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Kandy Lake

Kandy Lake (Sinhalese: බෝගම්බර වැව/ කිරි මූද), also known as Kiri Muhuda or the Sea of Milk, is an artificial lake in the heart of the hill city of Kandy, Sri Lanka, built in 1807 by King Sri Wickrama Rajasinghe next to the Temple of the Tooth. Over the years, it was reduced in size. It is a protected lake, with fishing banned. There are many legends and folklore regarding the lake. One such is that the small island at its center was used by the king's helm for bathing and was connected to the palace by secret tunnel.

History

The beautiful lake in front of the Temple of the Tooth was formerly a stretch of paddy fields known as Tigolwela. It was converted to a lake by King Sri Wickrama Rajasinha in 1807. As there had been a beautiful pond named 'Kiri-muhuda' (a 'sea of milk') in the middle of the Tigolwela, the lake constructed subsequently too was named, 'Kiri-muhuda'. Deveda Moolacharya is considered the architect of the Kandy Lake. The king first built a dam across the paddy fields, starting from the Pattiruppuwa (Octogen) side, where the steps leading into the lake by the Mahamaluwa (Esplanade) are still visible, stretching across to the Poya-maluwa. The dam, upon which a roadway was constructed, allowed the king to go across to the Malwatte Vihare. According to D’Oyley, the dam was constructed between 1810–1812.

Description

The extent of the Kandy Lake is 6,544 sq. meters. The circumference is 3.21 km. The highest depth is 18.5 meters. The parapet wall giving the appearance of a cloud, is popularly called Walakulu Bemma and measures 633.82 meters. The building located at the center of the lake, together with some ancient ruins, was known as Diyatilaka Mandapaya in the past. It is believed that the Kings used this pavilion for relaxation.

The Kandy Lake offers a place for a stroll or a jog. The shady path surrounding the lake provides a view of the hills and the town. The Malwatte temple, one of the two head temples of the Siyam Nikaya sect of Theravada Buddhism, is also located overlooking the lake.

Jayatilleke Mandapaya

Sri Wickrama Rajasinghe built a dam for the purpose of reaching the opposite side of the lake. The king removed the soil from both the palace end and the Malwatte Vihare end, leaving an island behind. At first this island was used as the Royal Summer House for the Queen and the ladies of the court to relax. The British later used it as an ammunition store and added a fortress-style parapet around its perimeter.

Walakula Bamma

The lake is surrounded by a wall called Walakulu Bamma (Sinhalese: වළාකුළු බැම්ම) or Clouds Wall, which was built to increase the beauty of the Kandy Lake. It extends around half of the lake and has taken one skilled architect to build it. Sri Wickrama Rajasinghe was unable to complete the wall before the city was captured by the British and he was forced to relinquish the Kandian kingdom. The Walakulu Bamma still lies unfinished. The triangular shaped holes in the wall were used in the past for lighting oil lamps on festival days.

Ulpange

Ulpange or Queens Bathing Pavilion is situated partly in the waters of the Kandy Lake. The wives and concubines of Sri Wickrama Rajasinghe used the pavilion when bathing in the lake. After the British captured the city they added another storey and used the building as a library. It is currently used as a police post.

Facts about the lake
  • Spill level above: 1740 M.L.S
  • Capacity: 704 acre-feet
  • Perimeter of the tank: 3.4 kilometres (2.1 mi)
  • Maximum depth: 18 metres (59 ft)
  • Length of the decorative wall: 630 metres (2,070 ft)
  • Catchment area: 1.045 Q.M.I

There are a variety of different trees planted around the lake including Nuga trees, palm trees, fruit trees, Sal trees and Mara trees. Some of the trees are about 74 years old. The trees are now maintained by the Municipal Council of Kandy.

