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The Fountains of Paradise

The Fountains of Paradise is a novel by British writer Arthur C. Clarke. Set in the 22nd century, it describes the construction of a space elevator. This "orbital tower" is a giant structure rising from the ground and linking with a satellite in geostationary orbit at the height of approximately 36,000 kilometers (approx. 22,300 miles). Such a structure would be used to raise payloads to orbit without having to use rockets, making it much more cost effective. The novel won both the Hugo[1] and Nebula[2] Awards for Best Novel.

Plot summary

In the 22nd century, Dr Vannevar Morgan is a famous structural engineer who hopes to develop the "space elevator" from a theoretical concept to reality and enlists the resources of his employers to carry out experiments. But the only suitable starting point (Earth station) for the elevator lies at the summit of a mountain in Taprobane occupied by an ancient order of Buddhist monks, who implacably oppose the plan.

Morgan is approached by a Mars-based consortium to develop the elevator on Mars as part of a massive terraforming project. To demonstrate the viability of the technology, Morgan tries to run a thin cable of "hyperfilament" from an orbital factory down to ground level at Taprobane. A monk at the monastery, a former astrophysicist who is a mathematical genius, tries to sabotage the attempt by creating an artificial hurricane using a hijacked weather-control satellite. His attempt succeeds, but the hurricane blows butterflies to the peak of the mountain. This fulfills an ancient prophecy that causes the monks to leave the mountain. The tower can be built on Earth after all.

Forced to resign his position for acting beyond his authority, Morgan joins the Martian consortium named "Astroengineering" and construction of the Tower commences.

Several years later, the Earth-based tower is well under construction and travel up and down—both for tourists and for transfer to rocket ships—is being trialled.

An astrophysicist and a group of his students and tower staff are stranded in an emergency chamber six hundred kilometres up after an accident with their transport capsule. They have limited food and air supplies. Whilst a laser on a weather-control satellite is able to supply heat, it is imperative to provide them with filter masks against the increasing carbon dioxide and also with food, air, and medical supplies.

Despite his rapidly failing health, Morgan asserts his right to travel up the tower in a one-man "spider" to rescue them. He nearly fails, with limited battery power, but ultimately succeeds in reaching the chamber, delivering the supplies, and thus saving the stranded scientists. Morgan walks around outside the tower to investigate damage the accident caused.

On the way back down, he realizes that the geostationary satellites could be connected, and more space elevators could be constructed, forming a wheel-like structure without gravitational perturbation problems. Then he has a heart attack and dies.

A short epilogue envisages Earth many centuries later, after the sun has cooled and Earth has been depopulated, with humans now living on the terraformed inner planets. Several space elevators lead to a giant "circumterran" space station that encircles Earth at geostationary altitude. The analogy with a wheel is evident: the space station itself is the wheel rim, Earth is the axle, and the six equidistant space elevators the spokes.

Major characters
  • Dr Vannevar Morgan. A structural engineer and Chief Engineer (land) of Terran Construction Corporation. He has seen through many major projects, including the Gibraltar bridge (another fictional engineering triumph).
  • Maxine Duval. Famous journalist and sometime Professor of electronic journalism. She is the first member outside the engineering team to ride up the tower in a one-person "Spider" to prove that the technology is practical.
  • Sheik Abdullah. President, and effectively dictator, of the Autonomous North African Republic, which has backed many of Morgan’s projects.
  • Venerable Anandatissa Bodhidharma Mahanayake Thero. Incumbent leader of the Sri Kanda temple.
  • Dr Choam Goldberg, also known as Venerable Parakarma. Astrophysicist and expert in the mathematics of Micrometeorology.
Themes

The main theme of the novel is preceded, and to some extent juxtaposed with, the story of the life and death of King Kashyapa I of Sri Lanka (fictionalised as King Kalidasa). It foreshadows the exploits of Vannevar Morgan in his determination to realise the space elevator.

Other subplots include human colonization of the solar system and the first contact with extraterrestrial intelligence.

Clarke envisions a microscopically thin but strong "hyperfilament" that makes the elevator possible. Although the hyperfilament is constructed from "continuous pseudo-one-dimensional diamond crystal", Clarke later expressed his belief that another type of carbon, Buckminsterfullerene, would play the role of hyperfilament in a real space elevator. The latest developments in carbon nanotube technology bring the orbital elevator closer to possible realisation.

Setting

The story is set in the fictional equatorial island country of Taprobane, which Clarke has described as "about ninety percent congruent with the island of Ceylon (now Sri Lanka)", south of its real world location. The ruins of the palace at Yakkagala as described in the book very closely match the real-life ruins at Sigiriya in Sri Lanka. The mountain on which the space elevator is built is called Sri Kanda in the book, and bears a strong resemblance to the real mountain Sri Pada.

Similarities with other works of Clarke
  • In the middle of The Fountains of Paradise, an unmanned robotic spaceship of alien origin, called "Starglider/Starholme" by Clarke, passes through our solar system. This situation is similar to Rendezvous with Rama, though the ship exterior and its interactions with humans is very different.
  • The first third of 3001: The Final Odyssey describes details of the interior of the ring habitat that encircles Earth, and is connected to Earth's surface with 4 space elevators. At the end of The Fountains of Paradise , this ring habitat is shown for the first time - though it has 6 space elevators rather than the 4 of 3001: Final Odyssey.
  • At the end of the novel, Earth turns into an icy wasteland because the Sun has cooled. The same situation also occurs in the story "History Lesson".
  • The alien shown near the end of The Fountains of Paradise is a somewhat more physical form of the Swarm - the aliens that land on primeval earth in "The Possessed".
  • A space elevator is also constructed in the course of Clarke's final novel (co-written with Frederik Pohl), The Last Theorem.
Awards and nominations
See also
References
  1. "1980 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Retrieved 2009-09-29.
  2. "1979 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Retrieved 2009-09-29.
External links
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The Fountains of Paradise

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The Fountains of Paradise is a novel by British writer Arthur C. Clarke . Set in the 22nd century, it describes the construction of a space elevator . This "orbital tower" is a giant structure rising from the ground and linking with a satellite in geostationary orbit at the height of approximately 36,000 kilometers (approx. 22,300 miles). Such a structure would be used to raise payloads to orbit without having to use rockets , making it much more cost effective. The novel won both the Hugo and Nebula Awards for Best Novel. Plot summary In the 22nd century, Dr Vannevar Morgan is a famous structural engineer who hopes to develop the "space elevator" from a theoretical concept to reality and enlists the resources of his employers to carry out experiments. But the only suitable starting point (Earth station) for the elevator lies at the summit of a mountain in Taprobane occupied by an ancient order of Buddhist monks, who implacably oppose the plan. Morgan is approached by a Mars-based consortium to develop the ...more...



