The Rise and Rise of Michael Rimmer

The Rise and Rise of Michael Rimmer is a 1970 British satirical film starring Peter Cook, and co-written by Cook, John Cleese, Graham Chapman, and Kevin Billington, who directed the film. The film was devised and produced by David Frost under the pseudonym "David Paradine".

The film satirised the growing influence of PR, spin and opinion polls in British politics,[1] as well as parodying political figures of the time such as Harold Wilson and Enoch Powell. Cook admitted later that he had partly based his portrayal of the Rimmer character on David Frost, who provided funding for the film[2] and took an executive producer credit.

Plot

The mysterious Michael Rimmer (Cook) appears at a small and ailing British advertising agency, where the employees assume he is working on a time and motion study. However, he quickly begins to assert a de facto authority over the firm’s mostly ineffectual staff and soon acquires control of the business from the incompetent boss Ferret (Arthur Lowe). Rimmer then succeeds in establishing the newly invigorated firm as the country’s leading polling agency, and begins to make regular TV appearances as a polling expert. He subsequently moves into politics, acting as an adviser to the leader of the Tory opposition, and then becomes an MP himself, for the constituency of Budleigh Moor (a reference to Cook's frequent collaborator, Dudley Moore), along the way acquiring a trophy wife (Vanessa Howard).

Relying on a combination of charisma and deception—and murder—he then rapidly works his way up the political ladder to become prime minister (after throwing his predecessor off an oil rig). Rimmer then gains ultimate control by requiring the populace to engage in endless postal voting on trivial matters. At last, exhausted, they acquiesce in one final vote which passes dictatorial power to him. Ferret attempts to assassinate Rimmer as he and his wife ride through the capital in an open-topped convertible, but fails and falls to his death.

Cast
Production

The concept of the film was devised by David Frost in 1967, and the first draft of the screenplay was then co-written by Cleese and Chapman, during a three-month sabbatical in Ibiza. Cook was lined up to star, but it took another two years before funding could be secured. It was the third of three films Cook was contracted to make for Columbia, the previous two being The Wrong Box and A Dandy in Aspic.[3]

Cook, Cleese, Chapman and director Kevin Billington jointly reworked the script prior to filming, and Cook reportedly made a strong contribution to the final script. It was produced during 1969, and the team hoped it would maximise its topicality with a release prior to the forthcoming UK general elections (the result of which it in fact predicted). However the studio feared that it might become a source of controversy, so the film was held back until November 1970, almost a year after the election, thus losing most of its topical 'punch'.[4]

Cook's performance was panned by critics, and both he and John Cleese subsequently acknowledged that he did not perform well. The commercial and critical failure of the movie, which did not receive an American release, effectively dashed Cook's hopes of establishing himself as a solo screen star - although he appeared in many more film and TV projects, he only co-starred (with Dudley Moore) in one other film, and Rimmer proved to be his only solo starring film role.[5][6]

The film is also notable for its distinguished cast of well-known British comedy and character actors, including Cleese and Chapman, Denholm Elliott, Arthur Lowe, Dennis Price, Ronald Fraser, Michael Trubshawe, Julian Glover, Michael Bates, and cameos by Ronnie Corbett and renowned stage and screenwriter Harold Pinter. The film also reunited Corbett, Cleese, Chapman and Frost, all of whom had worked extensively together during the 1960s on That Was The Week That Was and The Frost Report (although only Cleese appears with Corbett on screen).

The story satirises many well-known British political figures including Harold Wilson, Harold Macmillan, and Enoch Powell, and although the resemblances were played down at the time of the film's release, Cook later admitted that the title character of Rimmer was heavily based on David Frost himself. Like Frost, Rimmer effectively appears from nowhere, "rises without trace" (the famous phrase coined by Jonathan Miller to describe Frost's ascent to prominence) and becomes one of the most influential people in the country. The imitation even extended to Cook copying Frost's standard greeting of the time, "Super to see you", and the coincidental fact that the set of Rimmer's living room was almost identical to Frost's real living room, even though the designer had never seen it.[7]

Alongside the more overt satire and parodies of prominent public figures, the movie also includes numerous hidden jokes and visual gags. For example, in the scene in which Arthur Lowe gropes his secretary's legs as she stands in front of a shelf, the spine of one of the folders on the shelf is clearly marked with a swastika. In Harold Pinter's cameo appearance as fictional TV host Steven Hench, the initials of the his show's title, "Steven Hench is Talking To You" spell S-H-I-T-T-Y.

References
  1. Cook, William (30 June 2007). "Unfunny, peculiar". The Guardian. Retrieved 2009-10-14.
  2. Thompson, Harry (1997). Peter Cook: A Biography. Sceptre. pp. 259–262. ISBN 0-340-64969-0.
  3. William Cook, One Leg Too Few: The Adventures of Peter Cook and Dudley Moore (Random House, 2014), pp. 298-302
  4. William Cook, One Leg Too Few: The Adventures of Peter Cook and Dudley Moore (Random House, 2014), pp. 298-302
  5. William Cook, "Unfunny, peculiar", The Guardian, 30 June 2007
  6. William Cook, One Leg Too Few: The Adventures of Peter Cook and Dudley Moore (Random House, 2014), pp. 298-302
  7. William Cook, One Leg Too Few: The Adventures of Peter Cook and Dudley Moore (Random House, 2014), pp. 298-302
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Nicholas Phipps

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Nicholas Phipps

Nicholas Phipps (23 June 1913 – 11 April 1980) was a British actor and screenwriter who appeared in more than thirty films during a career that lasted between 1938 and 1970.[1] He was born in London in 1913. He appeared mainly in British comedy films, often specialising in playing military figures.[2] He was also an occasional screenwriter, sometimes working on the script for films in which he acted. Best known for his collaborations with Herbert Wilcox and Ralph Thomas, Phipps wrote some of the most popular British films of all time, including Spring in Park Lane (1948) and Doctor in the House (1954).[1] He retired from acting in 1970.[3] His script for the 1954 film Doctor in the House was nominated for a BAFTA.[4] Biography Phipps began his association with Herbert Wilcox working on I Live in Grosvenor Square (1945). He wrote This Man Is Mine (1946) then had a big hit with Piccadilly Incident (1946) which he wrote for Wilcox and Neagle.[5] They reunited on The Courtneys of Curzon Street (1947) and Sprin ...more...

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Alpetragius (crater)

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Alpetragius (crater)

Oblique view from Apollo 12 Alpetragius is a lunar impact crater located on the eastern edge of Mare Nubium, to the southwest of the much larger crater Alphonsus. In the southeast is the prominent crater Arzachel, and to the west lies the flooded Lassell. The most notable feature of this crater is the disproportionately large central peak, which forms a rounded rise that occupies almost the entire crater floor—one-third the crater diameter—and rises to a height of 2.0 km. There is evidence that this peak has been enlarged through volcanic eruptions, and there appears to be an eroded vent at its summit. The rim has fine terraces that slope down to near the edge of the central rise along the south and east sides. This outer wall is nearly round, with slight protrusions on the north and west sides. Oblique view from Apollo 16 The outer rim is joined to the southwest rim of Alphonsus by a rise in the surface. An arc of craterous depressions from the south rim of Alphonsus curves to the west, dividing Alpe ...more...

