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Sikandar Lodi

Sikander Lodi (died 21 November 1517), born Nizam Khan, was the Sultan of Delhi between 1489 to 1517.[1] He became the next ruler of the Lodi dynasty after the death of his father Bahlul Lodi in July 1489.[2] [3] The second and most successful ruler of the Lodi dynasty of the Delhi sultanate, he was also a poet of the Persian language and prepared a diwan of 9000 verses.[4] Of the three Lodi Sultans namely Bahlol Lodi (1451 to 1489), Sikandar Lodi (1489 to 1517) and Ibrahim Lodi (1517 to 1526), Sikandar Lodi is regarded as the ablest, the greatest and the most successful Sultan.[5]

Most of the time of Bahlol Lodi was spent in checking revolts and consolidating his position. There was very little left at his disposal for bringing about administrative reforms. Ibram Lodi led to the downfall of the Lodi dynasty.

As compared with these two Sultans, Sikandar Lodi gave ample evidence of his qualities as a general, as an administrator, a consolidator of the empire and a man of letters.[6]

Biography
The top two storeys of the Qutub Minar were reconstructed in marble by Sikander Lodi

Sikandar was the son of Sultan Bahlul Khan Lodi and Bibi Ambha, the daughter of a Hindu goldsmith of Sirhind. Sikandar was of Pashtun origin through his father.[7]

He became Sultan upon the death of his father on July 17, 1489 under the full name Abu Al-Muzzafar Ghazi Sultan Sikandar Lodi. His rise to power was troubled, as his older brother, Barbak Shah, the viceroy of Jaunpur, also laid claim to the throne, even though their father had nominated Sikandar. However, he was able to ascend to the throne without massive bloodshed, and even allowed his brother to continue ruling Jaunpur. He also settled differences with an uncle, Alam Khan, who was also suspected of seeking to seize power.

Sikandar was a capable ruler who encouraged trade across his territory, but discriminated against Hindu subjects. He expanded Lodi territory into the regions of Gwalior and Bihar. He made a treaty with Alauddin Hussain Shah and his kingdom of Bengal. In 1503, he commissioned the building of the present-day city of Agra. Agra was founded by him.

He has a reputation for religious intolerance, and is said to have burned Bodhan, a Hindu sadhu alive for saying that Islam and Hinduism were equally acceptable to God.

Coin of Sikandar Lodi

He wrote poetry in Persian using the pen name Gulrukhi. He introduced auditing in accounts..he took good care of justice and agriculture for the welfare of people.he introduced a system of Gaz-i-sikandari,means 32 digit of measuring system of cultivated lands. Among the administrative changes made by Sikandar Lodi was the installation of Persian language as the official language for the accountancy in India. 1514. Mat̲nawī-yi mihr u māh (905H.). Publication of the Iran Pakistan Institute of Persian Studies, serial no.

Sikandar Lodi was a great conqueror and a very good administrator. He revived the glory of Delhi Sultanates by expanding the boundaries of his empire. He took effective administrative steps for effective management. He also did a lot for the welfare of the poor people[8]

Conquests

First of all Sikandar Lodi defeated his elder brother and seized Jaunpur and brought it under his direct control. He afterwards led his attack on Bihar, defeated its ruler and annexed it. He conquered the states of Dholpur, Bidar, Gwalior, Chanderi and other nearby kingdoms. He entered into a friendship treaty with the ruler of Bengal. Sikandar’s empire extended from the Punjab to the borders of Bengal and included the territories between Sutlej and Bundelkhand.[9]

Occasional tours in disguise
Sikander Lodi's tomb

Very often the Sultan toured in disguise to have the first hand information about the condition of the people and the activities of the Amirs and the Ulemas.

He died in 1517 and has an elaborate burial tomb that resides in Lodi Gardens, Delhi.

See also
References
  1. Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. pp. 122–125. ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4.
  2. SULṬĀN SIKANDAR IBN I SULTĀN BUHLŪL, The Muntakhabu-'rūkh by Al-Badāoni (16th century historian), Packard Humanities Institute.
  3. Lodi Kings: Chart The Imperial Gazetteer of India, 1909, v. 2, p. 369..
  4. Ram Nath Sharma, History Of Education In India, Atlantic (1996), p. 61
  5. http://www.importantindia.com/9060/sikandar-lodi/
  6. http://www.importantindia.com/9060/sikandar-lodi/
  7. Lodī dynasty - Encyclopædia Britannica
  8. http://www.importantindia.com/9060/sikandar-lodi/
  9. http://www.importantindia.com/9060/sikandar-lodi/
External links
Preceded byBahlul Khan Lodi Sultan of Delhi 1489–1517 Succeeded byIbrahim Lodi

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Sikandar Lodi

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Sikander Lodi (died 21 November 1517), born Nizam Khan , was the Sultan of Delhi between 1489 to 1517. He became the next ruler of the Lodi dynasty after the death of his father Bahlul Lodi in July 1489. The second and most successful ruler of the Lodi dynasty of the Delhi sultanate, he was also a poet of the Persian language and prepared a diwan of 9000 verses. Of the three Lodi Sultans namely Bahlol Lodi (1451 to 1489), Sikandar Lodi (1489 to 1517) and Ibrahim Lodi (1517 to 1526), Sikandar Lodi is regarded as the ablest, the greatest and the most successful Sultan. Most of the time of Bahlol Lodi was spent in checking revolts and consolidating his position. There was very little left at his disposal for bringing about administrative reforms. Ibram Lodi led to the downfall of the Lodi dynasty. As compared with these two Sultans, Sikandar Lodi gave ample evidence of his qualities as a general, as an administrator, a consolidator of the empire and a man of letters. Biography The top two storeys of the Qutu



Tomb of Sikandar Lodi

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Tomb of Sikandar Lodi ( Hindi : सिकंदर लोधी का मक़बरा ) is the tomb of the second ruler of the Lodi Dynasty , Sikandar Lodi (reign: 1489–1517 CE) situated in New Delhi , India. The tomb is situated in Lodhi Gardens in Delhi and was built in 1517–1518 CE by his son Ibrahim Lodi . The monument is situated 100 meters away from the Bara Gumbad and the area in which it is situated was formally called village Khairpur. History Sikandar Lodi (born Nizam Khan), was the Sultan of Delhi between 1489 and 1517 CE and was the son of Bahlul Lodi . After the death of this father in 1489, Sikandar Lodhi assumed the reign the same year and ruled until his death in 1517 CE. Upon Sikandar Lodi's death in 1517 CE, his son Ibrahim Lodi built the tomb. The Tomb of Sikandar Lodi was inspired in parts by the tomb of Muhammad Shah which is also situated in the Lodhi Gardens . Construction and architecture The Tomb of Sikandar Lodi was inspired in parts by the tomb of Muhammad Shah. It has octagonal design and the architectural sty



