An industrial park (also known as industrial estate, trading estate) is an area zoned and planned for the purpose of industrial development. An industrial park can be thought of as a more "heavyweight" version of a business park or office park, which has offices and light industry, rather than heavy industry.
Industrial parks are usually located on the edges of, or outside the main residential area of a city, and normally provided with good transportation access, including road and rail. One such example would be the large number of industrial estates located along the River Thames in the Thames Gateway area of London. Industrial parks are usually located close to transport facilities, especially where more than one transport modes coincide, including highways, railroads, airports and ports.
This idea of setting land aside through this type of zoning is based on several concepts:
Different industrial parks fulfill these criteria to differing degrees. Many small communities have established industrial parks with only access to a nearby highway, and with only the basic utilities and roadways. Public transportation options may be limited or non-existent. There may be few or no special environmental safeguards.
An industrial park specializing in biotechnology is called a biotechnology industrial park. It may also be known as a bio-industrial park or eco-industrial cluster.
Flatted factories exist in cities like Singapore and Hong Kong, where land is scarce. These are typically similar to flats, but house individual industries instead. Flatted factories have cargo lifts and roads that serve each level, providing access to each factory lot.
UNIDO Viet Nam (United Nations Industrial Development Organization) has compiled a list of Industrial Parks in the ASEAN Economic Community in a report titled "Economic Zones in the ASEAN" written by Arnault Morisson.
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Part of the Municipal Airport industrial complex, Edmonton , Alberta , Canada An industrial park (also known as industrial estate , trading estate ) is an area zoned and planned for the purpose of industrial development . An industrial park can be thought of as a more "heavyweight" version of a business park or office park, which has offices and light industry , rather than heavy industry . Benefits Industrial zone in Dakar (Senegal) Industrial zone in Trier -Zewen, (Germany) Industrial parks are usually located on the edges of, or outside the main residential area of a city , and normally provided with good transportation access, including road and rail . One such example would be the large number of industrial estates located along the River Thames in the Thames Gateway area of London . Industrial parks are usually located close to transport facilities, especially where more than one transport modes coincide, including highways , railroads , airports and ports . This idea of setting land aside through this
Industrial Parks is the first album recorded by Homemade Knives in 2006. Industrial Parks was originally released on Triple Stamp Records . Track listing "Virginia" – 3:10 "Whiskey over Wine" – 1:27 "Copperheads" – 5:24 "Lover like a Lung" – 3:51 "These Mice and These Flies and These Ants" – 2:13 Industrial Parks is the first album recorded by Homemade Knives in 2006. Industrial Parks was originally released on Triple Stamp Records . Track listing "Virginia" – 3:10 "Whiskey over Wine" – 1:27 "Copperheads" – 5:24 "Lover like a Lung" – 3:51 "These Mice and These Flies and These Ants" – 2:13
The Kaesong Industrial Region ( KIR ) or Kaesong Industrial Zone ( KIZ ) is a special administrative industrial region of North Korea (DPRK). It was formed in 2002 from part of the Kaesong Directly-Governed City . On February 10, 2016, it was temporarily closed by the South Korean government and all staff recalled by the Park Geun-hye administration, although the incumbent President of South Korea , Moon Jae-in , has signalled his desire to "reopen and expand" the region. Its most notable feature is the Kaesong industrial park , operated as a collaborative economic development with South Korea (ROK). The park is located ten kilometres (six miles) north of the Korean Demilitarized Zone , an hour's drive from Seoul , with direct road and rail access to South Korea . The park allows South Korean companies to employ cheap labour that is educated, skilled, and fluent in Korean , whilst providing North Korea with an important source of foreign currency. As of April 2013, 123 South Korean companies were employing a
List of industrial parks or estates by land area: Butibori,Nagpur - 5714 acers Five star industrial area(MIDC) , Butibori,Nagpur,Maharastra (Largest in Asia in terms of area 23.12 km^2) Sri City - 10,000 acres (100 km ). India's First Integrated Smart City, developed on Work. Live. Learn. Play model. Jubail Jubail Industrial city, Jubail , Saudi Arabia . It is the worlds largest industrial city Yanbu, Yanbu Industrial City, Saudi Arabia. (605 km ) Kizad Khalifa Industrial Zone, Abu Dhabi (Kizad), United Arab Emirates . When completed, the 418-square-kilometre (161 sq mi) Kizad site will become one of the Middle East's largest industrial free-trade and non-free trade zones Alberta's Industrial Heartland , Edmonton Capital Region , AB , Canada – 78,550 acres (318 km ) (planned use) Rotterdam Harbour , Netherlands . It stretches for 40 kilometres (25 mi), and is 105 square kilometres (26,000 acres) large. KAEC Industrial Valley , King Abdullah Economic City (KAEC), Saudi Arabia . The new logistics and manufactu
The Industrial parks in Karachi have been built in Karachi , Sindh , Pakistan . The Industrial ]parks manufacture consumer and industrial goods creating jobs for the local population. An Industrial park (also known as industrial estate , trading estate ) is an area zoned and planned for the purpose of industrial development. An industrial park can be thought of as a more "heavyweight" version of a business park or office park , which has offices and light industry , rather than heavy industry. Industrial parks are usually located on the edges of, or outside the main residential area of a city, and normally provided with good transportation access, including road and rail. The National Industrial Parks Development and Management Company (NIP) and Sci Life Pharma signed a licence agreement that authorises the latter to start the construction of a manufacturing plant – considered to be its flagship project – in the Korangi Creek Industrial Park (KCIP). Industrial parks in Karachi Bin Qasim Industrial Zone Federa
