Kandy Lake (Sinhalese: බෝගම්බර වැව/ කිරි මූද), also known as Kiri Muhuda or the Sea of Milk, is an artificial lake in the heart of the hill city of Kandy, Sri Lanka, built in 1807 by King Sri Wickrama Rajasinghe next to the Temple of the Tooth. Over the years, it was reduced in size. It is a protected lake, with fishing banned. There are many legends and folklore regarding the lake. One such is that the small island at its center was used by the king's helm for bathing and was connected to the palace by secret tunnel.
Kandy Lake, the main body of water in Kandy in central Sri Lanka, is a man-made lake created in 1807 by the last Sinhalese king of Kandy, Sri Wickrama Rajasinghe, using forced labor. Deveda Moolacharya is considered the architect of the Kandy Lake. The king used land which was a paddy field to create the lake. The king first built a dam across the paddy fields, starting from the Pattiruppuwa (Octogen) side, where the steps leading into the lake by the Mahamaluwa (Esplanade) are still visible, stretching across to the Poya-maluwa. The dam, upon which a roadway was constructed, allowed the king to go across to the Malwatte Vihare. According to D’Oyley, the dam was constructed between 1810–1812. It stands as an indictment of the excesses of the Kandyan monarchy for wasting away national resources to build an ornamental lake at a time when the kingdom was under serious threat. When a hundred of his advisors advised King Sri Wickrama Rajasinghe against building the lake, he had them impaled on the reservoir bund of the paddy field which he was converting into the ornamental lake. It was not long before the British captured him, with help from his own noblemen disgruntled by his irrational policies.
Kandy Lake has a perimeter of 3.4 kilometres (2.1 mi) and a maximum depth of 18 metres (59 ft). A decorative wall, called Walakulu wall, runs for 630 metres (2,070 ft) along the banks of the Kandy Lake. In the middle of the lake is an island housing the Royal Summer House. Sri Dalada Maligawa, or Temple of the Sacred Tooth Relic, is located beside the lake across the road. On the opposite side of the road from the Temple of the Tooth Relic is the Royal Bathhouse.
The Kandy Lake offers a place for a stroll or a jog. The shady path surrounding the lake provides a view of the hills and the town. The lake was created in 1807 by the last Sinhalese King. It is situated by the side of the Temple of the tooth relic. The Malwatte temple, one of the two head temples of the Siyam Nikaya sect of Theravada Buddhism, is also located overlooking the lake. Sri Wickrama Rajasinghe, the last king of Kandy, decorated the lake with the "walakulu" (clouds) wall.
Sri Wickrama Rajasinghe built a dam for the purpose of reaching the opposite side of the lake. The king removed the soil from both the palace end and the Malwatte Vihare end, leaving an island behind. At first this island was used as the Royal Summer House for the Queen and the ladies of the court to relax. The British later used it as an ammunition store and added a fortress-style parapet around its perimeter.
The lake is surrounded by a wall called Walakulu Bamma (Sinhalese: වළාකුළු බැම්ම) or Clouds Wall, which was built to increase the beauty of the Kandy Lake. It extends around half of the lake and has taken one skilled architect to build it. Sri Wickrama Rajasinghe was unable to complete the wall before the city was captured by the British and he was forced to relinquish the Kandian kingdom. The Walakulu Bamma still lies unfinished. The triangular shaped holes in the wall were used in the past for lighting oil lamps on festival days.
Ulpange or Queens Bathing Pavilion is situated partly in the waters of the Kandy Lake. The wives and concubines of Sri Wickrama Rajasinghe used the pavilion when bathing in the lake. After the British captured the city they added another storey and used the building as a library. It is currently used as a police post.
There are a variety of different trees planted around the lake including Nuga trees, palm trees, fruit trees, Sal trees and Mara trees. Some of the trees are about 74 years old. The trees are now maintained by the Municipal Council of Kandy.
There are a number of bird species found on the lake, including:
Pollution of the lake is a serious problem. The government and the surrounding schools are trying to decrease the problem by putting signs and operating environmental societies. Until 1960 the Kandy water board used the lake to distribute water to the surrounding areas. They stopped pumping water from the lake because of the increase in pollution.
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This is a list of airports in Sri Lanka . Airports Airport names shown in bold indicate the facility has scheduled passenger service on a commercial airline. International airports Location served Province ICAO IATA Airport name Usage Runway(s) Coordinates Colombo Western VCBI CMB Bandaranaike International Airport Public/Military 3,350 m (10,990 ft) 4,000 m (13,000 ft) 07°10′52″N 79°53′06″E / 7.18111°N 79.88500°E Colombo Western VCCC RML Ratmalana Airport Public/Military 2,000 m (6,600 ft) 06°49′23″N 79°53′12″E / 6.82306°N 79.88667°E Hambantota Southern VCRI HRI Mattala Rajapaksa International Airport Public 3,500 m (11,500 ft) 06°17′10″N 81°07′32″E / 6.28611°N 81.12556°E Domestic airports Location served Province ICAO IATA Airport name Usage Runway(s) Coordinates Ampara Eastern VCCG ADP Ampara Airport (Gal Oya) Military/Public 1,097 m (3,599 ft) 07°20′15″N 81°37′32″E / 7.33750°N 81.62556°E Anuradhapura North Central VCCA ACJ Anuradhapura Airport Military/Public 1,493 m (4,898 ft) 08°18′05″N
This is a list of conflicts involving the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and its predecessors the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the Kingdom of Great Britain . The Kingdom of Great Britain was formed in 1707 through the Acts of Union 1707 , which united the kingdoms of England and Scotland into a single kingdom encompassing the whole island of Great Britain and its outlying islands. It did not include the Kingdom of Ireland , which although under British control, remained a separate realm. On 1 January 1801, the kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland were merged to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. In 1922, five-sixths of Ireland seceded from the United Kingdom and the state was renamed the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. During its history, British forces or forces with a British mandate have invaded, had some control over or fought conflicts in 171 of the world's 193 countries that are currently UN member states, or nine out of
