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List of Carnegie libraries in Florida

The following list of Carnegie libraries in Florida provides detailed information on United States Carnegie libraries in Florida, where 10 public libraries were built from 10 grants (totaling $198,000) awarded by the Carnegie Corporation of New York from 1901 to 1917. In addition, academic libraries were built at 4 institutions (totaling $76,500).

Key

  Building still operating as a library  Building standing, but now serving another purpose  Building no longer standing  Building listed on the National Register of Historic Places  Building contributes to a historic district on the National Register of Historic Places

Carnegie libraries
Library City or town Image Date granted[1] Grant amount[1] Location Notes
1 Bartow Bartow Mar 18, 1911 $8,000 Demolished in 1998
2 Bradenton Bradenton Bradenton FL Carnegie Library01.jpg Feb 3, 1917 $10,000
3 Clearwater Clearwater Mar 16, 1915 $10,000 Demolished c.2000
4 Gainesville Gainesville Mar 31, 1916 $10,000 Demolished in 1954
5 Jacksonville Jacksonville Jax FL Old Free Public Library02.jpg Feb 13, 1902 $55,000
6 Ocala Ocala Ocala-Carnegie.jpg Feb 21, 1907 $10,000 Demolished in 1968
7 Palmetto Palmetto Palmetto FL HD Hist Park Carnegie Lib01.jpg Jan 14, 1914 $10,000
8 St. Petersburg St. Petersburg St. Pete Mirror Lake Library02.jpg Jul 9, 1913 $17,500
9 Tampa Tampa Tampa Free Public Library01.jpg Dec 30, 1901 $50,000
10 West Tampa West Tampa West Tampa Free Public Library.jpg Jan 2, 1913 $17,500
Academic libraries
Institution Locality Image Year granted Grant amount Location Notes
1 Fessenden Academy Martin Mar 15, 1905 $6,500
2 State Normal and Industrial College for Colored Students, today Florida A&M University Tallahassee CarnegieLibraryTLH.JPG Jul 18, 1905 $10,000 Now houses the Southeastern Regional Black Archives Research Center and Museum. Carnegie built his library at the negro college after the city of Tallahassee refused it, because under Carnegie's rules it would have to have served all (i.e., black) patrons.
3 John B. Stetson University DeLand Stetson Univ - Sampson Hall2.jpg Mar 12, 1906 $40,000 Now Sampson Hall
4 Rollins College Winter Park Jun 22, 1905 $20,000
Carnegie Hall Library at Rollins College

One of the Florida libraries funded by Andrew Carnegie was on the campus of Rollins College in Winter Park. According to Cohen (2006), Carnegie’s “donation of 108 libraries to colleges in the first two decades of the twentieth century assisted 10 percent of the institutions of higher learning in the United States. Carnegie had a preference for colleges and universities that served African-American students, which Rollins College president William Fremont Blackman noted the school did in a letter to Carnegie appealing for a library in 1904:[2]

The fact that it is the only college in the country, North or South, in which the grandchildren of abolitionists and confederate soldiers, in about equal numbers, sit together in the same class-room and play together on the same athletic field, and learn thus to understand, respect and love one another;

Blackman’s request consisted of $35,000 in total: “$20,000 for a fireproof building, $3,000 for books, and $12,000 as an endowment for the continued purchase of books” (Cohen). Blackman received a response from Carnegie’s secretary James Bertram that noted the request was too general for consideration, and that Carnegie would need a profile of the university before consideration. Little progress was made for over a year, when Blackman again wrote to Carnegie, noting the university’s need for a library. Trustees and friends of the university wrote to Carnegie on Blackman’s behalf, including W.W. Cummer, a trustee from Jacksonville who served on the board of the city’s new Carnegie Library. A letter dated 22 June 1905 and written from Carnegie’s home in Scotland brought the welcome news of the offer of a library. Carnegie offered $20,000 for the construction of a library provided that the same amount would be raised for the library’s upkeep. While grateful for Carnegie’s proposal, Blackman was uneasy with its terms because the amount of funding required to match Carnegie’s offer would put a strain on those who had donated to start the college’s endowment fund ($200,000) as well as paid a debt ($30,000). In correspondence to Bertram dated July 11, 1905 Blackman wrote (according to Cohen):

Our college is in the poorest of States, remote from all centers of wealth and population, and our friends have strained themselves to the uttermost, in the effort to raise $230,000 in two years. I am by no means sure that we can meet Mr. Carnegie’s conditions.

In a January 1906 letter Blackman wrote to Carnegie expressing concern about meeting the conditions for the gift, noting that the college had a large debt that took “considerable self-sacrifice on the part of our friends.” That summer, another Florida college, Stetson University, was awarded $40,000 for a library from Carnegie. Upon learning this Blackman again wrote to Carnegie, seeking to amend the original terms of the agreement to match the amount that Stetson was awarded. He was turned down, but a year later was able to notify Carnegie that the school’s trustees had been able to match the $20,000 necessary for the gift to be awarded. Bertram wrote to Blackman to inform him that Carnegie had “authorized his Cashier…to arrange payments on Library Building, as work progresses, to the extent of Twenty Thousand Dollars.” The library, to be named Carnegie Hall, was dedicated on February 18, 1909.

The building had over 8,000 square feet of space, and was the school’s first dedicated library building. It served as so from 1909 until 1951. In addition to its function as a library, Carnegie Hall also served as the school’s post office. Since the library was moved from Carnegie to the newly built Mills Memorial Library, it has also housed a bookstore, admissions office, faculty offices, and human resources.[3]

Carnegie Library at Stetson University

Sampson Hall, Stetson University's Carnegie library was opened in 1908. The Carnegie donation was matched with funds donated by John B. Stetson's wife, Elizabeth S. Stetson, and the library later was named Sampson Library in honor of C.T. Sampson, one of the university's foremost trustees. Of the academic libraries that Carnegie helped to fund, Stetson's Sampson library received funds greatly exceeding those received by others in the state. The funding was given on March 12, 1906. Two years later, the resulting Sampson Library was a gorgeous structure which housed the university's library for fifty-six years before a lack of space led to changes. The structure was designed by Henry John Klutho, the first Floridian Architect to be inducted to the American Institute of Architects, and reflects the neoclassical style many Carnegie libraries adopted. The library's edifice is emblazoned with "Education is Power" in Roman style lettering and all around the building are the names of persons influential to academia, such as Chaucer, Tennyson, and Longfellow.[4] When Sampson Library was relocated to the DuPont-Ball Library in 1964, the entire university- students, faculty, and staff- helped to move the books by hand from one building to the other. Students we asked to give an hour of their time to move the resources, but many worked even longer helping to move the materials whose numbers exceed 100,000. Sampson Hall is still used by Stetson University and is a prominent structure along the palm court at the heart of the university. Today its space is divided into classrooms and faculty offices used by the Art, modern language, and American Studies departments; and also is home to student art studio spaces. It'd place as the library's former home and a building of great architectural importance on campus is still prominent.[5]

