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Kandy Lake

Kandy Lake (Sinhalese: බෝගම්බර වැව/ කිරි මූද), also known as Kiri Muhuda or the Sea of Milk, is an artificial lake in the heart of the hill city of Kandy, Sri Lanka, built in 1807 by King Sri Wickrama Rajasinghe next to the Temple of the Tooth. Over the years, it was reduced in size. It is a protected lake, with fishing banned. There are many legends and folklore regarding the lake. One such is that the small island at its center was used by the king's helm for bathing and was connected to the palace by secret tunnel.

History

Kandy Lake, the main body of water in Kandy in central Sri Lanka, is a man-made lake created in 1807 by the last Sinhalese king of Kandy, Sri Wickrama Rajasinghe, using forced labor. Deveda Moolacharya is considered the architect of the Kandy Lake. The king used land which was a paddy field to create the lake. The king first built a dam across the paddy fields, starting from the Pattiruppuwa (Octogen) side, where the steps leading into the lake by the Mahamaluwa (Esplanade) are still visible, stretching across to the Poya-maluwa. The dam, upon which a roadway was constructed, allowed the king to go across to the Malwatte Vihare. According to D’Oyley, the dam was constructed between 1810–1812. It stands as an indictment of the excesses of the Kandyan monarchy for wasting away national resources to build an ornamental lake at a time when the kingdom was under serious threat. When a hundred of his advisors advised King Sri Wickrama Rajasinghe against building the lake, he had them impaled on the reservoir bund of the paddy field which he was converting into the ornamental lake. It was not long before the British captured him, with help from his own noblemen disgruntled by his irrational policies.

Description

Kandy Lake has a perimeter of 3.4 kilometres (2.1 mi) and a maximum depth of 18 metres (59 ft). A decorative wall, called Walakulu wall, runs for 630 metres (2,070 ft) along the banks of the Kandy Lake. In the middle of the lake is an island housing the Royal Summer House. Sri Dalada Maligawa, or Temple of the Sacred Tooth Relic, is located beside the lake across the road. On the opposite side of the road from the Temple of the Tooth Relic is the Royal Bathhouse.

The Kandy Lake offers a place for a stroll or a jog. The shady path surrounding the lake provides a view of the hills and the town. The lake was created in 1807 by the last Sinhalese King. It is situated by the side of the Temple of the tooth relic. The Malwatte temple, one of the two head temples of the Siyam Nikaya sect of Theravada Buddhism, is also located overlooking the lake. Sri Wickrama Rajasinghe, the last king of Kandy, decorated the lake with the "walakulu" (clouds) wall.

Jayatilleke Mandapaya

Sri Wickrama Rajasinghe built a dam for the purpose of reaching the opposite side of the lake. The king removed the soil from both the palace end and the Malwatte Vihare end, leaving an island behind. At first this island was used as the Royal Summer House for the Queen and the ladies of the court to relax. The British later used it as an ammunition store and added a fortress-style parapet around its perimeter.

Walakula Bamma

The lake is surrounded by a wall called Walakulu Bamma (Sinhalese: වළාකුළු බැම්ම) or Clouds Wall, which was built to increase the beauty of the Kandy Lake. It extends around half of the lake and has taken one skilled architect to build it. Sri Wickrama Rajasinghe was unable to complete the wall before the city was captured by the British and he was forced to relinquish the Kandian kingdom. The Walakulu Bamma still lies unfinished. The triangular shaped holes in the wall were used in the past for lighting oil lamps on festival days.

Ulpange

Ulpange or Queens Bathing Pavilion is situated partly in the waters of the Kandy Lake. The wives and concubines of Sri Wickrama Rajasinghe used the pavilion when bathing in the lake. After the British captured the city they added another storey and used the building as a library. It is currently used as a police post.

Facts about the lake
  • Spill level above: 1740 M.L.S
  • Capacity: 704 acre-feet
  • Perimeter of the tank: 3.4 kilometres (2.1 mi)
  • Maximum depth: 18 metres (59 ft)
  • Length of the decorative wall: 630 metres (2,070 ft)
  • Catchment area: 1.045 Q.M.I

There are a variety of different trees planted around the lake including Nuga trees, palm trees, fruit trees, Sal trees and Mara trees. Some of the trees are about 74 years old. The trees are now maintained by the Municipal Council of Kandy.

