Kandy Lake

Kandy Lake (Sinhalese: බෝගම්බර වැව/ කිරි මූද), also known as Kiri Muhuda or the Sea of Milk, is an artificial lake in the heart of the hill city of Kandy, Sri Lanka, built in 1807 by King Sri Wickrama Rajasinghe next to the Temple of the Tooth. Over the years, it was reduced in size. It is a protected lake, with fishing banned. There are many legends and folklore regarding the lake. One such is that the small island at its center was used by the king's helm for bathing and was connected to the palace by secret tunnel.

History

The beautiful lake in front of the Temple of the Tooth was formerly a stretch of paddy fields known as Tigolwela. It was converted to a lake by King Sri Wickrama Rajasinha in 1807. As there had been a beautiful pond named 'Kiri-muhuda' (a 'sea of milk') in the middle of the Tigolwela, the lake constructed subsequently too was named, 'Kiri-muhuda'. Deveda Moolacharya is considered the architect of the Kandy Lake. The king first built a dam across the paddy fields, starting from the Pattiruppuwa (Octogen) side, where the steps leading into the lake by the Mahamaluwa (Esplanade) are still visible, stretching across to the Poya-maluwa. The dam, upon which a roadway was constructed, allowed the king to go across to the Malwatte Vihare. According to D’Oyley, the dam was constructed between 1810–1812.

Description

The extent of the Kandy Lake is 6,544 sq. meters. The circumference is 3.21 km. The highest depth is 18.5 meters. The parapet wall giving the appearance of a cloud, is popularly called Walakulu Bemma and measures 633.82 meters. The building located at the center of the lake, together with some ancient ruins, was known as Diyatilaka Mandapaya in the past. It is believed that the Kings used this pavilion for relaxation.

The Kandy Lake offers a place for a stroll or a jog. The shady path surrounding the lake provides a view of the hills and the town. The Malwatte temple, one of the two head temples of the Siyam Nikaya sect of Theravada Buddhism, is also located overlooking the lake.

Jayatilleke Mandapaya

Sri Wickrama Rajasinghe built a dam for the purpose of reaching the opposite side of the lake. The king removed the soil from both the palace end and the Malwatte Vihare end, leaving an island behind. At first this island was used as the Royal Summer House for the Queen and the ladies of the court to relax. The British later used it as an ammunition store and added a fortress-style parapet around its perimeter.

Walakula Bamma

The lake is surrounded by a wall called Walakulu Bamma (Sinhalese: වළාකුළු බැම්ම) or Clouds Wall, which was built to increase the beauty of the Kandy Lake. It extends around half of the lake and has taken one skilled architect to build it. Sri Wickrama Rajasinghe was unable to complete the wall before the city was captured by the British and he was forced to relinquish the Kandian kingdom. The Walakulu Bamma still lies unfinished. The triangular shaped holes in the wall were used in the past for lighting oil lamps on festival days.

Ulpange

Ulpange or Queens Bathing Pavilion is situated partly in the waters of the Kandy Lake. The wives and concubines of Sri Wickrama Rajasinghe used the pavilion when bathing in the lake. After the British captured the city they added another storey and used the building as a library. It is currently used as a police post.

Facts about the lake
  • Spill level above: 1740 M.L.S
  • Capacity: 704 acre-feet
  • Perimeter of the tank: 3.4 kilometres (2.1 mi)
  • Maximum depth: 18 metres (59 ft)
  • Length of the decorative wall: 630 metres (2,070 ft)
  • Catchment area: 1.045 Q.M.I

There are a variety of different trees planted around the lake including Nuga trees, palm trees, fruit trees, Sal trees and Mara trees. Some of the trees are about 74 years old. The trees are now maintained by the Municipal Council of Kandy.

There are a number of bird species found on the lake, including:

  • Diyakawa (Indian cormorant)
  • Koka (white egret crane)
  • Ali koka (wood stork)
  • Karawal koka (pelican)
Gallery Pollution

Pollution of the lake is a serious problem. The government and the surrounding schools are trying to decrease the problem by putting signs and operating environmental societies. Until 1960 the Kandy water board used the lake to distribute water to the surrounding areas. They stopped pumping water from the lake because of the increase in pollution.

See also
  • Kandy
  • Lakes of Sri Lanka
References
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Kandy Lake

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Kandy Lake

Kandy Lake (Sinhalese: බෝගම්බර වැව/ කිරි මූද), also known as Kiri Muhuda or the Sea of Milk, is an artificial lake in the heart of the hill city of Kandy, Sri Lanka, built in 1807 by King Sri Wickrama Rajasinghe next to the Temple of the Tooth. Over the years, it was reduced in size. It is a protected lake, with fishing banned. There are many legends and folklore regarding the lake. One such is that the small island at its center was used by the king's helm for bathing and was connected to the palace by secret tunnel. History The beautiful lake in front of the Temple of the Tooth was formerly a stretch of paddy fields known as Tigolwela. It was converted to a lake by King Sri Wickrama Rajasinha in 1807. As there had been a beautiful pond named 'Kiri-muhuda' (a 'sea of milk') in the middle of the Tigolwela, the lake constructed subsequently too was named, 'Kiri-muhuda'. Deveda Moolacharya is considered the architect of the Kandy Lake. The king first built a dam across the paddy fields, starting from the Patti ...more...

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Kingdom of Kandy

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Kandy

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Kandy

Kandy (Sinhalese: මහනුවර Mahanuwara, pronounced ; Tamil: கண்டி, pronounced ) is a major city in Sri Lanka located in the Central Province. It was the last capital of the ancient kings' era of Sri Lanka.[1] The city lies in the midst of hills in the Kandy plateau, which crosses an area of tropical plantations, mainly tea. Kandy is both an administrative and religious city and is also the capital of the Central Province. Kandy is the home of The Temple of the Tooth Relic (Sri Dalada Maligawa), one of the most sacred places of worship in the Buddhist world. It was declared a world heritage site by UNESCO in 1988.[2] Etymology The city and the region has been known by many different names and versions of those names. Some scholars suggest that the original name of Kandy was Katubulu Nuwara located near present Watapuluwa. However, the more popular historical name is Senkadagala or Senkadagalapura, officially Senkadagala Siriwardhana Maha Nuwara (meaning 'great city of Senkadagala of growing resplendence'), gener ...more...

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Mahamaya Girls' College, Kandy

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Mahamaya Girls' College, Kandy

Mahamaya Girls’ College is a public girls' school in Kandy, Sri Lanka. Located in the heart of the city of Kandy overlooking the Kandy Lake, the school is named after Queen Mahamaya, the mother of the Lord Buddha. Location It is situated in Kandy, which is the capital of the Central province. The school faces the Kandy lake and is close to the Temple of the Tooth Relic. History Mahamaya Girl’s College Kandy was founded in 1932 by the Sadhachara Kulangana Samithiya led by Lady Sarah Soysa and Chitravo Ratwatte. The first classroom was in the West Cliffe Bungalow which was bought from Anagarika Dharmapala together with 2.5 acres of land adjoining the property which belonged to Mr. Arthur Fernando. National leaders like Anagarika Dharmapala, D.B. Jayatilaka, P. de S. Kularatna, G.P. Malalasekare and C.W.W. Kannangare contributed to the college. Chronology of notable events 14 January 1932 - Mahamaya Girls' College was founded under the name "Buddhist Girls' College" with sixteen registered students . 1938 - ...more...

