Johann Christoph Glaubitz (c. 1700 – 30 March 1767) was an architect of German descent who is generally considered to be the most prominent Baroque architect in the lands of the former Grand Duchy of Lithuania.
Glaubitz was born in Schweidnitz (Świdnica), Duchies of Silesia, and spent the first 37 years of his life there. After a devastating fires occurred in 1737 in Vilnius, he was called to rebuild Lutheran St. Johns' Church, which in 1555 had been funded by German merchants.
Glaubitz, who was among the leaders of the Lutheran community of Vilnius, is credited for developing a distinct Lithuanian school of Baroque architecture, known as Vilnian Baroque, which is best reflected in the cityscape of the Old Town of Vilnius. This has contributed to the widespread naming of Old Vilnius as the "City of Baroque".
There are at least four churches in Vilnius reconstructed by Glaubitz, namely the Church of St. Catherine (1743), the Church of the Ascension (1750), the Church of St. John, the monastery gate and the towers of the Church of the Holy Trinity. The magnificent and dynamic Baroque facade of the formerly Gothic Church of St. Johns (1749) is mentioned among his best works. Many church interiors including the one of the Great Synagogue of Vilna were reconstructed by Glaubitz as well as the Town Hall in 1769.
A notable building by Glaubitz was the former Carmelite church of Hlybokaye, Belarus, which he reconstructed in 1735; it is now the Orthodox Church of the Birth of Theotokos. Other towns with architecture by Glaubitz include Mahilyow, Lida, and the Cathedral of Saint Sophia in Polatsk in Belarus and Daugavpils in Latvia. The Church of St. Peter and St. Paul in Berezovichi, now part of Hlybokaye, was built in 1776 and demolished in the 1960s and 1970s. Its replica was constructed in Białystok in the 1990s.
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Basilian Gate of the Holy Trinity monastery in Vilnius Johann Christoph Glaubitz ( c. 1700 – 30 March 1767) was an architect of German descent who is generally considered to be the most prominent Baroque architect in the lands of the former Grand Duchy of Lithuania . Glaubitz was born in Schweidnitz (Świdnica) , Duchies of Silesia , and spent the first 37 years of his life there. After a devastating fires occurred in 1737 in Vilnius , he was called to rebuild Lutheran St. Johns' Church, which in 1555 had been funded by German merchants. Glaubitz, who was among the leaders of the Lutheran community of Vilnius, is credited for developing a distinct Lithuanian school of Baroque architecture, known as Vilnian Baroque, which is best reflected in the cityscape of the Old Town of Vilnius . This has contributed to the widespread naming of Old Vilnius as the "City of Baroque". There are at least four churches in Vilnius reconstructed by Glaubitz, namely the Church of St. Catherine (1743), the Church of the Ascensio
The Orthodox Church of the Holy Spirit is a Russian Orthodox church in Vilnius , capital of Lithuania , rebuilt 1749–1753 in the Vilnian Baroque style. It should not be confused with the Roman Catholic Church of the Holy Spirit in Vilnius. History The site of the present church used to be occupied by a wooden church, following the form a Latin cross, erected in 1638, when Vilnius was part of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and was known as Wilno . Associated with the church was a convent, opened in 1567. After a fire gutted the wooden church in the 18th century, a stone church was erected in 1749–1753 in the Baroque style, with details of the interior in Roccoco style. It was designed by Johann Christoph Glaubitz , an architect of German descent who was noted for developing a Lithuanian school of Baroque architecture , known as Vilnian Baroque. Architecture In the 19th century, when Vilnius was part of the Russian Empire , several Byzantine Revival architectural elements were added to the church, but it ne
Lopacinskiai Palace is a building in Vilnius Old Town , Bernardinai st. Currently it is hotel "Šekspyras". History In the first half of the 18th century Mikołaj Tadeusz Łopaciński purchased the building and converted it into Palace with Johann Christoph Glaubitz project. In 1801, the Palace was sold to Kossakowski . In 1808, minor reconstruction was made to adapt the Palace with city road contour. In 1819-1828, earl Olizaras family owned the Palace. After them it was owned by printers Zavadskai, who used it as printing house. In 1967-1975, main hull was partly reconstructed with architect Aldona Svabauskienė project. Currently it is hotel "Šekspyras". References Then and now: Lapacinskiai (Olizarai) Palace (in Lithuanian) External links Hotel "Šekspyras" Lopacinskiai Palace is a building in Vilnius Old Town , Bernardinai st. Currently it is hotel "Šekspyras". History In the first half of the 18th century Mikołaj Tadeusz Łopaciński purchased the building and converted it into Palace with Johann Christoph Glaub
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