Kandy Lake

Kandy Lake (Sinhalese: බෝගම්බර වැව/ කිරි මූද), also known as Kiri Muhuda or the Sea of Milk, is an artificial lake in the heart of the hill city of Kandy, Sri Lanka, built in 1807 by King Sri Wickrama Rajasinghe next to the Temple of the Tooth. Over the years, it was reduced in size. It is a protected lake, with fishing banned. There are many legends and folklore regarding the lake. One such is that the small island at its center was used by the king's helm for bathing and was connected to the palace by secret tunnel.

History

The beautiful lake in front of the Temple of the Tooth was formerly a stretch of paddy fields known as Tigolwela. It was converted to a lake by King Sri Wickrama Rajasinha in 1807. As there had been a beautiful pond named 'Kiri-muhuda' (a 'sea of milk') in the middle of the Tigolwela, the lake constructed subsequently too was named, 'Kiri-muhuda'. Deveda Moolacharya is considered the architect of the Kandy Lake. The king first built a dam across the paddy fields, starting from the Pattiruppuwa (Octogen) side, where the steps leading into the lake by the Mahamaluwa (Esplanade) are still visible, stretching across to the Poya-maluwa. The dam, upon which a roadway was constructed, allowed the king to go across to the Malwatte Vihare. According to D’Oyley, the dam was constructed between 1810–1812.

Description

The extent of the Kandy Lake is 6,544 sq. meters. The circumference is 3.21 km. The highest depth is 18.5 meters. The parapet wall giving the appearance of a cloud, is popularly called Walakulu Bemma and measures 633.82 meters. The building located at the center of the lake, together with some ancient ruins, was known as Diyatilaka Mandapaya in the past. It is believed that the Kings used this pavilion for relaxation.

The Kandy Lake offers a place for a stroll or a jog. The shady path surrounding the lake provides a view of the hills and the town. The Malwatte temple, one of the two head temples of the Siyam Nikaya sect of Theravada Buddhism, is also located overlooking the lake.

Jayatilleke Mandapaya

Sri Wickrama Rajasinghe built a dam for the purpose of reaching the opposite side of the lake. The king removed the soil from both the palace end and the Malwatte Vihare end, leaving an island behind. At first this island was used as the Royal Summer House for the Queen and the ladies of the court to relax. The British later used it as an ammunition store and added a fortress-style parapet around its perimeter.

Walakula Bamma

The lake is surrounded by a wall called Walakulu Bamma (Sinhalese: වළාකුළු බැම්ම) or Clouds Wall, which was built to increase the beauty of the Kandy Lake. It extends around half of the lake and has taken one skilled architect to build it. Sri Wickrama Rajasinghe was unable to complete the wall before the city was captured by the British and he was forced to relinquish the Kandian kingdom. The Walakulu Bamma still lies unfinished. The triangular shaped holes in the wall were used in the past for lighting oil lamps on festival days.

Ulpange

Ulpange or Queens Bathing Pavilion is situated partly in the waters of the Kandy Lake. The wives and concubines of Sri Wickrama Rajasinghe used the pavilion when bathing in the lake. After the British captured the city they added another storey and used the building as a library. It is currently used as a police post.

Facts about the lake
  • Spill level above: 1740 M.L.S
  • Capacity: 704 acre-feet
  • Perimeter of the tank: 3.4 kilometres (2.1 mi)
  • Maximum depth: 18 metres (59 ft)
  • Length of the decorative wall: 630 metres (2,070 ft)
  • Catchment area: 1.045 Q.M.I

There are a variety of different trees planted around the lake including Nuga trees, palm trees, fruit trees, Sal trees and Mara trees. Some of the trees are about 74 years old. The trees are now maintained by the Municipal Council of Kandy.

There are a number of bird species found on the lake, including:

  • Diyakawa (Indian cormorant)
  • Koka (white egret crane)
  • Ali koka (wood stork)
  • Karawal koka (pelican)
Gallery Pollution

Pollution of the lake is a serious problem. The government and the surrounding schools are trying to decrease the problem by putting signs and operating environmental societies. Until 1960 the Kandy water board used the lake to distribute water to the surrounding areas. They stopped pumping water from the lake because of the increase in pollution.

See also
  • Kandy
  • Lakes of Sri Lanka
References
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Inginimitiya Dam

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Inginimitiya Dam

The Inginimitiya Dam (Sinhalese: ඉඟිණිමිටිය ජලාශය) is an embankment dam built across the Mi Oya, at Inginimitiya, Sri Lanka. Measuring 4,880 m (16,010 ft) wide and 18 m (59 ft) tall, the dam creates the popular Inginimitiya Reservoir, which is primarily used for irrigation purposes, among other reasons. Reservoir The reservoir facilitates supply of water to 6539 acres land for agriculture, including new land area of about 4600 acres.[1][2] The idea for making reservoir in Inginimitiya has been proposed for the first time in Rajya manthrana sabha before 75 years ago in 1930s. But the construction of reservoir was commenced on 14 March 1981 and declared opened on 25 March 1985 by then Sri Lanka President J. R. Jayawardene. Overall project scheme was funded as loan aids by Japan and it is Yen 1800 Millions. Apart this Sri Lanka government has been received Rupees 89,000,000 as local funds.[3] See also List of dams and reservoirs in Sri Lanka References "Inginimitiya Reservoir". latticefans. Retrieved 1 ...more...

