Saugus Branch Railroad

The Saugus Branch Railroad (often called the Saugus Branch) was an American rail line that operated passenger service from 1853 to 1958. It serviced the Massachusetts communities of Saugus, Malden, Everett, Revere, and Lynn.

Beginnings

The first proposal for a railroad through Saugus came from a group led by George Peabody, who pushed for a railroad from East Boston to Salem over the Saugus marshes. The plan was opposed by Saugonians, as the owners of mills located on the Saugus River feared that a proposed drawbridge over the river would interfere with ships that loaded and unloaded cargo at their wharves. In 1836, the Massachusetts General Court granted the Eastern Railroad a charter to build the Boston to Salem railroad.[1]

In an effort to tap into its competitor's market, the Boston & Maine Railroad petitioned the Massachusetts General Court in 1845 for a charter to build a railroad from Malden to Salem through Saugus, Lynnfield, and South Danvers. The plan was not approved.[1]

In 1846, Joshua Webster proposed a railroad line from Saugus to Malden that would connect with the Boston & Maine Railroad in Malden. Eastern countered by proposing a line from Lynn to Saugus Center. In 1848 the legislature approved Webster's plan and granted his group1 a charter for the Saugus Branch Railroad Co.[1]

Before construction began, the route was extended to Lynn Common and altered to include the Saugus neighborhood of Sweetser's Corner (now known as Cliftondale) and the Malden neighborhood of East Malden (now known as Linden).[1] Construction began in 1850, but dragged along due to a lack of funds.[2]

Eastern believed that this new route would cost it half of its revenues because it would provide direct access to Boston, which Eastern did not offer (Eastern patrons were to transfer to ferries at East Boston). To overcome this challenge, Eastern's directors chose to purchase stock in the Saugus Branch Railroad Co. at the inflated price of $80 a share.[1] On April 30, 1852, the Eastern Railroad Co. purchased all the rights of the Saugus Branch and assumed its operations.[3] In October 1852, Gardiner Greene Hubbard succeeded Webster as the president of the Saugus Branch Railroad Co.[4]

Passenger service
Lynn was the terminus for most Saugus Branch trains
Lynn Common station on an early postcard
Franklin Park station in 1907

On February 1, 1853, the Saugus Branch opened for passengers.[1][5] Andrews Breed served as the Saugus Branch's first superintendent.[2] During the early days of the Saugus Branch, four trains a day were run from Lynn Common to Edgeworth in Malden with stops in East Saugus, Saugus Center, Cliftondale, East Malden (later Linden), and Maplewood.[2][6] On April 10, 1854, the original 8.4 mile route was extended to the Grand Junction line in South Malden (now Everett) and to West Lynn, where it connected with Eastern's main line. This new line gave Eastern its first direct route into Boston as well as an alternate route. The junction with the B&M at Malden was also abandoned.[1][5] In 1855, the Saugus Branch Railroad Co. was consolidated into the Eastern Railroad Co.[7] For the remainder of its life, Lynn was the terminus for most Saugus Branch trains, though a limited number continued to Salem until World War I.[8]

Historian Francis B. C. Bradlee would describe the Saugus Branch as "one of the few fortunate investments of the Eastern" as it gave it access to the growing suburbs of Boston. He also wrote that "until the coming of the electric trolley cars connecting with the Elevated Railroad, it was probably one of the best paying stretches of railroad in New England".[5] By 1869, there were fourteen passenger trips a day.[7]

During the 1870s, Eastern was plagued by a series of accidents. the most notable being the Great Revere Train Wreck of 1871. In 1884 the Boston & Maine leased Eastern and in 1890 it consolidated Eastern into its system. Once B&M took control, the Saugus Branch underwent improvements, including telegraphs for dispatching train orders and turning the line into a double track.[1]

During the 1890s, passenger service on the Saugus branched peaked. In 1893, there were 36 trips per day on the Saugus Branch.[7] Use of the Saugus Branch in Malden slowly declined after the opening of the Boston Elevated Railway (also known as the El) in 1901. Business in the Lynn and Saugus segments was not as affected. In 1919 the El was extended to Everett and the Saugus Branch was considered for the expansion from Everett to Malden. At a legislative hearing on the issue, the B&M opposed using the Saugus Branch because it had a freight load of 5,000 cars per year and the El wanted to purchase only the Malden segment, not the entire branch.[1]

In 1919, the number of passenger trips had fallen to sixteen a day.[7] By the mid-1920s passenger service on the Saugus Branch decreased to twelve trips per day. The service declined even more during the Great Depression, with only three inbound trains and six outbound trains run. During World War II, use of the passenger service increased due to gasoline rationing. However, once the war was over, use once again declined.[1] On July 29, 1948, B&M petitioned the Massachusetts Department of Public Utilities (D.P.U.) to discontinue all passenger service on the Saugus Branch.[9] B&M reported that expenses for the Saugus Branch were $115,145 while annual passenger revenue was only $48,029. The D.P.U. rejected the petition on November 18, 1949, finding that the railroad did not show that there was a lack of public interest in maintaining the Saugus Branch.[10] Although the branch was saved, by 1954 there were only two morning trips to Boston and two returns trips during the evening.[1]

In 1956, the B&M ended all steam operations and began using Budd Rail Diesel Cars (also known as Buddliners or RDCs). However, the new railcars were not heavy enough to trip the signals on the Saugus Branch.[1]

In September 1957, B&M once again petitioned the D.P.U. for permission to end passenger service on the Saugus Branch, citing extensive losses. An Essex County-wide opposition movement formed as three hundred or so commuters still used the line. In December a formal hearing was held in which both sides presented their case. Saugus Town Moderator and Essex County Commissioner C. F. Nelson Pratt was the most forceful opponent of the change and hyperbolically stated during the hearing that area residents would be forced to use "dog sleds" for winter commuting. On April 18, 1958, the DPU approved the B&M's petition.[1]

Saugus Branch
Newburyport/Rockport Line
Lynn
BRB&L to Lynn
West Lynn
BRB&L to East Boston
Newburyport/Rockport Line
Route 107 (Western Avenue)
Lynn Common
Raddin's
East Saugus
Saugus River
Saugus
Pleasant Hills
Cliftondale
Franklin Park
US 1
Linden
Route 99 (Broadway)
Broadway
Maplewood
Faulkner
Route 60 (Centre Street)
Malden Center
Haverhill Line
Edgeworth(closed 1854)
Bell Rock
West Everett
West Street
MBTA ballast yard
Route 16 (Revere Beach Parkway)
Everett Junction
Newburyport/Rockport Line
to North Station

On May 19, 1958, the Saugus Branch saw its final scheduled passenger train.[1]

Stations

The Saugus Branch had eighteen stations over the course of its history. These were

  • West Lynn, located in Lynn on Commercial Street at the junction with the Eastern main line.[11]
  • Lynn Common, located in Lynn on Western Avenue.[11]
  • Raddin's, located in Lynn at Summer Street and Raddin Grove Avenue.[11]
  • East Saugus, located on the Lynn/Saugus border at Lincoln Avenue.[11]
  • Saugus, located in Saugus on Central Street. One of two stations still standing.[1]
  • Pleasant Hills, located in Saugus on Adams Avenue.[12]
  • Cliftondale, located in Saugus at 5 Eustis Street.[13] The name Cliftondale is believed to have originated with Saugus Branch president Joshua Webster. Cliftondale later replaced Sweester's Corner as the popular name for this neighborhood. One of two stations still standing.[1]
  • Franklin Park, located in Revere on Salem Street, just outside Saugus.[1][14]
  • Linden,[15][16] located in Malden on Lynn Street near Beach Street.[17]
  • Broadway,[15][16] located in Malden on Broadway near Eastern Avenue.[18]
  • Maplewood,[15][16] located in Malden on Maplewood Street near Waite Street.[18] The name Maplewood comes from the hundreds of maple trees Joshua Webster planted on the railroad's property.[19]
  • Faulkner,[15][16] located in Malden on Faulkner Street.[18]
  • Malden Center (also known as Malden),[15][16] located in Malden on Ferry Street.[18] Not to be confused with the MBTA station of the same name or the Malden Station on Summer Street that now serves as a restaurant.[17][18]
  • Edgeworth,[2][6] located in Malden off Medford Street, near Pearl Street.[18] It was the terminus of the Saugus Branch from its launch in 1853 to 1854, when the Eastern Railroad successfully petitioned the legislature to have the B&M station removed from their line.
  • Bell Rock,[15][16] located in Malden at the foot of Converse Avenue.[18]
  • West Everett,[15] located in Everett, originally on Waters Avenue, but moved to the foot of Prescott Street in 1882.[20]
  • West Street,[15] located on West Street in Everett.
  • Everett Junction,[15] located in Everett at the Revere Beach Parkway and Broadway.[21] Formerly known as South Malden Junction.

