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Jeanette MacDonald

Jeanette Anna MacDonald (June 18, 1903 – January 14, 1965) was an American singer and actress best remembered for her musical films of the 1930s with Maurice Chevalier (The Love Parade, Love Me Tonight, The Merry Widow and One Hour With You) and Nelson Eddy (Naughty Marietta, Rose-Marie, and Maytime). During the 1930s and 1940s she starred in 29 feature films, four nominated for Best Picture Oscars (The Love Parade, One Hour with You, Naughty Marietta and San Francisco), and recorded extensively, earning three gold records. She later appeared in opera, concerts, radio, and television. MacDonald was one of the most influential sopranos of the 20th century, introducing opera to movie-going audiences and inspiring a generation of singers.

Early years

MacDonald was born on June 18, 1903,[1] at her family's Philadelphia home at 5123 Arch Street. She was the youngest of the three daughters of Anna Mae (née Wright) and Daniel MacDonald.[2] [3] She had Scottish, English, and Dutch ancestry.[4] Starting at an early age, she took dancing lessons with Al White, imitated her mother's opera records, and took singing lessons with Wassil Leps. She performed at church and school functions and began touring in kiddie shows, heading Al White's "Six Little Song Birds" in Philadelphia at the age of nine. She was the younger sister of character actress Blossom Rock, who was most famous as Grandmama on the 1960's ABC Television series The Addams Family.


In November 1919, MacDonald joined her older sister, actress Blossom Rock, in New York, and landed a job in the chorus of Ned Wayburn's The Demi-Tasse Revue, a musical entertainment presented between films at the Capital Theatre on Broadway. In 1920, she appeared in two musicals, Jerome Kern's Night Boat as a chorus replacement, and Irene on the road as the second female lead (future film star Irene Dunne played the title role during part of the tour, and Helen Shipman, actor/singer/dancer, played the title role during the other part of the tour). Shipman once remarked that MacDonald did not have the legs for a top-notch chorus girl. In 1921, MacDonald played in Tangerine, as one of the "Six Wives." In 1922, she was a featured singer in a Greenwich Village revue, Fantastic Fricassee. Good press notices brought her a role in The Magic Ring (1923). MacDonald played the second female lead in this long-running musical which starred Mitzi Hajos. In 1925, MacDonald again had the second female lead opposite Queenie Smith in Tip Toes, a George Gershwin hit show. The following year found her still in a second female lead in Bubblin' Over (1926), a musical version of Brewster's Millions. MacDonald finally landed the starring role in Yes, Yes, Yvette (1927). Planned as a sequel to producer H.H. Frazee's No, No, Nanette, the show toured extensively, but failed to please the critics when it arrived on Broadway. MacDonald also played the lead in her next two plays: Sunny Days (1928), her first show for producers Lee and J.J. Shubert, for which she received rave reviews, and Angela (1928), which the critics panned. Her last play was Boom Boom (1929), with her name above the title (the cast included young Archie Leach, who later changed his name to Cary Grant).

While MacDonald was appearing in Angela, film star Richard Dix spotted her and had her screen-tested for his film Nothing but the Truth. The Shuberts would not let her out of her contract to appear in the film, which starred Dix and Helen Kane, the "Boop-boop-a-doop girl". In 1929, famed film director Ernst Lubitsch was looking through old screen tests of Broadway performers and spotted MacDonald. He cast her as the leading lady in his first sound film, The Love Parade, which starred the Continental sensation Maurice Chevalier.

Motion pictures
The Paramount years

In the first rush of sound films, 1929–30, MacDonald starred in six films, the first four for Paramount Studios. Her first, The Love Parade (1929), directed by Lubitsch and co-starring Chevalier, was a landmark of early sound films and received a Best Picture nomination.[5] MacDonald's first recordings were two hits from the score: "Dream Lover" and "March of the Grenadiers". The Vagabond King (1930) was a lavish two-strip Technicolor film version of Rudolf Friml's hit 1925 operetta. Broadway star Dennis King reprised his role as 15th-century French poet François Villon and MacDonald was Princess Katherine. She sang "Some Day" and "Only a Rose". The UCLA Film and Television Archive owns the only known color print of this production.

Paramount on Parade (1930) was a Paramount all-star revue, similar to other mammoth sound revues produced by major studios to introduce their formerly silent stars to the public. MacDonald's footage singing a duet of "Come Back to Sorrento" with Nino Martini was cut from the release print. Let's Go Native (1930), was a desert island comedy directed by Leo McCarey, co-starring Jack Oakie and Kay Francis. Monte Carlo (1930) was another highly regarded Lubitsch classic, with British musical star Jack Buchanan as a count who disguises himself as a hairdresser to woo a scatterbrained countess (Macdonald). MacDonald introduced "Beyond the Blue Horizon" which she recorded three times during her career.

In hopes of producing her own films, MacDonald went to United Artists to make The Lottery Bride (1930). Despite music by Rudolf Friml, the film was not successful. MacDonald next signed a three-picture deal with the Fox Film Corporation. Oh, for a Man! (1930) was more successful; MacDonald portrayed a temperamental opera singer who sings Wagner's "Liebestod" and falls for an Irish burglar played by Reginald Denny. Don't Bet on Women (1931) was a nonmusical drawing-room comedy in which playboy Edmund Lowe bets his happily married friend Roland Young that he can seduce Young's wife (MacDonald). Annabelle's Affairs (1931) was a farce with MacDonald as a sophisticated New York playgirl who does not recognize her own miner husband, played by Victor MacLaglen, when he turns up 5 years later. Highly praised by reviewers at the time,[6] only one reel of this film survives.

MacDonald took a break from Hollywood in 1931 to embark on a European concert tour. She returned to Paramount the following year for two films with Chevalier. One Hour with You (1932) was directed by both George Cukor and Ernst Lubitsch and simultaneously filmed in French with the same stars, but a French supporting cast. Currently, no surviving print of Une Heure près de toi (One Hour Near You) is known. Rouben Mamoulian directed Love Me Tonight (1932), considered by many film critics and writers to be the perfect film musical.[7] Starring Chevalier as a humble tailor in love with a princess played by MacDonald, much of the story is told in sung dialogue. Richard Rodgers and Lorenz Hart wrote the original score, which included the standards "Mimi", "Lover", and "Isn't It Romantic?".

The MGM/Nelson Eddy years
From the trailer for The Merry Widow (1934)

In 1933, MacDonald left again for Europe and while there, signed with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. Her first MGM film was The Cat and the Fiddle (1934), based on the Jerome Kern Broadway hit. Her co-star was Ramón Novarro. The plot about unmarried lovers shacking up just barely slipped through the new Production Code guidelines that took effect July 1, 1934. Despite a Technicolor finale—the first use of the new three-color Technicolor process other than Disney cartoons—the film was not a huge success.

In The Merry Widow (1934), director Ernst Lubitsch reunited Maurice Chevalier and MacDonald in a lavish version of the classic 1905 Franz Lehár operetta. The film was highly regarded by critics and operetta lovers in major U.S. cities and Europe, but failed to generate much income outside urban areas. It had a huge budget, partially because it was filmed simultaneously in French as La Veuve Joyeuse, with a French supporting cast and some minor plot changes.

Naughty Marietta (1935), directed by W.S. Van Dyke, was MacDonald's first film in which she teamed with newcomer baritone Nelson Eddy. Victor Herbert's 1910 score, with songs like "Ah! Sweet Mystery of Life", "I'm Falling in Love with Someone", "'Neath the Southern Moon", "Tramp, Tramp, Tramp", and "Italian Street Song", enjoyed renewed popularity. The film won an Oscar for sound recording and received an Oscar nomination for Best Picture. It was voted one of the Ten Best Pictures of 1935 by the New York film critics, was awarded the Photoplay Gold Medal Award as Best Picture of 1935 (beating out Mutiny on the Bounty, which won the Oscar), and in 2004, was selected to the National Film Registry. MacDonald earned gold records for "Ah! Sweet Mystery of Life" and "Italian Street Song".

The following year, MacDonald starred in two of the highest-grossing films of that year. In Rose-Marie (1936), MacDonald played a haughty opera diva who learns her kid brother (James Stewart) has killed a Mountie and is hiding in the northern woods; Eddy is the Mountie sent to capture him. Nelson Eddy and she sang Rudolf Friml's "Indian Love Call" to each other in the Canadian wilderness (actually filmed at Lake Tahoe). Eddy's definitive portrayal of the steadfast Mountie became a popular icon. When the Canadian Mounties temporarily retired their distinctive hat in 1970, photos of Eddy in his Rose Marie uniform appeared in thousands of U.S. newspapers. San Francisco (1936) was also directed by W.S. Van Dyke. In this tale of the 1906 San Francisco earthquake, MacDonald played a hopeful opera singer opposite Clark Gable as the he-man proprietor of a Barbary Coast gambling joint, and Spencer Tracy as his boyhood chum who has become a priest and gives the moral messages.

In the summer of 1936, filming began on Maytime, co-starring Nelson Eddy, Frank Morgan, and Paul Lukas, produced by Irving Thalberg. After Thalberg's untimely death in September, the production was shut down and the half-finished film was scrapped. A new script was filmed with a different storyline and supporting actors (including John Barrymore). The 'second' Maytime (1937), was the top-grossing film worldwide of the year and is regarded as one of the best film musicals of the 1930s.[8] "Will You Remember" by Sigmund Romberg brought MacDonald another gold record.

The Firefly (1937) was MacDonald's first solo-starring film at MGM with her name alone above the title. Rudolf Friml's 1912 stage score was borrowed and a new song, "The Donkey Serenade", added. With real-life Americans rushing to fight in the ongoing revolution in Spain, this historical vehicle was constructed around a previous revolution in Napoleonic times. MacDonald's co-star was Allan Jones. The MacDonald-Eddy team had split after MacDonald's engagement and marriage to Gene Raymond, but neither of their solo films grossed as much as the team films, and by the fall of 1937, MGM was barraged with outraged fan mail.[9] The Girl of the Golden West (1938) was the result, but the two stars had little screen time together and the main song, "Obey Your Heart", was never sung as a duet. The film had an original score by Sigmund Romberg and reused the popular David Belasco stage plot (also employed by opera composer Giacomo Puccini for La fanciulla del West).

Eddy and MacDonald from the trailer for Sweethearts (1938)

Mayer had promised MacDonald the studio's first Technicolor feature and he delivered with Sweethearts (1938), co-starring Eddy. In contrast to the previous film, the co-stars were relaxed onscreen and singing frequently together. This box office smash hit integrated Victor Herbert's 1913 stage score into a modern backstage story scripted by Dorothy Parker. MacDonald and Eddy played a husband and wife Broadway musical comedy team who are offered a Hollywood contract. Sweethearts won the Photoplay Gold Medal Award as Best Picture of the Year.

After MacDonald suffered a miscarriage during the filming of Sweethearts,[10] Mayer dropped plans for the team to co-star in Let Freedom Ring, a vehicle first announced for them in 1935. Eddy made that film solo while MacDonald and Lew Ayres (Young Dr. Kildare) co-starred in Broadway Serenade (1939). They played a contemporary musical couple who clash when her career flourishes while his flounders. MacDonald's performance was subdued (Eddy married Ann Franklin during the filming) and choreographer Busby Berkeley, just hired away from Warner Bros., was called upon to add an over-the-top finale in an effort to improve the film.