Notes
  1. At various times, Bobinski and Jones disagree on these numbers. In these cases, Jones' numbers have been used due to both a more recent publication date and a more detailed gazetteer of branch libraries, which are often where the discrepancies occur.
  2. Cohen, D.K. (2000). Andrew Carnegie and Academic Library Philanthropy: The Case of Rollins College, Winter Park, Florida. Libraries & Culture, 35(3), 389-408. JSTOR 25548838
  3. Rollins Olin Library. (2012). History of the Rollins Library-Library Buildings. Retrieved from http://www.rollins.edu/library/about/history2.html
  4. https://www.google.com/maps/@29.0346766,-81.302794,3a,75y,176.02h,138.06t/data=!3m6!1e1!3m4!1sNqZQBuwrA3qBkslp78_luw!2e0!7i13312!8i6656
  5. http://www.stetson.edu/other/about/history.php/
References
  • Anderson, Florence (1963). Carnegie Corporation Library Program 1911–1961. New York: Carnegie Corporation. OCLC 1282382.
  • Bobinski, George S. (1969). Carnegie Libraries: Their History and Impact on American Public Library Development. Chicago: American Library Association. ISBN 0-8389-0022-4.
  • Jones, Theodore (1997). Carnegie Libraries Across America. New York: John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 0-471-14422-3.
  • Miller, Durand R. (1943). Carnegie Grants for Library Buildings, 1890–1917. New York: Carnegie Corporation of New York. OCLC 2603611.

Note: The above references, while all authoritative, are not entirely mutually consistent. Some details of this list may have been drawn from one of the references (usually Jones) without support from the others. Reader discretion is advised.

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List of Carnegie libraries in Florida

topic

The following list of Carnegie libraries in Florida provides detailed information on United States Carnegie libraries in Florida , where 10 public libraries were built from 10 grants (totaling $198,000) awarded by the Carnegie Corporation of New York from 1901 to 1917. In addition, academic libraries were built at 4 institutions (totaling $76,500). Key    Building still operating as a library    Building standing, but now serving another purpose    Building no longer standing    Building listed on the National Register of Historic Places    Building contributes to a historic district on the National Register of Historic Places Carnegie libraries Library City or town Image Date granted Grant amount Location Notes 1 Bartow Bartow Mar 18, 1911 $8,000 Demolished in 1998 2 Bradenton Bradenton Feb 3, 1917 $10,000 3 Clearwater Clearwater Mar 16, 1915 $10,000 Demolished c.2000 4 Gainesville Gainesville Mar 31, 1916 $10,000 Demolished in 1954 5 Jacksonville Jacksonville Feb 13, 1902 $55,000 6 Ocala Ocala Feb 21, 1907 ...more...



Carnegie library

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Carnegie portrait (detail) in the National Portrait Gallery . A Carnegie library is a library built with money donated by Scottish businessman and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie . A total of 2,509 Carnegie libraries were built between 1883 and 1929, including some belonging to public and university library systems. 1,689 were built in the United States , 660 in the United Kingdom and Ireland , 125 in Canada , and others in Australia , South Africa , New Zealand , Serbia , Belgium , France , the Caribbean , Mauritius , Malaysia and Fiji . At first, Carnegie libraries were almost exclusively in places where he had a personal connection - namely his birthplace in Scotland and the Pittsburgh , Pennsylvania area, his adopted home-town. Yet, beginning in the middle of 1899, Carnegie substantially increased funding to libraries outside these areas. In later years few towns that requested a grant and agreed to his terms were refused. By the time the last grant was made in 1919, there were 3,500 libraries in the Unite ...more...



List of Carnegie libraries in the United States

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The following list of Carnegie libraries in the United States provides detailed information on public Carnegie libraries in each state or other territory in the United States , including the number of Carnegie libraries in that state, and the earliest and latest dates of grant award. Click on the state name to go to a detailed listing of the individual Carnegie libraries in that state (divided into public and academic sections). Note that Alaska and Delaware have no Carnegie libraries, and are thus not included in the table. Detail table State Number of public grants Number of public libraries Number of academic libraries Earliest grant Latest grant Total amount ( US$ ) Alabama 14 14 5 Feb 13, 1901 May 15, 1916 $289,840.00 Arizona 4 4 — Jul 4, 1899 Sep 14, 1917 $64,000.00 Arkansas 4 4 — Mar 24, 1906 Sep 20, 1915 $138,600.00 California 121 142 2 Jul 7, 1899 Sep 14, 1917 $2,836,987.00 Colorado 27 35 1 Dec 21, 1899 Feb 3, 1917 $779,943.00 Connecticut 8 11 — Aug 16, 1901 Sep 25, 1914 $191,900.00 District of Colum ...more...



Carnegie Mellon University

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Carnegie Mellon University ( Carnegie Mellon or CMU or ) is a private research university in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania . Founded in 1900 by Andrew Carnegie as the Carnegie Technical Schools, the university became the Carnegie Institute of Technology in 1912 and began granting four-year degrees. In 1967, the Carnegie Institute of Technology merged with the Mellon Institute of Industrial Research to form Carnegie Mellon University. The university's 140-acre (57 ha) main campus is 3 miles (5 km) from Downtown Pittsburgh . Carnegie Mellon has seven colleges and independent schools: the College of Engineering , College of Fine Arts , Dietrich College of Humanities and Social Sciences , Mellon College of Science , Tepper School of Business , H. John Heinz III College of Information Systems and Public Policy , and the School of Computer Science . The university also has campuses in Qatar and Silicon Valley , with degree-granting programs in six continents. Carnegie Mellon is ranked 25th in the United States and 77th ...more...



West Tampa Free Public Library

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For other Carnegie Libraries , see Carnegie library (disambiguation) The West Tampa Free Public Library , currently named West Tampa Branch Library, is a historic building in the West Tampa National Historic District in Tampa , Florida . It was the first public library in Hillsborough County, Florida when it opened on Main and Howard Avenue in 1914. The library is a historic link between the establishment of the City of West Tampa, the Cigar industry, and Latin and African-American communities. West Tampa was incorporated on May 18, 1895, with its population being nearly 3,000 and is considered one of Tampa's earliest suburban towns. In the period from 1900 to 1920, West Tampa saw enormous growth when its cigar factories were flourishing and commercial structures were being erected rapidly .It was Hillsborough County’s only free public library until 1917. Construction of the Neo-classical revivalist style brick building was funded with a $17,500 grant from Andrew Carnegie . Residents voted in a special el ...more...



