ISO/IEC 4909

ISO/IEC 4909:2006 establishes specifications for financial transaction cards using track 3 and is intended to permit interchange based on the use of magnetic stripe encoded information. It specifies the data content and physical location of read/write information on track 3 and is to be used in conjunction with the relevant parts of ISO/IEC 7811 and ISO/IEC 7812.

ISO/IEC 4909:2006 recognizes the need for formats of track 3 which can be used independently of, or in conjunction with, track 2 as defined in ISO/IEC 7813. This approach is intended to permit the greatest degree of flexibility within the financial community in facilitating international interchange.

Using track 3 in conjunction with track 2 is a mode of operation in both on-line and off-line interchange environments. This mode of operation requires that the original encoded data on track 2 be read; the data on track 3 be read; and, if update is required, all the data on track 3 be rewritten.

Independent use of track 3 is an alternative mode of operation permitting both on-line interchange and off-line interchange based on mutual agreement between interested parties. It requires reading only of the data on track 3 and, if update is required, the rewriting of all the data on track 3.

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ISO/IEC 4909

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ISO/IEC 4909

ISO/IEC 4909:2006 establishes specifications for financial transaction cards using track 3 and is intended to permit interchange based on the use of magnetic stripe encoded information. It specifies the data content and physical location of read/write information on track 3 and is to be used in conjunction with the relevant parts of ISO/IEC 7811 and ISO/IEC 7812. ISO/IEC 4909:2006 recognizes the need for formats of track 3 which can be used independently of, or in conjunction with, track 2 as defined in ISO/IEC 7813. This approach is intended to permit the greatest degree of flexibility within the financial community in facilitating international interchange. Using track 3 in conjunction with track 2 is a mode of operation in both on-line and off-line interchange environments. This mode of operation requires that the original encoded data on track 2 be read; the data on track 3 be read; and, if update is required, all the data on track 3 be rewritten. Independent use of track 3 is an alternative mode of op ...more...

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Magnetic stripe card

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Magnetic stripe card

An example of the reverse side of a typical credit card: Green circle #1 labels the Magnetic stripe Visualization of magnetically stored information on a magnetic stripe card (Recorded with CMOS-MagView) A magnetic stripe card is a type of card capable of storing data by modifying the magnetism of tiny iron-based magnetic particles on a band of magnetic material on the card. The magnetic stripe, sometimes called swipe card or magstripe, is read by swiping past a magnetic reading head. Magnetic stripe cards are commonly used in credit cards, identity cards, and transportation tickets. They may also contain an RFID tag, a transponder device and/or a microchip mostly used for business premises access control or electronic payment. Magnetic recording on steel tape and wire was invented in Denmark around 1900 for recording audio.[1] In the 1950s, magnetic recording of digital computer data on plastic tape coated with iron oxide was invented. In 1960, IBM used the magnetic tape idea to develop a reliable ...more...

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List of International Organization for Standardization standards

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List of International Organization for Standardization standards

This is a list of published[Note 1] International Organization for Standardization (ISO) standards and other deliverables.[Note 2] For a complete and up-to-date list of all the ISO standards, see the ISO catalogue.[1] The standards are protected by copyright and most of them must be purchased. However, about 300 of the standards produced by ISO and IEC's Joint Technical Committee 1 (JTC1) have been made freely and publicly available.[2] ISO 1 – ISO 99 ISO 1:2016 Geometrical product specifications (GPS) - Standard reference temperature for the specification of geometrical and dimensional properties ISO 2:1973 Textiles – Designation of the direction of twist in yarns and related products ISO 3:1973 Preferred numbers – Series of preferred numbers ISO 4:1997 Information and documentation – Rules for the abbreviation of title words and titles of publications ISO 5 Photography and graphic technology – Density measurements ISO 6:1993 Photography – Black-and-white pictorial still camera negative film/pr ...more...

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ISO 8583

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ISO 8583

ISO 8583 is an international standard for financial transaction card originated interchange messaging. It is the International Organization for Standardization standard for systems that exchange electronic transactions initiated by cardholders using payment cards. ISO 8583 defines a message format and a communication flow so that different systems can exchange these transaction requests and responses. The vast majority of transactions made when a customer uses a card to make a payment in a store (EFTPOS) use ISO 8583 at some point in the communication chain, as do transactions made at ATMs. In particular, both the MasterCard and Visa networks base their authorization communications on the ISO 8583 standard, as do many other institutions and networks. Although ISO 8583 defines a common standard, it is not typically used directly by systems or networks. It defines many standard fields (data elements) which remain the same in all systems or networks, and leaves a few additional fields for passing network-speci ...more...

