George Alexander William Leith

Portrait of Sir George Alexander Leith

Major General Sir George Alexander William Leith, the second Baronet, (1775), K.C.B. O.B was the first Lieutenant-Governor of Prince of Wales' Island (Penang Island), taking the reins over from George Caunter, a magistrate who was acting superintendent following the resignation and departure of the last governor, Superintendent Major Forbes Ross MacDonald. He served in that position from his arrival in 1800 until 1803.[1][2]

He was appointed an ensign in the 88th Foot in 1779 and served in Jamaica. He was promoted to lieutenant in 1780. He returned to England in November 1781 and moved to the 2nd Battalion of the Royals. He transferred to the 71st Foot in Madras in 1786. In 1789 he was appointed brigade-major and served under Major-General Sir William Meadows and Governor of India, Lord Cornwallis. He was at the sieges of Bangalore and Sevendroog, the Storming of Tippoo's lines and the surrender of Seringapatam. He was promoted to Captain-Lieutenant 74th Foot on 1 November 1792 and then to captain in the 73rd on 7 March 1795.[3][4]

He served as aide-de-camp to the Governor-General in 1793 and as brigade major to the King's troops in Bengal in 1794.[3][4]

In 1797 he sailed on the projected Manila expedition.[3][4]

In February 1800 he was appointed Governor of Prince of Wales' Island and invested with the whole civil and military authority and on 20 April he arrived and took charge of the government. The Governor-general in council had selected him for the office of lieutenant-governor from his personal knowledge of Sir George's integrity, prudence and firmness and by his lordship's conviction that the services of Sir George Leith would be eminently useful in securing to the company all advantages to be derived from the important settlements (on Prince of Wales' Island).[2] That year Sir George negotiated a further treaty with the Sultan for the cession of a strip of mainland Kedah which was then renamed Province Wellesley after Richard Wellesley, 1st Marquess Wellesley, the Governor-General of India.[5] He continued to govern till 1803 when he was succeeded by Sir Robert Townsend Farquhar. The Prince of Wales' Island, together with Province Wellesley now formed the Settlement of Penang (the island having been locally known as Pulau Pinang, where in the Malay language "pulau" means "island" and "pinang" is the name of a variety of local palm tree).

He received a majority in the 17th Foot on 1 January 1800 and a lieutenant-colonelcy in the 2nd West-India Regiment on 13 June 1805.[3][4] In 1805, because of his part in quelling a rebellion, he was presented with a set of porcelain by the King of Burma. At this time he had also completed and caused to be published, a book about his experiences on the island up to that point.[6] He continued as Lieutenant-Governor of Penang until 1806 when he received leave to return to England.[3][4]

He was on the point of embarking for the West Indies, when he was ordered to Ireland as Assistant Adjutant-General of the British forces there. He attained the brevet rank of colonel in 1813, major-general in 1819, and on 20 November the same year he was appointed colonel of the 9th Royal Veteran Battalion. He was made a Knight-Commander of the Order of the Bath.[3][4]

In 1805 he wrote and had published the book, "A Short Account of the Settlement, Produce, and Commerce of Prince of Wales Island, in the Straits of Malacca".[7]

In the 1830s he is recorded as living in a large townhouse, 41 Melville Street, in the west end of Edinburgh.[8]

He died in Scotland in 1842. Leith Street in Penang is named after him.

References
  1. Fort William-India House Correspondence and Other Contemporary Papers Relating Thereto By National Archives of India, Bengal (India), East India Company Published by Manager of Publications; Vols. 1-12: Public series; vols. 13-19: Foreign, political, and secret; vols. 20- : Military series; p. 445
  2. Lawrence Dundas Campbell, ed. (1809). "The Asiatic Annual Register For The Year 1807, Or, A View of the History of Hindustan, and of the Politics, Commerce and Literature of Asia: Or, A View of the History of Hindustan, and of the Politics, Commerce and Literature of Asia" (PDF). J. Debrett. pp. 22, 23, 160. Retrieved 2016-05-05.
  3. Annual Register Or A View Of History And Politics Of The Year 1842 edited by Edmund Burke Printed For J. G. F & J Rivington and &c., 1843; Item notes: v.84 1842; pp. 246, 247
  4. The Gentleman's Magazine Published by [s.n.], 1842; p. 552
  5. A History of Malaya: By J. Kennedy. 2nd Ed - by Joseph Kennedy - Malaya - 1970 - Page 79
  6. A short account of the settlement, produce, and commerce of Prince of Wales' island, in the straits of Malacca. By Sir George Leith. London, 1805.
  7. A Short Account of the ---Settlement, Produce, and Commerce of Prince of Wales Island, in the Straits of Malacca By George Leith, Sir George Leith Published by Printed for J. Booth, 1805
  8. "Edinburgh Post Office annual directory, 1832-1833". National Library of Scotland. p. 108. Retrieved 2016-05-05.
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George Alexander William Leith

