Rudolf Allers

Rudolf Allers

Rudolf Allers (1883-1963) was an Austrian psychiatrist who was a member of the first group of the founder of psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud.

Career

Allers was the only Catholic to join the first group of the founder of psychoanalysis Sigmund Freud. Together with Alfred Adler, he later distanced himself from psychoanalysis as understood by Freud and his followers. He was later detached from the group of Adler along with Oswald Schwarz. He taught at the University of Vienna (1919).

He was master of Viktor Frankl, guidance of Hans Urs von Balthasar and friend of St. Edith Stein. Both von Balthasar and Stein lived for several months in the house of Allers in Vienna.

He studied the preventive method of St. John Bosco and his pedagogical applications, and at the invitation of Father Agostino Gemelli, was in Italy to study the philosophy of St. Thomas Aquinas at the Catholic University of Milan and graduated in Philosophy in 1934.

With the annexation of Austria to the Third Reich, Allers emigrated to the United States, where he taught at the Catholic University of America in Washington DC (1938 - 1948), and later at Georgetown University in Washington DC.

He was a Guggenheim Fellow in 1958.[1]

Family

In 1908 he married Carola Meitner, sister Lise physical and contributor to the Nobel laureate Otto Hahn.

Death

Allers is buried in St. Mary's Cemetery in Washington DC.

References
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Rudolf Allers

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Rudolf Allers

Rudolf Allers Rudolf Allers (1883-1963) was an Austrian psychiatrist who was a member of the first group of the founder of psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud. Career Allers was the only Catholic to join the first group of the founder of psychoanalysis Sigmund Freud. Together with Alfred Adler, he later distanced himself from psychoanalysis as understood by Freud and his followers. He was later detached from the group of Adler along with Oswald Schwarz. He taught at the University of Vienna (1919). He was master of Viktor Frankl, guidance of Hans Urs von Balthasar and friend of St. Edith Stein. Both von Balthasar and Stein lived for several months in the house of Allers in Vienna. He studied the preventive method of St. John Bosco and his pedagogical applications, and at the invitation of Father Agostino Gemelli, was in Italy to study the philosophy of St. Thomas Aquinas at the Catholic University of Milan and graduated in Philosophy in 1934. With the annexation of Austria to the Third Reich, Allers emigrated ...more...

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David Rudolf

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David Rudolf

David Rudolf (born July 2, 1949) is a defense lawyer. He attended Rutgers University and the London School of Economics, and received his law degree from New York University School of Law. Rudolf has served as an Adjunct Professor at both the Duke University School of Law and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Law. He has defended clients such as Rae Carruth and Michael Peterson,[1] the latter trial being the subject of the documentary Soupçons (The Staircase). In 2014, Rudolf served as local counsel in Durham, North Carolina for New York City lawyer Barry Scheck, who was hired by falsely accused Duke lacrosse player Reade Seligmann to represent him in a civil lawsuit filed against the city of Durham and its former district attorney, Mike Nifong. The case was settled with the city giving the falsely accused players no money, but donating $50,000 to the North Carolina Innocence Inquiry Commission.[2][3] References Cain, Brooke (June 13, 2018). "'The Staircase' main players: Where a ...more...

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Rudolf, Crown Prince of Austria

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Rudolf, Crown Prince of Austria

Rudolf, Crown Prince of Austria (Rudolf Franz Karl Joseph; 21 August 1858 – 30 January 1889) was the only son of Emperor Franz Joseph I and Elisabeth of Bavaria. He was heir apparent to the throne of Austria-Hungary from birth. In 1889, he died in a suicide pact with his mistress, Baroness Mary Vetsera, at the Mayerling hunting lodge.[1] The ensuing scandal made international headlines. He was named after the first Habsburg King of Germany, Rudolf I, who assumed the throne in 1273.[2] Background Rudolf was born at Schloss Laxenburg,[3] a castle near Vienna, as the son of Emperor Franz Joseph I and Empress Elisabeth. Influenced by his tutor Ferdinand von Hochstetter (who later became the first superintendent of the Imperial Natural History Museum), Rudolf became very interested in natural sciences, starting a mineral collection at an early age.[3] After his death, large portions of his mineral collection came into the possession of the University for Agriculture in Vienna.[3] In 1877 the Count of Bombelles w ...more...

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Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor

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Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor

Rudolf II (18 July 1552 – 20 January 1612) was Holy Roman Emperor (1576–1612), King of Hungary and Croatia (as Rudolf I, 1572–1608), King of Bohemia (1575–1608/1611) and Archduke of Austria (1576–1608). He was a member of the House of Habsburg. Rudolf's legacy has traditionally been viewed in three ways:[1] an ineffectual ruler whose mistakes led directly to the Thirty Years' War; a great and influential patron of Northern Mannerist art; and an intellectual devotee of occult arts and learning which helped seed what would be called the scientific revolution. Early life Archduke Rudolf, aged 15, painted by Alonso Sánchez Coello Rudolf was born in Vienna on 18 July 1552. He was the eldest son and successor of Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor, King of Bohemia, and King of Hungary and Croatia; his mother was Maria of Spain, a daughter of Charles V and Isabella of Portugal. He was the elder brother of Matthias who was to succeed him as king of Bohemia and Holy Roman Emperor. Rudolf spent eight formative ...more...

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Akashic records

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Akashic records

In theosophy and anthroposophy, the Akashic records are a compendium of all human events, thoughts, words, emotions, and intent ever to have occurred in the past, present, or future. They are believed by theosophists to be encoded in a non-physical plane of existence known as the etheric plane. There are anecdotal accounts but there is no scientific evidence for the existence of the Akashic records.[1][2][3] Akasha (ākāśa आकाश) is the Sanskrit word for 'aether' or 'atmosphere'. Also, in Hindi, ākāsh (आकाश) means 'sky' or 'heaven'. Theosophical Society The Sanskrit term akasha was introduced to the language of theosophy through H. P. Blavatsky (1831–1891), who characterized it as a sort of life force; she also referred to "indestructible tablets of the astral light" recording both the past and future of human thought and action, but she did not use the term "akashic".[4] The notion of an akashic record is attributed to Alfred Percy Sinnett, who, in his book Esoteric Buddhism (1883), wrote of a Buddhist belie ...more...

