Revolvy Trivia Quizzes Revolvy Lists Revolvy Topics

Rudolf Allers

Rudolf Allers

Rudolf Allers (1883-1963) was an Austrian psychiatrist who was a member of the first group of the founder of psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud.

Career

Allers was the only Catholic to join the first group of the founder of psychoanalysis Sigmund Freud. Together with Alfred Adler, he later distanced himself from psychoanalysis. He was later detached from the group of Adler along with Oswald Schwarz. He taught at the University of Vienna (1919).

He was master of Viktor Frankl, guidance of Hans Urs von Balthasar and friend of St. Edith Stein. Both von Balthasar and Stein lived for several months in the house of Allers in Vienna.

He studied the preventive method of St. John Bosco and his pedagogical applications, and at the invitation of Father Agostino Gemelli, was in Italy to study the philosophy of St. Thomas Aquinas at the Catholic University of Milan and graduated in Philosophy in 1934.

With the annexation of Austria to the Third Reich, Allers emigrated to the United States, where he taught at the Catholic University of America in Washington DC (1938 - 1948), and later at Georgetown University in Washington DC.

He was a Guggenheim Fellow in 1958.[1]

Family

In 1908 he married Carola Meitner, sister Lise physical and contributor to the Nobel laureate Otto Hahn.

Death

Allers is buried in St. Mary's Cemetery in Washington DC.

References
Continue Reading...
Content from Wikipedia Licensed under CC-BY-SA.

Rudolf Belling

topic

Rudolf Belling's sculpture "Dreiklang" (triad) on display in Berlin, 1929 Rudolf Belling (1886 – 1972) was a German sculptor . Artistic theories At the very beginning of the 20th century Rudolf Belling’s name was something like a battlecry. The composer of the "Dreiklang" (triad) evoked frequent and hefty discussions. He was the first, who took up again thoughts of the famous Italian sculptor Benvenuto Cellini (1500-1570), who, at his time, stated, that a sculpture should show several good views. These were the current assumptions at the turn of the century. However they foreshadow an indication of sculpture being three-dimensional. Rudolf Belling amplified: a sculpture should show only good views. And so he became an opponent to one of the German head scientists of art in Berlin, Adolf von Hildebrandt, who, in his book, The problem of Form in Sculpture (1903) said: "Sculpture should be comprehensible – and should never force the observer to go round it". Rudolf Belling disproved the current theories with his ...more...



Rudolf Carnap

topic

Rudolf Carnap ( ; German: ; May 18, 1891 – September 14, 1970) was a German-born philosopher who was active in Europe before 1935 and in the United States thereafter. He was a major member of the Vienna Circle and an advocate of logical positivism . He is considered "one of the giants among twentieth-century philosophers." Life and work Carnap's birthplace in Wuppertal Carnap's father had risen from the status of a poor ribbon-weaver to become the owner of a ribbon-making factory. His mother came from academic stock; her father was an educational reformer and her oldest brother was the archaeologist Wilhelm Dörpfeld . As a ten-year-old, Carnap accompanied his uncle on an expedition to Greece. Carnap was raised in a religious family, but later became an atheist. He began his formal education at the Barmen Gymnasium . From 1910 to 1914, he attended the University of Jena , intending to write a thesis in physics . But he also studied carefully Kant 's Critique of Pure Reason during a course taught by Bruno Bauc ...more...



Lake Turkana

topic

Lake Turkana ( or ), formerly known as Lake Rudolf , is a lake in the Kenyan Rift Valley , in northern Kenya , with its far northern end crossing into Ethiopia . It is the world's largest permanent desert lake and the world's largest alkaline lake . By volume it is the world's fourth-largest salt lake after the Caspian Sea , Issyk-Kul , and Lake Van (passing the shrinking South Aral Sea ), and among all lakes it ranks 24th. Lake Turkana is now threatened by the construction of Gilgel Gibe III Dam in Ethiopia due to the damming of the Omo river which supplies most of the lake's water. The water is safe to drink, ( potable ), but doesn't taste very nice, ( unpalatable ). It supports a rich lacustrine wildlife. The climate is hot and very dry. The rocks of the surrounding area are predominantly volcanic . Central Island is an active volcano, emitting vapour. Outcrops and rocky shores are found on the east and south shores of the lake, while dunes, spits and flats are on the west and north, at a lower elevation. ...more...



Rudy Giuliani

topic

Rudolph William Louis Giuliani KBE ( ; born May 28, 1944) is an American lawyer, businessman, public speaker, former mayor of New York City , and an informal adviser on cybersecurity to the White House . Politically a Democrat , then an Independent in the 1970s, and a Republican since the 1980s, Giuliani was the United States Attorney for the Southern District of New York during the 1980s. Giuliani prosecuted pivotal cases against the American Mafia , and against corrupt corporate financiers. During his first term as mayor of New York City, Giuliani hired a new police commissioner, William Bratton , who applied the broken windows theory of urban decay , which holds that minor disorders and violations create a permissive atmosphere that leads to further and more serious crimes that can threaten the safety of a city. Within several years, Giuliani was widely credited for major improvements in the city's quality of life, and in lowering the rate of violent crimes. While still Mayor, Giuliani ran for the U.S. S ...more...



Rudolf Wolters

topic

Rudolf Wolters (August 3, 1903 – January 7, 1983) was a German architect and government official, known for his longtime association with fellow architect and Third Reich official Albert Speer. A friend and subordinate of Speer, Wolters received the many papers which were smuggled out of Spandau Prison for Speer while he was imprisoned there, and kept them for him until Speer was released in 1966. After Speer's release, the friendship slowly collapsed, Wolters objecting strongly to Speer's blaming of Hitler and other Nazis for the Jewish Holocaust and World War II, and they saw nothing of each other in the decade before Speer's death in 1981. Wolters, who was born to a Catholic middle-class family in the northern German town of Coesfeld, obtained his degree and doctorate in architecture from the Technical University of Berlin, forging a close friendship with Speer while a student. After receiving his doctorate, he had difficulty finding employment prior to the Nazi rise to power. From 1933 to 1937, he worke ...more...



