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ISIL insurgency in Tunisia

ISIL insurgency in Tunisia refers to the ongoing militant and terror activity of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant branch in Tunisia. The activity of ISIL in Tunisia began in summer 2015, with the Sousse attacks, though an earlier terror incident in Bardo Museum in March 2015 was claimed the Islamic State, while the Tunisian government blamed Okba Ibn Nafaa Brigade. Following massive border clashes near Ben Guerdance in March 2016, the activity of the ISIL group was described as armed insurgency,[2] switching from previous tactics of sporadic suicide attacks to attempts to gain territorial control.

Background

On 18 March 2015, three militants attacked the Bardo National Museum in the Tunisian capital city of Tunis, and took hostages.[3] Twenty-one people, mostly European tourists, were killed at the scene, while an additional victim died ten days later. Around fifty others were injured.[4] [5] [6] Two of the gunmen, Tunisian citizens Yassine Labidi and Saber Khachnaoui, were killed by police, while the third attacker is currently at large.[7] Police treated the event as a terrorist attack.[8] [9]

The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) claimed responsibility for the attack, and threatened to commit further attacks.[10] However, the Tunisian government blamed a local splinter group of al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb, called the Okba Ibn Nafaa Brigade, for the attack. A police raid killed nine members on 28 March.[11]

Timeline
2015
  • 26 June - an Islamist mass shooting attack occurred at the tourist resort at Port El Kantaoui, about 10 kilometres north of the city of Sousse, Tunisia.[6] [12] Thirty-eight people, thirty of whom were British, were killed when an armed gunman attacked a hotel.[13] It was the deadliest non-state attack in the history of modern Tunisia, with more fatalities than the twenty-two killed in the Bardo National Museum attack three months before.[14]
  • 24 November - a bus carrying Tunisian presidential guards exploded, killing 12, on a principal road in Tunis, Tunisia.[15] [16] ISIL claimed responsibility for the attack.[17] [18] The bomber, who also died in the attack, was identified as Houssem Abdelli.[19]
2016
  • 7–9 March - 2016 Ben Guerdane attack was an armed attack on 7 March 2016 in the city of Ben Gardane in Tunisia on the border with Libya. The clashes continued also on 8 and 9 of March in the area. The final death toll was 45 militants, 13 security and 7 civilians. On 19 March, 2 militants were killed on Libyan border, near to the site of the Ben Guerdane attack, while three civilians and a Tunisian security forces member were wounded.[20]
  • 30 March - 4 Tunisian troops were reported killed in an ambush by ISIL affiliates in Kasserine.[21]
  • 11 May - four police men were killed by IS attack, with the suicide bomber dying as well.[22] This followed the death of two suspected terrorists near Tunis.
  • 26 October - two Americans were detained by the authorities in Jendouba (northwestern Tunisia), being suspected of involvement with a terrorist organization.[23]
  • 5 November - militants killed the soldier at his home in the central region. A day later, ISIL claimed responsibility for the killing.[24]
  • 9 November - the Tunisian Army hunted down and shot dead a leader of a militant group affiliated with ISIL militants, this comes four days after the militant group killed a soldier at his house in central Tunisia.[25]
2017
  • 12 March - A police officer and two militants were killed in a shootout at a checkpoint in southern Tunisia that left three other officers injured.[26]
  • 2-3 June - A unit of the National Army discovered the body of the shepherd Khelifa Soltani on Saturday afternoon, on Mount Mghila. He had been kidnapped on Friday by a group of terrorists with another shepherd who hasn't been found yet.[27]
  • 8 June - A mine exploded at Jebel Mghila (Sidi Bouzid), during a sweep operation, killing 1 soldier and wounding another one.[28]
  • 16 June - A woman was injured when an IED went off near Mont Salloum in the Kasserine Governorate.[29]
  • 22 August - An IED blast wounded two soldiers on patrol in the heights of [30]
  • 1 November - A suspected Islamist stabbed two police officers near Tunisia's parliament,killing one and injuring another one.[31]
References
  1. http://edition.cnn.com/2015/06/27/africa/tunisia-terror-attack/
  2. Carlino, Ludovico (9 March 2016). "Islamic State attack on Ben Guerdane indicates shift in group's Tunisia strategy, to trigger insurgency". Jane's Defence Weekly. Retrieved 17 March 2016.
  3. Tarek Amara. "Gunmen storm Tunisian museum, kill two Tunisians, 17 foreign tourists site". Reuters. Retrieved 19 March 2015.
  4. "The Latest: French President Mourns Tunisia Victims". The New York Times. 18 March 2015. Retrieved 19 March 2015.
  5. "Museum attack a 'great calamity' for Tunisia's young democracy". Los Angeles Times. 18 March 2015. Retrieved 19 March 2015.
  6. Death toll rises to 23, Associated Press, MSN News; accessed 19 March 2015.
  7. "Third Tunisia museum attacker 'on the run', says president". Agence France Presse, Yahoo News. March 22, 2015. Retrieved March 22, 2015.
  8. "21 dead in Tunisia attack, Including Gunmen". Al-Jazeera.com. Retrieved 19 March 2015.
  9. Marszal, Andrew (18 March 2015). "Gunmen 'take hostages' in attack on Tunisia parliament". The Telegraph. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
  10. "ISIS Claims Responsibility For Tunisia Museum Attack". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 19 March 2015.
  11. "Thousands of Tunisians, leaders march after Bardo attack". Reuters. 29 March 2015. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  12. "Africa – Scores killed in terror attack on Tunisian beach resort". France 24.
  13. "Death toll from attack at Tunisia hotel rises to 39". WBTV. Retrieved 29 June 2015.
  14. Payne, Ed; Black, Phil; Smith-Spark, Laura. "Tunisia attack: Tourists flee the country after gunman kills 38". CNN. Retrieved 27 June 2015.
  15. Gandar, Kashmira (24 November 2015). "Tunisia bus explosion: Bomb kills 12 on Tunis bus in 'act of terror'". The Independent. Retrieved 24 November 2015.
  16. Amara, Tarek (24 November 2015). "Bombing of Tunisia presidential guard bus kills 12". Reuters. Retrieved 24 November 2015.
  17. "Islamic State Claims Responsibility for Deadly Bus Attack in Tunis". The Wall Street Journal. 25 November 2015. Retrieved 27 November 2015.
  18. "Islamic State claims responsibility for fatal Tunis bus attack". The Guardian. 25 November 2015. Retrieved 27 November 2015.
  19. "Tunisia identifies bus suicide bomber as Tunisian national". Reuters.
  20. AFP (20 March 2016). "Tunisian forces kill 2 'terrorists' near site of border attack".
  21. Desk, News (30 March 2016). "ISIS terrorists ambush 4 Tunisian soldiers in Kasserine".
  22. (www.dw.com), Deutsche Welle. "Four policemen killed in 'IS' suicide attack in Tunisia - News - DW.COM - 11.05.2016".
  23. "Tunisia Briefly Holds Two From U.S. on Suspicion of Terror Ties". The New York Times. 27 October 2016.
  24. "Tunisian soldier killed in his home: report". 6 November 2016.
  25. "PressTV-Tunisia military kills terrorist group leader".
  26. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-tunisia-security-idUSKBN16J0GF
  27. http://www.espacemanager.com/decouverte-du-corps-de-khelifa-soltani-kidnappe-au-mont-mghilla.html/
  28. http://kapitalis.com/tunisie/2017/06/08/jebel-mghila-deux-soldats-blesses-dans-lexplosion-dune-mine/
  29. https://www.tunisienumerique.com/tunisie-femme-blessee-lexplosion-dun-mont-selloum/
  30. ://www.mosaiquefm.net/fr/actualite-regional-tunisie/190917/kasserine-deux-soldats-blesses-dans-l-explosion-d-une-mine
  31. http://www.reuters.com/article/us-tunisia-security/tunisia-policeman-dies-after-attack-security-unions-seek-more-protection-idUSKBN1D21OC
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ISIL insurgency in Tunisia