Sikandar

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Sikander is the Persian rendition of the name Alexander. When the Greek emperor conqured Persia, the Persians called him Sikander. It may also refer to: Secunderabad , a city in Telangana, India Sekandar, Markazi , a village in Markazi Province, Iran Sikandar, Iran , a village in Sistan and Baluchestan Province, Iran Sikandar (1941 film) , a Bollywood film directed by Sohrab Modi Sikandar (2009 film) , a Bollywood film directed by Piyush Jha Sikander (2016 film) , an upcoming film Sikandar Bagh , a fortified villa and garden in Lucknow, India, a sepoy stronghold during the Indian Mutiny Sikandar Butshikan , Sultan of Kashmir Sikandar Hayat Khan , British Indian politician Sikandar Khan Khoso , Pakistani politician and poet Sikandar Kher , Indian actor Sikandar Jah, also known as Mir Akbar Ali Khan Sikander Jah, Asaf Jah III , ruler of Hyderabad Sikandar Lodi of the Lodi dynasty Sikandar Shah , Sultan of Bengal Sikandar Shah II , Sultan of Nepal Sikandar Shah Suri , Sultan of new Delhi Sikandar Sultan , Pakist



Lodi Gardens

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Bara Gumbad and Mosque, Lodi Gardens, New Delhi Shisha Gumbad , Lodhi Gardens, New Delhi Lodhi Gardens ( Hindi : लोधी बाग़, Urdu : لودھی باغ) is a city park situated in New Delhi , India . Spread over 90 acres (360,000 m ), it contains, Mohammed Shah's Tomb, Tomb of Sikandar Lodi , Shisha Gumbad and Bara Gumbad , architectural works of the 15th century by Lodhis - who ruled parts of northern India and Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of modern-day Pakistan , from 1451 to 1526. The site is now protected by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI). The gardens are situated between Khan Market and Safdarjung's Tomb on Lodhi Road and is a hotspot for morning walks for the Delhiites. History The tomb of Mohammed Shah, the last of the Sayyid dynasty rulers, the earliest of the tombs in the garden, was built in 1444 by Ala-ud-din Alam Shah as a tribute to Mohammed Shah. The three domed mosque, adjacent to Bada Gumbad, Lodhi Gardens. As there is little architecture from these two periods remaining in India, Lo



Lodi dynasty

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The Lodi dynasty (or Lodhi) was a Pashtun dynasty that ruled the Delhi Sultanate from 1451 to 1526. It was the last dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate and was founded by Bahlul Khan Lodi when he replaced the Sayyid dynasty . Bahlul Lodi Bahlul Khan Lodi (r.1451–89) was the nephew and son-in-law of Malik Sultan Shah Lodi, the governor of Sirhind in ( Punjab ), India and succeeded him as the governor of Sirhind during the reign of Sayyid dynasty ruler Muhammad Shah (Muhammad-bin-Farid). Muhammad Shah raised him to the status of an emir. He was the most powerful of the Punjab chiefs and a vigorous leader, holding together a loose confederacy of Afghan and Turkish chiefs with his strong personality. He reduced the turbulent chiefs of the provinces to submission and infused some vigour into the government. After the last Sayyid ruler of Delhi , Ala-ud-Din Aalm Shah voluntarily abdicated in favour of him, Bahlul Khan Lodi ascended the throne of the Delhi sultanate on 19 April 1451. The most important event of his rei



Lodi (Pashtun tribe)

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Lodi ( Pashto : لودي; Persian : لودی) is a Pashtun tribe of the Bettani family, being the group of Pashtun tribes who claim descent from Bet, the second son of Qais Abdur Rashid . Lodi dynasty The Lodi dynasty ruled from Delhi in India between 1451-1526. The sultans of this dynasty were Bahlul Lodi , Sikandar Lodi and Ibrahim Lodi . They spread Islam in South Asia, in particular Sufism . They established themselves during the Islamic period as a Muslim ruling class and were valued warriors. References Noelle, Christine (2012). State and Tribe in Nineteenth-Century Afghanistan: The Reign of Amir Dost Muhammad Khan (1826-1863) . Routledge. p. 159. ISBN   978-1-13660-317-4 . Lodi ( Pashto : لودي; Persian : لودی) is a Pashtun tribe of the Bettani family, being the group of Pashtun tribes who claim descent from Bet, the second son of Qais Abdur Rashid . Lodi dynasty The Lodi dynasty ruled from Delhi in India between 1451-1526. The sultans of this dynasty were Bahlul Lodi , Sikandar Lodi and Ibrahim Lodi . They s



Bahlul Lodi

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Bahlul Khan Lodi , ( Pashto : بهلول لودي), (died 12 July 1489) was chief of the Pashtun Lodi tribe and founder of Lodi dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate upon the abdication of the last claimant from the previous Sayyid rule. Bahlul became sultan of the dynasty on 19 April 1451 (855 AH ). Early life Billon Tanka of 80 ratti of Bahlul Lodi Bahlul's grandfather, Malik Bahram, was a Pashtun from Multan ,he took service under the governor of Multan, Malik Mardan Daulat. Malik Bahram had a total of about five sons. His eldest son, Malik Sultan Shah Lodi, later served under the Sayyid dynasty ruler Khizr Khan and distinguished himself by killing in the battle later's worst enemy Mallu Iqbal Khan . He was rewarded with the title of Islam Khan and in 1419 appointed the governor of Sirhind . Bahlul, the son of Malik Kala, the younger brother of Malik Sultan was married to Malik Sultan's daughter. In his youth, Bahlul was involved in the trading of horses and once sold his finely bred horses to the Sayyid dynasty Sultan



Ibrahim Lodi

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Quarter Tanka Of Ibrahim Lodhi Ibrahim Lodi ( Pashto : ابراهیم لودي ‎, Urdu : ابراہیم لودی ‎;) became the Sultan of Delhi in 1517 after the death of his father Sikandar . He was the last ruler of the Lodhi dynasty , reigning for nine years between 1517 until being defeated and killed at the battle of Panipat by Babur 's invading army in 1526, giving way to the emergence of the Mughal Empire in India. Biography Ibrahim was an ethnic Pashtun . He attained the throne upon the death of his father, Sikandar, but was not blessed with the same ruling capability. He faced a number of rebellions. The Mewar ruler Rana Sangram Singh extended his empire right up to western Uttar Pradesh and threatened to attack Agra . There was rebellion in the East also. Ibrahim Lodi also displeased the nobility when he replaced old and senior commanders by younger ones who were loyal to him. His Afghan nobility eventually invited Babur to invade India. In 1526, the Mughal forces of Babur, the king of Kabulistan (Kabul, Afghanistan), de



Ibrahim Lodhi's Tomb

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1526-First Battle of Panipat-Ibrahim Lodhi and Babur.jpg Ibrahim Lodhi's tomb is the tomb in Panipat ( Haryana , India ) of the Ibrahim Lodhi , Sultan of the Lodi dynasty of Delhi Sultanate . Tomb Ibrahim Lodhi's tomb is often mistaken to be the Shisha Gumbad within Lodi Gardens Delhi . Rather Ibrahim Lodi's tomb is actually situated in near the tehsil office in Panipat , close to the Dargah of Sufi saint Bu Ali Shah Qalandar . History Ibrahim Lodi ( Pashto : ابراهیم لودي ‎, Urdu : ابراہیم لودی ‎;) became the Sultan of Delhi in 1517 after the death of his father Sikandar . He was the last ruler of the Lodi dynasty , reigning for nine years between 1517 until being defeated and killed at the battle of Panipat by Babur 's invading army in 1526, giving way to the emergence of the Mughal Empire in India. Ibrahim was an ethnic Pashtun . He attained the throne upon the death of his father, Sikandar, but was not blessed with the same ruling capability. He faced a number of rebellions. The Mewar ruler Rana Sangram Si



