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Monte Carlo (1930 film)

Monte Carlo is a 1930 American Pre-Code musical comedy film, directed by Ernst Lubitsch. It stars Jeanette MacDonald as Countess Helene Mara. The film is notable for the song "Beyond the Blue Horizon", which was written for the film and was performed by Jeanette MacDonald. The film was also hailed by critics as a masterpiece of the newly emerging musical genre. The screenplay was based on the Booth Tarkington novel Monsieur Beaucaire.

Plot

Countess Helene Mara is engaged to be married to Prince Otto Von Liebenheim but leaves him at the altar. She flees on a train to Monte Carlo and checks into a hotel. When she arrives at the casino a count named Rudolph Falliere takes a liking to her and poses as a hairdresser whom she hires and falls in love with but could not marry if he is a commoner. Her fiance later arrives and takes her to an opera and she sees Rudolph there in one of the expensive seats indicating he is too wealthy to be a hairdresser. When he reveals to her that he is a count, she realises she can marry him.

Cast
Music

The songs in the film were written by Richard Whiting and W. Franke Harling, with uncredited music by Karl Hajos, Herman Hand, Sigmund Krumgold, and John Leipold. The best-known song in the film is "Beyond the Blue Horizon" by Richard A. Whiting and W. Franke Harling with lyrics by Leo Robin. The song became an immediate hit record for Jeanette MacDonald on the film's release and again in the 1970s when it was covered by Lou Christie.

Other songs in the film are:

  • "Give Me A Moment Please"
  • "Always in All Ways"
  • "She'll Love Me and Like It"
  • "Days of Days"
  • "Trimmin' the Women"
  • "Whatever It Is, It's Grand"
External links
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Alice Zeppilli

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Alice Zeppilli (28 August 1885 – 14 September 1969) was a French operatic soprano of Italian heritage who had an active international singing career from 1901 to 1930. The pinnacle of her career was in the United States where she enjoyed great popularity between 1906 and 1914; particularly in the cities of Chicago, New York, and Philadelphia. She was popular in Monte Carlo where she performed frequently from 1904-19 and later worked as a singing teacher after her retirement from the stage. She made only one recording, a phonograph cylinder for Columbia Records consisting of the Gavotte from Jules Massenet's Manon and Olympia's "Doll aria" from Jacques Offenbach's The Tales of Hoffmann. Early life and education Born in Menton, France, Zeppilli was the daughter of Italian parents. She was a cousin (on her mother's side) of singer Luisa Villani (1884–1961). Alice's father Nicola Zeppilli was an orchestra conductor at the Théâtre du Casino in Monte Carlo. Her father sent her back to his native country of ...more...



Louis Mercanton

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Louis Mercanton (4 May 1879 - 29 April 1932) was a Swiss film director, screenwriter and actor. Mercanton was born in Nyon, Canton of Vaud, Switzerland and died Neuilly-sur-Seine, France. Partial filmography Director Les Amours de la reine Élisabeth (1912) co-director Adrienne Lecouvreur (1913) co-director Miarka (1920) The Call of the Blood (1920) Possession (1922) The Gardens of Murcia (1923) Les Deux Gosses (1924) adaptation of the novel by Pierre Decourcelle Monte Carlo (1925) The Maid at the Palace (1927) Croquette (1927) Venus (1929) The Mystery of the Villa Rose (1930) The Nipper (1930) Octave (1930) A Man of Mayfair (1931) These Charming People (1931) Cognasse (1932) Students in Paris (1932) The Fish Woman (1932) He Is Charming (1932) References BFI Database External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to Louis Mercanton. Louis Mercanton on IMDb Louis Mercanton (4 May 1879 - 29 April 1932) was a Swiss film director, screenwriter and actor. Mercanton was bor ...more...



Gina Lollobrigida

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Luigina "Gina" Lollobrigida (Italian pronunciation: ; born 4 July 1927) is an Italian actress, photojournalist and sculptor. She was one of the highest profile European actresses of the 1950s and early 1960s, a period in which she was an international sex symbol. As her film career slowed, she established second careers as a photojournalist and sculptress. In the 1970s, she achieved a scoop by gaining access to Fidel Castro for an exclusive interview. She has continued as an active supporter of Italian and Italian American causes, particularly the National Italian American Foundation (NIAF). In 2008, she received the NIAF Lifetime Achievement Award at the Foundation's Anniversary Gala. In 2013, she sold her jewelry collection, and donated the nearly $5 million from the sale to benefit stem cell therapy research. Youth Born Luigina Lollobrigida in Subiaco, Italy, she is one of four daughters of a furniture manufacturer and his wife. Her sisters are Giuliana (b. 1924), Maria (b. 1929) and Fernanda (1930–2 ...more...



Jean Daumery

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Jean Daumery (1898-1934) was a Belgian-born film director . As he largely worked in the English-speaking world he is often credited as John Daumery . Son of the actress Carrie Daumery . Selected filmography The Little Snob (1928) Rough Waters (1930) Help Yourself (1932) Blind Spot (1932) Naughty Cinderella (1933) Little Miss Nobody (1933) The Acting Business (1933) Call Me Mame (1933) Mr. Quincey of Monte Carlo (1933) Meet My Sister (1933) Head of the Family (1933) Over the Garden Wall (1934) Without You (1934) References "John Daumery" . External links Jean Daumery on IMDb Jean Daumery (1898-1934) was a Belgian-born film director . As he largely worked in the English-speaking world he is often credited as John Daumery . Son of the actress Carrie Daumery . Selected filmography The Little Snob (1928) Rough Waters (1930) Help Yourself (1932) Blind Spot (1932) Naughty Cinderella (1933) Little Miss Nobody (1933) The Acting Business (1933) Call Me Mame (1933) Mr. Quincey of Monte Carlo (1933) Meet My Sister (193 ...more...



Franz Schulz

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Franz Schulz (born 22 March 1897 in Prague, Austria-Hungary, died 4 May 1971, in Muralto, Tessin, Switzerland) was a playwright and screenwriter who worked from 1920 through 1956. Biography Schulz was born into a wealthy family, and although of the Jewish faith, religion played no role in the family. His father was a lawyer and a college friend of the writer Friedrich Adler. Lucia, one of his sisters, was the first wife of the painter László Moholy-Nagy. As a high school student Schultz studied the works of Max Brod, Egon Erwin Kisch, Franz Kafka, Paul Leppin, and Franz Werfel. Schulz graduated in 1915 from the Charles University in Prague and entered the army shortly thereafter. After release from service, he went to Berlin where he worked from 1918 to 1920 as a journalist, until writing for film. His early screenplays were for crime and drama films, before he turned his attention to comedy. His first "talkie" was the 1930 film Die Drei von der Tankstelle, followed in 1931 by feature film screenplays f ...more...



