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May 19 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

May 18 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - May 20

All fixed commemorations below celebrated on June 1 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.[note 1]

For May 19th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on May 6.

Saints
  • Martyrs Calocerus and Parthenius, brothers (250)[1] [2] [3] [note 2]
  • Martyr Philoterus of Nicomedia (303)[2] [5]
  • Martyr Acoluthus of the Thebaid (303)[6] [note 3]
  • Martyr Cyriaca (Kyriake) and the six holy virgin-martyrs in Nicomedia (307)[2] [7]
  • Martyr Theotima of Nicomedia (c. 311)[8] [9]
  • Hieromartyrs Patricius of Prussa, Bishop, and with him the Presbyters Acacius, Menander, and Polyainos (362)[10]
  • Saint John, Bishop of the Goths in Crimea (787)[9] [11]
Pre-Schism Western Saints
Post-Schism Orthodox Saints
  • Monk-martyrs and Confessors of the Monastery of Panagia of Kantara, on Cyprus, who suffered under the Latins (1231):[9] [19]
  • Right-Believing Great Prince Dmitry Donskoy, Great Prince of Moscow (1389)[9] [11] [20] [21] [note 4]
  • Venerable Sinaites of Serbia (from Ravanica) (14th century):[23] [note 5]
  • Saint Cornelius of Paleostrov, Abbot (1420)[9] [24]
  • Saint John (Ignatius), Prince of Uglich, tonsured as Ignatius in Vologda (1522)[9] [25]
  • Venerable Cornelius of Komel (Vologda), Abbot and Wonderworker (1537)[9] [26]
  • Saint Sergius of Shukhtov (Shukhtom), monk (1609)[9] [27]
New Martyrs and Confessors
  • Hieromartyr Matthew Voznesensky (1919)[20] [28]
  • Hieromartyr Innocent (Letayev), Archbishop of Kharkiv (1937)[4]
  • Hieromartyr Victor Karakulin (1937)[11] [20]
  • Hieromartyr Onuphrius (Gagaliuk), Archbishop of Kursk and Oboyansk (1938),[9] [20] [29] (see also June 1) and:
  • New Hieromartyr Valentine Lukyanov (1940)[11] [20]
  • All New Hieromartyrs of Slobozhanschyna (Slobodskaya) Ukraine (1937,1938,1940,1941)[4] [30] [note 6] [note 7]
Other commemorations
Icon Gallery
Notes
  1. The notation Old Style or (OS) is sometimes used to indicate a date in the Julian Calendar (which is used by churches on the "Old Calendar"). The notation New Style or (NS), indicates a date in the Revised Julian calendar (which is used by churches on the "New Calendar").
  2. He is the patron of Galicia, and his relics are enshrined at Zhovkva.[4]
  3. The term "Akolouthos" also refers to a Byzantine military office.
  4. The Great Synaxaristes also has an entry for Saint Dmitry Donskoy on May 9th as well.[22]
  5. These are commemorated on May 6 in the Slavonic Menaion.
  6. The Great Synaxaristes also includes a brief entry on May 9 for the New Martyrs of Slobozhanschyna (Slobodskaya) Ukraine.[31]
  7. The Great Synaxaristes for May 19 includes a list of names (in Greek) of 27 Hieromartyrs of Slobozhanschyna (Slobodskaya), Ukraine, as follows:
References
  1. Οἱ Ἅγιοι Καλοκέριος καὶ Παρθένιος οἱ Μάρτυρες. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  2. May 19. The Roman Martyrology.
  3. May 19. Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome.
  4. Dr. Alexander Roman. May. Calendar of Ukrainian Orthodox Saints (Ukrainian Orthodoxy - Українське Православ'я).
  5. Ὁ Ἅγιος Φιλότερος ὁ Μάρτυρας. 19 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  6. Ὁ Ἅγιος Ἀκόλουθος ὁ Μάρτυρας. 19 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  7. Ἡ Ἁγία Κυριακὴ ἡ Μάρτυς καὶ οἱ σὺν αὐτῇ. 19 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  8. Ἡ Ἁγία Θεοτίμη ἡ Μάρτυς. 19 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  9. May 19/June 1. Orthodox Calendar (PRAVOSLAVIE.RU).
  10. Ὁ Ἅγιος Πατρίκιος ὁ Ἱερομάρτυρας καὶ οἱ σὺν αὐτῷ Ἀκάκιος, Μένανδρος καὶ Πολύαινος οἱ Μάρτυρες. 19 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  11. June 1 / May 19. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  12. Ὁ Ἅγιος Πούδης ὁ Μάρτυρας. 19 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  13. Ἡ Ἁγία Πουδενδιάνα ἡ Μάρτυς. 19 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  14. Rev. Alban Butler (1711–73). St. Pudentiana, Virgin. The Lives of the Saints, Volume V: May. 1866. (Bartleby.com)
  15. Ὁ Ἅγιος Κύριλλος Ἐπίσκοπος Τρεβήρων. 19 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  16. Ὁ Ἅγιος Ἀδοῦλφος. 19 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  17. Ὁ Ἅγιος Δουνστάνος Ἀρχιεπίσκοπος Καντουαρίας. 19 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  18. Rev. Alban Butler (1711–73). May 19 - St. Dunstan, Archbishop of Canterbury, Confessor. The Lives of the Saints, Volume V: May. 1866. (Bartleby.com)
  19. Οἱ Ἅγιοι Βαρνάβας, Γεννάδιος, Γεράσιμος, Γερμανός, Θεόγνωστος, Θεόκτιστος, Ἱερεμίας, Ἰωάννης, Ἰωσήφ, Κόνων, Κύριλλος, Μάξιμος καὶ Μάρκος οἱ Ὁσιομάρτυρες. 19 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  20. (Russian) 19 мая (ст.ст.) 1 июня 2013 (нов. ст.). Русская Православная Церковь Отдел внешних церковных связей. (DECR).
  21. Ὁ Ἅγιος Δημήτριος ὁ μεγάλος Πρίγκιπας. 19 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  22. Ὁ Ἅγιος Δημήτριος ὁ μεγάλος πρίγκιπας τῆς Μόσχας. 9 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  23. Οἱ Ὅσιοι Ρωμύλος, Ρωμανός, Νέστωρ, Σισώης, Γρηγόριος, Νικόδημος καὶ Κύριλλος οἱ Σιναΐτες. 19 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  24. Ὁ Ὅσιος Κορνήλιος. 19 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  25. Ὁ Ὅσιος Ἰγνάτιος. 19 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  26. Ὁ Ὅσιος Κορνήλιος ὁ Θαυματουργός. 19 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  27. Ὁ Ὅσιος Σέργιος τῆς Σουχτόμα. 19 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  28. The Autonomous Orthodox Metropolia of Western Europe and the Americas (ROCOR). St. Hilarion Calendar of Saints for the year of our Lord 2004. St. Hilarion Press (Austin, TX). p.37.
  29. Ὁ Ἅγιος Ὀνούφριος ὁ Ἱερομάρτυρας. 19 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  30. Οἱ Ἅγιοι Νεομάρτυρες ἐν Σλομπόντσκαγια Οὐκρανίας. 19 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  31. Οἱ Ἅγιοι Νεομάρτυρες τῆς Σλομπόντσκαγια Οὐκρανίας. 9 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  32. Μνήμη Εἰσόδου τῆς Ἁγίας Νίνας τῆς Ἰσαποστόλου στὴν Γεωργία. 19 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  33. Ἀνακομιδὴ Τιμίων Λειψάνων Ἁγίων Ἰουλίου Πρεσβυτέρου καὶ Ἰουλιανοῦ Διακόνου. 19 Μαΐου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  34. May 6/19. Orthodox Calendar (PRAVOSLAVIE.RU).
Sources
  • May 19/June 1. Orthodox Calendar (PRAVOSLAVIE.RU).
  • June 1 / May 19. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  • Complete List of Saints. Protection of the Mother of God Church (POMOG).
  • Dr. Alexander Roman. May. Calendar of Ukrainian Orthodox Saints (Ukrainian Orthodoxy - Українське Православ'я).
  • May 19. Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome.
  • May 19. The Roman Martyrology.