1517 in India

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Events from the year 1517 in India . Events Ibrahim Lodi become ruler of the Sultanate of Delhi following his father's ( Sikandar Lodi ) death Births Deaths 2 November – Sikandar Lodi , ruler of the Sultanate of Delhi from 1489 See also Timeline of Indian history Events from the year 1517 in India . Events Ibrahim Lodi become ruler of the Sultanate of Delhi following his father's ( Sikandar Lodi ) death Births Deaths 2 November – Sikandar Lodi , ruler of the Sultanate of Delhi from 1489 See also Timeline of Indian history



Shaikh Sama'al-Din Kamboh

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Shaikh Sama'al-Din Kamboh (also known as Hazrat Shaikh Alamsayakh Makhdoom Sama'al-Din Kamboh ) was born in 1405 AD in Multan , Punjab , Pakistan . Shaikh Sama'al-Din Kamboh was a Sufi of the Suhrawardi order and came to Delhi during the reign of Sultan Bahlol Lodi (d 894/1488) and became the patron saint of the Lodi dynasty . His father Maulana Shaikh Fakhrudin was a venerable religious leader of that era. Makhdoom Shaikh Sama'al-Din had been the royal spiritual adviser or Pir , first to emperor Sultan Bahlol Lodi , and later to Sultan Sikandar Lodi . He commanded greatest respect amongst the entire Muslim spiritual and religious leaders and was one of the greatest Ulema Shaikhs of his times. The mazar of Hazrat Shaikh Sama'al-Din is located in Delhi where the Zubairies of Panipat used to assemble every year for offering Fateha in pre-independence days. Spiritual discipline apart, Shaikh Sama'al-Din was a scholar of traditional sciences and imparted instructions as a professional teacher to a large number



Bhil Pal

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Raja Bhil Pal (1473–1513 CE) was a Rajput ruler of the kingdom of Nurpur , in the Himalayan foot hills. He was a contemporary of Sikandar Lodi of Delhi (1488–1516), and assisted him in his wars and therefore increased his own territory. The Punjab had come under Muslim rule from the time of its conquest by Mahmud of Ghazni , and the states bordering on the plains were probably the first to suffer. The Pathania Kings were in good terms with the Sultans at Delhi, at that period of time, therefore their territory was independent, and as a result it was greatly enlarged during Raja Bhil Pal's reign. During his rule the kingdom of the Pathania Rajputs extended far into the plains of Punjab and in the opposite direction to the borders of Chamba and Kangra . He was succeeded by his son, Raja Bakht Mal on the throne. References Hutchison, John; Vogel, Jean Philippe. History of the Panjab hill states . Books.google.co.uk. p. 221 . Retrieved 2012-03-12 . Raja Bhil Pal (1473–1513 CE) was a Rajput ruler of the kingdom of



Shisha Gumbad

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Shisha Gumbad ( Hindi : शीशा गुम्बद ) (literal English translation of "Shisha" is "glass" and "Gumbad" is " Dome ") is a tomb from the last lineage of the Lodhi Dynasty and is thought to have possibly been constructed between 1489 and 1517 CE . The Shisha Gumbad (glass dome) houses tombs of an unknown family that may have been a part of the Lodhi family and a part of Sikandar Lodi 's court. It is however believed by some historians that the tomb is of Bahlul Lodi (died 12 July 1489), who was chief of the Pashtun Lodi tribe and founder & Sultan of the Lodi dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate , though Ibrahim Lodhi's Tomb exists 100 kilometres (62 mi) away at Panipat city in Haryana state. Shisha Gumbad is situated in the Lodhi Gardens in Delhi and the area where the tomb is situated was formally called village Khairpur. History Exact date of construction of Shisha Gumbad is not known. There are four monuments (tombs) in the Lodhi Gardens including the Shisha Gumbad. The oldest of the four tombs is the t



Tomb of Bahlul Lodi

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Bahul Lodi's tomb ( Urdu : بہلول لودھی کے مزار ‎;) is the tomb of an emperor of Delhi Sultanate and the founder of Lodi Dynasty , Bahlul Lodi (Reign:1451-1489 A.D) situated in Delhi, India. The tomb is located in a historic settlement, Chirag Delhi, located within the fort walls of the Jahapanah city (built by the Tughlaqs ). This tomb is one of the finest examples which demonstrate the evolution of Lodi architecture. It was built by Sikander Lodi , son and successor of Bahlul Lodi after the demise of his father in July 1489 A.D. Architecture The tomb is constructed in rubble masonry . The roof is crowned by five domes, the central one being fluted. The tomb chamber is surmounted by a dome of red sandstone surrounded by a broad dripstone : it has been much modernized at various times. A Gold cup hangs over the grave, as in the Khizri mosque at Nizam-ud-din . In the north-west corner of the enclosure is a fine Assembly Hall. The central columns springs from four monolithic stone columns, a unique architectural



Delhi Sultanate

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The Delhi Sultanate was a Muslim kingdom based mostly in Delhi that stretched over large parts of the Indian subcontinent for 320 years (1206–1526). Five dynasties ruled over Delhi Sultanate sequentially: the Mamluk dynasty (1206–90), the Khilji dynasty (1290–1320), the Tughlaq dynasty (1320–1414), the Sayyid dynasty (1414–51), and the Lodi dynasty (1451–1526). The first four dynasties (Mamluk, Khilji, Tughlaq and Sayyid) were of Turkic origin, and the last dynasty (Lodi) was of Afghan origin. The sultanate is noted for being one of the few states to repel an attack from the Mongol Empire , and enthroned one of the few female rulers in Islamic history, Razia Sultana , who reigned from 1236 to 1240. Qutb al-Din Aibak , a former slave of Muhammad Ghori , was the first sultan of Delhi and his dynasty conquered large areas of northern India. Afterwards the Khilji dynasty was also able to conquer most of central India, but both failed to unite the Indian subcontinent . The sultanate reached the peak of its geo



Shamsabad, Farrukhabad

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Shamsabad is a town and a nagar panchayat in Farrukhabad district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh . It is named after Sultan Shamsuddin Iltutmish Demographics As of 2001 India census , Shamsabad had a population of 23,584. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Shamsabad has an average literacy rate of 43%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 50%, and female literacy is 36%. In Shamsabad, 18% of the population is under 6 years of age.Mr.Vijay "GUPTA JI" is the chairman of Shamsabad. Mr. Mukesh Rajput, is the member of parliament. History Geographic description Shamsabad is situated latitude 27.32 longitude 79.28 at a distance of 22 km to the west of Farrukhabad. Most probably the river Ganges used to flow beside its northern boundary. A mohalla, locality called the Ghatiapur crossing point, is reminiscent of this. The Ganges is about 4 km away now. Weather Shamsabad is hot and dusty in peak summer months of May & June and cold in the winter months of December



Jamali Kamboh

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Shaikh Jamali Kamboh ( Shaikh Jamal-uddin Kamboh Dehlwi , also known as Shaikh Hamid bin Fazlullah, Dervish Jamali Kamboh Dehlwi, Shaikh Jamal-uddin Kamboh Dehlwi or Jalal Khan etc. ) was a 16th-century poet and Sufi of the Suhrawardiyya sect and pupil of Poet Jami and of Shaikh Sama'al-Din Kamboh' Jamali Kamali Mosque and Tomb are situated in Mehrauli Archeological Park, close to the Qutb Minar . Biography Jamali Kamali tomb , Mehrauli Archeological Park, Delhi Jamali came from a Sunni family but was initiated into Sufism by the teacher Hazrat Shaikh Sama'al-Din Kamboh. He was the tutor of Sultan Sikandar Lodhi and had married the daughter of Hazrat Shaikh Sama'al-Din Kamboh. He lived at Mehrauli during the reign of Sultan Sikandar Lodhi (reign 1489 AD-1517 AD) and later composed panegyrics to the first of the Mughal emperor, Babur (b. 1483, d. 1530 AD) and his successor Humayun . Jamali Kamboh was a poet at the court of Sultan Sikandar Lodhi. The Sultan who himself was a poet (he wrote poetry under the pen-