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Relic of the tooth of the Buddha

The Sacred Relic of the tooth of Buddha (Pali danta dhātuya) is venerated in Sri Lanka as a cetiya "relic" of Gautama Buddha, on whose teachings Buddhism was founded. HistoryThe relic in India According to Sri Lankan legends, when the Buddha died in 543 BC, his body was cremated in a sandalwood pyre at Kushinagar and his left canine tooth was retrieved from the funeral pyre by his disciple, Khema. Khema then gave it to King Brahmadatte for veneration.[1] It became a royal possession in Brahmadatte's country and was kept in the city of Dantapuri (modern Puri, Odisha). A belief grew that whoever possessed the tooth relic had a divine right to rule that land.[2] The Dāṭhāvaṃsa recounts the tale of a war fought over the relic 800 years later between Guhasiva of the republic of Kalinga and a king named Pandu.[3] The relic in Sri Lanka Temple of the Tooth, Kandy, Sri Lanka The tooth sanctuary Legend states the Abhayagiri vihāra was first appointed custodianship of the relic when it was brought to th ...more...

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Nuwara Eliya

Nuwara Eliya (Sinhalese: නුවර එළිය ; Tamil: நுவரெலியா) is a city in the hill country of the Central Province, Sri Lanka. Its name means "city on the plain (table land)" or "city of light". The city is the administrative capital of Nuwara Eliya District, with a picturesque landscape and temperate climate. It is at an altitude of 1,868 m (6,128 ft) and is considered to be the most important location for tea production in Sri Lanka. The city is overlooked by Pidurutalagala, the tallest mountain in Sri Lanka. Nuwara Eliya is known for its temperate, cool climate – the coolest area in Sri Lanka. History The city was founded by Samuel Baker, the discoverer of Lake Albert and the explorer of the Nile in 1846. Nuwara Eliya's climate lent itself to becoming the prime sanctuary of the British civil servants and planters in Ceylon. Nuwara Eliya, called Little England, was a hill country retreat where the British colonialists could immerse in their pastimes such as fox hunting, deer hunting, elephant hunting, polo, golf ...more...

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Battle of Mulleriyawa

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Battle of Mulleriyawa

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Index of Sri Lanka-related articles (K)

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Index of Sri Lanka-related articles (K)

This page lists Sri Lanka-related articles with titles beginning with an alphabet letter K. K-Zone Ja-Ela K. A. A. Gurusamy K. A. Beena K. A. Gamage K. A. Isaac K. A. Jayapal K. A. Krishnaswamy K. A. Mani K. A. Mathiazhagan K. A. Nilakanta Sastri K. A. P. Viswanatham K. A. Sengottaiyan K. A. Vezhavendan K. Aiyadurai K. Alaguvelu K. Alvapillai K. Ananda Nambiar K. Anantharamu K. Anbazhagan K. Annamalai K. Arulanandan K. Ashanna K. Ashok Kumar K. Atchi Reddy K. B. Ratnayake K. B. S. Mani K. B. Sundarambal K. B. Tilak K. B. V. Sc. Chandrasekaran K. Balabharathi K. Balachander K. Balakrishna kurup K. Balakrishnan K. Balakrishnan (CPI-M) K. Balakrishnan (Tamil Nadu) K. Balapatabendi K. Balasingam K. Balasubramanian K. Baluchamy K. Bhavani Karunakaran K. C. Abraham K. C. Das K. C. Ganesan K. C. Kamalasabayson K. C. Karuppannan K. C. Kesava Pillai K. C. Logeswaran K. C. Palanisamy K. Chandana K. Chandana (cricketer) K. Cheemaichamy K. Chinnasamy K. D. Arulpragasa ...more...

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List of airports in Sri Lanka

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List of airports in Sri Lanka

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National Museum of Colombo

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Philip Marlowe

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Philip Marlowe

Philip Marlowe () is a fictional character created by Raymond Chandler. Marlowe first appeared under that name in The Big Sleep, published in 1939. Chandler's early short stories, published in pulp magazines like Black Mask and Dime Detective, featured similar characters with names like "Carmady" and "John Dalmas". Some of those short stories were later combined and expanded into novels featuring Marlowe, a process Chandler called "cannibalizing" but is more commonly known in publishing as a fixup. When the non-cannibalized stories were republished years later in the short story collection The Simple Art of Murder, Chandler changed the names of the protagonists to Philip Marlowe. His first two stories, "Blackmailers Don't Shoot" and "Smart-Aleck Kill" (with a detective named Mallory), were never altered in print but did join the others as Marlowe cases for the television series Philip Marlowe, Private Eye. Marlowe's character is foremost within the genre of hardboiled crime fiction that originated in the 19 ...more...

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Camillus Perera

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Camillus Perera

Kala Keerthi Camillus Perera is a Sri Lankan cartoonist. His cartoon characters like Gajaman and Siribiris have been published in various Sinhala newspapers ranging from the Sunday Observer to Sivdesa. Perera was invited to join the advisory board of John Lent's Cartoon Journal in 2002. Life and careerEarly life Perera was born in Negombo and was the eldest son in a family of four. He was educated at the Roman Catholic Sinhala School, Maris Stella and St. Mary's College, Negombo. Perera first dabbled in art in the lower grades. He also briefly pursued a career as a sportsman in his teens leading the Jupiter Football Association in Negombo.[1] Cartoonist Perera began work as a cartoonist in 1966 developing characters for the Observer and "Dekkoth Pathmawathi" for Lake House's film magazine.[2] In 1972 he created Gajaman, his most popular character. Gajaman first appeared on Sathuta, a Lake House comic art publication and from 1975 to 1984 occupied a spot on the comic publication Sittara.[3] Perera's cha ...more...

