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Glove prints

Glove prints, also sometimes described as gloveprints or glove marks, are latent, fingerprint-like impressions that are transferred to a surface or object by an individual who is wearing gloves.

Many criminals often wear gloves to avoid leaving fingerprints, which makes the crime investigation more difficult. Although the gloves act as a protective covering for the wearer's prints, the gloves themselves can leave prints that are just as unique as human fingerprints, thus betraying the wearer. After collecting glove prints, law enforcement can then match them to gloves that they have collected as evidence as well as glove prints retrieved from other crime scenes.[1]

History

Since the advent of fingerprint detection, many criminals have resorted to the wearing of gloves during the commission of their crimes in order to avoid leaving their fingerprints as evidence. In the era prior to contemporary advances in forensic science, the simple act of covering the hands often assured criminal assailants their anonymity if no witnesses were present during their offenses; thus a pair of gloves became the most essential and crucial tool for any successful perpetrator.[2]

In earlier decades, investigators would dust for fingerprints only to find smears and smudges caused by gloves. Often in earlier decades these smudges were ignored because very little of their detail was retrievable. With the advent of latent fingerprint detection in the late 20th century, investigators started to collect, analyze, and record prints left at crime scenes that were created by the wearing of gloves. Glove prints can be as simple as marks caused by seams or folds in fabric of a glove, or they can be as complex as marks left behind by the grain or texture of the fabric of a glove. When gloves are collected as evidence their prints can be taken and compared to glove prints that were taken at crime scenes or from evidence.[3]

Offenders who wear gloves tend to use their hands and fingers very freely, and thus, because their gloves give them a false sense of protection, leave easily distinguishable glove prints on the surfaces they handle. If when either a fingerprint is able to pass through a glove, or when, because of holes in a glove, finger and glove prints appear together, investigators are now able to better distinguish between prints made by friction ridges and prints made by gloves. Many times this also happens because criminals also opt to wear gloves that are both tight-fitting and relatively short, which makes the occurrence of prints being made by the butt of the palm and the wrist (palm prints) more common as the gloves may slip, thus exposing areas of the skin that may leave prints.[4] Also, many times criminals would discard their gloves at crime scenes or hide them nearby. Today, latent fingerprints (first discovered on the surfaces of fabrics by investigators in the 1930s),[5] as well as DNA and incriminating bacteria can also be recovered from the inside of these discarded gloves.[6] [7] [8]

In many jurisdictions the act of wearing gloves itself while committing a crime can be prosecuted as an inchoate offense.[9]

By the 1950s, after over a half century of frustration due to the wearing of gloves by assailants, fingerprint experts began studies to determine how it may be feasible to detect and compare glove prints found at crime scenes.[10]

In 1971, the Metropolitan Police Service of London, England claims the first (or one of the very first) convictions based on glove print-evidence. Glove-prints were found on a broken window and were later matched to the gloves of a suspect.[11]

Starting in early 2009, law enforcement in Derbyshire, East Midlands, England began uploading hundreds of files of collected glove prints into their criminal database.[12] The Glove Mark Working Group in Derbyshire includes the Derbyshire Police Department, the Home Office Scientific Development Branch, and Nottingham Trent University.[13]

With the belief that individual offenders possess preferences for specific types of gloves (style and fabric/material), forensic scientists have also used glove print databases to create complex computations and charts that isolate, geographically, "hot spots" where prints taken from specific types of gloves are matched against similar types of crimes.[14] Forensic scientists have even had success matching partial glove prints by using these databases and related software.[15] Offenders may prefer a specific type of glove depending on its perceived inherent benefits. Latex, nitrile, plastic, rubber, or vinyl gloves are worn because they are thin and cling to the wearer's skin which in turn provides a level of dexterity to the wearer.[16] Leather gloves possess pores that provides the wearer with an enhanced gripping ability. Leather gloves that are thin and tight-fitting provide both enhanced gripping and dexterity to the wearer.[17]

