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Industrial parks
Part of the Municipal Airport industrial complex, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

An industrial park (also known as industrial estate, trading estate) is an area zoned and planned for the purpose of industrial development. An industrial park can be thought of as a more "heavyweight" version of a business park or office park, which has offices and light industry, rather than heavy industry.

Benefits
Industrial zone in Dakar (Senegal)
Industrial zone in Trier-Zewen, (Germany)

Industrial parks are usually located on the edges of, or outside the main residential area of a city, and normally provided with good transportation access, including road and rail.[1] One such example would be the large number of industrial estates located along the River Thames in the Thames Gateway area of London. Industrial parks are usually located close to transport facilities, especially where more than one transport modes coincide, including highways, railroads, airports and ports.

This idea of setting land aside through this type of zoning is based on several concepts:

  • To be able to concentrate dedicated infrastructure in a delimited area to reduce the per-business expense of that infrastructure. Such infrastructure includes roadways, railroad sidings, ports, high-power electric supplies (often including three-phase electric power), high-end communications cables, large-volume water supplies, and high-volume gas lines.[2]
  • To be able to attract new business by providing an integrated infrastructure in one location.
  • Eligibility of Industrial Parks for benefits[3] [4]
  • To set aside industrial uses from urban areas to try to reduce the environmental and social impact of the industrial uses.
  • To provide for localized environmental controls that are specific to the needs of an industrial area.
Criticism

Different industrial parks fulfill these criteria to differing degrees. Many small communities have established industrial parks with only access to a nearby highway, and with only the basic utilities and roadways. Public transportation options may be limited or non-existent. There may be few or no special environmental safeguards.

Variations

An industrial park specializing in biotechnology is called a biotechnology industrial park. It may also be known as a bio-industrial park or eco-industrial cluster.

Flatted factories exist in cities like Singapore and Hong Kong, where land is scarce. These are typically similar to flats, but house individual industries instead. Flatted factories have cargo lifts and roads that serve each level, providing access to each factory lot.

UNIDO Viet Nam (United Nations Industrial Development Organization) has compiled a list of Industrial Parks in the ASEAN Economic Community in a report titled "Economic Zones in the ASEAN" written by Arnault Morisson.

References
  1. Industrial park scheme 2008 http://www.incometaxindia.gov.in/archive/IndustrialParkScheme_04072008.pdf
  2. Industrial Park land and infrastructure http://www.ground57.com/land-and-infrastructure/
  3. Industrial Park Benefits http://www.incometaxindia.gov.in/archive/CBDTPressRelease_04072008.pdf
  4. List of Approvals & Withdrawals under the Industrial Park Schemes, 1999 & 2002 http://dipp.nic.in/industrial_park/industrial_park_scheme_17082006.pdf
See also
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Park Geun-hye

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Sichuan

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Sichuan , formerly romanized Szechuan , is a province in southwest China occupying most of the Sichuan Basin and the easternmost part of the Tibetan Plateau between the Jinsha River on the west, the Daba Mountains in the north, and the Yungui Plateau to the south. Sichuan's capital city is Chengdu . In antiquity, Sichuan was the home of the ancient states of Ba and Shu . Their conquest by Qin strengthened it and paved the way for the First Emperor 's unification of China under the Qin Dynasty . During the Three Kingdoms era, Liu Bei 's Shu was based in Sichuan. The area was devastated in the 17th century by Zhang Xianzhong 's rebellion and the area's subsequent Manchu conquest, but recovered to become one of China's most productive areas by the 19th century. During the Second World War , Chongqing served as the temporary capital of the Republic of China , making it the focus of Japanese bombing . It was one of the last mainland areas to fall to the Communists during the Chinese Civil War and was divided into



Kampala Industrial and Business Park

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Kampala Industrial and Business Park (KIBP) , also referred to as Kampala Business and Industrial Park or Kampala Industrial Park , is an industrial and business park in Uganda . The park was developed by the Uganda Investment Authority , as a central place where investors can locate factories, warehouses, distribution centers and other business offices. Location KIBP is located in Namanve , Kira Municipality , Wakiso District . This location is approximately 15 kilometres (9.3 mi), by road, east of the central business district of Kampala , Uganda's capital and largest city, on the Kampala-Jinja Highway . The coordinates of Kampala Business and Industrial Park are:0°20'35.0"N, 32°41'55.0"E (Latitude:0.343050; Longitude:32.698600). Overview The industrial park was created by act of parliament in 1997. An area measuring 894 acres (362 ha), previously occupied by a national eucalyptus forest was de-gazetted for that purpose. Over 200 businesses acquired land and space on concessional terms, to establish their



