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Sikandar Lodi

Sikandar Lodi (died 21 November 1517), born Nizam Khan, was the Sultan of Delhi between 1489 to 1517.[1] He became the next ruler of the Lodi dynasty after the death of his father Bahlul Lodi in July 1489. The second and most successful ruler of the Lodi dynasty of the Delhi sultanate, he was also a poet of the Persian language and prepared a diwan of 9000 verses.[2]

Of the three Lodi Sultans namely Bahlol Lodi (1451 to 1489), Sikandar Lodi (1489 to 1517) and Ibrahim Lodi (1517 to 1526), Sikandar Lodi is regarded as the ablest, the greatest and the most successful Sultan. As compared with these two Sultans, Sikandar Lodi gave ample evidence of his qualities as a general, as an administrator, a consolidator of the empire and a man of letters.

The top two storeys of the Qutub Minar were reconstructed in marble by Sikandar Lodi

Sikandar was the second son of Sultan Bahlul Khan Lodi and Bibi Ambha, the daughter of a Hindu goldsmith of Sirhind. He was of Afghan origin through his father.[3]

He became Sultan upon the death of his father on 17 July 1489 under the full name Abu Al-Muzzafar Ghazi Sultan Sikandar Lodi. His rise to power was troubled, as his older brother, Barbak Shah, the viceroy of Jaunpur, also laid claim to the throne, even though their father had nominated Sikandar. However, he was able to ascend to the throne without massive bloodshed, and even allowed his brother to continue ruling Jaunpur. He also settled differences with an uncle, Alam Khan, who was also suspected of seeking to seize power.

Sikandar was a capable ruler who encouraged trade across his territory, but discriminated against Hindu subjects. He expanded Lodi territory into the regions of Gwalior and Bihar. He made a treaty with Alauddin Hussain Shah and his kingdom of Bengal. In 1503, he commissioned the building of the present-day city of Agra. Agra was founded by him.[4]

He has a reputation for religious intolerance, and is said to have burned Bodhan, a Hindu sadhu alive for saying that Islam and Hinduism were equally acceptable to God.

Coin of Sikandar Lodi

He wrote poetry in Persian using the pen name Gulrukhi. He introduced auditing in accounts. He took good care of justice and agriculture for the welfare of people.he introduced a system of Gaz-i-sikandari,means 32 digit of measuring system of cultivated lands.

Among the administrative changes made by Sikandar Lodi was the installation of Persian language as the official language for the accountancy in India. 1514.

Sikandar Lodi was a great conqueror and a very good administrator. He revived the glory of Delhi Sultanates by expanding the boundaries of his empire. He took effective administrative steps for effective management. He also did a lot for the welfare of the poor people.


First of all Sikandar Lodi defeated his elder brother and seized Jaunpur and brought it under his direct control. He afterwards led his attack on Bihar, defeated its ruler and annexed it. He conquered the states of Dholpur, Bidar, Gwalior, Chanderi and other nearby kingdoms. He entered into a friendship treaty with the ruler of Bengal. Sikandar’s empire extended from the Punjab to the borders of Bengal and included the territories between Sutlej and Bundelkhand.

Occasional tours in disguise
Sikandar Lodi's tomb

Very often the Sultan toured in disguise to have the first hand information about the condition of the people and the activities of the Amirs and the Ulemas.

He died in 1517 and has an elaborate burial tomb that resides in Lodi Gardens, Delhi.

  1. Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. pp. 122–125. ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4.
  2. Ram Nath Sharma, History Of Education In India, Atlantic (1996), p. 61
  3. Lodī dynasty - Encyclopædia Britannica
  4. Kishori Saran Lal (1963). Twilight of the Sultanate. Asia Publishing House. p. 176. OCLC 500687579.
Preceded byBahlul Khan Lodi Sultan of Delhi 1489–1517 Succeeded byIbrahim Lodi
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Sikandar Lodi


Sikandar Lodi (died 21 November 1517), born Nizam Khan , was the Sultan of Delhi between 1489 to 1517. He became the next ruler of the Lodi dynasty after the death of his father Bahlul Lodi in July 1489. The second and most successful ruler of the Lodi dynasty of the Delhi sultanate, he was also a poet of the Persian language and prepared a diwan of 9000 verses. Of the three Lodi Sultans namely Bahlol Lodi (1451 to 1489), Sikandar Lodi (1489 to 1517) and Ibrahim Lodi (1517 to 1526), Sikandar Lodi is regarded as the ablest, the greatest and the most successful Sultan. As compared with these two Sultans, Sikandar Lodi gave ample evidence of his qualities as a general, as an administrator, a consolidator of the empire and a man of letters. Biography The top two storeys of the Qutub Minar were reconstructed in marble by Sikandar Lodi Sikandar was the second son of Sultan Bahlul Khan Lodi and Bibi Ambha, the daughter of a Hindu goldsmith of Sirhind . He was of Afghan origin through his father. He became Sultan up

Tomb of Sikandar Lodi


Tomb of Sikandar Lodi ( Hindi : सिकंदर लोधी का मक़बरा ) is the tomb of the second ruler of the Lodi Dynasty , Sikandar Lodi (reign: 1489–1517 CE) situated in New Delhi , India. The tomb is situated in Lodhi Gardens in Delhi and was built in 1517–1518 CE by his son Ibrahim Lodi . The monument is situated 100 meters away from the Bara Gumbad and the area in which it is situated was formally called village Khairpur. History Sikandar Lodi (born Nizam Khan), was the Sultan of Delhi between 1489 and 1517 CE and was the son of Bahlul Lodi . After the death of this father in 1489, Sikandar Lodhi assumed the reign the same year and ruled until his death in 1517 CE. Upon Sikandar Lodi's death in 1517 CE, his son Ibrahim Lodi built the tomb. The Tomb of Sikandar Lodi was inspired in parts by the tomb of Muhammad Shah which is also situated in the Lodhi Gardens . Construction and architecture The Tomb of Sikandar Lodi was inspired in parts by the tomb of Muhammad Shah. It has octagonal design and the architectural sty

Ibrahim Lodi


Quarter Tanka Of Ibrahim Lodi Ibrahim Lodi became the Sultan of Delhi in 1517 after the death of his father Sikandar Lodi . He was the last ruler of the Lodi dynasty , reigning for nine years between 1517 until being defeated and killed at the battle of Panipat by Babur 's invading army in 1526, giving way to the emergence of the Mughal Empire in India. Biography Ibrahim was an ethnic Pashtun . He attained the throne upon the death of his father, Sikandar, but was not blessed with the same ruling capability. He faced a number of rebellions. The Mewar ruler Rana Sangram Singh extended his empire right up to western Uttar Pradesh and threatened to attack Agra . There was rebellion in the Eastern India as well. Ibrahim Lodi also displeased the nobility when he replaced old and senior commanders with younger ones who were loyal to him. His Afghan nobility eventually invited Babur to invade India. In 1526, the Mughal forces of Babur, the king of Kabulistan (Kabul, present Afghanistan), defeated Ibrahim's much larg