Leon Danielian

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Leon Danielian (31 October 1920 – 8 March 1997) was an American ballet dancer, teacher, choreographer, and educator. As guest artist with ballet companies around the world, he became one of the first American male dancers to achieve international recognition. Early life and career Leon Danielian, born in New York City , was the son of Armenian immigrants Frank and Varsik (Coolidganian) Danielian. As a child, he took private ballet classes with Madame Seda Suny, a well-known Armenian dance teacher, and later continued his studies under Mikhail Mordkin , Michel Fokine , Igor Schwezoff, and Vecheslav Swoboda. He made his debut with the Mordkin Ballet in 1937, became a charter member of Ballet Theatre in 1939, and appeared, briefly, with Colonel Wassily de Basil 's Original Ballet Russe in 1941. He also danced in Broadway musicals during these early years. In 1943 he joined Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo as a soloist and remained with that company until 1961, having become a premier danseur with an unusually wide ...more...



Igor Youskevitch

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Igor Youskevitch (Russian: Игорь Юшкевич , Ukrainian : Ігор Юшкевич ) (13 March 1912 – 13 June 1994) was a ballet dancer and a choreographer of Russian-Ukrainian origin, famous as one of the greatest male ballet dancers of the 20th century, as a master of the classic style, e.g., in Afternoon of a Faun, and as a dance partner to Alicia Alonso . Early years Born in the village of Pyriatyn , Poltava Oblast , Ukraine (then part of Imperial Russia ), Youskevitch was the son of a judge. The family fled the Russian Revolution and in 1920 settled in Belgrade . Youskevitch was educated in Belgrade and graduated with a degree in engineering from Belgrade University . He did not begin his ballet training until the age of twenty although prior to that he was active in a Slavic athletic organisation and received early training as a gymnast. In 1932, the Yugoslavian ballerina Zenia Grunt saw him at a tournament and persuaded him to take up dancing as a career. He came to dance relatively late in life, however, his talent ...more...



Laura La Varnie

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Laura La Varnie (March 2, 1853 – September 18, 1939) was an American actress of the silent era . She appeared in 81 films between 1913 and 1930. She was born in Jefferson City, Missouri and died in Los Angeles, California . Selected filmography Lord Chumley (1914) The Pullman Bride (1917) Mickey (1918) The Unpainted Woman (1919) Vanity Fair (1923) Poisoned Paradise: The Forbidden Story of Monte Carlo (1924) The Bells (1926) Raggedy Rose (1926) - her mother The Honorable Mr. Buggs (1927) The Devil's Holiday (1930) External links Laura La Varnie on IMDb Laura La Varnie (March 2, 1853 – September 18, 1939) was an American actress of the silent era . She appeared in 81 films between 1913 and 1930. She was born in Jefferson City, Missouri and died in Los Angeles, California . Selected filmography Lord Chumley (1914) The Pullman Bride (1917) Mickey (1918) The Unpainted Woman (1919) Vanity Fair (1923) Poisoned Paradise: The Forbidden Story of Monte Carlo (1924) The Bells (1926) Raggedy Rose (1926) - her mother The H ...more...



John Roche (actor)

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John Roche (February 6, 1893 – November 10, 1952) was an American actor of the stage and screen. Biography Roche was born in the small village of Penn Yan, New York, on February 6, 1893. He graduated from the University of Rochester, after which he began his acting career touring with stock companies during the 1910s and early 1920s. In 1922, he broke into the film industry with a featured role in The Good Provider. During the 1920s, he acted in both films and on stage, including several roles in Broadway productions. He acted steadily in films until 1936, in both featured and supporting roles. In the mid-1930s he took a break from films, focusing on the stage, including directing the play, Mackerel Skies, which had a short run at the Playhouse Theatre in New York in 1936. Roche returned to films in 1941, with a small role in the Norma Shearer vehicle, We Were Dancing (1942), based on the Noël Coward play of the same name. Over the course of his career he was involved in over half a dozen Broadway product ...more...



Captain Craddock

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Captain Craddock (French: Le capitaine Craddock ) is a 1931 German French-language musical comedy film directed by Max de Vaucorbeil and Hanns Schwarz and starring Jean Murat , Käthe von Nagy and Charles Redgie . It is a French-language version of the 1931 German film Monte Carlo Madness . It is sometimes known as Bombe Sur Monte Carlo . The film's sets were designed by the art director Erich Kettelhut . Cast Jean Murat as Le capitaine Craddock Käthe von Nagy as La reine Yola Charles Redgie as Pierre Alice Tissot as Isabelle Sinoël as Le consul Rachel Devirys as Diane Paul Ollivier as Le directeur du casino Lucien Callamand as Brégaillon Nicolas Redelsperger as Le ministre des finances Comedian Harmonists as Themselves Cultural references According to Philippe Goddin , author of Hergé - Chronologie d'une oeuvre , the name of Tintin 's character Captain Haddock is inspired by this film. In The Crab with the Golden Claws , Haddock sings one of the film songs, Les gars de la Marine . References http://ftvdb.bfi ...more...



Monaco Grand Prix

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The Monaco Grand Prix ( French : Grand Prix de Monaco ) is a Formula One motor race held each year on the Circuit de Monaco . Run since 1929, it is widely considered to be one of the most important and prestigious automobile races in the world and, with the Indianapolis 500 and the 24 Hours of Le Mans , forms the Triple Crown of Motorsport . The circuit has been called "an exceptional location of glamour and prestige". The race is held on a narrow course laid out in the streets of Monaco , with many elevation changes and tight corners as well as a tunnel, making it one of the most demanding tracks in Formula One. In spite of the relatively low average speeds, it is a dangerous place to race and often involves the intervention of a safety car . It is the only Grand Prix that does not adhere to the FIA 's mandated 305-kilometre (190-mile) minimum race distance. The event was part of the pre- Second World War European Championship and was included in the first World Championship of Drivers in 1950 . It was desig ...more...



