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Sikandar Lodi

Sikandar Lodi (died 21 November 1517), born Nizam Khan, was the Sultan of Delhi between 1489 and 1517.[1] He became the next ruler of the Lodi dynasty after the death of his father Bahlul Lodi in July 1489. The second and most successful ruler of the Lodi dynasty of the Delhi sultanate, he was also a poet of the Persian language and prepared a diwan of 9000 verses.[2]

Of the three Lodi Sultans namely Bahlol Lodi (1451 to 1489), Sikandar Lodi (1489 to 1517) and Ibrahim Lodi (1517 to 1526), Sikandar Lodi is regarded as the ablest, the greatest and the most successful Sultan. As compared with these two Sultans, Sikandar Lodi gave ample evidence of his qualities as a general, as an administrator, a consolidator of the empire and a man of letters.

Biography
The top two storeys of the Qutub Minar were reconstructed in marble by Sikandar Lodi

Sikandar was the second son of Sultan Bahlul Khan Lodi and Bibi Ambha, the daughter of a Hindu goldsmith of Sirhind. He was of Afghan origin through his father.[3]

He became Sultan upon the death of his father on 17 July 1489 under the full name Abu Al-Muzzafar Ghazi Sultan Sikandar Lodi. His rise to power was troubled, as his older brother, Barbak Shah, the viceroy of Jaunpur, also laid claim to the throne, even though their father had nominated Sikandar. However, he was able to ascend to the throne without massive bloodshed, and even allowed his brother to continue ruling Jaunpur. He also settled differences with an uncle, Alam Khan, who was also suspected of seeking to seize power.

Sikandar was a capable ruler who encouraged trade across his territory, but discriminated against Hindu subjects. He expanded Lodi territory into the regions of Gwalior and Bihar. He made a treaty with Alauddin Hussain Shah and his kingdom of Bengal. In 1503, he commissioned the building of the present-day city of Agra. Agra was founded by him.[4]

He has a reputation for religious intolerance, and is said to have burned Bodhan, a Hindu sadhu alive for saying that Islam and Hinduism were equally acceptable to God.

Coin of Sikandar Lodi

He wrote poetry in Persian using the pen name Gulrukhi. He introduced auditing in accounts. He took good care of justice and agriculture for the welfare of people. He introduced a system of Gaz-i-sikandari, means 32 digit of measuring system of cultivated lands.

Among the administrative changes made by Sikandar Lodi was the installation of Persian language as the official language for the accountancy in India in 1514.

Conquests

First of all Sikandar Lodi defeated his elder brother and seized Jaunpur and brought it under his direct control. He afterwards led his attack on Bihar, defeated its ruler and annexed it. He conquered the states of Dholpur, Bidar, Chanderi and other nearby kingdoms. But defeated by the ruler of Gawilor Man Singh Tomar. He entered into a friendship treaty with the ruler of Bengal. Sikandar’s empire extended from the Punjab to the borders of Bengal and included the territories between Sutlej and Bundelkhand.

Occasional tours in disguise
Sikandar Lodi's tomb

Very often the Sultan toured in disguise to have the first hand information about the condition of the people and the activities of the Amirs and the Ulemas.

He died in 1517 and has an elaborate burial tomb that resides in Lodi Gardens, Delhi.

References
  1. Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. pp. 122–125. ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4.
  2. Ram Nath Sharma, History Of Education In India, Atlantic (1996), p. 61
  3. Lodī dynasty - Encyclopædia Britannica
  4. Kishori Saran Lal (1963). Twilight of the Sultanate. Asia Publishing House. p. 176. OCLC 500687579.
Preceded byBahlul Khan Lodi Sultan of Delhi 1489–1517 Succeeded byIbrahim Lodi
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Sikandar Lodi

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Sikandar Lodi

Sikandar Lodi (died 21 November 1517), born Nizam Khan, was the Sultan of Delhi between 1489 and 1517.[1] He became the next ruler of the Lodi dynasty after the death of his father Bahlul Lodi in July 1489. The second and most successful ruler of the Lodi dynasty of the Delhi sultanate, he was also a poet of the Persian language and prepared a diwan of 9000 verses.[2] Of the three Lodi Sultans namely Bahlol Lodi (1451 to 1489), Sikandar Lodi (1489 to 1517) and Ibrahim Lodi (1517 to 1526), Sikandar Lodi is regarded as the ablest, the greatest and the most successful Sultan. As compared with these two Sultans, Sikandar Lodi gave ample evidence of his qualities as a general, as an administrator, a consolidator of the empire and a man of letters. Biography The top two storeys of the Qutub Minar were reconstructed in marble by Sikandar Lodi Sikandar was the second son of Sultan Bahlul Khan Lodi and Bibi Ambha, the daughter of a Hindu goldsmith of Sirhind. He was of Afghan origin through his father.[3] He ...more...



Tomb of Sikandar Lodi

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Tomb of Sikandar Lodi

Tomb of Sikandar Lodi (Hindi: सिकंदर लोधी का मक़बरा) is the tomb of the second ruler of the Lodi Dynasty, Sikandar Lodi (reign: 1489–1517 CE) situated in New Delhi, India.[1] The tomb is situated in Lodhi Gardens in Delhi and was built in 1517–1518 CE by his son Ibrahim Lodi.[2] The monument is situated 100 meters away from the Bara Gumbad and the area in which it is situated was formally called village Khairpur.[1] History Sikandar Lodi (born Nizam Khan), was the Sultan of Delhi between 1489 and 1517 CE and was the son of Bahlul Lodi. After the death of this father in 1489, Sikandar Lodhi assumed the reign the same year and ruled until his death in 1517 CE.[3] Upon Sikandar Lodi's death in 1517 CE, his son Ibrahim Lodi built the tomb. The Tomb of Sikandar Lodi was inspired in parts by the tomb of Muhammad Shah which is also situated in the Lodhi Gardens.[4] Construction and architecture The Tomb of Sikandar Lodi was inspired in parts by the tomb of Muhammad Shah. It has octagonal design and the architectur ...more...



Ibrahim Lodi

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Ibrahim Lodi

Quarter Tanka Of Ibrahim Lodi Ibrahim Lodi became the Sultan of Delhi in 1517 after the death of his father Sikandar Lodi. He was the last ruler of the Lodi dynasty, reigning for nine years between 1517 until being defeated and killed at the battle of Panipat by Babur's invading army in 1526, giving way to the emergence of the Mughal Empire in India.[1][2] Biography Ibrahim was an ethnic Pashtun. He attained the throne upon the death of his father, Sikandar, but was not blessed with the same ruling capability. He faced a number of rebellions. The Mewar ruler Rana Sangram Singh (Rana Sanga) extended his empire right up to western Uttar Pradesh and threatened to attack Agra. There was rebellion in the Eastern India as well. Ibrahim Lodi also displeased the nobility when he replaced old and senior commanders with younger ones who were loyal to him. His Afghan nobility eventually invited Babur to invade India. In 1526, the Mughal forces of Babur, the king of Kabulistan (Kabul, present Afghanistan), defeated I ...more...



