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ISIL insurgency in Tunisia

ISIL insurgency in Tunisia refers to the ongoing militant and terror activity of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant branch in Tunisia. The activity of ISIL in Tunisia began in summer 2015, with the Sousse attacks, though an earlier terror incident in Bardo Museum in March 2015 was claimed the Islamic State, while the Tunisian government blamed Okba Ibn Nafaa Brigade. Following massive border clashes near Ben Guerdance in March 2016, the activity of the ISIL group was described as armed insurgency,[2] switching from previous tactics of sporadic suicide attacks to attempts to gain territorial control.

Background

On 18 March 2015, three militants attacked the Bardo National Museum in the Tunisian capital city of Tunis, and took hostages.[3] Twenty-one people, mostly European tourists, were killed at the scene, while an additional victim died ten days later. Around fifty others were injured.[4] [5] [6] Two of the gunmen, Tunisian citizens Yassine Labidi and Saber Khachnaoui, were killed by police, while the third attacker is currently at large.[7] Police treated the event as a terrorist attack.[8] [9]

The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) claimed responsibility for the attack, and threatened to commit further attacks.[10] However, the Tunisian government blamed a local splinter group of al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb, called the Okba Ibn Nafaa Brigade, for the attack. A police raid killed nine members on 28 March.[11]

Timeline
2015
  • 26 June - an Islamist mass shooting attack occurred at the tourist resort at Port El Kantaoui, about 10 kilometres north of the city of Sousse, Tunisia.[6] [12] Thirty-eight people, thirty of whom were British, were killed when an armed gunman attacked a hotel.[13] It was the deadliest non-state attack in the history of modern Tunisia, with more fatalities than the twenty-two killed in the Bardo National Museum attack three months before.[14]
  • 24 November - a bus carrying Tunisian presidential guards exploded, killing 12, on a principal road in Tunis, Tunisia.[15] [16] ISIL claimed responsibility for the attack.[17] [18] The bomber, who also died in the attack, was identified as Houssem Abdelli.[19]
2016
  • 7–9 March - 2016 Ben Guerdane attack was an armed attack on 7 March 2016 in the city of Ben Gardane in Tunisia on the border with Libya. The clashes continued also on 8 and 9 of March in the area. The final death toll was 45 militants, 13 security and 7 civilians. On 19 March, 2 militants were killed on Libyan border, near to the site of the Ben Guerdane attack, while three civilians and a Tunisian security forces member were wounded.[20]
  • 30 March - 4 Tunisian troops were reported killed in an ambush by ISIL affiliates in Kasserine.[21]
  • 11 May - four police men were killed by IS attack, with the suicide bomber dying as well.[22] This followed the death of two suspected terrorists near Tunis.
  • 26 October - two Americans were detained by the authorities in Jendouba (northwestern Tunisia), being suspected of involvement with a terrorist organization.[23]
  • 5 November - militants killed the soldier at his home in the central region. A day later, ISIL claimed responsibility for the killing.[24]
  • 9 November - the Tunisian Army hunted down and shot dead a leader of a militant group affiliated with ISIL militants, this comes four days after the militant group killed a soldier at his house in central Tunisia.[25]
2017
  • 12 March - A police officer and two militants were killed in a shootout at a checkpoint in southern Tunisia that left three other officers injured.[26]
  • 2-3 June - A unit of the National Army discovered the body of the shepherd Khelifa Soltani on Saturday afternoon, on Mount Mghila. He had been kidnapped on Friday by a group of terrorists with another shepherd who hasn't been found yet.[27]
  • 8 June - A mine exploded at Jebel Mghila (Sidi Bouzid), during a sweep operation, killing 1 soldier and wounding another one.[28]
  • 16 June - A woman was injured when an IED went off near Mont Salloum in the Kasserine Governorate.[29]
  • 22 August - An IED blast wounded two soldiers on patrol in the heights of [30]
  • 1 November - A suspected Islamist stabbed two police officers near Tunisia's parliament,killing one and injuring another one.[31]
References
  1. http://edition.cnn.com/2015/06/27/africa/tunisia-terror-attack/
  2. Carlino, Ludovico (9 March 2016). "Islamic State attack on Ben Guerdane indicates shift in group's Tunisia strategy, to trigger insurgency". Jane's Defence Weekly. Retrieved 17 March 2016.
  3. Tarek Amara. "Gunmen storm Tunisian museum, kill two Tunisians, 17 foreign tourists site". Reuters. Retrieved 19 March 2015.
  4. "The Latest: French President Mourns Tunisia Victims". The New York Times. 18 March 2015. Retrieved 19 March 2015.
  5. "Museum attack a 'great calamity' for Tunisia's young democracy". Los Angeles Times. 18 March 2015. Retrieved 19 March 2015.
  6. Death toll rises to 23, Associated Press, MSN News; accessed 19 March 2015.
  7. "Third Tunisia museum attacker 'on the run', says president". Agence France Presse, Yahoo News. March 22, 2015. Retrieved March 22, 2015.
  8. "21 dead in Tunisia attack, Including Gunmen". Al-Jazeera.com. Retrieved 19 March 2015.
  9. Marszal, Andrew (18 March 2015). "Gunmen 'take hostages' in attack on Tunisia parliament". The Telegraph. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
  10. "ISIS Claims Responsibility For Tunisia Museum Attack". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 19 March 2015.
  11. "Thousands of Tunisians, leaders march after Bardo attack". Reuters. 29 March 2015. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  12. "Africa – Scores killed in terror attack on Tunisian beach resort". France 24.
  13. "Death toll from attack at Tunisia hotel rises to 39". WBTV. Retrieved 29 June 2015.
  14. Payne, Ed; Black, Phil; Smith-Spark, Laura. "Tunisia attack: Tourists flee the country after gunman kills 38". CNN. Retrieved 27 June 2015.
  15. Gandar, Kashmira (24 November 2015). "Tunisia bus explosion: Bomb kills 12 on Tunis bus in 'act of terror'". The Independent. Retrieved 24 November 2015.
  16. Amara, Tarek (24 November 2015). "Bombing of Tunisia presidential guard bus kills 12". Reuters. Retrieved 24 November 2015.
  17. "Islamic State Claims Responsibility for Deadly Bus Attack in Tunis". The Wall Street Journal. 25 November 2015. Retrieved 27 November 2015.
  18. "Islamic State claims responsibility for fatal Tunis bus attack". The Guardian. 25 November 2015. Retrieved 27 November 2015.
  19. "Tunisia identifies bus suicide bomber as Tunisian national". Reuters.
  20. AFP (20 March 2016). "Tunisian forces kill 2 'terrorists' near site of border attack".
  21. Desk, News (30 March 2016). "ISIS terrorists ambush 4 Tunisian soldiers in Kasserine".
  22. (www.dw.com), Deutsche Welle. "Four policemen killed in 'IS' suicide attack in Tunisia - News - DW.COM - 11.05.2016".
  23. "Tunisia Briefly Holds Two From U.S. on Suspicion of Terror Ties". The New York Times. 27 October 2016.
  24. "Tunisian soldier killed in his home: report". 6 November 2016.
  25. "PressTV-Tunisia military kills terrorist group leader".
  26. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-tunisia-security-idUSKBN16J0GF
  27. http://www.espacemanager.com/decouverte-du-corps-de-khelifa-soltani-kidnappe-au-mont-mghilla.html/
  28. http://kapitalis.com/tunisie/2017/06/08/jebel-mghila-deux-soldats-blesses-dans-lexplosion-dune-mine/
  29. https://www.tunisienumerique.com/tunisie-femme-blessee-lexplosion-dun-mont-selloum/
  30. ://www.mosaiquefm.net/fr/actualite-regional-tunisie/190917/kasserine-deux-soldats-blesses-dans-l-explosion-d-une-mine
  31. http://www.reuters.com/article/us-tunisia-security/tunisia-policeman-dies-after-attack-security-unions-seek-more-protection-idUSKBN1D21OC
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Battle of Ben Guerdane

