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May 19 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

May 18 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - May 20

All fixed commemorations below celebrated on June 1 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.[note 1]

For May 19th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on May 6.

Saints
  • Hieromartyrs Patricius (Patrick), Bishop of Prusa, and with him the Presbyters Acacius, Menander, and Polyenos (c. 100[1] or c. 362[2] )[3] [4] [note 2]
  • Martyrs Calocerus and Parthenius, brothers (250)[6] [7] [8] [note 3]
  • Martyr Philoterus of Nicomedia (303)[7] [10]
  • Martyr Acoluthus of the Thebaid (303)[11] [note 4]
  • Martyr Cyriaca (Kyriake) and the six holy virgin-martyrs in Nicomedia (307)[7] [12]
  • Martyr Theotima of Nicomedia (c. 311)[13] [1]
  • Saint John, Bishop of the Goths in Crimea (787)[1] [2]
Pre-Schism Western Saints
Post-Schism Orthodox Saints
  • Monk-martyrs and Confessors of the Monastery of Panagia of Kantara, on Cyprus, who suffered under the Latins (1231):[1] [21]
  • Right-Believing Great Prince Dmitry Donskoy, Great Prince of Moscow (1389)[1] [2] [22] [23] [note 5]
  • Venerable Sinaites of Serbia (from Ravanica) (14th century):[25] [note 6]
  • Saint Cornelius of Paleostrov, Abbot (1420)[1] [26]
  • Saint John (Ignatius), Prince of Uglich, tonsured as Ignatius in Vologda (1522)[1] [27]
  • Venerable Cornelius of Komel (Vologda), Abbot and Wonderworker (1537)[1] [28]
  • Saint Sergius of Shukhtov (Shukhtom), monk (1609)[1] [29]
New Martyrs and Confessors
  • Hieromartyr Matthew Voznesensky (1919)[22] [30]
  • Hieromartyr Innocent (Letayev), Archbishop of Kharkiv (1937)[9]
  • Hieromartyr Victor Karakulin (1937)[2] [22]
  • Hieromartyr Onuphrius (Gagaliuk), Archbishop of Kursk and Oboyansk (1938),[1] [22] [31] (see also June 1) and:
  • New Hieromartyr Valentine Lukyanov (1940)[2] [22]
  • All New Hieromartyrs of Slobozhanschyna (Slobodskaya) Ukraine (1937,1938,1940,1941)[9] [32] [note 7] [note 8]
Other commemorations
Icon Gallery
Notes
  1. The notation Old Style or (OS) is sometimes used to indicate a date in the Julian Calendar (which is used by churches on the "Old Calendar"). The notation New Style or (NS), indicates a date in the Revised Julian calendar (which is used by churches on the "New Calendar").
  2. The Greek Orthodox Arab-speaking Community of the town Zdeinde in north Israel, at the district of Acre, has a Holy Church in honour of St. Patrick, Bishop of Prusa.[5] Name days celebrated today include:
    • Patrick (Πατρίκιος).
  3. He is the patron of Galicia, and his relics are enshrined at Zhovkva.[9]
  4. The term "Akolouthos" also refers to a Byzantine military office.
  5. The Great Synaxaristes also has an entry for Saint Dmitry Donskoy on May 9th as well.[24]
  6. These are commemorated on May 6 in the Slavonic Menaion.
  7. The Great Synaxaristes also includes a brief entry on May 9 for the New Martyrs of Slobozhanschyna (Slobodskaya) Ukraine.[33]
  8. The Great Synaxaristes for May 19 includes a list of names (in Greek) of 27 Hieromartyrs of Slobozhanschyna (Slobodskaya), Ukraine, as follows:
References
  1. May 19/June 1. Orthodox Calendar (PRAVOSLAVIE.RU).
  2. June 1 / May 19. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  3. Ὁ Ἅγιος Πατρίκιος ὁ Ἱερομάρτυρας καὶ οἱ σὺν αὐτῷ Ἀκάκιος, Μένανδρος καὶ Πολύαινος οἱ Μάρτυρες. 19 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  4. Hieromonk Makarios of Simonos Petra (Ed.). THE SYNAXARION: The Lives of the Saints of the Orthodox Church: VOLUME FIVE - May, June. Transl. from the French by Mother Maria (Rule) and Mother Joanna (Burton). Holy Convent of the Annunciation of Our Lady, Ormylia (Chalkidike), 2005. pp. 203-204.
  5. PASTORAL VISIT OF HIS BEATITUDE THE PATRIARCH OF JERUSALEM IN ZDEINDE. Jerusalem Patriarchate: Official News Gate. 10/06/2017. Retrieved: 12 June, 2017.
  6. Οἱ Ἅγιοι Καλοκέριος καὶ Παρθένιος οἱ Μάρτυρες. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  7. May 19. The Roman Martyrology.
  8. May 19. Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome.
  9. Dr. Alexander Roman. May. Calendar of Ukrainian Orthodox Saints (Ukrainian Orthodoxy - Українське Православ'я).
  10. Ὁ Ἅγιος Φιλότερος ὁ Μάρτυρας. 19 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  11. Ὁ Ἅγιος Ἀκόλουθος ὁ Μάρτυρας. 19 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  12. Ἡ Ἁγία Κυριακὴ ἡ Μάρτυς καὶ οἱ σὺν αὐτῇ. 19 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  13. Ἡ Ἁγία Θεοτίμη ἡ Μάρτυς. 19 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  14. Ὁ Ἅγιος Πούδης ὁ Μάρτυρας. 19 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  15. Ἡ Ἁγία Πουδενδιάνα ἡ Μάρτυς. 19 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  16. Rev. Alban Butler (1711–73). St. Pudentiana, Virgin. The Lives of the Saints, Volume V: May. 1866. (Bartleby.com)
  17. Ὁ Ἅγιος Κύριλλος Ἐπίσκοπος Τρεβήρων. 19 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  18. Ὁ Ἅγιος Ἀδοῦλφος. 19 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  19. Ὁ Ἅγιος Δουνστάνος Ἀρχιεπίσκοπος Καντουαρίας. 19 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  20. Rev. Alban Butler (1711–73). May 19 - St. Dunstan, Archbishop of Canterbury, Confessor. The Lives of the Saints, Volume V: May. 1866. (Bartleby.com)
  21. Οἱ Ἅγιοι Βαρνάβας, Γεννάδιος, Γεράσιμος, Γερμανός, Θεόγνωστος, Θεόκτιστος, Ἱερεμίας, Ἰωάννης, Ἰωσήφ, Κόνων, Κύριλλος, Μάξιμος καὶ Μάρκος οἱ Ὁσιομάρτυρες. 19 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  22. (in Russian) 19 мая (ст.ст.) 1 июня 2013 (нов. ст.). Русская Православная Церковь Отдел внешних церковных связей. (DECR).
  23. Ὁ Ἅγιος Δημήτριος ὁ μεγάλος Πρίγκιπας. 19 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  24. Ὁ Ἅγιος Δημήτριος ὁ μεγάλος πρίγκιπας τῆς Μόσχας. 9 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  25. Οἱ Ὅσιοι Ρωμύλος, Ρωμανός, Νέστωρ, Σισώης, Γρηγόριος, Νικόδημος καὶ Κύριλλος οἱ Σιναΐτες. 19 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  26. Ὁ Ὅσιος Κορνήλιος. 19 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  27. Ὁ Ὅσιος Ἰγνάτιος. 19 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  28. Ὁ Ὅσιος Κορνήλιος ὁ Θαυματουργός. 19 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  29. Ὁ Ὅσιος Σέργιος τῆς Σουχτόμα. 19 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  30. The Autonomous Orthodox Metropolia of Western Europe and the Americas (ROCOR). St. Hilarion Calendar of Saints for the year of our Lord 2004. St. Hilarion Press (Austin, TX). p.37.
  31. Ὁ Ἅγιος Ὀνούφριος ὁ Ἱερομάρτυρας. 19 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  32. Οἱ Ἅγιοι Νεομάρτυρες ἐν Σλομπόντσκαγια Οὐκρανίας. 19 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  33. Οἱ Ἅγιοι Νεομάρτυρες τῆς Σλομπόντσκαγια Οὐκρανίας. 9 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  34. Μνήμη Εἰσόδου τῆς Ἁγίας Νίνας τῆς Ἰσαποστόλου στὴν Γεωργία. 19 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  35. Ἀνακομιδὴ Τιμίων Λειψάνων Ἁγίων Ἰουλίου Πρεσβυτέρου καὶ Ἰουλιανοῦ Διακόνου. 19 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  36. May 6/19. Orthodox Calendar (PRAVOSLAVIE.RU).
Sources
  • May 19/June 1. Orthodox Calendar (PRAVOSLAVIE.RU).
  • June 1 / May 19. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  • Dr. Alexander Roman. May. Calendar of Ukrainian Orthodox Saints (Ukrainian Orthodoxy - Українське Православ'я).
  • May 19. Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome.
  • May 19. The Roman Martyrology.