Lodi Gardens

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Lodi Gardens

Bara Gumbad and Mosque, Lodi Gardens, New Delhi Lodi Gardens or Lodhi Gardens is a city park situated in New Delhi, India. Spread over 90 acres (360,000 m2),[1] it contains, Mohammed Shah's Tomb, Tomb of Sikandar Lodi, Shisha Gumbad and Bara Gumbad,[2] architectural works of the 15th century by Lodis- who ruled parts of northern India and Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of modern-day Pakistan, from 1451 to 1526. The site is now protected by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI).[1] The gardens are situated between Khan Market and Safdarjung's Tomb on Lodhi Road and is a hotspot for morning walks for the Delhiites. History The tomb of Mohammed Shah, the second last of the Sayyid dynasty rulers, the earliest of the tombs in the garden, was built in 1444 by Ala-ud-din Alam Shah as a tribute to Mohammed Shah. As there is little architecture from these two periods remaining in India, Lodi Gardens is an important place of preservation. The tomb of Mohammed Shah is visible from the road, and is the ea ...more...



Sikandar

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Sikandar

Sikandar (سکندر‬) is a Persian rendition of the name Alexander popular in South Asia, figuratively connoting "defender," "king," "conqueror," etc. It is a variant of Iskandar. PeopleRulers Alexander the Great, also known as Sikandar-i-Azam Sikandar Butshikan, Sultan of Kashmir Sikandar Lodi of the Lodi dynasty Sikandar Shah, Sultan of Bengal Sikandar Shah II, Sultan of Bengal Sikandar Shah Suri, Sultan of new Delhi Other people Sikandar Hayat Khan, British Indian politician Sikandar Khan Khoso, Pakistani politician and poet Sikandar Kher, Indian actor Sikandar Jah, also known as Mir Akbar Ali Khan Sikander Jah, Asaf Jah III, ruler of Hyderabad Sikandar Sultan, Pakistani businessman Sikander Bakht, Indian politician Sikander Bakht, Pakistani cricketer Sikander Baloch, Pakistani journalist and television news anchorman Places Secunderabad, a city in Telangana, India Sekandar, Markazi, a village in Markazi Province, Iran Sikandar, Iran, a village in Sistan and Baluchestan P ...more...



Delhi Sultanate

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Delhi Sultanate

The Delhi Sultanate (Persian:دهلی سلطان, Urdu:دہلی سلطنت) was a Muslim sultanate based mostly in Delhi that stretched over large parts of the Indian subcontinent for 320 years (1206–1526).[5][6] Five dynasties ruled over the Delhi Sultanate sequentially: the Mamluk dynasty (1206–90), the Khalji dynasty (1290–1320), the Tughlaq dynasty (1320–1414),[7] the Sayyid dynasty (1414–51), and the Lodi dynasty (1451–1526). The sultanate is noted for being one of the few states to repel an attack by the Mongol Empire,[8] and enthroned one of the few female rulers in Islamic history, Razia Sultana, who reigned from 1236 to 1240.[9] Qutb al-Din Aibak, a former Turkic Mamluk slave of Muhammad Ghori, was the first sultan of Delhi, and his Mamluk dynasty conquered large areas of northern India. Afterwards, the Khalji dynasty was also able to conquer most of central India, but both failed to conquer the whole of the Indian subcontinent. The sultanate reached the peak of its geographical reach during the Tughlaq dynasty, occu ...more...



Lodi dynasty

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Lodi dynasty

The Lodi dynasty (or Lodhi) was an Afghan[1] dynasty that ruled the Delhi Sultanate from 1451 to 1526. It was the last dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate, and was founded by Bahlul Khan Lodi when he replaced the Sayyid dynasty.[2][3] Bahlul Lodi Bahlul Khan Lodi (r. 1451–1489) was the nephew and son-in-law of Malik Sultan Shah Lodi, the governor of Sirhind in (Punjab), India and succeeded him as the governor of Sirhind during the reign of Sayyid dynasty ruler Muhammad Shah. Muhammad Shah raised him to the status of an emir. He was the most powerful of the Punjab chiefs and a vigorous leader, holding together a loose confederacy of Afghan and Turkish chiefs with his strong personality.[3] He reduced the turbulent chiefs of the provinces to submission and infused some vigour into the government. After the last Sayyid ruler of Delhi, Ala-ud-Din Aalm Shah voluntarily abdicated in favour of him, Bahlul Khan Lodi ascended the throne of the Delhi sultanate on 19 April 1451.[4] The most important event of his reign was ...more...



Bahlul Lodi

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Bahlul Lodi

Bahlul Khan Lodi (died 12 July 1489) was the chief of the Pashtun Lodi tribe[1] and founder of Lodi dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate[2] upon the abdication of the last claimant from the previous Sayyid rule.[3] Bahlul became sultan of the dynasty on 19 April 1451[4] (855 AH). Early life Billon Tanka of 80 ratti of Bahlul Lodi Bahlul's grandfather, Malik Bahram, was a Pashtun from Multan, he took service under the governor of Multan, Malik Mardan Daulat. Malik Bahram had a total of about five sons. His eldest son, Malik Sultan Shah Lodi, later served under the Sayyid dynasty ruler Khizr Khan and distinguished himself by killing in the battle later's worst enemy Mallu Iqbal Khan. He was rewarded with the title of Islam Khan and in 1419 appointed the governor of Sirhind. Bahlul, the son of Malik Kala, the younger brother of Malik Sultan was married to Malik Sultan's daughter. In his youth, Bahlul was involved in the trading of horses and once sold his finely bred horses to the Sayyid dynasty Sultan Mohamma ...more...



Tomb of Ibrahim Lodi

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Tomb of Ibrahim Lodi

The Tomb of Ibrahim Lodi in Panipat (Haryana, India) is the tomb of Ibrahim Lodi, Sultan of the Lodi dynasty. Tomb Ibrahim Lodi's tomb is often mistaken to be the Shisha Gumbad within Lodi Gardens Delhi. Rather Ibrahim Lodi's tomb is actually situated near the tehsil office in Panipat, close to the Dargah of Sufi saint Bu Ali Shah Qalandar.[1][2][3] It is a simple rectangular structure on a high platform approached by a flight of steps.[1][2][3] History Ibrahim Lodi Ibrahim Lodi became the Sultan of Delhi in 1517 after the death of his father Sikandar. He was the last ruler of the Lodi dynasty, reigning for nine years between 1517 until being defeated and killed at the battle of Panipat by Babur's invading army in 1526, giving way to the emergence of the Mughal Empire in India.[4][5] Ibrahim was an ethnic Pashtun. He attained the throne upon the death of his father, Sikandar, but was not blessed with the same ruling capability. He faced a number of rebellions. The Mewar ruler Rana Sangram Singh exten ...more...



Qutb Minar

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Qutb Minar

The Qutub Minar, also spelled as Qutab Minar, or Qutb Minar, is a minaret that forms a part of the Qutab complex, a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the Mehrauli area of Delhi, India.[1][2] Qutub Minar is a 73-metre (239.5 feet) tall tapering tower of five storeys, with a 14.3 metres (47 feet) base diameter, reducing to 2.7 metres (9 feet) at the peak.[3] It contains a spiral staircase of 379 steps.[4] Its design is thought to have been based on the Minaret of Jam, in western Afghanistan. Qutab Ud-Din-Aibak, founder of the Delhi Sultanate, started construction of the Qutub Minar's first storey around 1192. In 1220, Aibak's successor and son-in-law Iltutmish completed a further three storeys. In 1369, a lightning strike destroyed the top storey. Firoz Shah Tughlaq replaced the damaged storey, and added one more.Sher Shah suri also added an entrance to this tower while he was ruling and Humayun was in exile.[5] The Minar is surrounded by several historically significant monuments of the Qutab complex, including ...more...