There are a number of bird species found on the lake, including:

  • Diyakawa (Indian cormorant)
  • Koka (white egret crane)
  • Ali koka (wood stork)
  • Karawal koka (pelican)
Gallery
Pollution

Pollution of the lake is a serious problem. The government and the surrounding schools are trying to decrease the problem by putting signs and operating environmental societies. Until 1960 the Kandy water board used the lake to distribute water to the surrounding areas. They stopped pumping water from the lake because of the increase in pollution.

See also
References
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List of wars involving Spain

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This is a list of wars fought by the Kingdom of Spain or on Spanish territory. Ancient Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Results Numantine War (143–133 BC) Part of the Roman conquest of Hispania Siege of Numantia Celtiberians Roman Republic Roman victory Expansion of the Roman territory through Celtiberia Cantabrian Wars (29–19 BC) Part of the Roman conquest of Hispania Cantabri Astures Roman Empire Roman victory Cantabria, Galicia and Asturias fell under Roman control as part of Hispania Medieval Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Results Battle of Covadonga (722) Part of the Reconquista Kingdom of Asturias Umayyad Caliphate Victory Battle of the Burbia River (791) Part of the Reconquista Kingdom of Asturias Emirate of Córdoba Defeat Battle of Lutos (794) Part of the Reconquista Kingdom of Asturias Emirate of Córdoba Victory Battle of Las Babias (795) Part of the Reconquista Kingdom of Asturias Emirate of Córdoba Defeat Battle of Guadalacete (852) Part of the Reconquista Kingdom of Asturias Kingdom of Pamplona



Feluda

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Feluda ( Bengali : ফেলুদা ), or Prodosh Chandra Mitra , ( Bengali : প্রদোষ চন্দ্র মিত্র ), who also uses the Anglicised name Pradosh C. Mitter, is a fictional Bengali private investigator starring in a series of Bengali novels of Indian fictional detective novels and short stories written by Indian Bengali film director and writer Satyajit Ray . The detective lives at 21 Rajani Sen Road, Ballygunge , Kolkata , West Bengal, India. Feluda first made his appearance in a Bengali children's magazine called Sandesh in 1965, under the editorialship of Satyajit and Subhas Mukhopadhyay . His first adventure was Feludar Goendagiri . Feluda is often accompanied by his cousin Tapesh (affectionately called Topshe by Feluda), who serves as the narrator of the stories. From the sixth story, Sonar Kella (The Golden Fortress), the duo are joined by a popular thriller writer Jatayu (Lalmohon Ganguli). Feluda has had been filmed at times, with the character been played by Soumitra Chatterjee , Sabyasachi Chakrabarty , Abir Cha



List of surviving North American P-51 Mustangs

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This is a list of surviving North American P-51 Mustangs , including airworthy planes and planes on display. Lynn Garrison with`` RCAF 9281 - 44-73973, 403 Squadron, RCAF 1956. Subsequently flown during 1969 Football war as FAS 407. Returned to America by Jerry Janes and flown as “Cottonmouth". Now owned by Fast Toys Survivors Australia Airworthy A68-118 - Jeff Trappett in Morwell, Victoria . A68-170 - "Duffy's Delight" at RAAF Museum , Point Cook, Victoria . • A68-107 - Pays Air-service in Scone, New South Wales A68-769 - Caboolture Warplane Museum in Caboolture, Queensland . 45-11526 - Wylie Aviation in Perth, Western Australia . On display 44-13106 - Australian War Memorial in Canberra . Under restoration A68-199 - to airworthiness by Peter Gill. 44-84489 - Peter N. Anderson in Sydney, New South Wales . Canada Airworthy 44-73210 - CanAm Investments in The Pas , Manitoba . 44-73463 - Michael Potter in Ottawa . On display 44-73347 - Canada Aviation and Space Museum in Rockcliffe , Ontario . Dominican Republi