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Sigiriya

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Sigiriya

Sigiriya or Sinhagiri (Lion Rock Sinhalese: සීගිරිය, Tamil: சிகிரியா, pronounced see-gi-ri-yə) is an ancient rock fortress located in the northern Matale District near the town of Dambulla in the Central Province, Sri Lanka. The name refers to a site of historical and archaeological significance that is dominated by a massive column of rock nearly 200 metres (660 ft) high. According to the ancient Sri Lankan chronicle the Culavamsa, this site was selected by King Kasyapa (477 – 495 CE) for his new capital. He built his palace on the top of this rock and decorated its sides with colourful frescoes. On a small plateau about halfway up the side of this rock he built a gateway in the form of an enormous lion. The name of this place is derived from this structure —Sīhāgiri, the Lion Rock. The capital and the royal palace was abandoned after the king's death. It was used as a Buddhist monastery until the 14th century.[1] Sigiriya today is a UNESCO listed World Heritage Site. It is one of the best preserved example ...more...

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List of Test cricket records

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List of Test cricket records

Donald Bradman, holder of several Test batting records including highest batting average Sachin Tendulkar is the leading run-scorer and century maker in Test cricket Muttiah Muralitharan is the highest wicket-taker in Test cricket Test cricket is played between international cricket teams who are Full Members of the International Cricket Council (ICC).[1] Unlike One Day Internationals, Test matches consist of two innings per team, having no limit in their number of overs.[2] Test cricket is first-class cricket, so statistics and records set in Test matches are also counted toward first-class records. The duration of Tests, currently limited to five days, has varied through Test history, ranging from three days to timeless matches.[3][4] The earliest match now recognised as a Test was played between England and Australia in March 1877;[5] since then there have been over 2,000 Tests played by 11 teams. The frequency of Tests has steadily increased partly because of the increase in the number of Te ...more...

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List of wars 1800–1899

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List of wars 1800–1899

A depiction of a battle in the Taiping Rebellion, which occurred between 1850-1864 This articles provides a list of wars occurring between 1800 and 1899. Conflicts include the War of the Third Coalition and the Opium Wars. 1800–1809 Start Finish Name of conflict Belligerents Victorious party (if applicable) Defeated party (if applicable) 1801 1805 Temne War  British Empire Susu Tribes Kingdom of Koya 1801 1805 First Barbary War  United States Sweden (until 1802) Barbary States Ottoman Empire 1801 1801 War of the Oranges French First Republic Spain Kingdom of Portugal 1802 1805 Fourth quarter of the Haitian Revolution First Empire of Haiti French First Republic 1802 1802 Stecklikrieg  Helvetic Republic Federalist rebels 1802 1810 Tedbury's War  British Empire Australian Aborigines 1803 1803 Souliote War (1803)  Ottoman Empire Souliotes 1803 1803 Irish Rebellion of 1803  British Empire Society of United Irishmen 1803 1805 Second Anglo-Maratha War Britis ...more...

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Aleister Crowley

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Aleister Crowley

Aleister Crowley (; born Edward Alexander Crowley; 12 October 1875 – 1 December 1947) was an English occultist, ceremonial magician, poet, painter, novelist, and mountaineer. He founded the religion of Thelema, identifying himself as the prophet entrusted with guiding humanity into the Æon of Horus in the early 20th century. A prolific writer, he published widely over the course of his life. Born to a wealthy Plymouth Brethren family in Royal Leamington Spa, Warwickshire, Crowley rejected the fundamentalist Christian faith to pursue an interest in Western esotericism. He was educated at the University of Cambridge, where he focused his attentions on mountaineering and poetry, resulting in several publications. Some biographers allege that here he was recruited into a British intelligence agency, further suggesting that he remained a spy throughout his life. In 1898 he joined the esoteric Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn, where he was trained in ceremonial magic by Samuel Liddell MacGregor Mathers and Allan ...more...

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Authors and Actors

Timothy Abercrombie (Timothy Abercrombie)

Revolvy User Real person who may have been used by author Ian Fleming to create a character in his novel Casino Royale, the first James Bond novel which he wrote.

20th-century British writers

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Lies, Lies, Lies

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Candy Land

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Candy Land

Candy Land (also Candyland) is a simple racing board game currently published by Hasbro. The game requires no reading and minimal counting skills, making it suitable for young children. Due to the design of the game, there is no strategy involved: players are never required to make choices, just follow directions. The winner is predetermined by the shuffle of the cards. A perennial favorite, the game sells about one million copies per year.[1] Gameplay The race is woven around a storyline about finding King Kandy, the lost king of Candy Land. The board consists of a winding, linear track made of 134 spaces, most red, green, blue, yellow, orange or purple. The remaining pink spaces are named locations such as Candy Cane Forest and Gum Drop Mountain, or characters such as Queen Frostine and Gramma Nutt. Players take turns removing the top card from a stack, most of which show one of six colors, and then moving their marker ahead to the next space of that color. Some cards have two marks of a color, in which c ...more...

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Games1

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Labor omnia vincit

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Labor omnia vincit

Labor omnia vincit inscribed on a floor tile showing the UBC Emblem.[1] Labor Omnia Vincit 1657, Glasgow Cathedral Labor omnia vincit is a Latin phrase meaning "Work conquers all". The phrase is adapted from Virgil's Georgics, Book I, line 145–6: ...Labor omnia vicit / improbus ("Steady work overcame all things"). The poem was written in support of Augustus Caesar's "Back to the land" policy, aimed at encouraging more Romans to become farmers. Labor movement A frequent motto within the U.S labor movement, the phrase is an historically significant slogan. Used by the earliest U.S labor unions such as the American Federation of Labor and other precursors to the modern AFL-CIO, the motto continues to be a traditional and defining statement of purpose on contemporary labor union emblems including the International Union of Operating Engineers and the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America. The motto also appears on the original 1925 flag of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, the ...more...