Jaunpur Sultanate

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Jaunpur Sultanate

The Jaunpur sultanate was an independent kingdom of northern India between 1394 and 1479, whose rulers ruled from Jaunpur or Jounpoor in the present day state of Uttar Pradesh. The Jaunpur sultanate was ruled by the Sharqi dynasty. The Khwajah-i-Jahan Malik Sarwar, the first ruler of the dynasty was a wazir (minister) under Sultan Nasiruddin Muhammad Shah IV Tughluq (1390–1394). In 1394, he established himself as an independent ruler of Jaunpur and extended his authority over Awadh and a large part of Ganges-Yamuna doab. The dynasty founded by him was named so because of his title Malik-us-Sharq (the ruler of the east). The most acclaimed ruler of this dynasty was Ibrahim Shah. The last ruler Hussain Shah was overthrown by Bahlul Lodi,[1] and Jaunpur sultanate was permanently annexed to Delhi sultanate by Sikandar Lodi. Malik Sarwar, Khwajah-i-Jahan In 1389, Malik Sarwar received the title of Khajah-i-Jahan. In 1394, he was appointed as the governor of Jaunpur and received his title of Malik-us-Sharq from Su ...more...



Sayyid dynasty

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Sayyid dynasty

The Sayyid dynasty was the fourth dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate, with four rulers ruling from 1414 to 1451. Founded by a former governor of Multan, they succeeded the Tughlaq dynasty and ruled the sultanate until they were displaced by the Lodi dynasty. Members of the dynasty derived their title, Sayyid, or the descendants of the Prophet Muhammad, based on the claim that they belonged to the Prophet's lineage through his daughter Fatima, and son-in-law and cousin Ali. History Following the 1398 Sack of Delhi, Amir Timur appointed the Sayyids as the governors of Delhi. Their dynasty was established by Sayyid Khizr Khan, deputised by Timur to be the governor of Multan (Punjab). Khizr Khan captured Delhi from Daulat Khan Lodi on May 28, 1414 thereby establishing the Sayyid dynasty. Khizr Khan did not take up the title of Sultan and nominally, continued to be a Rayat-i-Ala (vassal) of the Timurids - initially that of Timur, and later his grandson Shah Rukh.[2] Khizr Khan was succeeded by his son Sayyid Mubarak ...more...



List of capitals of India

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List of capitals of India

This is a list of formerly capitals of India. Early period {{columns-list|Jaunpur:Capital of Sharqī dynasty (1394–1479)| Pataliputra: Capital of the following below: Nanda Dynasty Maurya Empire Gupta Empire Pala Empire Begram and Mathura: Summer and winter capitals respectively of the Kushan Empire Amaravati and Pratishthānapura: Capitals of Satavahana Empire Kannauj: Capital of Harshavardhana's short lived empire; also of Pratiharas. Manyakheta, Avanti: Capitals of Rashtrakuta Dynasty and Pratihara Empire respectively. Gadhipur: centre of administration of the Gupta dynasty. Capital under Jamwal kings Gaadhi and Vishwamitra. Puhar: Capital of Early Cholas. Madurai: Capital of Pandyas Gauḍa: Capital of Pala dynasty along with Pataliputra Sigal: First capital of the Sakas 70bce-400 Taxila: Second capital of the Sakas 70bce-400 Mathura: Third capital of the Sakas 70bce-400 Sagala: Capital of the Indo-Greeks Bhinmal: Capital of Gurjara Emoire Jaunpur: Capital of Shar ...more...



Agra

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Agra

Agra ( ( listen); Urdu: آگرہ‬‎ Āgrā) is a city on the banks of the river Yamuna in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh, India.[4] It is 378 kilometres (235 mi) west of the state capital, Lucknow, 206 kilometres (128 mi) south of the national capital New Delhi, 58 kilometres (31 mi) south of Mathura and 125 kilometres (78 mi) north of Gwalior. Agra is one of the most populous cities in Uttar Pradesh, and the 24th most populous in India.[5] Agra is a major tourist destination because of its many Mughal-era buildings, most notably the Tāj Mahal, Agra Fort and Fatehpūr Sikrī, all of which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites.[4] Agra is included on the Golden Triangle tourist circuit, along with Delhi and Jaipur; and the Uttar Pradesh Heritage Arc, tourist circuit of UP state, along Lucknow and Varanasi. Agra falls within the Braj cultural region. The city was first mentioned in the epic Mahābhārata, where it was called Agrevaṇa (derived from Sanskrit (अग्रेवण) meaning "the border of the forest").[6] However, the 1 ...more...



Shish Gumbad

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Shish Gumbad

Shish Gumbad ("glazed dome"), also spelt Shish Gumbad, is a tomb from the last lineage of the Lodhi Dynasty and is thought to have possibly been constructed between 1489 and 1517 CE.[1] The Shish Gumbad (glass dome) houses tombs of an unknown family that may have been a part of the Lodhi family and a part of Sikandar Lodi's court.[2][3][4][5] It is however believed by some historians that the tomb is of Bahlul Lodi (died 12 July 1489), who was chief of the Afghan Lodi tribe and founder & Sultan of the Lodi dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate,[6][7] though Ibrahim Lodhi's Tomb exists 100 kilometres (62 mi) away at Panipat city in Haryana state.[8][9][10] Shish Gumbad is situated in the Lodhi Gardens in Delhi and the area where the tomb is situated was formally called village Khairpur.[11][12] History Exact date of construction of Shish Gumbad is not known. There are four monuments (tombs) in the Lodhi Gardens including the Shish Gumbad. The oldest of the four tombs is the tomb of Muhammad Shah (who belonged ...more...



Champaran

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Champaran

Champaran is a historic region which now forms the East Champaran district, and the West Champaran district in Bihar, India. Champaran is part of the cultural Mithila region. Boundaries Champaran District was created in 1866. On 1 December 1901 it was split into two districts: Paschim Champaran and Purbi Champaran. The headquarters of Paschim Champaran district is at Bettiah. The headquarters of Purbi Champaran district is at Motihari. Purbi Champaran consists of six subdivisions and twenty seven blocks. Name The name Champaran derives from Champa-aranya or Champkatanys. Champa or champaka means magnolia and aranya means forest. Hence, Champaranya means forest of magnolia trees. It is believed that the forest was named while its western portion was inhabited by solitary ascetics. HistoryAncient history In the prehistoric period, Champaran constituted a part of the ancient kingdom of Videha. The Aryan Videhas settled east of the Gandak or Narayani river. Among the greatest of the Videha kings was Sirdhwaj J ...more...