Hasan Khan Mewati

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Wali-e-Mewat Raja Khanzada Hasan Khan Mewati (died 17 March 1527), son of the previous ruler Khanzada Alawal Khan , was an ambitious Muslim Rajput ruler of Mewat . His dynasty had ruled Mewat for nearly 150 years. He belonged to Khanzada Muslim Rajput tribe. He was a descendant of Raja Nahar Khan Mewati, who was the ruler of Mewat in 14th century. He built the Alwar fort in 1492. Battle of Khanwa The Battle of Khanwa was fought near the village of Khanwa, about 60 km west of Agra, on 17 March 1527. It was the second major battle fought in modern day India, by the first Mughal Emperor Babur after the first Battle of Panipat . As the Mughal Empire expanded it faced new opponents, especially in the regions around Agra and inside Rajputana. After defeating Ibrahim Lodi, the first Mughal Emperor Babur faced many Lodi warriors including Sikandar Lodi and his son Mahmud Lodi who rallied behind Hasan Khan Mewati of Mewat. Raja Khanzada Hasan Khan Mewati, easily gained the support of Rana Sanga , a powerful Hindu Rajp



Jaunpur Sultanate

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The Jaunpur sultanate was an independent kingdom of northern India between 1394 and 1479, whose rulers ruled from Jaunpur or Jounpoor in the present day state of Uttar Pradesh . The Jaunpur sultanate was ruled by the Sharqi dynasty. The Khwajah-i-Jahan Malik Sarwar, the first ruler of the dynasty was a wazir (minister) under Sultan Nasiruddin Muhammad Shah IV Tughluq (1390–1394). In 1394, he established himself as an independent ruler of Jaunpur and extended his authority over Awadh and a large part of Ganges - Yamuna doab . The dynasty founded by him was named so because of his title Malik-us-Sharq (the ruler of the east). The most acclaimed ruler of this dynasty was Ibrahim Shah. The last ruler Hussain Shah was overthrown by Bahlul Lodi, and Jaunpur sultanate was permanently annexed to Delhi sultanate by Sikandar Lodi . Malik Sarwar, Khwajah-i-Jahan In 1389, Malik Sarwar received the title of Khajah-i-Jahan. In 1394, he was appointed as the governor of Jaunpur and received his title of Malik-us-Sharq from



Alauddin Husain Shah

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Ala-ud-din Husain Shah ( Bengali : আলাউদ্দিন হোসেন শাহ) ; reign 1494–1519) was an independent late medieval Sultan of Bengal , who founded the Hussain Shahi dynasty . He became the ruler of Bengal after assassinating the Abyssinian Sultan, Shams-ud-Din Muzaffar Shah , whom he had served under as wazir . After his death in 1519 his son Nusrat Shah succeeded him. Early life and accession Husain Shah's original name is Sayyeed Husain. According to a 1788 chronicle, Riyaz-us-Salatin, Husain was the son of Sayyeed Ashraf Al Husaini Al Fatimi Al Makki, a Sharif of Mecca and an inhabitant of Tirmiz (in Turkestan ). Besides both historians Salim (writer of Riyaz-us-Salatin) and Firishtah (from late 16th century) mentioned him as Sayyed - this indicates Husain's Arab descent. Besides, the term Sultan Husain Shah bin Sayyeed Ashraf-ul-Husaini (Sultan Husain Shah, son of Sayyed Ashraf-ul-Husaini) frequently appeared on his coins. But it is not yet known how he came to Bengal and occupied the post of Vizier of Sultan



Moth Ki Mosque

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Moth Ki Masjid ( Hindi : मोठ की मस्जिद , Urdu : موٹہ کی مسجد ) is a mosque located in Delhi, and was built in 1505 by Wazir Miya Bhoiya, Prime Minister during the reign of Sultan Sikander Lodi (1517–26). It was a new type of mosque developed by the Lodi dynasty in the fourth city of the medieval Delhi of the Delhi Sultanate . The name of the mosque literally translated into English language means ‘Lentil Mosque’ and this name tag ‘Lentil’ has an interesting legend. This mosque was considered a beautiful Dome (Gumbad) structure of the period. The mosque is now completely enclosed within the modern locality of South Extension Part II, Uday Park and Masjid Moth comprising residential and commercial establishments in the urban setting of South Delhi. Legend It is famously narrated that when Sultan Sikandar Lodi was on a visit to a mosque in the vicinity of the present location of the Moth Ki Masjid for prayer, he knelt over a grain of moth (a kind of lentil ), which had been dropped by a bird. His loyal Prime



Gurdwara Nank Piao

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Gurdwara Nanak Piao is a historical Gurudwara located in north Delhi in India . This gurdwara sahib is dedicated to the first Sikh Guru, Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji . Gurdwara Nanak Piao was built at the site, in the garden where Guru Nanak Dev camped when he visited Delhi in 1505 during the reign of Sultan Sikandar Lodi . It is situated on Rana Pratap Road (also known as Grand Trunk Road or GT Road). It is said that people flocked to the revered prophet and offered him and Bhai Mardana precious gifts and offerings. Guru Nanak Dev Ji used to distribute all these offerings to the poor and needy. Besides this, he used to offer food and water to the hungry and thirsty, hence the name of the shrine. The word "Piao" mean to "offer liquid to drink" and refers to the offering of water to all the thirsty who visited this shrine. Even today, the Well used by the Guru is preserved and one can still see the well from which Guru Nanak served water at the shrine. Consequently, over time Gurdwara Nank Piao attained a status of a



Panis

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The Panis ( Sanskrit : पणि : ) are a class of demons in the Rigveda , from paṇi-, a term for "bargainer, miser," especially applied to one who is sparing of sacrificial oblations. The Panis appear in RV 10 .108 as watchers over stolen cows . They are located behind the stream Rasā , and sought out by Sarama . They boast to Sarama that they are well-armed and will not yield the cows without battle, and that the cows are furthermore well hidden in a rocky chamber. Sarama threatens them with the might of Indra and the Angirasas who will recover the cows. The "rocky treasure-chest" of the Panis is identical to Vala , the stone split by Indra to liberate Dawn . The myth is a variant of that of Indra slaying Vrtra , imagined as a stone serpent, liberating the blocked rivers . The word pani is also applied in the Rig Veda to human beings, even respected members of the community, who are unwilling to share their wealth. In one hymn Indra himself is addressed as "pani". Graeco-Roman authors equated the Parthians with