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John Cleese

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John Cleese

John Marwood Cleese (; born 27 October 1939) is an English actor, voice actor, comedian, screenwriter, and producer. He achieved success at the Edinburgh Festival Fringe and as a scriptwriter and performer on The Frost Report. In the late 1960s, he co-founded Monty Python, the comedy troupe responsible for the sketch show Monty Python's Flying Circus and the four Monty Python films: And Now for Something Completely Different, Monty Python and the Holy Grail, Life of Brian and The Meaning of Life. In the mid-1970s, Cleese and his first wife, Connie Booth, co-wrote and starred in the British sitcom Fawlty Towers, with Cleese receiving the 1980 BAFTA for Best Entertainment Performance. Later, he co-starred with Kevin Kline, Jamie Lee Curtis, and former Python colleague Michael Palin in A Fish Called Wanda and Fierce Creatures, both of which he also wrote. He also starred in Clockwise and has appeared in many other films, including two James Bond films as R and Q, two Harry Potter films, and the last three Shrek ...more...

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List of British films of 1970

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List of British films of 1970

A list of films produced in the United Kingdom in 1970 (see 1970 in film): 1970 Title Director Cast Genre Notes 1970 The Adventures of Gerard Jerzy Skolimowski Peter McEnery, Claudia Cardinale Action/comedy And Soon the Darkness Robert Fuest Pamela Franklin, Michele Dotrice, Sandor Elès Thriller The Beast in the Cellar James Kelley Beryl Reid, Flora Robson Horror The Beloved George P. Cosmatos Raquel Welch, Richard Johnson Drama The Body Roy Battersby Frank Finlay, Vanessa Redgrave Documentary The Breaking of Bumbo Andrew Sinclair Richard Warwick, Joanna Lumley Comedy The Buttercup Chain Robert Ellis Miller Hywel Bennett, Jane Asher Drama Entered into the 1970 Cannes Film Festival Carry On Loving Gerald Thomas Kenneth Williams, Sid James Comedy Carry On Up the Jungle Gerald Thomas Frankie Howerd, Sid James Comedy Clegg Lindsay Shonteff Gilbert Wynne, Gary Hope Crime Connecting Rooms Franklin Gollings Bette Davis, Michael Redgrave, Alexis Kan ...more...

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1970 in film

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1970 in film

The year 1970 in film involved some significant events. Highest-grossing films (U.S.) The top ten 1970 released films by box office gross in North America are as follows: Highest-grossing films of 1970 Rank Title Studio Domestic gross 1. Love Story Paramount Pictures $106,397,186[1] 2. Airport Universal Studios $100,489,151[2] 3. MASH 20th Century Fox Film Corporation $67,300,000[3] 4. Patton 20th Century-Fox Film Corporation $61,749,765[4] 5. Woodstock Warner Bros. $50,000,000[5] 6. Little Big Man National General Pictures $31,559,552[6] 7. Ryan's Daughter Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Pictures $30,846,306[7] 8. Tora! Tora! Tora! 20th Century-Fox Film Corporation $29,548,291[8] 9. Chariots of the Gods Constantin Film / Sunn Classic Pictures $25,948,300[9] 10. The Aristocats Walt Disney Productions $20,222,599[10] Events January 9 - Larry Fine, the second member of The Three Stooges, suffers a massive stroke, effectivel ...more...

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Burn Gorman

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Burn Gorman

Burn Hugh Gorman[1][2] (born 1 September 1974) is an American-born English actor and musician. He is known for his roles as Dr. Owen Harper in the BBC series Torchwood (2006–08), Karl Tanner in the HBO series Game of Thrones (2013–14), Dr. Hermann Gottlieb in Pacific Rim (2013) and its sequel Pacific Rim Uprising (2018), and Major Edmund Hewlett in the AMC series Turn: Washington's Spies (2014). Since 2015, Gorman has portrayed The Marshal in the Amazon drama The Man in the High Castle. Early life Gorman was born in Hollywood, California, to English parents.[3] His father was a professor of linguistics at the University of California, Los Angeles in Westwood, Los Angeles. At the age of seven, Gorman moved to London with his family. He has three older sisters. Gorman trained at Manchester Metropolitan University's School of Theatre.[4] Career Acting Gorman at Sheffield Film & Comic Con Gorman played William Guppy in the 2005 BBC One adaptation of Charles Dickens' Bleak House, and then appeared as O ...more...

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Roland Culver

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Roland Culver

Roland Joseph Culver, OBE (31 August 1900 – 1 March 1984[4]) was an English stage, film, and television actor.[5] Life and career After Highgate School, he joined the Royal Air Force and served as a pilot from 1918 to 1919. After considering other careers, he turned to acting, graduating from the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art.[6] He debuted on the stage in 1924 at Hull Repertory Theatre and, by 1931, was appearing in films in which he was known for his portrayals of impeccable English gentlemen not given to displays of emotion. In the 1960s, he branched out into television before finally retiring in 1982. In 1960 he appeared in Five Finger Exercise at the Music Box Theatre in New York City. He was nominated for the 1966 Tony Award for Best Performance by a Leading Actor in a Play for Ivanov.[7] In 1974, he played the irascible Duke of Omnium and Gatherum in the popular BBC adaptation of 'The Pallisers'. He lost half a lung to tuberculosis. Personal life He was married twice, first to actress, director, a ...more...

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Above the Rim

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Above the Rim

Above the Rim is a 1994 American sports film co-written, storied and directed by Jeff Pollack in his directorial debut.[2] The screenplay was written by Barry Michael Cooper,[2] from a story by Benny Medina. The film stars Duane Martin, Tupac Shakur, Leon Robinson, Marlon Wayans and Wood Harris. The film tells the story of a promising New York City high school basketball star and his relationships with two people; one a drug dealer and the other a former basketball star now employed as a security guard at the high school, where he was the promising young star years ago. The movie was shot in Harlem with various scenes in the movie filmed at the Manhattan Center for Science and Mathematics in East Harlem. Some of the basketball scenes were filmed at Samuel J. Tilden High School in Brooklyn, NY. Plot Kyle Watson is a talented basketball player who is about to graduate from high school. While he waits to find out if he will receive a scholarship to Georgetown University, he finds himself in a difficult dilemm ...more...