Greek Sources

Russian Sources

  • (Russian) 1 июня (19 мая). Православная Энциклопедия под редакцией Патриарха Московского и всея Руси Кирилла (электронная версия). (Orthodox Encyclopedia - Pravenc.ru).
  • (Russian) 19 мая (ст.ст.) 1 июня 2013 (нов. ст.). Русская Православная Церковь Отдел внешних церковных связей. (DECR).
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May 19 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

topic

May 18 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - May 20 All fixed commemorations below celebrated on June 1 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For May 19th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on May 6 . Saints Martyrs Calocerus and Parthenius , brothers (250) Martyr Philoterus of Nicomedia (303) Martyr Acoluthus of the Thebaid (303) Martyr Cyriaca (Kyriake) and the six holy virgin-martyrs in Nicomedia (307) Martyr Theotima of Nicomedia (c. 311) Hieromartyrs Patricius of Prussa , Bishop, and with him the Presbyters Acacius, Menander, and Polyainos (362) Saint John, Bishop of the Goths in Crimea (787) Pre-Schism Western Saints Martyr Pudens, the senator (c. 160) Virgin-Martyr Pudentiana (Potentiana), daughter of Saint Pudens the senator (160) Saint Cyril of Trier, Bishop of Trier , (5th century) Saint Adolphus (Hadulf), ascetic of the Benedictine Abbey of St. Vaast , in Arras , and later Bishop of Arras Cambrai in the north of France (728) Saint Dunstan , Archbishop of Canter



Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar

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The Eastern Orthodox Liturgical Calendar describes and dictates the rhythm of the life of the Eastern Orthodox Church . Passages of Holy Scripture , saints and events for commemoration are associated with each date, as are many times special rules for fasting or feasting that correspond to the day of the week or time of year in relationship to the major feast days. There are two types of feasts in the Orthodox Church calendar: fixed and movable. Fixed feasts occur on the same calendar day every year, whereas movable feasts change each year. The moveable feasts are generally relative to Pascha ( Easter ), and so the cycle of moveable feasts is referred to as the Paschal cycle . Fixed feasts Russian icon depicting the calendar of saints (18th-19th century). The following list of dates links only to fixed feasts of the Orthodox Church . These are the fixed dates; the particular day on which that date is observed differs depending upon whether one follows the Julian Calendar (sometimes referred to as the " Old Ca



May 18 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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May 17 — Eastern Orthodox Church calendar — May 19 All fixed commemorations below celebrated on May 31 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For May 18th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on May 5 . Saints Martyrs Peter of Lampsacus , Andrew, Paul, Dionysia , and Christina, under Decius (c. 249 - 251) Martyrs Heraclius, Paulinus, and Benedimus of Athens . Martyr Euphrasia of Nicaea (c. 303) Martyr Galactia Martyr Julian Martyr Theodotus of Ancyra , and with him eight virgin-martyrs : Martyr Dioscorus, in Cynopolis of Egypt (305) Martyrs Symeon, Isaac, and Bachtisius of Persia (339) Hieromartyr Potamon (Palæmon), Bishop of Heraclea in Egypt, and Confessor (340) The Holy clergy and lay martyrs massacred under Emperor Valens (364-378) Martyrs David and Tarechan, of Georgia (693) Patriarch Stephen the New of Constantinople (893) Saint Anastaso (Anastasia) of Leukadion (or Laucation), near the Bithinian sea-shore Saint Martinian of Areovinthus (Areobindus, Areovinchus), monk



May 20 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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May 19 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - May 21 All fixed commemorations below celebrated on June 2 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For May 20th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on May 7 . Saints Saint Lydia of Thyatira (Lydia of Philippi), mentioned in Acts 16:14-15 (1st century) Martyrs Thalelaeus the Unmercenary , at Anazarbus in Cilicia , and his companions Alexander and Asterius (284) Martyr Asclas of the Thebaid , Egypt (287) Sts. Zabulon and Susanna, of Cappadocia and Jerusalem (parents of St. Nina (Nino), enlightener of Georgia), (4th century) Saint Mark the Hermit (Marcus Eremita) (5th century) Holy Martyrs of Mamilla , Jerusalem (614) Saint Thalassius the Myrrh-gusher, of Libya (648) Saints John, Joseph and Nicetas, monks of Nea Moni on Chios (c. 1050) Pre-Schism Western Saints Saint Plautilla the Roman , martyr, (67) Hieromartyr Baudelius, missionary in France and northern Spain, martyred in Nîmes (2nd or 3rd century) Virgin-martyr Basilla (304) Sai



May 2 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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May 1 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - May 3 All fixed commemorations below celebrated on May 15 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For May 2nd, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on April 19 . Saints Martyrs Hesperos (Exuperius) and Zoe , and their sons Cyriacos and Theodoulos, at Attalia (c. 124) Saint Jordan the Wonderworker Saint Sabbas, Bishop of Dafnousia Saint Boris-Michael , Prince and baptizer of Bulgaria , Equal-to-the-Apostles (907) Pre-Schism Western Saints Saint Valentine, Bishop of Genoa in Italy c. 295-307, (c. 307) Saint Germanus of Normandy, converted by St Germanus of Auxerre , martyred in France (c. 460) Hieromartyrs Vindemialis, Eugene and Longinus, Bishops in North Africa martyred by the Arian Vandal King Hunneric (c. 485) Saint Neachtain, a relative of St Patrick of Ireland at whose repose he was present (5th century) Saint Ultan , Irish monk, brother of Saints Fursey and Foillan (657) Saint Waldebert (Walbert, Gaubert), abbot of Luxeuil in Fr