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State mottos of the United States

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List of population centers by longitude

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List of population centers by longitude

The following is a list of cities by longitude. Both the latitude and longitude are shown for the following cities, which are sorted by longitude from the west of the Prime Meridian to the east. Each heading should be considered the exact value. For example, 10°E corresponds to exactly 10°00′00.00″E and everything further west should be above this heading while everything further east should be below this heading. Latitude Longitude City Province/State Country 16°30′S 180°00′W Rabi Island N/A  Fiji 51°53′N 176°39′W Adak  Alaska  United States 13°17′S 176°11′W Mata-Utu Wallis and Futuna  France 21°08′S 175°12′W Nukuʻalofa N/A  Tonga 13°50′S 171°45′W Apia N/A  Samoa 14°17′S 170°42′W Pago Pago  American Samoa  United States 19°03′S 169°55′W Alofi  Niue  New Zealand 21°12′S 159°46′W Avarua  Cook Islands  New Zealand 21°19′N 157°50′W Honolulu  Hawaii  United States 71°18′N 156°46′W Barrow  Alaska  United States 19°42′N 155°05′W Hilo  Hawaii  United States ...more...

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Udawatte Nanda Thero

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Udawatte Nanda Thero

Udawatte Nanda Thero (or Udawatte Nanda) is a Sri Lankan politician and a former member of the Parliament of Sri Lanka.[1][2] In the 2010 general election he contested from the Sri Lanka National Front in Kandy District but was not elected. During the campaign he criticized his former party, the JHU and said that it was hijacked by laymen. References "PARLIAMENTARY GENERAL ELECTION - 02-04-2004" (PDF). Sri Lanka Department of Elections. Retrieved 4 August 2011. Wijayasiri, L.B. (28 October 2004). "Attack on Lake House correspondent condemned". Daily News. Retrieved 7 August 2011. ...more...

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The X Factor (UK series 6)

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The X Factor (UK series 6)

The X Factor is a British television music competition to find new singing talent. The sixth series started on ITV on 22 August 2009 and was won by Joe McElderry on 13 December 2009.[1] Cheryl Cole emerged as the winning mentor for the second consecutive year, the first time in the show's history that a mentor has won back-to-back series.[2] The show was presented by Dermot O'Leary, with spin-off show The Xtra Factor presented by Holly Willoughby on ITV2. McElderry's winner's single was a cover version of Miley Cyrus's "The Climb".[3] Public auditions by aspiring singers began in June 2009 and were held in five cities across the UK. Simon Cowell, Louis Walsh, Minogue and Cole returned as judges. This season was the first to be sponsored by TalkTalk after they took over the sponsorship from The Carphone Warehouse. For the first time, auditions were held in front of a live audience. Following initial auditions, the "bootcamp" stage took place in August 2009, where the number of contestants was narrowed down to ...more...

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Holy city

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Holy city

Holy city is a term applied to many cities, all of them central to the history or faith of specific religions. Such cities may also contain at least one headquarters complex (often containing a religious edifice, seminary, shrine, residence of the leading cleric of the religion and/or chambers of the religious leadership's offices) which constitutes a major destination of human traffic, or pilgrimage to the city, especially for major ceremonies and observances. A holy city is a symbolic city, representing attributes beyond its natural characteristics. Marketing experts have suggested that holy cities may be the oldest brands, and more specifically, place brands because they have value added via the perception of religious adherents.[1] List These cities include: Africa Abydos (Ancient Egyptian religion) Aksum (Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church) Alexandria (Coptic Orthodox Church) Harar (Islam) Heliopolis (Ancient Egyptian religion) Nkamba (Kimbanguism) Ife (Yoruba religion) Kairouan (Sufism ...more...

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Cargills (Ceylon)

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Cargills (Ceylon)

Cargills (Ceylon) PLC is a Sri Lankan Retail, FMCG, Banking and Restaurant company which is listed on the Colombo Stock Exchange. The controlling interest in the company is held by Ceylon Theatres PLC.[2] History In 1844 British businessman William Milne started ‘Milne & Company',[3] general warehousemen, importers of oilman stores etc,[4] with branches in Kandy and Galle. In 1850 Milne was joined by his friend, David Sime Cargill,[5] and the firm became ‘Milne, Cargill & Co'.[6] In 1860 Milne retired from business in Ceylon and moved back to England to form a company in Glasgow to look after the business of Cargill & Co. in the UK. Cargill became sole partner until he was joined by David MacKenzie and the name was changed to ‘Cargill & Co’. The company had a Colombo office at the intersection of Price and York Streets in Colombo Fort, a Kandy office at Upper Lake Road and an office in Galle Fort at 22 Pedlar Street. The Galle office was closed down in 1863. In 1890 the business expanded ...more...

