Allers was the only Catholic to join the first group of the founder of psychoanalysis Sigmund Freud. Together with Alfred Adler, he later distanced himself from psychoanalysis. He was later detached from the group of Adler along with Oswald Schwarz. He taught at the University of Vienna (1919).
He studied the preventive method of St. John Bosco and his pedagogical applications, and at the invitation of Father Agostino Gemelli, was in Italy to study the philosophy of St. Thomas Aquinas at the Catholic University of Milan and graduated in Philosophy in 1934.
With the annexation of Austria to the Third Reich, Allers emigrated to the United States, where he taught at the Catholic University of America in Washington DC (1938 - 1948), and later at Georgetown University in Washington DC.
He was a Guggenheim Fellow in 1958.
In 1908 he married Carola Meitner, sister Lise physical and contributor to the Nobel laureate Otto Hahn.
Allers is buried in St. Mary's Cemetery in Washington DC.
Rudolf Allers Rudolf Allers (1883-1963) was an Austrian psychiatrist who was a member of the first group of the founder of psychoanalysis , Sigmund Freud. Career Allers was the only Catholic to join the first group of the founder of psychoanalysis Sigmund Freud . Together with Alfred Adler , he later distanced himself from psychoanalysis . He was later detached from the group of Adler along with Oswald Schwarz . He taught at the University of Vienna (1919). He was master of Viktor Frankl , guidance of Hans Urs von Balthasar and friend of St. Edith Stein . Both von Balthasar and Stein lived for several months in the house of Allers in Vienna. He studied the preventive method of St. John Bosco and his pedagogical applications, and at the invitation of Father Agostino Gemelli , was in Italy to study the philosophy of St. Thomas Aquinas at the Catholic University of Milan and graduated in Philosophy in 1934. With the annexation of Austria to the Third Reich, Allers emigrated to the United States, where he taught
Rudolph William Louis Giuliani KBE ( ; born May 28, 1944) is an American lawyer, businessman, public speaker, former mayor of New York City , and an informal adviser on cybersecurity to the White House . Politically a Democrat , then an Independent in the 1970s, and a Republican since the 1980s, Giuliani was the United States Attorney for the Southern District of New York during the 1980s. Giuliani prosecuted pivotal cases against the American Mafia , and against corrupt corporate financiers. During his first term as mayor of New York City, Giuliani hired a new police commissioner, William Bratton , who applied the broken windows theory of urban decay , which holds that minor disorders and violations create a permissive atmosphere that leads to further and more serious crimes that can threaten the safety of a city. Within several years, Giuliani was widely credited for major improvements in the city's quality of life, and in lowering the rate of violent crimes. While still Mayor, Giuliani ran for the U.S. S
In theosophy and anthroposophy , the Akashic records are a compendium of all human events, thoughts, words, emotions and intent ever to have occurred in the past, present or future. They are believed by theosophists to be encoded in a non-physical plane of existence known as the etheric plane . There are anecdotal accounts but no scientific evidence for existence of the Akashic records. Akasha ( ākāśa आकाश ) is the Sanskrit word for " aether " or "atmosphere". Also, in Hindi, Akash (आकाश) means "sky" or "heaven". Theosophical Society The Sanskrit term akasha was introduced to the language of theosophy through H. P. Blavatsky (1831–1891), who characterized it as a sort of life force; she also referred to "indestructible tablets of the astral light" recording both the past and future of human thought and action, but she did not use the term "akashic". The notion of an akashic record is attributed to Alfred Percy Sinnett , who, in his book Esoteric Buddhism (1883), wrote of a Buddhist belief in "a permanency of
Hans Ruedi " H.R. " Giger ( GHEE -gur ; German: ; 5 February 1940 – 12 May 2014) was a Swiss painter, whose style was adapted for many forms of media, including record albums, furniture and tattoos. The Zurich-based artist was best known for airbrush images of humans and machines linked together in a cold 'biomechanical' relationship. Later he abandoned airbrush work for pastels, markers, and ink. He was part of the special effects team that won an Academy Award for design work on the film Alien . In Switzerland there are two theme bars that reflect his interior designs, and his work is on permanent display at the H.R. Giger Museum at Gruyères . Early life Giger was born in 1940 in Chur , capital city of Graubünden , the largest and easternmost Swiss canton . His father, a pharmacist, viewed art as a "breadless profession" and strongly encouraged him to enter pharmacy , Giger recalled. He moved to Zürich in 1962, where he studied architecture and industrial design at the School of Applied Arts until 1970. Car
Rudolf Ivanovich Abel ( Russian : Рудольф Иванович Абель ), real name Vilyam "Willie" Genrikhovich Fisher (Вильям "Вилли" Генрихович Фишер), (July 11, 1903 – November 15, 1971) was a Soviet intelligence officer. He adopted his alias when arrested on charges of conspiracy by FBI agents in 1957. Born in the United Kingdom to Russian émigré parents, Fisher moved to Russia in the 1920s and served in the Soviet military before undertaking foreign service as a radio operator in Soviet intelligence in the late 1920s and early 1930s. He later served in an instructional role before taking part in intelligence operations against the Germans during World War II. After the war, he began working for the KGB , which sent him to the United States where he worked as part of a spy ring based in New York City . In 1957 the U.S. Federal Court in New York convicted Fisher on three counts of conspiracy as a Soviet spy for his involvement in what became known as the Hollow Nickel Case and sentenced him to 30 years' imprisonment at