Following Broadway Serenade, MacDonald left Hollywood on a concert tour and refused to resign her MGM contract. Eddy starred in a second solo film, Balalaika, while MacDonald's manager was summoned from London to help her renegotiate. After initially insisting she film Smilin' Through with James Stewart and Robert Taylor, MacDonald finally relented and agreed to film New Moon (1940) with Eddy. New Moon proved to be one of MacDonald's most popular films.[11] Composer Sigmund Romberg's 1927 Broadway hit provided the plot and the songs: "Lover, Come Back to Me", "One Kiss", and "Wanting You", plus Eddy's version of "Stout Hearted Men". This was followed by Bitter Sweet (1940), a Technicolor film version of Noël Coward's 1929 stage operetta.

Smilin' Through (1941) was MacDonald's next Technicolor project. This 1919 stage play had been filmed a number of times. Its theme of reunion with deceased loved ones was enormously popular after the devastation of World War I, and MGM reasoned that it should resonate with filmgoers during World War II. MacDonald played a dual role—Moonyean, a Victorian girl accidentally murdered by a jealous lover, and Kathleen, her niece, who falls in love with the son of the murderer. The original co-stars, James Stewart and Robert Taylor, dropped out to help in the military effort and were replaced by Brian Aherne and Gene Raymond.

I Married an Angel (1942), was adapted from the Rodgers & Hart stage musical about an angel who loses her wings on her wedding night. The script by Anita Loos suffered serious censorship cuts during filming that made the result less successful. MacDonald sang "Spring Is Here" and the title song. It was the final film made by the team of MacDonald and Eddy. After a falling-out with Mayer, Eddy bought out his MGM contract (with one film left to make) and went to Universal, where he signed a million-dollar, two-picture deal. MacDonald remained for one last film, Cairo (1942), a cheaply budgeted spy comedy co-starring Robert Young (Father Knows Best) and Ethel Waters, who played MacDonald's singing maid. Within one year, beginning in 1942, L.B. Mayer released his four highest-paid actresses from their MGM contracts; Norma Shearer, Joan Crawford, Greta Garbo, and Jeanette MacDonald. Of those four stars, Miss MacDonald was the only one whom Mr. Mayer would rehire, in 1948.

Later career

MacDonald followed Eddy to Universal, where they were scheduled to make one film together after he finished Phantom of the Opera (1943). MacDonald marked time by appearing as herself in Follow the Boys (1944), an all-star extravaganza about Hollywood stars entertaining the troops. The more than 40 guest stars included Marlene Dietrich, W.C. Fields, Sophie Tucker, and Orson Welles. MacDonald is shown during an actual concert singing "Beyond the Blue Horizon", and in a studio-filmed sequence singing "I'll See You in My Dreams" to a blinded soldier.

After MacDonald and Eddy left MGM in 1943, they appeared frequently on radio together while planning several unrealized films that would have reunited them onscreen. Eddy was upset at how his first film turned out at Universal, so their joint project at that studio fell through. They next sought independent financing for team projects like East Wind and Crescent Carnival, a book optioned by MacDonald. Other thwarted projects were The Rosary, a 1910 best seller (which Nelson Eddy pitched for a team comeback at MGM), The Desert Song, and a remake of The Vagabond King, plus two movie treatments written by Eddy, Timothy Waits for Love and All Stars Don't Spangle. In 1954, Eddy pulled out of yet another proposed team film to be made in England when he learned MacDonald was investing her own funds. He had invested in 1944's Knickerbocker Holiday, and had lost money.

From the trailer for The Sun Comes Up (1949)

MacDonald returned solo to MGM after 5 years off the screen for two films. Three Daring Daughters (1948) co-starred José Iturbi as her love interest. MacDonald plays a divorcée whose lively daughters (Jane Powell, Ann E. Todd, and Elinor Donahue) keep trying to get her back with her ex, while she has secretly remarried. "The Dickey Bird" song made the Hit Parade. The Sun Comes Up (1949), teamed MacDonald with Lassie, in an adaptation of a short story by Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings. MacDonald played a widow who has also lost her son, but warms to orphan Claude Jarman Jr. It was her final film.

Offers continued to come in, and in 1962, producer Ross Hunter proposed teaming MacDonald and Eddy for featured roles in his 1963 comedy smash, The Thrill of It All. They declined and the roles were eventually played by Arlene Francis and Edward Andrews. 20th Century Fox also toyed with the idea of MacDonald (Irene Dunne was also briefly considered) for the part of Mother Abbess in the film version of The Sound of Music. It never moved beyond the discussion stages partly because of MacDonald's failing health.

An annual poll of film exhibitors listed MacDonald as one of the top-10 box-office draws of 1936,[12] and many of her films were among the top-20 moneymakers of the years they were released. In addition, MacDonald was one of the top-10 box-office attractions in Great Britain from 1937 to 1942 inclusive. During her 39-year career, MacDonald earned two stars in the Hollywood Walk of Fame (for films and recordings) and planted her feet in the wet concrete in front of Grauman's Chinese Theater.


Starting in 1931 and continuing through the 1950s, MacDonald did regular concert tours between films. Her first European tour was in 1931, where she sang in both France and England. Her first American concert tour was in 1939, immediately after the completion of Broadway Serenade and Nelson Eddy's marriage. After that, like Eddy, she did frequent U.S. tours between films. She sang several times at the Hollywood Bowl and Carnegie Hall.

When America joined World War II in 1941, MacDonald was one of the founders of the Army Emergency Relief and raised funds on concert tours. She auctioned off encores for donations and raised over $100,000 for the troops. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, who considered MacDonald and Eddy two of his favorite film stars, awarded her a medal. She also did command performances at the White House for both presidents Harry S. Truman and Dwight D. Eisenhower.

In early 1960, the Hollywood Bowl announced that MacDonald and Howard Keel would be the guest soloists at the annual Easter Sunrise Service. However, health problems forced her to cancel her appearance. By the summer of 1960, MacDonald was seriously ill and her autobiography collaborator, Fredda Dudley Balling, wrote that whether she would live long enough to finish the book was uncertain.[13] Besides her heart problems, MacDonald suffered from a benign, inoperable brain tumor.[14]


MacDonald recorded more than 90 songs during her career, working exclusively for RCA Victor in the United States. She also did some early recordings for HMV in England and France while she was there on a concert tour in 1931. She earned three gold records, one for the LP album, Favorites in Stereo that she did with Nelson Eddy in 1959.[15]


Unlike Nelson Eddy, who came from opera to film, MacDonald in the 1940s yearned to reinvent herself in opera. She began training for this goal with Lotte Lehmann, one of the leading opera stars of the early 20th century.

"When Jeanette MacDonald approached me for coaching lessons", wrote Lehmann, "I was really curious how a glamorous movie star, certainly spoiled by the adoration of a limitless world, would be able to devote herself to another, a higher level of art. I had the surprise of my life. There couldn't have been a more diligent, a more serious, a more pliable person than Jeanette. The lessons which I had started with a kind of suspicious curiosity, turned out to be sheer delight for me. She studied Marguerite with me—and lieder. These were the ones which astounded me most. I am quite sure that Jeanette would have developed into a serious and successful lieder singer if time would have allowed it."[16]

MacDonald made her opera debut singing Juliette in Gounod's Roméo et Juliette in Montreal at His Majesty's Theatre (May 8 and 10, 1943). She quickly repeated the role in Quebec City (May 12), Ottawa, and Toronto. Her U.S. debut with the Chicago Opera Company (November 4, 11 and 15, 1944) was in the same role. She also sang Marguerite in Gounod's Faust with the Chicago Opera. In November 1945, she did two more performances of Roméo et Juliette and one of Faust in Chicago, and two Fausts for the Cincinnati Opera. On December 12, 1951, she did one performance of Faust with the Philadelphia Civic Grand Opera Company at the Academy of Music.

Claudia Cassidy, the music critic of the Chicago Tribune wrote: "Her Juliet is breathtakingly beautiful to the eye and dulcet to the ear."[17] The same critic reviewed Faust: "From where I sit at the opera, Jeanette MacDonald has turned out to be one of the welcome surprises of the season... her Marguerite was better than her Juliet...beautifully sung with purity of line and tone, a good trill, and a Gallic inflection that understood Gounod's phrasing....You felt if Faust must sell his soul to the devil, at least this time he got his money's worth."[18]

Radio and television

MacDonald's extensive radio career may have begun on a 1929 radio broadcast of the Publix Hour. She was on the Academy Awards ceremony broadcast in 1931. She hosted her own radio show, Vicks Open House, from September 1937 to March 1938, for which she received $5,000 a week. However, the time demands of doing a weekly live radio show while filming, touring in concerts, and making records proved enormously difficult, and after fainting on-air during one show, she decided not to renew her radio contract with Vicks at the end of the 26-week season. Thereafter, she stuck to guest appearances.

MacDonald appeared in condensed radio versions of many of her films on programs such as Cecil B. DeMille's Lux Radio Theater, usually with Nelson Eddy, and the Railroad Hour which starred Gordon MacRae. These included The Merry Widow, Naughty Marietta, Rose Marie, Maytime, Sweethearts, Bitter Sweet, Smilin' Through, and The Sun Comes Up, plus other operettas and musicals such as Victor Herbert's Mlle Modiste, Irene, The Student Prince, Tonight or Never with Melvyn Douglas, A Song for Clotilda, The Gift of the Magi, and Apple Blossoms. Other radio shows included The Prudential Family Hour, Screen Guild Playhouse, and The Voice of Firestone which featured the top opera and concert singers of the time. In 1953, MacDonald sang "The Star-Spangled Banner" at the inauguration of President Dwight D. Eisenhower, which was broadcast on both radio and TV.

MacDonald sang frequently with Nelson Eddy during the mid-1940s on several Lux Radio Theater and The Screen Guild Theater productions of their films together. She also appeared as his guest several times on his various radio shows such as The Electric Hour and The Kraft Music Hall. He was also a surprise guest when she hosted a war bonds program called Guest Star, and they sang on other World War II victory shows together. The majority of her radio work in the mid to late 1940s was with Eddy. Her 1948 Hollywood Bowl concert was also broadcast over the air, in which she used Eddy's longtime accompanist, Theodore Paxson.

MacDonald appeared on early TV, most frequently as a singing guest star. She sang on The Voice of Firestone on November 13, 1950. On November 12, 1952, she was the subject of Ralph Edwards' This Is Your Life. Nelson Eddy appeared as a voice from her past, singing the song he sang at her wedding to Gene Raymond. His surprise appearance brought her to tears.

Shortly thereafter, she appeared as the mystery guest on the December 21, 1952, episode of What's My Line?. After the panelists guessed her identity, she told John Daly she was in New York for the holidays. She also said that on January 16, 1953, she was going to have a recital at Carnegie Hall.

On February 2, 1956, MacDonald starred in Prima Donna, a television pilot for her own series, written for her by her husband, Gene Raymond. The initial show featured guest stars Leo Durocher and Larraine Day, but it failed to find a slot.

In December 1956 MacDonald and Eddy made their first TV appearance as a team on the Lux Video Theatre Holiday Special. In 1957, Eddy and she appeared on Patti Page's program, The Big Record, singing several songs.

On Playhouse 90 (March 28, 1957), MacDonald played Charley's real aunt to Art Carney's impersonation in "Charley's Aunt".

War work

After the United States entered World War II in December 1941, MacDonald continued to sing in concerts and on radio, and much of her time was devoted to war work. She was one of the founders of the Women's Voluntary Services and was active with the Army Emergency Relief. She raised over $100,000 for them with benefit concerts throughout the country in the fall of 1943, for which President Roosevelt awarded her a medal. She did extensive free concerts for the military through the U.S.O, and after each of her regular "civilian" concert, she would auction off encores and donated the money to wartime charities. She was surprised to find that the song she was most often asked to sing was "Ave Maria". When she was home in Hollywood, she held open house at her home, Twin Gables, on Sunday afternoons for GIs. On one occasion, at the request of Lt. Ronald Reagan, she was singing for a large group of men in San Francisco who were due to ship out to the fierce fighting in the South Pacific. She closed with "The Battle Hymn of the Republic", and 20,000 voices spontaneously joined in.

