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List of Carnegie libraries in Florida

The following list of Carnegie libraries in Florida provides detailed information on United States Carnegie libraries in Florida, where 10 public libraries were built from 10 grants (totaling $198,000) awarded by the Carnegie Corporation of New York from 1901 to 1917. In addition, academic libraries were built at 4 institutions (totaling $76,500).


  Building still operating as a library  Building standing, but now serving another purpose  Building no longer standing  Building listed on the National Register of Historic Places  Building contributes to a historic district on the National Register of Historic Places

Carnegie libraries
Library City or town Image Date granted[1] Grant amount[1] Location Notes
1 Bartow Bartow Mar 18, 1911 $8,000 Demolished in 1998
2 Bradenton Bradenton Bradenton FL Carnegie Library01.jpg Feb 3, 1917 $10,000
3 Clearwater Clearwater Mar 16, 1915 $10,000 Demolished c.2000
4 Gainesville Gainesville Mar 31, 1916 $10,000 Demolished in 1954
5 Jacksonville Jacksonville Jax FL Old Free Public Library02.jpg Feb 13, 1902 $55,000
6 Ocala Ocala Ocala-Carnegie.jpg Feb 21, 1907 $10,000 Demolished in 1968
7 Palmetto Palmetto Palmetto FL HD Hist Park Carnegie Lib01.jpg Jan 14, 1914 $10,000
8 St. Petersburg St. Petersburg St. Pete Mirror Lake Library02.jpg Jul 9, 1913 $17,500
9 Tampa Tampa Tampa Free Public Library01.jpg Dec 30, 1901 $50,000
10 West Tampa West Tampa West Tampa Free Public Library.jpg Jan 2, 1913 $17,500
Academic libraries
Institution Locality Image Year granted Grant amount Location Notes
1 Fessenden Academy Martin Mar 15, 1905 $6,500
2 State Normal and Industrial College for Colored Students, today Florida A&M University Tallahassee CarnegieLibraryTLH.JPG Jul 18, 1905 $10,000 Now houses the Southeastern Regional Black Archives Research Center and Museum. Carnegie built his library at the negro college after the city of Tallahassee refused it, because under Carnegie's rules it would have to have served all (i.e., black) patrons.
3 John B. Stetson University DeLand Stetson Univ - Sampson Hall2.jpg Mar 12, 1906 $40,000 Now Sampson Hall
4 Rollins College Winter Park Jun 22, 1905 $20,000
Carnegie Hall Library at Rollins College

One of the Florida libraries funded by Andrew Carnegie was on the campus of Rollins College in Winter Park. According to Cohen (2006), Carnegie’s “donation of 108 libraries to colleges in the first two decades of the twentieth century assisted 10 percent of the institutions of higher learning in the United States. Carnegie had a preference for colleges and universities that served African-American students, which Rollins College president William Fremont Blackman noted the school did in a letter to Carnegie appealing for a library in 1904:[2]

The fact that it is the only college in the country, North or South, in which the grandchildren of abolitionists and confederate soldiers, in about equal numbers, sit together in the same class-room and play together on the same athletic field, and learn thus to understand, respect and love one another;

Blackman’s request consisted of $35,000 in total: “$20,000 for a fireproof building, $3,000 for books, and $12,000 as an endowment for the continued purchase of books” (Cohen). Blackman received a response from Carnegie’s secretary James Bertram that noted the request was too general for consideration, and that Carnegie would need a profile of the university before consideration. Little progress was made for over a year, when Blackman again wrote to Carnegie, noting the university’s need for a library. Trustees and friends of the university wrote to Carnegie on Blackman’s behalf, including W.W. Cummer, a trustee from Jacksonville who served on the board of the city’s new Carnegie Library. A letter dated 22 June 1905 and written from Carnegie’s home in Scotland brought the welcome news of the offer of a library. Carnegie offered $20,000 for the construction of a library provided that the same amount would be raised for the library’s upkeep. While grateful for Carnegie’s proposal, Blackman was uneasy with its terms because the amount of funding required to match Carnegie’s offer would put a strain on those who had donated to start the college’s endowment fund ($200,000) as well as paid a debt ($30,000). In correspondence to Bertram dated July 11, 1905 Blackman wrote (according to Cohen):

Our college is in the poorest of States, remote from all centers of wealth and population, and our friends have strained themselves to the uttermost, in the effort to raise $230,000 in two years. I am by no means sure that we can meet Mr. Carnegie’s conditions.