Hampton University

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Hampton University (also HU, or Home by the Sea) is a private historically black university located in Hampton, Virginia , United States . It was founded in 1868 by black and white leaders of the American Missionary Association after the American Civil War to provide education to freedmen . In 1878, it established a program for teaching Native Americans, which lasted until 1923. History The campus looking south across the harbor of Hampton Roads was founded on the grounds of "Little Scotland", a former plantation in Elizabeth City County not far from Fortress Monroe and the Grand Contraband Camp that gathered nearby. These facilities represented freedom to former slaves , who sought refuge with Union forces during the first year of the war. The American Missionary Association (AMA) responded in 1861 to the former slaves' need for education by hiring its first teacher, Mary Smith Peake , who had secretly been teaching slaves and free blacks in the area despite the state's prohibition in law. She first taught f



Newcastle, KwaZulu-Natal

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Newcastle is the third-largest city in the province of KwaZulu-Natal , South Africa , with a population of 363,236 citizens as of the 2011 census. 56,144 of these citizens reside in Newcastle West, whilst the balance of the population reside in the main townships of Madadeni and Osizweni , which form Newcastle East. Set at the picturesque foothills of the northern KwaZulu-Natal Drakensberg Mountains, Newcastle is located in the north west corner of the province along the Ncandu River and is one of the country's main industrial centers. Newcastle's municipal area is 188 square kilometres (73 square miles ), consists of 31 wards and a population growth rate of 0.87%, ranking Newcastle as South Africa's tenth-largest city. The N11 and R34 are the principal roads linking the city to the rest of South Africa. Newcastle is the seat of the local municipality as well as being the seat to the Amajuba District Municipality . History Name controversy Newcastle has changed names on numerous occasions during the country's



Omaha, Nebraska

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Omaha ( OH -mə-hah ) is the largest city in the state of Nebraska and the county seat of Douglas County . Omaha is located in the Midwestern United States on the Missouri River , about 10 miles (15 km) north of the mouth of the Platte River . Omaha is the anchor of the Omaha-Council Bluffs metropolitan area , which includes Council Bluffs, Iowa , across the Missouri River from Omaha. According to the 2010 census , Omaha's population was 408,958, making it the nation's 44th-largest city ; this had increased to 446,970 as of a 2016 estimate. Including its suburbs, Omaha formed the 60th-largest metropolitan area in the United States in 2013, with an estimated population of 895,151 residing in eight counties . The Omaha-Council Bluffs-Fremont, Nebraska-IA Combined Statistical Area is 931,667, according to the U.S. Census Bureau's 2013 estimate. There are nearly 1.3 million residents within the Greater Omaha area, comprising a 50-mile (80 km) radius of Downtown Omaha , the city's center. Omaha's pioneer period b



Wellesley, Western Australia

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Wellesley is a locality in the Bunbury region of Western Australia , about 10 km north-east of Australind . Its local government area is the Shire of Harvey . It is bordered on the south and east by the Brunswick River and the Wellesley River . The main feature of the locality is the Kemerton Industrial Park. Kemerton Industrial Park The estate was established in 1985 as a "strategic industrial area" to provide appropriate buffered land for heavy industry. It covers an area of 7543 ha , comprising an industrial core of 2100 ha, a support industry area of 300 ha, an inter-industry buffer of 175 ha and a buffer area of 5437 ha which includes bushland, wetland, protection zones and recreational areas. A rail link connecting with the Perth-Bunbury railway is proposed. It is coordinated by the Department of Industry and Resources (WA), South West Development Commission and the Shire of Harvey. History Little is known of the area prior to 1980 - a report in 1988 noted that (p. 9) "although mainly a rural area, a