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Educational institutions started in 1932

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Kandy (disambiguation)

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Kandy (disambiguation)

Kandy is a city in the centre of Sri Lanka. Kandy may also refer to: Kandy District, a district of Sri Lanka Kandy Electoral District Kandy Lake Kingdom of Kandy, an independent monarchy on Sri Lanka between the 15th and 19th centuries Kandys, a Persian garment Kandy.io, a communications platform as a service (PaaS) created by GENBAND in September 2014. Kandy Wong, Hong Kong singer/actor. People with the name Kandy Nehova, Namibian politician Kandy Tamer, Australian-born rugby league player See also Candi (disambiguation) Candy (disambiguation) Kandi (disambiguation) ...more...

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Nayaks of Kandy

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Nayaks of Kandy

The Nayaks of Kandy (also referred to as the Kandyan Nayak Dynasty) were the rulers of the Kingdom of Kandy between 1739 to 1815, and the last dynasty to rule on the island. Their rise to power came about as a result of the death of Vira Narendrasinha, who left no legitimate heir- the throne passed to his brother-in-law, who was crowned as Sri Vijaya Rajasinha in 1739.[1] A cadet branch of the Madurai Nayak dynasty, the Kandyan Nayaks were related to the Tanjore Nayakkars as well.[1][2] In total, four Nayakkar monarchs ruled in Kandy, the last of whom, Sri Vikrama Rajasinha, was deposed as a result of the Kandyan nobility's collusion with the British and exiled to Vellore Fort in India.[3] The Nayaks of Kandy were notable for re-establishing the long-dormant tradition among the Sinhalese monarchs of marrying from South Indian nobility, and for their childless marriages resulting in non-linear succession.[4] The Nayaks were originally Hindus, but later converted to Buddhism and were responsible for a renaissa ...more...

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Sri Vikrama Rajasinha of Kandy

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Sri Vikrama Rajasinha of Kandy

Sri Vikrama Rajasinha (1780 – January 30, 1832, born Kannasamy Nayaka) was the last of four Kings, to rule the last Sinhalese monarchy of the Kingdom of Kandy in Sri Lanka. The Nayak Kings were Telugu nominal Buddhists[1] who practiced Hinduism.[2] It is claimed that they spoke Tamil.[3][4][5][6] The King was eventually deposed by the British under the terms of the Kandyan Convention, in 1815, ending over 2300 years of Sinhalese monarchy on the island. The island was incorporated into the British Empire, and Sri Vikrama Rajasinha was succeeded by George III, as monarch of British Ceylon. Early life Prior to his coronation in 1798, Sri Vikrama Rajasinha was known as Prince Kannasamy.[7] He was a member of the Madurai Nayak Dynasty and the nephew of Sri Rajadhi Rajasinha. He succeed his uncle as the King of Kandy in 1798 at the age of eighteen. Reign The Throne of Kandyan Kings. Early reign There was a rival claimant to succeed Sri Rajadhi Rajasinha, the brother of Queen Upendrama, who had a stronger cl ...more...

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Deaths from edema

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Lake View Park International Scout Centre

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Lake View Park International Scout Centre

Lake View Park International Scout Centre (Sinhala language: ලේක්විව්පාක් ජාත්‍යන්තර බාලදක්ෂ මූලස්ථානය), is a campsite, Scout Activity Centre, training and conference centre for Scouting groups, which belongs to the 1st Kandy Dharmaraja Scout Group. This 57 acre site is located in Kandy, Sri Lanka. Lake View Park International Scout Centre is modeled on the Gilwell Park in London, and consists of rally grounds, camp sites, a campfire circle, the den, kitchen complex, lecture rooms and dormitories. The 57 acre land, belonging to Dharmaraja College, was allocated for the scout group by P. de.Kularatne, the college principal, in 1924. The founder of the Scout Movement, Robert Baden-Powell, visited the site twice during the 1920s. In 1984, the scout centre was named as the Lake View Park International Scout Centre, and its highest point was named Baden Powell hill to mark the historical visit of Baden-Powell. Parallel to the RISGO – Centenary celebration of the 1st Kandy Dharmaraja Scout Group, Lakeview park i ...more...

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Organizations started in 1913

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Royal Palace of Kandy

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Royal Palace of Kandy

The Royal Palace of Kandy The Royal Palace of Kandy (known as Mahawàsala), located to the north of the Temple of the Tooth (Daladà Màligàwa) in Kandy, was the royal residence of the Sri Lankan monarchy of the Kingdom of Kandy in Sri Lanka. The last king to reside in it was King Sri Vikrama Rajasinha (1798-1815). Once part of a large palace complex that included the King's Palace (Raja Wasala), Royal Audience Hall (Magul Maduwa), Queen's Palace (Meda Wasala), King's Harem Quarters (Palle Vahale) and Queen's Bathing Pavilion (Ulpange), together with the Temple of the Tooth (Dalada Maligawa). Adjacent to the Royal Palace is the Victorian era building that until recently housed Kandy High Court. History The first palace was built by King Vickramabahu III (1357-1374) and by Senasamatha Vickramabahu (1469-1511) of the Kingdom of Gampola. Vimaladharmasuriya I (1592 – 1603) also occupied this palace thereafter and each of them made various improvements to the existing palace. During the period of King Senarat (16 ...more...

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Temple of the Tooth

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Temple of the Tooth

Sri Dalada Maligawa or the Temple of the Sacred Tooth Relic is a Buddhist temple in the city of Kandy, Sri Lanka. It is located in the royal palace complex of the former Kingdom of Kandy, which houses the relic of the tooth of the Buddha. Since ancient times, the relic has played an important role in local politics because it is believed that whoever holds the relic holds the governance of the country. Kandy was the last capital of the Sri Lankan kings and is a World Heritage Site mainly due to the temple. Bhikkhus of the two chapters of Malwatte and Asgiriya conduct daily worship in the inner chamber of the temple. Rituals are performed three times daily: at dawn, at noon and in the evenings. On Wednesdays there is a symbolic bathing of the relic with an herbal preparation made from scented water and fragrant flowers called Nanumura Mangallaya. This holy water is believed to contain healing powers and is distributed among those present. The temple sustained damage from bombings by the Liberation Tigers of ...more...

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Girls' High School, Kandy

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Girls' High School, Kandy

Girls' High School is a public girls' School located in Kandy, Sri Lanka. It is the oldest school for girls in Kandy. Honouring the relationship with the environment to become disciplined responsible mature women who will be able to serve with humanity with but fear or favour be open to changes and to stand up to challenges be able to hold on to their belief while respecting the convictions of others. HistoryEarly years In 1873, the need of a school in connection with Wesleyan Mission work was urged by Samuel Langdon and so a Day and Boarding school was built in Katukele, Kandy Sri Lanka. The school was opened in 1879 at the Wesleyan school chapel adjoining the Girls' Boarding School, Katukele - Kandy, under the management of Mrs Langdon. Miss Payne, the next principal arrived in Colombo on 31 July 1879 but left the school in 1880. In May 1880 Miss Hay came from England and the school, which had 10 on the roll at its inception, increased to 70 and was registered to obtain a grant-in-aid from the government ...more...