topic

ISIL insurgency in Tunisia refers to the ongoing militant and terror activity of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant branch in Tunisia. The activity of ISIL in Tunisia began in summer 2015, with the Sousse attacks , though an earlier terror incident in Bardo Museum in March 2015 was claimed the Islamic State, while the Tunisian government blamed Okba Ibn Nafaa Brigade. Following massive border clashes near Ben Guerdance in March 2016, the activity of the ISIL group was described as armed insurgency, switching from previous tactics of sporadic suicide attacks to attempts to gain territorial control. Background On 18 March 2015, three militants attacked the Bardo National Museum in the Tunisian capital city of Tunis , and took hostages. Twenty-one people, mostly European tourists, were killed at the scene, while an additional victim died ten days later. Around fifty others were injured. Two of the gunmen, Tunisian citizens Yassine Labidi and Saber Khachnaoui, were killed by police, while the third att ...more...



List of wars and battles involving ISIL

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Current military situation (as of October 25, 2017 ):    Controlled by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant    Controlled by al-Nusra    Controlled by the Main Syrian rebels    Controlled by the Syrian Government    Controlled by Iraqi government    Controlled by Syrian Kurdistan    Controlled by Iraqi Kurdistan    Controlled by the Lebanese Government    Controlled by Hezbollah The following is a list of conflicts involving the militant group commonly known as the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL/ISIS), throughout its various incarnations. The group currently controls portions of territory in Iraq and Syria and has taken part in many battles and wars. Wars Since late 2013, the wars in Syria have merged into a single war that includes a spillover into Lebanon and Iraq. War on Terror Military intervention against ISIL American-led intervention in Syria American-led intervention in Iraq (2014–present) German intervention against ISIL Jordanian intervention in the Syrian Civil War Russian military ...more...



Military activity of ISIL

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The military of ISIL is the fighting force of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). The total force size has been estimated from tens of thousands to over two hundred thousand. ISIL's armed forces grew quickly during 2014. The ISIL military, including groups incorporated into it in 2014, openly operates and controls territory in Iraq , Syria , multiple cities in Libya , and Nigeria . In October 2016, it conquered the city of Qandala in Puntland , Somalia . It also has had border clashes with and made incursions into Lebanon , Iran , and Jordan . ISIL-linked groups operate in Algeria , Pakistan , the Philippines , and in West Africa ( Cameroon , Niger , and Chad ). In January 2015, ISIL was also confirmed to have a military presence in Afghanistan and in Yemen . Their military is based on mobile units using light vehicles such as gun-equipped pick-up trucks ( technicals ), motorbikes and buses for fast advances. They also use artillery, tanks and armored vehicles captured from the Iraqi and S ...more...



Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant

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The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant ( ISIL , IPA : ), also known as the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria ( ISIS ), Islamic State ( IS ) and by its Arabic language acronym Daesh ( Arabic : داعش ‎ dāʿish, IPA:  ), is a Salafi jihadist militant group and unrecognised proto-state that follows a fundamentalist , Wahhabi doctrine of Sunni Islam . ISIL gained global prominence in early 2014 when it drove Iraqi government forces out of key cities in its Western Iraq offensive , followed by its capture of Mosul and the Sinjar massacre . This group has been designated a terrorist organisation by the United Nations and many individual countries. ISIL is widely known for its videos of beheadings of both soldiers and civilians, including journalists and aid workers, and its destruction of cultural heritage sites . The United Nations holds ISIL responsible for human rights abuses and war crimes and Amnesty International has charged the group with ethnic cleansing on a "historic scale" in northern Iraq. ISIL origi ...more...



ISIL territorial claims

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The core of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant 's (ISIL) territory is in Iraq and Syria , where the organization controls some urban, rural, and desert territory. ISIL also controls land in Yemen , Afghanistan , Libya , Nigeria , Egypt , and possibly Somalia and the Democratic Republic of the Congo . The group also has insurgent cells in Algeria , Pakistan , Tunisia , the Caucasus , the Philippines and Saudi Arabia that do not control territory. As of October 2017, ISIS still holds 10,210 km of territory in Iraq and Syria, according to the US-led coalition against ISIS . In early 2017, ISIL controlled approximately 45,377 square kilometers (17520 square miles) of territory in Iraq and Syria and 7,323 km of territory elsewhere, for a total of 52,700 km . This represents a substantial decline from the group's territorial peak in late 2014, when it controlled between 100,000 km and 110,000 km of territory in total. ISIL's territory has declined substantially in almost every country since 2014, ...more...



26 June 2015 Islamist attacks

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On 26 June 2015, attacks occurred in France, Kuwait, Syria, Somalia, and Tunisia, one day following a deadly massacre in Syria. The day of attacks has been dubbed " Bloody Friday " by international media and " Black Friday " ( French : Vendredi Noir ) among Francophone media in Europe and North Africa. One attack at a Tunisian beach resort killed 39; a bombing at a Shia mosque in Kuwait City killed 27 and injured several; while in Kobanî a large-scale massacre by ISIL resulted in more than 223 civilians murdered, in line with over 79 assailants (including 13 suicide bombers) and 23 Kurdish militiamen, dubbed the second largest massacre by ISIL since summer 2014; a suicide bombing by ISIL in Al-Hasakeh , also in Syria, resulted in 20 fatalities; Al-Shabaab militants killed 70 African Union soldiers from Burundi in Leego , Somalia ; finally, one man was decapitated , while several were injured during the Saint-Quentin-Fallavier attack in France. Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant senior leader Abu Moham ...more...



