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Rakuten Kitazawa

Yasuji Kitazawa (北澤 保次, 20 July 1876 – 25 August 1955), better known by the pen name Rakuten Kitazawa (北澤 楽天 Kitazawa Rakuten), was a Japanese manga artist and nihonga artist. He drew many editorial cartoons and comic strips during the years from the late Meiji era through the early Showa era. He is considered by many historians to be the founding father of modern manga because his work was an inspiration to many younger manga artists and animators.

He was the first professional cartoonist in Japan, and the first to use the term "manga" in its modern sense.[1]

Biography

Rakuten was born in 1876 in the Kita Adachi district of Ōmiya in Saitama Prefecture. He studied western-style painting under Ōno Yukihiko and Nihonga under Inoue Shunzui. He joined the English-language magazine Box of Curios in 1895, and started drawing cartoons under Frank Arthur Nankivell, an Australian artist who later emigrated to America and became a popular cartoonist for Puck magazine.

In 1899, Rakuten moved to Jiji Shimpo, a daily newspaper founded by Yukichi Fukuzawa. From January 1902, he contributed to Jiji Manga, a comics page that appeared in the Sunday edition. His comics for this page were inspired by American comic strips such as Katzenjammer Kids, Yellow Kid, and the work of Frederick Burr Opper.

In 1905, Rakuten started a full-color satirical magazine called Tokyo Puck, named after the American magazine. It was translated into English and Chinese and sold in not only Japan but also in the Korean peninsula, Mainland China, and Taiwan. He worked for this magazine until 1915 (with the exception of a short period around 1912, during which he published a magazine of his own called Rakuten Puck), and then returned to Jiji Shimpo, where he remained until his retirement in 1932.

In 1929, Rakuten held a private exhibition in Paris on the recommendation of the French ambassador, and was awarded the Legion d'honneur. During World War II, he was the chairman of the Nihon Manga Hōkō Kai, a cartoonists society organized by the government to support the war effort.

Influence

Both before and after his retirement, Rakuten trained many young manga artists and animators, including Hekoten Shimokawa, creator of Japan's first cartoon animation. Along with Ippei Okamoto, he was one of the favorite cartoonists of the young Osamu Tezuka.[2]

Notable works
Tagosaku to Mokubē no Tōkyō-Kenbutsu (1902)
  • Rakuten drew many political cartoons for Jiji Shimpō and Tokyo Puck. His early style was critical of the government, but after the High Treason Incident it became more conservative.
  • Many of Rakuten's most popular comic strips were published in Jiji Manga.
    • Tagosaku to Mokubē no Tōkyō-Kenbutsu (田吾作と杢兵衛の東京見物,, "Tagosaku and Mokube's Sightseeing in Tokyo") - started 1902. The story of two country bumpkins on a sightseeing trip in Tokyo. Knowing nothing about modern culture, they behave foolishly (for example, by separately eating lumps of sugar for coffee).
    • Haikara Kidorō no Sippai (灰殻木戸郎の失敗,, "The Failures of Kidoro Haikara") - started 1902. The story of a young man who boasts of his imperfect knowledge of the West but ends up embarrassing himself. His name can be read "Mr. European style affected man".
    • Chame to Dekobō (茶目と凸坊,, "Chame and Dekobo") - Stories about two mischievous boys, counterparts of the Katzenjammer Kids in Japan. The characters Chame and Dekobo appeared as dolls and on playing cards in one of the first examples of character merchandising in Japan.
    • Teino Nukesaku (丁野抜作,, "Nukesaku Teino") - started 1915. The story of a wooden-head man, Nukesaku Teino, whose name can be read "Mr. Foolish Wooden-head". He was a popular character during the Taishō era in Japan.
    • Tonda Haneko Jō (とんだはね子嬢,, "Miss Haneko Tonda") - started 1928. The story of a tomboyish girl, Haneko Tonda, whose name can be read "Hopping-jumping girl". Haneko was the first girl protagonist in manga and influenced early shōjo manga like Machiko Hasegawa's Nakayoshi Techō.
Notes
  1. The first cartoonist to use the term "manga" in the narrower sense of "caricature" was probably Ippyō Imaizumi, Rakuten's predecessor as political cartoonist at the Jiji Shimpo, in 1892. See 新聞漫画 [Newspaper Manga] (PDF). The Japan Newspaper Museum (in Japanese). Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 3 January 2009.
  2. Osamu Tezuka, Tezuka Osamu Manga no Ougi (Secrets of Osamu Tezuka manga), pp. 16-27, ISBN 4-06-175991-4
References
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Shōji Kawamori