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Whale tail

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Whale tail

Whale tail above the rim of low rise jeans Whale tail is the Y-shaped waistband of a thong or G-string when visible above the waistline of low-rise jeans, shorts, or a skirt that resembles a whale's tail.[1][2][3] Intentionally or unintentionally, a whale tail is exposed above the trousers mostly when sitting or bending, or even while standing. The frequency or occasion depends on the style of trousers, the style of underwear, and the way they are worn. Displaying whale tails became popular in the early 2000s, together with the rise of low-rise jeans and thong underwear. The trend, popularized by a number of female celebrities including Christina Aguilera, Victoria Beckham, Mariah Carey, Paris Hilton and Britney Spears, waned within the decade. Specially designed trousers like low-rise jeans or hip-huggers and higher cut thongs led to greater exposure of the whale tail.[1][4] The trend was also associated with the trend of sporting lower back tattoos.[5] The word was selected by the American Dialect Socie ...more...

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List of Swimming World Swimmers of the Year

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List of Swimming World Swimmers of the Year

Michael Phelps was the male swimmer of the year in 2003, 2004, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2012, and 2016 Swimming World Swimmers of the Year is awarded by the American-based Swimming World. There are seven categories: World Swimmer, American Swimmer, European Swimmer, Pacific Rim Swimmer, World Disabled Swimmer, African Swimmer, and Open Water Swimmer of year. An award for male and female is made for each category.[1] The award was inaugurated in 1964, when Swimming World named Don Schollander as its World Swimmer of the Year. Two years later, a female category was added, and the awards continued in this format until 1980. The winners were mostly American until the rise of East Germany's women in the 1970s, and 1980 saw the creation of subcategories for American and European swimmers. Following the end of the Cold War, Germany declined following the end of the East's systematic state-sponsored doping program, while Australia's swimming team enjoyed a revival. In December 2013, Swimming World announced a decisi ...more...

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List of Warner Bros. films

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List of Warner Bros. films

This is a list of films produced, co-produced, and/or distributed by Warner Bros. and also its subsidiary First National Pictures for the years 1928–60. From 1928 to 1936, films by First National continued to be credited solely to "First National Pictures". In July 1936, stockholders of First National Pictures, Inc. (primarily Warner Bros.) voted to dissolve the corporation and no further separate First National Pictures were made. 1910s Release date Title Notes March 10, 1918 My Four Years in Germany Warner's first film[1][2] December 1918 Kaiser's Finish lost film May 1919 Open Your Eyes extant[3] June 1, 1919 Beware! print survives November 30, 1919 Speed first short Warner film; lost film 1920s Release date Title Notes January 1920 The Lost City April 2, 1920 Parted Curtains considered lost July 16, 1921 Miracles of the Jungle August 8, 1921 School Days Warners' most expensive film to date with a cost of $133,000 and biggest grossing film to date with worldwide r ...more...

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Kumagai Gumi

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Kumagai Gumi

Kumagai Gumi Co., Ltd. (株式会社熊谷組 Kabushiki-gaisha Kumagai Gumi) is a Japanese construction company founded in Fukui, Fukui Prefecture, Japan. The company still has registered headquarters in Fukui, but the actual head office is located in Shinjuku, Tokyo. History Santaro Kumagai, the company's founder, began his career as a civil servant in a police department. His construction career started as a stonemason, crafting religious monuments and performing work for the expanding railway network.[3] Kumagai founded his own company in 1898 and incorporated it in 1938. Between 1955 and 1983 the company accounted for more than 10% of all contracts awarded to the fifty-seven members of the Overseas Construction Association of Japan, a figure that outranked the ‘Big Five’ domestic giant construction companies.[4] As overseas projects were riskier, these five companies were reluctant to expand beyond Japan. Kumagai Gumi took advantage of the situation and sought work overseas, as both as a construction company and a d ...more...

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Meteor Crater

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Meteor Crater

The Holsinger meteorite is the largest discovered fragment of the meteorite that created Meteor Crater and it is exhibited in the crater visitor center. The Barringer Meteor Crater from space. The Diablo Canyon arroyo is to the west (left). The ghost town of Diablo Canyon, for which the meteorite is named, is on the canyon just to the north and out of the picture. The Meteor Crater from 36,000 feet Meteor Crater is a meteorite impact crater approximately 37 miles (60 km) east of Flagstaff and 18 miles (29 km) west of Winslow in the northern Arizona desert of the United States. Because the United States Board on Geographic Names commonly recognizes names of natural features derived from the nearest post office, the feature acquired the name of "Meteor Crater" from the nearby post office named Meteor.[2] The site was formerly known as the Canyon Diablo Crater and fragments of the meteorite are officially called the Canyon Diablo Meteorite.[3] Scientists refer to the crater as Barringer Crater in honor of ...more...

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Undiscovered Histories

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Piccolomini (crater)

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Piccolomini (crater)

Piccolomini is a prominent lunar impact crater located in the southeastern sector of the Moon. The crater Rothmann lies to the west-southwest, to the north is Fracastorius, to the east-northeast is Weinek, to the east-southeast is Neander, and to the south is Stiborius. The lengthy Rupes Altai begins at the western rim of Piccolomini, curving to the northwest. It is 88 kilometers in diameter and 4,500 meters deep. It is from the Upper Imbrian period, 3.8 to 3.2 billion years ago.[1] Lunar Orbiter 4 image, North on the photo is nearly on the right end of the smaller crater on top of the photo The crater rim has not been severely worn by crater impacts, and the inner wall possesses wide terraces. These structures have been somewhat smoothed by landslips and erosion, most likely induced by seismic activity. An influx of material has entered across the northern rim, flowing down toward the base. The crater floor is relatively smooth, with only minor hills and impact craters. In the middle is a complex centra ...more...

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Zhang Jin

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Zhang Jin

Zhang Jin (born 19 May 1974), also known as Max Zhang, is a Chinese actor and a former wushu athlete who won the Best Supporting Actor at the 33rd Hong Kong Film Awards. Profession background Zhang began his career as a stunt actor, notably in Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon (2000) as the stunt double for Zhang Ziyi, whom he later collaborated as a screen actor in My Lucky Star (2013) and The Grandmaster (2013). He also starred in Rise of the Legend in 2014 and SPL II: A Time for Consequences in 2015. Zhang married Hong Kong actress Ada Choi on 12 January 2008.[1] They have two daughters, Zoe and Chloe. Filmography Year English title Original title Role Notes 2000 Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon 卧虎藏龙 Stunt Double 2001 Chinese Heroes 2002 Hero Undiscovered Tomb 2006 Shaolin vs. Evil Dead 2: Ultimate Power 2012 The Bounty 悬赏 Yip On 2013 The Grandmaster 一代宗师 Ma San My Lucky Star 非常幸运 2014 From Vegas to Macau 赌城风云 DOA's bodyguard/assassin Rise of the Legend ...more...

