Marine Medium Tilt Rotor Squadron 165 (VMM-165) is a United States Marine Corps Tilt-rotor squadron consisting of MV-22B Osprey transport aircraft. The squadron, known as the "White Knights", is based at Marine Corps Air Station Miramar, California and fall under the command of Marine Aircraft Group 16 (MAG-16) and the 3rd Marine Aircraft Wing (3rd MAW).
Provide assault support transport of combat troops, supplies and equipment during expeditionary, joint or combined operations. Be prepared for short-notice, worldwide employment in support of Marine Air-Ground Task Force operations.
Marine Medium Helicopter Squadron 165 was activated on July 1, 1965 at Marine Corps Air Station Santa Ana, California as part of Marine Aircraft Group 36, 3rd Marine Aircraft Wing. During August 1965, the White Knights were reassigned to Marine Wing Service Group 37.
In September 1966, the White Knights deployed to the Republic of Vietnam, where they were assigned to Marine Aircraft Group 36, 1st Marine Aircraft Wing. From October 1966 to August 1969, the squadron operated from Kỳ Hà, Hue/Phu Bai, the USS Valley Forge, the USS Tripoli, Marble Mountain area near Da Nang, and from the USS Tarawa. On June 6, 1968, HMM-165 had two of their CH-46As shot down in the vicinity of Khe Sanh. There were no deaths on the first incident but the second crash which occurred at LZ Loon, southeast of Khe Sanh, resulted in the death of 12 of the 23 Marines on board.
In August 1969, the squadron redeployed to Okinawa where it was reassigned to Marine Aircraft Group 15 of the 9th Marine Amphibious Brigade. In December 1969, the squadron again became part of Marine Aircraft Group 36.
During the early 1970s, HMM-165 participated as part of the Special Landing Force in support of activities in the Republic of Vietnam. During July and August 1972, the White Knights took part in Philippine flood relief operations, flying in food and supplies to local populations. At the end of April 1975, helicopters of HMM-165 played a key role in the evacuation of Saigon, Operation Frequent Wind. At 0500 on 30 April 1075, under direct orders from President Gerald Ford, the crew of Lady Ace 09 evacuated U.S. Ambassador Graham Martin from the US Embassy, Saigon, prior to the Fall of Saigon.
In November 1977, the White Knights moved to Marine Corps Air Station Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii where they were reassigned to Marine Aircraft Group 24, the air combat element of the 1st Marine Brigade. At this time the name of the squadron was changed from White Knights to Hawaiian Warriors. The logo on the tail of the aircraft was changed from a traditional knight to that of a profile of a Hawaiian king that resembled the logo of Primo Beer, causing the squadron enlisted to affectionately refer to themselves as, The Primo Warriors..
In December 1979 at a time of high international tension arising from the Iran hostage crisis and the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, HMM-165 deployed to the Arabian Sea with the 31st Marine Amphibious Unit (31st MAU) on board the USS Okinawa (LPH-3). Their mission was to deter Soviet Aggression under the orders of then President Jimmy Carter. This policy would later be named the Carter Doctrine. At the same time, the squadron served in a minor support role for the Hostage Rescue Attempt in Iran.
Upon returning to Hawaii in June 1980, the following winter produced a severe storm that damaged electrical lines crossing Oahu and HMM-165 assisted local officials in replacing these downed lines.
In 1981, HMM-165 was again deployed to the Western Pacific and Arabian Sea with the 31st MAU on board the USS Belleau Wood (LHA-3). Their name changed back to The White Knights and replaced the tail insignia with a traditional White Knight helmet. HMM-165 performed humanitarian work assisting the government of Sri Lanka in delivering television transmitters to a remote site providing the people of Sri Lanka full national coverage of their television station for the first time.
During April 1983 HMM-165 became the Air Combat Element (ACE) of the 31st Marine Amphibious Unit. The squadron was reinforced with 2 UH-1s, 4 AH-1s, 4 CH-53s, and 6 AV-8s in addition to its 12 CH-46s and was redesignated as HMM(C)Rein-165. The squadron deployed to the western Pacific and Indian Oceans and completed contingency operations in the Okinawa, Philippines, Thailand, Malaysia, Kenya, and Somalia. The reinforced squadron was diverted to Beirut, Lebanon, where they conducted contingency operations in Lebanon, Cyprus, and Israel from the deck of the USS Tarawa (LHA-1). The squadron returned to Kaneohe Bay in time for Christmas. In December 1989, the White Knights supported American interests, to include reinforcement of the American Embassy, in the Republic of the Philippines during that country's coupe attempt.