JTC Corporation (Abbreviation: JTC; Chinese : 裕廊集团 ; pinyin : Yùláng Jítuán ), formerly known as Jurong Town Corporation , is a Singaporean state owned real estate company and statutory board under the Ministry of Trade and Industry headquartered in Jurong , Singapore . Established in 1968, the company was set up by the Government of Singapore as the country's principal developer and manager of industrial estates and their related facilities. As of 2013, the company manages 43 estates that cover 7,100 hectares of land area. History The JTC Summit, headquarters of JTC Corporation, located in Jurong , Singapore . Founded on June 1, 1968 under the Jurong Town Corporation Act, JTC was set up to take over the management and development of industrial estates from the Economic Development Board (EDB) as Singapore was going through rapid industrialisation after independence. As a statutory board, the company has powers to purchase, acquire or lease any land as required, and had board members from the public and tra
Hemp field in Côtes-d'Armor , Brittany , France Hemp grown for animal feed Hemp or industrial hemp (from Old English hænep ), typically found in the northern hemisphere , is a variety of the Cannabis sativa plant species that is grown specifically for the industrial uses of its derived products. It is one of the fastest growing plants and was one of the first plants to be spun into usable fiber 10,000 years ago. It can be refined into a variety of commercial items including paper, textiles , clothing, biodegradable plastics, paint, insulation, biofuel, food, and animal feed. Although cannabis as a drug and industrial hemp both derive from the species Cannabis sativa and contain the psychoactive component tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), they are distinct strains with unique phytochemical compositions and uses. Hemp has lower concentrations of THC and higher concentrations of cannabidiol (CBD), which decreases or eliminates its psychoactive effects. The legality of industrial hemp varies widely between countr
Kalundborg Eco-Industrial Park is an industrial symbiosis network located in Kalundborg , Denmark , in which companies in the region collaborate to use each other's by-products and otherwise share resources. The Kalundborg Eco-Industrial Park is the first full realization of industrial symbiosis. The collaboration and its environmental implications arose unintentionally through private initiatives, as opposed to government planning, making it a model for private planning of eco-industrial parks. At the center of the exchange network is the Asnæs Power Station , a 1500MW coal-fired power plant , which has material and energy links with the community and several other companies. Surplus heat from this power plant is used to heat 3500 local homes in addition to a nearby fish farm , whose sludge is then sold as a fertilizer . Steam from the power plant is sold to Novo Nordisk , a pharmaceutical and enzyme manufacturer, in addition to Statoil power plant. This reuse of heat reduces the amount thermal pollution d
Gimli Industrial Park Airport , ( IATA : YGM , ICAO : CYGM ), is a former military field located 2 nautical miles (3.7 km; 2.3 mi) west of Gimli , Manitoba , Canada . The field is now operated as a civilian airport, with one of the original parallel runways decommissioned and now a significant portion of Gimli Motorsports Park . Flying-related activities here include use by Manitoba Provincial Government's water bomber squadron, the Gimli Cadet Flying Site, and two private flying schools. Gimli is also used by No. 435 Transport and Rescue Squadron based out of No. 17 Wing Winnipeg, for training purposes, and as a skydive drop zone by Skydive Manitoba. In the summertime the airport hosts glider pilot training for air cadets as Regional Gliding School (Northwest). History Opened as RCAF Station Gimli , the airfield served during World War II as the home of Service Flying Training School #18 under the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan . The station closed in September 1971. Incidents and accidents In 1983,
Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation ( MIDC ) is a project of the government of Maharashtra state in India and is the leading corporation of Maharashtra. It provides businesses with infrastructure such as land (open plot or built-up spaces), roads, water supply, drainage facilities and street lights. Mr. Sanjay Sethi, IAS, is the CEO of MIDC (Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation). Economic sectors MIDC has developed specialised parks based on sectors such as: Automobiles and Auto Components Biotechnology Consumer durables Chemicals Engineering Electronics Information Technology Petrochemicals Pharmaceuticals Transportation Textile Waste recycling Wine Locations MIDC areas are spread all over the state of Maharashtra. The MIDC started in 1962 with Wagle estate , Thane as its first industrial area. MIDC's major industrial areas are in: DADAR,bhavanishankar Tarapur, Boisar Lote MIDC, Lote, India Kherdi MIDC, Kherdi TTC (Trans Thane Creek) near Thane and Navi Mumbai Pimpri-Chinchwad near Pune
Carmelray Industrial Park 2 or (CIP2), is an industrial park in the Philippines, located at barangay Punta , Calamba City, Laguna, this industrial zone serves some of the biggest and nearest companies in Calamba. CIP2 partnership, as one of the biggest locator in barangay Canlubang a Carmelray Industrial Park 1. Locators Acbel (Phils Inc.) Adamay International Co, Inc. Advantek, Inc. Frontken Philippines, Inc. HKT Philippines, Inc. ITO-Seisakusho Phils, Corp. Kinergy Philippines, Inc. Miyoshi Philippines Nanos Tech Electronics Corp. Nitto-Nistem (Philippines) Philippine Auto Components Inc. PSI Technology Corporation SMC Pneumathic Phils, Inc. See also Carmelray Industrial Park 1 Calamba Premiere International Park Light Industry and Science Park of the Philippines II References "Carmelray Industrial Park 2 list of companies hiring Information - Call Center Beat" . callcenterbeat.com . Retrieved 2017-02-05 . Carmelray Industrial Park 2 or (CIP2), is an industrial park in the Philippines, located at barangay P