Lahore

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Lahore

Lahore (Urdu: لاہور‎, Punjabi: لہور; ) is the capital city of the Pakistani province of Punjab, and is the country’s second-most populous city after Karachi.[5] The city is located in the north-eastern end of Pakistan's Punjab province, near the border with the Indian state of Punjab. Lahore is one of Pakistan's wealthiest cities with an estimated GDP of $58.14 billion (PPP) as of 2014,[7][9] Lahore is the historic cultural centre of the Punjab region,[10][11][12] and is one of Pakistan's most socially liberal,[13] progressive,[14] and cosmopolitan cities.[15] Lahore's origins reach into antiquity. The city has been controlled by numerous empires throughout the course of its history, including the Hindu Shahis, Ghaznavids, Ghurids, and Delhi Sultanate by the medieval era. Lahore reached the height of its splendour under the Mughal Empire between the late 16th and early 18th century, and served as its capital city for a number of years. The city was captured by the forces of Persian Emperor Nader Shah in 1739 ...more...



Tomb of Bahlul Lodi

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Tomb of Bahlul Lodi

Bahol Lodi's tomb (Urdu: بہلول لودھی کے مزار‎;) is the tomb of an emperor of Delhi Sultanate and the founder of Lodi Dynasty, Bahlul Lodi (Reign:1451-1489 A.D) situated in Delhi, India. The tomb is located in a historic settlement, Chirag Delhi, located within the fort walls of the Jahapanah city (built by the Tughlaqs). This tomb is one of the finest examples which demonstrate the evolution of Lodi architecture. It was built by Sikander Lodi, son and successor of Bahlul Lodi after the demise of his father in July 1489 A.D.[1] Architecture The tomb is constructed in rubble masonry. The roof is crowned by five domes, the central one being fluted. The tomb chamber is surmounted by a dome of red sandstone surrounded by a broad dripstone : it has been much modernized at various times. A Gold cup hangs over the grave, as in the Khizri mosque at Nizam-ud-din. In the north-west corner of the enclosure is a fine Assembly Hall. The central columns springs from four monolithic stone columns, a unique architectural fea ...more...



Panis

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Panis

The Panis (Sanskrit: पणि : ) are a class of demons in the Rigveda, from paṇi-, a term for "bargainer, miser," especially applied to one who is sparing of sacrificial oblations. The Panis appear in RV 10.108 as watchers over stolen cows. They are located behind the stream Rasā, and sought out by Sarama. They boast to Sarama that they are well-armed and will not yield the cows without battle, and that the cows are furthermore well hidden in a rocky chamber. Sarama threatens them with the might of Indra and the Angirasas who will recover the cows. The "rocky treasure-chest" of the Panis is identical to Vala, the stone split by Indra to liberate Dawn. The myth is a variant of that of Indra slaying Vrtra, imagined as a stone serpent, liberating the blocked rivers. The word pani is also applied in the Rig Veda to human beings, even respected members of the community, who are unwilling to share their wealth. In one hymn Indra himself is addressed as "pani". Graeco-Roman authors equated the Parthians with a Scythi ...more...



Siwan district

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Siwan district

Siwan district is one of the districts of Bihar state, India. Siwan town is the administrative headquarters of this district. Siwan district is a part of Saran Division since 1972. The town is known for its great past especially for First President of Indian Republic who belonged to Jeeradei.[1] [2] The district was previously also known as Aliganj Siwan after the name of Raja Ali Bux Khan. Siwan has historical and mythological importance attached to it. Member of Parliament from Siwan is Om Prakash Yadav.[3] The district occupies an area of 2,219 square kilometres (857 sq mi).[4] History Siwan district, situated in the western part of the state, was originally a sub-division of Saran district, which in ancient time formed a part of Kosala Kingdom.[5] Siwan became a fully-fledged district when it was split from Saran in 1976.[6] Siwan derived its name from "Shiva Man", a Bandh Raja whose heirs ruled this area till Babar’s arrival. The meaning of "Siwan" is border, previously it used to be the border distri ...more...



Battle of Khanwa

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Battle of Khanwa

The Battle of Khanwa was fought near the village of Khanwa, in Bharatpur District of Rajasthan, on March 17, 1527. It was fought between the invading forces of the first Mughal Emperor Babur and the Rajput forces led by Rana Sanga of Mewar, after the Battle of Panipat. The victory in the battle consolidated the new Mughal dynasty in India.[3] Background The Rajput ruler Rana Sanga had sent an ambassador to Babur at Kabul, offering to join in Babur's attack on Sultan Ibrahim Lodi of Delhi. Sanga had offered to attack Agra while Babur would be attacking Delhi. However, while Babur did attack Sultan Ibrahim Lodi, and took over Delhi and Agra, Sanga made no move, apparently having changed his mind. Babur had resented this backsliding; in his autobiography, Babur accuses Rana Sanga of breach of agreement. The historian Satish Chandra speculates that Sanga may have imagined a long drawn struggle taking place between Babur and Sultan Ibrahim Lodi following which he would be able to take control over the regions he ...more...



Alauddin Husain Shah

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Alauddin Husain Shah

Ala-ud-din Husain Shah (Bengali: আলাউদ্দিন হোসেন শাহ); reign 1494–1519)[1] was an independent late medieval Sultan of Bengal, who founded the Hussain Shahi dynasty.[2] He became the ruler of Bengal after assassinating the Abyssinian Sultan, Shams-ud-Din Muzaffar Shah, whom he had served under as wazir. After his death in 1519 his son Nusrat Shah succeeded him. Early life and accession Husain Shah's original name is Sayyeed Husain. According to a 1788 chronicle, Riyaz-us-Salatin, Husain was the son of Sayyeed Ashraf Al Husaini Al Fatimi Al Makki, a Sharif of Mecca and an inhabitant of Tirmiz (in Turkestan).[3] Besides both historians Salim (writer of Riyaz-us-Salatin) and Firishtah (from late 16th century) mentioned him as Sayyed - this indicates Husain's Arab descent. Besides, the term Sultan Husain Shah bin Sayyeed Ashraf-ul-Husaini (Sultan Husain Shah, son of Sayyed Ashraf-ul-Husaini) frequently appeared on his coins.[3] But it is not yet known how he came to Bengal and occupied the post of Vizier of Sulta ...more...



Gurdwara Nanak Piao

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Gurdwara Nanak Piao

Gurdwara Nanak Piao is a historical Gurudwara located in north Delhi in India. This gurdwara sahib is dedicated to the first Sikh Guru, Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji. Gurdwara Nanak Piao was built at the site, in the garden where Guru Nanak Dev camped when he visited Delhi in 1505 during the reign of Sultan Sikandar Lodi. It is situated on Rana Pratap Road (also known as Grand Trunk Road or GT Road). It is said that people flocked to the revered prophet and offered him and Bhai Mardana precious gifts and offerings. Guru Nanak Dev Ji used to distribute all these offerings to the poor and needy. Besides this, he used to offer food and water to the hungry and thirsty, hence the name of the shrine. The word "Piao" mean to "offer liquid to drink" and refers to the offering of water to all the thirsty who visited this shrine. Even today, the Well used by the Guru is preserved and one can still see the well from which Guru Nanak served water at the shrine. Consequently, over time Gurdwara Nank Piao attained a status of a h ...more...