Arab Winter

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The Arab Winter is a term for the resurgence of authoritarianism and Islamic extremism evolving in the aftermath of the Arab Spring protests in Arab countries. The term "Arab Winter" refers to the events across Arab League countries in the Mid-East and North Africa, including the Syrian Civil War , the Iraqi insurgency and the following civil war , the Egyptian Crisis , the Libyan Crisis and the Crisis in Yemen . Events referred to as the Arab Winter include those in Egypt that led to the removal of Mohamed Morsi and the seizure of power by General Abdel Fattah el-Sisi in an anti- Muslim Brotherhood campaign. According to scholars of the University of Warsaw , the Arab Spring fully devolved into the Arab Winter four years after its onset. The Arab Winter is characterized by the emergence of multiple regional civil wars , mounting regional instability, economic and demographic decline of Arab countries, and ethno-religious sectarian strife. According to a study by the American University of Beirut , ...more...



Insurgency in the Maghreb (2002–present)

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The Insurgency in the Maghreb refers to Islamist militant and terrorist activity in the Maghreb and Sahel regions of North Africa since 2002. The conflict succeeded the conclusion of the Algerian Civil War as the militant group Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat (GSPC) allied itself with al-Qaeda to eventually become al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM). Algeria and other Maghreb states affected by the activity have been offered assistance in fighting extremist militants by the United States and the United Kingdom since 2007, when Operation Enduring Freedom – Trans Sahara began. The Arab Spring in 2011 opened up for militant Islamists to put increasing pressure on governments and engage in full-scale warfare. In 2012 AQIM and Islamist allies captured the northern half of Mali , until being fought back less than a year later following a French-led foreign intervention , which was succeeded by the Sahel-wide Operation Barkhane . In Libya the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) has been ab ...more...



Derna campaign (2014–16)

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In October 2014, the self-declared Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) took control of numerous government buildings, security vehicles and local landmarks in the Eastern Libyan coastal city of Derna . Although some media outlets reported the control as being absolute, rival groups like the al-Qaeda-affiliated Abu Salim Martyrs Brigade continued to control parts of the city. Clashes erupted between ISIL and an alliance of Islamist groups in June 2015, with ISIL retreating from Derna to outlying suburbs the following month. However, clashes continued between the Islamist alliance and the Tobruk-based government forces. Background The city of Derna has been considered the most pious Muslim city in Libya and has a long history of Islamist radicalism. In 2007, American troops in Iraq uncovered a list of foreign fighters for the Iraqi insurgency and of the 112 Libyans on the list, 52 had come from Derna. Derna contributed more foreign fighters per capita to al-Qaeda in Iraq than any other city in th ...more...



Military intervention against ISIL

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Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant in Libya

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The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant is a militant Islamist group active in Libya under three branches: Fezzan Province ( Arabic : ولاية الفزان ‎‎, Wilayah al-Fizan) in the desert south, Cyrenaica Province ( Arabic : ولاية البرقة ‎‎, Wilayah al-Barqah) in the east, and Tripolitania Province ( Arabic : ولاية الطرابلس ‎‎, Wilayah al-Tarabulus) in the west. The branches were formed on 13 November 2014, following pledges of allegiance to ISIL leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi by militants in Libya . Background Following the 2011 Libyan Civil War , which resulted in the ousting of Colonel Muammar Gaddafi and his government, many rebel fighters went to Syria to fight alongside militant groups who were fighting Bashar al-Assad and his loyalists in the Syrian Civil War . In 2012, one group of Libyans fighting in Syria declared the establishment of the Battar Brigade. The Battar Brigade would later pledge loyalty to ISIL, and fight for it in both Syria and Iraq. In early 2014, up to 300 Battar Brigade veterans return ...more...



2015 Tunis bombing

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On 24 November 2015, a bus carrying Tunisian presidential guards exploded, killing 12, on a principal road in Tunis , Tunisia . ISIL claimed responsibility for the attack. The bomber, who also died in the attack, was identified as Houssem Abdelli. Bombing On 24 November 2015, at least 12 people were killed in a bus bombing in Tunis , the capital of Tunisia. The bus was carrying members of the Tunisian Presidential Security guard . The blast happened when the vehicle was parked near a main artery in the Tunisian capital where guard members are typically picked up and dropped off, according to an official in the Tunisian Prime Minister's office. The explosion, described as an "attack" by presidential spokesman Moez Sinaoui, struck on the capital's Mohamed V Avenue, a ministry official told AFP . An AFP journalist reported seeing the partly burnt out shell of the bus, with police, ambulances, and fire trucks at the scene. The bomber was identified as Houssem Abdelli, a 28-year-old resident of Tunis. The man' ...more...



2015 Sousse attacks

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On 26 June 2015, a mass shooting occurred at the tourist resort at Port El Kantaoui , about 10 kilometres north of the city of Sousse , Tunisia . Thirty-eight people, 30 of whom were British, were killed when a gunman, Seifeddine Rezgui, attacked a hotel. It was the deadliest non-state attack in the history of modern Tunisia , with more fatalities than the 22 killed in the Bardo National Museum attack three months before. The attack received widespread condemnation around the world. The Tunisian government later "acknowledged fault" for slow police response to the attack. Background In October 2013, a suicide bomber blew himself up in a botched attack on a Sousse beach while security forces foiled another planned attack nearby. The post- Tunisian revolution led to the 2014 parliamentary election in which the principal secularist party gained a plurality but was unable to govern alone, and ultimately formed a national unity government. Secularist Beji Caid Essebsi was elected president in the Tunisian pres ...more...



German intervention against ISIL

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The German intervention against ISIL was authorized on 4 December 2015. The involvement of the country in the Syrian Civil War and the Iraqi Civil War began with the Bundeswehr mission in Syria and Iraq (codenamed Operation Counter Daesh , under the aegis of Operation Inherent Resolve ) to combat the terrorist organization ISIL . The mission was primarily created as a reaction to the November 2015 Paris attacks . History The deployment of the Bundeswehr had been discussed from the end of November 2015 within the German government , debated in parliament and decided on 4 December 2015 with a majority of the votes of the coalition parties CDU and SPD . As a justification it was stated that the terrorist attacks in Tunisia , Turkey , Beirut , against Russia and especially in Paris had shown that the terrorist organization acted far beyond the currently controlled territories in Syria and Iraq and also posed a global threat to peace and security. Furthermore, with the attacks in Paris ISIL had attacked France and ...more...



Abu Sayyaf (ISIL leader)

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Abu Sayyaf is the nom de guerre of a senior leader of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) who was described as overseeing gas and oil operations. United States authorities identified Abu Sayyaf's real name as Fathi Ben Awn Ben Jildi Murad al-Tunisi . Abu Sayyaf was killed on the night of May 15–16, 2015 while resisting capture during a United States Army Delta Force operation in eastern Syria . Death The operation was conducted to try to capture him and his wife on suspicion of their involvement in, or "deep knowledge" of, Islamic State hostage operations. Kayla Mueller is reported to have been a "personal captive" of Abu Sayyaf. No U.S. soldiers were killed or injured during the operation. It was the first direct action ground raid targeting the militant group by U.S. soldiers inside Syria. (a previous U.S. ground operation in Syria was a rescue mission). Items, including several terabytes of data from laptops, cellphones and other material, were recovered from the scene and exploited for inte ...more...