May 6 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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May 5 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - May 7 All fixed commemorations below celebrated on May 19 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For May 6th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on April 23 . Saints Righteous Job the Long-suffering. Martyrs Danax, Mesirus (Mesiurs), and Therin Martyrs Demetrius, and Donatus Saints Mamas, Pachomius, and Hilarion, monks Martyrs Barbarus the Soldier (Barbaruldier), Bacchus , Callimachus, and Dionysius, in Morea (362) Martyr Barbarus in Thessaly , the former robber (9th century) Pre-Schism Western Saints Saint Lucius of Cyrene (1st century) Martyrs Heliodorus and Venustus and seventy-five others in Africa (284–305) St. Benedicta, virgin, mystic and nun, lived in a convent founded by St. Galla in Rome (6th century) Saint Edbert , Bishop of Lindisfarne (698) Saint Petronax of Monte Cassino (c. 747) Post-Schism Orthodox Saint Saint Vladimir II Monomakh (Volodymyr Monomakh), Sovereign of Kievan Rus' (1125) Venerable Micah (Micheas), the



April 19 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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Apr. 18 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - Apr. 20 All fixed commemorations below are observed on May 2 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For April 19th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on April 6 . Saints Martyrs Theodore of Perge in Pamphylia, his mother Philippa, and Dioscorus, Socrates, and Dionysius (ca. 138-161) Hieromartyr Paphnutius of Jerusalem and 546 companions martyred with him (284-305) (see also: September 25 ) Martyrs Hermogenes, Caius, Expeditus, Aristonicus, Rufus and Galatas, at Melitine , in Armenia. Martyrs Christopher, Theonas, and Antoninus, at Nicomedia (303) Saint George the Confessor, Bishop of Antioch in Pisidia (ca. 741-775) Venerable John of the Ancient Caves in Palestine (8th century) Saint Tryphon of Constantinople , Patriarch of Constantinople (931) St. Nicephorus, Abbot of Katabad. Pre-Schism Western Saints Saint Vincent of Collioure, a martyr in Collioure in Languedoc in the south of France, under Diocletian (ca. 304) Saint Cresce



May 9 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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May 8 – Eastern Orthodox Church calendar – May 10 All fixed commemorations below celebrated on May 22 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For May 9th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on April 26 . Saints Prophet Isaiah (8th century BC) Great-martyr Christopher of Lycia (c. 249–251), and with him: Saint Maximus III of Jerusalem , Patriarch (350) Saint Shio of Mgvime, monk, of Georgia (6th century) Monk-martyr Nicholas of Vouneni, in Thessaly (901) Pre-Schism Western Saints Saint Beatus , Apostle of Switzerland (2nd century) Martyrs Epimachus and Gordianus of Rome, in the persecution of Decius (c. 249 – 251) Saint John of Châlon, third Bishop of Châlon-sur-Saône in France (c. 475) Saint Gerontius , bishop of Cervia near Ravenna in Italy, martyr (c. 501) Saint Sanctan , Bishop of Kill-da-Les and Kill-na-Sanctan near Dublin in Ireland (6th century) Blessed Adalgar , third archbishop of Hamburg-Bremen (909) Saint Vincent, Abbot of St Peter de Montes in Spain, a disciple



May 21 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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May 20 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - May 22 All fixed commemorations below celebrated on June 3 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For May 21st, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on May 8 . Saints Holy Equals-to-the-Apostles Emperor Constantine (337), and Empress Helena , his mother (327) Martyrs Polyeuctus, Victorinus, and Donatus, at Caesarea in Cappadocia . Hieromartyr Secundus and those with him, in Alexandria (356) Saint Adelphios, Bishop of Onouphis, in Byzantine Egypt (c. 362, or c. 431) Saint Boros, monk. Saint Christopher I, Patriarch of Antioch (967) Pre-Schism Western Saints Hieromartyrs Timothy, Polius and Eutychius, deacons, in Mauretania Caesariensis (Morocco). Hieromartyr Valens and Companions, Bishop who was martyred in Auxerre in France along with three children. Martyr Secundinus, in Cordoba in Spain under Diocletian (c. 306) Saint Hospitius the Hermit of Nice, Wonderworker (581) Saint Barrfoin (Bairrfhionn, Barrindus) of Killbarron (6th centu



May 23 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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May 22 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - May 24 All fixed commemorations below celebrated on June 5 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For May 23rd, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on May 10 . Saints Holy Myrrh-bearer Mary, the wife of Cleopas , aunt of Jesus (1st century) Saint Manaen (Manahen), prophet and teacher of the Church of Antioch (Acts 13:1) (1st century) Martyr Seleucus (Selefkos), by sawing . Saint Michael the Confessor , Bishop of Synnada in Phrygia Salutaris (826) Hieromartyr Michael the black-robed, monk of St. Sabbas Monastery (9th century) Pre-Schism Western Saints Hieromartyrs Epitacius, first Bishop of Tui in Galicia (Spain) ; and Basileus, second Bishop of Braga in Portugal c. 60-95 (1st century) Saint Euphebius , Bishop of Naples in Italy. Martyr Salonas the Roman, by the sword. Martyrs Donatianus and Rogatianus of Nantes , brothers (c. 284-305) Saint Merculialis of Forli (Mercurialis), Bishop of Forlì , zealous opponent of paganism and Aria



April 18 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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Apr. 17 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - Apr. 19 All fixed commemorations below are observed on May 1 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For April 18th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on April 5 . Saints Martyrs Victor, Zoticus, Zeno, Acindynus, and Severian, of Nicomedia (ca. 303) Martyr Sabbas the Goth (Sabbas Stratelates), at Buzau in Wallachia (372) (see also: April 12 and April 15 ) Saint Acacius II, Bishop of Melitene (445) (see also: April 17 ) Saint Cosmas, Bishop of Chalcedon, and his fellow-ascetic St. Auxentius (815-820) Venerable John the Righteous (John the Hesychast) (820), disciple of St. Gregory of Decapolis . Venerable Naucratius, Abbot of the Studion (848) Venerable Athanasia the Wonderworker , Abbess, of Aegina (850) Venerable Matthew (Matthias), acquaintance of St. Athanasia the Wonderworker (ca. 850) Venerable Euthymius the Wonderworker. Pre-Schism Western Saints Saint Eleutherius Bishop of Illyria, his mother Anthia, and eleven others,



May 25 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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May 24 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - May 26 All fixed commemorations below celebrated on June 7 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For May 25th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on May 12 . Feasts Third Finding of the Precious Head of Saint John the Baptist (c. 850) Saints Martyrs Pasicrates, Valentinian, Julius and others at Dorostolum (302) Hieromartyr Therapont of Cyprus, bishop (300-305) Hieromartyrs Maximus and Victorinus (384) Saint Dodo, prince of Georgia, monk of Gareji (596) Saint Olbian (Albianos), monk. Pre-Schism Western Saints Hieromartyr Urban , Pope of Rome (230) Martyr Celestine, in Rome. Saint Dionysios (Dionysius Mariani, Denis), Bishop of Milan (359) Saint Zenobius , first Bishop of Florence (390) Saint Leo of Troyes, monk who succeeded St Romanus as Abbot of Mantenay near Troyes, France (c. 550) Saints Injuriosus and Scholastica, a married couple in the Auvergne in France who lived in virginity and holiness (c. 550) Saint Aldhelm , Bishop o