Greek Sources

  • Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) 19 ΜΑΪΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  • (in Greek) Συναξαριστής. 19 Μαΐου. ECCLESIA.GR. (H ΕΚΚΛΗΣΙΑ ΤΗΣ ΕΛΛΑΔΟΣ).

Russian Sources

  • (in Russian) 1 июня (19 мая). Православная Энциклопедия под редакцией Патриарха Московского и всея Руси Кирилла (электронная версия). (Orthodox Encyclopedia - Pravenc.ru).
  • (in Russian) 19 мая (ст.ст.) 1 июня 2013 (нов. ст.). Русская Православная Церковь Отдел внешних церковных связей. (DECR).
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May 19 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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May 18 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - May 20 All fixed commemorations below celebrated on June 1 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.[note 1] For May 19th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on May 6. Saints Hieromartyrs Patricius (Patrick), Bishop of Prusa, and with him the Presbyters Acacius, Menander, and Polyenos (c. 100[1] or c. 362[2] )[3] [4] [note 2] Martyrs Calocerus and Parthenius, brothers (250)[6] [7] [8] [note 3] Martyr Philoterus of Nicomedia (303)[7] [10] Martyr Acoluthus of the Thebaid (303)[11] [note 4] Martyr Cyriaca (Kyriake) and the six holy virgin-martyrs in Nicomedia (307)[7] [12] Martyr Theotima of Nicomedia (c. 311)[13] [1] Saint John, Bishop of the Goths in Crimea (787)[1] [2] Pre-Schism Western Saints Martyr Pudens, the senator (c. 160)[14] [7] [8] Virgin-Martyr Pudentiana (Potentiana), daughter of Saint Pudens the senator (160)[7] [8] [15] [16] Saint Cyril of Trier, Bishop of Trier, (5th century)[8] [17] Saint Adolph



Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar

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The Eastern Orthodox Liturgical Calendar describes and dictates the rhythm of the life of the Eastern Orthodox Church. Passages of Holy Scripture, saints and events for commemoration are associated with each date, as are many times special rules for fasting or feasting that correspond to the day of the week or time of year in relationship to the major feast days. There are two types of feasts in the Orthodox Church calendar: fixed and movable. Fixed feasts occur on the same calendar day every year, whereas movable feasts change each year. The moveable feasts are generally relative to Pascha (Easter), and so the cycle of moveable feasts is referred to as the Paschal cycle. Fixed feasts Russian icon depicting the calendar of saints (18th-19th century). The following list of dates links only to fixed feasts of the Orthodox Church. These are the fixed dates; the particular day on which that date is observed differs depending upon whether one follows the Julian Calendar (sometimes referred to as the "Old C



May 18 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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May 17—Eastern Orthodox Church calendar—May 19 All fixed commemorations below celebrated on May 31 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.[note 1] For May 18th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on May 5. Saints Martyrs Peter of Lampsacus, Andrew, Paul, Dionysia, and Christina, under Decius (c. 249 - 251)[1] [note 2] Martyrs Heraclius, Paulinus, and Benedimus of Athens.[1] [4] Martyr Euphrasia of Nicaea (c. 303)[5] [6] Martyr Galactia[7] Martyr Julian[8] Martyr Theodotus of Ancyra,[9] [10] and with him eight virgin-martyrs: Martyr Dioscorus, in Cynopolis of Egypt (305)[9] [13] Martyrs Symeon, Isaac, and Bachtisius of Persia (339)[5] [note 3] Hieromartyr Potamon (Palæmon), Bishop of Heraclea in Egypt, and Confessor (340)[9] [14] [15] The Holy clergy and lay martyrs massacred under Emperor Valens (364-378)[16] [note 4] Martyrs David and Tarechan, of Georgia (693)[17] Patriarch Stephen the New of Constantinople (893)[18] Saint Anastaso (Anastasia) o



May 20 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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May 19 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - May 21 All fixed commemorations below celebrated on June 2 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For May 20th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on May 7 . Saints Saint Lydia of Thyatira (Lydia of Philippi), mentioned in Acts 16:14-15 (1st century) Martyrs Thalelaeus the Unmercenary , at Anazarbus in Cilicia , and his companions Alexander and Asterius (284) Martyr Asclas of the Thebaid , Egypt (287) Sts. Zabulon and Susanna, of Cappadocia and Jerusalem (parents of St. Nina (Nino), enlightener of Georgia), (4th century) Saint Mark the Hermit (Marcus Eremita) (5th century) Holy Martyrs of Mamilla , Jerusalem (614) Saint Thalassius the Myrrh-gusher, of Libya (648) Saints John, Joseph and Nicetas, monks of Nea Moni on Chios (c. 1050) Pre-Schism Western Saints Saint Plautilla the Roman , martyr, (67) Hieromartyr Baudelius, missionary in France and northern Spain, martyred in Nîmes (2nd or 3rd century) Virgin-martyr Basilla (304) Sai



May 2 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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May 1 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - May 3 All fixed commemorations below celebrated on May 15 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For May 2nd, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on April 19 . Saints Martyrs Hesperos (Exuperius) and Zoe , and their sons Cyriacos and Theodoulos, at Attalia (c. 124) Saint Jordan the Wonderworker Saint Sabbas, Bishop of Dafnousia Saint Boris-Michael , Prince and baptizer of Bulgaria , Equal-to-the-Apostles (907) Pre-Schism Western Saints Saint Valentine, Bishop of Genoa in Italy c. 295-307, (c. 307) Saint Germanus of Normandy, converted by St Germanus of Auxerre , martyred in France (c. 460) Hieromartyrs Vindemialis, Eugene and Longinus, Bishops in North Africa martyred by the Arian Vandal King Hunneric (c. 485) Saint Neachtain, a relative of St Patrick of Ireland at whose repose he was present (5th century) Saint Ultan , Irish monk, brother of Saints Fursey and Foillan (657) Saint Waldebert (Walbert, Gaubert), abbot of Luxeuil in Fr