Rudolf von Laban

topic

Rudolf von Laban , also known as Rudolf Laban ( Hungarian : Rezső Lábán de Váraljas, Lábán Rezső, Lábán Rudolf ) (15 December 1879 – 1 July 1958), was a dance artist and theorist . He is notable as one of the pioneers of modern dance in Europe. His work laid the foundations for Laban Movement Analysis , Labanotation (Kinetography Laban), other more specific developments in dance notation and the evolution of many varieties of Laban Movement Study . He is considered to be one of the most important figures in the history of dance. Life and work Rudolf Laban was born in Pozsony (now Bratislava) in 1879 in the Kingdom of Hungary , Austro-Hungarian Empire , into an aristocratic family. His father's family had come from the French nobility (De La Banne, from a French crusader stranded in Kingdom of Hungary in the 13th century) and Hungarian nobility , and his mother's family was from France . His father was a field marshal of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and the governor of the provinces of Bosnia and Herzegovina . ...more...



Waldorf education

topic

Waldorf education, also known as Steiner education, is based on the educational philosophy of Rudolf Steiner, the founder of anthroposophy. Its pedagogy emphasizes the role of imagination in learning, striving to integrate holistically the intellectual, practical, and artistic development of pupils. Steiner's division of child development into three major stages is reflected in the schools' approach to early childhood education, which focuses on practical, hands-on activities and creative play; to elementary education, which focuses on developing artistic expression and social capacities; and to secondary education, which focuses on developing critical reasoning and empathic understanding. The overarching goal is to develop free, morally responsible, and integrated individuals equipped with a high degree of social competence. Qualitative assessments of student work are integrated into the daily life of the classroom, with quantitative testing playing a minimal role in primary education and standardized test ...more...



Rudolf Arnheim

topic

Rudolf Arnheim (July 15, 1904 – June 9, 2007) was a German-born author, art and film theorist, and perceptual psychologist. He learned Gestalt psychology from studying under Max Wertheimer and Wolfgang Köhler at the University of Berlin and applied it to art. His magnum opus was his book Art and Visual Perception: A Psychology of the Creative Eye (1954). Other major books by Arnheim have included Visual Thinking (1969), and The Power of the Center: A Study of Composition in the Visual Arts (1982). Art and Visual Perception was revised, enlarged and published as a new version in 1974, and it has been translated into fourteen languages. He lived in Germany, Italy, England, and America where he taught at Sarah Lawrence College, Harvard University, and the University of Michigan. He has greatly influenced art history and psychology in America. Although Art and Visual Perception: A Psychology of the Creative Eye took fifteen months to complete, Arnheim stated that he felt that he essentially wrote it in one long ...more...



Rudy Rucker

topic

Rudolf von Bitter Rucker (born March 22, 1946) is an American mathematician , computer scientist, science fiction author, and one of the founders of the cyberpunk literary movement. The author of both fiction and non-fiction, he is best known for the novels in the Ware Tetralogy , the first two of which ( Software and Wetware ) both won Philip K. Dick Awards . Until its closure in 2014 he edited the science fiction webzine Flurb . Early life Rucker was born and raised in Louisville, Kentucky . He is the great-great-great-grandson of the philosopher G. W. F. Hegel . Rucker attended St. Xavier High School before earning a B.A. in mathematics from Swarthmore College (1967) and M.S. (1969) and Ph.D. (1973) degrees in mathematics from Rutgers University . Career Rucker taught at the State University of New York at Geneseo from 1972 to 1978. Thanks to a grant from the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation , Rucker taught math at the Ruprecht Karl University of Heidelberg from 1978 to 1980. He then taught at Randolph- ...more...



Rudolf Martin

topic

Rudolf Martin (born 31 July 1967) is a German actor working mainly in the United States . He first appeared in off-Broadway productions and then moved on to extensive TV and film work. He has made guest appearances on numerous hit television series and recently started working in Germany as well. He currently resides in Los Angeles . Early life and education Martin was born in West Berlin and spent his early years traveling throughout Europe while completing his education. Because of his interest in the arts, Martin studied American and English literature in Berlin and drama in Paris . He then enrolled in the Lee Strasberg Theatre Institute in New York City to pursue acting. While performing in small theatre productions, Martin secured a starring role in Susan Seidelman's Academy Award-nominated short film The Dutch Master . This was followed by leading roles on ABC's All My Children and Off-Broadway in Nicky Silver's critically acclaimed hit comedy The Food Chain . While in New York, Martin received recognit ...more...



Rudolf, son of Nevelong

topic

Rudolf or Rodolphe (young in 943), was a Lower Lotharingian Counts thought to have had possessions in the Hesbaye (Dutch Haspengouw) region which is now in Belgium, in a part which mostly came to be incorporated into the later County of Looz .) He was a son of Nibelung, Count of Betuwe , and a daughter of Reginar II, Count of Hainaut . He had uncles, both paternal and maternal, with the same name and all three might account for various references to "Count Rudolf" in the 10th century " low countries " although his paternal uncle is normally considered to have become a cleric. There is one clear record of Rudolf, a letter by his uncle Bishop Balderic of Utrecht, which was analysed by Léon Vanderkindere in his 1900 article. At this time, Rudolf and his brother Balderic were probably young, because Balderic was described as a boy (Latin puer) in 956 when he became Bishop of Liège. Vanderkindere and other historians speculate that Rudolf held a County in the Hesbaye . The main evidence is that a Count Rodulfus ap ...more...



The Rape of Proserpina

topic

The Rape of Proserpina ( Italian : Ratto di Proserpina ) is a large Baroque marble sculptural group by Italian artist Gian Lorenzo Bernini , executed between 1621 and 1622. Bernini was only twenty-three years old at its completion. It depicts the Abduction of Proserpina , where Proserpina is seized and taken to the underworld by the god Pluto . Detail of the sculpture Patronage As with many of Bernini's early works, it was commissioned by Cardinal Scipione Borghese , possibly alongside a portrait of Scipione's uncle Pope Paul V (who had died in 1621). Bernini received at least three payments for the statue, of value of at least 450 Roman scudi . The sculpture was begun in 1621 and completed in 1622. Quite soon after completion, the statue was given by Scipione to Cardinal Ludovisi in 1622, who transported it to his villa . Purchased by the Italian State, it returned to the Villa Borghese in 1908. Critical reaction Most critics have also been quick to praise the work. Rudolf Wittkower noted that "representatio ...more...



