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Lodi (Pashtun tribe)

Lodi (Pashto: لودي; Persian: لودی) or Lodhi is a Pashtun tribe.

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Lodi (Pashtun tribe)

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Lodi (Pashto: لودي; Persian: لودی) or Lodhi is a Pashtun tribe. See also Lodi dynasty References Lodi (Pashto: لودي; Persian: لودی) or Lodhi is a Pashtun tribe. See also Lodi dynasty References ...more...



Pashtun tribes

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The Pashtun tribes , or Afghan tribes ( Pashto : پښتانه ټبرونه يا پښتانه قبايل ‎), are the tribes of the Pashtun people , a large Eastern Iranian ethnic group who use the Pashto language and follow Pashtunwali code of conduct. They are found primarily in Afghanistan and Pakistan and form the world's largest tribal society , comprising over 49 million people and between 350 and 400 tribes and clans. They are traditionally divided into four tribal confederacies: the Sarbani ( سربڼي ), the Bettani ( بېټني ), the Gharghashti ( غرغښتي ) and the Karlani ( کرلاڼي ). Flag of the Durrani (Abdali or Ebodalo) tribes of the Sarbani confederacy Folkloric genealogies trace the descendants of the Pashtuns to Qais Abdur Rashid and his three sons Sarbaṇ ( سربڼ ), Beṭ ( بېټ ), and Gharghax̌t ( غرغښت ) as well as his fourth son, the Karlani confederacy Ormur Baraki , who became the progenitor of the Karlani . There are several levels of organisation of Pashtun tribes. The "tribe" is subdivided into kinship groups, each of ...more...



Bahlul Lodi

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Bahlul Khan Lodi (died 12 July 1489) was the chief of the Pashtun Lodi tribe and founder of Lodi dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate upon the abdication of the last claimant from the previous Sayyid rule. Bahlul became sultan of the dynasty on 19 April 1451 (855 AH ). Early life Billon Tanka of 80 ratti of Bahlul Lodi Bahlul's grandfather, Malik Bahram, was a Pashtun from Multan , he took service under the governor of Multan, Malik Mardan Daulat. Malik Bahram had a total of about five sons. His eldest son, Malik Sultan Shah Lodi, later served under the Sayyid dynasty ruler Khizr Khan and distinguished himself by killing in the battle later's worst enemy Mallu Iqbal Khan . He was rewarded with the title of Islam Khan and in 1419 appointed the governor of Sirhind . Bahlul, the son of Malik Kala, the younger brother of Malik Sultan was married to Malik Sultan's daughter. In his youth, Bahlul was involved in the trading of horses and once sold his finely bred horses to the Sayyid dynasty Sultan Mohammad Shah. As a ...more...



Sur (Pashtun tribe)

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Sur (Pashto: سور‬‎, literally the color "red"), also known as Suri, Zur and Zuri (Pashto: زوري‬‎), are a historical Pashtun tribe living primarily in Afghanistan and Pakistan. They trace their descent to the Ghorids, a dynasty originating from Mandesh in the Ghor region of modern-day central Afghanistan. The founder of the Suri Empire in India, Sher Shah Suri, belonged to the Sur tribe. They ruled the Suri Empire from 1540 until they were removed from power in 1555 after the Battle of Sirhind by Humayun and the Persian army, who re-established the Mughal Empire. Today, the Sur are part of the Pashtun tribal system, and identify with the Lodi Bettani confederacy. The Sur are also related to the Ghilji, another Bettani tribal confederacy but it is also believed that Suri is the sub-tribe of Kakar Pashtun. It was at the time of this bounty of Sultán Bahlol, that the grandfather of Sher Sháh, by name Ibráhím Khán Súr,*[The Súr represent themselves as descendants of Muhammad Súr, one of the princes of the hous ...more...



Lodi dynasty

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The Lodi dynasty (or Lodhi) was an Afghan dynasty that ruled the Delhi Sultanate from 1451 to 1526. It was the last dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate, and was founded by Bahlul Khan Lodi when he replaced the Sayyid dynasty. Bahlul Lodi Bahlul Khan Lodi (r. 1451–1489) was the nephew and son-in-law of Malik Sultan Shah Lodi, the governor of Sirhind in (Punjab), India and succeeded him as the governor of Sirhind during the reign of Sayyid dynasty ruler Muhammad Shah. Muhammad Shah raised him to the status of an emir. He was the most powerful of the Punjab chiefs and a vigorous leader, holding together a loose confederacy of Afghan and Turkish chiefs with his strong personality. He reduced the turbulent chiefs of the provinces to submission and infused some vigour into the government. After the last Sayyid ruler of Delhi, Ala-ud-Din Aalm Shah voluntarily abdicated in favour of him, Bahlul Khan Lodi ascended the throne of the Delhi sultanate on 19 April 1451. The most important event of his reign was the conquest ...more...



Lodi

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Look up Lodi  or lodi in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Lodi may refer to: Places Canada Lodi, Ontario , a community in North Stormont, Ontario, Canada Italy Lodi, Lombardy , in the Province of Lodi of the Lombardy region Treaty of Lodi , 1454 between Italian city-states Battle of Lodi , 1796 in Lodi Province of Lodi , a province in the Lombardy region of Italy Lodi Vecchio , a commune of the Lombardy region United States Lodi, Arkansas Lodi, California Lodi AVA , a California wine region Lodi Academy , a school in Lodi, California Lodi, Illinois (disambiguation) , various places Lodi, Indiana Lodi, Michigan (disambiguation) , various places Lodi, Mississippi (disambiguation) , various places Lodi, Missouri Lodi, Nebraska Lodi, New Jersey Lodi (village), New York , a village in Seneca County Lodi, New York , a town in Seneca County Lodi, Ohio Lodi, Texas Lodi, Virginia Lodi, Wisconsin , a city Lodi (town), Wisconsin Lodi Township, Athens County, Ohio Lodi Township, Michigan Lodi Township, Minnesota Lodi Tow ...more...