Prints from different glove types
Assailants may prefer thin latex gloves because their snug fit helps to maintain dexterity. This same thin and snugness may allow the wearer's fingerprints to pass through the material. When discovered by authorities, latent fingerprints may also be recovered from the inside of these gloves.
  • Thin, latex, rubber, plastic, vinyl or nitrile gloves: These gloves are worn by criminals because of their tight, thin fit that allows the hands to remain dexterous. Because of the thinness of these gloves, fingerprints may pass through the material, thus transferring the wearer's prints onto whatever surface is touched or handled.[18] [19]
Lined leather gloves may leave a print that is as unique as a human fingerprint. When discovered by authorities, latent fingerprints may also be recovered from the inside of these gloves.
  • Leather gloves: These gloves are worn by criminals because the tactile properties of the leather allow for good grip and dexterity. These properties are the result of the grain present on the surface of the glove. The grain makes the surface of the leather unique to each glove. Over time, the pores and grain of leather gloves will pick up dirt and grease from surfaces that they have touched or handled. The dirt and grease can in return help to create prints on surfaces. Also, unlined gloves provide the most dexterity but can over time become saturated with the oils and sweat of the wearer's hands. This helps to increase the gripping properties of the gloves[20] but causes the gloves to leave prints.[21] A print that contains the glove wearer's sweat and oils will contain their DNA, which can incriminate them.[22] Investigators are able to dust for the marks left behind from leather the same way they dust for fingerprints.[19] [23]
  • Woolen, cotton, or other fabric gloves: These gloves are worn by criminals because they are typically inexpensive and readily available as well. Weave patterns of fabric gloves may also be unique to that glove and when collected at a crime scene, can be compared to gloves that are taken in as evidence. Like leather gloves, these gloves will over time pick up dirt and grease as well.[24]
Notable instances
Batting gloves usually include an unlined leather palm and a nylon or cotton back. For the same reason baseball players wear these gloves, to improve their grip while maintaining dexterity while batting, assailants wear these gloves as to maintain dexterity and be able to grip easily during their offenses.
  • In 1993, Rochester, New York law enforcement was responding to a reported burglary when they arrested a suspect who was fleeing the burglarized home. On his person, investigators found a yellow rubber glove that was later found to match glove prints that were found on property that was known to have been stolen from the home.[25]
  • In 2001, Cobb County, Georgia, US, law enforcement responded to a break-in and burglary of an under-construction condominium development and found glove marks on a window that had been pushed open by the perpetrator. Law enforcement later found the perpetrator hiding in the complex and collected items that the perpetrator was hiding with him. Investigators were able to match the texture and weave pattern of the palms of the pair of construction/work-type gloves that the perpetrator had to the glove prints found on the window.[26]
  • In 2002, Grand Rapids, Michigan law enforcement was investigating a string of burglaries in the area. No fingerprints were found but latent glove prints were found with the use of fingerprint powder. A particularly detailed hand print of a leather glove became visible at the break-in point of one burglary. After a group of suspected burglars were brought in, the investigators received a warrant to search a vehicle that was linked the suspects. A brown leather batting glove was recovered that seemed to match the stitch detail on the glove prints taken from the break-in point. After scanning both the palm of the leather glove and the recovered glove print into a computer, the investigators used Adobe Photoshop software to compare the grain detail of the glove with the grain detail of the glove print. The investigators were thus able to match the stitching and grain detail of both, thus incriminating the suspects.[27]
  • In 2009, a teenager was arrested in Royal Oak, Michigan for obstructing police near the location of a recently reported burglary. While in custody investigators compared the gloves that the suspect had in his possession to glove prints that were found at several break-in locations. Investigators were able to link marks left on a window to his gloves.[28]
  • In 2011, the Maricopa County, Arizona Sherriff's Office began investigating a string of robberies, dating to at least 1993, of high-end homes in the vicinity of Paradise Valley, Arizona. Investigators noted that the assailant (or assailants) wore fabric/cloth gardening gloves with rubber grips that had left unique prints on many surfaces in the burglarized locations. Upon arresting a 58-year-old suspect near a home that was under surveillance by the sheriff's office, authorities found amongst burglary tools in his possession, gardening gloves that matched the unique prints found at the burglarized locations.[29]
  • In 2012, law enforcement in Newton County, Indiana found unique glove prints at a home that was recently burglarized. The impressions left by the gloves seemed to possess indentations made by letters "M", "e", and "c" which would have been present on the surface of the gloves. Authorities were later able to match these unique impressions to Mechanix-brand gloves that were found at the residence of a suspect.[30]
  • On December 7, 2013 the Toronto Sun reported that the Royal Canadian Mounted Police seized hundreds of firearms that they found while searching homes in High River, Alberta that were temporarily deserted due to the 2013 Alberta floods. Residents who had their firearms seized also found glove marks on conspicuous places such as bedroom furniture, where guns were thought to be stored.[31]
Further reading
References
  1. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/law-and-order/3740688/Police-use-glove-prints-to-catch-criminals.html Police use glove prints to catch criminals
  2. Horace Cox, ed. (1905). The Law Times: The Journal and Record: The Law and The Lawyers. vol. CXIX. London: The Law Times. p. 563.
  3. http://www.thisisderbyshire.co.uk/gloves-Liane-s-unique-technique-helps-finger-thieves/story-11638324-detail/story.html The gloves are off as Liane's unique technique helps to finger more thieves
  4. Fisher, Barry A.J. Techniques of Crime Scene Investigation. Boca Raton, CRC Press. 2004. ISBN 0-8493-1691-X
  5. "O'Dougherty Urges All Be Fingerprinted: U.S. Attorney Describes Sciences of Crime Detection to Democrats". The Brooklyn Daily Eagle. March 8, 1938. Retrieved July 1, 2014.
  6. http://www.csigizmos.com/products/latentdevelopment/gloves.html Visualization of latent fingerprints on used vinyl and latex gloves using Gellifters
  7. http://www.glovenation.com/nitrile-gloves/nitrile-gloves-fingerprints.htm Nitrile Gloves and the New Fingerprint
  8. http://articles.latimes.com/2010/apr/07/news/la-bx-science-bacteria7-2010apr07 A hand in crime investigation: Bacteria that live on the hand could one day accurately identify individuals
  9. James W.H. McCord and Sandra L. McCord, Criminal Law and Procedure for the paralegal: a systems approach, supra, p. 127.
  10. Svensson, Arne, and Otto Wendel. Crime Detection: Modern Methods of Criminal Investigation. Amsterdam, Elsevier Publishing Company. 1955. ASIN: B000J0034O
  11. Buckley, William Frank. National Review Bulletin:=, Volume 23: Page B-87. New York, 1971
  12. http://www.digitalid.co.uk/industryNews/p_465/Glove-Print-Database-to-help-Police-in-their-fight-against-crime/ Glove Print Database to help Police in their fight against crime
  13. http://www3.ntu.ac.uk/apps/staff_profiles/staff_directory/125555-2/26/Emma_Rixon.aspx Emma Rixon: Lecturer/Senior Lecturer
  14. http://lpr.oxfordjournals.org/content/2/1/47.full.pdf Forensic intelligence and crime analysis - Law, Probability and Risk
  15. http://www.forensicmag.com/product-releases/2013/04/software-module-evaluation-traces#.Ux0f8M6V7Sg Software Module for Evaluation of Traces
  16. http://www.glovemanufacturer.com/products/rubber-gloves Rubber Gloves
  17. http://www.makingrebeccalynne.com/2011/10/serial-killer-sewing-fmq-friday.html Serial Killer Sewing: FMQ Friday
  18. http://www.chacha.com/question/do-latex-gloves-conceal-fingerprints%3F-if-so%2C-why Do latex gloves conceal fingerprints? If so, Why?
  19. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-05-22. Retrieved 2012-12-14. Personal Identification: Fingerprints
  20. http://tombguard.org/society/faq/ SOCIETY OF THE HONOR GUARD: Frequently Asked Questions
  21. http://gripswell.com/faq.php Frequently Asked Questions
  22. http://www.thesun.co.uk/scotsol/homepage/news/2426114/Eleni-Pachou-murder-trial.html?print=yes Blood is ‘linked’ to Eleni accused
  23. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-07-13. Retrieved 2012-05-22. Crime Labs
  24. http://onin.com/fp/lpcollection.html Latent Print Evidence Collection Guidance...
  25. http://www.leagle.com/xmlResult.aspx?page=2&xmldoc=1993387187AD2d200_1355.xml&docbase=CSLWAR2-1986-2006&SizeDisp=7 PEOPLE v. QUARLES: 187 A.D.2d 200 (1993): Appellate Division of the Supreme Court of the State of New York, Fourth Department: February 5, 1993
  26. In the Court of Appeals of Georgia: A13A2296. MASON v. THE STATE
  27. http://www.clpex.com/Articles/TheDetail/1-99/TheDetail52.htm Glove Analysis Using ACE-V and Adobe Photoshop
  28. http://www.theoaklandpress.com/articles/2009/11/22/news/doc4b08a94a9ddfc063624770.txt?viewmode=default Madison Heights teenager charged in home break-ins
  29. http://www.azcentral.com/12news/news/articles/2011/05/27/20110527rock-burglar-arrest-arizona.html Sheriff's Office: Suspected 'rock burglar' arrested in Phoenix
  30. http://www.in.gov/judiciary/opinions/pdf/05211402nhv.pdf Jacob Herron v. State of Indiana - IN.gov
  31. http://www.torontosun.com/2013/12/06/high-river-gun-grab-a-massive-breach-of-civil-rights High River Gun Grab a massive breach of civil rights
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Sonic Boom (TV series)