Rudolf Ismayr

topic

Rudolf Ismayr (14 October 1908 – 9 May 1998) was a German weightlifter. He won a gold medal at the 1932 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles and a silver medal at the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin , as well as a silver medal at the 1938 World Championships. Between 1931 and 1935 he set five official and six unofficial world records. Ismayr took the Olympic Oath at the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin. References Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rudolf Ismayr . Rudolf Ismayr . sports-reference.com Rudolf Ismayr . chidlovski.net IOC 1936 Summer Olympics . Olympic.org. Retrieved on 2014-08-10. Rudolf Ismayr (14 October 1908 – 9 May 1998) was a German weightlifter. He won a gold medal at the 1932 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles and a silver medal at the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin , as well as a silver medal at the 1938 World Championships. Between 1931 and 1935 he set five official and six unofficial world records. Ismayr took the Olympic Oath at the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin. References Wikimedia Commons ...more...



Rudolf Reder

topic

Rudolf Reder a.k.a. Roman Robak (April 4, 1881 in Dębica – 1968 in Toronto ) was one of only two Holocaust survivors of the Bełżec extermination camp who testified about his experience after the war. He submitted a deposition to the Main Commission for the Investigation of German Crimes in January 1946 in Kraków . In terms of the number of Polish Jews who perished in its gas chambers, Bełżec had the third highest death toll among the six Nazi death camps located in occupied Poland , estimated between 500,000 and 600,000 men, women and children. Only Auschwitz-Birkenau and Treblinka had more victims. The postwar testimony of Reder was of special significance, because Chaim Hirszman who also survived Bełżec, joined the new communist militia in Stalinist Poland tasked with the crushing of Polish underground , torture, makeshift executions, and mass deportation to Siberia of over 50,000 political undesirables. Hirszman was shot in March 1946 at his residence by the Cursed soldiers from TOW , in the course of a ...more...



Rudolf Dreikurs

topic

Rudolf Dreikurs (February 8, 1897, Vienna  – May 25, 1972, Chicago ) was an Austrian psychiatrist and educator who developed psychologist Alfred Adler's system of individual psychology into a pragmatic method for understanding the purposes of reprehensible behaviour in children and for stimulating cooperative behaviour without punishment or reward. He suggested that human misbehavior is the result of feeling a lack of belonging to one's social group. When this happens the child acts from one of four "mistaken goals": undue attention, power, revenge or avoidance (inadequacy). His overall goal was that students would learn to cooperate reasonably without being penalized or rewarded because they would feel that they are valuable contributors to the classroom. In 1952, Dreikurs organized a group of followers of Adlerian Psychology to found the North American Society of Adlerian Psychology . He was an active leader in the organization until his death. Bibliography A Parent's Guide to Child Discipline by Rudolf Dre ...more...



Rudolf Kirchschläger

topic

Rudolf Kirchschläger ( German pronunciation:  (   listen ) ; 20 March 1915 – 30 March 2000) was an Austrian diplomat , politician , judge and, from 1974–86, the eighth President of Austria . Education and early life Born in Niederkappel , Upper Austria , Kirschläger was orphaned at the age of 11. He graduated from High School in Horn in 1935 with distinction and started to study law at the University of Vienna . However, after the Anschluss of Austria in 1938, he had to give up his studies. Without joining the NSDAP , which he refused to do, his scholarship was revoked and Kirchschläger could not finance his studies any longer. Kirchschläger worked as a bank clerk in 1938 until he was drafted to service in the infantry of the Wehrmacht in the summer of 1939. Kirchschläger fought as a soldier from the very beginning of the war, first during the invasion of Poland , later on the Western Front , and after 1941 against Russia on the Eastern Front . In late 1940, in order to get out of the military, he used a two- ...more...



Eric Rudolph

topic

Eric Robert Rudolph (born September 19, 1966), also known as the Olympic Park Bomber, is an American domestic terrorist convicted for a series of anti-abortion and anti-gay-motivated bombings across the southern United States between 1996 and 1998, which killed two people and injured over 120 others. Described by U.S. Attorney General Alberto Gonzales as a terrorist, he spent five years on the FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list until he was caught in 2003. In 2005, as part of a plea bargain, Rudolph pleaded guilty to numerous state and federal homicide charges and accepted four consecutive life sentences in exchange for avoiding a trial and a potential death sentence. He remains incarcerated at the ADX Florence Supermax prison near Florence, Colorado. Early life Rudolph was born in Merritt Island, Florida. After his father, Robert, died in 1981, he moved with his mother and siblings to Nantahala, Macon County, in western North Carolina. He attended ninth grade at the Nantahala School but dropped out afte ...more...



Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer

topic

Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer, popularly known as " Santa's ninth reindeer ", is a fabled reindeer created by Robert Lewis May . Rudolph is usually depicted as the lead reindeer pulling Santa's sleigh on Christmas Eve , though he is a young buck who has only adolescent antlers and a glowing red nose. Though he receives scrutiny for it, the luminosity of his nose is so great that it illuminates the team's path through harsh winter weather . Rudolph first appeared in a 1939 booklet written by Robert L. May and published by Montgomery Ward , the department store. The story is owned by The Rudolph Company, LP and has been adapted in numerous forms including a popular song , the iconic 1964 television special and sequels, and a feature film and sequel. Character Arts, LLC manages the licensing for the Rudolph Company, LP. In many countries, Rudolph has become a figure of Christmas folklore . 2014 marked the 75th anniversary of the character and the 50th anniversary of the television special. A series of postage ...more...