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Rudolf Nureyev

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Rudolf Nureyev

Rudolf Khametovich Nureyev (Tatar: Рудольф Хәмит улы Нуриев Rudolf Xämid ulı Nuriyev, Russian: Рудо́льф Хаме́тович Нуре́ев, IPA: ; 17 March 1938 – 6 January 1993) was a Soviet ballet and contemporary dancer and choreographer. He was director of the Paris Opera Ballet from 1983 to 1989 and its chief choreographer until October 1992. Named Lord of the Dance,[1][2][3] Nureyev is regarded as the greatest male ballet dancer.[1][4][5][6][7] In addition to his technical prowess, Rudolf Nureyev was an accomplished choreographer. He produced his own interpretations of numerous classical works,[8] including Swan Lake, Giselle, and La Bayadère.[9] Nureyev had his early career with the Mariinsky Ballet in St. Petersburg. He defected from the Soviet Union to the West in 1961, despite KGB efforts to stop him.[10] This was the first defection of a Soviet artist during the Cold War and it created an international sensation. He went on to dance with The Royal Ballet in London and from 1983 to 1989 served as director of th ...more...

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Rudolf Steiner

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Rudolf Steiner

Rudolf Joseph Lorenz Steiner (27 (or 25) February 1861[5] – 30 March 1925) was an Austrian philosopher, social reformer, architect and esotericist.[6][7] Steiner gained initial recognition at the end of the nineteenth century as a literary critic and published philosophical works including The Philosophy of Freedom. At the beginning of the twentieth century he founded an esoteric spiritual movement, anthroposophy, with roots in German idealist philosophy and theosophy; other influences include Goethean science and Rosicrucianism. In the first, more philosophically oriented phase of this movement, Steiner attempted to find a synthesis between science and spirituality.[8] His philosophical work of these years, which he termed "spiritual science", sought to apply the clarity of thinking characteristic of Western philosophy to spiritual questions,[9]:291 differentiating this approach from what he considered to be vaguer approaches to mysticism. In a second phase, beginning around 1907, he began working collabora ...more...

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Rudolf Höss

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Rudolf Höss

Rudolf Höss (also Höß, Hoeß or Hoess; 25 November 1901 – 16 April 1947)[2][3] was a Nazi German SS-Obersturmbannführer (lieutenant colonel) and the longest-serving commandant of Auschwitz concentration and extermination camp in World War II. He tested and carried into effect various methods to accelerate Hitler's plan to systematically exterminate the Jewish population of Nazi-occupied Europe, known as the Final Solution. On the initiative of one of his subordinates, SS-Hauptsturmführer (captain) Karl Fritzsch, Höss introduced pesticide Zyklon B containing hydrogen cyanide to the killing process, thereby allowing SS soldiers at Auschwitz to kill 2,000 people every hour.[4][5] Höss joined the Nazi Party in 1922 and the SS in 1934. From 4 May 1940 to November 1943, and again from 8 May 1944 to 18 January 1945, he was in charge of Auschwitz where more than a million people were killed before the defeat of Germany.[6][7] He was hanged in 1947 following a trial in Warsaw. During his imprisonment in Poland, at the ...more...

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Kevin Rudolf discography

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Kevin Rudolf discography

The discography of American singer-songwriter Kevin Rudolf, consists of three studio albums, seven singles and eight music videos. AlbumsStudio albums Year Album details Peak chart positions US CAN 2001 Binocular Release date: May 22, 2001 Label: Maverick — — 2008 In the City Release date: November 24, 2008 Label: Cash Money, Universal Republic 94 74 2010 To the Sky Release date: June 15, 2010 Label: Cash Money, Universal Republic 78 70 SinglesAs lead artist Year Single Peak chart positions Certifications(sales threshold) Album US US Pop AUS CAN IRE NZ UK 2001 "Deep" — — — — — — — — Binocular 2008 "Let It Rock" (featuring Lil Wayne) 5 6 3 2 3 15 5 AUS: Platinum US: 4× Platinum UK: Silver In the City 2009 "Welcome to the World" (featuring Rick Ross) 58 26 42 56 34 — 77 US: Gold 2010 "I Made It (Cash Money Heroes)"(featuring Birdman, Jay Sean and Lil Wayne) 21 17 4 44 21 4 37 AUS: Platinum US: Platinum To the Sky "You Make ...more...

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Rudolf Hess

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Rudolf Hess

Rudolf Walter Richard Hess (Heß in German; 26 April 1894 – 17 August 1987), was a prominent politician in Nazi Germany. Appointed Deputy Führer to Adolf Hitler in 1933, he served in this position until 1941, when he flew solo to Scotland in an attempt to negotiate peace with the United Kingdom during World War II. He was taken prisoner and eventually was convicted of crimes against peace, serving a life sentence until his suicide. Hess enlisted as an infantryman at the outbreak of World War I. He was wounded several times over the course of the war and was awarded the Iron Cross, 2nd class, in 1915. Shortly before the war ended, Hess enrolled to train as an aviator, but he saw no action in this role. He left the armed forces in December 1918 with the rank of Leutnant der Reserve. In 1919, Hess enrolled in the University of Munich, where he studied geopolitics under Karl Haushofer, a proponent of the concept of Lebensraum ("living space"), which later became one of the pillars of Nazi Party (NSDAP) ideology. ...more...

