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Industrial parks

Part of the Municipal Airport industrial complex, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

An industrial park (also known as industrial estate, trading estate) is an area zoned and planned for the purpose of industrial development. An industrial park can be thought of as a more "heavyweight" version of a business park or office park, which has offices and light industry, rather than heavy industry.

Benefits
Industrial zone in Dakar (Senegal)
Industrial zone in Trier-Zewen, (Germany)

Industrial parks are usually located on the edges of, or outside the main residential area of a city, and normally provided with good transportation access, including road and rail.[1] One such example would be the large number of industrial estates located along the River Thames in the Thames Gateway area of London. Industrial parks are usually located close to transport facilities, especially where more than one transport modes coincide, including highways, railroads, airports and ports.

This idea of setting land aside through this type of zoning is based on several concepts:

  • To be able to concentrate dedicated infrastructure in a delimited area to reduce the per-business expense of that infrastructure. Such infrastructure includes roadways, railroad sidings, ports, high-power electric supplies (often including three-phase electric power), high-end communications cables, large-volume water supplies, and high-volume gas lines.[2]
  • To be able to attract new business by providing an integrated infrastructure in one location.
  • Eligibility of Industrial Parks for benefits[3] [4]
  • To set aside industrial uses from urban areas to try to reduce the environmental and social impact of the industrial uses.
  • To provide for localized environmental controls that are specific to the needs of an industrial area.
Criticism

Different industrial parks fulfill these criteria to differing degrees. Many small communities have established industrial parks with only access to a nearby highway, and with only the basic utilities and roadways. Public transportation options may be limited or non-existent. There may be few or no special environmental safeguards.

Variations

An industrial park specializing in biotechnology is called a biotechnology industrial park. It may also be known as a bio-industrial park or eco-industrial cluster.

Flatted factories exist in cities like Singapore and Hong Kong, where land is scarce. These are typically similar to flats, but house individual industries instead. Flatted factories have cargo lifts and roads that serve each level, providing access to each factory lot.

UNIDO Viet Nam (United Nations Industrial Development Organization) has compiled a list of Industrial Parks in the ASEAN Economic Community in a report titled "Economic Zones in the ASEAN" written by Arnault Morisson.

References
  1. Industrial park scheme 2008 "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-12-03. Retrieved 2009-06-11.
  2. Industrial Park land and infrastructure http://www.ground57.com/land-and-infrastructure/
  3. Industrial Park Benefits "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-11-23. Retrieved 2009-06-04.
  4. List of Approvals & Withdrawals under the Industrial Park Schemes, 1999 & 2002 "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2009-06-11.
See also
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First Philippine Industrial Park

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First Philippine Industrial Park , established in 1996, comprises 349 hectares located in the city of Tanauan and the municipality of Santo Tomas in the province of Batangas , Philippines . It currently has 67 occupants, including 37 Japanese firms and approximately 30,000 employees on site. Exports in 2011 amounted to $1.41 billion, according to the company’s latest data. The project is a joint venture between Sumitomo Corporation and First Philippine Holdings Corporation . On February 23, 2013, Sumitomo Corporation, has begun expansion work at the First Philippine Industrial Park in Batangas, to add approximately 100 hectares of property for leasing and allow for additional factories to be constructed upon completion. References "Sumitomo expands in the Philippines" . Investvine.com. 2013-02-24 . Retrieved 2013-02-24 . External links First Philippine Industrial Park Sumitomo Corporation HQ First Philippine Industrial Park , established in 1996, comprises 349 hectares located in the city of Tanauan and the m ...more...



Sohar

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Suhar (Sohar) ( Arabic : صُحار ‎, also Romanized as Suḥār ) is the capital and largest city of the Al Batinah North Governorate in Oman . An ancient capital of the country that once served as an important Islamic port town, Suhar has also been credited as the mythical birthplace of Sinbad the Sailor . According to the 2010 census, Suhar's population was 140,006, making it Oman's fifth most-populated settlement. Described as an industrial town, the development of the Sohar Industrial Port during the 2000s has transformed it into a major Omani industrial hub. History As the largest town in the region, it has been argued that Suhar is identified with the ancient town called Omana mentioned by Pliny the Elder in his Natural History . This settlement is believed to have given Oman its name. A large majority of the people of Suhar come from the tribe known as Al-Alawi. The oldest person known to be of this tribe is Sheikh Ahmad Saeed Msallam. Industry Suhar is currently experiencing significant investment and ec ...more...



Randall Park Mall

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Randall Park Mall was a shopping mall located in the village of North Randall, Ohio . Despite the mall's importance to the town – it is represented by the two shopping bags appearing in the municipal seal – Randall Park Mall closed on March 12, 2009. Demolition began on the former Higbee's/Dillard's building on December 29, 2014. Amazon is currently developing plans to build a new distribution center on the former site. Birth and rise In 1966, Dominic Visconsi proposed building Garfield Mall in nearby Garfield Heights . In 1968, voters gave their blessing to the project, and the next year a proposal was revealed. Garfield Mall was to have heated underground parking, and elevator and escalator access to stores such as: JCPenney , Sears , Higbee's , and Halle's . In 1971, there were rumblings that Youngstown developer Edward J. DeBartolo was to build a shopping-apartment-office complex nearby, so Garfield Mall was scaled down and the department stores slated for Garfield Mall instead signed with DeBartolo. Rand ...more...



Industry in Karachi

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Industry in Karachi are the various industries that are located in Karachi , Sindh , Pakistan . The commerce and industry in Karachi represents major economic activities in Pakistan. Pakistan ranks 40 among the countries of the world in nominal GDP , and number 55 in the world in factory output. Pakistan's industrial sector accounts for about 24% of GDP. Industry is the production of goods or service s within an economy . Manufacturing industry became a key sector of production and labor in European and North American countries during the Industrial Revolution , upsetting previous mercantile and feudal economies. This occurred through many successive rapid advances in technology, such as the production of steel and coal . There are many cottage industries in the city as well. Karachi is also known as software outsourcing hub of Pakistan. It has a rapidly flourishing 'Free Zone' with an annual growth rate of nearly 6.5 percent. An expo center has also been set up in Karachi, which hosts many regional and inte ...more...