Santheyalli Nintha Kabira

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Santheyalli Nintha Kabira

Santheyalli Nintha Kabira (English: Kabira standing in market) is a 2016 Indian Kannada-language epic biopic-drama film adapted from Bhisham Sahni's Hindi play Kabira Khada Bazaar Mein. The film is directed Indra Babu of Kabbadi fame.[3] Original story by Bhisham Sahni was adapted and the screenplay is written in Kannada by Indra Babu and Gopal Wajpeyi.[4] Starring Shiva Rajkumar as the protagonist Kabir,[5] the film is about the life of the mystic 15th-century poet. It also stars Sanusha and Sarath Kumar in other pivotal roles. The film was launched on the Ugadi festival day of 2015[6] and is slated to release on 29 July 2016.[7] Cast Shiva Rajkumar as Kabir Das Sanusha Sarath Kumar as Sikandar Lodi Avinash as Kabir's father Sharath Lohitashwa Anant Nag as Kabir's guru Bhagirathi Bai Kadam as Kabir's mother Sunitha Ramachari Sanjjanaa Galrani Production After roping in Shivarajkumar for the protagonist role, director Indra Babu announced that actor Amitabh Bachchan would play the role of Ra ...more...



Tughluq tombs

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Tughluq tombs

Tughlaq Tombs in the Indian subcontinent are mostly simple, monotonous and heavy structures in Indo-Islamic architecture built during the Tughlaq dynasty (1320–1413). They look more like fortresses with walls surrounding them and have restrained decoration and embellishment compared to both earlier and later Indian Islamic tombs. Their architecture lacks the influence from Hindu temple architecture and craftsmanship which was later found in Lodi and Mughal architecture. But Hindu influence on Tughluq buildings was not totally absent. Features of Hindu influences on Tughluq architecture include the flat lintel instead of pointed arch, pillars, windows with balconies and eaves and railings.[1] Tughluqs built three main types of tombs: square, octagonal and pavilion. The last type was the simplest, consisting of a pavilion or a chhatri. The simple tombs are most likely to be those of nobles and family members of the sultans. Ghiyas ud-Din Tughluq's Tomb Ghiyath al-Din Tughlaq's Tomb In Delhi Ghiyas ud-Di ...more...



Makhdoom Yahya Maneri

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Makhdoom Yahya Maneri

Choti Dargah, Mausoleum of Makhdoom Shah Daulat, descendent of Makhdoom Yahya Maneri at Maner, 1780s painting Makhdoom Yahiya Maneri (Urdu: مخدوم کمال الدین یحییٰ منیری‬‎, Hindi: Makhdoom) was an Indian Sufi saint of the 13th century. His tomb in courtyard of a mosque, located in Maner, 29 km from Patna, Bihar, India.[1] Biography His complete name is Kamaaluddin Yahya Maneri. He was son of Makhdoom Israil son of Hazrat Imam Mohammad Taj Faquih Hashmi (also called Sheikh Al Hind). His family settled in Maner which was later also called Maner Sharif. He studied Islamic law at Al-Nizamiyya of Baghdad Academy. He was a disciple of Sheikh Shahab al-Din Abu Hafs Umar al-Suhrawardi of Suhrawardiyya Sufi order. His associates include Hazrat Baha-ud-din Zakariya Multani, Shaykh Saadi Shirazi and Kamal al-Din Isma'il al-'Isfahani and Makhdoom Shahabuddin Pir Jagjot of Balkh who settled in Jaitley near Patna. He married one of the daughters of his friend Makhdoom Shahabuddin Pir Jagjot and had four sons and at leas ...more...



Ballia

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Ballia

Ballia is a city with a municipal board in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh bordering Bihar. The eastern boundary of the city lies at the junction of two major rivers, the Ganges and the Ghaghara. The city is situated 140 km (87 mi) east of Varanasi. Bhojpuri is the primary local language. Ballia was independent on 19 August 1942; it was the first independent city of India. The headquarters of the Ballia district are located here. Due to its significant contribution to the Indian independence movement, Ballia is also known as Bagi Ballia ("Rebel Ballia"), because Ballia got freedom twice, first on 19 August 1942 for one day, and the second time with India. It has a bird century protected area, the Jai Prakash Narayan bird sanctuary. The other name of this is Suraha Taal which is natural lake. Primarily foreign and local migratory birds flock to the Jai Prakash Narayan Bird Sanctuary during the winter months. According to estimation approximately 10,000 birds of 15 species can be sighted in ‘Surha Taal’ the ...more...



1489

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1489

Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1489. Year 1489 (MCDLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. EventsJanuary–December March 14 – The Queen of Cyprus, Catherine Cornaro, sells her kingdom to the Republic of Venice. March 26 – The Treaty of Medina del Campo between England and Spain includes provision for a marriage between Arthur, the son of King Henry VII of England, and Princess Catherine of Aragon. June 29 – King James IV granted Andrew, Lord Gray, the lands and Barony of Lundie [RGS.II.1860][1] July 17 – Delhi Sultanate: Sikandar Lodi succeeds Bahlul Khan Lodi as sultan. November 29 – Arthur Tudor is named Prince of Wales. December 11 – Jeannetto de Tassis is appointed Chief Master of Postal Services in Innsbruck; his descendants, the Thurn und Taxis Family, later run much of the postal system of Europe. Date unknown Typhus first appears in Europe, during the siege of Granada. A gold coin equal to one pound sterlin ...more...



Rewa (princely state)

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Rewa (princely state)

The Govindgarh palace of the Maharaja of Rewa in 1882 Flag of Rewa State in the 19th century[1] Elephant Carriage of the Maharaja of Rewa, Delhi Durbar of 1903. Rewa State, also known as Rewah, was a princely state of India, surrounding its eponymous capital, the town of Rewa.[2] With an area of about 34,000 km2 (13,000 sq mi), Rewa was the largest princely state in the Bagelkhand Agency and the second largest in Central India Agency. The British political agent for Bagelkhand resided at Satna, on the East Indian railway. The Bagelkhand Agency was dissolved in 1933 and Rewa was placed under the authority of the Indore Residency. Description Rewa State was bordered to the north by the United Provinces, to the east by Bengal and to the south by the Central Provinces. On the west, it met other princely states of Bagelkhand: Maihar, Nagod, Sohawal, Kothi Baghelan and Panna. The south of the state was crossed by the Bengal–Nagpur railway, the branch between Bilaspur and Katni which taps the Umaria ...more...



1517 in India

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1517 in India

Events from the year 1517 in India. Events Ibrahim Lodi become ruler of the Sultanate of Delhi following his father's (Sikandar Lodi) death Births Deaths 2 November – Sikandar Lodi, ruler of the Sultanate of Delhi from 1489 See also Timeline of Indian history Events from the year 1517 in India. Events Ibrahim Lodi become ruler of the Sultanate of Delhi following his father's (Sikandar Lodi) death Births Deaths 2 November – Sikandar Lodi, ruler of the Sultanate of Delhi from 1489 See also Timeline of Indian history ...more...



Khalji dynasty

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Khalji dynasty

The Khalji or Khilji[a] dynasty was a Muslim dynasty which ruled large parts of the Indian subcontinent between 1290 and 1320.[2][3][4] It was founded by Jalal ud din Firuz Khalji and became the second dynasty to rule the Delhi Sultanate of India. The dynasty is known for their faithlessness and ferocity, conquests into the Hindu south,[2] and for successfully fending off the repeated Mongol invasions of India.[5][6] Origins Copper coin of Alauddin Khalji The Khaljis were of Turko-Afghan origin:[7] they were a Turkic people, who had long been settled in Afghanistan before moving to Delhi.[8] The ancestors of Jalaluddin Khalji had lived in the Helmand and Lamghan regions for over 200 years.[9] There is some debate about the ethnic group that the Khaljis belonged to, when the dynasty ruled. The Khalaj people in western Iran speak the Khalaj language, which is an archaic Turkic language.[10] The modern Pashto-speaking Ghilzai Afghans are also descendants of Khalaj people; their transformation into an et ...more...