CSIRO

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The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation ( CSIRO ) is the federal government agency for scientific research in Australia . Its chief role is to improve the economic and social performance of industry, for the benefit of the community. CSIRO works with leading organisations around the world, and CSIRO Publishing issues journals with the latest research by leading scientists on a broad range of subjects. Notable developments by CSIRO have included the invention of atomic absorption spectroscopy , essential components of Wi-Fi technology, development of the first commercially successful polymer banknote , the invention of the insect repellent in Aerogard and the introduction of a series of biological controls into Australia, such as the introduction of myxomatosis and rabbit calicivirus for the control of rabbit populations. Research groups and initiatives CSIRO Corporate Headquarters in Campbell , Australian Capital Territory CSIRO Darwin CSIRO Hobart From its headquarters in Canberra, C



Matam, Haifa

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Matam (Hebrew מת"ם - מרכז תעשיות מדע Merkaz Ta'asiyot Mada lit. acronym of Scientific Industries Center), located at the southern entrance to Haifa , is the largest and oldest dedicated hi-tech park in Israel. The Park is an international technology center, with some of the world's leading hi-tech companies maintaining research and development facilities, including Intel , Microsoft , Yahoo! , Philips , Google , Qualcomm , CSR , NDS Group , Elbit Systems , Apple , Plus500 , Matrix , Aladdin Knowledge Systems , NetManage , ProcessGene , Neustar and NetApp . Location A view of the park from a nearby hill The park is situated on a main thoroughfare, between highway 2 and highway 4 , and near the public transportation hub of the Carmel Beach Railway Station and Central Bus Station . The Carmel Tunnels ' west portals, which opened in December 2010, provide easy access by car to the park from areas north and east of Haifa. History Matam Park was founded in the 1970s by the Haifa Economic Corporation, and has been g



Coke (fuel)

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Raw coke Coke is a fuel with few impurities and a high carbon content, usually made from coal . It is the solid carbonaceous material derived from destructive distillation of low-ash, low-sulphur bituminous coal . Cokes made from coal are grey, hard, and porous . While coke can be formed naturally, the commonly used form is synthetic. The form known as petroleum coke , or pet coke, is derived from oil refinery coker units or other cracking processes. Coke is used in preparation of producer gas which is a mixture of carbon monoxide (CO) and nitrogen (N). Producer gas is produced by passing air over red-hot coke. Coke is also used to manufacture water gas . History China Historical sources dating to the 4th century describe the production of coke in ancient China . The Chinese first used coke for heating and cooking no later than the ninth century. By the first decades of the eleventh century, Chinese ironworkers in the Yellow River valley began to fuel their furnaces with coke, solving their fuel problem in t



Gas Works Park

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Gas Works Park in Seattle , Washington , is a 19.1-acre (77,000 m ) public park on the site of the former Seattle Gas Light Company gasification plant , located on the north shore of Lake Union at the south end of the Wallingford neighborhood. The park was added to the National Register of Historic Places on January 2, 2013, more than a decade after being nominated. Gas Works park contains remnants of the sole remaining coal gasification plant in the United States. The plant operated from 1906 to 1956 and was bought by the City of Seattle for park purposes in 1962. The park opened to the public in 1975. The park was designed by Seattle landscape architect Richard Haag , who won the American Society of Landscape Architects Presidents Award of Design Excellence for the project. It was originally named Myrtle Edwards Park, after the city councilwoman who had spearheaded the drive to acquire the site and who died in a car crash in 1969. In 1972, the Edwards family requested that her name be taken off the park bec



Industrial estates in Malta

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Many factories in Malta are located in one of the several industrial estates throughout the island. Malta Industrial Parks is a company which was created to manage industrial estates in Malta. Major The industrial estates include: Attard Industrial Estate near Attard Bulebel Industrial Estate near Żejtun Ħal Far Industrial Estate near Birżebbuġa Kordin Industrial Estate near Paola Luqa Industrial Estate near Luqa Marsa Industrial Estate near Marsa Ricasoli Industrial Estate near Kalkara (this estate removed for the development of Smart City Malta . San Ġwann Industrial Estate near San Ġwann Xewkija Industrial Estate near Xewkija , Gozo Other industrial areas Mosta Industrial Estate at Mosta Ta' Maġġi at Żabbar Ta' Dbieġi at Għarb , Gozo Ta' Qali at Attard Albert Town at Marsa Tal-Ħandaq at Qormi Mrieħel near Qormi / Birkirkara Bulebel Industrial Estate Bulebel Industrial Estate is one of the major industrial estates in Malta . Its namesake origins from milk production. Among the factories located here are: D