Geography of Sri Lanka

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Map of Asia showing the location of Sri Lanka The main island the island nation of Sri Lanka , itself known as Sri Lanka (formerly called Ceylon, Lanka-dvipa, Simhala-dvipa, etc. ), is a South Asian island in the Indian Ocean , southeast of the Indian subcontinent , in a strategic location near major Indian Ocean sea lanes. It has a total area of 65,610 km², with 64,740 km² of land and 870 km² of water. Its coastline is 1,340 km long. Sri Lanka's climate includes tropical monsoons: the northeast monsoon (December to March), and the southwest monsoon (June to October). Its terrain is mostly low, flat to rolling plain, with mountains in the south-central interior. The highest point is Pidurutalagala at 2,524.13 m. Natural resources include limestone , graphite , mineral sands, gems , phosphates , clay, hydropower . Adam's Bridge , a land connection to the Indian mainland, is now mostly submerged with only a chain of limestone shoals remaining above sea level. According to temple records, this natural causeway w



Shelton Ranaraja

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Shelton Ranaraja ( Sinhalese : ෂෙල්ටන් රණරාජා ; 3 November 1926 – 11 August 2011) was a Sri Lankan lawyer, politician and deputy minister. Early life and family Ranaraja was born on 3 November 1926 in Ranwala near Kegalle in central Ceylon . He was the son of landowner and politician P. B. Ranaraja. His father contested the 1931 State Council elections for the Galagedara, losing by 1,055 votes to P. B. Nugawela and unsuccessfully contested the seat at the 1936 State Council elections . His father also ran in the 1952 parliamentary elections as the UNP candidate for Dambulla , losing to H. B. Tenne . His father however subsequently served two terms as a UNP nominated Senator in the Senate of Ceylon . Ranarajara was educated at Trinity College, Kandy and S. Thomas' College, Mount Lavinia . He was a keen sportsman, obtaining colours in athletics, boxing, cricket and swimming. He also played in the 1945 Royal–Thomian match. After school he joined Ceylon Law College where he captained their cricket team.



Moratuwa

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Moratuwa is a large suburb of Colombo city, on the southwestern coast of Sri Lanka , near Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia . It is situated on the Galle – Colombo (Galle road) main highway, 18 km south of Colombo city centre. Moratuwa is surrounded on three sides by water, except in the north of the city, by the Indian Ocean on the west, the Bolgoda lake on the east and the Moratu river on the south. According to the 2012 census, the suburb had a population of 168,280. Moratuwa is also the birthplace of Veera Puran Appu , a resistance fighter against British rule in Kandy , the philanthropist Sir Charles Henry de Soysa and the musician Pandit W. D. Amaradeva . Suburb structure Moratuwa consists of 24 main areas: Angulana, Borupana, Dahampura, Egoda Uyana, Idama, Indibedda, Kadalana, Kaduwamulla, Kaldemulla, Katubedda, Katukurunda, Koralawella, Lakshapathiya, Lunawa, Molpe, Moratumulla, Moratuwella, Puwakaramba, Rawathawatta, Soysapura, Thelawala, Uswatta, Uyana and Willorawatta. History Both Moratuwa and Lakshapathiya



Bulk carrier

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Grain bulk carrier & loading apparatus, Seattle 2010 A bulk carrier, bulk freighter, or bulker is a merchant ship specially designed to transport unpackaged bulk cargo , such as grains, coal, ore, and cement in its cargo holds . Since the first specialized bulk carrier was built in 1852, economic forces have fuelled the development of these ships, causing them to grow in size and sophistication. Today's bulkers are specially designed to maximize capacity, safety, efficiency, and durability. Today, bulkers make up 15% - 17% of the world's merchant fleets and range in size from single-hold mini-bulkers to mammoth ore ships able to carry 400,000  metric tons of deadweight (DWT). A number of specialized designs exist: some can unload their own cargo, some depend on port facilities for unloading, and some even package the cargo as it is loaded. Over half of all bulkers have Greek, Japanese, or Chinese owners and more than a quarter are registered in Panama . South Korea is the largest single builder of bulker