Bardo National Museum attack

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On 18 March 2015, three militants attacked the Bardo National Museum in the Tunisian capital city of Tunis , and took hostages. Twenty-one people, mostly European tourists, were killed at the scene, while an additional victim died ten days later. Around fifty others were injured. Two of the gunmen, Tunisian citizens Yassine Labidi and Saber Khachnaoui, were killed by police, while the third attacker is currently at large. Police treated the event as a terrorist attack . The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) claimed responsibility for the attack, and threatened to commit further attacks. However, the Tunisian government blamed a local splinter group of al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb , called the Okba Ibn Nafaa Brigade, for the attack. A police raid killed nine members on 28 March. Background Since the removal from power of longtime President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali in the 2011 Tunisian Revolution , the country has faced occasional attacks from Islamist militants, mainly in remote areas. Its ci ...more...



Syrian Civil War

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The Syrian Civil War ( Arabic : الحرب الأهلية السورية ‎‎, Al-ḥarb al-ʼahliyyah as-sūriyyah) is an ongoing multi-sided armed conflict in Syria fought primarily between the government of President Bashar al-Assad , along with its allies, and various forces opposing the government. The unrest in Syria, part of a wider wave of 2011 Arab Spring protests, grew out of discontent with the Assad government and escalated to an armed conflict after protests calling for his removal were violently suppressed. The war is being fought by several factions: the Syrian government and its allies, a loose alliance of Sunni Arab rebel groups (including the Free Syrian Army ), the majority-Kurdish Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), Salafi jihadist groups (including al-Nusra Front ) and the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), with a number of countries in the region and beyond being either directly involved , or rendering support to one or another faction. Syrian opposition groups formed the Free Syrian Army (FSA) and seized ...more...



List of battles since 2001

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21st century 2001 Battle Date Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Outcome Operation MH - 2 8 March Macedonia National Liberation Army Macedonian indecisive victory Battle of Tetovo 16 March – 13 August Macedonia National Liberation Army Ceasefire Operation Vaksince 25 May Macedonia National Liberation Army Decisive Macedonian victory Battle for Vedeno 13 August – ? Russia Chechen insurgents Pyrrhic Russian victory Operation Crescent Wind 7 October 2001 – ? December United States United Kingdom Taliban American and British victory Operation Rhino 19-20 October United States Taliban American victory Battle of Mazar-e-Sharif 9 November United States Northern Alliance Taliban al-Qaeda IMU TNSM ETIM American and Northern Alliance victory Siege of Kunduz 11–23 November United States Northern Alliance Taliban al-Qaeda IMU American and Northern Alliance victory Battle of Herat 12 November United States Iran Northern Alliance Taliban American, Iranian and Northern Alliance victory Battle of Kabul 13–14 November United States Nort ...more...



Timeline of ISIL-related events (2015)

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This article contains a timeline of events from January 2015 to December 2015 related to the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL/ISIS). For a list of other time periods, see Timeline of ISIL related events . This article contains information about events committed by or on behalf of the Islamic State, as well as events performed by groups who oppose them. Timeline January 2015 ISIL's official spokesman Abu Muhammad al-Adnani released an audio statement in which he accepted the earlier pledge of allegiance and announced the expansion of ISIL's caliphate with the creation of Wilayat Khorasan ( Khurasan Province), a historical region incorporating parts of modern-day Afghanistan and Pakistan. Hafiz Khan Saeed was appointed as its local leader, or Wāli (Governor). Abdul Rauf was named as Khan's deputy, however he was killed by a US drone strike in Afghanistan several weeks later. 4 January: ISIL troops attacked Saudi Arabia again, near the border city of Arar, Saudi Arabia , killing four Saudi border guard ...more...



Sexual jihad

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Sexual jihad ( Arabic : جهاد النكاح ‎, jihad al-nikah) refers to the purported practice in which Sunni women sympathetic to the Salafi jihadism travel to the battlefields and are voluntarily offering themselves to rebels fighting the Bashar al Assad government in Syria to be "married" repeatedly in a temporary marriage, serving sexual comfort roles to help boost the fighters' morale. Publicity first arose in 2013, and the veracity of the practice became the subject of greater debate in September 2013 after the Interior Minister of the 98% Muslim nation of Tunisia made a public statement identifying it as a significant issue. Critics dismissed claims of "sexual jihad" as unfounded and political propaganda, aforementioned denial of this "real phenomenon" has been rejected by several media outlets as cover up and sexual jihad was declared as valid part of Wahhabi ideology by several religious clerics in their interviews to media. Reports and allegations The term originated from a fatwa titled Jihad ul Nikaah ...more...



Abu Mohannad al-Sweidawi

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Adnan Latif Hamid al-Sweidawi al-Dulaimi ( Arabic : عدنان لطيف حامد السويداوي الدليمي ‎‎, ‘Adnān Laṭīf Ḥāmid as-Suwaydāwī al-Dulaymī), also known by his noms de guerre Abu Mohannad al-Sweidawi , Abu Abdul Salem , Haji Dawūd and Abu Ayman al-Iraqi , was a top commander in the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and the former head of its Military Council. Biography Despite his senior position within the ISIL hierarchy, very little is known about al-Iraqi. He has been referred to as a "shadowy persona". Al-Sweidawi was a member of the Al-bu Swda clan of the Dulaim , the largest tribe in Iraq's Anbar Province . Al-Sweidawi served under the Ba'athist regime of Saddam Hussein as a lieutenant colonel in the Iraqi Army. He also operated in Iraq's Air Defense Intelligence. According to Ahmed al-Dulaimi, the governor of Anbar Province, al-Sweidawi graduated from the same military academy as future senior ISIL leaders Haji Bakr and Abu Abdulrahman al-Bilawi . A IS biography of Abu Muhannad al-Suwaydawi desc ...more...



American-led intervention in the Syrian Civil War

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The American-led intervention in the Syrian Civil War refers to US support of Syrian opposition and the North Syrian Federation on the course of the Syrian Civil War and active involvement of US military against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant and against the al-Nusra Front from 2014. Since 2017, US has also targeted Syrian military positions. The United States first supplied the rebels of the Free Syrian Army with non-lethal aid (including food rations and pickup trucks), but quickly began providing training, cash, and intelligence to selected Syrian rebel commanders. During the Syrian Civil War , which began in 2011, two US programs attempted to assist the Syrian rebels. One was a military program that planned to train and equip 15,000 Syrian rebels, but was canceled in 2015 after spending $500 million and producing only a few dozen fighters. A $1 billion covert program run by the CIA was more successful, but was decimated by Russian bombing and canceled in mid 2017 by the Trump administration . T ...more...