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Food companies of Sri Lanka

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List of Doctor Who robots

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List of Doctor Who robots

The long-running British science fiction television series Doctor Who has featured many robots. The Daleks and Cybermen are not listed as they are depicted as organic beings that become cyborgs as opposed to true robots. AAdherents of the Repeated Meme Robots that worked for Lady Cassandra and were defeated by the Ninth Doctor. As the Doctor points out, "repeated meme" is just another way of saying "idea". Their jobs was to distribute spheres housing the spider-like robots that infiltrated the systems of Platform One, and sabotage it. Androids (Androzani) Androids created by Sharaz Jek. They are perfectly duplicates of the person they are modeled after, hence why the originals must be gotten out of the way. Androids (Cyberman) Two androids created by the Cybermen to guard a bomb. The androids are defeated with concentrated fire and Adric's help. Androids (Karfel) Blue androids portrayed as the police and servants of Karfel. Androids (Kraal) These androids were created by the Kraals for an invasion on ear ...more...

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List of railway stations in Sri Lanka by line

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List of railway stations in Sri Lanka by line

Ordered by railway trackColombo to Badulla Main Line, Sri Lanka Badulla Hali Ela Uduwara Demodara Loop (Tunnel No. 42) Demodara Ella Kithal Ella Heel Oya Kinigama Bandarawela Diyatalawa Haputale Tangamale Sanctuary Idalgashinna Ohiya Tunnel No. 18 (Pattipola Tunnel) Summit 1898.1m above MSL Pattipola Ambewela Horton Plains National Park Parakramapura Closed Udapussellawa Line Nanu Oya Radella Great Western Watagoda Upper Kotmale Reservoir Thalawakele Kotagala Galkandawatta Tunnel No. 14 (Singha Malai Tunnel) Hatton Rozella Ihala Watawala Watawala Dekinda Galboda Penrose Inguruoya Hightenfor ...more...

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Shelton Ranaraja

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Shelton Ranaraja

Shelton Ranaraja (Sinhalese: ෂෙල්ටන් රණරාජා; 3 November 1926 – 11 August 2011) was a Sri Lankan lawyer, politician and deputy minister. Early life and family Ranaraja was born on 3 November 1926 in Ranwala near Kegalle in central Ceylon.[1][2] He was the son of landowner and politician P. B. Ranaraja.[2] His father contested the 1931 State Council elections for the Galagedara, losing by 1,055 votes to P. B. Nugawela and unsuccessfully contested the seat at the 1936 State Council elections.[2] His father also ran in the 1952 parliamentary elections as the UNP candidate for Dambulla, losing to H. B. Tenne. His father however subsequently served two terms as a UNP nominated Senator in the Senate of Ceylon.[2][3] Ranarajara was educated at Trinity College, Kandy and S. Thomas' College, Mount Lavinia.[2][4] He was a keen sportsman, obtaining colours in athletics, boxing, cricket and swimming.[2][4] He also played in the 1945 Royal–Thomian match.[2][4] After school he joined Ceylon Law College where he captained ...more...

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20th-century Sri Lankan politicians

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Ceylonese Mudaliyars

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Ceylonese Mudaliyars

Mudaliyars of the Association of Ceylon Chiefs met to celebrate the King's birthday in June 1923 Mudali (or Mudaliyar) was a colonial title and office in Ceylon (now Sri Lanka). The Portuguese colonials created the Mudaliyar class in the 17th century by enlisting natives of different castes from the coastal areas.[1] The Dutch continued the practice of the Portuguese. This class used the Mudali as a hereditary title, however the British re-established a Mudaliyar class, with appointments that had the title of Mudali, this process was stopped in the 1930s when the Native Department of the British government of Ceylon was closed down.[2] All Official and Titular appointments of Mudaliyars were made by the Governor of Ceylon. Appointments were non-transferable and usually hereditary, made to locals from wealthy influential families loyal to the British Crown.[3] At present the post of Court Mudliar remain in function in Sri Lankan Courts. History Mudaliyar is a Tamil title, derived from the word mudhal, me ...more...

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List of St. Thomas' College alumni

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List of St. Thomas' College alumni

This is a list of alumni of S. Thomas' College, Mt. Lavinia Sri Lanka. It also includes without distinction the alumni from its affiliated schools S. Thomas' College, Bandarawela, S. Thomas' College, Guruthalawa, and S. Thomas' Preparatory School. Politics Name Notability Reference Senanayake, D. S.D. S. Senanayake Member of Parliament (Mirigama) (1947 – 1953, 1957 – 1970), Prime Minister of Ceylon (1947 – 1952) Senanayake, DudleyDudley Senanayake Member of Parliament (Dedigama) (1947 – 1956, 1957 – 1970), Prime Minister of Ceylon (1952 – 1953, 1960, 1965 – 1970) Bandaranaike, SolomonSolomon Bandaranaike Member of Parliament (Attanagalla) (1947 – 1959), Prime Minister of Ceylon (1956 – 1959) Dahanayake, WijeyanandaWijeyananda Dahanayake Member of Parliament (Galle) (1947 – 1977, 1979 – 1988), Prime Minister of Ceylon (1959 – 1960) Jayah, Tuan BurhanudeenTuan Burhanudeen Jayah Member of Legislative Council (1924–1931), member of State Council (1936–1947), member of Parliament - Colom ...more...