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The Battle of Ben Guerdane occurred on March 7, 2016 in the city of Ben Gardane in Tunisia on the border with Libya . Islamic State forces attempted to seize the city, but were repulsed by the Tunisian military . The clashes continued also on 8 and 9 of March in the area. The attack Armed groups of militants from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant in Libya and Ansar al-Sharia began the attack on the town by grouping around and seizing the local mosque. The mosque loudspeakers were used to broadcast a message and a signal for the attack on government facilities. The Tunisian National Guard, military barracks, and police posts were simultaneously ambushed, in an attempt to takeover Ben Gardane and establish an "Emirate" within Tunisia. The fighting continued between the attackers and Tunisian military and police reinforcements, until clashes ended in mid-morning, and continued pursuit operations in the vicinity lasted the rest of the day. Casualties The Ministry of Interior and the Ministry of National D ...more...



List of armed conflicts in 2016

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Locations of conflicts worldwide in 2016    Major wars, 10,000+ deaths in 2016    Wars, 1,000–9,999 deaths in 2016    Minor conflicts, 100–999 deaths in 2016    Skirmishes and clashes, fewer than 100 deaths in 2016 2015 ← The following is a list of armed conflicts with victims in 2016 . Conflict-related fatalities in the world's 15 deadliest countries in 2014, 2015 and 2016. List guidelines This list is an archive of armed conflicts having done globally at least 100 victims and at least 1 victim during the year 2016. 10,000+ deaths in current or past year Conflicts in the following list have caused at least 10,000 direct violent deaths in current or past calendar year. Start of conflict Conflict Continent Location Fatalities in 2016 1978 War in Afghanistan War in Afghanistan (2015–present) Asia   Afghanistan 23,539+ 2003 Iraq War Iraqi Civil War (2014–present) Asia   Iraq 23,898+ 2006 Mexican Drug War North America   Mexico 12,224 2011 Syrian Civil War Asia   Syria 49,742 1,000–9,999 deaths in current or past ...more...



Battle of Al-Tabqa airbase

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The Battle of Al-Tabqa airbase refers to a series of clashes between the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and the Syrian Arab Army in August 2014, during the Syrian Civil War . Al-Tabqa was the last bastion for Syrian military forces in Raqqa province, which at the end of the battle came fully under the control of the ISIL. Early engagements Around 10 August 2014, ISIL started to continuously attack Al-Tabqa Airbase. On 17 August, the Syrian Air Force launched 26 airstrikes on Raqqa city and around al-Tabqa, killing at least 31 ISIL fighters and wounding dozens. At least eight civilians were also killed and ten wounded. At the same time the army launched an equal number of airstrikes in Deir Ez-zor against ISIL positions, bringing the total number of airstrikes to 40. The following day the Syrian Air Force launched another 20 airstrikes against ISIS positions, one of which destroyed the Raqqa city water plant, cutting off water supply to the city. According to Al Rai reporter Elijah J. Magnier, ...more...



List of armed conflicts in 2015

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The following is a list of armed conflicts with victims in 2015 . Locations of conflicts worldwide in 2015    Major wars, 10,000+ deaths in 2015    Wars, 1,000–9,999 deaths in 2015    Minor conflicts, 100–999 deaths in 2015    Skirmishes and clashes, fewer than 100 deaths in 2015 ← 2014 2016 → Conflict-related fatalities in the world's 15 deadliest countries in 2013, 2014 and 2015. List guidelines This list is an archive of armed conflicts having done globally at least 100 victims and at least 1 victim during the year 2015. 10,000+ deaths in 2015 Start of conflict Conflict Continent Location Fatalities in 2015 1978 War in Afghanistan War in Afghanistan (2015–present) Asia   Afghanistan 15,000 –36,345 2003 Iraq War Iraqi Civil War (2014–present) Asia   Iraq 22,736 2009 Boko Haram insurgency Africa   Nigeria   Cameroon   Niger   Chad 11,778 2011 Syrian Civil War Asia   Syria 55,219 1,000–9,999 deaths in 2015 Start of conflict Conflict Continent Location Fatalities in 2015 1984 Kurdish–Turkish conflict Kurdish–T ...more...



Casualties of the Syrian Civil War

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Italic text Doctors and medical staff treating injured rebel fighters and civilians in Aleppo Estimates of deaths in the Syrian Civil War , per opposition activist groups, vary between 331,765 and 475,000. On 23 April 2016, the United Nations and Arab League Envoy to Syria put out an estimate of 400,000 that had died in the war. UNICEF reported that over 500 children had been killed by early February 2012. Another 400 children were reportedly arrested and tortured in Syrian prisons. Both claims were contested by the Syrian government. The United Nations stated that by the end of April 2014, 8,803 children had been killed, while the Oxford Research Group said that a total of 11,420 children died in the conflict by late November 2013. By mid-July 2017, the opposition activist group Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (SOHR) reported the number of children killed in the conflict had risen to 18,243, while at the same time 11,427 women were also killed. Additionally, over 600 detainees and political priso ...more...



Al-Qaeda

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Al-Qaeda ( or ; Arabic : القاعدة ‎ al-qāʿidah , Arabic:  , translation: "The Base", "The Foundation" or " The Fundament " and alternatively spelled al-Qaida , al-Qæda and sometimes al-Qa'ida ) is a militant Sunni Islamist multi-national organization founded in 1988 by Osama bin Laden , Abdullah Azzam , and several other Arab volunteers who fought against the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in the 1980s. Al-Qaeda operates as a network made up of Islamic extremist , Salafist jihadists . It has been designated as a terrorist group by the United Nations Security Council , the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), the European Union , the United States, Russia, India, and various other countries (see below ). Al-Qaeda has mounted attacks on civilian and military targets in various countries, including the 1998 U.S. embassy bombings , the September 11 attacks , and the 2002 Bali bombings . The U.S. government responded to the September 11 attacks by launching the " War on Terror ". With the loss of key leader ...more...