Musical theatre

In the mid-1950s, MacDonald toured in summer stock productions of Bitter Sweet and The King and I. She opened in Bitter Sweet at the Iroquois Amphitheater, Louisville, Kentucky, on July 19, 1954. Her production of The King and I opened August 20, 1956, at the Starlight Theatre. While performing there, she collapsed. Officially, it was announced as heat prostration, but in fact it was a heart seizure. She began limiting her appearances and a reprisal of Bitter Sweet in 1959 was her last professional appearance.

MacDonald and her husband, Gene Raymond, toured in Ferenc Molnár's The Guardsman. The production opened at the Erlanger Theater, Buffalo, New York, on January 25, 1951, and played in 23 northeastern and midwestern cities until June 2, 1951. Despite less than enthusiastic comments from critics, the show played to full houses for virtually every performance. The leading role of "The Actress" was changed to "The Singer" to allow MacDonald to add some songs. While this pleased her fans, the show still closed before reaching Broadway.

In the 1950s, talks with respect to a Broadway return occurred. In the 1960s, MacDonald was approached about starring on Broadway in a musical version of Sunset Boulevard. Harold Prince recounts in his autobiography, visiting MacDonald at her home in Bel Air to discuss the proposed project. Composer Hugh Martin also wrote a song for the musical entitled, "Wasn't It Romantic?".

MacDonald also made a few nightclub appearances. She sang and danced at The Sands and The Sahara in Las Vegas in 1953, The Coconut Grove in Los Angeles in 1954, and again at The Sahara in 1957, but she never felt entirely comfortable in the smoky atmosphere.

Personal life

MacDonald had five documented serious romances. The first was wealthy NYU student Jack Ohmeis, whom she dated from 1922 until 1927. They became engaged in 1926, but his family objected to his marrying an actress. Ironically, the Ohmeis family fortunes were lost in the 1929 stock-market crash and MacDonald later lent money to Jack Ohmeis.[19]

MacDonald next dated Irving Stone from around 1926-8; they apparently met when she was touring in Chicago in Yes, Yes, Yvette.[19] Stone, who lived in Milwaukee, was the nephew of the founder of the Boston Store and worked in the family business. Few details were known of Stone's romance with MacDonald until the discovery of hundreds of pages of handwritten love letters she wrote to him that were found in his apartment after his death.

In 1928, Robert George Ritchie became MacDonald's manager and fiancé. They were together until 1935, and presumed by many to be married. MacDonald dared anyone to prove it. However, MacDonald wrote Ritchie a letter in July 1929 calling him "my own darling husband" and on the envelope she gave her return address initials as "JAR" (Jeanette Anna Ritchie).[20] On March 29, 1931, MacDonald wrote to Irving Stone that she was engaged to Ritchie,[21] and on July 8, 1931, she wrote to him again from Europe, "I didn't get married on June 9."[22] Ritchie's nephew and the remaining family claimed that a Ritchie-MacDonald marriage was annulled, possibly in Hawaii, in 1935. If so, details have never come to light. However, MacDonald was photographed in Hawaii just prior to the release of Naughty Marietta (1935).

The Bob Ritchie romance began to sour when MacDonald became friendly with Nelson Eddy in late 1933. In January 1934, the trades announced they would be co-starring in Naughty Marietta.[23] They dated on and off throughout 1934, but after MacDonald's 1935 Hawaii trip, Eddy became more persistent in his marriage proposals. The problem was that Eddy wanted her to retire and raise their children; MacDonald preferred to put her career first. They fought constantly over this and broke up in early June 1935.

Later that month, MacDonald met the actor Gene Raymond at a party and began dating him. Blond Raymond resembled Eddy, and the two men were sometimes mistaken for each other when seen publicly with MacDonald.[24] During summer 1935, MacDonald rekindled the relationship with Eddy when they began filming Rose Marie. MacDonald later called it "the happiest summer of my life".[25] [26]

On June 16, 1937, MacDonald married Gene Raymond in a traditional ceremony at Wilshire Methodist Church in Los Angeles. They remained married until MacDonald's death. Raymond was also a songwriter, and MacDonald introduced two of his songs in her concerts. In addition to the TV pilot Prima Donna that Raymond wrote for her, they also did a few radio shows together and toured in The Guardsman on stage. With their infrequent attempts to work together, including the film Smilin' Through, the public was indifferent to them as a team as evidenced by only fair box-office receipts. According to published books, including Sweethearts by Sharon Rich and The Golden Girls of MGM by Jane Ellen Wayne, Gene Raymond engaged in numerous affairs with men and their marriage was problematic. MacDonald addressed this issue in her unpublished autobiography (now published in a facsimile edition; see Controversy section) and mentioned several separations and marital problems. After her death, Raymond and his friends (including the MacDonald fan club, which remained associated with Raymond until his death) disputed these claims.

Nelson Eddy attempted a reconciliation with MacDonald in 1938, but again had interference from Louis B. Mayer, who felt that divorce might harm MacDonald's saintly image with her fans. Eddy eloped to Las Vegas with Ann Franklin in January 1939. His marriage also lasted until his death.

MacDonald was a practicing Christian Scientist[27] and a staunch Republican.[28] [29]


MacDonald suffered in her later years with heart trouble. She worsened in 1963 and underwent an arterial transplant at Methodist Hospital in Houston, Texas. She had been signed to play the role of the Mother Abbess in the film version of The Sound of Music, but died before she could fulfill this commitment (the role went to Peggy Wood).

Nelson Eddy, in Australia on a nightclub tour, pleaded illness and returned to the States at word of MacDonald's surgery. After the operation, she developed pleurisy and was hospitalized for two-and-a-half months. Her friends kept the news from the press until just before her release. Her house was sold and she moved into a Los Angeles apartment that would not require so much of her energies. Her husband moved into an adjoining apartment. Eddy took his own apartment in the opposite building.[30]

MacDonald was again stricken in 1964. Nelson Eddy was with her when she was admitted to UCLA Medical Center, where on Christmas Eve, she was operated on for abdominal adhesions. She was able to go home for New Year's, but in mid-January, husband Raymond flew her back to Houston. It was hoped that pioneer heart surgeon Dr. Michael DeBakey, who had recently operated successfully on the Duke of Windsor, could perform the same miracle for her.

She checked in on January 12, and a program of intravenous feedings was begun to build her up for possible surgery. MacDonald died two days later, aged 61, on January 14 at 4:32 pm, with her husband at her bedside. According to press reports, MacDonald's last words to Raymond while he massaged her feet were "I love you". He replied "I love you, too"; she smiled and succumbed.

MacDonald was interred on January 18, 1965, in a crypt at Forest Lawn Memorial Park, Glendale, which reads "Jeanette MacDonald Raymond". Nelson Eddy, who told Jack Paar on The Tonight Show, "I love her [MacDonald]", broke down when interviewed by the press the evening of her death. He survived MacDonald by two years.

Almost a decade after MacDonald's death, in 1974, Gene Raymond remarried. His second wife, a Canadian heiress, was the former Mrs. Bentley Hees. Her first name was, coincidentally, Nelson. "Nels", as she was called, died in 1995. Raymond died on May 3, 1998.

Nelson Eddy and MacDonald from the trailer for the film Sweethearts (1938)

John Kenneth Hilliard, a sound engineer backstage at MGM from 1933 to 1942, reported in 1981 that although Eddy and MacDonald were a screen couple, they "hated each other with a vengeance".[31]

Hilliard worked on Naughty Marietta and it is common knowledge that MacDonald's initial iciness toward Eddy almost caused Eddy to walk off that film. They battled off-screen on three film sets: the second half of Rose Marie, after MacDonald's purported refusal to elope to Reno with Eddy; The Girl of the Golden West, filmed immediately after MacDonald's marriage; and New Moon, filmed after Eddy's marriage.

Nevertheless, an off-screen affair was verified by Jim Bayless, another MGM sound engineer from 1929 to 1942, who built Eddy's home recording equipment and recorded Eddy's weekly radio shows for him on disc; Bayless later left MGM to be vice president for newly formed Capitol Records. Other MGM staff who verified the relationship included their makeup artists William Tuttle and Fred Phillips and fellow singers Miliza Korjus[32] and Rise Stevens.[33]

Contemporary magazine writer Sandy Reiss[34] reported that a private trailer was set up for the two on Maytime, and that the crew called them "the lovebirds". Other MGM co-workers claimed that Eddy and MacDonald were closest during the filming of Sweethearts and I Married an Angel. After the MGM years, their private lives fell off the Hollywood radar. Baritone Theodor Uppman, who won the Atwater Kent opera auditions and later sang at the Metropolitan Opera, saw Eddy and MacDonald at a 1947 party together, where the talk of the evening was the fact that MacDonald was pregnant with Eddy's child, but he could not get a divorce.

In the biography Sweethearts by Sharon Rich, the author presents MacDonald and Eddy as continuing an adulterous affair after their marriages. Rich, who was a close friend of MacDonald's older sister Blossom Rock, claims the relationship lasted with a few breaks until MacDonald's death. Newsreel footage from MacDonald's funeral shows Eddy as the last person exiting the chapel, circled by other celebrities, such as Lauritz Melchior, who offer him condolences.[35] Rich also interviewed about 200 others including celebrities who because of Rock's approval, spoke candidly. Rich additionally had access to hundreds of pages of personal letters, many of them handwritten by MacDonald, others written by Eddy or part of a correspondence between Eddy's mother and a close friend. Another biography, Hollywood Diva by Edward Baron Turk, denies there was any such affair. An erroneous rumor has been floated that Hollywood Diva is an "authorized" biography. Turk states that this was not the case, that he was the only MacDonald biographer to have interviewed Gene Raymond at length, but that neither Raymond nor anyone else vetted the book.