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Payment card

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Payment card

Example of two credit cards Cardholder's name } Payment cards are part of a payment system issued by financial institutions, such as bank, to a customer that enables its owner (the cardholder) to access the funds in the customer's designated bank accounts, or through a credit account and make payments by electronic funds transfer and access automated teller machines (ATMs).[1] Such cards are known by a variety of names including bank cards, ATM cards, MAC (money access cards), client cards, key cards or cash cards. There are a number of types of payment cards, the most common ones being credit cards and debit cards. Most commonly, a payment card is electronically linked to an account or accounts belonging to the cardholder. These accounts may be deposit accounts or loan or credit accounts, and the card is a means of authenticating the cardholder. However, stored-value cards store money on the card itself and are not necessarily linked to an account at a financial institution. It can also be a smart ...more...

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ISO 20400

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ISO 20400

ISO 20400 Sustainable procurement -- Guidance [1] provides guidance to organizations, independent of their activity or size, on integrating sustainability within procurement. It is intended for stakeholders involved in, or impacted by, procurement decisions and processes. This standard was developed by ISO project committee ISO/PC 277. History The standard was developed by project committee ISO/PC 277, which started work in the year 2013. The first edition of ISO 20400 was published on 21 April 2017.[2] Main requirements of the standard The ISO 20400:2017 adopts the structure in the following breakdown: 1 Scope 2 Normative references 3 Terms and definitions 4 Understanding the fundamentals 5 Integrating sustainability into the organization's procurement policy and strategy 6 Organizing the procurement function toward sustainability 7 Integrating sustainability into the procurement process See also Quality management system List of ISO standards Conformity assessment International Organization ...more...

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Standards in the Petroleum Industry

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ISO 37120

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ISO 37120

ISO 37120 Sustainable development of communities -- Indicators for city services and quality of life[1] defines and establishes methodologies for a set of indicators to steer and measure the performance of city services and quality of life. This standard was developed by ISO project committee ISO/TC 268. History The standard was developed by ISO/TC 268, which started work in the year 2012. The first edition of ISO 37120 was published on May 2014. Main requirements of the standard The ISO 37120:2014 adopts the structure in the following breakdown: 1 Scope 2 Normative references 3 Terms and definitions 4 City indicators 5 Economy 6 Education 7 Energy 8 Environment 9 Finance 10 Fire and emergency response 11 Governance 12 Health 13 Recreation 14 Safety 15 Shelter 16 Solid waste 17 Telecommunication and innovation 18 Transportation 19 Urban planning 20 Wastewater 21 Water and sanitation 22 Reporting and record maintenance See also Quality management system List of ISO standards Conf ...more...

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ISO 17100:2015

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ISO 17100:2015

ISO 17100:2015 Translation Services-Requirements for Translation Services was published on May 1, 2015. It was prepared by the International Organization for Standardization's Technical Committee ISO/TC 37, Terminology and other language and content resources, Subcommittee SC 5, Translation, interpreting and related technology. Description This standard "specifies requirements for all aspects of the translation process directly affecting the quality and delivery of translation services. It includes provisions for translation service providers (TSPs) concerning the management of core processes, minimum qualification requirements, the availability and management of resources, and other actions necessary for the delivery of a quality translation service. The use of raw output from machine translation plus post-editing is outside the scope of this standard. Neither does it apply to interpreting services.[1] Based on EN 15038, this standard transfers the original EN 15038 requirements to the ISO framework. For e ...more...

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ISO 13849

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ISO 13849

ISO 13849 is a safety standard which deals with safety-related design principles of employed control systems to establish different safety Performance Levels (PL).[1] It replaced EN 954-1 in December 2011.[2] Part 1 defines the general principles for design. Part 2 describes the validation. References "Safety of machinery -- Safety-related parts of control systems -- Part 1: General principles for design". ISO. Retrieved 31 October 2013. "Safety and risk minimization in the operator control of plant machinery". Plant Engineering. October 21, 2013. Retrieved 31 October 2013. ...more...

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Legal Entity Identifier

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Legal Entity Identifier

A Legal Entity Identifier (or LEI) is a 20-character identifier that identifies distinct legal entities that engage in financial transactions. It is defined by ISO 17442.[1] Natural persons are not required to have an LEI; they’re eligible to have one issued, however, but only if they act in an independent business capacity.[2] The LEI is a global standard, designed to be non-proprietary data that is freely accessible to all.[3] As of October 2017, over 630,000 legal entities from more than 195 countries have now been issued with LEIs.[4] History At the time of the 2008 financial crisis, a single identification code unique to each financial institution was unavailable worldwide. It means that each country had different code systems to recognize the counterpart corporation of financial transactions. Accordingly, it was impossible to identify the transaction details of individual corporations, identify the counterpart of financial transactions, and calculate the total risk amount. This resulted in difficulties ...more...

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