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Sonic Boom is a French-American computer-animated action comedy television series, produced by Technicolor Animation Productions and Sega of America, Inc. in collaboration with Lagardère Thématiques and Jeunesse TV, respectively for Cartoon Network , Canal J , and Gulli . Based on the video game franchise Sonic the Hedgehog created by Sega , the series is the fifth animated television series based on the franchise (plus the second one to be co-produced in France following Sonic Underground ), and the first to be produced in computer-generated animation and in high definition . The series premiered in November 2014. The series is a part of the Sonic Boom spin-off franchise, which also consists of three video games , Rise of Lyric , Shattered Crystal and Fire & Ice , a comic series by Archie Comics , and a toyline by Tomy . Production The animated series was first announced on October 2, 2013, revealing a teaser image featuring Sonic the Hedgehog , Miles "Tails" Prower , Knuckles the Echidna and Amy Rose ...more...



Dirk Gently's Holistic Detective Agency

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Dirk Gently's Holistic Detective Agency is a humorous detective novel by Douglas Adams , first published in 1987. It is described by the author on its cover as a "thumping good detective-ghost-horror-who dunnit-time travel-romantic-musical-comedy-epic". The book was followed by a sequel, The Long Dark Tea-Time of the Soul . The only recurring major characters are the eponymous Dirk Gently , his secretary Janice Pearce and Sergeant Gilks. Adams also began work on another novel, The Salmon of Doubt , with the intention of publishing it as the third book in the series, but died before completing it. A BBC Radio 4 adaptation of six episodes was broadcast from October 2007. A second series based on the sequel was broadcast from October 2008. A 2010 television adaptation for BBC Four borrowed some of the characters and some minor plot elements of the novel to create a new story, and a 2016 television adaptation for BBC America served as a continuation of the books. Writing The genesis of the novel was in two Doctor ...more...



Canada Goose (clothing)

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Canada Goose Inc. is a Canadian manufacturer of high-quality winter clothing . The company was founded in 1957 by Sam Tick, under the name Metro Sportswear Ltd. Canada Goose manufactures a wide range of jackets, parkas , vests, hats, gloves, shells and other apparel. Some Canada Goose jackets use coyote fur on the hoods and are often filled with down which is purchased from Hutterite farmers in rural Canada ". Duck down is used for most models. History Early years (1957–1980) In 1957, Polish immigrant Sam Tick founded Metro Sportswear Ltd. in a small warehouse after spending years working as a cutter in other factories. Metro made woolen vests, raincoats, snowmobile suits, and other functional outerwear before creating down-filled jackets in the early 1970s. In 1972, Tick's son-in-law, David Reiss, joined the company and eventually became CEO. Metro mainly focused on manufacturing custom down-filled coats and heavy-duty parkas for the Canadian Rangers , city police departments, the Ontario Provincial Poli ...more...