In MacDonald's autobiography (the 1960 typewritten manuscript published as a facsimile edition in 2004), MacDonald writes: "I remember seeing Nelson for the first time and thinking he fulfilled most of my requirements in a man."[36] She later mentions an "attraction Nelson and I might have had for each other" prior to marrying Raymond[37] and also devotes several pages to marital problems immediately after her honeymoon (pages 337–99, 344) and again in the postwar years.[38]

Posthumous honours and commemorations

The USC Thornton School of Music built a Jeanette MacDonald Recital Hall in her honor.[39]

New Moon (1940)
Year Title Role
1929 The Love Parade Queen Louise
1930 The Vagabond King Katherine
Let's Go Native Joan Wood
Monte Carlo Countess Helena Mara
The Lottery Bride Jenny
Oh, for a Man Carlota Manson
1931 Don't Bet on Women Jeanne Drake
Annabelle's Affairs Annabelle Leigh
1932 Hollywood on Parade Herself
One Hour with You Colette Bertier
Love Me Tonight Princess Jeanette
1934 The Cat and the Fiddle Shirley
The Merry Widow Sonia
1935 Naughty Marietta Marietta
1936 Rose Marie Marie de Flor
San Francisco Mary Blake
1937 Maytime Marcia Mornay
The Firefly Nina Maria Azara
The Girl of the Golden West
1938 Hollywood Goes to Town Herself
Sweethearts Gwen Marlowe
1939 Broadway Serenade Mary Robbins
1940 The Miracle of Sound Herself
New Moon Marianne de Beaumanoir
Bitter Sweet Sarah Millick
1941 Smilin' Through Kathleen/Moonyean Clare
1942 I Married an Angel Anna/Brigitta
Cairo Marcia Warren
1944 Follow the Boys Herself
1948 Three Daring Daughters Louise Rayton Morgan
1949 The Sun Comes Up Helen Lorfield Winter
  • Jeanette MacDonald in Performance: The Voice of Firestone Season 2 Episode 11 Nov 13,1950
  • Jeanette MacDonald – "The Ed Sullivan Show" Episodes 5.17 and 4.47 (1951)
  • Jeanette MacDonald in "Toast of the Town" Season 3 Episode 47. August 5, 1951
  • Jeanette MacDonald on "Toast of the Town" Season 4 Episode 17. Top Stars of 1951. December 30, 1951
  • Jeanette MacDonald on "Texaco Star Theater" Season 4 Episode 37. May 27, 1952
  • Jeanette MacDonald – "This Is Your Life" Ralph Edwards Productions Nov.12, 1952
  • Jeanette MacDonald- "What's My Line" Season 4 Episode 16. December 21, 1952
  • Jeanette MacDonald- "The Name's the Same" December 30, 1952
  • Jeanette MacDonald- "I've Got a Secret" September 2, 1953
  • Jeanette MacDonald- "The Jackie Gleason Show" Guest Vocalist. 1953
  • Jeanette MacDonald as Martha. Prima Donna – "Screen Director's Playhouse" Season 1 Episode 17 February 1, 1956
  • Jeanette MacDonald- "The Lux Video Theatre Hollywood Musical Holiday Revue" Season 7 Episode 13 December 20, 1956
  • Jeanette MacDonald- Playhouse 90 Charley's Aunt Season 1 Episode 26. March 28, 1957
  • Jeanette MacDonald on "The Big Record". Season 1 Episode 2. September 25, 1957
  • Jeanette MacDonald on "Person to Person" Season 6 Episode 6. October 31, 1958
  • Jeanette MacDonald on "The Jack Parr Show". Season 3 Episode 51. December 1, 1959
Stage Work
  • Charity (1909)
  • Al White's Children's Carnival (1913)
  • The Demi-Tasse Revue (1919)
  • The Night Boat (1920)
  • Irene (1920)
  • Tangerine (1921)
  • A Fantastic Fricassee (1921)
  • The Magic Ring (1923)
  • Tip-Toes (1925)
  • Bubbling Over (1926)
  • Yes, Yes, Yvette (1927)
  • The Studio Girl (1927)
  • Sunny Days (1928)
  • Angela (1928)
  • Boom-Boom (1929)
  • Roméo et Juliette (1943–1945)
  • Faust (1944–1945)
  • The Guardsman (1951)
  • Bitter Sweet (1954)
  • The King and I (1956)
  • Bitter Sweet (1959)
See also
  • Harold Harby, Los Angeles City Council member, 1939–42, 1943–57, praised her singing
  1. "Baptismal record with MacDonald's 1903 birthdate" (JPG). Retrieved 2016-01-20.
  2. Parish, James Robert (2002). Hollywood divas: the good, the bad, and the fabulous. Contemporary Books. ISBN 9780071408196.
  3. Rich, Sharon (1994). Sweethearts: the timeless love affair--on-screen and off--between Jeanette MacDonald and Nelson Eddy. Donald I. Fine. ISBN 9781556114076.
  4. Montiel, Pierre (June 18, 1903). "The Iron Butterfly :: Early Years". Legendary Jeanette MacDonald. Retrieved 2014-03-03.
  5. "The-Love-Parade – Cast, Crew, Director and Awards". Retrieved 2014-03-03.
  6. Turk (1998), p. 105
  7. Turk (1998), p. 119
  8. Mosher, John (March 27, 1937). "Maytime". The New Yorker. New York, NY. p. 70. Altogether, it's possible that this is one of the best and most competently handled operettas that Hollywood has turned out
  9. Turk (1998), p.221
  10. Rich (2001), p. 237
  11. "New Moon (1940) – Articles". Retrieved 2014-03-03.
  12. Turk (1998), p. 175
  13. Rich (2004), p. 17
  14. Rich (2004), p. 11
  15. "Searchable database". RIAA. 2015. Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved February 9, 2015.
  16. Rich (2001), p. 329
  17. Rich (2001), p. 330
  18. Rich (2001), p. 177
  19. Jeanette MacDonald: The Irving Stone Letters, page 12
  20. Sweethearts, page 509, photograph of the letter and envelope.
  21. Jeanette MacDonald: The Irving Stone Letters, page 157
  22. Jeanette MacDonald: The Irving Stone Letters, page 162
  23. Hollywood Reporter(Los Angeles, CA), January 4, 1934
  24. Edward R. Murrow's Person to Person (October 3, 1958)
  25. Sweethearts, page 148
  26. Published interviews with Fred Phillips (Eddy's makeup man on Rose Marie), June Swift Thompson (a dancer in the film), and MacDonald's own letter to Bob Ritchie are reprinted and quoted at length in the book Sweethearts, among other contemporaries on the set of the film such as Ruth Van Dyke, wife of the film's director Woody Van Dyke.
  30. Wilshire Comstock lease papers; after Eddy's death his widow moved into his apartment.
  31. "An Afternoon With: John K. Hilliard" (PDF). AES Journal. 37 (7/8). 1989.
  32. "Miliza Korjus Interview". April 28, 2012. Retrieved 2016-01-20.
  33. "Rise Stevens Interview". April 28, 2012. Retrieved 2016-01-20.
  34. "Sandy Reiss Interview". April 28, 2012. Retrieved 2016-01-20.
  35. "Nelson Eddy: "The most miserable day of my life" (Jeanette MacDonald's funeral)". Retrieved 2016-01-20.
  36. Rich (2004), p. 260
  37. Rich (2004), p. 267
  38. Rich (2004), pp. 400, 412–22, 428, 431–33
  39. "USC Maps". Retrieved 2014-03-03.
  • Barclay, Florence L., The Rosary by Florence L. Barclay, new introduction by Sharon Rich, comments by Jeanette MacDonald and Nelson Eddy, Bell Harbour Press, 2005. This 1910 #1 best seller featured two singers in a "Jane Eyre" plot, and the heroine's nickname was Jeanette. Eddy chose it as a possible film vehicle for himself and MacDonald in 1948. This edition features a new introduction with excerpts from their written correspondence of 1948, in which the film project was discussed.
  • Castanza, Philip, The Films of Jeanette MacDonald and Nelson Eddy, Citadel Press, 1978.
  • Eddy, Nelson, "All Stars Don't Spangle" movie treatment for himself and MacDonald, reprinted in its entirety in Mac/Eddy Today magazine, issue #50.
  • Hamann, G.D. (Ed.), Collections of contemporary newspaper and magazine references in the following: Jeanette MacDonald in the 30's. (141 pp.), Jeanette MacDonald in the 40's (100 pp.), Nelson Eddy in the 30's and 40's (128 pp.), and Filming Today Press, 2005, Hollywood, California (
  • Knowles (Dugan), Eleanor, The Films of Jeanette MacDonald and Nelson Eddy, Booksurge Llc, 2006.
  • Rich, Sharon (2002). Jeanette MacDonald: The Irving Stone Letters. Bell Harbour Press. ISBN 0-9711998-4-1. Letters by MacDonald are reproduced and annotated. MacDonald dated Stone in 1927-28 and remained friends afterwards, so most of these are love letters. In one letter from August 1929 she tells Stone she is recovering from a heart attack.
  • Rich, Sharon (2004). Jeanette MacDonald Autobiography: The Lost Manuscript. Bell Harbour Press. ISBN 0-9711998-8-4.
  • Rich, Sharon (2001). Nelson Eddy: The Opera Years. Bell Harbour Press. ISBN 0-9711998-0-9.
  • Rich, Sharon (2001). Sweethearts: The Timeless Love Affair Onscreen and Off Between Jeanette MacDonald and Nelson Eddy. Bell Harbour Press. ISBN 0-9711998-1-7. This is an updated edition of Rich, Sharon, Sweethearts: The Timeless Love Affair - On-screen and Off - Between Jeanette MacDonald and Nelson Eddy, Donald I. Fine, 1994. Footnotes are from 2001 edition.
  • Turk, Edward Baron, Hollywood Diva: A Biography of Jeanette MacDonald, University of California Press, 1998.
External links
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Jeanette MacDonald


Jeanette Anna MacDonald (June 18, 1903 – January 14, 1965) was an American singer and actress best remembered for her musical films of the 1930s with Maurice Chevalier ( The Love Parade , Love Me Tonight , The Merry Widow and One Hour With You ) and Nelson Eddy ( Naughty Marietta , Rose-Marie , and Maytime ). During the 1930s and 1940s she starred in 29 feature films, four nominated for Best Picture Oscars (The Love Parade, One Hour with You, Naughty Marietta and San Francisco ), and recorded extensively, earning three gold records . She later appeared in opera, concerts, radio, and television. MacDonald was one of the most influential sopranos of the 20th century, introducing opera to movie-going audiences and inspiring a generation of singers. Early years MacDonald was born on June 18, 1903, at her family's Philadelphia home at 5123 Arch Street. She was the youngest of the three daughters of Anna Mae (née Wright) and Daniel MacDonald. She had Scottish, English, and Dutch ancestry. Starting at an early a ...more...

Sharon Rich


Sharon Rich (born June 11, 1953) is an American author and film historian, best known for the biography Sweethearts about 1930s singing stars Jeanette MacDonald and Nelson Eddy. She was close friends for many years with Jeanette's older sister, actress Blossom Rock (aka Marie Blake). Along with interviewing hundreds of people, Rich had access to many collections of private letters, Eddy’s personal scrapbooks, diary entries, FBI files and MacDonald’s unpublished autobiography (which Rich later annotated in 2004). As follow up documentation to Sweethearts, Rich has written several additional books and edited and written over seventy magazine articles. She is also the president of the largest Jeanette MacDonald/Nelson Eddy fan club in the United States, the MacDonald/Eddy Friendship Club, which she helped create in the late 70s. Rich was made a Dame of Malta in 1995 for her contribution to history and literature. Also in 1995, she went to Washington, D.C., to petition to have MacDonald and Eddy's likeness place ...more...

The Firefly (film)


Jeanette MacDonald in the film's trailer The Firefly is a 1937 musical film starring Jeanette MacDonald and Allan Jones. The film is an adaptation of the operetta of the same name by composer Rudolf Friml and librettist Otto A. Harbach that premiered on Broadway in 1912. The film used nearly all of the music from the operetta but jettisoned the plot in favor of a new storyline set in Spain during the time of the Emperor Napoleon I. It added a new song, "The Donkey Serenade" (a reworking by Herbert Stothart of Friml's 1918 orchestral piece 'Chanson' ), which became extremely popular, as was one of the Friml songs, "Giannina Mia". The original release prints of the film were elaborately tinted with Sepia-Blue, Sepia-Orange and Sepia-Blue-Pink. Plot Secret agent Nina Maria Azara (Jeanette MacDonald) is working undercover for the King of Spain (Tom Rutherford) as a singer known as the "Mosca del Fuego" or "Firefly." Despite her love for Captain Andre (Allan Jones), she tricks him so that his general will cha ...more...