In a January 1906 letter Blackman wrote to Carnegie expressing concern about meeting the conditions for the gift, noting that the college had a large debt that took “considerable self-sacrifice on the part of our friends.” That summer, another Florida college, Stetson University, was awarded $40,000 for a library from Carnegie. Upon learning this Blackman again wrote to Carnegie, seeking to amend the original terms of the agreement to match the amount that Stetson was awarded. He was turned down, but a year later was able to notify Carnegie that the school’s trustees had been able to match the $20,000 necessary for the gift to be awarded. Bertram wrote to Blackman to inform him that Carnegie had “authorized his Cashier…to arrange payments on Library Building, as work progresses, to the extent of Twenty Thousand Dollars.” The library, to be named Carnegie Hall, was dedicated on February 18, 1909.

The building had over 8,000 square feet of space, and was the school’s first dedicated library building. It served as so from 1909 until 1951. In addition to its function as a library, Carnegie Hall also served as the school’s post office. Since the library was moved from Carnegie to the newly built Mills Memorial Library, it has also housed a bookstore, admissions office, faculty offices, and human resources.[3]

Carnegie Library at Stetson University

Sampson Hall, Stetson University's Carnegie library was opened in 1908. The Carnegie donation was matched with funds donated by John B. Stetson's wife, Elizabeth S. Stetson, and the library later was named Sampson Library in honor of C.T. Sampson, one of the university's foremost trustees. Of the academic libraries that Carnegie helped to fund, Stetson's Sampson library received funds greatly exceeding those received by others in the state. The funding was given on March 12, 1906. Two years later, the resulting Sampson Library was a gorgeous structure which housed the university's library for fifty-six years before a lack of space led to changes. The structure was designed by Henry John Klutho, the first Floridian Architect to be inducted to the American Institute of Architects, and reflects the neoclassical style many Carnegie libraries adopted. The library's edifice is emblazoned with "Education is Power" in Roman style lettering and all around the building are the names of persons influential to academia, such as Chaucer, Tennyson, and Longfellow.[4] When Sampson Library was relocated to the DuPont-Ball Library in 1964, the entire university- students, faculty, and staff- helped to move the books by hand from one building to the other. Students we asked to give an hour of their time to move the resources, but many worked even longer helping to move the materials whose numbers exceed 100,000. Sampson Hall is still used by Stetson University and is a prominent structure along the palm court at the heart of the university. Today its space is divided into classrooms and faculty offices used by the Art, modern language, and American Studies departments; and also is home to student art studio spaces. It'd place as the library's former home and a building of great architectural importance on campus is still prominent.[5]

  1. At various times, Bobinski and Jones disagree on these numbers. In these cases, Jones' numbers have been used due to both a more recent publication date and a more detailed gazetteer of branch libraries, which are often where the discrepancies occur.
  2. Cohen, D.K. (2000). Andrew Carnegie and Academic Library Philanthropy: The Case of Rollins College, Winter Park, Florida. Libraries & Culture, 35(3), 389-408. JSTOR 25548838
  3. Rollins Olin Library. (2012). History of the Rollins Library-Library Buildings. Retrieved from http://www.rollins.edu/library/about/history2.html
  4. https://www.google.com/maps/@29.0346766,-81.302794,3a,75y,176.02h,138.06t/data=!3m6!1e1!3m4!1sNqZQBuwrA3qBkslp78_luw!2e0!7i13312!8i6656
  5. http://www.stetson.edu/other/about/history.php/
  • Anderson, Florence (1963). Carnegie Corporation Library Program 1911–1961. New York: Carnegie Corporation. OCLC 1282382.
  • Bobinski, George S. (1969). Carnegie Libraries: Their History and Impact on American Public Library Development. Chicago: American Library Association. ISBN 0-8389-0022-4.
  • Jones, Theodore (1997). Carnegie Libraries Across America. New York: John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 0-471-14422-3.
  • Miller, Durand R. (1943). Carnegie Grants for Library Buildings, 1890–1917. New York: Carnegie Corporation of New York. OCLC 2603611.

Note: The above references, while all authoritative, are not entirely mutually consistent. Some details of this list may have been drawn from one of the references (usually Jones) without support from the others. Reader discretion is advised.