There are a number of bird species found on the lake, including:

  • Diyakawa (Indian cormorant)
  • Koka (white egret crane)
  • Ali koka (wood stork)
  • Karawal koka (pelican)
Gallery
Pollution

Pollution of the lake is a serious problem. The government and the surrounding schools are trying to decrease the problem by putting signs and operating environmental societies. Until 1960 the Kandy water board used the lake to distribute water to the surrounding areas. They stopped pumping water from the lake because of the increase in pollution.

See also
  • Kandy
  • Lakes of Sri Lanka
References
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Paththirippuwa

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Paththirippuwa or Pattirippuwa is an octagonal pavilion and one of three main structures which comprise the Temple of the Tooth (Sri Dalada Maligawa). The name is derived from the Tamil language, whereby "Parthu" means 'to see' and "Irippu" means 'seated', the combination of which is 'to sit and see all around'. The front section of the temple, together with the Pattirippuwa was built in 1802, during the reign of King Sri Vickrama Rajasingha, by the royal architect, Devendra Moolacharya. Moolacharya is also credited with the designing and construction of the Magul Maduwa (the Audience Hall), the Kandy Lake (Kiri Muhuda), Walakula Bamma (Cloud Wall) and Diyarella Bemma. The Pattirippuwa was constructed on the site of the old temple kitchen. The Pattirippuwa was intended as a place where Rajasingha could exhibit the sacred tooth relic to the surrounding populous, view the temple festivals, peraheras and on important occasions address his subjects. The symbolism of it's octagonal form, reinforced the view th ...more...



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Lake Gregory (Nuwara Eliya)

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Chandran Rutnam

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D. R. Wijewardena

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Don Richard Wijewardena (Sinhala:දොන් රිච්ඩ් විජෙවර්ධන) (23 February 1886 – 13 June 1950) was a Sri Lankan press baron who was a leader in the Sri Lankan independence movement. A successful entrepreneur, he established Lake House newspapers and played a major role in the independence movement. Early life and education The young Wijewardena attended the prestigious St Thomas' College, Mt. Lavinia. Don Richard Wijewardena went on to study at the University of Cambridge in the United Kingdom. D.R.Wijewardena along with another Sri Lankan freedom fighter E.W.Perera, successfully traced the banner of the last King of Sri Lanka. It subsequently became the flag of the Dominion of Ceylon. D. R. Wijewardena was born as the third male child of seven sons and two daughters Muhandiram Tudugalage Don Philip Wijewardene, a timber merchant of Sedavatta and Helena Weerasinghe. He lost his father at a very young age and was raised by his mother. His brothers were Don Philip Alexander, Don Lewis, Don Charles ...more...



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Gate Mudaliyar Jeronis de Soysa (19 April 1797 – 28 May 1862) was a pioneering Ceylonese entrepreneur and philanthropist. He was a pioneer coffee planter and an industrialist who became the wealthiest Ceylonese of the 19th century by establishing the largest native commercial enterprise of the era. He was instrumental in the establishment of the first Ceylonese bank and is often referred to as a father of private enterprise in British Ceylon. He was the first Mudaliyar to be elevated in recognition of his philanthropy. Early life Jeronis de Soysa was born on 19 April 1797 at Moratuwa. He was the second son of Warusahennadige Joseph Soysa (Jose Rala), an Ayurveda practitioner and Kurukulasuriya Senadige Francisca Peiris. He had seven brothers and three sisters and was affectionately known as Babaseñor. Both his father and grandfather Bastian Soysa and earlier ancestors; Don Francisco, Juan and Manual Soysa Muhandiram were salt and grain merchants having interests in the transportation, boat building and th ...more...