Pureland Industrial Complex

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Pureland Industrial Complex is a 3,000-acre (12 km ) industrial park located in Logan Township in Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States. It borders the Delaware River and Raccoon Creek, and is located 12 miles (19 km) south of the ports of Camden and Philadelphia. Interstate 295, U.S. Route 322 and U.S. Route 130 run through it and connect it to major truck routes. SMS Rail Lines connect to Penns Grove Secondary and the national rail network. It was opened in 1975 and is the largest industrial park in the state of New Jersey, and one of the largest in the world. Companies Companies or organizations with offices, warehouses, or manufacturing facilities in Pureland include: Mitsubishi VWR Scientific Mercedes-Benz Mannington Mills US Postal Service Home Depot Lockheed Martin Nextel Pep Boys Drugstore.com Flowserve References http://www.purelandindustrialcomplex.com/directory.htm External links Pureland Industrial Complex website Pureland Industrial Complex is a 3,000-acre (12 k ...more...



Hiroshima Peace Memorial

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The Hiroshima Peace Memorial ( 広島平和記念碑 Hiroshima Heiwa Kinenhi) (originally the Hiroshima Prefectural Industrial Promotion Hall, and now commonly called the Atomic Bomb Dome or A-Bomb Dome ( 原爆ドーム Genbaku Dōmu) ) is part of the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park in Hiroshima , Japan and was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1996. The ruin of the hall serves as a memorial to the people who were killed in the atomic bombing of Hiroshima on 6 August 1945. Over 70,000 people were killed instantly, and another 70,000 suffered fatal injuries from the radiation. History The Product Exhibition Hall building was originally designed by the Czech architect Jan Letzel . The design included a distinctive dome at the highest part of the building. It was completed in April 1915 and was named the Hiroshima Prefectural Commercial Exhibition (HMI). It was formally opened to the public in August that year. In 1921, the name was changed to the Hiroshima Prefectural Products Exhibition Hall, and again, in 1933, to the Hirosh ...more...



Tuas Biomedical Park

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Tuas Biomedical Park (abbreviation: TBP) is a biomedical manufacturing cluster developed by JTC Corporation at the western end of Singapore . The 183-hectare Tuas Biomedical Park I and 188-hectare Tuas Biomedical Park II are located at Tuas View – 20 minutes away from Jurong Port and five minutes from the Tuas Checkpoint to Malaysia . TBP comes with all essential infrastructure, such as roads, power lines, telecommunication lines, sewer pipes and water and gas supplies. Third parties are providing utilities such as steam, natural gas, chilled water and waste treatment services. To improve the appearance of the industrial estate, JTC has spent $6 million on lush landscaping. With the estate's "plug-and-play" design, pharmaceutical, biologics, medical device and other biomedical companies can set up manufacturing operations with minimal lead time. They can either move into fully serviced facilities or custom-build their own manufacturing plants. Currently, there are many well-known companies operating in TBP. T ...more...



Team Valley

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Team Valley Retail World Team Valley is a traditionally heavily industrial area of Gateshead in Tyne and Wear , England . More recently it has become home to the 'Retail World' retail park , which makes up just a small percentage of the entirety of the Team Valley Trading Estate. Many large international companies are based in the area's trading estate and it is rapidly developing as a business park rather than the heavily industrialised area it used to be. There are currently approximately 700 companies on the estate, and each day approximately 20,000 people travel to Team Valley. History In the 1930s the Government decided to spend nearly £2m on this part of Gateshead establishing the Team Valley Trading Estate as a well-planned industrial environment. The architect in charge was William Holford with Hugh Beaver as chief engineer. It included a central headquarters, now used by English Partnerships , a bank, a post office and, some modestly scaled industrial buildings as well as some smaller industrial uni ...more...



KRP Properties

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KRP Properties (formerly Kanata Research Park) is a Canadian real estate corporation and business park in Kanata , Ontario , Canada which leases and develops commercial real estate . It is home to many companies, mostly IT -related, such as Mitel , Ericsson , March Networks, Huawei , Hewlett-Packard , Amdocs , DragonWave , Solace Systems , Pleora Technologies , Protecode , TSMC Design Technology Canada, Halogen Software and Nokia . There are also Ciena and Cisco locations in the area. It is also home to the Brookstreet Hotel and the Marshes Golf Club . In 2015, KRP Properties was selected for the Sustainability Award at the 2015 Ottawa Business Awards. They were selected because of their efforts towards integrating energy and waste reduction, water conservation, green cleaning and sustainable purchasing into all aspects of their business operations. As of November 2015, Martin Vandewouw was the acting president of KRP Properties. Skyline of KRP Properties and Brookstreet Hotel with Marshes Golf Club in foreg ...more...



Jerusalem Technology Park

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Jerusalem Technology Park (Hebrew: גט"י - הגן הטכנולוגי‎), also Malha Technology Park (Hebrew: הגן הטכנולוגי מלחה‎, Hagan HaTechnologi Malha) is a high-tech industrial park located in the Malha neighborhood of southwest Jerusalem, Israel. The Jerusalem Technology Park covers an area of about 15 acres (61,000 m ) and was built gradually and populated since 1996, along with the development of the entire area, which includes: the Jerusalem Mall, Teddy Stadium, Jerusalem Malha Railway Station, Jerusalem Tennis center, the Biblical Zoo, a residential neighborhood and a park. The Park was designed and built as part of urban development plan that puts an emphasis on integrating the urban fabric with the surrounding landscape, while creating a quality working environment. Within the park, in-between its buildings, there is also a Sculpture garden. Tenants A view of the park from a nearby hill with the Jerusalem Mall (far left) and Malha Railway Station (far right) A view of the park lawn and building 9 ...more...