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Lists of Sri Lankan people by school affiliation

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J. H. Meedeniya

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J. H. Meedeniya

John Henry Meediniya with his family in 1905 including daughters Adeline and Alice. Meedeniye Rajakaruna Senanayaka Panditha Heart Wasala Kupuppu Mudiyanse Ralahamillage Punch Banda John Henry Meedeniya (known as J. H. Meedeniya Adigar ) (1867 - 1931) was a Ceylonese legislator and a headmen. He was the Kandyan Sinhalese member of the Legislative Council of Ceylon and elected member of the State Council of Ceylon for Ruanwelia. He was awarded the title of Adigar by the British Government of Ceylon.[1][2] Meedeniya was born in 1867 in Marapona, Kegalle District, to Loku Banda Meedeniya, Deputy Coroner for Colombo, Kandy, Ratnapura and Trincomalee and grandson of Humbadee Dissawa, who served under the last king of Kandy.[2] Meedeniya was educated at S. Thomas' College, Mutwal. He entered public service as a Clerk at the Colombo Kachcheri in 1886. After serving in several posts including that of Deputy Coroner, he was appointed as a Rate Mahatmaya in 1897 and was awarded the honorary title of Adigar in 1920.[ ...more...

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Sinhalese people

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University of Peradeniya

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University of Peradeniya

The University of Peradeniya (Sinhalese: පේරාදෙණිය විශ්ව විද්‍යාලය, Tamil: பேராதனைப் பல்கலைக்கழகம்) is a state university in Sri Lanka, funded by the University Grants Commission.[2] It was established as the University of Ceylon in 1942. The University of Peradeniya hosts nine faculties (including the newly added Management faculty), two postgraduate institutes, 10 centres, 73 departments, and teaches about 11,000 students in the fields of Medicine, Agriculture, Arts, Science, Engineering, Dental Sciences, Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, Management and Allied Health Science.[3] It claims to have the largest government endowment by a higher education institution in Sri Lanka, based on its large staff and faculties/departments.[1] Ranking In 2016 University of Peradeniya has been ranked by 1st[4] place for excellence. In Sri Lanka University of Peradeniya has been ranked in 2nd place for total evaluated rank. This has been published by Webometrics[5] in September 2016. In 2013 University of Peradeniy ...more...

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Prohibited airspace

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Prohibited airspace

Prohibited airspace refers to an area (volume) of airspace within which flight of aircraft is not allowed, usually due to security concerns. It is one of many types of special use airspace designations and is depicted on aeronautical charts with the letter "P" followed by a serial number. It differs from restricted airspace in that entry is typically forbidden at all times from all aircraft and is not subject to clearance from ATC or the airspace's controlling body. According to the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA): "Prohibited areas contain airspace of defined dimensions identified by an area on the surface of the earth within which the flight of aircraft is prohibited. Such areas are established for security or other reasons associated with the national welfare. These areas are published in the Federal Register and are depicted on aeronautical charts." Part of a Terminal Area Chart, showing the prohibited/restricted airspace surrounding Camp David Some prohibited airspace may be supplemen ...more...

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D. R. Wijewardena

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D. R. Wijewardena

Don Richard Wijewardena (Sinhala:දොන් රිච්ඩ් විජෙවර්ධන) (23 February 1886 – 13 June 1950) was a Sri Lankan press baron who was a leader in the Sri Lankan independence movement. A successful entrepreneur, he established Lake House newspapers and played a major role in the independence movement. Early life and education The young Wijewardena attended the prestigious St Thomas' College, Mt. Lavinia. Don Richard Wijewardena went on to study at the University of Cambridge in the United Kingdom. D.R.Wijewardena along with another Sri Lankan freedom fighter E.W.Perera, successfully traced the banner of the last King of Sri Lanka. It subsequently became the flag of the Dominion of Ceylon. D. R. Wijewardena was born as the third male child of seven sons and two daughters Muhandiram Tudugalage Don Philip Wijewardene, a timber merchant of Sedavatta and Helena Weerasinghe. He lost his father at a very young age and was raised by his mother. His brothers were Don Philip Alexander, Don Lewis, Don Charles ...more...

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1886 births

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Louis Walsh

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Louis Walsh

Michael Louis Vincent Walsh (born 5 August 1952) is an Irish entertainment manager and judge on British television talent show The X Factor. Originally from Kiltimagh, County Mayo, Walsh moved to Dublin to get a start in the music industry. He managed Johnny Logan, Boyzone and Westlife, three of Ireland's most successful pop artists in the 1990s and 2000s. In later life, Walsh began an alternative career as a television talent pundit and personality. He has been a judge on The X Factor since the show's inception in 2004 (with the exception of 2015, when he left the show only to return in 2016). He has mentored the "Groups" category six times and the "Overs" category three times. He was the winning judge of the show's second series, mentoring Shayne Ward. He has also appeared on You're a Star, Popstars and Popstars: The Rivals. Walsh has also guest judged on Britain's Got Talent a number of times and on The X Factor USA in 2012. He is also the creator of, and currently a judge on, Ireland's Got Talent, which ...more...

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List of adjectivals and demonyms for cities

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List of adjectivals and demonyms for cities

The following is a list of adjectival forms of cities in English and their demonymic equivalents, which denote the people or the inhabitants of these cities. Demonyms ending in -ese are the same in the singular and plural forms. The ending -man has feminine equivalent -woman (e.g. an Irishman and a Scotswoman). The French terminations -ois / ais serve as both the singular and plural masculine; adding 'e' (-oise / aise) makes them singular feminine; 'es' (-oises / aises) makes them plural feminine. The Spanish termination "-o" usually denotes the masculine and is normally changed to feminine by dropping the "-o" and adding "-a". The plural forms are usually "-os" and "-as", respectively. Adjectives ending -ish can be used as collective demonyms (e.g. the English, the Cornish). So can those ending in -ch / -tch (e.g. the French, the Dutch) provided they are pronounced with a 'ch' sound (e.g. the adjective Czech does not qualify as its -ch is pronounced ). Where an adjective is a link, the link is to the lan ...more...