Louis Walsh

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Sigiriya

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Sigiriya or Sinhagiri (Lion Rock Sinhalese : සීගිරිය , Tamil : சிகிரியா , pronounced see-gi-ri-yə) is an ancient rock fortress located in the northern Matale District near the town of Dambulla in the Central Province , Sri Lanka . The name refers to a site of historical and archaeological significance that is dominated by a massive column of rock nearly 200 metres (660 ft) high. According to the ancient Sri Lankan chronicle the Culavamsa , this site was selected by King Kasyapa (477 – 495 CE) for his new capital. He built his palace on the top of this rock and decorated its sides with colourful frescoes. On a small plateau about halfway up the side of this rock he built a gateway in the form of an enormous lion. The name of this place is derived from this structure —Sīhāgiri, the Lion Rock. The capital and the royal palace was abandoned after the king's death. It was used as a Buddhist monastery until the 14th century. Sigiriya today is a UNESCO listed World Heritage Site . It is one of the best preserved exa ...more...



Xanth

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Xanth ( ZANTH) is a fantasy world created by author Piers Anthony for his Xanth series of novels, also known as The Magic of Xanth. Anthony originally intended for Xanth to be a trilogy, and after the success of the first three books expanded the series to nine books. A devoted fan base persuaded the author to continue writing the series, which is now open-ended. In an interview with AgonyBooth.com, Anthony stated that he has kept the series going as long as he has because the Xanth novels are "just about the only thing the publishers want" from him. Name The name Xanth pronounced as part of the author's name ("Piers Anthony"), is in itself an unintentional pun, matching the playful tone of the books. Books As of August 2017, there are 41 novels, with the latest novel being released in April 2017. Number Title Pub. Year Main character 1 A Spell for Chameleon 1977 Bink 2 The Source of Magic 1979 Bink 3 Castle Roogna 1979 Dor 4 Centaur Aisle 1982 Dor 5 Ogre, Ogre 1982 Smash Ogre 6 Night Mare 1983 Mare ...more...



Battle of Mulleriyawa

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The Battle of Mulleriyawa ( Sinhalese : මුල්ලේරියාව සටන ) in 1559 was a battle and a part of the Sinhalese–Portuguese War . It was one of the most decisive battles in Sri Lankan history and considered as the worst defeat of Portuguese during that period. According to local chronicles the marshlands of Mulleriyawa turned red with blood after the annihilation of the Portuguese . With this victory Sitawaka emerged as a military power which able to challenge the Portuguese expansion. Background Portuguese arrived in Sri Lanka in 1505 and established trade relations with kingdom of Kotte . They erected a fortress in Colombo and garrisoned it. In 1521, King Vijayabahu VII’s three sons mutinied against their father. They ousted him, had him assassinated, and divided the kingdom among themselves, leading to the events which known as “ Spoiling of Vijayabahu ” (Vijayaba Kollaya). The eldest son, Buvanekabahu VII received Kotte with the sea board and ruled with the title of emperor. The second son received the princi ...more...



Buddhist pilgrimage

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The most important places of pilgrimage in Buddhism are located in the Gangetic plains of Northern India and Southern Nepal , in the area between New Delhi and Rajgir . This is the area where Gautama Buddha lived and taught, and the main sites connected to his life are now important places of pilgrimage for both Buddhists and Hindus . However, many countries that are or were predominantly Buddhist have shrines and places which can be visited as a pilgrimage. Pilgrims, Tsurphu Gompa , Tibet, 1993 Places where Buddha lived Four main pilgrimage sites Gautama Buddha is said to have identified four sites most worthy of pilgrimage for his followers, saying that they would produce a feeling of spiritual urgency. These are: Bodh Gaya : (in the current Mahabodhi Temple , Bihar , India ), is the most important religious site and place of pilgrimage, the Mahabodhi Temple houses what is believed to be the Bodhi Tree where the Buddha realized enlightenment and Buddhahood. Lumbini : birthplace of Gautama Buddha (in Nepal ) ...more...



List of wars involving the United Kingdom

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This is a list of wars involving the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and its predecessors the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland and generally the British Isles. Notable militarized interstate disputes are included. The Kingdom of Great Britain was formed in 1707 through the Acts of Union 1707, which united the kingdoms of England and Scotland into a single kingdom encompassing the whole island of Great Britain and its outlying islands. It did not include the Kingdom of Ireland, which although under British control, remained a separate realm. On 1 January 1801, the kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland were merged to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. In 1922, five-sixths of Ireland seceded from the United Kingdom and the state was renamed the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. During its history, British forces or forces with a British mandate have invaded, had some control over ...more...