Moth ki Masjid

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Moth ki Masjid

Moth Ki Masjid is a mosque located in Delhi, and was built in 1505 by Wazir Miya Bhoiya, Prime Minister during the reign of Sikander Lodi (1517–26) of the Lodi dynasty. It was a new type of mosque developed by the Lodis in the fourth city of the medieval Delhi of the Delhi Sultanate.[1][2][3] The name of the mosque literally translated into English language means ‘Lentil Mosque’ and this name tag ‘Lentil’ has an interesting legend. This mosque was considered a beautiful Dome (Gumbad) structure of the period.[1] The mosque is now completely enclosed within the modern locality of South Extension Part II, Uday Park and Masjid Moth comprising residential and commercial establishments in the urban setting of South Delhi.[4] Legend It is famously narrated that when Sultan Sikandar Lodi was on a visit to a mosque in the vicinity of the present location of the Moth Ki Masjid for prayer, he knelt over a grain of moth (a kind of lentil), which had been dropped by a bird. His loyal Prime Minister Wazir Miya Bhoiya, wh ...more...



Bairam Khan

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Bairam Khan

Bairam Khan also Bayram Khan (c. 1501 – c. 31 January 1561) was an important military commander, later commander-in-chief of the Mughal army, a powerful statesman and regent at the court of the Mughal Emperors, Humayun and Akbar. He was also guardian, chief mentor, adviser, teacher and the most trusted ally of Akbar.[6] Humayun honored him as Khan-i-Khanan, which means "King of Kings". Bairam was originally called Bairam "Beg", but later became honored as 'Kha' or Khan.[7][8] Bairam Khan was an aggressive general who was determined to restore Mughal authority in India.[6] Early life and ancestors Bairam Khan was born in the region of Badakhshan in Central Asia, and belonged to the Baharlu Turkoman clan of the Kara Koyunlu confederation.[9][10] The Kara Koyunlu had ruled Western Persia for decades before being overthrown by their Ak Koyunlu rivals. Bairam Khan's father Seyfali beg Baharlu and grandfather Janali beg Baharlu had been part of Babur's service.[7] His great-grandfather was Pirali beg Baharlu, a b ...more...



Jaunpur, Uttar Pradesh

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Jaunpur, Uttar Pradesh

Jaunpur (Hindustani pronunciation:  ( listen) is a town and a municipal board in Jaunpur district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is located 228 km southeast of state capital Lucknow. Jaunpur is located to the northwest of the district of Varanasi in the eastern part of the North Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Demographically, Jaunpur resembles the rest of the Purvanchal area in which it is located. A greenfield international airport is being constructed in Mariahu tehsil of Jaunpur to ease out the traffic at Babatpur Airport in Varanasi.[1] History View at Juanpore, on the River Gomti (1847)[1] Jaunpur historically known as Sheeraz-e-Hind having its historical dates from 1359, when the city was founded by the Sultan of Delhi Feroz Shah Tughlaq and named in memory of his cousin, Muhammad bin Tughluq, whose given name was Jauna Khan.[2][3] In 1388, Feroz Shah Tughlaq appointed Malik Sarwar, an eunuch, who is notorious for having been the lover of Feroz Shah Tughlaq's daughter, as the governo ...more...



Ghazi Saiyyad Salar Masud

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Ghazi Saiyyad Salar Masud

See also Ghazi Ghazi Saiyyad Salar Masud or Ghazi Miyan (1014 – 1034 CE) was a semi-legendary Ghaznavid army general, said to have been the nephew of Sultan Mahmud. He supposedly accompanied his uncle in the conquest of India during early 11th century, although the Ghaznavid chronicles do not mention him. By the 12th century, Salar Masud had become reputed as a warrior-saint, and his tomb (dargah) at Bahraich, Uttar Pradesh, India, had become a place of pilgrimage. However, his association with the Ghaznavids appears only in later sources. The main source of his biography is the 17th century historical romance Mirat-i-Masudi. Mirat-i-Masudi legend The Mirat-i-Masudi narrates the legend of Salar Masud as follows: Early life In 1011 CE, the Muslims of Ajmer, whose rights were being infringed upon by the local Hindu rulers, appealed Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni for help. Mahmud agreed to help them on the condition that they would mention his name in the Friday sermons (Khutbah), which would signify their acknowle ...more...



Tughlaq dynasty

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Tughlaq dynasty

History of the Turkic peoplesPre-14th century Turkic Khaganate 552–744   Western Turkic   Eastern Turkic Khazar Khaganate 618–1048 Xueyantuo 628–646 Great Bulgaria 632–668   Danube Bulgaria   Volga Bulgaria Kangar union 659–750 Turk Shahi 665–850 Turgesh Khaganate 699–766 Uyghur Khaganate 744–840 Karluk Yabgu State 756–940 Kara-Khanid Khanate 840–1212   Western Kara-Khanid   Eastern Kara-Khanid Ganzhou Uyghur Kingdom 848–1036 Qocho 856–1335 Pecheneg Khanates860–1091 Kimek confederation743–1035 Cumania1067–1239 Oghuz Yabgu State750–1055 Ghaznavid Empire 963–1186 Seljuk Empire 1037–1194   Sultanate of Rum Kerait khanate 11th century–13th century Khwarazmian Empire 1077–1231 Naiman Khanate –1204 Qarlughid Kingdom 1224–1266 Delhi Sultanate 1206–1526   Mamluk dynasty   Khalji dynasty   Tughlaq dynasty Golden Horde | [6][7][8] 1240s–1502 Mamluk Sultanate (Cairo) 1250–1517   Bahri dynas ...more...



List of state leaders in 1494

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List of state leaders in 1494

This is a list of heads of state, government leaders, and other rulers in the year 1494. Africa Ethiopian Empire – Eskender (1478–1494) Amda Seyon II (1494) Na'od (1494–1508) Adal Sultanate – Muhammad ibn Azhar ad-Din (1488–1518) Kingdom of Kongo – João I (1470–1509) Songhai Empire – Askia Mohammad I (1493–1528) Americas Aztec Empire – Ahuitzotl (1486–1502) Inca Empire – Huayna Capac (1493–1527) Muisca Confederation zipa - Nemequene (1490–1514) zaque - Quemuenchatocha (1490–1538) Texcoco – Nezahualpilli, King of Texcoco (1472–1515) Asia Ahmadnagar Sultanate – Ahmad Shah I, Nizam of Ahmadnagar (1490–1509) Ava Kingdom (Burma) - Minkhaung II (1481–1502) Ayutthaya Kingdom (Siam) - Ramathibodi II (1491–1529) Bahmani Sultanate – Muhammad Shah IV (1482–1518) Bengal Sultanate – Alauddin Husain Shah (1494–1518) Berar Sultanate – Fath-Allah 'Imad ul-Mulk (1490–1504) Bidar Sultanate – Qasim Shah I (1492–1504) Bijapur Sultanate – Yusuf Adil Shah (1490–1510) Cambodi ...more...