June 1 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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May 31 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - June 2 All fixed commemorations below celebrated on June 14 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For June 1st, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on May 19 . Saints Martyr Justin the Philosopher ( Justin Martyr ) at Rome (166) Martyrs Chariton, Charita, Euelpistus, Hierax, Peonus, Valerian (Liberianus), and Justus with Justin Martyr (166) Martyr Neon, by beheading. Saint Pyrrus, Bishop, reposed in peace. Hieromartyr Phyrrhus the Virgin. Martyr Thespesius of Cappadocia (222) Martyrs Ischyrion, a military officer, and five other soldiers, in Egypt (250) The holy Ten thousand Martyrs , in Antiochia (249-251) Martyr Firmus , under the eparch Magus (299) Martyr Gerasimos. St. Metrius the Farmer of Myra in Lycia (912) Pre-Schism Western Saints Martyrs Felinus and Gratinianus (250) Hieromartyrs Reverianus (Bishop) and Paul (priest), with ten others, at Autun (272) Martyr Crescentian , in Saldo near Città di Castello in Italy (287) Mar



April 20 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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Apr. 19 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - Apr. 21 All fixed commemorations below are observed on May 3 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For April 20th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on April 7 . Saints Apostle Zacchaeus of the Seventy, Bishop of Caesarea in Palestine, he who was called down from the Sycamore tree by Jesus , according to the Gospel of Luke (1st century) Martyrs Acindinus, Antoninus, Victor, Zenon, Zoticus, Theonas, Caesareus, Severian and Christophoros (284-305) Venerable Theodore Trichinas ("the Hair-Shirt Wearer"), hermit near Constantinople (400) Saint Theotimus , Bishop of Tomis in Moesia ( Lesser Scythia ) (407) Blessed Gregory (593) and Anastasius I (599), Patriarchs of Antioch. Hieromartyr Anastasius II , Patriarch of Antioch (609) Venerable Anastasius Sinaita , Abbot of the Monastery of St. Catherine at Sinai (ca. 700) (see also: April 21 ) Venerable Ioannis the Palaiolavritis ("of the Old Lavra"), at St. Chariton's Monastery, in the



Eastern Orthodox Church

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The oldest known icon of Christ Pantocrator , encaustic on panel , Saint Catherine's Monastery , Sinai Peninsula The Eastern Orthodox Church , also known as the Orthodox Church , or officially as the Orthodox Catholic Church , is the second largest Christian church and one of the oldest extant religious institutions in the world. The Eastern Orthodox Church teaches that it is the One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic Church established by Jesus Christ in his Great Commission to the apostles. It practices what it understands to be the original Christian faith and maintains the sacred tradition passed down from the apostles . The Eastern Orthodox Church is a communion of autocephalous churches , each typically governed by a Holy Synod . It teaches that all bishops are equal by virtue of their ordination , and has no central governing structure analogous to the Papacy in the Roman Catholic Church . The contemporary Orthodox Church had shared communion with the contemporary Roman Catholic Church until the East–



February 11 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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Feb. 10 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - Feb. 12 All fixed commemorations below are observed on February 24 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For February 11th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on January 29 . Saints Hieromartyr Blaise , Bishop of Sebaste (316) The Holy 7 women martyrs and 2 youth, companions of Hieromartyr Blaise of Sebaste (316). Hieromartyr Lucius of Adrianople (348) Saint Theodora , wife of Emperor Theophilus the Iconoclast (867) Saint Blaise the Hieromartyr of Acarnania (1006) Pre-Schism Western saints Saint Calocerus , a disciple of St Apollinaris, whom he succeeded as Bishop of Ravenna, Confessor (c. 130) (see also: April 18 ; May 19 ) Martyrs of North-West Africa, the 'Guardians of the Holy Scriptures' (303) Martyrs Saturninus, Dativus, Felix, Ampelius, Victoria and Companions (304) (see also: February 12 - Greek) Saint Lazarus of Milan , Archbishop of Milan , he defended his flock from the Ostrogoths. Saints Priscus the Bishop, with



St. Cornelius

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Saint Cornelius is the name of the following saints and persons in the previous stages of liturgical veneration: Pope Cornelius (in office: 251-253) Cornelius of Armagh (died 1175) May 19 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics) Venerable Cornelius of Komel (Vologda), abbot (1537) Saint Cornelius of Paleostrov , abbot (15th century) July 22 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics) Saint Cornelius of Pereyaslavl , monk (1693) September 13 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics) Hieromartyr Cornelius the Centurion (1st century) Saint Cornelius of Padan-Olonets and with him Saints Dionysius and Misail List of Patriarchs of Antioch St. Ignatius the Illuminator (68–107) Saint Cornelius (127–154) Dhanya Kumarasiri (1990-2012) Saint Cornelius is the name of the following saints and persons in the previous stages of liturgical veneration: Pope Cornelius (in office: 251-253) Cornelius of Armagh (died 1175) May 19 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics) Venerable Cornelius of Komel (Vologda), abbot (1537) Saint Cornelius of Paleostrov , abbot (15th century) July 2



September 20 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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Sep. 19 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - Sep. 21 All fixed commemorations below celebrated on October 3 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For September 19th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on September 7 . Saints Great-martyr Eustathius Placidas , his wife Martyr Theopistes, and their sons Martyrs Agapius and Theopistus, of Rome (118) Martyrs Artemidorus and Thallos, by the sword. Martyr John the Confessor, of Egypt, beheaded in Palestine , and with him 40 martyrs (295 or 310) Saints Theodore and Euprepius, and two men named Anastasius (7th century), confessors and disciples of Saint Maximos the Confessor . Hieromartyrs Hypatius, Bishop of Ephesus and Andrew the Presbyter, Confessors of the Holy Icons, under Leo III the Isaurian (8th century) Venerable John the Godbearer, of Crete, monk (1031) Venerable Meletius of Cyprus, Bishop. Pre-Schism Western Saints Saint Candida, a virgin-martyr in Carthage in North Africa under Maximian Herculeus (c. 300) Saint Glycer



September 6 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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Sep. 5 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - Sep. 7 All fixed commemorations below celebrated on September 19 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For September 6th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on August 24 . Saints Martyrs Romulus and 11,000 others, in Armenia (c. 107-115) Martyrs Cyriacus, Faustus, Abibus , and 11 others, at Alexandria (250) Martyrs Calodote, Macarius, Andrew, Cyriacus, Dionysius, Andrew the Soldier, Andropelagia, Thecla, Theoctistus, and Sarapabon the Senator, in Egypt (256) Hieromartyr Cyril, Bishop of Gortyna on Crete (c. 303) Martyr Eudoxius, and with him Martyrs Zeno, Macarius, and 1,104 soldiers, in Melitene (311-312) Saint Archippus of Hierapolis (4th century) Saint David of Hermopolis in Egypt (6th century) Pre-Schism Western Saints Saints Augustine, Sanctian and Beata, born in Spain, martyred near Sens in France, where they were venerated (273) Saint Petronius, Bishop of Verona and Confessor (c. 450) Saint Arator, fourth Bishop of V