Rugby union in Sri Lanka is mainly played at a semi-professional and recreational level. It is a popular team sport with a history dating back to 1879. In 2012, according to International Rugby Board figures, there were over 103,000 registered rugby union players in Sri Lanka, making it the second largest rugby-playing nation in Asia, behind Japan . Governing body The Sri Lankan Rugby Football Union (SLRFU) is the governing body in the country. The Sri Lankan Football Union (as Ceylon Rugby Football Union) was founded in 1908, the first Rugby Union in Asia. The SLRFU joined the IRB in 1988. In March 2011 the IRB stripped the SLRFU of full member status after it failed to conduct board elections in accordance with the By-Laws, the SLRFU's full membership however was subsequently re-instated follows the successful completion of the Union’s Annual General Meeting and Board elections. History Early years: 1879-1945 Sri Lanka discovered the game of rugby at the same time as India , and the first rugby club, th
This page lists direct English translations of common Latin phrases. Some of the phrases are themselves translations of Greek phrases , as Greek rhetoric and literature reached its peak centuries before that of ancient Rome . This list is a combination of the twenty divided " List of Latin phrases " pages, for users who have no trouble loading large pages and prefer a single page to scroll or search through. The content of the list cannot be edited here, and is kept automatically in sync with the separate lists through the use of transclusion . A Latin Translation Notes a maiore ad minus from the greater to the smaller From general to particular; "What holds for all X also holds for one particular X." – argumentum a fortiori a minore ad maius from the smaller to the greater an inference from smaller to bigger; what is forbidden at least is forbidden at more ("If riding a bicycle two on it is forbidden, riding it three on it is at least similarly punished".) ab absurdo from the absurd Said of an argument eithe
National Museum of Colombo , also known as the Sri Lanka National Museum is one of two museums in Colombo . It is the largest museum in Sri Lanka . It is maintained by the Department of National Museum of the central government. The museum holds contains a collections of much importance to Sri Lanka such as the regalia of the country, including the throne and crown of the Kandyan monarchs as well as many other exhibits telling the story of ancient Sri Lanka. History Museum In 1896 The Colombo museum as it was called at the beginning was established on 1 January 1877. Its founder was Sir William Henry Gregory the British Governor of Ceylon (Sri Lanka) at the time. The Royal Asiatic Society (CB) was instrumental in bringing to the notice of Gregory on his appointment as Governor in 1872 the need for a public Museum with much difficulty the approval of the legislative council was obtained within a year. The Architect of the Public Works Department, J. G. Smither was able to prepare the plans for new structure on
The following is a list of cities by longitude . Both the latitude and longitude are shown for the following cities , which are sorted by longitude from the west of the Prime Meridian to the east. Each heading should be considered the exact value. For example, 10°E corresponds to exactly 10°00′00.00″E and everything further west should be above this heading while everything further east should be below this heading. Latitude Longitude City Province/State Country 16°30′S 180°00′W Rabi Island N/A Fiji 51°53′N 176°39′W Adak Alaska United States 13°17′S 176°11′W Mata-Utu Wallis and Futuna France 21°08′S 175°12′W Nukuʻalofa N/A Tonga 13°50′S 171°45′W Apia N/A Samoa 14°17′S 170°42′W Pago Pago American Samoa United States 19°03′S 169°55′W Alofi Niue New Zealand 21°12′S 159°46′W Avarua Cook Islands New Zealand 21°19′N 157°50′W Honolulu Hawaii United States 71°18′N 156°46′W Barrow Alaska United States 19°42′N 155°05′W Hilo Hawaii United States 61°13′N 149°54′W Anchorage Alaska U
The Elite Football League of India ( EFLI ) is a professional American football league based in India . It was founded with eight franchises in 2011, and now has 23 franchises throughout South Asia , among whom 20 located in India, two in Sri Lanka and one in Pakistan . The winners of the first championship were Pune Marathas , who claimed the title after defeating Delhi Defenders 6–0 in the Elite Bowl I on 10 November 2012. Establishment In August 2011, the EFLI announced the launch of the league. The aim of the league is to introduce American football to the Indian market and its large consumer base. The organisation's management team consists of United States and Indian business and entertainment executives, and several U.S. sports figures. U.S. brand marketing consultant Sunday Zeller is noted as the founder. Prominent investors include Brandon Chillar an Indian American linebacker from the Super Bowl -winning Green Bay Packers who played eight games that 2010 season until an injury put him on the inju
The Sri Lanka national rugby union team has yet to make their debut at the Rugby World Cup . They have the longest tradition of organised club rugby in Asia, dating back to 1879, which was just 8 years after the founding of the world’s first rugby union in England. They regularly compete in the Asian Five Nations tournament and are currently in Division I. In the 2010 tournament , they made it to the finals beating Chinese Taipei 37 to 7. History national team in 2014 Early years Sri Lanka Rugby has a long history, dating back to the days of British colonialism . The first party to introduce Rugby to Sri Lanka is Kingswood College in Kandy, with the first club, Colombo Football Club , being established on 28 June 1879. The nation's first "national" match was on 12 September 1907 and involved an All Ceylon team against the professional All Blacks (the New Zealand rugby league team ) under rugby union rules on their 1907–1908 New Zealand rugby tour of Australia and Great Britain . The professional All Blacks
Varanus salvator , commonly known as the water monitor , is a large lizard native to South and Southeast Asia . Water monitors are one of the most common monitor lizards found throughout Asia. They range from Sri Lanka and coastal northeast India to Indochina , the Malay Peninsula , and various islands of Indonesia , living in areas close to water. The species is known as Malayan water monitor , Asian water monitor , common water monitor , two-banded monitor , and as rice lizard , ring lizard , plain lizard and no-mark lizard , as well as simply "water monitor". Description The water monitor is a large species of monitor lizard . Breeding maturity is attained for males when they are a relatively modest 40 cm (16 in) long and weigh 1 kg (2.2 lb), and for females at 50 cm (20 in). However, they grow much larger throughout life, with males being larger than females. Adults rarely exceed 1.5–2 m (4.9–6.6 ft) in length, but the largest specimen on record, from Sri Lanka, measured 3.21 m (10.5 ft). A common matur
