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Industrial parks

Part of the Municipal Airport industrial complex, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

An industrial park (also known as industrial estate, trading estate) is an area zoned and planned for the purpose of industrial development. An industrial park can be thought of as a more "heavyweight" version of a business park or office park, which has offices and light industry, rather than heavy industry.

Benefits
Industrial zone in Dakar (Senegal)
Industrial zone in Trier-Zewen, (Germany)

Industrial parks are usually located on the edges of, or outside the main residential area of a city, and normally provided with good transportation access, including road and rail.[1] One such example would be the large number of industrial estates located along the River Thames in the Thames Gateway area of London. Industrial parks are usually located close to transport facilities, especially where more than one transport modes coincide, including highways, railroads, airports and ports.

This idea of setting land aside through this type of zoning is based on several concepts:

  • To be able to concentrate dedicated infrastructure in a delimited area to reduce the per-business expense of that infrastructure. Such infrastructure includes roadways, railroad sidings, ports, high-power electric supplies (often including three-phase electric power), high-end communications cables, large-volume water supplies, and high-volume gas lines.[2]
  • To be able to attract new business by providing an integrated infrastructure in one location.
  • Eligibility of Industrial Parks for benefits[3] [4]
  • To set aside industrial uses from urban areas to try to reduce the environmental and social impact of the industrial uses.
  • To provide for localized environmental controls that are specific to the needs of an industrial area.
Criticism

Different industrial parks fulfill these criteria to differing degrees. Many small communities have established industrial parks with only access to a nearby highway, and with only the basic utilities and roadways. Public transportation options may be limited or non-existent. There may be few or no special environmental safeguards.

Variations

An industrial park specializing in biotechnology is called a biotechnology industrial park. It may also be known as a bio-industrial park or eco-industrial cluster.

Flatted factories exist in cities like Singapore and Hong Kong, where land is scarce. These are typically similar to flats, but house individual industries instead. Flatted factories have cargo lifts and roads that serve each level, providing access to each factory lot.

UNIDO Viet Nam (United Nations Industrial Development Organization) has compiled a list of Industrial Parks in the ASEAN Economic Community in a report titled "Economic Zones in the ASEAN" written by Arnault Morisson.

References
  1. Industrial park scheme 2008 http://www.incometaxindia.gov.in/archive/IndustrialParkScheme_04072008.pdf
  2. Industrial Park land and infrastructure http://www.ground57.com/land-and-infrastructure/
  3. Industrial Park Benefits http://www.incometaxindia.gov.in/archive/CBDTPressRelease_04072008.pdf
  4. List of Approvals & Withdrawals under the Industrial Park Schemes, 1999 & 2002 http://dipp.nic.in/industrial_park/industrial_park_scheme_17082006.pdf
See also
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East Port Said Industrial Zone

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East Port Said Industrial Zone - ep - is an industrial park with a total area of 1600 ha. The main developer and promoter of the park is East Port Said Development Co ; the park is located in Egypt at the northern end of the Suez Canal Special Economic Zone (SCZone) . As per the law of Economic Zones of a Special Nature 83/2002 and its amendments in 2015,[3] the zone provides the following investor incentives 0% tax and duties on all machines , tools, and raw materials are as long as they are produced for export uses 0% tax on revenue from bonds, loans , and credit facilities 0% tax on profits resulting from merger, division or change in legal form of companies Competitive income tax rate on the net profit Competitive tax rate on wages , salaries , bonuses, incentives Customs , sales tax , and all other taxes and duties imposed separately on imported components once such products are releases from customs to enter the local market 50 years land lease with the opinion to lease the facility or construct your ...more...



EastPark, Kentucky

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EastPark is a 1000-acre (4 km²) industrial park located in the state of Kentucky , United States , at the junction of Boyd , Greenup , and Carter counties, although most of the park resides in Greenup County. The park is operated by the Northeast Kentucky Regional Industrial Park Authority. The site of the park was donated to the state of Kentucky by Addington Enterprises from reclaimed land that had once been used as a strip mine . The state of Kentucky used the donated land to build the park and a two-lane highway, now known as the Industrial Parkway ( Kentucky Route 67 ) This proved to be beneficial to both Addington and the state, as the land was not able to be developed without the road and it provided a way to connect US 23 in Greenup County to Interstate 64 . The park has a convenient location, as it is located where Interstate 64 and KY 67 intersect. EastPark is also connected to a port on the Ohio River in Wurtland, Kentucky , via KY 67. EastPark is located in the Huntington - Ashland , WV - KY - OH ...more...



Watchmoor

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Watchmoor is an area in Camberley , Surrey , England, off the A331 road . It is located opposite the Blackwater Valley Path . In 2017 a footpath and cycleway was built between Blackwater railway station and the Sainsbury's supermarket. Watchmoor consists of Watchmoor Park business park, Watchmoor Point industrial estate, the Sainsbury's Watchmoor Park Superstore and the Watchmoor Reserve nature area. Watchmoor Park business park Watchmoor Park business park was developed in the late 1980s and the early 1990s by the asset management company L&M. It is home to the offices of several large companies including Telent , Jaegermeister , BTG , Unisys , Novartis , Bachy Soletanche , Dc Leisure and Herrington & Carmichael . Watchmoor Point industrial estate Watchmoor Point industrial estate is located adjacent to the Watchmoor Park business park. Sainsbury's Watchmoor Park Superstore In 1987 J Sainsbury plc and Metropolitan Estates Ltd planned a 37,000 sq ft Sainsbury's supermarket and an adjacent Homebase s ...more...