Carnegie Library at FAMU

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The Carnegie Library at FAMU is a historic building on the campus of Florida A&M University in Tallahassee , Florida . It was one of many public and college libraries donated by Andrew Carnegie which were named Carnegie Library after him. Carnegie's library was built at what is today FAMU because the city of Tallahassee refused it, since under Carnegie's rules it would have had to have served black patrons. It was designed by noted architect William Augustus Edwards and was built in 1908. On November 17, 1978, it was added to the U.S. National Register of Historic Places . Carrie Meek-James N. Eaton, Sr. Southeastern Regional Black Archives Research Center and Museum In 1976, the Southeastern Regional Black Archives Research Center and Museum was founded and occupied the library at Florida A&M. The archives expanded to the nearby Union Bank building in 1996 and a new building in 2006. The museum's exhibits focus on African American history in Florida, including the contributions of the African-Amer ...more...



List of libraries

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This is an alphabetical list of notable libraries around the world. It includes both notable public lending libraries and research libraries . Alphabetical A American Memorial Library Advocates' Library , Edinburgh , Scotland Alexandria Library , Alexandria, Virginia, United States Alice Springs Public Library , Alice Springs , Australia Allahabad Public Library , Allahabad , India Allegheny County Library Association , Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Aloghar Library , Dhaka , Bangladesh American Memorial Library , Berlin , Germany Ann Arbor District Library , Ann Arbor , Michigan , United States Archive for Research in Archetypal Symbolism Argostoli Public Library , Kefalonia , Greece Arlanza Branch Library , Riverside , California , United States Astan Quds Razavi's Central Library , Mashhad , Iran Australian National University Library , Canberra, Australia B Barrow-in-Furness Main Public Library Brooklyn Public Library Baltimore County Public Library , Baltimore , Maryland , United States Barrow-in-Furness Main ...more...



Florida A&M University

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Florida Agricultural and Mechanical University , commonly known as FAMU , is a public , historically black university in Tallahassee, Florida , United States. Founded in 1887, it is located on the highest geographic hill in Tallahassee. It is the 5th largest historically black university in the United States by enrollment and the only public historically black university in Florida. It is a member institution of the State University System of Florida , as well as one of the state's land grant universities , and is accredited to award baccalaureate, master's and doctoral degrees by the Commission on Colleges of the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools . The university is a member-school of the Thurgood Marshall College Fund . The 2018 edition of the U.S. News & World Report college rankings placed the university 207th among 223 tier one "national universities", 6th among all HBCUs, and 1st among all public HBCUs . The university is classified as the second tier R2: Doctoral University - Higher R ...more...



Jacksonville Public Library

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The Jacksonville Public Library is the public library system of Jacksonville, Florida . It primarily serves Jacksonville and Duval County , and is also used by the neighboring Baker , Nassau , Clay , and St. Johns Counties. It is one of the largest library systems in the Florida, with a collection of over three million items. A division of the city government , the library has the third largest group of city employees after the city's Fire Department and Sheriff's Office . There are twenty branches and a Main Library in the system. Branches Main Library Located downtown near City Hall and Hemming Plaza, the Main Library opened in November 2005, replacing the Haydon Burns Library . Designed by Robert A.M. Stern Architects , the new library is almost three times the size of the Haydon Burns building. The North Laura facility is 300,000 square feet (28,000 m ) with the capacity to hold one million books. A 600-space parking garage across from the library building on Duval Street makes the Main Library easily ac ...more...



Bradenton Carnegie Library

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The Bradenton Carnegie Library is a Carnegie library in Bradenton, Florida . It was founded in 1918, served as Bradenton's main library for 60 years, and now houses the Manatee County Historical Records Library . In April, 1987, it was added to the U.S. National Register of Historic Places . History Steel magnate and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie provided funding for more than 3,000 Carnegie libraries in the United States , Canada, and Europe. The Bradenton Carnegie Library, in Bradenton , Florida , was one of ten Florida Carnegie libraries to receive grants from the Carnegie Corporation of New York between 1901 and 1917, six of which still stand. Bradenton Carnegie Library The library was built in the Classical Revival style to Carnegie Library Plans #205. Carnegie Libraries were normally constructed with basements, however due to being in Florida this was not able to occur, so the library is two stories tall to fulfill requirements. The original Bradenton Carnegie library opened in 1918 and served as B ...more...



Mirror Lake Library

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Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mirror Lake Library . PVBLIC LIBRARY inscribed over East entrance of the 1915 building Interior of the 1915 building The St. Petersburg Public Library (also known as the Mirror Lake Community Library or Carnegie Library ) is a Carnegie library built in 1915 in Beaux-Arts style. It was one of 10 Florida Carnegie libraries to receive grants awarded by the Carnegie Corporation of New York from 1901 to 1917. Steel magnate and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie provided funding for more than 3,000 Carnegie libraries in the United States , Canada, and Europe. The library is significant to the city's history as the first permanent home of the public library system and embodies the transformation of the city in the second decade of the twentieth century from a pioneer village to a city with viable cultural institutions. When the city was awarded the $17,500 grant in 1913, it was the culmination of a five-year pursuit by Councilman Ralph Veillard, W.L. Straub, owner of the St. Pete ...more...



Carnegie Library (disambiguation)

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A Carnegie Library is a library built with money donated by Scottish-American businessman and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie. Carnegie Library , Carnegie Public Library , Carnegie Free Library , Carnegie Free Public Library , Andrew Carnegie Library , Andrew Carnegie Free Library or Carnegie Library Building may also refer to: England Carnegie Library , Runcorn Carnegie Library , Teddington United States California Carnegie Library ( Anaheim , California ) Carnegie Library (Upland, California) Andrew Carnegie Library (Corona, California) , a National Register of Historic Places listing in Riverside County, California Colton Carnegie Library , listed on the National Register of Historic Places as the Carnegie Public Library Building Dixon Carnegie Library , Dixon, California, a National Register of Historic Places listing in Solano County, California Carnegie Free Library (Eureka, California) Carnegie Free Library (Petaluma, California) Livermore Carnegie Library and Park , a National Register of Historic Plac ...more...



