International Motor Show Germany

The International Motor Show Germany or simply International Motor Show, in German known as the Internationale Automobil-Ausstellung (IAA - International Automobile Exhibition), is the world's largest motor show. It is held annually, with passenger vehicles (including some motorcycles) being displayed in odd-numbered years in Frankfurt am Main, and commercial vehicles in even-numbered years in Hanover, Germany. Before 1991 the show was held solely in Frankfurt.

The IAA is organized by the Verband der Automobilindustrie (VDA – Association of the German Automotive Industry) and is scheduled by the Organisation Internationale des Constructeurs d'Automobiles. Currently, the show in Frankfurt occupies twelve buildings.

History

In 1897 the first IAA was held at the Hotel Bristol in Berlin, with a total of eight motor vehicles on display.[1] As the automobile became more known and accepted, the IAA became a fixed event in Germany, with at least one held every year, usually in Berlin. From 1905-1907, there were two per year, as the production had increased to an industrial level. In the next years the show was suspended due to the ongoing World War I, and was then reinstated in 1921 with 67 automobile manufacturers displaying 90 vehicles under the motto "comfort".

Despite the still perceptible after-effects of the global recession, the 22nd IAA was held in Berlin in 1931, with a total of 295,000 visitors. For the first time the exhibition included front-wheel drive vehicles. In 1939, the 29th installation of the event gathered a total of 825,000 visitors - an all-time record at that time. The new Volkswagen was presented for the first time, which later came to be known as the Beetle. This was the last IAA before it was again suspended during World War II. From 1947-1949, Germany’s automobile and accessories manufacturers took part in the export trade fair in Hanover. The automobile industry’s hall acted like a magnet on the public, with a great number of visitors coming to the show. In 1951 the show was held on the Messe Frankfurt for the first time. The event, which was held in April, attracted a total of 570,000 visitors, with exhibits including the first HGV to have a turbo diesel engine. Just six months later, in September 1951, a second exhibition in Berlin was held, gathering 290,000 visitors. From then on, the German automobile industry bade farewell to its traditional exhibition site in Berlin and relocated the motor show completely to Frankfurt. The IAA was also rescheduled to only take place every other year.

In 1989 the last IAA to feature both passenger cars and commercial vehicles in one show confirmed that the exhibition site in Frankfurt was now too small for this major event. Almost 2,000 exhibitors squeezed onto an exhibition site measuring 252,000 square metres. More than 1.2 million visitors attended the event. Because of the high demand, it was no longer possible to meet exhibitors’ requirements for adequate exhibition stands. In view of this, the VDA decided to split the IAA from now on, with a focus on passenger vehicles in odd years, and a focus on commercial vehicles in even years. The first IAA focused solely on "passenger cars", held in 1991, was a huge success. A total of 1,271 exhibitors from 43 countries displayed their new products and innovations. With more than 935,000 visitors, the IAA Passenger Cars was extremely well attended. In 1992 the first IAA "commercial vehicles" took place in Hanover, Germany. It saw 1,284 exhibitors from 29 countries and gathered 287,000 people, 66 per cent being trade visitors.

In 2001 the September 11 attacks on the World Trade Center in New York cast a shadow over the IAA in Frankfurt. The exhibition went ahead all the same. As a mark of solidarity with the victims and their dependants, all show elements and loud music as well as the official opening ceremony with the Federal Chancellor were cancelled. VDA President Gottschalk explained this decision: "Because we could not permit terrorist forces to take away our freedom of action. And because, as a key international sector, we have a responsibility not to allow things to grind to a halt." In an impressive manner, the general public confirmed that this indeed was the right decision to take: More than 800,000 people visited this "quiet IAA".

During the Great Recession, in 2009, the IAA Cars proved to be a magnet for visitors. Around 850,000 people visited the IAA, which greatly exceeded the target of 750,000. This IAA, which took place under the headline "A Moving Experience", showed where the mobility of tomorrow is heading. A huge number of options were presented at the IAA, ranging from the mild hybrid and the plug-in hybrid to the all-electric car, fuel cells and hydrogen power.

In 2011 the 63rd IAA featured the all-new "Hall of Electric Mobility", a first-timer to all Motor Shows worldwide. Additional IAA-premieres included the Electric Mobility Conference as well as the CarIT Conference dealing with the issue of connected driving.

Major vehicle introductions
1951

The following introductions were made at the 1951 show:

1955

The following introductions were made at the 1955 show:

1957

The following introductions were made at the 1957 show:

1959

The following introductions were made at the 1961 show:

1961

The following introductions were made at the 1961 show:

1963

The following introductions were made at the 1963 show:

1965

The following introductions were made at the 1965 show:

1969

The following introductions were made at the 1969 show:

1977

The following introductions were made at the 1977 show:

1979

The 1979 Show occurred in a tough year for the automobile industry, with a focus on decreased speed limits and conserving energy, with most of Western Europe on the brink of a severe recession. It also occurred at a time when car design was changing substantially, with hatchbacks and front-wheel drive becoming increasingly popularity, as well as demand increasing for smaller "supermini" cars.[2]

The following introductions were scheduled for the 1979 show:[2]

1983

1983 was, in most of Western Europe, a year of recovery in the new car market, as the economy recovered from the recent recession. Many important new cars were launched at Frankfurt and elsewhere during 1983. Those launched elsewhere include the Austin Maestro, Fiat Uno, Nissan Micra, Peugeot 205 and Renault 11. The Opel Corsa (launched in Spain in September 1982) was also imported to the UK from April 1983, where it was sold as the Vauxhall Nova.

The following introductions were made at the 1983 show:

1985

The following introductions were made at the 1985 show:

1987

The following introductions were made at the 1987 show:

1989

The following introductions were made at the 1989 show:

1993

The following introductions were made at the 1993 show:

  • Audi Space Frame (ASF) concept
1995

The 1995 show ran from September 14 to September 24.

1997

The 1997 show ran from September 11 to September 21.

1999

The 1999 show opened on September 16, and had nearly 1,200 exhibitors from 44 countries.

2001

The 2001 show opened to international media on September 11, with a series of concept and production vehicle debuts kicking off in the early morning.

  • Originally, the Opel Vectra C was due to début with the Saab 9-3, but in July 2001, it was announced that delays had forced General Motors to postpone the introduction. Both cars were eventually introduced in March 2002, at the Geneva Motor Show.[8]
2003

For the first time, the passenger car-only exhibition in Frankfurt broke the barrier of one million visitors. It featured 2,000 exhibitors from 42 countries.

2005

The exhibition focused strongly on future solutions such as hybrid, hydrogen, flex-fuel and SCR technologies for reducing NOx emissions. There were around 940,000 visitors to the 2005 show.

2007
The Mercedes-Benz pavilion at the 2007 Frankfurt Motor Show
Volkswagen Tiguan at the 2007 Frankfurt Motor Show

The 2007 Frankfurt Motor Show's key theme was sustainable mobility.[17]

The following introductions were presented at the 2007 show:

Hybrids

European automakers demonstrated a new interest in hybrid and electric vehicles at the 2007 Frankfurt Motor Show. For example, Mercedes-Benz arrived at the show with seven hybrids, including a luxury sedan concept vehicle called the F 700, a 17-foot (5.2 m)-long car that achieves a fuel economy of 44.4 miles per gallon (mpg). The research vehicle features a homogenous charge compression ignition engine, a technology that produces the high fuel economy of a diesel engine from a clean-burning gasoline engine. Mercedes has also mated its clean-diesel engine to an electric motor, creating the Bluetec hybrid. The company plans to introduce a gasoline-fueled hybrid SUV and sedan in 2009, followed by two Bluetec hybrids in 2010, one of which will achieve 51 miles per gallon of diesel fuel. In addition, the Mercedes Car Group exhibited its smart car in three new incarnations: an electric-only vehicle and both diesel and gasoline versions with "micro hybrid drive", a belt-driven starter and alternator that allows the engine to shut off at stops. See the DaimlerChrysler press releases about the auto show and the F700.