The China–Singapore Suzhou Industrial Park ( simplified Chinese : 中国—新加坡苏州工业园区 ; traditional Chinese : 中國—新加坡蘇州工業園區 ; pinyin : Zhōngguó—Xīnjiāpō Sūzhōu Gōngyè Yuán Qū ), or Suzhou Industrial Park for short, abbreviated as SIP , is a county-level administrative area located in Suzhou , China with significant Singaporean influence. Background The art sculpture of Harmony, one of the icons in Suzhou Industrial Park Suzhou Culture and Arts Centre In the late 1980s, as China 's modernisation drive gained momentum, a lot of Chinese delegations visited Singapore , a southeast Asian nation that achieved notable economic success within 30 years of independence. The Chinese visitors were eager to learn modern management methods, while Singapore was also planning Economic Regionalisation , which focused on overseas investment. In 1992, the idea of developing a modern industrial township with Singapore experience was broached. During his tour of southern China that year, China's late paramount leader Deng Xiaoping said:
Karachi ( Urdu : کراچی ; ALA-LC : Karācī , IPA: ; Sindhi : ڪراچي ) is the capital of the Pakistani province of Sindh . It is the most populous city in Pakistan, sixth most populous city proper in the world and the 8th most populous metropolitan city in the world. Ranked as a beta world city , the city is Pakistan's premier industrial and financial centre. Karachi is also Pakistan's most cosmopolitan city. Situated on the Arabian Sea , Karachi serves as a transport hub, and is home to two of Pakistan's two largest seaports, the Port of Karachi and Port Bin Qasim , as well as the busiest airport in Pakistan . Though the Karachi region has been inhabited for millennia, the city was founded as a fortified village named Kolachi in 1729. The settlement drastically increased in importance with the arrival of British East India company in the mid 19th century, who not only embarked on major works to transform the city into a major seaport, but also connected it with their extensive railway network. By t
An eco-industrial park (EIP) is an industrial park in which businesses cooperate with each other and with the local community in an attempt to reduce waste and pollution, efficiently share resources (such as information, materials, water, energy , infrastructure , and natural resources ), and help achieve sustainable development , with the intention of increasing economic gains and improving environmental quality . An EIP may also be planned, designed, and built in such a way that it makes it easier for businesses to co-operate, and that results in a more financially sound, environmentally friendly project for the developer. The Eco-industrial Park Handbook states that "An Eco-Industrial Park is a community of manufacturing and service businesses located together on a common property. Members seek enhanced environmental, economic, and social performance through collaboration in managing environmental and resource issues." Based on the concepts of industrial ecology , collaborative strategies not only includ
Insulin crystals Biotechnology is the use of living systems and organisms to develop or make products, or "any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use" (UN Convention on Biological Diversity, Art. 2). Depending on the tools and applications, it often overlaps with the (related) fields of bioengineering , biomedical engineering , biomanufacturing , molecular engineering , etc. For thousands of years, humankind has used biotechnology in agriculture , food production , and medicine . The term is largely believed to have been coined in 1919 by Hungarian engineer Károly Ereky . In the late 20th and early 21st centuries, biotechnology has expanded to include new and diverse sciences such as genomics , recombinant gene techniques, applied immunology , and development of pharmaceutical therapies and diagnostic tests . Definitions The wide concept of "biotech" or "biotechnology" encompasses a wide range
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to industry: Industry – refers to the production of an economic good or service within an economy . Essence of industry Business Cottage industry Heavy industry Light industry Manufacturing Industry sectors Primary sector of industry (the raw materials industry) Secondary sector of industry (manufacturing and construction) Tertiary sector of industry (the " service industry") Quaternary sector of industry (intellectual services industry) Major industries Aerospace industry Agriculture (see also Agribusiness ) Fishing industry Timber industry Tobacco industry Chemical industry Pharmaceutical industry Computer industry Software industry Construction industry Defense industry Arms industry Education industry Energy industry Electrical power industry Petroleum industry Entertainment industry Financial services industry Insurance industry Food industry Fruit production Health care industry Hospitality industry Information industry Manufacturing
Apple Park is the future headquarters of Apple Inc. in Cupertino, California . It opened in April 2017, though construction continues to complete the buildings and its interiors. Its research and development facilities are already occupied with over 2,000 people. It will replace the current headquarters at 1 Infinite Loop . Its circular design and extreme scale have earned a media nickname of 'the spaceship'. Located on a suburban site totaling 175 acres (71 hectares), it is planned to house more than 12,000 employees in one central four-storied circular building of approximately 2,800,000 square feet (260,000 square meters). Steve Jobs wanted the whole campus to look less like an office park and more like a nature refuge. Eighty percent of the site will be green space planted with drought-resistant trees and plants indigenous to the Cupertino area. History I-280 and Stevens Creek Blvd., San José and Cupertino , California, showing Apple Park In April 2006, Apple's former CEO Steve Jobs announced to the ci
Panasonic Corporation ( パナソニック株式会社 Panasonikku Kabushiki-gaisha) , formerly known as Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. ( 松下電器産業株式会社 Matsushita Denki Sangyō Kabushiki-gaisha) , is a Japanese multinational electronics corporation headquartered in Kadoma , Osaka , Japan . The company was founded in 1918 as a producer of lightbulb sockets and has grown to become one of the largest Japanese electronics producers alongside Sony , Hitachi , Toshiba and Canon Inc. . In addition to electronics, it offers non-electronic products and services such as home renovation services. Panasonic is the world's fourth-largest television manufacturer by 2012 market share. Panasonic has a primary listing on the Tokyo Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the Nikkei 225 and TOPIX indices. It has a secondary listing on the Nagoya Stock Exchange . Name From 1935 to October 1, 2008, the company name was "Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd." On January 10, 2008, the company announced that it would change its name to "Panas