Buddhist pilgrimage

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Buddhist pilgrimage

The most important places of pilgrimage in Buddhism are located in the Gangetic plains of Northern India and Southern Nepal, in the area between New Delhi and Rajgir. This is the area where Gautama Buddha lived and taught, and the main sites connected to his life are now important places of pilgrimage for both Buddhists and Hindus. However, many countries that are or were predominantly Buddhist have shrines and places which can be visited as a pilgrimage. Pilgrims, Tsurphu Gompa, Tibet, 1993 Places where Buddha livedFour main pilgrimage sites Gautama Buddha is said to have identified four sites most worthy of pilgrimage for his followers, saying that they would produce a feeling of spiritual urgency. These are:[1] Bodh Gaya: (in the current Mahabodhi Temple, Bihar, India), is the most important religious site and place of pilgrimage, the Mahabodhi Temple houses what is believed to be the Bodhi Tree where the Buddha realized enlightenment and Buddhahood. Lumbini: birthplace of Gautama Buddha (in Ne ...more...

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List of stadiums in Asia

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List of stadiums in Asia

The following is a list of stadiums in Asia. ListAfghanistan National Stadium, Kabul Kabul National Cricket Stadium, Kabul Ghazi Amanullah Khan International Cricket Stadium, Jalalabad Khost City Stadium, Khost City Kandahar International Cricket Stadium, Kandahar Ghazi Stadium, Kabul Afghanistan Football Federation Stadium, Kabul Armenia Banants Stadium, Yerevan Gyumri City Stadium, Gyumri Hrazdan Stadium, Yerevan Kotayk Stadium, Abovyan Republican Stadium, Yerevan Mika Stadium, Yerevan Azerbaijan Tofig Bahramov Stadium, Baku Shafa Stadium, Baku Lankaran City Stadium, Lankaran Ganja City Stadium, Ganja Gabala City Stadium, Gabala Ismat Gayibov Stadium, Baku Tofig Ismayilov Stadium, Baku Bakcell Arena, Baku Mehdi Huseynzade Stadium, Sumqayit Tovuz City Stadium, Tovuz Guzanli Olympic Complex Stadium, Agdam Imarat Stadium, Agdam Zaqatala City Stadium, Zaqatala Shovkat Ordukhanov Stadium, Qusar Salyan Olympic Sport Complex ...more...

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List of fictional music groups

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List of fictional music groups

This is a list of notable fictional musical groups. 0–9 16Buttons Of Justice – Waterman 2ge+her – 2ge+her #2 Vile Crew – Mad Magazine #333 January/February 1995 "Nobody Beats You Like The Wizz Home Entertainment Centers" 4-Evah-For Better Or For Worse 4-Evah and Eva – For Better Or For Worse 4 For You - 1998 MasterCard commercial 5 Neat Guys – SCTV 6-Pac Shakur –Mad Magazine #333 January/February 1995 "Nobody Beats You Like The Wizz Home Entertainment Centers" 9-Volt and The Nintendo Bashfuls – WarioWare, Inc. 13 Spriti - Subspecies 2: Bloodstone 15 Cent – The Proud Family 18-Volt – WarioWare, Inc. TL and corporation - Teon Story, Inc. 20 Timid Men – Late Night With Jimmy Fallon 88 Keys – Dick Tracy 2001: A New Wave Godessy – Mr. Show π – Moonbeam City, "Mall Hath No Fury" A &Cheese - Kraft Macaroni and Cheese commercials &U – Soul Music AD/BC – The Simpsons, "Sex, Pies, and Idiot Scrapes" and The Amazing World of Gumball A.J. Slick - American Dad!, "The Tale ...more...

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Panadura

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Panadura

Panadura (Sinhala: පානදුර, Tamil: பாணந்துறை) is a large town in Kalutara District, Western Province in Sri Lanka. It is located approximately 27 km south of the capital Colombo and is surrounded on all sides by water; the Indian ocean, the Bolgoda lake and river. Panadura is famed as the revival town of Buddhism. Panadura Debate The Panadura Debate, held in 1873, was the climax of the first phase of the Buddhist revivalist movement which began with the establishment of the Society for the Propagation of Buddhism at Kotahena and the establishment of the Lankopakara Press in Galle. The two key persons in the Panadura Debate were Migettuwatte Gunananda Thera and Father David de Silva and the two key institutions were the Rankoth Viharaya and the Methodist Church of Panadura.[1][2] It was the success of the Panadura Debate that prompted Colonel Henry Steel Olcott to come to Ceylon. Public transport Rail Panadura station is located further east of the town serviced by the Colombo - Matara line. Bus Due to Panad ...more...

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List of RuPaul's Drag Race contestants

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List of RuPaul's Drag Race contestants

This is a list of contestants who have appeared on the American television show RuPaul's Drag Race. Contestants compete against each other and are progressively eliminated, until just a winner remains, who is crowned "next drag superstar". They are judged by drag queen RuPaul and her panel of judges. The series first aired in 2009 and as of 2018, there have been ten seasons of the show. A total of 126 different participants have been selected as finalists in the show in its eight years running, with nine drag queens — BeBe Zahara Benet, Tyra Sanchez, Raja, Sharon Needles, Jinkx Monsoon, Bianca Del Rio, Violet Chachki, Bob the Drag Queen, and Sasha Velour being crowned so far as "America's Next Drag Superstar". In addition, an All-Stars season aired in 2012 featuring 12 returning contestants from the first four seasons. Chad Michaels, a runner-up in season four, won. The second season was won by Alaska, a runner-up in season 5, a third season by Trixie Mattel. Contestants usually apply to be on the show, or a ...more...