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Shōji Kawamori in his studio, in May 2011 Shōji Kawamori ( 河森 正治 Kawamori Shōji, born February 20, 1960) is a Japanese anime creator and producer, screenwriter , visual artist, and mecha designer. Personal life Shoji Kawamori was born in Toyama, Japan in 1960. Later in his youth he attended Keio University in the late seventies and in the same years as Macross screenwriter Hiroshi Ōnogi and character designer Haruhiko Mikimoto , where they became friends and founded a Mobile Suit Gundam fan club called "Gunsight One", a name the group would use years later during the development of the fictional world of the Macross series. Anime creation and production Shoji Kawamori occasionally used the alias Eiji Kurokawa (黒河影次 Kurokawa Eiji) early in his anime career when he started as a teenage intern at Studio Nue and worked as assistant artist and animator there during the late seventies and early eighties. Later on his career Kawamori created or co-created the concepts which served as basis for several anime series s



Year 24 Group

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Year 24 Group ( 24年組 Nijūyo-nen Gumi) is a label applied by critics and fans to a nebulous group of female manga artist considered to have revolutionized shōjo manga (girls' comics) in the 1970s. Their works often examine "radical and philosophical issues," including sexuality and gender issues, and many of their works are now considered "classics" of shōjo manga. The name Fabulous Year 24 Group ( 花の24年組 Hana no Nijūyo-nen Gumi) , comes from the fact that manga artists said to belong to this group were generally born around Shōwa 24 (1949). The origin of the term is unknown. In English, they have also been called the "Magnificent Forty-Niners." The exact membership is not precisely defined, but the three artists most often mentioned by critics or scholars as possible members are Moto Hagio , Yumiko Ōshima , and Keiko Takemiya . Other artists who have been included in a list include Toshie Kihara , Ryoko Yamagishi , Minori Kimura , Riyoko Ikeda , Nanae Sasaya , and Mineko Yamada . Toku argues that the Y



ACG (subculture)

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The ACG is an abbreviation of " A nime, C omic and G ames", used in some subcultures of Greater China . Because a strong economic and cultural connection exists between anime, manga and games in the Japanese market, ACG is used to describe this phenomenon in relative fields. The term refers in particular to Japanese anime , manga and video games , with the video games usually referring to galgames . The term is not normally translated into Chinese; if the meaning needs to be translated, it is usually "動漫遊戲" (dòngmànyóuxì, animation, comics and games), "two-dimensional space" (二次元, Èr cìyuán; Japanese : 2次元 , translit.   nijigen ) or "動漫遊" (dòngmànyóu, animation, comics and games). Etymology In 1995, a Taiwanese fan of animation and comics using the name "AIplus" established a board at National Sun Yat-sen University 's BBS; the board was named the "ACG_Review Board", referring to animation, comics and games. It is considered the first appearance of the term "ACG". Popularizing by Taiwanese anime and comics



Manga

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Manga ( 漫画 Manga) are comics created in Japan or by creators in the Japanese language , conforming to a style developed in Japan in the late 19th century. They have a long and complex pre-history in earlier Japanese art . The term manga ( kanji : 漫画 ; hiragana : まんが ; katakana : マンガ ;   listen   ; English: or ) in Japan is a word used to refer to both comics and cartooning . "Manga" as a term used outside Japan refers to comics originally published in Japan. In Japan, people of all ages read manga. The medium includes works in a broad range of genres: action-adventure, business and commerce, comedy, detective, historical drama, horror, mystery, romance, science fiction and fantasy, sexuality, sports and games, and suspense, among others. Many manga are translated into other languages. Since the 1950s, manga has steadily become a major part of the Japanese publishing industry, representing a ¥ 406 billion market in Japan in 2007 (approximately $ 3.6 billion) and ¥420 billion (approximately $5.5 billion) i