Korangi Creek Industrial Park

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Korangi Creek Industrial Park is located in Karachi , Sindh , Pakistan . Korangi Creek Industrial Park is built over an area of 250 acres, this industrial zone is located in Korangi Creek Cantonment . Industrial Parks Bin Qasim Industrial Zone Federal B Industrial Area Karachi Export Processing Zone Korangi Industrial Area North Karachi Industrial Area Pakistan Textile City S.I.T.E Industrial Area West Wharf Industrial Area External links [1] Korangi Creek Industrial Park is located in Karachi , Sindh , Pakistan . Korangi Creek Industrial Park is built over an area of 250 acres, this industrial zone is located in Korangi Creek Cantonment . Industrial Parks Bin Qasim Industrial Zone Federal B Industrial Area Karachi Export Processing Zone Korangi Industrial Area North Karachi Industrial Area Pakistan Textile City S.I.T.E Industrial Area West Wharf Industrial Area External links [1] ...more...



Ruili

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Ruili ( simplified Chinese : 瑞丽 ; traditional Chinese : 瑞麗 ; pinyin : Ruìlì ; Burmese : ရွှေလီ ; Thai : เมืองมาว ) is a county-level city of Dehong Prefecture , in the west of Yunnan province, People's Republic of China. It is a major border crossing between China and Myanmar , with the town of Muse located across the border. Name 瑞 ruì means "auspicious", and 丽 lì means "beautiful"; an older name of Ruili is Měngmǎo ( 勐卯 ). Geography Ruili is on the border with Myanmar . 64% of the population of Ruili are members of five highland and lowland ethnic minorities including Dai , Jingpo , Deang , Lisu , Achang . It is an important location for trade with Myanmar, in both legal and illegal goods and services. Prostitution and drug trade in the city are not uncommon. Ruili has a warm humid subtropical climate ( Köppen Cwa), and is generally humid. Summer is long and there is virtually no "winter" as such; instead, there is a dry season (December thru April) and wet season (May thru October). A drier heat prevails f ...more...



Enterprise South Industrial Park

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The Enterprise South Industrial Park , located in Chattanooga, Tennessee consists of 3,000 acres (12 km ). A large portion of this property is now home to the Volkswagen Chattanooga Assembly Plant . History The Volunteer Army Ammunition Plant (VAAP) operated as a TNT (trinitrotoluene) manufacturing facility from 1942 to 1977 and supported a fertilizer production facility from 1962 to 1982. The following provides a detailed history of operations occurring at VAAP from its creation in 1942 to the present. 1942-1945 The Army Corps of Engineers (ACOE) built the original facilities to support World War II . Initial operation began in July 1942 with the Hercules Powder Company of Wilmington Delaware as the operating contractor. Sixteen TNT batch process lines and associated nitric and sulfuric acid facilities operated until August 1945. Approximately 823 million pounds of TNT were produced for WWII at VAAP (IT Corp 1994). 1946-1952 From January 1946 to the spring of 1952, VAAP was officially on standby status and ...more...



Stef Wertheimer

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Stefan "Stef" Wertheimer ( Hebrew : סטף ורטהיימר ‎, born 16 July 1926) is a German-born Israeli industrialist, investor, philanthropist and former politician. He is a former Member of the Knesset , and is well known for founding industrial parks in Israel and neighboring countries. The Wertheimers are Israel’s richest family as of 2013. Early life Wertheimer was born in Kippenheim , Germany. His family fled to Israel in 1937 to escape Nazism and settled in Tel Aviv . He studied in the Tel-Nordau School but dropped out of school at age 16 and started working in a camera repair store. At the same time, he began studying optics with Professor Emanuel Goldberg , a researcher and inventor who contributed significantly to different aspects of imaging technology in the first half of the twentieth century. In 1943, during World War II , Wertheimer joined the British Royal Air Force . Wertheimer served as an optical equipment technician. He was sent to Bahrain where he repaired optical equipment installed in Britain' ...more...



Idan haNegev

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Idan haNegev Industrial Park ("The Negev era", Hebrew : עידן הנגב ‎), is an industrial park being built southeast of the Bedouin city of Rahat , Israel . The goal is to alleviate unemployment in the local Bedouin population. It is situated in a zone under the jurisdiction of Bnei Shimon Regional Council , between Lehavim and Rahat, close to the city of Beersheba . It will cover an area of some 3,500 dunams (3.5 km ). Some Local Bedouin leaders praised the initiative. According to Rahat Mayor Faiz Abu Sahiban, "it is a good solution which could considerably reduce unemployment in the city, particularly among Bedouin women". However other Bedouin say government-subsidized investment perks mostly benefit large Jewish-owned companies that are under no obligation to hire Bedouins. "It's not answering the needs of the people," said Jihad Elubra, manager at Mati, a government-funded nonprofit group that assists Bedouin-owned businesses in southern Israel. "It's only helping big companies" History Idan HaNegev is ...more...



Lists of disasters

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Starvation in Bengal , 1943 Bombed Dresden , 1945 Train Accident Eschede , 1998 Cross-Europe Flood hits Glashütte , 2002 Aeroplane accident Smolensk , 2010 Oil in Gulf of Mexico , 2010 Tōhoku Earthquake , 2011 Sinking of Costa Concordia , 2012 Moore Tornado , 2013 Baghdad bombings, 2016 The following are lists of disasters . Natural disaster A natural disaster is a major adverse event resulting from natural processes of the earth. These lists are of disasters caused by forces of nature . List of natural disasters by death toll List of floods List of tropical cyclones Lists of earthquakes List of environmental disasters List of fires List of wildfires Accidents These are lists of disasters caused by accidental human action. List of accidents and disasters by death toll Transport List of road accidents List of rail accidents List of accidents and incidents involving commercial aircraft Lists of accidents and incidents involving military aircraft List of maritime disasters List of shipwrecks List of aircraft dis ...more...