In August 1990, the squadron was sent to Saudi Arabia to participate in Operation Desert Shield and Operation Desert Storm. The White Knights returned home from Saudi Arabia in March 1991. HMM-165 was the "last squadron in the Philippine Islands" when they supported the special purpose MAGTF from July to November 1992. From September to October 1992 a detachment was sent to Cambodia to participate in Joint Task Force Full Accounting. The squadron aided the task force in the search for remains of MIA's from the war in Vietnam. In March 1993, another detachment from HMM-165 was sent to Cambodia to participate in Joint Task Force Full Accounting; this time the mission was cut short when the task force base camp was attacked by mortar fire in April 1993.
As a result of the Base Realignment And Closure Committee's (BRAC) actions HMM-165 was reassigned from the 1st Marine Aircraft Wing Aviation Support Element, Marine Corps Base Hawaii, to Marine Aircraft Group 16, 3rd Marine Aircraft Wing, Marine Corps Air Station El Toro, California on May 15, 1996.
HMM-165 moved to MCAS Miramar, San Diego, California in November 1998 as the result of additional BRAC requirements. In December 1998 HMM-165 was designated the Aviation Combat Element for the 11th Marine Expeditionary Unit.
In July 2001, HMM-165 was designated the Aviation Combat Element for the 13th Marine Expeditionary Unit. After the terror attacks of September 11, 2001, HMM-165 deployed in support of Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan.
The White Knights received orders to deploy to Iraq in December 2002. Beginning in January, HMM-165 deployed on the USS Boxer (LHD-4) and cruised to the Persian Gulf. After offloading in Kuwait, the squadron was tasked with supporting Regimental Combat Team 1 (RCT-1) for the duration of Operation Iraqi Freedom. On the night of April 1, 2003, HMM-165 comprised the CH-46 element of Task Force 20, the special team that extracted prisoner of war Army PFC Jessica Lynch.
The squadron redeployed to Iraq in September 2006 attached to the 15th Marine Expeditionary Unit. On December 3, 2006 a helicopter carrying 16 personnel made an emergency landing on Lake Qadisiyah in Al Anbar Province. Four of the passengers drowned in the incident. They returned to Camp Pendleton on May 30, 2007.
In June 2010, the unit again sailed with the 15th MEU aboard USS Peleliu, marking the last deployment of its CH-46s. The squadron demonstrated its prowess in a wide variety of missions as the White Knights headed up Task Force Ghazi in Khyber, Pakhtunkhwa Province, Northern Pakistan and Task Force South in the Sindh Province, Southern Pakistan in support of Humanitarian Assistance / Disaster Relief operations.
HMM-165 transitioned to the V-22 Osprey on March 1, 2011 and were subsequently re-designated Marine Medium Tiltrotor Squadron 165 (VMM-165). On 6 October 2012, a MV-22 Osprey tilt-rotor aircraft from squadron VMM-165 land and refueled on board the USS Nimitz (CVN-68). This operation was part of an evaluation of the feasibility of the MV-22 as a potential replacement for the C-2 Greyhound carrier onboard delivery (COD) cargo transport aircraft.
In July 2013, VMM-165 deployed to Afghanistan in support of Operation Enduring Freedom. Upon arriving at Camp Bastion, Afghanistan, the squadron assumed the duties of assault support for Regional Command Southwest [RC(SW)]. During their seven-month deployment to Afghanistan, the White Knights of VMM-165 conducted assault support, battlefield illumination, VIP transport, and CASEVAC in support of the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) effort in Helmand Province.