Ounce

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The ounce (abbreviated oz ; apothecary symbol : ℥ ) is a unit of mass used in most British derived customary systems of measurement . The common avoirdupois ounce (approximately 28.3 g) is ​ ⁄ of a common avoirdupois pound ; this is the United States customary and British imperial ounce. It is primarily used in the United States to measure packaged foods and food portions, postal items, areal density of fabric and paper, boxing gloves , and so on; but sometimes also elsewhere in the Anglosphere . Besides the common ounce, several other ounces are in current use: The troy ounce of about 31.1 g is now only commonly used for the mass of precious metals such as gold, silver, platinum, palladium, rhodium, etc. The ounce-force is a measure of weight , that is, force . The fluid ounce is a measure of volume . Historically, a variety of different ounces measuring mass or volume were used in different jurisdictions by different trades. Etymology Ounce derives from Latin uncia , a unit that was one-twelfth (​ ⁄ ) of t ...more...



Wayne Williams

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Wayne Bertram Williams (born May 27, 1958) is an American serial killer who was tried, convicted, and sentenced to life imprisonment in 1982 for killing two adult men. After his conviction, the Atlanta Police Department announced that Williams was responsible for at least twenty-three of the twenty-nine Atlanta murders of 1979–1981 , also called the "Atlanta Child Murders". Williams continues to maintain his innocence. Biography Wayne Bertram Williams was born on May 27, 1958 and raised in the Dixie Hills neighborhood of southwest Atlanta , Georgia to Homer and Faye Williams. Both parents were teachers. Williams graduated from Douglass High school and developed a keen interest in radio and journalism . Eventually he constructed his own carrier current radio station. He also began hanging out at radio stations WIGO and WAOK , where he befriended a number of the announcing crew and began dabbling in becoming a pop music producer and manager. Trial and conviction Williams first became a suspect in the Atlanta C ...more...



List of Wheeler Dealers episodes

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Wheeler Dealers is a British television series produced by Attaboy TV for the Discovery Channel , fronted by Mike Brewer , with mechanic Edd China in Series 1-13 and Ant Anstead in Series 14. The premise of the show has the presenters on a mission to save old and repairable enthusiast vehicles, by repairing or otherwise improving an example of a particular make and model to a budget, then selling it to a new owner. This is a list of Wheeler Dealers episodes with original airdate on Discovery Channel. Series overview Series Episodes Originally aired First aired Last aired 1 12 7 October 2003 11 November 2003 2 12 10 August 2004 16 September 2004 3 12 23 August 2005 27 September 2005 4 12 29 August 2006 3 October 2006 5 12 28 October 2008 6 December 2008 6 20 5 May 2009 17 November 2009 7 10 4 May 2010 9 November 2010 8 10 5 April 2011 1 November 2011 9 15 20 March 2012 6 November 2012 10 12 19 February 2013 22 October 2013 11 14 17 March 2014 13 October 2014 12 18 23 March 2015 19 October 2015 13 16 9 May 2016 ...more...



Big Thunder Mountain Railroad

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Big Thunder Mountain Railroad is a mine train roller coaster located in Frontierland at several Disneyland -style Disney Parks worldwide. The ride exists at Disneyland Park (California) and the Magic Kingdom at Walt Disney World as Big Thunder Mountain Railroad, and at Tokyo Disneyland and Disneyland Park (Paris) as Big Thunder Mountain . Big Thunder Mountain Railroad is also the name of the fictional rail line the roller coaster depicts. Theme Although the details of the backstory vary from park to park, all follow the same general story arcs. Some time in the late 1800s, gold was discovered on Big Thunder Mountain in the American Southwest . Overnight, a small mining town became a thriving one (the name of the town varies from ride to ride. In the California ride, the town is known as Rainbow Ridge. In the Florida version, the town is known as Tumbleweed, and in Paris, the town is known as Thunder Mesa). Mining was prosperous, and an extensive line of mine trains was set up to transport the ore . Unknown to ...more...



Mary Baker Eddy

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Mary Baker Eddy (July 16, 1821 – December 3, 1910) was the founder of Christian Science , a new religious movement , in New England in the latter half of the 19th century. Eddy wrote the movement's main textbook, Science and Health (1875), and founded the Church of Christ, Scientist in 1879. She also founded the Christian Science Publishing Society (1898) and The Christian Science Monitor (1908). Early life Bow, New Hampshire Family Eddy's birthplace Eddy was born Mary Morse Baker in a farmhouse in Bow, New Hampshire to farmer Mark Baker (d. 1865) and his wife Abigail Barnard Baker, née Ambrose (d. 1849). Eddy was the youngest of the Bakers' six children: boys Samuel Dow (1808), Albert (1810), and George Sullivan (1812), followed by girls Abigail Barnard (1816), Martha Smith (1819), and Mary Morse (1821). Mark Baker was a strongly religious man from a Protestant Congregationalist background, a firm believer in the final judgment and eternal damnation, according to Eddy. McClure's magazine published a series o ...more...