The stations of the Saugus Branch were not considered to be architecturally significant or even physically attractive. In 1933, the Malden News described them as "the most mousey, dilapidated, antique stations to be found this side of the land of the Hottentots".[1]

Later use

After passenger service was ended, the semaphore signals were removed and the stations were sold. The line was converted to a single-track operation and still used for freight until 1993.[22] Hopper cars delivered road salt to the state's storage area in Revere. Occasional deliveries were made to Eastern Industrial Oil Products in Saugus. In 1968 and 1969, the line was used to transport gravel from Bow, New Hampshire to Revere during construction of roadbeds for the expansion of the Northeast Expressway. Between April and November 1968, there were four trips a day from Bow to the construction site with each train carrying 48 or 60 cars. In the spring of 1969, construction resumed with two trips per day. A total of 3.5 million cubic yards of gravel were transported to the site. Construction was completed on May 27, 1969,[1] although the new expressway (intended to become part of Interstate 95 in Massachusetts) was never finished, being cancelled due to regional opposition.

On April 27, 1969, the New England division of Railroad Enthusiasts ran the North Shore Rail Ramble, a day-trip over freight lines formerly used by passenger trains, including the Saugus Branch.[23]

The Chelsea fire of October 14, 1973 caused the B&M's mainline to be blocked by firefighting equipment. To restore service to the North Shore, the B&M detoured its commuter service over the Saugus Branch.[1]

Saugus Branch rails in a Malden parking lot in 2015

On December 27, 1976, the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority purchased the remaining B&M commuter assets, including rolling stock and the four active northside lines (save for the lower Haverhill Line, purchased three years earlier for the Haymarket North Extension). Included in the sale were also a number of branch lines no longer used for passenger service, including the Saugus Branch, to be landbanked for possible future service.[24]

The reactivation of the Saugus Branch was considered during the MBTA's North Shore Transit Improvements project in the 2000s, as reactivation would allow for the continued operation of MBTA Commuter Rail service as well as new rapid transit service between Revere and Salem. The North Shore Transit Improvements Project-Major Investment Study concluded that the Saugus Branch plan provided the MBTA with an option to accommodate a rapid transit system while preserving commuter rail service north of Salem, by rerouting commuter trains over the Saugus Branch and converting the Eastern Route mainline into a Blue Line branch at least as far as Lynn.[22] However, the plan was deemed infeasible for several reasons. Unlike the Eastern Route, the Saugus Branch is curvy; it would require 15 to 20 extra minutes for commuter trains to travel, leaving them no longer time-competitive with driving. The section of the Newburyport/Rockport Line south of Salem is one of the busiest segments of mainline railroad in Massachusetts; diverting as many as 60 trains per day would pose significant environmental, social, and physical impacts to the communities along the Saugus Branch. Additionally, encroachment since 1958 would make the restoration of double track difficult, and prevent the addition of a multi-use trail.[22]

Northern Strand Community Trail
The Northern Strand Community Trail in Malden in 2015

The Saugus Branch line will soon be the route of Northern Strand Community Trail, a 9-mile bicycle path and walking trail that will run through Everett, Malden, Revere, Saugus, and Lynn. On July 13, 2013, the trail entered the final stage of construction.[25][26]

In literature

The Saugus Branch mentioned in and is part of the title of Elliot Paul's 1947 memoir Linden on the Saugus Branch.[27]

The Saugus Branch is mentioned in Samuel McChord Crothers' By the Christmas Fire.[28]

Notes
1.^ The charter was granted to Webster, Edward Pranker, George W. Raddin, William Parker, James Eaton, and Gilbert Haven.[29]
References
  1. Carlson, Stephen P. (1980). All Aboard!. Saugus, Massachusetts: Stephen P. Carlson.
  2. Bradlee, Francis F. C (1921). "The Boston and Maine Railroad". Essex Institute Historical Collections: 27–28. Retrieved July 19, 2013.
  3. Massachusetts General Court Committee on Railways and Canals (1856). Annual Reports of the Railroad Corporations in the State of Massachusetts.
  4. Hurd, Duane Hamilton, ed. (1888). History of Essex County, Massachusetts. Philadelphia: J. W. Lewis & Co.
  5. Bradlee, Francis F. C. (1917). The Eastern Railroad: A Historical Account of Early Railroading in Eastern New England. Salem, MA: The Essex Institute.
  6. Atherton, Horace H. (1916). History of Saugus, Massachusetts. Citizens Committee of the Saugus Board of Trade. pp. 45–46.
  7. Teichman, Gerard (June 15, 2006). "The Saugus Branch carved a niche market". The Malden Observer. Archived from the original on July 19, 2013. Retrieved July 19, 2013.
  8. Humphrey, Thomas J. & Clark, Norton D. (1985). Boston's Commuter Rail: The First 150 Years. Boston Street Railway Association. pp. 75–77. ISBN 9780685412947.
  9. "Boston & Maine Seeks to Abandon Saugus Rail Line". The Boston Daily Globe. July 29, 1948.
  10. "D. P. U. Disallows B. & M. Petition to Drop Saugus Trains". The Boston Daily Globe. November 19, 1949.
  11. L.J. Richards (1905). "Lynn & Saugus & Swampscott 1905 Index Plate". Atlas of Lynn, Swampscott and Saugus, 1905. WardMaps LLC. Retrieved 26 October 2012.
  12. Down, Norman E. (1997). Saugus. Arcadia Publishing. p. 102.
  13. "Saugus Inventory - Buildings". Inventory of Cultural and Historic Resources. The Town of Saugus. Retrieved July 19, 2013.
  14. Automobile Blue Book. Automobile Blue Book Publishing Company. 1907.
  15. "FIRST OPERATING DISTRICT". Retrieved July 19, 2013.
  16. W.A. Greenough & Co's Directory of the Inhabitants, Institutions, Manufacturing Establishments, Societies, Business, Business Firms, Etc., Etc, in the City of Malden, to which is Added a Directory of Everett. 1882.
  17. Malden Historical Society (2000). Malden. Arcadia Publishing. pp. 65–70.
  18. The Malden Directory. Sampson, Murdock & Company. 1902.
  19. Blake, Andrew (September 12, 1999). "Neighbors to revel in Maplewood pride". The Boston Globe.
  20. Massachusetts. Supreme Judicial Court (1885). Massachusetts Reports: Cases Argued and Determined in the Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts. H. O. Houghton and Company.
  21. Historical Journal of Massachusetts. 1995.
  22. MBTA. "Saugus Branch Evaluation" (PDF). North Shore Major Investment Study. Retrieved July 19, 2013.
  23. Burke, John C. (April 28, 1969). "Rambling Railroad Enthusiasts Meander the Memory Lane". The Boston Globe.
  24. Belcher, Jonathan (23 March 2013). "Changes to Transit Service in the MBTA district" (PDF). NETransit. Retrieved 19 July 2013.
  25. "Final phase of construction begins on Everett portion of Bike to Sea path". NoBo Magazine. July 16, 2013. Retrieved July 21, 2013.
  26. Phelan, Sarah (January 15, 2010). "Bike to the Sea's trail shovel-ready". Saugus Advertiser. Retrieved July 21, 2013.
  27. Paul, Elliott (1947). Linden on the Saugus Branch. New York: Random House.
  28. McChord, Samuel (2011). "By the Christmas Fire". 50 Classic Christmas Stories.
  29. Acts and Resolves Passed by the General Court. Secretary of the Commonwealth. 1848. pp. 730–731.
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Saugus Branch Railroad