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Rudolf I of Germany

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Rudolf I of Germany

Rudolf I, also known as Rudolf of Habsburg (German: Rudolf von Habsburg, Czech: Rudolf Habsburský; 1 May 1218 – 15 July 1291), was Count of Habsburg from about 1240 and the elected King of the Romans from 1273 until his death. Rudolf's election marked the end of the Great Interregnum in the Holy Roman Empire after the death of the Hohenstaufen emperor Frederick II in 1250. Originally a Swabian count, he was the first Habsburg to acquire the duchies of Austria and Styria in opposition to his mighty rival, the Přemyslid king Ottokar II of Bohemia, whom he defeated in the 1278 Battle on the Marchfeld. The territories remained under Habsburg rule for more than 600 years, forming the core of the Habsburg Monarchy and the present-day country of Austria. Rudolf was the first king of the Romans of the Habsburg dynasty, and he played a vital role in raising the comital house to the rank of Imperial princes. He was also the first of a number of late medieval count-kings, so called by the historian Bernd Schneidmüller ...more...

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Rudolf Schenker

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Rudolf Schenker

Rudolf Schenker (born 31 August 1948 in Hildesheim, Lower Saxony) is a German guitarist and founding member of the hard rock band Scorpions, being the rhythm/lead guitarist and one of the main songwriters of the band. Career Schenker founded Scorpions in 1965. He has become one of the major driving forces in the band's song-writing and musical direction for 50 years. Schenker has been Scorpions' most consistent member, appearing on every album and at every tour. His younger brother Michael Schenker was a member of Scorpions in the band's earliest inception, before joining the band UFO. In the year 2000 Schenker was awarded the city of Hanover plaque[1] as well as the Cross of Merit First Class (Verdienstkreuz 1. Klasse) of the Lower Saxony Order of Merit. Equipment After starting out with a Fender Stratocaster, Schenker is primarily known for playing Gibson Flying Vs. In the Acoustica DVD, he is seen playing an acoustic Flying V made especially for him by Dommenget. He now uses Dean acoustic V models. Some ...more...

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Rudolf Dassler

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Rudolf Dassler

Rudolf "Rudi" Dassler (26 March 1898 in Herzogenaurach, Germany – 27 October 1974 in Herzogenaurach) was the German founder of the sportswear company Puma and the older brother of Adidas founder, Adolf "Adi" Dassler. The brothers were partners in a shoe company Adi started, Gebrüder Dassler Schuhfabrik (Dassler Brothers Shoe Factory). Rudi joined in 1924, however the brothers became rivals following World War II and started their own companies in 1948.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8] Initially calling the new company "Ruda" (Rudolf Dassler), it was soon changed to its present name of Puma.[9] Puma is the native Quechua word for cougar, from there it went into German as well as other languages, such as English, Spanish, French, Russian, Romanian, Portuguese, Italian, Polish, Czech, Bulgarian, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian, Finnish, Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian, Slovene and Hungarian.[10][11] Life Adolf Dassler, Rudolf's younger brother, started to produce sports shoes in his mother's kitchen after his return from World W ...more...

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Rudolf Virchow

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Rudolf Virchow

Rudolf Ludwig Carl Virchow (;[1] German: ;[2][3] 13 October 1821 – 5 September 1902) was a German physician, anthropologist, pathologist, prehistorian, biologist, writer, editor, and politician, known for his advancement of public health. He is known as "the father of modern pathology" because his work helped to discredit humourism, bringing more science to medicine. He is also known as the founder of social medicine and veterinary pathology, and to his colleagues, the "Pope of medicine".[4][5][6] Born and raised in Schievelbein (Świdwin) as an only child of a working-class family, he proved to be a brilliant student. Dissuaded by his weak voice, he abandoned his initial interest in theology and turned to medicine. With the help of a special military scholarship, he earned his medical degree from Friedrich-Wilhelms Institute (Humboldt University of Berlin) under the tutelage of Johannes Peter Müller. He worked at the Charité hospital under Robert Froriep, whom he eventually succeeded as the prosector.[7] Al ...more...

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Rudolf Diesel

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Rudolf Diesel

Rudolf Christian Karl Diesel (German: ; 18 March 1858 – 29 September 1913) was a German inventor and mechanical engineer, famous for the invention of the diesel engine, and for his mysterious death. Diesel was the subject of the 1942 film Diesel. Early life and education Diesel was born in Paris, France in 1858[1] the second of three children of Elise (née Strobel) and Theodor Diesel. His parents were Bavarian immigrants living in Paris.[2][3] Theodor Diesel, a bookbinder by trade, left his home town of Augsburg, Bavaria, in 1848. He met his wife, a daughter of a Nuremberg merchant, in Paris in 1855 and became a leather goods manufacturer there. Rudolf Diesel spent his early childhood in France, but at the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War in 1870, his family was forced to leave, as were many other Germans. They settled in London, England. Before the war's end, however, Diesel's mother sent 12-year-old Rudolf to Augsburg to live with his aunt and uncle, Barbara and Christoph Barnickel, to become fluent in ...more...

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Adolf Dassler

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Adolf Dassler

Sculpture of Dassler in the Adi Dassler Stadium, Herzogenaurach. Adolf "Adi" Dassler (3 November 1900 – 6 September 1978) was a German cobbler and entrepreneur who founded the German sportswear company Adidas, and the younger brother of Rudolf Dassler, founder of Puma. Life Born in the Franconian town of Herzogenaurach and trained as a cobbler, Adi Dassler started to produce his first sports shoes in his mother's laundry room upon his return from the First World War. His father, Christoph, who worked in a shoe factory, and the Zehlein brothers, who produced the spikes for track shoes in their smithy, supported Dassler in starting his own business. On 1 July 1924, his older brother Rudolf joined the business, which became an Gebrüder Dassler Schuhfabrik (Dassler Brothers Shoe Factory). With the rise of Adolf Hitler in the 1930s, both Dassler brothers joined the Nazi Party, with Rudolf reputed as being the more ardent National Socialist.[1] Adolf served the Wehrmacht at the beginning of the war for one yea ...more...