Tampa Free Library

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For other Carnegie Libraries , see Carnegie library (disambiguation) The Old Tampa Free Public Library (also known as the Exceptional Children Education Center ) is a historic library in the Tampa Heights neighborhood of Tampa , Florida . Located at 102 E. 7th Avenue, it was one of 10 Florida Carnegie libraries to receive grants awarded by the Carnegie Corporation of New York from 1901 to 1917. It was designed by Tampa architect Fred J. James and constructed from 1915-1917. It was added to the U.S. National Register of Historic Places on May 16, 1991. Steel magnate and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie provided funding for more than 3,000 Carnegie libraries in the United States , Canada, and Europe. The library was built using a $50,000 grant from Carnegie. The library's first director was Helen V. Stelle . It was Tampa's main library until 1968. It includes a T-plan, masonry, brown and yellow brick atop a rusticated granite basement, and is topped by a barrel tile roof. The building was rehabilitated in 1999 ...more...



Stetson University

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Stetson University is a private, nonprofit university with four colleges and schools located across the I-4 corridor in Central Florida , United States, with the primary undergraduate campus located in DeLand . In the 2017 U.S. News and World Report ' s guide to America's Best Colleges, Stetson ranks as the 5th best regional university in the South, 5th best for veterans among regional universities in the South and 6th best value school among regional universities in the South. The Stetson University College of Law , located in Gulfport, Florida , was ranked 1st nationally in trial advocacy by U.S. News & World Report in 2017. Other recognitions include being ranked No. 7 nationally in Washington Monthly magazine’s "2015 College Guide” to master's universities, a ranking based on a combination of social mobility , research and service; and being named a military industrial complex-friendly school. History Stetson University was founded in 1883 by Henry Addison DeLand , a New York philanthropist, as D ...more...



University of Central Florida

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The University of Central Florida , or UCF , is an American metropolitan public research university in Orlando, Florida . It is the largest university in the United States by undergraduate enrollment , as well as the largest enrollment at a single campus . Founded in 1963 by the Florida Legislature , UCF opened in 1968 as Florida Technological University, with the mission of providing personnel to support the growing U.S. space program at the Kennedy Space Center and Cape Canaveral Air Force Station on Florida's Space Coast . As the academic scope expanded beyond its original focus on engineering and technology, "Florida Tech" was renamed The University of Central Florida in 1978. UCF's space roots continue as the university currently leads the NASA Florida Space Grant Consortium. While initial enrollment was only 1,948 students, enrollment today amounts to 64,318 students from 157 countries and all 50 states and Washington, D.C. The majority of the student population is located on the university's main ca ...more...



Rollins College

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Rollins College is a private, coeducational liberal arts college , founded in 1885 and located in Winter Park, Florida along the shores of Lake Virginia. Rollins is a member of the SACS , NASM , ACS , FDE , AAM , AACSB International, Council for Accreditation of Counseling, and Related Educational Programs. Rollins has about 30 undergraduate majors and several graduate programs. It was ranked #2 Regional Universities, South by U.S. News & World Report in 2017. Rollins College has ranked among the most beautiful U.S. college campuses by the Princeton Review for the past decade, ranking #1 in 2015 and #10 most recently in 2017. History Rollins College is Florida's oldest post-secondary institution, and has been independent, nonsectarian, and coeducational from conception. Lucy Cross, founder of the Daytona Institute in 1880, first placed the matter of establishing a college in Florida before the Congregational Churches in 1884. In 1885, the Church put her on the committee in charge of determining the ...more...



Manatee County, Florida

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Manatee County is a county in the U.S. state of Florida . As of the 2010 census , the population was 322,833. Its county seat and largest city is Bradenton . The county was created in 1855. It was named for the Florida manatee (commonly called a “sea cow” and distantly related to the elephant), which is endangered and Florida’s official marine mammal . Manatee County is included in the North Port - Sarasota - Bradenton , FL Metropolitan Statistical Area . Features of Manatee County include access to the Southern part of Tampa Bay , the Sunshine Skyway Bridge , and the Manatee River . Rowing facilities are being developed in the area and the Upper Manatee River Canoe Trail has been created. There are several parks and preserves. About 1.8 percent of all of Florida’s population lives in Manatee County and it ranks sixteenth amongst Florida counties in population. History Manatee County Fair Prehistoric History The area now known as Manatee County had been inhabited by Native Americans for thousands of years. ...more...



Florida State University

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Florida State University (commonly referred to as Florida State or FSU ) is an American public space-grant and sea-grant research university . Its primary campus is located on a 1,391.54-acre (5.631 km2) campus in Tallahassee, Florida , United States. It is a senior member of the State University System of Florida . Founded in 1851, it is located on the oldest continuous site of higher education in the state of Florida. The university is classified as a Research University with Very High Research by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching . The university comprises 16 separate colleges and more than 110 centers, facilities, labs and institutes that offer more than 360 programs of study, including professional school programs. The university has an annual budget of over $1.7 billion and an annual economic impact of over $10 billion. Florida State is home to Florida's only National Laboratory – the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory and is the birthplace of the commercially viable anti- ...more...



List of Presidents of the University of Central Florida

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This List of Presidents of the University of Central Florida includes all who have served as university presidents of the University of Central Florida since its founding in 1963. The University of Central Florida is a space-grant university located on a 1,415-acre (5.73 km ) campus in Orlando , Florida . UCF is a member institution of the State University System of Florida and is the second-largest university in the United States. Although the institution was founded in 1963, the name officially changed to the University of Central Florida in 1978 from Florida Technological University. The first president of the university was Dr. Charles Millican, who was appointed by the Board of Regents to create a new university in Central Florida . Realizing his goal when the first classes were held at FTU in the Fall of 1968, Millican would be followed by Dr. Trevor Colbourn and Dr. Steven Altman. The fourth and current president is Dr. John C. Hitt , who has served since March 1, 1992. Powers and duties Millican Hall ...more...



University of Florida

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The University of Florida (commonly referred to as Florida or UF ) is an American public land-grant , sea-grant , and space-grant research university on a 2,000-acre (8.1 km ) campus in Gainesville, Florida . It is a senior member of the State University System of Florida that traces its origins to 1853, and has operated continuously on its Gainesville campus since September 1906. The University of Florida is one of sixty-two elected member institutions of the Association of American Universities (AAU), the association of preeminent North American research universities, and the only AAU member university in Florida. The University is classified as a Research University with Very High Research by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching . After the Florida state legislature's creation of performance standards in 2013, the Florida Board of Governors designated the University of Florida as one of the two "preeminent universities" among the twelve universities of the State University System of F ...more...