List of Latin phrases (full)

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This page lists direct English translations of common Latin phrases. Some of the phrases are themselves translations of Greek phrases, as Greek rhetoric and literature reached its peak centuries before that of ancient Rome. This list is a combination of the twenty divided "List of Latin phrases" pages, for users who have no trouble loading large pages and prefer a single page to scroll or search through. The content of the list cannot be edited here, and is kept automatically in sync with the separate lists through the use of transclusion. A Latin Translation Notes a maiore ad minus from the greater to the smaller From general to particular; "What holds for all X also holds for one particular X." – argumentum a fortiori a minore ad maius from the smaller to the greater an inference from smaller to bigger; what is forbidden at least is forbidden at more ("If riding a bicycle two on it is forbidden, riding it three on it is at least similarly punished".) A solis ortu usque ad occasum from sunrise to sunset ...more...



List of A1 roads

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A list of roads designated A1 , sorted by alphabetical order of country. A01 highway (Afghanistan) , a long ring road or beltway connecting Kabul, Kandahar, Herat and Mazar A1 motorway (Albania) , connecting Durrës and Kukës A001 highway (Argentina) , a beltway surrounding the city of Buenos Aires A1 road (Australia) may refer to several roads part of the highway 1 including the following segments: A1 highway (Queensland) , connecting Brisbane and Cairns A1 highway (South Australia) , connecting Victoria via Mount Gambier, Adelaide and Port Augusta to Western Australia A1 highway (Victoria) , connecting New South Wales via Melbourne and Portland to South Australia A1 (New South Wales) , consisting of several discrete sections including the Princes Highway and Pacific Highway A1 motorway (Austria) , connecting Vienna and Salzburg. A1 motorway (Belgium) , connecting Brussels, Antwerp and Breda A1 highway (Bosnia and Herzegovina) , carrying Corridor Vc A1 highway (Botswana) , connecting Gaborone and Francistown ...more...



Colombo Harbour

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The Port of Colombo (known as Port of Kolomtota during the early 14th Century Kotte Kingdom) is the largest and busiest port in Sri Lanka. Located in Colombo, on the southwestern shores on the Kelani River, it serves as an important terminal in Asia due to its strategic location in the Indian Ocean. During the 1980s, the port underwent rapid modernization with the installation of Cranes, Gantries and other modern-day terminal requirements. Currently with a capacity of 5.7 million TEUs and a dredged depth of over 15 m (49 ft), the Colombo Harbour is one of the busiest ports in the world, and ranks among the top 35 ports. It is also one of the biggest artificial harbours in the world handling most of the country's foreign trade. It has an annual cargo tonnage of 30.9 million tons. The port is also the naval base for Sri Lanka Navy Western Fleet under the Commander Western Naval Area (COMWEST). The Port of Colombo is home to the second tallest building in South Asia and is the center for many commercial intere ...more...



Amarapura

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Amarapura (Burmese: အမရပူရ, pronounced ) is a former capital of Myanmar, and now a township of Mandalay. Amarapura is bounded by the Irrawaddy river in the west, Chanmyathazi Township in the north, and the ancient capital site of Ava (Inwa) in the south. It was the capital of Myanmar twice during the Konbaung period (1783–1821 and 1842–1859) before finally being supplanted by Mandalay 11 km north in 1859. It is historically referred to as Taungmyo (Southern City) in relation to Mandalay. Amarapura today is part of Mandalay, as a result of urban sprawl. The township is known today for its traditional silk and cotton weaving, and bronze casting. It is a popular tourist day-trip destination from Mandalay. Etymology Amarapura comes from Pali: Amarapūra (အမရပုရ), which means "city of immortality." History Royal palace of king Bodawpaya at Amarapura, during the visit of the British Embassy of Michael Symes, in 1795 Amarapura was founded by King Bodawpaya of the Konbaung Dynasty. He founded Amarapura as ...more...