Industrial and organizational psychology

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Industrial and organizational psychology ( I/O psychology ), which is also known as occupational psychology, organizational psychology, and work and organizational psychology, is an applied discipline within psychology . I/O psychology is the science of human behaviour relating to work and applies psychological theories and principles to organizations and individuals in their places of work as well as the individual's work-life more generally. I/O psychologists are trained in the scientist–practitioner model . They contribute to an organization's success by improving the performance, motivation , job satisfaction , and occupational safety and health as well as the overall health and well-being of its employees. An I/O psychologist conducts research on employee behaviours and attitudes, and how these can be improved through hiring practices, training programs, feedback, and management systems. I/O psychology is one of the 15 recognized specialties in professional psychology in the United States. It is repres ...more...



Amusement park

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Walt Disney World 's Magic Kingdom in Florida is the most visited theme park in the world, and Cinderella Castle , the park's icon, is one of the most photographed structures in the United States Wonder Mountain at Canada's Wonderland Wild West Falls at Warner Bros. Movie World , Queensland, Australia Stunt Fall at Parque Warner Madrid , Madrid , Spain Roller coasters Dragon Khan and Shambhala at PortAventura in Spain An amusement park is a park that features various attractions, such as rides and games, as well as other events for entertainment purposes. A theme park is a type of amusement park that bases its structures and attractions around a central theme, often featuring multiple areas with different themes. Unlike temporary and mobile funfairs and carnivals , amusement parks are stationary and built for long-lasting operation. They are more elaborate than city parks and playgrounds , usually providing attractions that cater to a variety of age groups. While amusement parks often contain themed areas, t ...more...



Economy of Taiwan

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The economy of the Republic of China (Taiwan) , simply called Taiwan , is the 7th largest economy in Asia , and is included in the advanced economies group by the International Monetary Fund and gauged in the high-income economies group by the World Bank , and ranked 15th in the world by the Global Competitiveness Report of World Economic Forum , has a developed capitalist economy that ranks as the 22th -largest in the world by purchasing power parity (PPP), ranks as 18th in the world by gross domestic product (GDP) at purchasing power parity per capita (person), and 24th in nominal GDP of investment and foreign trade by the Republic of China (ROC) government, commonly referred to as Taiwan . The economy of Taiwan ranks the highest in Asia for 2015 Global Entrepreneurship Index (GEI) for specific strengths. Most large government-owned banks and industrial firms have been privatized. With the technocracy -centered economic planning under martial law until 1987, real growth in GDP has averaged about 8% du ...more...



GE Appliances

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GE Appliances , formerly known as GE Appliances & Lighting and GE Consumer & Industrial , along with GE Appliances, when owned by General Electric (GE), is an appliance company headquartered in Louisville, Kentucky and owned by Haier Group. It is one of the largest appliance brands in the United States. The company encompasses the appliance brands of GE, Profile, Cafe, Monogram, and Hotpoint. GE Appliances includes wholly owned subsidiary FirstBuild, a global co-creation community and state-of-the-art microfactory located in Louisville, Kentucky. GE Appliances became a brand of Chinese conglomerate Haier on June 6, 2016. History Originally part of the General Electric corporation, GE Appliances was created as a stand-alone business. In January 2004, it became part of GE Consumer & Industrial when GE Consumer Products (founded in 1905) merged with GE Industrial Systems (founded in 1930) to form GE Consumer & Industrial. From 2010 to late 2014, GE Appliances & Lighting was a sub-busines ...more...



Hsinchu Industrial Park

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The Hsinchu Industrial Park ( Chinese : 新竹工業區 ; pinyin : Xīnzhú Gōngyè Qu ) is an industrial park in Hukou Township , Hsinchu County , Taiwan . History The industrial park was opened in 1977. Transportation The industrial park is accessible within walking distance Western of Xinfeng Station of Taiwan Railways Administration . Major companies located in the park China Motor Corporation TRSC SYM Motors Ritek See also Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hsinchu Industrial Park . Hsinchu Science and Industrial Park References http://www.moeaidb.gov.tw/iphw/hsinchu/en/ The Hsinchu Industrial Park ( Chinese : 新竹工業區 ; pinyin : Xīnzhú Gōngyè Qu ) is an industrial park in Hukou Township , Hsinchu County , Taiwan . History The industrial park was opened in 1977. Transportation The industrial park is accessible within walking distance Western of Xinfeng Station of Taiwan Railways Administration . Major companies located in the park China Motor Corporation TRSC SYM Motors Ritek See also Wikimedia Commons has media rel ...more...



Special economic zone

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A special economic zone ( SEZ ) is an area in which business and trade laws are different from rest of the country. SEZs are located within a country's national borders, and their aims include: increased trade, increased investment, job creation and effective administration. To encourage businesses to set up in the zone, financial policies are introduced. These policies typically regard investing, taxation , trading, quotas, customs and labour regulations . Additionally, companies may be offered tax holidays , where upon establishing in a zone they are granted a period of lower taxation. The creation of special economic zones by the host country may be motivated by the desire to attract foreign direct investment (FDI). The benefits a company gains by being in a special economic zone may mean it can produce and trade goods at a lower price, aimed at being globally competitive. In some countries the zones have been criticized for being little more than labor camps , with workers denied fundamental labor rig ...more...



Federal B Industrial Area

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'Federal B Industrial Area is located in Karachi , Sindh , Pakistan . This is the 5th largest industrial area of Sindh province, spread over block 1 to 22 of Federal B. Area, Karachi. Blocks 21 and 22 are the declared industrial areas, fully occupied by large and medium size industrial units while the cottage and small industries are located within the residential and commercial areas from block 1 to 20. More than 2,000 industrial units are fully operative. Almost 90% of them are totally export oriented industries, contributing sizeable share towards foreign exchange earning of the country. On the other hand, some 8.5 billion rupees are contributed annually towards duties and taxes in the National exchequer. A large number of workforce – some 8 million people are employed in various disciplines and the benefited segments are both, skilled and unskilled labur including women in a large number, particularly those who reside in the vicinity. Industrial Parks Bin Qasim Industrial Zone Karachi Export Processing Zo ...more...