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George Alexander William Leith

Portrait of Sir George Alexander Leith Major General Sir George Alexander William Leith, the second Baronet, (1775), K.C.B. O.B was the first Lieutenant-Governor of Prince of Wales' Island (Penang Island), taking the reins over from George Caunter, a magistrate who was acting superintendent following the resignation and departure of the last governor, Superintendent Major Forbes Ross MacDonald. He served in that position from his arrival in 1800 until 1803.[1][2] He was appointed an ensign in the 88th Foot in 1779 and served in Jamaica. He was promoted to lieutenant in 1780. He returned to England in November 1781 and moved to the 2nd Battalion of the Royals. He transferred to the 71st Foot in Madras in 1786. In 1789 he was appointed brigade-major and served under Major-General Sir William Meadows and Governor of India, Lord Cornwallis. He was at the sieges of Bangalore and Sevendroog, the Storming of Tippoo's lines and the surrender of Seringapatam. He was promoted to Captain-Lieutenant 74th Foot on 1 Nov ...more...

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George Leith

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George Leith

George Leith may refer to: George Alexander William Leith (d. 1842), Lieutenant-Governor of Prince of Wales' Island (later Penang Island) George Esslemont Gordon Leith (1885-1965), South African architect George Leith of the Leith-Buchanan Baronets George Gordon Leith (1923–1996), a politician in Saskatchewan, Canada ...more...



Leith-Buchanan baronets

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Leith-Buchanan baronets

The Leith, later Leith-Buchanan Baronetcy, of Burgh St Peter in the County of Norfolk, is a title in the Baronetage of Great Britain.[1] It was created on 21 November 1775 for Alexander Leith, Member of Parliament for Tregony. The third Baronet married Jemima, daughter of Hector Macdonald Buchanan. Their son the fourth Baronet assumed the additional surname of Buchanan in 1877. The presumed seventh Baronet never successfully proved his succession and was never on the Official Roll of the Baronetage. Likewise, as of 13 June 2007 the presumed eighth and present Baronet has not successfully proven his succession and is therefore not on the Official Roll of the Baronetage, with the baronetcy considered dormant since 1973. For more information, follow this link. The Leith family is of Scottish origin and descends from William Leith, Provost of Aberdeen in the 14th century. Leith, later Leith-Buchanan baronets, of Burgh St Peter (1775) Sir Alexander Leith, 1st Baronet (1741–1780) Sir George Alexander William L ...more...

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Alexander Leith

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Alexander Leith

Alexander Leith may refer to: Sir Alexander Leith (British Army officer) (1774–1859) Sir Alexander Leith, 1st Baronet (1869–1956) Sir Alexander Leith, 1st Baronet (created 1775) (1741–1780), British soldier and politician Alexander Forbes-Leith, 1st Baron Leith of Fyvie (1847–1925) Sir Alexander William Wellesley Leith, 3rd Baronet (1806–1842), of the Leith-Buchanan baronets Sir Alexander Wellesley George Thomas Leith-Buchanan, 5th Baronet (1866–1925), of the Leith-Buchanan baronets ...more...



Leith Street, George Town

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Leith Street, George Town

Leith Street is a narrow road within the UNESCO World Heritage Site of the city of George Town in Penang, Malaysia. Once known as an enclave for rich Hakka tycoons, it is home to the famous Cheong Fatt Tze Mansion.[1] The road was laid out in the early 19th century and named after one of the first Governors of Penang. Sir George Alexander William Leith, the Lieutenant-Governor of the Prince of Wales Island (1800-1803) Etymology Leith Street was named after George Alexander William Leith, who became the Lieutenant-Governor of Penang between 1800 and 1803. During Leith's tenure, he succeeded in gaining a narrow hinterland on the Malay Peninsula directly opposite Penang Island from Kedah; the land was subsequently named Province Wellesley (now Seberang Perai). Leith also presided over the establishment of a committee of assessors in 1800.[2] It was the first local authority to be founded in Malaya; the committee would gradually evolve over the centuries into the present-day Penang Island City Council. ...more...