Patanjali Ayurved Limited is an Indian FMCG company. Manufacturing units and headquarters are located in the industrial area of Haridwar while the registered office is located at Delhi . The company manufactures mineral and herbal products. It also has manufacturing units in Nepal under the trademark Nepal Gramudhyog and imports majority of herbs in India from Himalayas of Nepal . According to CLSA and HSBC , Patanjali is the fastest growing FMCG company in India . It is valued at ₹ 30 billion (US$470 million) and some predict revenues of ₹ 5,000 crore (US$780 million) for the fiscal 2015–16. Patanjali declared its annual turnover of the year 2016-17 to be estimated ₹ 10,216 crore (US$1.6 billion). Ramdev baba has stated in his interview with CNN-News18 that profit from Patanjali Products goes to charity. History Baba Ramdev established the Patanjali Ayurved Limited in 2006 along with Acharya Balkrishna with the objective of establishing science of Ayurveda in accordance and coordination with the late
The Hsinchu Science Park ( Chinese : 新竹科學工業園區 ; Hanyu Pinyin : Xīnzhú Kēxué Gōngyè Yuánqū ; Tongyong Pinyin : Sīnjhú Kēsyué Gōngyè Yuáncyū ) is an industrial park established by the government of the Republic of China (Taiwan) on December 15, 1980 to foster cutting edge state of the art scientific and technological innovation . It straddles Hsinchu City and Hsinchu County in Taiwan. The idea of the establishment of Hsinchu Science Park was first proposed by Shu Shien-Siu , the former President of National Tsing Hua University and Minister of Science and Technology . After Shu became the Minister of Science and Technology in 1973, he traveled to the United States, Europe, Japan, and South Korea to learn and study their conditions of the development of science and technology. In 1976, Shu came up with the idea of building a science and technology park like that of Silicon Valley . President Chiang Ching-kuo proposed to build the park in Longtan District because of the potential future benefits that could be d
Thomas Alva Edison (February 11, 1847 – October 18, 1931) was an American inventor and businessman, who has been described as America's greatest inventor. He developed many devices that greatly influenced life around the world, including the phonograph , the motion picture camera , and the long-lasting, practical electric light bulb . Dubbed "The Wizard of Menlo Park", he was one of the first inventors to apply the principles of mass production and large-scale teamwork to the process of invention, and because of that, he is often credited with the creation of the first industrial research laboratory . Edison was a prolific inventor , holding 1,093 US patents in his name , as well as many patents in the United Kingdom, France, and Germany. More significant than the number of Edison's patents was the widespread impact of his inventions: electric light and power utilities , sound recording , and motion pictures all established major new industries worldwide. Edison's inventions contributed to mass communicatio
Dubai Industrial Park, formerly known as Dubai Industrial City is the dedicated industrial park in Dubai , founded in 2004, covering an area of 560 million Sq ft. When completed the development will include food and beverage zones, base-metal and transportation zones, warehouses and an extensive conservation area. These areas are further complemented with logistics , educational and mixed use developments. It will be located near Jebel Ali International Airport along Emirates Road. The city is expected to accommodate around 500,000 people when it is completed by 2015. Dubai Industrial Park upon completion will encompass 6 zones: Zone 1 Food and Beverage Zone 2 Transport Equipment and Parts Zone 3 Machinery and Equipment Zone 4 Mineral Products Zone 5 Base Metal Zone 6 Chemicals Recent developments As of March 2009 the construction of Dubai industrial city's warehouses has been completed, and the whole project is expected to be completed by 2015. See also Industries References Official website UAEpropertytrend
Linkin Park is an American rock band from Agoura Hills, California . Formed in 1996, the band rose to international fame with their debut album Hybrid Theory (2000), which was certified Diamond by the RIAA in 2005 and multi-Platinum in several other countries. Their following studio album Meteora continued the band's success, topping the Billboard 200 album chart in 2003, and was followed by extensive touring and charity work. Having adapted nu metal and rap metal to a radio-friendly yet densely layered style in Hybrid Theory and Meteora, the band explored other genres on their next studio album, Minutes to Midnight (2007). The album topped the Billboard charts and had the third-best debut week of any album that year. The band continued to explore a wider variation of musical types in their fourth album, A Thousand Suns (2010), layering their music with more electronic sounds and beats. Their fifth album, Living Things (2012), combines musical elements from all of their previous records. Their sixth a
The State Industries Promotion Corporation of Tamil Nadu Limited (SIPCOT) ( Tamil : தமிழ்நாடு அரசு தொழில் முன்னேற்றக் கழகம் (வரையறுக்கப்பட்டது ), Limited is an institution owned by the Government of Tamil Nadu . . History The State Industries Promotion Corporation of Tamil Nadu Limited (SIPCOT) was formed in the year 1971, to promote industrial growth in the State and to advance term loans to medium and large industries Functions The Functions of State Industries Promotion Corporation of Tamil Nadu Limited (SIPCOT) are: Development of industrial complexes/parks/industrial estate in Nallamballi Road growth centres with basic infrastructure facilities Establishing sector-specific Special Economic Zones (SEZs); Implementation of Special infrastructure Projects; SIPCOT Estates SIPCOT has established industrial complexes in 16 areas, according to the SIPCOT webpage. These include: Bargur Cheyyar Cuddalore Gangaikondan Gummidipoondi Hosur Irungattukottai Mappedu Manamadurai Nilakkottai Oragadam Perundurai Pillaipak