Ikki Kajiwara

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Ikki Kajiwara ( 梶原 一騎 Kajiwara Ikki, September 4, 1936 – January 21, 1987) was a Japanese author , manga writer, and film producer, also known under the pseudonym Asao Takamori ( 高森 朝雄 Takamori Asao) . His real name is Asaki Takamori ( 高森 朝樹 Takamori Asaki) . The pseudonym was used since he was writing for a rival magazine at the time. Having multiple names would prevent overlap within the two magazines. He is known for fighting and sports themes, with images of heroic young men with the occasional fine details as he moves from one topic to another. He considered Tiger Mask and Star of the Giants to be his life's work. He was married to Pai Ping-ping and fathered a daughter, Pai Hsiao-yen , who was kidnapped, tortured, and murdered in 1997. Works Manga All listings are as Ikki Kajiwara unless otherwise specified. Ai to Makoto (art: Takumi Nagayasu ) Asahi no Koibito (as Asao Takamori, art: Eiji Kazama ) Ashita no Joe (art: Tetsuya Chiba ) Akaki Chi no Eleven (art: Mitsuyoshi Sonoda ) Champion Futoshi (art:



Satoshi Kon

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Satoshi Kon ( 今 敏 Kon Satoshi, October 12, 1963 – August 24, 2010 ) was a Japanese film director, animator , screenwriter and manga artist from Sapporo, Hokkaidō and a member of the Japanese Animation Creators Association (JAniCA). He was a graduate of the Graphic Design department of the Musashino Art University . He is sometimes credited as " Yoshihiro Wanibuchi " ( 鰐淵良宏 Wanibuchi Yoshihiro) in the credits of Paranoia Agent . He was the younger brother of guitarist and studio musician Tsuyoshi Kon. Biography Early life Satoshi Kon was born on October 12, 1963. Due to his father's job transfer, Kon's education from the fourth elementary grade up to the second middle school grade was based in Sapporo . Kon was a classmate and close friend of manga artist Seihō Takizawa. While attending Hokkaido Kushiro Koryo High School , Kon aspired to become an animator. His favorite works were Space Battleship Yamato (1974), Heidi, Girl of the Alps (1974), Future Boy Conan (1978) and Mobile Suit Gundam (1979), as well



Dōjinshi

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Dōjinshi ( 同人誌 , often transliterated doujinshi) is the Japanese term for self-published works, usually magazines, Manga or novels. Dōjinshi are often the work of amateurs, though some professional artists participate as a way to publish material outside the regular industry. Dōjinshi are part of a wider category of dōjin including art collections, anime , hentai and games . Groups of dōjinshi artists refer to themselves as a sākuru ( サークル , circle ) . A number of such groups actually consist of a single artist: they are sometimes called kojin sākuru ( 個人サークル , personal circles) . Since the 1980s, the main method of distribution has been through regular dōjinshi conventions, the largest of which is called Comiket (short for "Comic Market") held in the summer and winter in Tokyo 's Big Sight . At the convention, over 20 acres (81,000 m ) of dōjinshi are bought, sold, and traded by attendees. Dōjinshi creators who base their materials on other creators' works normally publish in small numbers to maintain a low



Yoshiyuki Tomino

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Yoshiyuki Tomino ( 富野 由悠季 Tomino Yoshiyuki, born 富野 喜幸 November 5, 1941) is a Japanese mecha anime creator, animator, songwriter, director, screenwriter and novelist. He was born in Odawara , Kanagawa Prefecture , and studied at Nihon University 's College of Art. He is best known for creating the Gundam anime franchise. Career Tomino, began his career in 1963 with Osamu Tezuka 's company, Mushi Productions , scripting the storyboards and screenplay of the first Japanese anime television series, Tetsuwan Atomu (also known as Astro Boy ). He later became one of the most important members of the anime studio Sunrise , going on to direct numerous anime through the 1970s, 1980s and 1990s. Tomino is perhaps best known for his transformation of the " Super Robot " mecha anime genre into the " Real Robot " genre with 1979's Mobile Suit Gundam , the first in the Gundam franchise . He has also won numerous awards, including the "Best Director" award at the recent 2006 Tokyo International Anime Fair (for the 2005 film