Rudolf Bayer

topic

Rudolf Bayer (born 7 May 1939) is a German computer scientist. He is professor emeritus of Informatics at the Technical University of Munich where he had been employed since 1972. He is noted for inventing three data sorting structures: the B-tree (with Edward M. McCreight ), the UB-tree (with Volker Markl ) and the red-black tree . Bayer is a recipient of 2001 ACM SIGMOD Edgar F. Codd Innovations Award . In 2005 he was elected as a fellow of the Gesellschaft für Informatik . References Rudolf Bayer at the Mathematics Genealogy Project GI-Fellow citation , retrieved 2012-03-09. External links Technical University of Munich page Rudolf Bayer (born 7 May 1939) is a German computer scientist. He is professor emeritus of Informatics at the Technical University of Munich where he had been employed since 1972. He is noted for inventing three data sorting structures: the B-tree (with Edward M. McCreight ), the UB-tree (with Volker Markl ) and the red-black tree . Bayer is a recipient of 2001 ACM SIGMOD Edgar F. Codd ...more...



Rudi Völler

topic

Rudolf "Rudi" Völler ( pronounced ; born 13 April 1960), nicknamed "Tante Käthe" (English: "Aunt Käthe"), is a German former international footballer and a former manager of the Germany national team . A former forward , he won the FIFA World Cup in 1990 as a player. He did also score an equalizing 2-2 goal in the 81st minute of the 1986 FIFA World Cup Final vs Argentina. Then though in vain, as Argentina won, 3-2. Along with Mário Zagallo and Franz Beckenbauer , Völler has the distinction of reaching a World Cup final as both a player ( 1986 and 1990) and as a manager ( 2002 ). Club career Völler started his career with 1860 Hanau before joining Bundesliga club Werder Bremen in 1982, winning his first cap for West Germany that same year. Following a successful season in which he was the Bundesliga's top scorer, foreign clubs became interested in the striker, and in 1987 he was transferred to Roma , where he became a mainstay of the team and earned the nickname "er tedesco" ("the German") and also "il tedesco ...more...



Scorpions (band)

topic

Scorpions is a German rock band formed in 1965 in Hanover by Rudolf Schenker . Since the band's inception, its musical style has ranged from hard rock to heavy metal . The lineup from 1978–92 was the most successful incarnation of the group, and included Klaus Meine (vocals), Rudolf Schenker (rhythm guitar), Matthias Jabs (lead guitar), Francis Buchholz (bass guitar), and Herman Rarebell (drums). The band's only constant member has been Schenker, although Meine has been the lead singer for all of the band's studio albums, and Jabs has been a consistent member since 1979. During the mid-1970s, with guitarist Uli Jon Roth part of the line-up, the music of the Scorpions was defined as hard rock. After the departure of Roth in 1978, Matthias Jabs joined and, following the guidance of producer Dieter Dierks , the Scorpions changed their sound towards hard rock/heavy metal, mixed with rock power ballads . Throughout the 1980s the group received positive reviews and critical acclaim from music critics, and expe ...more...



Rudolf Hrušínský

topic

Rudolf Hrušínský (17 October 1920 - 14 April 1994) was a Czech actor. Biography He was born in Nová Včelnice to Hermina Červičková and Rudolf Hrušinský (original name Rudolf Böhm also took the stage name Otomar Otovalský). He was born, literally, back stage during a showing of the play Taneček panny Marinky. Initially he travelled from place to place, wherever his father could find a gig, but eventually his family settled in Prague . He dropped out of law school to pursue acting. Initially he starred in minor plays, but managed to escalate to famous film roles, many of which won him fame abroad. He spent most of his theatrical career in Czech National Theatre . He died in 1994 and is buried in Olšany Cemetery , Prague. Filmography Cesta do hlubin študákovy duše , 1939 Humoreska (1939) Turbina, 1941 The Hard Life of an Adventurer (1941) Barbora Hlavsová (1942) Spring Song (1944) Premonition (1947) The Secret of Blood (1953) The Strakonice Bagpiper (1955) The Good Soldier Švejk (1957) Hvězda jede na jih (1958) ...more...



Mayerling incident

topic

Photograph of the Imperial hunting lodge at Mayerling with the caption: Mayerling, Altes Jagdschloß des Kronprinzen Rudolf vor 1889 (in English: Mayerling, the old hunting lodge of Crown Prince Rudolf before 1889). Photographs of Crown Prince Rudolf and Baroness Mary Vetsera The Mayerling Incident is the series of events leading to the apparent murder–suicide of Rudolf, Crown Prince of Austria (21 August 1858 – 30 January 1889) and his lover, Baroness Mary Vetsera (19 March 1871 – 30 January 1889). Rudolf was the only son of Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria and Empress Elisabeth , and heir to the throne of the Austro-Hungarian Empire . Rudolf's mistress was the daughter of Baron Albin Vetsera, a diplomat at the Austrian court. The bodies of the 30-year-old Archduke and the 17-year-old baroness were discovered in the Imperial hunting lodge at Mayerling in the Vienna Woods , fifteen miles southwest of the capital, on the morning of 30 January 1889. The death of the crown prince had momentous consequences for t ...more...



Rudolf Carl von Slatin

topic

Major-General Rudolf Anton Carl Freiherr von Slatin , Geh. Rat , GCVO KCMG CB (7 June 1857, Ober Sankt Veit , Hietzing , Vienna – 4 October 1932, Vienna) was an Anglo - Austrian soldier and administrator in the Sudan . Early life Rudolf Carl Slatin was born in Ober Sankt Veit near Vienna , the fourth child of the merchant Michael Slatin, who had converted from Judaism to Roman Catholicism , and his second wife, Maria Anna Feuerstein. Their other children were the twins Maria and Anna (born in 1852), Heinrich (1855), Adolf (1861), and Leopoldine (1864). Their father died on 13 March 1873, while Rudolf was at the Viennese commercial academy . While there, he heard that a German bookseller in Cairo was looking for an assistant. Rudolf traveled to Trieste and thence in five days' time to Alexandria . He worked in the bookstore until he travelled with the German businessman and consul Rosset to Khartoum . From Khartoum, Slatin went through Kordofan to Dar Nuba , exploring the mountains of tha ...more...