May 6 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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May 5 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - May 7 All fixed commemorations below celebrated on May 19 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For May 6th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on April 23 . Saints Righteous Job the Long-suffering. Martyrs Danax, Mesirus (Mesiurs), and Therin Martyrs Demetrius, and Donatus Saints Mamas, Pachomius, and Hilarion, monks Martyrs Barbarus the Soldier (Barbaruldier), Bacchus , Callimachus, and Dionysius, in Morea (362) Martyr Barbarus in Thessaly , the former robber (9th century) Pre-Schism Western Saints Saint Lucius of Cyrene (1st century) Martyrs Heliodorus and Venustus and seventy-five others in Africa (284–305) St. Benedicta, virgin, mystic and nun, lived in a convent founded by St. Galla in Rome (6th century) Saint Edbert , Bishop of Lindisfarne (698) Saint Petronax of Monte Cassino (c. 747) Post-Schism Orthodox Saint Saint Vladimir II Monomakh (Volodymyr Monomakh), Sovereign of Kievan Rus' (1125) Venerable Micah (Micheas), the



May 9 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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May 8 – Eastern Orthodox Church calendar – May 10 All fixed commemorations below celebrated on May 22 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For May 9th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on April 26 . Saints Prophet Isaiah (8th century BC) Great-martyr Christopher of Lycia (c. 249–251), and with him: Saint Maximus III of Jerusalem , Patriarch (350) Saint Shio of Mgvime, monk, of Georgia (6th century) Monk-martyr Nicholas of Vouneni, in Thessaly (901) Pre-Schism Western Saints Saint Beatus , Apostle of Switzerland (2nd century) Martyrs Epimachus and Gordianus of Rome, in the persecution of Decius (c. 249 – 251) Saint John of Châlon, third Bishop of Châlon-sur-Saône in France (c. 475) Saint Gerontius , bishop of Cervia near Ravenna in Italy, martyr (c. 501) Saint Sanctan , Bishop of Kill-da-Les and Kill-na-Sanctan near Dublin in Ireland (6th century) Blessed Adalgar , third archbishop of Hamburg-Bremen (909) Saint Vincent, Abbot of St Peter de Montes in Spain, a disciple



April 19 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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Apr. 18 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - Apr. 20 All fixed commemorations below are observed on May 2 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For April 19th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on April 6 . Saints Martyrs Theodore of Perge in Pamphylia, his mother Philippa, and Dioscorus, Socrates, and Dionysius (ca. 138-161) Hieromartyr Paphnutius of Jerusalem and 546 companions martyred with him (284-305) (see also: September 25 ) Martyrs Hermogenes, Caius, Expeditus, Aristonicus, Rufus and Galatas, at Melitine , in Armenia. Martyrs Christopher, Theonas, and Antoninus, at Nicomedia (303) Saint George the Confessor, Bishop of Antioch in Pisidia (ca. 741-775) Venerable John of the Ancient Caves in Palestine (8th century) Saint Tryphon of Constantinople , Patriarch of Constantinople (931) St. Nicephorus, Abbot of Katabad. Pre-Schism Western Saints Saint Vincent of Collioure, a martyr in Collioure in Languedoc in the south of France, under Diocletian (ca. 304) Saint Cresce



May 21 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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May 20 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - May 22 All fixed commemorations below celebrated on June 3 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.[note 1] For May 21st, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on May 8. Saints Holy Equals-to-the-Apostles Emperor Constantine (337), and Empress Helena, his mother (327)[1] [note 2] Martyrs Polyeuctus, Victorinus, and Donatus, at Caesarea in Cappadocia.[3] [4] Hieromartyr Secundus and those with him, in Alexandria (356)[3] Saint Adelphios, Bishop of Onouphis, in Byzantine Egypt (c. 362, or c. 431)[5] [note 3] Saint Boros, monk.[6] [note 4] Saint Christopher I, Patriarch of Antioch (967)[7] Pre-Schism Western Saints Hieromartyrs Timothy, Polius and Eutychius, deacons, in Mauretania Caesariensis (Morocco).[3] [8] [9] Hieromartyr Valens and Companions, Bishop who was martyred in Auxerre in France along with three children.[3] [9] Martyr Secundinus, in Cordoba in Spain under Diocletian (c. 306)[3] [9] Saint Hospitius the



May 23 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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May 22 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - May 24 All fixed commemorations below celebrated on June 5 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For May 23rd, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on May 10 . Saints Holy Myrrh-bearer Mary, the wife of Cleopas , aunt of Jesus (1st century) Saint Manaen (Manahen), prophet and teacher of the Church of Antioch (Acts 13:1) (1st century) Martyr Seleucus (Selefkos), by sawing . Saint Michael the Confessor , Bishop of Synnada in Phrygia Salutaris (826) Hieromartyr Michael the black-robed, monk of St. Sabbas Monastery (9th century) Pre-Schism Western Saints Hieromartyrs Epitacius, first Bishop of Tui in Galicia (Spain) ; and Basileus, second Bishop of Braga in Portugal c. 60-95 (1st century) Saint Euphebius , Bishop of Naples in Italy. Martyr Salonas the Roman, by the sword. Martyrs Donatianus and Rogatianus of Nantes , brothers (c. 284-305) Saint Merculialis of Forli (Mercurialis), Bishop of Forlì , zealous opponent of paganism and Aria



April 18 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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Apr. 17 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - Apr. 19 All fixed commemorations below are observed on May 1 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For April 18th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on April 5 . Saints Martyrs Victor, Zoticus, Zeno, Acindynus, and Severian, of Nicomedia (ca. 303) Martyr Sabbas the Goth (Sabbas Stratelates), at Buzau in Wallachia (372) (see also: April 12 and April 15 ) Saint Acacius II, Bishop of Melitene (445) (see also: April 17 ) Saint Cosmas, Bishop of Chalcedon, and his fellow-ascetic St. Auxentius (815-820) Venerable John the Righteous (John the Hesychast) (820), disciple of St. Gregory of Decapolis . Venerable Naucratius, Abbot of the Studion (848) Venerable Athanasia the Wonderworker , Abbess, of Aegina (850) Venerable Matthew (Matthias), acquaintance of St. Athanasia the Wonderworker (ca. 850) Venerable Euthymius the Wonderworker. Pre-Schism Western Saints Saint Eleutherius Bishop of Illyria, his mother Anthia, and eleven others,



May 25 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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May 24 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - May 26 All fixed commemorations below celebrated on June 7 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For May 25th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on May 12 . Feasts Third Finding of the Precious Head of Saint John the Baptist (c. 850) Saints Martyrs Pasicrates, Valentinian, Julius and others at Dorostolum (302) Hieromartyr Therapont of Cyprus, bishop (300-305) Hieromartyrs Maximus and Victorinus (384) Saint Dodo, prince of Georgia, monk of Gareji (596) Saint Olbian (Albianos), monk. Pre-Schism Western Saints Hieromartyr Urban , Pope of Rome (230) Martyr Celestine, in Rome. Saint Dionysios (Dionysius Mariani, Denis), Bishop of Milan (359) Saint Zenobius , first Bishop of Florence (390) Saint Leo of Troyes, monk who succeeded St Romanus as Abbot of Mantenay near Troyes, France (c. 550) Saints Injuriosus and Scholastica, a married couple in the Auvergne in France who lived in virginity and holiness (c. 550) Saint Aldhelm , Bishop o