Jeronis de Soysa

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Gate Mudaliyar Jeronis de Soysa (19 April 1797 – 28 May 1862) was a pioneering Ceylonese entrepreneur and philanthropist. He was a pioneer coffee planter and an industrialist who became the wealthiest Ceylonese of the 19th century by establishing the largest native commercial enterprise of the era. He was instrumental in the establishment of the first Ceylonese bank and is often referred to as a father of private enterprise. He was the first Mudaliyar to be elevated in recognition of his philanthropy . Early life Jeronis de Soysa was born on 19 April 1797 at Moratuwa . He was the second son of Warusahennadige Joseph Soysa (Jose Rala), an Ayurveda practitioner and Kurukulasuriya Senadige Francisca Peiris. He had seven brothers and three sisters and was affectionately known as Baba señor . Both his father and grandfather Bastian Soysa and earlier ancestors; Don Francisco, Juan and Manual Soysa Muhandiram were salt and grain merchants having interests in the transportation, boat building and the agricultural se



Monty Panesar

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Mudhsuden Singh Panesar (born 25 April 1982), known as Monty Panesar , is an English international cricketer who currently plays for Northamptonshire . A left-arm spinner , Panesar made his Test debut in 2006 against India in Nagpur and one-day debut for England in 2007. In English county cricket he currently plays for Northamptonshire , and has previously played for Northamptonshire until 2009 and Sussex from 2010-2013 and Essex , He has also played for the Lions in South Africa . Born in Luton to Indian parents, Panesar is a Sikh , and so he wears a black patka (a smaller version of the full Sikh turban ) while playing and training. Many of his fans have emulated him by wearing patkas and fake beards while watching him play. When first selected for England he was widely perceived as being a particularly inept batsman and fielder, which resulted in much ironic cheering; the TMS commentator Henry Blofeld once accidentally referred to him as Monty Python . Panesar lost his place in the England test team, be



Anuradhapura

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Anuradhapura ( Sinhalese : අනුරාධපුරය ; Tamil : அனுராதபுரம் ) is a major city in Sri Lanka . It is the capital city of North Central Province, Sri Lanka and the capital of Anuradhapura District . Anuradhapura is one of the ancient capitals of Sri Lanka , famous for its well-preserved ruins of an ancient Sri Lankan civilization. It was the third capital of the Kingdom of Rajarata , following the kingdoms of Tambapanni and Upatissa Nuwara . The city, now a UNESCO World Heritage Site , was the centre of Theravada Buddhism for many centuries. The city lies 205 km (127 mi) north of the current capital Colombo in the North Central Province , on the banks of the historic Malvathu Oya . It is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world and one of the eight World Heritage Sites of Sri Lanka . It is believed that from the fourth century BC until the beginning of the 11th century AD it was the capital of the Sinhalese .During this period it remained one of the most stable and durable centres of politica



Battle of Mulleriyawa

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The Battle of Mulleriyawa ( Sinhalese : මුල්ලේරියාව සටන ) in 1559 was a battle and a part of the Sinhalese–Portuguese War . It was one of the most decisive battles in Sri Lankan history and considered as the worst and most devastating defeat of Portuguese during that period. According to local chronicles the marshlands of Mulleriyawa turned red with blood after the annihilation of the Portuguese . With this victory Sitawaka emerged as a military power which able to challenge the Portuguese expansion. Background Portuguese arrived in Sri Lanka in 1505 and established trade relations with kingdom of Kotte . They erected a fortress in Colombo and garrisoned it. In 1521, King Vijayabahu VII’s three sons mutinied against their father. They ousted him, had him assassinated, and divided the kingdom among themselves, leading to the events which known as “ Spoiling of Vijayabahu ” (Vijayaba Kollaya). The eldest son, Buvanekabahu VII received Kotte with the sea board and ruled with the title of emperor. The second so



Amarapura

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Amarapura ( Burmese : အမရပူရ , pronounced  ) is a former capital of Myanmar , and now a township of Mandalay . Amarapura is bounded by the Irrawaddy river in the west, Chanmyathazi Township in the north, and the ancient capital site of Ava (Inwa) in the south. It was the capital of Myanmar twice during the Konbaung period (1783–1821 and 1842–1859) before finally being supplanted by Mandalay 11 km north in 1859. It is historically referred to as Taungmyo (Southern City) in relation to Mandalay. Amarapura today is part of Mandalay, as a result of urban sprawl . The township is known today for its traditional silk and cotton weaving , and bronze casting. It is a popular tourist day-trip destination from Mandalay. Etymology Amarapura comes from Pali : Amarapūra ( အမရပုရ ), which means "city of immortality." History Royal palace of king Bodawpaya at Amarapura, during the visit of the British Embassy of Michael Symes , in 1795 Amarapura was founded by King Bodawpaya of the Konbaung Dynasty . He founded Amarapura as



Freedomland U.S.A.