A unit citation or commendation is an award bestowed upon an organization for the action cited. Members of the unit who participated in said actions are allowed to wear on their uniforms the awarded unit citation. VMM-165 has been presented with the following awards:
|Presidential Unit Citation Streamer with one Bronze Star||1966–1967, 1968,2003||Vietnam War, Iraq|
|Navy Unit Commendation Streamer with three Bronze Stars||1968, 1968, 1969, 1972||Vietnam War|
|Meritorious Unit Commendation Streamer with three Bronze Stars||1972, 1975||Vietnam War|
|National Defense Service Streamer with two Bronze Stars||1961–1974, 1990–1995, 2001–present||Vietnam War, Gulf War, War on Terrorism|
|Armed Forces Expeditionary Streamer||Somalia|
|Vietnam Service Streamer with two Silver and three Bronze Stars||July 1965 - April 1971, April - December 1975|
|Southwest Asia Service Streamer||September 1990 - February 1991||Desert Shield, Desert Storm|
|Iraq Campaign Streamer||January - July 2003, March - April 2005, November 2006 - April 2007|
|Afghanistan Campaign Streamer with one Bronze Star||August 2013 - February 2014|
|Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Streamer||March - May 2003, April - October 2015||Operation Inherent Resolve|
|Global War on Terrorism Service Streamer||2001–present|
|Vietnam Gallantry Cross with Palm Streamer|
Marine Medium Tilt Rotor Squadron 165 ( VMM-165 ) is a United States Marine Corps Tilt-rotor squadron consisting of MV-22B Osprey transport aircraft. The squadron, known as the "White Knights", is based at Marine Corps Air Station Miramar , California and fall under the command of Marine Aircraft Group 16 (MAG-16) and the 3rd Marine Aircraft Wing (3rd MAW). Mission Provide assault support transport of combat troops, supplies and equipment during expeditionary, joint or combined operations. Be prepared for short-notice, worldwide employment in support of Marine Air-Ground Task Force operations. History Vietnam War Marine Medium Helicopter Squadron 165 was activated on July 1, 1965 at Marine Corps Air Station Santa Ana , California as part of Marine Aircraft Group 36 , 3rd Marine Aircraft Wing . During August 1965, the White Knights were reassigned to Marine Wing Service Group 37 . In September 1966, the White Knights deployed to the Republic of Vietnam , where they were assigned to Marine Aircraft Group 36 , 1
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Typhoon Megi ( pronounced ), known in the Philippines as Super Typhoon Juan , was one of the most intense tropical cyclones on record. Megi, which means catfish in Korean ( Hangul : 메기), was the only super typhoon in 2010. Early on October 18, Megi made its first landfall over Luzon . By passing Luzon, Megi weakened but gradually regained strength in the South China Sea , before weakening and losing its eyewall in the Taiwan Strait . Megi made its second landfall over Zhangpu in Fujian, China on October 23. Megi killed 31 people and caused $255.1 million (2010 USD) in damage over Luzon, making it one of the costliest typhoons in the Philippines . After moving to the South China Sea, the outflow of Megi and a weather front together brought torrential rainfall, caused $42.2 million (2010 USD) in damage and killed 38 people in Yilan , Taiwan, making Megi the deadliest typhoon of 2010 in Taiwan. Megi also caused $411.7 million (2010 USD) in damage over Fujian, China, although there were no deaths by the storm
This is a list of notable accidents and incidents involving military aircraft grouped by the year in which the accident or incident occurred. Not all of the aircraft were in operation at the time. For more exhaustive lists, see the Aircraft Crash Reco"rd Office or the Air Safety Network or the Dutch Scramble Website Brush and Dustpan Database . Combat losses are not included, except for a very few cases denoted by singular circumstances. Aircraft terminology Information on aircraft gives the type, and if available, the serial number of the operator in italics, the constructors number, also known as the manufacturer's serial number (c/n), exterior codes in apostrophes, nicknames (if any) in quotation marks, flight callsign in italics, and operating units. 1960 4 January A United States Army de Havilland Canada U-1A Otter , 55-2974, disappeared over the Gulf of Sirte . Aircraft was never found. 10 crew were presumed dead. 25 February The 1960 Rio de Janeiro air crash was an aerial collision between two aircraft