Molly Lamont

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Molly Lamont (22 May 1910 – 7 July 2001) was a British film actress. Lamont was born in Boksburg , Transvaal , South Africa . She began her career in British films in 1930 and for several years played small, often uncredited roles. Her roles began to improve by the mid-1930s, whilst resident in London, but later moved to Hollywood where she continued playing roles such as Cary Grant 's fiancée in The Awful Truth (1937). Her other appearances include such popular films as The White Cliffs of Dover and Mr. Skeffington (both 1944). She retired from acting in 1951 with more than fifty films to her credit. Lamont died on 7 July 2001 in Brentwood, Los Angeles at age 91. Filmography The First Legion (1951) as Mrs. Nora Gilmartin South Sea Sinner (1950) as Kay Williams Christmas Eve (1947) as Harriet Rhodes Ivy (1947) as Bella Crail Scared to Death (1947) as Laura Van Ee So Goes My Love (1946) as Cousin Garnet Allison Devil Bat's Daughter (1946) as Ellen Masters Morris The Dark Corner (1946) (uncredited) as Lucy Wild ...more...



Mireille Balin

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Mireille Césarine Balin (born Blanche Mireille Césarine Balin 20 July 1909 in Monte Carlo – 9 November 1968 in Clichy, France) was a French actress. Considered one of the finest actresses of French cinema in the 1930s, she was discredited by her fraternization with the Nazis and died forgotten and destitute. Filmography 1932: Vive la classe 1932: Don Quichotte 1933: Le Sexe faible 1933: The Weaker Sex 1933: Adieu les beaux jours 1934: On a trouvé une femme nue 1934: Vive la compagnie 1934: Si j'étais le patron 1935: Marie des angoisses 1936: Le roman d'un spahi 1936: Girls of Paris 1936: Pépé le Moko 1937: Lady Killer 1937: Naples au baiser de feu 1938: Golden Venus 1938: Le capitaine Benoît 1938: Terre de feu 1939: Coups de feu 1939: Terra di fuoco 1939: Cas de conscience 1939: Immediate Call 1940: The Siege of the Alcazar 1940: Menaces 1940: Macao, l'enfer du jeu 1941: Fromont jeune et Risler aîné 1941: L'assassin a peur la nuit 1942: La femme que j'ai le plus aimée 1942: Macao, l'enfer du jeu 1942: Haut le ...more...



Eve Gray

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Eve Gray (27 November 1900 – 23 May 1983) was an English film actress. Born Fanny Evelyn Garrett , she was taken to Australia as a child and later had a stage career there. She returned to England in 1924 and within three days of arrival had signed a contract and then made her first appearance on the London stage at Daly's Theatre in Madame Pompadour . A film contract soon followed. Selected filmography One of the Best (1927) – Mary Penrose Poppies of Flanders (1927) The Lodger (1927) Moulin Rouge (1928) Villa Falconieri (1928) – Princess Sora Smashing Through (1929) Why Sailors Leave Home (1930) The Loves of Robert Burns (1930) – Mary Campbell Night Birds (1930) The Wickham Mystery (1931) – Joan Hamilton Midnight (1931) The Bermondsey Kid (1933) – Toots Smithy (1933) The Flaw (1933) Big Business (1934) The Crimson Candle (1934) What's in a Name? (1934) Murder at Monte Carlo (1935) Death on the Set (1935) Department Store (1935) – Dolly Flint Man of the Moment (1935) Three Witnesses (1935) The Happy Family (1 ...more...



Denise Grey

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Denise Grey , real name Édouardine Verthuy , was a French actress. Biography Édouardine Grey was born in Châtillon in the Aosta Valley of north-west Italy , close to the French border. The town was almost totally French speaking at the time. She was naturalized as a French citizen on 13 July 1922. She started working in the film industry in 1915 in the silent film En famille, an adaptation of the novel by Hector Malot , before dedicating herself to theatre work. She went back to working in films, now talkies, in the 1930s. She came to fame in the 1940s with films such as Monsieur Hector (1940), Boléro (1942) or Devil in the Flesh (1947). Old age did not end her career. For example, in 1972, she starred in a French television series called Les Rois maudits . Thanks to the film La Boum , in which she plays "Poupette", the great-grandmother of Sophie Marceau , she gained recognition from a new audience growing up in the 1980s. She was a member of the Comédie-Française between 1944 and 1946 and between 1957 and 1 ...more...



Gino Corrado

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Gino Corrado (9 February 1893 – 23 December 1982) was an Italian-born film actor. He appeared in nearly 400 films between 1916 and 1954, almost always in small roles as a character actor. He was often cast as a waiter, headwaiter or maitre d'. Career Born in Florence , Italy , Corrado is considered to have one of the most impressive filmographies of any actor; for example, he is the only actor to appear in Gone With The Wind , Citizen Kane and Casablanca , three of the leading films of Hollywood's Golden Age. He made his film debut in D.W. Griffith's Intolerance in 1916, and appeared in such other silent classics as The Ten Commandments and Sunrise . By the time sound arrived, he had already been reduced to a bit player, but worked constantly (making 18 appearances just in 1939) and was always a welcome presence. He is especially prized by Three Stooges fans for his appearances in Saved by the Belle , An Ache in Every Stake and Micro-Phonies . His final role was a shoe salesman in the 1954 Martin and Lewis co ...more...



Yola d'Avril

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Yola d'Avril (April 8, 1907-March 2, 1984) was a French-born actress, who appeared in numerous American productions between 1925 and 1953. She was born in Lille , France , and died in Port Hueneme, California as Yola d'Avril Montiague. During World War I , her family relocated to Paris . After her father died in 1923, she moved to Los Angeles . She appeared in MGM 's adventure film, Tarzan and His Mate with Italian actor Paul Porcasi as her father, Monsieur Feronde. Selected filmography Orchids and Ermine (1927) American Beauty (1927) The Valley of the Giants (1927) The Noose (1928) Lady Be Good (1928) Hot for Paris (1929) King of Jazz (1930) All Quiet on the Western Front (1930) The Bad One (1930) Those Three French Girls (1930) The Right of Way (1931) God's Gift to Women (1931) Svengali (1931) Just a Gigolo (1931) Women Go on Forever (1931) Beauty and the Boss (1932) Glamour (1934) Tarzan and His Mate (1934) Monte Carlo Nights (1934) Captain Blood (1935) A Passport to Hell (1942) References "California Dea ...more...