Hīt shooting

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The Hīt shooting occurred on 30 October 2014 when insurgents from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant killed at least 75 members of the Albu Nimr tribein in Hīt , a town in Al Anbar Governorate . See also American-led intervention in Iraq (2014–present) Fall of Hīt (2014) List of terrorist incidents in July–December 2014 List of terrorist incidents linked to ISIL List of mass car bombings Military intervention against ISIL Number of terrorist incidents by country Timeline of ISIL-related events (2014) List of Islamist terrorist attacks Timeline of the Iraq War (2014) War on Terror References External links http://www.start.umd.edu/gtd/search/IncidentSummary.aspx?gtdid=201410300035 The Hīt shooting occurred on 30 October 2014 when insurgents from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant killed at least 75 members of the Albu Nimr tribein in Hīt , a town in Al Anbar Governorate . See also American-led intervention in Iraq (2014–present) Fall of Hīt (2014) List of terrorist incidents in July–December 2014 L ...more...



List of terrorist incidents in June 2015

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This is a timeline of terrorist incidents which took place in June 2015, including attacks by violent non-state actors for political motives. List guidelines Casualties figures in this list are the total casualties of the incident including immediate casualties and later casualties (such as people who succumbed to their wounds long after the attacks occurred). Casualties listed are the victims. Perpetrator casualties are listed separately (e.g. x (+y) indicate that x victims and y perpetrators were killed/injured). Casualty totals may be underestimated or unavailable due to a lack of information. A figure with a plus (+) sign indicates that at least that many people have died (e.g. 10+ indicates that at least 10 people have died) – the actual toll could be considerably higher. A figure with a plus (+) sign may also indicate that over that amount of people are victims. If casualty figures are 20 or more, they will be shown in bold . In addition, figures for casualties more than 50 will also be underlined . Inc ...more...



Foreign fighters in the Syrian and Iraqi Civil Wars

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Afghan militiamen of Liwa Fatemiyoun during the Palmyra offensive (December 2016) . British fighters of the International Freedom Battalion 's 0161 Antifa Manchester Crew in Rojava . Foreign fighters have fought on all four sides of the Syrian Civil War , as well both sides of the Iraqi Civil War . The conflicts are sectarian, with foreign Sunnis fighting for the Syrian opposition and the Islamic State , foreign Shias fighting for the Syrian government, and foreign leftists fighting for the People's Protection Units . Many foreign nationals have fought in the conflicts and some of them have died. Fighters include those from the Gulf Arab states, Tunisia (following its own Tunisian revolution ), Libya (following the Libyan Civil War ), China, other Arab states, Russia's Chechnya and North Caucasus region, and Western countries. Estimates of the total number of foreign Sunnis who have fought for the Syrian rebels over the course of the conflict range from 5,000 to over 10,000, while foreign Shia fighters number ...more...



Withdrawal of U.S. troops from Iraq

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The withdrawal of U.S. military forces from Iraq began in December 2007 with the end of the Iraq War troop surge of 2007 and was completed by December 2011, bringing an end to the Iraq War . The number of U.S. military forces in Iraq peaked at 170,300 in November 2007. The withdrawal of U.S. military forces from Iraq was a contentious issue in the United States for much of the 2000s. As the war progressed from its initial invasion phase in 2003 to a nearly decade-long occupation, American public opinion shifted towards favoring a troop withdrawal; in May 2007, 55% of Americans believed that the Iraq War was a mistake, and 51% of registered voters favored troop withdrawal. In late April 2007 Congress passed a supplementary spending bill for Iraq that set a deadline for troop withdrawal but President Bush vetoed this bill, citing his concerns about setting a withdrawal deadline. The Bush Administration later sought an agreement with the Iraqi government, and in 2008 George W. Bush signed the U.S.–Iraq Statu ...more...



Iraq

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Iraq ( ,  (   listen ) or ; Arabic : العراق ‎ al-‘Irāq ; Kurdish : عێراق ‎ Eraq ), officially known as the Republic of Iraq ( Arabic : جُمُهورية العِراق ‎   Jumhūrīyyat al-‘Irāq ; Kurdish : کۆماری عێراق ‎ Komari Eraq ), is a country in Western Asia , bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest and Syria to the west. The capital, and largest city, is Baghdad . The main ethnic groups are Arabs and Kurds ; others include Assyrians , Turkmen , Shabakis , Yazidis , Armenians , Mandeans , Circassians and Kawliya . Around 95% of the country's 37 million citizens are Muslims , with Christianity , Yarsan , Yezidism and Mandeanism also present. The official languages of Iraq are Arabic and Kurdish . Iraq has a coastline measuring 58 km (36 miles) on the northern Persian Gulf and encompasses the Mesopotamian Alluvial Plain , the northwestern end of the Zagros mountain range and the eastern part of the Syrian Desert . Two major rivers, t ...more...



List of Islamist terrorist attacks

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The " black flag of jihad " as used by jihadist militants since c. the late 1990s. Terror attacks by Islamist extremists to further a perceived Islamist religious or political cause have occurred globally. The attackers have used such tactics as arson , vehicle rampage attacks , bomb threats , suicide attacks , bombings, spree shooting, stabbings , hijackings, kidnappings and beheadings . The following is a list of Islamist terrorist attacks that have received significant press coverage since the Iranian revolution in 1979. 1970s Location Date Description Deaths Injuries Saudi Arabia November 20, 1979 The Grand Mosque seizure , in Mecca by the Ikhwan . 244 180 Totals: 244 180 1980s Location Date Description Deaths Injuries Syria November 29, 1981 The 1981 Azbakiyah bombing , in Damascus , by the Muslim Brotherhood . 200 Kuwait December 12, 1983 The 90-minute coordinated 1983 Kuwait bombings of six key foreign and Kuwaiti installations including two embassies, the airport, and the country's main petro-chemical ...more...



2016 Atatürk Airport attack

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Wikinews has related news: Suicide bombers attack Istanbul's Ataturk airport A terrorist attack , consisting of shootings and suicide bombings, occurred on 28 June 2016 at Atatürk Airport in Istanbul , Turkey. Gunmen armed with automatic weapons and explosive belts staged a simultaneous attack at the international terminal of Terminal 2. Forty-five people were killed, in addition to the three attackers, and more than 230 people were injured. Monitoring group Turkey Blocks identified widespread internet restrictions affecting the entire country in the aftermath of the attack. Media reports indicated that the three attackers were believed by Turkish officials to have come from Russia and Central Asia . Turkish officials said the attackers were acting on behalf of the Islamic State of Iraq and Levant and had come to Turkey from ISIL-controlled Syria. Commentators suggested that the attacks may have been related to stepped-up pressure against the group by Turkish authorities. No one claimed responsibility fo ...more...