Hisense

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Hisense Co., Ltd. ( Chinese : 海信集团 ; pinyin : Hǎixìn Jítuán ) is a Chinese multinational white goods and electronics manufacturer headquartered in Qingdao , Shandong province, China. It is a state-owned enterprise with publicly traded subsidiaries. Hisense has two publicly traded companies , Hisense Electric Co Ltd, which is listed on the Shanghai Stock Exchange ( SSE : 600060 ) and Hisense Kelon Electrical Holdings Co Ltd , which is listed on the Shenzhen ( SZSE : 000921 ) and Hong Kong ( SEHK :  921 ) stock exchanges and a number of other subsidiaries. Hisense has 13 manufacturing facilities in China (located in the provinces/cities of: Guangdong , Guizhou , Huzhou , Jiangsu , Liaoning , Linyi , Shandong , Sichuan , Yangzhou , Yingkou , Xinjiang , Zibo and the municipality of Beijing ) and several outside China, namely in Hungary , South Africa , Egypt , Algeria , France and Mexico . Hisense retails products under several brand names . These include Combine, Kelon and Ronshen, etc. Hisense is also an OEM ...more...



Refinery Row (Edmonton)

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Imperial Oil looking northwest from the 3014 Baseline Road entrance, in June 2010. Imperial Oil looking northeast from the 3014 Baseline Road entrance, in June 2010. Refinery Row is the unofficial name given to the concentration of oil refineries in west Sherwood Park , Strathcona County , Alberta , just east of the city of Edmonton . The area is roughly bounded on the south by the Sherwood Park Freeway (Highway 100), on the north by the North Saskatchewan River and Yellowhead Trail (Highway 16), on the east by Anthony Henday Drive (Highway 216), and on the west by 50 Street . Other major roads that run through the area include: 34 Street , 17 Street NW, and 101 Avenue/Baseline Road . The district is dominated by two refineries: the Strathcona Refinery ( Imperial Oil ), can process 187,000 barrels (29,700 m ) of crude oil per day; and the Suncor Edmonton Refinery ( Suncor Energy ), which can process 135,000 barrels per day (21,500 m /d) The other main refineries in the Edmonton area are also located in S ...more...



Korangi Industrial Area

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Korangi Industrial Area (KIA) is located in [Korangi District, in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. It is one of the largest industrial areas of Pakistan. It houses approximately 4500 industries, commercial and trading units including textile, steel, pharmaceutical, automobile, chemical, engineering and flour mills. The Korangi Association of Trade & Industry (KATI) is representative trade body of this industrial estate. Mr. S.M. Muneer is the Patron-in-Chief of KATI. Industrial parks Bin Qasim Industrial Zone Federal B Industrial Area Karachi Export Processing Zone Korangi Creek Industrial Park North Karachi Industrial Area Pakistan Textile City S.I.T.E Industrial Area West Wharf Industrial Area External links Korangi Industrial Area—KATI official website Korangi Industrial Area (KIA) is located in [Korangi District, in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. It is one of the largest industrial areas of Pakistan. It houses approximately 4500 industries, commercial and trading units including textile, steel ...more...



Industrial processes

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Steelworks of Italy in 1958, photo by Paolo Monti Industrial processes are procedures involving chemical , physical , electrical or mechanical steps to aid in the manufacturing of an item or items, usually carried out on a very large scale. Industrial processes are the key components of heavy industry. General processes These may be applied on their own, or as part of a larger process. Liquefaction of gases – for ease of transportation Supercritical drying , freeze-drying – removal of excess liquid Scrubbing – removal of pollution from exhaust gases Chemical processes Haber process – chemically binding gaseous nitrogen from the atmosphere to make ammonia Smelting – chemically enhancing metals Disinfection – chemical treatment to kill bacteria and viruses Pyroprocessing – using heat to chemically combine materials, such as in cement . Heat processes Flash smelting – a refinement on smelting, for sulfur-containing ores (produces copper, nickel and lead) Electrolysis The availability of electricity and its effec ...more...



Bridgend Industrial Estate

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Bridgend Industrial Estate is a large industrial park complex in Bridgend , Wales . It is made up of three adjoining Industrial Estates, being Waterton, Bridgend, and North Road and incorporating a retail park in Waterton. History It was built on the site of the former ROF Bridgend , on which South Wales Police Headquarters also stands. Bridgend Industrial Estate is inhabited (amongst others) by such companies as Ford , though other large companies such as Sony have recently moved out of the estate. It is also occupied by a number of smaller firms. External links www.geograph.co.uk : photos of Bridgend Industrial Estate and surrounding area Bridgend Industrial Estate is a large industrial park complex in Bridgend , Wales . It is made up of three adjoining Industrial Estates, being Waterton, Bridgend, and North Road and incorporating a retail park in Waterton. History It was built on the site of the former ROF Bridgend , on which South Wales Police Headquarters also stands. Bridgend Industrial Estate is inhabi ...more...



Thorp Arch Trading Estate

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Thorp Arch Trading Estate is a trading estate , with both industrial and retail space, 3 miles (5 km) south-east of Wetherby in the City of Leeds metropolitan borough , West Yorkshire , England. The estate occupies the major part of the site of a former Royal Ordnance Factory (ROF), ROF Thorp Arch , in the parishes of Thorp Arch and Walton . There is evidence of its former use around the site which was similar in layout to the former ROF Aycliffe in Darlington , County Durham . War years The Royal Ordnance Factory was built to supply British forces with munitions during the Second World War . The site was ideal, it had a railway running adjacent (the Harrogate to Church Fenton Line ), open space and was not in a strategic bombing area. Railways sidings built (these are still evident in certain areas) and buildings constructed around them, many with flat concrete roofs. The retail park is constructed in semi-underground bunkers, with grassy banks running up the sides of the buildings. Post war development Brit ...more...