Louis II, Prince of Monaco

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Louis II (12 July 1870 – 9 May 1949) was Prince of Monaco from 1922 to 1949. Early years Born Louis Honoré Charles Antoine Grimaldi in Baden-Baden , Germany , he was the only child of Prince Albert I of Monaco (1848–1922), and Lady Mary Victoria Hamilton (11 December 1850 – 14 May 1922). His mother was a daughter of William Alexander Anthony Archibald Hamilton, 11th Duke of Hamilton , and his wife, Princess Marie Amélie Elizabeth Caroline of Baden . Within a year of his parents' marriage Louis was born, but his mother, a strong-willed 19-year-old, disliked Monaco and was unhappy with her husband. Shortly thereafter, she left the country permanently, and the princely couple's marriage was annulled in 1880. Louis was raised in Germany by his mother and stepfather, Count (later Prince) Tassilo Festetics von Tolna , along with his eldest half-sister, Maria-Mathilde (later grandmother of Ira von Fürstenberg ), and did not see his father until age 11 when he was obliged to return to Monaco to be trained for his fut ...more...



Monsieur Beaucaire (novel)

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Monsieur Beaucaire is a short novel by Pulitzer Prize -winning author Booth Tarkington that was first published in 1900 . Plot The setting is Bath during the eighteenth century. Before the action of the novel begins, Beau Nash , an historical figure who served as Master of Ceremonies of Bath, has ordered M. Beaucaire out of the public rooms because of his low status. A barber to a French noble, Beaucaire has since that incident established a reputation for honesty while gambling with English notables in private. In the opening scene of the novel, he catches the Duke of Winterset cheating and threatens to expose the Duke, whose honesty is already the subject of gossip. Beaucaire insists Winterset take him to a ball and introduce him as the Duc de Chateaurien to Lady Mary Carlisle, “the Beauty of Bath." Beaucaire as Chateaurien wins the lady’s affection and the admiration of Bath society. In the days that follow Beaucaire twice emerges successfully from duels with men who pretend to insult him on their own beh ...more...



W. Franke Harling

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W. Franke Harling (January 18, 1887 – November 22, 1958) was a composer of film scores, operas, and popular music. Life and career Born William Franke Harling in London, he was educated at the Grace Choir Church School in New York City. After working as an organist and choir director at the Church of the Resurrection in Brussels, he spent two years at the United States Military Academy at West Point, and composed both its hymn, called "The Corps," and its official march, "West Point Forever." In 1918, Harling contributed incidental music to the Broadway production of the 1898 play Pan and the Young Shepherd by Maurice Hewlett. In 1926, he collaborated with Laurence Stallings on Deep River, a voodoo-themed opera set in New Orleans in 1835. It opened on Broadway at the Imperial Theatre on October 4 and ran for 32 performances. Harling began his Hollywood career in 1928. His film credits include The Vagabond King, This Is the Night, So Big!, A Bill of Divorcement, Blonde Venus, A Farewell to Arms, The Bitt ...more...



Sam Browne (musician)

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Sam Browne (1898–1972) was an English dance band singer, who became one of the most popular British dance band vocalists of the 1930s. He is remembered for singing with Jack Hylton and with Ambrose and his Orchestra, at the Mayfair Hotel and Embassy Club, with whom he made many recordings from 1930 to 1942, and for his duets and variety performances with the singer, Elsie Carlisle . Career Gramophone record of 1934. Sam Browne sings Stars fell on Alabama accompanied by Bert Ambrose and his orchestra. Born in London , England, Sam Browne's first recording was made with the Jack Hylton band on 23 August 1928, " That's My Weakness Now ", issued on HMV B5520. The band at that time included Jack Jackson (trumpet), Lew Davis and Leo Vauchant (trombone), Chappie D'Amato, E.O. Pogson, Billy Ternent (reeds) and Hugo Rignold (vn). Over approximately a year and a half, Browne made over 100 records with Hylton, including sessions in Berlin and Milan , and was to return to the studios with the Hylton band between 1938 and ...more...



Dominique Wilms

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Dominique Wilms (born 8 June 1930) is a Belgian film actress. Selected filmography La môme vert-de-gris (1953) The Women Couldn't Care Less (1954) Les pépées font la loi (1955) Bombs on Monte Carlo (1960) Caesar the Conqueror (1962) Panic in Bangkok (1964) A Ace and Four Queens (1966) The Trap Snaps Shut at Midnight (1966) References "Dominique Wilms". Ftvdb.bfi.org.uk. Retrieved 18 August 2017. External links Dominique Wilms on IMDb Dominique Wilms (born 8 June 1930) is a Belgian film actress. Selected filmography La môme vert-de-gris (1953) The Women Couldn't Care Less (1954) Les pépées font la loi (1955) Bombs on Monte Carlo (1960) Caesar the Conqueror (1962) Panic in Bangkok (1964) A Ace and Four Queens (1966) The Trap Snaps Shut at Midnight (1966) References "Dominique Wilms". Ftvdb.bfi.org.uk. Retrieved 18 August 2017. External links Dominique Wilms on IMDb ...more...



Tirrenia Studios

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The Tirrenia Studios (also known at one point as the Pisorno Studios ) are a film studio complex located in the Italian coastal town of Tirrenia in Tuscany . The studios were constructed between 1933-1934 and intended, along with the Fert Studios in Turin , to provide northern competition to the increasingly dominant Cines Studios in Rome . Tirrenia was a new town which had grown with the support of Italy's Fascist regime . Although Italian film production was booming following an early 1930s slump, Tirrenia quickly faced increasing competition from the large Cinecitta studios in Rome which had been opened in 1937 as part of the Fascist's attempt to centralise film production in the capital. Nonetheless the studios continued to be used, sometimes facilitating location shooting nearby. During the later stages of the Second World War the studios were requisitioned for other use first by the Germans and later by the Allies. In the post-war years the studios returned to film production, although this has been sp ...more...