State-sponsored terrorism

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State-sponsored terrorism is government support of violent non-state actors engaged in terrorism . Because of the pejorative nature of the word, the identification of particular examples are usually subject to political dispute and different definitions of terrorism . By country Afghanistan Afghanistan's KHAD is one of four secret service agencies believed to have possibly conducted terrorist bombing in Pakistan North-west during the early 1980s; then by late 1980s U.S state department blamed WAD (a KGB created Afghan secret intelligence agency) for terrorist bombing Pakistani cities. Furthermore, Afghanistan security agencies supported the terrorist organization called Al zulfiqar since the 1970s–1990s ;the terrorist group that conducted hijacking in March 1981 of a Pakistan International Airlines plane from Karachi to Kabul. On 24 June 2017, Pakistani army chief Qamar Javed Bajwa chaired a high-level meeting in Rawalpindi and called on Afghanistan to "do more" in the fight against terrorism. According t ...more...



List of terrorist incidents in 2015

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The timeline list of terrorist incidents which took place in 2015, including attacks by violent non-state actors for political motives, is split by month: List of terrorist incidents in January 2015 List of terrorist incidents in February 2015 List of terrorist incidents in March 2015 List of terrorist incidents in April 2015 List of terrorist incidents in May 2015 List of terrorist incidents in June 2015 List of terrorist incidents in July 2015 List of terrorist incidents in August 2015 List of terrorist incidents in September 2015 List of terrorist incidents in October 2015 List of terrorist incidents in November 2015 List of terrorist incidents in December 2015 Terrorist incidents by country Terrorist incidents by country in 2015 Country Number of incidents Deaths Injuries   Iraq 2,743 8,831 13,322   Afghanistan 1,926 6,208 6,958   Pakistan 1,235 1,606 1,847   India 882 387 647   Philippines 717 444 752   Yemen 668 2,373 3,065   Ukraine 637 765 1,401   Nigeria 637 5,351 2,854   Egypt 582 790 1,000   Libya ...more...



List of wars 2003–10

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Note: This is a list of wars launched from 2003 to 2010. Other wars can be found in the historical lists of wars and the list of wars extended by diplomatic irregularity . Start Finished Name of Conflict Belligerents Victorious party (if applicable) Defeated party (if applicable) 2003 Ongoing War in Darfur NRF SLA LJM JEM Proclaimed support:   United States Alleged support:   Eritrea   Chad Government of Sudan SAF RSF Janjaweed (pro-Government milita) Armament support:   Russia 2003 2011 Iraq War   United States   United Kingdom INC New Iraqi Army KDP PUK   Australia   Poland   South Korea   Ukraine   Italy   Georgia   Spain   Denmark   Netherlands Iraq Ba'ath Loyalists SCJL Naqshbandi Army Islamic State of Iraq Al-Qaeda Mahdi Army Special Groups Badr Brigades 2003 2006 Iraqi insurgency (2003–06) Part of the Iraq War 2003 Ongoing Balochistan conflict   Pakistan Pakistan Army Frontier Corps   Iran Imperial Army (until 1979) IRGC (since 1980) Border Guard (since 2000) Baloch separatist groups BLA BRA BLF LeB BL ...more...



Operation Juniper Shield

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Operation Juniper Shield formerly known as Operation Enduring Freedom – Trans Sahara ( OEF-TS ) is the name of the military operation conducted by the United States and partner nations in the Sahara / Sahel region of Africa, consisting of counterterrorism efforts and policing of arms and drug trafficking across central Africa. It is part of the Global War on Terrorism (GWOT). The other OEF mission in Africa is Operation Enduring Freedom – Horn of Africa (OEF-HOA). The Congress approved $500 million for the Trans-Saharan Counterterrorism Initiative (TSCTI) over six years to support countries involved in counterterrorism against alleged threats of al-Qaeda operating in African countries, primarily Algeria , Chad , Mali , Mauritania , Niger , Senegal , Nigeria , and Morocco . This program builds upon the former Pan Sahel Initiative (PSI), which concluded in December 2004 and focused on weapon and drug trafficking, as well as counterterrorism. TSCTI has both military and non-military components to it. OEF-TS i ...more...



2015 Kuwait mosque bombing

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Imam Ja'far as-Sadiq Mosque Imam Ja'far as-Sadiq Mosque (Kuwait) A suicide bombing took place on 26 June 2015 at a Shia mosque in Kuwait . The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant claimed responsibility for the attack. Kuwait's Emir arrived at the location of the incident after a short period of time. Twenty-seven people were killed and 227 people were wounded. Twenty-nine suspects were taken to court and after approximately ten sessions, most of them public, 15 were found guilty, with 7 to receive capital punishment (5 in absentia). Those include Adel Eidan, who drove the bomber to the mosque and admitted his intention to bomb the mosque and claimed that he wanted the mosque itself to be bombed, but "not the people", and Mohammed and Majid az-Zahrani (in absentia), who delivered the explosives to the terrorists in Kuwait and were arrested by Saudi authorities. Three other Islamist attacks took place on the same day in France, Tunisia, and Somalia. The attacks followed an audio message released three days ea ...more...



Abu Umar al-Tunisi

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Tariq bin al-Tahar bin al-Falih al-'Awni al-Harzi (3 May 1982 – 16 June 2015), known as Abu Umar al-Tunisi , was a Tunisian man and senior leader of the Islamic State . History He was born either 03 May 1982, 05 March 1982 or in 1981 in Tunis , Tunisia . According to the US government, he was one of first militants to join the Islamic State , traveling to Iraq as a foreign fighter after the US invasion of the country. In October 2007, IS personnel records were captured by coalition forces in a raid near Sinjar . These records contain a mention of Abu Umar al-Tunisi. A note mentions that he was a soldier, had received medical treatment for an unspecified injury and was returning to his station in Abu Ghraib , Iraq . Syria 2013 Since 2013, he was recruiting and facilitating the travel of fighters for IS. He was named IS's emir for the Syria–Turkey border and he received new foreign fighter recruits and provided them light weapons training before sending them to Syria. He arranged the movement of Europeans to Tu ...more...



9 September 2016 Baghdad bombings

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The 9 September 2016 Baghdad bombings occurred just before midnight on Friday, 9 September 2016. Twin suicide bombings occurred at the al-Nakheel Mall in Palestine Street , in eastern Baghdad . A car rigged with explosives detonated at the car park of the mall and an assailant blew up his car in a busy street outside shortly afterwards. At least 40 people were killed and 60 wounded. The bombings were later claimed by Islamic State . The Amaq News Agency , which supports Islamic State, said that the bombers targeted "a gathering of Shi'ites". See also American-led intervention in Iraq (2014–present) List of terrorist incidents in September 2016 List of terrorist incidents linked to ISIL List of mass car bombings Military intervention against ISIL Number of terrorist incidents by country Timeline of ISIL-related events (2016) List of Islamist terrorist attacks Timeline of the Iraq War (2016) War on Terror References "35 killed, 40 wounded in twin car bomb attacks in Baghdad" . PressTV. September 10, 2016 . R ...more...