Opel, a subsidiary of General Motors, unveiled the Flextreme, a plug-in hybrid that can travel 34 miles (55 km) on its lithium-ion battery before a small diesel engine starts charging the battery.[20] Opel also unveiled the Corsa Hybrid, a coupe that combines a belt-driven starter and alternator with a lithium-ion battery.[21]

Volvo Cars, a division of Ford Motor Company, exhibited a plug-in hybrid with motors in each of the wheels. The Volvo ReCharge can travel about 60 miles (97 km) on battery power alone, using a lithium-polymer battery pack that can be recharged in a standard outlet.[22][23]

The Citroën C-Cactus regular diesel-electric hybrid vehicle debuted at the 2007 Frankfurt Motor Show.

2009
Inside the BMW pavilion at the IAA 2009
Audi e-tron at the 2009 Frankfurt Motor Show

The theme of the 2009 Frankfurt Motor Show can best be summed up in one word: "electrification" Virtually every manufacturer has unveiled a vehicle using the latest battery technology,[24]

The following introductions were presented at the 2009 show:

Production cars
Concept cars

2011
Volkswagen Nils

The 2011 show was held from 13 September to 25 September.[31] The 64th edition of the show included 1,012 exhibitors from 32 countries and was attended by more than 928,000 visitors from 105 countries, 36% of them being trade visitors, among those 80% from the automotive industry, plus more than 12'000 accredited journalists from 98 countries.[32] 183 world premieres were unveiled.

Production cars
Concept cars
2013
Inside the Porsche pavilion at the IAA 2013

The 2013 show took place from 10 September to 22 September.

Nissan introduced a "smart watch" that measures the user's heart rate, temperature and other biometrics. It is also able to keep a watch on car data like fuel efficiency and average speed. It was developed by Nissan's Nismo laboratory. They currently capture live biometric and telematics data from Nissan racing cars and their drivers.[34]

Production cars
Concept cars
2015
Audi pavilion at IAA 2015
Mercedes-Benz pavilion at IAA 2015. Onstage is the marque's offroad and SUV range of vehicles
Alfa Romeo Giulia at 2015 IAA.

The 2015 show took place from 17 September to 27 September.

Production cars
Concept cars
2017

The 2017 show took place from 14 to 24 September, with press days on the 12th and 13th.

Production cars
View to the BMW pavilion 2017
World premiere of the BMW i3s
Concept cars
Kia ProCeed concept
Attendance

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International Motor Show Germany

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International Motor Show Germany

The International Motor Show Germany or simply International Motor Show, in German known as the Internationale Automobil-Ausstellung (IAA - International Automobile Exhibition), is the world's largest motor show. It is held annually, with passenger vehicles (including some motorcycles) being displayed in odd-numbered years in Frankfurt am Main, and commercial vehicles in even-numbered years in Hanover, Germany. Before 1991 the show was held solely in Frankfurt. The IAA is organized by the Verband der Automobilindustrie (VDA – Association of the German Automotive Industry) and is scheduled by the Organisation Internationale des Constructeurs d'Automobiles. Currently, the show in Frankfurt occupies twelve buildings. History In 1897 the first IAA was held at the Hotel Bristol in Berlin, with a total of eight motor vehicles on display.[1] As the automobile became more known and accepted, the IAA became a fixed event in Germany, with at least one held every year, usually in Berlin. From 1905-1907, there were tw ...more...

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Culture in Frankfurt

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British International Motor Show

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British International Motor Show

The Lotus Esprit was launched at the British International Motor Show, Earl's Court in 1974 The British International Motor Show was held regularly between 1903 and 2008, initially in London at Crystal Palace, Olympia and then Earl's Court before moving to the National Exhibition Centre in Birmingham in 1978, where it stayed until May 2004. It then returned to London, for July 2006 and July 2008, at the new location of ExCeL. The 2010 and 2012 shows were subsequently cancelled. The event is recognised by the Organisation Internationale des Constructeurs d'Automobiles. The London Motor Show relaunched at Battersea Park from 5 to 8 May 2016. The next London Motor Show will take place from 17th to 20th May 2018 at ExCel. History Britain's first motor show[1]—for horseless carriages—was held in South Kensington in 1896 at the Imperial Institute under the auspices of Lawson's Motor Car Club.[2] The first British Motor Show organised by the Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders (SMMT) was held at Crystal ...more...

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Started in 1903 in the United Kingdom

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BMW i8

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BMW i8

The BMW i8 is a plug-in hybrid sports car developed by BMW. The i8 is part of BMW's electric fleet "Project i" being marketed as a new sub-brand, BMW i. The 2015 model year BMW i8 has a 7.1 kWh lithium-ion battery pack that delivers an all-electric range of 37 km (23 mi) under the New European Driving Cycle. Under the United States Environmental Protection Agency cycle, the range in EV mode is 24 km (15 mi) with a small amount of gasoline consumption. Its design is heavily influenced by the BMW M1 Homage concept car, which in turn pays homage to BMW's last production mid-engined sports car prior to the i8: the BMW M1. The BMW i8 can accelerate from a dead-stop to 100 km/h (62 mph) in 4.4 seconds[10][11] and has an electronic limited top speed of 250 km/h (155 mph). The BMW i8 has a fuel efficiency of 2.1 L/100 km (134.5 mpg; 112.0 mpg) under the NEDC test with carbon emissions of 49 g/km. EPA rated the i8 combined fuel economy at 76 equivalent (3.1 L gasoline equivalent/100 km; 91 mpg-imp gasoline equivalent ...more...

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Geneva Motor Show

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Geneva Motor Show

The International Geneva Motor Show (French: Salon international de l'automobile) is an annual auto show held in March in the Swiss city of Geneva. The show is hosted at the Palexpo, a convention centre located next to the Geneva Cointrin International Airport. The Salon is organised by the Organisation Internationale des Constructeurs d'Automobiles, and is considered an important major international auto show.[1] First held in 1905, the Salon has hosted almost all major internal combustion engined models in the history of the automobile, along with benzene- and steam-powered cars from the beginning of the century. Exotic supercars often steal the spotlight during their debuts at the show. Prototypes, new equipment, technical breakthroughs, international partnerships, as well as political and social debates, have been announced at the exhibition. The show is regarded as a level playing field for the world's automakers, aided by the fact Switzerland lacks an auto industry of its own.[2] Sections Areas of t ...more...

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Jaguar F-Pace

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Jaguar F-Pace

The Jaguar F-Pace (codename X761) is a compact luxury crossover SUV made by British car manufacturer Jaguar Land Rover under their Jaguar marque, the first model to be built by Jaguar in the crossover SUV class. It was formally announced at the 2015 North American International Auto Show in Detroit, with sales expected to commence in 2016 following an unveiling at the International Motor Show Germany in Frankfurt in September 2015.[3] The design of the F-Pace is based on the 2013 Jaguar C-X17 concept car.[4] The 2017 Jaguar F-PACE has been named the honorary winner of the 2017 World Car of the Year and World Car Design of the Year Awards at the New York International Auto Show. [5] The F-Pace is built at Jaguar Land Rover's Solihull plant along with the Jaguar XE and employs an additional 1,300 workers.[4] Launch An F-Pace production prototype made its public debut on 4 July 2015, by leading out the Team Sky professional cycle racing team during Le Grand Départ in Utrecht, Netherlands at the start of the 2 ...more...