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Oskar Spate

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Oskar Spate

Oskar Hermann Khristian Spate (30 March 1911 – 29 May 2000) was a geographer best known for his role in strengthening geography as a discipline in Australia and the Pacific. Early life Spate was born to a German father and an English mother in the Bloomsbury district of London, England. During the First World War, his father was interned as a German national and Spate fled to Iowa in the United States. He returned to England in 1919, where he developed an early interest in geography and history. He went on to study at St Catharine's College, Cambridge University in the 1930s. It was during this period that many of Spate's characteristic personality traits revealed themselves: he studied both English as well as Geography, thus cementing a deeply humanistic tendency that would become obvious in his future thinking. His irreverence and sense of humor was also manifest as well – he joined a Communist cell but was thrown out for his frivolity. He was later to claim that he could be 'solemn but not serious'. His d ...more...

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Matale District

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Matale District

Matale District (Sinhalese: මාතලේ දිස්ත්‍රික්කය, Tamil: மாத்தளை மாவட்டம்) is a district in Central Province, Sri Lanka. Its area is 1,987 km². The administrative capital of the district is the city of Matale. DemographicsEthnicity Religion Religion in Matale District (2011)[1]   Buddhism (79.03%)   Hinduism (9.6%)   Islam (9.04%)   Christianity (2.0%) The population according to 2001 census is 441,328. 80.1% of the population are Sinhalese, 8.7% Sri Lankan Moors, 5.5% native Sri Lankan tamils and 5.3% tamils of Indian origin. 79% of the population are Buddhists, 9.6% Hindu, 9.1% Muslim and 2.3% Christian.[2] Large towns Dambulla (Municipal Council) Matale (Municipal Council) Small towns Galewela Naula Pallepola Rattota Ukuwela Other places Gammaduwa Elkaduwa Inamaluwa Kaikawala Kibissa Laggala Pallegama Madawala Ulpotha Nalanda Palapathwela Sigiriya Wahacotte Yatawatta Heritage Sites Sigiriya Dambulla cave temple Aluvihare Rock Temple List of other ...more...

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Kingdom of Kandy

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SriLankan AirTaxi

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SriLankan AirTaxi

SriLankan Air Taxi was[3] the domestic branch of SriLankan Airlines. The airline flew to destinations across Sri Lanka[4] and had its hub at the waterdrome at Peliyagoda, on the Kelani River. A DHC-6-100 floatplane at Ibbankatuwa Tank, Dambulla Destinations Sri Lankan AirTaxi served the following destinations: [5][6][7] Hub Future Seasonal Terminated route City Country IATA ICAO Airport Refs Ampara  Sri Lanka AFK - Kondavattavana Tank Arugam Bay  Sri Lanka AYY - Arugam Bay Lagoon Batticaloa  Sri Lanka BTC - Lady Manning Drive Bentota  Sri Lanka BJT - Bentota River Castlereagh  Sri Lanka NUF - Castlereigh Reservoir Colombo-Dandugama  Sri Lanka DGM - Dandugama Water Aerodrome Colombo-Peliyagoda  Sri Lanka KEZ - Kelani River-Peliyagoda Waterdrome Dambulla  Sri Lanka DBU - Ibbankatuwa Tank Dikwella  Sri Lanka DIW - Mawella Lagoon Hambantota  Sri Lanka HBT - Bandagiriya Tank Iranamadu  Sri Lanka IRU - Iranamadu Waterdrome Jaffna ...more...

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Airlines of Sri Lanka

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Mohammedan S.C. (Kolkata)

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Mohammedan S.C. (Kolkata)

Mohammedan Sporting Club, not to be confused with Mohammedan Sporting Club (Dhaka), founded in 1891 at Kolkata, is one of the oldest and most popular football clubs in India, with a support base in all parts of the country. The club currently plays in the I-League 2nd Division and premier division of Calcutta Football League (CFL). Mohammedan was the first Indian club to win CFL in 1934 and continued their run until the 1938 season. Before Independence, numerous triumphs against British teams earned the club huge support from all Indian. Mohammedan Sporting Club became the entity against British oppression and the support continued even after Independence. It also became the first Indian club to win Durand Cup in 1940. After Independence, ir also became the first Indian club to win on foreign soil by lifting Aga Khan Gold Cup in 1960. The club enjoys rivalries with Mohun Bagan A.C. and East Bengal F.C., and these three clubs of Kolkata are tagged as the "Big Three Club". HistoryThe beginning The club was fo ...more...

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Mohammedan S.C.

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President's House

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President's House

President's House may refer to: President's House, Yerevan, Armenia President's House, Colombo, Sri Lanka President's House, Trinidad and Tobago President's House (Philadelphia), home of Washington and Adams President's House (Tempe, Arizona), Arizona State University President's House (Southern Arkansas University) President's House (Bluefield State College), West Virginia Brandeis University President's House, Newton, Massachusetts President's House (Clemson University), South Carolina President's House (University of Florida) President's House (Gallaudet College), Washington, D.C. President's House (University of Georgia) President's House (Harvard) President's House (Keene State College), New Hampshire President's House (Naval War College), Newport, Rhode Island President's House (Princeton University), New Jersey President's House (Rutgers), New Brunswick, New Jersey President's House (Washington & Jefferson College), Washington, Pennsylvania President's House (Coll ...more...




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