Sikander is the Persian rendition of the name Alexander. When the Greek emperor conquered Persia, the Persians called him Sikander. It may also refer to: Secunderabad , a city in Telangana, India Sekandar, Markazi , a village in Markazi Province, Iran Sikandar, Iran , a village in Sistan and Baluchestan Province, Iran Sikandar (1941 film) , a Bollywood film directed by Sohrab Modi Sikandar (2009 film) , a Bollywood film directed by Piyush Jha Sikander (2016 film) , an upcoming film Sikandar Bagh , a fortified villa and garden in Lucknow, India, a sepoy stronghold during the Indian Mutiny Sikandar Butshikan , Sultan of Kashmir Sikandar Hayat Khan , British Indian politician Sikandar Khan Khoso , Pakistani politician and poet Sikandar Kher , Indian actor Sikandar Jah, also known as Mir Akbar Ali Khan Sikander Jah, Asaf Jah III , ruler of Hyderabad Sikandar Lodi of the Lodi dynasty Sikandar Shah , Sultan of Bengal Sikandar Shah II , Sultan of Nepal Sikandar Shah Suri , Sultan of new Delhi Sikandar Sultan , Pakis

Lodi Gardens


Bara Gumbad and Mosque, Lodi Gardens, New Delhi Lodi Gardens or Lodhi Gardens is a city park situated in New Delhi , India . Spread over 90 acres (360,000 m ), it contains, Mohammed Shah's Tomb, Tomb of Sikandar Lodi , Shisha Gumbad and Bara Gumbad , architectural works of the 15th century by Lodis - who ruled parts of northern India and Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of modern-day Pakistan , from 1451 to 1526. The site is now protected by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI). The gardens are situated between Khan Market and Safdarjung's Tomb on Lodhi Road and is a hotspot for morning walks for the Delhiites. History The tomb of Mohammed Shah, the second last of the Sayyid dynasty rulers, the earliest of the tombs in the garden, was built in 1444 by Ala-ud-din Alam Shah as a tribute to Mohammed Shah. As there is little architecture from these two periods remaining in India, Lodi Gardens is an important place of preservation. The tomb of Mohammed Shah is visible from the road, and is the earliest

Lodi dynasty


The Lodi dynasty (or Lodhi) was an Afghan dynasty that ruled the Delhi Sultanate from 1451 to 1526. It was the last dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate, and was founded by Bahlul Khan Lodi when he replaced the Sayyid dynasty . Bahlul Lodi Bahlul Khan Lodi ( r.  1451  –  1489 ) was the nephew and son-in-law of Malik Sultan Shah Lodi, the governor of Sirhind in ( Punjab ), India and succeeded him as the governor of Sirhind during the reign of Sayyid dynasty ruler Muhammad Shah . Muhammad Shah raised him to the status of an emir. He was the most powerful of the Punjab chiefs and a vigorous leader, holding together a loose confederacy of Afghan and Turkish chiefs with his strong personality. He reduced the turbulent chiefs of the provinces to submission and infused some vigour into the government. After the last Sayyid ruler of Delhi , Ala-ud-Din Aalm Shah voluntarily abdicated in favour of him, Bahlul Khan Lodi ascended the throne of the Delhi sultanate on 19 April 1451. The most important event of his reign was th

Bahlul Lodi


Bahlul Khan Lodi (died 12 July 1489) was the chief of the Pashtun Lodi tribe and founder of Lodi dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate upon the abdication of the last claimant from the previous Sayyid rule. Bahlul became sultan of the dynasty on 19 April 1451 (855 AH ). Early life Billon Tanka of 80 ratti of Bahlul Lodi Bahlul's grandfather, Malik Bahram, was a Pashtun from Multan ,he took service under the governor of Multan, Malik Mardan Daulat. Malik Bahram had a total of about five sons. His eldest son, Malik Sultan Shah Lodi, later served under the Sayyid dynasty ruler Khizr Khan and distinguished himself by killing in the battle later's worst enemy Mallu Iqbal Khan . He was rewarded with the title of Islam Khan and in 1419 appointed the governor of Sirhind . Bahlul, the son of Malik Kala, the younger brother of Malik Sultan was married to Malik Sultan's daughter. In his youth, Bahlul was involved in the trading of horses and once sold his finely bred horses to the Sayyid dynasty Sultan Mohammad Shah. As a p

Tomb of Ibrahim Lodi


The Tomb of Ibrahim Lodi in Panipat ( Haryana , India ) is the tomb of Ibrahim Lodi , Sultan of the Lodi dynasty . Tomb Ibrahim Lodi's tomb is often mistaken to be the Shisha Gumbad within Lodi Gardens Delhi . Rather Ibrahim Lodi's tomb is actually situated near the tehsil office in Panipat , close to the Dargah of Sufi saint Bu Ali Shah Qalandar . It is a simple rectangular structure on a high platform approached by a flight of steps. History Ibrahim Lodi Ibrahim Lodi became the Sultan of Delhi in 1517 after the death of his father Sikandar . He was the last ruler of the Lodi dynasty , reigning for nine years between 1517 until being defeated and killed at the battle of Panipat by Babur 's invading army in 1526, giving way to the emergence of the Mughal Empire in India. Ibrahim was an ethnic Pashtun . He attained the throne upon the death of his father, Sikandar, but was not blessed with the same ruling capability. He faced a number of rebellions. The Mewar ruler Rana Sangram Singh extended his empire rig

Shish Gumbad


Shish Gumbad ("glazed dome"), also spelt Shish Gumbad , is a tomb from the last lineage of the Lodhi Dynasty and is thought to have possibly been constructed between 1489 and 1517 CE . The Shish Gumbad (glass dome) houses tombs of an unknown family that may have been a part of the Lodhi family and a part of Sikandar Lodi 's court. It is however believed by some historians that the tomb is of Bahlul Lodi (died 12 July 1489), who was chief of the Afghan Lodi tribe and founder & Sultan of the Lodi dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate , though Ibrahim Lodhi's Tomb exists 100 kilometres (62 mi) away at Panipat city in Haryana state. Shish Gumbad is situated in the Lodhi Gardens in Delhi and the area where the tomb is situated was formally called village Khairpur. History Exact date of construction of Shish Gumbad is not known. There are four monuments (tombs) in the Lodhi Gardens including the Shish Gumbad. The oldest of the four tombs is the tomb of Muhammad Shah (who belonged to the Sayyid dynasty ). Shah'