The following is a list of cities by latitude . Both the latitude and longitude are shown for all cities and sorted by latitude started from the North Pole down to the South Pole . Each heading should be considered the exact value. This means that the 70° N heading corresponds to exactly 70°00′00.00″N and everything farther north should be above this heading, while everything farther south above the north Asian pole "State" can refer to any second-level political subdivision of a country, whether it is called a "State", "Province" or another term. Latitude Longitude City Province/State Country 82°30′N 62°20′W Alert Nunavut Canada 81°36′N 16°40′W Nord Greenland Denmark 79°59′N 85°56′W Eureka Nunavut Canada 78°55′N 11°56′E Ny-Ålesund Svalbard Norway 78°13′N 15°39′E Longyearbyen Svalbard Norway 77°28′N 69°14′W Qaanaaq Greenland Denmark 76°25′N 82°54′W Grise Fiord Nunavut Canada 73°30′N 80°31′E Dikson Krasnoyarsk Krai Russia 72°47′N 56°09′W Upernavik Greenland Denmark 71°39′N 1
Philip Marlowe is a fictional character created by Raymond Chandler . Marlowe first appeared under that name in The Big Sleep , published in 1939. Chandler's early short stories , published in pulp magazines like Black Mask and Dime Detective, featured similar characters with names like "Carmady" and "John Dalmas". Some of those short stories were later combined and expanded into novels featuring Marlowe, a process Chandler called " cannibalizing " but is more commonly known in publishing as a fixup . When the non-cannibalized stories were republished years later in the short story collection The Simple Art of Murder , Chandler changed the names of the protagonists to Philip Marlowe. His first two stories, "Blackmailers Don't Shoot" and "Smart-Aleck Kill" (with a detective named Mallory), were never altered in print but did join the others as Marlowe cases for the television series Philip Marlowe, Private Eye . Marlowe's character is foremost within the genre of hardboiled crime fiction that originated in the
Cargills (Ceylon) PLC is a Sri Lankan Retail , FMCG , Banking and Restaurant company which is listed on the Colombo Stock Exchange . The controlling interest in the company is held by Ceylon Theatres PLC. History In 1844 British businessman William Milne started ‘Milne & Company', general warehousemen, importers of oilman stores etc, with branches in Kandy and Galle. In 1850 Milne was joined by his friend, David Sime Cargill , and the firm became ‘Milne, Cargill & Co'. In 1860 Milne retired from business in Ceylon and moved back to England to form a company in Glasgow to look after the business of Cargill & Co. in the UK. Cargill became sole partner until he was joined by David MacKenzie and the name was changed to ‘Cargill & Co’. The company had a Colombo office at the intersection of Price and York Streets in Colombo Fort , a Kandy office at Upper Lake Road and an office in Galle Fort at 22 Pedlar Street. The Galle office was closed down in 1863. In 1890 the business expanded with th
Xanth ( ZANTH ) is a fantasy world created by author Piers Anthony for his Xanth series of novels, also known as The Magic of Xanth. Anthony originally intended for Xanth to be a trilogy , and after the success of the first three books expanded the series to nine books. A devoted fan base persuaded the author to continue writing the series, which is now open-ended. In an interview with AgonyBooth.com, Anthony stated that he has kept the series going as long as he has because the Xanth novels are "just about the only thing the publishers want" from him. Name The name Xanth pronounced as part of the author's name ("Pier s Anth ony"), is in itself an unintentional pun, matching the playful tone of the books. Books As of August 2017, there are 41 novels, with the latest novel being released in April 2017. Number Title Pub. Year Main character 1 A Spell for Chameleon 1977 Bink 2 The Source of Magic 1979 Bink 3 Castle Roogna 1979 Dor 4 Centaur Aisle 1982 Dor 5 Ogre, Ogre 1982 Smash Ogre 6 Night Mare 1983 Mare Imbri
Holy city is a term applied to many cities, all of them central to the history or faith of specific religions. Such cities may also contain at least one headquarters complex (often containing a religious edifice, seminary, shrine, residence of the leading cleric of the religion and/or chambers of the religious leadership's offices) which constitutes a major destination of human traffic, or pilgrimage to the city, especially for major ceremonies and observances. A holy city is a symbolic city , representing attributes beyond its natural characteristics. Marketing experts have suggested that holy cities may be the oldest brands , and more specifically, place brands because they have value added via the perception of religious adherents. List These cities include: Africa Abydos ( Ancient Egyptian religion ) Aksum ( Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church ) Alexandria ( Coptic Orthodox Church ) Harar ( Islam ) Heliopolis (Ancient Egyptian religion) Nkamba ( Kimbanguism ) Ife ( Yoruba religion ) Kairouan ( Sufi Islam )
Chandran Rutnam (born 29 December 1948) is a Sri Lankan film maker and entrepreneur. Rutnam has hosted numerous Hollywood films for their location shoots in Sri Lanka and Malaysia . He was the Line Producer/Production Supervisor on several international productions including the Sri Lankan location shoot of Paramount Pictures ' Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom (1984) and Indochine (1992). He is the President and Chief Executive Officer of the Asian Film Location Services which mostly hosts foreign films to be shot in South and South East Asia. Steven Spielberg once referred to Rutnam as "Our most valued friend in the Far East". Rutnam has also worked with Sir David Lean , Sir Carol Reed , John Boorman , Steven Spielberg, George Lucas and Regis Wargnier . Rutnam wrote the screenplay, produced, directed and edited the film The Road from Elephant Pass , which was a Finalist Award Winner at the New York International Television and Film Awards in 2011. He also wrote the adapted screenplay and produc
Lalith Wijerathna (Lalith Wijeratna. Lalith Wijeratne alias Aravinda) was a Sri Lankan politician. He was a member of the JVP party in the period 1983-1990. He was known to be appointed as the third leader of the JVP after Rohana Wijeweera and Saman Piyasiri Fernando . Wijerathna was killed in 1990. Family life Lalith Wijerathna was born in Divulapitiya of the Western Province in 1958. Wijerathna belonged to a family of five. His father was a farmer and the mother was a housewife. He had an elder brother and a younger brother named Ranjith Wijerathna who was a laborer at a textile factory. In December, the government security forces raided Lalith Wijerathna's home with the intention of arresting him. However, the forces could not find him, so they arrested the brother Ranjith Wijerathna and his father instead. Subsequently, the father was released, but the brother disappeared. It is believed that Ranjith Wijerathna had been tortured and killed by the government security forces. Education Lalith Wijerathna st