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Mercedes-AMG Project One

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Mercedes-AMG Project One

The Mercedes-AMG Project One (R50, stylized as ONE) is an upcoming limited-production plug-in hybrid sports car manufactured by Mercedes-AMG, featuring Formula One-derived technology. [5][6] It was unveiled at the 2017 International Motor Show Germany by Formula One driver Lewis Hamilton, who worked on the development of the car, and Head of Mercedes-Benz Dieter Zetsche.[7] [8] The production of the car is planned to be 275 units at a price of US$2.72 million per unit, all of which have been already sold. Mercedes-AMG received orders for four times the production amount, but have stated that production will not be increased from the planned 275 units, in order to maintain the exclusivity of the car. [9] Currently, the car is at the concept state, since it has not reached homologation regulations yet. The name will also likely be changed from "Project One".[10] Development The cars will be evaluated by their performance, durability, and ability in Mercedes-Benz's proving grounds and on racing circuits. The ...more...

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Automechanika

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Automechanika

With around 4,800 exhibitors, Automechanika is the world’s biggest trade fair for the automobile aftermarket. It is held every two years (in even years) in alternation with the International Motor Show Germany (Internationale Automobil-Ausstellung – IAA Pkw) at the Messe Frankfurt. In distinction to the Motor Show, Automechanika is open to trading visitors only. History On 20 January 1971, the organizer of the Frankfurt Motor Show, the Association of the German Automobile Industry (Verband der Deutschen Automobilindustrie – VDA) canceled the show scheduled to be held the following September. According to the President of the Association, Dr. Johann Heinrich von Brunn, this was because the automobile industry needed to take cost-saving measures to counteract the high costs facing it. The cost of the exhibition – almost DM 100 million – was considered to be excessive in comparison to the business benefits. For the Frankfurt-based fair and exhibition company, Messe Frankfurt, cancellation would have meant a lo ...more...

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Volkswagen Tiguan

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Volkswagen Tiguan

The Volkswagen Tiguan is a compact crossover vehicle (CUV) manufactured by German automaker Volkswagen. Introduced in 2007, it uses the PQ35 platform of the Volkswagen Golf. All first generation (5N) Tiguans featured two row seating and transverse mounted four-cylinder engines. The Tiguan debuted as a concept vehicle at the November 2006 LA Auto Show[1] and in production form at the 2007 International Motor Show Germany. Manufacture began in the winter of 2007, at Volkswagen's 2001 to 2009 subsidiary Auto 5000 (an experimental company within a company) in Wolfsburg and continued subsequently under the company's standard contract arrangements, at Wolfsburg and in Kaluga, Russia.[2][3] As of 2011, more than 700,000 Tiguans had been sold worldwide since September 2007, with the greatest sales in Europe, Russia, the United States, China, Brazil, and Australia.[4] The Euro NCAP gave the Tiguan a five-star safety rating. The name Tiguan, pronounced TEE-gwan, is a portmanteau of the German words Tiger ("tiger") a ...more...

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Volkswagen Up

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Volkswagen Up

The Volkswagen Up (stylized as Volkswagen up!) is a city car, part of the Volkswagen Group New Small Family (NSF) series of models, unveiled at the 2011 International Motor Show Germany (IAA).[7] Production of the Up started in December 2011 at the Volkswagen Bratislava Plant in Bratislava, Slovakia.[8] The production Up follows a series of concept cars, starting in 2007 at the Frankfurt Motor Show.[9] The exterior was originally designed by the Brazilian designer Marco Pavone.[10][11] This design was chosen and enhanced by Volkswagen Group Chief Designer Walter de'Silva, and Head Designer of the Volkswagen Passenger Cars marque, Klaus Bischoff. Shown at the Frankfurt launch were several further Up concepts, including a 98 hp (73 kW) GT version, a natural gas-powered Eco-up! (with CO emissions of 79 g/km) and a four-door Cross model.[7] Where the Up concept used a rear-engine, rear-wheel drive layout, the 2011 production model has a front-engine, front-wheel drive layout, using the NSF platform,[1] with a 3 ...more...

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Mansory

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Mansory

Mansory is a luxury car modification firm based in Brand, Germany. Besides luxury cars, they also work on supercars, luxury SUV and custom bikes. The company was founded in 1989 by Kourosh Mansory. His Munich-based workshop focused on modifications for British brands such as Rolls Royce and Italian brands such as Ferrari. By mid-2001, the company had grown out of its Munich workshop and moved to headquarters in Fichtelgebirge. The company currently operates out of a workshop in Brand, Germany. Mansory works on vehicles from a number of manufacturers, including Aston Martin, Audi, BMW, Bentley, Bugatti, Ferrari, Mercedes-Benz, Lamborghini, Rolls-Royce, Maserati, Porsche, Lotus Cars and Range Rover. In November 2007, Mansory acquired the Porsche-tuning arm of Rinspeed AG. Rinspeed maintains its Swiss base in Zumikon at Lake Zurich. Currently, Mansory employs 180 members of staff worldwide and has a global dealership network. Mansory are renowned for their expertise in carbon fibre design and construction. The ...more...

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List of auto shows and motor shows by continent

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List of auto shows and motor shows by continent

An auto show (also: motor show or car show) is a public exhibition of current automobile models, debuts, concept cars, or out-of-production classics. The five most prestigious auto shows, sometimes called the "Big Five", are generally considered to be held in Frankfurt, Geneva, Detroit, Paris and Tokyo.[1] Africa and The Middle East Middle East International Motor Show (Dubai Motor Show), UAE (November) Qatar Motor Show, Doha (January) Johannesburg International Motor Show, South Africa, Johannesburg (October) (Biennial)[2] Asia Auto Expo (New Delhi, India) Beijing International Automotive Exhibition (Auto China) (Biennial[3] Busan Motor Show Bangkok International Motor Show (April) Guangzhou International Motor Show (Auto Guangzhou) Indonesia International Auto Show (South Tangerang, August) Indonesia International Motor Show (Jakarta, April) Manila International Auto Show (Manila, April)[4] Osaka Auto Messe (Osaka, February[5] Pakistan Auto Show (Karachi, Lahore) Philip ...more...

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Essen Motor Show

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Essen Motor Show

The Essen Motor Show is an auto show held annually in the city of Essen, Germany. It has been described as "the showcase event of the year for the tuning community"[1] and as the German version of the annual SEMA auto show in Las Vegas.[2] As contrasted with the Frankfurt Auto Show, the Essen show is smaller and is focused on car tuning and racing interests.[3] Essen Motor Show was the world's biggest car tuning fair before SEMA. See also North American International Auto Show Tokyo Auto Salon References Notes Nick Hall, "Getting to grips with the essential Essen", The Irish Times, 6 December 2006  – via HighBeam Research (subscription required) Jens Meiners, "The Continental: Essen Motor Show, European Politics, and BMW Remarks", Car and Driver, 3 December 2013. John Rettie, "Germany’s Essen Motor Show", Road and Track, 6 December 2011. Sources "RollHard Event Coverage", a RollHard entry by Aron Norris "European version of SEMA something to see", an Autoblog entry by David Thom ...more...