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Freedomland U.S.A. (usually called just Freedomland ) was a short-lived, American history-themed amusement park in the Baychester area in the northeastern part of the Bronx borough in New York City . Its slogan was "The World's Largest Entertainment Center" (later, "The World's Largest Outdoor Family Entertainment Center"). Freedomland opened on June 19, 1960. It closed at the end of the 1964 season when it failed to make a profit, and the land was used to build Co-op City . Connections to Walt Disney Freedomland was conceived by Cornelius Vanderbilt Wood (1920–1992), a young Texan who had previously worked in the planning, construction, and management of Disneyland . Hired by Walt Disney in 1953, Wood was the person who selected the orange grove site in Anaheim, California , where Disneyland was eventually built. Wood became very close to Disney during the next two years, but eventually the two men had a falling out. Reasons for this are unclear, but three theories exist: Wood was embezzling money from the



Larry Holmes

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Larry Holmes (born November 3, 1949) is an American former professional boxer who competed from 1973 to 2002. He grew up in Easton, Pennsylvania , which gave birth to his boxing nickname of the "Easton Assassin". Holmes, whose left jab is rated among the best in boxing history, held the WBC heavyweight title from 1978 to 1983, The Ring magazine and lineal heavyweight titles from 1980 to 1985, and the inaugural IBF heavyweight title from 1983 to 1985. He made 20 successful title defenses, placing him third all time, behind only Joe Louis at 25 and Wladimir Klitschko at 22. Holmes is one of only five boxers—along with Joe Frazier , Ken Norton , Leon Spinks and Trevor Berbick —to defeat Muhammad Ali ; he is the only one to have stopped Ali. Holmes won his first 48 professional bouts, including victories over Norton, Ali, Earnie Shavers , Mike Weaver , Gerry Cooney , Tim Witherspoon , Carl Williams and Marvis Frazier , and falling one short of matching Rocky Marciano 's career record of 49–0 when he lost to M



Muttiah Muralitharan

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Deshabandu Muttiah Muralitharan ( Tamil : முத்தையா முரளீதரன் , Sinhalese : මුත්තයියා මුරලිදරන් ; also spelt Muralidaran ; born 17 April 1972) is a former Sri Lankan cricketer who was rated the greatest Test match bowler ever by Wisden Cricketers' Almanack in 2002. He retired from Test cricket in 2010, registering his 800th and final wicket on 22 July 2010 from his final ball in his last Test match. Muralitharan holds the world record for the most wickets in both test and one-day cricket. In 2017, he became the only Sri Lankan to included to the ICC Hall of Fame. Muralitharan took the wicket of Gautam Gambhir on 5 February 2009 in Colombo to surpass Wasim Akram 's ODI record of 502 wickets. He became the highest wicket-taker in Test cricket when he overtook the previous record-holder Shane Warne on 3 December 2007. Muralitharan had previously held the record when he surpassed Courtney Walsh 's 519 wickets in 2004, but he suffered a shoulder injury later that year and was overtaken by Warne. Averaging over



Alliance Française

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The Alliance Française ( French pronunciation: ​ , French Alliance), or AF , is an international organization that aims to promote French language and culture around the world. Created in Paris on 21 July 1883 under the name Alliance française pour la propagation de la langue nationale dans les colonies et à l'étranger (French alliance for the propagation of the national language in the colonies and abroad) — now known simply as Alliance française — its primary concern is teaching French as a second language and is headquartered in Paris . In 2014, the Alliance has 850 centers in 137 countries, on five continents. History First publication of the Alliance française in 1884. Alliance française Paris Ile-de-France Alliance Française de Manille, the oldest branch in the Far East, existing as early as the 1920s. The Alliance was created in Paris on 21 July 1883 by a group of eminent men, including the scientist Louis Pasteur , the diplomat Ferdinand de Lesseps , the writers Jules Verne and Ernest Renan , and the