Delhi Sultanate


The Delhi Sultanate was a Muslim sultanate based mostly in Delhi that stretched over large parts of the Indian subcontinent for 320 years (1206–1526). Five dynasties ruled over the Delhi Sultanate sequentially: the Mamluk dynasty (1206–90), the Khilji dynasty (1290–1320), the Tughlaq dynasty (1320–1414), the Sayyid dynasty (1414–51), and the Lodi dynasty (1451–1526). Three dynasties (Mamluk, Khilji and Sayyid) were of Turkic origin, one dynasty (Tughlaq) was of Turko-Indian origin, and the last dynasty (Lodi) was of Pashtun origin. The sultanate is noted for being one of the few states to repel an attack by the Mongol Empire , and enthroned one of the few female rulers in Islamic history, Razia Sultana , who reigned from 1236 to 1240. Qutb al-Din Aibak , a former slave of Muhammad Ghori , was the first sultan of Delhi and his dynasty conquered large areas of northern India. Afterwards, the Khilji dynasty was also able to conquer most of central India, but both failed to unite the Indian subcontinent . T

Hasan Khan Mewati


Wali-e-Mewat Raja Khanzada Hasan Khan Mewati (died 17 March 1527), son of the previous ruler Khanzada Alawal Khan , was an ambitious Muslim Rajput ruler of Mewat . His dynasty had ruled Mewat for nearly 150 years. He belonged to Khanzada Muslim Rajput tribe. He was a descendant of Raja Nahar Khan Mewati, who was the Wali of Mewat in 14th century. He built the Alwar fort in 1492. Battle of Khanwa The Battle of Khanwa was fought near the village of Khanwa, about 60 km west of Agra, on 17 March 1527. It was the second major battle fought in modern day India, by the first Mughal Emperor Babur after the first Battle of Panipat . As the Mughal Empire expanded it faced new opponents, especially in the regions around Agra and inside Rajputana. After defeating Ibrahim Lodi, the first Mughal Emperor Babur faced many Lodi warriors including Sikandar Lodi and his son Mahmud Lodi who rallied behind Hasan Khan Mewati of Mewat. Raja Khanzada Hasan Khan Mewati, easily gained the support of Rana Sanga , a powerful Hindu Rajpu

1517 in India


Events from the year 1517 in India . Events Ibrahim Lodi become ruler of the Sultanate of Delhi following his father's ( Sikandar Lodi ) death Births Deaths 2 November – Sikandar Lodi , ruler of the Sultanate of Delhi from 1489 See also Timeline of Indian history Events from the year 1517 in India . Events Ibrahim Lodi become ruler of the Sultanate of Delhi following his father's ( Sikandar Lodi ) death Births Deaths 2 November – Sikandar Lodi , ruler of the Sultanate of Delhi from 1489 See also Timeline of Indian history

Tomb of Bahlul Lodi


Bahul Lodi's tomb ( Urdu : بہلول لودھی کے مزار ‎;) is the tomb of an emperor of Delhi Sultanate and the founder of Lodi Dynasty , Bahlul Lodi (Reign:1451-1489 A.D) situated in Delhi, India. The tomb is located in a historic settlement, Chirag Delhi, located within the fort walls of the Jahapanah city (built by the Tughlaqs ). This tomb is one of the finest examples which demonstrate the evolution of Lodi architecture. It was built by Sikander Lodi , son and successor of Bahlul Lodi after the demise of his father in July 1489 A.D. Architecture The tomb is constructed in rubble masonry . The roof is crowned by five domes, the central one being fluted. The tomb chamber is surmounted by a dome of red sandstone surrounded by a broad dripstone : it has been much modernized at various times. A Gold cup hangs over the grave, as in the Khizri mosque at Nizam-ud-din . In the north-west corner of the enclosure is a fine Assembly Hall. The central columns springs from four monolithic stone columns, a unique architectural

List of rulers of the Delhi Sultanate


Slave (Ghulam) or Mamluk Dynasty The Mamluk Dynasty or Slave Dynasty, directed into India by Qutb-ud-din Aibak, a Turkish general of Central Asian birth, was the first of five unrelated dynasties to rule India's Delhi Sultanate is 1206 to 1290. Aibak's tenure as a Ghorid administrator ranged between 1192 to 1206, a period during which he led invasions into the Gangetic heartland of India and established control over some of the new areas. Ruler Reign Notes Qutb-ud-din Aibak (1206–1210) Slave of Muhammad Ghori and founder Aram Shah (1210–1211) Eldest son of Aibak Shams-ud-din Iltutmish (1211–1236) Son-in-law of Aibak Rukn ud din Firoz (1236) Son of Iltutmish. Razia Sultana (1236–1240) Daughter of Iltutmish, Grand Daughter of Aibak. Muizuddin Bahram (1240–1242) Son of Iltutmish. Alauddin Masud (1242–1246) Son of Rukn-ud-din Firuz. Nasiruddin Mahmud (1246–1266) Youngest son of Nasir-ud-din Mahmud (Grand son of Aibak, Iltutmish's eldest son, and Razia's Brother who had died in 1229). Ghiyas-ud-din Balban (1266–12

Shamsabad, Farrukhabad


Shamsabad is a town and a nagar panchayat in Farrukhabad district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh . It is named after Sultan Shamsuddin Iltutmish Demographics As of 2001 India census , Shamsabad had a population of 23,584. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Shamsabad has an average literacy rate of 43%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 50%, and female literacy is 36%. In Shamsabad, 18% of the population is under 6 years of age.Mr.Vijay "GUPTA JI" is the chairman of Shamsabad. Mr. Mukesh Rajput, is the member of parliament. History Geographic description Shamsabad is situated latitude 27.32 longitude 79.28 at a distance of 22 km to the west of Farrukhabad. Most probably the river Ganges used to flow beside its northern boundary. A mohalla, locality called the Ghatiapur crossing point, is reminiscent of this. The Ganges is about 4 km away now. Weather Shamsabad is hot and dusty in peak summer months of May & June and cold in the winter months of December

List of capitals of India


This is a list of formerly capitals of India . Early period Pataliputra : Capital of the following below: Begram and Mathura : Summer and winter capitals respectively of the Kushan Empire Amaravati and Pratishthānapura : Capitals of Satavahana Empire Kannauj : Capital of Harshavardhana 's short lived kingdom; also of Pratiharas. Manyakheta , Avanti : Capitals of Rashtrakuta Dynasty and Pratihara Empire respectively. Gadhipur : centre of administration of the Gupta dynasty. Capital under Jamwal kings Gaadhi and Vishwamitra . Puhar : Capital of Early Cholas . Madurai : Capital of Pandyas Gauḍa : Capital of Pala dynasty along with Pataliputra Sigal : First capital of the Sakas 70bce-400 Taxila : Second capital of the Sakas 70bce-400 Mathura : Third capital of the Sakas 70bce-400 Sagala : Capital of the Indo-Greeks Bhinmal: Capital of Gurjara Emoire Jaunpur : Capital of Sharqī dynasty (1394–1479). Medieval period Delhi : The current capital of India is the seat of Delhi Sultanate . Daulatabad : In 1327, Tughlaq d