Panni (Pashtun tribe)

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The term "Balailzai (Panni)" refers to a Pashtun tribe in Afghanistan and Pakistan. Another name for the tribe of Panni is Balailzai. Like other Pashtuns, they have Eastern Iranian genetic and ethnolinguistic heritage, and also carry genetic traces of European and other Middle Eastern people. They descended from Gharghasht, one of Qais Abdur Rashīd's sons. Most are settled in parts of Pakistan or Afghanistan, such as Karachi, Quetta, Musakhail, Dera Ismail Khan, Mardan, Peshawar, Panian, Haripur, Kabul, Tank, Kohat, while there are some communities in the United States, United Kingdom, and other Western countries. They were, at one point in time, were holding main posts in the Government especially during the rule of Bahlol Lodhi. After his reign ended, they scattered and migrated to various parts of the Indian subcontinent and the Middle East. History Panni Naghar, Devi and Babai were real brothers. All tribes are present in Baluchistan(Pakistan) and Afghanistan. The Balailzai tribe were camel and horse ...more...



Pashtuns

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The Pashtuns (, or ; Pashto: پښتانه‎ Pax̌tānə; singular masculine: پښتون Pax̌tūn, feminine: پښتنه Pax̌tana; also Pukhtuns), historically known by the exonyms Afghans (Persian: افغان‎, Afğān) and Pathans (Hindustani: پٹھان, पठान, Paṭhān), are an Iranic ethnic group who mainly live in Pakistan and Afghanistan. They speak the Pashto language and adhere to Pashtunwali, which is a traditional set of ethics guiding individual and communal conduct. The ethnogenesis of the Pashtun ethnic group is unclear but historians have come across references to various ancient peoples called Pakthas (Pactyans) between the 2nd and the 1st millennium BC, who may be their early ancestors. Their history is mostly spread amongst the countries of Pakistan and Afghanistan, centred on their traditional seat of power in that region. Pashtun men from southern Afghanistan Globally, the Pashtuns are estimated to number around 50 million, but an accurate count remains elusive due to the lack of an official census in Afghanistan sinc ...more...



List of Pashtun empires and dynasties

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The following is a list of Pashtun empires and dynasties. It includes states, princely states, empires and dynasties in the history of Central and South Asia which were founded by Pashtun rulers. The Pashtuns, alternatively known as ethnic Afghans or Pathans, are an eastern Iranian ethnic group originating from Afghanistan and northwest Pakistan, and have an extensive military history in the region (see military history of Afghanistan and military history of Pakistan). As a result of migration and military conquests in South Asia, a large number of communities throughout the region claim Pashtun ancestry, especially in areas which were previously ruled by Pashtun dynasties. Empires Ibrahim Lodi, grandson of Bahlul Khan Lodi and the last ruler of the Lodi dynasty Sher Shah Suri, founder of the Sur Empire Ahmad Shah Durrani, founder of the Durrani Empire Lodi dynasty (1451–1526), founded by Bahlul Khan Lodi, who belonged to the Lodi tribe born in Multan. The dynasty encompassed much of Pakist ...more...



Pashtun diaspora

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Pashtun diaspora refers to ethnic Pashtuns who live outside their traditional homeland of Pashtunistan, which is south of the Amu River in Afghanistan and west of the Indus River in Pakistan. Pashtunistan is home to the majority of the Pashtun community. However, there are significant Pashtun diaspora communities in the cities of Sindh and Punjab in Pakistan, in particular Karachi and Lahore. A recent Pashtun diaspora has also developed in the Arab states of the Persian Gulf, primarily in the United Arab Emirates. Smaller populations of Pashtuns are found in the European Union, North America, Australia and other parts of the world. They may also be found in Iran, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Qatar and Bahrain. In Northern India, there are communities of Indians who trace their origins to the traditional Pashtun homeland. The Pashtun ethnic group are believed to have settled in the vast Pashtunistan region in the first millennium C.E. According to Ethnologue, they currently number around 50 million, but some ...more...



Pashtunwali

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Pashtunwali ( Pashto : پښتونوالی ‎) or Pakhtunwali is a non-written ethical code and traditional lifestyle which the indigenous Pashtun people follow. It is a system of law and governance that is preserved and still in use today, mostly in the rural tribal areas. Its meaning may also be interpreted as "the way of the Pashtuns" or "the code of life". Pashtunwali is widely practiced among Pashtuns, especially among the non- urbanized Pashtuns in the countryside. In addition to being practiced by members of the Pashtun diaspora , it has been adopted by some non-Pashtun Afghans and Pakistanis that live in the Pashtun regions or close to the Pashtuns, who have gradually become Pashtunized over time. During the Pashtun-dominated Taliban regime, Pashtunwali was practiced throughout the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan in conjunction with the Taliban's interpretation of Deobandi Islam . Overview The native Pashtun tribes , often described as fiercely independent people, have inhabited the Pashtunistan region (eas ...more...



Pashtun culture

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Pashtun culture ( Pashto : پښتني هڅوب ‎) is based on Islam and Pashtunwali , which is an ancient way of life, as well as speaking of the Pashto language and wearing Pashtun dress . The culture of the Pashtun people is highlighted since at least the time of Herodotus (484–425 BC) or Alexander the Great , when he explored the Afghanistan and Pakistan region in 330 BC. The Pashtun culture has little outside influence, and, over the ages, has retained a great degree of purity. Holidays and special events The biggest holidays for Pashtuns are the Islamic Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha , followed by Afghan Independence Day (August 19) and Pakistan Independence Day (August 14). The arrival of Sparlay or spring, known as Naw-Wraz (New Day), is also celebrated by some Pashtuns. It is an ancient annual Pashtun festival which celebrates both the beginning of spring and the New Year. Amongst some Pashtuns , Sheshbeeyeh, a prelude festival to Nava Wroz , is also celebrated. This tradition still survives, mainly amongst the s ...more...



Babar (Pashtun tribe)

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The Babar ( Pashto : بابړ) or Babori tribe is a Pashtun tribe. The Babar diaspora is spread across Pakistan, Afghanistan and India today. History In the First World War 78 people of the Babar tribe from Pirpiai went to the war as Indian Army men and four were killed. Hence, Pirpiai is one of the very few villages which has an official plaque commemorating its First World War contribution. Babar, the ancestor of the Babar tribe was born at Takht-e-Sulaiman in 1175; six generations after Qais Abdur Rashid . It is interesting to note that the Babars were initially the same tribe as the Shiranis , also settled in and around the same region as the Babars. As far as the pedigrees show, Shirani was the father of Babar. The Shiranis have three sub-tribes, namely: Marani Miani Babar Maranis still refer to themselves as 'Shirani' as they are the main sub-tribe, but Babars and Mianis identify themselves as completely separate tribes. The Babars are treated by some genealogists as a section of the Shirani Tribe . They ar ...more...