List of terrorist incidents in March 2015

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This is a timeline of terrorist incidents which took place in March 2015, including attacks by violent non-state actors for political motives. List guidelines Casualties figures in this list are the total casualties of the incident including immediate casualties and later casualties (such as people who succumbed to their wounds long after the attacks occurred). Casualties listed are the victims. Perpetrator casualties are listed separately (e.g. x (+y) indicate that x victims and y perpetrators were killed/injured). Casualty totals may be underestimated or unavailable due to a lack of information. A figure with a plus (+) sign indicates that at least that many people have died (e.g. 10+ indicates that at least 10 people have died) – the actual toll could be considerably higher. A figure with a plus (+) sign may also indicate that over that amount of people are victims. If casualty figures are 20 or more, they will be shown in bold . In addition, figures for casualties more than 50 will also be underlined . In ...more...



Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Iraq Region

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The Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Iraq Region ( Arabic : حزب البعث العربي الاشتراكي في العراق ‎‎ Hizb Al-Baath Al-'Arabi Al-Ishtiraki fi Al-'Iraq), officially the Iraqi Regional Branch , is a regional branch of the Arab Ba'athist political party founded in 1951 by Fuad al-Rikabi . It was part of the original Ba'ath Party (1951–1966), changing its allegiance to the Iraqi-dominated Ba'ath movement following the 1966 split within the Ba'ath Party. History Early years and the 14 July Revolution: 1951–1958 Rikabi was one of the leading figures in early Ba'athist history The Iraqi Regional Branch of the Ba'ath Party was established in 1951 or 1952. Some historians claim that the Iraqi Regional Branch was established by Abd ar Rahman ad Damin and Abd al Khaliq al Khudayri in 1947 after their return from the founding congress of the Ba'ath Party held in Damascus , Syria the same year. In another version, Fuad al-Rikabi established the Iraqi Regional Branch in 1948 with Sa'dun Hamadi, a Shia Muslim, but became secr ...more...



List of designated terrorist groups

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This is a list of designated terrorist groups by national governments, former governments, and inter-governmental organizations, where the proscription has a significant effect on the group's activities. Many organizations that are accused of being a terrorist organization deny using terrorism as a military tactic to achieve their goals, and there is no international consensus on the legal definition of terrorism . This listing does not include unaffiliated individuals accused of terrorism, which are considered under lone wolf terrorism . This list also excludes groups that might be widely considered terrorist, but who are not officially so designated according to the criteria specified above. This list is not all inclusive. For more inclusive lists, including people, entities (corporations), and specific vehicles, refer to lists under Process of designation . Organizations currently officially designated as terrorist by various governments The list includes references to organisations associated with Al-Qaed ...more...



List of revolutions and rebellions

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The storming of the Bastille , 14 July 1789, during the French Revolution . This is a list of revolutions and rebellions . BC c. 2730 BC: The Set rebellion during the reign of the pharaoh Seth-Peribsen of the Second Dynasty of Egypt . c. 2690 BC: Khasekhemwy , the final pharaoh of the Second Dynasty of Egypt , squashed a rebellion, reuniting Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt . c. 2380 BC ( short chronology ): A popular revolt in the Sumerian city of Lagash deposes King Lugalanda and puts the reformer Urukagina on the throne. 842 BC: After the Compatriots Rebellion exiled King Li of Zhou , China was ruled by the Gonghe Regency until the king died in exile. 615 BC: The Babylonians revolt against rule from the Assyrian Empire . 570 BC: A revolt breaks out among native Egyptian soldiers, giving Amasis II opportunity to seize the throne. 522 BC: Multi scattered rebellion against the king Darius the Great and suppress all rebels. Story of that is at Behistun Inscription 509 BC: A political revolution in ancient Rome , fo ...more...



Deir ez-Zor offensive (December 2014)

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The Deir ez-Zor offensive (December 2014) was a military operation launched by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) on the Deir ez-Zor air base and the surrounding areas. Battle On 3 December, ISIL launched an offensive in the direction of the Deir Ezzor military airbase. They reportedly managed to capture the al-Masemekeh Building after a suicide bomber detonated a car near it, killing 19 soldiers and NDF fighters, according to the SOHR. In the clashes that followed, 7 ISIL militants were killed, while ISIL seized two tanks, an APC, an artillery piece, and machine guns. The next day, ISIL reportedly advanced further and captured al-Mari'iyah village, and they also captured parts of the al-Jafra village, while the Syrian Army reported that the 104th Airborne Brigade of the Republican Guard Killed over 20 ISIL militants, and seized 3 tanks. The same source named 17 ISIL casualties in from fighting in the al-Mari’ayyi area. The SAF conducted ten airstrikes on ISIL positions that day. On 5 Decembe ...more...



Islamism

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Islamism is a concept whose meaning has been debated in both public and academic contexts. The term can refer to diverse forms of social and political activism advocating that public and political life should be guided by Islamic principles, or more specifically to movements which call for full implementation of sharia . It is commonly used interchangeably with the terms political Islam or Islamic fundamentalism . In Western media usage the term tends to refer to groups who aim to establish a sharia-based Islamic state, often with implication of violent tactics and human rights violations, and has acquired connotations of political extremism. Islamist movements have "arguably altered the Middle East more than any trend since the modern states gained independence", redefining "politics and even borders" according to Robin Wright . Different currents of Islamist thought include advocating a "revolutionary" strategy of Islamizing society through exercise of state power, and alternately a "reformist" strate ...more...



Timeline of the Syrian Civil War (August–December 2014)

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The following is a timeline of the Syrian Civil War from August to December 2014 . Information about aggregated casualty counts is found at Casualties of the Syrian Civil War . August 2014 4 August The Lebanese Army stated that 14 soldiers had been killed and 22 were missing after alleged clashes with Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant fighters on the Syrian border. 7 August Rebel militants withdrew from the Lebanese town of Arsal after a ceasefire with the Lebanese army. 8 August ISIS forces captured two towns - Akhtarin and Turkmanbareh - and several villages north of Aleppo , after battles with other rebel groups. 18 August By mid-August 2014, ISIL was the most successful group in Syria, controlling the main areas of Syrian oil and gas fields. 19 August The Islamic State of Iraq and Syria posts a video of their beheading of American journalist James Wright Foley, who had been kidnapped in 2012. 21 August The Syrian opposition accused the Syrian army of launching a chemical attack on the Jobar neighborhoo ...more...