Alauddin Husain Shah


Ala-ud-din Husain Shah ( Bengali : আলাউদ্দিন হোসেন শাহ) ; reign 1494–1519) was an independent late medieval Sultan of Bengal , who founded the Hussain Shahi dynasty . He became the ruler of Bengal after assassinating the Abyssinian Sultan, Shams-ud-Din Muzaffar Shah , whom he had served under as wazir . After his death in 1519 his son Nusrat Shah succeeded him. Early life and accession Husain Shah's original name is Sayyeed Husain. According to a 1788 chronicle, Riyaz-us-Salatin, Husain was the son of Sayyeed Ashraf Al Husaini Al Fatimi Al Makki, a Sharif of Mecca and an inhabitant of Tirmiz (in Turkestan ). Besides both historians Salim (writer of Riyaz-us-Salatin) and Firishtah (from late 16th century) mentioned him as Sayyed - this indicates Husain's Arab descent. Besides, the term Sultan Husain Shah bin Sayyeed Ashraf-ul-Husaini (Sultan Husain Shah, son of Sayyed Ashraf-ul-Husaini) frequently appeared on his coins. But it is not yet known how he came to Bengal and occupied the post of Vizier of Sultan

Jaunpur Sultanate


The Jaunpur sultanate was an independent kingdom of northern India between 1394 and 1479, whose rulers ruled from Jaunpur or Jounpoor in the present day state of Uttar Pradesh . The Jaunpur sultanate was ruled by the Sharqi dynasty. The Khwajah-i-Jahan Malik Sarwar, the first ruler of the dynasty was a wazir (minister) under Sultan Nasiruddin Muhammad Shah IV Tughluq (1390–1394). In 1394, he established himself as an independent ruler of Jaunpur and extended his authority over Awadh and a large part of Ganges - Yamuna doab . The dynasty founded by him was named so because of his title Malik-us-Sharq (the ruler of the east). The most acclaimed ruler of this dynasty was Ibrahim Shah. The last ruler Hussain Shah was overthrown by Bahlul Lodi, and Jaunpur sultanate was permanently annexed to Delhi sultanate by Sikandar Lodi . Malik Sarwar, Khwajah-i-Jahan In 1389, Malik Sarwar received the title of Khajah-i-Jahan. In 1394, he was appointed as the governor of Jaunpur and received his title of Malik-us-Sharq from

Moth ki Masjid


Moth Ki Masjid is a mosque located in Delhi, and was built in 1505 by Wazir Miya Bhoiya, Prime Minister during the reign of Sikander Lodi (1517–26) of the Lodi dynasty . It was a new type of mosque developed by the Lodis in the fourth city of the medieval Delhi of the Delhi Sultanate . The name of the mosque literally translated into English language means ‘Lentil Mosque’ and this name tag ‘Lentil’ has an interesting legend. This mosque was considered a beautiful Dome (Gumbad) structure of the period. The mosque is now completely enclosed within the modern locality of South Extension Part II, Uday Park and Masjid Moth comprising residential and commercial establishments in the urban setting of South Delhi. Legend It is famously narrated that when Sultan Sikandar Lodi was on a visit to a mosque in the vicinity of the present location of the Moth Ki Masjid for prayer, he knelt over a grain of moth (a kind of lentil ), which had been dropped by a bird. His loyal Prime Minister Wazir Miya Bhoiya, who had accom

Tomaras of Gwalior


Delhi Gwalior The Tomaras of Gwalior were a dynasty who ruled the Gwalior Fort and its surrounding region in central India during 14th-16th centuries. They are known for their patronage to the cultural activities in Gwalior. The Tomaras originally held a small fief as feudatories of the Tughluq dynasty of Delhi Sultanate . In the 1390s, they gained control of Gwalior, and became independent in the subsequent years. They fought several battles with the Delhi rulers to maintain their independence, and paid tribute to the Bahlul Lodi to avoid war. They were displaced from Gwalior by Ibrahim Lodi in the first quarter of the 16th century, although their descendants continued to hold fiefs at other places. Background The Gwalior fort Much of the information about the Tomaras of Gwalior comes from the Gwalior Fort inscriptions, the contemporary chronicles by Muslim writers, and the various history books on Gwalior (known as Guwaliar-namas). Two notable Guwaliar-namas include Gopachala-Akhyana and Qulyat-i-Guwaliari.

Gurdwara Nank Piao


Gurdwara Nanak Piao is a historical Gurudwara located in north Delhi in India . This gurdwara sahib is dedicated to the first Sikh Guru, Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji . Gurdwara Nanak Piao was built at the site, in the garden where Guru Nanak Dev camped when he visited Delhi in 1505 during the reign of Sultan Sikandar Lodi . It is situated on Rana Pratap Road (also known as Grand Trunk Road or GT Road). It is said that people flocked to the revered prophet and offered him and Bhai Mardana precious gifts and offerings. Guru Nanak Dev Ji used to distribute all these offerings to the poor and needy. Besides this, he used to offer food and water to the hungry and thirsty, hence the name of the shrine. The word "Piao" mean to "offer liquid to drink" and refers to the offering of water to all the thirsty who visited this shrine. Even today, the Well used by the Guru is preserved and one can still see the well from which Guru Nanak served water at the shrine. Consequently, over time Gurdwara Nank Piao attained a status of a

Jamali Kamboh


Shaikh Jamali Kamboh ( Shaikh Jamal-uddin Kamboh Dehlwi , also known as Shaikh Hamid bin Fazlullah, Dervish Jamali Kamboh Dehlwi, Shaikh Jamal-uddin Kamboh Dehlwi or Jalal Khan etc. ) was a 16th-century poet and Sufi of the Suhrawardiyya sect and pupil of Poet Jami and of Shaikh Sama'al-Din Kamboh' Jamali Kamali Mosque and Tomb are situated in Mehrauli Archeological Park, close to the Qutb Minar . Biography Jamali Kamali tomb , Mehrauli Archeological Park, Delhi Jamali came from a Sunni family but was initiated into Sufism by the teacher Hazrat Shaikh Sama'al-Din Kamboh. He was the tutor of Sultan Sikandar Lodhi and had married the daughter of Hazrat Shaikh Sama'al-Din Kamboh. He lived at Mehrauli during the reign of Sultan Sikandar Lodhi (reign 1489 AD-1517 AD) and later composed panegyrics to the first of the Mughal emperor, Babur (b. 1483, d. 1530 AD) and his successor Humayun . Jamali Kamboh was a poet at the court of Sultan Sikandar Lodhi. The Sultan who himself was a poet (he wrote poetry under the pen-