1489

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Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1489 . Year 1489 ( MCDLXXXIX ) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar . Events January–December March 14 – The Queen of Cyprus , Catherine Cornaro , sells her kingdom to the Republic of Venice . March 26 – The Treaty of Medina del Campo between England and Spain includes provision for a marriage between Arthur , the son of King Henry VII of England , and Princess Catherine of Aragon . July 17 – Delhi Sultanate : Sikandar Lodi succeeds Bahlul Khan Lodi as sultan. November 29 – Arthur Tudor is named Prince of Wales . December 11 – Jeannetto de Tassis is appointed Chief Master of Postal Services in Innsbruck ; his descendants, the Thurn und Taxis family, later run much of the postal system of Europe. Date unknown Typhus first appears in Europe during the siege of Granada . A gold coin equal to one pound sterling , called a sovereign , is issued for Henry VII of England . King Henry VII of England gives a city char



Sikandara

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Sikandara is a town in Kanpur Dehat districtin the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh . It is headquarter of tehsil Sikandara. Location It is located on NH-2 about 80 km away from kanpur toward west and towards south from Jhinjhak at a distance 20 kilometer.Auraiya city is towards west from Sikandara and Pukhrayan town is towarad east.It is also a Sikandara legislature constituency . History It is said that this township was settled by Sikandar Lodi . Schools Saraswati Inter College Geography Sikandara is located at 26°22′04″N 79°37′41″E  /  26.36778°N 79.62806°E . It has an average elevation of 85 metres (278 feet). Demographics As of 2001 India census , Sikandara had a population of 10,884. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Sikandara has an average literacy rate of 58%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 64%, and female literacy is 51%. In Sikandara, 16% of the population is under 6 years of age. References http://kanpurdehat.nic.in/tehsil/sikandara.htm Falling R



1510s in architecture

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Belém Tower Events 1511 – Dome of Seville Cathedral collapses. 1512: March 5: West tower of Pieterskerk, Leiden , collapses. Buildings 1510–1520 – Tower ("Stump") of St Botolph's Church, Boston , England, completed. 1510 Alcázar de Colón ("Columbus' Palace") in Santo Domingo , the 22-room home of Don Diego Columbus . Sheffield Manor in Yorkshire , England. 1511 – All Saints' Church, Wittenberg (Schloßkirche) completed to a design by Conrad Pflüger . 1513 – Work on New Cathedral, Salamanca , begun. 1514 – St Mark's Campanile in Venice completed in final form. 1515 – Cardinal Wolsey begins rebuilding Hampton Court Palace on the River Thames near London . 1515–1518 – Ancienne Douane (Haguenau) built. About 1515 – In England King's College Chapel , Cambridge completed by John Wastell . Spire of St James' Church, Louth , Lincolnshire completed. 1517 – Shisha Gumbad tomb in Delhi , India, completed. 1518 – Tomb of Sikandar Lodi , Delhi, India, completed. 1519 Belém Tower at the mouth of the Tagus in Portugal comple



Nizam (name)

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Nizam or Nezam is both a given name and a surname. It is derived from the Arabic word نِظَام niẓām, meaning "order, system", often by way of Persian. Notable people with the name include: Given name Nizam Bai (before 1631–1692), Mughal queen Khwaja Nizam ad Din , Pakistani Sufi Nezam Hafiz (1969–2001), Guyanese-born American cricketer Hairul Nizam Hanif (born 1979), Malaysian footballer Sikandar Lodi (died 1517), born Nizam Kahn, Sultan of Delhi Saiful Nizam Miswan (born 1981), Malaysian footballer Ahmad ibn Nizam al-Mulk (died 1149 or 1150), Persian vizier Nizam al-Mulk (1018–1092), Persian scholar and vizier Tuan Nizam Muthaliff (1966–2005), Sri Lankan military intelligence officer Nizam al-Din Nishapuri (died 1328 or 1329), Persian mathematician and poet Nazim Pasha (1848–1913), Chief of Staff of the Army of the Ottoman Empire Nizam Peerwani , American medical examiner Burhan Nizam Shah I (c. 1503 – 1553), ruler of the Ahmednagar Sultanate Burhan Nizam Shah II (died 1595), ruler of the Ahmednagar Sultanate



1501 in India

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The following lists events that happened during 1501 in India . Incumbents Prabhat Ray , founder and ruler of the Jaintia Kingdom , 1500–1516 Miran Adil Khan II , Sultan of the Faruqi dynasty , 1457–1501 Rudra Pratap Singh , Raja of Orchha State , 1501-1531 Dhanya Manikya , Maharaja of Tripura , 1463-1515 Events The 2nd Portuguese India Armada (Cabral, 1500) left India in January The 3rd Portuguese India Armada (Nova, 1501) , funded by Bartolomeo Marchionni , landed in India in August The Portuguese Armada fought the navy of the Zamorin of Calicut in the First Battle of Cannanore on 31 December Pedro Álvares Cabral left India on 16 January and returned to Portugal with pepper, ginger, cinnamon, cardamom, nutmeg, mace, and cloves. The profits made from this trip were huge. Guru Nanak made his first Udaasis, stopping in Gwarighat on the way back Mallabairegowda built Devanahalli Fort Rudra Pratap Singh founded Orchha State Devanahalli fort Sikandar Lodi conquered Dholpur in Rajasthan Portuguese tried to conquer



Narwar Fort

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Narwar Fort Narwar Fort is situated atop a hill, at Narwar in Madhya Pradesh , about 500 feet above ground level spread over an area of 8 km², which stands on a steep scarp of the Vindhya Range . Kachwaha Rajputs are said to have built (or rebuilt) the fort when they occupied Narwar in the 10th century. Kachwaha, Parihara , and Tomara Rajputs held Narwar successively from 12th century onwards, until its capture by the Mughals in the 16th century. It was conquered by the Maratha chief Scindia in the early 19th century. It is now in a dilapidated condition, but the remains suggest that, in the flourishing days, it might have been only second to the Gwalior Fort in magnificence. The interior of the fort is divided by cross walls into four 'ahata' and 'dholaahata'. The architecture of the fort and palaces is basically Rajput in style with flat ceiling, fluted columns and multifold arches. The inner walls of the palaces have been decorated with bright paint and glass beads. Near the fort are the Jai Stambha, Sati



Makhdoom Yahya Maneri

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Choti Dargah, Mausoleum of Makhdoom Shah Daulat, descendent of Hazarat Makhdoom Yahya Maneri at Maner , 1780s painting Hazrat Makhdoom Yahiya Maneri ( Urdu : حضرت مخدوم کمال الدین یحییٰ منیری ‎, Hindi : हज़रत मख़्दूम यहया मनेरी ) was an Indian Sufi saint of the 13th century. His tomb in courtyard of a mosque , located in Maner , 29 km from Patna , Bihar , India . Biography His complete name is Kamaaluddin Yahya Maneri. He was son of Makhdoom Israil son of Hazrat Imam Mohammad Taj Faquih Hashmi (also called Sheikh Al Hind). His family settled in Maner which was later also called Maner Sharif . He studied Islamic law at Al-Nizamiyya of Baghdad Academy. He was a disciple of Sheikh Shahab al-Din Abu Hafs Umar al-Suhrawardi of Suhrawardiyya Sufi order. His associates include Hazrat Baha-ud-din Zakariya Multani,Shaykh Saadi Shirazi and Kamal al-Din Isma'il al-'Isfahani and Makhdoom Shahabuddin Pir Jagjot of Balkh who settled in Jaitley near Patna. He married one of the daughters of his friend Makhdoom Shahabuddin P