topic

Saugus Branch Railroad

The Saugus Branch Railroad (often called the Saugus Branch) was an American rail line that operated passenger service from 1853 to 1958. It serviced the Massachusetts communities of Saugus, Malden, Everett, Revere, and Lynn. Beginnings The first proposal for a railroad through Saugus came from a group led by George Peabody, who pushed for a railroad from East Boston to Salem over the Saugus marshes. The plan was opposed by Saugonians, as the owners of mills located on the Saugus River feared that a proposed drawbridge over the river would interfere with ships that loaded and unloaded cargo at their wharves. In 1836, the Massachusetts General Court granted the Eastern Railroad a charter to build the Boston to Salem railroad.[1] In an effort to tap into its competitor's market, the Boston & Maine Railroad petitioned the Massachusetts General Court in 1845 for a charter to build a railroad from Malden to Salem through Saugus, Lynnfield, and South Danvers. The plan was not approved.[1] In 1846, Joshua We ...more...

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Started in 1853 in the United States

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Linden on the Saugus Branch

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Linden on the Saugus Branch

Linden on the Saugus Branch is a 1946 memoir of small-town life written by American novelist Elliot Paul. It takes place in the Linden neighborhood of Malden, Massachusetts. See also Saugus Branch Railroad References ...more...

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Joshua Webster

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Joshua Webster

Joshua Webster (August 17, 1795 – January 7, 1871) was an American businessman and railroad executive who served as the first president of the Saugus Branch Railroad. Family Webster was born on August 17, 1795 at his family farm in the West Parish of Haverhill, Massachusetts. On November 24, 1820, he married Elizabeth Bartlett Chase in Haverhill.[1] They couple had their first son, Henry, on August 10, 1821. Their second son, William Wallace, was born on January 7, 1824.[2] In 1825, the family moved to Boston.[1] On August 22, 1829, the Websters' daughter, Salome Ann, was born.[2] Another son, Joshua Berman Webster, was born on September 21, 1838.[1] Business career Webster sold clothing and shoe trimmings in Boston with the firm of Webster, Kimball & Co.[1][3] In 1837, Webster became a director of Kilby Bank of Boston.[1] He was also a director of the India Insurance Company.[3] While in Boston, Webster became a prominent social figure and was active in politics as a member of the Whig and Republica ...more...

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Grand Junction Railroad and Depot Company

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Grand Junction Railroad and Depot Company

The Grand Junction Railroad is an 8.55-mile (13.76 km) long railroad in the Boston, Massachusetts, area, connecting the railroads heading west and north from Boston. Most of it is still in use, carrying scrap either inbound or outbound to the Schnitzer scrap yard on the Everett waterfront[1] or freight to the Chelsea Produce Market,[2] and non-revenue transfers of Amtrak and MBTA passenger equipment between the lines terminating at North Station and South Station. The line is also notable for its railroad bridge over the Charles River that passes under the Boston University Bridge between Boston and Cambridge, Massachusetts. History An Amtrak Genesis locomotive crosses Main Street in Cambridge. The railroad (full name Grand Junction Railroad and Depot Company) was chartered April 24, 1847, to connect the railroads entering Boston from the north and west with its wharves in East Boston. This was a rechartering of the Chelsea Branch Railroad, incorporated April 10, 1846. The first section to open was from ...more...

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Northern Strand Community Trail

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Northern Strand Community Trail

The trail in Malden in June 2015 The Northern Strand Community Trail, also known as the Bike to the Sea Trail, is a 10-mile bicycle path and walking trail project which connects the cities of Everett, Malden, Revere, Saugus, and Lynn, Massachusetts along the former Boston & Maine Railroad's Saugus Branch Railroad. The trail is part of the East Coast Greenway, a project planning to connect almost 3,000 miles of trail from Calais, Maine to Key West, Florida.[1] The path has been planned by Bike to the Sea, a non-profit cycling advocacy group, with helps from the surrounding cities. History The trail at the Malden/Revere border in June 2015 The Everett and Malden sections of the trail were opened with a granular recycled asphalt surface in summer 2012 and paved with an asphalt surface in August 2013[2][3][4] Iron Horse Preservation completed the surfacing of the Saugus section of the trail with gravel. The Revere portion of the trail opened to the public with a recycled asphalt surface in Summer 2 ...more...

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Saugus, Massachusetts

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Saugus, Massachusetts

Saugus is a town in Essex County, Massachusetts, United States, in the Greater Boston area. The population was 26,628 at the 2010 census.[1] History Saugus was first settled in 1629. Saugus is a Native American (Algonquin) name believed to mean "great" or "extended". In 1637, the territory known as Saugus (which also contained the present day cities and towns of Swampscott, Nahant, Lynn, Lynnfield, Reading, and Wakefield) was renamed Lin or Lynn, after King's Lynn in Norfolk, England.[2] In 1646, the Saugus Iron Works, then called Hammersmith, began operations. It was the first integrated iron works in North America as well as one of the most technologically advanced in the world. The Iron Works produced over one ton of iron a day, but was not financially successful. It closed around 1670.[3] In September 1687, Major Samuel Appleton was said to have given a speech from a rocky cliff near the Iron Works denouncing the tyranny of Colonial Governor Sir Edmund Andros. The place where he is said to have delive ...more...

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Lynn station

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Lynn station

Lynn station (signed as Central Square - Lynn) is an intermodal transit station in Lynn, Massachusetts. It serves the MBTA Commuter Rail Newburyport/Rockport Line as well as the MBTA Bus system. It is located in downtown Lynn, 11.5 route miles from North Station.[3] The station consists of a single center island platform serving the two station tracks on an elevated grade that runs through the downtown area of Lynn. A large parking garage is integrated into the station structure. The present station, built in 1992, is the latest in a series of depots built on approximately the same Central Square site since 1838. A number of other stations have also been located on several different rail lines in Lynn. Lynn is also a major bus transfer point serving eleven MBTA Bus routes in the North Shore region, including routes leading to Salem, Marblehead, Wonderland, and the Liberty Tree Mall as well as downtown Boston.[1] History Early history Early image of the 1838 station Woodcutting of the 1848 station Aft ...more...

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List of railroad lines in Massachusetts

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List of railroad lines in Massachusetts

This is a list of all freight railroad (not streetcar or rapid transit) lines that have been built in Massachusetts, and does not deal with ownership changes from one company to another. The lines are named by the first company to build or consolidate them. These railroads were owned by or closely related to the Boston and Albany Railroad, later part of the New York Central Railroad. Name From To Branches Notes Boston and Worcester Railroad Boston Worcester Brookline Branch, Beacon Street to Brookline Milford Branch, Framingham to Milford Millbury Branch, Millbury Junction to Millbury Newton Highlands Branch, Riverside to Cook Street Junction Newton Lower Falls Branch, Riverside to Newton Lower Falls Saxonville Branch, Natick to Saxonville Framingham Branch became part of the NYNH&H Chester and Becket Railroad Chester Becket Grand Junction Railroad Allston East Boston North Brookfield Railroad East Brookfield North Brookfield Pittsfield and North Adams Railroad North Adams Junction ...more...