USS Tripoli (LPH-10) , an Iwo Jima-class amphibious assault ship , was laid down on 15 June 1964 at Pascagoula, Mississippi , by the Ingalls Shipbuilding Corporation ; launched on 31 July 1965; sponsored by Mrs. Jane Cates, the wife of General Clifton B. Cates , former Commandant of the Marine Corps ; and commissioned on 6 August 1966 at the Philadelphia Naval Shipyard , Capt. Henry Suerstedt, Jr., in command. Tripoli is the second U.S. Navy ship named for the Battle of Derne in 1805. It was the decisive victory of a mercenary army led by a detachment of United States Marines and soldiers against the forces of Tripoli during the First Barbary War . It was the first recorded land battle of the United States fought overseas. Following three months fitting out at Philadelphia , the amphibious assault ship put to sea on 6 November 1966, bound for the west coast. She transited the Panama Canal at mid-month and arrived at her home port, San Diego , on 22 November 1966. Final acceptance trials, shakedown training, a
The Fall of Saigon , or the Liberation of Saigon , depending on context, was the capture of Saigon , the capital of South Vietnam , by the People's Army of Vietnam and the National Liberation Front of South Vietnam (also known as the Việt Cộng ) on April 30, 1975. The event marked the end of the Vietnam War and the start of a transition period to the formal reunification of Vietnam under the Socialist Republic . North Vietnamese forces, under the command of General Văn Tiến Dũng , began their final attack on Saigon on April 29, 1975, with Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) forces commanded by General Nguyễn Văn Toàn suffering heavy artillery bombardment. This bombardment at the Tân Sơn Nhất Airport killed the last two American servicemen to die in Vietnam, Charles McMahon and Darwin Judge . By the afternoon of the next day, North Vietnamese troops had occupied the important points of the city and raised their flag over the South Vietnamese presidential palace . The South Vietnamese government capitulat
In probability theory and related fields, a stochastic or random process is a mathematical object usually defined as a collection of random variables . Historically, the random variables were associated with or indexed by a set of numbers, usually viewed as points in time, giving the interpretation of a stochastic process representing numerical values of some system randomly changing over time , such as the growth of a bacterial population, an electrical current fluctuating due to thermal noise , or the movement of a gas molecule . Stochastic processes are widely used as mathematical models of systems and phenomena that appear to vary in a random manner. They have applications in many disciplines including sciences such as biology , chemistry , ecology , neuroscience , and physics as well as technology and engineering fields such as image processing , signal processing , information theory , computer science , cryptography and telecommunications . Furthermore, seemingly random changes in financial market
Operation Taylor Common was a search and destroy operation conducted by Task Force Yankee, a task force of the 1st Marine Division supported by the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN), southwest of Hội An from 6 December 1968 to 8 March 1969. Prelude Base Area 112 was a Viet Cong and People's Army of Vietnam base area located in the mountains of Quảng Nam Province southwest of Da Nang near the area known to the Marines as the "Arizona Territory" The base was believed to support the PAVN 21st Regiment, 3rd Battalion, 68B Rocket Regiment, 2nd Battalion, 141st Regiment and command and support units. The operational plan was for "Task Force Yankee", an ad hoc unit based around the 5th Marine Regiment , to secure the An Hoa Basin together with the ARVN 1st Ranger Group , the Task Force would then construct a series of fire support bases to support operations west into the Base Area and finally destroy the Base Area. Operation Marines inspect a PAVN ammunition cache Phase 1 The operation commenced on 7 December
Operation End Sweep was a United States Navy and United States Marine Corps operation to remove naval mines from Haiphong harbor and other coastal and inland waterways in North Vietnam between February and July 1973. The operation fulfilled an American obligation under the Paris Peace Accord of January 1973, which ended direct American participation in the Vietnam War . It also was the first operational deployment of a U.S. Navy air mine countermeasures capability. Background The United States had largely disengaged from the Vietnam War when North Vietnam launched its Easter Offensive into South Vietnam in March 1972. In response, the United States Air Force and U.S. Navy launched Operation Linebacker , a major bombing offensive against North Vietnam. In addition, President of the United States Richard Nixon ordered the Commander-in-Chief, United States Pacific Fleet , Admiral Bernard A. Clarey , and the Commander-in-Chief, United States Seventh Fleet , Vice Admiral James L. Holloway , to begin the Operation
