu Hafs Umar al-Iqriti