Made in Japan (Deep Purple album)

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Made in Japan is a double live album by English rock band Deep Purple , recorded during their first tour of Japan in August 1972. It was originally released in December 1972, with a US release in April 1973, and became a commercial and critical success. The band were well known for their strong stage act, and had privately recorded several shows, or broadcast them on radio, but were unenthusiastic about recording a live album until their Japanese record company decided it would be good for publicity. They insisted on supervising the live production, including using Martin Birch , who had previously collaborated with the band, as engineer, and were not particularly interested in the album's release, even after recording. The tour was successful, with strong media interest and a positive response from fans. The album was an immediate commercial success, particularly in the US, where it was accompanied by the top five hit " Smoke on the Water ", and became a steady seller throughout the 1970s. A three-CD set of ...more...



Ithaca Hours

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The Ithaca HOUR is a local currency used in Ithaca, New York and is the oldest and largest local currency system in the United States that is still operating. It has inspired other similar systems in Madison, Wisconsin ; Corvallis, Oregon ; and a proposed system in the Lehigh Valley , Pennsylvania. One Ithaca HOUR is valued at US$ 10 and is generally recommended to be used as payment for one hour's work, although the rate is negotiable. The currency Ithaca HOURS are not backed by national currency and cannot be freely converted to national currency, although some businesses may agree to buy them. HOURS are printed on high-quality paper and use faint graphics that would be difficult to reproduce, and each bill is stamped with a serial number, in order to discourage counterfeiting . In 2002, a one-tenth hour bill was introduced, partly due to the encouragement and funding from Alternatives Federal Credit Union and feedback from retailers who complained about the awkwardness of only having larger denomination ...more...



Colonization of the Moon

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1986 artist concept The colonization of the Moon is a proposed establishment of permanent human communities or robotic industries on the Moon . Discovery of lunar water at the lunar poles by Chandrayaan-1 has renewed interest in the Moon. Polar colonies could also avoid the problem of long lunar nights – about 354 hours, a little more than two weeks – and take advantage of the Sun continuously, at least during the local summer (there is no data for the winter yet). Permanent human habitation on a planetary body other than the Earth is one of science fiction's most prevalent themes. As technology has advanced, and concerns about the future of humanity on Earth have increased, the argument that space colonization as an achievable and worthwhile goal has gained momentum. Because of its proximity to Earth, the Moon has been seen as the most obvious natural expansion after Earth. There are also various projects in near future by space tourism startup companies for tourism on the Moon . Proposals Concept art f ...more...



Journey to the River Sea

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Journey to the River Sea is an adventure novel written by Eva Ibbotson and published by MacMillan in 2001. It is set mainly in Manaus, Brazil early in the twentieth century and conveys the author's vision of the Amazon River . It was a finalist for all of the major British children's literary awards ( below ), winning the Smarties Prize , ages 9–11, and garnering an unusual commendation as runner-up for the Guardian Award . Anne Fine , British Children's Laureate (1952-2001 and one of three former winners on the Guardian panel, wrote that "we all fell on Eva Ibbotson's perfectly judged, brilliantly light to read, civilised Journey To The River Sea, in which we are shown how, as one of the characters Miss Minton reminds us, 'Children must lead big lives... if it is in them to do so.' because, in any other year, we would have handed her the prize without a thought." Main characters === Maia === Maia is an adopted orphan and the main character of the book. Bright, passionate, adventurous, determined and resource ...more...



Lolita (1997 film)

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Lolita is a 1997 American-French drama film directed by Adrian Lyne and written by Stephen Schiff . It is the second screen adaptation of Vladimir Nabokov 's novel of the same name and stars Jeremy Irons as Humbert Humbert and Dominique Swain as Dolores "Lolita" Haze, with supporting roles by Melanie Griffith as Charlotte Haze, and Frank Langella as Clare Quilty. The film is about a middle-aged male professor, Humbert, who rents a room in the house of the widow Charlotte Haze because he is sexually attracted to her adolescent daughter Dolores, also called "Lo" or "Lolita". The film had difficulty finding an American distributor and premiered in Europe before being released in America. The film was eventually picked up in the United States by Showtime , a cable network, before finally being released theatrically by The Samuel Goldwyn Company . The performances by Irons and Swain impressed audiences, but, although praised by some critics for its faithfulness to Nabokov's narrative, the film received a mixed c ...more...



Jesse Eisenberg

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Jesse Adam Eisenberg (born October 5, 1983) is an American actor, author, and playwright. Born in New York City and raised in New Jersey, Eisenberg began acting in plays at an early age, and made his television debut with the short-lived comedy-drama series Get Real (1999–2000). Following his first leading role in the comedy-drama film Roger Dodger (2002), he appeared in the drama film The Emperor's Club (2002), the psychological thriller film The Village (2004), the comedy-drama film The Squid and the Whale (2005), and the drama film The Education of Charlie Banks (2007). In 2006, Eisenberg was the recipient of the Vail Film Festival Rising Star Award for his role in The Living Wake. In 2009, Eisenberg had his breakthrough with starring roles in the comedy-drama film Adventureland and the horror comedy Zombieland . His portrayal of Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg in David Fincher 's The Social Network (2010) earned him nominations for various awards, including the BAFTA , Golden Globe , and Academy Award fo ...more...