Shaikh Sama'al-Din Kamboh


Shaikh Sama'al-Din Kamboh (also known as Hazrat Shaikh Alamsayakh Makhdoom Sama'al-Din Kamboh ) was born in 1405 AD in Multan , Punjab , Pakistan . Shaikh Sama'al-Din Kamboh was a Sufi of the Suhrawardi order and came to Delhi during the reign of Sultan Bahlol Lodi (d 894/1488) and became the patron saint of the Lodi dynasty . His father Maulana Shaikh Fakhrudin was a venerable religious leader of that era. Makhdoom Shaikh Sama'al-Din had been the royal spiritual adviser or Pir , first to emperor Sultan Bahlol Lodi , and later to Sultan Sikandar Lodi . He commanded greatest respect amongst the entire Muslim spiritual and religious leaders and was one of the greatest Ulema Shaikhs of his times. The mazar of Hazrat Shaikh Sama'al-Din is located in Delhi where the Zubairies of Panipat used to assemble every year for offering Fateha in pre-independence days. Spiritual discipline apart, Shaikh Sama'al-Din was a scholar of traditional sciences and imparted instructions as a professional teacher to a large number

Tughluq Tombs


Tughlaq Tombs in the Indian subcontinent are mostly simple, monotonous and heavy structures built during the Tughluq dynasty . They look more like fortresses with walls surrounding them and lack decoration and embellishment. Their architecture suffers from a lack of Hindu influence and craftsmanship which was later found in Lodi and Mughal architecture. But Hindu influence on Tughluq buildings was not totally absent. Features of Hindu influences on Tughluq architecture include the flat lintel instead of pointed arch, pillars, windows with balconies and eaves and railings. Tughluqs built three main types of tombs: square, octagonal and pavilion. The last type was the simplest, consisting of a pavilion or a chhatri . The simple tombs are most likely to be those of nobles and family members of the sultans. Ghiyas ud-Din Tughluq's Tomb Ghiyath al-Din Tughlaq's Tomb In Delhi Ghiyas ud-Din Tughluq was the founder of Tughluq dynasty in India. Within a year of his reign he decided to build the new fortified capital o

Battle of Khanwa


The Battle of Khanwa was fought near the village of Khanwa, in Bharatpur District of Rajasthan , on March 17, 1527. It was the second major battle fought in modern-day India , between the invading forces of the first Mughal Emperor Babur and the Rajput forces led by Rana Sanga of Mewar , after the Battle of Panipat . The victory in the battle consolidated the new Mughal dynasty in India. Background The Rajput ruler Rana Sanga had sent an ambassador to Babur at Kabul, offering to join in Babur's attack on Sultan Ibrahim Lodi of Delhi. Sanga had offered to attack Agra while Babur would be attacking Delhi. However, while Babur did attack Sultan Ibrahim Lodi, and took over Delhi and Agra, Sanga made no move, apparently having changed his mind. Babur had resented this backsliding; in his autobiography, Babur accuses Rana Sanga of breach of agreement. The historian Satish Chandra speculates that Sanga may have imagined a long drawn struggle taking place between Babur and Sultan Ibrahim Lodi following which he would



The Panis ( Sanskrit : पणि : ) are a class of demons in the Rigveda , from paṇi-, a term for "bargainer, miser," especially applied to one who is sparing of sacrificial oblations. The Panis appear in RV 10 .108 as watchers over stolen cows . They are located behind the stream Rasā , and sought out by Sarama . They boast to Sarama that they are well-armed and will not yield the cows without battle, and that the cows are furthermore well hidden in a rocky chamber. Sarama threatens them with the might of Indra and the Angirasas who will recover the cows. The "rocky treasure-chest" of the Panis is identical to Vala , the stone split by Indra to liberate Dawn . The myth is a variant of that of Indra slaying Vrtra , imagined as a stone serpent, liberating the blocked rivers . The word pani is also applied in the Rig Veda to human beings, even respected members of the community, who are unwilling to share their wealth. In one hymn Indra himself is addressed as "pani". Graeco-Roman authors equated the Parthians with

Qutb Minar


Qutub Minar is a minaret that forms part of the Qutb complex , a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the Mehrauli area of Delhi , India . Made of red sandstone and marble, Qutub Minar is a 73-metre (240 feet) tall tapering tower of five storeys, with a 14.3 metre (47 feet) base diameter, reducing to 2.7 metres (9 feet) at the peak. It contains a spiral staircase of 379 steps. Its design is thought to have been based on the Minaret of Jam , in western Afghanistan . Qutb Ud-Din-Aibak , founder of the Delhi Sultanate , started construction of the Qutub Minar's first storey around 1192. In 1220, Aibak's successor and son-in-law Iltutmish completed a further three storeys. In 1369, a lightning strike destroyed the top storey. Firoz Shah Tughlaq replaced the damaged storey, and added one more. The Minar is surrounded by several historically significant monuments of the Qutb complex , including Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque , which was built at the same time as the Minar, and the much older Iron Pillar of Delhi . The nearby

Nizam (name)


Nizam or Nezam is both a given name and a surname. It is derived from the Arabic word نِظَام niẓām, meaning "order, system", often by way of Persian. Notable people with the name include: Given name Nizam Bai (before 1631–1692), Mughal queen Khwaja Nizam ad Din , Pakistani Sufi Nezam Hafiz (1969–2001), Guyanese-born American cricketer Hairul Nizam Hanif (born 1979), Malaysian footballer Sikandar Lodi (died 1517), born Nizam Kahn, Sultan of Delhi Saiful Nizam Miswan (born 1981), Malaysian footballer Ahmad ibn Nizam al-Mulk (died 1149 or 1150), Persian vizier Nizam al-Mulk (1018–1092), Persian scholar and vizier Tuan Nizam Muthaliff (1966–2005), Sri Lankan military intelligence officer Nizam al-Din Nishapuri (died 1328 or 1329), Persian mathematician and poet Nazim Pasha (1848–1913), Chief of Staff of the Army of the Ottoman Empire Nizam Peerwani , American medical examiner Burhan Nizam Shah I (c. 1503 – 1553), ruler of the Ahmednagar Sultanate Burhan Nizam Shah II (died 1595), ruler of the Ahmednagar Sultanate

Santheyalli Nintha Kabira


Santheyalli Nintha Kabira (English: Kabira standing in market) is a 2016 Indian Kannada -language epic biopic-drama film adapted from Bhisham Sahni 's Hindi play Kabira Khada Bazaar Mein. The film is directed Indra Babu of Kabbadi fame. Original story by Bhisham Sahni was adapted and the screenplay is written in Kannada by Indra Babu and Gopal Wajpeyi. Starring Shiva Rajkumar as the protagonist Kabir , the film is about the life of the mystic 15th-century poet. It also stars Sanusha and Sarath Kumar in other pivotal roles. The film was launched on the Ugadi festival day of 2015 and is slated to release on 29 July 2016. Cast Shiva Rajkumar as Kabir Das Sanusha Sarath Kumar as Sikandar Lodi Avinash as Kabir's father Sharath Lohitashwa Anant Nag as Kabir's guru Bhagirathi Bai Kadam as Kabir's mother Sunitha Ramachari Sanjjanaa Galrani Production After roping in Shivarajkumar for the protagonist role, director Indra Babu announced that actor Amitabh Bachchan would play the role of Ramanand, the teacher of Kab