Carlo Mauri

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Carlo Mauri (25 March 1930 – 31 May 1982) was an Italian mountaineer and explorer . Mauri was born in Lecco . Among his early climbs in the Alps two stand out: the first winter ascent of the via Comici route on the northern face of Cima Grande di Lavaredo ; and the first solitary ascent of the Poire of Mont Blanc . Numerous expeditions abroad followed. In 1956 he reached the summit of Monte Sarmiento in Tierra del Fuego and in 1958, as a member of Riccardo Cassin ’s expedition in Karakorum , he and Walter Bonatti made the first ascent of Gasherbrum IV (7,925 m). In 1969 and again in 1970 he was a member of Thor Heyerdahl 's expedition which crossed the Atlantic Ocean in Ra I and Ra II , vessels made of papyrus . Following the Ra expeditions, Mauri took part in many others including following the route of Marco Polo in the Asian steppes and exploring Patagonia and the Amazon . He also made several documentary films of his travels, some of them produced for the Italian state broadcaster RAI . Again with Heyerda ...more...



Carmel Myers

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Carmel Myers (April 4, 1899 – November 9, 1980) was an American actress who achieved her greatest successes in silent film . Life and career Myers was born in San Francisco , the daughter of an Australian rabbi and Austrian Jewish mother. Her father became well-connected with California's emerging film industry, and introduced her to film pioneer D. W. Griffith , who gave Carmel a small part in Intolerance (1916). Myers also got her brother Zion Myers into Hollywood as a writer/director. From Photoplay Magazine 1920 From this beginning, Myers left for New York City , where she acted mainly on stage for the next two years. She was signed by Universal , where she emerged as a popular actress in vamp roles. Her most popular film from this period—which does not feature her in a vamp role—is probably the romantic comedy All Night , opposite Rudolph Valentino , who was then a little-known actor. She also worked with him in A Society Sensation . By 1924 she was working for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer , making such films as ...more...



Harold Huber

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Harold Huber (December 5, 1909 – September 29, 1959) was an American actor who appeared on film, radio and television. Early life Huber was born Harold Joseph Huberman in the Bronx to Jewish immigrants from Imperial Russia , who had arrived in the United States as infants. His father was the manager of an optical firm. Harold Huberman entered New York University in the Fall of 1925 at age sixteen. He was a member of the university debate team, and by his third year had become editor of a school magazine called The Medley. His tenure at that post was marked by an incident, reported in the newspapers, when the administration suspended publication of The Medley in May 1928 for printing "low humor...not fit to bear the name of New York University". After graduating from NYU in 1929, Huberman attended Columbia University for a short time, reportedly in the School of Law, but apparently dropped out after getting his first acting job in 1930. Career Stage On September 22, 1930, Harold Huberman became Harold Huber, ...more...



Otto Wallburg

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Otto Wallburg (21 February 1889 – 29 October 1944) was a German actor and Kabarett performer. He was a prolific film actor during the late silent and early sound era . Wallburg was born Otto Maximilian Wasserzug in Berlin , the son of a Jewish banker . He drifted into stage acting, but served in the German Army during the First World War and was wounded on the Eastern Front after winning an Iron Cross . From 1926 onwards he worked in the large German film industry, including many productions made by UFA . When the Nazis came to power in 1933 he left Germany and moved to Austria where he continued to work in film. He later moved to France and then on to the Netherlands . He was arrested following the 1940 German invasion of the Netherlands . He was held for a while at Westerbork transit camp , and later moved to Auschwitz where he was killed. Selected filmography Chaste Susanne (1926) Derby (1926) The Transformation of Dr. Bessel (1927) Light-Hearted Isabel (1927) Grand Hotel (1927) Heaven on Earth (1927) Lov ...more...



Frank Leigh

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Frank Leigh (18 April 1876 – 9 May 1948) was a British stage and film actor . Biography Born in London in 1876, Leigh settled in Hollywood and became a leading man during the silent era . Following the introduction of sound , his roles were much less significant. By the late 1930s all his screen appearances were uncredited. He died in Los Angeles in 1948. Selected filmography On Dangerous Ground (1917) Life's Whirlpool (1917) Stolen Orders (1918) Crown Jewels (1918) The Homebreaker (1919) Her Buckskin Knight (1919) Lord and Lady Algy (1919) Dangerous Days (1920) The Cup of Fury (1920) Nurse Marjorie (1920) Out of the Silent North (1922) North of the Yukon (1923) Rosita (1923) The Gentleman from America (1923) The Reckless Age (1924) His Majesty, Bunker Bean (1925) The Winding Stair (1925) The Adorable Deceiver (1926) Flame of the Argentine (1926) Secret Orders (1926) The Flaming Forest (1926) The Tigress (1927) Mockery (1927) A Night of Mystery (1928) Love in the Desert (1929) The Thirteenth Chair (1929) Lotu ...more...



Julian Dziedzina

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Julian Dziedzina (21 October 1930, Lesko , Poland – 21 May 2007, Łódź ) was a Polish director, film critic, and a longtime lecturer at the National Film School in Łódź . Life In 1956, he graduated from the Directing Department at the National Film School in Łódź. He started a puppet theater and amateur stage in Wałbrzych . He was also a film critic. As a director he made his debut with the film Koniec nocy, starring, among others, Zbigniew Cybulski and Roman Polański . His most famous work was Bokser, with Daniel Olbrychski in the lead role. The film Field received three awards at the International Film Festival for Youth in Venice . Dziedzina was buried in the Starym cemetery in Łódź. Filmography Feature films Koniec nocy (1956) – director, screenwriter Eroica (1957) – castmember Zagubione uczucia (1957) – cooperating director, screenwriter Miasteczko (1958) – director, screenwriter Decyzja (1960) – director Mam tu swój dom (1963) – director Rachunek sumienia (1964) – director, screenwriter Święta wojna (196 ...more...



Margaret Campbell

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Margaret Campbell (April 24, 1883 – June 27, 1939) was an American character actress in silent films . In her later years she was the secretary of the Bahá'í Spiritual Assembly of Los Angeles. Career Born in St. Louis, Missouri , Campbell had been the leading lady of the Bramhall Players and appeared on Broadway in revivals of Hamlet and The Merchant of Venice during the early 1910s. Later she followed her husband, German-born actor Josef Swickard , into films and was usually cast as rather grand ladies. She retired from the screen at the advent of sound. Death In 1939, Campbell was sexually assaulted and bludgeoned to death with a hammer by her son, Campbell McDonald. He was also suspected of having bludgeoned to death a Russian dancer, Anya Sosoyeva, as well as having assaulted the young actress Delia Bogard , who survived. He was later cleared of those attacks when the actual murderer, De Witt Clinton Cook, was captured by the Los Angeles police force. Both attacks occurred on the Los Angeles City College ...more...