Ordered by railway track Colombo to Badulla Colombo Fort - Western province Maradana - Western province Dematagoda - Western province Kelaniya - Western province Wanawasala - Western province Hunupitiya - Western province Ederamulla - Western province Horape - Western province Ragama Junction - Western province Walpola - Western province Batuwaththa - Western province Bulugahagoda - Western province Ganemulla - Western province Yagoda, Sri Lanka - Western province Gampaha - Western province Daraluwa - Western province Bemmulla - Western province Magalegoda - Western province Heendeniya Pattiyagoda - Western province Veyangoda - Western province Wadurawa - Western province Keenawala - Western province Pallewela - Western province Ganegoda - Western province Wijaya Rajadahana - Western province Meerigama - Western province Wilwatta - Western province Botale - Western province Ambepussa - Western province Yaththalgoda - North Western province Bujjomuwa - North Western province Alawwa - North Western province Wal
Lake Gregory ( Sinhalese : ග්රෙගරි වැව ) is a reservoir in heart of the tea country hill city, Nuwara Eliya , Sri Lanka . Lake Gregory was constructed during the period of British Governor Sir William Gregory in 1873. The lake and the surrounding area make up the Gregory Lake Area. History The area was originally a swampy bog at the foot of the small hills that border the town. In 1873 Sir William Gregory authorised the damming of the Thalagala stream, which originates from Mount Pidurutalagala , in order to make more land available for the expansion of the town. In 1881 the lake was stocked with trout by Mr C. J. R. Le Mesurier (Assistant Government Agent for Nuwara Eliya). In 1913 the waters of the lake were directed into a tunnel which flows to a hydro power station at 'Blackpool' between the town and Nanu Oya . The power station continues to supply electricity to the town to this day. In British times Lake Gregory was used for water sports and recreational activities. References "Gregory Lake, Nuwara
Bogyoke (Major General) Aung San ( Burmese : ဗိုလ်ချုပ် အောင်ဆန်း ; MLCTS : buil hkyup aung hcan: , pronounced ); 13 February 1915 – 19 July 1947) served as the 5th Premier of the British Crown Colony of Burma from 1946 to 1947. Initially he was a communist and later a social democratic politician . He was known as a revolutionary , nationalist , and as the founder of the Tatmadaw , and is considered the Father of the Nation of modern-day Myanmar. He was the founder of the Communist Party of Burma . He was responsible for bringing about Burma's independence from British rule , but was assassinated six months before independence. He is recognized as the leading architect of independence, and the founder of the Union of Burma . Affectionately known as "Bogyoke" (Major General), Aung San is still widely admired by the Burmese people, and his name is still invoked in Burmese politics to this day. Aung San's daughter, Aung San Suu Kyi , is a Burmese stateswoman and politician and a recipient of the Nobel Peace Pr
Bertrum Wijesinha , also spelled Wijesinghe (24 May 1920 – 8 April 2017) was a cricketer who played 17 matches of first-class cricket for Ceylon between 1947 and 1956. Life and working career Bertie Wijesinha was educated at S. Thomas' College, Mount Lavinia , where he was a prominent cricketer. After leaving school, he taught English at S. Thomas' College and coached the cricket team. In 1949 he married Dorothy Wijekoon and in the same year joined the Lake House newspaper group where he ended up as the sports editor of the Sunday Observer . He served as sports editor of the Sunday Observer from 1953 to 1972, and coached the cricket team at Trinity College, Kandy , from 1971 to 1976. He then moved to the United Kingdom, where he worked for 10 years as a clerk for the Navy, Army and Air Force Institutes . He also provided radio commentaries for cricket matches in Sri Lanka for many years, including international matches and the annual Royal–Thomian inter-school match. Cricket career In Ceylon's innings loss
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The long-running British science fiction television series Doctor Who has featured many robots . The Daleks and Cybermen are not listed as they are organic beings that become cyborgs and therefore not true robots. A Adherents of the Repeated Meme Robots that worked for Lady Cassandra and were defeated by the Ninth Doctor . As the Doctor points out, "repeated meme" is just another way of saying "idea". Their jobs was to distribute spheres housing the spider-like robots that infiltrated the systems of Platform One, and sabotage it. Advertising satellite A small robot that delivers junk mail to advertise events, as in The Greatest Show in the Galaxy . The advertising satellite was able to use the TARDIS' viewing screen to show the advertisement. It has some degree of sentience as it took insult to Ace's commit about it being junk mail. Androids (Androzani) Androids created by Sharaz Jek. They are perfectly duplicates of the person they are modeled after, hence why the originals must be gotten out of the way. And
Labor Omnia Vincit 1657, Glasgow Cathedral Labor omnia vincit is a Latin phrase meaning "Work conquers all". The phrase is adapted from Virgil 's Georgics , Book I, line 145–6: ...Labor omnia vicit / improbus ("Steady work overcame all things"). The poem was written in support of Augustus Caesar 's "Back to the land" policy, aimed at encouraging more Romans to become farmers. Labor movement A frequent motto within the U.S labor movement, the phrase is an historically significant slogan . Used by the earliest U.S labor unions such as the American Federation of Labor and other precursors to the modern AFL-CIO , the motto continues to be a traditional and defining statement of purpose on contemporary labor union emblems including the International Union of Operating Engineers and the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America . The motto also appears on the original 1925 flag of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters , the labor union of African-American Pullman Company porters founded by civil rig
Suratissa Diyasena Wijeyeratne ( Sinhala : සුරතිස්ස දියසේන විජයරත්න) (17 February 1923 – 11 July 2002) (known as Tissa Wijeyeratne) was a Sri Lankan politician, diplomat, barrister and businessman. He was also Additional Secretary to the Ministry of External Affairs and Defence , and Senior Advisor (Foreign Affairs) to the Prime Minister . Early life Tissa Wijeyeratne was born 17 February 1923 to a leading family from Sabaragamuwa in Sri Lanka . He was the eldest son of Sir Edwin and Lady Leela Wijeyeratne, of Buddenipola Walauwa , Kegalle . Sir Edwin Wijeyeratne was a former Cabinet Minister of Home Affairs and Rural Development. Tissa Wijeyeratne had two younger brothers, Nissanka and Cuda Wijeyeratne. Nissanka Wijeyeratne was a politician, civil servant , diplomat and Diyawadana Nilame . Dr.Cuda Wijeyeratne who is a consultant psychiatrist . Tissa Wijeyeratne with Prime Minister D.S Senanayake Education Wijeyeratne completed his primary and secondary education at the Royal College, Colombo . Wijeyeratne l