Rudolf Dassler (26 March 1898 in Herzogenaurach , Germany – 27 October 1974 in Herzogenaurach) was the German founder of the sportswear company Puma and the older brother of Adidas founder, Adolf "Adi" Dassler . The brothers were partners in a shoe company Adi started, Gebrüder Dassler Schuhfabrik (Dassler Brothers Shoe Factory). Rudi joined in 1924, however the brothers became rivals following World War II and started their own companies in 1948. Initially calling the new company "Ruda" ( Ru dolf Da ssler), it was soon changed to its present name of Puma . Puma is the native Quechua word for cougar , from there it went into German as well as other languages, such as Spanish , French , Russian , Romanian , Portuguese , Italian , Polish , Czech , Bulgarian , Swedish , Danish , Norwegian , Finnish , Croatian , Serbian , Slovene and Hungarian . Life Adolf Dassler, Rudolf's younger brother, started to produce sports shoes in his mother's kitchen after his return from World War I. His father, Christoph, who worke
Rudolf Khametovich Nureyev ( Bashkir : Рудольф Хәмит улы Нуриев , Tatar : Рудольф Хәмит улы Нуриев , Russian : Рудо́льф Хаме́тович Нуре́ев ; 17 March 1938 – 6 January 1993) was a Soviet ballet dancer and choreographer. He was director of the Paris Opera Ballet from 1983 to 1989 and its chief choreographer until October 1992. Named Lord of the Dance, Nureyev is regarded as one of ballet's most gifted male dancers. In addition to his technical prowess, Rudolf Nureyev was an accomplished choreographer. He produced his own interpretations of numerous classical works, including Swan Lake , Giselle , and La Bayadère . Nureyev had his early career with the Mariinsky Ballet in St. Petersburg. He defected from the Soviet Union to the West in 1961, despite KGB efforts to stop him. This was the first defection of a Soviet artist during the Cold War and it created an international sensation. He went on to dance with The Royal Ballet in London and from 1983 to 1989 served as director of the Paris Opera Ballet . Early
Rudolf Walter Richard Hess ( Heß in German; 26 April 1894 – 17 August 1987), was a prominent politician in Nazi Germany . Appointed Deputy Führer to Adolf Hitler in 1933, he served in this position until 1941, when he flew solo to Scotland in an attempt to negotiate peace with the United Kingdom during World War II . He was taken prisoner and eventually was convicted of crimes against peace, serving a life sentence until his death by suicide. Hess enlisted in the 7th Bavarian Field Artillery Regiment as an infantryman at the outbreak of World War I . He was wounded several times over the course of the war, and won the Iron Cross , 2nd class, in 1915. Shortly before the war ended, Hess enrolled to train as an aviator, but he saw no action in this role. He left the armed forces in December 1918 with the rank of Leutnant der Reserve. In 1919, Hess enrolled in the University of Munich , where he studied geopolitics under Karl Haushofer , a proponent of the concept of Lebensraum ("living space"), which later becam
Rudolf Joseph Lorenz Steiner (27 (or 25) February 1861 – 30 March 1925) was an Austrian philosopher , social reformer , architect and esotericist . Steiner gained initial recognition at the end of the nineteenth century as a literary critic and published philosophical works including The Philosophy of Freedom . At the beginning of the twentieth century he founded an esoteric spiritual movement, anthroposophy , with roots in German idealist philosophy and theosophy ; other influences include Goethean science and Rosicrucianism . In the first, more philosophically oriented phase of this movement, Steiner attempted to find a synthesis between science and spirituality . His philosophical work of these years, which he termed " spiritual science ", sought to apply the clarity of thinking characteristic of Western philosophy to spiritual questions, differentiating this approach from what he considered to be vaguer approaches to mysticism. In a second phase, beginning around 1907, he began working collaborative
Rudolf Höss (also Höß , Hoeß or Hoess ; 25 November 1901 – 16 April 1947) was a Nazi German SS - Obersturmbannführer (lieutenant colonel) and the longest-serving commandant of Auschwitz concentration camp in World War II. He tested and carried into effect various methods to accelerate Hitler's plan to systematically exterminate the Jewish population of Nazi-occupied Europe , known as the Final Solution . On the initiative of one of his subordinates, SS- Hauptsturmführer (captain) Karl Fritzsch , Höss introduced pesticide Zyklon B containing hydrogen cyanide to the killing process, thereby allowing SS soldiers at Auschwitz to murder 2,000 people every hour. He created the largest installation for the continuous annihilation of human beings ever known. Höss joined the Nazi Party in 1922 and the SS in 1934. From 4 May 1940 to November 1943, and again from 8 May 1944 to 18 January 1945, he was in charge of Auschwitz where more than a million people were killed before the defeat of Germany. He was hanged in
Rudolf Ludwig Carl Virchow ( English: ; German: ; 13 October 1821 – 5 September 1902) was a German physician , anthropologist , pathologist , prehistorian , biologist , writer, editor, and politician, known for his advancement of public health . He is known as "the father of modern pathology " because his work helped to discredit humourism , bringing more science to medicine . He is also known as the founder of social medicine and veterinary pathology, and to his colleagues, the "Pope of medicine". Born and raised in Schievelbein ( Świdwin ) as an only child of a working-class family , he proved to be a brilliant student. Dissuaded by his weak voice, he abandoned his initial interest in theology and turned to medicine. With the help of a special military scholarship, he earned his medical degree from Friedrich-Wilhelms Institute ( Humboldt University of Berlin ) under the tutelage of Johannes Peter Müller . He worked at the Charité hospital under Robert Froriep , whom he eventually succeeded as the prosecto