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Rudolf Abel

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Rudolf Abel

Rudolf Ivanovich Abel (Russian: Рудо́льф Ива́нович А́бель), real name Vilyam "Willie" Genrikhovich Fisher (Ви́льям "Ви́лли" Ге́нрихович Фи́шер; 11 July 1903 – 15 November 1971) was a Soviet intelligence officer. Upon his arrest by FBI agents on conspiracy charges in 1957 he assumed the identity of a deceased colleague, Rudolf Ivanovich Abel (1900-1955), and it is under this last of many aliases that he became famous. Born in the United Kingdom to Russian émigré parents, Fisher moved to Russia in the 1920s, and served in the Soviet military before undertaking foreign service as a radio operator in Soviet intelligence in the late 1920s, and early 1930s. He later served in an instructional role before taking part in intelligence operations against the Germans during World War II. After the war, he began working for the KGB, which sent him to the United States where he worked as part of a spy ring based in New York City. In 1957, the U.S. Federal Court in New York convicted Fisher on three counts of conspiracy ...more...

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Kevin Rudolf

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Kevin Rudolf

Kevin Winston Rudolf (born February 17, 1983) is an American musician, director, actor, and record producer from New York City, New York. Early life Kevin Winston Rudolf was born on February 17, 1983, in New York City, New York, to Ellyn, an American singer, and Stephen, a disc jockey originally from the United Kingdom and of English heritage. He grew up an only child on the Upper East Side, his parents divorcing while he was still very young. His middle name, Winston, is an homage to Beatle John Lennon: "My dad... was a DJ at the time in Baltimore. He's British, and emceed some shows for The Beatles and The Rolling Stones. In fact, that's why my middle name is Winston, he named me after John Lennon's middle name. And, of course, mom being a singer, she'd let me come to her gigs and soundchecks. They both really influenced me a lot to be a musician."[1] Rudolf has said that his first musical memory is of listening to the Van Halen song 'Jump,' while jumping around the apartment in which he grew up.[2] His f ...more...

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Rudi Völler

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Rudi Völler

Rudolf "Rudi" Völler (pronounced ; born 13 April 1960), nicknamed "Tante Käthe" (English: "Aunt Käthe"), is a German former professional footballer and a former manager of the Germany national team. A forward, he won the FIFA World Cup in 1990 as a player. He also scored an equalizing goal to make it 2–2 in the 81st minute of the 1986 FIFA World Cup Final vs Argentina. The goal was in vain, as Argentina won, 3–2. Along with Mário Zagallo and Franz Beckenbauer, Völler has the distinction of reaching a World Cup final as both a player (1986 and 1990) and as a manager (2002). Club career Völler started his career with 1860 Hanau before joining Bundesliga club Werder Bremen in 1982, winning his first cap for West Germany that same year. Following a successful season in which he was the Bundesliga's top scorer, foreign clubs became interested in the striker, and in 1987 he was transferred to Roma, where he became a mainstay of the team and earned the nickname "er tedesco" ("the German") and also "il tedesco vola ...more...

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Rudolf Island

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Rudolf Island

Ship marooned in the ice at Teplitz Bay, 1904 Prince Rudolf Land, Crown Prince Rudolf Land, Prince Rudolf Island or Rudolf Island (Russian: Остров Рудольфа) is the northernmost island of the Franz Josef Archipelago, Russia and is home to the northernmost point in Russia. Because of its location, the island has served as a staging area for numerous polar expeditions.[1] Geography Rudolf Island, satellite image Sentinel-2 Rudolf Island is almost completely glaciated. It is located very close to the limit of permanent Polar ice. Its highest point is 461 m (1,512 ft). The Middendorff Glacier (Lednik Middendorfa) covers the southeastern part of the island.[2] Cape Fligely, located on Rudolf Island's northern shore, is the northernmost point of Europe and Russia. History The island was named by the Austro-Hungarian North Pole Expedition in honor of Archduke Rudolf (1858–1889), Crown Prince of Austria, Hungary and Bohemia. It belongs to the Arkhangelsk Oblast administrative region of the Russian Federat ...more...

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Rudolf Sieczyński

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Rudolf Sieczyński

Rudolf Sieczyński (1937). Rudolf Sieczyński (1879, Vienna – 1952, Vienna) was an Austrian composer of Polish ancestry. His fame today rests almost exclusively on the nostalgic Viennese song Wien, du Stadt meiner Träume (Vienna, City of My Dreams), whose melody and lyrics he wrote in 1914. A well-known recording was made in 1957 by Elisabeth Schwarzkopf with Otto Ackermann conducting the Philharmonia Orchestra. The song was featured in the soundtrack of the Stanley Kubrick film Eyes Wide Shut. External links German lyrics of selected songs, with English translation Free scores by Rudolf Sieczyński at the International Music Score Library Project (IMSLP) ...more...

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1879 births

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Rudolf Baumgartner

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Rudolf Baumgartner

Rudolf Baumgartner (14 September 1917 in Zurich, Switzerland - 22 March 2002 in Siena, Italy) was a Swiss conductor and violinist. In 1956 he founded the Lucerne Festival Strings chamber orchestra together with Wolfgang Schneiderhan. In the 1950s he recorded the complete sonatas for violin and harpsichord of J.S. Bach with the Austrian harpsichordist Isolde Ahlgrimm for Phillips, although the masters have been lost. ...more...

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Rudolf Geiger

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Rudolf Geiger

Rudolf Oskar Robert Williams Geiger (August 24, 1894 – January 22, 1981) was a German meteorologist and climatologist. He was the son of indologist Wilhelm Geiger and the brother of physicist Hans Geiger. He worked with Wladimir Köppen on climatology, hence the Köppen-Geiger climate classification. ...more...

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1894 births

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Rudolf Diels

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Rudolf Diels

December 1933 Rudolf Diels addressing inmates at KZ Esterwegen which was under control of the Prussian Interior Ministry Rudolf Diels (16 December 1900 – 18 November 1957) was a German civil servant and head of the Gestapo in 1933–34.[2] He obtained the rank of SS-Oberführer and was a protégé of Hermann Göring. Early life Diels was born in Berghausen in the Taunus, the son of a farmer.[3] He served in the army during World War I and afterwards studied law at the University of Marburg from 1919. At university he had a reputation as a drinker and philanderer.[4] While there he also received a number of dueling scars resulting from the academic fencing once practised by young upper-class Austrians and Germans in trying to prove their manhood.[5] Gestapo chief He joined the Prussian interior ministry in 1930 and was promoted to an advisory position in the Prussian police in 1932, targeting political radicals, both Communists and Nazis.[3] He was head of the Prussian Political Police when Adolf Hitler came to ...more...