April 6 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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Apr. 5 — Eastern Orthodox Church calendar — Apr. 7 All fixed commemorations below are observed on April 19 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For April 6th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on March 24 . Saints Hieromartyr Archilias, Priest, and Martyr Jeremiah, of Rome (3rd century) Venerable Platonida (Platonis) of Nisibis , reposed in peace (c. 300-308) Martyr Platonida (Platonides), and two martyrs buried up to their loins, at Ascalon in Palestine. Hieromartyr Irenaeus , Bishop of Sirmium in Hungary (304) ( Church of Romania ; -- see also: March 26 ) 120 Martyrs of Persia (c. 344-347) Martyrs Timothy and Diogenes, in Macedonia , by Arians (345) Saint Eutychius, Patriarch of Constantinople (582) Saint Methodius of Moravia , Equal-to-the-Apostles , Archbishop of Moravia and Enlightener of the Slavs (885) (see also: May 11 ) Pre-Schism Western saints Saints Florentius, Geminianus and Saturus, martyrs in Sirmium in Pannonia (4th century) Saints Rufina, Moderata, Roma



April 21 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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Apr. 20 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - Apr. 22 All fixed commemorations below are observed on May 4 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For April 21, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on April 8 . Saints Martyrs Theodore of Perge in Pamphylia, his mother Philippa, and Dioscorus, Socrates, and Dionysius (c. 138-161) (see also: April 19 ) Martyr Alexandra the Empress , wife of Diocletian, and those with her (303) : (see also: April 23 ) Hieromartyrs Januarius , Bishop of Benevento , and his companions (305) : Saint Maximianus , Archbishop of Constantinople (434) Venerable Anastasius Sinaita , Abbot of the Monastery of St. Catherine at Sinai (c. 700) (see also: April 20 ) Martyr Karol (Charles) Pre-Schism Western saints Saint Cyprian, Bishop of Brescia (582) Saint Beuno , Abbot, of Clynnog Fawr , Wales (642) Saint Maelruba of Apur Crossan (Maelrubius, Maolrubha), Ireland (722) Saint Frodulphus (Frou), a monk at St Martin's in Autun (c. 750) Post-Schism Orthodox sain



June 19 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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June 18 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - June 20 All fixed commemorations below celebrated on July 2 by Old Calendarists Saints Holy Apostle Jude , the brother of the Lord (80) Venerable Paisios the Great of Egypt (5th century) Martyr Zosimas the Soldier at Antioch in Pisidia (2nd century) Saint Paisios the Great (5th century) Saint John the Solitary of Jerusalem (6th century) Saint Zeno of Egypt , hermit Saint Barlaam of Shenkursk , monk (1462) Holy Myrrh-bearer Mary , mother of the Apostle James Russian New Martyr Parthenius , bishop (1937) Hieromartyr Asyncretus , martyred at the Church of the Holy Peace by the sea in Constnantinople Saint John , Archbishop of Shanghai and San Francisco (1966) In ROCOR St. John's feast is celebrated on the nearest Saturday to June 19 OS (July 2 NS) if it does not already fall on a Saturday or Sunday. It is celebrated on July 2 NS in churches that use the New Style, not June 19. Other commemorations Repose of Blessed Leonty of Chile , archbishop (1971) June 18 - Eastern



Eastern Orthodox Christian theology

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Eastern Orthodox Christian theology is the theology particular to the Eastern Orthodox Church . It is characterized by monotheistic Trinitarianism , belief in the Incarnation of the Logos ( Son of God ), a balancing of cataphatic theology with apophatic theology , a hermeneutic defined by Sacred Tradition , a concrete ecclesiology , a robust theology of the person , and a therapeutic soteriology . Trinity "Hospitality of Abraham" icon by Andrei Rublev ; the three angels represent the three persons of God Orthodox Christians believe in a single God who is both three and one (triune); the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, "one in essence and undivided". The Holy Trinity is three "unconfused" and distinct divine persons ( hypostases ), who share one divine essence (ousia); uncreated, immaterial and eternal . The Father is the eternal source of the Godhead, from whom the Son is begotten eternally and also from whom the Holy Spirit proceeds eternally. The essence of God being that which is beyond human comprehension a



June 6 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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June 5 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - June 7 All fixed commemorations below celebrated on June 19 by Old Calendarists Saints Venerable Bessarion the Wonderworker of Egypt (5th century) Saint Hilarion the New , Abbot of the Dalmatian Monastery ( 845 ) Virgin - martyrs Archelais, Thecla, and Susanna beheaded at Salerno ( 293 ) Saint Paisius of Uglich , abbot ( 1504 ) Saint Jonah of Klimetzk , abbot ( 1534 ) Saint Jonah of Perm , bishop ( 1470 ) Virgin-martyrs of Caesarea in Palaestina Martha, Mary, Cyria, Valeria, and Marcia Saint Attalus the Wonderworker Martyr Gelasius Saint Photius , monk Other commemorations Uncovering of the relics of Saint Barlaam of Khutyn in Novgorod , abbot June 5 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - June 7 All fixed commemorations below celebrated on June 19 by Old Calendarists Saints Venerable Bessarion the Wonderworker of Egypt (5th century) Saint Hilarion the New , Abbot of the Dalmatian Monastery ( 845 ) Virgin - martyrs Archelais, Thecla, and Susanna beheaded at Salerno ( 2



Eastern Orthodox view of sin

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The Orthodox Church presents a view of sin distinct from views found in Roman Catholicism and in Protestantism, that sin is viewed primarily as a terminal spiritual sickness, rather than a state of guilt, a self-perpetuating illness which distorts the whole human being and energies, corrupts the Image of God inherent in those who bear the human nature, diminishes the divine likeness within them, disorients their understanding of the world as it truly is, and distracts a person from fulfilling his natural potential to become deified in communion with God. Orthodoxy typically divides sin into two categories: original or ancestral sin, the accursed state of death shared by all fallen men and which necessitates healing through the redemptive work of Christ and the operations of the Holy Spirit; and actual or personal sin, the free choice to rebel against the loving purpose of God, follow Adam in disobedience and affirm oneself in fallenness, thereby justifying one's death by willful separation from the Source of



September 28 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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Sep. 27 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - Sep. 29 All fixed commemorations below celebrated on October 11 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For September 28th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on September 15 . Saints Prophet Baruch (6th century BC) Martyrs Eustathios of Rome and Callinicus, by the sword. Venerable Chariton the Confessor , Abbot, of Palestine (350) Martyrs Alexander, Alphius, Zosimas and Mark the Shepherd, brothers, with Nicon, Neon, Heliodorus, and 24 others, in Pisidia and Phrygia (4th century) Saint Alkison, Bishop of Nicopolis (Preveza) in Epirus (561) Martyr Wenceslas I of Bohemia (Vyacheslav), Prince of the Czechs (935) Venerable Cyriacos the Hermit of Palestine (556) Pre-Schism Western Saints Saint Paternus, Born in Bilbao in Spain, he was one of the earliest Bishops of Auch in France (2nd century) Saint Privatus, a citizen of Rome scourged to death under Alexander Severus (223) Martyr Stacteus, in Rome. Martyrs Martial, Laurence and Comp