Pathans of Uttar Pradesh

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The Pathans of Uttar Pradesh (Pashto: د اوتار پرادش پښتانه‎), have a large community of Pashtuns in the state of Uttar Pradesh in India, who form one of the largest Muslim communities in the state. They are also known as khans, which is a commonly used surname, although not all those who use the surname are Pathans, for example the Khanzada community of eastern Uttar Pradesh, who are Muslim Rajputs, are also commonly known as khan. Indeed, in Awadh, the boundary between the Khanzada and Pathans are blurred. In addition, the phrase Pathan Khanzada is used to describe Muslim Rajput groups, found mainly in Gorakhpur, who have been absorbed into the Pathan community. However, in Rohilkhand, and in parts of the Doab and Awadh, there are genuine communities of Pashtuns, such as the Rohilla. History and origin The word Pathan is simply the Hindustani pronunciation of the word Pashtun. Their presence in the territory that now forms Uttar Pradesh dates from at the least the 10th Century. Various medieval sources r ...more...



Pashtunistan

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Pashtūnistān ( Pashto : پښتونستان ‎; also transliterated Pakhtūnistān ; lit. "homeland of the Pashtuns ") is the geographic region inhabited by the indigenous Pashtun people of modern-day Afghanistan and Pakistan , wherein Pashtun culture , language , and national identity have been based. Alternative names historically used for the region include " Pashtūnkhwā " and " Afghānistān ", since at least the 3rd century CE onward. Pashtunistan borders Punjab to the east, Persian and Turkic speaking regions to the west and north, Kashmir to the northeast, and Balochistan to the south. In Afghanistan, Pashtun nationalists look after the interests of the Pashtun ethnic group and have support only from them. They favor the ideas of Lōy Afghānistān or " Greater Afghanistan ", and claim the Pashtun majority parts of Pakistan for Afghanistan. Therefore, the concept of Pashtunistan politically overlaps with Greater Afghanistan. For administrative division in 1893, Mortimer Durand drew the Durand Line to divide Pa ...more...



Lohani

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The Lohani(لوحانی), sometimes called Nuhani is a Pashtun tribe the renowned personality and spiritual leader of Bettani tribe is Sheikh Mohammad Rohani (1220-1305 AD)(Pashto:شيخ محمد روحانى) also known as Shah Mohammad Rohani and Rohani Ba Ba was a Sufi cleric born around 1220 AD. The cleric, whose shrine in southern Afghanistan attracts thousands of Sufi visitors every year The Lohani(لوحانی), sometimes called Nuhani found in Pakistan especially in the region of Bannu, Dera Ismail Khan, Tank, Lakki Marwat, Shakargarh, Afghanistan and India (Bassi Dulat Khan). They were a mostly pastoral and migratory tribe engaged in Commerce and Trade but nowadays most of them have settled down in the plains of DI Khan, Tank and Lakki Marwat. Lohanis have four branches, Marwat, Daulat Khel, Miya Khel and Tatoor. The Tatoor tribe was crushed by Nadir shah and Daulat khel (Nawab of Tank) who brought them near to extinction. Therefore, nowadays Tatoor tribe is generally dispersed in the region of Tank, Dera Ismail khan and ...more...



Nasar (Pashtun tribe)

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The Nasar (or Nasar´i, Nasiri) tribe is an ethnic Pashtun Ghilji tribe mainly living in Afghanistan and Pakistan. It has mostly remained a nomadic tribe throughout history due to which it spread in the provinces of Kunar, Paktia, Laghman, Nangarhar, Ghazani, Kabul, Herat, Qandus, and Kandahar province and also living in Pakistan in Balochistan. Further reading Rough Notes on the Nasar, Kharot, and Other Afghan Pawindahs. Jamiat Rai. N.B. Muncherjee, Government Printers, 1922 The Nasar (or Nasar´i, Nasiri) tribe is an ethnic Pashtun Ghilji tribe mainly living in Afghanistan and Pakistan. It has mostly remained a nomadic tribe throughout history due to which it spread in the provinces of Kunar, Paktia, Laghman, Nangarhar, Ghazani, Kabul, Herat, Qandus, and Kandahar province and also living in Pakistan in Balochistan. Further reading Rough Notes on the Nasar, Kharot, and Other Afghan Pawindahs. Jamiat Rai. N.B. Muncherjee, Government Printers, 1922 ...more...



Pathans of Punjab

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The Pathans of Punjab (Punjabi: پنجابی پٹھان‬ (Shahmukhi); Pashto: د پنجاب پښتانه‎; also called Punjabi Pathans are originally Pashtun people (Pathans) who have settled in the Punjab region of Pakistan and north India. Most of these Pashtun communities are scattered throughout the Punjab and have over time assimilated into the Punjabi identity. These non-frontier Pathans are usually known by the town or locality in which they are settled, e.g., Qasuria Pathans or Multani Pathans. History and origin Colonies of Pathans (Pashtun people) arriving in Punjab are accounted for by Sir Densil Ibbetson in the following manner: During the Lodi and Suri dynasties many Pathans migrated to Punjab especially during the reign of Bahlol Lodhi and Sher Shah Suri. These naturally belonged to the Ghilzai section from which those kings sprung. — Sir Densil Ibbetson The history of Pathans in India is much earlier. Trapusa and Bahalika, variously assumed to be merchants or slaves from Balkh were the first lay-person to ac ...more...



Marwat

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The Marwat ( Pashto : مروت ‎) is a Pashtun tribe, a branch of the Lohani tribe and belong to Lodi section of the Mati Afghans, located primarily in Lakki Marwat District , parts of Dera Ismail Khan District , some villages of Tank district and in the Katawaz area of Afghanistan. The Marwats are also known as Spin Lohani (White faction of Lohanis), and their most closely related kin are other Lohani tribes like Miya Khel, Daulat Khel and Tatur. In the Afghan dynasty of Hind (1451-1526), Lohanis were the most powerful among the Lodi Afghans and were in possession of one quarter of jagirs in India. The Marwats were named for their ancestor Marwat Khan Lodi. History Marwats, as well as other branches of Lohanis, lived in Katawaz (located in the Paktika province) as well as Wana valley of South Waziristan. They had a long-standing dispute with Sulaiman Khels and other Ghilzais , who had already forced other Lodi tribes to migrate en masse to India. In one of the decisive battles, in the mid-15th century, Lohanis w ...more...