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List of fictional politicians

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List of fictional politicians

This is a list of political office holders from works of fiction. Fictional U.S. Presidents, U.S. Vice Presidents, U.S. Presidential candidates, British Prime Ministers, British monarchs, and Australian and British politicians are all covered by separate articles. Mayors Unnamed Mayor (Michael Murphy) of Gotham City – Batman Returns The Mayor – Halloweentown, The Nightmare Before Christmas The Mayor (James Gandolfini) – New York City, The Taking of Pelham 123 (2009 Remake) Mayor Richard Adar (David Eick, Colm Feore), Battlestar Galactica Mayor "Al" (Lee Wallace) – D-New York City, The Taking of Pelham One Two Three Mayor John Amalfi – New York City, "Cities in Flight" short stories and novel series Science fiction, by James Blish Mayor Frank Berkowitz (Sonny Bono) – Metropolis, Superman comics and Lois & Clark: The New Adventures of Superman Mayor Blank – The City, USA, The Tick animated series Mayor Johnny "The Mayor" Bledsoe – Hill Valley, The Oblongs Mayor Borg (Lee Wallace) – Gotha ...more...

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Patrick Melton

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Patrick Melton

Patrick Melton (born June 18, 1975) is an American screenwriter, producer and novelist. Background Melton was born in Champaign, Illinois, but grew up mostly in Evanston, Illinois. He attended Evanston Township High School, and graduated from the University of Iowa with a Bachelor's Degree in Communication Studies. He also attended Loyola Marymount University in Los Angeles, where he received a MFA in screenwriting. He is the writing partner of college friend Marcus Dunstan. Film career In 2004, Melton won Project Greenlight Season 3 along with Marcus Dunstan and John Gulager. The TV show premiered on Bravo and resulted in the horror/comedy film Feast. Based on its success, two sequels followed, Feast 2: Sloppy Seconds and Feast III: The Happy Finish. However, it was Melton's involvement with Saw, the most successful horror franchise of all-time, that brought him worldwide recognition and international box office success.[1] He wrote Saw IV, Saw V, Saw VI and Saw 3D for a worldwide take of nearly $500,000 ...more...

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History of European exploration in Tibet

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History of European exploration in Tibet

The location of Tibet, deep in the Himalaya mountains, made travel to Tibet extraordinarily difficult at any time, in addition to the fact that it traditionally was forbidden to all western foreigners. The internal and external politics of Tibet, China, Bhutan, Assam, and the northern Indian kingdoms combined rendered entry into Tibet politically difficult for all Europeans. The combination of inaccessibility and political sensitivity made Tibet a mystery and a challenge for Europeans well into the 20th century. History 1667 illustration Himalayas, on the southern rim of the Tibetan plateau. 12th–16th centuries The earliest European reports of Tibet were from Rabbi Benjamin of Tudela who left Zaragoza, Aragon in 1160 and travelled to Baghdad before returning to Navarre in 1173. Based on his discussions with learned men, Rabbi Benjamin describes Tibet as being the land of musk and as being four days journey from Samarkand.[1] Less than 100 years later, an emissary was sent by Louis IX to the Mangu Kh ...more...

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Green flash

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Green flash

The development of a green flash at sunset in San Francisco Green flash in Santa Cruz, California The stages of a green flash A mock-mirage green flash observed in San Francisco, California Green flashes and green rays are optical phenomena that sometimes occur just after sunset or right before sunrise. When the conditions are right, a distinct green spot is briefly visible above the upper rim of the Sun's disk; the green appearance usually lasts for no more than a second or two. Rarely, the green flash can resemble a green ray shooting up from the sunset (or sunrise) point. Green flashes occur because the Earth's atmosphere can cause the light from the sun to separate out into different colors. Green flashes are a group of similar phenomena which stem from slightly different causes, and therefore some types of green flashes are more common than others.[1] Observing Green flashes may be observed from any altitude. They usually are seen at an unobstructed horizon, such as over the ocean ...more...

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Carrie Saxon Perry

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Carrie Saxon Perry

Carrie Saxon Perry was the first black woman to be elected mayor of a major New England city – Hartford, Connecticut – in 1987. She served three terms before being defeated in 1993.[1] She had previously served as a state representative, and was known for her distinctive broad-rimmed hats.[1][2] Mayorship Perry was elected the mayor of Hartford at the age of 56.[1] She is credited for helping reduce racial tension in the city; notably, she visited black neighborhoods after the Rodney King verdict, which was credited with preventing rioting in Hartford as had happened in other large cities.[1] She also focused on reducing burgeoning gang activity and drug trafficking, which was on the rise at the time.[2] The position in Hartford is considered largely ceremonial, and paid a stipend of $17,500.[3] After three terms as mayor, she was defeated by first-time Democratic challenger Michael Peters, a city firefighter.[1] He had run on a campaign capitalizing on Hartford's declining economy and a sense that street ...more...

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Mamers Valles

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Mamers Valles

Glacial-like flow features near Mamers Valles. Scarps and hills appear twisted like taffy, probably the result of the slow movement of the subsurface ice. Note the patterned ground at top center. These small-scale textures may be the result of sublimation (evaporation) of subsurface ice combined with the taffy-like shifts in the ground surface. Width of image is about a kilometer. Mamers Valles is a long, winding canyon in the north of Mars.[1] It covers 1000 km, cutting through the cratered uplands of the Arabia Terra, from the Cerulli Crater to the Deuteronilus Mensae near the edge of Mars' vast northern lowlands. Through its midsection, it averages a width of 25 km and a depth of 1200 meters. The most popular theory states that the canyon was likely formed by either water or lava, with the flow from south to north and additional material flowing from the slope toward the valley floor. According to the most popular theory, linear features on the valley bottom indicate possible ice flows and that ice may c ...more...

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Glaciers on Mars

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Glaciers on Mars

Martian glacier as seen by HiRISE. Glacier is moving down valley, then spreading out on plain. Evidence for flow comes from the many lines on surface. The rimming ridges at the end of the glacier are probably moraines. Location is in Protonilus Mensae in Ismenius Lacus quadrangle. Glaciers, loosely defined as patches of currently or recently flowing ice, are thought to be present across large but restricted areas of the modern Martian surface, and are inferred to have been more widely distributed at times in the past.[1][2] Lobate convex features on the surface known as viscous flow features and lobate debris aprons, which show the characteristics of non-Newtonian flow, are now almost unanimously regarded as true glaciers.[1][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10] However, a variety of other features on the surface have also been interpreted as directly linked to flowing ice, such as fretted terrain,[1][11] lineated valley fill,[7][9] concentric crater fill,[3][12] and arcuate ridges.[10] A variety of surface textures see ...more...

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Michael Caine

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Michael Caine

Sir Michael Caine CBE (; born Maurice Joseph Micklewhite Jr., 14 March 1933) is an English actor, producer, and author. Known for his distinctive cockney accent, Caine has appeared in over 115 films, and is regarded as a British film icon.[2] He made his breakthrough in the 1960s with starring roles in British films, including Zulu (1964), The Ipcress File (1965), Alfie (1966), for which he was nominated for an Academy Award, The Italian Job (1969), and Battle of Britain (1969). His most notable roles in the 1970s included Get Carter (1971), The Last Valley (1971), Sleuth (1972), for which he earned his second Academy Award nomination, The Man Who Would Be King (1975), and A Bridge Too Far (1977). He achieved some of his greatest critical success in the 1980s, with Educating Rita (1983), earning him the BAFTA and Golden Globe Award for Best Actor. In 1986, he received an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his performance in Woody Allen's Hannah and Her Sisters. Caine played Ebenezer Scrooge in The ...more...