Fountain

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(Center) Jet d'eau, (Geneva, Switzerland) Clockwise from top right (1) Fontaine de Trevi (Rome) (2) Place de la Concorde (Paris) (3) Fountain in the Garden of Versailles (Versailles) (4) The Hundred Fountains, Villa d'Este (Tivoli, Italy) (5) Fuente de los Leones, (The Alhambra, Granada)} (6) Fountain in St. Peter's Square (Rome) (7) Samson and the Lion fountain (Peterhof, St. Petersburg, Russia) (8) Dubai Fountain (Dubai) A fountain (from the Latin "fons" ( genitive "fontis"), a source or spring ) is a piece of architecture which pours water into a basin or jets it into the air to supply drinking water and/or for a decorative or dramatic effect. Fountains were originally purely functional, connected to springs or aqueducts and used to provide drinking water and water for bathing and washing to the residents of cities, towns and villages. Until the late 19th century most fountains operated by gravity , and needed a source of water higher than the fountain, such as a reservoir or aqueduct, to make the water fl ...more...



Atlantis Paradise Island

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Royal Towers at night Upper Lagoon reflective pond at Atlantis Paradise Island Lobby Atlantis Paradise Island Royal Tower Atlantis Paradise Island Rope bridge Atlantis Paradise Island Casino waterfalls Atlantis Paradise Island Coral Towers Atlantis Paradise Island Atlantis Paradise Island is an ocean-themed resort on Paradise Island in the Bahamas . It features a variety of accommodations built around Aquaventure, a 141-acre waterscape, which includes fresh and saltwater lagoons, pools, marine habitats, and water slides and river rides. Property history The property the Atlantis Paradise Island stands on was originally part of the Paradise Island Hotel and Casino, which opened in 1968. It was owned by Resorts International , a Merv Griffin company. Donald Trump at one point owned a majority stake in Resorts International. He spun off ownership of the Trump Taj Mahal property from the company and sold Resorts in full, including outstanding debts from Taj Mahal construction, to Griffin. Paradise Island was pu ...more...



Paradise garden

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The paradise garden is a form of garden of Old Iranian origin (particularly, Achaemenid ). Originally referred to by a single noun signifying "a walled-in compound or garden "; from pairi (around) and daeza or diz (wall, brick, or shape), Xenophon has Grecized the Persian phrase pairi-daeza into Paradeisos. The enclosed garden concept is now often referred to as paradise garden due to additional Indo-European meanings of "paradise." Character and layout The paradise garden takes some of its character from its original arid or semi-arid homeland. The most basic feature is the enclosure of the cultivated area. This excludes the wildness of nature, and includes the tended, watered greenery of the garden. The commonest and easiest layout for the perimeter walls is that of a rectangle, and this forms one of the prime features of this kind of garden. Another common theme is the elaborate use of water, often in canals , ponds or rills , sometimes in fountains , less often in waterfalls of various kinds. The rectang ...more...



Islamic garden

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Traditionally, an Islamic garden is a cool place of rest and reflection, and a reminder of paradise . The Qur'an has many references to gardens, and the garden is used as an earthly analogue for the life in paradise which is promised to believers: There are surviving formal Islamic gardens in a wide zone extending from Spain and Morocco in the west to India in the east. Famous Islamic gardens include those of the Taj Mahal in India and the Generalife and Alhambra in Spain. The general theme of a traditional Islamic garden is water and shade, not surprisingly since Islam came from and generally spread in a hot and arid climate. Unlike English gardens, which are often designed for walking, Islamic gardens are intended for rest and contemplation. For this reason, Islamic gardens usually include places for sitting. Types Fairchild Ruggles refers to the universal nature of gardening, and the basic human needs it fulfills; the needs to cultivate, to master the wild landscape, and to bring order to it. The spiritual ...more...



Bellagio (resort)

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Bellagio is a resort , luxury hotel and casino on the Las Vegas Strip in Paradise, Nevada . It is owned and operated by MGM Resorts International and was built on the site of the demolished Dunes hotel and casino. Inspired by the Lake Como town of Bellagio in Italy, Bellagio is famed for its elegance. One of its most notable features is an 8-acre (3.2 ha) lake between the building and the Strip, which houses the Fountains of Bellagio, a large dancing water fountain synchronized to music. Inside Bellagio, Dale Chihuly 's Fiori di Como, composed of over 2,000 hand-blown glass flowers, covers 2,000 sq ft (190 m ) of the lobby ceiling. Bellagio is home to Cirque du Soleil 's aquatic production " O ". The main (original) tower of Bellagio, with 3,015 rooms, has 36 floors and a height of 508 ft (151 m). The Spa Tower, which stands to the south of the main tower, has 33 floors, a height of 392 ft (119 m) and contains 935 rooms. History Background and opening (1990s) The Bellagio Fountains Bellagio was conceived by S ...more...



Food Paradise

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Food Paradise is a television series narrated by Jesse Blaze Snider (formerly by Mason Pettit) that features the best places to find various cuisines at food locations across America. Each episode focuses on a certain type of restaurant, such as "Diners", "Bars", "Drive-Thrus" or "Breakfast" places that people go to find a certain food specialty. New episodes currently air on Sundays at 8 p.m. EST on the Travel Channel . Season 1 (2008) Hamburger Paradise Restaurant Location Specialty(s) Louis' Lunch New Haven, Connecticut invented original hamburger sandwich in 1895 using vertical flame broilers White Castle (First) Wichita, Kansas (throughout U.S.) famous 2 1/2 inch steamed sliders with chopped onions All-American Drive-In Massapequa, New York old-fashioned classic "All American Burger" Bob's Big Boy Burbank, California "Original Double Deck Hamburger" (2 patties), "Super Boy Big Combo" World Famous Ted's Restaurant Meriden, Connecticut Steamed cheeseburgers with white cheese Half-Moon Restaurant & Sa ...more...



Bedlam in Paradise

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Bedlam in Paradise is the 162nd short subject released by Columbia Pictures in 1955 starring American slapstick comedy team The Three Stooges ( Moe Howard , Larry Fine and Shemp Howard ). The comedians released 190 short films for the studio between 1934 and 1959. Plot On his deathbed, Shemp struggles between life and death as Moe and Larry attempt to nurse him back to health. He warns them to behave or he will return to haunt them. After Shemp's arrival to Heaven , his Uncle Mortimer contemplates whether Shemp will remain or go to Hell . Then the Devil ( Philip Van Zandt ) appears in a burst of flame to tempt Shemp with a sultry dancer, Hellen Blazes ( Sylvia Lewis ). Uncle Mortimer intervenes, promising Shemp eternity in Heaven if he returns to Earth unseen and unheard and reforms Moe and Larry. Meanwhile, one "Mr. Heller" (the Devil) is giving Moe and Larry some "devillishy good ideas," such as conning a wealthy couple into financing the production of fountain pens that write under whipped cream. Shemp sab ...more...