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Educational institutions started in 1879

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Ehelepola Nilame

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Ehelepola Nilame

Ehelapola Wijayasundara Wickremasinghe Chandrasekara Amarakoon Wasala Ranamuka Mudiyanse (Sinhalese: ඇහැලේපොළ මහ නිලමේ; 1773 - 1829) known as Ehelapola Nilame was a courtier of the Kingdom of Kandy. He was the 1st Adigar (Maha Adikaram) from 1811 to 1814 under the reign King Sri Vikrama Rajasinha. Following the brutal execution of his entire family by the King, he aided the British in launching an invasion of the Kandy Kingdom and was instrumental in the Kandyan Convention that followed which led to the annexed the Kandy Kingdom to the British Empire.[1] Early life He was born to a Radala family of courtiers who hailed from the village of Ehelepola, nine miles from Matale and was educated by the Yatawatte Maha Thera (Chief Priest Yatawatte) before joining the Royal court as part of the Royal household. Royal service Seal of Maha Nilame. His first appointment was to the post of Paniwidakara Nilame by the King later he was appointed 2nd Adigar in 1808 succeeding Megastenne on his death. Ehelepola was ap ...more...

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Sinhalese people

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Royal Botanical Gardens, Peradeniya

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Royal Botanical Gardens, Peradeniya

Royal Botanic Gardens, Peradeniya are about 5.5 km to the west of the city of Kandy in the Central Province of Sri Lanka. It attracts 2 million visitors annually.[1] It is near the Mahaweli River (the longest in Sri Lanka).[2] It is renowned for its collection of orchids. The garden includes more than 4000 species of plants, including orchids, spices, medicinal plants and palm trees.[1] Attached to it is the National Herbarium of Sri Lanka. The total area of the botanical garden is 147 acres (0.59 km2), at 460 meters above sea level, and with a 200-day annual rainfall. It is managed by the Division of National Botanic Gardens of the Department of Agriculture. History The origins of the Botanic Gardens date as far back as 1371 when King Wickramabahu III ascended the throne and kept court at Peradeniya near the Mahaweli river. This was followed by King Kirti Sri and King Rajadhi Rajasinghe. A temple was built on this location by King Wimala Dharma, but it was destroyed by the British when they were given contr ...more...

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List of hospitals in Sri Lanka

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List of hospitals in Sri Lanka

The following is a list of mainstream hospitals in Sri Lanka. Central ProvinceKandy DistrictGovernment Hospitals Line Ministry Hospitals General Hospital (Teaching), Kandy Sirimavo Bandaranayake Specialized Children (Teaching)Hospital, Peradeniya General Peradeniya Hospital, Peradeniya (Teaching) Hospitals of The Provincial Department of Health Services Base Hospital (Teaching) Gampola – 081-2352261 District General Hoaspital Nawalapitiya - Nawalapitiya M.S. 054-2222264 District General Theldeniya DH Akurana – D.M.O. 081-2300461 DH Ankumbura – D.M.O. 066-2240261 PMCU Abagahapelessa – D.M.O. 060-2553561 PMCU Atabage– D.M.O. 060-2825276 DH Babaradeniya– D.M.O. 081-2315521 DH Batumulla– D.M.O. 081-5677454 DH Bokkawala– D.M.O. 081-2461212 PMCU Deltota – D.M.O. 081-247261 DH Dolosbage – D.M.O. 054-2244261 DH Dunhinna – D.M.O. 060-2807288 DH Galagedara – D.M.O. 081-2461261 DH Galaha – D.M.O. 081-2467262 PMCU Gelioya – D.M.O. 081-2310127 DH Galapihlla– D.M.O. 081-247636 ...more...

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Udawattakele Forest Reserve

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Udawattakele Forest Reserve

Udawattakele Forest Reserve, often spelled as Udawatta Kele, is a historic forest reserve on a hill-ridge in the city of Kandy. It is 104 hectares (257 acres) large. During the days of the Kandyan kingdom, Udawattakele was known as "Uda Wasala Watta" in Sinhalese meaning "the garden above the royal palace". The sanctuary is famous for its extensive avifauna. The reserve also contains a great variety of plant species, especially lianas, shrubs and small trees. There are several giant lianas. Many of small and medium size mammals that inhabit Sri Lanka can be seen here. Several kinds of snakes and other reptiles might be seen. Udawattakele was designated as a forest reserve in 1856, and it became a sanctuary in 1938.[1][2][3] The Sri Lanka Forest Department has two offices in the reserve, one of which (at the southeastern entrance) has a nature education centre with a display of pictures, posters, stuffed animals, etc. Being easily accessible and containing a variety of flora and fauna the forest has a great e ...more...

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Articles with Sinhalese-language external links

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Wales Park

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Wales Park

The Royal Palace Park, also known as Wales Park, Wace Park or Rajawasala Park, is a small park on top a small hill in the heart of the city of Kandy, that overlooks Kandy Lake and most of the city. Established by King Sri Vikrama Rajasinha of Sri Lanka it was renamed as Wales Park in honor of the Prince of Wales by the British. The hill, where the park is currently situated, was known as Castle Hill by the British, as it was the site of the palace of Konappu Bandara, who ruled as Vimaladharmasuriya I of Kandy from 1590 to 1604. Herbert Wace, CMG (1851–1906), the Government Agent of the Central Province and acting Colonial Secretary, arranged for this neglected site to be restored, and a park be built there in 1880. In the park is a Japanese field gun which was captured by the British 14th Army in Burma during World War II and presented to the City of Kandy by Lord Mountbatten, Supreme Allied Commander – South East Asia Theatre. References Karunaratna, Nihal; Aramudala, Madhyama Saṃskr̥Tika (1999). Kan ...more...



Joseph Vaz

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Joseph Vaz

Joseph Vaz, CO, (Konkani: Sant Zuze Vaz; Portuguese: São José Vaz; Tamil: புனித யோசப் வாஸ் Punidha Yosap Vaz; Sinhalese: ශාන්ත ජුසේ වාස් මුනිතුමා, ලංකා අපොස්තුළුවරයා Santha Juse Vaz Piyathuma, Lanka Aposthuluvaraya), (21 April 1651 – 16 January 1711) was an Oratorian priest and missionary in Sri Lanka, then known as Ceylon. Vaz arrived in Ceylon during the Dutch occupation, when the Dutch were imposing Calvinism as the official religion after taking over from the Portuguese. He travelled throughout the island bringing the Eucharist and the sacraments to clandestine groups of Catholics. Later in his mission, he found shelter in the Kingdom of Kandy where he was able to work freely. By the time of his death, Vaz had managed to rebuild the Catholic Church on the island. As a result of his labors, Vaz is known as the Apostle of Ceylon. On 21 January 1995, he was beatified by Pope John Paul II in Colombo. He was canonized on 14 January 2015 by Pope Francis in an open-air Mass ceremony at the Galle Face Green in ...more...