April 21 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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Apr. 20 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - Apr. 22 All fixed commemorations below are observed on May 4 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For April 21, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on April 8 . Saints Martyrs Theodore of Perge in Pamphylia, his mother Philippa, and Dioscorus, Socrates, and Dionysius (c. 138-161) (see also: April 19 ) Martyr Alexandra the Empress , wife of Diocletian, and those with her (303) : (see also: April 23 ) Hieromartyrs Januarius , Bishop of Benevento , and his companions (305) : Saint Maximianus , Archbishop of Constantinople (434) Venerable Anastasius Sinaita , Abbot of the Monastery of St. Catherine at Sinai (c. 700) (see also: April 20 ) Martyr Karol (Charles) Pre-Schism Western saints Saint Cyprian, Bishop of Brescia (582) Saint Beuno , Abbot, of Clynnog Fawr , Wales (642) Saint Maelruba of Apur Crossan (Maelrubius, Maolrubha), Ireland (722) Saint Frodulphus (Frou), a monk at St Martin's in Autun (c. 750) Post-Schism Orthodox sain



June 1 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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May 31 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - June 2 All fixed commemorations below celebrated on June 14 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For June 1st, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on May 19 . Saints Martyr Justin the Philosopher ( Justin Martyr ) at Rome (166) Martyrs Chariton, Charita, Euelpistus, Hierax, Peonus, Valerian (Liberianus), and Justus with Justin Martyr (166) Martyr Neon, by beheading. Saint Pyrrus, Bishop, reposed in peace. Hieromartyr Phyrrhus the Virgin. Martyr Thespesius of Cappadocia (222) Martyrs Ischyrion, a military officer, and five other soldiers, in Egypt (250) The holy Ten thousand Martyrs , in Antiochia (249-251) Martyr Firmus , under the eparch Magus (299) Martyr Gerasimos. St. Metrius the Farmer of Myra in Lycia (912) Pre-Schism Western Saints Martyrs Felinus and Gratinianus (250) Hieromartyrs Reverianus (Bishop) and Paul (priest), with ten others, at Autun (272) Martyr Crescentian , in Saldo near Città di Castello in Italy (287) Mar



April 20 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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Apr. 19 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - Apr. 21 All fixed commemorations below are observed on May 3 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For April 20th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on April 7 . Saints Apostle Zacchaeus of the Seventy, Bishop of Caesarea in Palestine, he who was called down from the Sycamore tree by Jesus , according to the Gospel of Luke (1st century) Martyrs Acindinus, Antoninus, Victor, Zenon, Zoticus, Theonas, Caesareus, Severian and Christophoros (284-305) Venerable Theodore Trichinas ("the Hair-Shirt Wearer"), hermit near Constantinople (400) Saint Theotimus , Bishop of Tomis in Moesia ( Lesser Scythia ) (407) Blessed Gregory (593) and Anastasius I (599), Patriarchs of Antioch. Hieromartyr Anastasius II , Patriarch of Antioch (609) Venerable Anastasius Sinaita , Abbot of the Monastery of St. Catherine at Sinai (ca. 700) (see also: April 21 ) Venerable Ioannis the Palaiolavritis ("of the Old Lavra"), at St. Chariton's Monastery, in the



Eastern Orthodox Church

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The oldest known icon of Christ Pantocrator , encaustic on panel , Saint Catherine's Monastery , Sinai Peninsula The Eastern Orthodox Church , also known as the Orthodox Church , or officially as the Orthodox Catholic Church , is the second-largest Christian church and one of the oldest extant religious institutions in the world. The Eastern Orthodox Church teaches that it is the One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic Church established by Jesus Christ in his Great Commission to the apostles. It practices what it understands to be the original Christian faith and maintains the sacred tradition passed down from the apostles . The Eastern Orthodox Church is a communion of autocephalous churches , each typically governed by a Holy Synod . It teaches that all bishops are equal by virtue of their ordination , and has no central governing structure analogous to the Papacy in the Roman Catholic Church . The contemporary Orthodox Church had shared communion with the contemporary Roman Catholic Church until the East–



June 6 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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June 5 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - June 7 All fixed commemorations below celebrated on June 19 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For June 6th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on May 24 . Saints Saint Justus , Bishop of Alexandria (130) Virgin-martyrs Archelais, Thecla, and Susanna, beheaded at Salerno (293) (see also: January 18 - West) Five Virgin-martyrs: Martyr Gelasius, by beheading . Martyrs Amandus, Amantius, Alexander, Lucius, Alexander, Alexandria, Donatus, and Peregrinus at Noviodunum ( Niculitel ) (320) Venerable Amon (or Anoub), the Standard-bearer, renowned ascetic of the Egyptian desert at Raithu (4th century) Venerable Bessarion the Great, Wonderworker of Egypt (4th-5th century) Venerable Hilarion the New, Abbot of the Dalmatian Monastery at Constantinople (845) Venerable Attalus the Wonderworker . Venerable Photius, monk. Pre-Schism Western Saints Saint Romulus of Fiesole , a disciple of the Apostle Peter , martyred in Florence under Domitia



February 11 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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Feb. 10 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - Feb. 12 All fixed commemorations below are observed on February 24 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For February 11th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on January 29 . Saints Hieromartyr Blaise , Bishop of Sebaste (316) The Holy 7 women martyrs and 2 youth, companions of Hieromartyr Blaise of Sebaste (316). Hieromartyr Lucius of Adrianople (348) Saint Theodora , wife of Emperor Theophilus the Iconoclast (867) Saint Blaise the Hieromartyr of Acarnania (1006) Pre-Schism Western saints Saint Calocerus , a disciple of St Apollinaris, whom he succeeded as Bishop of Ravenna, Confessor (c. 130) (see also: April 18 ; May 19 ) Martyrs of North-West Africa, the 'Guardians of the Holy Scriptures' (303) Martyrs Saturninus, Dativus, Felix, Ampelius, Victoria and Companions (304) (see also: February 12 - Greek) Saint Lazarus of Milan , Archbishop of Milan , he defended his flock from the Ostrogoths. Saints Priscus the Bishop, with



September 28 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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Sep. 27 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - Sep. 29 All fixed commemorations below celebrated on October 11 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For September 28th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on September 15 . Saints Prophet Baruch (6th century BC) Martyrs Eustathios of Rome and Callinicus, by the sword. Venerable Chariton the Confessor , Abbot, of Palestine (350) Martyrs Alexander, Alphius, Zosimas and Mark the Shepherd, brothers, with Nicon, Neon, Heliodorus, and 24 others, in Pisidia and Phrygia (4th century) Saint Alkison, Bishop of Nicopolis (Preveza) in Epirus (561) Martyr Wenceslas I of Bohemia (Vyacheslav), Prince of the Czechs (935) Venerable Cyriacos the Hermit of Palestine (556) Pre-Schism Western Saints Saint Paternus, Born in Bilbao in Spain, he was one of the earliest Bishops of Auch in France (2nd century) Saint Privatus, a citizen of Rome scourged to death under Alexander Severus (223) Martyr Stacteus, in Rome. Martyrs Martial, Laurence and Comp