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1966 FIFA World Cup squads

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1966 FIFA World Cup squads

Below are the squads for the 1966 FIFA World Cup final tournament in England. Spain (3), West Germany (3) and France (2) had players representing foreign clubs. All other than one French player represented Italian clubs. Group 1England Manager: Alf Ramsey No. Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Club 1 GK Gordon Banks 30 December 1937 (aged 28) 27 Leicester City 2 DF George Cohen 22 October 1939 (aged 26) 24 Fulham 3 DF Ray Wilson 17 December 1934 (aged 31) 45 Everton 4 MF Nobby Stiles 18 May 1942 (aged 24) 14 Manchester United 5 DF Jack Charlton 8 May 1935 (aged 31) 16 Leeds United 6 DF Bobby Moore (captain) 12 April 1941 (aged 25) 41 West Ham United 7 MF Alan Ball 12 May 1945 (aged 21) 10 Blackpool 8 FW Jimmy Greaves 20 February 1940 (aged 26) 51 Tottenham Hotspur 9 MF Bobby Charlton 11 October 1937 (aged 28) 68 Manchester United 10 FW Geoff Hurst 8 December 1941 (aged 24) 4 West Ham United 11 FW John Connelly 18 July 1938 (aged 27) 19 Manchester Un ...more...

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1966 FIFA World Cup

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Puma (brand)

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Puma (brand)

PUMA SE, branded as PUMA, is a German multinational company that designs and manufactures athletic and casual footwear, apparel and accessories, headquartered in Herzogenaurach, Bavaria, Germany. PUMA is the third largest sportswear manufacturer in the world.[4] The company was founded in 1948 by Rudolf Dassler. In 1924, Rudolf and his brother Adolf Dassler had jointly formed the company Gebrüder Dassler Schuhfabrik (Dassler Brothers Shoe Factory). The relationship between the two brothers deteriorated until the two agreed to split in 1948, forming two separate entities, Adidas and PUMA. Both companies are currently based in Herzogenaurach, Germany. PUMA has been a public company since 1986, listed at the Frankfurt Stock Exchange. French luxury group Kering (formerly known as Pinault-Printemps-Redoute or PPR) holds 16%, Kering's largest shareholder Artemis SA owns 29% of the share capital. [5]Since 1 July 2013, the company has been led by former football professional Bjørn Gulden (CEO). As of 2017, PUMA SE ...more...

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Rudolf Kämpf

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Rudolf Kämpf

Yipl Rudolf Kämpf is a porcelain manufacturer in the Czech Republic. History Benjamin Franklin Hunt founded the Egerländer Porzellanfabrik Elbogen, G.m.b.H. on 15 June 1907 in Loučky in Nové Sedlo after receiving written approval for the reconstruction of a porcelain factory at the site of the previous brick plant.[1] Production of porcelain is traditional in this area because there are abundant resources of kaolin, loam and other raw materials.[2] Hence, some people of great influence were interested in building a porcelain industry in the country which would be competitive with leading European producers. First porcelain factory building When Benjamin Hunt and Eleanor Hunt became the directors, they had already cooperated with the owner of Loket’s company Austria, Karl Shpek. Reconstruction work started in 1904–1905. But very soon the company went bankrupt and the reconstruction was stopped. On 8 December 1909, doctor Yuliy Geller bought the unfinished building of the porcelain factory. On 21 July ...more...

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Rudolf Steiner (disambiguation)

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Rudolf Steiner (disambiguation)

Rudolf Steiner (1861–1925) was an Austrian philosopher and polymath. Rudolf Steiner may also refer to: Rudolf Steiner (footballer) (1937–2015), German footballer Rudolf Steiner (film director) (born 1942), German film director Rudolf Steiner (athlete) (born 1951), Swiss track and field athlete ...more...



Heinrich Hertz

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Heinrich Hertz

Heinrich Rudolf Hertz (German: ; 22 February 1857 – 1 January 1894) was a German physicist who first conclusively proved the existence of the electromagnetic waves theorized by James Clerk Maxwell's electromagnetic theory of light. The unit of frequency — cycle per second — was named the "hertz" in his honor.[1] Biography Heinrich Rudolf Hertz was born in 1857 in Hamburg, then a sovereign state of the German Confederation, into a prosperous and cultured Hanseatic family. His father Gustav Ferdinand Hertz (originally named David Gustav Hertz) (1827–1914) was a barrister and later a senator.[2] His mother was Anna Elisabeth Pfefferkorn. Hertz's father converted from Judaism to Christianity[3][4] in 1834.[5] His mother's family was a Lutheran[6] pastor's family. While studying at the Gelehrtenschule des Johanneums in Hamburg, Hertz showed an aptitude for sciences as well as languages, learning Arabic and Sanskrit. He studied sciences and engineering in the German cities of Dresden, Munich and Berlin, where he ...more...

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1894 deaths

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Max Rudolf

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Max Rudolf

Max Rudolf may refer to: Max Rudolf (conductor) (1902—1995), German conductor Max Rudolf (rower) (1891-?), Swiss rower ...more...



Baroness Mary Vetsera

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Baroness Mary Vetsera

The arms of Baron Albin von Vetsera, Mary's father The last photograph taken of Baroness Mary Vetsera (at right), wearing the dress in which she was buried. On the left is Countess Marie Larisch, cousin of Crown Prince Rudolf who arranged assignations between him and Vetsera. Baroness Marie Alexandrine von Vetsera (19 March 1871 – 30 January 1889) was a member of Austrian "second society" (new nobility) and one of Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria's mistresses. Vetsera and Rudolf were found dead, an apparent murder suicide, at his hunting lodge, Mayerling (see Mayerling Incident). Early life Known by the fashionable English form of her name, "Mary" (her maternal grandfather's second wife was English), she was the youngest child of Baron Albin von Vetsera, a diplomat in foreign service at the Austrian court,[1] and his much younger wife, Hélène (known as Eleni) Baltazzi, member of a wealthy Greek family from Chios island, then part of the Ottoman Empire.[2][3] Albin, who was made a Baron in 1870 by the E ...more...