Ernest Vajda

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Ernest Vajda (born Ernő Vajda ; 27 May 1886, Komárno , Austria-Hungary , today Slovakia - 3 April 1954, Woodland Hills, California ) was a Hungarian actor, playwright and novelist, but is more famous today for his screenplays . He co-wrote the screenplay for the film Smilin' Through ( 1932 ), based on the hit play by Jane Cowl and Jane Murfin. Vajda also wrote the screenplay for the first film version of Rudolph Besier 's The Barretts of Wimpole Street ( 1934 ). Partial filmography The Unknown Tomorrow (1923) The Crown of Lies (1926) You Never Know Women (1926) original story Service for Ladies (1927) original story "The Head Waiter" The Woman on Trial (1927) Manhattan Cocktail (1928) original story A Night of Mystery (1928) The Love Parade (1929) Monte Carlo (1930) The Smiling Lieutenant (1931) The Guardsman (1931) Tonight or Never (1931) Service for Ladies ( 1932 ) original story "The Head Waiter" Payment Deferred (1932) Monsieur Albert (1932) original story "The Head Waiter" Broken Lullaby (1932) The Barre ...more...



Mary Brian

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Mary Brian (February 17, 1906 – December 30, 2002) was an American actress and movie star who made the transition from silent films to sound films . Early life She was born Louise Byrdie Dantzler in Corsicana , Texas , the daughter of Taurrence J. Dantzler (December 1869 – March 18, 1906) and Louise B. (August 12, 1876 – April 3, 1973). Her brother was Taurrence J. Dantzler, Jr. (August 9, 1903 – April 6, 1973). Her father died when she was one month old and the family later moved to Dallas . In the early 1920s, they moved to Long Beach , California . She had intended becoming an illustrator but that was laid aside when at age 16 she was discovered in a local bathing beauty contest . One of the judges was famous motion picture star Esther Ralston (who was to play her mother in the upcoming Peter Pan and who became a lifelong friend). She didn't win the $25 prize in the contest but Ralston said, "you've got to give the little girl something." So, her prize was to be interviewed by director Herbert Brenon for a ...more...



Luba Marks

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Luba Marks was a Bulgarian-born French-American fashion designer of Russian descent specialising in sportswear from the 1950s to the 1970s. Prior to this, under the name Lubov Roudenko she was a former soloist for the Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo in the late 1930s and early 1940s, afterwards performing on Broadway throughout the 1940s. Early life Luba Rudenko was born 28 November 1921 in Sofia, Bulgaria, to Russian parents. Her father, Nicholas, had been a former officer in the Russian Imperial Guard, and following the Russian Revolution, he and his wife became refugees while the rest of their family were killed. They moved to Paris, where Nicholas Rudenko ran a Russian restaurant until it was forced to close following the 1932 assassination of President Paul Doumer by a Russian émigré. Following this, the family relied on Luba's skill as a dancer to help them, with Luba later recollecting "There were times when I had to win first place in a contest so we could eat." Dancing In 1938 Rudenko was signed up ...more...



John Darrow

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John Darrow (17 July 1907 - 24 February 1980), born Harry Simpson, was an American actor of the late silent and early talking film eras. Born in Leonia, New Jersey in 1907, Darrow began acting in theater with a stock company, right after graduating high school. Shortly after, he would begin his film career with a featured role in the 1927 silent film, High School Hero. After several films with featured roles, he was cast as the lead in 1931's The Lady Refuses, which co-stars Betty Compson and was directed by George Archainbaud. He would spend the next five years in leading man or featured roles, before retiring from acting in 1935. He would appear in five films that year, although four of them were produced in 1934. His final screen appearance would be in a supporting role in Annapolis Farewell. Although he retired from acting, he did not leave the film industry and instead continued on to become a very successful agent. Filmography (Per AFI database) The High School Hero (1927) - Bill Merrill Avalanche ...more...



Monsieur Beaucaire (1924 film)

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Monsieur Beaucaire is a 1924 silent film drama based on the Booth Tarkington novel of the same name . Filmed at Paramount Studios in New York City , it was produced and directed by Sidney Olcott and starred Rudolph Valentino . Plot The Duke of Chartres is in love with Princess Henriette, but she seemingly wants nothing to do with him. Eventually he grows tired of her insults and flees to England when Louis XV insists that the two marry. He goes undercover as Monsieur Beaucaire, the barber of the French Ambassador, and finds that he enjoys the freedom of a commoner’s life. After catching the Duke of Winterset cheating at cards, he forces him to introduce him as a nobleman to Lady Mary, with whom he has become infatuated. When Lady Mary is led to believe that the Duke of Chartres is merely a barber she loses interest in him. She eventually learns that he is a nobleman after all and tries to win him back, but the Duke of Chartres opts to return to France and Princess Henriette who now returns his affection. Cast ...more...



John Deverell

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John Deverell (30 May 1880 in London , England – 2 March 1965 in Haywards Heath , Sussex , England) was a British actor. Selected filmography John Forrest Finds Himself (1920) Children of Chance (1930) Monte Carlo Madness (1932) The King of Paris (1934) The Divine Spark (1935) Marry the Girl (1935) They Didn't Know (1936) Everything in Life (1936) The Girl in the Taxi (1937) Incident in Shanghai (1938) References "John Deverell" . External links John Deverell on IMDb John Deverell (30 May 1880 in London , England – 2 March 1965 in Haywards Heath , Sussex , England) was a British actor. Selected filmography John Forrest Finds Himself (1920) Children of Chance (1930) Monte Carlo Madness (1932) The King of Paris (1934) The Divine Spark (1935) Marry the Girl (1935) They Didn't Know (1936) Everything in Life (1936) The Girl in the Taxi (1937) Incident in Shanghai (1938) References "John Deverell" . External links John Deverell on IMDb ...more...