Vondie Curtis-Hall

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Vondie Curtis-Hall (born September 30, 1950) is an American actor, screenwriter, film director and television director . As an actor, he is known for his role as Dr. Dennis Hancock on the CBS medical drama Chicago Hope created by David E. Kelley and as Ben Urich in the Netflix TV series Marvel's Daredevil . He wrote and directed the cult film Gridlock'd . Early life Curtis-Hall was born in Detroit , Michigan , the son of Angeline, a nurse, and Curtis Hall, a construction company owner. Initially a stage actor, Curtis-Hall was a member of the original cast of the Broadway musical Dreamgirls . He originated the role of Marty, James "Thunder" Early's original manager. Designer Kevan Hall is the brother of Vondie. They also have a sister, Sherrie. All of them attended Presentation Our Lady of Victory grade school in Detroit where they were taught by the Oblate Sisters of Providence , the only all African-American order of nuns in the United States. Career Curtis-Hall has appeared in numerous films including One ...more...



Extended Cold Weather Clothing System

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The Extended Cold Weather Clothing System ( ECWCS ; EK -waks ) is a protective clothing system developed in the 1980s by the United States Army Natick Soldier Research, Development and Engineering Center , Natick, Massachusetts . The first generation ECWCS consisted of parka and trousers plus 20 other individual clothing, handwear , headwear and footwear items which are used in various combinations to meet the cold weather environmental requirements of the US military (and others). The Gen III ECWCS is designed to maintain adequate environmental protection in temperatures ranging between -60 and +40 Fahrenheit (about -51 and +4 Celsius) 1st Generation The entire ECWCS ensemble (1st generation) consists of: undershirt, cold weather, polypropylene [drawers], cold weather, polypropylene shirt, cold weather, polyester fiberpile overall, bib, cold weather, fiberpile liner, cold weather trousers, field liner, cold weather, coat, men's trousers, cold weather, field, nylon and cotton parka, extended cold weather, cam ...more...



Basket Case (film)

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Basket Case is a 1982 American horror comedy film written and directed by Frank Henenlotter , and produced by Edgar Ievins. Kevin Van Hentenryck stars as a normal-looking person who seeks vengeance for the unwanted surgery that separated him from his deformed conjoined twin brother. The film gained an audience in the 1980s due to the advent of home video and has been considered a cult film . The film spawned two sequels, Basket Case 2 (1990) and Basket Case 3: The Progeny (1991), which were also directed by Henenlotter. Plot Duane Bradley arrives in New York City with a locked wicker basket. After he gets a room at a cheap hotel, the contents of the basket are finally revealed: in it lives his deformed Conjoined twin brother, Belial. Although conjoined at birth, the twins were surgically separated at an early age against their will, and Belial deeply resents being cut off from his normal-looking brother. As the twins seek revenge against the doctors responsible for their separation, Duane befriends a nurse, ...more...



List of One-Punch Man characters

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The Japanese manga series One-Punch Man contains a number of fictional characters created by One and illustrated by Yusuke Murata . The series follows a superhero named Saitama and his disciple Genos who join the Hero Association so they can be recognized as such when they fight various monsters and villains. The Hero Association ranks all of its members by a Class and a ranking within that class. Characters listed are ones noted by the author in the manga profiles, ones that were highlighted in the anime character list, and ones that recur over several story arcs. Main characters Saitama The title character is a bald-headed 25-year-old man who is bored of fighting because he is effortlessly able to defeat enemies with a single punch. He lives in an apartment in City Z. Three years prior to the start of the series (back when he had hair), Saitama was applying for jobs as a salaryman, where he defeats a crab-like monster that attempted to kill a child. Saitima says he became a hero "for the fun of it". His ...more...



Timoclea

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Timoclea or Timocleia of Thebes is a woman whose story is told by Plutarch in his Life of Alexander, and at greater length in his Mulierum virtutes ("Virtues of Women"). According to Plutarch's biography of Alexander the Great , when his forces took Thebes during Alexander's Balkan campaign of 335 BC, Thracian forces pillaged the city, and a captain of the Thracian forces raped Timocleia. After raping her, the captain asked if she knew of any hidden money. She told him that she did, and led him into her garden, and told him there was money hidden in her well . When the Thracian captain stooped to look into the well, Timoclea pushed him into the well, and then hurled heavy stones into the well until the captain was dead. Timoclea was seized by the Thracian soldiers and brought before Alexander the Great. She comported herself with great dignity and told Alexander that her brother was Theagenes, last commander of the Theban Sacred Band , who died "for the liberty of Greece" at the Battle of Chaeronea in 338 B ...more...



American Pastoral

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American Pastoral is a Philip Roth novel published in 1997 concerning Seymour "Swede" Levov, a successful Jewish American businessman and former high school star athlete from Newark, New Jersey . Levov's happy and conventional upper middle class life is ruined by the domestic social and political turmoil of the 1960s during the presidency of Lyndon B. Johnson , which in the novel is described as a manifestation of the "indigenous American berserk ". The framing device in American Pastoral is a 45th high school reunion attended by frequent Roth alter ego Nathan Zuckerman , who is the narrator. At the reunion, in 1995, Zuckerman meets former classmate Jerry Levov who describes to him the tragic derailment of the life of his recently deceased older brother, Seymour "Swede" Levov. After Seymour's teenage daughter Merry, in 1968, set off a bomb in protest against American involvement in the Vietnam War , killing a bystander, and subsequently went into hiding, Seymour remained traumatized for the rest of his life. ...more...