Florida International University

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Florida International University ( FIU ) is an American metropolitan public research university in Greater Miami , Florida, United States. FIU has two major campuses in Miami-Dade County , with its main campus in University Park . Florida International University is classified as a research university with highest research activity by the Carnegie Foundation and a research university by the Florida Legislature . FIU belongs to the 12-campus State University System of Florida and is one of Florida's primary graduate research universities, awarding over 3,400 graduate and professional degrees annually. The university offers 191 programs of study with more than 280 majors in 23 colleges and schools. FIU offers many graduate programs, including architecture , business administration , engineering , law , and medicine , offering 81 master's degrees , 34 doctoral degrees , and 3 professional degrees . FIU is the largest university in South Florida , the 2nd-largest in Florida, and the 4th-largest in the United S ...more...



Jessie Ball duPont Center

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The Jessie Ball duPont Center is a nonprofit complex in downtown Jacksonville, Florida . The building served as the main branch of the Jacksonville Public Library system from 1965 until 2005, when it was replaced by the current facility. The library was named for W. Haydon Burns , who served as Mayor of Jacksonville for fifteen years and also served two years as Governor of Florida . The Haydon Burns Library replaced the Jacksonville Free Public Library (a Carnegie Library ), which was built in 1905 and designed by Henry John Klutho of New York City . On April 18, 2012, the AIA 's Florida Chapter placed the building on its list of Florida Architecture: 100 Years. 100 Places. History Haydon Burns Library in Jacksonville, ca. 1968 Colorful mural When built in 1965 at a cost of $3.7 million, it was considered state of the art. The 126,000 sq ft (11,700 m ), three-story building was designed by local architect Taylor Hardwick , who designed dozens of other buildings in Jacksonville starting in the mid-1950s incl ...more...



List of the largest libraries in the United States

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The American Library Association maintains a list of the 100 largest libraries in the United States by volumes held. The ALA's list was last updated in October 2012, although much of the most recent data is from 2009–2010 report by the Association of Research Libraries (academic institutions) and the 2011 Statistical Report of the Public Library Data Service. A complication that arises when comparing the size of library collections is the different definition of holdings or volumes used by public libraries and academic / research libraries . The Association of Research Libraries uses the National Information Standards Organization definition of volume, which is "A single physical unit of any printed , typewritten , handwritten , mimeographed , or processed work, distinguished from other units by a separate binding , encasement, portfolio , or other clear distinction, which has been cataloged , classified, and made ready for use, and which is typically the unit used to charge circulation transactions." In con ...more...



List of African-American historic places in Florida

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List of African American historic places in Florida This list of African American Historic Places in Florida is based on a book by the National Park Service , The Preservation Press , the National Trust for Historic Preservation , and the National Conference of State Historic Preservation Officers . For National List of African American Historic Places use this link. Contents: Counties in Florida with African American Historic Places  Alachua - Baker - Duval - Escambia - Franklin - Lee - Leon - Miami-Dade - Monroe - Putnam - St. Johns - St. Lucie - Santa Rosa - Seminole - Volusia Some of these sites are on the National Register of Historic Places (NR) as independent sites or as part of larger historic district . Several of the sites are National Historic Landmarks (NRL). Others have Florida historical markers (HM). The citation on historical markers is given in the reference. The location listed is the nearest community to the site. More precise locations are given in the reference. Alachua County Methodist c ...more...



List of colleges and universities in Oregon

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This is a list of colleges and universities in the U.S. state of Oregon . Seven public universities, overseen by the Oregon Office of University Coordination , are operated by boards appointed by the governor, and seventeen community colleges are operated by locally elected boards. There are also numerous private degree-granting institutions. The oldest college is Willamette University , which was established 1842, and is the oldest university in the Western United States . The oldest community college is Southwestern Oregon Community College which was established in 1959 (Year conflicts with Institutions list below). The college has about 14,500 students (Enrollment conflicts with Institutions list below) which have access to the over 150 acres (61 ha) of campus. This list includes all schools that grant degrees at an associate level or higher, and are either accredited or in the process of accreditation by a recognized accrediting agency . Institutions George Fox University Gutenberg College Lane Communi ...more...



Hemet Public Library

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The Hemet Public Library is a public library in Hemet, California , United States which opened its current new library in July 2003. History The library can trace its history back to 1906 when members of the Hemet Woman's Club wanted a place to gather and read literature, so they opened a reading room on the second floor of a bank on the Bothin Block. After the city's incorporation in 1910, citizens voted for their own library, and the new city took over the operation of its library facility. Soon, the upstairs reading room opened by the Woman's Club quickly outgrew itself. Woman's Club members—along with many other community organizations campaigned to get a public building built to house a permanent library collection. The late Mrs. E. A. Davis then composed a letter to Andrew Carnegie asking for the funds to help the community build a new facility. Mr. Carnegie responded by sending a check for $7,500. However, Carnegie placed a contingency on his donation: the City of Hemet had to contribute the remainder ...more...



Public library

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Patrons studying and reading at the New York Public Library Main Branch . A public library is a library that is accessible by the general public and is generally funded from public sources, such as taxes. It is operated by librarians and library paraprofessionals , who are also civil servants . There are five fundamental characteristics shared by public libraries. The first is that they are generally supported by taxes (usually local, though any level of government can and may contribute); they are governed by a board to serve the public interest; they are open to all, and every community member can access the collection; they are entirely voluntary in that no one is ever forced to use the services provided; and they provide basic services without charge. Public libraries exist in many countries across the world and are often considered an essential part of having an educated and literate population. Public libraries are distinct from research libraries , school libraries , and other special libraries in that ...more...



Dunfermline

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Dunfermline (  (   listen ) ; Scots : Dunfaurlin , Scottish Gaelic : Dùn Phàrlain ) is a town and former Royal Burgh , and parish, in Fife , Scotland , on high ground 3 miles (5 km) from the northern shore of the Firth of Forth . The 2011 census recorded the town's population at 49,706, however figures released in 2012 estimate Dunfermline's population as 50,380, making it the largest locality in Fife and the tenth largest in Scotland. The earliest known settlements in the area around Dunfermline probably date as far back as the Neolithic period. The area was not regionally significant until at least the Bronze Age . The town was first recorded in the 11th century, with the marriage of Malcolm III , King of Scotland, and Saint Margaret at the church in Dunfermline. As his Queen consort , Margaret established a new church dedicated to the Holy Trinity, which evolved into an Abbey under their son, David I in 1128. Following the burial of Alexander I in 1160, the abbey graveyard confirmed its status as the buri ...more...