Musical fountain

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A musical fountain , also known as a dancing fountain , is a type of animated fountain for entertainment purposes that creates an aesthetic design (including three-dimensional images). This is achieved by employing the effects of timed sound waves and timed light (including laser ) against water particles. The water refracts and reflects the light, and in doing so, three-dimensional images can be produced. Installations can be large scale, employing hundreds of water jets and lights, and costing into the millions of dollars , or in smaller household forms, where a budget of one thousand dollars is feasible. Musical features tend to be complex, and require a degree of mechanical, hydraulic, electrical, and electronic components out of view that might be as impressive to its audience as the show itself. Fountains that are choreographed to music The earliest musical fountains were played manually by a live operator, who usually controlled pumps or valves and sometimes lights by way of switches on a control panel ...more...



Chocolate fountain

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A commercial chocolate fountain in a shop in Brussels, Belgium A chocolate fountain is a device for serving chocolate fondue . Typical examples resemble a stepped cone , standing 2–4 feet tall with a crown at the top and stacked tiers over a basin at the bottom. The basin is heated to keep the chocolate in a liquid state so it can be pulled into a center cylinder then vertically transported to the top of the fountain by a corkscrew auger . From there it flows over the tiers creating a chocolate " waterfall " in which food items like strawberries or marshmallows can be dipped. History "Chocolate fountain machines" were invented by Ben Brisman and popularized in 1991 by a Canadian company called Design & Realisation . They did not become very popular until Design & Realisation began displaying these fountains at the National Restaurant Show in Chicago, starting in the early 1990s. Jay Harlan (an entrepreneur and former Marriott catering executive) collaborated with D & R to introduce the chocolat ...more...



World of Color

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World of Color is a nighttime show at Disney California Adventure , part of the Disneyland Resort in Anaheim, California . Conceived by Vice President of Parades and Spectaculars, Steve Davison , and designed by Walt Disney Creative Entertainment , the show has nearly 1,200 musical water fountains and includes lights, fire, lasers, and fog, with high-definition projections on mist screens. The show is inspired by Walt Disney 's Wonderful World of Color anthology television series, as evidenced by the use of its eponymous theme song written by the Sherman Brothers . The process of assembling, installing, and testing the show's numerous components and equipment in Paradise Bay spanned a period of approximately 15 months. The original version of World of Color premiered on June 11, 2010 as part of the " Summer Nightastic! " promotional campaign. The entire show cost $75 million to design, manufacture and build. The show transpires at the lagoon of Paradise Bay at Paradise Pier , while the audience watches the pe ...more...



Salsabil

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Salsabil ( Arabic : سلسبيل ‎ Salsabīl ) is an Islamic Arabic term referring to a spring in paradise ( Jannah ). It can also mean river or fountain in paradise. The sole Qur'anic reference is in sura Al-Insaan . Salsabil can also be written as Salsabiil or even Salsabeel but "Salsabiil" is the most common name. "And there they will be given a cup whose mixture is of Zanjabil (ginger). A fountain there, called Salsabil." —  Qur'an, sura 76 (Al-Insaan), ayat 17-18 The verse may be in reference to the previous verse concerning the drink provided to those who enter paradise. Salsabil is also the name of one of the old neighborhoods in Tehran , Iran . References Quran   76:17–18 Salsabil ( Arabic : سلسبيل ‎ Salsabīl ) is an Islamic Arabic term referring to a spring in paradise ( Jannah ). It can also mean river or fountain in paradise. The sole Qur'anic reference is in sura Al-Insaan . Salsabil can also be written as Salsabiil or even Salsabeel but "Salsabiil" is the most common name. "And there they will be given ...more...



Shalimar Gardens, Lahore

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The Hayat Bakhsh terrace. The Shalimar Gardens ( Punjabi , Urdu : شالیمار باغ ‎ ‎), sometimes spelled Shalamar Gardens , is a Mughal garden complex located in Lahore , capital of the Pakistani province of Punjab . Construction of the gardens began in 1637 C.E. during the reign of Emperor Shah Jahan , and was completed in 1641. The Shalimar Gardens were laid out as a Persian paradise garden . The gardens measure 658 metres by 258 metres, and cover an area of 16 hectares east of Lahore's Walled City . The gardens are enclosed by a brick wall that is famous for its intricate fretwork . In 1981 the Shalimar Gardens were inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site as they embody Mughal garden design at the apogee of its development. The gardens date from the period when the Mughal Empire was at its artistic and aesthetic zenith. Location The Shalimar Gardens are located near Baghbanpura along the Grand Trunk Road some 5 kilometers northeast of the main Lahore city. Background Lahore's Shalimar Gardens were influe ...more...



Paradise Pier

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Paradise Pier is a themed land at Disney California Adventure , based on that of Victorian boardwalks that were once found along the coast of California. Despite its name and the presence of a nearby man-made lake, Paradise Pier is not actually a pier , but merely a waterside area of the park. The roller coaster California Screamin' sprawls across much of it, with various other attractions and forms of entertainment scattered around it. A new attraction, Toy Story Midway Mania! , opened on June 17, 2008. The attraction is the first in a series of theming upgrades to the land and park as a whole. This was followed by changes to the Sun Wheel to become Mickey's Fun Wheel and new Games of the Boardwalk in 2009. In 2010, World of Color and Silly Symphony Swings were added. To complete the Paradise Pier makeover, Disney opened Goofy's Sky School and The Little Mermaid: Ariel's Undersea Adventure . At the 2017 D23 Expo , Disney announced plans for the Paradise Pier area to be re-themed to Pixar Pier, which is expec ...more...



Plaza de España, Seville

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The Plaza de España ("Spain Square", in English ) is a plaza in the Parque de María Luisa ( Maria Luisa Park ), in Seville , Spain , built in 1928 for the Ibero-American Exposition of 1929 . It is a landmark example of the Regionalism Architecture, mixing elements of the Renaissance Revival and Moorish Revival ( Neo-Mudéjar ) styles of Spanish architecture . History Aerial view from 1932 by Walter Mittelholzer , ETH-Bibliothek . Maria Luisa Park South tower and river. In 1929, Seville hosted the Ibero-American Exposition World's Fair , located in the celebrated Maria Luisa Park (Parque de María Luisa). The park gardens were designed by Jean-Claude Nicolas Forestier . The entire southern end of the city was redeveloped into an expanse of gardens and grand boulevards. The centre of it is Parque de María Luisa, a "Moorish paradisical style" with a half mile of tiled fountains, pavilions, walls, ponds, benches, and exhedras; lush plantings of palms, orange trees, Mediterranean pines, and stylized flower beds; an ...more...