United States State Department list of Foreign Terrorist Organizations

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" Foreign Terrorist Organization " ( FTO ) is a designation for non-United States-based organizations deemed by the United States Secretary of State , in accordance with section 219 of the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 (INA), to be involved in what US authorities define as terrorist activities . Most of the organizations on the list are Islamist extremist groups, nationalist/separatist groups or Marxist militant groups. The Department of State, along with the Treasury Department , also has the authority to designate individuals and entities as subject to counter-terrorism sanctions according to Executive Order 13224 . The Treasury's Office of Foreign Assets Control maintains a separate list of such individuals and entities. Identification of candidates The Office of the Coordinator for Counterterrorism (S/CT) in the US State Department continually monitors the activities of groups it does not support active around the world considered potentially "terrorist" to identify targets for designation. When ...more...



Jihad

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Jihad ( English: ; Arabic : جهاد ‎‎ jihād ) is an Arabic word which literally means striving or struggling, especially with a praiseworthy aim. It can have many shades of meaning in an Islamic context, such as struggle against one's evil inclinations, an exertion to convert unbelievers, or efforts toward the moral betterment of society, though it is most frequently associated with war. In classical Islamic law , the term refers to armed struggle against unbelievers, while modernist Islamic scholars generally equate military jihad with defensive warfare. In Sufi and pious circles, spiritual and moral jihad has been traditionally emphasized under the name of greater jihad. The term has gained additional attention in recent decades through its use by terrorist groups. The word jihad appears frequently in the Quran with and without military connotations, often in the idiomatic expression "striving in the path of God (al-jihad fi sabil Allah )". Islamic jurists and other ulema of the classical era ...more...



Jihadism

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The " black flag of jihad " as used by jihadist militants since around the late 1990s Jihadism (also jihadist movement , jihadi movement and variants) is a 21st-century neologism found in Western languages to describe Islamist militant movements perceived as military movements "rooted in Islam" and "existentially threatening" to the West . It has been described as a "difficult term to define precisely", because it remains a recent neologism with no single, generally accepted meaning. The term "jihadism" first appeared in South Asian media and was adopted by Western journalists in the aftermath of the September 11 attacks . It has since been applied to various insurgent and terrorist movements whose ideology is based on the notion of jihad . Contemporary jihadism ultimately has its roots in the late 19th- and early 20th-century ideological developments of Islamic revivalism , developed into Qutbism and related ideologies during the mid 20th century. The terrorist organisations partaking in the Soviet–Afghan ...more...



Christianity in Iraq

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The Christians of Iraq are considered to be one of the oldest continuous Christian communities in the world. The vast majority are indigenous Eastern Aramaic -speaking ethnic Assyrians. There is also a small community of Syriacs, Armenians and populations of Kurdish , Arab and Iraqi Turkmens . Most present-day Christians are ethnically different from Kurds and they identify themselves as being separate peoples, of different origins and with distinct histories of their own. In Iraq, Christians numbered about 1,500,000 in 2003, representing just over 6% of the population of 26 million (down from 1.4 million or 8.5% of 16.5 million in 1987). Since then, it has been estimated that the number of Christians in Iraq have dropped to as low as 450,000 by 2013. However, due to a lack of an official census, the number is difficult to estimate and could be as high as 1.2 million. The most widely followed denomination among Iraq Christians is the Chaldean Catholic Church . Christians live primarily in Baghdad , Basra , A ...more...



List of terrorist incidents in June 2017

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This is a timeline of terrorist attacks which took place in June 2017, including attacks by violent non-state actors for political, religious, or ideological motives. List guidelines Types of incidents are selected from the Tactics of terrorism page. Casualties figures in this list are the total casualties of the incident including immediate casualties and later casualties (such as people who succumbed to their wounds long after the attacks occurred). Casualties listed are the victims. Perpetrator casualties are listed separately (e.g. x (+y) indicate that x victims and y perpetrators were killed/injured). Casualty totals may be underestimated or unavailable due to a lack of information. A figure with a plus (+) sign indicates that at least that many people have died (e.g. 10+ indicates that at least 10 people have died) – the actual toll could be considerably higher. A figure with a plus (+) sign may also indicate that over that number of people are victims. If casualty figures are 20 or more, they will be s ...more...



Timeline of the Libyan Civil War (2014–present)

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The following is the timeline of the Libyan Civil War (2014–present) , which began in May 2014 and is currently ongoing. 2014 16–17 May 2014: Operation Dignity offensive in Benghazi Fighting Hostilities first broke out early in the morning of Friday 16 May 2014 when Gen. Haftar's forces assaulted the bases of certain Benghazi Islamist militia groups, including the one blamed for the 2012 assassination of US ambassador Christopher Stevens . Helicopters, jets and ground forces took part in the assault, killing at least 70, and injuring at least 250. Haftar has vowed to not stop until the extremists groups are purged. Shortly before the assault Haftar reportedly asked a close friend, "Am I committing suicide?" The operation, codenamed "Operation Dignity" by Haftar, began when forces loyal to General Haftar attacked units of the February 17th Martyrs Brigade , the Libya Shield No. 1 Brigade (also known as Deraa No. 1 Brigade), and Ansar al-Sharia . Fighting was largely confined to the south western Benghazi dis ...more...



Iran–Saudi Arabia proxy conflict

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The Iran–Saudi Arabia proxy conflict (also known as the Second Arab Cold War or the New Middle East Cold War ) is the ongoing struggle for regional influence between the Islamic Republic of Iran and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia . The two countries have provided varying degrees of support to opposing sides in nearby conflicts, including the civil wars in Syria , Yemen , and Iraq . The rivalry also extends to disputes in Bahrain , Lebanon , Qatar , Pakistan , and Afghanistan , as well as broader competition in North Africa , South Asia , and Central Asia . In what has been described as a cold war , the conflict is waged on multiple levels over geopolitical, economic, and sectarian influence. American support for Saudi Arabia and its allies along with growing Russian support for Iran have drawn comparisons to the Cold War era, and the proxy conflict has been characterized as a front in what Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev has referred to as the " New Cold War ." History Iranian Revolution The ...more...



List of wars and battles involving al-Qaeda

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The following is a list of conflicts involving the militant group known as al-Qaeda throughout its various incarnations. The group currently controls portions of territory in Pakistan , Syria , Somalia and Yemen and has taken part in many battles and wars. Wars War on Terror Soviet–Afghan War Civil war in Afghanistan (1989–92) Civil war in Afghanistan (1992–96) Civil war in Afghanistan (1996–2001) War in Afghanistan (2001–2014) War in Afghanistan (2015–present) Civil war in Tajikistan Al-Qaeda insurgency in Yemen Yemeni Civil War (2015) Maghreb insurgency Northern Mali conflict Iraq War Iraqi insurgency War in North-West Pakistan First Somali Islamist War Second Somali Islamist War Factional violence in Libya (2011–14) Libyan Civil War (2014–present) Syrian Civil War Military intervention against ISIL American-led intervention in Syria Battles Battle Allies Opponents Outcome Battle of Kabul (1992–96) (April 30, 1992 – September 27, 1996) Al-Qaeda Taliban Islamic State of Afghanistan Shura-e Nazar Jamiat-i Isl ...more...