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The Brave (TV series)

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The Brave (TV series)

The Brave is an American military drama series which depicts the missions of an elite covert operations team of the Defense Intelligence Agency, similar to that of the CIA's Special Operations Group. It stars Anne Heche and Mike Vogel, and was created by Dean Georgaris. The series premiered on September 25, 2017, on NBC.[1] On May 11, 2018, NBC canceled the series after one season.[2] Synopsis The series revolves around the professional and personal sacrifices that the military have to face in war missions. Patricia Campbell (Anne Heche), deputy director of the Defense Intelligence Agency, and her team of analysts have the most advanced surveillance technology in their hand. Captain Adam Dalton (Mike Vogel), a former Delta Force operator, communications director for the team, he has the mission of finding an American doctor who was kidnapped and must make the mission safe and sound. Thus, his highly qualified squad must save innocent people's lives and face the most dangerous missions in the world. Cast a ...more...

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Werner (crater)

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Werner (crater)

Werner is a prominent lunar impact crater that lies in the rugged south-central highlands of the Moon. It is almost joined with the crater Aliacensis to the southeast, and the pair form a rugged valley in the intervening gap. Due west of Werner is the distorted Regiomontanus, and to the north is the remains of Blanchinus. It is from the Eratosthenian period, which lasted from 3.2 to 1.1 billion years ago. The rim of Werner shows little appearance of wear, and is much younger and less eroded than the other large craters in the surroundings. The interior wall is terraced, and there is a noticeable rampart on the exterior. There are several low rises on the crater floor and a notable central peak. Its highly terraced walls attain peaks of almost 1,500 feet. The crater is 45 miles (70 kilometers) in diameter, and the difference in height between its rim and its deepest parts is 4.2 kilometers.[1][2] Near the Werner crater, a chiaroscuro effect created by the dark craters and their lit rims is visible for severa ...more...

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Assyria

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Assyria

Assyria (), also called the Assyrian Empire, was a major Semitic speaking Mesopotamian kingdom and empire of the ancient Near East and the Levant. It existed as a state from perhaps as early as the 25th century BC in the form of the Assur city-state,[2] until its collapse between 612 BC and 609 BC, spanning the Early to Middle Bronze Age through to the late Iron Age.[3][4] From the end of the seventh century BC to the mid-seventh century AD, it survived as a geopolitical entity, for the most part ruled by foreign powers, although a number of Neo-Assyrian states arose at different times during the Parthian and early Sasanian Empires between the mid-second century BC and late third century AD, a period which also saw Assyria become a major centre of Syriac Christianity and the birthplace of the Church of the East.[5] Centered on the Tigris in Upper Mesopotamia (modern northern Iraq, northeastern Syria, southeastern Turkey and the northwestern fringes of Iran), the Assyrians came to rule powerful empires at sev ...more...

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Pacific Rim (film)

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Pacific Rim (film)

Pacific Rim is a 2013 American science fiction film directed by Guillermo del Toro and starring Charlie Hunnam, Idris Elba, Rinko Kikuchi, Charlie Day, Burn Gorman, Robert Kazinsky, Max Martini, and Ron Perlman. The screenplay was written by Travis Beacham and del Toro from a story by Beacham. The film is set in the future, when Earth is at war with the Kaiju,[a] colossal sea monsters which have emerged from an interdimensional portal on the bottom of the Pacific Ocean. To combat the monsters, humanity unites to create the Jaegers,[b] gigantic humanoid mechas, each controlled by at least two pilots, whose minds are joined by a mental link. Focusing on the war's later days, the story follows Raleigh Becket, a washed-up Jaeger pilot called out of retirement and teamed with rookie pilot Mako Mori as part of a last-ditch effort to defeat the Kaiju. Principal photography began on November 14, 2011, in Toronto and lasted through April 2012. The film was produced by Legendary Pictures and distributed by Warner Bros ...more...

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Russ Simmons' Movie Reviews

Russ Simmons (russy)

Revolvy User Would you go to see a movie titled, “Godzilla vs. Transformers?” If so, then “Pacific Rim” is the machine…I mean movie…for you. Idris Elba, Charlie Hunnam and Rinko Kikuchi lead the cast, but the real stars of “Pacific Rim” are the robots and monsters, rendered masterfully by an army of talented special effects and CGI artists. Admittedly, Guillermo del Toro’s $200 million monster flick looked great on the big screen, especially in IMAX 3-D. But the gears all show in this sometimes-clunky vehicle put together from parts of a lot of other sci-fi movies. Plus, at 132 minutes, even the breathtaking eye candy gets a bit wearisome. Still, for the 7-year-old in all of us, there’s much to like in this goofy throwback that ranks a notch above the Michael Bay spectacles it sometimes emulates. Put your brain on autopilot, channel your inner fanboy nerd, and enjoy “Pacific Rim’s” bumpy ride.

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The Asylum

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The Asylum

The Asylum is an American independent film company and distributor that focuses on producing low-budget, direct-to-video films. The company has produced titles that capitalize on productions by major studios, often using film titles and scripts very similar to those of current blockbusters in order to lure customers. These titles have been dubbed "mockbusters" by the press.[2][3][4][5][6] Its titles are distributed by Echo Bridge Home Entertainment, GT Media, and as of 2015, Cinedigm. They are perhaps best known for creating the Sharknado films. As of 2009/2010, The Asylum have never had any losses from their film productions.[7][8] History The Asylum was founded by director David Michael Latt and former Village Roadshow executives David Rimawi and Sherri Strain in 1997.[2] The company focused on producing straight-to-video low-budget films, usually in the horror genre, but were unable to find a market due to competition from major studios, such as Lions Gate Entertainment.[2] In 2005, the company produced ...more...

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Regiomontanus (crater)

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Regiomontanus (crater)

Regiomontanus is an ancient lunar impact crater located in the southern highlands region to the southeast of Mare Nubium. It is joined at the chaotic northern rim by the crater Purbach and the southwestern rim by the crater Deslandres, and to the south-southeast is Walther. From that location, the Earth appears at around 62 degrees from the horizon facing north. Also the sun rises during the third quarter of Earthshine and the sun sets during its first quarter. Regiomontanus as seen from Earth during the first quarter of the Moon, as it was taken in the Southern Hemisphere, north on the photo is on the bottom Characteristics The crater is heavily worn from impact erosion, and the rim is irregular, mountainous and distinctly oval in outline. The walls on the southern and western edges have been almost completely degraded. A prominent ridge lies off-center to the northwest, with the small crater Regiomontanus A at its summit. The crater floor is lava-flooded, and has a number of small crater impacts. T ...more...