Mohammedan S.C. (Kolkata)

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Mohammedan Sporting Club, not to be confused with Mohammedan Sporting Club (Dhaka), founded in 1891 at Kolkata, is one of the oldest and leading football clubs in India. The club currently plays in the I-League 2nd Division and premier division of Calcutta Football League(CFL). Mohammedan Sporting is one of the most popular football clubs in India with a support base in all parts of the country. Mohammedan was the first Indian Club to win CFL in 1934 and continued their run till 1938 season. Before Independence, numerous triumph against British teams earned the club huge support from all Indian. Mohammedan Sporting Club became the entity against British oppression and the support continued even after Independence. The club also became the first Indian club to win Durand Cup in 1940. After Independence, the club also became the first Indian club to win on foreign soil by lifting Aga Khan Gold Cup in 1960. The club enjoys rivalries with Mohun Bagan A.C. and East Bengal F.C. and three of these clubs of Kolkata ...more...



Sunday Observer (Sri Lanka)

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Sunday Observer is a weekly English-language newspaper in Sri Lanka , published on Sundays. The Sunday Observer and its sister newspapers the Daily News , Dinamina , Silumina and Thinakaran are published by Associated Newspapers of Ceylon Limited (Lake House), a government-owned corporation. The paper, which was established in the present-day format in 1928, has roots that date back to 1834 when Sri Lanka was under the British rule . It is the oldest Sri Lankan newspaper in circulation apart from the Government Gazette . Present Editor is Lakshman Gunasekara. History Origins The British captured the coastal areas of Sri Lanka in 1796 and had consolidated their power throughout the island by 1818. In 1829 the Colonial Office appointed the Colebrooke-Cameron Commission to evaluate the administration of the country under the Governor of Ceylon , Edward Barnes , and to recommend reforms. The commission's recommendations, presented in 1833, marked the beginning of the modern period of Sri Lanka. One was to la ...more...



Anuradhapura Kingdom

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The Anuradhapura Kingdom ( Sinhala : අනුරාධපුර රාජධානිය , Tamil :அனுராதபுர இராச்சியம்), named for its capital city , was the first established kingdom in ancient Sri Lanka and Sinhalese people . Founded by King Pandukabhaya in 377 BC, the kingdom's authority extended throughout the country, although several independent areas emerged from time to time, which grew more numerous towards the end of the kingdom. Nonetheless, the king of Anuradhapura was seen as the supreme ruler of the country throughout the Anuradhapura period. Buddhism played a strong role in the Anuradhapura period, influencing its culture, laws, and methods of governance. Society and culture were revolutionized when the faith was introduced during the reign of King Devanampiya Tissa ; this cultural change was further strengthened by the arrival of the Tooth Relic of the Buddha in Sri Lanka and the patronage extended by her rulers. Invasions from South India were a constant threat throughout the Anuradhapura period. Rulers such as Dutthagamani ...more...



University of Peradeniya

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The University of Peradeniya ( Sinhalese : පේරාදෙණිය විශ්ව විද්‍යාලය , Tamil : பேராதனைப் பல்கலைக்கழகம் ) is a state university in Sri Lanka , funded by the University Grants Commission . It was established as the University of Ceylon in 1942. The University of Peradeniya hosts nine faculties (including the newly added Management faculty), two postgraduate institutes, 10 centres, 73 departments, and teaches about 11,000 students in the fields of Medicine, Agriculture, Arts, Science, Engineering, Dental Sciences, Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, Management and Allied Health Science. It claims to have the largest government endowment by a higher education institution in Sri Lanka, based on its large staff and faculties/departments. Ranking In 2016 University of Peradeniya has been ranked by 1st place for excellence. In Sri Lanka University of Peradeniya has been ranked in 2nd place for total evaluated rank. This has been published by Webometrics in September 2016. In 2013 University of Peradeniya was ra ...more...