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The Jacksonville Symphony ( JSA ) is an orchestra based in Jacksonville, Florida . Concert hall As one of a handful of American orchestras with its own dedicated concert hall , the Jacksonville Symphony performs the majority of its programs in the Robert E. Jacoby Symphony Hall at the Times-Union Center for the Performing Arts . The Robert E. Jacoby Symphony Hall is a concert hall primarily used for orchestral performances. The hall is modeled after the Wiener Musikverein in Vienna , Austria . It is designed in a shoebox shaped, similar to many European venues. It is known as a pure concert hall, providing an intimate setting with no stage curtains, orchestra pit, fly space or backstage wings. It houses The Bryan Concert Organ, which is a rebuilt Casavant Frères pipe organ. It is the home to the Jacksonville Symphony and the Jacksonville Symphony Youth Orchestra . Seating over 1,700 guests, it also used as an intimate concert venue. Artistic background Founded in 1949, Jacksonville's symphony is one of Flori

Henry John Klutho


Henry John Klutho (1873–1964) was an American architect known for his work in the " Prairie School " style. He helped in the reconstruction of Jacksonville, Florida after the Great Fire of 1901 —the largest-ever urban fire in the Southeast—by designing many of the new buildings built after the disaster. This period lasted until the beginning of World War I . Several Jacksonville architects began their careers in the offices of Klutho's firm. Early life Klutho was born in Breese, Illinois , a small midwest town. He lived there until the age of 16, when he left for St. Louis, Missouri to study business. When he became interested in architecture , he moved to New York City to learn more, and became an architect. Work Klutho read about the Great Fire of 1901 in the New York Times and recognized the opportunity of a lifetime. He finished his current projects in New York and quickly moved to Jacksonville. Klutho introduced himself to prominent businessmen and politicians, and within a month, he was commissioned to

Shari Olefson


Shari B. Olefson , JD, LLM, is a bar-certified real estate attorney , a Civil Circuit-Supreme court certified mediator, guest expert, and book author. Olefson was born in New York City and raised both in New York and Florida , and is a graduate of Carnegie Mellon University , the Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law at Yeshiva University and the University of Miami Masters of Law program and Columbia University Broadcast Journalism studies. She has degrees in journalism , psychology , and finance and development. She is the author of several books on American real estate law and economics. Works Financial Fresh Start: Your Five-Step Plan for Adapting and Prospering in the New Economy Foreclosure Nation: Mortgaging the American Dream= According to WorldCat, the book is held in 246 libraries Structuring Commercial Real Estate Transactions Florida Foreclosure Defense Strategies: An Immediate Look at the Best Practices for Assisting Distressed Homeowners in Florida (Aspatore Special Report) Florida Foreclosure:

Horton H. Hobbs, Jr.


Horton Holcombe Hobbs, Jr. (March 29, 1914 – March 22, 1994) was an American taxonomist and carcinologist , specialising in freshwater decapods . He was also a capable artist, musician, cook and botanist . Hobbs was born in Alachua County, Florida , on March 29, 1914. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Florida , where he taught until 1946, when he moved to the University of Virginia , becoming director of the Mountain Lake Biological Station for four years. In 1957, he moved to the United States National Museum to be the Head Curator of the Department of Zoology , and two years later was made Senior Scientist in the Department of Invertebrate Zoology , National Museum of Natural History , a position he held until his retirement in 1984. Hobbs described a total of 286 species (including 168 crayfish species and 104 entocytherid ostracods ), 38 genera and subgenera (29 for crayfish, 8 entocytherids and Neopalaemon , a shrimp ), and one new family, Cambaridae . His work massively increased the knowl

Amelia Island


Amelia Island , in Nassau County, Florida , is the southernmost of the Sea Islands , a chain of barrier islands stretching along the east coast of the United States from South Carolina to Florida . It is 13 miles (21 km) long and approximately 4 miles (6.4 km) wide at its widest point. The communities of Fernandina Beach and Amelia City are both located on the island. The island was named for Princess Amelia , daughter of George II of Great Britain , and changed hands between colonial powers a number of times. It is claimed that eight flags have flown over Amelia Island: French, Spanish, British, Floridian/Patriot, Green Cross, Mexican, Confederate, and United States. The Amelia Island Trail is a part of the East Coast Greenway , a 3,000 mile-long system of trails connecting Maine to Florida. History After the Island of Amelia was taken over by filibusters under the command of French pirate Louis Michel Aury in 1817, he proclaimed the "Republic of Florida" and announced elections. The image shows the documen