Sydney ( ) is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania . Located on Australia's east coast, the metropolis surrounds the world's largest natural harbour and sprawls about 70 km (43.5 mi) on its periphery towards the Blue Mountains to the west , Hawkesbury to the north and Macarthur to the south . Sydney is made up of 658 suburbs , 40 local government areas and 15 contiguous regions . Residents of the city are known as "Sydneysiders". As at June 2016 Sydney's estimated population was 5,029,768. The Sydney area has been inhabited by indigenous Australians for at least 30,000 years. Lieutenant James Cook first landed at Kurnell in 1770, when navigating his way up the east coast of Australia on his ship, HMS Endeavour . It was not until 1788 when the First Fleet , which contained convicts and was led by Captain Arthur Phillip , arrived in Botany Bay to found Sydney as a penal colony , the first European settlement in Australia . Phillip named the city "Sydney"
The profession of thatching is learned through apprenticeship Carpentry is another profession learned through apprenticeship An apprenticeship is a system of training a new generation of practitioners of a trade or profession with on-the-job training and often some accompanying study (classroom work and reading). Apprenticeship also enables practitioners to gain a license to practice in a regulated profession. Most of their training is done while working for an employer who helps the apprentices learn their trade or profession, in exchange for their continued labor for an agreed period after they have achieved measurable competencies. Apprenticeships typically last 3 to 7 years. People who successfully complete an apprenticeship reach the " journeyman " or professional certification level of competence. Although the formal boundaries and terminology of the apprentice/journeyman/master system often do not extend outside of guilds and trade unions , the concept of on-the-job training leading to competence over
Jurassic World is a 2015 American science-fiction adventure film and the fourth installment of the Jurassic Park series . The film was directed and co-written by Colin Trevorrow , produced by Frank Marshall and Patrick Crowley, and stars Chris Pratt and Bryce Dallas Howard . The production companies were Steven Spielberg 's Amblin Entertainment , also responsible for the rest of the Jurassic Park franchise, and Thomas Tull 's Legendary Pictures . Set 22 years after the events of Jurassic Park , Jurassic World takes place on the same fictional Central American island of Isla Nublar , off the Pacific coast of Costa Rica , where a theme park populated with cloned dinosaurs has operated for ten years. The park plunges into chaos when a genetically created dinosaur breaks loose and goes on a rampage across the island. Universal Pictures intended to begin production on a fourth Jurassic Park film in 2004 for a summer 2005 release, but the film entered over a decade of development hell while the script went through
Shenzhen ( Chinese : 深圳 ) is a major city in Guangdong Province, China . It forms part of the Pearl River Delta megalopolis . The city is located immediately north of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and holds sub-provincial administrative status, with powers slightly less than a province. Shenzhen was a market town of 30,000 people on the route of the Kowloon–Canton Railway . That changed in 1979 when Shenzhen was promoted to city-status and in 1980 designated China’s first Special Economic Zone (SEZ). Official statistics based on China 2010 Census put Shenzhen's total population of 10,357,938, that included migrants staying at least six months. Popular press speculate that counts do not include migrant workers living in the city which come and go daily weekly or monthly and do not stay the entire year. Such estimates put the instantaneous or sum total of individuals who have lived in Shenzhen for any length of time to at least 18 million. Shenzhen was one of the fastest-growing cities in the world
The China-Belarus Industrial Park ( Russian : Китайско-Белорусский индустриальный парк , Chinese : 中国-白俄罗斯工业园 ) is a special economic zone in Belarus , established under the intergovernmental agreement between the People’s Republic of China and the Republic of Belarus. The industrial park was created in the territory of Smolevichsky district, Minsk region, near the Minsk National Airport. History The China-Singapore Suzhou Industrial Park has become the prototype of the China-Belarus industrial park. In 2010, the Ministry of Economy of the Republic of Belarus and the «Chinese Engineering Corporation CAMC (CAMCE)» agreed to cooperate on the creation of a China-Belarus Industrial Park in the territory of the Republic of Belarus. In November 2011, the park was also discussed at the meeting of the Belarusian-Chinese intergovernmental commission. For the initial creation of the park the following documents were developed and signed: Cooperation agreement on the establishment of the China-Belarus Industrial Pa
The economy of the Republic of China (Taiwan) , simply called Taiwan , is the 5th largest economy in Asia , and is included in the advanced economies group by the International Monetary Fund and gauged in the high-income economies group by the World Bank , and ranked 15th in the world by the Global Competitiveness Report of World Economic Forum , has a developed capitalist economy that ranks as the 22th -largest in the world by purchasing power parity (PPP), ranks as 18th in the world by gross domestic product (GDP) at purchasing power parity per capita (person), and 24th in nominal GDP of investment and foreign trade by the Republic of China (ROC) government, commonly referred to as Taiwan . The economy of Taiwan ranks the highest in Asia for 2015 Global Entrepreneurship Index (GEI) for specific strengths. Most large government-owned banks and industrial firms have been privatized. With the technocracy -centered economic planning under martial law until 1987, real growth in GDP has averaged about 8% d
Stanford Research Park is a technology park located in Palo Alto, California on land owned by Stanford University . Built in 1951, as Stanford Industrial Park , it claims to be the world's first technology-focused office park . Frederick Terman is often credited with the idea and success of the Stanford Research Park, which was the first university-owned industrial park at the time of its founding and played a key role in creation of Silicon Valley . In 1953, Varian Associates relocated to Palo Alto to become the first tenant of the new Stanford Industrial Park. Early tenants included Hewlett-Packard , General Electric , and Lockheed . The park covers 700 acres (2.8 km²) in an area surrounding Page Mill Road , south of El Camino Real . It is now run by the Stanford Management Company which was established in 1991 to manage the university's financial and real estate assets. The park's 162 buildings hold 23,000 employees who work for 140 different companies. The park is still home to the main headquarters of