Minnesota Fats , or George Hegerman , is a fictional pool hustler created by American novelist Walter Tevis . The character appears in Tevis' novels The Hustler (1959). Jackie Gleason portrayed the character in the 1961 film adaptation of The Hustler , a performance that received several awards and nominations. The character was an original creation of Tevis, though a real pool hustler, Rudolf Wanderone , who began calling himself "Minnesota Fats" in 1961, claimed to be the inspiration. Tevis denied Wanderone's claim, though Wanderone capitalized on it for years. Rudolf Wanderone as "Minnesota Fats" Real-life pool hustler and entertainer Rudolf Wanderone was known as "New York Fats" (among other nicknames) when the book was published. Realizing there was money to be made from being associated with the success of the book and subsequent film, he changed his nickname to match the fiction and later went on to play himself as the character "Minnesota Fats" in the film The Player (1971). Tevis consistently denie
Rodolfo Alfonso Raffaello Pierre Filibert Guglielmi di Valentina d'Antonguella (May 6, 1895 – August 23, 1926), professionally known as Rudolph Valentino , was an Italian actor naturalized American who starred in several well-known silent films including The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse , The Sheik , Blood and Sand , The Eagle , and The Son of the Sheik . He was an early pop icon, a sex symbol of the 1920s, who was known as the " Latin lover " or simply as "Valentino". He had applied for American citizenship shortly before his untimely death at age 31, which caused mass hysteria among his female fans and further propelled him to iconic status. Valentino as a boy Early life Childhood Valentino was born Rodolfo Pietro Filiberto Raffaello Guglielmi in Castellaneta , Apulia , Kingdom of Italy . His mother, Marie Berta Gabrielle (née Barbin; 1856–1919), was French , born in Lure in Franche-Comté . His father, Giovanni Antonio Giuseppe Fedele Guglielmi di Valentina d'Antonguella, was Italian ; he was a veteri
Heinrich Rudolf Hertz ( German: ; 22 February 1857 – 1 January 1894) was a German physicist who first conclusively proved the existence of the electromagnetic waves theorized by James Clerk Maxwell 's electromagnetic theory of light . The unit of frequency — cycle per second — was named the " hertz " in his honor. Biography Heinrich Rudolf Hertz was born in 1857 in Hamburg , then a sovereign state of the German Confederation , into a prosperous and cultured Hanseatic family. His father Gustav Ferdinand Hertz (originally named David Gustav Hertz) (1827–1914) was a barrister and later a senator . His mother was Anna Elisabeth Pfefferkorn. Hertz's father converted from Judaism to Christianity in 1834. His mother's family was a Lutheran pastor's family. While studying at the Gelehrtenschule des Johanneums in Hamburg, Hertz showed an aptitude for sciences as well as languages, learning Arabic and Sanskrit . He studied sciences and engineering in the German cities of Dresden , Munich and Berlin , where he studie
PUMA SE , branded as PUMA , is a German multinational company that designs and manufactures athletic and casual footwear, apparel and accessories, headquartered in Herzogenaurach , Bavaria . The company was founded in 1948 by Rudolf Dassler . In 1924, Rudolf and his brother Adolf Dassler had jointly formed the company Gebrüder Dassler Schuhfabrik (Dassler Brothers Shoe Factory). The relationship between the two brothers deteriorated until the two agreed to split in 1948, forming two separate entities, Adidas and PUMA. Both companies are currently based in Herzogenaurach, Germany. PUMA has been a public company since 1986, listed at the Frankfurt Stock Exchange . Since 2007 PUMA has been part of French group Kering (formerly known as Pinault-Printemps-Redoute or PPR). Since 1 July 2013, the company has been led by former football professional Bjørn Gulden (CEO). As of 2016, PUMA SE employs more than 10,000 people worldwide and distributes its products in more than 120 countries. Following the split from his br
Rudolf II (18 July 1552 – 20 January 1612) was Holy Roman Emperor (1576–1612), King of Hungary and Croatia (as Rudolf I , 1572–1608), King of Bohemia (1575–1608/1611) and Archduke of Austria (1576–1608). He was a member of the House of Habsburg . Rudolf's legacy has traditionally been viewed in three ways: an ineffectual ruler whose mistakes led directly to the Thirty Years' War ; a great and influential patron of Northern Mannerist art; and an intellectual devotee of occult arts and learning which helped seed what would be called the scientific revolution . Early life Archduke Rudolf Rudolf was born in Vienna on 18 July 1552. He was the eldest son and successor of Maximilian II , Holy Roman Emperor, King of Bohemia , and King of Hungary and Croatia ; his mother was Maria of Spain , a daughter of Charles V and Isabella of Portugal . Rudolf spent eight formative years, from age 11 to 19 (1563–1571), in Spain, at the court of his maternal uncle Phillip II . After his return to Vienna, his father was concerned
Bust of Schrödinger, in the courtyard arcade of the main building, University of Vienna , Austria Erwin Rudolf Josef Alexander Schrödinger ( ; German: ; 12 August 1887 – 4 January 1961), sometimes written as Erwin Schrodinger or Erwin Schroedinger , was a Nobel Prize-winning Austrian physicist who developed a number of fundamental results in the field of quantum theory , which formed the basis of wave mechanics: he formulated the wave equation (stationary and time-dependent Schrödinger equation ) and revealed the identity of his development of the formalism and matrix mechanics . Schrödinger proposed an original interpretation of the physical meaning of the wave function . In addition, he was the author of many works in various fields of physics: statistical mechanics and thermodynamics , physics of dielectrics, colour theory , electrodynamics , general relativity , and cosmology , and he made several attempts to construct a unified field theory . In his book What Is Life? Schrödinger addressed the problems o
Michael A. Sherbon (MichaelSherbon)
Rudolf Schenker (born 31 August 1948 in Hildesheim , Lower Saxony) is a German guitarist and founding member of the hard rock band Scorpions , being the rhythm/lead guitarist and one of the main songwriters of the band. Career Schenker founded Scorpions in 1965. He has become one of the major driving forces in the band's song-writing and musical direction for 50 years. Schenker has been Scorpions' most consistent member, appearing on every album and at every tour. His younger brother Michael Schenker was a member of Scorpions in the band's earliest inception, before joining the band UFO . In the year 2000 Schenker was awarded the city of Hanover plaque. and the Cross of Merit First Class (Verdienstkreuz 1. Klasse) of the Lower Saxony Order of Merit . Equipment After starting out with a Fender Stratocaster , Schenker is primarily known for playing Gibson Flying Vs . In the Acoustica DVD, he is seen playing an acoustic Flying V made especially for him by Dommenget. He now uses Dean acoustic V models. Some of R