The 1983 Beirut barracks bombings were attacks that occurred on October 23, 1983, in Beirut , Lebanon , during the Lebanese Civil War when two truck bombs struck separate buildings housing Multinational Force in Lebanon (MNF) peacekeepers , specifically against United States and French service members , killing 241 U.S. and 58 French peacekeepers, 6 civilians , and the 2 suicide attackers . An obscure group calling itself ' Islamic Jihad ' claimed responsibility for the bombings and that the bombings were aimed to get the MNF out of Lebanon. The chain of command likely ran from the government of Iran ; to Iran's Ambassador to Syria, Ali Akbar Mohtashamipur , located in Damascus; to Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) commander Hossein Dehghan in Beirut as the Iranians drew on assets in Lebanon. Hezbollah , Iran, and Syria have continued to deny any involvement in any of the bombings, even though the Iranian government erected a monument in Tehran to commemorate the 1983 bombings and its "martyrs" in 2004
This is a list of Crayon Shin-chan episodes that aired from 1992 to the present. Episodes 1–422 Episodes 423–754 Episodes 756– English dub episodes Vitello dub This is a list of episodes dubbed in English by Vitello Productions in 2002. 52 23-minute episodes (156 5 to 7-minute segments) were dubbed by Vitello. Episodes with segments out of their original Japanese order are indicated by an additional segment number. English episode no. Japanese episode no. Name in English Japanese (Kanji) (Rōmaji) 1 95 "Playing House" 組長とままごとだゾ (Kumichō to mamagoto da zo) "Mom Wants to Drive" 母ちゃんは運転免許がないゾ (Kaa-chan wa untenmenkyo ga nai zo) "Mom Takes Driving Lessons" 運転免許の教習だゾ (Untenmenkyo no kyōshū da zo) 2 68 "Mom's Getting Fat" 母ちゃんのダイエットだゾ (Kaa-chan no daietto da zo) "I'm a Kiddie Commando" アスレチックするゾ (Asurechikku suru zo) "Dad Lost His Eyebrows" 父ちゃんのマユゲがないゾ (Tō-chan no mayuge ga nai zo) 3 61 "P.J. Party with Miss Dori" よしなが先生の私生活だゾ (Yoshinaga-sensei no shiseikatsu da zo) "I Meet a Hishi" 最後のセールスレディだゾ (Saigo no seerusure
Biological databases are stores of biological information. The journal Nucleic Acids Research regularly publishes special issues on biological databases and has a list of such databases. For instance, the 2016 issue has a list of about 180 such databases and updates to previously described databases. Meta Databases Meta databases are databases of databases that collect data about data to generate new data. They are capable of merging information from different sources and making it available in a new and more convenient form, or with an emphasis on a particular disease or organism. BioGraph ( University of Antwerp , Vlaams Instituut voor Biotechnologie ) A knowledge discovery service based on the integration of more than 20 heterogeneous databases Neuroscience Information Framework  ( University of California, San Diego ) - Integrates hundreds of neuroscience relevant resources, many are listed below. ConsensusPathDB - A molecular functional interaction database, integrating information from 12 other data
Operation Frequent Wind was the final phase in the evacuation of American civilians and "at-risk" Vietnamese from Saigon , South Vietnam prior to the takeover of the city by the North Vietnamese Army (PAVN) in the Fall of Saigon . It was carried out on 29–30 April 1975, during the last days of the Vietnam War . More than 7,000 people were evacuated by helicopter from various points in Saigon. The airlift resulted in a number of enduring images. Evacuation plans already existed as a standard procedure for American embassies. At the beginning of March, fixed-wing aircraft began evacuating civilians from Tan Son Nhat Airport through neighboring countries. By mid-April, contingency plans were in place and preparations were underway for a possible helicopter evacuation. As the imminent collapse of Saigon became evident, Task Force 76 (TF76) was assembled off the coast near Vung Tau to support a helicopter evacuation and provide air support if required. In the event, air support was not needed as the North Vietname
Robert E. Cleary was the tenth Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps , serving in this position between 1983–1987. He was the last Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps to have served in the Korean War . Early life Robert Cleary was born in Tewksbury, Massachusetts on 2 June 1931, and graduated from Holyoke Trade High School in May 1949. Military service Cleary enlisted in the United States Marine Corps on 24 October 1951. He underwent recruit training at the Marine Corps Recruit Depot Parris Island , then attended a nine-week Demolition Specialist Course at Schools Battalion, Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune , where he was promoted to private first class . Upon completion of the school, he was assigned as the Battalion Demolition Specialist, Company B, 7th Engineer Battalion at Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton . Promoted to corporal , he remained with the 7th Engineer Battalion until April 1953. Cleary transferred overseas, where he joined the 1st Marine Division in Korea, as a Squad Leader and Right Guide with Comp