St. Cornelius

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Saint Cornelius is the name of the following saints and persons in the previous stages of liturgical veneration: Pope Cornelius (in office: 251-253) Cornelius of Armagh (died 1175) May 19 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics) Venerable Cornelius of Komel (Vologda), abbot (1537) Saint Cornelius of Paleostrov , abbot (15th century) July 22 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics) Saint Cornelius of Pereyaslavl , monk (1693) September 13 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics) Hieromartyr Cornelius the Centurion (1st century) Saint Cornelius of Padan-Olonets and with him Saints Dionysius and Misail List of Patriarchs of Antioch St. Ignatius the Illuminator (68–107) Saint Cornelius (127–154) Dhanya Kumarasiri (1990-2012) Saint Cornelius is the name of the following saints and persons in the previous stages of liturgical veneration: Pope Cornelius (in office: 251-253) Cornelius of Armagh (died 1175) May 19 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics) Venerable Cornelius of Komel (Vologda), abbot (1537) Saint Cornelius of Paleostrov , abbot (15th century) July 2



September 20 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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Sep. 19 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - Sep. 21 All fixed commemorations below celebrated on October 3 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.[note 1] For September 19th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on September 7. Saints Great-martyr Eustathius Placidas, his wife Martyr Theopistes, and their sons Martyrs Agapius and Theopistus, of Rome (118)[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [note 2] [note 3] [note 4] Martyrs Artemidorus and Thallos, by the sword.[3] [8] [9] Martyr John the Confessor, of Egypt, beheaded in Palestine, and with him 40 martyrs (295 or 310)[1] [3] [10] Saints Theodore and Euprepius, and two men named Anastasius (7th century), confessors and disciples of Saint Maximos the Confessor.[1] [3] [11] Hieromartyrs Hypatius, Bishop of Ephesus and Andrew the Presbyter, Confessors of the Holy Icons, under Leo III the Isaurian (8th century)[3] [9] [12] [13] Venerable John the Godbearer, of Crete, monk (1031)[1] [3] [14] Venerable Meletius of Cyprus, Bishop.[1]



September 6 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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Sep. 5 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - Sep. 7 All fixed commemorations below celebrated on September 19 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For September 6th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on August 24 . Saints Martyrs Romulus and 11,000 others, in Armenia (c. 107-115) Martyrs Cyriacus, Faustus, Abibus , and 11 others, at Alexandria (250) Martyrs Calodote, Macarius, Andrew, Cyriacus, Dionysius, Andrew the Soldier, Andropelagia, Thecla, Theoctistus, and Sarapabon the Senator, in Egypt (256) Hieromartyr Cyril, Bishop of Gortyna on Crete (c. 303) Martyr Eudoxius, and with him Martyrs Zeno, Macarius, and 1,104 soldiers, in Melitene (311-312) Saint Archippus of Hierapolis (4th century) Saint David of Hermopolis in Egypt (6th century) Pre-Schism Western Saints Saints Augustine, Sanctian and Beata, born in Spain, martyred near Sens in France, where they were venerated (273) Saint Petronius, Bishop of Verona and Confessor (c. 450) Saint Arator, fourth Bishop of V



April 6 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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Apr. 5 — Eastern Orthodox Church calendar — Apr. 7 All fixed commemorations below are observed on April 19 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For April 6th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on March 24 . Saints Hieromartyr Archilias, Priest, and Martyr Jeremiah, of Rome (3rd century) Venerable Platonida (Platonis) of Nisibis , reposed in peace (c. 300-308) Martyr Platonida (Platonides), and two martyrs buried up to their loins, at Ascalon in Palestine. Hieromartyr Irenaeus , Bishop of Sirmium in Hungary (304) ( Church of Romania ; -- see also: March 26 ) 120 Martyrs of Persia (c. 344-347) Martyrs Timothy and Diogenes, in Macedonia , by Arians (345) Saint Eutychius, Patriarch of Constantinople (582) Saint Methodius of Moravia , Equal-to-the-Apostles , Archbishop of Moravia and Enlightener of the Slavs (885) (see also: May 11 ) Pre-Schism Western saints Saints Florentius, Geminianus and Saturus, martyrs in Sirmium in Pannonia (4th century) Saints Rufina, Moderata, Roma



June 19 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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June 18 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - June 20 All fixed commemorations below celebrated on July 2 by Old Calendarists Saints Holy Apostle Jude , the brother of the Lord (80) Venerable Paisios the Great of Egypt (5th century) Martyr Zosimas the Soldier at Antioch in Pisidia (2nd century) Saint Paisios the Great (5th century) Saint John the Solitary of Jerusalem (6th century) Saint Zeno of Egypt , hermit Saint Barlaam of Shenkursk , monk (1462) Holy Myrrh-bearer Mary , mother of the Apostle James Russian New Martyr Parthenius , bishop (1937) Hieromartyr Asyncretus , martyred at the Church of the Holy Peace by the sea in Constnantinople Saint John , Archbishop of Shanghai and San Francisco (1966) In ROCOR St. John's feast is celebrated on the nearest Saturday to June 19 OS (July 2 NS) if it does not already fall on a Saturday or Sunday. It is celebrated on July 2 NS in churches that use the New Style, not June 19. Other commemorations Repose of Blessed Leonty of Chile , archbishop (1971) June 18 - Eastern



Eastern Orthodox Christian theology

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Eastern Orthodox Christian theology is the theology particular to the Eastern Orthodox Church. It is characterized by monotheistic Trinitarianism, belief in the Incarnation of the Logos (Son of God), a balancing of cataphatic theology with apophatic theology, a hermeneutic defined by Sacred Tradition, a concrete ecclesiology, a robust theology of the person, and a therapeutic soteriology. Orthodox Tradtion Church Icon depicting the Emperor Constantine (centre) and the bishops of the First Council of Nicaea (325) holding the Niceno–Constantinopolitan Creed of 381. The Orthodox Church considers itself to be the original church started by Christ and his apostles. For the early years of the church, much of what was conveyed to its members was in the form of oral teachings. Within a very short period of time traditions were established to reinforce these teachings. The Orthodox Church asserts to have been very careful in preserving these traditions. When questions of belief or new concepts arise, the Churc



June 2 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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June 1 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - June 3 All fixed commemorations below celebrated on June 15 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.[note 1] For June 2nd, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on May 20. Saints Hieromartyr Pothinus, Bishop of Lyons (177)[1] [2] [3] Martyrs Blandina[4] and Ponticus of Lyons, and companions (177)[1] [5] [note 2] [note 3] Martyr Alcibiades, at Lugdunum (Lyons) (177)[8] [9] Holy 38 martyrs, sealed inside a bath house.[9] [10] Three children-martyrs and their mother, by the sword.[9] [11] Venerable Dodo of the St David-Gareji Monastery, Georgia (623)[12] [13] (see also: May 17 ) Saint Nicephorus the Confessor, Patriarch of Constantinople (828)[1] [14] [15] [16] [note 4] Venerable Marinus of Constantinople, son of St. Mary the New, of Byzia (c. 930)[1] [15] [17] Pre-Schism Western Saints Hieromartyrs Marcellinus the priest, and Peter the exorcist, at Rome (304)[7] [9] [18] [19] [note 5] Hieromartyr Erasmus of Formia