Rudolf Peierls

topic

Sir Rudolf Ernst Peierls, CBE (; German: ; 5 June 1907 – 19 September 1995) was a German-born British physicist who played a major role in the Manhattan Project and Tube Alloys, Britain's nuclear programme. His obituary in Physics Today described him as "a major player in the drama of the eruption of nuclear physics into world affairs". Peierls studied physics at the University of Berlin, at the University of Munich under Arnold Sommerfeld, the University of Leipzig under Werner Heisenberg, and ETH Zurich under Wolfgang Pauli. After receiving his DPhil from Leipzig in 1929, he became an assistant to Pauli in Zurich. In 1932, he was awarded a Rockefeller Fellowship, which he used to study in Rome under Enrico Fermi, and then at the Cavendish Laboratory at the University of Cambridge under Ralph H. Fowler. Due to Adolf Hitler's rise to power in Germany, he elected to not return home in 1933, but to remain in Britain, where he worked with Hans Bethe at the University of Manchester, then at the Mond Laboratory ...more...



Johann Rudolf Wyss

topic

Johann Rudolf Wyss German pronunciation: (4 March 1782 – 21 March 1830) was a Swiss author, writer, and folklorist who wrote the words to the former Swiss national anthem Rufst Du, mein Vaterland in 1811, and also edited the novel The Swiss Family Robinson, written by his father Johann David Wyss, published in 1812. Biography In 1805, Wyss became the professor of philosophy at Bern's academy. He later became the chief librarian of Bern's city library. He died in Bern. Works Vorlesungen über das höchste Gut ("Lectures on the highest good,” 2 vols., Tübingen, 1811) Idyllen, Volkssagen, Legend und Erzählungen aus der Schweiz ("Idylls, folk tales, legends, and stories from Switzerland,” 3 vols., 1815–22; partly translated into French in Mme. de Montolieu's Châteaux suisses, 1816) Reise im Berner Oberland ("Travels in the Bern highlands,” 1808; French translation, Voyage dans l'Oberland bernois, 2 vols., Bern, 1817) Notes https://www.britannica.com/biography/Johann-Rudolf-Wyss References  Rines, ...more...



Radola Gajda

topic

Radola Gajda , born as Rudolf Geidl (14 February 1892, Kotor , Kingdom of Dalmatia , Austria-Hungary – 15 April 1948, Prague , Czechoslovakia ) was a Czech / Serbian military commander and politician . Early years Geidl's father was an officer in the Austro-Hungarian Army based in Kotor. His mother was a poor Serbian noblewoman. Later, the family moved to Kyjov , Moravia , where Geidl studied at a secondary grammar school. In 1910 he went through one year of compulsory military service in Mostar . Afterwards Geidl left for the Balkans and likely took part in the Balkan Wars (1912–13). At the start of World War I he rejoined the Austro-Hungarian Army and served in Dalmatia and Sarajevo . In September 1915 he was taken prisoner in Višegrad , Bosnia . Legions Immediately after his capture, Geidl switched sides and was commissioned as a captain in the Montenegrin Army . Having some experience as an apothecary, he pretended to be a physician . Following the collapse of the Montenegrin Army in 1916, Gajda escaped ...more...



Rudolf Geiger

topic

Rudolf Oskar Robert Williams Geiger (August 24, 1894 – January 22, 1981) was a German meteorologist and climatologist. Rudolf Oskar Robert Williams Geiger (August 24, 1894 – January 22, 1981) was a German meteorologist and climatologist. ...more...



Rudolf Lange

topic

Rudolf Lange (18 April 1910 – 23 February 1945?) was a German SS functionary and police official during the Nazi era . He served as commander in the Sicherheitsdienst (SD) and all RSHA personnel in Riga , Latvia . He attended the Wannsee Conference , and was largely responsible for implementing the murder of Latvia's Jewish population. Einsatzgruppe A killed over 250,000 people in less than six months. Early life and career Lange was born in Weißwasser , Prussian Silesia , a town in present-day Saxony . His father was a railway construction supervisor. Lange finished high school in Staßfurt in 1928 and studied law in the University of Jena . He received a doctorate in law in 1933, and was recruited by the Gestapo office of Halle . He joined the Sturmabteilung (SA) in November 1933, but soon felt that this had been a bad career move. Thus, in 1936 Lange joined the Schutzstaffel (SS) (member number 290,308). As a mid-level Gestapo official, Lange rose rapidly. He adopted the SS ideology wholeheartedly, and ...more...



Arne Næss Jr.

topic

Arne Næss Jr. (born Arne Rudolf Ludvig Raab ; 8 December 1937 – 13 January 2004) was a Norwegian businessman, shipping magnate, mountaineer , and an ex-husband of Diana Ross . Personal life Næss was born in Germany in 1937 to German physician August Oskar German Raab (1901–1993) and Kirsten "Kiki" Dekke Næss (1907–2001), a Norwegian national whose brother was philosopher and mountaineer Arne Næss . Næss' family lived in Germany during World War II . His parents divorced after the war, and Næss moved to Norway with his mother where they both took her maiden name Næss. In 1964, Næss moved to New York to work for his uncle Erling Dekke Næss, a shipping magnate and businessman. He started his own business in London in 1968 where he was successful in shipping and oil, and in real estate. He would go on to make a few bad investments in the 1990s in Pyramid scheme Global Money Games . His biggest success turned out to be an investment in an old IT business, Tandberg Data , and various real estate investments around ...more...



Figure skating at the 1980 Winter Olympics

topic

These are the 1980 Winter Olympic Games Figure skating results. Medal table Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total 1  Soviet Union 2 1 1 4 2  East Germany 1 1 1 3 3  Great Britain 1 0 0 1 4  United States 0 1 1 2 5  Hungary 0 1 0 1 6  West Germany 0 0 1 1 Results Men Rank Name Nation CF SP FS Points Places 1 Robin Cousins  Great Britain 4 1 1 189.48 13 2 Jan Hoffmann  East Germany 1 2 2 189.72 15 3 Charles Tickner  United States 2 5 3 187.06 28 4 David Santee  United States 3 3 5 185.52 34 5 Scott Hamilton  United States 8 4 4 181.78 45 6 Igor Bobrin  Soviet Union 7 6 8 177.40 55 7 Jean-Christophe Simond  France 6 10 9 175.00 64 8 Mitsuru Matsumura  Japan 11 7 7 172.28 75 9 Fumio Igarashi  Japan 13 8 6 172.04 77 10 Konstantin Kokora  Soviet Union 10 11 10 168.18 91 11 Hermann Schulz  East Germany 9 9 13 166.70 98 12 Brian Pockar  Canada 12 12 12 163.26 107 13 Rudi Cerne  West Germany 15 13 11 159.30 116 14 Thomas Öberg  Sweden 14 14 14 149.80 127 15 Christopher Howarth  Great Britain 16 15 15 145.66 134 ...more...