Exercise North Thunder

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North Thunder (or in Arabic : رعد الشمال Raʿad aš-Šamāl / Raad al-Shamal) was a joint military exercise held in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia with the participation of 20 Arab and Islamic countries ; notably the United Arab Emirates , Egypt , Bahrain , Sudan , Jordan , Pakistan , Qatar , Kuwait , Morocco , Chad , Comoros , Tunisia , Oman , Malaysia and Yemen in February–March 2016. Purpose The exercise aimed to raise the technical and combat efficiency of the units involved and improve logistics and readiness rates for the implementation of joint security and stability missions in the region, notably Syria . A spokesman for the Arab coalition forces, Ahmad Assiri , said the aim of the exercise is to achieve the highest level of preparedness, exchange expertise and promote coordination among the 21 participating countries. It has also been suggested, considering the forces involved, that the exercise could be the beginning of a land assault on Syria in conjunction with the Turkish Land Forces invading Syria fro ...more...



List of ongoing armed conflicts

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Locations of ongoing conflicts worldwide; updated November 2017.    Major wars, 10,000 or more deaths in current or past year    Wars, 1,000–9,999 deaths in current or past year    Minor conflicts, 100–999 deaths in current or past year    Skirmishes and clashes, fewer than 100 deaths in current or past year The following is a list of ongoing armed conflicts that are taking place around the world and continue to result in violence. List guidelines This list of ongoing armed conflicts is for the sole purpose of identifying present-day conflicts and the death toll associated with each conflict. The guidelines of inclusion are: Armed conflicts consist in the use of armed force between two or more organized armed groups, governmental or non-governmental alike. Interstate, intrastate and non-state armed conflicts are listed. For ongoing civil unrest and violence against protesters not escalating into armed conflict, see List of ongoing protests . Fatality figures include battle-related deaths (military and civili ...more...



Battle of Mosul (2016–2017)

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The Battle of Mosul (2016–17) ( Arabic : معركة الموصل ‎, Ma‘rakat al-Mawṣil; Central Kurdish : شەڕی مووسڵ ‎, Şeriy Mûsil) was a major military campaign launched by the Iraqi Government forces with allied militias, the Kurdistan Regional Government , and international forces to retake the city of Mosul from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), which had seized the city in June 2014. During the military intervention against ISIL , Iraqi and Peshmerga forces had already made unsuccessful attempts to retake the city in 2015 and again in 2016 , despite limited gains. The offensive, dubbed Operation " We Are Coming, Nineveh " ( قادمون يا نينوى ; Qadimun Ya Naynawa), began on 16 October 2016, with forces besieging ISIL-controlled areas in the Nineveh Governorate surrounding Mosul, and continued with Iraqi troops and Peshmerga fighters engaging ISIL on three fronts outside Mosul, going from village to village in the surrounding area in the largest deployment of Iraqi troops since the 2003 invasio ...more...



Battle of Sirte (2015)

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The Battle of Sirte refers to the battle in the spring of 2015, in the region of Sirte , Libya between the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and the Libya Shield Force . ISIL forces had been present in the city since February 2015, before the Fall of Nofaliya . After Nofaliya fell to ISIL forces, the Tripoli -based government had decided to send reinforcements to recapture Sirte. The battle The fighting began 14 March 2015, between forces of the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant and the forces of the Libya Shield Force , no death toll was initially given, but the fighting was described as violent and stopped at dusk. Among those killed was Ahmed al-Rouissi, a Tunisian ISIL commander. On 18 March, 12 Tripoli government soldiers were killed during fighting against Islamic State fighters; 10 in Nofaliya and 2 in Ben Jawad . On 25 March, ISIL attacked a Brigade 166 checkpoint, 15 kilometers west of Sirte, killing five militiamen. Over the next two months, sporadic fighting took place around Sirte. ...more...



List of conflicts in Tunisia

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Ancient Times Carthaginian Empire 264 — 146 BCE Punic Wars 264 — 241 BCE First Punic War First Punic War Early 255 BCE Siege of Aspis Early 255 BCE Battle of Adys 255 BCE Battle of Tunis 240 — 238 BCE Mercenary War Spring 240 BCE Battle of Utica Autumn 240 BCE Battle of the Bagradas River Autumn 240 BCE Hamilcar's victory with Navaras 238 BCE Battle of "The Saw" 238 BCE Siege of Tunis 218 — 201 BCE Second Punic War Second Punic War 203 BCE Battle of Utica 203 BCE Battle of the Great Plains October 19, 202 BCE Battle of Zama 149 — 146 BCE Third Punic War 147 BCE Battle of the Port of Carthage 147 BCE Battle of Nepheris circa 149 BCE — Spring 146 BCE Battle of Carthage Kingdom of Numidia 112 - 106 BCE Jugurthine War 111 - 104 BCE Battle of Thala 110 BCE Battle of Suthul 108 BCE Battle of the Muthul Roman Province of Africa 238 CE Battle of Carthage 439 CE Genseric chose to break the treaty between the Vandals and the Romans when he invaded the province of Africa Proconsularis and laid siege to Carthage . German ...more...



Killing of captives by ISIL

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Executions by ISIS refers here to killing by beheading , crucifixion , immolation , shooting or other means of military and civilian people (such as captives and "criminals") by the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS). ISIS have released a number of propaganda/publicity videos of beheadings or shootings of captives. Other videos and photos show people being crucified and later dying as a result of crucifixion, or at least in part from the crucifixion. Houtat Sulūk is reported to be a mass grave. Military captives By June 2014, according to United Nations reports, ISIL had killed hundreds of prisoners of war and over 1,000 civilians. Specific incidents involving the killing of military prisoners including the mass killing of up to 250 Syrian Army soldiers near Tabqa Air base , and killings that took place in Camp Speicher (1,095–1,700 Iraqi soldiers shot and "thousands" more "missing") and the Shaer gas field (200 Syrian soldiers shot). ISIL was reported to have beheaded about 100 foreign fighters a ...more...



Tunisian Armed Forces

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The Tunisian Armed Forces ( Arabic : القوات المسلحة التونسية ‎‎) consist of the Tunisian Army , Air Force and Navy. As of 2012, Tunisia had an army of 40,500 personnel equipped with 84 main battle tanks and 48 light tanks. The Air Force had 4,000 personnel, 27 combat aircraft and 43 helicopters. The navy numbered 4,800 operating 25 patrol boats and 6 other craft. Paramilitary forces consisted of a 12,000-member national guard. Tunisia participates in United Nations peacekeeping efforts in the DROC ( MONUSCO ) and Côte d'Ivoire. Previous United Nations peacekeeping deployments for the Tunisian armed forces have included Cambodia ( UNTAC ), Namibia ( UNTAG ), Somalia, Rwanda, Burundi, Ethiopia/Eritrea ( UNMEE ), and the 1960s mission in the Congo, ONUC . The former minister of defence was Rachid Sabbagh . History Tunisian artillery and gunners, circa 1900 The modern Tunisian army was formed in 1831 by Al-Husayn II ibn Mahmud . During the period of the French Protectorate (1881–1956) Tunisians were recruited ...more...