Eastern Orthodox view of sin

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The Orthodox Church presents a view of sin distinct from views found in Roman Catholicism and in Protestantism, that sin is viewed primarily as a terminal spiritual sickness, rather than a state of guilt, a self-perpetuating illness which distorts the whole human being and energies, corrupts the Image of God inherent in those who bear the human nature, diminishes the divine likeness within them, disorients their understanding of the world as it truly is, and distracts a person from fulfilling his natural potential to become deified in communion with God. Orthodoxy typically divides sin into two categories: original or ancestral sin, the accursed state of death shared by all fallen men and which necessitates healing through the redemptive work of Christ and the operations of the Holy Spirit; and actual or personal sin, the free choice to rebel against the loving purpose of God, follow Adam in disobedience and affirm oneself in fallenness, thereby justifying one's death by willful separation from the Source of



Czech and Slovak Orthodox Church

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The Orthodox Church of the Czech Lands and Slovakia is a self-governing body of the Eastern Orthodox Church that territorially covers the countries of the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Archbishop Rastislav of Prešov was elected by the Extraordinary Synod held on January 11, 2014, as the new primate.[2] On December 9, 2013, the Synod had removed Archbishop Simeon of Olomouc and Brno from his position as Locum Tenens (ad interim administrator following the resignation of the previous primate, Archbishop Krystof, over allegations of sexual relations with women),[3] and appointed Archbishop Rastislav in his place,[4] an action against which Archbishop Simeon protested[5] and which was deplored by Patriarch Bartholomew I of Constantinople.[6] History Orthodox church of Saints Cyril and Methodius in Prague Interior Church of St Gorazd in Olomouc Foundation The Church of the Czech Lands and Slovakia presents both an ancient history as well as a very modern history. The present day church o



Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria and all Africa

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The Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria and all Africa (Greek: Πατριαρχεῖον Ἀλεξανδρείας καὶ πάσης Ἀφρικῆς, Patriarcheîon Alexandreías kaì pásēs Aphrikês) is an autocephalous Byzantine Rite jurisdiction of the Eastern Orthodox Church, having the African continent as its canonical territory. It is commonly called the Greek or "Eastern" Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria to distinguish it from the Coptic or "Oriental" Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria. Members of the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate were once known as Melkites, because they remained in communion with the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople after the schism that followed the Council of Chalcedon in 451. Mark the Evangelist is considered the founder of the See, and the Patriarchate's emblem is the Lion of Saint Mark. Leader of the church The head bishop of the Patriarchate of Alexandria is the Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria and all Africa. His full title is "His Most Divine Beatitude the Pope and Patriarch of the Great City of Alexan



March 20 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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March 19 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - March 21 All fixed commemorations below are observed on April 2 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For March 20th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on March 7 . Saints Righteous Abel , first martyr in the history of mankind. Martyrs Photina (Fatima, Svetlana), the Samaritan woman, martyred under Nero (66), together with: Seven Virgin-martyrs of Amisus ( Samsun ): Alexandra, Claudia, Euphrasia, Matrona, Juliana, Euphemia, and Theodosia (c. 303-305) Martyr Akyla the Eparch, by the sword. Martyr Emmanuel, by the sword. Martyr Rodian, by the sword. Martyr Lollian the Elder. Hieromartyr Tadros, Bishop of Edessa, at Jerusalem (691) Martyr Michael the Sabbaite, at Jerusalem (691) Martyr Archil II (Archilios II), king of Georgia (744) (see also: June 21 ) The Venerable Fathers martyred at the Monastery of St. Sabbas : Saint Nicetas the Confessor, Bishop of Apollonias in Bithynia (813) Pre-Schism Western saints Saint Urbiti



January 1 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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December 31 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - January 2 All fixed commemorations below are observed on January 14 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For January 1st, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on December 19 . Feasts Feast of the Circumcision of Christ . Saints Martyr Theodotus, by the sword. Martyr Basil of Ancyra (362) Saint Gregory of Nazianzus the Elder , bishop and father of Saint Gregory the Theologian (374) Saint Emilia , (mother of Sts. Macrina , Basil the Great , Naucratius , Peter of Sebaste , and Gregory of Nyssa ) (375) Saint Basil the Great , Archbishop of Caesarea in Cappadocia (379) Saint Theodosius of Tryglia , abbot Pre-Schism Western Saints Hieromartyr Concordius of Spoleto (c. 175) Thirty soldier-martyrs in Rome, under Diocletian (c. 304) Saint Telemachus (Almachius), hermit who came to Rome from the East and publicly protested against Pagan rites on New Year's Day, killed by gladiators in the Roman amphitheatre (391 or 404) Saint Basi



August 6 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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Aug. 5 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - Aug. 7 All fixed commemorations below are observed on August 19 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For August 6, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on July 24 . Feasts The Holy Transfiguration of Our Lord, God, and Savior Jesus Christ (Second "Feast of the Savior" in August) Pre-Schism Western saints Saints Justus and Pastor , two brothers, aged respectively thirteen and nine, scourged and beheaded at Alcalá in Spain under Diocletian (c. 304) Saint Hormisdas , Pope of Rome and Confessor, author of the Formula of Hormisdas (523) Saint Hardulf, a hermit at Breedon in Leicestershire in England where the church is dedicated to him (7th century) Saint Gezelin (Ghislain, Gisle, Joscelin), a hermit honoured in Slebusrode ( Schlebuschrath ) near Cologne in Germany. Saint Stephen of Cardeña and Companions, Abbot of the Castilian monastery of Cardeña near Burgos in Spain, where there were over two hundred monks, martyred by the Sar



November 6 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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November 5 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - November 7 All fixed commemorations below celebrated on November 19 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For November 6th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on October 24 . Saints Virgin-martyrs Tecusa, Alexandra, Claudia, Matrona, Polactia, Euphrosyne, and Athanasia, of Ancyra (303) (see also: May 18 ) Martyr Nikander, by the sword. Saint Paul the Confessor , Archbishop of Constantinople (c. 350) Venerable Luke of Tauromenium , monk, of Sicily (820) Saint Demetrianus, Bishop of Cytheria on Cyprus, Wonderworker (c. 915) Blessed Paul of Corinth, Fool-for-Christ . Pre-Schism Western Saints Saint Felix of Thynissa, a martyr who suffered in Thynissa near Hippo (Bone) in North Africa. Saint Illtyd (Illtut), abbot, of Llanilltyd Fawr, Wales (505) Saint Leonard of Noblac , Gaul (c. 559) Saint Leonianus, a hermit near Autun (c. 570) Saint Felix of Fondi, a monk at a monastery in Fondi in the south of Italy (6th century) Saint Seve



October 2 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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Oct. 1 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - Oct. 3 All fixed commemorations below celebrated on October 15 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For October 2nd, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on September 19 . Saints Saint Damaris of Athens (1st century) Hieromartyr Cyprian and Virgin- martyr Justina of Antioch, and with them Martyr Theoctistus of Nicomedia (304) Martyrs David and Constantine, Princes of Argveti , Georgia (740) Venerable Monk-Martyrs Michael, Abbot of Zovia Monastery near Sevastoupolis and 36 fathers with him, by beheading (c. 780) (see also: October 1 ) Venerable Theophilus the Confessor, under the iconoclasts (8th century) Blessed Andrew , Fool-for-Christ , at Constantinople (936) (see also: May 28 ) Pre-Schism Western Saints Saint Leudomer (Lomer), Bishop of Chartres in France (c. 585) Saint Gerinus (Garinus, Werinus), brother of St Leodegarius (Leger), persecuted by the tyrant Ebroin , stoned to death near Arras in the north of France (677) H