Rheingold Beer

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Miss Rheingold 1949 Rheingold Beer, introduced in 1883, is a New York beer that held 35 percent of the state's beer market from 1950 to 1960. The company was sold by the founding German American Liebmann family in 1963. According to the New York Times , "Rheingold Beer was once a top New York brew guzzled regularly by a loyal cadre of workingmen who would just as soon have eaten nails as drink another beer maker's suds." Its VP-Technical Joseph Owades claims credit for Rheingold's developing the first light beer. Rheingold shut down operations in 1976, when they were unable to compete with the large national breweries, as corporate consolidation and the rise of national breweries led to the demise of dozens of regional breweries. The label was revived in 1998 by Terry Liebmann and partner Mike Mitaro. The beer's evocative name is an allusion to Germany 's great river Rhein as well as Richard Wagner 's opera Das Rheingold . Miss Rheingold Girls 1940–1965 At the center of its media campaign was the "Miss Rhein ...more...



We Have Always Lived in the Castle

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We Have Always Lived in the Castle is a 1962 mystery novel by American author Shirley Jackson . It was Jackson's final work, and was published with a dedication to Pascal Covici , the publisher, three years before the author's death in 1965. The novel is written in the voice of eighteen-year-old Mary Katherine "Merricat" Blackwood, who lives with her sister and uncle on an estate in Vermont . Six years before the events of the novel, the Blackwood family experienced a tragedy that left the three survivors isolated from the rest of their small village. The novel was first published in hardcover in North America by Viking Press , and has since been released in paperback and as an audiobook and e-book . It is widely considered Jackson's masterpiece. Its first screen adaptation will appear in 2017, based on a screenplay by Mark Kruger and directed by Stacie Passon . Plot Merricat Blackwood, her elder sister Constance, and their ailing Uncle Julian live in a large house on extensive grounds, in isolation from the ...more...



Moses Glover

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Moses Glover (born in Dunstable in 1601, fl. 1620-1640), was an English cartographer. He described himself as "paynter And Architectur", although very little is known about him apart from his maps and the church records. Glover's marriage licence, issued in 1622, described him as "painter-stainer of Isleworth ". In 1635 he created a survey map of Isleworth Hundred for Algernon Percy, 10th Earl of Northumberland . It is preserved at the Syon House in London. Horace Walpole considered Glover to be an architect equal to Thomas Holt , Huntingdon Smithson and Rudolph Symonds. According to Walpole, Glover was associate to Gerard Christmas in building the Northumberland House , and was "much employed at Sion House by Henry, Earl of Northumberland". Walpole dated Glover's work at Sion 1604–1615. Edwin Beresford Chancellor questioned Glover's role as an architect ("Another so-called architect of this period, who seems to have added painting to his other accomplishment..."). John Summerson wrote that the opinion of ea ...more...



Carol Danvers

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Carol Danvers is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics . Created by writer Roy Thomas and artist Gene Colan , Major Carol Danvers first appeared as a member of the United States Air Force in Marvel Super-Heroes #13 (March 1968) and debuted as the first incarnation of Ms. Marvel in Ms. Marvel #1 (January 1977) after a fusion of alien Kree and human genes gives her superhuman powers, which occurred in Captain Marvel #18 (November 1969). Debuting in the Silver Age of comics, the character was featured in a self-titled series in the late 1970s before becoming associated with superhero teams the Avengers and the X-Men . The character has also been known as Binary , Warbird and Captain Marvel at various points in her history, and has been featured in other Marvel licensed products including video games , animated television series , and merchandise such as trading cards . Carol Danvers has been labeled "Marvel's biggest female hero", a "feminist icon", and "quite possi ...more...



Allstate

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An Allstate agency in Moncton, New Brunswick, Canada The Allstate Corporation is the second largest personal lines insurer in the United States (behind State Farm ) and the largest that is publicly held. The company also has personal lines insurance operations in Canada . Allstate was founded in 1931 as part of Sears, Roebuck and Co. , and was spun off in 1993. The company has had its headquarters in Northfield Township, Illinois , near Northbrook since 1967. Its current advertising campaign, in use since 2004, asks, "Are you in good hands?" The corporate spokesperson is Dennis Haysbert . History In 1925, Sears held a national contest to decide the name of a new brand of car tires. After over two million name submissions, "Allstate" was chosen as the winner; the trademark was adopted the very next year. The tires' success in both the catalog and retail stores prompted Sears Chairman General Robert E. Wood to praise the Allstate tire's contribution to Sears' retail store success. The idea for Allstate Insur ...more...



The Catcher in the Rye

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The Catcher in the Rye is a 1951 novel by J. D. Salinger . A classic novel originally published for adults, it has since become popular with adolescent readers for its themes of teenage angst and alienation . It has been translated into almost all of the world's major languages. Around 1 million copies are sold each year with total sales of more than 65 million books. The novel's protagonist Holden Caulfield has become an icon for teenage rebellion . The novel also deals with complex issues of innocence, identity , belonging, loss, and connection. The novel was included on Time ' s 2005 list of the 100 best English-language novels written since 1923 and it was named by Modern Library and its readers as one of the 100 best English-language novels of the 20th century . In 2003, it was listed at #15 on the BBC 's survey The Big Read . Plot Holden Caulfield , a teenager from New York City , is living in an unspecified institution in southern California near Hollywood in 1951. Caulfield intends to live w ...more...