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BMW 7 Series (G11)

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BMW 7 Series (G11)

The BMW 7 Series (G11) is a full-size luxury car manufactured by German automotive manufacturer BMW. Succeeding the BMW F01, it is the sixth generation of the BMW 7 Series. The G11 was unveiled on June 10, 2015 at BMW's headquarters in Munich.[5] An official public reveal took place at the 2015 International Motor Show Germany. G11 is the codename for the short-wheelbase model, the extended wheelbase model is codenamed G12 and designated with an additional L letter. This generation of the 7 Series is the first car lineup of BMW to be based on the CLAR platform.[6] The CLAR platform adopts technology first introduced in BMW i models, namely the introduction of carbon-fibre-reinforced polymer as structural chassis components. As part of BMW's strategy of introducing plug-in hybrid variants for all future car models,[7] both, the short and long-wheelbase models were available available with hybrid powertrains under the designations 740e and 740Le in 2016.[8] Launch The international launch of the new BMW 7 S ...more...

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Volkswagen Concept D

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Volkswagen Concept D

Rear seats The Volkswagen Concept D is a concept luxury liftback envisioned by Ferdinand Piëch and unveiled by Volkswagen at the 1999 International Motor Show Germany. It featured V10 TDI diesel engine (230 kW/313 bhp at 4000 rpm., 750 Nm torque), 6-speed Tiptronic, 4Motion all-wheel drive, air suspension with adaptive damping, and Bi-Xenon headlamps. It was essentially a 5-door prototype of the Volkswagen Phaeton luxury sedan that debuted in 2002. References Volkswagen: The new high end D1 External links Volkswagen Corporate website Wikimedia Commons has media related to Volkswagen Concept D. ...more...

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Honda EV Concept

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Honda EV Concept

The Honda EV Concept vehicles are a series of two concept electric cars created by the automobile division of Honda, designed with cues to historical Honda products. The Urban EV Concept made its debut at the 2017 International Motor Show Germany in September 2017,[1][2][3] while the Sports EV Concept debuted at the Tokyo Motor Show a month later.[4][5] Common features The front and rear ends feature screens that display messages to other motorists or the battery status.[1][2] Other common styling details include the shape and configuration of the headlights, taillights, and front grille; matte black rub strips on the sides; and the blacked-out A pillars.[6] The "Honda Automated Network Assistant" is a Honda-created artificial intelligence system that, according to Honda, "learns from the driver by detecting emotions behind their judgments."[2] Urban EV Built on a new platform, the Urban EV Concept's exterior design is an homage to the first generation Honda Civic and is four inches shorter than the Honda ...more...

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Verband der Automobilindustrie

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Verband der Automobilindustrie

The German Association of the Automotive Industry[1] or VDA (German: Verband der Automobilindustrie e. V.) is a German interest group of the German automobile industry, both automobile manufactures and automobile component suppliers. The VDA represents carmakers including BMW, Volkswagen, and Mercedes-Benz parent Daimler but also counts foreign suppliers and foreign-owned carmakers like Opel among its members.[2] The group is located in Berlin, Germany. Current president since March 1, 2018 is the previous Chairman of the Management Board at Ford, Bernhard Mattes. The former federal minister of transport, Matthias Wissmann was president from June 1, 2007 to February 28, 2018. The VDA hosts the world's largest motor show, the biannual International Motor Show Germany (IAA) in Frankfurt. The VDA published a series of standards and recommendations. Among those is the German quality management system (QMS) for the automobile industry. The fourth edition was issued in December 1998, and became mandatory for all ...more...

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Tokyo Motor Show

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Tokyo Motor Show

Tokyo Motor Show 2007 The Tokyo Motor Show (東京モーターショー) is a biennial auto show held in October–November at the Tokyo Big Sight, Tokyo, Japan for cars, motorcycles and commercial vehicles. Hosted by the Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association (JAMA), it is a recognized international show by the Organisation Internationale des Constructeurs d'Automobiles, and normally sees more concept cars than actual production car introductions which is the reason why the auto press see the show as one of the motorshow's big five (along with Detroit, Geneva, Frankfurt and Paris). History The show, originally called All Japan Motor Show was first held in an outdoor venue called Hibiya Park, the show was considered a success with 547,000 visitors over ten days and 254 exhibitors displaying 267 vehicles, but of the number of vehicles only 17 of them were passenger cars as the show was dominated by commercial vehicles. In 1958, due to construction of a subway and underground parking lot near Hibiya Park, the show was shif ...more...

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Honda Project 2&4

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Honda Project 2&4

The Honda Project 2&4 is a open-wheel concept car that was initially unveiled at International Motor Show Germany in 2015. It is equipped with the V4 engine of the Honda RC213V motorcycle. References Salon de Francfort 2015 : Honda Project 2&4 The Honda Project 2&4 is a open-wheel concept car that was initially unveiled at International Motor Show Germany in 2015. It is equipped with the V4 engine of the Honda RC213V motorcycle. References Salon de Francfort 2015 : Honda Project 2&4 ...more...

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BMW i3

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BMW i3

The BMW i3 is a B-class, high-roof hatchback manufactured and marketed by BMW with an electric powertrain using rear wheel drive via a single-speed transmission. Its underfloor Li-ion battery pack is offered in two capacities as well as with an optional range-extending gasoline engine. The i3 was BMW's first mass-produced zero emissions vehicle and was launched as part of BMW's electric vehicle sub-brand, BMW i.[12] Styled by Richard Kim, the i3 is marketed in a single five-door configuration noted for its two smaller clamshell suicide hinged rear doors. The i3 debuted as a concept at the 2011 International Motor Show Germany,[12][13] and production began in July 2013[14] in Leipzig, Germany. As of December 2016, the i3 ranked as the world's third best selling all-electric car in history with more than 65,000 units sold since its inception.[15] The i3 ranked third among all-electric cars sold worldwide from 2014 to 2016.[15][16][17][18] The U.S. is its best-selling market with over 31,000 units sold through ...more...

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Volkswagen Phaeton

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Volkswagen Phaeton

Volkswagen Group W12 as fitted in the Phaeton W12 Volkswagen Concept D at IAA 1999 in Frankfurt The Volkswagen Phaeton ( listen ) FAY-tən (Typ 3D) is a full-size (F-segment in Europe) luxury sedan/saloon manufactured by German automaker Volkswagen, described by Volkswagen as their "premium class" vehicle.[2][3] Introduced at the 2002 Geneva Motor Show, the Phaeton was marketed worldwide. Sales in North America ended in 2006. Sales globally ended in 2016. The name Phaeton derives from Phaëton, the son of Phoebus (or Helios) in Greek mythology, by way of the phaeton auto body style and the type of horse-drawn carriage that preceded it. Production ended in March 2016 and an all-electric second generation was slated to be produced.[4][5] Starting in April 2017, the Gläserne Manufaktur Dresden assembles VW e-Golf instead.[6] First generation (2002–2006) Pre-facelift Volkswagen Phaeton Development The Phaeton was conceived by Ferdinand Piëch, then chairman of Volkswagen Group. Piëch wanted Volkswagen e ...more...