Jamali Kamboh

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Jamali Kamboh

Shaikh Jamali Kamboh (Shaikh Jamal-uddin Kamboh Dehlwi, also known as Shaikh Hamid bin Fazlullah, Dervish Jamali Kamboh Dehlwi, Shaikh Jamal-uddin Kamboh Dehlwi or Jalal Khan etc. ) was a 16th-century poet and Sufi of the Suhrawardiyya sect and pupil of Poet Jami and of Shaikh Sama'al-Din Kamboh'[1][2] Jamali Kamali Mosque and Tomb are situated in Mehrauli Archeological Park, close to the Qutb Minar. Biography Jamali Kamali tomb, Mehrauli Archeological Park, Delhi Jamali came from a Sunni family but was initiated into Sufism by the teacher Hazrat Shaikh Sama'al-Din Kamboh. He was the tutor of Sultan Sikandar Lodhi and had married the daughter of Hazrat Shaikh Sama'al-Din Kamboh. He lived at Mehrauli during the reign of Sultan Sikandar Lodhi (reign 1489 AD-1517 AD) and later composed panegyrics to the first of the Mughal emperor, Babur (b. 1483, d. 1530 AD) and his successor Humayun. Jamali Kamboh was a poet at the court of Sultan Sikandar Lodhi. The Sultan who himself was a poet (he wrote poetry und ...more...



List of Indian monarchs

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List of Indian monarchs

The following lndian monarchs is one of several lists of incumbents. Early later documented rulers and dynasties who are deemed to have ruled a portion of the Indian subcontinent are included in this list. Kuru dynasty (c. 1200 BCE–500 BCE) Sudas (c. 14th century BCE), tribal king of the Bhāratas, led to the foundation of the Kuru Kingdom Pratipa Shantanu Chitrāngada Vichitravirya Dhritarashtra Pandu Yudhishthira Duryodhana Parikshit (c. 1000 BCE) Janamejaya (c. 950 BCE) Satanika Aswamedhadatta Asíma-krishńa Nichakra Ushńa Chitraratha Vrishńimat Susheńa Sunítha Richa Nrichakshu Sukhíhala Pariplava Sunaya Medhávin Nripanjaya Mridu Tigma Vrihadratha Vasudána Śatáníka II Udayana Ahínara Khańd́apáni Niramitra Kshemaka Magadha dynastiesLegendary kings This list includes the legendary kings of Magadha. Dharma Sunita Satyajit Biswajit Ripunjaya Pradyota dynasty (c. 779 BCE–544 BCE) Pradyota Mahasena Palaka Visakhayupa Ajaka Varttivarddhana Hary ...more...



List of state leaders in 1493

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List of state leaders in 1493

This is a list of heads of state, government leaders, and other rulers in the year 1493. Africa Ethiopian Empire – Eskender (1478–1494) Adal Sultanate – Muhammad ibn Azhar ad-Din (1488–1518) Kingdom of Kongo – João I (1470–1509) Songhai Empire – Sunni Abu-Bakry Baro (1492–1493) Askia Mohammad I (1493–1528) Americas Aztec Empire – Ahuitzotl (1486–1502) Inca Empire – Tupac (1471–1493) Huayna Capac (1493–1527) Muisca Confederation zipa - Nemequene (1490–1514) zaque - Quemuenchatocha (1490–1538) Texcoco – Nezahualpilli, King of Texcoco (1472–1515) Asia Ahmadnagar Sultanate – Ahmad Shah I, Nizam of Ahmadnagar (1490–1509) Ava Kingdom (Burma) - Minkhaung II (1481–1502) Ayutthaya Kingdom (Siam) - Ramathibodi II (1491–1529) Bahmani Sultanate – Muhammad Shah IV (1482–1518) Bengal Sultanate – Alauddin Husain Shah (1494–1518) Berar Sultanate – Fath-Allah 'Imad ul-Mulk (1490–1504) Bidar Sultanate – Qasim Shah I (1492–1504) Bijapur Sultanate – Yusuf Adil Shah (14 ...more...



List of state leaders in 1515

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List of state leaders in 1515

This is a list of heads of state, government leaders, and other rulers in the year 1515. Africa Adal Sultanate – Muhammad ibn Azhar ad-Din (1488–1518) Mamluk Sultanate of Egypt – Al-Ashraf Qansuh al-Ghawri (1501–1516) Ethiopian Empire – Dawit II (1508–1540) Kingdom of Kongo – Alfonso I (1509–1542) Sultanate of Morocco – Abu Abdallah Muhammad (1505–1524) Sennar Sultanate – Amara Dunqas (1503–1533/4) Songhai Empire – Askia Mohammad I, Askia of the Songhai Empire (1493–1528) Americas Aztec Empire – Moctezuma II, Hueyi Tlatoani (1502–1520) Inca Empire – Huayna Capac, Qhapaq Inka (1493–1527) Muisca Confederation zipa - Tisquesusa (1514–1537) zaque - Quemuenchatocha (1490–1538) Asia Aceh Sultanate-Ali Mughayat Syah China - Zhengde Emperor (1505–1521) Kingdom of Cochin – Unniraman Koyikal II (1503–1537) Delhi Sultanate – Sikandar Lodi (1489–1517) Japan (Sengoku period) Monarch – Emperor Go-Kashiwabara (1500–1526) Ashikaga shogunate - Ashikaga Yoshitane (1508–1521) K ...more...



Narwar Fort

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Narwar Fort

Narwar Fort Narwar Fort is situated atop a hill, at Narwar in Madhya Pradesh, about 500 feet above ground level spread over an area of 8 km², which stands on a steep scarp of the Vindhya Range. Kachwaha Rajputs are said to have built (or rebuilt) the fort when they occupied Narwar in the 10th century. Kachwaha, Parihara, and Tomara Rajputs held Narwar successively from 12th century onwards, until its capture by the Mughals in the 16th century. It was conquered by the Maratha chief Scindia in the early 19th century. It is now in a dilapidated condition, but the remains suggest that, in the flourishing days, it might have been only second to the Gwalior Fort in magnificence. The interior of the fort is divided by cross walls into four 'ahata' and 'dholaahata'. The architecture of the fort and palaces is basically Rajput in style with flat ceiling, fluted columns and multifold arches. The inner walls of the palaces have been decorated with bright paint and glass beads. Near the fort are the Jai Stambha, Sati ...more...



Nizam (name)

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Nizam (name)

Nizam or Nezam is both a given name and a surname. It is derived from the Arabic word نِظَام niẓām, meaning "order, system", often by way of Persian. Notable people with the name include: Given name Nizam Bai (before 1631–1692), Mughal queen Khwaja Nizam ad Din, Pakistani Sufi Nezam Hafiz (1969–2001), Guyanese-born American cricketer Hairul Nizam Hanif (born 1979), Malaysian footballer Sikandar Lodi (died 1517), born Nizam Kahn, Sultan of Delhi Saiful Nizam Miswan (born 1981), Malaysian footballer Ahmad ibn Nizam al-Mulk (died 1149 or 1150), Persian vizier Nizam al-Mulk (1018–1092), Persian scholar and vizier Tuan Nizam Muthaliff (1966–2005), Sri Lankan military intelligence officer Nizam al-Din Nishapuri (died 1328 or 1329), Persian mathematician and poet Nazim Pasha (1848–1913), Chief of Staff of the Army of the Ottoman Empire Nizam Peerwani, American medical examiner Burhan Nizam Shah I (c. 1503 – 1553), ruler of the Ahmednagar Sultanate Burhan Nizam Shah II (died 1595), ruler ...more...