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Eastern Railroad

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Eastern Railroad

The Eastern Railroad was a railroad connecting Boston, Massachusetts to Portland, Maine. Throughout its history, it competed with the Boston and Maine Railroad for service between the two cities, until the Boston & Maine put an end to the competition by leasing the Eastern in December 1884. Much of the railroad's main line in Massachusetts is used by the MBTA's Newburyport/Rockport commuter rail line, and some unused parts of its right-of-way have been converted to rail trails.[1] Origins and construction 1880 plan for the Eastern Junction, Broad Sound Pier, and Point Shirley Railroad. This map shows Eastern's tracks from Lynn into East Boston, as well as the Grand Junction tracks from East Boston to downtown Boston and the Chelsea cut-off between the two routes. The Eastern Railroad Company of Massachusetts was first chartered on April 14, 1836.[2][3] The line followed the coastline, in contrast to the Boston & Maine's inland route through Massachusetts, and it served North Shore cities such a ...more...

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Malden, Massachusetts

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Malden, Massachusetts

Malden is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. At the time of the 2010 United States Census, the population was at 59,450 people. In 2009, Malden was named the "Best Place to Raise Your Kids" in Massachusetts by Bloomberg Businessweek.[3][4] History Pleasant Street c. 1906 Malden, a hilly woodland area north of the Mystic River, was settled by Puritans in 1640 on land purchased in 1629 from the Pennacook tribe. The area was originally called the "Mistick Side"[5] and was a part of Charlestown. It was incorporated as a separate town in 1649.[6] The name Malden was selected by Joseph Hills, an early settler and landholder, and was named after Maldon, England.[7] The city originally included what are now the adjacent cities of Melrose (until 1850) and Everett (until 1870). At the time of the American Revolution, the population was at about 1,000 people, and the citizens were involved early in resisting the oppression of Britain: they boycotted the consumption of tea in 1770 to protest ...more...

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Newburyport/Rockport Line

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Newburyport/Rockport Line

The Newburyport/Rockport Line is a branch of the MBTA Commuter Rail system, running northeast from downtown Boston, Massachusetts towards Cape Ann and the Merrimack Valley, serving the North Shore. The first leg serves Chelsea, Lynn, Swampscott, Salem, and Beverly. From there, a northern branch of the line serves Hamilton, Ipswich, Rowley, and Newburyport. The line also branches east from Beverly, serving Manchester, Gloucester, and Rockport. A bicycle coach is offered on the Rockport branch during the summer.[2] History After 22 years terminating at Ipswich, the line was restored to Newburyport in 1998 The Eastern Route main line between Boston and Portsmouth, New Hampshire opened in 1836 as the Eastern Railroad. Ferries were used to transport passengers between the East Boston terminal and Boston proper. The line was extended to Portland, Maine, in 1842 under a track-sharing agreement with the Boston and Maine Railroad.[3] The Gloucester Branch was constructed in 1847, but despite local support, it was ...more...

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Saugus River

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Saugus River

Saugus River and environs The Saugus River is a river in Massachusetts. The river is 13 miles (21 km) long, drains a watershed of approximately 47 square miles (120 km2), and passes through Wakefield, Lynnfield, Saugus, and Lynn as it meanders east and south from its source in Lake Quannapowitt in Wakefield (elevation 90 feet) to its mouth in Broad Sound. It has at least eight tributaries: the Mill River; Bennets Pond Brook; the Pines River; Hawkes Brook; Crystal Pond Brook; Beaver Dam Brook; Strawberry Brook; and Shute Brook. Although Native Americans called the river Aboutsett ("winding stream"), European settlers first called it the River at Saugus, where Saugus (possibly a native word for "long") arguably named the beach running from Swampscott to Revere (there are competing theories as to the origin of the word "Saugus"). In early European times, alewives and bass were harvested from 1632 onwards. The Saugus Iron Works used water power from the river in by 1642, and the river subsequently attracted g ...more...

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Edward Pranker

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Edward Pranker

Edward Pranker (1792–1865) was an English-American textile manufacturer who owned the Pranker Mills in Saugus, Massachusetts. Early life and business Pranker was born in 1792 in Wilton, Wiltshire. In 1820 he emigrated to the United States. He engaged in the manufacturing of woolen goods in North Andover, Massachusetts until 1832 or 1833, when he moved to Salem, New Hampshire. He would eventually sell his Salem operation to his business partner.[1] Pranker mills In 1838, Pranker purchased an abandoned mill in Saugus, Massachusetts. He renovated the mill and installed new machinery. At his mill, Pranker engaged in the manufacturing of flannel and bed sheets. Although the conditions of the wool business in general were extremely poor during the mill's first years of operation, the business was a success. In 1840, he was able to pay off the bond on the property. By 1846, Pranker's business had grown so much that he had to build a second mill. Also in 1846, Pranker enlarged a dam on the Saugus River by two fee ...more...

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Boston and Maine Corporation

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Boston and Maine Corporation

The Boston and Maine Corporation (reporting mark BM), known as the Boston and Maine Railroad (B&M), was a U.S. Class I railroad in northern New England. It became part of what is now the Pan Am Railways network in 1983. At the end of 1970, B&M operated 1,515 route-miles (2,438 km) on 2,481 miles (3,993 km) of track, not including Springfield Terminal. That year it reported 2,744 million ton-miles of revenue freight and 92 million passenger-miles.[1] History The Andover and Wilmington Railroad was incorporated March 15, 1833, to build a branch from the Boston and Lowell Railroad at Wilmington, Massachusetts, north to Andover, Massachusetts. The line opened to Andover on August 8, 1836. The name was changed to the Andover and Haverhill Railroad on April 18, 1837, reflecting plans to build further to Haverhill, Massachusetts (opened later that year), and yet further to Portland, Maine, with the renaming to the Boston and Portland Railroad on April 3, 1839, opening to the New Hampshire state line in ...more...

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List of Massachusetts railroads

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List of Massachusetts railroads

The following railroads operate in the U.S. state of Massachusetts. Common freight carriers Bay Colony Railroad (BCLR) Connecticut Southern Railroad (CSO) CSX Transportation (CSXT) East Brookfield and Spencer Railroad (EBSR) Fore River Transportation Corporation (FRVT) Grafton and Upton Railroad (GU) Housatonic Railroad (HRRC) Massachusetts Central Railroad (MCER) Massachusetts Coastal Railroad (MC) New England Central Railroad (NECR) Pan Am Railways (ST) Pan Am Southern (PAS) Pioneer Valley Railroad (PVRR) Providence and Worcester Railroad (PW) Passenger carriers Amtrak (AMTK) Berkshire Scenic Railway Cape Cod Central Railroad Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority Defunct railroads This transport-related list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. Name Mark System[nb 1] From To Successor Notes Agricultural Branch Railroad NH 1847 1867 Boston, Clinton and Fitchburg Railroad Albany Street Freight Railway 1868 N/A Amherst and Belchertown Rail ...more...

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Bellingham Square station

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Bellingham Square station

Bellingham Square station and Chelsea station are a pair of adjacent transit stations located near Bellingham Square slightly north of downtown Chelsea, Massachusetts. Chelsea station, opened in 1985, is an MBTA Commuter Rail station served by the Newburyport/Rockport Line. It is one of the more lightly-used stops on the line, with 179 daily boardings by a 2013 count; most residents commuting to downtown Boston use bus routes including the high-frequency route 111 bus instead.[2] Unlike all other stations on the line save limited-service River Works and Prides Crossing, Chelsea is not handicapped accessible. However, the stop is planned to be moved to a new accessible station in 2019 after completion of a new branch of the Silver Line bus rapid transit service.[3] The SL3 service, which began on April 21, 2018, includes a bus rapid transit stop called Bellingham Square. History Commuter Rail Chelsea station on an early postcard Platforms at Chelsea station in 2012 After the opening of the Charlestown ...more...