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Leith

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Leith

Leith (; Scottish Gaelic: Lìte) is an area to the north of the city of Edinburgh, Scotland, at the mouth of the Water of Leith. The earliest surviving historical references are in the royal charter authorising the construction of Holyrood Abbey in 1128.[1][2] The medieval settlements of Leith had grown into a burgh by 1833, and the burgh was merged into Edinburgh in 1920.[3] Historically part of the county of Midlothian, Leith is sited on the coast of the Firth of Forth and lies within the council area of the City of Edinburgh. The port remains one of its most valuable enterprises, handling over 1.5 million tonnes of cargo in 2003.[4] South and North Leith Previous to the bridge being built in the late 15th century, Leith had settlements on either side of the river, lacking an easy crossing. South Leith was larger and was controlled by the lairds of Restalrig: the Logan family. It was based on trade and had many merchants' houses and warehouses. This was where ships offloaded their cargoes at The Shore w ...more...

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Forbes baronets

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Forbes baronets

There have been five Baronetcies created for people with the surname Forbes, four in the Baronetage of Nova Scotia and one in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom. The first holder of the Burn Baronetcy of Jessfield, created in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom in 1923, assumed the surname of Forbes-Leith of Fyvie in 1925. Forbes, later Stuart-Forbes, of Monymusk (1626) Portrait of Sir John Forbes, 2nd Baronet of Craigievar. The Forbes Baronetcy, of Pitsligo and Monymusk in the County of Aberdeen, was created in the Baronetage of Nova Scotia on 30 March 1626 for William Forbes, with remainder to heirs male whatsoever. He was a descendant of Duncan Forbes, second son of James Forbes, 2nd Lord Forbes (see the Lord Forbes). The eighth Baronet assumed the additional surname and arms of Hepburn. He was the heir general of the last Lord Forbes of Pitsligo (his ancestor, the fourth Baronet, having married Hon. Mary, daughter of Alexander Forbes, 3rd Lord Forbes of Pitsligo). His only child, Harriet William ...more...

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George Caunter

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George Caunter

George Caunter (1758 — April 1812) governed the Prince of Wales' Island (Penang Island) as Acting Superintendent in 1797 during Superintendent Major Forbes Ross MacDonald's leave of absence and again in 1799 upon the resignation and departure of MacDonald. He served as Acting Superintendent until the arrival of Sir George Alexander William Leith in 1800.[1][2] Life and family George Caunter was born in 1758"[3][2] to George Caunter (1716 — 1767) and Esther, of Abham, Staverton, Devonshire in England. His siblings were Esther (b.1756), Priscilla (b.1760) and Richard (b.1763).[4] He married Harriett Georgina Hutchings (b.1769 Devonshire — 1800 Govt. Hse, Penang). Their children were George Henry (b.1791), Harriett Georgina Hutchings (b.1793), (Rev.) John Hobart (1794 — 14 Nov. 1851), (Male child) and Richard MacDonald Caunter (21 Jul. 1794 — 14 Nov.1851).[3] Career Caunter, a Second Lieutenant on 13 April 1781[5] became a Reduced Second Lieutenant (13 April 1781) in the Royal Marines, put on half-pay from 22 ...more...

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Sir Alexander Leith, 1st Baronet (created 1775)

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Sir Alexander Leith, 1st Baronet (created 1775)

Sir Alexander Charles George Leith, 1st Baronet (1741–1780) was a British soldier and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1774 and 1780. Leith was the son of Alexander Leith and his wife Anne who was the widow of John Milet of County Antrim. His father was killed at the siege of Havana in 1762. Leith joined the Royal Artillery and was lieutenant and fireworker in 1759. In 1764 he became 1st Lieutenant. He joined the service of the East India Company in 1768. He married firstly Margaret Wren, a widow and daughter of Thomas Hay of Huntington. He married secondly a daughter of General Sir John Cope, K.B. on 1 March 1775. At the 1774 general election Leith was returned unopposed as Member of Parliament for Tregony which was in the gift of the Treasury. He was a candidate at the last minute and was not one of the names that Lord North had put forward for the seat. Lord North, however, had him created baronet of Burgh St Peters, Norfolk on 21 November 1775. By 1778 however Leith had become a fierce ...more...

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George Panton

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George Panton

George A. Panton FRSE (d. 1902) was a 19th century British botanist. He is thought to have been born in Edinburgh around 1840, possibly the son of William Panton, a clothier. In 1863 he is noted as a member of the Botanical Society of Edinburgh and was living at 31 Gayfield Square at the top of Leith Walk.[1] In 1877 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. His proposers were Sir Charles Wyville Thomson, Sir Archibald Geikie, John Hutton Balfour, and Alexander Buchan.[2] In 1882 he is noted as Secretary of the Birmingham branch of the Botanical Society of Edinburgh and is living at 95 Colmore Row.[3] References Transactions and Proceedings of the Botanical Society of Edinburgh 1863 Biographical Index of Former Fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 1783–2002 (PDF). The Royal Society of Edinburgh. July 2006. ISBN 0 902 198 84 X. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/03746608609468248?journalCode=tped18 ...more...