Magical girl

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Magical girls ( 魔法 少女 mahō shōjo, also known as mahou shoujo or majokko ) is a subgenre of Japanese fantasy anime and manga which feature girls who use magic. Although the genre has origins in Japan, it has been used as a motif outside Japan in Western works such as Miraculous Ladybug , Star vs. the Forces of Evil , Steven Universe , Winx Club and W.I.T.C.H. . Genre history Anime and manga Manga and anime historians regard the Princess Knight manga, released in 1953, as the prototype for the magical girl genre. Himitsu no Akko-chan , serialized nine years later (1962) in Ribon , is generally accepted to be the earliest magical girl manga. Sally the Witch , adapted from the manga of the same name, is regarded by historians as the first magical girl anime. Sally the Witch was inspired by the Japanese dub of the television series Bewitched . Mahōtsukai Chappy (1972) and Majokko Megu-chan (1974–1975) popularized the term "majokko" (little witch) as a name for the genre. Megu-chan has been noted for its portray



Anime

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Anime ( Japanese : アニメ , , plural: anime) is a Japanese term for hand-drawn or computer animation . The word is the abbreviated pronunciation of "animation" in Japanese, where this term references all animation. Outside Japan, anime is used to refer specifically to animation from Japan or as a Japanese-disseminated animation style often characterized by colorful graphics, vibrant characters and fantastical themes. Arguably, the culturally abstract approach to the word's meaning may open up the possibility of anime produced in countries other than Japan. For simplicity, many Westerners strictly view anime as a Japanese animation product. Some scholars suggest defining anime as specifically or quintessentially Japanese may be related to a new form of orientalism . The earliest commercial Japanese animation dates to 1917, and Japanese anime production has since continued to increase steadily. The characteristic anime art style emerged in the 1960s with the works of Osamu Tezuka and spread internationally

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Hideaki Anno

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Hideaki Anno ( 庵野 秀明 Anno Hideaki, born May 22, 1960) is a Japanese animator, film director and actor . He is best known for his part in creating the popular anime series Neon Genesis Evangelion . His style has become defined by the bits of postmodernism he instills into his work, as well as the extensive portrayal of characters' thoughts and emotions, often through unconventional scenes incorporating the mental deconstruction of those characters. He married manga artist Moyoko Anno on April 27, 2002. Anno's other directorial efforts include Kare Kano (1998), Love & Pop (1998), Shiki-Jitsu (2000), Cutie Honey (2004), Re: Cutie Honey (2004), Rebuild of Evangelion (2007–), and Shin Godzilla (2016). Anime directed by Anno that have won the Animage Anime Grand Prix award have been Nadia: The Secret of Blue Water in 1990, Neon Genesis Evangelion in 1995 and 1996, and The End of Evangelion in 1997. Biography Childhood and personal life Anno was born in Ube, Yamaguchi ; he attended Wakō Kindergarten, Unoshim



Kazuo Koike

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Kazuo Koike ( 小池 一夫 Koike Kazuo, born May 8, 1936 in Daisen , Akita Prefecture ) is a prolific Japanese manga writer ( gensakusha ), novelist and entrepreneur. Career Early in Koike's career, he studied under Golgo 13 creator Takao Saito and served as a writer on the series. Koike, along with artist Goseki Kojima , made the manga Kozure Okami ( Lone Wolf and Cub ), and Koike also contributed to the scripts for the 1970s film adaptations of the series, which starred famous Japanese actor Tomisaburo Wakayama . Koike and Kojima became known as the "Golden Duo" because of the success of Lone Wolf and Cub. Another series written by Koike, Crying Freeman , which was illustrated by Ryoichi Ikegami , was adapted into a 1995 live-action film by French director Christophe Gans . Kazuo Koike started the Gekika Sonjuku, a college course meant to teach people how to be a manga artist. In addition to his more violent, action-oriented manga, Koike, an avid golfer, has also written golf manga. He has also written mahjong man