Indian Love Call


"Indian Love Call" (first published as "The Call") is a popular song from Rose-Marie, a 1924 operetta-style Broadway musical with music by Rudolf Friml and Herbert Stothart, and book and lyrics by Otto Harbach and Oscar Hammerstein II. Originally written for Mary Ellis, the song achieved continued popularity under other artists and has been called Friml's best remembered work. The play takes place in the Canadian Rocky Mountains and features the sonorous tune in the overture and in Act One while the love interests call to each other per a supposed Native Canadian legend about how men would call down into the valley to the girls they wished to marry. In most (or all) versions of Rose-Marie, including the best-known movie version, the tune is reprised several times throughout the narrative. Popularity The musical was the longest running musical of the 1920s, enjoyed international success, and became the basis of four films with the same title. As the musical's biggest hit, "Indian Love Call" outlived its or ...more...

The Love Parade


The Love Parade is a 1929 American pre-Code musical comedy film, directed by Ernst Lubitsch and starring Maurice Chevalier and Jeanette MacDonald, involving the marital difficulties of Queen Louise of Sylvania (MacDonald) and her consort, Count Alfred Renard (Chevalier). Despite his love for Louise and his promise to be an obedient husband, Count Alfred finds his role as a figurehead unbearable. The supporting cast features Lupino Lane, Lillian Roth and Eugene Pallette. The film was directed by Lubitsch from a screenplay by Guy Bolton and Ernest Vajda adapted from the French play Le Prince Consort, written by Jules Chancel and Leon Xanrof. The play had previously been adapted for Broadway in 1905 by William Boosey and Cosmo Gordon Lennox. The Love Parade is notable for being both the film debut of Jeanette MacDonald and the first "talkie" film made by Ernst Lubitsch. The picture was also released in a French-language version called Parade d'amour. Chevalier had thought that he would never be capable of acti ...more...

One Hour with You


One Hour with You is a 1932 American pre-Code musical comedy film about a married couple who find themselves attracted to other people. It was produced and directed by Ernst Lubitsch "with the assistance of" George Cukor, and written by Samson Raphaelson, from the play Only a Dream by Lothar Schmidt. It stars Maurice Chevalier, Jeanette MacDonald and Genevieve Tobin and features Charles Ruggles and Roland Young. A French-language version, called Une heure près de toi was made simultaneously, with Lili Damita playing Genevieve Tobin's role. The film is a musical remake of The Marriage Circle (1924), the second film that Lubitsch made in the United States. In 1932, One Hour with You was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture. The film was preserved by the UCLA Film & Television Archive with the original color tints restored. Plot Parisian doctor Andre Bertier (Maurice Chevalier) is faithful to his loving wife, Colette (Jeanette MacDonald), much to the surprise of his lovely female patients. ...more...

The Merry Widow (1934 film)


The Merry Widow is a 1934 film adaptation of the operetta of the same name by Franz Lehár . It was directed and produced by Ernst Lubitsch and starred Maurice Chevalier and Jeanette MacDonald . A French- language version was produced at the same time and released in France the same year as La Veuve joyeuse . Plot Playboy Captain Danilo ( Maurice Chevalier ) is ordered by King Achmet of Marshovia ( George Barbier ) to court and marry Madame Sonia ( Jeanette MacDonald ), a rich widow who owns a large portion of the kingdom. Cast English Maurice Chevalier as Captain Danilo Jeanette MacDonald as Madame Sonia / Fifi Edward Everett Horton as Ambassador Popoff Una Merkel as Queen Dolores George Barbier as King Achmet Minna Gombell as Marcelle Ruth Channing as Lulu Sterling Holloway as Mischka Donald Meek as Valet Herman Bing as Zizipoff Akim Tamiroff as Maxim's Manager French Maurice Chevalier as Prince Danilo Jeanette MacDonald as Missia Marcel Vallée as L'ambassadeur Danièle Parola as La reine André Berley as Le r ...more...



MacDonald, Macdonald, and McDonald are Scottish and Irish surnames. Origins and variants These surnames are Anglicised forms of the Scottish Gaelic and Irish Gaelic MacDhòmhnaill or Dòmhnallach. The name is a patronym meaning "son of Dòmhnall". The personal name Dòmhnall is composed of the elements domno "world" and val "might", "rule". According to Alex Woolf, the Gaelic personal name is probably a borrowing from the British Celtic Dyfnwal. In the context of Scottish clans, the various forms of the name refer to one of the largest clans, Clan Donald. Frequency and distribution In Scottish surname data, no distinction is made between, for instance, "Macdonald" and "MacDonald". According to this data, the following frequency information can be collated: Year(s) Macdonald Rank  %freq McDonald Rank  %freq 1855–1858 2 1.23 ...more...

Blossom Rock


Edith Marie Blossom MacDonald (August 21, 1895 – January 14, 1978), known as Blossom Rock, was an American actress of vaudeville, stage, television, and film, and comedian. She was occasionally billed as Marie Blake or Blossom MacDonald. Her younger sister was screen actress and singer Jeanette MacDonald. Personal life Blossom Rock was born on August 21, 1895, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. She was the second of three daughters born to Anna May (née Wright; July, 1871 – May 16, 1947) and Daniel MacDonald (April, 1869 – August 8, 1924). As a youth, she performed on the vaudeville stage with her younger sister, Jeanette, and later with her husband, actor Clarence Warren Rock, whom she married in 1926. They had no children. Rock had an elder sister, Elsie MacDonald, who had also been a vaudeville performer and then operated a dance school until 1962. Career Rock adopted the name Marie Blake for her film career, starting in 1937 with an uncredited appearance in My Dear Miss Aldrich. Her first credited major ...more...

Jeanette (given name)


Jeanette (or Jeannette or Jeanetta) is a female name, a diminutive form of the name Jeanne. Other variations are Janette and Janet. The name is derived from the Hebrew "God is gracious". Notable people Jeanette (singer) (born 1951), Spanish singer Jeannette Armstrong (born 1948), Canadian author Jeanetta Arnette (born 1954), American actress Janette Beckman, English photographer Jeanette Berglind (1816-1903), Swedish sign language pedagogue Jeanette Biedermann (born 1980), German singer-songwriter and actress Jeannette Bougrab, French lawyer and politician. Jeanette Dyrkjær (1963–2011), Danish nude model and adult actress Jeanette Granberg (1825–1857), Swedish playwright Jeannette Gadson (1945–2007), New York politician Jeannette Lee, British music record executive Jeannette H. Lee (formerly Jeannette Lee White), American entrepreneur Jeanette Lee (born 1971), American professional pool player Jeanette Loff (1906–1942), American actress and singer Jeanette MacDonald (1903–1965), American actre ...more...

Love Me Tonight


Love Me Tonight is a 1932 American pre-Code musical comedy film produced and directed by Rouben Mamoulian , with music by Rodgers and Hart . It stars Maurice Chevalier as a tailor who poses as a nobleman and Jeanette MacDonald as a princess with whom he falls in love. It also stars Charles Ruggles as a penniless nobleman, along with Charles Butterworth and Myrna Loy as members of his family. The film is an adaptation by Samuel Hoffenstein , George Marion Jr. and Waldemar Young of the play Le Tailleur au château ("The tailor at the castle") by Paul Armont and Léopold Marchand. It features the classic Rodgers and Hart songs "Love Me Tonight", " Isn't it Romantic? ", " Mimi ", and " Lover ". "Lover" is sung not romantically, as it often is in nightclubs, but comically, as MacDonald's character tries to control an unruly horse. The staging of "Isn't It Romantic?" was revolutionary for its time, combining both singing and film editing , as the song is passed from one singer (or group of singers) to another, all of ...more...

Maytime (1937 film)


Maytime is a 1937 American musical romantic drama film produced by MGM. It was directed by Robert Z. Leonard and stars Jeanette MacDonald and Nelson Eddy. The screenplay was rewritten from the book for Sigmund Romberg's 1917 operetta Maytime by Rida Johnson Young, Romberg's librettist; however, only one musical number by Romberg was retained. The film's storyline greatly resembles that of Noël Coward's operetta Bitter Sweet, right down to the "frame story" surrounding the main plot. Three years later, MGM filmed a Technicolor version of Bitter Sweet, but altered the plot slightly so that audiences would not notice the similarities. Plot At a small town May Day celebration, elderly Miss Morrison (Jeanette MacDonald) tries to console her young friend Kip (Tom Brown), whose sweetheart Barbara (Lynne Carver) has been offered a job on the operatic stage. Later, Barbara goes for comfort to Miss Morrison, who reveals that years ago she was the internationally famous opera diva Marcia Mornay. Miss Morrison then r ...more...

Bitter Sweet (1940 film)


Bitter Sweet is a 1940 American Technicolor musical film directed by W. S. Van Dyke, based on the operetta Bitter Sweet by Noël Coward. It was nominated for two Academy Awards, one for Best Cinematography and the other for Best Art Direction by Cedric Gibbons and John S. Detlie. The film is based on Coward's stage operetta, which was a hit in 1929 in London. It was filmed twice, first in 1933 in black-and-white (in Britain, with Anna Neagle and Fernand Gravet in the leading roles). The 1940 film is much cut and rewritten, removing much of the operetta's irony. The opening and closing scenes are cut, focusing the film squarely upon the relationship between MacDonald's character, Sarah, and her music teacher, Carl Linden. The opening scene was a flash forward, in which Sarah appears as an elderly woman recalling how she fell in love. One reason for dropping this scene is that it had been appropriated for MGM's 1937 film Maytime. Coward disliked the 1940 film and vowed that no more of his shows would be filmed ...more...

Gene Raymond


Gene Raymond (August 13, 1908 – May 3, 1998) was an American film, television, and stage actor of the 1930s and 1940s. In addition to acting, Raymond was also a composer, writer, director, producer, and decorated military pilot. Early life Raymond was born Raymond Guion on August 13, 1908 in New York City. He attended the Professional Children's School while appearing in productions like Rip Van Winkle and Mrs. Wiggs of the Cabbage Patch. His Broadway debut, at age 17, was in The Cradle Snatchers which ran two years. (The cast included Mary Boland, Edna May Oliver, and a young Humphrey Bogart.) Film career His screen debut was in Personal Maid (1931). Another early appearance was in the multi-director If I Had a Million with W. C. Fields and Charles Laughton. With his blond good looks, classic profile, and youthful exuberance — plus a name change to the more pronounceable "Gene Raymond" — he scored in films like the classic Zoo in Budapest with Loretta Young, and a series of light RKO musicals, mostly wi ...more...

Nelson Eddy


Nelson Ackerman Eddy (June 29, 1901 – March 6, 1967) was an American singer and actor who appeared in 19 musical films during the 1930s and 1940s, as well as in opera and on the concert stage, radio, television, and in nightclubs. A classically trained baritone, he is best remembered for the eight films in which he costarred with soprano Jeanette MacDonald. He was one of the first "crossover" stars, a superstar appealing both to shrieking bobby soxers and opera purists, and in his heyday, he was the highest paid singer in the world. During his 40-year career, he earned three stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame (one each for film, recording, and radio), left his footprints in the wet concrete at Grauman's Chinese Theater, earned three gold records, and was invited to sing at the third inauguration of U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1941. He also introduced millions of young Americans to classical music and inspired many of them to pursue a musical career. Early life Eddy was born in Providence, Rho ...more...