Carmelray Industrial Park 1 (or CIP1) is located in Canlubang , Calamba, Laguna in the Philippines on a wide stretch of land measuring 270 hectares. Developed in stages, Phase 1 and Phase 2 cover 95 and 135 hectares respectively. It is a fully integrated industrial park. Its aim is to provide facilities that will cater to light and medium sized locators. Apart from the industrial facilities, CIP1 also has administrative and support service centers for its locators, as well as a commercial district. A San Sebastian Recoletos in Carmelray Industrial Park 1 One of its more important facilities is a Special Export Processing Zone, where investors and locators may avail of import/export documentation as well as tax incentives. This industrial zone is bounded by Pittland , Casile , Palao, Manphil and Carmel . It is situated at the middle part of Canlubang located to the Sitio Palao of Kapayapaan Road. The nearest residential area is Morning Fields. Locators It has a 43 or more than companies located at Carmelray I
Theodore John Kaczynski ( ; born May 22, 1942), also known as the Unabomber , is an American mathematician , anarchist and domestic terrorist . A mathematical prodigy, he abandoned a promising academic career in 1969, then between 1978 and 1995 killed 3 people, and injured 23 others, in a nationwide mail bombing campaign that targeted people involved with modern technology. In conjunction with the bombing campaign, he issued a wide-ranging social critique opposing industrialization and advancing a nature-centered form of anarchism . Raised in Evergreen Park , Illinois, Kaczynski was a child prodigy and accepted into Harvard University at the age of 16. He earned his B.A. from Harvard in 1962, then his M.A. and Ph.D in mathematics from the University of Michigan in 1965 and 1967, respectively. After receiving his doctorate at age 25, he became an assistant professor at the University of California, Berkeley but resigned abruptly two years later. As an undergraduate at Harvard, Kaczynski was a research subjec
Engineering Square (IDG) , or " e2 , is an Egyptian industrial park , owned and managed by Industrial Development Group (IDG). The park is designed and built on a total area of 3.1 million square meter, located in 6 October City , Giza , Egypt. The e2 Industrial Park was founded in February 2008 with the goal of accommodating prominent multinational and local companies in Egypt. An Environmental Impact Assessment was carried out in 2011. Industry fields Industries represented include Engineering , Auto spare parts , Garments, Foods, Cosmetics, and Plastic films. YTD assigned factories:106 YTD factories operating:40 YTD factories under construction:27 Among the investors Aramex Bostik Egypt Chloride Egypt Döhler Egypt Egypt Foods Group Elif Global Packing Flex P Films Egypt Naffco Nuqal Group Pegas Nonwovens Egypt LLC References https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dWO4rMaH4G4 "Interview with Sameh Attia, Managing Director of Engineering Square" . Marcopolis. 31 October 2014. "New Generation Industrial Zo
Shaanxi ( Chinese : 陕西 ; pinyin : Shǎnxī ) is a province of the People's Republic of China . Officially part of the Northwest China region, it lies in central China, bordering the provinces of Shanxi (NE, E), Henan (E), Hubei (SE), Chongqing (S), Sichuan (SW), Gansu (W), Ningxia (NW), and Inner Mongolia (N). It covers an area of over 205,000 km (79,151 sq mi) with about 37 million people. Xi'an —which includes the sites of the former Chinese capitals Fenghao and Chang'an —is the provincial capital. Xianyang , which served as the Qin capital, is located nearby. The other prefecture -level cities into which the province is divided are Ankang , Baoji , Hanzhong , Shangluo , Tongchuan , Weinan , Yan'an and Yulin . Shaanxi comprises the Wei Valley and much of the surrounding fertile Loess Plateau , stretching from the Qin Mountains and Shannan in the south to the Ordos Desert in the north. Along with areas of adjacent Shanxi and Henan , it formed the cradle of Chinese civilization, with its Guanzhong region shelt
Green Valley Industrial Park is a major industrial park located on the north coast of Honduras , Central America . The park is about 500-acre (2.0 km ) and is operating as a free trade zone . Companies Green Valley Industrial Park is home for several companies focusing on the textile and apparel industry. Companies include Anvil Knits Honduras(AKH), Ceiba Textiles, Roman Knit Honduras, Pride Chemicals, FCI, Premier Narrow Fabrics, Leomar and Simtex International. Transport The park is about 90 minutes from Puerto Cortes , the largest port in Central America . Public transport is available from nearby cities, special bus services provide transport from major cities like San Pedro Sula . References "Why Green Valley" . greenvalleyindustrialpark.com . Retrieved 2009-02-18 . "Honduras’ Investment Climate" . investinhonduras.hn . Retrieved 2009-02-18 . External links Green Valley Industrial Park Official Website Green Valley Industrial Park is a major industrial park located on the north coast of Honduras , Centr
Ningbo , formerly written Ningpo , is a sub-provincial city in northeast Zhejiang province in China . It comprises the urban districts of Ningbo proper, three satellite cities , and a number of rural counties including islands in Hangzhou Bay and the East China Sea . Its port , spread across several locations, is among the busiest in the world and the municipality possesses a separate state-planning status. As of the 2010 census , the entire administrated area had a population of 7.6 million, with 3.5 million in the six urban districts of Ningbo proper. To the north, Hangzhou Bay separates Ningbo from Shanghai ; to the east lies Zhoushan in the East China Sea ; on the west and south, Ningbo borders Shaoxing and Taizhou respectively. Etymology The first character in the city's name ning ( 宁 or 寧 ) means "serene", while its second character bo ( 波 ) translates to "waves". The city is abbreviated Yǒng ( 甬 ), after the Yong Hill ( 甬山 ), a prominent coastal hill near the city, like the Yong River that flows