Mitsuteru Yokoyama

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Mitsuteru Yokoyama ( 横山 光輝 Yokoyama Mitsuteru, June 18, 1934 – April 15, 2004) was a Japanese manga artist born in Suma-ku , Kobe-shi , Hyogo . His personal name was originally spelled Mitsuteru ( 光照 ) , with the same pronunciation. His works include Tetsujin 28-go , Giant Robo , Akakage , Babel II , Sally the Witch , Princess Comet , and adaptations of the Chinese classics Water Margin and Romance of the Three Kingdoms . Early life Yokoyama spent his boyhood during World War II and was evacuated to Tottori with his family. He graduated from Kobe municipal Ota junior high school and went on to the Kobe municipal Suma high school. Osamu Tezuka 's " Metropolis " made a deep impression on Yokoyama who wished to become a manga artist in earnest and so he contributed his works to a comic book in his high school days. He entered the Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation after graduation from high school, but quit his job before five months passed because there was no time to draw a manga . He found a new job as a pub



Yukinobu Hoshino

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Yukinobu Hoshino ( 星野 之宣 Hoshino Yukinobu, born January 29, 1954) is a Japanese manga artist . He was born in Kushiro , Hokkaidō and dropped out of Aichi Prefectural University of Fine Arts and Music mid-semester from the fine arts department. He made his debut in 1975 with Kotetsu no Queen and with Harukanaru Asa won the Tezuka prize for an outstanding manga . On 1976, he wrote Blue City for Shukan Shonen Jump . He won an Excellence Prize at the 2008 Japan Media Arts Festival for Munakata Kyouju Ikouroku . Initially, his artistic style was similar to that of Mikiya Mochizuki and had humoristic touches, but moved on to the gekiga style. He is known for using the gekiga style to create detailed and serious science fiction stories based on American and European SF novels but creating a completely different storyline. He had also drawn various works based on ancient and pre-historic histories. Amongst other things, he is known for his graphic novel series, 2001 Nights . His work is acknowledged by the British Mu



Tadao Nagahama

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Tadao Nagahama (長浜 忠夫 Nagahama Tadao) (September 26, 1936 – January 14, 1980) was a director of both puppet shows and animation . He is best known as the director of Sunrise and Toei Company 's Robot Romance Trilogy , which added human drama to the Super Robot Genre. Nagahama also directed several hit anime series that are still well known among Japanese viewers. Moreover, he produced hits with works of all genres, including sports , comedies , shōnen , shōjo , and Super Robots . He has been referred to as "the Emperor" in imitation of film director Akira Kurosawa . He and his wife contracted hepatitis while traveling overseas. Although his wife survived, he died from the disease at the age of 43. Filmography Puppetry 伊賀の影丸 (Iga no Kagemaru), 1964 ひょっこりひょうたん島 (Hyokkoryoutan Island), 1964–1969 Anime Obake no Q-tarō , 1965 (episode director) Pāman , 1967 (episode director) Star of the Giants , 1968 (director) Chingo Muchabei , 1971 (episode director) Shin Obake no Q-tarō , 1971 (director) Do-Konjo Gael , 1972 (



Harem (genre)

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Harem ( ハーレムもの hāremumono; "from harem ") in anime and manga is an emphasis on polygamous or love triangle relationships characterized by a protagonist surrounded amorously by three or more members of either the same and/or opposing gender, sex, and/or love interests. When it is a yuri or male -hetero oriented harem series, the polygynous relationship is informally referred to as a female harem or seraglios . When it is a yaoi or female -hetero oriented harem series, the polyandrous relationship is informally referred to as a male harem , reverse harem , or gyaku hāremu ( 逆 ハーレム ) . Etymology The word derives from Harem , which was a term used to refer to the most private rooms of a household in the Islamic world , especially among the upper class where only women and close relatives were permitted inside. Structure Because romance is rarely the main focus of an entire series, a harem structure is ambiguous. The most distinguishable trait is the group of polyamorous females and/or males who accompany the pr