Jannah

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Jannah (lit. "Garden") ( Arabic : جنّة ‎ Jannah ; plural: Jannat) generally indicates the final abode of the righteous and the believers in Islamic belief, but also to Garden of Eden , where Adam and Hawwa dwelt. Firdaws (Arabic: فردوس ) is the literal term meaning paradise , but the Quran generally uses the term Jannah symbolically referring to paradise. However "Firdaus" also designates the highest layer of heaven. In contrast to Jannah, the words Jahannam , Dozukh, and Nār are used to refer to the concept of hell . There are many words in the Arabic language for both Heaven and Hell and those words also appear in the Quran and Hadith . Most of them have become part of the Islamic traditions. Jannah is often compared to Christian concepts of Heaven . Heaven and Jannah "Heaven" in the Quran can be read as "sky", "paradise" then referring to the "Garden" in the afterlife or a celestial sphere. Islamic Cosmology generally depicts 7 layers of heaven analogous to the 7 layers of hell . These heavens are general ...more...



Tang Paradise

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Tang Paradise ( simplified Chinese : 大唐芙蓉园 ; traditional Chinese : 大唐芙蓉園 ; pinyin : Dàtáng Fúróng Yuán ) is a large theme park in the city of Xi'an , in Shaanxi province, People's Republic of China . The park is at or near the site of an earlier garden Furong Garden complex in the city of Chang'an , capital of Tang Dynasty , but consists almost entirely of modern construction. The park features numerous buildings, squares, and gardens, all incorporating features of traditional Tang Chinese architecture , such as eaves and cornices. Some features are named after historical sites or buildings. The park is one of several modern reconstructions of ancient sites in Shaanxi , which involve anachronistic styles and features, most notably the use of wide stretches of concrete surfaces. The setting, a landscaped 165-acre (0.67 km ) site surrounding a willow-lined lake, captures something of the look and feel of classical Chinese landscape painting. In the evening the many thousands of visitors are treated to a spectac ...more...



Court of the Lions

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After restoration (2012) Sebka decoration and arches. Stilted arches of the gallery. The fountain The Courtyard of the Lions ( Spanish : Patio de los Leones ; Arabic : بهو السباع ‎) is the main courtyard of the Nasrid dynasty Palace of the Lions, in the heart of the Alhambra , the Moorish citadel formed by a complex of palaces, gardens and forts in Granada , Spain . It was commissioned by the Nasrid sultan Muhammed V of the Emirate of Granada in Al-Andalus . Its construction started in the second period of his reign, between 1362 and 1391 AD. The site is now part of the UNESCO World Heritage List and minted in Spain's 2011 limited edition of 2 € Commemorative Coins. Background and architectural influences The Palace of the Lions, as well as the rest of the other new rooms built under Muhammad V , like the Mexuar or Cuarto Dorado meant the beginning of a new style, an exuberant mixture of Moorish and Christian influences that has been called Nasrid style. During the period that Muhammad V was ousted as sulta ...more...



Fountain of Life

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The Fountain of Life , or in its earlier form the Fountain of Living Waters , is a Christian iconography symbol associated with baptism and/or eucharist , first appearing in the 5th century in illuminated manuscripts and later in other art forms such as panel paintings . Baptismal font The symbol is usually shown as a fountain enclosed in a hexagonal structure capped by a rounded dome and supported by eight columns. The fountain of living waters, fons vivus is a baptismal font (a water fountain in which one is baptized, and thus reborn with Christ), and is often surrounded by animals associated with Baptism such as the hart . The font probably represents the octagonal Lateran Baptistery in Rome , consecrated by Pope Sixtus III (432-440), which was iconographically associated with the fountain of the water of life mentioned in Revelation 21:6 . The fountain of blood icon in a Mexican painting, 18th century ( Brooklyn Museum ) The best examples date from the Carolingian period: the Godescalc Evangelistary made ...more...



Terrestrial Paradise (Bosch)

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Terrestrial Paradise is a painting by Netherlandish artist Hieronymus Bosch , dating from around 1490. It is currently housed in the Palazzo Grimani di Santa Maria Formosa in Venice, Italy. The painting depicts Terrestrial Paradise, where the remaining sins of the saved were washed away. The Fountain of Life stands on top of the hill. This artwork is part of a series of four, the others are Ascent of the Blessed , Fall of the Damned into Hell and Hell . References Kren, Emil and Marx, Daniel. "Paradise: Terrestrial Paradise" . The Web Gallery of Art. Retrieved 21 February 2010. Terrestrial Paradise is a painting by Netherlandish artist Hieronymus Bosch , dating from around 1490. It is currently housed in the Palazzo Grimani di Santa Maria Formosa in Venice, Italy. The painting depicts Terrestrial Paradise, where the remaining sins of the saved were washed away. The Fountain of Life stands on top of the hill. This artwork is part of a series of four, the others are Ascent of the Blessed , Fall of the Damned in ...more...



Take Fountain

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Take Fountain is the sixth studio album by The Wedding Present . It was released in the UK on 14 February 2005, through Scopitones Records, and a day later in the US through Manifesto Records . David Gedge originally recorded Take Fountain as the fourth Cinerama album, but after the break-up of his relationship with fellow Cinerama founder Sally Murrell, Gedge decided that this darker record should be released under his Wedding Present name. Take Fountain is the band's first album release since 1996's Saturnalia, and returns to the noisy, jangly, intelligent indie sound of old. In Los Angeles , Fountain Avenue is a minor east-west street, between and parallel to Sunset Boulevard and Santa Monica Boulevard , two very congested arteries. Therefore, when Johnny Carson asked Bette Davis for advice on "the best way an aspiring starlet could get into Hollywood ," Ms. Davis replied without hesitation, "Take Fountain!" Track listing The US version does not include "On Ramp." "On Ramp" - 2:03 " Interstate 5 " (Extende ...more...



Area code 480

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North American area code 480 is a telephone area code in Arizona serving the eastern and northern portions of the Phoenix metropolitan area . It was created on April 1, 1999 in a three-way split of area code 602 , when it was apparent that the Valley of the Sun was growing too fast for it to remain entirely in one area code. Generally, 480 is coextensive with the East Valley , while most of the West Valley is area code 623 and most of Phoenix itself remained in 602. Original plans called for the 480 code to be an overlay code for the entire Phoenix metro area. However, overlays were a new concept at the time, and met with considerable resistance due to potential geographic ambiguity caused by overlay codes, as well as the requirement for ten-digit dialing . A three-way geographic split was chosen instead, with 480 being assigned to the East Valley. The 480 area code encompasses Scottsdale , Paradise Valley , Fountain Hills , Tempe (except for a small portion west and south of the I-10 Broadway Curve , which s ...more...