Great Fire of 1901


The Great Fire of 1901 was a conflagration that occurred in Jacksonville, Florida, on May 3, 1901. It was one of the worst disasters in Florida history and the third largest urban fire in the US, next to the Great Chicago Fire, and the 1906 San Francisco fire.[1] Fire Origin In 1901, Jacksonville was a city which consisted mainly of wooden buildings with wood shingled roofs. The city itself had been suffering under a prolonged drought,[2] leaving the building exteriors across the city dry and fire-prone. At around noon on Friday, May 3, 1901, workers at the Cleaveland Fibre Factory, located on the corner of Beaver and Davis Streets, left for lunch. Several minutes later, sparks from the chimney of a nearby building started a fire in a pile of Spanish moss that had been laid out to dry. First, factory workers tried to put it out with a few buckets of water, as they had frequently done on similar occasions.[3] However, the blaze was soon out of control due to the wind picking up out of the east.[4] A brisk

Fred J. James


LeClaire Apartments Tampa Free Library Fred J. James was an American architect born in Canada. He came to Florida some time around 1885. He had an office in the Citizens Bank Building in Tampa , Florida . He designed El Centro Español of West Tampa . James designed a Carnegie Library , the Tampa Free Library , constructed in 1915-17, that was Tampa's main library until 1968. It includes a T-plan, masonry, brown and yellow brick atop a rusticated granite basement, and is topped by a barrel tile roof. It has been known as the Old Tampa Free Public Library, the Exceptional Children Education Center is now being used for Tampa's Business and Community Services Department. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1991. James designed the R.O. Richards building (1923), also known as the Pythian Building, in Fort Myers, Florida in 1923 at 1615 Hendry Street for R. O. Richards , President of the state pharmacy board and a key figure in getting Connie Mack and the Philadelphia Athletics to come to

Bruton Memorial Library


The Quintilla Geer Bruton Memorial Library is the public library of Plant City, Florida . History Early attempts Plant City had an opportunity in 1917 to get a Carnegie library , but according to Quintilla Geer Bruton, “there was not enough local interest and the opportunity passed”. In 1925, the city sold municipal bonds with the understanding that some of the funds would build a library, but the funding was put to other uses. Library operated by Woman's Club of Plant City At this point, the Woman’s Club of Plant City began to make their own plans for a library: “The club plans to develop, from a small start, a library which will eventually be the pride of Plant City.” Bruton noted that “nearly forty years passed before the City…was persuaded to build a library.” The Woman’s Club began operating a library in their club room in 1927 (Oberlin). Bruton wrote that “Mrs. [G. B.] (Veronica) Wells … has been acknowledged as the ‘mother’ of the Plant City Public Library.” Members of the public were allowed to jo

List of University of Florida honorary degree recipients


This list of University of Florida honorary degree recipients includes those persons who have been recognized by the University of Florida for outstanding achievements in their fields that reflect the ideals and uphold the purposes of the university, and to whom the university faculty has voted to award honorary degrees in recognition of such attainments. Often, but not always, the honorary degree recipients have been alumni of the university, or have had ties to either the university or the state of Florida . The modern University of Florida was established in 1905, when the Florida Legislature passed the Buckman Act which consolidated four pre-existing state-sponsored institutions of higher learning into a single state university for men. After operating on the former campus of the Florida Agricultural College in Lake City during the 1905–06 academic year, the university moved to its present campus in Gainesville when the first academic and dormitory buildings were completed in September 1906. The universit

Ellen Taaffe Zwilich


Ellen Taaffe Zwilich (born April 30, 1939, in Miami, Florida ) is an American composer , the first female composer to win the Pulitzer Prize for Music . Her early works are marked by atonal exploration, but by the late 1980s she had shifted to a post-modernist , neo-romantic style. She has been called "one of America’s most frequently played and genuinely popular living composers." She was a 1994 inductee into the Florida Artists Hall of Fame . Biography Zwilich began her studies as a violinist earning a B.M. from Florida State University in 1960. She moved to New York City to play with the American Symphony Orchestra under Leopold Stokowski . She later enrolled at Juilliard, eventually (in 1975) becoming the first woman to earn the degree of Doctor of Musical Arts in composition. Her teachers included John Boda , Elliott Carter , and Roger Sessions . She first came to prominence when Pierre Boulez programmed her Symposium for Orchestra with the Juilliard Symphony Orchestra in 1975. Some of her work during