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List of governors of Penang

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List of governors of Penang

This is the list of people who have held the highest political office in Penang and its previous entities. Penang is a state in Malaysia. Until the 18th century, the island of Penang was part of the Sultanate of Kedah. In 1786, the island was ceded by the Sultan of Kedah to the East India Company, Francis Light representing the company.[1] Light renamed the island "Prince of Wales Island." In 1790, after suffering a military defeat at the hands of Light, Sultan Abdullah formally handed over the island to the British. Light was appointed Superintendent of Prince of Wales Island.[1] From 1800 to 1805, the island was led by a Lieutenant Governor.[1] In 1805, Prince of Wales Island became a Residency, led by a Governor.[1] In 1826, the island, along with Malacca and Singapore, were consolidated into the Straits Settlements. Thereafter, Penang was administered by a British Resident Councillor subordinate to the Governor of the Straits Settlements. Penang was occupied by the Japanese from 1941 to 1945.[1] After ...more...

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George Kellie

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George Kellie

Dr George Kellie MD, FRSE (1770–1829) was a Scottish surgeon who, together with Alexander Monro secundus gave his name to the Monro-Kellie doctrine, a concept which relates intracranial pressure to the volume of intracranial contents and is a basic tenet of our understanding of the neuropathology of raised intracranial pressure. The doctrine states that since the skull is incompressible, and the volume inside the skull is fixed then any increase in volume of one of the cranial constituents must be compensated by a decrease in volume of another. Previous research about George Kellie (1720–1779) may have been hampered by a widely cited incorrect year of birth, by the spelling of his name as Kellie or Kelly and by confusion with his father, also a surgeon in Leith, with the same name and subject to similar spelling variations. Early life George Kellie was born in Leith, the seaport for Edinburgh which was at that time the fifth largest town in Scotland.[1] His parents George Kellie (1742–1805), originally from ...more...

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Forbes Ross MacDonald

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Forbes Ross MacDonald

Major Forbes Ross MacDonald (died 1799), a gentleman in the service of the Nabob of Arcot, was appointed by Governor-general Sir John Shore as superintendent of Prince of Wales Isle to succeed Philip Manington who had resigned due to ill health.[1] MacDonald served from 14 May 1795 to 1799. MacDonald's tour of duty was not a happy one as he was in conflict with the merchants and his own civil servants. This led to his resignation and return to Madras. He died in Madras in May 1799.[2][3][4] Although Macdonald did not get along with many people, he nevertheless made his mark with the many transformational improvements he made during his term in office including the construction of the Customs House, Hospital, and Prison. He widened streets and built a new road from town, at the coast, right into the interior of the isle. He ensured that streets and roads in town were clearly marked and had them extended to sixty-five feet wide. He organised the road system so that street intersections were at right angles.[4 ...more...

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Lickleyhead Castle

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Lickleyhead Castle

Lickleyhead Castle Lickleyhead Castle is a well-restored L-plan castle, dating from around 1600, a little south of Auchleven, by the banks of the Gadie Burn, in Aberdeenshire, Scotland.[1] Alternative names are Licklihead; and Licklyhead Castle.[2] History The estate originally belonged to Clan Leslie, but William Leith, who had twice been Provost of Aberdeen, acquired it from George Leslie in the 13th century. It remained in that family until, in 1625, Patrick Leith sold it to William Forbes of Leslie, who is thought to have restored the main element of the building, perhaps with the help of John Bell of Aberdeen. While residing in the house, William Forbes, illegitimate son of John Forbes, accidentally shot off his hand. This was believed to be judgment on him for the murder of Alexander Irvine, who was thought to be a supporter of the Marquess of Montrose. After the Restoration, he was executed for the crime. The house was owned by the Hays for a period from the end of the 17th century.[3] Patrick D ...more...

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James Leith (British Army officer)

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James Leith (British Army officer)

Lieutenant-General Sir James Leith GCB (8 August 1763 – 16 October 1816) was a Scottish soldier who served in the British Army, commanding the 5th Division in the Duke of Wellington's Anglo-Portuguese Army at several critical battles during the Peninsular War between 1810 and 1813. Family background and education He was born at Leith Hall, the third son of John Leith and his wife Harriot (née Steuart). His father was shot and killed during a drunken argument when he was only four months old.[1] He was initially educated at home by a private tutor, before attending the grammar school at Elgin, and Marischal College in Aberdeen, and after deciding to join the army was sent to a military academy at Lille.[2] Early career Leith entered the Army in 1780, first serving as an ensign in the 21st Regiment of Foot. He soon became a lieutenant in the 81st Regiment of Foot (Aberdeenshire Highland Regiment),[2] in which he was made captain on 3 December 1782.[3] At the end of the American War in 1783 his regiment was d ...more...