Paradise Theater (Bronx)

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The Paradise Theater , formerly Loew's Paradise Theatre , is a movie palace -type theater located at 2403 Grand Concourse in Bronx, New York . Constructed in 1929 at the height of grand movie theaters, in the later 20th century the building was used also for live entertainment. It was leased in 2012 for use by the World Changers Church International New York, based in Fulton County, Georgia, for founding a local congregation. History Opening and context Loew's Paradise Theatre opened on September 7, 1929 with Warner Oland in the film The Mysterious Dr. Fu Manchu on the screen, plus a stage presentation "Cameos" produced by Chester Hale, and British organist Harold Ramsey playing the 4-manual, 23-rank Robert Morton "Wonder Organ ". The Paradise was originally commissioned by the Paramount-Publix theater chain and was slated to be named the Venetian Theatre. Paramount-Publix withdrew from the project shortly before construction began and it was taken over by New York's largest movie theatre chain, Loew's Theatr ...more...



Garden of the gods (Sumerian paradise)

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The concept of a Garden of the gods or a divine paradise might be of Sumerian origin, or so it is argued by Samuel Noah Kramer . The concept of this home of the immortals was later handed down to the Babylonians who conquered Sumer. Location Persian Gulf A Sumerian paradise is usually associated with the Dilmun civilization of Eastern Arabia . Sir Henry Rawlinson first suggested the geographical location of Dilmun was in Bahrain in 1880. This theory was later promoted by Frederich Delitzsch in his book Wo lag dar Paradies in 1881, suggesting that it was at the head of the Persian Gulf. Various other theories have been put forward on this theme. Dilmun is first mentioned in association with Kur (mountain) and this is particularly problematic as Bahrain is very flat, having a highest prominence of only 134 metres (440 ft) elevation. Also, in the early epic Enmerkar and the Lord of Aratta , the construction of the ziggurats in Uruk and Eridu are described as taking place in a world "before Dilmun had yet bee ...more...



Disney's LuminAria

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Disney's LuminAria was a low-level fireworks show on Paradise Bay at Disney California Adventure Park at the Disneyland Resort in Anaheim, California . The show was short lived, lasting only one winter season. The show design was similar to IllumiNations: Reflections of Earth at Epcot focusing the audience towards Paradise Bay while fountains played in various changing patterns and fireworks were discharged in sync with seasonal music. The finale showed various holiday cards on projection screens, a fiber optic Christmas tree , and white lights around California Screamin' and the Sun Wheel . During the day, young guests could draw their own Christmas cards, which Cast Members would scan electronically. These images would then appear in that evening's presentation of LuminAria. Show Credits The show was conceived and directed by Steve Davison . The music was arranged, adapted, composed and conducted by Don L. Harper , and the main vocals were performed by Miriam Stockley. See also Disney's World of Color Refe ...more...



Paradise Towers

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Paradise Towers is the second serial of the 24th season in the British science fiction television series Doctor Who , which was first broadcast in four weekly parts from 5 October to 26 October 1987. Plot The Doctor and Mel Bush , looking for a swimming pool, land in Paradise Towers, a luxurious 22nd century high rise apartment building now fallen into disrepair and chaos. The building is divided between roaming gangs of young girls called Kangs, grouped in colour theme, and the Doctor and Mel encounter the Red Kangs. They have just discovered the death of the last Yellow Kang and are plotting how to attack the Blue Kangs. Elsewhere in the Towers, one of the Caretakers is hunted down and killed by a robotic cleaner, which appeals to the sadistic Chief Caretaker when he overhears the death. The Chief sends a squad of Caretakers to arrest the Red Kangs and in the ensuing confusion the Doctor is split from Mel and captured by the Caretakers. Mel meanwhile heads off to one of the still occupied apartments in whic ...more...



Mughal gardens

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The Shalimar Gardens in Lahore , Pakistan , is among the most famous of all Mughal-era gardens Mughal gardens are a group of gardens built by the Mughals in the Persian style of architecture. This style was heavily influenced by the Persian gardens particularly the Charbagh structure. Significant use of rectilinear layouts are made within the walled enclosures. Some of the typical features include pools , fountains and canals inside the gardens. History Mughal Emperor Babur supervising the creation of a garden The founder of the Mughal empire , Babur , described his favourite type of garden as a charbagh . They use the term bāgh , baug , bageecha or bagicha for garden. This word developed a new meaning in India, as Babur explains; India lacked the fast-flowing streams required for the Central Asian charbagh. The Agra garden, which was renamed after Partition of India as the Ram Bagh, since it lied in Hindu majority portion is thought to have been the first charbagh . India , Bangladesh and Pakistan have a nu ...more...



Chamberlain Square

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Chamberlain Square or Chamberlain Place is a public square in central Birmingham , England , named after statesman and notable mayor of Birmingham, Joseph Chamberlain . The square is currently closed to the public and under development as part of the Paradise scheme. Its features include: Birmingham Central Library Paradise Forum (beneath the former reference library) Birmingham Council House (side elevation) Birmingham Museum & Art Gallery Birmingham Town Hall Statues and monuments Chamberlain Memorial - In honour of the public service Joseph Chamberlain gave to the city of Birmingham, the memorial fountain was unveiled in his presence on 10 October 1880 as the centrepiece of the new public square. The 20 metres (66 ft) high memorial was designed by John Henry Chamberlain (no relation). and statues of: Joseph Priestley James Watt Thomas Attwood by Sioban Coppinger and Fiona Peever, 1993. The bronze statue sits, having left his plinth , and scattered his bronze pages, on the steps. The statue of James Wa ...more...



Kubla Khan

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Title page of "Kubla Khan" (1816) " Kubla Khan; or, A Vision in a Dream: A Fragment " is a poem written by Samuel Taylor Coleridge , completed in 1797 and published in 1816. According to Coleridge's Preface to "Kubla Khan", the poem was composed one night after he experienced an opium -influenced dream after reading a work describing Xanadu , the summer palace of the Mongol ruler and Emperor of China Kublai Khan . Upon waking, he set about writing lines of poetry that came to him from the dream until he was interrupted by a person from Porlock . The poem could not be completed according to its original 200–300 line plan as the interruption caused him to forget the lines. He left it unpublished and kept it for private readings for his friends until 1816 when, at the prompting of Lord Byron , it was published. Some of Coleridge's contemporaries denounced the poem and questioned his story of its origin. It was not until years later that critics began to openly admire the poem. Most modern critics now view "Kubl ...more...