Libyan Civil War (2014–present)

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The second Libyan Civil War is an ongoing conflict among rival groups seeking control of the territory of Libya . The conflict has been mostly between the government of the House of Representatives (HoR) that was elected democratically in 2014, also known as the " Tobruk government" and internationally recognized as the "Libyan government"; and the rival General National Congress (GNC) endorsed government, also called the " National Salvation Government ", based in the capital Tripoli established after Operation Libya Dawn. In December 2015 the Libyan Political Agreement (LPA) was signed. The LPA was the result of protracted negotiations between rival political camps based in the capital, Tripoli, Tobruk and elsewhere which agreed to unite as the Government of National Accord . Although the Government of National Accord is now functioning, its authority is still unclear as specific details acceptable to both sides have not yet been agreed upon. The HoR, also known as the Council of Deputies, strongest in ea ...more...



Iraqi insurgency (2003–11)

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An insurgency began in Iraq after the 2003 US-led invasion , and lasted throughout the ensuing Iraq War (2003–2011). The first phase of the insurgency began shortly after the 2003 invasion and prior to the establishment of the new Iraqi government. From around 2004 to May 2007, the insurgency primarily targeted the Multi-National Force – Iraq , while latterly, Iraqi security forces , seen, by Iraqi insurgents, as collaborators with the coalition, were also targeted. With the full-scale eruption of the sectarian civil war in February 2006, many militant attacks in American-controlled central Iraq were directed at the Iraqi police and military forces of the Iraqi government . The attacks continued during the transitional reconstruction of Iraq , as the Iraqi government tried to establish itself. Civil war violence decreased in late 2008 and the insurgency continued through the American withdrawal from Iraq in 2011. After the withdrawal in December 2011, a renewed wave of sectarian and anti-government insurgenc ...more...



Abu Khattab al-Tunisi

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Abu Khattab al-Tunisi (died 10 June 2017) was a Tunisian jihadist and military leader of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant , who had risen to the group's third-highest ranking commander by 2017. In that year, he was put in charge of the military operations in eastern Raqqa , ISIL's proclaimed capital, which was attacked by the Syrian Democratic Forces on 6 June 2017. Just four days after the battle's beginning, Abu Khattab was killed at the frontlines in the Roman suburb, alongside 12 other ISIL militants, during a shootout with SDF fighters. His death was considered to be "a new blow to the ISIS terror group". References Dilber Issa (12 June 2017). "Top ISIS military official killed by SDF fire in Raqqa city" . ARA News . Retrieved 16 June 2017 . "3rd neighborhood liberated from IS in al-Raqqa" . Hawar News Agency . 11 June 2017 . Retrieved 11 June 2017 . Mohammad Abdulssattar Ibrahim; Mohammed Al-Haj Ali; Justin Schuster (12 June 2017). "In battle for Raqqa, Syrian Democratic Forces make steady a ...more...



Timeline of ISIL-related events (2016)

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Map of the Levant (22 June 2015) Actual map of the Levant more detailed at Insurgencies Map Northern Aleppo offensive (8 February 2016) Boko Haram /ISIL Current military situation, as of 25 December 2015    Controlled by the Nigerian government    Controlled by Boko Haram / ISIL Libya current military situation (as of 6 January 2016)    Controlled by the Council of Deputies and Libyan National Army    Controlled by the New General National Congress and Libya Shield Force    Controlled by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant    Controlled by the Benghazi , Derna and Ajdabiya Shura Councils    Controlled by the Petroleum Facilities Guard (PFG)    Controlled by Tuareg forces    Controlled by local forces Territory Changes 2014–2016 Timeline January 2016 1 January ISIL fighters mount an attack on the newly recaptured Iraqi city of Ramadi using suicide bombers and VBIEDs . They are repelled by the Iraqi Army operating in conjunction with US-led Coalition air strikes. 1 January a lone attacker performed a terro ...more...



Battle of Sirte (2016)

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The Battle of Sirte (2016) refers to the battle in the spring of 2016, in the region of Sirte , Libya , between the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and the forces of the Government of National Accord (GNA) backed by United States of America . ISIL forces had captured Sirte one year earlier, during the previous battle . The latter portion of this battle was concurrent with the Battle of Mosul (2016–17) in Iraq , the Battle of al-Bab in northern Syria , and the Raqqa campaign (2016–2017) by the Syrian Democratic Forces , on ISIL's de facto capital in Syria . The offensive GNA advance on Sirte, initial gains, and stalemate The offensive on Sirte launched on 12 May 2016, under the name “Al-Bunyan Al-Marsoos,” variously translated as "Impenetrable Wall" or "Solid Foundation." Fighting took place east of Assdada, around 80 km (50 miles) south of Misrata . On 16 May, GNA military forces recaptured Abu Grein from ISIL militants. The next day, the GNA took control over the al-Wishkah district, 25 km fr ...more...



Inter-rebel conflict during the Syrian Civil War

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The inter-rebel conflict during the Syrian Civil War started after fighting erupted between the Syrian opposition groups: the Free Syrian Army (FSA), the Army of Mujahedeen , the Islamic Front , and the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). In early January 2014, serious clashes between the groups erupted in the north of the country. Opposition groups near Aleppo attacked ISIL in two areas, Atarib and Anadan , which were both strongholds of the fundamentalist Sunni organization. Despite the conflict between ISIL and other rebels, one faction of ISIL has cooperated with the al-Nusra Front and the Green Battalion (a group of Saudi fighters) to combat Hezbollah in the Battle of Qalamoun . Background Free Syrian Army–al-Nusra Front tensions On 26 July 2012, FSA fighters stormed an outpost near a border crossing with Turkey in northern Syria manned by 40 foreign al-Qaeda fighters which held John Cantlie and several other journalists prisoners. The journalists escaped to the border crossing during the infi ...more...



List of wars by death toll

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This list of wars by death toll includes death toll estimates of all deaths that are either directly or indirectly caused by war. These numbers usually include both the deaths of military personnel which are the direct results of battle or other military wartime actions, as well as the wartime/war-related deaths of civilians, which are the results of war-induced epidemics , diseases , famines , atrocities , genocide , etc. List of wars with greater than 20,000 deaths by death toll War Death range Geometric mean Date Location Notes European colonization of the Americas 10,000,000–137,750,000 37,114,687 1492–1691 Americas These death toll estimates vary due to lack of consensus as to the demographic size of the native population pre-Columbus, which some say might never be accurately determined. See: Population history of indigenous peoples of the Americas World War II 15,843,000–85,000,000 36,696,798 1939–1945 Worldwide Mongol conquests 30,000,000–40,000,000 34,641,016 1206–1368 Eurasia – Excludes the (up ...more...