Champaran is a historic region which now forms the East Champaran district , and the West Champaran district in Bihar , India . Champaran is part of the cultural Mithila region . Boundaries Champaran District was created in 1866. On 1 December 1971 it was split into two districts: Paschim Champaran and Purbi Champaran. The headquarters of Paschim Champaran district is at Bettiah. The headquarters of Purbi Champaran district is at Motihari. Purbi Champaran consists of six subdivisions and twenty seven blocks. Name The name Champaran derives from Champa-aranya or Champkatanys. Champa or champaka means magnolia and aranya means forest. Hence, Champaranya means forest of magnolia trees. It is believed that the forest was named while its western portion was inhabited by solitary ascetics. History Ancient history In the prehistoric period, Champaran constituted a part of the ancient kingdom of Videha . The Aryan Videhas settled east of the Gandak or Narayani river. Among the greatest of the Videha kings was Sirdhwa



Sikandara is a town in Kanpur Dehat districtin the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh . It is headquarter of tehsil Sikandara. Location It is located on NH-2 about 80 km away from kanpur toward west and towards south from Jhinjhak at a distance 20 kilometer.Auraiya city is towards west from Sikandara and Pukhrayan town is towarad east.It is also a Sikandara legislature constituency . History It is said that this township was settled by Sikandar Lodi . Schools Saraswati Inter College DR.AMBEDKER INER COLLEGE *Hemant english school ,hariharpur road vikas nagar, sikandra Geography Sikandara is located at 26°22′04″N 79°37′41″E  /  26.36778°N 79.62806°E . It has an average elevation of 85 metres (278 feet). Demographics As of 2001 India census , Sikandara had a population of 10,884. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Sikandara has an average literacy rate of 58%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 64%, and female literacy is 51%. In Sikandara, 16% of the population is un

Makhdoom Yahya Maneri


Choti Dargah, Mausoleum of Makhdoom Shah Daulat, descendent of Makhdoom Yahya Maneri at Maner , 1780s painting Makhdoom Yahiya Maneri ( Urdu : مخدوم کمال الدین یحییٰ منیری ‎, Hindi : मख़्दूम यहया मनेरी ) was an Indian Sufi saint of the 13th century. His tomb in courtyard of a mosque , located in Maner , 29 km from Patna , Bihar , India . Biography His complete name is Kamaaluddin Yahya Maneri. He was son of Makhdoom Israil son of Hazrat Imam Mohammad Taj Faquih Hashmi (also called Sheikh Al Hind). His family settled in Maner which was later also called Maner Sharif . He studied Islamic law at Al-Nizamiyya of Baghdad Academy. He was a disciple of Sheikh Shahab al-Din Abu Hafs Umar al-Suhrawardi of Suhrawardiyya Sufi order. His associates include Hazrat Baha-ud-din Zakariya Multani, Shaykh Saadi Shirazi and Kamal al-Din Isma'il al-'Isfahani and Makhdoom Shahabuddin Pir Jagjot of Balkh who settled in Jaitley near Patna. He married one of the daughters of his friend Makhdoom Shahabuddin Pir Jagjot and had four so

Bhil Pal


Raja Bhil Pal (1473–1513 CE) was a Rajput ruler of the kingdom of Nurpur , in the Himalayan foot hills. He was a contemporary of Sikandar Lodi of Delhi (1488–1516), and assisted him in his wars and therefore increased his own territory. The Punjab had come under Muslim rule from the time of its conquest by Mahmud of Ghazni , and the states bordering on the plains were probably the first to suffer. The Pathania Kings were in good terms with the Sultans at Delhi, at that period of time, therefore their territory was independent, and as a result it was greatly enlarged during Raja Bhil Pal's reign. During his rule the kingdom of the Pathania Rajputs extended far into the plains of Punjab and in the opposite direction to the borders of Chamba and Kangra . He was succeeded by his son, Raja Bakht Mal on the throne. References Hutchison, John; Vogel, Jean Philippe. History of the Panjab hill states . Books.google.co.uk. p. 221 . Retrieved 2012-03-12 . Raja Bhil Pal (1473–1513 CE) was a Rajput ruler of the kingdom of

List of state leaders in 1493


This is a list of heads of state , government leaders , and other rulers in the year 1493 . Africa Ethiopian Empire – Eskender (1478–1494) Adal Sultanate – Muhammad ibn Azhar ad-Din (1488–1518) Kingdom of Kongo – João I (1470–1509) Songhai Empire – Sunni Abu-Bakry Baro (1492–1493) Askia Mohammad I (1493–1528) Americas Aztec Empire – Ahuitzotl (1486–1502) Inca Empire – Tupac (1471–1493) Huayna Capac (1493–1527) Muisca Confederation zipa - Nemequene (1490–1514) zaque - Quemuenchatocha (1490–1538) Texcoco – Nezahualpilli , King of Texcoco (1472–1515) Asia Ahmadnagar Sultanate – Ahmad Shah I , Nizam of Ahmadnagar (1490–1509) Ava Kingdom ( Burma ) - Minkhaung II (1481–1502) Ayutthaya Kingdom ( Siam ) - Ramathibodi II (1491–1529) Bahmani Sultanate – Muhammad Shah IV (1482–1518) Bengal Sultanate – Alauddin Husain Shah (1494–1518) Berar Sultanate – Fath-Allah 'Imad ul-Mulk (1490–1504) Bidar Sultanate – Qasim Shah I (1492–1504) Bijapur Sultanate – Yusuf Adil Shah (1490–1510) Cambodia - Sri Sukonthor , King of Cambodia

Bara Gumbad


Bara Gumbad (literally "big dome ") is an ancient monument located in Lodhi Gardens in Delhi , India. It is part of a group of monuments that include a Friday mosque (Jama Masjid) and the "mehman khana" (guest house) of Sikandar Lodhi , the ruler of the Delhi Sultanate . The Bara Gumbad was constructed in 1490 CE, during the reign of the Lodhi dynasty . Its construction is generally attributed to Sikandar Lodhi, and it is believed to have the earliest constructed full dome of any building in Delhi. The monument is situated near the Tomb of Sikandar Lodhi and Shisha Gumbad . Although the three structures, which share a common raised platform, were all built during the Lodhi reign, they were not constructed at the same time. The intended purpose of the builders of Bara Gumbad is unclear: it may have been intended as a free-standing tomb , but no tombstone has been identified. The area in which Bara Gumbad is situated was formally called Khairpur village. History Bada Gumbad was constructed in 1490 CE, and is be