List of former Royal Air Force stations

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London airport Biggin Hill This list of former RAF Stations is a list of all stations , airfields and administrative headquarters previously used by the Royal Air Force . The stations are listed under any former county or country name which was appropriate for the duration of operation. Stations initially took their station name from the nearest railway station or halt to the airfield, e.g., RAF Abingdon from Abingdon railway station . It has also been stated that RAF stations took their name from the parish in which the station headquarters was located (e.g., Binbrook has never had a railway station.) British Isles Station Pundit Code /USAAF Station Code Country County Operational period Notes RAF Abbots Bromley England Staffordshire 1940–1949 RAF Abbots Ripton England Huntingdonshire part of RAF Alconbury RAF Abbotsinch Scotland Renfrewshire 1933–1943 Passed to Royal Navy / Fleet Air Arm in 1943, now Glasgow International Airport RAF Aberporth Wales Ceredigion 1941–1982 Now Aberporth Airport RAF Abingdon AB



List of RuPaul's Drag Race contestants

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This is a list of contestants who have appeared on the American television show RuPaul's Drag Race . Contestants compete against each other and are progressively eliminated, until just a winner remains, who is crowned "next drag superstar". They are judged by drag queen RuPaul and her panel of judges. The series first aired in 2009 and as of 2017, there have been nine seasons of the show. A total of 113 different participants have been selected as finalists in the show in its eight years running, with nine drag queens — BeBe Zahara Benet , Tyra Sanchez , Raja , Sharon Needles , Jinkx Monsoon , Bianca Del Rio , Violet Chachki , Bob the Drag Queen , and Sasha Velour being crowned so far as "America's Next Drag Superstar". In addition, an All-Stars season aired in 2012 featuring twelve returning contestants from the first four seasons, each competing for a place in the "Drag Race Hall of Fame". The season was won by Chad Michaels , previously a runner-up in season four. In 2015, it was announced All Stars had be



Ceylonese Mudaliyars

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Mudali (or Mudaliyar ) was a colonial title and office in Ceylon (now Sri Lanka). The Portuguese colonials created the Mudaliyar class in the 17th century by enlisting natives of different castes form the coastal areas, who were most likely to serve the Portuguese masters with utmost loyalty. The Dutch continued the practice of the Portuguese. This class used the Mudali as a hereditary title; however, the British re-established a Mudaliyar class, with appointments that had the title of Mudali, this process was stopped in the 1930s when the Native Department of the British government of Ceylon was closed down. All Official and Titular appointments of Mudaliyars were made by the Governor of Ceylon. Appointments were non-transferable and usually hereditary, made to locals from wealthy influential families loyal the British Crown. At present the post of Court Mudliar remain in function in Sri Lankan Courts. History Mudaliyar is a Tamil title, derived from the word முதல் - mudhal, meaning "first", and the honorifi



List of performances on Top of the Pops

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Contents 1960s : 1964 | 1965 | 1966 | 1967 | 1968 | 1969 1970s : 1970 | 1971 | 1972 | 1973 | 1974 | 1975 | 1976 | 1977 | 1978 | 1979 1980s : 1980 | 1981 | 1982 | 1983 | 1984 | 1985 | 1986 | 1987 | 1988 | 1989 1990s : 1990 | 1991 | 1992 | 1993 | 1994 | 1995 | 1996 | 1997 | 1998 | 1999 2000s : 2000 | 2001 | 2002 | 2003 | 2004 | 2005 | 2006 | 2007 This list of performances on Top of the Pops is a chronological account of popular songs performed by recording artists and musical ensembles on Top of the Pops , a weekly BBC One television programme that featured artists from the UK singles chart . The BBC transmitted new installments of the programme weekly from January 1964 through July 2006, and later converted it into a radio programme . This list does not include performances from the radio programme. This film, television or video-related list is incomplete ; you can help by expanding it with reliably sourced additions . 1964 Dusty Springfield - " I Only Want to Be with You ", " I Just Don't Know What to Do wit