Starvation in Bengal , 1943 Bombed Dresden , 1945 Train Accident Eschede , 1998 Cross-Europe Flood hits Glashütte , 2002 Aeroplane accident Smolensk , 2010 Oil in Gulf of Mexico , 2010 Tōhoku Earthquake , 2011 Sinking of Costa Concordia , 2012 Moore Tornado , 2013 Baghdad bombings, 2016 The following are lists of disasters . Natural disaster A natural disaster is a major adverse event resulting from natural processes of the earth. These lists are of disasters caused by forces of nature . List of natural disasters by death toll List of floods List of tropical cyclones Lists of earthquakes List of environmental disasters List of fires List of wildfires Accidents These are lists of disasters caused by accidental human action. List of accidents and disasters by death toll Transport List of road accidents List of rail accidents List of accidents and incidents involving commercial aircraft Lists of accidents and incidents involving military aircraft List of maritime disasters List of shipwrecks List of aircraft dis
Trailer Park Boys is a Canadian mockumentary television series created and directed by Mike Clattenburg and a continuation of Clattenburg's 1999 film of the same name. The series focuses on the misadventures of a group of trailer park residents, some of whom are ex-convicts , living in the fictional Sunnyvale Trailer Park in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia . Series overview Season Episodes Originally aired First aired Last aired 1 6 April 22, 2001 May 27, 2001 2 7 June 23, 2002 August 4, 2002 3 8 April 20, 2003 June 8, 2003 4 8 April 11, 2004 May 30, 2004 5 10 April 17, 2005 June 19, 2005 6 6 April 16, 2006 May 21, 2006 7 10 April 8, 2007 June 10, 2007 8 10 September 5, 2014 9 10 March 27, 2015 10 10 March 25, 2016 11 10 March 31, 2017 Episodes All episodes from seasons 1 to 7 are directed by series creator Mike Clattenburg , who also co-wrote every episode. John Paul Tremblay who plays Julian and Robb Wells who plays Ricky also co-wrote all episodes. Producer Barrie Dunn who also plays Ray, co-wrote all episodes duri
Industrial engineering is a branch of engineering which deals with the optimization of complex processes , systems , or organizations . Industrial engineers work to eliminate waste of time, money, materials, person-hours, machine time, energy and other resources that do not generate value. According to the Institute of Industrial and Systems Engineers , they create engineering processes and systems that improve quality and productivity. Industrial engineering is concerned with the development, improvement, and implementation of integrated systems of people, money, knowledge, information, equipment, energy, materials, analysis and synthesis , as well as the mathematical, physical and social sciences together with the principles and methods of engineering design to specify, predict, and evaluate the results to be obtained from such systems or processes. While industrial engineering is a longstanding engineering discipline subject to (and eligible for) professional engineering licensure in most jurisdictions, i
Automation can be defined as the technology by which a process or procedure is performed without human assistance. In other words Automation or automatic control , is the use of various control systems for operating equipment such as machinery, processes in factories, boilers and heat treating ovens, switching on telephone networks, steering and stabilization of ships, aircraft and other applications and vehicles with minimal or reduced human intervention, with some processes have been completely automated. Automation has been achieved by various means including mechanical, hydraulic , pneumatic , electrical, electronic devices and computers , usually in combination. Complicated systems, such as modern factories, airplanes and ships typically use all these combined techniques. The benefit of automation include labor savings, savings in electricity costs , savings in material costs, and improvements to quality, accuracy and precision. The term automation, inspired by the earlier word automatic (coming from aut
Calgary , Alberta , Canada , as of 2013, has 198 neighbourhoods, which are referred to as "communities" by the City of Calgary, and 41 industrial areas. The number of neighbourhoods increased to 198 in 2013 with the approvals of Cityscape and Hotchkiss . Centre City The area collectively known as the Centre City comprises Downtown (including the Downtown West End and Downtown East Village) and the adjacent neighbourhoods of Eau Claire , Chinatown , and the Beltline (including Connaught and Victoria Park). Within Centre City, those neighbourhoods below that have an area redevelopment plan (ARP) in effect are indicated with "ARP" in parentheses. Downtown Downtown Calgary is bordered by 11th Street W. on the west, 3rd Avenue S. and the Bow River on the north, the Elbow River on the east and the CPR mainline tracks on the south. Downtown neighbourhoods: Downtown West End Downtown Commercial Core Downtown East Village ( ARP ) Unofficial districts: Stephen Avenue Retail Core Entertainment District Government Dist
The Hong Kong Science and Technology Parks Corporation (HKSTPC) is a non-profit statutory body set up by the Hong Kong Government , involved in technology innovation in focused clusters (Biomedical Technology, ICT, Electronics, Green Technology, Materials and Precision Engineering). History The Hong Kong Science and Technology Parks Corporation was formed on 7 May 2001 through a merger of the Hong Kong Industrial Estates Corporation, the Hong Kong Industrial Technology Centre Corporation, and the Provisional Hong Kong Science Park Company Limited. HKSTPC has also been appointed to build the superstructure and manage the new Lok Ma Chau Loop Innovation and Technology Park. Facilities Hong Kong Science Park Lok Ma Chau Loop Innovation and Technology Park InnoCentre Tai Po Industrial Estate Tseung Kwan O Industrial Estate Yuen Long Industrial Estate See also Technology Incubation Programme References "Technological Infrastructure" . Innovation and Technology Commission . Retrieved 10 May 2016 . "Deal signed for
Organizational behavior ( OB ) or organisational behaviour is "the study of human behavior in organizational settings, the interface between human behavior and the organization, and the organization itself". OB research can be categorized in at least three ways, including the study of (a) individuals in organizations (micro-level), (b) work groups (meso-level), and (c) how organizations behave (macro-level). Overview Chester Barnard recognized that individuals behave differently when acting in their organizational role than when acting separately from the organization. Organizational behavior researchers study the behavior of individuals primarily in their organizational roles. One of the main goals of organizational behavior is "to revitalize organizational theory and develop a better conceptualization of organizational life". Relation to industrial and organizational psychology Miner (2006) mentioned that "there is a certain arbitrariness" in identifying a "point at which organizational behavior became es