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Benjamin F. Newhall

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Benjamin F. Newhall

Benjamin Franklin Newhall was an American businessman, abolitionist, politician, and writer. Early life Newhall was born on April 29, 1802 in Saugus, Massachusetts (then part of Lynn) to Jacob and Abigail (Makepeace) Newhall.[1][2] His grandfather, Jacob Newhall, better known as Landlord Newhall, was a leading supporter of American independence and an organizer of the Saugus Minute Men. His Rising Sun Tavern was visited by Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette and George Washington.[2][3] Newhall was also a descendent of Thomas Newhall, the first white person born in Lynn.[2] Newhall spent his early years growing up in a tavern. He had a very close relationship with his mother, who would often kneel at his bedside and pray that God protect her son from the temptations that surrounded him. Hearing this, Newhall vowed that his mother's prayers would not be in vain.[1] Conversely, he had a strong dislike for his father, as Newhall blamed his father's drinking for his family's suffering.[4] At the age of th ...more...

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Sullivan Square station

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Sullivan Square station

Sullivan Square station is a rapid transit station in Boston, Massachusetts. It serves the MBTA's Orange Line, and is also a major bus transfer point. It is located just west of the Sullivan Square traffic circle in the Charlestown neighborhood, adjacent to East Somerville. The modern subway station was built in 1975, and replaced an earlier Charlestown Elevated station established in 1901. History Sullivan Square and its station are named for James Sullivan, an early 19th-century Governor of Massachusetts[3] and first president of the Middlesex Canal Co. A plaque commemorating the canal is on the column right of the entrance to the station. The first station at Sullivan Square opened on June 10, 1901 as part of the Charlestown Elevated rapid transit line, a predecessor to the modern Orange Line. The elevated Sullivan Square station was a major transfer point in the system until it closed in 1975 to make way for the modern Orange Line.[4] The modern station opened opened April 7, 1975 as part of the Hayma ...more...

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Timeline of Lynn, Massachusetts

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Timeline of Lynn, Massachusetts

The following is a timeline of the history of Lynn, Massachusetts, USA. 17th-18th century 1629 - Saugus founded. 1637 - Saugus renamed "Lynn."[1] 1642 - Saugus Iron Works in business. 1644 - Reading separates from Lynn.[1] 1720 - Lynnfield burying-ground established.[2] 1732 - Saugus burying-ground established.[2] 1782 - Lynnfield separates from Lynn.[1] 1793 - Post office in operation.[2] 1797 - Population: 2,291.[3] 19th century 1803 - Floating Bridge constructed on Salem-Boston turnpike.[2] 1810 - Population: 4,087.[4] 1812 - Eastern Burial-Place established.[2] 1814 - Town House built.[5] 1815 Saugus separates from Lynn.[1] Social Library formed.[6] Lyceum building 1830 - Lynn Record newspaper begins publication.[7] 1838 Eastern Railroad in operation.[5] Lynn Natural History Society formed.[8] 1840 - Population: 9,367.[4] 1841 Lyceum building constructed.[9] Frederick Douglass moves to Lynn.[10] September 28 - Frederick Douglass is thrown off ...more...

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Lake Street station (Arlington, Massachusetts)

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Lake Street station (Arlington, Massachusetts)

Lake Street is a former regional rail station on the Lexington Branch, located in the East Arlington section of Arlington, Massachusetts. It was closed in January 1977 when service on the Lexington Branch was suspended. History Lake Street station around 1915 The Lexington and West Cambridge Railroad opened from West Cambridge to Lexington on September 1, 1846.[3] Lake Street station was located at the crossing of the eponymous street. On April 18, 1958, the Boston and Maine Railroad received permission from the Public Utilities Commission to drastically curtail its suburban commuter service, including abandoning branches, closing stations, and cutting trains. Among the approved cuts was the closure of four stations on the Lexington Branch in Arlington - Lake Street, Arlington Centre, Brattles, and Arlington Heights - because Arlington was part of the funding district of the Metropolitan Transit Authority, which provided parallel bus service on Massachusetts Avenue.[4] The four stations were closed on M ...more...

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Arlington Centre station

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Arlington Centre station

Arlington Centre station (signed as Arlington) was a regional rail station in Arlington, Massachusetts. Located in downtown Arlington, it served the Lexington Branch. It was closed in January 1977 when service on the Lexington Branch was suspended. History Arlington Centre station on an early postcard The Lexington and West Cambridge Railroad opened from West Cambridge to Lexington on September 1, 1846.[3] Arlington Centre station was located near the intersection of Massachusetts Avenue and Mystic Street in Arlington. On April 18, 1958, the Boston and Maine Railroad received permission from the Public Utilities Commission to drastically curtail its suburban commuter service, including abandoning branches, closing stations, and cutting trains. Among the approved cuts was the closure of the Lexington Branch's four stations in Arlington (Lake Street, Arlington Centre, Brattles, and Arlington Heights), as Arlington was part of the funding district of the Metropolitan Transit Authority, which provided par ...more...

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Boston, Revere Beach and Lynn Railroad

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Boston, Revere Beach and Lynn Railroad

Boston, Revere Beach and Lynn Railroad  Blue Line  BRB&L Newburyport/Rockport Line Lynn Proposed Newburyport/Rockport Line to North Station Lynn West Lynn Point of Pines Oak Island Revere Street Wonderland Bath House Revere Beach Crescent Beach Beachmont Beachmont Suffolk Downs Belle Isle   Winthrop Loop Point Shirley Point Shirley Street Railway Winthrop Beach Playstead Thornton Ocean Spray Winthrop Center Winthrop Highlands Ingalls Battery Pleasant Street ...more...

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Coast Line (UP)

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Coast Line (UP)

Bridge at Gaviota State Park, seen from the beach The Coast Line is a railroad line between Burbank, California[a] and the San Francisco Bay Area, roughly along the Pacific Coast. It is the shortest rail route from Los Angeles to the Bay Area. History Predecessors The San Francisco and San Jose Railroad built the first segment of the line from San Francisco to San Jose between 1860 and 1864. The founders of the SF&SJ incorporated as the Southern Pacific Railroad, which was authorized by Congress in 1866 to connect the line from San Jose south to Needles, where it would meet the Atlantic & Pacific Railroad. However, SP had built to Tres Pinos by 1873 and abandoned efforts to continue the line to Coalinga, instead choosing a route from Lathrop.[1] By 1871, SP had completed a line south from San Jose through Gilroy and Pajaro, arriving at Salinas in 1872 and Soledad in 1873. SP halted southward work at Soledad for thirteen years and started building north from Los Angeles in 1873, completing a lin ...more...

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Andrews Breed

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Andrews Breed

Andrews Breed (September 20, 1794 – April 21, 1881) was a Massachusetts politician who served as the fifth Mayor of Lynn, Massachusetts. Notes Hurd, Duane Hamilton (1888), History of Essex County, Massachusetts: with Biographical Sketches of Many of its Pioneers and Prominent Men, Volume I, Issue 1, Philadelphia, PA: J.W. Lewis & CO., p. 260. Kurtz, Peter (2013). Bluejackets in the Blubber Room: A Biography of the "William Badger" 1828-1865. University of Alabama Press. Political offices Preceded byThomas P. Richardson Mayor of Lynn, MassachusettsApril 3, 1854toJanuary 7, 1856 Succeeded byEzra W. Mudge ...more...

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Fillmore and Western Railway

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Fillmore and Western Railway

The Fillmore and Western Railway (reporting mark FWRY) is a railroad owned by the Fillmore & Western Railway Company. The company operates on track owned by the Ventura County Transportation Commission.[1] The F&W is known as the "Home of the Hollywood Movie Trains" because the majority of its rolling stock was acquired from three major studios: 20th Century Fox, Paramount, Warner Bros, and MGM. The railroad is frequently used for the filming of television series, motion pictures and commercials and as a locale for private and commercial still photography, Visitors to Fillmore often see filming activity as well as sets and support equipment at the company's rail yard and along the tracks between Santa Paula and Piru. The F&W has been used in more than 400 movie, TV and commercial shots. Movies shot on the railroad include Seabiscuit, Get Smart, Rails & Ties, & Race to Witch Mountain. Television series CSI and Criminal Minds have used the railroad for location shooting.[2] The railro ...more...