Ottoman architecture

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Ottoman architecture is the architecture of the Ottoman Empire which emerged in Bursa and Edirne in 14th and 15th centuries. The architecture of the empire developed from the earlier Seljuk architecture and was influenced by the Byzantine architecture , Armenian architecture , Iranian as well as Islamic Mamluk traditions after the conquest of Constantinople by the Ottomans. For almost 400 years Byzantine architectural artifacts such as the church of Hagia Sophia served as models for many of the Ottoman mosques . Overall, Ottoman architecture has been described as Byzantine influenced architecture synthesized with architectural traditions of Central Asia and the Middle East. The Ottomans achieved the highest level architecture in their lands hence or since. They mastered the technique of building vast inner spaces confined by seemingly weightless yet massive domes, and achieving perfect harmony between inner and outer spaces, as well as articulated light and shadow. Islamic religious architecture which unt ...more...



Tomb of Safdar Jang

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Safdarjung's Tomb is a sandstone and marble mausoleum in New Delhi , India . It was built in 1754 in the late Mughal Empire style for the statesman Safdarjung . The monument has an ambiance of spaciousness and an imposing presence with its domed and arched red brown and white coloured structures. Safdarjung was made prime minister of the Mughal Empire (Wazir ul-Mamlak-i-Hindustan) when Ahmad Shah Bahadur ascended the throne in 1748. Geography The tomb is located near the Safdarjung Airport at the T junction of Lodhi Road and Aurobindo Marg (road) in New Delhi. Background Safdar Jung The structure was constructed in 1754 in the late Mughal Empire style Safdarjung . Mirza Muqim Abul Mansur Khan, who was popularly known as Safadarjung, who ruled over Avadh was an independent ruler of Avadh as viceroy of Muhammad Shah .He was very rich and most powerful. With the death of Emperor Muhammad Shah of Mughal Empire, he moved to Delhi. When Mohammed Shah Ahmed Shah ascended the throne of the Mughal Empire in Delhi in ...more...



Ariel's Grotto

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Ariel's Grotto is a meet-and-greet area at several Disney parks , as well as a restaurant in Disney California Adventure based on Disney's animated film The Little Mermaid . Disneyland Formerly a colorful grotto in which Ariel , in mermaid form, was available for autographs and photo opportunities. The meet-and-greet area was decorated with starfish, coral, and waterfalls. King Triton's Fountain leading to the grotto featured a soft-surface "sandy beach" play zone dotted with jumping fountains. In August 2008, the area at was closed. It has now been re-themed to Pixie Hollow , a Disney Fairies meet-and-greet attraction amid oversized 'plants' which gives guests the sense of being the size of a fairy. Magic Kingdom In April 2010, the Ariel's Grotto attraction at Magic Kingdom was closed. It reopened as part of the New Fantasyland expansion along with the ride Under the Sea ~ Journey of the Little Mermaid . It features a similar meet-and-greet, beside the attraction Under the Sea ~ Journey of the Little Mermaid ...more...



Disney California Adventure

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Disney California Adventure Park , commonly referred to as Disney California Adventure , California Adventure , or DCA , is a theme park located in Anaheim, California . It is owned and operated by The Walt Disney Company through its Parks and Resorts division. The 72-acre (29 ha) park is themed after the history and culture of California . It also celebrates the fun and adventure of California . The park opened in 2001 as Disney's California Adventure Park , and it is the second of two theme parks built at the Disneyland Resort complex, after Disneyland Park . The concept of a theme park dedicated to California arose from a meeting of Disney executives in 1995, following the cancellation of the WestCOT project. Construction of the park began in 1998 and was completed by early 2001. Disney initially projected high attendance rates at the new park, however, a series of preview openings held in January 2001 led to negative reviews, and after the park officially opened to the public on February 8, 2001, the comp ...more...



Orbital ring

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An orbital ring is a concept for a space elevator that consists of an artificial ring placed around the Earth that rotates at an angular rate that is faster than the rotation of the Earth. It is a giant formation of astroengineering proportions . The structure is intended to be used as a space station or as a planetary vehicle for very high speed transportation or space launch . The original orbital ring concept is related to the space fountain and launch loop . History In the 1870s Nikola Tesla , while recovering from malaria, conceived a number of inventions including a ring around the equator, although he did not include detailed calculations. As recounted in his autobiography My Inventions (1919): Another one of my projects was to construct a ring around the equator which would, of course, float freely and could be arrested in its spinning motion by reactionary forces, thus enabling travel at a rate of about one thousand miles an hour, impracticable by rail. The reader will smile. The plan was difficult o ...more...



Giada De Laurentiis

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Giada Pamela De Laurentiis ( Italian pronunciation:  ; born August 22, 1970) is an Italian-born American chef, writer, and television personality. She is the host of Food Network 's Giada at Home . She also appears regularly as a contributor and guest co-host on NBC 's Today . De Laurentiis is the founder of the catering business GDL Foods. She is a winner of the Daytime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lifestyle Host, the Gracie Award for Best Television Host, and in 2012, she was inducted into the Culinary Hall of Fame . Biography Early life De Laurentiis was born in Rome , Italy, the eldest child of actress Veronica De Laurentiis and her first husband, actor-producer Alex De Benedetti. De Benedetti was a close associate of Giada's maternal grandfather, film producer Dino De Laurentiis . As a child, Giada often found herself in the family's kitchen and spent a great deal of time at her grandfather's restaurant, DDL Foodshow. Her parents were married in February 1970 but were later divorced. After her parents ...more...



Origins and architecture of the Taj Mahal

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The ' Taj Mahal ' represents the finest and most sophisticated example of Mughal architecture . Its origins lie in the moving circumstances of its commission and the culture and history of an Islamic Mughal empire 's rule of large parts of India. The distraught Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan commissioned the mausoleum upon the death of his favorite wife Mumtaz Mahal . Today it is one of the most famous and recognizable buildings in the world and while the large, domed marble mausoleum is the most familiar part of the monument, the Taj Mahal is an extensive complex of buildings and gardens that extends over 22.44 hectares (55.5 acres) and includes subsidiary tombs, waterworks infrastructure, the small town of 'Taj Ganji' to the south and a 'moonlight garden' to the north of the river. Construction of Taj Mahal began in 1632 AD, (1041 AH ), on the south bank of the River Yamuna in Agra , and was substantially complete by 1648 AD (1058 AH). The design was conceived as both an earthly replica of the house of Mumtaz ...more...