Satna district

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Satna district

Satna District is a district of Madhya Pradesh state in central India. The town of Satna is the district headquarters. The district has an area of 7,502 km², and a population of 768,648 (2011 census), 20.63% of which is urban. The district has a population density of 249 persons per km². Geography Satna district has Uttar Pradesh on the north, Rewa on the east, Shahdol on the southwest, Umaria and Katni districts on the south, and Panna on the west.[1] The district is part of Rewa Division. The district is divided into the tehsils of Amarpatan, Maihar, Nagod, Uchehara, Birsinghpur, Kotar, Majhgawan, Ramnagar, Rampur baghelan & Sohawal. Satna town is situated in Sohawal tehsil. History Satna district is part of the Baghelkhand region, a very large portion of which was ruled by the Rewa. A small portion of the western region was ruled by feudatory chiefs under the British. There were eleven such states, namely Maihar, Nagod State, Sohawal, Kothi, Jaso, Baraundha and the five Chaube Jagirs of Chanpurwa, P ...more...



Sikandara

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Sikandara

Sikandara is a town in Kanpur Dehat districtin the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is headquarter of tehsil Sikandara. Location It is located on NH-2 about 80 km away from kanpur toward west and towards south from Jhinjhak at a distance 20 kilometer.Auraiya city is towards west from Sikandara and Pukhrayan town is towarad east.It is also a Sikandara legislature constituency. History It is said that this township was settled by Sikandar Lodi. Schools Saraswati Inter College DR.AMBEDKER INER COLLEGE *Hemant english school ,hariharpur road vikas nagar, sikandra Geography Sikandara is located at26°22′04″N 79°37′41″E / 26.36778°N 79.62806°E. It has an average elevation of 85 metres (278 feet). Demographics As of 2001 India census, Sikandara had a population of 10,884. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Sikandara has an average literacy rate of 58%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 64%, and female literacy is 51%. In Sikandara, 16% of the population is ...more...



R. Sarathkumar

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R. Sarathkumar

Ramanathan Sarathkumar (born 14 July 1954) is an Indian film actor, journalist, politician, the former president of the South Indian Film Artistes' Association and former body builder. Sarathkumar has acted in more than 130 Tamil, Malayalam, Telugu and Kannada films. He can speak Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Kannada and English fluently.[2] In 1986, Sarathkumar started his acting career in the Telugu film Samajamlo Sthree. He first acted in negative roles, and later played minor roles before establishing himself as a lead actor in subsequent years, earning him the title Supreme Star in Tamil cinema. He has won two Tamil Nadu State Film Awards and three Filmfare Awards South.[3][4] In 2007, he launched a new political party All India Samathuva Makkal Katchi (AISMK) in Tamil Nadu, claiming to carry out the ideals of K. Kamaraj. He is the former Member of Legislative Assembly of Tenkasi constituency. He served as the president of the Nadigar Sangam from 2006 to 2015 for three consecutive terms.[5][6] Early life ...more...



Shamsabad, Farrukhabad

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Shamsabad, Farrukhabad

Shamsabad is a town and a nagar panchayat in Farrukhabad district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is named after Sultan Shamsuddin Iltutmish Demographics As of 2001 India census,[1] Shamsabad had a population of 23,584. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Shamsabad has an average literacy rate of 43%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 50%, and female literacy is 36%. In Shamsabad, 18% of the population is under 6 years of age.Dr.Himanshu Tripathi"Optometrist" is the chairman of Shamsabad. Mr. Mukesh Rajput, is the member of parliament. HistoryGeographic description Shamsabad is situated latitude 27.32 longitude 79.28 at a distance of 22 km to the west of Farrukhabad. Most probably the river Ganges used to flow beside its northern boundary. A mohalla, locality called the Ghatiapur crossing point, is reminiscent of this. The Ganges is about 4 km away now. Weather Shamsabad is hot and dusty in peak summer months of May & June and cold in the winter mo ...more...



Sabalgarh Fort

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Sabalgarh Fort

Naval Singh Palace in Sabalgarh Fort Sabalgarh Fort (Hindi: सबलगढ़ क़िला Sabalgarh Qila) is a 16-17th-century hill fort near Sabalgarh, Madhya Pradesh, central India. This fort is situated on a large rock in the northeastern part of Sabalgarh, which may have also contributed to the city's name. The foundation of the Sabalgarh fort was laid by a Gurjar Sardar, Sabala Singh, with the surrounding town also named Sabalgarh. Sabala singh was alaso the kiledaar of this fort and also a darbaari in the court of karauli king. Presently, the fortress is in ruins and is infamous for stories of hauntings and ghosts. The fort consists of a defensive structure and one main palaces and many other buildings. The fort has been controlled by a number of different rulers in its history. Etymology Sabalgarh means place of strong fort. "Sabal" means strong and "Garh" means fort. History Sabalgarh belonged to the Raja of Karaoli, a petty state in Rajasthan and now a Tehsil, having a fort and a pool. In August, 1795, Maratha fo ...more...



Sikandrabad

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Sikandrabad

Sikandrabad is a city and a municipal board in Bulandshahr district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is part of the Delhi NCR region. Demographics As of 2011 India census,[2] Sikandrabad had a population of 3,85,000. Men constitute 52% of the population and Women 48%. Sikandrabad has an average literacy rate of 50%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 58%, and female literacy is 49%. In Sikandrabad, 17% of the population is under 6 years of age. Location Sikandrabad is situated both side on G.T. road. It is about 51 km from the national capital, Delhi. The city of Sikandrabad is located in Bulandshahr district of Uttar Pradesh state in northern India. It is situated on both side of GT road about 51 km south side of national capital Delhi. The district headquarters Bulandshahr is about 18 km from the city. Sikandrabad is well connected by roads and rails. Dankaur is the nearest railway station (6 km away) that serves Sikandrabad. Dadri, Gulaothi, Khair, Khurja, Jhajjar, Dankau ...more...



Khajuraho Group of Monuments

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Khajuraho Group of Monuments

The Khajuraho Group of Monuments is a group of Hindu, Buddhist and Jain temples in Madhya Pradesh, India, about 175 kilometres (109 mi) southeast of Jhansi. They are one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India.[1][2] The temples are famous for their nagara-style architectural symbolism and their erotic sculptures.[3] Most Khajuraho temples were built between 950 and 1050 by the Chandela Rajput dynasty.[4] Historical records note that the Khajuraho temple site had 85 temples by the 12th century, spread over 20 square kilometers Of these, only about 25 temples have survived, spread over 6 square kilometers.[2] Of the various surviving temples, the Kandariya Mahadeva Temple is decorated with a profusion of sculptures with intricate details, symbolism and expressiveness of ancient Indian art.[5] The Khajuraho group of temples were built together but were dedicated to two religions, Hinduism and Jainism, suggesting a tradition of acceptance and respect for diverse religious views among Hindus and Jains in th ...more...




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