Rudolf Firkušný

topic

Rudolf Firkušný in 1960 Rudolf Firkušný ( Czech: ; 11 February 1912 – 19 July 1994) was a Czech -born, Czech-American classical pianist . Life Born in Moravian town Napajedla , Firkušný started his musical studies with the composers Leoš Janáček and Josef Suk , and the pianist Vilém Kurz . Later he studied with the legendary pianists Alfred Cortot and Artur Schnabel . He began performing on the continent of Europe in the 1920s, and made his debuts in London in 1933 and New York in 1938. He escaped the Nazis in 1939, fled to Paris , later settled in New York and eventually became a U.S. citizen . Firkušný had a broad repertoire and performed with skill the works of Mozart , Beethoven , Schubert , Schumann , Chopin , and Brahms as well as Mussorgsky and Debussy . However, he became known especially for his performances of the Czech composers Bedřich Smetana , Antonín Dvořák , Janáček, and Bohuslav Martinů (who wrote a number of works for him). Firkušný championed Dvořák's only piano concerto , which he played w ...more...



Rudolf Christoph Eucken

topic

Rudolf Christoph Eucken ( German: ; 5 January 1846 – 15 September 1926) was a German philosopher . He received the 1908 Nobel Prize for Literature "in recognition of his earnest search for truth, his penetrating power of thought, his wide range of vision, and the warmth and strength in presentation with which in his numerous works he has vindicated and developed an idealistic philosophy of life", after he had been nominated by a member of the Swedish Academy . Early life Eucken was born on 5 January 1846 in Aurich , then in the Kingdom of Hanover (now Lower Saxony ). His father, Ammo Becker Eucken (1792–1851) died when he was a child, and he was brought up by his mother, Ida Maria (1814–1872, née Gittermann). He was educated at Aurich, where one of his teachers was the classical philologist and philosopher Ludwig Wilhelm Maximilian Reuter (1803–1881). He studied at Göttingen University (1863–66), where Hermann Lotze was one of his teachers, and Berlin University . In the latter place, Friedrich Adolf Trend ...more...



Marie Steiner-von Sivers

topic

Marie Steiner-von Sivers (born Marie von Sivers – 14 March 1867 – 27 December 1948) was the second wife of Rudolf Steiner and one of his closest colleagues. She made a great contribution to the development of anthroposophy , particularly in her work on the renewal of the performing arts ( eurythmy , speech and drama), and the editing and publishing of Rudolf Steiner's literary estate . Life and work Marie von Sivers was born to an aristocratic family in Włocławek , Poland , then part of Imperial Russia . She was well-educated and was fluent in Russian, German, English, French and Italian. She studied theater and recitation with several teachers in Europe. Relationship to Rudolf Steiner Marie von Sivers "appeared one day" at one of Rudolf Steiner 's early lectures in 1900. In the autumn of 1901, she posed the question to Steiner, "Would it be possible to create a spiritual movement based on European tradition and the impetus of Christ?" Rudolf Steiner later reported: With this, I was given the opportunity ...more...



Rudolf Schmundt

topic

Rudolf Schmundt (13 August 1896 – 1 October 1944) was a German officer in the Wehrmacht and adjutant to Adolf Hitler during World War II . He was injured during the 20 July 1944 assassination attempt on Adolf Hitler and died a few months later from his wounds. Biography Approximate positions of participants at the conference meeting, Schmundt (7) was standing directly in front of the bomb. Schmundt was born in Metz and served as a Lieutenant for the German Army during World War I . In World War II he attained the rank of General of the Infantry on 1 September 1944, and became the Chief of the Personnel Department of the German Army . Throughout the war, Rudolf Schmundt was one of Adolf Hitler's many adjutants, and flew with Erwin Rommel in early 1941, just before the Afrika Korps was created. Schmundt was one of the casualties of the failed 20 July plot , planned to kill the German dictator Adolf Hitler . One of the conspirators, Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg , placed a bomb in a briefcase beside Hitler. Co ...more...



Rudolf Sieczyński

topic

Rudolf Sieczyński (1937). Rudolf Sieczyński (1879, Vienna – 1952, Vienna) was an Austrian composer of Polish ancestry. His fame today rests almost exclusively on the nostalgic Viennese song Wien, du Stadt meiner Träume ( Vienna, City of My Dreams ), whose melody and lyrics he wrote in 1914 . A well-known recording was made in 1957 by Elisabeth Schwarzkopf with Otto Ackermann conducting the Philharmonia Orchestra . The song was featured in the soundtrack of the Stanley Kubrick film Eyes Wide Shut . External links German lyrics of selected songs, with English translation Free scores by Rudolf Sieczyński at the International Music Score Library Project (IMSLP) Rudolf Sieczyński (1937). Rudolf Sieczyński (1879, Vienna – 1952, Vienna) was an Austrian composer of Polish ancestry. His fame today rests almost exclusively on the nostalgic Viennese song Wien, du Stadt meiner Träume ( Vienna, City of My Dreams ), whose melody and lyrics he wrote in 1914 . A well-known recording was made in 1957 by Elisabeth Schwarzkopf ...more...



Rudolf Stingel

topic

Rudolf Stingel (born 1956) is an artist based in New York City . Stingel was born in Merano , Italy . His work engages the audience in dialogue about their perception of art and uses Conceptual painting and installations to explore the process of creation. Using readily available materials such as styrofoam, carpet, and cast polyurethane, Stingel creates art based upon an underlying conceptual framework and challenges contemporary notions about painting. The surfaces of his two-dimensional works are characteristically carved out, imprinted or indented, visibly evidencing the artist’s alteration of industrial matter. He lives in New York and Merano , Italy. Work Stingel became first recognised in the late 1980s for his monochromatic works, silvery paintings with undertones of red, yellow or blue from 1987 to 1994. Stingel’s later abstract paintings from the 1990s consist of oils in pure, brilliant colors exuberantly splayed, dripped, pressed, and pulled across a black field. The works begin with the applic ...more...