Wardak (Pashtun tribe)

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The Wardak ( Pashto : وردګ ‎) or Wardag are a family from the Karlani subgroup of the Pashtuns in central and eastern Afghanistan , mainly found in Maidan Wardak Province . The Wardak are divided into Mirkhel, Mayar, and Nuri sub-clans. The Wardak live in all of the province’s districts, but are the majority only in the Chaki Wardak , Saydabad , Jaghatu , and Day Mirdad (Jilga) districts of central and southern Maidan Wardak. References Coyle, Dennis Walter (August 2014). "Placing Wardak among Pashto varieties" (PDF) . University of North Dakota:UND. p. 10 . Retrieved 21 October 2017 . External links Wardag or Wardak tribe Program for Culture and Conflict Studies. Katani . US Naval Postgraduate School. Last updated 23 January 2009. The Wardak ( Pashto : وردګ ‎) or Wardag are a family from the Karlani subgroup of the Pashtuns in central and eastern Afghanistan , mainly found in Maidan Wardak Province . The Wardak are divided into Mirkhel, Mayar, and Nuri sub-clans. The Wardak live in all of the province’s dist ...more...



Andar (Pashtun tribe)

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The Andar are a Ghilji Pashtun sub-tribe. The Andar occupy nearly the whole of the extensive district of Shalgar south of Ghazni The Andar had been known for their skill and usage of large karez (underground irrigation systems). More concentrated in Ghazni Province, they have also a significant presence in Paktia. During the 19th century they joined in the Ghilji revolt and many were summarily sent into internal exile. Somewhat inexplicably, they allied themselves for a time with the Harakat-i Islami, originally a Shia faction, during the anti-Soviet campaign. In fact, there were two Mujaheddin parties named Harakat-i Islami Afghanistan, while one was a Shi'ite faction, the other and far more significant party was originally a 'united front' of mainly Hezb-i Islami and Jamiat-i Islami, that collapsed after only a few months, leaving behind a significant party that was in many ways a precursor to the present day Taliban movement. A majority of the Andar tribe were affiliated with this 'Harakt-i Islami' and it ...more...



Kakazai

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Kakazai Pashtuns - Page 22 from "A Dictionary of the Pathan Tribes of the North West Frontier of India" - Published 1910 :: Courtesy: The British Library Family Tree — From Qais Abdul Rashid to the Kakazai (Loi Mamund) Pashtuns Daulat Khel, Maghdud Khel, Mahsud Khel and Mahmud Khel, Sub-divisions of Kakazai Pashtun Tribe :: Courtesy: The British Library The Kakazai (Pashto: کاکازي / ککےزي / ککازي‎, Urdu, Persian: کاکازَئی / کَکےزَئی / کَکازَئی‬‎), also known as Loi or Loye Mamund (Pashto: لوی ماموند‎; Urdu: لو ئے / لوئی مَاموند‎), a division of the Mamund clan, are part of the larger Tarkani (ترکاڼي) tribe who are mainly settled in Bajaur Agency, Pakistan, but originally hailed from the Laghman province of Afghanistan. However, it has grown and scattered around to such an extent that it is recognized as tribe of its own. Etymology The name "Kakazai" means "descendants/offspring/children of Kakae or Kaka" (in Pashto, Kaka or Kakae = a contemporary Afghan name for a male. It is also used ...more...



Tareen

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The Tareen (or Tarin) (Pashto: ترین‎) is a tribe of Western Afghans (Pashtun or Pathan) who inhabit Southern Afghanistan, the Balochistan province of Pakistan and Hazara region of northwestern Pakistan. History Little is known of the Tareen prior to Muhammad Ghori's incursions into India in the late 12th century. However, much of the tribe is still living a mostly nomadic life in their native lands of Afghanistan and Pishin. The Tareen people identify with descent from Sharkbun, a grandson of Qais Abdur Rasheed. Tareen had three sons, Tor, Speen and Abdal (Durrani). The descendants of Tor settled in Dukki, Balochistan, Pakistan. The descendants of Speen settled in Pashin, Balochistan. Abdali-Durrani was an ancestor of the people of Afghanistan. Sher Shah Suri brought the Tareen from the Pashtun lands to parts of central and northern India such as Bhagalpur, Bihar and regions of contemporary Pakistan. At the time of Akbar the Great, Alaf Khan was a Tareen leader in Bhagalpur. He was a Mansabdar (governm ...more...



Pakthas

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Pakthas are an ancient people that find reference in Sanskrit and Greek sources as a people living in the region which includes south-eastern Afghanistan and Northern parts of Pakistan . In the Rigveda , the Kurram is mentioned as "Kruma". Pachytyans were in charge of all "elephants" used in battle fields. Elephant hoarders or boarders or they took care of elephants. Today, the Kurram Valley is mostly inhabited by the Bangash and Turi Pashtun tribes , and because of that the ancient Pakhtas are believed to be part of the modern-day Pashtun confederation . "The Pakthas, Bhalanases, Vishanins, Alinas, and Sivas were the five frontier tribes. The Pakthas lived in the hills from which the Kruma originates. Zimmer locates them in present-day eastern Afghanistan, identifying them with the modern Pakthun ." Rigved Pakthas The Pakthas were one of the tribes that fought against Sudas in the Dasarajna the Battle of the Ten Kings (dāśarājñá), a battle alluded to in Mandala 7 of the Rigveda ( RV 7 .18.7). Herodotus recor ...more...



Toran (Pashtun tribe)

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Toran ( Pashto : توران ‎) is one of the two main branches of the Ghilji Pashtun tribal confederation. The other branch is the Ibrahimzai . References "Ghilzai Tribe" . Naval Postgraduate School Program for Culture and Conflict Studies. Toran ( Pashto : توران ‎) is one of the two main branches of the Ghilji Pashtun tribal confederation. The other branch is the Ibrahimzai . References "Ghilzai Tribe" . Naval Postgraduate School Program for Culture and Conflict Studies. ...more...