The Battle of Huế (also called the Siege of Huế), was one of the bloodiest and longest battles of the Vietnam War . In February 1968, in the South Vietnamese city of Huế , 11 battalions of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN), two U.S. Army battalions, and three understrength U.S. Marine Corps battalions, for a total of 16 battalions, defeated 10 battalions of the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN or NVA) and the Viet Cong (VC). With the beginning of the North Vietnamese Tet Offensive on January 30, 1968, the Vietnamese lunar New Year (Vietnamese: Tết Nguyên Đán ), large conventional American forces had been committed to combat upon Vietnamese soil for almost three years. Passing through the city of Huế, Highway 1 was an important supply line for ARVN, US, and Allied Forces from the coastal city of Đà Nẵng to the Vietnamese Demilitarized Zone (DMZ). It also provided access to the Perfume River (Vietnamese: Sông Hương or Hương Giang) at the point where the river ran through Huế, dividing the city into north
The Dominican Civil War ( Spanish : Guerra Civil Dominicana ) took place between April 24, 1965, and September 3, 1965, in Santo Domingo , Dominican Republic . It started when civilian and military supporters of constitutionally elected former President Juan Bosch overthrew acting President Donald Reid Cabral . The coup prompted General Elías Wessin y Wessin to organise elements of the military loyal to President Reid, known as loyalists, initiating an armed campaign against the so-called constitutionalist rebels. Allegations of foreign support for the rebels led to a United States intervention in the conflict, which later transformed into an Organization of American States occupation of the country. Elections were held in 1966, in the aftermath of which Joaquín Balaguer was elected into the presidential seat. Later in the same year international troops departed from the country. Background Constitutionalist troops attempted to reinstate overthrown President Juan Emilio Bosch Gaviño into power. On 19 November
This list of aviation shootdowns and accidents during the Iraq War includes incidents with Coalition and civilian aircraft during the Iraq War . According to media reports, 129 helicopters and 24 fixed-wing aircraft have been lost in Iraq since the 2003 invasion , up to February 2009. Of these incidents, 46 have been attributed to hostile fire, such as anti-aircraft artillery and surface-to-air missiles . In March 2007, Brig. Gen. Stephen Mundt said that 130 helicopters had been lost in both Iraq and Afghanistan, about a third to hostile fire, and he was concerned that they were not being replaced fast enough. A report published in "Aircraft Survivability" in Summer 2010 gave a total of 375 U.S. helicopters lost in Iraq and Afghanistan up to 2009. Of these, 70 were downed by hostile fire, with the other 305 losses classified as non-hostile / non-combat events. Unmanned aircraft of any type are not included in the list below. At least 283 personnel have been killed in helicopter crashes since the invasion, an
These datasets are used for machine learning research and have been cited in peer-reviewed academic journals and other publications. Datasets are an integral part of the field of machine learning . Major advances in this field can result from advances in learning algorithms (such as deep learning ), computer hardware , and, less-intuitively, the availability of high-quality training datasets. High-quality labeled training datasets for supervised and semi-supervised machine learning algorithms are usually difficult and expensive to produce because of the large amount of time needed to label the data. Although they do not need to be labeled, high-quality datasets for unsupervised learning can also be difficult and costly to produce. This list aggregates high-quality datasets that have been shown to be of value to the machine learning research community from multiple different data repositories to provide greater coverage of the topic than is otherwise available. Image data Datasets consisting primarily of
Activity recognition aims to recognize the actions and goals of one or more agents from a series of observations on the agents' actions and the environmental conditions. Since the 1980s, this research field has captured the attention of several computer science communities due to its strength in providing personalized support for many different applications and its connection to many different fields of study such as medicine, human-computer interaction, or sociology. Due to its many-faceted nature, different fields may refer to activity recognition as plan recognition, goal recognition, intent recognition, behavior recognition, location estimation and location-based services. Types of activity recognition Sensor-based, single-user activity recognition Sensor -based activity recognition integrates the emerging area of sensor networks with novel data mining and machine learning techniques to model a wide range of human activities. Mobile devices (e.g. smart phones) provide sufficient sensor data and calculat