Narwar Fort


Narwar Fort Narwar Fort is situated atop a hill, at Narwar in Madhya Pradesh , about 500 feet above ground level spread over an area of 8 km², which stands on a steep scarp of the Vindhya Range . Kachwaha Rajputs are said to have built (or rebuilt) the fort when they occupied Narwar in the 10th century. Kachwaha, Parihara , and Tomara Rajputs held Narwar successively from 12th century onwards, until its capture by the Mughals in the 16th century. It was conquered by the Maratha chief Scindia in the early 19th century. It is now in a dilapidated condition, but the remains suggest that, in the flourishing days, it might have been only second to the Gwalior Fort in magnificence. The interior of the fort is divided by cross walls into four 'ahata' and 'dholaahata'. The architecture of the fort and palaces is basically Rajput in style with flat ceiling, fluted columns and multifold arches. The inner walls of the palaces have been decorated with bright paint and glass beads. Near the fort are the Jai Stambha, Sati

Jaunpur, Uttar Pradesh


Jaunpur ( Hindustani pronunciation:  ) is a city and a municipal board in Jaunpur district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh . Jaunpur is located to the northwest of the district of Varanasi in the eastern part of the North Indian state of Uttar Pradesh . Demographically, Jaunpur resembles the rest of the Purvanchal area in which it is located. History View at Juanpore, on the River Ganges (1847) Jaunpur historically known as Sheeraz-e-Hind having its historical dates from 1359, when the city was founded by the Sultan of Delhi Feroz Shah Tughlaq and named in memory of his cousin, Muhammad bin Tughluq , whose given name was Jauna Khan. In 1388, Feroz Shah Tughlaq appointed Malik Sarwar, an eunuch , who is notorious for having been the lover of Feroz Shah Tughlaq's daughter, as the governor of the region. The Sultanate was in disarray because of factional fighting for power, and in 1393 Malik Sarwar declared independence. He and his adopted son Mubarak Shah founded what came to be known as the Sharqi dynas

Sabalgarh Fort


Naval Singh Palace in Sabalgarh Fort Sabalgarh Fort ( Hindi : सबलगढ़ क़िला Sabalgarh Qila) is a 16-17th-century hill fort near Sabalgarh , Madhya Pradesh , central India . This fort is situated on a large rock in the northeastern part of Sabalgarh, which may have also contributed to the city's name. The foundation of the Sabalgarh fort was laid by a Gurjar Sardar, Sabala Singh, with the surrounding town also named Sabalgarh. Sabala singh was alaso the kiledaar of this fort and also a darbaari in the court of karauli king. Presently, the fortress is in ruins and is infamous for stories of hauntings and ghosts. The fort consists of a defensive structure and one main palaces and many other buildings. The fort has been controlled by a number of different rulers in its history. Etymology Sabalgarh means place of strong fort. "Sabal" means strong and "Garh" means fort. History Sabalgarh belonged to the Raja of Karaoli , a petty state in Rajasthan and now a Tehsil, having a fort and a pool. In August, 1795, Maratha



Agra ( ; Āgrā) is a city on the banks of the river Yamuna in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh , India. It is 378 kilometres (235 mi) west of the state capital, Lucknow , 206 kilometres (128 mi) south of the national capital New Delhi and 125 kilometres (78 mi) north of Gwalior . Agra is one of the most populous cities in Uttar Pradesh , and the 24th most populous in India. Agra is a major tourist destination because of its many Mughal-era buildings, most notably the Tāj Mahal , Agra Fort and Fatehpūr Sikrī , all three of which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites . Agra is included on the Golden Triangle tourist circuit, along with Delhi and Jaipur ; and the Uttar Pradesh Heritage Arc , tourist circuit of UP state, along Lucknow the capital of the state and Varanasi . Agra falls within the Braj cultural region. The city was first mentioned in the epic Mahābhārata , where it was called Agrevaṇa (derived from Sanskrit (अग्रेवण) meaning "the border of the forest"). . However, the 11th century Persian poet Mas'ūd

Bakht Mal


Raja Bakht-Mal Pathania (1513–1558) was a King of Nurpur , who succeeded Raja Bhil Pal in 1513. Raja Bakht-Mal's reign covered an eventful period in Indian history. Like his father he was in good terms with the Lodi dynasty of Delhi. After the conquest of India by Babar in 1526 the Pathania Kingdom must not have come under Mughal control, because on the flight of babar's son Humayun in 1540 and the accession of Sher Shah Suri at Delhi, Bakht-Mal was still in good terms with the Sur dynasty . The Tarikh-i-Daudi says that the famous fortress of Maukot was erected within the pathania Kingdom by Islam Shah Suri (1545–53), that is during the reign of Raja Bakht-Mal. But it cannot be true because the practice of erecting forts in an independent Kingdom was only done after conquering it, which is not the case here because the Pathania kings ruled an independent Kingdom with a minimal submission i.e., to assist the power at Delhi in times of war. Maukot fort was probably built by the predecessors of Bakht-Mal, or he

List of state leaders in 1494


This is a list of heads of state , government leaders , and other rulers in the year 1494 . Africa Ethiopian Empire – Eskender (1478–1494) Amda Seyon II (1494) Na'od (1494–1508) Adal Sultanate – Muhammad ibn Azhar ad-Din (1488–1518) Kingdom of Kongo – João I (1470–1509) Songhai Empire – Askia Mohammad I (1493–1528) Americas Aztec Empire – Ahuitzotl (1486–1502) Inca Empire – Huayna Capac (1493–1527) Muisca Confederation zipa - Nemequene (1490–1514) zaque - Quemuenchatocha (1490–1538) Texcoco – Nezahualpilli , King of Texcoco (1472–1515) Asia Ahmadnagar Sultanate – Ahmad Shah I , Nizam of Ahmadnagar (1490–1509) Ava Kingdom ( Burma ) - Minkhaung II (1481–1502) Ayutthaya Kingdom ( Siam ) - Ramathibodi II (1491–1529) Bahmani Sultanate – Muhammad Shah IV (1482–1518) Bengal Sultanate – Alauddin Husain Shah (1494–1518) Berar Sultanate – Fath-Allah 'Imad ul-Mulk (1490–1504) Bidar Sultanate – Qasim Shah I (1492–1504) Bijapur Sultanate – Yusuf Adil Shah (1490–1510) Cambodia - Sri Sukonthor , King of Cambodia (1486–1512)