Iraq War

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The Iraq War , also known as the Second Gulf War , was a protracted armed conflict that began in 2003 with the invasion of Iraq by a United States-led coalition that overthrew the government of Saddam Hussein . The conflict continued for much of the next decade as an insurgency emerged to oppose the occupying forces and the post-invasion Iraqi government. An estimated 151,000 to 600,000 or more Iraqis were killed in the first 3–4 years of conflict. The U.S. became re-involved in 2014 at the head of a new coalition ; the insurgency and many dimensions of the civil armed conflict continue. The invasion occurred under the pretext of a declared war against international terrorism and its sponsors under the administration of US President George W. Bush following the September 11 terror attacks . The invasion began on 20 March 2003, with the U.S., joined by the United Kingdom and several coalition allies, launching a " shock and awe " bombing campaign. Iraqi forces were quickly overwhelmed as U.S. forces swept t ...more...



2016 Berlin attack

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On 19 December 2016, a truck was deliberately driven into the Christmas market next to the Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church at Breitscheidplatz in Berlin , leaving 12 people dead and 56 others injured a total of 68 people that were involved in this incident. One of the victims was the truck's original driver, Łukasz Urban, who was found shot dead in the passenger seat. The truck was eventually stopped by its automatic brakes . The perpetrator was Anis Amri, a Tunisian failed asylum seeker , urged by Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant . Four days after the attack, he was killed in a shootout with police near Milan in Italy. An initial suspect was arrested and later released due to lack of evidence. The event was designated as a terrorist attack. The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant gave Anis Amri instructions. ISIL released a video of Amri pledging allegiance to the terror group's leader, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi . Background The attack took place during a time of heightened Islamist terrorist activity in Eur ...more...



Turki al-Binali

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Turki Mubarak Abdullah Ahmad al-Binali (3 September 1984 – 31 May 2017) was a senior religious leader of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant . History Early life Turki al-Binali was born on 3 September 1984 in Al-Bousaiteen district, Al Muharraq , Bahrain to a wealthy, notable family that has close political relations to the ruling royal family of Bahrain, the Al-Khalifa . He attended classes that taught remembering the Qur'an in his hometown and he learned the recitation of Qur'an from one of the Sheikhs of Sultan Bin Salama Mosque. He also attended the classes of Sheikh Abu Zaid and another sheikh from Al-Janoubi Mosque in Al-Bousaiteen. He studied both the elementary and middle stages at Al-Iman school, a private religious school and then he studied in the literary section at Al-Hidaya Al-Khalifia Boys high school. Islamic studies At some point he moved to Dubai for higher education in Islamic studies at the College of Islamic and Arabic Studies (Dubai) , however he was deported back to Bahrain. Ther ...more...



War on Terror

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The War on Terror ( WoT ), also known as the Global War on Terrorism ( GWOT ), is a metaphor of war referring to the international military campaign that was launched by the U.S. government after the September 11 attacks in the U.S. in 2001. U.S. president George W. Bush first used the term "war on terrorism" on 16 September 2001, and then "war on terror" a few days later in a formal speech to Congress. In the latter speech, George Bush stated, "Our enemy is a radical network of terrorists and every government that supports them." The term was originally used with a particular focus on countries associated with al-Qaeda . The term was immediately criticised by such people as Richard B. Myers , chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and more nuanced ones subsequently came to be used by the Bush administration to publicly define the international campaign led by the U.S.; it was never used as a formal designation of U.S. operations in internal government documentation. U.S. president Barack Obama and hi ...more...



February 2015 Egyptian airstrikes in Libya

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The February 2015 Egyptian airstrikes in Libya against Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) positions in Libya took place on February 16, 2015, and were triggered by a video released by ISIL in Libya a day earlier, depicting the beheading of 21 Coptic Christians from Egypt . Within hours, the Egyptian Air Force responded with airstrikes against ISIL training camps and weapons stockpiles in retaliation for the killings. Warplanes acting under orders from the Libyan government also struck targets in Derna , reportedly in coordination with Egypt. The air strikes had allegedly killed up to 64 ISIL militants, including three of the leadership, in the coastal cities of Derna and Sirte . Libyan media reported that at least 35 more Egyptians had been rounded up by ISIL in retaliation for the air raids. As the airstrikes took place, Egypt's Foreign Ministry called on the US-led coalition striking Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant targets in Syria and Iraq to broaden its scope to North Africa and take actio ...more...



Arab Spring

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The Arab Spring , ( Arabic : الربيع العربي ‎‎ ar-Rabīʻ al-ʻArabī) also referred to as Arab revolutions ( Arabic : الثورات العربية ‎‎ aṯ-'awrāt al-ʻarabiyyah), was a revolutionary wave of both violent and non-violent demonstrations , protests , riots , coups and civil wars in North Africa and the Middle East that began on 17 December 2010 in Tunisia with the Tunisian Revolution . The Tunisian Revolution effect spread strongly to five other countries: Libya , Egypt , Yemen , Syria and Bahrain , where either the regime was toppled or major uprisings and social violence occurred, including civil wars or insurgencies. Sustained street demonstrations took place in Morocco , Iraq , Algeria , Iranian Khuzestan , Lebanon , Jordan , Kuwait , Oman and Sudan . Minor protests occurred in Djibouti , Mauritania , the Palestinian National Authority , Saudi Arabia , and the Moroccan-controlled Western Sahara . A major slogan of the demonstrators in the Arab world is ash-shaʻb yurīd isqāṭ an-niẓām ("the people want to bring d ...more...



List of conflicts in Africa

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This is a list of conflicts in Africa arranged by country, both on the continent and associated islands, including wars between African nations, civil wars, and wars involving non-African nations that took place within Africa. It encompasses colonial wars, wars of independence, secessionist and separatist conflicts, major episodes of national violence (riots, massacres, etc.), and global conflicts in which Africa was a theatre of war. North Africa Egypt 1803 — 07 Muhammad Ali's seizure of power 1881 — 99 Mahdist War June 11, 1940 — February 4, 1943: Western Desert Campaign , part of World War II October 29 — November 7, 1956 Suez Crisis June 5, 1967 — June 10, 1967 Six Day War July 1, 1967 — August 7, 1970 War of Attrition October 6, 1973 — October 25, 1973 Yom Kippur War July 21, 1977 — July 24, 1977 Libyan-Egyptian War January 25, 2011 — ongoing 2011 Egyptian Revolution and Aftermath January 25, 2011 — February 11, 2011 Egyptian Revolution Egyptian crisis (2011–14) February 23, 2011 — ongoing Sinai insurgen ...more...