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William Lindsay Alexander

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William Lindsay Alexander

William Lindsay Alexander FRSE (24 August 1808 – 20 December 1884) was a Scottish church leader. Life He was born in Leith, the son of William Alexander, a wine merchant, and his wife, Elizabeth Lindsay. The only address given for his father appears in 1813 at 7 Blair Street off the Royal Mile in Edinburgh rather than Leith.[1] He was educated at Leith High School then the universities of St Andrews and Edinburgh, where he gained a lasting reputation for classical scholarship. He entered Glasgow Theological Academy under Ralph Wardlaw in September 1827, but in December of the same year he left to become classical tutor at the Blackburn Theological Academy, afterwards the Lancashire Independent College, in north-west England. He stayed at Blackburn until 1831, lecturing on biblical literature, metaphysics, Greek and Latin.[2] After short visits to Germany and London, he was invited back to Edinburgh in November 1834 to become minister of North College Street church (afterwards Argyle Square), an independent ...more...

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George Mackay of Skibo

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George Mackay of Skibo

George Mackay of Skibo (Skibo Castle) (c. 1715 – 25 June 1782)[1][2] was a Scottish lawyer, soldier and politician. He fought for the British Government during the Jacobite rising of 1745 and was later a Member of Parliament.[3] Early life Mackay was a younger son of George Mackay, 3rd Lord Reay and his third wife Mary Dowell.[3] He was educated at the University of Aberdeen and became an advocate in 1737.[4] Jacobite rising of 1745 The Clan Mackay supported the British Government during the Jacobite rising of 1745. George Mackay was Captain of the 1st Mackay Independent Highland Company that was raised by Duncan Forbes, Lord Culloden to oppose the Jacobites.[5] George Mackay took an active part in the Skirmish of Tongue in March 1746 when money and supplies that were destined for the Jacobites were captured from a French ship.[6][7] He also led his independent company in the Raids on Lochaber and Shiramore.[8] This led to a commission in the regular British Army, from which he retired in 1748.[4] Member o ...more...

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List of provosts of Aberdeen

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List of provosts of Aberdeen

The Lord Provost of Aberdeen is the convener of the Aberdeen City local authority in Scotland. They are elected by the city council and serve not only as the chair of that body, but as a figurehead for the entire city. They are equivalent in many ways to the institution of Mayor that exists in many other countries. Each of the 32 Scottish local authorities elects a Convener or Provost, but only the cities of Glasgow, Edinburgh, Aberdeen and Dundee have a Lord Provost. This was confirmed in the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973[1] and subsequently in the Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994[2] Since 1899, the Lord Provost of Aberdeen, has also been ex officio the Lord-Lieutenant of the city. Following local government re-organisation brought about by the Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994, this arrangement was confirmed in the Lieutenancies Act 1997.[3] 13th Century (1272–1273) Richard Cementarius (1273–1274) Mathew Greatheued (1281–1282) Mathew Greatheued (1284–1285) Malcolm de Pelgone ...more...

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George Smith (1833–1919)

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George Smith (1833–1919)

George Smith CIE FRGS LLD (1833–1919) was a 19th Scottish historian and geographer who spent his working life in India. He was father to a family of eminent figures. Life South Learmonth Gardens, Edinburgh (10 at red door) The grave of George Smith LLD, Grange Cemetery, Edinburgh He was born in Leith on 28 April 1833 the son of Adam Smith (1809-1837) and his wife Isabella Anderson. His father died while he was a young child. He was educated at the High School in Edinburgh then studied at Edinburgh University graduating around 1850. In 1855 he moved to Calcutta, in India, to act as the first Principal of the Doveton College, a boys' school in Madras. In 1856, aged only 23, he became a Fellow of the University of Calcutta and also began to operate as their Examiner. From 1857 he was Editor of the "Calcutta Review". From 1860 he was the official Indian correspondent for The Times newspaper in Britain. By the 1870s he had returned to Scotland and was living at Scagrore House in Seafield, east of L ...more...