Rudolf Breuss

topic

Rudolf Breuss (1899–1990) was an Austrian who maintained that cancer lives on solid foods taken into the body, and that cancerous growths will die if a patient drinks only vegetable juices and tea for 42 days. Breuss stated that more than 45,000 people were cured following his treatment. He wrote a book titled The Breuss Cancer Cure: Advice for the Prevention and Natural Treatment of Cancer, Leukemia and Other Seemingly Incurable Diseases; according to a 1995 English translation, Cancer Cure has been translated into seven languages and has sold in more than 1 million copies. A senior nurse for Cancer Research UK stated that they did not support alternative therapies that were not backed by scientific evidence, and that following a restricted diet such as Breuss's could cause malnutrition. A 2012 review of cancer diets named the Breuss diet as one of the most frequently mentioned, but cautioned there is no evidence to support taking these "cancer diets" and that they can be harmful. See also List of inef ...more...



Hans Fallada

topic

Hans Fallada (born Rudolf Wilhelm Friedrich Ditzen; 21 July 1893 – 5 February 1947) was a German writer of the first half of the 20th century. Some of his better known novels include Little Man, What Now? (1932) and Every Man Dies Alone (1947). His works belong predominantly to the New Objectivity literary style, with precise details and journalistic veneration of the facts. Fallada's pseudonym derives from a combination of characters found in the Grimm's Fairy Tales: the protagonist of Hans in Luck (KHM 83) and a horse named Falada in The Goose Girl. Early life Fallada was born in Greifswald, Germany, the child of a magistrate on his way to becoming a supreme court judge and a mother from a middle-class background, both of whom shared an enthusiasm for music, and to a lesser extent, literature. Jenny Williams notes in her biography More Lives than One (1998), that Fallada's father would often read aloud to his children works by authors such as Shakespeare and Schiller. In 1899, when Fallada was 6, his f ...more...



Rudolf Müller

topic

Rudolf Müller may refer to: Rudolf Müller (bishop) , German Roman Catholic bishop Rudolf Müller (pilot) , German pilot Rudolf Müller may refer to: Rudolf Müller (bishop) , German Roman Catholic bishop Rudolf Müller (pilot) , German pilot ...more...



Rudolf Schmidt

topic

Rudolf Schmidt (12 May 1886 – 7 April 1957) was a general in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany during World War II who commanded the 2nd Panzer Army on the Eastern Front . He was a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves . Career Schmidt joined the German Imperial Army in 1906 and served during World War I . He was retained in the Reichswehr where he served in staff roles. In October 1936 he was promoted to Generalmajor and appointed commander of the 1st Panzer Division . In 1939 Schmidt led the division in the invasion of Poland . On 1 February 1940 he was appointed commanding general of the XXXIX Panzer Corps . He led the Corps in France and was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross for his role in that campaign on 3 June 1940. He was promoted to General der Panzertruppe and appointed acting commander of the 2nd Army which took part in the Battle of Moscow . On 25 December 1941 he was appointed Commander of the 2nd Panzer Army (replacing the sacked General Guderian ). In January ...more...



Rudolph Minkowski

topic

Rudolph Minkowski (born Rudolf Leo Bernhard Minkowski ; German: ; May 28, 1895 – January 4, 1976) was a German-American astronomer . Biography Asteroids discovered: 1  1620 Geographos September 14, 1951 Minkowski was the son of Marie Johanna Siegel and physiologist Oskar Minkowski . His uncle was Hermann Minkowski , a mathematician and one of Einstein's teachers in Zürich. Rudolph studied supernovae and, together with Walter Baade , divided them into two classes ( Type I and Type II ) based on their spectral characteristics. He and Baade also found optical counterparts to various radio sources. He headed the National Geographic Society – Palomar Observatory Sky Survey , a photographic atlas of the entire northern sky (and down to declination -22°) up to an apparent magnitude of 22. Together with Albert George Wilson , he co-discovered the near-Earth Apollo asteroid 1620 Geographos in 1951. He also discovered Planetary Nebula M2-9 . He won the Bruce Medal in 1961. The lunar crater Minkowski is named after ...more...



Baroness Mary Vetsera

topic

The arms of Baron Albin von Vetsera, Mary's father The last photograph taken of Baroness Mary Vetsera (at right), wearing the dress in which she was buried. On the left is Countess Marie Larisch, cousin of Crown Prince Rudolf who arranged assignations between him and Vetsera. Baroness Marie Alexandrine von Vetsera (19 March 1871 – 30 January 1889) was a member of Austrian "second society" (new nobility) and one of Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria's mistresses. Vetsera and Rudolf were found dead, an apparent murder suicide, at his hunting lodge, Mayerling (see Mayerling Incident). Early life Known by the fashionable English form of her name, "Mary" (her maternal grandfather's second wife was English), she was the youngest child of Baron Albin von Vetsera, a diplomat in foreign service at the Austrian court, and his much younger wife, Hélène (known as Eleni) Baltazzi, member of a wealthy Greek family from Chios island, then part of the Ottoman Empire. Albin, who was made a Baron in 1870 by the Emper ...more...



Rudolph Koenig

topic

Karl Rudolph Koenig ( German : Rudolf Koenig ; 26 November 1832 – 2 October 1901), known by himself and others as Rudolph Koenig , was a German physicist , chiefly concerned with acoustic phenomena. Biography Sound analyser with 8 resonator balls, by Koenig, 1880, Teylers Instrument Room Koenig was born in Königsberg ( Province of Prussia ), and studied at the University of Königsberg in his native town. About 1852 he went to Paris , and became apprentice to the famous violin -maker, Jean Baptiste Vuillaume (1798-1875), and some six years later he started business on his own account. He called himself a "maker of musical instruments ," but the instrument for which his name is best known is the tuning fork . Koenig's work speedily gained a high reputation among physicists for accuracy and general excellence. From this business Koenig derived his livelihood for the rest of his life. One of his last catalogs had 262 different items. He was, however, very far from being a mere tradesman. Acoustical research was h ...more...