Dumbo (or DUMBO , short for D own U nder the M anhattan B ridge O verpass) is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Brooklyn . The area known as DUMBO used to be known as Gairville. It encompasses two sections: one located between the Manhattan and Brooklyn Bridges , which connect Brooklyn to Manhattan across the East River , and another that continues east from the Manhattan Bridge to the Vinegar Hill area. The neighborhood is bounded by Brooklyn Bridge Park to the north, the Brooklyn Bridge to the west, Brooklyn Heights to the south and Vinegar Hill to the east. Dumbo is part of Brooklyn Community Board 2 . The area was originally a ferry landing, characterized by 19th- and early 20th-century industrial and warehouse buildings, Belgian block streets, and its location on the East River by the imposing anchorage of the Manhattan Bridge. The entirety of Dumbo was bought by developer David Walentas and his company Two Trees Management in the late 20th century, and remade into an upscale residential
Diamond ( or ) is a metastable allotrope of carbon , where the carbon atoms are arranged in a variation of the face-centered cubic crystal structure called a diamond lattice . Diamond is less stable than graphite , but the conversion rate from diamond to graphite is negligible at standard conditions . Diamond is renowned as a material with superlative physical qualities, most of which originate from the strong covalent bonding between its atoms. In particular, diamond has the highest hardness and thermal conductivity of any bulk material. Those properties determine the major industrial application of diamond in cutting and polishing tools and the scientific applications in diamond knives and diamond anvil cells . Because of its extremely rigid lattice, it can be contaminated by very few types of impurities, such as boron and nitrogen . Small amounts of defects or impurities (about one per million of lattice atoms) color diamond blue (boron), yellow (nitrogen), brown ( lattice defects ), green (radiation expos
Kanjur Marg is a suburb in east central Mumbai . Kanjurmarg railway station is the main access point for IIT Bombay , KV Powai , NITIE , Hiranandani Gardens , and other locations in Powai . The station was built in 1968 and named after the local Kanjur village. Kanjur Marg is fast developing into a business district through some thoughtfully planned corporate campuses like OneWorld and Lodha iThink. But much prior to that the suburb was home to large industrial establishments like Crompton Greaves and The Indian Smelting And Refining Company Limited. The soon to open The Chedi Mumbai which is a luxury hotel with 312 luxury guest rooms at the corner of Jogeshwari - Vikhroli Link Road and Lal Bahadur Shastri Marg & also in close proximity to Powai & Bandra-Kurla Complex aims to add to the hospitality market within the area. Much of the development may be attributed to the suburb's strategic location and its proximity to Powai, the IIT and easy access to the IT hubs of Seepz, Vikhroli IT parks and the
The Zoning Scheme of the General Spatial Plan for the City of Skopje , Republic of Macedonia . Different urban zoning areas are represented by different colors. Zoning is the process of dividing land in a municipality into zones (e.g. residential , industrial ) in which certain land uses are permitted or prohibited. The type of zone determines whether planning permission for a given development is granted. Zoning may specify a variety of outright and conditional uses of land. It may also indicate the size and dimensions of land area as well as the form and scale of buildings. These guidelines are set in order to guide urban growth and development. Areas of land are divided by appropriate authorities into zones within which various uses are permitted. Thus, zoning is a technique of land-use planning as a tool of urban planning used by local governments in most developed countries. The word is derived from the practice of designating mapped zones which regulate the use, form, design and compatibility of de
Nisku is a hamlet and an industrial/business park in Alberta , Canada within Leduc County . It has an elevation of 705 metres (2,313 ft). The hamlet and industrial/business park are located in census division No. 11 and in the federal riding of Edmonton-Leduc . The Hamlet of Nisku is located east of the intersection of Queen Elizabeth II Highway (Highway 2) and Highway 625 , between the cities of Edmonton and Leduc . More specifically, the hamlet is located within an industrial/business park on the north side of Highway 625 (20 Avenue) between Sparrow Drive and the Canadian Pacific Railway . Nisku Industrial Park The Nisku Industrial Park or the Nisku Business Park , according to Leduc County and the Nisku Business Association respectively, surrounds the hamlet. The park stretches from Edmonton's southern city limits to Leduc's northern city limits on the east side of the Queen Elizabeth II Highway. It is bisected by Highway 625 (20 Avenue), which becomes Highway 19 west of the Queen Elizabeth II Highway. Th
Acheson is a locality and an industrial area in Alberta , Canada within Parkland County . Acheson is located on the Canadian National main line and Highway 60 (Devonian Way) between Highway 16A (Parkland Highway) and Highway 16 ( Yellowhead Highway ). It is 3.2 km (2.0 mi) west of the City of Edmonton , 5.7 km (3.5 mi) east of the City of Spruce Grove , and 20 km (12 mi) north of the Town of Devon . The locality is named after A. Acheson Tisdal, a railroad official. Acheson was founded as a repair facility for Canadian National with industrial development following in the 1970s. It is recognized as a major employment area by the Capital Region Board . Acheson Industrial Area The Acheson Industrial Area is the economic development hub of Parkland County. Its 10,000 acres (4,000 ha) of land is home to over 200 businesses. The Acheson Business Association established in 2004. Within the Acheson Area Structure Plan, the industrial area borders the City of Edmonton to the east, Highway 16 to the north, Spruce