Rudolf Israel Kastner (1906 – 15 March 1957), also known as Rezső Kasztner , was a Jewish-Hungarian journalist and lawyer who became known for having helped Jews escape from occupied Europe during the Holocaust . He was assassinated in 1957 after an Israeli court accused him of having collaborated with the Nazis. Kastner was one of the leaders of the Budapest Aid and Rescue Committee (Va'adat Ezrah Vehatzalah, or Vaada), which smuggled Jewish refugees into Hungary during World War II , then helped them escape from Hungary when in March 1944 the Nazis invaded that country too. Between May and July 1944, Hungary's Jews were deported to the gas chambers at Auschwitz at the rate of 12,000 people a day. Kastner negotiated with Adolf Eichmann , a senior SS officer, to allow 1,684 Jews to leave instead for Switzerland on what became known as the Kastner train , in exchange for money, gold and diamonds. Kastner moved to Israel after the war, becoming a spokesman for the Ministry of Trade and Industry in 1952. In 19
Rudolf I , also known as Rudolf of Habsburg ( German : Rudolf von Habsburg , Czech : Rudolf Habsburský ; 1 May 1218 – 15 July 1291), was Count of Habsburg from about 1240 and the elected King of the Romans from 1273 until his death. Rudolf's election marked the end of the Great Interregnum in the Holy Roman Empire after the death of the Hohenstaufen emperor Frederick II in 1250. Originally a Swabian count, he was the first Habsburg to acquire the duchies of Austria and Styria in opposition to his mighty rival, the Přemyslid king Ottokar II of Bohemia , whom he defeated in the 1278 Battle on the Marchfeld . The territories remained under Habsburg rule for more than 600 years, forming the core of the Habsburg Monarchy and the present-day country of Austria . Rudolf was the first king of the Romans of the Habsburg dynasty, and he played a vital role in raising the comital house to the rank of Imperial princes . He was also the first of a number of late medieval count-kings , so called by the historian Bernd Schn
Rudolf Walter Wanderone Jr. (January 19, 1913 – January 15, 1996; originally spelled Wanderon ) was an American professional pocket billiards player, also known as "Minnesota Fats". Although he never won a major pool tournament as "Fats", he was perhaps the most publicly recognized pool player in the United States — not only as a player, but also as an entertainer. Wanderone was inducted in 1984 into the Billiard Congress of America Hall of Fame for his decades-long public promotion of pool. Wanderone began playing at a young age in New York City. As a teenager, he became a traveling pool hustler . Later, in his 30s, he moved to southern Illinois where he met and married his first wife, Evelyn. During World War II, he hustled servicemen in Norfolk, Virginia . With the end of the war, Wanderone returned to Illinois and entered semi-retirement. Wanderone adopted the nickname " Minnesota Fats " from a character in the 1961 film The Hustler , claiming that the character was based upon him. He parlayed the asso
Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer is a legendary reindeer, created by Robert Lewis May , usually depicted as a young fawn who barely has antlers, with a glowing red nose, popularly known as " Santa's ninth reindeer ." When depicted, he is the lead reindeer pulling Santa's sleigh on Christmas Eve . The luminosity of his nose is so great that it illuminates the team's path through inclement winter weather . Rudolph first appeared in a 1939 booklet written by Robert L. May and published by Montgomery Ward , the department store. The story is owned by The Rudolph Company, LP and has been adapted in numerous forms including a popular song , the iconic television special and sequels, and a feature film and sequel. Character Arts, LLC manages the licensing for the Rudolph Company, LP. In many countries, Rudolph has become a figure of Christmas folklore . 2014 marked the 75th anniversary of the character and the 50th anniversary of the television special. A series of postage stamps featuring Rudolph was issued by the
Rudolf Christian Karl Diesel ( German: ; 18 March 1858 – 29 September 1913) was a German inventor and mechanical engineer , famous for the invention of the diesel engine and his mysterious death. Diesel was the subject of the 1942 film Diesel . Early life and education Diesel was born in Paris , France in 1858 the second of three children of Elise (née Strobel) and Theodor Diesel. His parents were Bavarian immigrants living in Paris. Theodor Diesel, a bookbinder by trade, left his home town of Augsburg , Bavaria , in 1848. He met his wife, a daughter of a Nuremberg merchant, in Paris in 1855 and became a leather goods manufacturer there. Rudolf Diesel spent his early childhood in France, but at the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War in 1870, his family was forced to leave, as were many other Germans. They settled in London , England. Before the war's end, however, Diesel's mother sent 12-year-old Rudolf to Augsburg to live with his aunt and uncle, Barbara and Christoph Barnickel, to become fluent in Germa
The question " Why is there anything at all? ", or, " Why is there something rather than nothing? " has been raised or commented on by philosophers including Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz , Martin Heidegger − who called it the fundamental question of metaphysics − and Ludwig Wittgenstein . This question has been written about by philosophers since at least the ancient Parmenides (c. 515 BC) Introduction The question is general, rather than concerning the existence of anything specific such as the universe / s , the Big Bang , mathematical laws , physical laws , time , consciousness or God . It can be seen as an open metaphysical − not religious − inquiry. The circled dot was used by the Pythagoreans and later Greeks to represent the first metaphysical being, the Monad or The Absolute . Criticism of the question's adequacy Bertrand Russell said “I should say that the universe is just there, and that’s all”, a " brute fact " position also taken by physicist Sean Carroll . Philosopher Bede Rundle has questioned wh