Bruno Ziener

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Bruno Ziener (11 June 1870 – 9 February 1941) was a German film actor and director . He appeared in over 100 films between 1913 and 1941. He also directed 28 silent films such as The Flight into Death (1921). He was married to stage and film actress Manny Ziener . Selected filmography Actor Evening – Night – Morning (1920) Der falsche Prinz (1922) I.N.R.I. (1923) Guillotine (1924) Wood Love (1925) The Circus Princess (1925) Bismarck (1925) State Attorney Jordan (1926) Out of the Mist (1927) Bismarck 1862-1898 (1927) Children's Souls Accuse You (1927) The Girl with the Five Zeros (1927) Panic (1928) The Prince of Rogues (1928) Taxi at Midnight (1929) The Woman One Longs For (1929) The Mistress and her Servant (1929) Dear Homeland (1929) Men Without Work (1929) The Call of the North (1929) Inherited Passions (1929) A Mother's Love (1929) The Crimson Circle (1929) Dreyfus (1930) A Student's Song of Heidelberg (1930) The Man Who Murdered (1931) 1914 (1931) Monte Carlo Madness (1931) Johnny Steals Europe (1932) Sh ...more...



John Wray (actor)

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John Wray (February 13, 1887 – April 5, 1940) was an American character actor of stage and screen. Career Wray, born John Griffith Malloy, was one of the many Broadway actors to descend on Hollywood in the aftermath of the sound revolution, and quickly appeared in a variety of substantial character roles, such as the Arnold Rothstein-like gangster in The Czar of Broadway (1930); Himmelstoss, the sadistic drill instructor in All Quiet on the Western Front (1930); and as the contortionist the Frog in the remake of The Miracle Man (1932), in the role previously played by Lon Chaney in the 1919 original. Wray's roles grew increasingly smaller as the decade progressed but he was very visible as the starving farmer threatening to kill Gary Cooper's Longfellow Deeds in Frank Capra's classic Mr. Deeds Goes to Town (1936) and as the warden in Fritz Lang's You Only Live Once (1937). Partial filmography New York Nights (1929) All Quiet On The Western Front (1930) as Himmelstoss The Czar of Broadway (1930) Sil ...more...



Gino Marinuzzi

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Gino Marinuzzi (24 March 1882 – 17 August 1945) was an Italian conductor and composer , particularly associated with the operas of Wagner and the Italian repertory. Biography Marinuzzi was born and studied in Palermo , and began his career there as well, conducting the local premieres of Tristan und Isolde in 1909, and Parsifal in 1914. He then appeared in Rome and Milan, where he conducted several local premieres (mostly Wagner operas) and many revivals of rarely performed operas such as Lucrezia Borgia , La straniera , Beatrice di Tenda and L'incoronazione di Poppea . In 1930 he conducted the world premiere of Ildebrando Pizzetti 's Lo straniero . He made guest appearances at the Paris Opéra , the Royal Opera House in London, and the Monte Carlo Opera , where he conducted the world premiere of Puccini 's La rondine in 1917. He was artistic director of the Chicago Opera Association from 1919 to 1921, and the Rome Opera from 1928 to 1934. He was reputed for his "grand style" inherited from the post-romantic t ...more...



Carlyle Blackwell

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Carlyle Blackwell (January 20, 1884 – June 17, 1955) was an American silent film actor and a minor director and producer. He made his film debut in the 1910 Vitagraph Studios production of Uncle Tom's Cabin directed by J. Stuart Blackton. Between then and 1930, when talkies ended his acting career, he appeared in more than 180 films. For his contributions to the film industry, Blackwell has a motion pictures star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6340 Hollywood Boulevard. In his later years he was also active as a producer and writer. After his final film in 1930, Blackwell turned to performing on stage in live theatre. Life Blackwell was born in Syracuse, New York. He was married three times, first to actress Ruth Hartman, who was the mother of his daughter and son. In 1923, he divorced Hartman for desertion; and, in 1926, he married his second wife Leah Barnato, known as the "Queen of Diamonds". She was the daughter of a South African diamond millionaire and sister of Woolf Barnato. His third wife was ...more...



William Stack

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William Stack (March 5, 1882 – January 15, 1949) was an American actor who began his acting career in Great Britain. Over the course of his career he appeared in over 50 films in the U.S. and the U.K, including such notable films as Mary of Scotland, Captains Courageous, and Gone with the Wind. Life and career Stack was born on March 5, 1882 in Baker, Oregon. He began his acting career on the stage in England, before entering the film industry with a starring role in the 1918 British silent film, The Girl from Downing Street. He also starred in the 1922 British film, The Scourge, which also stars Madge Stuart and J.R. Tozer. In 1930, Stack returned to the U.S., making his American film debut with a featured role in the melodrama, Sarah and Son, starring Ruth Chatterton and Fredric March. He followed this with an appearance as Travis in Derelict, directed by Rowland V. Lee, and starring George Bancroft, Jessie Royce Landis, and William "Stage" Boyd. He finished the year in the small role of Dr. Fowler in T ...more...



Claud Allister

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Claud Allister (3 October 1888 – 26 July 1970) was an English actor with an extensive film career in Hollywood, where he appeared in more than 70 films between 1929-1955. Life He was born William Claud Michael Palmer in London . After receiving his education at Felsted School in Essex , he began his career as a stockbroker's clerk in the City of London , but gave up a life in the Square Mile on deciding that he preferred the stage, upon which he made his début in 1910. Career He toured England's repertory theatres playing minor parts up to the outbreak of World War I , when he was commissioned into the British Army as a subaltern , and saw active service with the Suffolk Regiment and the Machine Gun Corps Post-war he returned to acting, and in 1924 went to America to perform on the stage there initially. In 1929 he made his film début in The Trial of Mary Dugan . Death Allister died 26 July 1970 at Santa Barbara, California , aged 81. Filmography The Trial of Mary Dugan (1929) - Henry James Plaisted Bulldog D ...more...



ENIAC

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Glen Beck (background) and Betty Snyder (foreground) program ENIAC in BRL building 328. (U.S. Army photo) ENIAC ( or ; Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer ) was amongst the earliest electronic general-purpose computers made. It was Turing-complete , digital and able to solve "a large class of numerical problems" through reprogramming. Although ENIAC was designed and primarily used to calculate artillery firing tables for the United States Army 's Ballistic Research Laboratory , its first programs included a study of the feasibility of the thermonuclear weapon . ENIAC was formally dedicated at the University of Pennsylvania on February 15, 1946 and was heralded as a "Giant Brain" by the press. It had a speed on the order of one thousand times faster than that of electro-mechanical machines; this computational power, coupled with general-purpose programmability, excited scientists and industrialists alike. This combination of speed and programmability allowed for thousands more calculations for pr ...more...