William Chase Temple


William Chase Temple (December 28, 1862 – January 9, 1917) was a coal , citrus , and lumber baron during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. He was also a part owner of the Pittsburgh Pirates from baseball 's National League . He also established the Temple Cup , a trophy awarded to the winner of a best-of-seven, post-season Major League Baseball championship series that was conducted for four seasons in the National League, from 1894 to 1897. He became the first sole owner of a professional American football team, in 1898. Business career Temple was born in Starke, Florida . After moving to Delaware, he attended public school in Wilmington, and graduated from Delaware State Normal School in 1879. After graduation, he worked as an employee of Plankinton & Armour in Milwaukee, Wisconsin . In June 1880, he worked as a bank clerk for Alexander Mitchell Bank in Milwaukee. By 1883, Chase returned to Florida and became a lumber baron. Between 1885 and 1889, he was a President and General Manager of the Met

National Register of Historic Places listings in Manatee County, Florida


This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Manatee County, Florida. This is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on the National Register of Historic Places in Manatee County, Florida, United States. The locations of National Register properties and districts for which the latitude and longitude coordinates are included below, may be seen in a map.[1] There are 31 properties and districts listed on the National Register in the county. Contents: Counties in Florida   (non-linked contain no National Register listings) Alachua - Baker - Bay - Bradford - Brevard - Broward - Calhoun - Charlotte - Citrus - Clay - Collier - Columbia - DeSoto - Dixie - Duval - Escambia - Flagler - Franklin - Gadsden - Gilchrist - Glades - Gulf - Hamilton - Hardee - Hendry - Hernando - Highlands - Hillsborough - Holmes - Indian River - Jackson - Jefferson - Lafayette - Lake - Lee - Leon - Levy - Liberty - Madison - Manatee - Marion - Martin - Miami-Dade (Miami) - Monr

National Register of Historic Places listings in Leon County, Florida


This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Leon County, Florida . This is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on the National Register of Historic Places in Leon County , Florida , United States . The locations of National Register properties and districts for which the latitude and longitude coordinates are included below, may be seen in a map. There are 67 properties and districts listed on the National Register in the county, including 1 National Historic Landmark . Contents: Counties in Florida   (non-linked contain no National Register listings) Alachua - Baker - Bay - Bradford - Brevard - Broward - Calhoun - Charlotte - Citrus - Clay - Collier - Columbia - DeSoto - Dixie - Duval - Escambia - Flagler - Franklin - Gadsden - Gilchrist - Glades - Gulf - Hamilton - Hardee - Hendry - Hernando - Highlands - Hillsborough - Holmes - Indian River - Jackson - Jefferson - Lafayette - Lake - Lee - Leon - Levy - Liberty - Madison - Manatee - Marion - Martin - Mia

Library makerspace


A library makerspace is an area and/or service that offers library patrons an opportunity to create intellectual and physical materials using resources such as computers, 3-D printers , audio and video capture and editing tools, and traditional arts and crafts supplies. In the field of library science, makerspaces are classified as a type of library service offered by librarians to patrons . A librarian demonstrates how to make a pinch pot in the University of South Florida's School of Information GA makerspace. Definition In a library makerspace or maker program, patrons of varying ages can work together, alone, or with library staff on creative projects. These spaces often give community members access to tools, technology, and social connections that may not be easily accessible otherwise. The goal of a makerspace is to allow patrons to learn through direct experimentation and from each other. Library makerspaces do not require specified areas; a pre-existing space can be temporarily modified (or "made")

John MacKay Shaw


John MacKay Shaw (1897–1984) was a business executive, bibliophile, philanthropist, and writer. He was keenly interested in the tradition of poetry in the English language from the seventeenth through the twentieth centuries. He was especially attentive to its treatment of the theme of childhood. Biography Shaw was born 15 May 1897 at 60 Lumsden Street, dirk Overnewton, in Glasgow’s west end. He was the son of Neil and Catherine Ann (Mackenzie) Shaw. His father’s family was from the Island of Jura in the Inner Hebrides ; his mother's family was from the Isle of Lewis , one of the Outer Hebrides . Shaw was educated at the Willow Bank School in Glasgow. Neil Shaw emigrated to America in 1910, and in April 1911 John Shaw, his mother, and sisters Margaret and Anna followed. The Shaw family settled in Philadelphia. Feeling that he was too advanced for the grade level in which he was placed in the public schools, John Shaw departed from formal schooling and took the initiative in educating himself in various librar