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Rudolf (musical)

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Rudolf (musical)

Rudolf is a musical conceived for the stage by Frank Wildhorn and Steve Cuden, with a book by Jack Murphy and Phoebe Hwang, lyrics by Murphy, additional lyrics by Nan Knighton, and music by Frank Wildhorn. Arrangements by Koen Schoots and orchestrations by Kim Scharnberg. It is about Rudolf, Crown Prince of Austria and his extramarital relationship with Baroness Mary Vetsera. Their 1889 deaths at his Mayerling hunting lodge apparently were the result of a murder-suicide pact, although historians have debated this explanation. Loosely based on the book A Nervous Splendor: Vienna 1888-1889 by Frederic Morton,[1] the musical was developed under the working titles Vienna, Affäre Mayerling (The Mayerling Affair), and Rudolf - The Last Kiss. The pressures of the monarchy have fallen upon Rudolf's shoulders, he is in political and personal conflict with his father, Emperor Franz Joseph, and his marriage to Princess Stéphanie of Belgium is crumbling when he meets and falls in love with the 17-year-old baroness. Thei ...more...

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Anna Rudolf

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Anna Rudolf

Anna Rudolf (born 12 November 1987 in Miskolc) is a Hungarian chess player holding the FIDE titles of International Master (IM) and Woman Grandmaster (WGM). She is a popular chess personality, having worked as a commentator and analyst at many major tournaments including the 2016 World Chess Championship. Chess career Anna spent her childhood in Bátaszék, a small town in southern Hungary. She started to play chess along with her sister Kata at the age of four. Many competitions and successes followed. From a young age Anna maintained a position as one of Hungary's top players. Her achievements include winning the European Junior Rapid Championship and the Hungarian Women’s Championship in 2008, 2010 and 2011.[1] She has also represented the Hungarian national team at the Chess Olympiad every year since 2008. She studied Russian and English at the University of Pécs and then in 2010 moved to Madrid, where she was able to combine teaching chess with tournaments. Playing style She is a positional player and a ...more...

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H. R. Giger

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H. R. Giger

Hans Ruedi Giger ( GHEE-gər; German: ; 5 February 1940 – 12 May 2014) was a Swiss painter, whose style was adapted for many forms of media, including record albums, furniture and tattoos. The Zurich-based artist was best known for airbrush images of humans and machines linked together in a cold 'biomechanical' relationship. Later he abandoned airbrush work for pastels, markers, and ink. He was part of the special effects team that won an Academy Award for design work on the film Alien. In Switzerland there are two theme bars that reflect his interior designs, and his work is on permanent display at the H.R. Giger Museum at Gruyères. Early life Giger was born in 1940 in Chur, capital city of Graubünden, the largest and easternmost Swiss canton. His father, a pharmacist, viewed art as a "breadless profession" and strongly encouraged him to enter pharmacy, Giger recalled. He moved to Zürich in 1962, where he studied architecture and industrial design at the School of Applied Arts until 1970.[1] Career Giger's ...more...

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Michael Peterson (criminal)

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Michael Peterson (criminal)

Michael Iver Peterson (born October 23, 1943) is an American novelist who was convicted in 2003 of murdering his second wife, Kathleen Peterson. On December 9, 2011, Peterson was granted a new trial[1] which was scheduled to begin on May 8, 2017.[2] On February 24, 2017, he submitted an "Alford" plea to the reduced charge of manslaughter. He was sentenced to time already served, and freed. His case is the subject of the documentary miniseries The Staircase, which started filming soon after his arrest in 2001. Personal and professional life Michael "Mike" Peterson was born near Nashville, Tennessee, the son of Australian immigrants Eugen Iver Peterson and Eleanor (Bartolino) Peterson. He graduated from Duke University with a bachelor's degree in political science. While there he was president of Sigma Nu fraternity and was editor of The Chronicle, the daily student newspaper, from 1964–1965.[3] He attended classes at the law school of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. After graduating, Peterso ...more...

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Rudolf Franz Lehnert

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Rudolf Franz Lehnert

Rudolf Franz Lehnert (13 July 1878 – 16 January 1948) was an Austro-Hungarian photographer, noted for producing Orientalist images. Life Lehnert was born in Gross Aupa (now Velká Úpa), in Bohemia, which was then part of the Austro-Hungarian empire (and now part of the Czech Republic). [1] He first travelled to Tunis in 1904, and in 1904 he again visited with his friend, and subsequent business partner, Ernst Heinrich Landrock. The pair established a photographic studio in Tunis and worked closely for more than 20 years. They later established studios in successively, Munich, Leipzig and Cairo, publishing the works as by "Lehnert & Landrock". From the 1860s onwards photographs of people with different cultural values and sexual morality became popular for artistic and erotic reasons. These nude images often say more about the fantasies and culture of the photographers than about the portrayed cultures. According to Pascal Baetens they border on racism and ethnocentrism.[2] Lehnert spent the last part ...more...

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1878 births

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Rudolf Roessler

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Rudolf Roessler

Early life Rudolf Roessler was born on 22 November 1897 in Kaufbeuren, Bavaria. He was the son of a Bavarian Forestry Official. When World War I broke out, Rudolf Roessler enlisted in the army at the ripe age of 17. For four years, he served in the German army as a combat soldier. While in the army, he met ten men who would later become his contacts in World War II. After being released from service in the German army, he studied theology in Augsburg. When Adolf Hitler became prominent in German politics, Roessler and his ten contacts realized the dire danger and evil posed by this political leader. Rudolf Roessler started working as a newspaper man at the Augsburg Post Zeitung to wake fellow Germans to the rise of Nazism. In 1933, Rudolf Roessler and his wife, Olga, had to flee to Lucern, Switzerland, with only 10 marks in his pocket (about $50). In Lucern, he opened a publishing house, the Vita Nova. There he wrote about the evils of Nazism under the name R.A. Hermes, after the Greek messenger god. His C ...more...