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Ridge Route

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Ridge Route

View of the route, 1920 The Ridge Route, officially the Castaic-Tejon Route, was a two-lane highway between Los Angeles and Kern counties, California. Opened in 1915 and paved with 15-ft concrete between 1917 and 1921, the road was the first paved highway directly linking the Los Angeles Basin with the San Joaquin Valley over the Tejon Pass and the rugged Sierra Pelona Mountains ridge south of Gorman. Much of the old road runs through the Angeles National Forest, and passes by many historical landmarks, including the National Forest Inn, Reservoir Summit, Kelly's Half Way Inn, Tumble Inn, and Sandberg's Summit Hotel. North of the forest, the Ridge Route passed through Deadman's Curve before ending at Grapevine. Most of the road was bypassed in 1933–34 by the three-lane Ridge Route Alternate, then U.S. Route 99 (US 99), to handle increased traffic and remove many curves. The four-lane US 99 was completed in 1953 and replaced by a freeway, Interstate 5 (I-5) around 1968. The portion of the road within the An ...more...

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Santa Clara River Trail

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Santa Clara River Trail

The Santa Clara River Trail is a rail trail that is used as a paved bicycle and walking path located in the city of Santa Clarita, California. The path is currently approximately 8 miles (13 km) in length and generally runs in an east-west direction and closely follows the path of the Santa Clara River and Soledad Canyon Road between the communities of Canyon Country and Valencia through Saugus. A north-south fork connects to the community of Newhall. The trail is generally flat with very gentle elevation. There are many jumping off points along the path providing access to neighborhoods, parks and commerce.[1] On the western end, the path connects to an extensive network of paths, trails and elevated bridges called paseos that are independent of automobile roadway in Valencia. The main trail and its feeders are in close proximity and provide easy access to all three Metrolink stations located within the city limits. These stations are Newhall, Santa Clarita and Via Princessa. Bicycle locker facilities are ...more...

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Chelsea station (MBTA)

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Chelsea station (MBTA)

Chelsea station is an MBTA Silver Line bus rapid transit station in Chelsea, Massachusetts. It opened on April 21, 2018 as the terminus of the new SL3 route. History The Boston and Maine Railroad had its East Everett station at 2nd Street, serving residential areas to the southeast.[1] Streetcars cut heavily into the profitability of local commuter rail service; the station was served by only one weekday-only round trip by 1946.[2] All local stops on the line south of Lynn were closed in 1958.[3][4][5] The residential neighborhood around 2nd street was destroyed by the Great Chelsea fire of 1973; it was replaced by industry and the Mystic Mall. MBTA station The station site under construction in 2015 A commuter rail train passing the under-construction station in 2017 Mystic Mall was a proposed stop on the Urban Ring Project.[6] The Urban Ring was to be a circumferential Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) Line designed to connect the current radial MBTA rail lines, to reduce overcrowding in the downtown ...more...

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Nashua River Rail Trail

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Nashua River Rail Trail

The Nashua River Rail Trail is a 12.5-mile (20.1 km) paved mixed-use rail trail in northern Massachusetts and southern New Hampshire under control of the Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation (DCR). It roughly follows the course of the Nashua River, passing through the towns of Ayer, Groton, Pepperell, and Dunstable, Massachusetts and ends about a mile across the New Hampshire state border in Nashua, New Hampshire. The trail is frequently used by walkers, bicyclists, inline skaters, and, in the winter, cross-country skiers. History Ayer was a major junction for both north-south and east-west rail lines during the rapid development of railroad transportation. The Nashua River Rail Trail sits on the former Hollis branch of the Boston and Maine Railroad. The line was originally part of the Worcester & Nashua Railroad that connected Worcester, Massachusetts and Nashua, New Hampshire, which was opened on July 3, 1848. The line was extended to Portland, Maine in 1874 and it became part of ...more...

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Revere Beach Parkway

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Revere Beach Parkway

Revere Beach Parkway is a historic parkway in the suburbs immediately north of Boston, Massachusetts. It begins at Wellington Circle in Medford, where the road leading to the west is the Mystic Valley Parkway, and the north-south road is the Fellsway, designated Route 28. The parkway proceeds east, ending at Eliot Circle, the junction of Revere Beach Boulevard and Winthrop Parkway in Revere. In between, the parkway passes through the towns of Everett and Chelsea. The parkway was built between 1896 and 1904 to provide access from interior communities to Revere Beach. It underwent two major periods of capacity expansion, in the 1930s and again in the 1950s.[2] The parkway is designated as part of Route 16 west of Route 1A, and as part of Route 145 east of that point. The route of the roadway, along with a number of specific features relating to its original period of construction and those of the later expansions up to 1957, was listed as a historic district on the National Register of Historic Places in 2007. ...more...

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List of disasters in the United States by death toll

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List of disasters in the United States by death toll

This list of United States disasters by death toll is a list of notable disasters which occurred either in the United States, at diplomatic missions of the United States, or incidents outside of the United States in which a number of U.S. citizens were killed. It does not include death tolls from the American Civil War. Due to inflation, the monetary damage estimates are not comparable. Unless otherwise noted, the year given is the year in which the currency's valuation was calculated. This list is not comprehensive in general, and epidemics are not included. Over 400 deaths Year Type Fatalities Damage (US$) Article Location Comments 1900 Tropical cyclone 6,000 to 12,000 $28,000,000 (approximate) 1900 Galveston hurricane Texas Fatalities estimated. Remains the deadliest natural disaster in United States history. 2017 Tropical cyclone 112 to 4,760 (official death toll is 112, potential death toll 800 - 8,000) [1] $90,000,000,000[2] Hurricane Maria Puerto Rico [3] 1906 Eart ...more...

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List of defunct councils (Boy Scouts of America)

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List of defunct councils (Boy Scouts of America)

The many local councils have gone through a total of thousands of name changes, merges, splits and re-creations since the establishment of the Boy Scouts of America in 1910.[1][2][3][4][5] List of defunct local councils of the Boy Scouts of America No Council City State Founded Defunct Remarks New council 602 3rd Congressional District Council Richmond Virginia 1924 1927 Merged into Richmond Area Council 602 728 4th Congressional District Council Petersburg Virginia 1926 1926 Merged into Robert E. Lee Council 728 703 Aberdeen Area Council Aberdeen South Dakota 1925 1928 Renamed Northern South Dakota Council 703 561 Abilene Council Abilene Texas 1922 1926 Renamed Chisholm Trail Council 561 121 Acis Council Acis Illinois 1927 1929 Decatur Area 121 740 Adair County Council Kirksville Missouri 1926 1928 Pershing 740 141 Adams County Council Quincy Illinois 1926 1927 Quincy Area 141 394 Adirondack Council Plattsburgh New York 1924 2005 Merged into Twin Rivers 364 Twin Rivers 36 ...more...

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Norwottuck Branch Rail Trail

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Norwottuck Branch Rail Trail

The Norwottuck Branch Rail Trail, formerly the Norwottuck Rail Trail, is an 11-mile (18 km) combination bicycle/pedestrian paved right-of-way running from Northampton, Massachusetts, through Hadley and Amherst, to Belchertown, Massachusetts. It opened in 1992, and is now part of the longer Mass Central Rail Trail. History The rail bed under which the trail operated opened in 1887 under the control of the Central Massachusetts Railroad. Shortly after its completion, it was leased by the Boston and Maine Railroad and referred to as the Central Massachusetts Branch. Three round trip passenger trains were run in the 1920s, as well as numerous freight trains. Competition from cars and trucks caused a decline on the line, as passenger service was discontinued in 1932 and freight service managed to hang on for another forty-two years, primarily to deliver goods to a farmer's supply warehouse in Amherst.[1] The rail bed was acquired by the state in 1985 and developed into the trail in 1993, as its current name. Th ...more...