Kharoti

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Kharoti ( Pashto : خروټی) is a Pashtun tribe, of Ghilji origin, based in parts of Afghanistan and Pakistan . In quetta there is kharotabad there people live 3275 houses and they live here from 1945 Many of the Kharoti have business in gulf countries and Pakistan. They have an estimated population of about 5.5 million, making it one of the larger, if not the largest, tribes in Afghanistan , Pakistan with significant territory throughout eastern and south-eastern Afghanistan. There are major Kharoti populations in the Paktika districts of Urgun , Barmal , Sar Hawza , Zarghun Shahr , Omna , Surobi , and Ghazni , Zabul , Paktia , Khost , Logar , Wardak , Kabul , Nangarhar , Helmand and Gomal . The Kharoti also have a strong presence in the Pakistani province of Balochistan , as well as the port city of Karachi in southern Pakistan. wa Foundation stone of Kandooze city was laid by Sher Khan Kharoti. A border with Russia and a bridge is in the name of Sher Khan Kharoti the big leader of Kharoti tribe. Kharoti trib ...more...



Jadun

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The Jadun , also called Jadoon or Gadun , are a Pashtun tribe. References Further reading Caroe, Sir Olaf (1958). The Pathans 550 B.C.-A.D. 1957. London: Macmillan and Company. The Jadun , also called Jadoon or Gadun , are a Pashtun tribe. References Further reading Caroe, Sir Olaf (1958). The Pathans 550 B.C.-A.D. 1957. London: Macmillan and Company. ...more...



Ghilji

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The Ghilji ( Pashto : غلجي ‎ Ghəljī), also called Khaljī ( خلجي ), Khiljī , Ghilzai , or Gharzai ( غرزی ; ghar means "mountain" and zai "born of"), are the largest Pashtun tribal confederacy . The Ghilji at various times became rulers of present Afghanistan region and were the most dominant Pashtun confederacy from c. 1000 A.D. until 1747 A.D., when power shifted to the Durranis . The Ghilji tribes are today scattered all over Afghanistan and some parts of Pakistan , but most are concentrated in the region from Zabul to Kabul province, with Ghazni and Paktika provinces in the center of their region. The Ghilji tribes are also settled in Balochistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa in Pakistan. Many of the migrating Kochi people of Afghanistan belong to the Ghilji confederacy. Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai , the current President of Afghanistan, also belongs to the Ghilji tribe. From 1709 to 1738, the Ghilji ruled the Hotak Empire based first in Kandahar , Afghanistan and later, from 1722–1728, in Isfahan , Persia. The found ...more...



Ethnic groups in Afghanistan

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Afghanistan is a multiethnic and mostly-tribal society. The population of the country is divided into the following ethnolinguistic groups: Pashtun , Tajik , Hazara , Uzbek , Aimak , Turkmen , Baloch , Pashai , Nuristani , Gujjar , Arab , Brahui , Pamiri and a few others. The Afghan National Anthem and the Afghan Constitution mention a total of 14 ethnic groups. National identity The term " Afghan " is synonymous with the ethnonym " Pashtun " and has been mentioned as early as the 3rd century, referring to the tribes inhabiting the lands south of the Hindu Kush around the Sulaiman Mountains . It became prominent during the Khalji , Lodi , and Suri dynasties of Northern India . The name became the national identity of Afghanistan in modern times. Despite being of various ethnic groups, in a research poll that was conducted in 2009, 72% of the population labelled their identity as Afghan first, before ethnicity. While national culture of Afghanistan is not uniform, at the same time, the various ethnic groups h ...more...



Afghana

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Afghana or Avagana is a tribal chief or prince in Pashtun folklore , said to be of Bani Israel ( Israelite ) origin, who is traditionally considered the progenitor of modern-day Pashtuns , the largest ethnic group in Afghanistan and second largest in Pakistan . The ethnonym "Afghan" is believed to derive from his name. House of King Saul Genealogy and family tree of Malak Afghana, grandson of King Saul According to the Tanakh , King Saul ( Talut ) was the son of Kish , a member of the tribe of Benjamin , one of the twelve Tribes of Israel ( 1 Samuel 9:1-2 ). Saul married Ahinoam , daughter of Ahimaaz and had four sons and two daughters. The sons were Jonathan , Abinadab , Malchishua and Ish-bosheth . Saul's daughters were named Merab and Michal . Pashtun folklore and some historians suggest that King Saul had five sons instead of four, the fifth was named Irmia ( Jeremiah ). Family tree and lineage The legend describes Malak Afghana as the son of Irmia (Jeremiah) and grandson of King Saul (Talut). Thi ...more...



Lodhi (disambiguation)

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The Lodi_(Pashtun_tribe) is a Batani Pashtun (Ghilzai) tribe mainly found in Afghanistan and Pakistan. Lodhi may also refer to: Lodhi colony , a residential colony in South Central part of New Delhi Lodhi community , the Hindu community in India Other uses Azhar Lodhi , a newscaster and commentator at the Pakistan Television Corporation Faheem Khalid Lodhi , a Pakistani-Australian architect Maleeha Lodhi , a journalist, academic and diplomat from Pakistan Sultanpur Lodhi , a city in the Indian state of Punjab See also Lodi (disambiguation) Lohri , the Punjabi Festival History of Lodhi Rajputs The Lodi_(Pashtun_tribe) is a Batani Pashtun (Ghilzai) tribe mainly found in Afghanistan and Pakistan. Lodhi may also refer to: Lodhi colony , a residential colony in South Central part of New Delhi Lodhi community , the Hindu community in India Other uses Azhar Lodhi , a newscaster and commentator at the Pakistan Television Corporation Faheem Khalid Lodhi , a Pakistani-Australian architect Maleeha Lodhi , a journalist, ...more...



Pashtunization

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Pashtunization (Pashto: پښتون‌ جوړونه‎), also called Pathanization, is a process of cultural or linguistic change in which someone or something non-Pashtun becomes accultured to Pashtun influence. The Pashtun people are the largest ethnic group in Afghanistan and the second largest in Pakistan. Dynasties and settlements Tents of Afghan nomads in Badghis Province of Afghanistan. Known in Pashto as Kuchans, they are mostly Ghilzais who migrate seasonally. Farming villages came into existence in Afghanistan about 7,000 years ago. People become Pashtunized when they settle in Pashtun-dominated areas and adopt Pashtun culture, either by adapting the Pashto language or absorbing Pashtunwali customs. Pashtunization is a specific form of cultural assimilation and has been taking place in Pashtun-populated regions of Afghanistan and Pakistan for several centuries. "In the eighth and ninth centuries ancestors of many of today's Turkic-speaking Afghans settled in the Hindu Kush area (partly to obtain better ...more...