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Renault Trucks T

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Renault Trucks T

The Renault Trucks T is a range of heavy-duty trucks manufactured by Renault Trucks. The truck was presented on 11 June 2013 with a show called R/Evolution [2] and was introduced at the end of 2013, being the first from a new line of vehicles for the company.[3][4] Design The last of the major European manufacturers to introduce a Euro VI compliant vehicle, chief designer Hervé Bertrand was allowed to design a Renault vehicle. Although using some common parts from the new Volvo FH series, the design was seen as a step-forward inspiration from the Renault Magnum, with a front grille area was inspired by a conveyor belt and a completely unique design cab area, designed for long distance international trunk routes.[5] Characteristics The Renault Trucks T includes the robotised Optidriver transmission as standard, improved aerodynamics to reduce fuel consumption and new comfort and security features.[3] Engines The T offers two Euro VI six-cylinder engines, the 11 L DTI 11 (with a power output of 380, 430 and ...more...

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BMW 7 Series

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BMW 7 Series

The BMW 7 Series is a full-size luxury sedan produced by the German automaker BMW since 1977. It is the successor to the BMW E3 "New Six" sedan and is currently in its sixth generation. The 7 Series is BMW's flagship car and is only available as a sedan (including long wheelbase and limousine models). It traditionally introduces technologies and exterior design themes before they trickle down to other models in BMW's lineup.[1] The first generation 7 Series was powered by straight-6 petrol engines, and following generations have been powered by inline-4, straight-6, V8 and V12 engines with both natural aspiration and turbocharging. Since 1995, diesel engines have been included in the 7 Series range. Unlike the 3 Series and 5 Series sedans, BMW has not produced an M model for the 7 Series (ie an "M7"). However, in 2014 an "M Performance" option became available for the 7 Series. First generation (E23; 1977–1986) BMW 733i sedan (US) BMW 735i sedan (Australia) The E23 is the first generation 7 Series, ...more...

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Mercedes-Benz B-Class

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Mercedes-Benz B-Class

The Mercedes-Benz B-Class is a subcompact executive MPV produced by German automaker Mercedes-Benz since 2005. Mercedes-Benz markets it as a sports compact tourer. It is similar to the A-Class, though bigger and with bigger engines. The European New Car Assessment Programme (Euro NCAP) classifies it as a small MPV (multi-purpose vehicle).[1] As of December 20, 2013, delivery of B-Class vehicles reached 1 million since the launch of the B-Class in 2005.[2] First generation (W245, 2006–2011) In 2005 it was introduced in spring in Europe and in autumn in Canada. The B-Class is a front-wheel drive car with a sandwich floor construction and a parabolic rear suspension.[3] The B-Class has a two-box design: one box for the drivetrain and another the passenger and luggage compartments. The B-Class gains much of its comparatively large interior volume through its height, a configuration that makes the most of the vehicle’s footprint. Having evolved from the even smaller A-Class it retained that car's sandwich floo ...more...

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IAA

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IAA

IAA may refer to: Science and Medicine Indole-3-acetic acid (plant hormone) Aux/IAA repressors, a class of early auxin responsive transcription factors in plants Insulin autoantibody, used in diagnosing Latent autoimmune diabetes Interrupted aortic arch International Association for Aerobiology Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía, for the (IAA-CSIC) research institute in Spain iodoacetamide, an alkylating agent Isoamyl alcohol, a common name for 3-Methylbutan-1-ol Independent Ambulance Association representing private ambulance services in the United Kingdom Aviation Indianapolis Airport Authority Iran Aseman Airlines (call-sign IAA) Irish Aviation Authority Israel Airports Authority International Academy of Astronautics Computing Interactive Achievement Awards Education Idyllwild Arts Academy, part of the Idyllwild Arts Foundation IMSA Alumni Association Intercollegiate Athletic Association (formerly), now the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Interloc ...more...



Berlin Motor Show

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Berlin Motor Show

The Berlin Motor Show originally started in 1897 in the German capital Berlin as the home of the International Motor Show (Internationale Automobil-Ausstellung, IAA) and ran until 1939. From 1951 the IAA eventually became established in Frankfurt. A new bi-annual Motor Show, called Autos, Avus, Attraktionen (AAA), was established by the Messe Berlin company in 1978. The last show was held in 2000, with the 2002 show cancelled four months prior to the expected 2002 exhibition. History On 30 September 1897, the first IAA was held by the Mitteleuropäischer Motorwagenverein ("Central European Motor Vehicle Association") at the Hotel Bristol on the Unter den Linden boulevard in Berlin. A total of eight Benz Velo, Lutzmann, Kühlstein, and Daimler motor vehicles were on display.[1] A second motor show was held in 1898 at the exhibition grounds near Lehrter Bahnhof; in 1899 more than 100 exhibitors participated in the third motor show . As the automobile became more known and accepted, the IAA became a fixed even ...more...

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SsangYong Rexton

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SsangYong Rexton

The SsangYong Rexton (Korean: 쌍용 렉스턴) is a mid-size SUV manufactured by the SsangYong Motor Company since late 2001. The name Rexton is derived from the Latin title 'rex' and the English word 'tone', which is intended to mean "the ruler's tone".[1] In 2017, the 2nd generation Rexton debuted in Seoul 2017[2], and to the European market in Frankfurt 2017.[3] The new generation Rexton features SsangYong's new body-on-frame platform, which shares with Musso pick-up.[4] Other improvements include safty driving pack, increased towing capacity, and electric parking brake system with auto hold. The Rexton is offered with a choice of a new 2.0L petrol turbo or 2.2L diesel engine and available in two or four-wheel drive. It is equipped with Mercedes-Benz 7G-Tronic automatic or AISIN 6-speed automatic transmission or 6-speed manual transmission.[5] First Generation (Y200; 2001-2017) SsangYong Rexton 2001 to 2006 (Front) SsangYong Rexton 2001 to 2006 (Rear) The Y200 series Rexton was produced from 2001 to 2006. ...more...

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Kia Stonic

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Kia Stonic

The Kia Stonic is a subcompact crossover SUV manufactured by Kia Motors. Its name is derived from the words "speedy" and "tonic".[3] The Stonic debuted in Frankfurt on June 20, 2017 and in South Korea on July 13, 2017, and was released in the fourth quarter of 2017.[4][3][2] Overview Rear The Kia Stonic made its debut at the 2017 International Motor Show Germany simultaneously with its sister car, the Hyundai Kona. It is the smallest in Kia's SUV lineup, below the Niro, Sportage, and Sorento. The Stonic shares its platform and interior with the fourth generation Kia Rio.[1][2] The Stonic is offered with a choice of four engines: a turbocharged 1.0 liter three-cylinder engine, a 1.2 liter four-cylinder engine, a 1.4 liter four-cylinder engine, and a 1.6 liter CRDi four cylinder diesel engine; the latter being the sole offering in the South Korean market.[5] Personalization is a key factor in the Stonic's development, thus it will be offered with 20 different two-tone color combinations, including five d ...more...

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Audi e-tron

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Audi e-tron

The Audi e-tron family is a series of electric and hybrid concept cars shown by Audi from 2009 onwards. In 2012 Audi unveiled a plug-in hybrid version, the Audi A3 Sportback e-tron, released to retail customers in Europe in August 2014, and slated for the U.S. in 2015.[1] e-tron performance As this car is still in concept phase, much of its performance specifications are still uncertain. The car will have four electric motors, one per wheel. Together, these motors will produce 3,320 pound-feet (4,500 N⋅m) of torque. Top speed for the e-tron is limited to 222 kilometres per hour (138 mph), and it will be able to travel 150 miles (240 km) on full charge. In concept form, the e-tron also is equipped with conceptual technology: technology that communicates with other cars, road signs, etc.[2] e-tron Concepts e-tron Frankfurt The first e-tron concept car was shown at the 2009 International Motor Show Germany. A two-seater, similar in appearance to the Audi R8 but slightly smaller, is powered by four UQM Tech ...more...