Charles Burnett (director)

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Charles Burnett (born April 13, 1944, in Vicksburg, Mississippi ) is an African-American film director, film producer, writer, editor, actor, photographer, and cinematographer. His most popular films include Killer of Sheep (1978), My Brother's Wedding (1983), To Sleep with Anger (1990), The Glass Shield (1994), and Namibia: The Struggle for Liberation (2007). He has been involved in other types of motion pictures including shorts, documentaries, and a TV series. Considered by the Chicago Tribune as "one of America's very best filmmakers" and by The New York Times as "the nation's least-known great filmmaker and most gifted black director", Charles Burnett has had a long and diverse filmmaking career. Background Charles Burnett was born in Vicksburg, Mississippi, on April 13, 1944, to a nurse's aide and a military father. According to a DNA analysis, he descended, mainly, of people from Sierra Leone . In 1947, Charles's family moved to Watts , a largely black neighborhood in South Los Angeles. Although Bur ...more...



Our Gang

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Our Gang (also known as The Little Rascals or Hal Roach's Rascals ) was a series of American comedy short films about a group of poor neighborhood children and their adventures. Created by comedy producer Hal Roach , the series was produced from 1922 to 1944 and is noted for showing children behaving in a relatively natural way, as Roach and original director Robert F. McGowan worked to film the unaffected, raw nuances apparent in regular children rather than have them imitate adult acting styles. The series broke new ground by portraying white and black boys and girls interacting as equals. The franchise began in 1922 as a series of silent short subjects produced by the Roach studio and released by Pathé Exchange . Roach changed distributors from Pathé to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM) in 1927, and the series entered its most popular period after converting to sound in 1929. Production continued at the Roach studio until 1938, when the series was sold to MGM, which produced the comedies until 1944. In total, the ...more...



Amanda Knox

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Amanda Marie Knox (born July 9, 1987) is an American writer and activist who spent almost four years in an Italian prison following her wrongful conviction for the 2007 murder of Meredith Kercher . Knox, then 20, had spent the night with her boyfriend, Raffaele Sollecito; upon returning to the flat she shared with Kercher, she discovered her roommate dead. She became a suspect and during an interview—the conduct of which is a matter of dispute—she implicated herself, Sollecito, and her employer, Patrick Lumumba, all of whom were consequently charged with the murder. Forensic evidence from Kercher's body identified Rudy Guede , a petty criminal, and he, not Lumumba, faced charges. Although originally denying that Knox had any involvement, Guede later incriminated Knox as the killer. He was tried first and convicted, although not of actually inflicting fatal injuries. At the murder trial of Knox and Sollecito, American legal commentators were disturbed by courtroom attacks on her character and evidence official ...more...



Royal Librarian (United Kingdom)

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The office of Royal Librarian , in the Royal Collection Department of the Royal Household of the Sovereign of the United Kingdom , is responsible for the care and maintenance of the books and manuscripts in the Royal Library, a collection spread across all the palaces, occupied and unoccupied. The librarian is also Assistant Keeper of the Royal Archives and is responsible for the management of the Royal Archives and its collections, The role of the Royal Librarian Today the Royal Library collections comprise the documentary and intellectual heritage of the Monarchy of the United Kingdom and its predecessors, span nearly two-and-half millennia and comprise millions of pages, many unique, many encapsulating some of the most extraordinary moments in British history, and many items important in their own right. As well as books and manuscripts, The Librarian is also responsible for the collections of insignia, coins and medals , seals , banknotes , and other material. As Assistant Keeper of the Royal Archives, T ...more...



Wilson Sporting Goods

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The Wilson Sporting Goods Company is an American sports equipment manufacturer based in Chicago , Illinois . Since 1989, it has been a foreign subsidiary of the Finnish group Amer Sports . Wilson makes equipment for many sports, among them badminton , baseball , basketball , softball , Canadian football , American football , golf , racquetball , soccer , padel , platform tennis , squash , tennis and volleyball . History The company traces its roots to the Schwarzschild & Sulzberger meatpacking company (later changed to Sulzberger & Son's ) based in New York , that operated meat packing slaughterhouses. Sulzberger & Son's founded the Ashland Manufacturing Company in 1913 to use animal by-products from its slaughterhouses. It started out making tennis racket strings, violin strings, and surgical sutures but soon expanded into baseball shoes and tennis racquets. In 1915, Thomas E. Wilson , former president of meatpacker Morris & Company , was appointed President by the controlling banks and ...more...



Pink Gin

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Pink Gin or Pink Plymouth is a cocktail made fashionable in England in the mid-19th century, consisting of Plymouth gin and a dash of Angostura bitters , a dark red bitters that makes the whole drink pinkish. Lemon rind is also commonly used as a garnish, with the citrus oils subtly complementing the flavour. Origins Pink gin is widely thought to have been created by members of the Royal Navy . Plymouth gin is a 'sweet' gin, as opposed to London gin which is 'dry', and was added to Angostura bitters to make the consumption of Angostura bitters more enjoyable as they were used as a treatment for sea sickness in 1824 by Dr. Johann Gottlieb Benjamin Siegert. The British Royal Navy then brought the idea for the drink to bars in England, where this method of serving was first noted on the mainland. By the 1870s, gin was becoming increasingly popular and many of the finer establishments in England were serving Pink Gin . Variations A typical pink gin is one part gin and one dash of angostura bitters. Though there ...more...




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