Santheyalli Nintha Kabira

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Santheyalli Nintha Kabira (English: Kabira standing in market) is a 2016 Indian Kannada -language epic biopic-drama film adapted from Bhisham Sahni 's Hindi play Kabira Khada Bazaar Mein. The film is directed Indra Babu of Kabbadi fame. Original story by Bhisham Sahni was adapted and the screenplay is written in Kannada by Indra Babu and Gopal Wajpeyi. Starring Shiva Rajkumar as the protagonist Kabir , the film is about the life of the mystic 15th-century poet. It also stars Sanusha and Sarath Kumar in other pivotal roles. The film was launched on the Ugadi festival day of 2015 and is slated to release on 29 July 2016. Cast Shiva Rajkumar as Kabir Das Sanusha Sarath Kumar as Sikandar Lodi Avinash as Kabir's father Sharath Lohitashwa Anant Nag as Kabir's guru Bhagirathi Bai Kadam as Kabir's mother Sunitha Ramachari Sanjjanaa Galrani Production After roping in Shivarajkumar for the protagonist role, director Indra Babu announced that actor Amitabh Bachchan would play the role of Ramanand, the teacher of Kab



List of state leaders in 1493

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This is a list of heads of state , government leaders , and other rulers in the year 1493 . Africa Ethiopian Empire – Eskender (1478–1494) Adal Sultanate – Muhammad ibn Azhar ad-Din (1488–1518) Kingdom of Kongo – João I (1470–1509) Songhai Empire – Sunni Abu-Bakry Baro (1492–1493) Askia Mohammad I (1493–1528) Americas Aztec Empire – Ahuitzotl (1486–1502) Inca Empire – Tupac (1471–1493) Huayna Capac (1493–1527) Muisca Confederation zipa - Nemequene (1490–1514) zaque - Quemuenchatocha (1490–1538) Texcoco – Nezahualpilli , King of Texcoco (1472–1515) Asia Ahmadnagar Sultanate – Ahmad Shah I , Nizam of Ahmadnagar (1490–1509) Ava Kingdom ( Burma ) - Minkhaung II (1481–1502) Ayutthaya Kingdom ( Siam ) - Ramathibodi II (1491–1529) Bahmani Sultanate – Muhammad Shah IV (1482–1518) Bengal Sultanate – Alauddin Husain Shah (1494–1518) Berar Sultanate – Fath-Allah 'Imad ul-Mulk (1490–1504) Bidar Sultanate – Qasim Shah I (1492–1504) Bijapur Sultanate – Yusuf Adil Shah (1490–1510) Cambodia - Sri Sukonthor , King of Cambodia



Champaran

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Champaran is a historic region which now forms the East Champaran district , and the West Champaran district in Bihar , India . Champaran is part of the cultural Mithila region . Boundaries Champaran District was created in 1866. On 1 December 1971 it was split into two districts: Paschim Champaran and Purbi Champaran. The headquarters of Paschim Champaran district is at Bettiah. The headquarters of Purbi Champaran district is at Motihari. Purbi Champaran consists of six subdivisions and twenty seven blocks. Name The name Champaran derives from Champa-aranya or Champkatanys. Champa or champaka means magnolia and aranya means forest. Hence, Champaranya means forest of magnolia trees. It is believed that the forest was named while its western portion was inhabited by solitary ascetics. History Ancient history In the prehistoric period, Champaran constituted a part of the ancient kingdom of Videha . The Aryan Videhas settled east of the Gandak or Narayani river. Among the greatest of the Videha kings was Sirdhwa



List of state leaders in 1494

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This is a list of heads of state , government leaders , and other rulers in the year 1494 . Africa Ethiopian Empire – Eskender (1478–1494) Amda Seyon II (1494) Na'od (1494–1508) Adal Sultanate – Muhammad ibn Azhar ad-Din (1488–1518) Kingdom of Kongo – João I (1470–1509) Songhai Empire – Askia Mohammad I (1493–1528) Americas Aztec Empire – Ahuitzotl (1486–1502) Inca Empire – Huayna Capac (1493–1527) Muisca Confederation zipa - Nemequene (1490–1514) zaque - Quemuenchatocha (1490–1538) Texcoco – Nezahualpilli , King of Texcoco (1472–1515) Asia Ahmadnagar Sultanate – Ahmad Shah I , Nizam of Ahmadnagar (1490–1509) Ava Kingdom ( Burma ) - Minkhaung II (1481–1502) Ayutthaya Kingdom ( Siam ) - Ramathibodi II (1491–1529) Bahmani Sultanate – Muhammad Shah IV (1482–1518) Bengal Sultanate – Alauddin Husain Shah (1494–1518) Berar Sultanate – Fath-Allah 'Imad ul-Mulk (1490–1504) Bidar Sultanate – Qasim Shah I (1492–1504) Bijapur Sultanate – Yusuf Adil Shah (1490–1510) Cambodia - Sri Sukonthor , King of Cambodia (1486–1512)



List of state leaders in 1515

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This is a list of heads of state , government leaders , and other rulers in the year 1515 . Africa Adal Sultanate – Muhammad ibn Azhar ad-Din (1488–1518) Mamluk Sultanate of Egypt – Al-Ashraf Qansuh al-Ghawri (1501–1516) Ethiopian Empire – Dawit II (1508–1540) Kingdom of Kongo – Alfonso I (1509–1542) Sultanate of Morocco – Abu Abdallah Muhammad (1505–1524) Sennar Sultanate – Amara Dunqas (1503–1533/4) Songhai Empire – Askia Mohammad I , Askia of the Songhai Empire (1493–1528) Americas Aztec Empire – Moctezuma II , Hueyi Tlatoani (1502–1520) Inca Empire – Huayna Capac , Qhapaq Inka (1493–1527) Muisca Confederation zipa - Tisquesusa (1514–1537) zaque - Quemuenchatocha (1490–1538) Asia Aceh Sultanate - Ali Mughayat Syah China - Zhengde Emperor (1505–1521) Kingdom of Cochin – Unniraman Koyikal II (1503–1537) Delhi Sultanate – Sikandar Lodi (1489–1517) Japan (Sengoku period) Monarch – Emperor Go-Kashiwabara (1500–1526) Ashikaga shogunate - Ashikaga Yoshitane (1508–1521) Khanate of Khiva – Ilbars I (1515–1525) Jose



Battle of Khanwa

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The Battle of Khanwa was fought near the village of Khanwa, about 60 km west of Agra , on March 17, 1527. It was the second major battle fought in modern-day India , between the invading forces of the first Mughal Emperor Babur and the Rajput forces led by Rana Sanga of Mewar , after the Battle of Panipat . The victory in the battle consolidated the new Mughal dynasty in India. Background The Rajput ruler Rana Sanga had sent an ambassador to Babur at Kabul, offering to join in Babur's attack on Sultan Ibrahim Lodi of Delhi. Sanga had offered to attack Agra while Babur would be attacking Delhi. However, while Babur did attack Sultan Ibrahim Lodi, and took over Delhi and Agra, Sanga made no move, apparently having changed his mind. Babur had resented this backsliding; in his autobiography, Babur accuses Rana Sanga of breach of agreement. The historian Satish Chandra speculates that Sanga may have imagined a long drawn struggle taking place between Babur and Sultan Ibrahim Lodi following which he would be able t