Sweethearts (1938 film)


Sweethearts is a 1938 Technicolor musical romance directed by W.S. Van Dyke, starring Jeanette MacDonald and Nelson Eddy. The screenplay, by Dorothy Parker and Alan Campbell, uses the “play within a play” device: a contemporary Broadway production of the 1913 Victor Herbert operetta is the setting for another pair of sweethearts, the stars of the show. This was the first color film for Nelson or Jeanette (as well as MGM's first three strip Technicolor feature). Plot Lobby card Broadway stars Gwen Marlowe (Jeanette MacDonald) and Ernest Lane (Nelson Eddy) are appearing in a 6-year run of Victor Herbert's operetta Sweethearts (Ray Bolger dances the role of Hans). They are also very much in love after six years of marriage. Norman Trumpett (Reginald Gardiner) is a successful Hollywood talent scout under pressure to recruit Marlowe and Lane for his studio, which their Broadway producer Felix Lehman (Frank Morgan) is equally determined to prevent. The couple's attempts to rest and be together are repeated ...more...

The Girl of the Golden West (1938 film)


The Girl of the Golden West is a 1938 musical western film. It was adapted from the play of the same name by David Belasco, better known for providing the plot of the opera La fanciulla del West by Giacomo Puccini. A frontier woman falls in love with an outlaw. Cast Jeanette MacDonald as Mary Robbins Nelson Eddy as Ramerez Walter Pidgeon as Sheriff Jack Rance Leo Carrillo as Mosquito Buddy Ebsen as Alabama Leonard Penn as Pedro Priscilla Lawson as Nina Martinez Bob Murphy as Sonora Slim Olin Howland as Trinidad Joe Cliff Edwards as Minstrel Joe Billy Bevan as Nick Brandon Tynan as The Professor H.B. Warner as Father Sienna Monty Woolley as The Governor Charley Grapewin as Uncle Davy (in prologue) Noah Beery, Sr. as The General - in prologue (as Noah Beery Sr.) Bill Cody, Jr. as Gringo (young Ramirez; in prologue) Jeanne Ellis as Young Mary Robbins (in prologue) Ynez Seabury as Wowkle Soundtrack Sun-Up to Sun Down; Played during the opening credits Music by Sigmund Romberg Lyrics by Gu ...more...

Rose Marie (1936 film)


Rose Marie is a 1936 musical film starring Jeanette MacDonald , Nelson Eddy and Reginald Owen and directed by W. S. Van Dyke . It was the second of three movie adaptations from Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer of the 1924 Broadway musical of the same name . A silent version was released in 1928 and a color film in 1954. All three versions are set in the Canadian wilderness. Portions of Rudolf Friml and Herbert Stothart 's original score for the Broadway musical are utilized in both the 1936 and 1954 films. Although the original plot was changed, and most of the songs were dropped, the 1936 film was a huge success and became MacDonald and Eddy's best-known film. Their duet of " Indian Love Call " was a major hit for the two singers and remained a signature song throughout their careers. Plot Marie de Flor (Jeanette MacDonald) is a Canadian soprano performing in Roméo et Juliette in Montreal; the Premier of Quebec is in the audience. Inviting him and his entourage to supper after the performance, she learns from a 'half-bre ...more...

The Cat and the Fiddle (film)


The Cat and the Fiddle is a 1934 American pre-Code romantic musical film directed by William K. Howard based on the hit 1931 Broadway musical of the same name by Jerome Kern and Otto A. Harbach, about a romance between a struggling composer and an American singer. The film stars Ramon Novarro and Jeanette MacDonald in her MGM debut. The final reel was filmed in the then newly perfected three-strip Technicolor process, previously used only in Walt Disney's Silly Symphonies cartoons. Cast Ramon Novarro as Victor Florescu Jeanette MacDonald as Shirley Sheridan Frank Morgan as Jules Daudet Charles Butterworth as Charles Jean Hersholt as Professor Bertier Vivienne Segal as Odette Brieux Frank Conroy as The Theatre Owner Henry Armetta as the Taxi Driver Adrienne D'Ambricourt as Concierge Joseph Cawthorn as Rodolphe 'Rudy' Brieux Sterling Holloway as Flower Messenger (uncredited) Box office The film grossed a total (domestic and foreign) of $1,099,000: $455,000 from the US and Canada and $644,000 el ...more...

Lover (song)


"Lover" is a popular song written by Richard Rodgers, with words by Lorenz Hart. It was featured in the movie Love Me Tonight (1932) sung by Jeanette MacDonald. Notable recordings Les Paul's version was a guitar instrumental on the album "The New Sound" released by Capitol Records in 1948. It has a French title Partout Toi. Harry James released three live recordings of it from the 1940s and 50s, and Frank Sinatra has recorded it twice in 1950 and 1961. Peggy Lee's 1952 version featured in that year's version of the movie The Jazz Singer which she appeared in. Cliff Richard has recorded it on his album Listen to Cliff!. In 1954, the song featured prominently in both Billy Wilder's Sabrina and in Alfred Hitchcock's Rear Window. Additionally, John Coltrane recorded a version of the song in 1957, which appeared on his album The Last Trane, which was released in 1965. In popular culture The song is referenced in Dodie Smith's novel I Capture the Castle. References "Lover" at AllMusic. Retrieved September 21 ...more...

Monte Carlo (1930 film)


Monte Carlo is a 1930 American Pre-Code musical comedy film , directed by Ernst Lubitsch . It stars Jeanette MacDonald as Countess Helene Mara. The film is notable for the song " Beyond the Blue Horizon ", which was written for the film and was performed by Jeanette MacDonald. The film was also hailed by critics as a masterpiece of the newly emerging musical genre. The screenplay was based on the Booth Tarkington novel Monsieur Beaucaire . Plot Countess Helene Mara is engaged to be married to Prince Otto Von Liebenheim but leaves him at the altar. She flees on a train to Monte Carlo and checks into a hotel. When she arrives at the casino a count named Rudolph Falliere takes a liking to her and poses as a hairdresser whom she hires and falls in love with but could not marry if he is a commoner. Her fiance later arrives and takes her to an opera and she sees Rudolph there in one of the expensive seats indicating he is too wealthy to be a hairdresser. When he reveals to her that he is a count, she realises she c ...more...

Beyond the Blue Horizon (song)


"Beyond the Blue Horizon" is a 1930 song composed by Leo Robin, Richard A. Whiting, and W. Franke Harling. Jeanette MacDonald introduced the song in the 1930 film Monte Carlo. Her version reached #9 in the United States. Cover versions George Olsen and His Orchestra released a version in 1930. The song reached #5 in the United States. Phil Spitalny and His Orchestra released a version in 1930. The song reached #18 in the United States. Clifford Jordan released a version on his 1957 album Cliff Jordan. Jack Pleis, His Piano, Chorus and Orchestra released a version in 1957 on his album Strings and Things. Jane Morgan - from her album Something Old, Something New, Something Borrowed, Something Blue (1958). Frankie Laine - included in his album Call of the Wild (1962). Johnny Mathis released a version on his 1964 album The Wonderful World of Make Believe. Michael Nesmith released a version on his 1970 album Magnetic South and featured on his 1993 album Complete First National Band Recordings. Lou C ...more...

The Holy City (song)


The Holy City is a religious Victorian ballad dating from 1892, with music by Michael Maybrick writing under the alias Stephen Adams, with lyrics by Frederic Weatherly. The song is recorded in the African Methodist Episcopal Church Review in 1911 as having been sung by an opera singer awaiting trial for fraud in his cell while a group of men arrested for drunk and disorderly conduct were before the judge. The men were said to have dropped to their knees as the song began 'Last night I lay a-sleeping, There came a dream so fair.', the lyrics contrasting with their previous night's drunkenness. The song's conclusion resulted in the judge dismissing the men without punishment, each having learned a lesson from the song. The song is mentioned in James Joyce's Ulysses, published 1918-1920. It gained renewed popularity when it was sung by Jeanette MacDonald in the 1936 hit film San Francisco. The melody formed the basis of a Spiritual titled Hosanna, which in turn was the basis for the opening of Duke Ellington's ...more...

Theme from San Francisco


"Theme from San Francisco," also known as "San Francisco," is a song from the 1936 American film San Francisco. It was written by Bronislaw Kaper and Walter Jurmann, with lyrics by Gus Kahn. It is sung by Jeanette MacDonald six times in the film, and becomes an anthem for the survivors of the 1906 earthquake. The lyrics of the chorus begin as follows: "San Francisco, open your Golden Gate You'll let no stranger wait outside your door San Francisco, here is your wanderin' one Saying I'll wander no more. " The song is now a popular sentimental sing-along at public events such as the city's annual earthquake commemoration. It is one of two official city songs, along with "I Left My Heart in San Francisco." Judy Garland included the song to her concert repertoire, with a new introduction that starts, "I never will forget Jeanette MacDonald; just to think of her it gives my heart a pang. I never will forget, how that brave Jeanette, just stood there in the ruins and sang. A-a-a-and sang..." She opened a late 19 ...more...

Cairo (1942 film)


Cairo is a 1942 musical comedy film made by MGM and Loew's, and directed by W. S. Van Dyke. The screenplay was written by John McClain, based on an idea by Ladislas Fodor about a news reporter shipwrecked in a torpedo attack, who teams up with a Hollywood singer and her maid to foil Nazi spies. The music score is by Herbert Stothart. This film was Jeanette MacDonald's last film on her MGM contract. The film was poorly received upon its initial release. Plot Actress Marcia Warren (Jeanette MacDonald), while "between pictures" in London, hires an American named Homer Smith (Robert Young), as her butler. What Marcia doesn't know is that Smith is a newspaperman, who strongly suspects that she is a Nazi spy. (The real enemy agent is Mrs. Morrison (Mona Barrie). Cast Jeanette MacDonald as Marcia Warren Robert Young as Homer Smith, aka Juniper Jones Ethel Waters as Cleona Jones, Marcia's Maid Reginald Owen as Philo Cobson Grant Mitchell as Mr. O.H.P. Boggs Lionel Atwill as Teutonic gentleman Eduardo Ci ...more...

San Francisco (1936 film)


San Francisco is a 1936 musical-drama directed by Woody Van Dyke, based on the April 18, 1906 San Francisco earthquake. The film, which was the top-grossing movie of that year, stars Clark Gable, Jeanette MacDonald, and Spencer Tracy. The then very popular singing of MacDonald helped make this film a hit, coming on the heels of her other 1936 blockbuster, Rose Marie. Famous silent film directors D. W. Griffith and Erich von Stroheim worked on the film without credit. Griffith directed some of the mob scenes while von Stroheim contributed to the screenplay. Plot The film opens with two men in boxing gloves and trunks sparring vigorously. One knocks the other squarely down, concluding their session. Changing out of their exercise gear, the latter dons a natty suit, the former a priest's collar. The first man is "Blackie" Norton (Clark Gable), a saloonkeeper and gambler. He owns the Paradise Club on Pacific Street in the notorious Barbary Coast. The other is Blackie's childhood friend, Father Tim Mullen (Spe ...more...

The Sun Comes Up


The Sun Comes Up is a 1949 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Technicolor picture with Lassie . Jeanette MacDonald had been off the screen for five years until her return in Three Daring Daughters (1948), but The Sun Comes Up was to be her last. In it, she had to share the screen not with an up-and-coming younger actress but with a very popular animal star. Although her retreat from a film career can be blamed largely on an increasingly debilitating heart ailment (which eventually took her life at the age of 61 in 1965), MacDonald continued to make concert and TV appearances after this. Her last radio appearance was a broadcast version of this same story on Screen Guild Theater in March 1950. Plot Ex- opera singer Helen Lorfield Winter ( Jeanette MacDonald ) rents a house in the small town of Brushy Gap, in the hills not too far from the Smokies, Blue Ridge, and Atlanta Georgia with her dog, Lassie, after the tragic death of her son. There she befriends Jerry, a young orphan ( Claude Jarman Jr. ). Growing attached to Jerry, ...more...