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1711 deaths

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KOKANI

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Kandy railway station

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Kandy railway station

Kandy railway station is a major railway station in Kandy, Sri Lanka. The station is served by Sri Lanka Railways and is the primary railway station in Kandy and one of the most significant in the central hills. The station sits on a branch of the Main Line, leading to the Matale Line.[2] History The Colombo to Kandy railway line (what is now known as the Main line) was extended in stages, with the first stage to Ambepussa completed in December 1864 and the next stage to Polgahawela by November 1866. Following the construction of bridges over the Mahaweli Ganga and the Maha Oya the last rail tracks were laid on 15 April 1867.[3] The next day the first steam engine entered the Kandy Railway Station. On 30 April 1867 the first train, a goods service, completed the journey from Colombo to Kandy, with the first passenger service commencing on 1 August 1867.[3][4][5] Initially there were two train passenger/mail services, leaving at the respective ends of the service at 7:00am, with the overall journey taking 4.5 ...more...

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Railway stations opened in 1867

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Asgiri Maha Viharaya

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Asgiri Maha Viharaya

Asgiri Maha Viharaya (also called Asgiriya temple, Asgiriya Gedige) is a Buddhist monastery located in Kandy, Sri Lanka. It is the headquarters of the Asgiriya chapter of Siyam Nikaya[3], one of the two Buddhist monasteries that holds the custodianship of sacred tooth relic of Lord Buddha kept in Sri Dalada Maligawa, Kandy. The chief incumbent of the Asgiri Maha Viharaya is the Mahanayaka thero of Asgiri chapter of Siyam nikaya, a leading Buddhist monastic fraternity in Sri Lanka. The present chief incumbent of Asgiri Maha Viharaya is venrable Warakagoda Sri Gnanarathana Thero. Asgiri Maha Vihara traces its origin from the wanavasi sect of the Dimbulagala forest monastery of Polonnaruva.[4] Currently 565 Buddhist temples in Sri Lanka functions under Asgiri Viharaya of Kandy. Asgiri Maha Viharaya was founded by Commander Siriwardhana on the instructions of Parakramabahu IV of Kurunegala (1305-1335 A.D.).[5] Situated North of the Kandy Lake, this temple is believed to be considerably older than the Malwathu Ma ...more...

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Archaeological protected monuments in Kandy Dis...

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Madduma Bandara Ehelapola

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Madduma Bandara Ehelapola

Madduma Bandara Ehelapola mostly known as Madduma Bandara was the second son of Ehelepola Maha Disawe the Dissava of Sabaragamuwa under the King Sri Vikrama Rajasinha of Kandy Sri Lanka.[1] Madduma Bandara and his family were executed in 1814 by the King for treachery.[2] The bravery shown by Madduma Bandara at the time of his execution made him a legendary child hero in Sri Lanka.[3] Family of Madduma Bandara Madduma Bandara was born on 1806 in Kandy to the parents Ehelepola Maha Disawe and Ehelepola Kumarihamy. He had an elder brother(Loku Bandara) and two sisters(Tikiri Menike and Dingiri Menike). His uncle was Keppetipola Disawe one of the prominent Kandyan leaders who signed the 'Udarata Treaty’ at Kandy on 2 March 1815. Execution It was known at that time to king Sri Wickremarajasinha that Ehelapola, while being the Disawe of Sabaragamuwa, was aiding the flames of the rebellion against British rule. While Ehelapola was away from Kandy, the King ordered to arrest the Ehelapola Family.The king could not ...more...

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1814 deaths

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Asian water monitor

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Asian water monitor

Varanus salvator, commonly known as the water monitor or common water monitor,[1] is a large lizard native to South and Southeast Asia. Water monitors are one of the most common monitor lizards found throughout Asia. They range from Sri Lanka and coastal northeast India to Indochina, the Malay Peninsula, and various islands of Indonesia, living in areas close to water. The Asian water monitor was described by Laurenti in 1768 and is among the largest squamate lizards in the world.[2] The species is known as Malayan water monitor, Asian water monitor (or kabaragoya, denoting a Sri Lankan subspecies with distinct morphological features), common water monitor, two-banded monitor, and as rice lizard, ring lizard, plain lizard and no-mark lizard, as well as simply "water monitor".[3] Description The water monitor is a large species of monitor lizard. Breeding maturity is attained for males when they are a relatively modest 40 cm (16 in) long and weigh 1 kg (2.2 lb), and for females at 50 cm (20 in). However, the ...more...

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Reptiles of Burma

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Kandyan Wars

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Kandyan Wars

The Kandyan Wars (or the Kandian Wars) refers generally to the period of warfare between the British colonial forces and the Kingdom of Kandy, on the island of what is now Sri Lanka, between 1796 and 1818. More specifically it is used to describe the expeditionary campaigns of the British Army in the Kingdom of Kandy in 1803 and 1815. Background From 1638-58, the Dutch East India company had intervened in the Sinhalese–Portuguese War, capturing all the Portuguese possessions on the island of Ceylon (now called Sri Lanka). They established the colony of Dutch Ceylon, controlling the coasts and lowlands, whilst the Kingdom of Kandy maintained their independence in the mountainous eastern interior. In 1795 the Dutch Republic was overthrown with French assistance, forming the Batavian Republic as a puppet state. Britain, which was at war with France, feared that influence would result in French control or use of the strategically important port of Trincomalee and others on the island. Following the Kew Letters o ...more...

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Nittawela Rugby Stadium

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Nittawela Rugby Stadium

Nittawela Rugby Stadium is a purpose-built rugby union stadium in Kandy, Sri Lanka. It is one of Sri Lanka's most famous rugby venues. History Kandy Sports Club's original home ground was Bogambara Stadium until in 1939 the British Colonial Army took it over during the Second World War.[1] The grounds were subsequently handed over to the General Hospital to house their offices. Kandy SC however continued to play rugby at Bogambara but without a club house. In 1949 the Kandy Municipal Council resolved to provide the club with an area of land, a landfill site, at Nittawela.[1] The preparation of the site took approximately five years and it wasn't until 1954 that Nittawela became the permanent home ground for Kandy SC.[2] In 1992 the gradient towards the entrance was levelled and a new pavilion was constructed, this was followed by the construction of the Central Finance grandstand and a pavilion named after Major General Denzil Kobbekaduwa. In 2004 a further two stands were constructed and were named after t ...more...