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Michael Faraday

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Michael Faraday

Faraday's Laboratory at the Royal Institution (1870 engraving) Michael Faraday FRS (; 22 September 1791 – 25 August 1867) was a British scientist who contributed to the study of electromagnetism and electrochemistry. His main discoveries include the principles underlying electromagnetic induction, diamagnetism and electrolysis. Although Faraday received little formal education, he was one of the most influential scientists in history. It was by his research on the magnetic field around a conductor carrying a direct current that Faraday established the basis for the concept of the electromagnetic field in physics. Faraday also established that magnetism could affect rays of light and that there was an underlying relationship between the two phenomena.[1][2] He similarly discovered the principles of electromagnetic induction and diamagnetism, and the laws of electrolysis. His inventions of electromagnetic rotary devices formed the foundation of electric motor technology, and it was largely due to his efforts ...more...

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Scientific Discoverers

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Nevado de Toluca National Park

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Nevado de Toluca National Park

View of the peak of the volcano The Nevado de Toluca National Park is located southwest of the city of Toluca, Mexico State. It was decreed a park in 1936, primarily to protect the Nevado de Toluca volcano, which forms nearly the park’s entire surface and is the fourth highest peak in Mexico. It is 45 km from Toluca and 135 from Mexico City.[1] The park was established with the aim of conservation, but the park is under increasing pressure from the growth of the Toluca metropolitan area as well as from illegal logging done by local communities who need the income.[2] The volcano has been long extinct and has a large crater in which are two shallow lakes. The crater and lakes are popular with visitors from Mexico State and Mexico City, especially when there is snow.[3] There are a number of archeological sites in the park, including the lakes themselves, which contain numerous offerings of copal and other items that were deposited during the pre-Hispanic period.[4] The park offers activities such as hiking, m ...more...

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List of songs recorded by Tupac Shakur

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List of songs recorded by Tupac Shakur

The following is a list of recorded songs by American rapper Tupac Shakur. Song Year Album Other Performer(s) Producers(s)! "Against All Odds" 1996 The Don Killuminati: The 7 Day Theory N/A Hurt-M-Badd, Makaveli "Against All Odds" 2007 Life Goes On Trae Q-Stone "Ain't Hard 2 Find" 1996 All Eyez on Me E-40, B-Legit, C-Bo, Richie Rich Mike Mosley, Rick Rock "All Bout U" 1996 All Eyez on Me Dru Down, Hussein Fatal, Yaki Kadafi, Nate Dogg, Snoop Doggy Dogg Johnny "J", 2Pac "All Bout U (Remix)" 1998 Greatest Hits Dru Down, Hussein Fatal, Yaki Kadafi, Nate Dogg, Top Dogg Johnny "J", 2Pac "All By Myself" 2012 World Cry Jah Cure "All Eyez On Me" 1996 All Eyez on Me Big Syke Johnny "J" "All Eyez On Me" (Nu-Mixx) 2003 Nu-Mixx Klazzics Big Syke "All In" 2011 N/A Knoc-turn'al "All Out" 2001 Until the End of Time Outlawz Big Simon Says "Ambitionz Az a Ridah" 1996 All Eyez on Me N/A Dat Nigga Daz "Ambitionz Az a Ridah (Nu ...more...

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El Tatio

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El Tatio

The El Tatio geyser field El Tatio is a geyser field located within the Andes Mountains of northern Chile at 4,320 meters above mean sea level. Various etymologies have been proposed for the system, including "oven" but also "grandfather". It is the third-largest geyser field in the world and the largest in the southern hemisphere. El Tatio lies at the western foot of a series of stratovolcanoes which run along the border between Chile and Bolivia. This series of volcanoes is part of the Central Volcanic Zone, one of several volcanic belts in the Andes, and there are no recorded historical eruptions at the Tatio volcanoes. El Tatio is also part of the Altiplano-Puna volcanic complex, a system of large calderas and associated ignimbrites which have been the sources of supereruptions. Some of these calderas may be the source of heat for the El Tatio geothermal system. El Tatio itself is a geothermal field with many geysers, hot springs, and associated sinter deposits. These hot springs eventually form the R ...more...

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Ebel Hills

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Ebel Hills

Ebel Hills (77°13′06″S 160°51′48″E / 77.21833°S 160.86333°E) is a cluster of rugged hills at the head of Frazier Glacier that abut the rim of Webb Cirque east of Skew Peak in Victoria Land. The hills are 1.5 nautical miles (2.8 km) long and rise to 2300 meters. Named by the Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names in 2007 after Michael S. Ebel, a maintenance specialist and reliability engineer responsible for mechanical operation of the Crary Laboratory at McMurdo Station since 2001 and was involved in the construction of the facility. He worked in various areas of McMurdo’s infrastructure support every year except one during the time period between 1988-2018 period, including six winters at the station. Michael S. Ebel also served as Construction Superintendent during the construction phase of the 15 million dollar Joint Polar Satellite System CGS project for NASA, NOAA and the DoD. He and his team was instrumental in completing the project ahead of schedule with a zero punch list and no rework. One other acc ...more...

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New York Harbor Storm-Surge Barrier

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New York Harbor Storm-Surge Barrier

Map of proposed storm surge barrier locations around New York Harbor. The New York Harbor Storm-Surge Barrier is a proposed flood barrier system to protect New York-New Jersey harbor estuary shores from storm surges. The proposed system would consist of one barrier located across the mouth of Lower New York Bay between Sandy Hook (N.J.) and Far Rockaway (N.Y.) and second on the upper East River to provide a ring of protection to most of the bi-state region. To address the problem of sea-level rise, smaller scale projects to increase seawall heights or otherwise raise vulnerable coastlines would be necessary. Thus a storm-surge barrier system combined with coastline adjustments would form a two-tiered, or bifurcated, strategy to protect the region. The barrier system could also be extended eastward, filling in the gaps between barrier islands, to protect the various communities lining the south shore of Long Island.[1] The proposal was developed in the wake of Hurricane Sandy by the New York/New Jersey Met ...more...

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Little Diomede Island

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Little Diomede Island

Little Diomede Island (Inupiat: Iŋaliq, formerly known as Krusenstern Island[a][3], Russian: Остров Крузенштерна, Ostrov Kruzenshterna) is an island of Alaska, United States. It is the smaller of the two Diomede Islands located in the middle of the Bering Strait between the Alaskan mainland and Siberia. Little Diomede's neighboring island, Big Diomede, is about 2.33 miles (3.75 kilometers) to the west, but is part of Russia and west of the International Date Line. Unlike its larger Russian neighbor, Little Diomede retains a permanent native population. As of the 2010 census, Little Diomede had a population of 110, down from its recorded peak of 178 in 1990.[4] The entirety of the island is in the City of Diomede (Inupiat: Iŋaliq meaning "the other one" or "the one over there").[5] The island is not part of any organized borough, so some services are provided directly by the state. For census purposes, it is included in the Nome Census Area. During the Cold War, the section of the border between the U.S. and ...more...