Gulf War

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The Gulf War (2 August 1990 – 28 February 1991), codenamed Operation Desert Shield (2 August 1990 – 17 January 1991) for operations leading to the buildup of troops and defence of Saudi Arabia and Operation Desert Storm (17 January 1991 – 28 February 1991) in its combat phase, was a war waged by coalition forces from 35 nations led by the United States against Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion and annexation of Kuwait . The war is also known under other names, such as the Persian Gulf War , First Gulf War , Gulf War I , Kuwait War , First Iraq War or Iraq War , before the term "Iraq War" became identified instead with the 2003 Iraq War (also referred to in the US as "Operation Iraqi Freedom"). The Iraqi Army 's occupation of Kuwait that began 2 August 1990 was met with international condemnation and brought immediate economic sanctions against Iraq by members of the UN Security Council . US President George H. W. Bush deployed US forces into Saudi Arabia , and urged other countries to send their own fo ...more...

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Saddam Hussein

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Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti ( ; Arabic : صدام حسين عبد المجيد التكريتي Ṣaddām Ḥusayn ʿAbd al-Maǧīd al-Tikrītī ; 28 April 1937  – 30 December 2006) was President of Iraq from 16 July 1979 until 9 April 2003. A leading member of the revolutionary Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party , and later, the Baghdad-based Ba'ath Party and its regional organization the Iraqi Ba'ath Party —which espoused Ba'athism , a mix of Arab nationalism and socialism —Saddam played a key role in the 1968 coup (later referred to as the 17 July Revolution ) that brought the party to power in Iraq. As vice president under the ailing General Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr , and at a time when many groups were considered capable of overthrowing the government, Saddam created security forces through which he tightly controlled conflicts between the government and the armed forces. In the early 1970s, Saddam nationalized oil and foreign banks leaving the system eventually insolvent mostly due to the Iran–Iraq War , the Gulf War , and UN sanctions ...more...



Sanctions against Iraq

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The sanctions against Iraq were a near-total financial and trade embargo imposed by the United Nations Security Council on Ba'athist Iraq . They began August 6, 1990, four days after Iraq 's invasion of Kuwait , stayed largely in force until May 2003 (after Saddam Hussein 's being forced from power), and persisted in part, including reparations to Kuwait, through the present. The original stated purposes of the sanctions were to compel Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait, to pay reparations, and to disclose and eliminate any weapons of mass destruction . Initially the UN Security Council imposed stringent economic sanctions on Iraq by adopting and enforcing United Nations Security Council Resolution 661 . After the end of the 1991 Persian Gulf War , those sanctions were extended and elaborated on, including linkage to removal of weapons of mass destruction, by Resolution 687 . The sanctions banned all trade and financial resources except for medicine and "in humanitarian circumstances" foodstuffs, the import ...more...



Paolo Gentiloni

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Paolo Gentiloni Silveri ( Italian pronunciation:  ; born 22 November 1954) is an Italian politician who has been Prime Minister of Italy since 12 December 2016. Gentiloni, a member of the Democratic Party , served as Minister of Foreign Affairs from 31 October 2014 until December 2016, when President Sergio Mattarella asked him to form a new government. Previously, he was Minister of Communications from 2006 to 2008, during the second government of Romano Prodi . Early life and family A descendant of Count Gentiloni Silveri, he is related to the Italian politician Vincenzo Ottorino Gentiloni , who was the leader of the conservative Catholic Electoral Union and a key ally of the long-time Prime Minister Giovanni Giolitti . Gentiloni has the titles of Nobile of Filottrano , Nobile of Cingoli , and Nobile of Macerata . Born in Rome , he attended the Classical Lyceum Torquato Tasso in the city and graduated in political sciences at the La Sapienza University . Gentiloni was a professional journalist before enter ...more...



Hypercacher Kosher Supermarket siege

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This attack occurred at a Hypercacher kosher superette in Porte de Vincennes ( 20th arrondissement of Paris ) in the wake of the Charlie Hebdo shooting two days earlier, and concurrently with the Dammartin-en-Goële hostage crisis in which the two Charlie Hebdo gunmen were cornered. Amedy Coulibaly had pledged allegiance to the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant , and was a close friend of Saïd Kouachi and Chérif Kouachi (whom he had met in jail in 2005), the gunmen in the Charlie Hebdo attack. Armed with a submachine gun , an assault rifle , and two Tokarev pistols , he entered and attacked the people in the kosher food superette. Coulibaly murdered four Jewish hostages, and held fifteen other hostages during a siege in which he demanded that the Kouachi brothers not be harmed. The police ended the siege by storming the store and killing Coulibaly. Hostage-taking On 9 January 2015, Amedy Coulibaly , who had pledged allegiance to the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant , attacked the people in a Hypercache ...more...



Ali Awni al-Harzi

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Ali bin al-Tahar bin al-Falih al-'Awni al-Harzi , known as Abu Zubayr al-Tunisi , was a Tunisian Islamic militant and a senior leader in the Islamic State . He was also a suspect in the 2012 Benghazi attack . History Early life He was born 9 March 1986 in Aryanah , Tunisia . Islamic militancy He was a member of Ansar al-Sharia (Tunisia) and active in recruitment of foreign fighters as well as being involved in arms smuggling. He was detained and sentenced to 30 months imprisonment for planning terrorist acts in 2005 in Tunisia. In October 2012 he was arrested in Turkey and extradited to Tunisia on terrorism charges and possible links to the attack on the U.S. consulate in Benghazi . He was making his way to Syria at the time. In December 2012, Federal Bureau of Investigation agents questioned him about the Benghazi attack. Ansar al-Sharia (Tunisia) stalked the agents during their time in Tunisia. The group posted their pictures online while condemning the Tunisian government for allowing the FBI to interview ...more...



Islam in Iraq

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Sects of Islam in Iraq Religions percent Shia Islam   51% Sunni Islam   46% Imam Ali Mosque The history of Islam in Iraq goes back almost 1,400 years to the lifetime of Muhammad (died 632). Iraq's Muslims follow two distinct traditions, Shia and Sunni Islam. Arabic-speaking Shias are known as Iraqiyyuns, and Arabic-speaking Sunnis are known as Jaziran Arabs. Iraq is home to many religious cities important for both Shia and Sunni Muslims. Baghdad was a hub of Islamic learning and scholarship for centuries and served as the capital of the Abassids . The city of Karbala has substantial prominence in Shia Islam as a result of the Battle of Karbala , fought in October 10, 680. Similarly, Najaf is renowned as the site of the tomb of Alī ibn Abī Tālib (also known as "Imām Alī"), whom the Shia consider to be the righteous caliph and first imām . The city is now a great center of pilgrimage from throughout the Shi'a Islamic world and it is estimated that only Mecca and Medina receive more Muslim pilgrims. The city of ...more...