Hans-Rudolf Rösing

topic

Hans-Rudolf Rösing (28 September 1905 – 16 December 2004) was a German U-boat commander in World War II and later served in the Bundesmarine of the Federal Republic of Germany . He was a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross , awarded by Nazi Germany to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. Early life and pre-war service Rösing was born on 28 September 1905 in Wilhelmshaven , at the time an exclave of the Province of Hanover , a province of the Kingdom of Prussia . He was the son of Vizeadmiral Bernhard Rösing (1869–1947) and his wife Elfriede, née Wünsche (1882–1961). He had three brothers, Wilhelm, Kurt-Wolf and Bernhard, all killed during World War II, and a sister named Elfriede. He joined the Reichsmarine on 31 March 1924 as a member of "Crew 1924" (the incoming class of 1924). He underwent basic military training in the 2nd department of the standing ship division of the Baltic Sea in Stralsund (4 April 1924 – 27 September 1928). Rösing was then transferr ...more...



Rudolf Burkert

topic

Rudolf Burkert (31 October 1904 – 7 June 1985) was an Ethnic German Czechoslovak Nordic skier who competed in the 1920s and 1930s. He won a bronze medal in the ski jumping individual large hill competition at the 1928 Winter Olympics in St. Moritz, the first Winter Olympics medal in Czechoslovak history. He also finished 12th in the nordic combined event at those Olympics. Burkert won two medals in the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships, earning a nordic combined gold in 1927 and a ski jumping silver in 1933. He was born in Polubný, Kořenov, Bohemia. In 1968 he emigrated to West Germany, where he died in 1985. References R. Purkert at the International Ski Federation. Ski jumping profile R. Purkert at the International Ski Federation. Nordic combined profile Rudolf Burkert's profile at the Czech Olympic committee (in Czech) Rudolf Burkert (31 October 1904 – 7 June 1985) was an Ethnic German Czechoslovak Nordic skier who competed in the 1920s and 1930s. He won a bronze medal in the ski jumping indivi ...more...



Minnesota Fats

topic

Minnesota Fats, or George Hegerman, is a fictional pool hustler created by American novelist Walter Tevis. The character appears in Tevis' novel The Hustler (1959). Jackie Gleason portrayed the character in the 1961 film adaptation of The Hustler, a performance that received several awards and nominations. The character was an original creation of Tevis, though a real pool hustler, Rudolf Wanderone, who began calling himself "Minnesota Fats" in 1961, claimed to be the inspiration. Tevis denied Wanderone's claim, though Wanderone capitalized on it for years. Rudolf Wanderone as "Minnesota Fats" Real-life pool hustler and entertainer Rudolf Wanderone was known as "New York Fats" (among other nicknames) when the book was published. Realizing there was money to be made from being associated with the success of the book and subsequent film, he changed his nickname to match the fiction and later went on to play himself as the character "Minnesota Fats" in the film The Player (1971). Tevis consistently denied ...more...



Problem of why there is anything at all

topic

The question " Why is there anything at all? ", or, " Why is there something rather than nothing? " has been raised or commented on by philosophers including Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz , Martin Heidegger − who called it the fundamental question of metaphysics − and Ludwig Wittgenstein . Overview The question is general, rather than concerning the existence of anything specific such as the universe / s , the Big Bang , mathematical laws , physical laws , time , consciousness or God . It can be seen as an open metaphysical question. The circled dot was used by the Pythagoreans and later Greeks to represent the first metaphysical being, the Monad or The Absolute . Criticism of the question's adequacy Some argue that the question may be inherently illogical; if the universe had no beginning point then its non-existence might never have been an option. One study has suggested a model that eliminates the initial singularity and predicts that the Universe had no beginning but existed forever as a kind of quantum pot ...more...



Rudolf Gnägi

topic

Rudolf Gnägi (3 August 1917, Schwadernau , Canton of Bern – 20 April 1985) was a Swiss politician and member of the Swiss Federal Council (1966–1979). He was elected to the Federal Council of Switzerland on 8 December 1965 and handed over office on 31 December 1979. He was affiliated to the Party of Farmers, Traders and Independents (BGB/PAI), which became the Swiss People's Party in 1972. During his office time he held the following departments: Federal Department of Transport, Communications and Energy (1966–1967) Federal Military Department (1968) Federal Department of Transport, Communications and Energy (1968) Federal Military Department (1969–1979) He was President of the Swiss Confederation twice in 1971 and 1976. His name is popularly remembered as the nickname of a Swiss Armed Forces ordonnance item, an olive-green jumper officially named Trikothemd 75, but commonly known as Gnägi. External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rudolf Gnägi . Rudolf Gnägi in the Dodis database of the Diplomati ...more...



Rudolf V, Margrave of Baden-Pforzheim

topic

Rudolf V, Margrave of Baden-Pforzheim (died 28 August 1361) was a son of Margrave Rudolf IV (died 25 June 1348) and his second wife Maria of Oettingen (d. 10 June 1369). In 1348, he succeeded his father as Margrave of Baden-Pforzheim. Emperor Louis IV had in 1334 mortgaged Ortenburg Castle, the cities of Offenburg, Gengenbach and Zell am Harmersbach and the imperial possessions in the Ortenau area to his father. When the time came to repay the loan, Emperor Charles IV did not have the money, so Rudolf was allowed to keep these possessions. Charles IV also mortgaged the toll at Strassbourg to Rudolf and Archbishop Berthold II of Strasbourg. On 26 August 1347, he married Adelaide, Lady of Belfort, (d. 1370/73), the daughter of Margrave Rudolf Hesso of Baden-Baden and his wife, Joanna of Burgundy. This marriage remained childless. In 1356, Rudolf concluded an inheritance treaty with his nephew Rudolf VI of Baden-Baden, in which Rudolf V appointed Rudolf VI as his heir. Rudolf V died in 1361. After his death ...more...




Next Page
Javascript Version
Revolvy Server https://www.revolvy.com