The Garden of Love (Rubens)

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The Garden of Love is a painting by Rubens , produced in around 1633 and now in the Prado Museum in Madrid. The work was first listed in 1666, when it was hung in the Royal Palace of Madrid , in the Spanish king's bedroom. In early inventories, the painting was called The Garden Party. It is the apotheosis of the outdoor courtly Merry Company genre painting. The subject of this piece is common in Baroque paintings, which used exaggerated motion and clear, easily interpreted detail to produce drama, tension, and grandeur. Rubens uses multi-layer allegory and symbolism to his paintings. Description In this 6.5 ft x 9.4 ft piece, a large group of well-dressed persons in the style of the 17th century lounge about, picnicking in an idyllic garden. Everyone is finely dressed, exercising their wealth and high class status. This demonstrates the depth of a full court scene in a recessional manner. Cupids interact with the individuals, bringing mythological figures into a realistic garden scene to produce a fantasti ...more...



Search for Paradise: Singles 2004–5

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Search for Paradise: Singles 2004–5 is a compilation album by The Wedding Present , collecting the single A-sides and B-sides from the band's album Take Fountain . It was released in the US on May 16, 2006, through Manifesto Records and on May 29, 2006, in the UK through Scopitones Records. The compilation also features unreleased acoustic versions of "Interstate 5", "I'm From Further North Than You" and "Ringway to SeaTac". The set includes a bonus DVD featuring music videos, behind-the-scenes footage and live performances. The singles " Interstate 5 " (November 15, 2004) " I'm From Further North Than You " (April 11, 2005) " Ringway to SeaTac " (October 24, 2005) Track listing CD: "Interstate 5" (Original Version) - 6:07 "Bad Thing" - 3:00 "Snapshots" - 5:06 "I'm From Further North Than You" - 3:28 "Rekindling" - 2:12 "The Girl with the Curious Smile" - 4:16 "Nickels and Dimes" - 2:40 "I'm From Further North Than You" (Klee Remix) - 4:01 "Ringway to SeaTac" - 2:41 "Shivers" - 4:09 "American Tan" - 1:35 "Int ...more...



Tourism in Bahrain

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Bahrain receives four million tourists a year. Most visitors are from Arab states of the Persian Gulf but there are an increasing number of tourists from outside the region. The ancient civilisation of Dilmun , which dominated trade between Mesopotamia and the Indus Valley Civilization , was centred in Bahrain. The inhabitants of Dilmun left behind settlements and temples and tens of thousands of burial mounds which dot the landscape. Tourists are attracted to Bahrain for the weather, unique ambiance, diving and water sports, local culture and the relaxed friendly atmosphere. Bahrain also enjoys a liberal social climate, good shopping and minimal travel restrictions. Forts The island is home to many castles including Bahrain Fort , also known as the Portuguese Fort. It is located near Karranah , a small village on the northern coast of Bahrain Island . The fort has been listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site since 2005. Archaeologists have also discovered six distinct foundations, which have been dated to ...more...



Moroccan architecture

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Moroccan architecture dates from 110 BCE with the Berber's massive pisé ( mud brick ) buildings. The architecture has been influenced by Islamization during the Idrisid dynasty , Moorish exiles from Spain, and also by France who occupied Morocco in 1912. Morocco is in Northern-Africa bordering the Mediterranean and the Atlantic . The country's diverse geography and the land's long history marked by successive waves of settlers and military encroachments are all reflected in Morocco's architecture. History Mud brick city of Ait Benhaddou , Morocco Morocco's first independent state called the Berber kingdom of Mauretania was ruled by the Berbers clan. It was first documented during 110 BC. During the time of the Berbers, the country has been through several sieges by a number of invaders. Nevertheless, the Berbers ritual and beliefs still remained and became the country's cultural heritage including its antique architecture. The Berbers are known for their use of earth or mud brick called pisé (French). Many of ...more...



Cútar

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Cútar is a town and municipality in the province of Málaga , part of the autonomous community of Andalusia in southern Spain . The municipality is situated approximately 10 kilometers from Vélez-Málaga and 32 km from the provincial capital of Málaga . It is located inside the comarca of La Axarquia. It has a population of approximately 650 residents. The natives are called Cuatreños and their nickname is Pelones. The name Cútar may came from Kautzar, the Arabic word for "fountain of paradise", or from Hisn Aqut, Arabic for "castle of Aqut." Cútar is a town and municipality in the province of Málaga , part of the autonomous community of Andalusia in southern Spain . The municipality is situated approximately 10 kilometers from Vélez-Málaga and 32 km from the provincial capital of Málaga . It is located inside the comarca of La Axarquia. It has a population of approximately 650 residents. The natives are called Cuatreños and their nickname is Pelones. The name Cútar may came from Kautzar, the Arabic word for "f ...more...



Persian gardens

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The tradition and style of garden design represented by Persian gardens or Iranian gardens ( Persian : باغ ایرانی ‎‎) has influenced the design of gardens from Andalusia to India and beyond. The gardens of the Alhambra show the influence of Persian garden philosophy and style in a Moorish palace scale, from the era of al-Andalus in Spain . Humayun's Tomb and Taj Mahal have some of the largest Persian gardens in the world, from the era of the Mughal Empire in India. Concept and etymology Eram Garden is a famous historic Persian garden in Shiraz , Iran A schematic diagram of a Persian garden. Note the quadripartite structure with focal water feature, connecting aqueducts, and surrounding trees, as well as the placement of the palace Shazdeh Garden is one of the largest gardens of Kerman Province . From the time of the Achaemenid Empire , the idea of an earthly paradise spread through Persian literature and example to other cultures, both the Hellenistic gardens of the Seleucid Empire and the Ptolemies in Alex ...more...

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Landscape with Charon Crossing the Styx

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Landscape with Charon Crossing the Styx is a painting by the Flemish Northern Renaissance artist Joachim Patinier . Dating to c. 1515–1524, it is in the Museo del Prado of Madrid , Spain . Landscape with Charon Crossing Styx fits into common Northern Renaissance and early Mannerist trends of art. The 16th century witnessed a new era for painting in Germany and the Netherlands that combined influences from local traditions and foreign influences. Many artists, including Patinier, traveled to Italy to study and these travels to the south provided new ideas, particular concerning representations of the natural world. Patinier's religious subjects, therefore, incorporate precise observation and naturalism with fantastic landscapes inspired by the northern traditions of Bosch. Iconography It depicts the classical subject related by Virgil in his Aeneid (book 6, line 369) and Dante in the Inferno (book 3, line 78) at the centre of the picture within the Christian traditions of the Last Judgment and the Ars moriendi ...more...