The Lost World: Jurassic Park

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The Lost World: Jurassic Park is a 1997 American science-fiction adventure film and the second installment in the Jurassic Park film series . A sequel to 1993's Jurassic Park , the film was directed by Steven Spielberg and written by David Koepp , loosely based on Michael Crichton 's 1995 novel The Lost World . Jeff Goldblum returns as the chaos-theorist and eccentric mathematician Ian Malcolm , leading a cast that includes Julianne Moore , Pete Postlethwaite , Vince Vaughn , Vanessa Lee Chester and Arliss Howard . Goldblum is the only actor from the previous film to return with a major role. Cameos feature return appearances by Richard Attenborough as John Hammond and a brief appearance by Joseph Mazzello and Ariana Richards as Hammond's grandchildren Tim and Lex. The story is set four years after the events of the original film and centers around the fictional Isla Sorna, a deserted island located off Central America 's Pacific Coast, near Costa Rica , where the cloned dinosaurs made by John Hammond's InGen



Changhua Coastal Industrial Park

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Changhua Coastal Industrial Park ( Chinese : 彰化濱海工業區 ; simply 彰濱工業區, Changbin) is located in the seacoast of Changhua County of Taiwan . It is a relatively newer industrial cluster in Taiwan, it has many different industries such as food production, spinning, chemical industries and metal processors. External links Media related to Changhua Coastal Industrial Park at Wikimedia Commons Industry developing tourism on the side, new business opportunities surfacing at Changbin Industrial Park Changhua Coastal Industrial Park ( Chinese : 彰化濱海工業區 ; simply 彰濱工業區, Changbin) is located in the seacoast of Changhua County of Taiwan . It is a relatively newer industrial cluster in Taiwan, it has many different industries such as food production, spinning, chemical industries and metal processors. External links Media related to Changhua Coastal Industrial Park at Wikimedia Commons Industry developing tourism on the side, new business opportunities surfacing at Changbin Industrial Park



East Williamsburg, Brooklyn

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East Williamsburg is a name for the area in the northwestern portion of the borough of Brooklyn in New York City , United States , which lies between Williamsburg , Greenpoint , and Bushwick . Much of this area is still referred to as either Bushwick, Williamsburg, or Greenpoint with the term East Williamsburg falling out of use since the 1990s. East Williamsburg consists roughly of what was the 3rd District of the Village of Williamsburg and what is now called the East Williamsburg In-Place Industrial Park (EWIPIP), bounded by the neighborhoods of Northside and Southside Williamsburg to the west, Greenpoint to the north, Bushwick to the south and southeast, and both Maspeth and Ridgewood in Queens to the east. History Knickerbocker Avenue looking north at Thames Street Knickerbocker Avenue looking south at Grattan Street In the 18th century, Bushwick was already an established town, and the waterfront area that provided ferry service to the island of Manhattan was simply known as Bushwick Shore. The land of



Red Hook, Brooklyn

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Facing the mouth of Erie Basin Red Hook is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Brooklyn , New York . The neighborhood is part of Brooklyn Community Board 6 . History Colonization Red Hook Houses East PS 15 Red Hook has been part of the Town of Brooklyn since it was organized in the 1600s. It is named for the red clay soil and the point of land projecting into the Upper New York Bay . The village was settled by Dutch colonists of New Amsterdam in 1636, and named Roode Hoek. In Dutch "Hoek" means "point" or "corner" and not the English hook (i.e., not something curved or bent). The actual "hoek" of Red Hook was a point on an island that stuck out into Upper New York Bay at today's Dikeman Street west of Ferris Street. From the 1880s to the present time, people who live in the eastern area of Red Hook have referred to their neighborhood as "The Point". Today, the area is home to about 11,000 people. Rapelye Street in Red Hook commemorates the beginnings of one of New Amsterdam 's earliest families,