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1897 births

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Rudolf of Habsburg (disambiguation)

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Rudolf of Habsburg (disambiguation)

Rudolf of Habsburg may refer to: Rudolf I of Germany (1218–1291), King of the Romans Rudolph II, Count of Habsburg (d. 1232) Rudolf II, Duke of Austria (1270–1290) Rudolf I of Bohemia (1281–1307), Duke of Austria and Styria and King of Bohemia Rudolf IV, Duke of Austria (1339–1365) Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor (1552–1612), King of Hungary, King of Bohemia, Archduke of Austria and Holy Roman Emperor Archduke Rudolf of Austria (1788–1831), Cardinal and Archbishop of Olmütz Rudolf, Crown Prince of Austria (1858–1889) ...more...



Rudolf I of Bohemia

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Rudolf I of Bohemia

Rudolf of Habsburg (Czech: Rudolf Habsburský; c. 1282 – 3/4 July 1307), a member of the House of Habsburg, was Duke of Austria and Styria (as Rudolf III) from 1298 as well as King of Bohemia and titular King of Poland (as Rudolf I) from 1306 until his death. Life Rudolf was the eldest son of Duke Albert I of Austria and his wife Elizabeth of Gorizia-Tyrol, thereby the grandson of King Rudolf I of Germany. After lengthy struggles with Adolf of Nassau, his father was elected King of the Romans in 1298 and vested sixteen-year-old Rudolf as a co-ruler with the Austrian hereditary lands of the Habsburg dynasty. According to the Rheinfelden order of succession, Rudolf acted as ducal regent on behalf of his younger brothers Frederick the Fair and Leopold I. On 25 May 1300 King Albert I arranged his marriage with the Capetian princess Blanche, a daughter of King Philip III of France by his second wife Marie of Brabant. The intended union with the French House of Capet however failed as the couple's son and daughter ...more...

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Ilse Hess

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Ilse Hess

Ilse Hess, née Pröhl (22 June 1900 – 7 September 1995) was the wife of Rudolf Hess. After World War II she became a well-known author. Family Ilse Pröhl came from a nationalist conservative family. She was one of three daughters of the wealthy physician and doctor Friedrich Pröhl and his wife Elsa (née Meineke). Friedrich was killed in the Kapp Putsch.[1] Her mother then married artist Carl Horn, director of the Bremen Art Museum.[2] Relationship with Rudolf Hess Ilse met Rudolf Hess in April 1920 in Munich. She was one of the first women to study at the University of Munich.[3] In 1921, she joined the NSDAP (Nazi Party) for the first time,[4] and again after the ban and the new registration, in 1925 (member number 25,071).[3] She felt drawn to Rudolf Hess from the beginning, but Hess was reluctant to enter into a relationship. Ilse introduced Hess to Adolf Hitler, who liked to travel in the circles of well-to-do ladies. Hitler finally gave the impetus to the marriage, which took place on 20 December 1927 i ...more...

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Rudy Giuliani

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Rudy Giuliani

Rudolph William Louis Giuliani (; born May 28, 1944) is an American politician, attorney, businessman, public speaker, former mayor of New York City, and attorney to President Donald Trump.[1] Politically a Democrat, then an Independent in the 1970s, and a Republican since the 1980s, Giuliani was the United States Attorney for the Southern District of New York during the 1980s. Giuliani prosecuted pivotal cases against the American Mafia, and against corrupt corporate financiers. When Guiliani took office as mayor of New York City, he hired a new police commissioner, William Bratton, who applied the broken windows theory of urban decay, which holds that minor disorders and violations create a permissive atmosphere that leads to further and more serious crimes that can threaten the safety of a city.[2] Within several years, Giuliani was widely credited for making major improvements in the city's quality of life and lowering the rate of violent crimes.[2] While Giuliani was still Mayor, he ran for the U.S. Se ...more...

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September 11, 2001

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Rudolf Stahl

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Rudolf Stahl

Rudolf Stahl (February 11, 1912 – June 7, 1984) was a German field handball player who competed in the 1936 Summer Olympics. He was part of the German field handball team that won the gold medal. He played in two matches, including the final. External links Rudolf Stahl's profile at databaseOlympics.com Rudolf Stahl's profile at Sports Reference.com ...more...

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Olympic gold medalists for Germany

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Death Is My Trade

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Death Is My Trade

Death Is My Trade (French: La mort est mon métier) is a 1952 French fictionalized biographical novel by Robert Merle. The protagonist, Rudolf Lang, was closely based on the real Rudolf Höß, commandant of the concentration camp Auschwitz. Summary The story begins in 1913, when Lang is 13 years old. His parents give him a harsh Catholic education, to which he reacts badly. His unstable father, with whom the young Lang has an awkward relationship, wants him to become a priest. At the age of fifteen, Lang starts a military career which leads in 1943 to the post of commandant of Auschwitz. At first a concentration camp, later an extermination camp, the camp, near town of Auschwitz, was the site of the “slow and clumsy creation of a death factory”. Lang works hard to achieve his mission: to kill as many Jews as possible, disposing of the bodies as efficiently as possible.[1] Differences to the real Rudolf Höß In his book, Robert Merle renamed Rudolf Höß as Rudolf Lang, his nickname after demobilization from the S ...more...