Narwar is a town and a nagar panchayat in Shivpuri district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh . Narwar is a historic town and the Narwar Fort is just east of the Kali Sindh River and is situated at a distance of 42 km from Shivpuri . Narwar was known as Narwar District during the times of Gwalior State . It is mentioned as Nalpura (Nala's town) in many medieval Sanskrit inscriptions. The Narwar Fort is surrounded by the Kali Sindh River . There are three dams, Harsi Dam, Mohini Sagar and Atal Sagar. Presently the Fort is being renovated by the Archaeological Survey of India. History The town was known as Nalapura (named after Raja Nala) until the 12th century. At one time it was the capital of Raja Nala of Naisadha, whose love for Damayanti has been mentioned in detail in Mahabharata . There is a myth that when Raja Nala left Damayanti asleep in the forests of Narwar she moved through dense forests and reached Chanderi protecting herself from wild animals. The route through forests from Narwar to Chanderi

List of state leaders in 1515


This is a list of heads of state , government leaders , and other rulers in the year 1515 . Africa Adal Sultanate – Muhammad ibn Azhar ad-Din (1488–1518) Mamluk Sultanate of Egypt – Al-Ashraf Qansuh al-Ghawri (1501–1516) Ethiopian Empire – Dawit II (1508–1540) Kingdom of Kongo – Alfonso I (1509–1542) Sultanate of Morocco – Abu Abdallah Muhammad (1505–1524) Sennar Sultanate – Amara Dunqas (1503–1533/4) Songhai Empire – Askia Mohammad I , Askia of the Songhai Empire (1493–1528) Americas Aztec Empire – Moctezuma II , Hueyi Tlatoani (1502–1520) Inca Empire – Huayna Capac , Qhapaq Inka (1493–1527) Muisca Confederation zipa - Tisquesusa (1514–1537) zaque - Quemuenchatocha (1490–1538) Asia Aceh Sultanate - Ali Mughayat Syah China - Zhengde Emperor (1505–1521) Kingdom of Cochin – Unniraman Koyikal II (1503–1537) Delhi Sultanate – Sikandar Lodi (1489–1517) Japan (Sengoku period) Monarch – Emperor Go-Kashiwabara (1500–1526) Ashikaga shogunate - Ashikaga Yoshitane (1508–1521) Khanate of Khiva – Ilbars I (1515–1525) Jose

Siwan district


Siwan district is one of the districts of Bihar state , India. Siwan town is the administrative headquarters of this district. Siwan district is a part of Saran Division since 1972. The town is known for its great past especially for First President of Indian Republic who belonged to Jeeradei. The district was previously also known as Aliganj Siwan after the name of Raja Ali Bux Khan. Siwan has historical and mythological importance attached to it. Member of Parliament from Siwan is Om Prakash Yadav . The district occupies an area of 2,219 square kilometres (857 sq mi). History Siwan district, situated in the western part of the state, was originally a sub-division of Saran district, which in ancient time formed a part of Kosala Kingdom . Siwan became a fully-fledged district when it was split from Saran in 1976. Siwan derived its name from "Shiva Man", a Bandh Raja whose heirs ruled this area till Babar ’s arrival. The meaning of "Siwan" is border, previously it used to be the border district of "Bihar". M

List of historic Indian texts


Collection Each collection represents a set of books that are collectively known by the collection's name. In the list of books (shown below the table of collections), each book also refers to the collection it belongs to (if it does). Name Description Alternate Names Date Vedas Sacred hymns, which are a large body of texts originating in ancient India. Composed in Vedic Sanskrit, the texts constitute the oldest layer of Sanskrit literature and the oldest scriptures of Hinduism. There are four Vedas, and these constitute the Hindu canon. Samhita 1500-500 BCE Shakhas Vedic school. Each school taught a Veda in a specific way, over time evolving specific styles and emphasis, based on how / by whom / where it was taught. Brahmanas Commentary and elaboration on vedas and description of religious procedures. 1000-800 BCE Upanishads Philosophy in response to Vedas and Brahmanas. 800-600 BCE Vedanta Later commentary on the Vedas, Brahmanas and Upanishads. Itihasas Ramayana and Mahabharata are known as the itihasas (‘

Second Battle of Panipat


The Second Battle of Panipat was fought on November 5, 1556, between the forces of Hemu , the Hindu general and Chief Minister of Adil Shah Suri , and the army of the Mughal emperor, Akbar . Hemu had conquered Delhi a month earlier by defeating the Mughals led by Tardi Beg Khan at the Battle of Delhi and proclaimed himself Raja Vikramaditya. Akbar and his guardian, Bairam Khan , had immediately marched to Delhi to reclaim the city. The two armies clashed at Panipat not far from the site of the First Battle of Panipat of 1526. Although Hemu had lost his artillery to the Mughals before the battle, his forces held the numerical superiority. However, Hemu was wounded by a chance arrow in the middle of the battle and fell unconscious. Seeing their leader going down, his army panicked and dispersed. Hemu was captured and subsequently beheaded. The battle ended in a decisive victory for Akbar. Background c.  1910s portrayal of Hemu Vikramaditya Humayun , the successor of Babur , the founder of the Mughal Empire, had

1501 in India


The following lists events that happened during 1501 in India . Incumbents Prabhat Ray , founder and ruler of the Jaintia Kingdom , 1500–1516 Miran Adil Khan II , Sultan of the Faruqi dynasty , 1457–1501 Rudra Pratap Singh , Raja of Orchha State , 1501-1531 Dhanya Manikya , Maharaja of Tripura , 1463-1515 Events The 2nd Portuguese India Armada (Cabral, 1500) left India in January The 3rd Portuguese India Armada (Nova, 1501) , funded by Bartolomeo Marchionni , landed in India in August The Portuguese Armada fought the navy of the Zamorin of Calicut in the First Battle of Cannanore on 31 December Pedro Álvares Cabral left India on 16 January and returned to Portugal with pepper, ginger, cinnamon, cardamom, nutmeg, mace, and cloves. The profits made from this trip were huge. Guru Nanak made his first Udaasis, stopping in Gwarighat on the way back Mallabairegowda built Devanahalli Fort Rudra Pratap Singh founded Orchha State Devanahalli fort Sikandar Lodi conquered Dholpur in Rajasthan Portuguese tried to conquer



Dholpur Bus Stand Dholpur is a city in eastern-most parts of the Rajasthan state of India . It is the administrative headquarters of Dholpur District and was formerly seat of the Dholpur princely state , before Independence. Dhaulpur became a separate district in 1982 comprising four tehsils of Bharatpur: Dholpur, Rajakhera, Bari and Baseri. It is bordered by Bharatpur district of Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh to the north, Madhya Pradesh to the south, Karauli district to the west and Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh to the east. Geography The geographical coordinates for Dholpur (Dhaulpur) are 26° 42' 0" North, 77° 54' 0" East. Total area of Dholpur district is 3,034 sq. kilometers. Tasimo History Tasimo Ke Veer Shaheed To liberate the country, many people sacrificed their lives for the country. Similarly, the names of martyrs of Tasimo village of Dholpur come as martyrs Chhatar Singh Parmar and Shaheed Pancham Singh Kushwah. Who sacrificed his life for the country. The important event in the history of Dhaul

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