List of museums in Florida

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Wikimedia Commons has media related to Museums in Florida . This list of museums in Florida contains museums which are defined for this context as institutions (including nonprofit organizations , government entities, and private businesses ) that collect and care for objects of cultural, artistic, scientific, or historical interest and make their collections or related exhibits available for public viewing. Museums that exist only in cyberspace (i.e., virtual museums ) are not included. Museums Museum Name Community County Region Type Notes A. E. Backus Gallery & Museum Fort Pierce St. Lucie Central East Art Features landscapes by A. E. Backus and pieces by other Florida artists African American Museum of the Arts DeLand Volusia Central East Art Art and culture of African Americans and Caribbean Americans Ah-Tah-Thi-Ki Museum Clewiston Hendry Southwest Ethnic-Native American Managed by the Seminole Tribe of Florida at the Big Cypress Indian Reservation , artifacts, culture and life of the Seminole in th ...more...



Florida Southern College

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Florida Southern College (commonly referred to as Florida Southern , Southern or FSC ) is a private college located in Lakeland, Florida , United States . In 2015, the student population at FSC consisted of 2,500 students along with 130 full-time faculty members. The college offers 50 undergraduate majors and pre-professional programs, graduate programs in nursing, business, and education as well as post-graduate programs in nursing and education. Florida Southern is the home of the world’s largest single-site collection of Frank Lloyd Wright architecture . For its 2011 and 2012 rankings, The Princeton Review selected Florida Southern's campus as the most beautiful in the country. Florida Southern has won 30 national titles in NCAA Division II competition in several sports, men's golf - 13 , baseball - 9 , women's golf - 4 , men's basketball - 2 , softball - 1 and women's lacrosse - 1 . The college’s official mascot is Mocsie the water moccasin, but they are also referenced by their nickname, the Mocs. The ...more...



Florida Atlantic University

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Florida Atlantic University (also referred to as FAU or Florida Atlantic ) is a public university located in Boca Raton, Florida , with five satellite campuses located in the Florida cities of Dania Beach , Davie , Fort Lauderdale , Jupiter , and in Fort Pierce at the Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institution . FAU belongs to the 12-campus State University System of Florida and serves South Florida, which has a population of more than five million people and spans more than 100 miles (160 km) of coastline. Florida Atlantic University is classified by the Carnegie Foundation as a research university with high research activity. The university offers more than 180 undergraduate and graduate degree programs within its 10 colleges in addition to a professional degree from the College of Medicine. Programs of study cover arts and humanities , the sciences , medicine , nursing , accounting , business , education , public administration , social work , architecture , engineering , and computer science . Florida At ...more...



Alachua County, Florida

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Alachua County ( ə- LATCH -oo-ə ) is a county in the U.S. state of Florida . As of the 2010 census , the population was 247,336. The county seat is Gainesville , the home of the University of Florida . Alachua County is included in the Gainesville, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area . The county is known for its diverse culture, local music, and artisans. Much of its economy revolves around the university. History Early history The first people known to have entered the area of Alachua County were Paleo-Indians , who left artifacts in the Santa Fe River basin prior to 8000 BCE . Artifacts from the Archaic period (8000 - 2000 BCE) have been found at several sites in Alachua County. Permanent settlements appeared in what is now Alachua County around 100 CE, as people of the wide-ranging Deptford culture developed the local Cades Pond culture . The Cades Pond culture gave way to the Alachua culture around 600 CE. The Timucua -speaking Potanos lived in the Alachua culture area in the 16th century, when the Spani ...more...



Clearwater, Florida

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A figure skater pictured at the Clearwater Ice Arena Clearwater is a city located in Pinellas County, Florida , United States, northwest of Tampa and St. Petersburg . To the west of Clearwater lies the Gulf of Mexico and to the southeast lies Tampa Bay . As of the 2010 census , the city had a population of 107,685. Clearwater is the county seat of Pinellas County and is the smallest of the three principal cities in the Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater metropolitan area, most commonly referred to as the Tampa Bay Area . Cleveland Street is one of the city's historic avenues, and the city includes Spectrum Field and Coachman Park. The city is separated by the Intracoastal Waterway from Clearwater Beach . Clearwater is the home of Clearwater Marine Aquarium , where bottlenose dolphins Winter and Hope live. Clearwater is the "worldwide spiritual headquarters" for the Church of Scientology . History Clearwater at daybreak, as seen from Clearwater Beach Present-day Clearwater was originally the home of the Tocobag ...more...



Tallahassee, Florida

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Tallahassee is the capital of the U.S. state of Florida . It is the county seat and only incorporated municipality in Leon County . Tallahassee became the capital of Florida, then the Florida Territory , in 1824. In 2015, the population was 189,907, making it the 7th-largest city in the U.S state of Florida, and the 126th-largest city in the United States. The population of the Tallahassee metropolitan area was 377,924 as of 2015. Tallahassee is the largest city in the Florida Panhandle region, and the main center for trade and agriculture in the Florida Big Bend and Southwest Georgia regions. Tallahassee is home to Florida State University , ranked the nation's thirty-third best public university by U.S. News & World Report . It is also home to Florida A&M University , the fifth-largest historically black university by total enrollment. Tallahassee Community College is a large state college that serves mainly as a feeder school to Florida State and Florida A&M. Tallahassee qualifies as a sig ...more...



List of Presidents of Florida State University

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The President of Florida State University is the Executive Officer of the Florida State University Board of Trustees, and, essentially, the leader of the university. Florida State's campus is in Tallahassee, Florida . Although the institution was officially founded on January 24, 1851, it officially became a Liberal Arts College in 1897. Florida State is a senior member of the State University System of Florida . Founded in 1851, it is located on the oldest continuous site of higher education in the state of Florida. The University is classified as a Research University with Very High Research by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching . The university comprises 16 separate colleges and more than 110 centers, facilities, labs and institutes that offer more than 360 programs of study, including professional school programs. The university has an annual budget of over $1.7 billion. Florida State is home to Florida's only National Laboratory – the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory and is ...more...



Ruby Holler

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Ruby Holler (2002) is a low fantasy novel for children by the American writer Sharon Creech , published by HarperCollins in 2002. It features adolescent orphan twins who are "trouble" and an eccentric older couple who adopt them and take them back to live in "magical" Ruby Holler (hollow). Creech won the annual Carnegie Medal from the British librarians , recognizing the year's best children's book published in the U.K. ( Bloomsbury Children's Books ). In a retrospective citation, the librarians call it "a beautifully written story about love and trust and how the strength and goodness of human beings can overcome all the odds". Creech was the first American winner of the British award and the first person to win both the American Newbery Medal (Walk Two Moons, 1994) and the British Carnegie. Plot The story starts in the Boxton Creek Home, an 'orphanage' run by a strict couple, the Trepids. A thirteen-year-old boy named Dallas, who is an imaginative young teenager, and his twin sister Florida, a sassy and b ...more...