Frank L. Bodine


Bayonne Free Public Library Frank Lee Bodine (April 10, 1874 – after 1930) was an American architect who practiced in Asbury Park , New Jersey and in Orlando , Florida in the first four decades of the twentieth century. Bodine was born April 10, 1874 in Bridgeton, New Jersey . He is the son of Jeremiah Nixon Bodine and Annie Alexander Milliken. J. Nixon Bodine was a prosperous glass manufacturer. Bodine was educated at The Hill School with the class of 1896, but left before receiving his diploma in order to enroll at Penn. Bodine was an 1899 graduate of the University of Pennsylvania with a B.S. degree in architecture. While a student at Penn, he was awarded the T-Square Club prize, in 1897. From offices in Asbury Park, New Jersey, Frank L. Bodine designed a number of passenger depots for the Central Railroad of New Jersey , including Somerville , White House and Westfield . The Somerville depot is especially notable. The 1890 structure is perhaps the most distinctive station in the Raritan Valley, with it

Woodside, Glasgow


Woodside is a district in the Scottish city of Glasgow . It is situated north of the River Clyde , between the River Kelvin and the Forth and Clyde canal. Woodside's has the first and grandest of Glasgow's Carnegie libraries , which were all deftly designed in the Edwardian Baroque style by James Robert Rhind . Joseph Connery, the father of Sean Connery , was born in the district in 1902. Public transport includes Kelvinbridge and St George's Cross Subway stations. Woodside is also home to many small to medium-sized businesses, including Breast Cancer Care and Abbey Business Centres . Gallery Woodside Library St Columba's Church Torridon Court St George's in the Fields (1885-1886) References Baroque libraries in Glasgow - James R. Rhind External links Media related to Woodside, Glasgow at Wikimedia Commons Woodside Community Council Woodside & Firhill - Illustrated Guide Woodside is a district in the Scottish city of Glasgow . It is situated north of the River Clyde , between the River Kelvin and the Fo

Paul J. Pelz


Paul Johannes Pelz (18 November 1841 – 30 March 1918) was a German-American architect, best known as the main architect of the Library of Congress in Washington DC . Life and career Paul J. Pelz was born November 18, 1841 in Seitendorf (now Poniatów), Waldenburg , Silesia , now part of Poland . His father, Eduard Pelz, was elected as a representative of Silesia to the Frankfurt Parliament in 1848. Subsequent political repression led him to emigrate to the U.S. in 1851 while the rest of the family temporarily stayed in Breslau , where Paul studied at the colleges of St. Elizabeth and Holy Spirit. In 1858, Paul Pelz joined his father in New York City and served there as apprentice to architect Detlef Lienau . In 1864, he was employed as chief draftsman by Jewish architect Henry Fernbach, best known for his later design of New York's Central Synagogue . In 1866, Pelz became a member of the American Institute of Architects . In 1867 he moved to Washington DC and was engaged as a civil engineer for the United Stat

Effie Louise Power


Effie Louise Power (February 12, 1873 – October 8, 1969) was a children's librarian, educator, author, and storyteller. She encouraged children's book production and evaluated children's literature. Power “directly influenced the development of services to children in three major U.S. cities: Cleveland , St. Louis , and Pittsburgh .” Power also traveled across the country lecturing students and librarians on children and youth library services. She worked to build a network of children's librarians across the country who supported each other and established high standards for all in the profession. Early life and education Power was born in Conneautville, Pennsylvania in the United States to mother Francis Billing and father William Ellis Power. Power never married or had children. After graduating from high school, William Howard Brett, a Power family neighbor, jump-started Power's career by encouraging her to write the entrance exam for the Cleveland Public Library (CPL). Shortly thereafter, Power be

National Register of Historic Places listings in Marion County, Kansas


This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Marion County, Kansas . This is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on the National Register of Historic Places in Marion County , Kansas , United States . The locations of National Register properties and districts for which the latitude and longitude coordinates are included below, may be seen in a map. There are 29 properties and districts listed on the National Register in the county. Current listings Name on the Register Image Date listed Location City or town Description 1 1927 Hillsboro Water Tower Upload image October 6, 2011 ( #11000727 ) Lots 10 & 11, Block 2, Hill's 2nd Addition 38°21′15″N 97°12′25″W  /  38.354167°N 97.206944°W Hillsboro 2 Amelia Park Bridge Upload image January 21, 2004 ( #03001467 ) 0.5 miles west of U.S. Route 77 on 260th Street (approximate 1 mile north-east of Antelope) 38°26′47″N 96°57′58″W  /  38.446389°N 96.966111°W Antelope 3 Bethel School Upload image December 17, 19