December 1933 Rudolf Diels addressing inmates at KZ Esterwegen which was under control of the Prussian Interior Ministry Rudolf Diels (16 December 1900 – 18 November 1957) was a German civil servant and head of the Gestapo in 1933–34. He obtained the rank of SS- Oberführer and was a protégé of Hermann Göring . Early life Diels was born in Berghausen in the Taunus , the son of a farmer. He served in the army during World War I and afterwards studied law at the University of Marburg from 1919. At university he had a reputation as a drinker and philanderer. While there he also received a number of dueling scars resulting from the academic fencing once practised by young upper-class Austrians and Germans in trying to prove their manhood. The scars did not greatly detract from his good looks and in fact imparted a quite striking appearance. Gestapo chief He joined the Prussian interior ministry in 1930 and was promoted to an advisory position in the Prussian police in 1932, targeting political radicals, both Co
Kevin Winston Rudolf (born February 17, 1983) is an American musician and record producer from New York City , New York . Early life Kevin Winston Rudolf was born on February 17, 1983, in New York City, New York , to Ellyn, an American singer, and Stephen, a disc jockey originally from the United Kingdom and of English heritage. He grew up an only child on the Upper East Side , his parents divorcing while he was still very young. His middle name, Winston, is an homage to Beatle John Lennon : "My dad... was a DJ at the time in Baltimore . He's British, and emceed some shows for The Beatles and The Rolling Stones . In fact, that's why my middle name is Winston, he named me after John Lennon's middle name. And, of course, mom being a singer, she'd let me come to her gigs and soundchecks. They both really influenced me a lot to be a musician." Rudolf has said that his first musical memory is of listening to the Van Halen song ' Jump ,' while jumping around the apartment in which he grew up. His first guitar was
Waldorf education , also known as Steiner education , is based on the educational philosophy of Rudolf Steiner , the founder of anthroposophy . Its pedagogy emphasizes the role of imagination in learning, striving to integrate holistically the intellectual, practical, and artistic development of pupils. Steiner's division of child development into three major stages is reflected in the schools' approach to early childhood education , which focuses on practical, hands-on activities and creative play ; to elementary education , which focuses on developing artistic expression and social capacities; and to secondary education , which focuses on developing critical reasoning and empathic understanding. The overarching goal is to develop free , morally responsible , and integrated individuals equipped with a high degree of social competence . Qualitative assessments of student work are integrated into the daily life of the classroom, with quantitative testing playing a minimal role in primary education and standard
The last photograph taken of Baroness Mary Vetsera (at right), wearing the dress in which she was buried. On the left is Countess Marie Larisch , cousin of Crown Prince Rudolf who arranged assignations between him and Vetsera. Baroness Marie Alexandrine von Vetsera (19 March 1871 – 30 January 1889) was a member of Austrian "second society" (new nobility) and one of Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria 's mistresses. Vetsera and Rudolf were found dead, an apparent murder suicide , at his hunting lodge, Mayerling (see Mayerling Incident ). Early life Known by the fashionable English form of her name, "Mary" (her maternal grandfather's second wife was English), she was the youngest child of Baron Albin von Vetsera, a diplomat in foreign service at the Austrian court, and his much younger wife, Hélène (known as Eleni) Baltazzi, member of a wealthy Greek family from Chios island, then part of the Ottoman Empire . Albin, who was made a Baron in 1870 by the Emperor Franz Joseph , was twenty-two years older than his you
Ilse Hess , née Pröhl (22 June 1900 – 7 September 1995) was the wife of Rudolf Hess . After World War II she became a well-known author. Family Ilse Pröhl came from a nationalist conservative family. She was one of three daughters of the wealthy physician and doctor Friedrich Pröhl and his wife Elsa (nee Meineke). Friedrich was killed in the Kapp Putsch . Her mother then married artist Carl Horn, director of the Bremen Art Museum . Relationship with Rudolf Hess Ilse met Rudolf Hess in April 1920 in Munich. She was one of the first women to study at the University of Munich . In 1921, she joined the NSDAP (Nazi Party) for the first time, and again after the ban and the new registration, in 1925 (member number 25,071). She felt drawn to Rudolf Hess from the beginning, but Hess was reluctant to enter into a relationship. Ilse introduced Hess to Adolf Hitler , who liked to travel in the circles of well-to-do ladies. Hitler finally gave the impetus to the marriage, which took place on 20 December 1927 in Munic
Sculpture of Dassler in the Adi Dassler Stadium, Herzogenaurach. Adolf " Adi " Dassler (3 November 1900 – 6 September 1978) was the founder of the German sportswear company Adidas , and the younger brother of Rudolf Dassler , founder of Puma . Life Born in the Franconian town of Herzogenaurach and trained as a cobbler, Adi Dassler started to produce his first sports shoes in his mother's laundry room after his return from the First World War . His father, Christoph, who worked in a shoe factory, and the Zehlein brothers, who produced the spikes for track shoes in their smithy, supported Dassler in starting his own business. On 1 July 1924, his older brother Rudolf joined the business, which became the Gebrüder Dassler Schuhfabrik (Dassler Brothers Shoe Factory). At the 1928 Olympics , Dassler equipped many athletes, laying the foundation for the international expansion of the company. During the 1936 Olympics in Berlin , he equipped the African-American athlete Jesse Owens who went on to win four gold medals.