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Alexander Morgan (mathematician)

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Alexander Morgan (mathematician)

Alexander Morgan PEIS FRSE OBE LLD (1860–1946) was a Scottish mathematician and educator. He was President of the Educational Institute of Scotland 1911/12. He was involved in the creation of the Education Act 1918.[1] Life He was born in Leith on 21 August 1860 the son of Ann and William Morgan originally from Aberdeenshire. The family returned to Aberdeen during his infancy and he was educated there at the North Parish School.[2] Returning to Edinburgh he initially studied for the ministry at the Church of Scotland Training College but then abandoned this and instead studied Mathematics and Natural Philosophy (Physics) at Edinburgh University, graduating MA in 1886. Upon graduating he began lecturing in mathematics at the Church of Scotland TRaining College and became its Principal in 1903. In 1896 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. His proposers were George Chrystal, Simon Somerville Laurie, John Sturgeon Mackay and Peter Guthrie Tait. He was President of the Edinburgh Mathematic ...more...

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William Mitchell (Scottish entrepreneur)

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William Mitchell (Scottish entrepreneur)

William Mitchell (16 March 1781 – 17 February 1854) was a Scottish entrepreneur. He was born in Alloa, Clackmannanshire, the second son of Alexander Mitchell and Janet Barrowman. He was a co-founder of the Alloa Coal Company later run by his sons Andrew and Alexander. He was an important investor (along with other members of his family) in the Leith shipping line William Thomson and Co; better known as the Ben Line. In the 1840s, the Ben Line was in the North Atlantic trade, taking Aloa coal to Canada and returning with timber. His more famous grandsons include the British civil servant in India John Ontario Miller (1857–1843), the founder of the Luscar Coal Company Colonel Alexander Mitchell (Scottish entrepreneur) (1871–1934), Sir Mitchell Mitchell-Thomson (1846–1918) a Lord Provost of Edinburgh and the noted Scottish Humanities scholar William Mitchell Ramsay (1851–1939). References George Blake, The Ben Line, Thomas Nelson and Sons Ltd; London, 1956 John L. Carvel, One Hundred Years in Coal, T and A ...more...

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Warriston Cemetery

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Warriston Cemetery

City of Edinburgh Council notice board installed February 12, 2018 Warriston Cemetery Central vaults, Warriston Cemetery The railway bridge, Warriston Cemetery Warriston Cemetery looking down the south-west path to the war memorial Warriston Cemetery lies in Warriston, one of the northern suburbs of Edinburgh, Scotland. It was built by the then newly-formed Edinburgh Cemetery Company, and occupies around 14 acres (5.7 ha) of land on a slightly sloping site. It contains many tens of thousands of graves, including notable Victorian and Edwardian figures, the most eminent being the physician Sir James Young Simpson. It is located on the north side of the Water of Leith, and has an impressive landscape; partly planned, partly unplanned due to recent neglect. It lies in the Inverleith Conservation Area and is also a designated Local Nature Conservation Site.[1] The cemetery is protected as a Category A listed building.[2] In July 2013 the Friends of Warriston Cemetery was inaugurated to ...more...

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List of British generals and brigadiers

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List of British generals and brigadiers

This is a list of people who held general officer rank or the rank of brigadier (together now recognized as starred officers) in the British Army, Royal Marines, British Indian Army or other military force. It does not include English Army generals or Scottish Army generals. Neither England nor Scotland has had its own army since the Acts of Union in 1707. Generals promoted by the Kingdom of Great Britain (1707–1800), United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (1801–1922) and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (1922-present) are included. See also Category:British generals - note that a "Brigadier" is not classed as a "general" in the British Army, despite being a NATO 1-star equivalent rank.[1] Hence, in the lists below: 1* = Brigadier General/Brigadier 2* = Major General 3* = Lieutenant General 4* = General (dates after the name are birth and death) A Rank Name Born Died Notes Major-General Abadie, Henry RichardHenry Richard Abadie 1841 1915 Major-General Abbo ...more...

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Andrew Leith Hay

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Andrew Leith Hay

Sir Andrew Leith Hay of Rannes KH FRSE FRS (17 February 1785 – 13 October 1862) was a Scottish soldier, Scottish Liberal Party politician and writer on architecture. Biography Andrew Leith Hay was the eldest son of General Alexander Leith Hay of Rannes and Mary Forbes of Ballogie (died 1824), and was born at Aberdeen on 17 February 1785.[1] He entered the army as an ensign in the 72nd Foot on 8 January 1806, went to the Peninsula in 1808 as aide-de-camp to his uncle, General Sir James Leith, and served through the war until 1814. He was much employed in gaining intelligence, and was present at many of the actions from Corunna to the storming of San Sebastian. Wherever he went he made sketches, and in 1831 worked up these materials into two volumes, entitled A Narrative of the Peninsula War. On General Leith being appointed to the governorship of Barbadoes in 1816, his nephew accompanied him, and discharged the duties of military secretary and also those of assistant quartermaster-general and assistant adjut ...more...