Clamp (manga artists)

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Clamp ( クランプ Kuranpu) is an all-female Japanese manga artist group that formed in the mid-1980s. It consists of leader Nanase Ohkawa ( 大川 七瀬 Ōkawa Nanase) , and three artists whose roles shift for each series: Mokona ( もこな Mokona) , Tsubaki Nekoi ( 猫井 椿 Nekoi Tsubaki) , and Satsuki Igarashi ( いがらし 寒月 Igarashi Satsuki) . Almost 100 million Clamp tankōbon copies have been sold worldwide as of October 2007. Beginning as an eleven-member dōjinshi circle in the mid-1980s, they began creating original work in 1987. By the time they debuted with RG Veda in 1989, the group was reduced to seven members. In 1993, three more members left, leaving the four members who are currently still part of the group. In 2006, the members decided to change their names; Ohkawa later changed her name back from Ageha Ohkawa to Nanase Ohkawa, while the other three members retained their new names. History Before their debut (1980s–1989) Clamp originally began in the mid-1980s as an eleven-member dōjinshi circle named Clamp Cluster. Thi



Shigeru Sugiura

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Shigeru Sugiura ( 杉浦 茂 Sugiura Shigeru, 3 April 1908 – 23 April 2000) was a Japanese manga artist famous for his surreal , nonsense gag manga. Career After initially studying painting, Sugiura became an assistant to the manga artist Suihō Tagawa . He soon began drawing his own manga in 1933 and came to fame after World War II with a series of comedic manga for children based on stories like those of Sasuke Sarutobi , Jiraiya , and Journey to the West . Sugiura closely followed popular culture and thus his manga were also influenced by such contemporary fads as Godzilla , pro wrestling , and American science fiction films . The philosophy of his manga "is of yukai, pleasure and amusement, pursuing the path as far from seriousness as possible. . . . The praxis of yukai is essentially the body in free motion, and Sugiura’s characters are defined by an excess of movement." The result was a visual style that was often surreal and absurd . A craftsman, Sugiura could not keep up with the mass production of manga



Mecha anime and manga

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Mecha anime and manga , known in Japan as robot anime ( ロボットアニメ robotto anime) and robot manga ( ロボット漫画 robotto manga) , are anime and manga that feature robots ( mecha ) in battle. The genre is broken down into two subcategories, "super robot" is one category in which the anime or manga includes a super sized totally non plausible robot. The second category is " real robot ", wherein the robots used are explainable by real world physics. Mecha series cover a wide variety of genres from comedy to drama, and has expanded into other media, such as video game adaptations. Mecha has also contributed to the popularity of scale model robots . History The genre started with Mitsuteru Yokoyama 's 1956 manga Tetsujin 28-go (which was later animated in 1963 and also released abroad as Gigantor ). Its inclusion is debatable however, as the robot was controlled by remote instead of a cockpit in the machine. Not long after that the genre was largely defined by author Go Nagai , into something considerably more fantastical



Kenta Shinohara

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Kenta Shinohara ( 篠原 健太 Shinohara Kenta, born January 9, 1974) is a Japanese manga artist . He is best known for his manga series Sket Dance , which was serialized in Weekly Shōnen Jump from 2007 to 2013 and won the Shogakukan Manga Award in 2010. Biography Shinohara was born on January 9, 1974, in Chiba Prefecture . Starting his career as a salaryman , Shinohara decided to drop out of his white-collar job for two years while preparing for his debut as a manga artist. Shinohara worked as an assistant under Hideaki Sorachi on Gintama for a short time using the alias Shintaroh Nakae ( なかえ しんたろう Nakae Shintarō) , an anagram of "Kenta Shinohara". During his stint with Sorachi, Shinohara called him a "teacher" who taught him necessary skills. In June and September 2003, Shinohara was one of the final candidates for the monthly JUMP 12 Outstanding Rookie Manga Award (ジャンプ十二傑新人漫画賞) both months, though he failed to win either award. Shinohara wrote two one-shots for Sket Dance in the winter and summer of 2006, subm