November 2015 Paris attacks

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The November 2015 Paris attacks were a series of coordinated terrorist attacks that occurred on Friday 13 November 2015 in Paris, France and the city's northern suburb, Saint-Denis . Beginning at 21:16  CET , three suicide bombers struck outside the Stade de France in Saint-Denis, during a football match. This was followed by several mass shootings, and a suicide bombing, at cafés and restaurants. Gunmen carried out another mass shooting and took hostages at an Eagles of Death Metal concert in the Bataclan theatre , leading to a stand-off with police. The attackers were shot or blew themselves up when police raided the theatre. The attackers killed 130 people, including 89 at the Bataclan theatre. Another 413 people were injured, almost 100 seriously. Seven of the attackers also died, while the authorities continued to search for accomplices. The attacks were the deadliest on France since the Second World War , and the deadliest in the European Union since the Madrid train bombings in 2004 . France ...more...



List of wars 2011–present

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This is a list of wars launched from 2011 onwards. Other wars can be found in the historical lists of wars and the list of wars extended by diplomatic irregularity . Start Finish Name of Conflict Belligerents Victorious party (if applicable) Defeated party (if applicable) 2011 2011 Libyan Civil War (2011) NTC   NATO   Bulgaria   Belgium   Canada   Denmark   France   Greece   Italy   Netherlands   Norway   Romania   Spain   Turkey   United Kingdom   United States   Jordan   Qatar   Sweden   UAE Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 2011 Ongoing Sinai insurgency   Egypt Egyptian Armed Forces Central Security Forces National Security Service National Police Al-Tarabin tribe Multinational Force and Observers Border attack :   Israel Islamist militants Ansar Bait al-Maqdis Bedouin tribesmen Jund al Islam Takfir wal-Hijra Jama’at al-Tawhid wal-Jihad Ansar al-Sharia Mujahideen Shura Council Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Wilayat Sinai 2011 Ongoing Syrian Civil War 2011 Ongoing Sudanese conflict in South Kordofan and Blue Nil ...more...



Operation Shader

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Operation Shader is the operational code name given to the contribution of the United Kingdom in the ongoing military intervention against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). The operation began in Iraq on 26 September 2014, following a formal request for assistance by the Iraqi government. Prior to this, the Royal Air Force had been engaged in a humanitarian relief effort over Mount Sinjar , which involved multiple aid airdrops by transport aircraft and the airlifting of displaced refugees. By 21 October 2014, the intervention had extended onto Syria with the Royal Air Force only mandated to conduct surveillance flights over the country. As of 26 September 2015, the United Kingdom had flown a third of all coalition surveillance flights over Iraq and Syria. By 26 November 2015, the Tornado GR4s RAPTOR reconnaissance pod had gathered 60% of the coalition's entire tactical reconnaissance in Iraq. On 2 December 2015, the House of Commons approved British airstrikes against ISIL in Syria. The ...more...



List of terrorist incidents linked to ISIL

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Terror attacks committed by ISIL as of 1 January 2017. The following is a list of terrorist incidents and arrests that have been connected to or have been said by reliable sources to be inspired by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), also known as the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) or Daesh. Since June 2014, when ISIL proclaimed itself to be the Islamic State, according to a running count kept by CNN , it has "conducted or inspired" over 70 terrorist attacks in 20 countries, not including Syria and Iraq . 2013 Country Date Article Description Dead Injured Status Iraq January 2013 A car bomb killed 28 Shia pilgrims and injured 60 others as they were returning from Karbala, while in the capital Baghdad a roadside bomb exploded near a minibus, killing four pilgrims and wounding 15 others. 32 75 Iraq January 2013 Two suicide bombing attacks killed 55 and wounded 288 in Baghdad, Tikrit and Kirkuk. 55 288 Iraq January 2013 A suicide bomber blew himself up during a funeral for a politician's rel ...more...



2017 Istanbul nightclub shooting

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A mass shooting occurred at a nightclub in the Beşiktaş district of Istanbul , Turkey , on 1 January 2017. The attack occurred at about 01:15 FET ( UTC+3 ) at the Reina nightclub in Ortaköy , where hundreds of people were celebrating the New Year . At least 39 people were killed and at least 70 were injured in the incident. The gunman, Abdulkadir Masharipov, was arrested in the city on January 17, 2017, and Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant claimed credit for his actions. Background Since the summer of 2016, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) has been under pressure with notable territorial losses due to three parallel offensives: the Turkish- Free Syrian Army Western al-Bab offensive and Battle of al-Bab , the Syrian Democratic Forces ' Northern Raqqa offensive , and the Battle of Mosul in Iraq . The Turkish military intervention in Syria has been the first frontal opposition between ISIL and the Turkish Army , heating up tensions. Before the incident, there were heightened security measures ...more...



Mosul offensive (2015)

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The Mosul offensive (2015) was an offensive launched by Kurdish Peshmerga forces on 21 January 2015, with the objective of severing key ISIL supply routes to Mosul , Iraq, and to recapture neighboring areas around Mosul. The effort was supported by US-led coalition airstrikes. The Iraqi Army was widely expected to launch the planned operation to retake the actual city of Mosul in the Spring of 2015, but the offensive was postponed to October 2016 , after Ramadi fell to ISIL in May 2015 . Background Ever since the city of Mosul fell to ISIL forces on 10 June 2014, the United States and the Iraqi Government had been planning to retake the city. Initially, the original plan called for an assault on Mosul in July or August 2015, even though some US officials claimed that an attack at that point would be "too late." On December 25, 2014, after Hassan Saeed Al-Jabouri, the ISIL governor of Mosul, was killed by a US-led Coalition airstrike in Mosul, it was revealed that the US planned to retake the city of Mosul i ...more...



ISIL-related terror attacks in France

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ISIL-related terror attacks in France refers to the terrorist activity of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant in France , including attacks committed by ISIL-inspired lone wolves . The French military operation Opération Sentinelle has been ongoing in France since the January 2015 Île-de-France attacks . Background Prior to the attacks, the 2005 French riots occurred. They have been controversially interpreted, mostly by the foreign press, as an illustration of the difficulty of integrating Muslims in France, and smaller scale riots have been occurring throughout the 1980s and 1990s, first in Vaulx-en-Velin in 1979, and in Vénissieux in 1981, 1983, 1990 and 1999. According to The Guardian , eight attacks occurred in France during the eighteen months from January 2015 to July 2016, including the January 2015 Île-de-France attacks (which killed 17 people), the November 2015 Paris attacks (which killed 130), and the July 2016 Nice truck attack (which killed 86). Reportedly, ISIL has called on its supporte ...more...




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