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Auto Mobil International

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Auto Mobil International

The Auto Mobil International (AMI Leipzig), also known as Leipzig Auto Show, is motor show organized by the Leipziger Messe since 1991, in Leipzig, Germany. Spring 1991 saw the first car show in eastern Germany following the country’s reunification the previous year. Featuring 273 exhibitors, it drew 113,402 visitors. Auto Mobil International has evolved into a top annual European exhibition attracting more than 400 exhibitors from 20 countries and around 270,000 visitors from 50 nations.[1] In addition to the IAA in Frankfurt, which takes place every two years, it is the second largest German car show. AMI introduced many innovations in the automotive sector, including over 100 world, European and Germany premieres. Since 2010 the show is held every two years. Parallel to the AMI is AMITEC instead, a trade fair for vehicle components, workshop and service. 2012 This year, the AMI (Auto Mobil International) in Leipzig is Germany's only international motor show. It owes this status to the agreed rotation du ...more...

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Motor Development International

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Motor Development International

Motor Development International SA (MDI) is a French company (incorporated in Luxembourg) designing compressed air car prototypes marketed under the title "the Air car". The OneCAT Air Car (later renamed OneFlowAIR[1]) was shown at the 2008 New York Car Show from March 21–30, 2008. It was displayed under the Exhibitor: "Automotive X-Prize" in location: Crystal Palace CP12.[2][3] Models MDI AIRPod at the 2009 Geneva Motor Show MDI OneFlowAir at the 2009 Geneva Motor Show MDI proposes a range of vehicles developed on an identical concept.[4] Development history Established by Guy Nègre, the Luxembourg company MDI, with its administrative and production departments based in Carros in southeastern France, has developed an environmentally friendly car engine that uses compressed air to push the pistons of the engine and move the car. The Air Car has been in development for twenty years. The design, particularly the engine, has undergone several radical changes. In the original Nègre air engine, one pi ...more...

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Suzuki Ignis

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Suzuki Ignis

The Suzuki Ignis is a subcompact car that was produced by Suzuki between 2000 and 2008, replacing the Suzuki Cultus, and subsequently as a small crossover from 2016. The Cultus retailed under various names globally, notably as the Suzuki Swift. While the Cultus-based Swift was replaced by the Ignis in Europe and Australasia, Japanese models were in fact badged Suzuki Swift—thus debuting the "Swift" name in that market. The word "ignis" is Latin for "fire". As a result of a venture project between General Motors (GM) and Suzuki, the Ignis, from 2001 also formed the basis of the Chevrolet Cruze. The Cruze sold throughout Japan as a Chevrolet, with Australasian-market versions badged Holden Cruze. From 2003, Suzuki of Europe adopted a lengthened version of the Cruze as the Suzuki Ignis—representing a facelift of the original Ignis. In the same year, Subaru adopted the car as the Subaru G3X Justy, also exclusive to Europe. First generation (HT51S, HT81S and HR51S, HR81S; 2000-2008) HT51S, HT81S (2000–2006) T ...more...

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Mitsubishi Motors concept cars

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Mitsubishi Motors concept cars

Mitsubishi Motors concepts are those prototype and concept cars exhibited around the world by Mitsubishi Motors. In common with other automakers, Mitsubishi has used concept cars as both show cars—stylistically adventurous motor show exhibits with no production intentions behind them—or as precursors of future models destined for mass production.[1] The first Mitsubishi concept car was a two-seat convertible version of the Colt 600, which was introduced at the 9th Tokyo Motor Show in 1962 by Shin Mitsubishi Heavy-Industries,[2] one of the companies which would combine to form Mitsubishi Motors in 1970. Although the company had no intention of marketing it, the convertible helped attract the public's attention to the more mundane sedan.[2] Latterly, Mitsubishi has exploited its heritage in its motor show exhibits, using vehicles from its past displayed in parallel with new model introductions. The Colt 600 convertible was brought out from the Mitsubishi Museum in 2005, alongside the new cabriolet version of ...more...

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Gliding (vehicle)

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Gliding (vehicle)

Gliding is an energy-efficient driving operating mode of a motor vehicle that involves turning off the internal combustion engine while the vehicle is still moving in order to save fuel. This is differentiated from coasting, which is running the vehicle in idle mode by disengaging the engine from the wheels, either by disengaging the clutch or setting the transmission or gearbox to neutral position. Coasting uses the accelerated kinetic energy to keep the vehicle going, but loses speed to the existing drag. This functionality is integral to the concept of hybrid electric vehicles and is performed automatically by the engine controller. For vehicles with a conventional internal combustion engine, coasting can be performed manually; gliding requires having a gear box. It is illegal in some states. An extra button to stop the engine was shown in 1979 on International Motor Show Germany, but newer standard in any vehicle. A so-called eClutch (electronic controlled clutch) uses an actuator to disengage the clutch ...more...

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Rolls-Royce Motor Cars

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Rolls-Royce Motor Cars

Rolls-Royce Motor Cars Limited is a British luxury automobile maker. A wholly owned subsidiary of German group BMW, it was established in 1998 after BMW was licensed the rights to the Rolls-Royce brand name and logo from Rolls-Royce plc and acquired the rights to the Spirit of Ecstasy and Rolls-Royce grill shape trademarks from Volkswagen AG. Rolls-Royce Motor Cars Limited operates from purpose-built administrative and production facilities opened in 2003 across from the historic Goodwood Circuit in Goodwood, West Sussex, England, United Kingdom. Rolls-Royce Motors Cars Limited is the exclusive manufacturer of Rolls-Royce branded motor cars since 2003. Although the Rolls-Royce brand has been in use since 1906, the Rolls-Royce Motor Cars subsidiary of BMW AG has no direct relationship to Rolls-Royce branded vehicles produced prior to 2003. The Bentley Motors Limited subsidiary of Volkswagen AG is the direct successor to Rolls-Royce Motors and various other predecessor entities that produced Rolls-Royce and Be ...more...

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Mercedes-Benz S-Class (C217)

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Mercedes-Benz S-Class (C217)

The Mercedes-Benz S-Class (C217) is a full-size luxury car/grand tourer manufactured by Mercedes-Benz since 2014. The C217 model succeeded the CL-Class (C216) and is the current version of the S-Class coupé. It is also the first Mercedes coupé to carry the S-Class name since the 1990s. Development Concept S-Class Coupé (2013) The Concept S-Class Coupé was unveiled in 2013 Frankfurt Motor Show to showcase the appearance of the upcoming S-Class coupé model. It features an all-new design compared to the previous CL-Class model, utilizing the brand's Sensual Purity design philosophy first developed for the W222 S-Class in 2009.[2][3] Production car unveiling The production version of the S-Class coupé was announced and unveiled in February 2014, with its first public showing at the Geneva Motor Show in March 2014.[4] Mercedes showed the S500 model (known as the S550 in the United States market) at the Geneva show. At the New York Auto Show in April 2014, Mercedes made the first public showing of the S 63 AM ...more...