Hsinchu Industrial Park

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The Hsinchu Industrial Park (Chinese: 新竹工業區; pinyin: Xīnzhú Gōngyè Qu) is an industrial park in Hukou Township, Hsinchu County, Taiwan. History The industrial park was opened in 1977. Transportation The industrial park is accessible within walking distance Western of Xinfeng Station of Taiwan Railways Administration. Major companies located in the park China Motor Corporation TRSC SYM Motors Ritek See also Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hsinchu Industrial Park. Hsinchu Science Park References http://www.moeaidb.gov.tw/iphw/hsinchu/en/ The Hsinchu Industrial Park (Chinese: 新竹工業區; pinyin: Xīnzhú Gōngyè Qu) is an industrial park in Hukou Township, Hsinchu County, Taiwan. History The industrial park was opened in 1977. Transportation The industrial park is accessible within walking distance Western of Xinfeng Station of Taiwan Railways Administration. Major companies located in the park China Motor Corporation TRSC SYM Motors Ritek See also Wikimedia Commons has ...more...



Stef Wertheimer

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Stefan "Stef" Wertheimer ( Hebrew : סטף ורטהיימר ‬, born 16 July 1926) is a German-born Israeli industrialist, investor, philanthropist and former politician. He is a former Member of the Knesset , and is well known for founding industrial parks in Israel and neighboring countries. The Wertheimers are Israel’s richest family as of 2013. Early life Wertheimer was born in Kippenheim , Germany. His family fled to Israel in 1937 to escape Nazism and settled in Tel Aviv . He studied in the Tel-Nordau School but dropped out of school at age 16 and started working in a camera repair store. At the same time, he began studying optics with Professor Emanuel Goldberg , a researcher and inventor who contributed significantly to different aspects of imaging technology in the first half of the twentieth century. In 1943, during World War II , Wertheimer joined the British Royal Air Force . Wertheimer served as an optical equipment technician. He was sent to Bahrain where he repaired optical equipment installed in Britain' ...more...



Vernon, California

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Vernon is a city five miles (8.0 km) south of downtown Los Angeles , California . The population was 112 at the 2010 United States Census , the smallest of any incorporated city in the state (and the nearest to downtown Los Angeles). The city is primarily composed of industrial areas and touts itself as "exclusively industrial". Meatpacking plants and warehouses are common. As of 2006, there were no parks in the city. City status Vernon has a history of political problems, and was fighting disincorporation after city-government corruption was discovered. California Assembly Speaker John A. Pérez has proposed legislation, AB46, to disincorporate cities with fewer than 150 residents. Vernon is the only city that would be affected by the bill. According to an editorial in the April 26, 2011, edition of the Long Beach Press-Telegram, support to maintain Vernon's city status came from two powerful groups that were rarely allied: the business community (including the California, Los Angeles, and Vernon Chambers o ...more...



Business park

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A business park or office park is an area of land in which many office buildings are grouped together. All of the work that goes on is commercial , not large-scale industrial nor residential . The first office park opened in Mountain Brook, Alabama , in the early 1950s to avoid racial tension in city centers. These are popular in many suburban locations, where development is cheaper because of the lower land costs and the lower building costs for building wider, not necessarily higher. Some businesses prefer the larger floorplates as more efficient, reducing time lost moving between floors. They are also often located near motorways or main roads for easy access. Criticism The impact of these areas on the urban fabric has been criticized: Spaces escape the control of the built realm: voids between fragments of unconnected residential schemes, gaps between urbanized zones, abandoned farmland, etc. A new approach to spacial organization arises with the ease that characterizes any new consumer good, an approach ...more...



Edinburgh, South Australia

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Edinburgh is an outer northern suburb of Adelaide , South Australia in the City of Salisbury . Once a rural area, this changed in 1940 with the establishment of the Salisbury Explosives factory, followed by the Long Range Weapons Establishment (LRWE) in 1947, the High Speed Aerodynamics Laboratory, Propulsion Research Laboratory and the Electronics Research Laboratory, (collectively known as the Chemistry & Physics Research Laboratory) in 1949, and the establishment of the RAAF base in 1955. The LWRE and laboratories became the Weapons Research Establishment (WRE) in 1955, the Defence Science & Technology Organisation (DSTO) in 1974, and the DST Group in 2015. It is now an industrial suburb , but is still dominated by RAAF Base Edinburgh , the DST Group Edinburgh site, with a few remaining sheep-grazing paddocks. The suburb was created in 1997 when it was split from the suburb of Salisbury , when the Australian Government decided that the Australian Department of Defence would rationalise the then " ...more...



Oberbruch Industry Park

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Oberbruch Industry Park (German: Industriepark Oberbruch), is a former 110-hectare (270-acre) site of Akzo Nobel in Heinsberg , Germany's most western district, near the Dutch border. It was founded in 1891 as a location for fiber industries. It is the birthplace of the German rayon and man-made fiber industry. Today, it is a diversified multi-user site, hosting companies from fields of industry such as high-performance fibers and energy technologies as well as from industrial biotechnology . Oberbruch Industry Park is the competency center for carbon (fiber) technology in North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW). Since 2000, the industry park has been operated by the Dutch energy company Nuon , the first independent industrial park operator not to come from the chemical industry. Since January 7, 2009 N.V. Nuon Energy has been part of Vattenfall . Rayon and man-made fibre industry Rheinische Glühlampenfabrik Dr. Max Fremery & Co Today's Oberbruch Industry Park was founded as "Rheinische Glühlampenfabrik Dr. Max Fre ...more...



Federal B Industrial Area

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'Federal B Industrial Area is located in Karachi , Sindh , Pakistan . This is the 5th largest industrial area of Sindh province, spread over block 1 to 22 of Federal B. Area, Karachi. Blocks 21 and 22 are the declared industrial areas, fully occupied by large and medium size industrial units while the cottage and small industries are located within the residential and commercial areas from block 1 to 20. More than 2,000 industrial units are fully operative. Almost 90% of them are totally export oriented industries, contributing sizeable share towards foreign exchange earning of the country. On the other hand, some 8.5 billion rupees are contributed annually towards duties and taxes in the National exchequer. A large number of workforce – some 8 million people are employed in various disciplines and the benefited segments are both, skilled and unskilled labur including women in a large number, particularly those who reside in the vicinity. Industrial Parks Bin Qasim Industrial Zone Karachi Export Processing Zo ...more...