Prohibited airspace refers to an area (volume) of airspace within which flight of aircraft is not allowed, usually due to security concerns. It is one of many types of special use airspace designations and is depicted on aeronautical charts with the letter "P" followed by a serial number. It differs from restricted airspace in that entry is typically forbidden at all times from all aircraft and is not subject to clearance from ATC or the airspace's controlling body. According to the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA): "Prohibited areas contain airspace of defined dimensions identified by an area on the surface of the earth within which the flight of aircraft is prohibited. Such areas are established for security or other reasons associated with the national welfare. These areas are published in the Federal Register and are depicted on aeronautical charts." Part of a Terminal Area Chart , showing the prohibited/restricted airspace surrounding Camp David Some prohibited airspace may be supplemented via
Witiyala Seewalie Thera ( Sinhala :පූජ්ය විටියල සීවලී නාහිමි) is the founder and chief incumbent priest of Minnesota Buddhist Vihara . Currently, he is serving the Buddhist spiritual needs for people in six midwestern states: Minnesota , Wisconsin , South Dakota , North Dakota , Iowa and Nebraska . Early life and education Seewalie Thera was born in Witiyala, Sri Lanka. He was ordained as a Buddhist monk at the age of 12, and received his education at Migadaya Pirivena,(a monk's school) in Matara . He received upasampada (higher ordination), when he was 20, in Malwatta Maha Vihara, Kandy . He received his higher education at Vidyalankara Maha Pirivena , Peliyagoda, Sri Lanka. He obtained the degree of Royal Pundit from Oriental Studies Society of Sri Lanka, B.A. honors degree from University of Kelaniya , M.A. degree from Buddhist and Pali University of Sri Lanka , Doctor of Literature degree from Vidyalankara College, Kelaniya, Diploma in Pali Language & Buddhism from Buddhist and Pali University of Sr
This is a list of wars fought by the Kingdom of Spain or on Spanish territory. Ancient Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Results Numantine War (143–133 BC) Part of the Roman conquest of Hispania Siege of Numantia Celtiberians Roman Republic Roman victory Expansion of the Roman territory through Celtiberia Cantabrian Wars (29–19 BC) Part of the Roman conquest of Hispania Cantabri Astures Roman Empire Roman victory Cantabria, Galicia and Asturias fell under Roman control as part of Hispania Medieval Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Results Battle of Covadonga (722) Part of the Reconquista Kingdom of Asturias Umayyad Caliphate Victory Battle of the Burbia River (791) Part of the Reconquista Kingdom of Asturias Emirate of Córdoba Defeat Battle of Lutos (794) Part of the Reconquista Kingdom of Asturias Emirate of Córdoba Victory Battle of Las Babias (795) Part of the Reconquista Kingdom of Asturias Emirate of Córdoba Defeat Battle of Guadalacete (852) Part of the Reconquista Kingdom of Asturias Kingdom of Pamplona
Feluda ( Bengali : ফেলুদা ), or Prodosh Chandra Mitra , ( Bengali : প্রদোষ চন্দ্র মিত্র ), who also uses the Anglicised name Pradosh C. Mitter, is a fictional Bengali private investigator starring in a series of Bengali novels of Indian fictional detective novels and short stories written by Indian Bengali film director and writer Satyajit Ray . The detective lives at 21 Rajani Sen Road, Ballygunge , Kolkata , West Bengal, India. Feluda first made his appearance in a Bengali children's magazine called Sandesh in 1965, under the editorialship of Satyajit and Subhas Mukhopadhyay . His first adventure was Feludar Goendagiri . Feluda is often accompanied by his cousin Tapesh (affectionately called Topshe by Feluda), who serves as the narrator of the stories. From the sixth story, Sonar Kella (The Golden Fortress), the duo are joined by a popular thriller writer Jatayu (Lalmohon Ganguli). Feluda has had been filmed at times, with the character been played by Soumitra Chatterjee , Sabyasachi Chakrabarty , Abir Cha
This is a list of surviving North American P-51 Mustangs , including airworthy planes and planes on display. Lynn Garrison with`` RCAF 9281 - 44-73973, 403 Squadron, RCAF 1956. Subsequently flown during 1969 Football war as FAS 407. Returned to America by Jerry Janes and flown as “Cottonmouth". Now owned by Fast Toys Survivors Australia Airworthy A68-118 - Jeff Trappett in Morwell, Victoria . A68-170 - "Duffy's Delight" at RAAF Museum , Point Cook, Victoria . • A68-107 - Pays Air-service in Scone, New South Wales A68-769 - Caboolture Warplane Museum in Caboolture, Queensland . 45-11526 - Wylie Aviation in Perth, Western Australia . On display 44-13106 - Australian War Memorial in Canberra . Under restoration A68-199 - to airworthiness by Peter Gill. 44-84489 - Peter N. Anderson in Sydney, New South Wales . Canada Airworthy 44-73210 - CanAm Investments in The Pas , Manitoba . 44-73463 - Michael Potter in Ottawa . On display 44-73347 - Canada Aviation and Space Museum in Rockcliffe , Ontario . Dominican Republi
Map of Asia showing the location of Sri Lanka The main island the island nation of Sri Lanka , itself known as Sri Lanka (formerly called Ceylon, Lanka-dvipa, Simhala-dvipa, etc. ), is a South Asian island in the Indian Ocean , southeast of the Indian subcontinent , in a strategic location near major Indian Ocean sea lanes. It has a total area of 65,610 km², with 64,740 km² of land and 870 km² of water. Its coastline is 1,340 km long. Sri Lanka's climate includes tropical monsoons: the northeast monsoon (December to March), and the southwest monsoon (June to October). Its terrain is mostly low, flat to rolling plain, with mountains in the south-central interior. The highest point is Pidurutalagala at 2,524.13 m. Natural resources include limestone , graphite , mineral sands, gems , phosphates , clay, hydropower . Adam's Bridge , a land connection to the Indian mainland, is now mostly submerged with only a chain of limestone shoals remaining above sea level. According to temple records, this natural causeway w
Shelton Ranaraja ( Sinhalese : ෂෙල්ටන් රණරාජා ; 3 November 1926 – 11 August 2011) was a Sri Lankan lawyer, politician and deputy minister. Early life and family Ranaraja was born on 3 November 1926 in Ranwala near Kegalle in central Ceylon . He was the son of landowner and politician P. B. Ranaraja. His father contested the 1931 State Council elections for the Galagedara, losing by 1,055 votes to P. B. Nugawela and unsuccessfully contested the seat at the 1936 State Council elections . His father also ran in the 1952 parliamentary elections as the UNP candidate for Dambulla , losing to H. B. Tenne . His father however subsequently served two terms as a UNP nominated Senator in the Senate of Ceylon . Ranarajara was educated at Trinity College, Kandy and S. Thomas' College, Mount Lavinia . He was a keen sportsman, obtaining colours in athletics, boxing, cricket and swimming. He also played in the 1945 Royal–Thomian match. After school he joined Ceylon Law College where he captained their cricket team.