February 18 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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Feb. 17 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - Feb. 19 All fixed commemorations below are observed on March 3 (March 2 on leap years) by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For February 18th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on February 5 . Saints Martyrs Leo and Parigorius of Patara in Lycia (c. 258) Venerable Agapitus the Confessor and Wonderworker , Bishop of Synnada in Phrygia (c. 308-324) Martyrs Victor, Dorotheus, Theodoulus, and Agrippa, at Synnada in Phrygia Salutaris , who suffered under Licinius (c. 308-324) Martyr Piulius (Publius), by the sword. Saint Flavian the Confessor , Archbishop of Constantinople (c. 449) Saint Leo the Great , Pope of Rome (461) (see also: November 10 - West) Saint Blaise of Amorion and Mt. Athos (c. 908) Pre-Schism Western saints Saints Maximus, Claudius, Praepedigna, Alexander and Cutias, martyrs in Rome who suffered under Diocletian (295) (see also: August 11 ) Saints Lucius, Silvanus, Rutulus, Classicus, Secundinus, Fructulus and



November 18 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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Nov. 17 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - Nov. 19 All fixed commemorations below are observed on December 1 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For November 18, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on November 5 . Saints Martyr Romanus the Deacon of Caesarea , and child-martyr Barulas of Antioch (298 or 303) Great-martyr Platon of Ancyra (306) Martyrs Zacchaeus the Deacon and Alphaeus , of Caesarea in Palestine (307) Venerable Basil. Pre-Schism Western saints Saint Maximus of Mainz, nineteenth Bishop of Mainz in Germany from 354 to 378, who suffered greatly at the hands of the Arians (378) Martyrs Oriculus and Companions, martyrs under the Arian Vandals near Carthage in North Africa (c. 430) Saint Nazarius , a monk and Abbot of Lérins in France (c. 450) Saint Mabyn (Mabena), nun of Cornwall (5th century) Saint Mawes (Maudetus, Maudez), Bishop in Cornwall and Brittany (5th or 6th century) Saint Keverne, a friend of St Kieran or Piran in Cornwall (6th century) Saint Mumm



March 4 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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March 3 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - March 5 All fixed commemorations below are observed on March 17 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For March 4th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on February 19 ( February 20 on leap years) . Saints Saint Julian of Alexandria , Bishop of Alexandria (189) Martyrs Paul and his sister Juliana , and Quadratus, Acacius, and Stratonicus, at Ptolemais in Egypt (273) Venerable Gerasimus of Jordan (475) Saint Gregory of Constantius in Cyprus , Bishop. Saint James the Faster, of Phoenicia (Syria) (6th century) Pre-Schism Western Saints Saint Lucius I , succeeded St Cornelius as Pope of Rome in 253, and was at once sent into exile. Martyrs of Rome, a group of nine hundred martyrs buried in the Catacombs of Callistus on the Appian Way in Rome (260) Saint Leonard of Avranches, Bishop of Avranches (ca. 614) Saint Owen (Owin), a monk at Lastingham in England with St Chad , then settled at a monastery near Lichfield (ca. 680) Saint



June 20 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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June 19 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - June 21 All fixed commemorations below celebrated on July 3 by Old Calendarists Saints Hieromartyr Methodius of Patar , bishop ( 312 ) Martyrs Aristocleus , presbyter ; Demetrian , deacon ; and Athanasius , reader ; of Cyprus Martyrs Inna , Pinna , and Rimma , disciples of the Apostle Andrew , in Scythia Saint Leucius , Bishop of Brindisi (5th century) Holy Prince Gleb Andreevich ( 1174 ) Saint Naum of Ohrid (9th century) Saint Callistus I of Constantinople , Patriarch ( 1362 ) Saint Nicholas Cabasilas , Metropolitan of Dirrachys Other commemorations Icon of the Most Holy Theotokos "Odigitria" ("Directress") June 19 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - June 21 All fixed commemorations below celebrated on July 3 by Old Calendarists Saints Hieromartyr Methodius of Patar , bishop ( 312 ) Martyrs Aristocleus , presbyter ; Demetrian , deacon ; and Athanasius , reader ; of Cyprus Martyrs Inna , Pinna , and Rimma , disciples of the Apostle Andrew , in Scythia Saint Leuciu



Orthodox Study Bible

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The Orthodox Study Bible (OSB) is an English-language translation and annotation of the Christian Bible , published by Thomas Nelson . In addition to the Eastern Orthodox Christian biblical canon , it offers commentary and other material to show the Eastern Orthodox Christian understanding of Scripture. Translation The OSB's Old Testament (2008 edition) is an eclectic text combining elements of the Greek Septuagint and the Hebrew Masoretic Text. The Masoretic Text is the standard Jewish text for the Hebrew Scriptures. The Septuagint is an ancient Jewish translation of the Hebrew Scriptures into Greek for use by Greek-speaking Jews. In several places it differs significantly from the Masoretic Text. The Septuagint is the Scripture quoted and referenced in the New Testament. One important feature of the OSB is that all New Testament quotations of the Old Testament are identical in wording between the Old and New Testaments (e.g. Genesis 1:27; Matthew 19:5; Mark 10:7-8; 1 Cor 6:16; Eph 5:31). Although the Orthod



Eastern Catholic Churches

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The Eastern Catholic Churches or Oriental Catholic Churches , also called the Eastern-rite Catholic Churches , Greek Catholic Churches, and in some historical cases Uniate Churches, are 23 Eastern Christian particular churches sui iuris in full communion with the Pope in Rome , as part of the worldwide Catholic Church . Headed by patriarchs , metropolitans , and major archbishops , the Eastern Catholic Churches are governed in accordance with the Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches , although each church also has its own canons and laws on top of this, and the preservation of their own traditions is explicitly encouraged. The total membership of the various churches accounts for about 16 million, according to the Annuario Pontificio , thus making up about 1.5 percent of the Catholic Church, with the rest of its more than 1.2 billion members belonging to the Latin Church . The coat of arms of one of the Eastern Catholic churches, the Maronite Church in Lebanon , with motto in Latin and Syriac : "The glory



January 19 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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Jan. 18 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - Jan. 20 All fixed commemorations below are observed on February 1 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For January 19th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on January 6 . Saints Virgin-martyr Euphrasia of Nicomedia (303) Saint Theodotus, Bishop of Cyrene (c. 307-323) Venerable Macarius the Great of Egypt (390) Venerable Macarius of Alexandria (c. 394) Venerable Macarius, Bishop of Ierissos , on the Chalkidiki peninsula (c. 395-408) Venerable Anthony the Stylite of Martqopi , founder of monasticism in Georgia (6th century) Martyr Anthony Rawah the Qoraisite (797) Saint Arsenius of Kerkyra , Archbishop of Corfu (953) Pre-Schism Western Saints Martyr Pontian, in Spoleto, Italy under Marcus Aurelius (169) Virgin-martyr Messalina, in Foligno, Italy (251) Martyrs Maris, Martha, Abachum and Audifax , in Rome (270) Martyrs Paul, Gerontius, Januarius, Saturninus, Saccesius, Julius, Catius, Pius and Germanus, in Numidia in North Africa.