Kingdom of Kotte

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Map of Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte (1557 -1565) The Kingdom of Kotte , centered on Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte (located just outside present-day Colombo ), was a kingdom that flourished in Sri Lanka during the 15th century. Etymology The term Kotte is said to have derived from the Malayalam word "Kōttei" which means fortress. The word Kotte was introduced by Nissankamalla Alagakkonara, who was the founder of the fortress. They were believed to be from the city of Vanchi, identified with Kanchipuram of Tamil Nadu . The Alagakkonara family have also been identified to be of Malayali ancestry. Founding Founded as a fortress by Minister Alakesvara (1370–1385) of the Alagakkonara clan of the Kingdom of Gampola during the reign of Vikramabahu III of Gampola to checkmate invasions from South India on the western coast, Parakramabahu VI later made Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte his capital city in 1412. It was well protected by the large swamp which surrounded the area. History Parakramabahu VI first became the king of Raig



History of agriculture

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Ploughing with a yoke of horned cattle in Ancient Egypt . Painting from the burial chamber of Sennedjem , c. 1200 BC The history of agriculture records the domestication of plants and animals and the development and dissemination of techniques for raising them productively. Agriculture began independently in different parts of the globe, and included a diverse range of taxa. At least eleven separate regions of the Old and New World were involved as independent centers of origin . Wild grains were collected and eaten from at least 20,000 BC. From around 9,500 BC, the eight Neolithic founder crops — emmer wheat , einkorn wheat , hulled barley , peas , lentils , bitter vetch , chick peas , and flax —were cultivated in the Levant . Rice was domesticated in China between 11,500 and 6,200 BC, followed by mung , soy and azuki beans. Pigs were domesticated in Mesopotamia around 13,000 BC, followed by sheep between 11,000 and 9,000 BC. Cattle were domesticated from the wild aurochs in the areas of modern Turkey and Pa



Maharagama

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Maharagama is a large suburb of Colombo city in Colombo District , Sri Lanka on the High-Level (A4) Road about 15 km from the centre of the commercial capital. It developed rapidly in the 1980s as a dormitory suburb. Governed by the Maharagama Urban Council, the town possesses facilities like supermarkets, department stores, clothing, food and severages shops to fulfill the needs of citizens. There are number of bus routes passing the area and starting from the suburb that connect Maharagama to all the suburbs. There's a depot of the Sri Lanka Transport Board in Maharagama. Demographics According to the census of 2012, the demographics of Maharagama by ethnicity is as follows. No Ethnicity Population % Of Total 1 Sinhalese 187,363 95.90 2 Sri Lankan Tamils 3,107 1.59 3 Sri Lankan Moors 1,369 0.70 4 Burghers 1,343 0.68 5 Sri Lankan Malays 1,143 0.58 6 Indian Tamils 529 0.27 7 Bharatha 471 0.24 8 Sri Lankan Chetty 82 0.04 9 Other 16 0.00 10 Total 195,355 100 Important places around Maharagama National Youth Ser



SriLankan AirTaxi

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SriLankan Air Taxi was the domestic branch of SriLankan Airlines . The airline flied to destinations across Sri Lanka and had its hub at the waterdrome at Peliyagoda , on the Kelani River . A DHC-6-100 floatplane at Ibbankatuwa Tank, Dambulla Destinations Sri Lankan AirTaxi served the following destinations: Hub Future Seasonal Terminated route City Country IATA ICAO Airport Refs Ampara   Sri Lanka AFK - Kondavattavana Tank Arugam Bay   Sri Lanka AYY - Arugam Bay Lagoon Batticaloa   Sri Lanka BTC - Lady Manning Drive Bentota   Sri Lanka BJT - Bentota River Castlereagh   Sri Lanka NUF - Castlereigh Reservoir Colombo - Dandugama   Sri Lanka DGM - Dandugama Water Aerodrome Colombo - Peliyagoda   Sri Lanka KEZ - Kelani River-Peliyagoda Waterdrome Dambulla   Sri Lanka DBU - Ibbankatuwa Tank Dikwella   Sri Lanka DIW - Mawella Lagoon Hambantota   Sri Lanka HBT - Bandagiriya Tank Iranamadu   Sri Lanka IRU - Iranamadu Waterdrome Jaffna   Sri Lanka - - Jaffna Waterdrome Kalpitiya   Sri Lanka - - Kalpitiya Waterdrome




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