Karachi Export Processing Zone

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Karachi Export Processing Zone or KEPZ, is located adjacent to the Landhi Industrial Area in Karachi , Sindh , Pakistan . KEPZ is located within a distance of 18 km from the Quaid-e-Azam International Airport , 20 km from Port Qasim and 35 km from Karachi Seaport . The Zone is linked with the National Highway network. Industrial Parks Bin Qasim Industrial Zone Federal B Industrial Area Korangi Creek Industrial Park Korangi Industrial Area North Karachi Industrial Area Pakistan Textile City S.I.T.E Industrial Area West Wharf Industrial Area External links Export Processing Zones Authority of Pakistan Official site Karachi Export Processing Zone or KEPZ, is located adjacent to the Landhi Industrial Area in Karachi , Sindh , Pakistan . KEPZ is located within a distance of 18 km from the Quaid-e-Azam International Airport , 20 km from Port Qasim and 35 km from Karachi Seaport . The Zone is linked with the National Highway network. Industrial Parks Bin Qasim Industrial Zone Federal B Industrial Area Korangi Creek ...more...



EastPark, Kentucky

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EastPark is a 1000-acre (4 km²) industrial park located in the state of Kentucky , United States , at the junction of Boyd , Greenup , and Carter counties, although most of the park resides in Greenup County. The park is operated by the Northeast Kentucky Regional Industrial Park Authority. The site of the park was donated to the state of Kentucky by Addington Enterprises from reclaimed land that had once been used as a strip mine . The state of Kentucky used the donated land to build the park and a two-lane highway, now known as the Industrial Parkway ( Kentucky Route 67 ) This proved to be beneficial to both Addington and the state, as the land was not able to be developed without the road and it provided a way to connect US 23 in Greenup County to Interstate 64 . The park has a convenient location, as it is located where Interstate 64 and KY 67 intersect. EastPark is also connected to a port on the Ohio River in Wurtland, Kentucky , via KY 67. EastPark is located in the Huntington - Ashland , WV - KY - OH ...more...



Shaanxi

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Shaanxi ( Chinese : 陕西 ; pinyin : Shǎnxī ) is a province of the People's Republic of China . Officially part of the Northwest China region, it lies in central China, bordering the provinces of Shanxi (NE, E), Henan (E), Hubei (SE), Chongqing (S), Sichuan (SW), Gansu (W), Ningxia (NW), and Inner Mongolia (N). It covers an area of over 205,000 km (79,151 sq mi) with about 37 million people. Xi'an —which includes the sites of the former Chinese capitals Fenghao and Chang'an —is the provincial capital. Xianyang , which served as the Qin capital, is located nearby. The other prefecture -level cities into which the province is divided are Ankang , Baoji , Hanzhong , Shangluo , Tongchuan , Weinan , Yan'an and Yulin . Shaanxi comprises the Wei Valley and much of the surrounding fertile Loess Plateau , stretching from the Qin Mountains and Shannan in the south to the Ordos Desert in the north. Along with areas of adjacent Shanxi and Henan , it formed the cradle of Chinese civilization, with its Guanzhong region shelt ...more...



Noise pollution

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A Qantas Airways Boeing 747-400 passes close to houses shortly before landing at London Heathrow Airport . Noise pollution is the propagation of noise with harmful impact on the activity of human or animal life. The source of outdoor noise worldwide is mainly caused by machines, transport and transportation systems. Outdoor noise is summarized by the word environmental noise . Poor urban planning may give rise to noise pollution, side-by-side industrial and residential buildings can result in noise pollution in the residential areas. Documented problems associated with urban environment noise go back as far as Ancient Rome . Noise from roadways and other urban factors can be mitigated by urban planning and better design of roads . Outdoor noise can be caused by machines, construction activities, and music performances, especially in some workplaces. Noise-induced hearing loss can be caused by outside (e.g. trains) or inside (e.g. music) noise. High noise levels can contribute to cardiovascular effects in h ...more...



Bin Qasim Industrial Zone

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The Bin Qasim Industrial Zone is one of the largest industrial areas in Karachi , Sindh , Pakistan . It consists of more than 25,000 acres of land in the Port Qasim (Bin Qasim) town area. Contained within this zone are many industrial units, ranging from medium to large in employment volume. Currently, there are 180 Large and Medium Size units operating in the area. The Bin Qasim Industrial Zone has the potential to emerge as a Financial Hub of Karachi in the future: currently, there are a number of banks and insurance companies operating in the area. There are many large scale industrial companies operating in the area such as Pakistan Steel, Lotte Pakistan PTA Ltd., Toyota Indus Motors, Pak Suzuki, Engro Polymer, FFC Jordan, Procter & Gamble, Ghandhara Nissan, National Foods, Nestle Pakistan, Fa uji Oil Terminals, Ali Danyal Industries, Gamalux Oleochemicals, Shujabad Agro Industries, PAN Industries,IFFCO Pakistan Ltd., Mapak Oil Ltd., Universal Cables Ltd., Faisalabad Oil Refinery and Tripak Films Ltd ...more...



Okhla

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Map showing the nine districts of Delhi . Okhla (Old Canal Housing & Land Authority) is a Suburban colony near Okhla barrage in South Delhi district located at Delhi border. It is more commonly known as Okhla Industrial Area (OIA) or Okhla Industrial Estate, an industrial suburb in South Delhi which is mainly divided into three Phases. Okhla has lent its name to the nearby planned township of NOIDA (New Okhla Industrial Development Area). About Okhla is among one of the oldest villages in Delhi near the bank of Yamuna river. This can be judged from the making of Okhla canal (Agra Canal) by Britrishers in 1874, presently known as Okhla Head. History Agra Canal headworks at Okhla, 1871 The Okhla barrage , is a barrage , which was developed by British, is also the starting point of the Agra Canal built in 1874, today it is also the location of the Okhla Bird Sanctuary , and further down the canal towards Agra , the Keetham Lake , National Bird Sanctuary. OKHLA is an acronym for Old Kanal Housing & Land ...more...