History of anime

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The history of anime can be traced back to the start of the 20th century, with the earliest verifiable films dating from 1917. The first generation of animators in the late 1910s included Ōten Shimokawa , Jun'ichi Kōuchi and Seitaro Kitayama , commonly referred to as the " fathers " of anime. Propaganda films , such as Momotarō no Umiwashi (1943) and Momotarō: Umi no Shinpei (1945), the latter being the first anime feature film, were made during World War II . During the 1970s, anime developed further, separating itself from its Western roots, and developing distinct genres such as mecha and its super robot subgenre. Typical shows from this period include Astro Boy , Lupin III and Mazinger Z . During this period several filmmakers became famous, especially Hayao Miyazaki and Mamoru Oshii . In the 1980s, anime became mainstream in Japan , experiencing a boom in production with the rise in popularity of anime like Gundam , Macross , Dragon Ball , and genres such as real robot , space opera and cyberpunk . Space



Voice acting in Japan

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Voice acting in Japan is acting as a narrator , or as an actor in radio plays , or as a character actor in anime and video games . It also involves performing voice-overs for non-Japanese movies and television programs. Because Japan's large animation industry produces 60% of the animated series in the world, voice acting in Japan has a far greater prominence than voice acting in most other countries. Some voice actors—especially certain voice actresses—often have devoted international fan-clubs. Some fans may watch a show merely to hear a particular voice actor. Some Japanese voice actors have capitalized on their fame to become singers , and many others have become live movie or television actors. There are around 130 voice-acting schools in Japan. Broadcast companies and talent agencies often have their own troupes of vocal actors. Magazines focusing specifically on voice acting are published in Japan, with Voice Animage being the longest running. The English term character voice (or CV), has been comm



Katsuji Matsumoto

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Katsuji Matsumoto ( 松本かつぢ , 1904–1986) was a Japanese illustrator and shōjo manga artist. Matsumoto's 16-page The Mysterious Clover (1934) is recognized as a pioneering work in the field of manga, but he is best known for his shōjo manga Kurukuru Kurumi-chan, serialized from 1938 to 1940, and again from 1949 to 1954. His illustrations were popular from the 1930s through the 1950s, and he contributed illustrations to numerous popular girls' novels by some of the period's most famous authors, including Yasunari Kawabata and Nobuko Yoshiya . He was also a prolific illustrator of children's books and created merchandise for babies, small children, and girls. The Gallery Katsuji Matsumoto in Tokyo is managed by his surviving children. Early life and professional debut Matsumoto was born in Kobe, the son of Toraji ( 寅治 ) and Ishi ( いし ) Matsumoto, but moved with his family to Tokyo at the age of eight. At the age of 13, he began attending what was then called Rikkyō (St. Paul's) Middle School. Through th



Tomoharu Katsumata

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Tomoharu Katsumata ( 勝間田 具治 Katsumata Tomoharu, born in 1938 in Shizuoka Prefecture , Japan) is a Japanese film director best known for his work on various anime works. A leading director at the Toei Animation studio during the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s, Katsumata worked as a director on several of Toei's anime television adaptations of manga by Go Nagai , including Devilman (1972), Mazinger Z (1972), Cutey Honey (1973), Great Mazinger (1974), UFO Robo Grendizer (1975) and Gaiking (1976) (both Grendizer and Gaiking became later part of Jim Terry's Force Five package on U.S. television). Katsumata also directed a TV adaptation of Ginga: Nagareboshi Gin in 1986. Katsumata graduated from Nippon University 's film school in 1960 and began working with the Kyoto division of the Toei Company that same year as an assistant director to Masahiro Makino , Eiichi Kudo , Tomotaka Tasaka on his samurai dramas. After a few years, Katsumata moved to Toei Doga (Toei Animation) in Tokyo , working as a director on some of Toei's




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