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Sports venues in Central Province, Sri Lanka

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Portuguese Ceylon

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Portuguese Ceylon

Portuguese Ceylon (Portuguese: Ceilão Português, Sinhala: පෘතුගීසි ලංකාව Puruthugisi Lankawa) was the control of the Kingdom of Kotte by the Portuguese Empire, in present-day Sri Lanka, after the country's Crisis of the Sixteenth Century and into the Kandyan period. The Portuguese presence in the island lasted from 1505 to 1658. Their arrival was largely accidental, as they sought control of commerce, rather than territory. Their appearance coincided with the political upheaval of the Wijayaba Kollaya, and they were drawn into the internal politics of the island as they sought to establish control over the lucrative cinnamon trade that originated there. The Portuguese used these internal divisions to their advantage during the Sinhalese–Portuguese War. Direct Portuguese rule inside the island did not begin until after the death of Dharmapala of Kotte, who died without an heir. He bequeathed the Kingdom of Kotte to the Portuguese monarch in 1580.[1] That allowed the Portuguese sufficient claim to the Kingdom ...more...

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Former Portuguese colonies

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Minneriya Tank

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Minneriya Tank

Minneriya tank[1] is a reservoir in Sri Lanka made by an old civilisation; the Anuradhapura Kingdom. King Mahasena ordered a dam build across the Minneriya River, which made the lake. The tank covered 4,670 acres (18.9 km2). The Minneriya Tank was built by the great tank builder, King Mahasen (276–303) who ruled in Anuradhapura. This tank occupied 4670 acres and its strong 13-meter-tall dam running along a distance of 2 km held over 20 billion gallons of water. The water arrived from Amban River,a main tribunary of Mahaveli River, 48 km away, along the Elahara canal built by the King Vasabha (65–109) before his time. This, along with other reservoirs created an irrigation paradise in the east. It was this growth in agriculture that opened up the massive trade with South East Asia through the Trincomalee harbour. From then onwards, Trincomalee harbour became one of the busiest in the region. In 1820 AD, British Inland Revenue Officer Ralf Bachaus recorded that the whole area can be irrigated if this reservo ...more...

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Geography of North Central Province, Sri Lanka

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A9 highway (Sri Lanka)

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A9 highway (Sri Lanka)

The A9 Highway is a 321-kilometer-long (199 mi)[1] highway in Sri Lanka, which connects the central city of Kandy with Jaffna, a city on the northern tip of the island. Route The A9 highway in Killinochi District The A9 highway north-bound begins at Kandy, in the central hills. The highway begins at the heart of the city, next to the Kandy Lake. Within Kandy, it meets the A1, A10, and A26 highways. It moves north through the hills to Matale. It passes Dombawela and Naula, before reaching Dambulla. At Dambulla, the A9 crosses the A6 highway. The A6 provides connection to Sigiriya, Habarana, and Trincomalee. Traffic between Jaffna and Colombo transfer between the A6 and A9 highways at this point. The A9 passes Kekirawa and Maradankadawala, before reaching the Anuradhapura-area. The A13 highway at Galkulama and the A20 highway provide access to Anuradhapura. The A9 meets the A12 highway at Mihintale. The town of Medawachchiya provides connection to Mannar and the historic ferry to India, via the A14 hi ...more...

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Highways in Sri Lanka

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E. L. Senanayake Children's Park

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E. L. Senanayake Children's Park

E. L. Senanayake Children's Park (formerly known as George E. De Silva Park) is an Urban Children's park in the city of Kandy, Central Province, Sri Lanka. Situated at the Ampitiya junction along the Kandy Lake Round Road, it the first children’s park, and one of the oldest parks in the city. The park is named in honour of E. L. Senanayake, former Mayor of Kandy and prominent Sri Lankan Politician. See also Wikimedia Commons has media related to E. L. Senanayake Children's Park. George E. de Silva References "No more a safe place for children!". Daily Mirror. Retrieved 19 June 2013. "E.L. Senanayake - Kandy's famous son". Daily News. Retrieved 19 June 2013. E. L. Senanayake Children's Park (formerly known as George E. De Silva Park) is an Urban Children's park in the city of Kandy, Central Province, Sri Lanka. Situated at the Ampitiya junction along the Kandy Lake Round Road, it the first children’s park, and one of the oldest parks in the city. The park is named in honour of E. L. Senanayake, ...more...

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Dharmaraja College

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Dharmaraja College

Dharmaraja College (Sinhalese: ධර්මරාජ විද්‍යාලය), founded in 1887 is a premier Boys' School in Kandy, Sri Lanka.[1][2][3][4] It is a Buddhist school with around 175 teaching staff and around 4200+ students.[5] The school has many renowned figures in its alumni (aka Rajans) including William Gopallawa, A. E. Goonesinha, T.B Kehelgamuwa and others. A land area of 54 acres (220,000 m2) is owned by the school spreading over half of the Dharmaraja hill.[6] Dharmaraja has one of the oldest and most prestigious scout troops in the world, the 1st Kandy Dharmaraja Scout Group, which was established in 1913.[7][8][9] It is one of the first Sri Lankan schools to start playing cricket.[5][10] It has consistently ranked among the first two boys schools in Sri Lanka in the preference rankings based on year 5 scholarship examinees' demand.[11][12][13] History (first hundred years)Background and initiation Dharmaraja College, Kandy is one of the premier Buddhist schools in the country boasting a prolific history of more t ...more...

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Educational institutions started in 1887

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Bogambara Stadium

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Bogambara Stadium

Bogambara Stadium (Sinhalese: බෝගම්බර ක්‍රිඩාංගනය) is a multi-purpose stadium in Kandy, Sri Lanka It is one of the oldest grounds in the country. Stadium is currently used mostly for Rugby matches and hosted the games of the Singer Sri Lankan Airlines Rugby 7's. It has a capacity of 30,000.[2] Early history In 1897 the grounds were converted from a lake to a playing field. At one time it was the site for carnivals, games circuses and gymkhana activities and even an execution ground during the British occupation. A number of sporting clubs including Kandy Sports Club, Young’s Stars SC, Young Wanders SC, Green Field SC and schools including St. Anthony’s, Trinity College, Sri Rahula College, St. Paul’s (now known as Sri Sumangala College), Dharmaraja College and Kingswood College used the venue to conduct cricket, football, rugby, hockey and athletics. Bogambara Stadium was not only used for sports, it was also used for folk sports including elle, bahu, thattu and gudu. Sports Bogambara Stadium serves as a ve ...more...

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Articles containing Sinhalese-language text

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Alagalla Mountain Range

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Alagalla Mountain Range

Alagalla Mountain Range or "Potato Range" is situated at the boundaries of the Central and Sabaragamuwa Provinces in Sri Lanka. It has protected Buddhism and (Sinhala:සිංහල ජාතිය Sinhala Jathiya) culture from the western powerful nations such as the Portuguese, Dutch and English for approximately five centuries as a natural barrier (1505–1948). Most of the battles against invasions aimed at the Kandyan Kingdom by the western nations from time to time in their ruling period of maritime provinces happened at the Alagalla Mountains. Invading foreign armies were defeated by the battles at Balana (View Point) under the reign of Kandyan Kings. Balana fort was the main fortress established to protect the Sinhalese Kingdom from foreign powers, and is situated between Kadugannawa pass and Potato Range. When the English established themselves in Kandy, they started tea and coffee plantations in the area of the Colombo-Kandy railway line, which has cut through tunnels in the mountains. Alagalla from bottom of the ...more...