PS Business Parks

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PS Business Parks , Inc. is a publicly traded real estate investment trust that invests in office buildings and industrial properties in California, Texas, Virginia, Florida, Maryland, and Washington. As of December 31, 2016, the company owned 99 properties comprising 28.1 million rentable square feet. History The company was formed in 1990 as a division of Public Storage . In 1998, the company was spun-off from its parent. In 2001, the company acquired Cornell Oaks Corporate Center and 24 acres of undeveloped land near Portland, Oregon, for $87.5 million. In 2002, the company acquired Metro Park North, a 17-building business park in Rockville, Maryland for $125 million. In 2010, the company acquired Shady Grove Executive Center from BlackRock for $60 million, Tycon 2 and 3 in Virginia from JBG Smith for $35.4 million, and a multi-building office park in Virginia for $140 million. In 2011, the company purchased a 5.34 million-square-foot industrial and flex portfolio in Northern California from a subsidiar ...more...



Industrial Development Group

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Industrial Development Group - IDG is the fruit of the Egyptian Government recent reforms that have been directed towards facilitating investment procedures, attracting more local, Arab and foreign enterprises to Egypt. To encourage this trend, the Government of Egypt has assigned an area of land for Industrial Parks featuring diversified businesses. The start Under the EU-Egypt association agreement, Egypt is currently implementing an Industrial modernization program, which seeks to raise the competitive edge of local products as well as help the Egyptian industrial sector integrate into global economy. In addition to creating more work opportunities, the program proposes to multiply state revenues by increasing exports. IDG's shareholders are highly experienced, dedicated and successful professionals who are real state developers, engineering experts and automotive entrepreneurs with a vision to create an exclusive industrial park based on European standards, to attract automotive and modern technology ...more...



Ruili

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Ruili ( simplified Chinese : 瑞丽 ; traditional Chinese : 瑞麗 ; pinyin : Ruìlì ; Thai : เมืองมาว ; Burmese : ရွှေလီ ) is a county-level city of Dehong Prefecture , in the west of Yunnan province, People's Republic of China. It is a major border crossing between China and Myanmar , with the town of Muse located across the border. Name 瑞 ruì means "auspicious", and 丽 lì means "beautiful"; an older name of Ruili is Měngmǎo ( 勐卯 ). Geography Ruili is on the border with Myanmar . 64% of the population of Ruili are members of five highland and lowland ethnic minorities including Dai , Jingpo , Deang , Lisu , Achang . It is an important location for trade with Myanmar, in both legal and illegal goods and services. Prostitution and drug trade in the city are not uncommon. Ruili has a warm humid subtropical climate ( Köppen Cwa), and is generally humid. Summer is long and there is virtually no "winter" as such; instead, there is a dry season (December thru April) and wet season (May thru October). A drier heat prevails f ...more...



Biotechnology

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Insulin crystals Biotechnology is the use of living systems and organisms to develop or make products, or "any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use" (UN Convention on Biological Diversity, Art. 2). Depending on the tools and applications, it often overlaps with the (related) fields of bioengineering , biomedical engineering , biomanufacturing , molecular engineering , etc. For thousands of years, humankind has used biotechnology in agriculture , food production , and medicine . The term is largely believed to have been coined in 1919 by Hungarian engineer Károly Ereky . In the late 20th and early 21st centuries, biotechnology has expanded to include new and diverse sciences such as genomics , recombinant gene techniques, applied immunology , and development of pharmaceutical therapies and diagnostic tests . Definitions The wide concept of "biotech" or "biotechnology" encompasses a wide range ...more...



Linhai Industrial Park

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Linhai Industrial Park Service Center The Linhai Industrial Park ( Chinese : 臨海工業區 ; pinyin : Línhǎi Gōngyè Qū ) is an industrial park located in Siaogang District and Cianjhen District of Kaohsiung , Taiwan . It near the Kaohsiung International Airport , No. 5 Container Center of Port of Kaohsiung and the terminal of National Highway No. 1 . The Talin Power Plant , a fossil fuel power plant , is located near the park. And a reservoir called Fengshan Reservoir is to the south of park. Linhai Industrial Park is a major cluster of heavy industry in Taiwan. There are several of the largest producers in their industries situated in this industrial park, such as China Steel (steelmaker), CSBC Corporation (ship builder) and CPC Corporation (oil refiner). Furthermore, Linhai Industrial Park also has some manufacturers of machinery, steel, transportation and chemical industry . History The industrial park was originally established in 1960 and completed in January 1972. Transportation The area is accessible within wa ...more...



Suzhou Industrial Park railway station

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Suzhou Industrial Park railway station ( Chinese : 苏州园区站 , alt name Suzhou East railway station ) is a railway station of Shanghai–Nanjing Intercity Railway located in Suzhou Industrial Park , Suzhou , Jiangsu , People's Republic of China . Layout This station's area is 8120 squared metres. It has three floors (Ground 2, Underground 1). It has 5 lanes and 3 platforms. To enter the station, passengers can use the escalator from the ground floor to the ticketing office or to the waiting hall on the 2nd floor. Passengers can exit the station through the underground pass to get to bus station north or west of the square. There is a designated taxi pick-up area underground. Transport This station has 11 bus routes: English Name Chinese Name Routes Suzhou Industrial Park railway station (Terminus) 沪宁城铁园区站(首末站) 115, 116, 117, 262, 819 Suzhou Industrial Park railway station Plaza 沪宁城铁园区站广场 119, 138, 139, 161, 166, 258 Suzhou Rail Transit 's Line 6 and Line 8 will pass this station in future. Gallery Station Hall Pla ...more...