Devaka Fernando

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Devaka Fernando , MBBS , MSc , MD , FRCP , is an award-winning Sri Lankan physician and academic. He was president of the Osteoporosis Society of Sri Lanka and a professor of medicine at the University of Sri Jayawardanapura . Education Fernando was educated at Dean Row School in Cheshire, UK , Shore Country Day School in Beverly, Massachusetts and S. Thomas' College, Mt Lavinia , Sri Lanka . He received a Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery degree from the Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo . Fernando received a Doctor of Medicine degree and membership of the Royal College of Physicians, trained in public health at the University of Manchester (Master of Science in Clinical Epidemiology) and trained as a specialist at the Manchester Royal Infirmary . Educational and professional activities Fernando was a consulting physician in diabetes and the endocrinology department of the Sri Jayawardanapura General Hospital and a senior lecturer in the faculty of medicine at the University of Colombo. ...more...



Battaramulla

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Battaramulla is a suburb of the city of Colombo , situated 5.2 miles from the City Centre at Colombo Fort , near the Parliament of Sri Lanka. It is one of the fastest developing administrative, commercial and residential areas in the Colombo District being home to the country's elite. By present Battaramulla has been an important town in Sri Lanka, because of the Sri Lanka government decided to locate all the government department head offices in this town. History of Battaramulla Battaramulla has always been an adjunct to Kotte , which lay on the opposite side of the Diyawanna Oya. At the time of the Kotte Kingdom , the cooks at the royal palace would travel there daily by ferry across the Diyawanna Oya. The place they embarked was called bat-tota-mulla ('cooked rice-landing-corner', 'cooked rice' being a synonym for a meal), which became 'Battaramulla'. Kotiyagoda, a suburb of Battaramulla, derived its name from kotuwe-egoda ('the shore opposite the fortress'). This pattern was followed when the Parliament ...more...



Anuradhapura

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Anuradhapura ( Sinhalese : අනුරාධපුරය ; Tamil : அனுராதபுரம் ) is a major city in Sri Lanka . It is the capital city of North Central Province, Sri Lanka and the capital of Anuradhapura District . Anuradhapura is one of the ancient capitals of Sri Lanka , famous for its well-preserved ruins of an ancient Sri Lankan civilization. It was the third capital of the Kingdom of Rajarata , following the kingdoms of Tambapanni and Upatissa Nuwara . The city, now a UNESCO World Heritage Site , was the centre of Theravada Buddhism for many centuries. The city lies 205 km (127 mi) north of the current capital Colombo in the North Central Province , on the banks of the historic Malvathu Oya . It is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world and one of the eight World Heritage Sites of Sri Lanka . It is believed that from the fourth century BC until the beginning of the 11th century AD it was the capital of the Sinhalese . During this period it remained one of the most stable and durable centres of politic ...more...



Alliance Française

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L'Alliance Française ( French pronunciation: ​ , French Alliance), or AF , is an international organization that aims to promote French language and culture around the world. Created in Paris on 21 July 1883 under the name Alliance française pour la propagation de la langue nationale dans les colonies et à l'étranger (French alliance for the propagation of the national language in the colonies and abroad) — now known simply as Alliance française — its primary concern is teaching French as a second language and is headquartered in Paris . In 2014, the Alliance has 850 centers in 137 countries, on five continents. History First publication of the Alliance française in 1884. Alliance française Paris Ile-de-France Alliance Française de Manille, the oldest branch in the Far East, existing as early as the 1920s. The Alliance was created in Paris on 21 July 1883 by a group of eminent men, including the scientist Louis Pasteur , the diplomat Ferdinand de Lesseps , the writers Jules Verne and Ernest Renan , and the p ...more...