Moratuwa is a large suburb of Colombo city, on the southwestern coast of Sri Lanka , near Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia . It is situated on the Galle – Colombo (Galle road) main highway, 18 km south of Colombo city centre. Moratuwa is surrounded on three sides by water, except in the north of the city, by the Indian Ocean on the west, the Bolgoda lake on the east and the Moratu river on the south. According to the 2012 census, the suburb had a population of 168,280. Moratuwa is also the birthplace of Veera Puran Appu , a resistance fighter against British rule in Kandy , the philanthropist Sir Charles Henry de Soysa and the musician Pandit W. D. Amaradeva . Suburb structure Moratuwa consists of 24 main areas: Angulana, Borupana, Dahampura, Egoda Uyana, Idama, Indibedda, Kadalana, Kaduwamulla, Kaldemulla, Katubedda, Katukurunda, Koralawella, Lakshapathiya, Lunawa, Molpe, Moratumulla, Moratuwella, Puwakaramba, Rawathawatta, Soysapura, Thelawala, Uswatta, Uyana and Willorawatta. History Both Moratuwa and Lakshapathiya
Grain bulk carrier & loading apparatus, Seattle 2010 A bulk carrier, bulk freighter, or bulker is a merchant ship specially designed to transport unpackaged bulk cargo , such as grains, coal, ore, and cement in its cargo holds . Since the first specialized bulk carrier was built in 1852, economic forces have fuelled the development of these ships, causing them to grow in size and sophistication. Today's bulkers are specially designed to maximize capacity, safety, efficiency, and durability. Today, bulkers make up 15% - 17% of the world's merchant fleets and range in size from single-hold mini-bulkers to mammoth ore ships able to carry 400,000 metric tons of deadweight (DWT). A number of specialized designs exist: some can unload their own cargo, some depend on port facilities for unloading, and some even package the cargo as it is loaded. Over half of all bulkers have Greek, Japanese, or Chinese owners and more than a quarter are registered in Panama . South Korea is the largest single builder of bulker
Gate Mudaliyar Jeronis de Soysa (19 April 1797 – 28 May 1862) was a pioneering Ceylonese entrepreneur and philanthropist. He was a pioneer coffee planter and an industrialist who became the wealthiest Ceylonese of the 19th century by establishing the largest native commercial enterprise of the era. He was instrumental in the establishment of the first Ceylonese bank and is often referred to as a father of private enterprise. He was the first Mudaliyar to be elevated in recognition of his philanthropy . Early life Jeronis de Soysa was born on 19 April 1797 at Moratuwa . He was the second son of Warusahennadige Joseph Soysa (Jose Rala), an Ayurveda practitioner and Kurukulasuriya Senadige Francisca Peiris. He had seven brothers and three sisters and was affectionately known as Baba señor . Both his father and grandfather Bastian Soysa and earlier ancestors; Don Francisco, Juan and Manual Soysa Muhandiram were salt and grain merchants having interests in the transportation, boat building and the agricultural se
Mudhsuden Singh Panesar (born 25 April 1982), known as Monty Panesar , is an English international cricketer who currently plays for Northamptonshire . A left-arm spinner , Panesar made his Test debut in 2006 against India in Nagpur and one-day debut for England in 2007. In English county cricket he currently plays for Northamptonshire , and has previously played for Northamptonshire until 2009 and Sussex from 2010-2013 and Essex , He has also played for the Lions in South Africa . Born in Luton to Indian parents, Panesar is a Sikh , and so he wears a black patka (a smaller version of the full Sikh turban ) while playing and training. Many of his fans have emulated him by wearing patkas and fake beards while watching him play. When first selected for England he was widely perceived as being a particularly inept batsman and fielder, which resulted in much ironic cheering; the TMS commentator Henry Blofeld once accidentally referred to him as Monty Python . Panesar lost his place in the England test team, be
Anuradhapura ( Sinhalese : අනුරාධපුරය ; Tamil : அனுராதபுரம் ) is a major city in Sri Lanka . It is the capital city of North Central Province, Sri Lanka and the capital of Anuradhapura District . Anuradhapura is one of the ancient capitals of Sri Lanka , famous for its well-preserved ruins of an ancient Sri Lankan civilization. It was the third capital of the Kingdom of Rajarata , following the kingdoms of Tambapanni and Upatissa Nuwara . The city, now a UNESCO World Heritage Site , was the centre of Theravada Buddhism for many centuries. The city lies 205 km (127 mi) north of the current capital Colombo in the North Central Province , on the banks of the historic Malvathu Oya . It is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world and one of the eight World Heritage Sites of Sri Lanka . It is believed that from the fourth century BC until the beginning of the 11th century AD it was the capital of the Sinhalese .During this period it remained one of the most stable and durable centres of politica
The Battle of Mulleriyawa ( Sinhalese : මුල්ලේරියාව සටන ) in 1559 was a battle and a part of the Sinhalese–Portuguese War . It was one of the most decisive battles in Sri Lankan history and considered as the worst and most devastating defeat of Portuguese during that period. According to local chronicles the marshlands of Mulleriyawa turned red with blood after the annihilation of the Portuguese . With this victory Sitawaka emerged as a military power which able to challenge the Portuguese expansion. Background Portuguese arrived in Sri Lanka in 1505 and established trade relations with kingdom of Kotte . They erected a fortress in Colombo and garrisoned it. In 1521, King Vijayabahu VII’s three sons mutinied against their father. They ousted him, had him assassinated, and divided the kingdom among themselves, leading to the events which known as “ Spoiling of Vijayabahu ” (Vijayaba Kollaya). The eldest son, Buvanekabahu VII received Kotte with the sea board and ruled with the title of emperor. The second so