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Articles using infobox islands with additional ...

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Atlantic Rim (film)

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Atlantic Rim (film)

Atlantic Rim (also known as Attack from Beneath, Attack from the Atlantic Rim and From the Sea) is a low budget 2013 American science fiction monster film produced by The Asylum and directed by Jared Cohn. Shot in Pensacola, Florida,[2] the film stars Graham Greene, David Chokachi, Treach, and Jackie Moore.[1][3][4] The film was released direct-to-DVD on June 24, 2013 in the United Kingdom,[5] and on July 9 in the United States. In the tradition of The Asylum's catalog, Atlantic Rim is a cheap mockbuster of the Warner Bros. Pictures/Legendary Pictures film Pacific Rim.[3] Plot Following the mysterious disappearance of an oil rig and a reconnaissance mini-submarine in the Gulf of Mexico, scientist Dr. Margaret Adams initiates the Armada Program, which consists of giant robots designed for deep sea rescue. The three robots — piloted by Red, Tracy and Jim — dive nearly 800 fathoms to the sea bed, where they not only discover the mangled remains of the oil rig, but encounter the monster that brought it down. R ...more...

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Shamshi-Adad I

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Shamshi-Adad I

Shamshi-Adad I (Akkadian: Šamši-Adad I; Amorite: Shamshi-Addu I; fl. c. 1809 BC – c. 1776 BC by the middle chronology) was an Amorite who had conquered lands across much of Syria, Anatolia, and Upper Mesopotamia for the Old Assyrian Empire.[1] Rise A map of the Ancient Near East showing the geopolitical situation around the Old Assyrian Empire (light brown) near contemporary great powers such as: Eshnunna (light blue), Yamhad (dark blue), Qatna (dark brown), the First Dynasty of Babylon (yellow), and the Third Mariote Kingdom (shortly before the conquest of the long-abandoned town of Šubat-Enlil c. 1808 BC by the Amorite conqueror Šamši-Adad I.) Shamshi-Adad I inherited the throne in Terqa from Ila-kabkabu (fl. c. 1836 BC – c. 1833 BC). Ila-kabkabu is mentioned as the father of Shamshi-Adad I in the "Assyrian King List" (AKL);[2] a similar name (not necessarily the same figure) is listed in the preceding section of the AKL among the “kings whose fathers are known”.[2] However, Shamshi-Adad I did not inhe ...more...

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Sharknado

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Sharknado

Sharknado is a 2013 made-for-television science fiction disaster comedy film about a waterspout that lifts sharks out of the ocean and deposits them in Los Angeles. It is the first installment in the Sharknado film series.[3][4] It first aired on the Syfy channel on July 11, 2013, and stars Tara Reid, Ian Ziering, and John Heard.[5] It was also given a one-night only special midnight theatrical screening via Regal Cinemas and NCM Fathom Events, where it earned less than $200,000 from 200 screenings.[6][7] Four sequels were produced: Sharknado 2: The Second One, Sharknado 3: Oh Hell No!, Sharknado: The 4th Awakens and Sharknado 5: Global Swarming.[8] A sixth film, the final in the series, is in development.[9] Plot A freak cyclone hits Los Angeles, causing water spouts that scoop up man-eating sharks and flood the city with shark-infested seawater. Bar owner and surfer Fin sets out with his friends, Baz, Nova, and George, to rescue his estranged wife, April, and their teenage daughter, Claudia, after the bar ...more...

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Berserker

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Berserker

Woodcut of the image on the Vendel era helmet plate found on Öland, Sweden, depicting a weapon dancer followed by a berserker[1] Berserkers (or "berserks") were champion Norse warriors who are primarily reported in Icelandic sagas to have fought in a trance-like fury, a characteristic which later gave rise to the English word "berserk." These champions would often go into battle without mail coats. Berserkers are attested to in numerous Old Norse sources, as were the Úlfhéðnar ("wolf-coats"). Etymology The English word berserk is derived from the Old Norse words ber-serkr (plural ber-serkir) possibly meaning a "bear-shirt"—i.e., a wild warrior or champion of the viking age, although its interpretation remains controversial.[2] The element ber- was interpreted by the thirteenth-century historian Snorri Sturluson as "bare", which he understood to mean that the warriors went into battle bare-chested, or without armor.[3][2] This word is also used in ber-skjaldaðr that means "bare of shield", or without a sh ...more...

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H. G. Wells' War of the Worlds (2005 direct-to-video film)

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H. G. Wells' War of the Worlds (2005 direct-to-video film)

H. G. Wells' War of the Worlds, also known as Invasion and H. G. Wells' The Worlds in War internationally, or simply as War of the Worlds, is a direct-to-DVD science fiction horror film produced by The Asylum and directed by David Michael Latt.[1] It is a loose adaptation of the H. G. Wells novel The War of the Worlds, and a mockbuster of the DreamWorks/Paramount film based on the same source. A contemporary translation of the novel set in the United States, War of the Worlds tells of a devastating invasion of Earth by technologically-advanced extraterrestrials, from the perspective of an American astronomer trying to reunite with his wife and son. It is the only adaptation besides the 1953 film in which the main character actively tries to repel the aliens. The film is loosely based on an unproduced screenplay called "Invasion", written by Carlos De Los Rios in 1997. The DVD was released on June 28, one day before DreamWorks' film, and stars C. Thomas Howell, Peter Greene, and Jake Busey. The alternate tit ...more...

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Warcraft (film)

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Warcraft (film)

Warcraft (alternatively known as Warcraft: The Beginning)[4] is a 2016 American action fantasy film directed by Duncan Jones and written by Charles Leavitt and Jones. It is based on the video game series of the same name. The film stars Travis Fimmel, Paula Patton, Ben Foster, Dominic Cooper, Toby Kebbell, Ben Schnetzer, Robert Kazinsky, Clancy Brown and Daniel Wu. The film portrays the initial encounters between the humans and the orcs and takes place in a variety of locations established in the video game series.[5] The film was first announced in 2006 as a project partnership between Legendary Pictures and the game's developer, Blizzard Entertainment.[6] Warcraft premiered in Paris on May 24, 2016, and was released by Universal Pictures in the United States on June 10, 2016.[7] Despite receiving negative reviews from critics and a disappointing domestic box office performance, the film has grossed $433 million worldwide, surpassing Prince of Persia: The Sands of Time as the highest-grossing video game ada ...more...