School song

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A school song, alma mater, school hymn or school anthem is the patronal song of a school. In England, this tradition is particularly strong in public schools and grammar schools. List of school hymns and songs Please note: This list by no means comprehensive Australia Cranbrook School, Sydney - Schola Nostra The Glennie School - Now Thank We All Our God Melbourne High School - Honour the Work Somerville House - Our God, Our Help in Ages Past Sydney Boys High School - The Sydney Boys High School Song The University High School - Strenue ac Fideliter Canada Bishop's University - "Raise a toast" Trinity College, University of Toronto - Met' agona stephanos McGill University - Hail, Alma Mater (formal) and James McGill Selwyn House School - O God of All Being Upper Canada College - Praise My Soul, the King of Heaven Croatia Serbian Orthodox Secondary School - Hymn to Saint Sava England Addey and Stanhope - School Song Bedford School - Domus Pater Barnard Castle School - Jerusalem Charte ...more...



Kemah Boardwalk

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The Kemah Boardwalk is a 60-acre Texas Gulf Coast theme park in Kemah, Texas , approximately 30 miles southeast of Downtown Houston , Texas. The Boardwalk is built entirely along the shores of Galveston Bay and Clear Lake , and is considered among the premier boardwalks in the United States. The complex is owned and operated by Landry’s, Inc ., and is home to more than 10 restaurants, a collection of rides, midway games, attractions, a boutique hotel, a charter yacht, a 400-slip marina and multiple shops. There is no charge to walk around on the boardwalk. Tickets for rides can be purchased individually or all-day ride passes are available. Restaurants on the boardwalk include Landry’s Seafood, Bubba Gump Shrimp Co ., Saltgrass Steak House , Cadillac Bar and many others. History Landry’s, Inc. acquired property along the Kemah Waterfront in 1997 and opened the Kemah Boardwalk in 1998. In 2007 the Boardwalk Bullet , a high-speed wooden roller coaster opened on the boardwalk. The 96-foot-tall, 3,236-foot-l ...more...



Walawe

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The Walawe ( Sinhalese : වලවේ ගඟ ) is one of the main rivers in Sri Lanka which initiates from Adams Peak . It meets the Indian Ocean at the coastal town of Ambalantota . See also List of rivers of Sri Lanka References "Walawe River" . geoview.info. 20 December 2012 . Retrieved 22 October 2015 . The Walawe ( Sinhalese : වලවේ ගඟ ) is one of the main rivers in Sri Lanka which initiates from Adams Peak . It meets the Indian Ocean at the coastal town of Ambalantota . See also List of rivers of Sri Lanka References "Walawe River" . geoview.info. 20 December 2012 . Retrieved 22 October 2015 . ...more...



Commander-in-Chief, India

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During the period of the British Raj, the Commander-in-Chief, India (often "Commander-in-Chief in or of India") was the supreme commander of the British Indian Army. The Commander-in-Chief and most of his staff were based at General Headquarters, India, and liaised with the civilian Governor-General of India. Following the Partition of India in 1947 and the creation of the independent dominions of India and Pakistan, the post was abolished. It was briefly replaced by the position of Supreme Commander of India and Pakistan before the role was abolished in November 1948. Subsequently, the role of Commander-in-Chief was merged into the offices of the Governors-General of India and Pakistan, respectively, before becoming part of the office of President of India from 1950, of the President of Pakistan from 1956. Prior to independence, the official residence was the Flagstaff House, which later became the residence of the first Prime Minister of India; as Teen Murti House, it is now a museum. This is a list ...more...



List of railway stations in Sri Lanka by line

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Ordered by railway track Colombo to Badulla Colombo Fort - Western province Maradana - Western province Dematagoda - Western province Kelaniya - Western province Wanawasala - Western province Hunupitiya - Western province Ederamulla - Western province Horape - Western province Ragama Junction - Western province Walpola - Western province Batuwaththa - Western province Bulugahagoda - Western province Ganemulla - Western province Yagoda, Sri Lanka - Western province Gampaha - Western province Daraluwa - Western province Bemmulla - Western province Magalegoda - Western province Heendeniya Pattiyagoda - Western province Veyangoda - Western province Wadurawa - Western province Keenawala - Western province Pallewela - Western province Ganegoda - Western province Wijaya Rajadahana - Western province Meerigama - Western province Wilwatta - Western province Botale - Western province Ambepussa - Western province Yaththalgoda - North Western province Bujjomuwa - North Western province ...more...