Quebec Agreement

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The Quebec Agreement is an Anglo - American document outlining the terms of coordinated development of the basic science and advanced engineering developments as related to nuclear energy; and, specifically weapons that employ nuclear energy. The joint agreement was between the United Kingdom and the United States , and signed by Winston Churchill and Franklin Delano Roosevelt on August 19, 1943, two years before the end of World War II , in Quebec City , Quebec , Canada . Background and negotiations The British Government was the first to realize that such an agreement was needed. On their own, they had established beyond question that, with their knowledge of the science of atomic energy, a nuclear weapon was both feasible and practicable. However, by late 1941 the British also realized that within the time frame and scale of the ongoing war, the development of a useful nuclear weapon was completely beyond the manpower and material capability of both their country and their Empire. Only the United States po



Okhla

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Map showing the nine districts of Delhi . Okhla (Old Canal Housing & Land Authority) is a Suburban colony in South Delhi district located at Delhi border. It is more commonly known as Okhla Industrial Area (OIA) or Okhla Industrial Estate, an industrial suburb in South Delhi which is mainly divided into three Phases. Okhla has lent its name to the nearby planned township of NOIDA ( New Okhla Industrial Development Area ). About Okhla is among one of the oldest villages in Delhi near the bank of Yamuna river. This can be judged from the making of Okhla canal (Agra Canal) by Britrishers in 1874, presently known as Okhla Head. History Agra Canal headworks at Okhla, 1871 The Okhla barrage , which was developed by Britishers, is also the starting point of the Agra Canal built in 1874, today it is also the location of the Okhla Sanctuary , and further down the canal towards Agra , the Keetham Lake , National Bird Sanctuary. OKHLA is an acronym for Old Kanal Housing & Land Authority. K for Canal was used s



Brownsville, Brooklyn

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Brownsville is a residential neighborhood located in eastern Brooklyn in New York City . The 1.163-square-mile (3.01 km ) area that comprises Brownsville has 58,300 residents as of the 2010 United States Census . Part of Brooklyn Community Board 16 , Brownsville is generally considered part of greater East New York , though it is not actually a part of East New York itself. The neighborhood's boundaries are unclear, but it is generally bordered by Crown Heights and Weeksville to the northwest; Bushwick and Cypress Hills to the north; New Lots to the east; Canarsie to the south; and East Flatbush to the west. Founded in its current incarnation in 1858, it has been characterized as a slum through most of its existence. Initially a settlement composed of Jewish factory workers, Brownsville underwent a major demographic change in the 1950s that saw an influx of African-American and Latino residents. Since then, it has consistently held one of the highest poverty and crime rates of any neighborhood in New York Cit



Guildford

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Guildford is a large town in Surrey , England , located 27 miles (43 km) southwest of central London on the A3 trunk road midway between the capital and Portsmouth . The town has a population of just over 137,000 and is the seat of the wider Borough of Guildford which had an estimated 146,100 inhabitants in 2015. Guildford has Saxon roots and historians attribute its location to the existence of a gap in the North Downs where the River Wey was forded by the Harrow Way . By AD 978 it was home to an early English Royal Mint . On the building of the Wey Navigation and Basingstoke Canal Guildford was connected to a network of waterways that aided its prosperity. In the 20th century, the University of Surrey and Guildford Cathedral , an Anglican cathedral, were added. Due to recent development running north from Guildford, and linking to the Woking area, Guildford now officially forms the southwestern tip of the Greater London Built-up Area , as defined by the Office for National Statistics . History Etymolog



Battle Creek, Michigan

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Battle Creek is a city in the U.S. state of Michigan , in northwest Calhoun County , at the confluence of the Kalamazoo and Battle Creek rivers. It is the principal city of the Battle Creek, Michigan Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), which encompasses all of Calhoun County. As of the 2010 census , the city had a total population of 52,347, while the MSA's population was 136,146. History and name origin In about 1774, the Potawatomi and the Ottawa Native American tribes formed a joint village near the future Battle Creek, Michigan. Battle Creek was named for a minor encounter on March 14, 1825, between a federal government land survey party led by Colonel John Mullett and two Potawatomi Indians, who had approached the survey camp asking for food. They were probably hungry because the Army was late in delivering the supplies promised them by the treaty of 1820. After a protracted discussion, the Native Americans allegedly tried to steal some food. One of the surveyors grabbed his rifle and shot one of the Po




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