Czech and Slovak Orthodox Church

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The Orthodox Church of the Czech Lands and Slovakia is a self-governing body of the Eastern Orthodox Church that territorially covers the countries of the Czech Republic and Slovakia . Archbishop Rastislav of Prešov was elected by the Extraordinary Synod held on January 11, 2014, as the new primate . On December 9, 2013, the Synod had removed Archbishop Simeon of Olomouc and Brno from his position as Locum Tenens (ad interim administrator following the resignation of the previous primate, Archbishop Krystof, over allegations of sexual relations with women), and appointed Archbishop Rastislav in his place, an action against which Archbishop Simeon protested and which was deplored by Patriarch Bartholomew I of Constantinople . History Orthodox church of Saints Cyril and Methodius in Prague Interior Church of St Gorazd in Olomouc Foundation The Church of the Czech Lands and Slovakia presents both an ancient history as well as a very modern history. The present day church occupies the land of Great Moravia ,



History of the Orthodox Church

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The history of the Orthodox Church is traced back to Jesus Christ and the Apostles . The Apostles appointed successors, known as bishops , and they in turn appointed other bishops in a process known as Apostolic succession . Over time, five Patriarchates were established to organize the Christian world, and four of these ancient Patriarchates remain Orthodox today. Orthodox Christianity reached its present form in Late Antiquity (in the period from the 3rd to the 8th century), when the Ecumenical Councils were held, doctrinal disputes were resolved, the Fathers of the Church lived and wrote, and Orthodox worship practices settled into their permanent form (including the liturgies and the major holidays of the Church). In the early Middle Ages, Orthodox missionaries spread Christianity towards the north, to the Bulgarians , Serbs , Russians and others. Meanwhile, a gradual process of estrangement took place between the four Eastern Patriarchates and the Latin Church of Rome, culminating with the Great Schism i



January 1 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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December 31 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - January 2 All fixed commemorations below are observed on January 14 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For January 1st, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on December 19 . Feasts Feast of the Circumcision of Christ . Saints Martyr Theodotus, by the sword. Martyr Basil of Ancyra (362) Saint Gregory of Nazianzus the Elder , bishop and father of Saint Gregory the Theologian (374) Saint Emilia , (mother of Sts. Macrina , Basil the Great , Naucratius , Peter of Sebaste , and Gregory of Nyssa ) (375) Saint Basil the Great , Archbishop of Caesarea in Cappadocia (379) Saint Theodosius of Tryglia , abbot Pre-Schism Western Saints Hieromartyr Concordius of Spoleto (c. 175) Thirty soldier-martyrs in Rome, under Diocletian (c. 304) Saint Telemachus (Almachius), hermit who came to Rome from the East and publicly protested against Pagan rites on New Year's Day, killed by gladiators in the Roman amphitheatre (391 or 404) Saint Basi



removed

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February 18 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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Feb. 17 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - Feb. 19 All fixed commemorations below are observed on March 3 (March 2 on leap years) by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For February 18th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on February 5 . Saints Martyrs Leo and Parigorius of Patara in Lycia (c. 258) Venerable Agapitus the Confessor and Wonderworker , Bishop of Synnada in Phrygia (c. 308-324) Martyrs Victor, Dorotheus, Theodoulus, and Agrippa, at Synnada in Phrygia Salutaris , who suffered under Licinius (c. 308-324) Martyr Piulius (Publius), by the sword. Saint Flavian the Confessor , Archbishop of Constantinople (c. 449) Saint Leo the Great , Pope of Rome (461) (see also: November 10 - West) Saint Blaise of Amorion and Mt. Athos (c. 908) Pre-Schism Western saints Saints Maximus, Claudius, Praepedigna, Alexander and Cutias, martyrs in Rome who suffered under Diocletian (295) (see also: August 11 ) Saints Lucius, Silvanus, Rutulus, Classicus, Secundinus, Fructulus and



June 20 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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June 19 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - June 21 All fixed commemorations below celebrated on July 3 by Old Calendarists Saints Hieromartyr Methodius of Patar , bishop ( 312 ) Martyrs Aristocleus , presbyter ; Demetrian , deacon ; and Athanasius , reader ; of Cyprus Martyrs Inna , Pinna , and Rimma , disciples of the Apostle Andrew , in Scythia Saint Leucius , Bishop of Brindisi (5th century) Holy Prince Gleb Andreevich ( 1174 ) Saint Naum of Ohrid (9th century) Saint Callistus I of Constantinople , Patriarch ( 1362 ) Saint Nicholas Cabasilas , Metropolitan of Dirrachys Other commemorations Icon of the Most Holy Theotokos "Odigitria" ("Directress") June 19 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - June 21 All fixed commemorations below celebrated on July 3 by Old Calendarists Saints Hieromartyr Methodius of Patar , bishop ( 312 ) Martyrs Aristocleus , presbyter ; Demetrian , deacon ; and Athanasius , reader ; of Cyprus Martyrs Inna , Pinna , and Rimma , disciples of the Apostle Andrew , in Scythia Saint Leuciu



Orthodox Study Bible

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The Orthodox Study Bible (OSB) is an English-language translation and annotation of the Christian Bible , published by Thomas Nelson . In addition to the Eastern Orthodox Christian biblical canon , it offers commentary and other material to show the Eastern Orthodox Christian understanding of Scripture. Translation The OSB's Old Testament (2008 edition) is an eclectic text combining elements of the Greek Septuagint and the Hebrew Masoretic Text. The Masoretic Text is the standard Jewish text for the Hebrew Scriptures. The Septuagint is an ancient Jewish translation of the Hebrew Scriptures into Greek for use by Greek-speaking Jews. In several places it differs significantly from the Masoretic Text. The Septuagint is the Scripture quoted and referenced in the New Testament. One important feature of the OSB is that all New Testament quotations of the Old Testament are identical in wording between the Old and New Testaments (e.g. Genesis 1:27; Matthew 19:5; Mark 10:7-8; 1 Cor 6:16; Eph 5:31). Although the Orthod



Essence–energies distinction (Eastern Orthodox theology)

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A real distinction between the essence ( ousia ) and the energies ( energeia ) of God is a central principle of Eastern Orthodox Christian theology . Orthodox theologians generally regard this distinction as more than merely conceptual. This doctrine is most closely identified with Gregory Palamas of Thessaloniki , who formulated it as part of his defense of the Athonite monastic practice of hesychasmos (the spiritual exercise of "stillness" to facilitate ceasless inner prayer and noetic contemplation of God) against the charge of heresy brought by the humanist scholar and theologian Barlaam of Calabria . These mystagogical teachings were approved in the Orthodox Church by a series of local Hesychast councils in the 14th century, and Gregory's commemoration during the liturgical season of Great Lent is seen as an extension of the Sunday of Orthodoxy . Historically, Western Christian thought has tended to reject the essence-energies distinction as real in the case of God, characterizing the view as a hereti