Kerala Industrial Infrastructure Development Corporation

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Kerala Industrial Infrastructure Development Corporation ( KINFRA ) is a government agency under the government of the Indian state of Kerala headquartered in Thiruvananthapuram . It undertakes development of industrial estates to nurture industrialization in the state. Dr. G.C.Gopala Pillai, the former CMD of FACT, Ernakulam was at its helm for the first 12 years and was instrumental in the growth of KINFRA as an industrial facilitator in the state of Kerala. It is now led by Mr. S. Ramnath, a protégé of Dr. Pillai. KINFRA plans to set up an industrial park, Kera Park, at Kodakara in Thrissur district . Land acquisition is under way, and the company is awaiting clearances. Since its inception, KINFRA has mainly identified itself with land acquisition and development of industrial infrastructure in the form of parks, townships and zones. With the objective of boosting industrial growth, KINFRA has promoted the concept of theme parks, which have been set up for the exclusive growth and development of chosen a ...more...



Subdivision (land)

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A subdivision in Picayune, Mississippi A subdivision in Markham, Ontario ' Subdivision' is the act of dividing land into pieces that are easier to sell or otherwise develop , usually via a plat . The former single piece as a whole is then known in the United States as a subdivision. If it is used for housing it is typically known as a housing subdivision or housing development, although some developers tend to call these areas communities . Subdivisions may also be for the purpose of commercial or industrial development, and the results vary from retail shopping malls with independently owned out parcels, to industrial parks . United States The entrance to a subdivision in Sugar Land, Texas History In the United States, the creation of a subdivision was often the first step toward the creation of a new incorporated township or city . Contemporary notions of subdivisions rely on the Lot and Block survey system , which became widely used in the 19th century as a means of addressing the expansion of cities into ...more...



Wellesley, Western Australia

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Wellesley is a locality in the Bunbury region of Western Australia , about 10 km north-east of Australind . Its local government area is the Shire of Harvey . It is bordered on the south and east by the Brunswick River and the Wellesley River . The main feature of the locality is the Kemerton Industrial Park. Kemerton Industrial Park The estate was established in 1985 as a "strategic industrial area" to provide appropriate buffered land for heavy industry. It covers an area of 7543 ha , comprising an industrial core of 2100 ha, a support industry area of 300 ha, an inter-industry buffer of 175 ha and a buffer area of 5437 ha which includes bushland, wetland, protection zones and recreational areas. A rail link connecting with the Perth-Bunbury railway is proposed. It is coordinated by the Department of Industry and Resources (WA), South West Development Commission and the Shire of Harvey. History Little is known of the area prior to 1980 - a report in 1988 noted that (p. 9) "although mainly a rural area, a ...more...



Mishor Adumim

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Mishor Adumim ( Hebrew : מישור אדומים ‎‎) is an industrial park located in the industrial zone of the Israeli settlement of Ma'ale Adumim , about 10 minutes' drive from Jerusalem , in the West Bank . The international community considers Israeli settlements in the West Bank illegal under international law , but the Israeli government disputes this. History Since 1998, the park has been managed by the Ma'aleh Adumim Economic Development Company Ltd. Stretching over 1,550 dunams (1.55 km ; 0.60 sq mi), it includes businesses and factories, as well as a busy commercial center. In 2014, the park housed 300 factories and small businesses, a bowling alley, two large supermarkets, an art museum and several kosher wineries . These businesses, a few owned by Arabs, among them the Shweiki glass factory, are entitled to special tax breaks under Israeli law. One of the big draws is a Rami Levy supermarket. Adumim Food Ingredients is a food additives company that manufactures nutraceuticals in collaboration with the ...more...



Pathum Thani Province

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Pathum Thani ( Thai : ปทุมธานี , pronounced  ) is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand . Neighboring provinces are (from north clockwise) Ayutthaya , Saraburi , Nakhon Nayok , Chachoengsao , Bangkok , and Nonthaburi . The province is north of Bangkok and is part of the Bangkok metropolitan area. In many places the boundary between the two provinces is not noticeable as both sides of the boundary are equally urbanized. Pathum Thani town is the administrative seat, but Ban Rangsit , seat of Thanyaburi District , is the largest populated place in the province. Pathum Thani is an old province, heavily populated by the Mon people , dotted with 186 temples and parks. The Dream World amusement park is here. Geography The province lies on the low alluvial flats of the Chao Phraya River that flows through the capital. Many canals ( khlongs ) cross the province and feed the rice paddies. History The city dates back to a settlement founded by Mon migrating from Mottama ( Thai : เมาะตะมะ ) in Myanmar aroun ...more...



Pulau Indah Industrial Park

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Pulau Indah Industrial Park (PIIP) in Malaysia is 3,500 acres industrial area which are occupied by business like manufacturing, logistics and warehousing. References "Central Spectrum to promote Pulau Indah on bigger scale in 2017 - Business News | The Star Online" . www.thestar.com.my . Retrieved 2017-03-28 . "INTRODUCING PULAU INDAH INDUSTRIAL PARK AND SELANGOR BIO BAY MALAYSIA" . BERNAMA Media Relations and Event Management. Pulau Indah Industrial Park (PIIP) in Malaysia is 3,500 acres industrial area which are occupied by business like manufacturing, logistics and warehousing. References "Central Spectrum to promote Pulau Indah on bigger scale in 2017 - Business News | The Star Online" . www.thestar.com.my . Retrieved 2017-03-28 . "INTRODUCING PULAU INDAH INDUSTRIAL PARK AND SELANGOR BIO BAY MALAYSIA" . BERNAMA Media Relations and Event Management. ...more...