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Guillermo del Toro

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Guillermo del Toro

Guillermo del Toro Gómez (Spanish: ; born October 9, 1964) is a Mexican filmmaker, screenwriter, producer, author and former special effects makeup artist. He is best known for the Academy Award-winning fantasy films Pan's Labyrinth (2006) and The Shape of Water (2017). Throughout his career, del Toro has mainly shifted between Spanish-language horror-fantasy films, including Cronos (1993) and The Devil's Backbone (2001), and more mainstream American sci-fi-action films, such as Mimic (1997), Blade II (2002), Hellboy (2004), Hellboy II: The Golden Army (2008) and Pacific Rim (2013). He also directed the gothic romance Crimson Peak (2015) and produced the sequel Pacific Rim Uprising (2018). With DreamWorks Animation, he created the Netflix animated series Trollhunters (2016-18), the first installment of the Tales of Arcadia trilogy, based on the 2015 novel he co-wrote with Daniel Kraus. With Chuck Hogan, he co-authored The Strain trilogy of novels (2009-11), later adapted into a comic book (2011-15) and a li ...more...

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Cerebral Caustic

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Cerebral Caustic

Cerebral Caustic is the seventeenth full-length studio album by British post-punk group The Fall, released in 1995 on Permanent Records. It spent one week on the UK Albums Chart at number 67, 19 places lower than its predecessor Middle Class Revolt, marking the end of one of the group's relatively more successful periods. Background and recording Brix Smith returned to the line-up, the guitarist having rejoined the group for live shows in 1994 after quitting in 1989. She and Mark E. Smith had come to an agreement that she would stay in Los Angeles and fly to the UK whenever needed for live performances and recording.[1] Her impact was immediate, and she co-wrote 5 of this album's 12 tracks.[2] Other tracks including a Frank Zappa cover and a re-recording of a 1990 b-side; "Life Just Bounces". Nevertheless, sales were lower than on other recent albums and the group, always a busy touring act, performed just 16 times during the year.[3] Cerebral Caustic turned out to be the beginning of a period of considerab ...more...

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Franklin Martin

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Franklin Martin

For the Brazilian journalist Franklin de Sousa Martins, see Franklin Martins Franklin Martin is an American documentary film director, producer, screenwriter and actor best known for his sport documentaries Walking on Dead Fish in (2008) and Long Shot: The Kevin Laue Story in 2012. Since 2005, he has founded and runs the production company Dutchmen Films based in Los Angeles. Career Martin studied in Hofstra University and was a four-year letterman on Hofstra's Division I basketball team wearing the 22 jersey and graduated from the university with a bachelor's degree. He continued at Tennessee State University where he additionally coached and graduated with a Master's Degree.[1] Martin started his film career as an actor taking roles in a number of films and TV series under the name Frank Martin, notably in Above the Rim where he befriended Tupac Shakur.[1] Starting 2005, he moved on to writing, producing and directing documentaries. He founded Dutchmen Films, his own production house. The name is a trib ...more...



Marketing strategy

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Marketing strategy

Marketing strategy is a long-term, forward-looking approach to planning with the fundamental goal achieving a sustainable competitive advantage.[1] Strategic planning involves an analysis of the company's strategic initial situation prior to the formulation, evaluation and selection of market-oriented competitive position that contributes to the company's goals and marketing objectives.[2] Strategic marketing, as a disinct field of study emerged in the 1970s, and built on strategic management that preceded it. Marketing strategy highlights the role of marketing as a link between the organisation and its customers. At its most basic level, strategic marketing addresses three deceptively simple questions: (1) Where are we now? (2) Where are we going? and (3) How are we going to get there? In attempting to answer these questions, strategic planners require sophisticated skills in both research and analysis. Definitions of marketing strategy Scholars continue to debate the precise meaning of marketing strateg ...more...

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Porters Management Theories

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Bound (2015 film)

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Bound (2015 film)

Bound is a 2015 American erotic romantic thriller drama film written and directed by Jared Cohn and starring Charisma Carpenter and Daniel Baldwin. Produced by The Asylum,[1] the film is also a mockbuster of Fifty Shades of Grey. Plot Michelle Mulan, in her forties, is a real estate broker who has recently been promoted at a failing firm. Although she is fully qualified for her new position, she was promoted because of her father, Walter's, status as chairman. While other executives want to sell the firm, she thinks it would be more of an advantage for her father's company to merge with a larger firm. Despite unfulfilled sexual desires, Michelle does not cheat on her husband George (Mark McClain Wilson). As a single mother, she struggles to get her teenage daughter, Dara. She takes Dara to a local restaurant, where she meets a man 15 years older than she, who becomes enamored of her. After dropping Dara off at home, Michelle returns to the restaurant, where Ryan tries to seduce her. She fends him off, but ...more...

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Adventure Soft

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Adventure Soft

Adventure Soft is a United Kingdom-based video game developer established by Mike Woodroffe, first as an importer and reseller of Adventure International games. The firm operates out of Sutton Coldfield,[1] and is best known for the Simon the Sorcerer series of games. Adventure Soft Publishing Ltd. In the beginning Adventure Soft operated out of Birmingham converting the Adventure International games by Scott Adams to run on microcomputers found in the United Kingdom market which were not currently supported. Adventure Soft employed Brian Howarth, the author of the Mysterious Adventures series. After a time the rate of release of games by Adventure International slowed and the company began to write other games using the same system. The first and perhaps most successful of these was Gremlins - The Adventure (1984) based on the film Gremlins. 1985 saw the release of a game based on the television series Robin of Sherwood. By 1986 Adventure International in the U.S. was bankrupt. Adventure Soft signed deal ...more...

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Tectonics of Mars

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Tectonics of Mars

Topographic map of Mars showing the highland-lowland boundary marked in yellow, and the Tharsis rise outlined in red (USGS, 2014).[1] Like the Earth, the crustal properties and structure of the surface of Mars are thought to have evolved through time; in other words, as on Earth, tectonic processes have shaped the planet. However, both the ways this change has happened and the properties of the planet's lithosphere are both very different when compared to the Earth. Today, Mars is believed to be largely tectonically quiescent. However, observational evidence and its interpretation suggests that this was not the case further back in Mars' geological history. At the scale of the whole planet, two large scale physiographic features are apparent on the surface. The first is that the northern hemisphere of the planet is much lower than the southern, and has been more recently resurfaced – also implying that the crustal thickness beneath the surface is distinctly bimodal. This feature is referred to as the "hem ...more...

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Rampage (2018 film)

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Rampage (2018 film)

Rampage is a 2018 American science fiction monster film directed by Brad Peyton, and loosely based on the video game series of the same name by Midway Games. The film stars Dwayne Johnson, Naomie Harris, Malin Akerman, Jake Lacy, Joe Manganiello, and Jeffrey Dean Morgan. It follows a primatologist named Davis Okoye who must team up with George, an albino gorilla who turns into a raging creature of enormous size as a result of a rogue experiment, to stop two other mutated animals from destroying Chicago. It is the third collaboration between Peyton and Johnson, following Journey 2: The Mysterious Island (2012) and San Andreas (2015). Principal photography began in April 2017 in Chicago. The film was released in the United States on April 13, 2018, by Warner Bros. Pictures and New Line Cinema, in 2D, RealD 3D and IMAX 3D formats. It has grossed over $424 million worldwide. It received mixed reviews from critics, with praise for Johnson and Morgan's performances and the visual effects, but criticism of the scre ...more...

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