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Moray Estate

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Moray Estate

The Moray Estate in Edinburgh The Moray Estate in Edinburgh was an exclusive early 19th century building venture attaching the west side of Edinburgh's New Town. Built on an awkward and steeply sloping site, it is a masterpiece of urban planning. With generous plots accommodating huge townhouses it has accommodated the rich and famous from its outset. Background Detailing on the Moray Estate The ground, extending to 5.3 hectares was acquired in 1782 by the 9th Earl of Moray from the Heriot Trust.[1] The land contained Drumsheugh House and large gardens lying between Charlotte Square and the Water of Leith. In 1822 his son, Francis Stuart, 10th Earl of Moray, commissioned the architect James Gillespie Graham to draw up plans to build over 150 huge townhouses on the land. The houses were set on huge plots, even by surrounding New Town standards and were complemented by a series of private gardens, most notably on the slopes of the Water of Leith. Sales were begun (from plan) by auction on 7 August 1 ...more...

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Younger's Brewery

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Younger's Brewery

William Younger & Company, commonly known as Younger's, was an Edinburgh brewery which grew from humble beginnings in 1778 to become one of the city’s main commercial enterprises, supplying domestic and foreign markets. It should not be confused with another, less renowned Edinburgh brewery, that of Robert Younger, who also brewed in Holyrood at the St. Ann's Brewery or that of George Younger, who brewed in Alloa. In 1931 Younger's merged with McEwan’s to form Scottish Brewers, which in turn merged with Newcastle Breweries in 1960 to form Scottish & Newcastle. By the late 1960s the combine employed the largest single workforce in the city. The company’s UK operations were taken over by Heineken in 2008. In October 2011 the Bedford-based Wells & Young's Brewery announced that it had purchased the Younger's and McEwan's brands from Heineken UK. Younger family William Younger (1733–1769) The Younger family home was in the village of Linton (now West Linton), Peeblesshire, where their hous ...more...

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Robert Logan of Restalrig

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Robert Logan of Restalrig

Robert Logan's home, Lochend Castle at Restalrig Sir Robert Logan of Restalrig (c.1555-July 1606) was a Scottish knight involved in the Gowrie House affair of 1600. Family Robert's father was also called "Robert Logan of Restalrig," his mother was Agnes Gray, daughter of Patrick Gray, 4th Lord Gray. In 1547, his father, Robert Logan of Restalrig was married to Agnes Seton.[1] During the crisis of the Scottish reformation in 1559, this Robert Logan senior took his Leith followers to face the French troops of Henri Cleutin at Cupar Muir.[2] Later he advised against resistance at Leith by the Protestant Lords of the Congregation against the French troops of Mary of Guise, which led to a short-lived truce by the terms of the articles of Leith. After Robert Logan senior died, his widow Agnes Gray married Alexander Home, 5th Lord Home. Robert the heir firstly married Elizabeth Makgill, daughter of David Makgill of Cranston-Riddell, then Jonet Ker and thirdly Marion Ker.[3] Robert's first wife, Elizabeth Makgil ...more...

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Visit of King George IV to Scotland

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Visit of King George IV to Scotland

David Wilkie's flattering portrait of the kilted King George IV, with lighting chosen to tone down the brightness of his kilt and his knees shown bare, without the pink tights he actually wore at the event. The visit of King George IV to Scotland in 1822 was the first visit of a reigning monarch to Scotland in nearly two centuries, the last being by King Charles I for his Scottish coronation in 1633. Government ministers had pressed the King to bring forward a proposed visit to Scotland, to divert him from diplomatic intrigue at the Congress of Verona. The visit increased the king's popularity in Scotland, turning some subjects away from the rebellious radicalism of the time. However, it was Sir Walter Scott's organisation of the visit, with the inclusion of tartan pageantry, that was to have a lasting influence, by elevating the tartan kilt to become part of Scotland's national identity. Background After nearly a decade of ruling as Prince Regent, George IV acceded to the throne and his coronation on 19 ...more...