Greek Orthodox Church

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The name Greek Orthodox Church (Greek: Ἑλληνορθόδοξη Ἑκκλησία, Ellinorthódoxi Ekklisía, IPA: ), or Greek Orthodoxy, is a term referring to the body of several Churches[5] [6] [7] within the larger communion of Eastern Orthodox Christianity, whose liturgy is or was traditionally conducted in Koine Greek,[8] the original language of the New Testament,[9] [10] and whose history, traditions, and theology are rooted in the early Church Fathers and the culture of the Byzantine Empire. Greek Orthodox Christianity has also traditionally placed heavy emphasis and awarded high prestige to traditions of Christian monasticism and asceticism, with origins in Early Christianity in the Near East and in Byzantine Anatolia. Today, the most important centres of Christian Orthodox monasticism are Saint Catherine's Monastery in the Sinai Peninsula (Egypt), Meteora at Thessaly in Greece, Mount Athos in Greek Macedonia, Mar Saba in the Bethlehem Governorate of the West Bank, and the Monastery of Saint John the Theologian on the



Eastern Orthodox teaching regarding the Filioque

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William La Due describes modern Orthodox theological scholarship as split between a group of scholars that hold to a "strict traditionalism going back to Photius" and other scholars that are "not so adamantly opposed (to the filioque)". Vladimir Lossky asserted that any notion of a double procession of the Holy Spirit from both the Father and the Son was incompatible with Orthodox theology. Orthodox scholars who share Lossky's view include Dumitru Stăniloae , John Romanides and Michael Pomazansky . Sergius Bulgakov , however, was of the opinion that the filioque did not represent an insurmountable obstacle to reunion of the Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches. The Eastern Orthodox interpretation of the Trinity is that the Holy Spirit originates, has his cause for existence or being (manner of existence) from the Father alone as "One God, One Father". That the filioque confuses the theology as it was defined at the councils at both Nicene and Constantinople. The position that having the creed say



May 19

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May 19 is the 139th day of the year (140th in leap years ) in the Gregorian calendar . There are 226 days remaining until the end of the year. This date is slightly more likely to fall on a Tuesday, Thursday or Saturday (58 in 400 years each) than on Sunday or Monday (57), and slightly less likely to occur on a Wednesday or Friday (56). Events 639 – Ashina Jiesheshuai and his tribesmen assaulted Emperor Taizong at Jiucheng Palace. 715 – Pope Gregory II is elected. 1051 – Henry I of France is married to Anne of Kiev . 1445 – John II of Castile defeats the Infantes of Aragon at the First Battle of Olmedo . 1499 – Catherine of Aragon is married by proxy to Arthur, Prince of Wales . Catherine is 13 and Arthur is 12. 1535 – French explorer Jacques Cartier sets sail on his second voyage to North America with three ships, 110 men, and Chief Donnacona 's two sons (whom Cartier had kidnapped during his first voyage). 1536 – Anne Boleyn , the second wife of Henry VIII of England , is beheaded for adultery, treason, and



Eastern Orthodoxy by country

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Based on the numbers of adherents, the Eastern Orthodox Church (also known as Eastern Orthodoxy) is the second largest Christian communion in the world after the Roman Catholic Church . The most common estimates of the number of Eastern Orthodox Christians worldwide is approximately 225–300 million. The numerous Protestant groups in the world, if taken all together, outnumber the Eastern Orthodox, but they differ theologically and do not form a single communion. Eastern Orthodoxy is the largest single religious faith in the world's largest country by area - Russia (41% -77% ), where roughly half of the Eastern Orthodox Christians live. It is the majority religion in Ukraine (65.4% - 77% ), Romania (82%), Belarus (48% -73% ) Greece (95%-98%), Serbia (85%), Bulgaria (88%), Moldova (93%), Georgia (84%), Macedonia (65%), Cyprus (89%), Montenegro (72%), Estonia (14%), and it is also predominant in the disputed territories of Abkhazia , South Ossetia and Transnistria . Significant minorities, making up betwee



March 21 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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March 20 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - March 22 All fixed commemorations below are observed on April 3 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For March 21st, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on March 8 . Saints Martyrs Philemon and Domninus of Thessalonica , in Italy. (see also: March 26 ) Saint Maria the Martyr, in Perge . Saint Serapion, Bishop of Thmuis , Egypt (c. 358) Venerable Serapion the Sindonite, monk of Egypt (4th century) (see also: May 14 - Slavonic) Saint Sophronius, Abbot of the Monastery of St. Theodosius , in Palestine (542) Saint Thomas , Patriarch of Constantinople (610) Venerable James the Confessor (Jacob the Confessor), Bishop, of the Studion (late 8th century) Pre-Schism Western Saints Saint Beryllus , Bishop of Catania (c. 90) (in Slavonic and Georgian calendars erroneously named as Cyril Saint Lupicinus of Lyon , desert-dweller of the Jura Mountains , Gaul (480) Saint Enda of Aran , Abbot of Arranmore, monk, earliest leader of Iri



August 7 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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Aug. 6 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - Aug. 8 All fixed commemorations below are observed on August 20 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For August 7, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on July 25 . Feasts Afterfeast of the Transfiguration of Our Lord, God, and Savior Jesus Christ . Saints Venerable Candida the Byzantine. Hieromartyr Narcissus , Bishop of Jerusalem (c. 213) Martyrs Marinus the Soldier and Asterius the Senator , at Caesarea in Palestine (260) Martyr Dometius of Persia and his two disciples (363) Venerable Or (Horus) of the Thebaid (390) Virginmartyr Potamia of Alexandria, the Wonderworker, by the sword (4th century) Venerable Hyperechius of the "Paradise", Egypt (4th century) Saint Vardan the Martyr, of Armenia (451) Venerable Theodosius the New, of the Peloponnese, the healer (862) The Venerable 10,000 Ascetics of the Thebaid , reposed in peace. Saint Sozon of Nicomedia . Pre-Schism Western saints Saint Faustus, a soldier martyred in Mila



February 3 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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Feb. 2 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - Feb. 4 All fixed commemorations below are observed on February 16 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For February 3rd, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on January 21 . Feasts Afterfeast of the Meeting of Our Lord . Saints Prophet Azariah (10th century B.C.) Holy and Righteous Symeon the God-receiver and Anna the Prophetess (1st century) Martyrs Papias, Diodorus, and Claudianus, at Perge in Pamphylia (250) Martyr Blaise of Caesarea in Cappadocia (3rd century) Martyrs Paul and Simon, by the sword. Martyr Paul the Syrian (284-305) Martyrs Adrian and Eubulus , at Caesarea in Cappadocia (c. 308-309) Venerable Claudius. Saint Laurence of Canterbury , the second Archbishop of Canterbury (619) ( see also: February 2 - West ) Pre-Schism Western saints Saint Celerinus the Martyr (c.250) Martyrs Laurentinus, Ignatius and Celerina, martyrs in North Africa (3rd century) Martyrs Felix, Symphronius (Sempronius), Hippolytus and Compa



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