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Kandy Post Office

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Kandy Post Office

The Kandy Post Office (Sinhalese: තැපැල් කාර්යාලය) is the main post office in Kandy, Sri Lanka. The first post office was opened in Kandy in 1820,[1][2] under the direction of the Postmaster General of Ceylon, Lewis Sansoni. The first mail coach service, between Colombo and Kandy, began operations in 1832.[3] On 1 July 1857 an overland telegraph line, connecting the Colombo and the Kandy post offices, was opened. In September a submarine cable, connecting Ceylon with India, was laid between Thanaikai Point and Talamannar, with the line from Kandy to Manaar via Mihintale finished in October.[4] The current post office building, which originally housed the Railway Hotel,[5][6] was constructed in 1867. The site was previously the location of the Bogambra Coffee Mill, operated by John Walker & Sons.[7] In 1902 it was converted for use as the post office,[8] following its acquisition by the government from the hotel's liquidators.[7] On 8 July 2005 the post office building was gazetted as an Archeological ...more...

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Archaeological protected monuments in Kandy Dis...

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Yodha Ela

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Yodha Ela

Yoda Ela (Giant Canal) or Jaya Ganga, an 87 km (54 mi) long single banking water canal carrying excess water from Kala Wewa reservoir to Thissa Wewa reservoir in Anuradhapura, is a construction dependent on remarkable instrumentation precision. Its gradient of 10 to 20 cm per kilometre still baffles experts today for its minute precision[1]. Construction Yodha Ela was constructed during King Dathusena's reign in 459 AD. It is 87 km (54 mi) long[2]. It is a trans-basin diversion canal transferring water from Kala Oya Basin to Malwathu Oya Basin, but because of the mild slope to which it had been constructed. Its mild-gradient had been found to be of the order of 0.32 m (1.0 ft) drop along 1.61 km (1.00 mi). Even with the modern day survey equipment achieve the said accuracy.[3] Functions Yodha Ela functions in a way of a moving reservoir because of its single banking aspect which is different from the present day double banking irrigation canals'. It feeds water in an area of 470 km2 (180 sq mi) feeding 4,63 ...more...



Paththirippuwa

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Paththirippuwa

Paththirippuwa or Pattirippuwa is an octagonal pavilion and one of three main structures which comprise the Temple of the Tooth (Sri Dalada Maligawa). The name is derived from the Tamil language, whereby "Parthu" means 'to see' and "Irippu" means 'seated', the combination of which is 'to sit and see all around'. The front section of the temple, together with the Pattirippuwa was built in 1802, during the reign of King Sri Vickrama Rajasingha, by the royal architect, Devendra Moolacharya. Moolacharya is also credited with the designing and construction of the Magul Maduwa (the Audience Hall), the Kandy Lake (Kiri Muhuda), Walakula Bamma (Cloud Wall) and Diyarella Bemma. The Pattirippuwa was constructed on the site of the old temple kitchen. The Pattirippuwa was intended as a place where Rajasingha could exhibit the sacred tooth relic to the surrounding populous, view the temple festivals, peraheras and on important occasions address his subjects. The symbolism of it's octagonal form, reinforced the view tha ...more...

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D.S. Senanayake Memorial Public Library

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D.S. Senanayake Memorial Public Library

D.S. Senanayake Memorial Public Library[1] is a public library in Kandy, Sri Lanka.[2] It's the main public library in Kandy situated in Kandy town. History D.S. Senanayake Memorial Public Library was initiated as Central Town Library in 1841 by a group of citizen for the benefit of the English educated local and foreign readers. In 1920 Kandy Municipal Council took charge of library and made it larger population to make use of its services. [3] The present D.S. Senanayake Memorial Public Library was started in 1962 by the Prime Minister Late Rt. D.S. Senanayake and the building was declared open by the then Governor Hon. William Gopallawa who was a former commissioner of the Kandy Municipal Council. In 1989 auditorium was built with a seating capacity of 500, opened by the then Mayor His Worship Thilak Rathnayake to enhance the services of this Library. In 1996 enlarge the floor area and enable the large readership to utilize the facilities, funding by the Japanese.[4] The upper floor was completed in 20 ...more...

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Libraries in Sri Lanka

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Rugby union in Sri Lanka

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Rugby union in Sri Lanka

Rugby union in Sri Lanka is mainly played at a semi-professional and recreational level. It is a popular team sport with a history dating back to 1879. In 2012, according to International Rugby Board figures, there were over 103,000 registered rugby union players in Sri Lanka, making it the second largest rugby-playing nation in Asia, behind Japan.[1] More references http://www.thepapare.com/rugby/ Governing body The Sri Lankan Rugby Football Union (SLRFU) is the governing body in the country. The Sri Lankan Football Union (as Ceylon Rugby Football Union) was founded in 1908,[2] the first Rugby Union in Asia. The SLRFU joined the IRB in 1988.[3] In March 2011 the IRB stripped the SLRFU of full member status after it failed to conduct board elections in accordance with the By-Laws,[4] the SLRFU's full membership however was subsequently re-instated follows the successful completion of the Union’s Annual General Meeting and Board elections. HistoryEarly years: 1879-1945 Sri Lanka discovered the game of ru ...more...

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Sri Lanka Scout Association

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Sri Lanka Scout Association

The Sri Lanka Scout Association (Sinhalese: ශ්‍රී ලංකා බාලදක්ෂ සංගමය; Tamil: இலங்கைச் சாரணர் சங்கம்), is a Scouting organization in Sri Lanka operated by the Ceylon Scout Council. The Ceylon Scout Council is a corporation formed by Act No 13 of 1957.[1] The association became a member of the World Organization of the Scout Movement in 1953. The coeducational Sri Lanka Scout Association has 33,709 members as of 2014.[2] in 2016 the year that the National Organization reached 104 years the Scouting Population in Sri Lanka had increased to 55,078 the growth taking place against the year 2015 was 29% which was a great achievement by the SLSA. There are various community development projects carried out in cooperation with the government organizations, United Nations and other service organizations. Scouting has been introduced into the prisons. It has spread to other institutions such as certified schools. There are also Scout units for handicapped boys such as the blind and deaf and for boys in leprosy hospita ...more...

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Organizations started in 1912

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Jetwing Hotels

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Jetwing Hotels

Jetwing Hotels Limited is a Sri Lankan hotel chain. Jetwing was founded in the 1970s by Herbert Cooray when he purchased the Blue Oceanic Hotel in Negombo from its Swedish owner Vingressor and renamed it Jetwing.[1] Cooray founded Jetwing Travels in 1981.[2] Jetwing Hotels' current chairman, Hiran Cooray, is the son of Herbert Cooray.[3] Properties Jetwing Hotels operates several hotels and villas across Sri Lanka: Hotels[4] Jetwing Lake, Dambulla Jetwing Colombo Seven, Colombo Amaloh by Jetwing, Matara Calamansi Cove by Jetwing, Ahungalla Jetwing Ayurveda Pavilions, Negombo Jetwing Beach, Negombo Jetwing Blue, Negombo Jetwing Jaffna, Jaffna Jetwing Kaduruketha, Wellawaya Jetwing Lagoon, Negombo Jetwing Lighthouse, Galle Jetwing Lighthouse Club, Galle Jetwing Sea, Negombo Jetwing St. Andrew’s, Nuwara Eliya Jetwing Tented Camp, Yala Jetwing Vil Uyana, Sigiriya Jetwing Yala, Yala Sunrise by Jetwing, Pasikudah Jetwing Surf, Pottuvil North Gate by Jetwing, Jaffna Vill ...more...