Black Fox Nuclear Power Plant

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The Black Fox Nuclear Power Plant was proposed by the Public Service Company of Oklahoma (PSO) in May 1973. The facility was to be built approximately 3 miles southwest of downtown Inola, Oklahoma , but still within town limits, and was to consist of two 1,150 MWe General Electric (GE) Boiling Water Reactors. In June 1979, about 500 people were arrested for protesting about construction of the Black Fox Nuclear Power Plant. In 1982, after nine years of court and legal challenges by Carrie Barefoot Dickerson and the Citizen's Action for Safe Energy (CASE) group, all plans were abandoned and no complex was ever built. Inola River / Rail Industrial Park On March 13, 2017 the Inola Area Chamber of Commerce unanimously voted to rezone the property owned by PSO / AEP from AG agricultural to I-4 Heavy Industrial. Since then, PSO / AEP has presented 1,000 acres of the former plant for development. See also Anti-nuclear movement in the United States Anti-nuclear protests in the United States List of canceled nuclear p ...more...



Industrial corridor

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An industrial corridor is a package of infrastructure spending allocated to a specific geographical area, with the intent to stimulate industrial development. An industrial corridor aims to create an area with a cluster of manufacturing or other industry. Such corridors are often created in areas that have preexisting infrastructure, such as ports , highways and railroads . These modalities are arranged such that an " arterial " modality, such as a highway or railroad, receives "feeder" roads or railways. Concerns when creating corridors include correctly assessing demand and viability, transport options for goods and workers, land values, and economic incentives for companies. Industrial Corridors of India Economic Corridors of India or Industrial Corridors of India include: Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor Project Shendra – Bidkin Industrial Park Chennai Bangalore Industrial Corridor Mumbai-Bangalore economic corridor Amritsar Delhi Kolkata Industrial Corridor VANPIC - Vadrevu and Nizampatnam Port Industr ...more...



Industry City

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Bush Terminal/Industry City Location in New York City Industry City (formerly Bush Terminal ) is a historic intermodal shipping, warehousing, and manufacturing complex on the waterfront in the Sunset Park neighborhood of Brooklyn , New York City . Bush Terminal was the first facility of its kind in New York City and the largest multi-tenant industrial property in the United States. The Bush Terminal Company managed shipping for all the Bush Terminal tenants, making it the first American example of completely integrated manufacturing and warehousing, served by both rail and water transportation, under a unified management system. At its peak, Bush Terminal covered 200 acres (about 81 hectares), bounded by Upper New York Bay 's Gowanus Bay to the west and north, by 3rd Avenue to the east, and—at its peak—between 27th Street to the north and 50th Street to the south. Today, Industry City comprises roughly 40 acres (16 ha) of the former Bush Terminal, including 16 original buildings. The 6.5 million square foot ...more...



Industrial zone

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Industrial zone can refer to: Industrial park , an area zoned for industrial development Industrial region , a part of a country with high industrial development Industrial zoning , the practice of designating an area for industrial development Industrial zone can refer to: Industrial park , an area zoned for industrial development Industrial region , a part of a country with high industrial development Industrial zoning , the practice of designating an area for industrial development ...more...



Dubai TechnoPark

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'Dubai TechnoPark is an information technology park under construction in Dubai . The purpose of Dubai technopark is to make the commercial development of technology . The whole development will cover an area of 21,000,000 square metres (230,000,000 sq ft) of land, about 30% of which is open space areas. Dubai Techno Park is an industrial complex, located in the heart of Dubai's industrial zone. ' See also List of development projects in Dubai List of Industrial areas in Dubai Developments in Dubai References "Archived copy" . Archived from the original on 2009-11-07 . Retrieved 2009-07-07 . "Archived copy" . Archived from the original on 2009-11-07 . Retrieved 2009-07-07 . "Archived copy" . Archived from the original on 2009-11-07 . Retrieved 2009-07-07 . "Archived copy" . Archived from the original on 2009-06-24 . Retrieved 2009-07-07 . http://www.zawya.com/story.cfm/sidZAWYA20080309064612/Dubai%20Techno%20Park%20to%20sponsor%20$300%20Million%20KTIC%20Jasper%20Asia%20Gulf%20Horizons%20Fund%20in%20Dubai E ...more...



Industrial Park, Semnan

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Industrial Park, Semnan ( Persian : شهرك صنعتي ‎ – Shahrak-e Şanʿatī) is a village in Howmeh Rural District , in the Central District of Semnan County , Semnan Province , Iran . At the 2006 census, its population was 728, in 220 families. References "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)" . Islamic Republic of Iran . Archived from the original (Excel) on 2011-11-11. Industrial Park, Semnan ( Persian : شهرك صنعتي ‎ – Shahrak-e Şanʿatī) is a village in Howmeh Rural District , in the Central District of Semnan County , Semnan Province , Iran . At the 2006 census, its population was 728, in 220 families. References "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)" . Islamic Republic of Iran . Archived from the original (Excel) on 2011-11-11. ...more...



Industrial Area Khushkhera

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Khushkhera is an industrial area in Tijara tehsil of Alwar district of the Indian state of Rajasthan . Its area comes under Delhi NCR region and it is an industrial hub. Bhiwadi together form one urban sprawl . It is 85 km from New Delhi . Distance from Gurgaon to Bhiwadi is 45 km. Geography Khushkhera is situated at 28.08°N, 76.47°E. It is 60 km away from the Indira Gandhi International Airport, New Delhi , 210 km from Jaipur , 75 km from Alwar, 45 km from Gurgaon . It is reached by state Highway 25 (rajasthan) |National Highway NH8]] (Delhi-Jaipur highway) via Dharuhera or bhiwadi. Nearest railway station is in Rewari approximately 30 km. Resources Land 825 acres (3.34 km ) in Khushkhera. Water depth -25 m. average .Present daily supply -0.55 MGD. Wind velocity 5 km. per hour. Power 132 KV GSS and 220 KV GSS Tele-Communications Telephone -20,000 line electronic exchange with STD facility Telex- 4000 lines exchange (BSNL & Rainbow (now called MTS)and Airtel, Reliance, Vodafone, Aircel, Idea) Transport ...more...