Sweethearts may refer to: Sweethearts (book), a book by Sharon Rich, the full title being Sweethearts: The Timeless Love Affair Onscreen and Off Between Jeanette MacDonald and Nelson Eddy Sweethearts (candy), a heart shaped candy Sweethearts (comics), a romance comic published first by Fawcett Publications from 1948 to 1953 and continued by Charlton Comics from 1954 to 1973 Sweethearts (1938 film), a 1938 MGM film starring Jeanette MacDonald and Nelson Eddy Sweethearts (1996 film), a 1996 film by Birger Larsen nominated for the Academy Award for Live Action Short Film Sweethearts (1997 film), a 1997 independent film starring Janeane Garofalo Sweethearts (game show) may refer to: Sweethearts (U.S. game show), American version hosted by Charles Nelson Reilly Sweethearts (music group), an Australian new soul group Sweethearts (musical), a 1913 operetta by Victor Herbert Sweethearts (play), a two-act 1874 comedy by W.S. Gilbert based on a song of the same name by Gilbert and Arthur Sullivan The Sweeth ...more...

Annabelle's Affairs


Annabelle's Affairs is a 1931 American pre-Code romantic comedy film directed by Alfred L. Werker and starring Victor McLaglen, Jeanette MacDonald and Roland Young. The film is based on the play Good Gracious Annabelle by Clare Kummer. It is the only one of MacDonald's films to be considered lost. It was well received by critics, but did not perform well at the box office. Plot After they are separated shortly after their marriage, Annabelle doesn't really know what her husband looks like. When they meet later she finds herself falling in love with him, without realizing that they are already married. Cast Victor McLaglen as John Rawson / Hefly Jack Jeanette MacDonald as Annabelle Leigh Roland Young as Roland Wimbleton Sam Hardy as James Ludgate William Collier Sr. as Wickham Sally Blane as Dora Joyce Compton as Mabel Ruth Warren as Lottie George Beranger as Archie Walter Walker as Walter J. Gosling Hank Mann as Summers Jed Prouty as Bolson Louise Beavers as Ruby Wilbur Mack as Vance, assist ...more...

Favorites in Stereo


Professional ratings Review scores Source Rating Allmusic Favorites in Stereo is a studio album by Jeanette MacDonald and Nelson Eddy. The album was recorded in stereo and released by RCA Records in 1959. For its monaural release the title was changed to Favorites in Hi-Fi. The album peaked at number 40 on the Billboard 200 chart. It was certified Gold by the Recording Industry Association of America on October 27, 1966. Nelson Eddy and Jeanette MacDonald were a popular romantic screen team in a series of eight motion pictures produced by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer between 1935 and 1941. The two reunited on a 1957 broadcast of the CBS Television series The Big Record starring Patti Page. Their performance of the "Italian Street Song" from their first film together, Naughty Marietta (1935) created a renewed interest for the team. As a result, RCA brought them together to record Favorites in Stereo. In his review of the album music critic Bruce Eder noted: Track listing Side one No. Title Lyrics Music Performe ...more...

I Married an Angel (film)


I Married an Angel is a 1942 American motion picture based on the 1938 musical comedy of the same name by Rodgers and Hart. The film was directed by W. S. Van Dyke and starred Jeanette MacDonald and Nelson Eddy, who were then a popular onscreen couple. Supporting cast members included Edward Everett Horton, Binnie Barnes, Reginald Owen, Douglass Dumbrille, Mona Maris, and Odette Myrtil. Music It featured several additional songs not written by Rodgers and Hart. Romantic composer Eva Dell'Acqua's song "Villanelle" for coloratura soprano appeared on the soundtrack of the film. "But What of Truth?" (written for the 1942 film with music by Herbert Stothart and lyrics by George Forrest and Robert Wright) "Hey Butcher" (written for the 1942 film with music by Herbert Stothart and lyrics by George Forrest and Robert Wright) "May I Present the Girl" (written for the 1942 film with music by Herbert Stothart and lyrics by George Forrest and Robert Wright) "There Comes a Time" (written for the 1942 film with musi ...more...

The Vagabond King (1930 film)


The Vagabond King is a 1930 American Pre-Code musical operetta film photographed entirely in two-color Technicolor. The plot of the film was based on the 1925 operetta of the same name, which was based on the 1901 play If I Were King by Justin Huntly McCarthy. The play told the story of a renegade French poet named François Villon. The music of the film was based on a 1925 operetta, also based on the play If I Were King by McCarthy. The operetta is also titled The Vagabond King with music by Rudolph Friml and lyrics by Brian Hooker and W.H. Post. The film was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Art Direction. Plot The story takes place in medieval France. King Louis XI (O. P. Heggie), hoping to enlist the French peasants in his upcoming battle against the Burgundians, appoints François Villon (Dennis King) king of France for one day. Despite being successful against the Burgundians, François Villon is sentenced to hang by King Louis XI for writing derogatory verses about him... Jeanette MacDonald is K ...more...

Three Daring Daughters


Three Daring Daughters (UK title: The Birds and the Bees ) is a 1948 musical film released by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer , and directed by Fred M. Wilcox . The screenplay was written by Albert Mannheimer , Frederick Kohner, Sonya Levien and John Meehan. Plot It's Tess's graduation day from "Miss Drake's School for Girls." During the choir's performance at the ceremony, Tess notices that her beautiful, divorcee mother, Louise Rayton Morgan, isn't there. Louise, an editor for Modern Design magazine, is in Dr. Cannon's office after fainting due to being overworked and stressed. At home after the graduation ceremony, Dr. Cannon has a talk with Louise's three daughters, Tess, Ilka and Alix. He tells them that their mother needs a vacation badly, but the only way she can relax is if she goes without the girls. Louise is reluctant, but the girls convince her to go. They see their mother off on a one-month Cuban cruise. The girls then discuss whether they could bring their father back home and make their mom happy and healt ...more...

Smilin' Through (1941 film)


Smilin' Through is a 1941 MGM musical film based on the 1919 play of the same name by Jane Cowl and Jane Murfin. The film was a remake of a previous 1932 version by MGM and was the third and final film version of the play. It starred Jeanette MacDonald, Brian Aherne, Gene Raymond and Ian Hunter. It was filmed in Technicolor and was remade as a musical for MacDonald with several older songs interpolated into the story. The plot remained essentially the same as in the play and previous film versions. Kathleen is a young Irish woman in love with an American, Kenneth Wayne. The romance, however, is opposed by her adopted father John Carteret, who recalls the painful memory of his tragically thwarted love for Kathleen's aunt, Moonyean Clare. The roles of Kathleen and Moonyean are both played by MacDonald. Notes Turk, Edward Baron "Hollywood Diva: A Biography of Jeanette MacDonald" (University of California Press, 1998) External links Smilin' Through on IMDb Smilin' Through at the TCM Movie Database Sm ...more...

Don't Bet on Women


Don't Bet on Women is a 1931 American pre-Code romantic comedy film directed by William K. Howard and starring Edmund Lowe, Jeanette MacDonald and Roland Young. Plot On a whim, Herbert Blake proposes a wager with Roger Fallon that he won't be able to get a kiss during the coming 48 hours from the next woman who happens to walk into the room. Fallon takes the bet, whereupon the woman who turns up is Herbert's wife. Cast Edmund Lowe as Roger Fallon Jeanette MacDonald as Jeanne Drake Roland Young as Herbert Drake J.M. Kerrigan as Chipley Duff Una Merkel as Tallulah Hope Helene Millard as Doris Brent Louise Beavers as Maid Sumner Getchell as Office Boy Henry Kolker as Butterfield James T. Mack as Sommers - Fallon's Butler Cyril Ring as Jeanne's Dancing Partner References Turk p.359 Bibliography Turk, Edward Baron. Hollywood Diva: A Biography of Jeanette MacDonald. University of California Press, 1998. External links Don't Bet on Women on IMDb Don't Bet on Women is a 1931 American pr ...more...

New Moon (1940 film)


New Moon is a 1940 American musical film released by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and directed by Robert Z. Leonard, with uncredited direction by W. S. Van Dyke. It is the second film adaptation of the operetta The New Moon, which premiered on Broadway in 1928. The stage version featured music by Sigmund Romberg and book and lyrics by Oscar Hammerstein II and others. The first film adaptation, also titled New Moon, which premiered in 1930, was less faithful to the stage version. Plot summary During the 18th century in New Orleans, Louisiana, a French nobleman in disguise as a bondsman, Charles (Nelson Eddy) leads his fellow bondsman in revolt against his ship's captain, commandeering the ship and heading out to sea. Cast Jeanette MacDonald as Marianne de Beaumanoir Nelson Eddy as Charles (Henri), Duc de Villiers Mary Boland as Valerie de Rossac George Zucco as Vicomte Ribaud H. B. Warner as Father Michel Grant Mitchell as Governor of New Orleans Stanley Fields as Tambour Dick Purcell as Alexander John Mi ...more...

Broadway Serenade


Broadway Serenade (also known as Serenade ) is a 1939 musical drama film distributed by MGM , produced and directed by Robert Z. Leonard . The screenplay was written by Charles Lederer , based on a story by Lew Lipton, John Taintor Foote and Hanns Kräly. The music score is by Herbert Stothart and Edward Ward . Cast Jeanette MacDonald as Mary Hale Lew Ayres as James Geoffrey 'Jimmy' Seymour Ian Hunter as Larry Bryant Frank Morgan as Cornelius Collier, Jr. Wally Vernon as Joey, the Jinx Rita Johnson as Judith 'Judy' Tyrrell Virginia Grey as Pearl William Gargan as Bill Foster Katharine Alexander as Harriet Ingalls Al Shean as Herman Esther Dale as Mrs. Olsen, the Landlady Franklin Pangborn as Gene, Collier's Composer E. Alyn Warren as Everett Paul Hurst as Reynolds, a Drunk Frank Orth as Mr. Fellows Esther Howard as Mrs. Fellows Leon Belasco as Squeaker, the Violinist Kitty McHugh as Kitty, Mary's Maid Kenny Stevens as Singer Ray Walker as Denny Madison References Turk, Edward Baron. Hollywood Diva: A Biography ...more...

Isn't It Romantic?


"Isn't It Romantic?" is a popular song and part of the Great American Songbook. The music was composed by Richard Rodgers, with lyrics by Lorenz Hart. It has a 32-bar chorus in A–B–A–C form. Alec Wilder, in his book American Popular Song: The Great Innovators 1900–1950, calls it "a perfect song." It was introduced by Maurice Chevalier and Jeanette MacDonald in the Paramount film Love Me Tonight (1932). It has since been recorded numerous times, with and without vocals, by many jazz and popular artists. It has also since been featured in a number of other movies. In Love Me Tonight, the song is used in a sequence in which it is first sung by Maurice Chevalier, a tailor, and then taken up by others (his customer, a cabby, a composer, a troop of soldiers, a band of gypsies) and is finally heard and sung by a princess, played by Jeanette MacDonald. The lyrics in the film are not the same as those in the published version. In 2004 this version finished at #73 in AFI's 100 Years...100 Songs survey of top tunes in ...more...