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Cambridge, Massachusetts

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Cambridge, Massachusetts

Cambridge ([3] KAYM-brij) is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, and part of the Boston metropolitan area. Situated directly north of Boston, across the Charles River, it was named in honor of the University of Cambridge in England, an important center of the Puritan theology embraced by the town's founders.[4]:18 Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), two of the world's most prestigious universities, are in Cambridge,[5] as was Radcliffe College, one of the leading colleges for women in the United States until it merged with Harvard on October 1, 1999. According to the 2010 Census, the city's population was 105,162.[6] As of July 2014, it was the fifth most populous city in the state, behind Boston, Worcester, Springfield and Lowell.[7] Cambridge is one of the two seats of Middlesex County, although the county government was abolished in 1997; Lowell is the other. Kendall Square in Cambridge has been called "the most innovative square mile on the planet", in refere ...more...

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Ashuwillticook Rail Trail

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Ashuwillticook Rail Trail

The Ashuwillticook Rail Trail is a former railroad corridor converted into a 10-foot-wide (3.0 m) paved, universally accessible, scenic rail trail path. The Ashuwillticook (ash-oo-will-ti-cook) Rail Trail runs parallel to Route 8 through the towns of Cheshire, Lanesborough and Adams, Massachusetts and has become a popular resource for biking, walking, roller-blading, and jogging. The trail is managed by the Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation (DCR). The southern end of the trail begins at the entrance to the Berkshire Mall, off of Route 8 in Lanesborough, and travels 12 miles (19 km)[1] north to the center of Adams. Parking lots and restrooms are available along the way. The Ashuwillticook Rail Trail passes through the Hoosac River Valley, between Mount Greylock and the Hoosac Mountains. Cheshire Reservoir, the Hoosic River, and associated wetland communities flank much of the trail offering outstanding views and abundant wildlife. The word Ashuwillticook (ash-oo-will-ti-cook) is from th ...more...

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Harlan and Hollingsworth

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Harlan and Hollingsworth

Harlan & Hollingsworth was a Wilmington, Delaware, firm that constructed ships and railroad cars during the 19th century and into the 20th century. Founding Mahlon Betts, a carpenter, arrived in Wilmington in 1812. After helping construct many prominent buildings in the city, Betts branched out into foundry work in 1821. In 1836, Betts partnered with Samuel Pusey (a machinist) and began manufacturing railcars at a plant on West and Water Streets in Wilmington. The next year, cabinetmaker Samuel Harlan joined the firm, then known as Betts, Pusey & Harlan. By 1839, the company claimed to have manufactured 39 passenger and 28 freight cars over the previous two years. The next year, they hired Jacob F. Sharp, a former house carpenter, to build railroad cars. He would rise to become foreman at the plant, and eventually co-founded the rival firm of Jackson and Sharp. In 1841, Elijah Hollingsworth, brother-in-law of Harlan, bought out Pusey, and the firm became known as Betts, Harlan & Hollingswort ...more...

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Raynham, Massachusetts

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Raynham, Massachusetts

Raynham is a town in Bristol County, Massachusetts, United States, located approximately 32 miles (51 km) south of Boston and 22 miles (35 km) northeast of Providence, Rhode Island. The population was 13,383 at the 2010 census.[1] It has one village, Raynham Center. History The area that is now Raynham was settled in 1639 as a part of Taunton, and Taunton was founded by Elizabeth Pole, the first woman to found a town in America. It was to that area three years earlier that Roger Williams, proponent of separation of church and state, of paying indians for land acquired and abolishing slavery, had escaped, traveling 55 miles during a January blizzard. He was fleeing a conviction for sedition and heresy of the General Court of Salem, and it was here that the local Wampanoags offered him shelter at their winter camp. Their Sachem Massasoit hosted Williams for the three months until spring. In 1652, bog iron was found along the Two Mile (Forge) River. Soon after, the Taunton Iron Works was established by resid ...more...

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Castaic, California

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Castaic, California

Castaic, California (also spelled Castec,[3] or Kashtiq;[4] pronunciation is a source of contention between older and newer residents, see below) is an unincorporated community located in the northern part of Los Angeles County, California. Many thousands of motorists pass through Castaic daily as they drive to or from Los Angeles on Interstate 5. Castaic Lake is part of the California Water Project and is the site of a hydro-electric power plant. Castaic is 41.7 miles (67.1 km) northwest of Los Angeles Union Station and due north of the city of Santa Clarita, California.[5] History Name On Spanish documents, the original spelling was Castec, which represented the Chumash Native American word Kashtiq, meaning “eyes” or “wet spot.” Castec is first mentioned on old boundary maps of Rancho San Francisco, as a canyon at the trailhead leading to the old Chumash camp at Castac Lake (Tejon Ranch), which is intermittently wet and briny.[6] Modern Castaic began in 1887 when Southern Pacific set up a railroad siding ...more...

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List of Italian-American neighborhoods

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List of Italian-American neighborhoods

In the United States there are large concentrations of Italians and Italian-Americans in many metropolitan areas of the United States, especially in the Northeastern United States and industrial cities in the Midwest. In particular, states such as New York, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Michigan, Florida, California, Illinois, New Jersey, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Massachusetts have larger populations of Italian-Americans than other states by national average. According to a recent United Census Bureau estimate, 17.8 million Americans are of Italian descent.[1] Communities of Italian Americans were established in many major industrial cities of the early 20th century, such as Baltimore (particularly Little Italy, Baltimore), Boston (particularly in the North End), Philadelphia proper (particularly South Philadelphia) and the Philadelphia metro area (particularly neighborhoods in Delco, Atlantic City, Little Italy, Wilmington; and Vineland), Pittsburgh (particularly Bloomfield), Northeastern Pennsylvania cities, Le ...more...

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List of rail accidents (1930–49)

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List of rail accidents (1930–49)

This is a list of rail accidents from 1930 to 1949. 1930s 1930 January 6, 1930 – United Kingdom – The rear carriages of a Southern Railway passenger train from Hastings to London are partially buried by a landslip near Wadhurst tunnel. The train is divided and the front part continues on to Tunbridge Wells, where it arrives 100 minutes late.[1] March 6, 1930 – United Kingdom – a London, Midland and Scottish Railway passenger train departs from Culgaith station, Cumberland against signals. It is in collision with a ballast train at Langwathby station, Cumberland. Two people are killed and four are seriously injured.[2] March 22, 1930 – United Kingdom – A London, Midland and Scottish Railway Royal Scot express passenger train is derailed at Leighton Buzzard, Bedfordshire when a crossover is taken at excessive speed.[3] April 7, 1930 – Japan – Ōita: Perhaps due to a blasting accident at the colliery, some dynamite ends up in a train's coal supply. When it explodes, the locomotive and several cars are wr ...more...

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Cape Cod Rail Trail

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Cape Cod Rail Trail

The Cape Cod Rail Trail (CCRT) is a 22-mile (35 km) paved rail trail located on Cape Cod in Massachusetts.[2] The trail route passes through the towns of Dennis, Harwich, Brewster, Orleans, Eastham, and Wellfleet. It connects to the 6-plus mile (10 km) Old Colony Rail Trail leading to Chatham, and 8 miles (13 km) of trails within Nickerson State Park.[3] It also passes near the end of the Nauset Bike Trail leading to Coast Guard Beach in Cape Cod National Seashore.[4] Short side trips on roads lead to several other national seashore beaches. History The original rail line was constructed by the Old Colony Railroad, which was later incorporated into the New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad. The New Haven Railroad merged into Penn Central in 1968: it went bankrupt by 1970. The corridor was purchased by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in 1976, and a portion of the right-of-way was converted to the Cape Cod Rail Trail by the Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation in the 1970s.[1] The ...more...