Amarapura ( Burmese : အမရပူရ , pronounced ) is a former capital of Myanmar , and now a township of Mandalay . Amarapura is bounded by the Irrawaddy river in the west, Chanmyathazi Township in the north, and the ancient capital site of Ava (Inwa) in the south. It was the capital of Myanmar twice during the Konbaung period (1783–1821 and 1842–1859) before finally being supplanted by Mandalay 11 km north in 1859. It is historically referred to as Taungmyo (Southern City) in relation to Mandalay. Amarapura today is part of Mandalay, as a result of urban sprawl . The township is known today for its traditional silk and cotton weaving , and bronze casting. It is a popular tourist day-trip destination from Mandalay. Etymology Amarapura comes from Pali : Amarapūra ( အမရပုရ ), which means "city of immortality." History Royal palace of king Bodawpaya at Amarapura, during the visit of the British Embassy of Michael Symes , in 1795 Amarapura was founded by King Bodawpaya of the Konbaung Dynasty . He founded Amarapura as
Freedomland U.S.A. (usually called just Freedomland ) was a short-lived, American history-themed amusement park in the Baychester area in the northeastern part of the Bronx borough in New York City . Its slogan was "The World's Largest Entertainment Center" (later, "The World's Largest Outdoor Family Entertainment Center"). Freedomland opened on June 19, 1960. It closed at the end of the 1964 season when it failed to make a profit, and the land was used to build Co-op City . Connections to Walt Disney Freedomland was conceived by Cornelius Vanderbilt Wood (1920–1992), a young Texan who had previously worked in the planning, construction, and management of Disneyland . Hired by Walt Disney in 1953, Wood was the person who selected the orange grove site in Anaheim, California , where Disneyland was eventually built. Wood became very close to Disney during the next two years, but eventually the two men had a falling out. Reasons for this are unclear, but three theories exist: Wood was embezzling money from the
Larry Holmes (born November 3, 1949) is an American former professional boxer who competed from 1973 to 2002. He grew up in Easton, Pennsylvania , which gave birth to his boxing nickname of the "Easton Assassin". Holmes, whose left jab is rated among the best in boxing history, held the WBC heavyweight title from 1978 to 1983, The Ring magazine and lineal heavyweight titles from 1980 to 1985, and the inaugural IBF heavyweight title from 1983 to 1985. He made 20 successful title defenses, placing him third all time, behind only Joe Louis at 25 and Wladimir Klitschko at 22. Holmes is one of only five boxers—along with Joe Frazier , Ken Norton , Leon Spinks and Trevor Berbick —to defeat Muhammad Ali ; he is the only one to have stopped Ali. Holmes won his first 48 professional bouts, including victories over Norton, Ali, Earnie Shavers , Mike Weaver , Gerry Cooney , Tim Witherspoon , Carl Williams and Marvis Frazier , and falling one short of matching Rocky Marciano 's career record of 49–0 when he lost to M
Deshabandu Muttiah Muralitharan ( Tamil : முத்தையா முரளீதரன் , Sinhalese : මුත්තයියා මුරලිදරන් ; also spelt Muralidaran ; born 17 April 1972) is a former Sri Lankan cricketer who was rated the greatest Test match bowler ever by Wisden Cricketers' Almanack in 2002. He retired from Test cricket in 2010, registering his 800th and final wicket on 22 July 2010 from his final ball in his last Test match. Muralitharan holds the world record for the most wickets in both test and one-day cricket. In 2017, he became the only Sri Lankan to included to the ICC Hall of Fame. Muralitharan took the wicket of Gautam Gambhir on 5 February 2009 in Colombo to surpass Wasim Akram 's ODI record of 502 wickets. He became the highest wicket-taker in Test cricket when he overtook the previous record-holder Shane Warne on 3 December 2007. Muralitharan had previously held the record when he surpassed Courtney Walsh 's 519 wickets in 2004, but he suffered a shoulder injury later that year and was overtaken by Warne. Averaging over
The Alliance Française ( French pronunciation: , French Alliance), or AF , is an international organization that aims to promote French language and culture around the world. Created in Paris on 21 July 1883 under the name Alliance française pour la propagation de la langue nationale dans les colonies et à l'étranger (French alliance for the propagation of the national language in the colonies and abroad) — now known simply as Alliance française — its primary concern is teaching French as a second language and is headquartered in Paris . In 2014, the Alliance has 850 centers in 137 countries, on five continents. History First publication of the Alliance française in 1884. Alliance française Paris Ile-de-France Alliance Française de Manille, the oldest branch in the Far East, existing as early as the 1920s. The Alliance was created in Paris on 21 July 1883 by a group of eminent men, including the scientist Louis Pasteur , the diplomat Ferdinand de Lesseps , the writers Jules Verne and Ernest Renan , and the
London airport Biggin Hill This list of former RAF Stations is a list of all stations , airfields and administrative headquarters previously used by the Royal Air Force . The stations are listed under any former county or country name which was appropriate for the duration of operation. Stations initially took their station name from the nearest railway station or halt to the airfield, e.g., RAF Abingdon from Abingdon railway station . It has also been stated that RAF stations took their name from the parish in which the station headquarters was located (e.g., Binbrook has never had a railway station.) British Isles Station Pundit Code /USAAF Station Code Country County Operational period Notes RAF Abbots Bromley England Staffordshire 1940–1949 RAF Abbots Ripton England Huntingdonshire part of RAF Alconbury RAF Abbotsinch Scotland Renfrewshire 1933–1943 Passed to Royal Navy / Fleet Air Arm in 1943, now Glasgow International Airport RAF Aberporth Wales Ceredigion 1941–1982 Now Aberporth Airport RAF Abingdon AB
This is a list of contestants who have appeared on the American television show RuPaul's Drag Race . Contestants compete against each other and are progressively eliminated, until just a winner remains, who is crowned "next drag superstar". They are judged by drag queen RuPaul and her panel of judges. The series first aired in 2009 and as of 2017, there have been nine seasons of the show. A total of 113 different participants have been selected as finalists in the show in its eight years running, with nine drag queens — BeBe Zahara Benet , Tyra Sanchez , Raja , Sharon Needles , Jinkx Monsoon , Bianca Del Rio , Violet Chachki , Bob the Drag Queen , and Sasha Velour being crowned so far as "America's Next Drag Superstar". In addition, an All-Stars season aired in 2012 featuring twelve returning contestants from the first four seasons, each competing for a place in the "Drag Race Hall of Fame". The season was won by Chad Michaels , previously a runner-up in season four. In 2015, it was announced All Stars had be