Garhi Matani

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Ghari Matani is a village in Attock District , Punjab , Pakistan . It is situated to the south of the river Indus and has fertile lands. The population are predominately Pashtun of Yusufzai and Abdali extraction and speak the heavy/hard "Drana" Pukhto/Pakhto Pashto dialect of the Yusufzai tribe. There are a minority of Kashmiri's living there also. A notable inscription is located in the area. It is situated on the banks of the river Indus . The tribes of Muradkhel (possibly of the Abdaal/Duranni tribe?), Syedkhel, Inamkhel and Khankhel known as Lodi Pashtun tribe , and follow pashtunwali code of conduct. The religion is Sunni Islam . The origins of the village are currently being studied, but all sources point to it being accommodated by the Pashtun tribes between 100–200 years old which rules out the Lodhi theory. There is historical evidence of the Afghan Cameleers venturing from the village and into Australia for business purposes which occurred during the late 19th century. The cameleer on record belonge ...more...



Bettani

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The Bettani or Bēṭanī ( Pashto : بېټني ‎) (also spelled Bhittani in older British sources) is a Pashtun tribal confederacy located mostly in Afghanistan and Pakistan with a small number dwelling in India . The Bettani are named after Shaykh Beṭ, their legendary ancestor who is said to be the second son of Qais Abdur Rashid . The Bettani's are Sunni Muslims of Hanafi sect. The Bettani confederacy includes the supertribes of Ghilji and Lodi , as well as the tribe of Shirani . The Ghilji reside in east-central Afghanistan, most concentrated in the region from Zabul to Kabul province. The Bettani proper in Pakistan reside in Frontier Region Tank , a territory that is a buffer zone separating Tank District from the Mahsud tribe of South Waziristan Region in Pakistan's Federally Administered Tribal Areas . The Bettani tribe live in the Frontier Region of District Tank and in FR Lakki Marwat of Khyber Pakhtunkwa , Pakistan . Jandola is considered the capital of the Bettani tribes in FR Tank. Lohani, Rohani, Nohani ...more...



Afghans in India

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Afghan refugees in India are a community numbering up to 10,000. Around 8,500 of them are recent Hindu and Sikh refugees who fled the Taliban regime and political instability in Afghanistan; they are concentrated in and around Delhi. Apart from citizens and expatriates, there are hundreds of communities in India who trace their ancestries back to Pashtun forefathers. Before the creation of the modern state of Afghanistan, the term Afghan was used synonymously with Pashtun, and there has been much history of Pashtuns that have lived in India. Thousands of Pashtun descent Indians migrated to Pakistan after the partition. Currently are a few ethnic Pashtuns that have retained their culture in India. Most have integrated into Indian culture. There's a sizable number Pashtuns in Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.The North-Western Frontier Province (now called Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) was incorporated into British India in the late 19th century. History The earliest record of Afghans in India is during the late 13 ...more...



Shilmani

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The Shalmani , or Shilmani ( Pashto : شلمانى ‎) is a Pashtun tribe who is primarily concentrated in the Shalman Valley in Khyber Agency near Peshawar , Khyber Pakhtunkhwa , Pakistan . Shalmani is also known as Sulemani ( Pashto : سليمانى ‎) in Abbottabad , Mansehra and Haripur . The tribe is present in different parts of Pakistan. In Pakistan, the tribe lives in Swat , Upper Dir , Lower Dir , Bajour , Buner , Shangla , Malakand District , Dargai , Sakha Koat,Shodag, Charsadda ( Hashtnagar ). According to Khan Roshan Khan, in his book about Pashtun's history "Tazkira" at page-379/380 ,"Shalmanis(Shilmanis) are "Banu Bakhtar"(بنو بختر) who were living in an area "Shalman" in Syria.These Banu Bakhtar were the land lords of areas like Shalman(شلمان), Ainab(عيناب) and Baiswad(بيسود) in Syria. Similar to Shalman of Khyber, a city by name Shalman is also present in Gilan Province of Iran , and the fourth largest river in Iran is also named as Shalman. . These landmarks with synonym Shalman suggest that this trib ...more...



Khizar Khel

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Khizar Khel (خضرخیل) or Khiddar Khel (خدرخیل) is a Saraiki speaking clan of Pashtun Tribe Niazi of Super tribe Lodi .They are living in many parts of Pakistan but many of them are living in Isakhel and Khanewal, their ancestral village is Khaglan Wala . They are also living in Sukkur, Hala, Bahawalpur, Karachi, Lahore and Faisalabad. History The Niazi originally lived on the border of present-day Afghanistan and Pakistan . For several generations, the Niazi were traders and carriers with their cousins, the Marwats , with whom they were allied. In the late 15th century, the Niazi expanded north toward present-day Lakki Marwat and settled on the banks of the Kurram and descendants of Khizar Khan and other elders like Ahmad Khan founded Khaglanwala in 1748. Khizar Khan of Khizar Khel Clan Khizar Khan or Khizar Khan Niazi born in late 16th century or early 17th century was son of Sheikh Mukhal Khan or Sheikh Muhali Khan and sometimes Muhammad Ali Khan, Khizar Khan also had an elder brother named Sheikh Fareed Kha ...more...



Ahmadzai (Ghilji clan)

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The Ahmadzai ( Pashto : احمدزی ‎) is a Pashtun subtribe of the Ghilji confederacy. It is a branch of the larger Sulaimankhel tribe. Traditionally, the Ahmadzai ranged from Logar to Jalalabad , but mostly in Paktia , Paktika , and Khost . A large portion of the tribe live as Kochi nomads . The Jabarkhyl clan is a branch of the Ahmadzai. Notable Ahmadzai (Pl only add names with existing Wikipedia articles other names will be deleted) Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai , the current President of Afghanistan Hashmat Ghani Ahmadzai , the Grand Council Chieftain of the Kochi people Najibullah Ahmadzai , President of Afghanistan from 1987 to 1992 Abdul Haq (Afghan leader) , Afghan Mujahideen leader. References Ethnic Identity in Afghanistan , Naval Postgraduate School The Ahmadzai ( Pashto : احمدزی ‎) is a Pashtun subtribe of the Ghilji confederacy. It is a branch of the larger Sulaimankhel tribe. Traditionally, the Ahmadzai ranged from Logar to Jalalabad , but mostly in Paktia , Paktika , and Khost . A large portion of the tri ...more...