History of public library advocacy

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Public libraries in the American Colonies can be traced back to 1656, when a Boston merchant named Captain Robert Keayne willed his collection of books to the town. Church collections of books used by the public served as early versions of libraries in New England around the 18th century. One such example is the Kings Chapel Library in Boston, which was founded in 1698 with book donations from the Bishop of London . Reverend Thomas Bray was instrumental in the establishment of libraries for public use. This Anglican clergyman had sponsored several parish libraries in England, and from 1695-1704 he managed to establish 70 libraries in the American Colonies . These included five provincial libraries located in the major cities of time, 39 parochial libraries at Anglican parishes, and 35 layman libraries where ministers were allowed to loan the materials to their local residents. Bray's provincial libraries in Maryland and South Carolina were both the beneficiaries of the first laws passed by the local legislati ...more...



List of public libraries in Massachusetts

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This is a list of public libraries in Massachusetts , USA. Library Web site Town/City County Friends-group link Abington Public Library [1] Abington Plymouth [2] Acton Memorial Library [3] Acton Middlesex [4] West Acton Citizens' Library [5] Acton Middlesex Russell Memorial Library [6] Acushnet Bristol [7] Adams Free Library [8] Adams Berkshire Agawam Public Library [9] Agawam Hampden [10] Alford Library [11] Alford Berkshire Amesbury Public Library [12] Amesbury Essex [13] Jones Library, Inc. [14] Amherst Hampshire [15] Memorial Hall Library [16] Andover Essex [17] Aquinnah Public Library [18] Aquinnah Dukes [19] Robbins Library [20] Arlington Middlesex Stevens Memorial Library [21] Ashburnham Worcester [22] Ashby Free Public Library [23] Ashby Middlesex [24] Belding Memorial Library [25] Ashfield Franklin Ashland Public Library [26] Ashland Middlesex [27] Athol Public Library [28] Athol Worcester [29] Attleboro Public Library [30] Attleboro Bristol Auburn Public Library [31] Auburn Worcester [32] Avon Publi ...more...



Cape Canaveral

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Cape Canaveral , from the Spanish Cabo Cañaveral, is a cape in Brevard County, Florida , United States , near the center of the state's Atlantic coast. Known as Cape Kennedy from 1963 to 1973, it lies east of Merritt Island , separated from it by the Banana River . It was discovered by the Spanish conquistador Juan Ponce de León in 1513. It is part of a region known as the Space Coast , and is the site of the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station . Since many U.S. spacecraft have been launched from both the station and the Kennedy Space Center on adjacent Merritt Island , the two are sometimes conflated with each other. In homage to its spacefaring heritage, the Florida Public Service Commission allocated area code 321 (as in a launch countdown ) to the Cape Canaveral area. Other features of the cape include the Cape Canaveral lighthouse and Port Canaveral , one of the busiest cruise ports in the world. The city of Cape Canaveral lies just south of the Port Canaveral District. Mosquito Lagoon , the Indian River , ...more...



Napoleon Hill

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Oliver Napoleon Hill (born October 26, 1883 – November 8, 1970) was an American self-help author. He is known best for his book Think and Grow Rich (1937) which is among the 10 best selling self-help books of all time. Hill's works insisted that fervid expectations are essential to improving one's life. Most of his books were promoted as expounding principles to achieve "success". Life and career Childhood Hill was born in a one-room cabin near the Appalachian town of Pound in southwest Virginia . His parents were James Monroe Hill and Sarah Sylvania (Blair) and he was grandson of James Madison Hill and Elizabeth (Jones). His grandfather came to the United States from England and settled in southwestern Virginia during 1847. Hill's mother died when he was nine years old, and his father remarried two years later to Martha. His stepmother was a good influence for him: "Hill's stepmother, the widow of a school principal, civilized the wild-child Napoleon, making him go to school and attend church." At the ...more...



Union Bank (Tallahassee, Florida)

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Union Bank of Tallahassee The Union Bank of Tallahassee was established around 1830 and is the state's oldest surviving bank building. It is located at Apalachee Parkway and Calhoun Street. On February 24, 1971, it was added to the U.S. National Register of Historic Places . History The Union Bank was completed in 1841 as Tallahassee's first bank by William Williams when Florida was still a territory. Chartered to help finance local cotton plantations , it ultimately closed in 1843 due to the Seminole Wars , unsound banking practices, and the Panic of 1837 . In 1847, the bank was purchased by cotton plantation owners William Bailey and Isaac Mitchell. After the Civil War , the bank reopened as the Freedman's Savings and Trust Company in 1868 for emancipated slaves . It later served as a church, feed store, art house, coffee house, dance studio, locksmith's shop, beauty shop, and shoe factory. In 1971, the bank was moved from its original site on the west side of Adams Street between College Avenue and Park A ...more...



Barry University

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Barry University is a private , Catholic university that was founded in 1940 by the Adrian Dominican Sisters. Located in Miami Shores, Florida , a suburb north of Downtown Miami , it is one of the largest Catholic universities in the Southeast and is located within the territory of the Archdiocese of Miami . The University offers more than 100 degree programs, from bachelors to doctorate, in a number of areas, including: business, social work, law, nursing , health sciences , education , and liberal arts programs. Consisting of six schools and two colleges, Barry University has more than 7,000 students, a campus of 54 buildings, a branch campus in Tallahassee, a law school in Orlando, and 50,000 alumni. Student to faculty ratio is 12:1. History Beginnings Barry College was founded as a women's college by a pair of siblings: Rev. Patrick Barry , Bishop of St. Augustine , and his sister Rev. Mother Mary Gerald Barry, OP , then prioress of the Adrian Dominican Sisters . The construction of what was then the B ...more...



Palmetto Historical Park

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Schoolhouse Chapel Cypress House Cottage Museum Historic post office Palmetto Historical Park is located in the heart of Palmetto' s Historic District in Palmetto, Florida , Manatee County, Florida . The Park includes Palmetto's first Post Office (1880), a cottage museum, a historic one room schoolhouse, a small military museum and a reproduction chapel representative of area churches. There is also a chapel, Military Museum and the 1914 Carnegie Library . Palmetto Historical Park is operated by the Palmetto Historical Commission, Manatee County Clerk of Circuit Court, the Manatee County Board of County Commission, and the City of Palmetto. It is located in the Palmetto Historic District . The Manatee County Agricultural Museum next door is housed in a building formerly housing Palmetto's police, fire and maintenance personnel. See also List of museums in Florida Links Palmetto Historical Park Manatee County Schoolhouse Chapel Cypress House Cottage Museum Historic post office Palmetto Historical Park is locat ...more...