Sohar

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Sohar ( Arabic : صُحار ‎‎, also Romanized as Suḥār ) is the capital and largest city of the Al Batinah North Governorate in the Sultanate of Oman . An ancient capital of the country that once served as an important Islamic port town, Sohar has also been credited as the mythical birthplace of Sinbad the Sailor . According to the 2010 census, Sohar's population was 140,006, making it Oman's fifth most-populated settlement. Described as an industrial town, the development of the Sohar Industrial Port during the 2000s has transformed it into a major Omani industrial hub. History As the largest town in the region, it has been argued that Sohar is identified with the ancient town called Omana mentioned by Pliny the Elder in his Natural History . This settlement is believed to have given Oman its name. A large majority of the people of Sohar come from the tribe known as Al-Alawi. The oldest person known to be of this tribe is Sheikh Ahmad Saeed Msallam. Industry Sohar is currently experiencing significant investm ...more...



Dumbo, Brooklyn

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Dumbo (or DUMBO , short for D own U nder the M anhattan B ridge O verpass) is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Brooklyn . The area known as DUMBO used to be known as Gairville. It encompasses two sections: one located between the Manhattan and Brooklyn Bridges , which connect Brooklyn to Manhattan across the East River , and another that continues east from the Manhattan Bridge to the Vinegar Hill area. The neighborhood is bounded by Brooklyn Bridge Park to the north, the Brooklyn Bridge to the west, Brooklyn Heights to the south and Vinegar Hill to the east. Dumbo is part of Brooklyn Community Board 2 . The area was originally a ferry landing, characterized by 19th- and early 20th-century industrial and warehouse buildings, Belgian block streets, and its location on the East River by the imposing anchorage of the Manhattan Bridge. The entirety of Dumbo was bought by developer David Walentas and his company Two Trees Management in the late 20th century, and remade into an upscale residential ...more...



Mo Industrial Park

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Building at Mo Industrial Park Mo Industrial Park ( Norwegian : Mo Industripark ) is one of Norways largest industrial parks , situated in the town of Mo i Rana , North Norway . The company Mo Industrial Park produces oxygen , nitrogen and compressed air , and also provides security, telephone-switchboard and mail services to the other companies in the park. The companies engage in a wide range of activities, including iron and steel production, ferro alloy production, workshop industry, service industry, research, quality and computer technology, expertise industry, and even fish farming. Total gross income is close to 4 billion NOK per year. The industrial park is located where the company Norsk Jernverk had its production facilities. In 1946, after World War II , the Parliament of Norway saw a need for steel production in Norway, while also wanting to strengthen the development of North Norway by encouraging industrial activity in the region, providing employment to thousands of people. This led to the de ...more...



Industrial Development Group

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Industrial Development Group - IDG is the fruit of the Egyptian Government recent reforms that have been directed towards facilitating investment procedures, attracting more local, Arab and foreign enterprises to Egypt . To encourage this trend, the Government of Egypt has assigned an area of land for Industrial Parks featuring diversified businesses. The start Under the EU-Egypt association agreement, Egypt is currently implementing an Industrial modernization program, which seeks to raise the competitive edge of local products as well as help the Egyptian industrial sector integrate into global economy. In addition to creating more work opportunities, the program proposes to multiply state revenues by increasing exports. IDG's shareholders are highly experienced, dedicated and successful professionals who are real state developers, engineering experts and automotive entrepreneurs with a vision to create an exclusive industrial park based on European standards , to attract automotive and modern technolo ...more...



National Park Service

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The National Park Service ( NPS ) is an agency of the United States federal government that manages all national parks , many national monuments , and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations. It was created on August 25, 1916, by Congress through the National Park Service Organic Act and is an agency of the United States Department of the Interior . The NPS is charged with a dual role of preserving the ecological and historical integrity of the places entrusted to its management, while also making them available and accessible for public use and enjoyment. As of 2014, the NPS employs 21,651 employees who oversee 417 units , of which 59 are designated national parks . History In 1916, a portfolio of nine major parks was published to generate interest. Printed on each brochure was a map showing the parks and principal railroad connections. In 1934, a series of ten postage stamps were issued to commemorate the reorganization and expansion of the National Park Service. Nation ...more...



Industrial nature

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Industrial Nature is the regeneration of natural vegetation on industrial sites; the invasion of abandoned or disused industrial sites by colonising species; or new plantings on abandoned, disused or remediated industrial sites. The underlying principal is that the historical industrial use of landscapes or sites creates a new environment which species can use either by design as in the case of a park or revegetated area or by colonisation. The concept has it origins in Germany specifically at the Emscher Landscape Park in the Ruhr, Germany (of which the Landschaftspark Duisburg-Nord is the best known example) and has been applied at the Sudgelande Park in Berlin. Another example can be found at the Deutsches Technikmuseum German Museum of Technology (Berlin) at the former locomotive workshops and goods yard (Anhalter Güterbahnhof) of Berlin-Anhalt Railway Company. Here much of the goods yards and part of the roundhouse complex had been left as a ruin colonised by a variety of non-native plants. See also Brow ...more...



Elk Grove Village, Illinois

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Demographics (2010) White Black Asian 82.9% 1.4% 10.1% Islander Native Other Hispanic (any race) 0.01% 0.3% 5.3% 9.5% Elk Grove Village is a village located in northeastern Illinois adjacent to O'Hare International Airport and is a near northwest suburb, touching the city of Chicago . The village is home to Chicago's largest industrial park, and is home to one of the nations largest industrial parks. It is one of the Chicago metropolitan area 's principal villages due to its large industrial park, located on the eastern border of the village. The village is located primarily in Cook County with a small portion in DuPage County . The population was 33,127 at the 2010 census. As the name suggests, Elk Grove Village is home to a small herd of elk kept in a grove at the eastern edge of the Busse Woods forest preserve for which the grove is named. Elk are not native to the area but were brought by train from Montana by an early resident, William Busse, in the 1920s. The elk are currently maintained by the Chicago ...more...



Industrial area

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Industrial area may refer to: Industrial park Industrial region Industrial area may refer to: Industrial park Industrial region ...more...