Ibrahimzai

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Ibrahimzai ( Pashto : ابراهيمزی ‎), also called Burhan , Boran or Brahim , are one of the two main branches of the Ghilji Pashtun tribal confederation. The other branch being the Toran . References "Ghilzai Tribe" . Naval Postgraduate School Program for Culture and Conflict Studies. Ibrahimzai ( Pashto : ابراهيمزی ‎), also called Burhan , Boran or Brahim , are one of the two main branches of the Ghilji Pashtun tribal confederation. The other branch being the Toran . References "Ghilzai Tribe" . Naval Postgraduate School Program for Culture and Conflict Studies. ...more...



Hotak

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The Hotak (Pashto: هوتک‎),or Hotaki (Pashto: هوتکي‎), is a tribe of the Ghilji confederacy of the Pashtun people. The Hotak started centuries ago as a political family. The first king to take power in Kandahar, Afghanistan, was Mirwais Hotak (1673–1715). After his death many different Hotaks took the throne, such as Mahmud Hotak, Ashraf Hotak, and Hussain Hotak, eventually losing control. See also Hotak dynasty Mirwais Hotak Nazo Tokhi Pashtun tribes References Hotak Family by Naval Postgraduate School Family Tree of the Hotak's Afghanland - Mirwais Khan Hotaki The Hotak (Pashto: هوتک‎),or Hotaki (Pashto: هوتکي‎), is a tribe of the Ghilji confederacy of the Pashtun people. The Hotak started centuries ago as a political family. The first king to take power in Kandahar, Afghanistan, was Mirwais Hotak (1673–1715). After his death many different Hotaks took the throne, such as Mahmud Hotak, Ashraf Hotak, and Hussain Hotak, eventually losing control. See also Hotak dynasty Mirwais Hotak Nazo ...more...



Anti-Pashtun sentiment

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Anti-Pashtun sentiment refers to fear, dislike, or hostility towards Pashtun people or anything related to Pashtun culture in general. It can sometimes be broadly construed as a subcategory of anti-Pakistan sentiment or anti-Afghan sentiment as Pashtuns are the second largest ethnic group in Pakistan and the largest in Afghanistan. Anti-Pashtun sentiment has been present in South - Central Asia at various points in history among different non-Pashtun groups, for various political and historical reasons. Afghanistan The traditional rivalry for power and influence between the Pashtun majority and the minority Persian ( Dari )-speaking ethnic groups of Afghanistan such as the Tajiks , Hazaras , Uzbeks and Turkmen , has often stirred anti-Pashtun sentiments among the latter. In 1975, an uprising broke out in Panjsher Valley against the rule of Afghan prime minister and Pashtun nationalist Daoud Khan , which was believed to have been "sparked by anti-Pashtun frustrations." The Settam-e-Melli , led by Uzbek activi ...more...



Sulaimankhel

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The Sulaimankhel (Pashto: سليمان خېل‎), or Suleiman Khel, are a Pashtun sub-tribe of the Ghilji tribe of Bettani confederation of Pashtuns. In the early 20th century, the tribe was recognised as generally pastoral. In 1924, the Sulaimankhel joined in the Khost Rebellion initiated by the Mangal tribe. The Sulaimankhel are one of the largest Ghilji Pashtun subtribes. Population of this tribe primarily lies in Pakistan and Afghanistan. According to Gulab Mangal, former governor of Paktika Province, the Sulaimankhel provided the majority of recruits for the Taliban in the province. As a result, the level of Anti-Coalition Militia activities remain high in areas dominated by Sulaimankhel. The bias of some sub-tribes toward the Taliban in part may be explained by their proximity to the Pakistan border and the influx of insurgents and the radical politics. People of the tribe are ferocious and very fierce. They have been allied with the Hotaki in the past, and their traditional rivals include the Kharoti. Princip ...more...



Jabbarkhel

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Jabbarkhel or Jabbar Khel , sometimes spelled Jabar Khel , are a leading landowning clan of the Ahmadzai tribe of Pashtun people and consist of more than fifteen thousand families. Many of the families carry the surname "Jabbar Khel" but some have changed there surnames to the names of their Fathers or Grandfathers. The most popular surname is 'Rashidi'. So if you ever hear 'Rashidi', know that they are Jabbarkhels. The tribe is believed to have descended from an Ahmadzai leader named Jabbar. They are believed to have been located primarily in the region of Qabr-i-Jabbar/ Khaki Jabbar District . References Kaplan, Robert (2001). Soldiers of God: With Islamic Warriors in Afghanistan and Pakistan. Vintage Books. p. 147. ISBN   1400030250 . Noelle, Christine (1997). State and Tribe in Nineteenth-Century Afghanistan: The Reign of Amir Dost. Routledge. p. 196. ISBN   0700706291 . Jabbarkhel or Jabbar Khel , sometimes spelled Jabar Khel , are a leading landowning clan of the Ahmadzai tribe of Pashtun people and ...more...



Akakhel

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The Akakhel, pronounced Akaa Khel or Akakhail (Pashto and Urdu: اکاخیل,آقاخیل), are a Pashtun sub-tribe of the Ghilji/Ghilzais confederation. Their mother language is Pashto. In the early 20th century, the tribe was generally pastoral. The Akakhel are one of the largest Ghilji Pashtun subtribes. A reasonable majority of those who were living on the Durand Line migrated since 1900 into Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Balochistan and Punjab provinces of Pakistan to Sikander Abad (Jarra Kalay) Charsadda, Mangora Barikot(Swat) Peshawar, Nowshera, Mardan, Attock, Rawalpindi, Islamabad, Gujranwala, Gojra, Faisalabad, Lahore, Multan, Hyderabad, Karachi and Quetta. The exact population number of this clan is not known; however, it is estimated to be around 2 million all around the world The population of this tribe primarily lives in Pakistan and Afghanistan. 85 % live in Pakistan and about 1% or 2% live in Afghanistan and remaining 13% lives in England, Germany, United Arab Emirates, China, Malaysia, Canada and United States o ...more...