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Maha Oya

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Maha Oya

The Maha Oya is a major stream in the Sabaragamuwa Province of Sri Lanka. It measures approximately 134 km (83 mi) in length.[1] It runs across four provinces and five districts. Maha Oya has 14 Water supply networks to serve the need of water and more than 1 million people live by the river.[2] Its catchment area receives approximately 3644 million cubic metres of rain per year, and approximately 34 percent of the water reaches the sea. It has a catchment area of 1,510 square kilometres.[3] See also List of dams and reservoirs in Sri Lanka List of rivers of Sri Lanka References Yassin Mohammed, Essam (2013). Economic Incentives for Marine and Coastal Conservation: Prospects, Challenges and Policy Implications. Routledge. p. 296. ISBN 978-1-135-00663-1. "Maha Oya Sand Mining To Affect Millions". Retrieved 17 October 2016. "Sri Lanka: Rivers". FAO. Retrieved 12 October 2016. ...more...

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Hillwood College

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Hillwood College

Hillwood College is a private girls school situated at the heart of the hill capital of Kandy, Sri Lanka. The school is famous for their well-mannered girls, who are being nurtured basically in a Christian-based environment. Even though the school is of a Christian origin, different pupils of different races as well as of different religions attend the school while keeping there identity as it is. Through this approach the school has been able to produce youngsters who can live cooperatively with different ethnic groups. The school is situated in the lake round area nearby to the Malwatu pirivena (Buddhist Monastery). Origin Miss Elizabeth Bellerby. Hillwood College Auditorium in 1960s. Hillwood College Kandy was founded in 1890 by Elizabeth Bellerby as a result of an appeal made by Rev. Ireland Jones and Rev. Garret to the Church of England Zenana Missionary Society (CEZMS) to open a school in benefit for the Kandyan girls.[2] Bellerby along with Ethel Jones arrived Sri Lanka on 1889 to fulfill ...more...

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Rambakan Oya Dam

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Rambakan Oya Dam

The Rambakan Oya Dam is an embankment dam in Maha Oya, Eastern Province, Sri Lanka. The reservoir was designed and constructed by the Sri Lanka Mahaveli Authority and currently functions under the direction of the Ministry of Irrigation and Water Resources Management.[1] It have been created by building an Earthen dam of which is about 1225m in length across the river of Mundeni Aru.[2] The Rambakan Oya reservoir project is a multipurpose irrigation project which is commissioned to find a solution for the drinking water issue and irrigation problems in the area.[3] It is the 10th zone of Mahaweli Development scheme and located bordering Badulla, Monaragala and Ampara districts.[4] HistoryAncient time There are archaeological evidences, those reveals about previous attempts to construct an irrigation tank here during the ancient time periods.[5] According to them there are different legends and archaeological views on ancient construction of Rambakan Oya Reservoir. It is believed that construction of Rambake ...more...

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J. B. Disanayake

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J. B. Disanayake

Deshamanya Jayaratna Banda Dissanayake (born 16 April 1937) is an Emeritus Professor and one of the leading authorities of the Sinhala Language.[1] He was former Sri Lankan Ambassador to Thailand.[2][3] Academia Dissanayake received his primary education at Dharmaraja College, Kandy, secondary education at Ananda College, he graduated from the University of Ceylon, Peradeniya campus in 1961. He would later received a Fulbright scholarship to the University of California, Berkeley, to read for a Masters in linguistics and obtained a PhD from the University of Colombo. With a long teaching career of over 40 years as a lecturer of the University of Colombo, he is the author of numerous books on linguistics, culture and history.[4] Prior to his retirement Dissanayake served in the capacity of the Head of the Department of Sinhala at the University. Publications [5] Lanka, the land of kings by J. B. Disanayaka (Sumitha Publishers, Distributed by Sarasavi Bookshop, 2007) Mānava bhāṣā pravēśaya by J. B. Disana ...more...

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Sri Lankan writers

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Wariyapola Sri Sumangala College

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Wariyapola Sri Sumangala College

Wariyapola Sri Sumangala College (Sinhalese: වාරියපොළ ශ්‍රී සුමංගල විද්‍යාලය) is a boys' school in Kandy, Sri Lanka History The state timber co-operation was the first owners of the land which belongs to Wariyapola Sri Sumangala College today. It was named as "Wariyapola Sri Sumangala" in honour of Wariyapola Sri Sumangala, a Buddhist monk who resisted British colonisation. Wariyapola Sri Sumangala College has a long history of over 130 years. It was originated under the name of "St. Paul's" as a junior school of Trinity College, Kandy; the first brick was laid on 8 February 1879. It opened as a boys school, starting on 16 September 1879. By 1934, there were 175 students in this school, giving priority to disciplined behaviour promoting intelligence and a virtuous life style. As a result of increasing number of students and the lack of space, a part of the school was shifted to the Purse building at Victoria road in the Lake Round. The school was controlled under the British Council, with Rev. Green as the ...more...

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List of railway stations in Sri Lanka

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List of railway stations in Sri Lanka

Main Line, Sri Lanka Badulla Hali Ela Uduwara Demodara Loop (Tunnel No. 42) Demodara Ella Kithal Ella Heel Oya Kinigama Bandarawela Diyatalawa Haputale Tangamale Sanctuary Idalgashinna Ohiya Tunnel No. 18 (Pattipola Tunnel) Summit 1898.1m above MSL Pattipola Ambewela Horton Plains National Park Parakramapura Closed Udapussellawa Line Nanu Oya Radella Great Western Watagoda Upper Kotmale Reservoir Thalawakele Kotagala Galkandawatta Tunnel No. 14 (Singha Malai Tunnel) Hatton Rozella Ihala Watawala Watawala Dekinda Galboda Penrose Inguruoya Hightenford Mahaweli Ganga Nawalapi ...more...

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Maduru Oya

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Maduru Oya

The Maduru Oya is a major stream in the North Central Province of Sri Lanka. It is approximately 135 km (84 mi) in length.[1] Its catchment area receives approximately 3,060 million cubic metres of rain per year, and approximately 26 percent of the water reaches the sea. It has a catchment area of 1,541 square kilometres..[2] See also List of dams and reservoirs in Sri Lanka List of rivers of Sri Lanka References Yassin Mohammed, Essam (2013). Economic Incentives for Marine and Coastal Conservation: Prospects, Challenges and Policy Implications. Routledge. p. 296. ISBN 978-1-135-00663-1. "Sri Lanka: Rivers". FAO. Retrieved 12 October 2016. ...more...