Syed Nagli

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Syed Nagli ( सैयद नगली) سید نگلی or Said Nagli ( सैद नगली) is a future capitalabout 500 years old in Amroha district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh . It is situated on State Highway 51 which is 35 Kilometers away from District HQ Amroha . From Gajraula , it is 30 Kilometers away and 18 Kilometers from [[sumrri History The town derives its name from the Saiyid clan سید, who founded it in approximately 1520. Legend goes back to the battle of Narwar Kot where Mir Syed Mohammad al Hussain al Hussaini lost his life, fighting on behalf of Sikander Lodi, as commander of the expedition. His index finger with a ring was brought back to the family as proof of his death. The finger is buried in the center of the town and the place came to be known as Mazar Syed Ungli (Mausoleum of Syed's Finger). The word later popularized as Syed nagli or Said Nagli. Earlier, Baquari Syeds had migrated from Termez (Present day Uzbekistan) during the Sultanate era. Sikandar Lodi was the ruler of Delhi when Mir Syed Mohammad al Hus



Tughluq Tombs

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Tughlaq Tombs in the Indian subcontinent are mostly simple, monotonous and heavy structures built during the Tughluq dynasty . They look more like fortresses with walls surrounding them and lack decoration and embellishment. Their architecture suffers from a lack of Hindu influence and craftsmanship which was later found in Lodi and Mughal architecture. But Hindu influence on Tughluq buildings was not totally absent. Features of Hindu influences on Tughluq architecture include the flat lintel instead of pointed arch, pillars, windows with balconies and eaves and railings. Tughluqs built three main types of tombs: square, octagonal and pavilion. The last type was the simplest, consisting of a pavilion or a chhatri . The simple tombs are most likely to be those of nobles and family members of the sultans. Ghiyas ud-Din Tughluq's Tomb Ghiyath al-Din Tughlaq's Tomb In Delhi Ghiyas ud-Din Tughluq was the founder of Tughluq dynasty in India. Within a year of his reign he decided to build the new fortified capital o



Bahadur Shah of Gujarat

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Death of Bahadur Shah in front of Diu during negotiations with the Portuguese, in 1537. Akbar Nama, end of 16th century. Sultan Qutb-ud-Din Bahadur Shah , who reigned 1526–1535 and 1536–1537, was a sultan of Gujarat Sultanate , a late medieval kingdom in India . Early years Bahadur Shah's father was Shams-ud-Din Muzaffar Shah II , who had ascended to the throne of the Gujarat Sultanate in 1511. Muzaffar Shah II nominated Sikandar Shah (Bahadur Shah's elder brother) as the heir apparent to the throne. Bahadur Shah's relationship with his brother and father became tense as Sikandar Shah began to assume greater administrative control. Fearing for his life, Bahadur Shah fled Gujarat , first seeking refuge with Chittor , and then with Ibrahim Lodi . He was present at the Battle of Panipat , though he did not take part in fighting. When he received the news of the death of his father on April 5, 1526 he returned to Gujarat and almost all the nobles except the murderers of his eldest brother Sikandar, who succeed



List of tourist attractions in Delhi

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Sansad Bhavan Sansad Bhavan or the Parliament of India is a circular building designed by the British architects Sir Edwin Lutyens and Sir Herbert Baker in 1912–1913. Construction began in 1921, and in 1927 the building was opened as the home of the Council of State, the Central Legislative Assembly, and the Chamber of Princes. Rashtrapati Bhavan Built with a mix of European and Mughal/Indian styles, Rashtrapati Bhavan was originally built for the Governor General of India . Inaugurated in 1931 as the Viceregal Lodge, the name was changed in 1959 after India became a republic. Now it is the Presidential Palace of India. Connaught Place Connaught Place is a business and commercial centre with hotels, shopping complexes, and offices. Tourist attractions include Hanuman Mandir , an ancient temple with a mention in Guinness Book of Record, Jantar Mantar , an astronomical observatory from the 18th century, Maharaja Agrasen ki Baoli and State Emporiums which houses a collection of ethnic specialties of the states.

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List of state leaders in 1489

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This is a list of heads of state , government leaders , and other rulers in the year 1489 . Africa Adal Sultanate – Muhammad ibn Azhar ad-Din (1488–1518) Kingdom of Bamum - Monjou, Sultan of Bamum (1461–1498) Benin Empire – Ozolua , Oba of Benin (1480–1504) Bornu Empire – Ali Gazi , Mai of Bornu (1465–1497) Buganda – Kiggala , Kabaka of Buganda (1474–1501) Ethiopian Empire – Eskender (1478–1494) Ethiopian Empire – Eskender (1478–1494) Jolof Empire – Birayma Kuran Kan (1488–1492) Sultanate of Kano – Muhammad Rumfa (1463–1499) Kilwa Sultanate – al-Hassan ibn Suleiman (1486–1490) Kingdom of Kongo – João I , Manikongo (1470–1509) Mali Empire – Mahmud II , Mansa of Mali (1481–1496) Kingdom of Mutapa – Nyahuma Mukombero , Mwenemutapa (1480–1490) Kingdom of Nungu - Gima, Nunbado (1470–1520) Kingdom of Nri – Eze Nri Anyamata (1465–1511) Kingdom of Rwanda – Cyirima I (1482–1506) Songhai Empire – Sonni Ali (1464–1492) Warsangali Sultanate - Garaad Omar (1487–1495) Americas Aztec Empire – Ahuitzotl (1486–1502) Inca Empi



Dholpur

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Dholpur Bus Stand Dholpur is a city in eastern-most parts of the Rajasthan state of India . It is the administrative headquarters of Dholpur District and was formerly seat of the Dholpur princely state , before Independence. Dhaulpur became a separate district in 1982 comprising four tehsils of Bharatpur: Dholpur, Rajakhera, Bari and Baseri. It is bordered by Bharatpur district of Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh to the north, Madhya Pradesh to the south, Karauli district to the west and Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh to the east. Geography The geographical coordinates for Dholpur (Dhaulpur) are 26° 42' 0" North, 77° 54' 0" East. Total area of Dholpur district is 3,034 sq. kilometers. Tasimo History Tasimo Ke Veer Shaheed To liberate the country, many people sacrificed their lives for the country. Similarly, the names of martyrs of Tasimo village of Dholpur come as martyrs Chhatar Singh Parmar and Shaheed Pancham Singh Kushwah. Who sacrificed his life for the country. The important event in the history of Dhaul



Bakht Mal

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Raja Bakht-Mal Pathania (1513–1558) was a King of Nurpur , who succeeded Raja Bhil Pal in 1513. Raja Bakht-Mal's reign covered an eventful period in Indian history. Like his father he was in good terms with the Lodi dynasty of Delhi. After the conquest of India by Babar in 1526 the Pathania Kingdom must not have come under Mughal control, because on the flight of babar's son Humayun in 1540 and the accession of Sher Shah Suri at Delhi, Bakht-Mal was still in good terms with the Sur dynasty . The Tarikh-i-Daudi says that the famous fortress of Maukot was erected within the pathania Kingdom by Islam Shah Suri (1545–53), that is during the reign of Raja Bakht-Mal. But it cannot be true because the practice of erecting forts in an independent Kingdom was only done after conquering it, which is not the case here because the Pathania kings ruled an independent Kingdom with a minimal submission i.e., to assist the power at Delhi in times of war. Maukot fort was probably built by the predecessors of Bakht-Mal, or he