José Crespo (actor)

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José Crespo (1900–1997) was a Spanish film actor . During the late 1920s and 1930s he worked in Hollywood , often as a leading man in Spanish-language versions of studio hits. Crespo was thought to resemble John Gilbert by MGM bosses, and was given roles performed by the American in the English versions. The two men became friends. Once the fashion for making separate Spanish versions was brought to an end by the rise of dubbing , Crespo moved to Mexico to work. He later returned to his native Spain. Selected filmography Revenge (1928) Joy Street (1929) Love in Every Port (1931) The Trial of Mary Dugan (1931) Mystery at Monte Carlo (1933) Nobody's Wife (1950) References Jarvinen p.49 Bibliography Lisa Jarvinen. The Rise of Spanish-Language Filmmaking: Out from Hollywood's Shadow, 1929-1939. Rutgers University Press, 2012. External links José Crespo on IMDb José Crespo (1900–1997) was a Spanish film actor . During the late 1920s and 1930s he worked in Hollywood , often as a leading man in Spanish-language ver ...more...



Daniel B. Clark

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Daniel B. Clark (April 28, 1890 – November 14, 1961) was an American cinematographer . He worked on around a hundred films and television series during his career. During the late 1920s he was President of the American Society of Cinematographers . Selected filmography The Lone Star Ranger (1919) Catch My Smoke (1922) Three Jumps Ahead (1923) The Lone Star Ranger (1923) North of Hudson Bay (1923) The Heart Buster (1924) The Trouble Shooter (1924) Dick Turpin (1925) Riders of the Purple Sage (1925) The Lucky Horseshoe (1925) The Best Bad Man (1925) My Own Pal (1926) The Great K & A Train Robbery (1926) The Broncho Twister (1927) The Circus Ace (1927) Daredevil's Reward (1928) The Last of the Duanes (1930) Rough Romance (1930) Harmony at Home (1930) The Black Camel (1931) My Pal, the King (1932) Destry Rides Again (1932) Charlie Chan in Paris (1935) Charlie Chan in Egypt (1935) Back to Nature (1936) Educating Father (1936) Charlie Chan at the Circus (1936) Champagne Charlie (1936) Step Lively, Jeeves! (19 ...more...



Roulette

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Roulette ball French roulette "Gwendolen at the roulette table" – 1910 illustration to George Eliot 's " Daniel Deronda ". Roulette is a casino game named after the French word meaning little wheel. In the game, players may choose to place bets on either a single number, various groupings of numbers, the colors red or black, whether the number is odd or even, or if the numbers are high (19–36) or low (1–18). Interestingly, the sum of all the numbers on the roulette wheel (from 0 to 36) is 666 , which is the " Number of the Beast ". One legend says that François Blanc made a deal with the devil to obtain the secrets of roulette. To determine the winning number and color, a croupier spins a wheel in one direction, then spins a ball in the opposite direction around a tilted circular track running around the circumference of the wheel. The ball eventually loses momentum , passes through an area of deflectors, and falls onto the wheel and into one of 37 (in French/European style roulette) or 38 (in American style ...more...



Waldemar Young

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Waldemar Young (July 1, 1878 – August 30, 1938) was an American screenwriter. He wrote for 81 films between 1917 and 1938. Biography He was born in Salt Lake City , Utah and died in Hollywood, California from pneumonia . Waldemar was a grandson of Brigham Young . He was also a brother of Mahonri Young . Young joined the staff of the Salt Lake Herald after he graduated from High School. He then went to Stanford University starting in 1900. At Stanford he played on the football team. He majored in English but also studied economics and history. Young did not finish his studies at Stanford. Instead he took jobs with the San Francisco Chronicle and the San Francisco Examiner. In 1912 Young married Elizabeth Haight, who was a great-niece of early California Mormon leader, Sam Brannan . Young started into films by writing comedy routines for Franklyn Farnum and Brownie Vernon . In the 1920s he often worked on films with Lon Chaney , Tod Browning and their editor Errol Taggart . In the 1930s Young wrote several sc ...more...



Lionel Pape

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Edward Lionel Pape (17 April 1877 – 21 October 1944) was an English born stage and screen actor. His acting career begun in his native UK with eventual migration to the US. He appeared on the Broadway stage in over 20 productions between 1912 and 1935. The beginning of his screen career goes back to the silent film era. Between the 1930s and early 1940s, he played supporting roles and bit parts in over 50 Hollywood movies. He played in numerous films of directors like John Ford , Ernst Lubitsch and George Cukor . Pape portrayed Katharine Hepburn 's butler in The Philadelphia Story (1940) and appeared as the oppressive coal mine owner in How Green Was My Valley (1941). Selected filmography The Pursuing Shadow (1915) - Viscount Acheson Evidence (1915) - Bertie Stavely The Pearl of the Antilles (1915) - Murray Carson Flame of Passion (1915) The Sporting Duchess (1920) The Fatal Hour (1920) The New York Idea (1920) Two for Tonight (1935) The Man Who Broke the Bank at Monte Carlo (1935) Sylvia Scarlett (1935, unc ...more...



Tatiana Riabouchinska

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Tatiana Riabouchinska and Roman Jasinsky in Les Dieux mendiants (The Gods go a-begging), photograph by Max Dupain , ca. 1939. Tatiana Riabouchinska darns a ballet slipper , circa 1940. Tatiana Mikhailovna Riabouchinska ( Russian : Татья́на Миха́йловна Рябуши́нская , Tatiana Mikhailovna Ryabushinskaya; 23 May 1917 – 24 August 2000) was a Russian American prima ballerina and teacher. Famous at age 14 as one of the three " Baby Ballerinas " of the Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo in the 1930s, she matured into an artist whom critics called "the most unusual dancer of her generation." Early years She was born in Moscow a few months before the October Revolution in 1917. Because her father was a banker to the Tsar Nicholas II , the whole family was put under house arrest by revolutionaries. But, with the help of their servants, her mother and the four children escaped and fled through the Caucasus , arriving eventually in the south of France. A few years after they had settled in Paris, where there was a large Russian ...more...




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