Eastern Catholic Churches

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The Eastern Catholic Churches or Oriental Catholic Churches , also called the Eastern-rite Catholic Churches , Greek Catholic Churches, and in some historical cases Uniate Churches, are 23 Eastern Christian particular churches sui iuris in full communion with the Pope in Rome , as part of the worldwide Catholic Church . Headed by patriarchs , metropolitans , and major archbishops , the Eastern Catholic Churches are governed in accordance with the Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches , although each church also has its own canons and laws on top of this, and the preservation of their own traditions is explicitly encouraged. The total membership of the various churches accounts for about 16 million, according to the Annuario Pontificio , thus making up about 1.5 percent of the Catholic Church, with the rest of its more than 1.2 billion members belonging to the Latin Church . The coat of arms of one of the Eastern Catholic churches, the Maronite Church in Lebanon , with motto in Latin and Syriac : "The glory



Greek Orthodox Church of Alexandria

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The Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria , also simply known as the Patriarchate of Alexandria and All Africa ( Greek : Πατριαρχεῖον Ἀλεξανδρείας καὶ πάσης Ἀφρικῆς , Patriarcheîon Alexandreías kaì pásēs Aphrikês) is an autocephalous Byzantine Rite jurisdiction of the Eastern Orthodox Church , having the African continent as its canonical territory. It is commonly called the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria to distinguish it from the Coptic Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria . Members of the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate were once known as Melkites , because they remained in communion with the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople after the schism that followed the Council of Chalcedon in 451. Mark the Evangelist is considered the founder of the See, and the Patriarchate's emblem is the Lion of Saint Mark . Leader of the church The head bishop of the Patriarchate of Alexandria is the Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria and All Africa . His full title is "His Most Divine Beatitude the Pope and Pat



removed

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January 19 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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Jan. 18 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - Jan. 20 All fixed commemorations below are observed on February 1 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For January 19th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on January 6 . Saints Virgin-martyr Euphrasia of Nicomedia (303) Saint Theodotus, Bishop of Cyrene (c. 307-323) Venerable Macarius the Great of Egypt (390) Venerable Macarius of Alexandria (c. 394) Venerable Macarius, Bishop of Ierissos , on the Chalkidiki peninsula (c. 395-408) Venerable Anthony the Stylite of Martqopi , founder of monasticism in Georgia (6th century) Martyr Anthony Rawah the Qoraisite (797) Saint Arsenius of Kerkyra , Archbishop of Corfu (953) Pre-Schism Western Saints Martyr Pontian, in Spoleto, Italy under Marcus Aurelius (169) Virgin-martyr Messalina, in Foligno, Italy (251) Martyrs Maris, Martha, Abachum and Audifax , in Rome (270) Martyrs Paul, Gerontius, Januarius, Saturninus, Saccesius, Julius, Catius, Pius and Germanus, in Numidia in North Africa.



May 19

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May 19 is the 139th day of the year (140th in leap years ) in the Gregorian calendar . There are 226 days remaining until the end of the year. This date is slightly more likely to fall on a Tuesday, Thursday or Saturday (58 in 400 years each) than on Sunday or Monday (57), and slightly less likely to occur on a Wednesday or Friday (56). Events 639 – Ashina Jiesheshuai and his tribesmen assaulted Emperor Taizong at Jiucheng Palace. 715 – Pope Gregory II is elected. 1051 – Henry I of France is married to Anne of Kiev . 1445 – John II of Castile defeats the Infantes of Aragon at the First Battle of Olmedo . 1499 – Catherine of Aragon is married by proxy to Arthur, Prince of Wales . Catherine is 13 and Arthur is 12. 1535 – French explorer Jacques Cartier sets sail on his second voyage to North America with three ships, 110 men, and Chief Donnacona 's two sons (whom Cartier had kidnapped during his first voyage). 1536 – Anne Boleyn , the second wife of Henry VIII of England , is beheaded for adultery, treason, and



Greek Orthodox Church

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The name Greek Orthodox Church ( Greek : Ἑλληνορθόδοξη Ἑκκλησία, Ellinorthódoxi Ekklisía, IPA:  ), or Greek Orthodoxy , is a term referring to the body of several Churches within the larger communion of Eastern Orthodox Christianity , whose liturgy is or was traditionally conducted in Koine Greek , the original language of the New Testament , and whose history, traditions, and theology are rooted in the early Church Fathers and the culture of the Byzantine Empire . Greek Orthodox Christianity has also traditionally placed heavy emphasis and awarded high prestige to traditions of Christian monasticism and asceticism, with origins in Early Christianity in the Near East and in Byzantine Anatolia . Today, the most important centres of Christian Orthodox monasticism are Saint Catherine's Monastery in the Sinai Peninsula ( Egypt ), Meteora at Thessaly in Greece , Mount Athos in Greek Macedonia , Mar Saba in the Bethlehem Governorate of the West Bank , and the Monastery of Saint John the Theologian on the isla



August 7 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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Aug. 6 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - Aug. 8 All fixed commemorations below are observed on August 20 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For August 7, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on July 25 . Feasts Afterfeast of the Transfiguration of Our Lord, God, and Savior Jesus Christ . Saints Venerable Candida the Byzantine. Hieromartyr Narcissus , Bishop of Jerusalem (c. 213) Martyrs Marinus the Soldier and Asterius the Senator , at Caesarea in Palestine (260) Martyr Dometius of Persia and his two disciples (363) Venerable Or (Horus) of the Thebaid (390) Virginmartyr Potamia of Alexandria, the Wonderworker, by the sword (4th century) Venerable Hyperechius of the "Paradise", Egypt (4th century) Saint Vardan the Martyr, of Armenia (451) Venerable Theodosius the New, of the Peloponnese, the healer (862) The Venerable 10,000 Ascetics of the Thebaid , reposed in peace. Saint Sozon of Nicomedia . Pre-Schism Western saints Saint Faustus, a soldier martyred in Mila



February 3 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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Feb. 2 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - Feb. 4 All fixed commemorations below are observed on February 16 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For February 3rd, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on January 21 . Feasts Afterfeast of the Meeting of Our Lord . Saints Prophet Azariah (10th century B.C.) Holy and Righteous Symeon the God-receiver and Anna the Prophetess (1st century) Martyrs Papias, Diodorus, and Claudianus, at Perge in Pamphylia (250) Martyr Blaise of Caesarea in Cappadocia (3rd century) Martyrs Paul and Simon, by the sword. Martyr Paul the Syrian (284-305) Martyrs Adrian and Eubulus , at Caesarea in Cappadocia (c. 308-309) Venerable Claudius. Saint Laurence of Canterbury , the second Archbishop of Canterbury (619) ( see also: February 2 - West ) Pre-Schism Western saints Saint Celerinus the Martyr (c.250) Martyrs Laurentinus, Ignatius and Celerina, martyrs in North Africa (3rd century) Martyrs Felix, Symphronius (Sempronius), Hippolytus and Compa



Eastern Orthodoxy by country

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Based on the numbers of adherents, the Eastern Orthodox Church (also known as Eastern Orthodoxy) is the second largest Christian communion in the world after the Roman Catholic Church . The most common estimates of the number of Eastern Orthodox Christians worldwide is approximately 225–300 million. The numerous Protestant groups in the world, if taken all together, outnumber the Eastern Orthodox, but they differ theologically and do not form a single communion. Eastern Orthodoxy is the largest single religious faith in the world's largest country by area - Russia (41% -77% ), where roughly half of the Eastern Orthodox Christians live. It is the majority religion in Ukraine (65.4% - 77% ), Romania (82%), Belarus (48% -73% ) Greece (95%-98%), Serbia (85%), Bulgaria (59%), Moldova (93%), Georgia (84%), Macedonia (65%), Southern Cyprus (89%), Montenegro (72%), Estonia (14%), and it is also predominant in the disputed territories of Abkhazia , South Ossetia and Transnistria . Significant minorities, making