Lake Turkana ( or ), formerly known as Lake Rudolf , is a lake in the Kenyan Rift Valley , in northern Kenya , with its far northern end crossing into Ethiopia . It is the world's largest permanent desert lake and the world's largest alkaline lake . By volume it is the world's fourth-largest salt lake after the Caspian Sea , Issyk-Kul , and Lake Van (passing the shrinking South Aral Sea ), and among all lakes it ranks 24th. Lake Turkana is now threatened by the construction of Gilgel Gibe III Dam in Ethiopia due to the damming of the Omo river which supplies most of the lake's water. The water is potable , but not palatable . It supports a rich lacustrine wildlife. The climate is hot and very dry. The rocks of the surrounding area are predominantly volcanic . Central Island is an active volcano, emitting vapour. Outcrops and rocky shores are found on the east and south shores of the lake, while dunes, spits and flats are on the west and north, at a lower elevation. On-shore and off-shore winds can be extreme
Michaelmas ( ; also known as the Feast of Saints Michael, Gabriel, Uriel and Raphael , the Feast of the Archangels , or the Feast of Saint Michael and All Angels ) is a minor Christian festival observed in some Western liturgical calendars on 29 September. Michaelmas has been one of the four quarter days of the financial year. The Serbian Orthodox Church observes the feast, whereas most Eastern Orthodox Churches do not. The Greek and Romanian Orthodox honor the archangels on 8 November instead. In Christian angelology , the Archangel Michael is the greatest of all the Archangels and is honored for defeating Satan in the war in heaven . He is one of the principal angelic warriors, seen as a protector against the dark of night, and the administrator of cosmic intelligence. Michaelmas has also delineated time and seasons for secular purposes, as well, particularly in Britain and Ireland as one of the quarter days. History Saint Michael defeats the Dragon, from a 12th-century manuscript . In the fifth century
In medieval historiography, West Francia ( Latin : Francia occidentalis) or the Kingdom of the West Franks (regnum Francorum occidentalium) was the western part of Charlemagne's Empire , inhabited and ruled by the Germanic Franks that forms the earliest stage of the Kingdom of France , lasting from about 840 until 987. West Francia was formed out of the division of the Carolingian Empire in 843 under the Treaty of Verdun after the death of Emperor Louis the Pious and the east–west division which "gradually hardened into the establishment of separate kingdoms (...) of what we can begin to call Germany and France." West Francia extended further south than modern France, but it did not extend as far east. By the 10th century the rule of its kings was greatly reduced and it did not include Lorraine , Burgundy , Alsace and Provence , nor Normandy which was given to Normans in return for the end of raiding. In Brittany and Catalonia the authority of the West Frankish king was barely felt. West Frankish kings were e
The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross ( German : Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes ) and its variants were the highest awards in the military of the Third Reich during World War II . The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded for a wide range of reasons and across all ranks, from a senior commander for skilled leadership of his troops in battle to a low-ranking soldier for a single act of extreme gallantry. A total of 7,321 awards were made between its first presentation on 30 September 1939 and its last bestowal on 17 June 1945. This number is based on the analysis and acceptance of the order commission of the Association of Knight's Cross Recipients (AKCR). Presentations were made to members of the three military branches of the Wehrmacht —the Heer ( Army ), Kriegsmarine ( Navy ) and Luftwaffe ( Air Force )—as well as the Waffen-SS , the Reichsarbeitsdienst (RAD—Reich Labour Service) and the Volkssturm (German national militia ). There were also 43 recipients in the military forces of allies of the Th
Friedrich Karl Rudolf Bergius (11 October 1884 – 30 March 1949) was a German chemist known for the Bergius process for producing synthetic fuel from coal , Nobel Prize in Chemistry (1931, together with Carl Bosch ) in recognition of contributions to the invention and development of chemical high-pressure methods. Having worked with IG Farben during World War II , his citizenship came into question following the war, causing him to ultimately flee to Argentina , where he acted as adviser to the Ministry of Industry. Friedrich Bergius Bergius was born near Breslau (Wrocław) , within the German Empire 's Prussian Province of Silesia . Academic career Before studying chemistry, Bergius was sent to work for 6 months at the Friedrich Wilhelms steel works in Mülheim . His studies started at the University of Breslau in 1903 and ended with a PhD in chemistry at the University of Leipzig in 1907, after only 4 years. His thesis on sulfuric acid as solvent was supervised by Arthur Rudolf Hantzsch . In 1909 Bergius worke
Arne Næss Jr. (born Arne Rudolf Ludvig Raab ; 8 December 1937 – 13 January 2004) was a Norwegian businessman, shipping magnate and mountaineer . Personal life Næss was born in Germany in 1937 to German physician August Oskar German Raab (1901–1993) and Kirsten "Kiki" Dekke Næss (1907–2001), a Norwegian national whose brother was philosopher and mountaineer Arne Næss . Næss' family lived in Germany during World War II . His parents divorced after the war, and Næss moved to Norway with his mother where they both took her maiden name Næss. In 1964, Næss moved to New York to work for his uncle Erling Dekke Næss, a shipping magnate and businessman. He started his own business in London in 1968 where he was successful in shipping and oil, and in real estate. He would go on to make a few bad investments in the 1990s in Pyramid scheme Global Money Games . His biggest success turned out to be an investment in an old IT business, Tandberg Data , and various real estate investments around the world. He had built up his
Photograph of the Imperial hunting lodge at Mayerling with the caption: Mayerling, Altes Jagdschloß des Kronprinzen Rudolf vor 1889 (in English: Mayerling, the old hunting lodge of Crown Prince Rudolf before 1889). Photographs of Crown Prince Rudolf and Baroness Mary Vetsera The Mayerling Incident is the series of events leading to the apparent murder–suicide of Rudolf, Crown Prince of Austria (21 August 1858 – 30 January 1889) and his lover, Baroness Mary Vetsera (19 March 1871 – 30 January 1889). Rudolf was the only son of Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria and Empress Elisabeth , and heir to the throne of the Austro-Hungarian Empire . Rudolf's mistress was the daughter of Baron Albin Vetsera, a diplomat at the Austrian court. The bodies of the 30-year-old Archduke and the 17-year-old baroness were discovered in the Imperial hunting lodge at Mayerling in the Vienna Woods , fifteen miles southwest of the capital, on the morning of 30 January 1889. The death of the crown prince had momentous consequences for t