Mudali (or Mudaliyar ) was a colonial title and office in Ceylon (now Sri Lanka). The Portuguese colonials created the Mudaliyar class in the 17th century by enlisting natives of different castes form the coastal areas, who were most likely to serve the Portuguese masters with utmost loyalty. The Dutch continued the practice of the Portuguese. This class used the Mudali as a hereditary title; however, the British re-established a Mudaliyar class, with appointments that had the title of Mudali, this process was stopped in the 1930s when the Native Department of the British government of Ceylon was closed down. All Official and Titular appointments of Mudaliyars were made by the Governor of Ceylon. Appointments were non-transferable and usually hereditary, made to locals from wealthy influential families loyal the British Crown. At present the post of Court Mudliar remain in function in Sri Lankan Courts. History Mudaliyar is a Tamil title, derived from the word முதல் - mudhal, meaning "first", and the honorifi
Contents 1960s : 1964 | 1965 | 1966 | 1967 | 1968 | 1969 1970s : 1970 | 1971 | 1972 | 1973 | 1974 | 1975 | 1976 | 1977 | 1978 | 1979 1980s : 1980 | 1981 | 1982 | 1983 | 1984 | 1985 | 1986 | 1987 | 1988 | 1989 1990s : 1990 | 1991 | 1992 | 1993 | 1994 | 1995 | 1996 | 1997 | 1998 | 1999 2000s : 2000 | 2001 | 2002 | 2003 | 2004 | 2005 | 2006 | 2007 This list of performances on Top of the Pops is a chronological account of popular songs performed by recording artists and musical ensembles on Top of the Pops , a weekly BBC One television programme that featured artists from the UK singles chart . The BBC transmitted new installments of the programme weekly from January 1964 through July 2006, and later converted it into a radio programme . This list does not include performances from the radio programme. This film, television or video-related list is incomplete ; you can help by expanding it with reliably sourced additions . 1964 Dusty Springfield - " I Only Want to Be with You ", " I Just Don't Know What to Do wit
Map of Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte (1557 -1565) The Kingdom of Kotte , centered on Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte (located just outside present-day Colombo ), was a kingdom that flourished in Sri Lanka during the 15th century. Etymology The term Kotte is said to have derived from the Malayalam word "Kōttei" which means fortress. The word Kotte was introduced by Nissankamalla Alagakkonara, who was the founder of the fortress. They were believed to be from the city of Vanchi, identified with Kanchipuram of Tamil Nadu . The Alagakkonara family have also been identified to be of Malayali ancestry. Founding Founded as a fortress by Minister Alakesvara (1370–1385) of the Alagakkonara clan of the Kingdom of Gampola during the reign of Vikramabahu III of Gampola to checkmate invasions from South India on the western coast, Parakramabahu VI later made Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte his capital city in 1412. It was well protected by the large swamp which surrounded the area. History Parakramabahu VI first became the king of Raig
Ploughing with a yoke of horned cattle in Ancient Egypt . Painting from the burial chamber of Sennedjem , c. 1200 BC The history of agriculture records the domestication of plants and animals and the development and dissemination of techniques for raising them productively. Agriculture began independently in different parts of the globe, and included a diverse range of taxa. At least eleven separate regions of the Old and New World were involved as independent centers of origin . Wild grains were collected and eaten from at least 20,000 BC. From around 9,500 BC, the eight Neolithic founder crops — emmer wheat , einkorn wheat , hulled barley , peas , lentils , bitter vetch , chick peas , and flax —were cultivated in the Levant . Rice was domesticated in China between 11,500 and 6,200 BC, followed by mung , soy and azuki beans. Pigs were domesticated in Mesopotamia around 13,000 BC, followed by sheep between 11,000 and 9,000 BC. Cattle were domesticated from the wild aurochs in the areas of modern Turkey and Pa
Maharagama is a large suburb of Colombo city in Colombo District , Sri Lanka on the High-Level (A4) Road about 15 km from the centre of the commercial capital. It developed rapidly in the 1980s as a dormitory suburb. Governed by the Maharagama Urban Council, the town possesses facilities like supermarkets, department stores, clothing, food and severages shops to fulfill the needs of citizens. There are number of bus routes passing the area and starting from the suburb that connect Maharagama to all the suburbs. There's a depot of the Sri Lanka Transport Board in Maharagama. Demographics According to the census of 2012, the demographics of Maharagama by ethnicity is as follows. No Ethnicity Population % Of Total 1 Sinhalese 187,363 95.90 2 Sri Lankan Tamils 3,107 1.59 3 Sri Lankan Moors 1,369 0.70 4 Burghers 1,343 0.68 5 Sri Lankan Malays 1,143 0.58 6 Indian Tamils 529 0.27 7 Bharatha 471 0.24 8 Sri Lankan Chetty 82 0.04 9 Other 16 0.00 10 Total 195,355 100 Important places around Maharagama National Youth Ser
SriLankan Air Taxi was the domestic branch of SriLankan Airlines . The airline flied to destinations across Sri Lanka and had its hub at the waterdrome at Peliyagoda , on the Kelani River . A DHC-6-100 floatplane at Ibbankatuwa Tank, Dambulla Destinations Sri Lankan AirTaxi served the following destinations: Hub Future Seasonal Terminated route City Country IATA ICAO Airport Refs Ampara Sri Lanka AFK - Kondavattavana Tank Arugam Bay Sri Lanka AYY - Arugam Bay Lagoon Batticaloa Sri Lanka BTC - Lady Manning Drive Bentota Sri Lanka BJT - Bentota River Castlereagh Sri Lanka NUF - Castlereigh Reservoir Colombo - Dandugama Sri Lanka DGM - Dandugama Water Aerodrome Colombo - Peliyagoda Sri Lanka KEZ - Kelani River-Peliyagoda Waterdrome Dambulla Sri Lanka DBU - Ibbankatuwa Tank Dikwella Sri Lanka DIW - Mawella Lagoon Hambantota Sri Lanka HBT - Bandagiriya Tank Iranamadu Sri Lanka IRU - Iranamadu Waterdrome Jaffna Sri Lanka - - Jaffna Waterdrome Kalpitiya Sri Lanka - - Kalpitiya Waterdrome