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Jonway Automobile

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Jonway Automobile

Zhejiang Jonway Automobile Co., Ltd. (Chinese: 浙江永源汽车有限公司; pinyin: Zhèjiāng yǒng yuán qìchē yǒuxiàn gōngsī), trading as Jonway Automobile, is a Chinese automobile manufacturer founded in 2003 and based in Taizhou, Zhejiang. History The Jonway Automobile represents the automotive division of the Jonway Group. Created in 2003 the first product launched on the market is the model Jonway UFO A380 a copy (not licensed) of the second generation Toyota RAV4 (XA20) proposed in both three-door short wheelbase and five-door long wheelbase. The car immediately gets high media exposure because of the similarity with the original Japanese model in every detail.[1] The model is subsequently exported to many Asian markets and also appears in Europe at the International Motor Show Germany 2007 in Frankfurt am Main. Also in 2007, Jonway and DR Motor Company sign an agreement for the assembly of the UFO three-door in Macchia d'Isernia in Italy in a restyled and re-homologated version for European standards; the car renamed ...more...

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Audi R8

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Audi R8

The Audi R8[2] is a mid-engine, 2-seater sports car,[2][3] which uses Audi's trademark quattro permanent all-wheel drive system.[2][4] It was introduced by the German car manufacturer Audi AG in 2006. The car is exclusively designed, developed, and manufactured by Audi AG's private subsidiary company manufacturing high performance automotive parts, Audi Sport GmbH (formerly quattro GmbH),[5] and is based on the Lamborghini Gallardo and presently the Lamborghini Huracán platform.[6] The fundamental construction of the R8 is based on the Audi Space Frame,[2] and uses an aluminium monocoque which is built using space frame principles. The car is built by Audi Sport GmbH in a newly renovated factory at Audi's 'aluminium site' at Neckarsulm in Germany.[2] The Audi R8, based on the Audi Le Mans quattro concept car (designed by Frank Lamberty and Julian Hoenig) first appeared at the 2003 International Geneva Motor Show and the 2003 Frankfurt International Motor Show. The R8 development program began in 2004 with L ...more...

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Lexus LF

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Lexus LF

Lexus LF concept series headlight. The Lexus LF line is a series of concept cars built by Lexus, the luxury vehicle division of Toyota Motor Corporation. The "LF" designation refers to Lexus Future. The LF Series vehicles features coupes/convertibles, including: the LF-A, the LF-A Roadster, LF-LC, LF-CC, and the LF-C; sedans: the LF-S, LF-Sh, and LF-Gh; crossover SUVs: the LF-X and LF-Xh; and hatchbacks: the LF-Ch. The first concept vehicle of the LF Series, the LF-X, appeared in 2003. The LF Series utilizes L-finesse,[1] a design philosophy named for "Leading Edge" and "finesse", which debuted on the LF Series concepts and later extended to all new production Lexus vehicles. New vehicle technologies on the LF Series include advanced instrumentation, multiple driver-selected vehicle configurations, hybrid and experimental powertrains, and unconventional driver interface designs.[2][3] The vehicles also feature new design cues which derive from the L-finesse design language of "Intriguing Elegance" (純), "Inci ...more...

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Opel Tech 1

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Opel Tech 1

Opel Tech-1 Concept is a research vehicle and concept car of General Motors' German subsidiary Opel. It was exhibited on 1981 International Motor Show Germany (IAA) in Frankfurt. It is based on the 1979 Opel Kadett 4th generation "D" and its GM-T platform, called "T-Car",[1] designed by Erhard Schnell. Body The design targeted a peak of aerodynamics, and reached the drag coefficient of 0.235 c, not least caused by the panoramic windshield. The face was a precessor of the 1986 Opel Omega, which is successor of Opel Rekord E. The hubcap design came in mass production.[2][3] Interior All controls are push buttons. Only steering wheel, gear lever and foot controls were conventional. External links Opel: George Gallion about Opel Tech 1 (1981), YouTube, 11 December 2013 Pictures of 1981 Opel Tech-1 Concept car at Autozeitung References Antti Kautonen: Zukunftsmodelle – Opel Konzeptfahrzeuge, General Motors Suisse SA, retrieved 3 December 2016 1981 Opel Tech-1 Concept, Hooniverse, 5 September 2015 ...more...

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BMW 5 Series Gran Turismo

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BMW 5 Series Gran Turismo

The BMW 5 Series Gran Turismo (also referred to as "5 Series GT") models are the 5-door fastback versions of the F10 5 Series model range and use the model code F07. The F07 uses the F10 platform and shares many components with the other 5 Series models. It was released in 2009. Engine choices were turbocharged straight-6 petrol, straight-6 diesel and V8 petrol. At launch, all models were rear-wheel drive ("sDrive"), with all-wheel drive ("xDrive") models being added in 2010. For the following G30 generation, the Gran Turismo models were moved to the 6 Series model range and renamed the G32 6 Series Gran Turismo.[4] Development and launch On 30 January 2009, BMW released a video called "BMW Concept: Scribble Video", which outlined the thought process behind the design of the upcoming 5 Series GT.[5][6] The 5 Series GT was introduced as the BMW Concept 5 Series Gran Turismo at the 2009 Geneva Motor Show.[7][8][9] The rear seats on the concept version are two folding bucket seats separated by a center cons ...more...

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Hyundai Motor Company

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Hyundai Motor Company

The Hyundai Motor Company (Hangul: 현대자동차; Hanja: 現代自動車; RR: Hyeondae Jadongcha  listen; Hangul: 현대; Hanja: 現代; MR: Hyŏndae, IPA: ,[3] modernity; KRX: 005380) is a South Korean multinational automotive manufacturer headquartered in Seoul, South Korea. The company was founded in 1967 and, along with its 32.8% owned subsidiary, Kia Motors, and its 100% owned luxury subsidiary Genesis Motors,[4] altogether comprise the Hyundai Motor Group. It is the third largest vehicle manufacturer in the world.[5] Hyundai operates the world's largest integrated automobile manufacturing facility[6] in Ulsan, South Korea, which has an annual production capacity of 1.6 million units. The company employs about 75,000 people worldwide. Hyundai vehicles are sold in 193 countries through some 5,000 dealerships and showrooms.[7] History The world's largest automobile manufacturing plant in Ulsan, South Korea, produces over 1.6 million vehicles annually. Chung Ju-Yung founded the Hyundai Engineering and Construction Company in 19 ...more...

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Companies started in 1967

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Organisation Internationale des Constructeurs d'Automobiles

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Organisation Internationale des Constructeurs d'Automobiles

The Organisation Internationale des Constructeurs d'Automobiles, commonly abbreviated OICA (English: International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers[1]), founded 1919 in Paris, is an international trade association whose members are 39 national automotive industry trade associations.[2][1] OICA facilitates communication among its member national automotive industry trade associations and advocates for policies and position of mutual interest to its members at the international level and to the general public.[2] UNECE OICA hosts on its web site the working documents from various United Nations expert groups, including World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations.[3] Climate change OICA recognizes anthropogenic climate change as "probably the greatest challenge facing society in the twenty-first century." OICA identifies motor vehicles as a significant factor, contributing about 16% of global man-made carbon dioxide emissions. OICA advocates for an integrated, global approach to global wa ...more...