List of proxy wars

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This is a list of proxy wars . Major powers have been highlighted in bold. A proxy war is two opposing countries avoiding direct war, and instead supporting combatants that serve their interests. In some occasions, one country is a direct combatant whilst the other supporting its enemy. For example, the United States has been supporting the Syrian rebels (Opposition), whilst Russia has been supporting the Syrian government led by Bashar al-Assad. Here the Syrian rebels are a proxy for the United States, and the Syrian government a proxy for Russia. Pre-World War I proxy wars War Date Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result Egyptian–Ottoman War 1839-1841 Egypt-aligned powers: Egypt Kingdom of the French Spain Allied powers: British Empire Austrian Empire Russian Empire Kingdom of Prussia Ottoman Empire Stalemate Uruguayan Civil War 1839-1851 Colorados Unitarian Party   Empire of Brazil Italian Legion France   Great Britain Blancos   Argentine Confederation Combatant 1 Won Mahdist War 1881-1899   British Empire   Canada ...more...



List of terrorist incidents in January 2015

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This is a timeline of terrorist incidents which took place in January 2015, including attacks by violent non-state actors for political motives. List guidelines Casualties figures in this list are the total casualties of the incident including immediate casualties and later casualties (such as people who succumbed to their wounds long after the attacks occurred). The casualties listed are the victims, perpetrator casualties are listed separately (e.g. x (+y) indicate that x victims and y perpetrators were killed/injured). Casualty totals may be underestimated or unavailable due to a lack of information. A figure with a plus (+) sign indicates that at least that many people have died (e.g. 10+ indicates that at least 10 people have died) – the actual toll could be considerably higher. If casualty figures are 20 or more, they will be shown in bold . In addition, figures for casualties more than 50 will also be underlined . January Date Type Dead Injured Location Details Perpetrator Part of 1 Shooting 15-25+ 10+ ...more...



Central Intelligence Agency

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The Central Intelligence Agency ( CIA ) is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the United States federal government , tasked with gathering, processing, and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence (HUMINT). As one of the principal members of the U.S. Intelligence Community (IC), the CIA reports to the Director of National Intelligence and is primarily focused on providing intelligence for the President and Cabinet . Unlike the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), which is a domestic security service, the CIA has no law enforcement function and is mainly focused on overseas intelligence gathering, with only limited domestic intelligence collection . Though it is not the only U.S. government agency specializing in HUMINT, the CIA serves as the national manager for coordination of HUMINT activities across the US intelligence community. Moreover, the CIA is the only agency authorized by law to carry out and oversee covert action at th ...more...



History of Saudi Arabia

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The history of Saudi Arabia in its current form as a state began with its foundation in 1930 by Abdulaziz Al Saud , although the human history of the region extends as far as 20,000 years ago. The region has had a global impact twice in world history: In the 7th century it became the cradle of Islam and the first center of the caliphate . From the mid-20th century the discovery of vast oil deposits propelled it into a key economic and geo-political role. At other times, the region existed in relative obscurity and isolation, although from the 7th century the cities of Mecca and Medina had the highest spiritual significance for the Muslim world , with Mecca becoming the destination for the Hajj pilgrimage , an obligation, at least once in a believer's lifetime, if at all possible. For much of the region's history a patchwork of tribal rulers controlled most of the area. The Al Saud (the Saudi royal family) emerged as minor tribal rulers in Najd in central Arabia. From the mid-18th century, imbued with the reli ...more...



Council of Representatives of Iraq

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The Council of Representatives of Iraq ( Arabic : مجلس النواب العراقي ‎‎ Majlis an-Nuwwāb al-ʿIrāqiyy، Kurdish : ئه‌نجومه‌نی نوێنه‌رانی عێراق، Encumena Nûnerên Êraq) is the unicameral legislature of Iraq . It is currently composed of 328 seats and meets in Baghdad inside the Green Zone . History The monarchy An elected Iraqi parliament first formed following the establishment of a constitutional monarchy in 1925. The 1925 constitution called for a bicameral parliament whose lower house, the Chamber of Deputies (Majlis an-Nuwwab) would be elected based on universal manhood suffrage . The upper house, the Senate (Majlis al-A`yan) was appointed by the king. Ten elections took place between 1925 and the coup of 1958. On January 17, 1953 elections for the Chamber of Deputies (also known as the National Assembly) took place. Following controversy over the implementation of the so-called Baghdad Pact , Prime Minister Nuri Pasha as-Said called elections the following year, in early 1954. As-Said dissolved the assembl ...more...



List of wars involving the United Kingdom

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This is a list of wars involving the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and its predecessors the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland and generally the British Isles . Notable militarized interstate disputes are included. The Kingdom of Great Britain was formed in 1707 through the Acts of Union 1707 , which united the kingdoms of England and Scotland into a single kingdom encompassing the whole island of Great Britain and its outlying islands. It did not include the Kingdom of Ireland , which although under British control, remained a separate realm. On 1 January 1801, the kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland were merged to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. In 1922, five-sixths of Ireland seceded from the United Kingdom and the state was renamed the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. During its history, British forces or forces with a British mandate have invaded, had some control over ...more...



Iran

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Iran ( Persian : ایران ‎‎ Irān  (   listen ) ), also known as Persia ( ), officially the Islamic Republic of Iran ( Persian : جمهوری اسلامی ایران ‎‎ Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi-ye Irān (   listen ) ), is a sovereign state in Western Asia . With about 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country . Comprising a land area of 1,648,195 km (636,372 sq mi), it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world . Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia , the Republic of Azerbaijan , and the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan ; to the north by the Caspian Sea ; to the northeast by Turkmenistan ; to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan ; to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman ; and to the west by Turkey and Iraq . The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz , give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural ce ...more...



Saint-Quentin-Fallavier attack

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A terrorist attack took place on 26 June 2015 in Saint-Quentin-Fallavier , near Lyon , France, when a French Muslim of North African descent, Yassin Salhi, decapitated his employer Hervé Cornara and drove his van into gas cylinders at a gas factory in Saint-Quentin-Fallavier near Lyon, France, which caused an explosion that injured two other people. Salhi was arrested and charged with murder and attempted murder linked to terrorism. Three other people were questioned by the police but released without charge. Salhi committed suicide in jail in December. The attack occurred on the same day as several other Islamist terrorist attacks, which have subsequently been named the 2015 Ramadan attacks , though any relationship between the various incidents is disputed. French authorities believe that Salhi has links with the Islamist terrorist group the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS). The attack occurred during heightened public fears over Islamist attacks in France, a few months after the Île-de-France attacks ...more...




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