Bara Gumbad

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Bara Gumbad (literally "big dome ") is an ancient monument located in Lodhi Gardens in Delhi , India. It is part of a group of monuments that include a Friday mosque (Jama Masjid) and the "mehman khana" (guest house) of Sikandar Lodhi , the ruler of the Delhi Sultanate . The Bara Gumbad was constructed in 1490 CE, during the reign of the Lodhi dynasty . Its construction is generally attributed to Sikandar Lodhi, and it is believed to have the earliest constructed full dome of any building in Delhi. The monument is situated near the Tomb of Sikandar Lodhi and Shisha Gumbad . Although the three structures, which share a common raised platform, were all built during the Lodhi reign, they were not constructed at the same time. The intended purpose of the builders of Bara Gumbad is unclear: it may have been intended as a free-standing tomb , but no tombstone has been identified. The area in which Bara Gumbad is situated was formally called Khairpur village. History Bada Gumbad was constructed in 1490 CE, and is be



Narwar

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Narwar is a town and a nagar panchayat in Shivpuri district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh . Narwar is a historic town and the Narwar Fort is just east of the Kali Sindh River and is situated at a distance of 42 km from Shivpuri . Narwar was known as Narwar District during the times of Gwalior State . It is mentioned as Nalpura (Nala's town) in many medieval Sanskrit inscriptions. The Narwar Fort is surrounded by the Kali Sindh River . There are three dams, Harsi Dam ,Mohini Sagar and Atal Sagar. Presently the Fort is being renovated by the Archaeological Survey of India. History The town was known as Nalapura (named after Raja Nala) until the 12th century. At one time it was the capital of Raja Nala of Naisadha, whose love for Damayanti has been mentioned in detail in Mahabharata . There is a myth that when Raja Nala left Damayanti asleep in the forests of Narwar she moved through dense forests and reached Chanderi protecting herself from wild animals. The route through forests from Narwar to Chanderi



Kohi Safi District

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Districts of Parwan Kohi Safi District or Sapi Ghar (Persian: ولسوالی کوه صافی ) is now one major historical district located in South-eastern Parwan province , Kohi Safi district is one of the most single districts where almost all of the region is populated by Safi tribe . Although in 1930s Kohi Safi was said to be one of the 2nd most populous district of Parwan after Charakar, but during 1930s-1940s the region was depopulated due to Governments pressure to evacuation of area due to Saf's War on the King. Majority of its population were displaced or escaped further in the north away from borders of capital Kabul , few escaped to west in modern Herat and many into it India (After 1947 came to be Pakistan ). The root of the conflict seems to be started due to King Amanuallah Khan's proposal of modernization, Safi and with few other Afghan tribes armed against the ruling family of Durrani. Although some annalists assume the other factor behind the conflict and rise of Safi was mainly due to Safi's not being of



Qutb Minar

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{{Infobox Historic Site | name = Qutub Minar قطب مینار कुतुब मिनार | caption = Qutub Minar in Delhi , India | image = Qutb Minar - Evening photo.jpg | image_size = 200px | designation1 = WHS | designation1_offname = | designation1_type = Cultural | designation1_criteria =7 | designation1_number = 233 | designation1_free1name = Country | designation1_free1value =   India | designation1_free2name = Continent | designation1_free2value = Asia | designation1_date = 1993 (17th [[World Heritage Committee|session] Constructed by - Qutub-ud-din Aibak}} Qutub Minar is a minaret that forms part of the Qutb complex , a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the Mehrauli area of Delhi , India . Its design is thought to have been based on the Minaret of Jam , in western Afghanistan . Made of red sandstone and marble, Qutb Minar is a 73-metre (240 feet) tall tapering tower of five storeys, with a 14.3 metre (47 feet) base diameter, reducing to 2.7 metres (9 feet) at the peak. It contains a spiral staircase of 379 steps. Qutb al-D



Jaunpur, Uttar Pradesh

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Jaunpur ( Hindustani pronunciation:  ) Hindi : जौनपुर is a city and a municipal board in Jaunpur district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh . Jaunpur is located to the northwest of the district of Varanasi in the eastern part of the North Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Demographically, Jaunpur resembles the rest of the Purvanchal area in which it is located. History View at Juanpore, on the River Ganges (1847) Jaunpur historically known as Sheeraz-e-Hind having its historical dates from 1359, when the city was founded by the Sultan of Delhi Feroz Shah Tughlaq and named in memory of his cousin, Muhammad bin Tughluq , whose given name was Jauna Khan. In 1388, Feroz Shah Tughlaq appointed Malik Sarwar, an eunuch , who is notorious for having been the lover of Feroz Shah Tughlaq's daughter, as the governor of the region. The Sultanate was in disarray because of factional fighting for power, and in 1393 Malik Sarwar declared independence. He and his adopted son Mubarak Shah founded what came to be known as th



List of state leaders in 1490

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This is a list of heads of state , government leaders , and other rulers in the year 1490 . Africa Adal Sultanate – Muhammad ibn Azhar ad-Din (1488–1518) Kingdom of Bamum - Monjou, Sultan of Bamum (1461–1498) Benin Empire – Ozolua , Oba of Benin (1480–1504) Bornu Empire – Ali Gazi , Mai of Bornu (1465–1497) Buganda – Kiggala , Kabaka of Buganda (1474–1501) Ethiopian Empire – Eskender (1478–1494) Jolof Empire – Birayma Kuran Kan (1488–1492) Sultanate of Kano – Muhammad Rumfa (1463–1499) Kilwa Sultanate – al-Hassan ibn Suleiman (1486–1490) Ibrahim ibn Muhammad (1490–1495) Kingdom of Kongo – Nzinga a Nkuwu , Manikongo (1470–1509) Mali Empire – Mahmud II , Mansa of Mali (1481–1496) Kingdom of Mutapa – Nyahuma Mukombero , Mwenemutapa (1480–1490) Changamire , Mwenemutapa (1490–1494) Kingdom of Nungu - Gima, Nunbado (1470–1520) Kingdom of Nri – Eze Nri Anyamata (1465–1511) Kingdom of Rwanda – Cyirima I (1482–1506) Songhai Empire – Sonni Ali (1464–1492) Warsangali Sultanate - Garaad Omar (1487–1495) Americas Aztec Em



List of state leaders in 1491

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This is a list of heads of state , government leaders , and other rulers in the year 1491 . Africa Adal Sultanate – Muhammad ibn Azhar ad-Din (1488–1518) Kingdom of Bamum - Monjou, Mfon of Bamum (1461–1498) Benin Empire – Ozolua , Oba of Benin (1480–1504) Bornu Empire – Ali Gazi , Mai of Bornu (1465–1497) Buganda – Kiggala , Kabaka of Buganda (1474–1501) Ethiopian Empire – Eskender (1478–1494) Jolof Empire – Birayma Kuran Kan (1488–1492) Sultanate of Kano – Muhammad Rumfa (1463–1499) Kilwa Sultanate – Ibrahim ibn Muhammad (1490–1495) Kingdom of Kongo – Nzinga a Nkuwu , Manikongo (1470–1509) Mali Empire – Mahmud II , Mansa of Mali (1481–1496) Kingdom of Mutapa – Changamire , Mwenemutapa (1490–1494) Kingdom of Nri - Eze Nri Anyamata (1465–1611) Kingdom of Nungu – Gima, Nunbado (1470–1520) Kingdom of Rwanda – Cyirima I (1482–1506) Shilluk Kingdom - Nyikaangø (1490–1517) Songhai Empire – Sonni Ali (1464–1492) Warsangali Sultanate - Garaad Omar (1487–1495) Americas Aztec Empire – Ahuitzotl (1486–1502) Boriken - Ag



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