Tarakai

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The Taraki is a Ghilji Pashtun tribe; many are found in Ghazni (their traditional powerbase) and Zabol provinces of Afghanistan. They are divided into six khels : the Firoz, Suhail, lilizai, Gurbuz, Bado, Saki, and Na. The Tarakai were one of the Pashtun tribes resettled under the rule of king Abdur Rahman Khan in the late 19th century. While clearing the Hazara people of Bamiyan to make way for the Tarakai Pashtuns, the ethnic cleansing was so extreme that "not even the dogs remained behind." Notable people Nur Muhammad Taraki president of the communist Democratic Republic of Afghanistan from 1978 to 1979 References García Ayuso, Francisco (1878). El Afghanistan . Madrid: R. Labajos. p. 99. Zabul Province . Center for Culture and Conflict Studies, (US) Naval Postgraduate School Amin Saikal; Ravan Farhadi; Kirill Nourzhanov (28 November 2006). Modern Afghanistan: a history of struggle and survival . I.B.Tauris. pp. 38–. ISBN   978-1-84511-316-2 . Retrieved 3 March 2011 . The Taraki is a Ghilji Pashtun tribe; ...more...



Karrani dynasty

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The Karrani dynasty (Pashto: د کرلاڼيو واکمني‎) was founded in 1564 by Taj Khan Karrani, an ethnic Pashtun from the Karlani tribe. It was the last dynasty to rule the Sultanate of Bengal. Founding Taj Khan was formerly an employee of the Sur Emperor Sher Shah Suri. From 1562 to 1564, Taj Khan captured south-eastern Bihar and west Bengal, and with his assassination of the last Muhammed Shahi ruler, he seized all of Bengal. The capital was at Sonargaon. Taj Khan was followed by Sulaiman Khan Karrani, who shifted the seat of government from Gaurr to Tanda in 1565. In 1568, Sulaiman Khan annexed Orissa to the Karrani sultanate permanently. Nominally he accepted sovereignty of the Mughal Emperor Akbar, and his prime minister Lodi Khan placated the Mughals with gifts and banqueting. Sulaiman Khan's authority extended from Koch Bihar to Puri, and from Son River to Brahmaputra River. Mughal invasion On 25 September 1574, the Mughal general Munim Khan captured the Karrani capital Tanda. The Battle of Tukaroi fou ...more...



Alikhel

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Alikhel ( Pashto : علی خیل ‎) or Ali Khel is a Pakhtun tribe in Pakistan and Afghanistan . Ali Khel belongs to the Ghilji tribe of the Bettani confederation of Pashtuns. It is considered a "brother tribe" of the Sulemankhel and Tanoli tribes. Alikhel's are the descendants of Bibi Mato (Daughter of Batani). Clans Minzai, NipKhail, Mamozai, Uriakhail, Mushkhail, Isapkhail, Maist, Sulemanzai, Dawlak, Shahmurad khail, Mardankhail, Gagan, Bukhankhail, Kambarkhail, Chaka, Saikach, Khozai, Adukhail, Gadakhail, Shahalam khail, Manzar khail See also Ali Khel , Orakzai Agency, Pakistan Ali Khel , Jalandhar , Punjab , India Ali Khel , a district in Ghazni , Afghanistan Ali Khel , Waziristan , a town in Federally Administered Tribal Areas , Pakistan Ali Khel , a town in Balochistan , Pakistan Ali Khel , Malakand , Swat KPK, Pakistan Ali Khel , Paktia , Afghanistan Ali Khel , district of Laghman, Afghanistan Ali Khel , Azakhel Bala , Nowshera of KPK province of Pakistan References Neamet Ullah History of the Afghans|Bernh ...more...



Babur

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Babur ( Persian : بابر ‬ ‎, translit.   Bābur, lit.   'Tiger'; 14 February 1483 – 26 December 1530), born Zahīr ud-Dīn Muhammad, was the founder and first Emperor of the Mughal dynasty in the Indian subcontinent . He was a direct descendant of Emperor Timur the Great (Tamurlane) from what is now Uzbekistan . Babur was the eldest son of Umar Sheikh Mirza , governor of Farghana and great grand-son of Timur the Great. He ascended the throne of Fergana in its capital Akhsikent in 1495 at the age of twelve and faced rebellion. He conquered Samarkand two years later, only to lose the vilayat of Fergana soon after. In his attempt to reconquer Fergana, he lost control of Samarkand. In 1501, his attempt to recapture both vilayats went in vain as he was defeated by Muhammad Shaybani Khan . In 1504, he conquered Kabul , which was under the rule of the infant heir of Ulugh Begh . Babur formed a partnership with Safavid ruler Ismail I and reconquered parts of Turkistan , including Samarkand, only to again lose it and th ...more...

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Ibrahimkhel

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Ibrahimkhel or Ibrahimkhil (Pashto:ابراهيمخيل) are a major Pashtun tribe. The Ibrahimkhel live in places such as Kabul , Kandahar , Paktia , Paktika , Laghman, Qunduz , Mazar-e-sharif, Herat , Peshawar , Quetta Upper Dir and some other parts of Pashtunistan also in a small village of swat district named BIHA near matta. All the historical references show that Ibrahimkhel are the descendants of the Ghiljis . The Ibrahimkhel are known to be the most prevalent sub-tribe of the Babars. They primarily reside in Pirpiai , Chaudhwan, Multan , Ibrahimkhel Kot, Zhob , Qila Saifullah , Dera Ghazi Khan in Pakistan . In Afghanistan , they have communities in Kandahar and Sheberghan . In India , they settle in the district of Bulandshahr A very large number of the Ibrahimkhel tribes live in Kabul province's Paghman District . Ibrahimkhel or Ibrahimkhil (Pashto:ابراهيمخيل) are a major Pashtun tribe. The Ibrahimkhel live in places such as Kabul , Kandahar , Paktia , Paktika , Laghman, Qunduz , Mazar-e-sharif, Herat , Peshaw ...more...



Muhajir culture

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Muhajir culture ( Urdu : ثقافتِ مهاجر ‬ ‎) is the culture of Urdu Muslim refugees that migrated mainly from North India after the independence of Pakistan in 1947 generally to the Sindh province and mainly to the city of Karachi . They are also known as Urdu speakers, on account of Urdu being their native language, and have also been referred to as Hindustani Musalman ("Indian Muslims"). Many Muhajirs of Pakistan are closely related to the Muslims of Uttar Pradesh in India . The Muhjairs are concentrated in urban areas of Sindh. History Early history of Urdu speaking community Delhi Sultanate The roots of Muhajirs lies with Muslim migration and settlement in North India especially modern Uttar Pradesh . The conversion of natives to Islam and the migration of Muslims from the Muslim World coalesced to form the Urdu Muslim community which was referred to as Hindustani Musalmans , East Punjab . Early settlement of Northern Muslims was due to the migrations and then establishment of Turkish Sultanate . Most Musli ...more...




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