Anne Archer

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Anne Archer (born August 24, 1947) is an American actress. She was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for the 1987 film Fatal Attraction . Her other film appearances include Paradise Alley (1978), Patriot Games (1992), Short Cuts (1993), Clear and Present Danger (1994) and Lullaby (2014). On stage, she starred as Mrs. Robinson in the West End production of The Graduate in 2001, and in the title role of The Trial of Jane Fonda at the 2014 Edinburgh Festival Fringe . Early life Archer was born in Los Angeles, California , the daughter of actors John Archer and Marjorie Lord . Career Archer's first television appearance was in 1970 on the series Men at Law. She was named Miss Golden Globe in 1971. Her first feature film was The Honkers (1972), which was followed by "Lifeguard" (1976). She was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for her role as Beth Gallagher in the film Fatal Attraction (1987). Her other prominent film roles include Patriot Games (1992) and Clear a ...more...



Hannah Tointon

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Hannah Marie Tointon (born 28 December 1987 ) is an English actress. She is best known for playing Katy Fox in the long running Channel 4 soap opera Hollyoaks and Tara Brown in sitcom The Inbetweeners . Early life Tointon was born to parents Ken and Carol in Southend-on-Sea, Essex . She and her actress sister Kara (born 1983) were brought up in Leigh-on-Sea and attended St Michael's School, Leigh, and St Hilda's School in Westcliff-on-Sea . Career Tointon's first appearance on television was in the CBBC hit sitcom Kerching! , where she played Tamsin, the love interest of the main character Taj Lewis. Her next role was in the series Star 2003 where she played the character Billie. Following this, she played Celina Johnson in the British police drama series The Bill . She also portrayed Casey in the horror film The Children . In 2006, she appeared in the television series Murder City , where she played Bethany Williams in the episode "Just Seventeen". She also appeared in Dream Team as Savannah Caskey. She ...more...



Muses

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Muse, perhaps Clio , reading a scroll (Attic red-figure lekythos , Boeotia , c. 430 BC) The Muses are the inspirational goddesses of literature , science , and the arts in Greek mythology. They were considered the source of the knowledge embodied in the poetry , lyric songs , and myths that were related orally for centuries in these ancient cultures. They were later adopted by the Romans as a part of their pantheon . In current English usage, "muse" can refer in general to a person who inspires an artist, musician, or writer. Etymology The word "Muses" ( ; Ancient Greek : Μοῦσαι , Moũsai) perhaps came from the o-grade of the Proto-Indo-European root *men- ("to think") or from root *men- ("to tower, mountain") since all the most important cult-centres of the Muses were on mountains or hills. R. S. P. Beekes rejects both etymologies and suggests a Pre-Greek origin. Number and names Gustave Moreau : Hesiod and the Muse (1891)— Musée d'Orsay , Paris The earliest known records of the Nine Muses are from Boeotia , ...more...



Monte Carlo Resort and Casino

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The Monte Carlo Resort and Casino is a megaresort hotel and casino on the Las Vegas Strip in Paradise , Nevada , United States. The hotel, with a height of 360 ft (110 m), has 32 floors, featuring a 102,000-square-foot (9,500 m ) casino floor with 1,400 slot machines , 60 table games, and 15 poker tables. It is owned and operated by MGM Resorts International . The hotel offers 2,992 guest rooms, including 259 luxury suites. It is being converted from late 2016 to 2018 into the Park MGM , with the upper floors converted into a boutique hotel, NoMad Las Vegas . The hotel, named to invoke the Place du Casino in Monte Carlo , features chandelier domes, marble floors, neoclassical arches , ornate fountains, and gas-lit promenades . As of 2010, Monte Carlo has a AAA-Four-Diamond rating. Facilities and attractions The resort includes 22,000 sq ft (2,000 m ) of retail stores , plus convention facilities , a spa, fitness center , a hair salon, a 2,000-square-foot (190 m ) exercise room, a pool area, which include ...more...



Bimini

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Bimini is the westernmost district of the Bahamas and comprises a chain of islands located about 80 kilometres (50 mi) due east of Miami . Bimini is the closest point in the Bahamas to the mainland United States and approximately 210 km (130 mi) west-northwest of Nassau . The population is 1,988 as of the 2010 census. Geography Bimini has three islands, North Bimini, South Bimini, and East Bimini. The largest islands are North Bimini and South Bimini . The District of Bimini also includes Cay Sal Bank , more than 100 km (60 mi) further south, which is geographically not a part of the Bimini Islands but a separate unit. North Bimini is about 11 km (7 mi) long and 200 m (700 ft) wide. Its main settlement is Alice Town , a collection of shops , restaurants , and bars on a road known as "The King's Highway". The second major road is called Queens Highway and runs almost the length of the island parallel to Kings Highway. South Bimini (pop. 182) houses an airstrip, South Bimini Airport , and offers a quiet alte ...more...



Fuente del Ángel Caído

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Detail of the Ángel Caído. Statue of the Fallen Angel by Ricardo Bellver, 1877) The Fuente del Ángel Caído (Fountain of the Fallen Angel or Monument of the Fallen Angel) is a highlight of the Buen Retiro Park in Madrid , Spain . The statue that crowns the monument is the masterpiece of Ricardo Bellver who realized it in plaster in 1877 while a 3rd year pensioner in Rome , inspired by verses from Paradise Lost of John Milton (Canto I). He submitted it to the 1877 edition of the Exposiciones Nacionales de Bellas Artes where it received the first prize. The state acquired the work and presented it to the 1878 Exposition Universelle . Since only works in marble and bronze were accepted, the statue was cast in bronze at this occasion and the plaster original destroyed. The statue returned to Spain in what was then the Museo Nacional de Pintura y Escultura (also known as the Museo de la Trinidad, now part of the Museo del Prado ). The director of the museum, Benito Soriano Murillo, proposed its relocation in the ...more...



WMF Group

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Aerial photo of WMF Group (2015) WMF Group (formerly known as "Württembergische Metallwarenfabrik") is a German tableware manufacturer, founded in 1853 in Geislingen an der Steige . History WMF was originally called Metallwarenfabrik Straub & Schweizer and was opened as a metal repairing workshop. Through mergers and acquisitions, by 1900 they were the world's largest producer and exporter of household metalware, mainly in the Jugendstil, or Art Nouveau style, designed in the WMF Art Studio under Albert Mayer, sculptor and designer, who was director from 1884 to 1914. In 1880 after Metallwarenfabrik Straub & Schweizer merged with another German company, it was renamed as the Württembergische Metallwarenfabrik. WMF acquired the Polish metalware factory Plewkiewicz in Warsaw in 1886, which then became a subsidiary of WMF around 1900. During this period, the WMF employed over 3500 people. In 1890 they acquired the Kunstanstalt für Galvanoplastik München, which specialized in electrotyping and electrofo ...more...




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