This article is a list of US MIAs of the Vietnam War in the period 1961–1965. In 1973, the United States listed 2,646 Americans as unaccounted for from the entire Vietnam War. By August 2017, 1604 Americans remained unaccounted for, of which 1026 were classified as further pursuit, 488 as no further pursuit and 90 as deferred. 1961 Date missing Surname, First name(s) Rank Service Unit Operation /Battle Name Location Circumstances of loss Recovery status January 13 Duffy, Charles J Civilian Laos, Vientiane Civilian with the US mission in Vientiane captured by Pathet Lao while hunting north of Vientiane. He is believed to have died in captivity in 1962 Presumptive finding of death March 23 Bankowski, Alfons A Staff Sergeant USAF 314th Air Division Laos, Xiangkhouang Province Passenger on an SC-47 shot down by Pathet Lao while on an intelligence gathering flight, only one passenger was captured by the Pathet Lao and returned following the International Agreement on the Neutrality of Laos . The remains of 4 of th
Hurricane Inez was a major hurricane that affected the Caribbean , Bahamas , Florida , and Mexico in 1966. It was the first storm on record to affect all of those areas. It originated from a tropical wave over Africa, and became a tropical depression by September 21. It moved slowly westward, initially failing to intensify much; it was upgraded to Tropical Storm Inez on September 24. The storm strengthened into a hurricane and was quickly intensifying when it struck the French overseas region of Guadeloupe on September 27. Inez severely damaged the island's banana and sugar crops, and thousands of homes were damaged, leaving 10,000 people homeless. Damage on Guadeloupe was estimated at $50 million, and there were 40 deaths. After entering the Caribbean, Inez briefly weakened before restrengthening, attaining peak sustained winds of 150 mph (240 km/h) on September 28. That day a Hurricane Hunters flight reported a gust of 197 mph (317 km/h), which was the highest recorded at the time. Continuing westward, Ine
General-purpose computing on graphics processing units ( GPGPU , rarely GPGP ) is the use of a graphics processing unit (GPU), which typically handles computation only for computer graphics , to perform computation in applications traditionally handled by the central processing unit (CPU). The use of multiple video cards in one computer, or large numbers of graphics chips, further parallelizes the already parallel nature of graphics processing. In addition, even a single GPU-CPU framework provides advantages that multiple CPUs on their own do not offer due to the specialization in each chip. Essentially, a GPGPU pipeline is a kind of parallel processing between one or more GPUs and CPUs that analyzes data as if it were in image or other graphic form. While GPUs operate at lower frequencies, they typically have many times the number of cores . Thus, GPUs can operate on pictures and graphical data effectively far faster than a traditional CPU. Migrating data into graphical form and then using the GPU to sca
This is a list of notable accidents and incidents involving military aircraft grouped by the year in which the accident or incident occurred. Not all of the aircraft were in operation at the time. For more exhaustive lists, see the Aircraft Crash Record Office or the Air Safety Network or the Dutch Scramble Website Brush and Dustpan Database . Combat losses are not included except for a very few cases denoted by singular circumstances. Aircraft terminology Information on aircraft gives the type, and if available, the serial number of the operator in italics, the constructors number if the serial number is not known, also known as the manufacturer's serial number (c/n), exterior codes in apostrophes, nicknames (if any) in quotation marks, flight callsign in italics, and operating units. 1990 12 January USMC Douglas A-4M Skyhawk , 158149, of VMA-131 , crashes on approach to NAS Willow Grove , Pennsylvania , after an engine fire, coming down in Upper Moreland Township , impacting in an intersection, debris teari