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Quincy Quarries Reservation

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Quincy Quarries Reservation

The Quincy Quarries in Quincy, Massachusetts, produced granite for over a century and were the site of the Granite Railway—often credited as being the first railroad in the United States.[1] A 22-acre (8.9 ha) section of the former quarries is owned and operated by the Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation as a public recreation area.[2] History In 1825, after an exhaustive search throughout New England, Solomon Willard selected the Quincy site as the source of stone for the Bunker Hill Monument in Charlestown. After many delays and much obstruction, a charter was granted on March 4, 1826 for the construction of a railroad to help move the granite. The "Granite Railway" was designed and built by railway pioneer Gridley Bryant and began operations on October 7, 1826.[3] The granite from these quarries became famous throughout the nation, and stone cutting quickly became Quincy's principal economic activity. Later use The last active quarry closed in 1963. After their abandonment, the open ...more...

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Piru Creek

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Piru Creek

Piru Creek is a major stream, about 71 miles (114 km) long, in northern Los Angeles County and eastern Ventura County, California. It is a tributary of the Santa Clara River, the largest stream system in Southern California that is still relatively natural. The creek drains an area of about 497 square miles (1,290 km2), making it the Santa Clara River's biggest tributary in terms of watershed size.[3] Most of the creek above Lake Piru is located in the Los Padres National Forest. There are two major reservoirs on Piru Creek, Lake Piru and Pyramid Lake, which respectively store water for local irrigation and the California State Water Project. Course Piru Creek originates as several small springs on the north side of Pine Mountain Ridge in the Santa Ynez Mountains, in the Los Padres National Forest. It flows eastwards through a gentle valley, where it is joined by Cedar Creek from the right. After the Cedar Creek confluence the stream turns northeast, receives Sheep Creek from the left, and Mutau Creek from ...more...

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Rivers of Southern California

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List of museums in Los Angeles County, California

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List of museums in Los Angeles County, California

A list of museums located within Los Angeles County of southern California. Museums located within the City of Los Angeles, while also within LA County, are found separately listed on the List of museums in Los Angeles, California. The list includes museums and art galleries — of historical, cultural, ethnic, science, and arts organizations, nonprofit organizations, government departments, university and college facilities, and private or corporate collections — that have galleries, buildings, and or open air spaces with exhibits and works open for public viewing. It currently does not include virtual museums, although some of the listed physical museums have notable online collections also. Museums Current Name Town/City Region Type Summary Adamson House Malibu Greater Los Angeles Area Historic house 1929 home decorated with Malibu Potteries tile, tour includes adjoining Malibu Lagoon Museum in the former garage, with exhibits of local history Adobe de Palomares Pomona San Gabriel Valley His ...more...

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Art in the Greater Los Angeles Area

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Quabbin Reservoir

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Quabbin Reservoir

The Quabbin Reservoir is the largest inland body of water in Massachusetts, and was built between 1930 and 1939. Today, along with the Wachusett Reservoir, it is the primary water supply for Boston, some 65 miles (105 km) to the east as well as 40 other communities in Greater Boston. It also supplies water to three towns west of the reservoir and acts as backup supply for three others.[1] It has an aggregate capacity of 412 billion US gallons (1,560 GL) and an area of 38.6 square miles (99.9 km²). Structures and water flow Quabbin Reservoir water flows to the Wachusett Reservoir using the Quabbin Aqueduct. The Quabbin watershed is managed by the Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation, while the water supply system is operated by the Massachusetts Water Resources Authority. The Winsor Dam and the Goodnough Dike form the reservoir from impoundments of the three branches of the Swift River. The Quabbin Reservoir is part of the Chicopee River Watershed, which in turn feeds the Connecticut River ...more...

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Buildings and structures in Worcester County, M...

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South River State Forest

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South River State Forest

South River State Forest is located in Conway, Massachusetts. The forest is managed by the Department of Conservation and Recreation (DCR). Description The South River State Forest consists of two separate sections - one adjacent to Bardwell's Ferry Bridge and the other where the old Conway Electric Street Railway met the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad line. Its name comes from the river that runs through it, part of the Deerfield River watershed. The Mahican-Mohawk Trail runs through the park, often following the location of the abandoned New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad. Recreational opportunities Fishing Hiking Hunting (restricted) Picnicking Skiing (Cross-Country) Swimming Walking Trails See also List of Massachusetts state forests List of Massachusetts State Parks External links South River State Forest - Conway Station - FranklinSites.com ...more...

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Massachusetts natural resources

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Malden River

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Malden River

The Malden River is a 2.3-mile-long (3.7 km)[1] river in Malden, Medford, and Everett, Massachusetts. It is roughly 675 feet (206 m) wide at its widest point and is very narrow at its smallest point. Its banks are largely occupied by industrial business, and the river is scarcely used or even mentioned. Its water quality is worse than most local waters, including the Mystic River, into which it flows. Most agree that the river is under-utilized. Projects like Rivers Edge (formerly TeleCom City) hope to promote recreational use of the river's banks. Currently, crew teams, including the Malden High School and the Mystic Valley Regional Charter School, practice on the river because it is never crowded like the Charles River. Also, a state-of-the-art boat house is located on the Malden-Everett line on the west bank of the river, used by the Tufts University rowing team. Course The above-ground portion of the Malden River starts behind Canal Street in the southwest corner of Malden, where it is fed by three und ...more...

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Rivers of Massachusetts

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Saticoy, California

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Saticoy, California

Saticoy is an unincorporated community in Ventura County, California, United States. The name comes from the Chumash village named Sa'aqtik'oy (Ventureño: "it is sheltered from the wind").[7] The settlement was laid out in 1887 along the railroad line that was being built from Los Angeles through the Santa Clara River Valley to the town of San Buenaventura. Although the town was 10 miles (16 km) distant at that time, the City of Ventura grew so the community is now just outside the city limits.[8] For statistical purposes, the United States Census Bureau has defined Saticoy as a census-designated place (CDP).[6] The census definition of the area does not precisely correspond to the local understanding of the historical area of the community. The commercial district known as Old Town Saticoy is surrounded by a residential neighborhood with a population of just over one thousand. Two historic buildings attest to the important role Saticoy once held in the local agricultural economy: Walnut Growers Association ...more...

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Census-designated places in California

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Tiburcio Vásquez

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Tiburcio Vásquez

Tiburcio Vásquez (April 11, 1835 – March 19, 1875) was a Californio bandido who was active in California from 1854 to 1874. The Vasquez Rocks, 40 miles (64 km) north of Los Angeles, were one of his many hideouts and are named for him. Early life Tiburcio Vásquez was born in Monterey, Alta California Mexico (present day California, United States) on April 11, 1835 to Jose Hermenegildo Vásquez and Maria Guadalupe Cantua.[1][2] In accord with Spanish tradition, Vásquez's birth was celebrated on the feast day of his namesake, St. Tiburtius. Thus, he always referred to his birthday as August 11, 1835.[3] His great-grandfather came to Alta California with the De Anza Expedition of 1776. Vásquez was slightly built, about 5 feet 7 inches in height. His family sent him to school, and he was fluent in both English and Spanish. In 1852, Vásquez was influenced by Anastacio Garcia, one of California's most dangerous bandits.[4] In 1854, Vásquez was present at the slaying of Monterey Constable William Hardmount in a fig ...more...

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Outlaws of the American Old West

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Winthrop, Massachusetts

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Winthrop, Massachusetts

Winthrop is a city in Suffolk County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 17,497 at the 2010 census. Winthrop is an ocean-side suburban community in Greater Boston situated at the north entrance to Boston Harbor, close to Logan International Airport. It is located on a peninsula, 1.6 square miles (4.2 km2) in area, connected to Revere by a narrow isthmus and to East Boston by a bridge over the harbor inlet to the Belle Isle Marsh Reservation. Settled in 1630, Winthrop is one of the oldest communities in the United States. It is also one of the smallest and most densely populated municipalities in Massachusetts. It is one of the four cities in Suffolk County (the others are Boston, Revere, and Chelsea). It is the southernmost part of the North Shore, with a 7-mile (11 km) shoreline that provides views of the Atlantic Ocean to the east and of the Boston skyline to the west. In 2005, the Town of Winthrop voted to change its governance from a representative town meeting adopted in 1920 to a council- ...more...

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Populated coastal places in Massachusetts

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