The Rosary


The Rosary may refer to: Rosary , Roman Catholic prayer beads The Rosary (house) , a moated house built by Edward II in Southwark The Rosary (novel) , a 1909 novel by English author Florence L. Barclay The Rosary, 1910 play by Edward E. Rose The Rosary, 1915 film based on the 1910 play by Colin Campbell (director) , starring Kathlyn Williams, Charles Clary, Wheeler Oakman The Rosary (film) , a 1931 British film directed by Guy Newall "The Rosary", song by Ethelbert Woodbridge Nevin (1862-1901) recorded by Rosa Ponselle See also Rosary (disambiguation) The Rosary may refer to: Rosary , Roman Catholic prayer beads The Rosary (house) , a moated house built by Edward II in Southwark The Rosary (novel) , a 1909 novel by English author Florence L. Barclay The Rosary, 1910 play by Edward E. Rose The Rosary, 1915 film based on the 1910 play by Colin Campbell (director) , starring Kathlyn Williams, Charles Clary, Wheeler Oakman The Rosary (film) , a 1931 British film directed by Guy Newall "The Rosary", song by Ethelb ...more...

Chorus line


Theatrical poster from 1900 showing an early chorus line. A chorus line is a large group of dancers who together perform synchronized routines, usually in musical theatre. Sometimes, singing is also performed. Chorus line dancers in Broadway musicals and revues have been referred to by slang terms such as ponies, gypsies and twirlies. Ballet uses the term corps de ballet. A chorus girl or chorine is a female performer in a chorus line (or in a chorus), and the word "chorine" is not to be confused with chlorine. Musicals A modern chorus line A Chorus Line (1975) - centers on a chorus line audition in Broadway Famous chorus lines Gaiety Girls (started in England during the 1890s) The Rockettes (U.S. act founded in 1925) Tiller Girls (international act starting in the 1890s) Ziegfeld girls Famous performers Performers who started out dancing in chorus lines include: Josephine Baker Lucille Ball Tallulah Bankhead Joan Blondell Betty Boothroyd Louise Brooks Karin Booth Patricia Bar ...more...

Lover Come Back


Lover Come Back may refer to: Lover Come Back, 1940 novel by Clair Blank Lover Come Back (1931 film), starring Constance Cummings New Moon (1940 film), a musical also known as Lover Come Back, featuring Jeanette MacDonald and Nelson Eddy Lover Come Back (1946 film), featuring George Brent and Lucille Ball Lover Come Back (1961 film), starring Doris Day and Rock Hudson "Lover Come Back" (song), a song by City and Colour See also Louvre Come Back to Me!, a 1962 Looney Tunes cartoon directed by Chuck Jones featuring Pepé Le Pew "Lover, Come Back to Me", a song written by Sigmund Romberg with lyrics by Oscar Hammerstein II for the 1927 Broadway show The New Moon, also sung in the 1940 film "Lover Come Back to Me" (Dead or Alive song), a 1985 single Lover Come Back may refer to: Lover Come Back, 1940 novel by Clair Blank Lover Come Back (1931 film), starring Constance Cummings New Moon (1940 film), a musical also known as Lover Come Back, featuring Jeanette MacDonald and Nelson Eddy Lover Come Bac ...more...

Bitter Sweet


Nelson Eddy and Jeanette MacDonald in the 1940 film version, described by Coward as "dreadful" Bitter Sweet is an operetta in three acts, with book, music and lyrics by Noël Coward. The story, set in 19th century and early 20th century England and Austria-Hungary, centres on a young woman's elopement with her music teacher. The songs from the score include "The Call of Life", "If You Could Only Come with Me", "I'll See You Again", "Dear Little Café", "If Love Were All", "Ladies of the Town", "Tokay", "Zigeuner" and "Green Carnation". The show had a long run in the West End from 1929 to 1931, and a more modest one on Broadway in 1929–1930. The work has twice been adapted for the cinema, and the complete score has been recorded for CD. Background Coward wrote the leading role of Sari with Gertrude Lawrence in mind, but the vocal demands of the part were beyond her capabilities. His second choice, Evelyn Laye, refused the role because of a private grievance against the producer of the show, C B Cochran. Co ...more...

Taj (album)


Professional ratings Review scores Source Rating Allmusic Taj is an album by American blues artist Taj Mahal . The cover photograph was by Robert Mapplethorpe . Track listing All tracks composed by Taj Mahal; except where indicated "Everybody is Somebody" (The Mighty Shadow) "Paradise" "Do I Love Her" "Light of the Pacific" (Toni Fonoti) " 'Deed I Do " "Soothin'" (Jae Mason) "Pillow Talk" (Michael Burton, Sylvia Robinson ) "Local Local Girl" "Kauai Kalypso" "French Letter" (Toni Fonoti) Personnel Taj Mahal - acoustic and electric guitars, bass, percussion, keyboards, lead and background vocals Jeanette Acosta - synthesizer Wayne Henderson - keyboards Ray Fitzpatrick - bass, percussion Inshirah Mahal - congas, percussion Larry McDonald - congas, percussion Babatunde Olatunji - djembe, congas, shekere, percussion Ralph MacDonald - congas, tambourine, percussion Robert Greenidge - steel drums, percussion Ozzie Williams - drums, DBX drum programming Kester Smith - drums Chris Simpson - nylon stringed Spanish guit ...more...

Naughty Marietta


Naughty Marietta may refer to: Naughty Marietta (operetta), the original 1910 Victor Herbert operetta Naughty Marietta (film), the 1935 film version starring Jeanette MacDonald and Nelson Eddy Naughty Marietta (television), the 1955 live television version of the operetta starring Patrice Munsel and Alfred Drake See also Naughty Cinderella, 1933 British comedy film Naughty Girl (disambiguation) Naughty Marietta may refer to: Naughty Marietta (operetta), the original 1910 Victor Herbert operetta Naughty Marietta (film), the 1935 film version starring Jeanette MacDonald and Nelson Eddy Naughty Marietta (television), the 1955 live television version of the operetta starring Patrice Munsel and Alfred Drake See also Naughty Cinderella, 1933 British comedy film Naughty Girl (disambiguation) ...more...

The Lottery Bride


The Lottery Bride is a 1930 American Pre-Code movie musical starring Jeanette MacDonald , John Garrick , ZaSu Pitts , and Joe E. Brown . The film was produced by Joseph M. Schenck and Arthur Hammerstein , based on the musical by Rudolf Friml , and released by United Artists . William Cameron Menzies is credited with the production design and special effects . The film's final reel was in Technicolor in the original 80-minute release in 1930. However, most existing prints are black-and-white prints of the shorter (67-minute) 1937 re-release. Preservation status On December 14, 2011, Turner Classic Movies presented a print of this film from George Eastman House , which restored the tinted sequences and the final reel in Technicolor . References IMDB entry See also List of early color feature films External links The Lottery Bride on IMDb The Lottery Bride is a 1930 American Pre-Code movie musical starring Jeanette MacDonald , John Garrick , ZaSu Pitts , and Joe E. Brown . The film was produced by Joseph M. Sche ...more...



Look up Angela in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Angela may refer to: Angela (given name) Angela (genus), a genus of praying mantises Places Angela, Montana Angela Lake, in Volusia County, Florida Lake Angela, in Lyon Township, Oakland County, Michigan Lake Angela, the reservoir impounded by the source dam of the South Yuba River Literature Angela (comics), a character in the Spawn and Marvel universes Angela (Inheritance), a character in the Inheritance Cycle novels Music angela (band), from Japan "Angela" (The Lumineers song), 2016 "Angela" (Jarvis Cocker song), 2009 "Angela" (Bee Gees song), 1987 "Angela", a song by John Lennon and Yoko Ono from their album Some Time in New York City "Angela", a song by Mötley Crüe from Decade of Decadence "Angela", a song by Saïan Supa Crew from KLR "Angela", a song by Super Junior from Sorry, Sorry "Angela", a song by Toto from their self-titled album "Angela", the theme for the TV series Taxi by Bob James on his album Touchdown People Albert ...more...

Champagne cocktail


A champagne cocktail is an alcoholic drink made with sugar, Angostura bitters, Champagne, brandy and a maraschino cherry as a garnish. It is one of the IBA Official Cocktails. A recipe for the cocktail appears as early as "Professor" Jerry Thomas' Bon Vivant's Companion (1862), which omits the brandy or cognac and is considered to be the "classic" American version. Pop Culture References Mary (Carole Lombard) orders one in the 1934 movie The Gay Bride, while out shopping, with "Office Boy" (Chester Morris) tagging along. Preston Foster says "Make mine a champagne cocktail!" in Annie Oakley (1935) In the 1936 musical Rose Marie, starring Jeanette MacDonald and Nelson Eddy, Roderick (Una O'Connor) comes back to the hotel ahead of Marie de Flor (MacDonald) to get things ready for her arrival with the Premier of Quebec (Alan Mowbray). As she's ordering the various servants to do certain tasks, she yells out "She wants champagne cocktails, right away!" In the musical Comedy Gold Diggers of 1937 (1936), Genev ...more...

Some Day (1925 song)


"Some Day" is a song, with music by Rudolf Friml and words by Brian Hooker, originally published in 1925. It was included in Friml's operetta The Vagabond King, sung by Caroline Thomas in the role of Katherine de Vaucelles. The song was sung by Jeanette MacDonald in the first musical film version of The Vagabond King, made in 1930, and by Kathryn Grayson in the 1956 remake. The song was recorded a number of times afterward, but the only version popular enough to chart in Billboard was recorded in 1954 by Frankie Laine. His recording was released by Columbia Records as catalog number 40235. It first reached the Billboard magazine Best Seller chart on June 23, 1954 and lasted 6 weeks on the chart, peaking at #18. Recorded versions Nancy Anderson Mimi Benzell (1951) Jean Fenn (1956) Jackie Gleason Orchestra Jerry Gray and his orchestra Kathryn Grayson (Film Soundtrack, 1956) Lois Hunt and Earl Wrightson (1951) Frankie Laine (1954) Mario Lanza and Judith Raskin (1956) Sergio Franchi and Anna Moffo due ...more...

Lover, Come Back to Me


"Lover, Come Back to Me" is a popular song. The music was written by Sigmund Romberg with lyrics by Oscar Hammerstein II for the Broadway show The New Moon, where the song was introduced by Evelyn Herbert and Robert Halliday (as Robert Misson). The song was published in 1928. Film versions The song was performed by Lawrence Tibbett and Grace Moore in New Moon, the 1930 film adaptation of The New Moon, and by Jeanette MacDonald and Nelson Eddy in the 1940 adaptation, also titled New Moon. Barbra Streisand version Arranged and conducted by George Williams, the song was released as Barbra Streisand's second single release in November 1962, as a double single with "My Coloring Book". Produced by Mike Berniker, and recorded before Streisand's first album sessions, the single was sent to radio. In 1963, Streisand later re-recorded the song for her second album "The Second Barbra Streisand Album", which later appeared on the compilation "The Essential Barbra Streisand". In her first television special, "My Na ...more...

Naughty Marietta (film)


Elsa Lanchester as Madame d'Annard Naughty Marietta is a 1935 film based on the operetta Naughty Marietta by Victor Herbert . Jeanette MacDonald stars as a princess who flees an arranged marriage. She sails for New Orleans and is rescued from pirates by Captain Richard Warrington ( Nelson Eddy ). Five of Victor Herbert's most famous songs come from the score of Naughty Marietta, with words by lyricist Rida Johnson Young : "Ah! Sweet Mystery of Life" " Italian Street Song " "Neath the Southern Moon" "I'm Falling in Love With Someone" "Tramp! Tramp! Tramp! (Along the Highway)" Additional lyrics for several of Herbert's songs were penned for the film by Gus Kahn . The film was written by Frances Goodrich , Albert Hackett , John Lee Mahin and Rida Johnson Young . Plot To avoid an arranged marriage to Don Carlos, an elderly Spanish duke, Princess Marie masquerades as her uncle's former servant, Marietta, and escapes from France on a ship with casquette girls who are traveling to New Orleans to marry colonists. On ...more...

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