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TCR Touring Car

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TCR Touring Car

A 2017 spec Honda Civic Type-R TCR on the ADAC TCR Germany Touring Car Championship grid. A TCR Touring Car is a touring car specification, first introduced in 2014 and is now employed by a multitude of series worldwide. All TCR cars are based on 4 or 5 door production vehicles, and are powered by 2.0 litre turbocharged engines. While the bodyshell and suspension layout of the production vehicle is retained in a TCR car, and many models use a production gearbox, certain accommodations are made for the stresses of the racetrack including upgraded brakes and aerodynamics. Competition vehicles are subject to Balance of Performance (or BoP) adjustments to ensure close racing between different vehicles. History The project to develop the TCR specification was spearheaded by former World Touring Car Championship manager Marciello Lotti. All TCR cars have a common forefather; the SEAT León Cup Racer racing car which was introduced as successor to the SEAT León Supercopa used in several successful single-make ser ...more...

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Touring car racing

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Infiniti QX30

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Infiniti QX30

Rear view The Infiniti QX30 is a small crossover car manufactured and sold by Nissan's Infiniti luxury brand from 2016. Based on the Infiniti Q30, it offers increased ride height. QX30 Concept (2015) It includes 21-inch wheels, large tires, and increased blackout around the wheel opening, with a satin chrome front bumper.[4] The vehicle was unveiled at the Geneva International Motor Show,[5] followed by the 2015 New York International Auto Show.[6][7][8] First generation (2016-present) Based on the Mercedes-Benz GLA 250, it includes redesigned front and rear bumpers, grained side sills, as well as bodywork finished with satin chrome-plated inserts with metallic finish along with an increased ride height. The vehicle was unveiled at the 2015 Los Angeles motor show and 2015 Auto Guangzhou.,[9][10][11] followed by 2016 Geneva Motor Show.[12] United States and Canada models went on sale in mid-2016 as 2017 model year vehicles with a 2.0-liter turbocharged 4-cylinder engine with 7-speed dual clutch automati ...more...

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TCR International Series

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TCR International Series

The TCR International Series was an international touring car championship. The championship was promoted by World Sporting Consulting (WSC), founded by former World Touring Car Championship manager Marcello Lotti.[1] It was marketed as a cost-effective spin-off of the WTCC, targeted at C-segment hatchbacks production-based touring cars. The title TCR follows the naming convention now used by the FIA to classify the cars that compete in touring car racing, with TC1 referring to the top tier as used by the FIA WTCC and TC2 referring to the legacy cars which principally compete in the FIA ETCC. On 6 December 2017, FIA’s World Motorsport Council announced that the series will merge with World Touring Car Championship and European Touring Car Cup starting in 2018. Announcements in 2014 On 15 July Lotti revealed further details on the TCR series.[2] On the same day it was announced that the TCR series will award a Drivers' Championship title and a Teams' Championship title. The number of teams will be limited t ...more...

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Ziehl-Abegg

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Ziehl-Abegg

First Design of an external rotor motor Ziehl-Abegg SE (own notation ZIEHL-ABEGG SE, until 2013 Ziehl-Abegg AG)[3] is a German manufacturer of fans for ventilation and air conditioning applications, as well as drive technology for elevators and motors with matching control technology. The company's headquarters are in Kuenzelsau, in Hohenlohekreis, Germany. The group owns ZIEHL-ABEGG SE, Künzelsau (Headquarters) Ziehl-Abegg Automotive GmbH & Co. KG, Künzelsau[4] as well as all international subsidiaries. History In 1897, Emil Ziehl developed the first external rotor motor. In early 1910, the Ziehl-Abegg Electricity Company was founded in Berlin. Emil Ziehl and the Swedish investor Eduard Abegg set up the company in Weißensee,[5] a borough now part of the Pankow District. Emil Ziehl had big expectations for Abegg, who was to develop wind turbines. After the company’s logo (with Abegg’s name on it) was already made public, Abegg failed to bring the promised funds. The introduced patent for the w ...more...

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Ford Germany

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Ford Germany

Ford-Werke GmbH[1] is a German car manufacturer headquartered in Niehl, Cologne, North Rhine-Westphalia and a subsidiary of Ford of Europe, which in turn is a subsidiary of Ford Motor Company. Berlin origins The earliest presence of the Ford Motor Company in Germany was a parts operation set up in Hamburg in 1912.[2] At the end of 1924 the US Ford Motor Company established a sales office in Berlin which at the start of 1925 received a permit to import 1,000 tractors. In 1920 the government had imposed a tariff so high that it amounted to a prohibition against importing foreign automobiles, but this was reversed in October 1925. The move had evidently been anticipated by Ford, since on 18 August 1925 the Ford Motor Company Aktiengesellschaft had been entered in the Berlin Companies Register.[3] During 1925 an assembly plant was constructed in a rented warehouse in the Westhafen (western port) district of Berlin, which was well located for receiving deliveries of kits and components via the country's canal ...more...

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Electric motor

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Electric motor

Animation of an Electric motor. An electric motor is an electrical machine that converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. An electric generator operates in the reverse direction, converting mechanical energy into electrical energy. Most electric motors operate through the interaction between the motor's magnetic field and winding currents to generate force. In certain applications, such as in regenerative braking with traction motors, electric motors can be used in reverse as generators to recover energy that might otherwise be lost as heat and friction. Electric motors can be powered by direct current (DC) sources, such as from batteries, motor vehicles or rectifiers, or by alternating current (AC) sources, such as a power grid, inverters or generators. General-purpose motors with standard dimensions and characteristics provide convenient mechanical power for industrial use. The largest electric motors are used for ship propulsion, pipeline compression and pumped-storage applications with rating ...more...

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Jaguar Cars

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Jaguar Cars

Jaguar (UK: , US: ) is the luxury vehicle brand of Jaguar Land Rover,[2][1] a British multinational car manufacturer with its headquarters in Whitley, Coventry, England and owned by the Indian company Tata Motors since 2008.[3] Jaguar Cars was the company that was responsible for the production of Jaguar cars until its operations were fully merged with those of Land Rover to form Jaguar Land Rover on 1 January 2013. Jaguar's business was founded as the Swallow Sidecar Company in 1922, originally making motorcycle sidecars before developing bodies for passenger cars. Under the ownership of S. S. Cars Limited the business extended to complete cars made in association with Standard Motor Co, many bearing Jaguar as a model name. The company's name was changed from S. S. Cars to Jaguar Cars in 1945. A merger with the British Motor Corporation followed in 1966,[4] the resulting enlarged company now being renamed as British Motor Holdings (BMH), which in 1968 merged with Leyland Motor Corporation and became British ...more...

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Turin Auto Show

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Turin Auto Show

The Turin Motor Show (Italian: Salone dell'Automobile di Torino) was an auto show held annually in Turin, Italy. The first official show took place between 21 and 24 April 1900, at the Castle of Valentino, becoming a permanent fixture in Turin from 1938 having shared it with Milan and Rome until that time. From 1972, the show was held biannually and in 1984, it moved into Fiat's shuttered Lingotto factory.[1] The event was last held in Turin in June 2000, and cancelled from 2002, resulting in the Bologna Motor Show taking over the role of Italy's International Motor Show. Since 2015, Turin again now holds a Motor Show, albeit as an open air festival to keep exhibitors' costs down[2] and provide free access to the public. It is held in the precinct of the Parco del Valentino. Major vehicle introductions 1900s 1902 Adami Rondini 1904 Motoruota Garavaglia 1906 Aquila Italiana Cappa 1907 SPA 28/40HP 1908 Lancia Alfa-12HP 1910s 1913 Fiat Zero 1919 Isotta Fraschini Tipo 8 Fiat 501 (civilian ve ...more...

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