Hans Fallada (born Rudolf Wilhelm Friedrich Ditzen ; 21 July 1893 – 5 February 1947) was a German writer of the first half of the 20th century. Some of his better known novels include Little Man, What Now? (1932) and Every Man Dies Alone (1947). His works belong predominantly to the New Objectivity literary style, with precise details and journalistic veneration of the facts. Fallada's pseudonym derives from a combination of characters found in the Grimm's Fairy Tales : the protagonist of Hans in Luck (KHM 83) and a horse named Falada in The Goose Girl . Early life Fallada was born in Greifswald , Germany, the child of a magistrate on his way to becoming a supreme court judge and a mother from a middle-class background, both of whom shared an enthusiasm for music, and to a lesser extent, literature. Jenny Williams notes in her biography More Lives than One (1998), that Fallada's father would often read aloud to his children works by authors such as Shakespeare and Schiller . In 1899, when Fallada was 6, his
Karl Rudolf Gerd von Rundstedt (12 December 1875 – 24 February 1953) was a Field Marshal in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany during World War II . Born into a Prussian family with a long military tradition, Rundstedt entered the Prussian Army in 1892. During World War I , he served mainly as a staff officer. In the inter-war years, he continued his military career, reaching the rank of Colonel General (Generaloberst) before retiring in 1938. He was recalled at the beginning of World War II as commander of Army Group South in the invasion of Poland . He commanded Army Group A during the Battle of France , and was promoted to the rank of Field Marshal in 1940. In the invasion of the Soviet Union , he commanded Army Group South , responsible for the largest encirclement in history, the Battle of Kiev , as well as the largest mass killing of the Holocaust to that date, at Babi Yar . He was relieved of command in December 1941, but was recalled in 1942 and appointed Commander-in-Chief in the West. He was dismissed af
Rudolf, Crown Prince of Austria (Rudolf Franz Karl Joseph; 21 August 1858 – 30 January 1889) was the only son of Emperor Franz Joseph I and heir apparent to the throne of Austria-Hungary from birth. In 1889, he died in a suicide pact with his mistress , Baroness Mary Vetsera , at the Mayerling hunting lodge . The ensuing scandal made international headlines. He was named after the first Habsburg King of Germany , Rudolf I , who assumed the throne in 1273. Background Rudolf was born at Schloss Laxenburg , a castle near Vienna , as the son of Emperor Franz Joseph I and Empress Elisabeth . Influenced by his tutor Ferdinand von Hochstetter (who later became the first superintendent of the Imperial Natural History Museum ), Rudolf became very interested in natural sciences, starting a mineral collection at an early age. After his death, large portions of his mineral collection came into the possession of the University for Agriculture in Vienna. In 1877 the Count of Bombelles was master of the young prince. Bom
Rudolf Karl Bultmann ( German: ; 20 August 1884 – 30 July 1976) was a German Lutheran theologian and professor of New Testament at the University of Marburg . He was one of the major figures of early 20th century biblical studies and a prominent voice in liberal Christianity . Bultmann is known for his belief that the historical analysis of the New Testament is both futile and unnecessary, given that the earliest Christian literature showed little interest in specific locations. Bultmann argued that all that matters is the "thatness", not the "whatness" of Jesus, i.e. only that Jesus existed, preached and died by crucifixion matters, not what happened throughout his life. Bultmann relied on demythologization , an approach interpreting the mythological elements in the New Testament existentially. Bultmann contended that only faith in the kerygma , or proclamation, of the New Testament was necessary for Christian faith, not any particular facts regarding the historical Jesus . Background Bultmann was born in
The Royal Navy 's HMS Dreadnought , the world's first dreadnought USS Texas , the only dreadnought still in existence, was launched in 1912 and is now a museum ship. The dreadnought was the predominant type of battleship in the early 20th century. The first of its kind, the Royal Navy 's Dreadnought , made such a strong impression on people's minds when launched in 1906 that similar battleships built subsequently were referred to generically as "dreadnoughts", and earlier battleships became known as " pre-dreadnoughts ". Dreadnought ' s design had two revolutionary features: an "all-big-gun" armament scheme, with more heavy-calibre guns than previous ships, and steam turbine propulsion. As dreadnoughts became a symbol of national power, the arrival of these new warships was a crucial catalyst in the intensifying naval arms race between the United Kingdom and Germany . With the launch of a single ship, Dreadnought, the scales of naval power were reset overnight. As a result, dreadnought races sprang up around
Scorpions are a German rock band formed in 1965 in Hanover by Rudolf Schenker . Since the band's inception, its musical style has ranged from hard rock to heavy metal . The lineup from 1978–92 was the most successful incarnation of the group, and included singer Klaus Meine (vocals), Rudolf Schenker (rhythm guitar), Matthias Jabs (lead guitar), Francis Buchholz (bass guitar), and Herman Rarebell (drums). The band's only constant member has been Schenker, although Meine has been the lead singer for all of the band's studio albums, and Jabs has been a consistent member since 1979. During the mid-1970s, with guitarist Uli Jon Roth part of the line-up, the music of the Scorpions was defined as hard rock. After the departure of Roth in 1978, Matthias Jabs joined and, following the guidance of producer Dieter Dierks , the Scorpions changed their sound towards melodic heavy metal, mixed with rock power ballads . Throughout the 1980s the group received positive reviews and critical acclaim from music critics, an