Electronic City

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Electronic City is an information technology hub in Bangalore , India, located in Anekal taluk. It is one of India's largest electronic industrial parks , spread over 800 acres (3.2 km²) in Konappana Agrahara and Doddathogur villages in Bangalore. It consists of three zones called phases – Phase I, Phase II and Phase III. Electronic City was established by Keonics, Karnataka Electronic, a pioneer in information technology infrastructure development. There are approximately 200 IT / ITES companies located in Electronic City. History Electronic City was the brainchild of R. K. Baliga , the first Chairman and Managing Director of Keonics, Karnataka Electronic. He dreamt of making Bangalore the Silicon Valley of India when he developed the concept of Electronic City. In 1978, Keonics established Electronic City on 332 acres of land in Konappana Agrahara and Doddathogur villages. The liberalisation of the Indian economy in the early 1990s by the then Indian Prime Minister P.V. Narasimha Rao and then Indian Fina ...more...



Ambattur Industrial Estate

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Ambattur Industrial Estate is an specially designated industrial area in the Chennai neighbourhood of Ambattur. Established in 1964, the industrial estate stretches across 1,300 acres and is home to over 1,500 small and medium enterprises, specialising largely in automobile components, but also in garments and engineering products. It is one of about ten industrial estates developed by the Tamil Nadu Small Industries Development Corporation in and around the city. The industrial estate The Ambattur Industrial Estate, spread over an area of 1,430 acres (4.9 km²), houses about 1,800 units and is the biggest small scale industrial estate in South Asia. It was commissioned in the year 1964 by the Government of Tamil Nadu. Several factors such as suitability of the soil, communication facilities, availability of raw materials, a large volume of ground water suitable for industrial and domestic purposes, and the like were responsible for seeking this place for the setting up of an industrial estate. An area of ...more...



Wollaton Park

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Wollaton Park is a deer park and home of Wollaton Hall, Nottingham Natural History Museum and Nottingham Industrial Museum in the heart of Nottingham. History The enclosure of Wollaton Park required the destruction of the village of Sutton Passeys. It was enclosed by Henry Willoughby, 6th Baron Middleton with a 7-mile (11 km) red brick wall at the start of the nineteenth century. Originally 790 acres (3.2 km ), land sales have reduced the park to 500 acres (2.0 km ). In this park, during World War II American troops of the 508th Parachute Infantry Regiment, part of the US 82nd Airborne Division, were billeted here, waiting to be parachuted into Europe, which they did in June 1944. A small plaque commemorates this event. Subsequently German prisoners of war were billeted here for employment in the locality between 1945 and 1947. Other buildings In addition to Wollaton Hall the park hosts the following historic buildings: Lenton Lodge Lenton Lodge on Derby Road Lenton Lodge is one of the Gatehouse ...more...



Jurassic World

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Jurassic World is a 2015 American science fiction adventure film , the first film in the sequel trilogy and the fourth installment of the Jurassic Park series . The film was directed and co-written by Colin Trevorrow , produced by Frank Marshall and Patrick Crowley, and stars Chris Pratt and Bryce Dallas Howard . The production companies were Steven Spielberg 's Amblin Entertainment , also responsible for the rest of the Jurassic Park franchise, and Thomas Tull 's Legendary Pictures . Set 22 years after the events of Jurassic Park , Jurassic World takes place on the same fictional Central American island of Isla Nublar , off the Pacific coast of Costa Rica , where a theme park populated with cloned dinosaurs has operated for ten years. The park plunges into chaos when a genetically created dinosaur breaks loose and goes on a rampage across the island. Universal Pictures intended to begin production on a fourth Jurassic Park film in 2004 for a summer 2005 release, but the film entered over a decade of developm ...more...



Pathum Thani Province

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Pathum Thani ( Thai : ปทุมธานี , pronounced  ) is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand . Neighboring provinces are (from north clockwise) Ayutthaya , Saraburi , Nakhon Nayok , Chachoengsao , Bangkok , and Nonthaburi . The province is north of Bangkok and is part of the Bangkok metropolitan area. In many places the boundary between the two provinces is not noticeable as both sides of the boundary are equally urbanized. Pathum Thani town is the administrative seat, but Ban Rangsit , seat of Thanyaburi District , is the largest populated place in the province. Pathum Thani is an old province, heavily populated by the Mon people , dotted with 186 temples and parks. The Dream World amusement park is here. Geography The province lies on the low alluvial flats of the Chao Phraya River that flows through the capital. Many canals ( khlongs ) cross the province and feed the rice paddies. History The city dates back to a settlement founded by Mon migrating from Mottama ( Thai : เมาะตะมะ ) in Myanmar aroun ...more...



Industrial area

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Industrial area may refer to: Industrial park Industrial region Industrial area may refer to: Industrial park Industrial region ...more...



Chhattisgarh State Industrial Development Corporation

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Chhattisgarh State Industrial Development Corporation Limited (CSIDC) is a state agency of Chhattisgarh (India) engaged in developing industrial areas in the state. References "Chhattisgarh to set up 11 industrial parks" . Business Standard . 11 June 2010 . Retrieved 21 March 2013 . established on 2008 External links Official website Chhattisgarh State Industrial Development Corporation Limited (CSIDC) is a state agency of Chhattisgarh (India) engaged in developing industrial areas in the state. References "Chhattisgarh to set up 11 industrial parks" . Business Standard . 11 June 2010 . Retrieved 21 March 2013 . established on 2008 External links Official website ...more...



Mo Industrial Park

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Building at Mo Industrial Park Mo Industrial Park ( Norwegian : Mo Industripark ) is one of Norways largest industrial parks , situated in the town of Mo i Rana , North Norway . The company Mo Industrial Park produces oxygen , nitrogen and compressed air , and also provides security, telephone-switchboard and mail services to the other companies in the park. The companies engage in a wide range of activities, including iron and steel production, ferro alloy production, workshop industry, service industry, research, quality and computer technology, expertise industry, and even fish farming. Total gross income is close to 4 billion NOK per year. The industrial park is located where the company Norsk Jernverk had its production facilities. In 1946, after World War II , the Parliament of Norway saw a need for steel production in Norway, while also wanting to strengthen the development of North Norway by encouraging industrial activity in the region, providing employment to thousands of people. This led to the de ...more...




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