The United States Embassy in Saigon was first established in June 1952, and moved into a new building in 1967 and eventually closed in 1975. The embassy was the scene of a number of significant events of the Vietnam War , most notably the Viet Cong attack during the Tet Offensive which helped turn American public opinion against the war, and the helicopter evacuation during the Fall of Saigon after which the embassy closed permanently. In 1995, the U.S. and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam formally established relations and the embassy grounds and building were handed back to the United States. The former embassy was subsequently demolished in 1998 and is currently a park inside of the U.S. Consulate General's compound in what is now called Ho Chi Minh City. First Embassy First U.S. Embassy on Hàm Nghi Boulevard The U.S. diplomatic presence in Saigon was established on December 9, 1907 as a consulate. It acted as a representative to French Indochina succeeding an American commercial agent that had been estab
This is a list of all of the active squadrons that exist in the United States Marine Corps , sorted by type. Most squadrons have changed names and designations many times over the years, so they are listed by their current designation. Squadron designations The basic tactical and administrative unit of United States Marine Corps aviation is the squadron. Fixed-wing aircraft squadrons (heavier than air) and tiltrotor squadrons are denoted by the letter "V", which comes from the Spanish verb "volar" (to fly). Rotary wing ( helicopter ) squadrons use "H." Marine squadrons are always noted by the second letter "M." Squadron numbering is not linear as some were numbered in ascending order and others took numbers from the wing or the ship to which they were assigned. From 1920 to 1941, Marine flying squadrons were identified by one digit numbers. This changed on July 1, 1941 when all existing squadrons were redesignated to a three-digit system. The first two numbers were supposed to identify the squadrons parent gr
The Proto-Hmong–Mien language is the reconstructed ancestor of the Hmong–Mien languages . The time of proto-Hmong-Mien has been estimated to be about 2500 BP by Sagart, Blench, and Sanchez-Mazas and about 4243 BP by the Automated Similarity Judgment Program (ASJP). Lower-level reconstructions include Proto-Hmongic and Proto-Mienic. Reconstructions Past reconstructions include Wang & Mao (1995). Ratliff (2010) Ratliff (2010) used 11 criterion languages for her reconstruction. East Hmongic ( Qiandong ); Northern vernacular: Yanghao 养蒿, Yanghao Township, Taijiang County , Guizhou North Hmongic ( Xiangxi ); Western vernacular: Jiwei 吉卫, Jiwei Township, Huayuan County , Hunan West Hmongic ( Chuanqiandian ): White Hmong of Laos and Thailand West Hmongic ( Chuanqiandian ); Mashan subdialect, Central vernacular: Zongdi 宗地, Zongdi Township, Ziyun County , Guizhou West Hmongic ( Chuanqiandian ); Luopohe subdialect: Fuyuan 复员, Fuyuan County , Yunnan Hmongic; Jiongnai : Changdong Township 长垌, Jinxiu County , Guangx
The 13th Marine Expeditionary Unit (13th MEU) is one of seven Marine Expeditionary Units currently in existence in the United States Marine Corps . The Marine Expeditionary Unit is a Marine Air Ground Task Force with a strength of about 2,200 personnel. The MEU consists of a command element, a reinforced infantry battalion, a composite aviation squadron and a combat logistics battalion. The 13th MEU is currently based out of Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton , California . Mission The mission of the MEU is to provide geographic combatant commanders with a forward-deployed, rapid-response force capable of conducting conventional amphibious and selected maritime special operations at night or under adverse weather conditions from the sea, by surface and/or by air while under communications and electronics restrictions. Current subordinate units Ground Combat Element - 2nd Battalion 1st Marines Aviation Combat Element - VMM-166 Logistics Combat Element - Combat Logistics Battalion 13 History Early years The 13th
The Easter Offensive (Vietnamese: Chiến dịch Xuân hè 1972 , or Mùa hè đỏ lửa , the Red fiery summer as romanticized in South Vietnamese literature) was a military campaign conducted by the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN, the regular army of North Vietnam ) against the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN, the regular army of South Vietnam ) and the United States military between March 30 and October 22, 1972, during the Vietnam War . This conventional invasion (the largest offensive operation since 300,000 Chinese volunteers had crossed the Yalu River into North Korea during the Korean War ) was a radical departure from previous North Vietnamese offensives. The offensive was not designed to win the war outright but to gain as much territory and destroy as many units of the ARVN as possible, to improve the North's negotiating position as the Paris Peace Accords drew towards a conclusion. The U.S. high command had been expecting an attack in 1972 but the size and ferocity of the assault caught the defenders o