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List of Parker Lewis Can't Lose episodes

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List of Parker Lewis Can't Lose episodes

This is a list of episodes for the U.S. television program Parker Lewis Can't Lose. Series overview Season Episodes First aired Last aired 1 26 September 2, 1990 May 19, 1991 2 25 August 11, 1991 May 17, 1992 3 22 July 16, 1992 June 13, 1993 EpisodesSeason 1 (1990–91) No. overall No. in season Title Directed by Written by Original air date 1 1 "Pilot" Thom Eberhardt Lon DiamondClyde Phillips September 2, 1990 Introduces characters. Mikey splits with Parker after a girl he likes (played by Milla Jovovich) kisses Parker. Kube decides to kill them both for damaging his lunch. Guest starring Zachary Bostrom as Bobby, Robert M. Bouffard as Delinquent, Lisa Canning as Andrea Russell, Evelina Fernández as Registrar, Sherman Howard as Mr. Lewis (replaced by Timothy Stack), Milla Jovovich as Robin Fecknowitz, Clyde Kusatsu as Mr. Loopman, Scott Thomson as Mr. Kornstein, Mary Ellen Trainor as Mrs. Lewis (replaced by Anne Bloom for the rest of seasons 1 but reappeared as Mrs. Lewis in seasons 2 and ...more...

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Agroecosystem

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Agroecosystem

Agroecosystem in Croton-on-Hudson, New York in Westchester County. Intercropped tomatoes, basil, peppers and eggplants. An agroecosystem is the basic unit of study in agroecology, and is somewhat arbitrarily defined as a spatially and functionally coherent unit of agricultural activity, and includes the living and nonliving components involved in that unit as well as their interactions. [1] An agroecosystem can be viewed as a subset of a conventional ecosystem. As the name implies, at the core of an agroecosystem lies the human activity of agriculture. However, an agroecosystem is not restricted to the immediate site of agricultural activity (e.g. the farm), but rather includes the region that is impacted by this activity, usually by changes to the complexity of species assemblages and energy flows, as well as to the net nutrient balance. Traditionally an agroecosystem, particularly one managed intensively, is characterized as having a simpler species composition and simpler energy and nutrient flows than ...more...

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Patrick Denipitiya

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Patrick Denipitiya

Patrick Tibertius Maximus Denipitiya (11 August 1934—23 March 2013) was a Sri Lankan musician.[1] He was an implementer of genuine western music to Sri lanka's oriental Music in the early 60s, he also introduced the electric Hawaiian guitar into Sri Lankan sinhala music industry and was responsible for the musical composition, arrangements, music direction and performance of many Sinhala songs and films from the early-1950s to 1997. He was a student of Sunil Shantha. Denipitiya was described by his music colleagues as the fastest music notation writer in Sri Lanka and he had a unique ability whereby he could write music scores without using an instrument in both Eastern and Western notation. He was able to do this for an entire orchestra that utilized both eastern and western instruments. He directed music for a lot of songs written by Karunaratne Abeysekera, George Leslie Ranasinghe and Cyril A Seelawimala (and some of Premakeerthi De Alwis, KDK Darmawardene, Fr. Mercelyn Jayakody, for example). Patrick w ...more...

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Articles needing cleanup from March 2015

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List of Latin phrases (full)

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List of Latin phrases (full)

This page lists direct English translations of common Latin phrases. Some of the phrases are themselves translations of Greek phrases, as Greek rhetoric and literature reached its peak centuries before that of ancient Rome. This list is a combination of the twenty divided "List of Latin phrases" pages, for users who have no trouble loading large pages and prefer a single page to scroll or search through. The content of the list cannot be edited here, and is kept automatically in sync with the separate lists through the use of transclusion. A Latin Translation Notes a maiore ad minus from the greater to the smaller From general to particular; "What holds for all X also holds for one particular X." – argumentum a fortiori a minore ad maius from the smaller to the greater an inference from smaller to bigger; what is forbidden at least is forbidden at more ("If riding a bicycle with two on it is forbidden, riding it with three on it is at least similarly punished".) A solis ortu usque ad occasum from ...more...

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Inginimitiya Dam

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Inginimitiya Dam

The Inginimitiya Dam (Sinhalese: ඉඟිණිමිටිය ජලාශය) is an embankment dam built across the Mi Oya, at Inginimitiya, Sri Lanka. Measuring 4,880 m (16,010 ft) wide and 18 m (59 ft) tall, the dam creates the popular Inginimitiya Reservoir, which is primarily used for irrigation purposes, among other reasons. Reservoir The reservoir facilitates supply of water to 6539 acres land for agriculture, including new land area of about 4600 acres.[1][2] The idea for making reservoir in Inginimitiya has been proposed for the first time in Rajya manthrana sabha before 75 years ago in 1930s. But the construction of reservoir was commenced on 14 March 1981 and declared opened on 25 March 1985 by then Sri Lanka President J. R. Jayawardene. Overall project scheme was funded as loan aids by Japan and it is Yen 1800 Millions. Apart this Sri Lanka government has been received Rupees 89,000,000 as local funds.[3] See also List of dams and reservoirs in Sri Lanka References "Inginimitiya Reservoir". latticefans. Retrieved 1 ...more...

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Harrison Ford

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Harrison Ford

Harrison Ford (born July 13, 1942) is an American actor and film producer. He gained worldwide fame for his starring roles as Han Solo in the Star Wars film series and as the title character of the Indiana Jones film series. Ford is also known for playing Rick Deckard in the neo-noir dystopian science fiction film Blade Runner (1982) and its sequel Blade Runner 2049 (2017); John Book in the thriller Witness (1985), for which he was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor; and Jack Ryan in the action films Patriot Games (1992) and Clear and Present Danger (1994). His career spans six decades and includes roles in several Hollywood blockbusters; including the epic war film Apocalypse Now (1979); the legal drama Presumed Innocent (1990); the action film The Fugitive (1993); the political action thriller Air Force One (1997); and the psychological thriller What Lies Beneath (2000). Seven of his films have been inducted into the National Film Registry: American Graffiti (1973), The Conversation (1974), Sta ...more...

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Biggest Box Office Stars

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Sri Lanka

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Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka (UK: , US:  ( listen);[12][13] Sinhala: ශ්‍රී ලංකා Śrī Laṃkā; Tamil: இலங்கை Ilaṅkai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in South Asia, located in the Indian Ocean to the southwest of the Bay of Bengal and to the southeast of the Arabian Sea. It is separated from the Indian subcontinent by the Gulf of Mannar and the Palk Strait. The legislative capital, Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte, is a suburb of the commercial capital and largest city, Colombo. Sri Lanka's documented history spans 3,000 years, with evidence of pre-historic human settlements dating back to at least 125,000 years.[14] It has a rich cultural heritage and the first known Buddhist writings of Sri Lanka, the Pāli Canon, date back to the Fourth Buddhist council in 29 BC.[15][16] Its geographic location and deep harbours made it of great strategic importance from the time of the ancient Silk Road through to the modern Maritime Silk Road.[17][18][19] Sri Lanka was known from the beginning of Brit ...more...

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