Park

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Veale Gardens in Adelaide, Australia Sad Janka Kráľa park in Bratislava (Slovakia) A park is an area of natural, semi-natural or planted space set aside for human enjoyment and recreation or for the protection of wildlife or natural habitats. It may consist of grassy areas, rocks , soil and trees , but may also contain buildings and other artifacts such as monuments , fountains or playground structures. In North America, many parks have fields for playing sports such as association football , baseball and football , and paved areas for games such as basketball . Many parks have trails for walking, biking and other activities. Some parks are built adjacent to bodies of water or watercourses and may comprise a beach or boat dock area. Often, the smallest parks are in urban areas, where a park may take up only a city block or less and is ideally within a 10-Minute Walk of its residents. Urban parks often have benches for sitting and may contain picnic tables and barbecue grills. Parks have differing rules regard ...more...



Industrial corridor

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An industrial corridor is a package of infrastructure spending allocated to a specific geographical area, with the intent to stimulate industrial development. An industrial corridor aims to create an area with a cluster of manufacturing or other industry. Such corridors are often created in areas that have preexisting infrastructure, such as ports , highways and railroads . These modalities are arranged such that an " arterial " modality, such as a highway or railroad, receives "feeder" roads or railways. Concerns when creating corridors including correctly assessing demand and viability, transport options for goods and workers, land values, and economic incentives for companies. Examples Examples include Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor Project Shendra – Bidkin Industrial Park Chennai Bangalore Industrial Corridor Mumbai-Bangalore economic corridor Amritsar Delhi Kolkata Industrial Corridor VANPIC - Vadrevu and Nizampatnam Port Industrial Corridor Udhana-Palsana Industrial Corridor References "Investment o ...more...



Industrial Park, Semnan

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Industrial Park, Semnan ( Persian : شهرك صنعتي ‎‎ – Shahrak-e Şanʿatī) is a village in Howmeh Rural District , in the Central District of Semnan County , Semnan Province , Iran . At the 2006 census, its population was 728, in 220 families. References "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)" . Islamic Republic of Iran . Archived from the original (Excel) on 2011-11-11. Industrial Park, Semnan ( Persian : شهرك صنعتي ‎‎ – Shahrak-e Şanʿatī) is a village in Howmeh Rural District , in the Central District of Semnan County , Semnan Province , Iran . At the 2006 census, its population was 728, in 220 families. References "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)" . Islamic Republic of Iran . Archived from the original (Excel) on 2011-11-11. ...more...



Kanjurmarg

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Kanjur Marg is a suburb in east central Mumbai . Kanjurmarg railway station is the main access point for IIT Bombay , KV Powai , NITIE , Hiranandani Gardens , and other locations in Powai . The station was built in 1968 and named after the local Kanjur village. Kanjur Marg is fast developing into a business district through some thoughtfully planned corporate campuses like OneWorld and Lodha iThink. But much prior to that the suburb was home to large industrial establishments like Crompton Greaves and The Indian Smelting And Refining Company Limited. The soon to open The Chedi Mumbai which is a luxury hotel with 312 luxury guest rooms at the corner of Jogeshwari - Vikhroli Link Road and Lal Bahadur Shastri Marg & also in close proximity to Powai & Bandra-Kurla Complex aims to add to the hospitality market within the area. Much of the development may be attributed to the suburb's strategic location and its proximity to Powai, the IIT and easy access to the IT hubs of Seepz, Vikhroli IT parks and the ...more...



Chemical industry

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Oil refinery in Louisiana - an example of chemical industry The chemical industry comprises the companies that produce industrial chemicals . Central to the modern world economy , it converts raw materials ( oil , natural gas , air , water , metals , and minerals ) into more than 70,000 different products . The plastics industry contains some overlap, as most chemical companies produce plastic as well as other chemicals. History Although chemicals were made and used throughout history, the birth of the heavy chemical industry (production of chemicals in large quantities for a variety of uses) coincided with the beginnings of the Industrial Revolution in general. Industrial Revolution One of the first chemicals to be produced in large amounts through industrial process was sulfuric acid . In 1736, the pharmacist Joshua Ward developed a process for its production that involved heating saltpeter, allowing the sulfur to oxidize and combine with water. It was the first practical production of sulfuric acid on a la ...more...



Karachi Export Processing Zone

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Karachi Export Processing Zone or KEPZ, is located adjacent to the Landhi Industrial Area in Karachi , Sindh , Pakistan . KEPZ is located within a distance of 18 km from the Quaid-e-Azam International Airport , 20 km from Port Qasim and 35 km from Karachi Seaport . The Zone is linked with the National Highway network. Industrial Parks Bin Qasim Industrial Zone Federal B Industrial Area Korangi Creek Industrial Park Korangi Industrial Area North Karachi Industrial Area Pakistan Textile City S.I.T.E Industrial Area West Wharf Industrial Area External links Export Processing Zones Authority of Pakistan Official site Karachi Export Processing Zone or KEPZ, is located adjacent to the Landhi Industrial Area in Karachi , Sindh , Pakistan . KEPZ is located within a distance of 18 km from the Quaid-e-Azam International Airport , 20 km from Port Qasim and 35 km from Karachi Seaport . The Zone is linked with the National Highway network. Industrial Parks Bin Qasim Industrial Zone Federal B Industrial Area Korangi Creek ...more...



Business park

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A business park or office park is an area of land in which many office buildings are grouped together. All of the work that goes on is commercial , not large-scale industrial nor residential . The first office park opened in Mountain Brook, Alabama , in the early 1950s to avoid racial tension in city centers. These are popular in many suburban locations, where development is cheaper because of the lower land costs and the lower building costs for building wider, not necessarily higher. Some businesses prefer the larger floorplates as more efficient, reducing time lost moving between floors. They are also often located near motorways or main roads for easy access. Criticism The impact of these areas on the urban fabric has been criticized: Spaces escape the control of the built realm: voids between fragments of unconnected residential schemes, gaps between urbanized zones, abandoned farmland, etc. A new approach to spacial organization arises with the ease that characterizes any new consumer good, an approach ...more...