February 9 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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Feb. 8 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - Feb. 10 All fixed commemorations below are observed on February 22 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For February 9th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on January 27 . Feasts Leavetaking of the Presentation of our Lord . Saints Hieromartyrs Marcellus, Bishop of Sicily, Philagrius, Bishop of Cyprus, and Pancratius , Bishop of Taormina, disciples of Apostle Peter (1st century) Martyrs Ammonius and Alexander of Cyprus, at Solia in Cyprus (c. 248-251) Saint Apollonia of Alexandria , martyr (249) Martyr Nicephorus of Antioch in Syria (c. 257) Venerable Romanus the Wonderworker, of Cilicia, near Antioch (5th century) Venerable Shio Mgvime of Georgia (6th century) (see also: May 9 ) Hieromartyr Peter, Bishop of Damascus, by the sword (743 or 775) Pre-Schism Western saints Martyr Alexander of Rome and thirty-eight other martyrs with him. Martyrs Ammon, Emilian, Lassa and Companions, a group of forty-four Christians martyred in



October 15 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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Oct. 14 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - Oct. 16 All fixed commemorations below celebrated on October 28 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar . For October 15th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on October 2 . Saints Martyrs Sarbelus (Thathuil) and his sister Bebaia , of Edessa (98-138) (see also: January 29 ) Hieromartyr Lucian of Antioch , Presbyter of Greater Antioch (312) Venerable Barsus the Confessor, Bishop of Edessa (378) Saint Sabinus, Bishop of Catania , Wonderworker (760) Venerable Euthymius the New, of Thessalonica, Confessor (889) Pre-Schism Western Saints Saint Agileus, martyred in Carthage in North Africa, (c. 300) Saint Aurelia of Strasbourg (Alsace, Gaul) (c. 383) Saint Severus of Trier , Bishop of Trier in Germany, Confessor (c. 455) Saint Antiochus of Lyon (Andeol), Bishop of Lyon (5th century) Saint Cannatus (Canus Natus), Bishop of Marseilles in France after St Honoratus (5th century) Saint Fortunatus, a martyr in Rome (537?) Saint Leonard of



Liturgical Fan (Orthodox Church)

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Liturgical fans , flabella or ripidions (Greek ριπιδιον — fan), are hand fans used in the Orthodox Church during services . Ripidions are carried by the altar servers at all processions with Eucharistic gifts and the Gospel book. Eastern Christian ripidion, 19th century ( Pskov museum). In the Eastern Orthodox Church and Eastern Catholic Churches , the sacred fan ( Greek : άγιον ριπίδιον , hagion ripidion, plural: άγια ριπίδια, hagia ripidia; sometimes εξαπτέρυγον, hexapterygon, plural: εξαπτέρυγα hexapteryga—literally, "six-winged"), have been used from the first centuries to the present day. It is generally made of metal, round, having the iconographic likeness of a seraph with six wings surrounding a face, and is set on the end of a pole. Fans of carved, gilded, or painted wood are also found. They are usually made in pairs. For historical use in the Western Church see flabellum . Armenian silver ripidion, with six-winged seraphim . The deacon , according to the Service Books , stands by the Holy Table (



Western Rite Orthodoxy

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Western Rite Orthodoxy or Western Orthodoxy or Orthodox Western Rite are terms used to describe congregations that are within Churches of Orthodox tradition but which use liturgies of Western or Latin origin rather than adopting Eastern liturgies such as the Divine Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom . While there are some ancient examples of Western Rite churches in areas predominantly using the Byzantine Rite (the Monastery of Saint Mary of the Latins, often referred to as Amalfi, is a common example), the history of the movement is often considered to begin in the nineteenth century with the life and work of Julian Joseph Overbeck . Western Rite parishes and monasteries exist within certain jurisdictions of the Eastern Orthodox Church , predominantly within the Russian and Antiochian jurisdictions in North America, with the latter having created an Antiochian Western Rite Vicariate (AWRV). In addition, the Communion of Western Orthodox Churches and the Orthodox Church of France are entirely Western Rite. Furthe



Orthodox Church in America

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The Orthodox Church in America ( OCA ) is an autocephalous Eastern Orthodox Church in North America . The OCA consists of more than 700 parishes , missions, communities, monasteries and institutions in the United States and Canada . In 2011, it had an estimated 84,900 members in the United States. The OCA began when eight Russian Orthodox monks established a mission in Alaska , then part of Russian America , in 1794. This became a diocese of the Russian Orthodox Church after the United States purchased Alaska from Russia in 1867. By the late 19th century, the Russian Orthodox Church had grown in other areas of the United States due to the arrival of immigrants from areas of Eastern and Central Europe , many of them formerly of the Eastern Catholic Churches ("Greek Catholics"), and from the Middle East . These immigrants, regardless of nationality or ethnic background, were united under a single North American diocese of the Russian Orthodox Church. After the Bolshevik Revolution , Patriarch Tikhon of Moscow



Liturgical colours

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Liturgical colours are those specific colours used for vestments and hangings within the context of Christian liturgy . The symbolism of violet , white, green, red, gold, black, rose and other colours may serve to underline moods appropriate to a season of the liturgical year or may highlight a special occasion. There is a distinction between the colour of the vestments worn by the clergy and their choir dress , which with a few exceptions does not change with the liturgical seasons. Roman Catholic Church Current rubrics In the Roman Rite , as reformed by Pope Paul VI , the following colours are used. Color Obligatory usage Optional usage (in lieu of prescribed obligatory colour) Green Sundays and Ferias in Ordinary Time Violet Sundays and Ferias of Advent Sundays and Ferias in Lent Liturgies on Holy Saturday (except for the Easter Vigil ) Sacrament of Reconciliation Sacrament of the Sick All Souls' Day Requiem Masses and offices for the dead Rose Gaudete Sunday (Third Sunday of Advent) Laetare Sunday (Fourth



Praxis (Byzantine Rite)

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Praxis , a transliteration of the Greek word πρᾶξις (derived from the stem of the verb πράσσειν, prassein "to do, to act"), means "practice, action, doing". More particularly, it means either: practice, as distinguished from theory, of an art, science, etc.; or practical application or exercise of a branch of learning; habitual or established practice; custom. Orthodoxy and orthopraxis Eastern Christian writers, especially those in the Byzantine tradition , use the term "praxis" to refer to what others, using an English rather than a Greek word, call practice of the faith, especially with regard to ascetic and liturgical life. Praxis is a key to understanding the Byzantine tradition, which is observed by the Eastern Orthodox Church and some Eastern Catholic Churches . This is because praxis is the basis of the understanding of faith and works as conjoint, without separating the two. The importance of praxis, in the sense of action, is indicated in the dictum of Saint Maximus the Confessor : "Theology without



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