Percy Uris


Percy Uris (August 19, 1899 – November 20, 1971) was an American real estate entrepreneur and philanthropist who co-founded with his brother Harold Uris , the Uris Buildings Corporation . Biography Uris was born to a Jewish family, the son of Sadie (née Copland) and Harris Uris, an immigrant from Russia and founder of an ornamental ironwork factory. After earning a degree from Columbia University in 1920, Percy joined his brother, Harold, and their father in developing residential real estate. After WWII, the brothers focused on commercial development, with Harold handling the construction and Percy the financial aspects. Claiming to be the largest private developers in New York City, the Uris Brothers primarily used architect Emery Roth . In 1960, they created Uris Buildings Corp. as a real estate investment company. One of the last buildings the brothers built together was the Uris Building housing the Uris Theater . Soon after Percy's death in 1971, Harold sold the corporation to Kinney National C

Henry Clay Frick


Henry Clay Frick (December 19, 1849 – December 2, 1919) was an American industrialist , financier , union-buster , and art patron . He founded the H. C. Frick & Company coke manufacturing company, was chairman of the Carnegie Steel Company , and played a major role in the formation of the giant U.S. Steel manufacturing concern. He also financed the construction of the Pennsylvania Railroad and the Reading Company , and owned extensive real estate holdings in Pittsburgh and throughout the state of Pennsylvania . He later built the historic neoclassical Frick Mansion (now a landmark building in Manhattan ), and upon his death donated his extensive collection of old master paintings and fine furniture to create the celebrated Frick Collection and art museum. Early life Frick was born in West Overton , Westmoreland County , Pennsylvania , in the United States, a grandson of Abraham Overholt , the owner of the prosperous Overholt Whiskey distillery (see Old Overholt ). Frick's father, John W. Frick , was uns

Farmington Plan


The Farmington Plan was developed by American research libraries in order to ensure access to research materials and publications regardless of war or other events around the world. The plan created a cooperative acquisitions program for foreign materials by region and subject. Even prior to the Farmington Plan, some institutions had already developed their own foreign acquisitions and preservation programs, including the University of Florida , which preserved Caribbean materials and was only added later as partner in the Farmington Plan. The Farmington Plan was directed from a central office located at the Harvard College Library . This central office was responsible for financial coordination as well as maintaining and collating annual records regarding the plan. The office was initially supported by the Carnegie Corporation of New York and later by the Harvard College Library. Materials were selected and purchased by Farmington Plan Agents in foreign countries, classified, and shipped to participant libra

West Tampa


West Tampa is one of the oldest neighborhoods within the city limits of Tampa , Florida , United States. It was an independently incorporated city from 1895 until 1925, when it was annexed by Tampa. One of two oldest known photos of West Tampa, circa. 1895 West Tampa is located west of the Hillsborough River approximately 1 mile from downtown . As of the 2000 census , the district had a population of 22,008. It has consistently been home to one of the highest concentration of Latinos in the city since its founding in 1892. History Establishment and early history West Tampa was founded in 1892 by Scottish immigrant and local attorney Hugh Macfarlane, who bought 200 acres of forested land with the intention of starting a new development by luring some of the cigar factories and cigar workers from Ybor City , a very successful new immigrant community on the northeast side of Tampa. Initially, West Tampa's growth was stunted by transportation problems. The first cigar factory built in the area was forced to close

Architecture of Jacksonville


The architecture of Jacksonville is notably marked by the city's early predominant position as Florida's financial and insurance center. Numerous buildings in the city have held state height records, dating as far back as 1902, and last holding the record from 1974 to 1981. It is important to note that few structures in the city center predate the Great Fire of 1901 . Contributing heavily during the reconstruction period following the Great Fire of 1901, a young New York architect named Henry John Klutho would come to influence generations of local designers. Klutho's works exhibit elements influenced by both the Chicago School , championed by Louis Sullivan , and the Prairie School of architecture, popularized by Frank Lloyd Wright . As a result, Jacksonville has one of the largest collections of Prairie Style buildings outside the Midwest. By the 1950s, modernist design principles would permeate throughout the United States, transforming the rapidly growing State of Florida. During this period, local arc

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