Wollaton Park

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Wollaton Park is a deer park and home of Wollaton Hall , Nottingham Natural History Museum and Nottingham Industrial Museum in the heart of Nottingham . History The enclosure of Wollaton Park required the destruction of the village of Sutton Passeys. It was enclosed by Henry Willoughby, 6th Baron Middleton with a 7-mile (11 km) red brick wall at the start of the nineteenth century. Originally 790 acres (3.2 km ), land sales have reduced the park to 500 acres (2.0 km ). In this park, during World War II American troops of the 508th Parachute Infantry Regiment , part of the US 82nd Airborne Division , were billeted here, waiting to be parachuted into Europe , which they did in June 1944. A small plaque commemorates this event. Subsequently German prisoners of war were billeted here for employment in the locality between 1945 and 1947. Other buildings In addition to Wollaton Hall the park hosts the following historic buildings: Lenton Lodge Lenton Lodge on Derby Road Lenton Lodge is one of the Gatehouses built ...more...



Linkin Park

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Linkin Park is an American rock band from Agoura Hills, California . Formed in 1996, the band rose to international fame with their debut album Hybrid Theory (2000), which was certified Diamond by the RIAA in 2005 and multi-Platinum in several other countries. Their following studio album Meteora continued the band's success, topping the Billboard 200 album chart in 2003, and was followed by extensive touring and charity work. Having adapted nu metal and rap metal to a radio-friendly yet densely layered style in Hybrid Theory and Meteora, the band explored other genres on their next studio album, Minutes to Midnight (2007). The album topped the Billboard charts and had the third-best debut week of any album that year. The band continued to explore a wider variation of musical types in their fourth album, A Thousand Suns (2010), layering their music with more electronic sounds and beats. Their fifth album, Living Things (2012), combines musical elements from all of their previous records. Their sixth a ...more...



Hiroshima Peace Memorial

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The Hiroshima Peace Memorial ( 広島平和記念碑 Hiroshima Heiwa Kinenhi) , commonly called the Atomic Bomb Dome or A-Bomb Dome ( 原爆ドーム Genbaku Dōmu) is part of the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park in Hiroshima , Japan and was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1996. The ruin serves as a memorial to the people who were killed in the atomic bombing of Hiroshima on 6 August 1945. Over 70,000 people were killed instantly, and another 70,000 suffered fatal injuries from the radiation. History The Product Exhibition Hall building was originally designed by the Czech architect Jan Letzel . The design included a distinctive dome at the highest part of the building. It was completed in April 1915 and was named the Hiroshima Prefectural Commercial Exhibition (HMI). It was formally opened to the public in August that year. In 1921, the name was changed to the Hiroshima Prefectural Products Exhibition Hall, and again, in 1933, to the Hiroshima Prefectural Industrial Promotion Hall. The building was located in the large busi ...more...



Automation

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Automation can be defined as the technology by which a process or procedure is performed without human assistance. In other words, Automation or automatic control , is the use of various control systems for operating equipment such as machinery, processes in factories, boilers and heat treating ovens, switching on telephone networks, steering and stabilization of ships, aircraft and other applications and vehicles with minimal or reduced human intervention, with some processes have been completely automated. Automation has been achieved by various means including mechanical, hydraulic , pneumatic , electrical, electronic devices and computers , usually in combination. Complicated systems, such as modern factories, airplanes and ships typically use all these combined techniques. The benefit of automation include labor savings, savings in electricity costs , savings in material costs, and improvements to quality, accuracy and precision. The term automation, inspired by the earlier word automatic (coming from au ...more...



Water pollution

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Water pollution is the contamination of water bodies (e.g. lakes , rivers , oceans , aquifers and groundwater ). This form of environmental degradation occurs when pollutants are directly or indirectly discharged into water bodies without adequate treatment to remove harmful compounds. Water pollution affects the entire biosphere – plants and organisms living in these bodies of water . In almost all cases the effect is damaging not only to individual species and population, but also to the natural biological communities . Introduction Pollution in the Lachine Canal , Canada Water pollution is a major global problem which requires ongoing evaluation and revision of water resource policy at all levels (international down to individual aquifers and wells). It has been suggested that water pollution is the leading worldwide cause of deaths and diseases, and that it accounts for the deaths of more than 14,000 people daily. An estimated 580 people in India die of water pollution related illness every day. About ...more...



Shaanxi

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Shaanxi ( Chinese : 陕西 ; pinyin : Shǎnxī ) is a province of the People's Republic of China . Officially part of the Northwest China region, it lies in central China, bordering the provinces of Shanxi (NE, E), Henan (E), Hubei (SE), Chongqing (S), Sichuan (SW), Gansu (W), Ningxia (NW), and Inner Mongolia (N). It covers an area of over 205,000 km (79,151 sq mi) with about 37 million people. Xi'an —which includes the sites of the former Chinese capitals Fenghao and Chang'an —is the provincial capital. Xianyang , which served as the Qin capital, is located nearby. The other prefecture -level cities into which the province is divided are Ankang , Baoji , Hanzhong , Shangluo , Tongchuan , Weinan , Yan'an and Yulin . Shaanxi comprises the Wei Valley and much of the surrounding fertile Loess Plateau , stretching from the Qin Mountains and Shannan in the south to the Ordos Desert in the north. Along with areas of adjacent Shanxi and Henan , it formed the cradle of Chinese civilization, with its Guanzhong region shelt ...more...



Industrial zone

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Industrial zone can refer to: Industrial park , an area zoned for industrial development Industrial region , a part of a country with high industrial development Industrial zoning , the practice of designating an area for industrial development Industrial zone can refer to: Industrial park , an area zoned for industrial development Industrial region , a part of a country with high industrial development Industrial zoning , the practice of designating an area for industrial development ...more...