Kabir Hashim

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Mohamed Hashim Mohamed Kabir (Sinhala: කබීර් හෂීම්, Tamil: கபீர் ஹாசிம்; born 19 May 1959) popularly known as Kabir Hashim is a Sri Lankan politician and economist. He is a member of the Parliament of Sri Lanka representing the Kegalle District and is the Minister of Highways, Higher Education and Investment Promotion of the government of Sri Lanka. He also serves as the General Secretary of the United National Party. He was educated at Royal College Colombo and Trinity College Kandy. Political career Kabir was first elected as Member of Parliament in 2001 and had the highest preferential votes in the Kegalle District in 2004. He also served as Minister of Higher Education under former Prime Minister Ranil Wickremasinghe's Government from 2001 to 2004. General Secretary of United National Party On 8 December 2014, Kabir was appointed as General Secretary of United National Party by Ranil Wickremasinghe, In the same day former General Secretary Tissa Attanayake defected to the Sri Lanka Freedom Party. E ...more...



Index of Sri Lanka-related articles (K)

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This page lists Sri Lanka-related articles with titles beginning with an alphabet letter K. K-Zone Ja-Ela K. A. A. Gurusamy K. A. Beena K. A. Gamage K. A. Isaac K. A. Jayapal K. A. Krishnaswamy K. A. Mani K. A. Mathiazhagan K. A. Nilakanta Sastri K. A. P. Viswanatham K. A. Sengottaiyan K. A. Vezhavendan K. Aiyadurai K. Alaguvelu K. Alvapillai K. Ananda Nambiar K. Anantharamu K. Anbazhagan K. Annamalai K. Arulanandan K. Ashanna K. Ashok Kumar K. Atchi Reddy K. B. Ratnayake K. B. S. Mani K. B. Sundarambal K. B. Tilak K. B. V. Sc. Chandrasekaran K. Balabharathi K. Balachander K. Balakrishna kurup K. Balakrishnan K. Balakrishnan (CPI-M) K. Balakrishnan (Tamil Nadu) K. Balapatabendi K. Balasingam K. Balasubramanian K. Baluchamy K. Bhavani Karunakaran K. C. Abraham K. C. Das K. C. Ganesan K. C. Kamalasabayson K. C. Karuppannan K. C. Kesava Pillai K. C. Logeswaran K. C. Palanisamy K. Chandana K. Chandana (cricketer) K. Cheemaichamy K. Chinnasamy K. D. Arulpragas ...more...



N. H. Keerthiratne

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Deshabandu Nuwarapaksa Hewayale Keerthiratne (7 November 1902 - 15 November 1992) was a Sri Lankan politician, philanthropist, and Cabinet Minister of Posts and Broadcasting. He was accepted as being a leader to the oppressed lower class at the time. Keerthiratne was also an agronomist. Early life Nuwarapaksa Hewayale Keerthiratne was born 7 November 1902 in Rambukkana into a well-known family in Rambukkana – Kadugannawa area, who had become affluent by developing their own plantations at the beginning of the 20th century. His father, N. H. Abilinu was one of the largest land owners in Sri Lanka at the time. Keerthiratne was educated at St. Anthony's College, Kandy . Political career N. H. Keerthiratne - Parliament Portrait In 1936, Keerthiratne contested the Dedigama electorate in the second State Council election against four main contestants, Dudley Senanayake , Richard Nugewela, P. B. Dedigama and Mudliyar J.W. Udalagama. Keerthiratne and his supporters were severely harassed and by some of the opponents ...more...




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