Rudolph Fentz (also spelled as Rudolf Fenz ) is the focal character of "I'm Scared", a 1952 science fiction short story by Jack Finney , which was later reported as an urban legend as if the events had truly happened. The story tells of a 19th-century-looking young man possessing items of that period who is found confused in the middle of 1951 Times Square before being hit by a car and killed, suggesting that he had, perhaps involuntarily, time travelled about a century forwards. The story of Rudolph Fentz became one of the more significant urban legends of the 1970s and has been repeated occasionally since; with the spread of the Internet in the 1990s, it has been reported more often as a reproduction of facts and presented as evidence for the existence of time travel . Urban legend The Fentz legend describes how one evening in mid-June 1951, at about 11:15 p.m., passersby at New York City 's Times Square noticed a man of about 20 years of age, dressed in the fashion of the late 19th century. No one observed
Merrie Melodies is an American animated series of comedy short films produced by Warner Bros. between 1931 and 1969, during the golden age of American animation . As with its sister series, Looney Tunes , it featured some of the most famous cartoon characters ever created; including Bugs Bunny , Daffy Duck , Porky Pig and Elmer Fudd . Merrie Melodies was originally produced by Harman-Ising Pictures from 1931 to 1933, and then Leon Schlesinger Productions from 1933 to 1944. Schlesinger sold his studio to Warner Bros. in 1944, and the newly renamed Warner Bros. Cartoons continued production until 1963. It was outsourced to DePatie-Freleng Enterprises and Format Films from 1964 to 1967, and Warner Bros. Cartoons resumed production for its final two years. Three of the Merrie Melodies films ( Tweetie Pie , Speedy Gonzales and Birds Anonymous ) won the Academy Award for Best Animated Short Film and another three ( Duck Amuck , One Froggy Evening and What's Opera, Doc? ) have been inducted into the National Film Re
Rudolph Malcolm Walker , OBE (born 28 September 1939), is a Trinidadian actor , best known for his roles on British television. He was the first black actor to appear in a major British TV series, his breakthrough role as Bill in the 1970s sitcom Love Thy Neighbour (co-starring fellow Trinidadian Nina Baden-Semper ) leading to a long and varied acting career. He is currently best known as Patrick Trueman in the BBC One TV soap opera EastEnders , in which he has acted since 2001. Early life and emigration Rudolph Walker was born in San Juan , Trinidad , and began acting as an eight-year-old in primary school, going on to join Derek Walcott 's Trinidad Theatre Workshop as its youngest member. With the aim of furthering his career he left the island at the age of 20 in 1960. He had been planning to go to the United States, where he had connections, but actor Errol John — who had already migrated to Britain but was in Trinidad doing a play — convinced him to go to the UK, where the training was superior. Car
Rudolph Schoenheimer (May 10, 1898 – September 11, 1941) was a German / U.S. biochemist who developed the technique of isotope tagging of biomolecules , enabling detailed study of metabolism . This work revealed that all the constituents of an organism are in a constant state of chemical renewal. Born in Berlin , after graduating in medicine from the Friedrich Wilhelm University there, he learned further organic chemistry at the University of Leipzig and then studied biochemistry at the University of Freiburg where he rose to be Head of Physiological Chemistry. He spent the 1930-31 academic year at the University of Chicago. In 1933, following the rise of the Nazis to power he emigrated from Germany to the Columbia University to join the department of Biological Chemistry. Working with David Rittenberg , from the radiochemistry laboratory of Harold C. Urey and later together with Konrad Bloch , they used stable isotopes to tag foodstuffs and trace their metabolism within living things. He further established
Rudolf "Rudi" Völler ( pronounced ; born 13 April 1960), nicknamed "Tante Käthe" (English: "Aunt Käthe"), is a German former international footballer and a former manager of the Germany national team . A former forward , he won the FIFA World Cup in 1990 as a player. Along with Mário Zagallo and Franz Beckenbauer , Völler has the distinction of reaching a World Cup final as both a player ( 1986 and 1990) and as a manager ( 2002 ). Club career Völler started his career with 1860 Hanau before joining Bundesliga club Werder Bremen in 1982, winning his first cap for West Germany that same year. Following a successful season in which he was the Bundesliga's top scorer, foreign clubs became interested in the striker, and in 1987 he was transferred to Roma , where he became a mainstay of the team and earned the nickname "er tedesco" ("the German") and also "il tedesco volante" ("the flying German"). He won the Coppa Italia in 1991 and was the club's top scorer on several occasions. In 1992, Roma decided to sell Völ
Tillmann Uhrmacher ( German pronunciation: ; 14 May 1967 – 30 May 2011) was a German DJ , producer , and radio host in the field of Electronic dance music . Career Tillmann Uhrmacher started his career as a light jockey in a well-known little club, worked in a record shop and went on to become an internationally renowned DJ. Musical recognition was first achieved by Uhrmacher as a founding member of the electronic group Mysterious Art , along with Michael Krautter , Mike Staab , Nicole Boeúf and Stephanie Trautmann . In 1988, the band's first single "Das Omen" became a number one hit in Germany, selling over 400,000 copies. It spent 29 weeks in the German charts and was the second most successful single of the year. This was followed by a second single " Karma – Omen 2 ", which also reached the top 10. In 1990, the band supported Madonna 's Blond Ambition World Tour . In June 1990, Uhrmacher began his own radio-show broadcast every Saturday evening on RPR1. Later, this show was broadcast on sunshine li
The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross ( German : Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes ) and its variants were the highest awards in the military of the Third Reich during World War II . The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded for a wide range of reasons and across all ranks, from successful military leadership to extreme battlefield bravery. A total of 7,321 awards were made between its first presentation on 30 September 1939 and its last bestowal on 17 June 1945. This number is based on the analysis and acceptance of the order commission of the Association of Knight's Cross Recipients (AKCR). Presentations were made to members of the three military branches of the Wehrmacht —the Heer ( Army ), Kriegsmarine ( Navy ) and Luftwaffe ( Air Force )—as well as the Waffen-SS , the Reichsarbeitsdienst (RAD—Reich Labour Service) and the Volkssturm (German national militia ). There were also 43 recipients in the military forces of allies of the Third Reich . These recipients are listed in the 1986 edition of Walth