Linhai Industrial Park

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Linhai Industrial Park Service Center The Linhai Industrial Park ( Chinese : 臨海工業區 ; pinyin : Línhǎi Gōngyè Qū ) is an industrial park located in Siaogang District and Cianjhen District of Kaohsiung , Taiwan . It near the Kaohsiung International Airport , No. 5 Container Center of Port of Kaohsiung and the terminal of National Highway No. 1 . The Talin Power Plant , a fossil fuel power plant , is located near the park. And a reservoir called Fengshan Reservoir is to the south of park. Linhai Industrial Park is a major clutch of heavy industry of Taiwan. There are several largest producers of their industries situated in this industrial park, such as China Steel (steelmaker), CSBC Corporation (ship builder) and CPC Corporation (oil refiner). Furthermore, Linhai Industrial Park also has some manufacturers of machinery, steel, transportation and chemical industry . History The industrial park was originally established in 1960 and completed in January 1972. Transportation The area is accessible within walking di ...more...



Noise pollution

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A Qantas Airways Boeing 747-400 passes close to houses shortly before landing at London Heathrow Airport . Noise pollution is the disturbing noise with harmful impact on the activity of human or animal life. The source of outdoor noise worldwide is mainly caused by machines and transportation systems , motor vehicles engines and trains . Outdoor noise is summarized by the word environmental noise . Poor urban planning may give rise to noise pollution, side-by-side industrial and residential buildings can result in noise pollution in the residential areas. Documented problems associated with urban environment noise go back as far as Ancient Rome . Noise from roadways and other urban factors can be mitigated by urban planning and better design of roads .Noise pollution mainly caused by human in defferent ways .That is by flight,train,industry and vaicles.{by Animesh Nayak} Outdoor noise can be caused by machines, construction activities, and music performances, especially in some workplaces. Noise-induced he ...more...



Chenggong District

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Chenggong District ( Chinese : 呈 贡 区 ; pinyin : Chénggòng Qū ) is a city district under the jurisdiction of Kunming , Yunnan , China . Chenggong, formerly a county and situated on east bank of the Dian Lake , had its status changed to a district of Kunming in 2011. Chenggong is the chief zone for the expansion of the city of Kunming , almost a 20-minute drive away. It is the site of the new Kunming City Hall, and new campuses for Yunnan University and Yunnan Normal University . Early in the district's redevelopment, much of the newly constructed housing in Chenggong was unoccupied and was reportedly one of the largest ghost towns in Asia in 2012, in a similar situation to Ordos City and the New South China Mall . It has slowly become occupied, however, in more recent years as Central Kunming has become overcrowded. Some Government departments moved to Chenggong in 2012, and a subway line connecting Chenggong to the city centre opened in 2013. By 2017, the district had become home to many more offices and re ...more...



Hopedale Industrial Park Airport

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Hopedale Industrial Park Airport ( ICAO : K1B6 ,  FAA LID : 1B6 ), in Hopedale , Massachusetts , is a private airport open to the public. It is owned by the Hopedale Industrial Park. It has one runway and sees very low traffic. Approximately sixteen aircraft are based at Hopedale. At one point, it housed a flight school and offered plane rentals References AirNav.com: 1B6 , AirNav.com, 2006, accessed April 26, 2006. External links Resources for this airport: FAA airport information for 1B6 AirNav airport information for 1B6 FlightAware airport information and live flight tracker SkyVector aeronautical chart for 1B6 Hopedale Industrial Park Airport ( ICAO : K1B6 ,  FAA LID : 1B6 ), in Hopedale , Massachusetts , is a private airport open to the public. It is owned by the Hopedale Industrial Park. It has one runway and sees very low traffic. Approximately sixteen aircraft are based at Hopedale. At one point, it housed a flight school and offered plane rentals References AirNav.com: 1B6 , AirNav.com, 2006, access ...more...



Edinburgh, South Australia

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Edinburgh is an outer northern suburb of Adelaide , South Australia in the City of Salisbury . Once a rural area, this changed in 1940 with the establishment of the Salisbury Explosives factory, followed by the Long Range Weapons Establishment (LRWE) in 1947, the High Speed Aerodynamics Laboratory, Propulsion Research Laboratory and the Electronics Research Laboratory, (collectively known as the Chemistry & Physics Research Laboratory) in 1949, and the establishment of the RAAF base in 1955. The LWRE and laboratories became the Weapons Research Establishment (WRE) in 1955, the Defence Science & Technology Organisation (DSTO) in 1974, and the DST Group in 2015. It is now an industrial suburb , but is still dominated by RAAF Base Edinburgh , the DST Group Edinburgh site, with a few remaining sheep-grazing paddocks. The suburb was created in 1997 when it was split from the suburb of Salisbury , when the Australian Government decided that the Australian Department of Defence would rationalise the then " ...more...



Technopolis

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Technopolis or variants may refer to: Technopolis or Technology Park are synonyms for science park Technopolis (Belgium) , a Flemish science center and activity museum in Mechelen, Belgium Technopolis (comics) , a comic book series created and illustrated by Adrien Van Viersen Technopolis (Gazi) , a City of Athens enterprise to protect the Gazi Industrial Park in Greece Technopolis Innovation Park Delft , a science park in Delft, the Netherlands Technopolis (Kolkata) , a science and technology park in Kolkata, India Technopolis (Lithuania) , a science and technology park in Kaunas, Lithuania Technopolis (Morocco) , a technological center Technopolis Oyj , a corporation listed on the Helsinki Stock Exchange that operates science parks in several cities of Finland. Technopolis (retail chain) , a consumer electronics retail chain. "Technopolis", a song by Yellow Magic Orchestra . Tecnópolis , an Argentine science and technology park in Villa Martelli, Buenos Aires Province Technopolis or variants may refer to: T ...more...




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