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20th-century French novels

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Rudolf Schweitzer-Cumpăna

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Rudolf Schweitzer-Cumpăna

Rudolf Schweitzer-Cumpăna (May 7, 1886 – February 17, 1975) was a Romanian painter. Born in Pitești into an ethnic German family, he finished high school in his native town before attending the Royal Academy of Arts at Berlin from 1904 to 1909, studying under Erich Hancke, Arthur Kampf and Anton von Werner. He then returned to Romania, where he worked prodigiously on scenes and portraits drawn from village life, houses, still lifes, churches and monasteries. He died in Bucharest.[1] Notes (in Romanian) Zoe Apostolache Stoicescu, "Pictorul Rudolf Schweitzer Cumpăna - creator și donator de artă", in Revista Muzeelor, 4/2005, p.93; accessed June 17, 2013 ...more...

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1886 births

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Rudolf Pöder

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Rudolf Pöder

Rudolf Pöder (died 9 June 2013) was an Austrian politician. He was President of the National Council (1989–1990).[1] References Prammer: Pöder war aufrechter Demokrat und überzeugter Parlamentarier (in German) ...more...

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Rudolf Mell

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Rudolf Mell

Acosmeryx pseudomissa a hawkmoth described by Mell in 1932 Rudolf Emil Mell (1878, Gera, Thuringia –1970, Berlin) was a German zoologist and entomologist who specialised in Lepidoptera especially Sphingidae and the fauna of China. He was the director of the German-Chinese Middle School at Canton (Guangzhou) for some time. His collection of Sphingidae is held by the Carnegie Museum of Natural History in Pittsburg.It was purchased by Benjamin Preston Clark. Taxa described by Mell (selected) Actias chapae (Sphingidae) Dahira hoenei (Sphingidae) Rhodambulyx davidi (Sphingidae) Cypa uniformis (Sphingidae) Catocala pataloides (Erebidae) Catocala dejeani (Erebidae) Teinopalpus aureus (Papilionidae) Mirina fenzeli (Endromidae) Works partial list Mell, Rudolf Emil, 1912 Eiablagen bei Insekten. Naturw. Wschr. 27(11), pp. Mell, R.E. 1922. Neue südchinesische Lepidoptera. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschriftt 1922: 113–129. Mell, R.E. 1922 Beiträge zur Fauna sinica Biologie und systematik der süds ...more...

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Rudolph (name)

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Rudolph (name)

Rudolph or Rudolf (French: Rodolphe, Italian, Portuguese and Spanish: Rodolfo) or Rodolphe is a male first name, and, less commonly, a surname. It is a Germanic name deriving from two stems: Rod or Hrōð, meaning "fame", and olf meaning "wolf" (see also Hroðulf; cf. Adolf). In other languages Afrikaans: Rudolf Albanian: Rudolf Armenian: Ռուդոլֆ (Rudolf) Catalan: Rodolf Croatian: Rudolf Czech: Rudolf Danish: Rudolf Dutch: Roelof, Rudolf, Ruud English: Rudolf, Rudolph French: Rodolphe, Raoul Georgian: რუდოლფ (Rudolp) German: Rudolf, diminutive: Rudi Greek: Ροδόλφος (Rhodólphos), Ράλλης (Rhálles) Hebrew רודולף (Rudolf) Hungarian: Rudolf Italian: Rodolfo Japanese:ルドルフ (Rudorufu) Latin: Rudolphus Latvian: Rūdolfs Norwegian: Rudolf Polish: Rudolf Portuguese: Rodolfo Russian: Рудольф (Rudolf) Serbian: Rudolf (Рудолф) Slovak: Rudolf Slovene: Rudolf Spanish: Rodolfo Swedish: Rudolf SurnameAthletes Ernie Rudolph (1909–2003), Major League Baseball pitcher Ger ...more...

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Rudolf I, Margrave of Baden-Baden

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Rudolf I, Margrave of Baden-Baden

Rudolf I, Margrave of Baden (1230 – November 19, 1288) served as Regent to Margrave Frederick I from 1250 until 1267, then as Margrave of Baden from 1268 until his death in 1288. He was the son of Herman V and Irmengard, Countess Palatine of the Rhine. She was the daughter of Henry V, Count Palatine of the Rhine. Rudolf inherited Baden, together with his brother Herman VI, until Herman VI married into the Austrian ducal family. Rudolf I then became the sole ruler of Baden-Baden. Rudolf I married Kunigunde of Eberstein in 1257. The Eberstein family were in a position to raise money for Rudolf, and they bequeathed half their castle to the margrave. In 1283, Otto II of Eberstein sold the other half of Old Eberstein Castle to Rudolf I. In the 14th century, the castle was the place of residence for the Margraves of Baden. In 1250 Rudolf I began the construction of Hohenbaden Castle. On August 23, 1258, King Richard of Cornwall gave the city of Steinbach its charter. Rudolf I had asked the king to do this. The L ...more...

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1230 births

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Rudolf Müller

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Rudolf Müller

Rudolf Müller may refer to: Rudolf Müller (bishop), German Roman Catholic bishop Rudolf Müller (pilot), German pilot ...more...

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Rudolf VI, Margrave of Baden

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Rudolf VI, Margrave of Baden

Rudolf VI of Baden (died 21 March 1372) was Margrave of Baden-Baden and Count of Eberstein from 1353 to 1372. Life He was the elder son of Frederick III and Margareta of Baden. Under Rudolf VI Baden was again united in 1361, since the other lines had expired. Under his rule the Margraves of Baden were recognized for the first time as princeps regni (Reichsfürst). Family and children He married Matilde of Sponheim, daughter of Count John III of Sponheim and had the following children: Bernard I, Margrave of Baden-Baden (1364 – 5 April 1431, Baden). Rudolf VII, Margrave of Baden-Baden (d. 1391). Matilde (d. 3 August 1425, Schleusingen), married 4 July 1376 to Count Henry of Henneberg. Rudolf VI, Margrave of Baden House of Zähringen  Died: 21 March 1372 Preceded byFrederick III Margrave of Baden-Baden 1353–1372 Succeeded byRudolf VII Preceded byRudolf V Margrave of Baden-Pforzheim 1361–1372 Succeeded byBernard I See also List of rulers of Baden This article is translated from that on ...more...

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1372 deaths

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