Woman's Club of Coconut Grove

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The Woman's Club of Coconut Grove (originally known as the Housekeepers Club ) is a historic woman's club in Miami , Florida . History The organization was founded in 1891 by Flora McFarlane. Charter members included women from the pioneering families of Coconut Grove, and included Mrs. Kirk Munroe, Mrs. Joseph Frow, Mrs. Charles Peacock, Mrs. Charles John Peacock and Mrs. Benjamin Newbold. The first meeting of the Woman's Club of Coconut Grove was called to order on February 19, 1891, with the primary purpose of improving life for members of the community. An integral part of the group's mission was to expand education though an emphasis on literacy. The Woman's Club of Coconut Grove was the first federated woman's club established in the State of Florida. In 1957, Housekeeper's Club of Coconut Grove members officially changed the name of the organization to the Woman's Club of Coconut Grove. The First Coconut Grove Schoolhouse The first public school building in Miami-Dade county , built in 1889, was t ...more...



Hannah Tompkins (artist)

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Hannah Tompkins (January 17, 1920 - October 25, 1995) was an American artist primarily known for her large body of artwork based on the writings of William Shakespeare . A catalog listing of her Shakespeare themed oil paintings appears in Shakespeare in American Painting : A Catalogue from the Late Eighteenth Century to the Present by Richard Studing. She began painting in earnest in the mid-1960s while teaching art at Ramapo Community College, Rockland County, New York. In 1979 she opened the Shambles Gallery in Santa Cruz, California and in 1984 opened the Shakespeare Art Museum in Ashland, Oregon. Background Born in the Williamsburg slum in Brooklyn , New York to Russian and Polish Jewish immigrants, third youngest of eight children, Tompkins found her love of Shakespeare as an adolescent while residing in various foster homes after being placed as a baby in the Brooklyn Hebrew Orphan Asylum . In 1937 she graduated Girls Commercial High School in NYC with an Art Diploma. She became active in the progressiv ...more...



Florida Symphony Youth Orchestra

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Florida Symphony Youth Orchestra is a music education program consisting of six ensembles of nearly 300 student musicians. The organization is under the musical direction of Hanrich Claassen. FSYO is the oldest youth symphony in the state of Florida and believed to be the 3rd oldest in the southeastern United States. The FSYO was previously affiliated with the now-defunct Florida Symphony Orchestra . History FSYO was founded in 1957 by Alphonse Carlo, who was both the concertmaster of the professional Florida Symphony Orchestra and an associate professor of music at Rollins College . The first rehearsals were held at Rollins College. From the very beginning through the late 1970s, the youth orchestra was jointly supported and sponsored by both the Florida Symphony Society (which was the parent organization of the now-defunct Florida Symphony Orchestra) through its Women’s Committee and the Rollins College School of Creative Arts. On November 29, 1959, the youth orchestra had its first In public concert in Eu ...more...



Tampa, Florida

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Tampa ( ) is a major city in, and the county seat of, Hillsborough County , Florida , United States. It is on the west coast of Florida on Tampa Bay , near the Gulf of Mexico , and is the largest city in the Tampa Bay Area . The city had a population of 335,709 at the 2010 census , and an estimated population of 377,165 in 2016. Archaeological evidence indicates the shores of Tampa Bay were inhabited by indigenous peoples for thousands of years. The Safety Harbor culture developed in the area around the year 1000 AD, and the descendant Tocobaga and Pohoy chiefdoms were living in or near the current city limits of Tampa when the area was first visited by Spanish explorers in the 16th century . Interactions between native peoples and the Spanish were brief and often violent, and although the newcomers did not stay for long, they introduced European diseases which brought the collapse of native societies across the Florida peninsula over the ensuing decades. Although Spain claimed all of Florida and beyond as ...more...



Great Fire of 1901

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The Great Fire of 1901 was a conflagration that occurred in Jacksonville, Florida , on May 3, 1901. It was one of the worst disasters in Florida history and the third largest urban fire in the US, next to the Great Chicago Fire , and the 1906 San Francisco fire . Fire Origin In 1901, Jacksonville was a city which consisted mainly of wooden buildings with wood shingled roofs. The city itself had been suffering under a prolonged drought, leaving the building exteriors across the city dry and fire-prone. At around noon on Friday, May 3, 1901, workers at the Cleaveland Fibre Factory, located on the corner of Beaver and Davis Streets, left for lunch. Several minutes later, sparks from the chimney of a nearby building started a fire in a pile of Spanish moss that had been laid out to dry. First, factory workers tried to put it out with a few buckets of water, as they had frequently done on similar occasions. However, the blaze was soon out of control due to the wind picking up out of the east. A brisk northwest ...more...



William Augustus Edwards

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William Augustus Edwards , also known as William A. Edwards , (December 8, 1866 – March 30, 1939) was an Atlanta -based American architect renowned for the educational buildings, courthouses and other public and private buildings that he designed in Florida , Georgia and his native South Carolina . More than 25 of his works have been listed on the National Register of Historic Places . Early life and education William Augustus Edwards was born in Darlington, South Carolina , the son of Augustus Fulton Edwards and his wife, Elizabeth Sarah Hart. After graduating from St. David's School in Society Hill , Edwards attended Richmond College, now the University of Richmond for one year and then entered the University of South Carolina where he received a degree in mechanical engineering in 1889. Career history He and another Darlington County native, Charles Coker Wilson, set up an office together in Columbia, having previously worked in Roanoke, Virginia . The two men prospered for a time, but in 1901 Edwards foun ...more...



Alpha Kappa Psi (sorority)

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Alpha Kappa Psi ( ΑΚΨ ) sorority operated in the United States from 1900 to approximately 1920. Early history In 1900, Alpha Kappa Psi was founded as the first Greek letter sorority on the campus of Saint Mary's School in Raleigh , North Carolina . Rev. Theodore DuBose Bratton , eventual bishop of Mississippi (1903), assisted his students with the creation. The purpose was to "foster the highest ideals of Christian womanhood" (Saint Mary's Archives). The first initiation was held in 1901. Two Greek lettered literary societies were also founded on campus in 1900: Epsilon Alpha Pi, Sigma Lambda. Going National In 1904, AKP was incorporated as a national sorority. Soon, other chapters were chartered. Beta chapter was chartered at Virginia Female Institute (Stuart Hall) in Staunton, Virginia . The next eight years were the "heyday" of the sorority. Chapters were chartered at schools in Florida , Georgia , South Carolina , Washington DC , and Pennsylvania . The Alpha chapter disbanded in 1911, when rector Dr. Geo ...more...




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