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Alexander Hunter Crawford

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Alexander Hunter Crawford

The Masonic Lodge on George Street, Edinburgh by A H Crawford Villas by A H Crawford, Primrose Bank Road, Edinburgh Alexander Hunter Crawford (1865-1945) was a Scottish architect and businessman. Closely associated with his father's firm of Crawford's Biscuits he designed many biscuit factories, and became owner of the company in 1931. Many of his villas are now listed buildings. His masterpiece (although somewhat "old-fashioned" for its date) is probably the huge Masonic Lodge on George Street in Edinburgh. Life The grave of Alexander Hunter Crawford, Warriston Cemetery He was born on 10 August 1865 in Leith, the harbour area of Edinburgh, the son of William Crawford, owner of Crawford's Biscuits. They lived at 6 Wellington Place on the west side of Leith Links. He was educated at Edinburgh Institution (now called Stewarts Melville College). In 1881 he was articled as a trainee architect to John Russell Walker, an Edinburgh architect based on Hanover Street in the New Town. In 1886, he moved ...more...

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William Mossman

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William Mossman

William Mossman (18 August 1793 – 23 June 1851) was a Scottish sculptor operational in the early 19th century, and father to three sculptor sons. Life Said to be a descendant of James Mossman (1530–1573),[1] Mossman was born in West Linton, the son of the local schoolmaster, John Mossman (died 1808) and Jean Forrest. He apparently trained under Sir Francis Chantrey[2] in London before returning to Scotland in 1823, where he first lived in Edinburgh, working as a marble cutter on Leith Walk[1] before moving Glasgow in 1830, where he lived for the remainder of his life. In 1833 he began his own company "William Mossman", renamed to "J G & W Mossman" in 1854, when he embraced his sons into the firm as partners. From 1857 the firm was known as J & G Mossman Ltd. During the boom of cemetery development in Glasgow Mossman received many commissions for monuments in the Glasgow Necropolis, Sighthill Cemetery and the Southern Necropolis. Mossman died in 1851 and was buried in Sighthill Cemetery in north ...more...

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Alexander Carse

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Alexander Carse

Alexander Carse (c. 1770 – February 1843) was a Scottish painter known for his scenes of Scottish life. His works include a large canvas of George IV's visit to Leith and three early paintings of football matches. Life Carse was born in Innerwick in East Lothian to William and Catherine Carse, and was baptised early in 1770. Carse started at the Trustees Drawing Academy of Edinburgh in 1801; here he studied Dutch painting, which influenced his later representations of interiors. He was taught by David Allan, who was a strong influence on his early style. By 1808 he was described as the best painter of village scenes by the Scottish antiquarian the 11th Earl of Buchan.[1] Covenanters in a Glen, c. 1800 The Foot-ball Play, c. 1830 In 1795 Carse painted a group portrait of himself and what are believed to be his mother and sister. The painting shows a painter's room, with his mother reading the Bible to her two children, now adults. This work is currently in the National Galleries of Scotland colle ...more...

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Siege of Leith

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Siege of Leith

The Siege of Leith ended a twelve-year encampment of French troops at Leith, the port near Edinburgh, Scotland. The French troops arrived by invitation in 1548 and left in 1560 after an English force arrived to attempt to assist in removing them from Scotland. The town was not taken by force and the French troops finally left peacefully under the terms of a treaty signed by Scotland, England and France.[5] Background James Hamilton, Earl of Arran, Regent of Scotland from 1542 to 1554 The Auld Alliance and Reformation of religion Scotland and France had long been allies under the "Auld Alliance", first established in the 13th century. However, during the 16th century, divisions appeared between a pro-French faction at Court and Protestant reformers. The Protestants saw the French as a Catholic influence and, when conflict broke out between the two factions, called on English Protestants for assistance in expelling the French from Scotland.[5] In 1542, King James V of Scotland died, leaving only a week- ...more...

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Trinity Academy, Edinburgh

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Trinity Academy, Edinburgh

Trinity Academy is a state-run secondary school in the north of Edinburgh, Scotland. It is located on the border between Trinity and Leith, next to Victoria Park, and a short distance from the banks of the Firth of Forth at Newhaven. Admissions Trinity Academy was formerly a Senior Secondary school, prior to the abolition of the selective Qualifying exam, which was normally taken in Primary 7 at age 12 years. It is fed from three main primary schools; Trinity Primary (which is immediately adjacent), Victoria Primary in Newhaven, and Wardie Primary in Wardie. The school colours are black and yellow. HistoryCraighall Road School On 4 September 1893, Craighall Road School was opened with Thomas Trotter, formerly of North Fort Street, as rector. With a frontage deemed ‘of a superior kind to most other schools’ it had cost £18,850 and five shillings, (excluding the purchase of the land from the Laird of Bonnington, James Clerk-Rattray) and had electric bells and voice tubes connecting the Rector's room to the cl ...more...

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Alexander Monro (secundus)

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Alexander Monro (secundus)

Alexander Monro secundus, coloured engraving (1800) by James Heath after Henry Raeburn The grave of Alexander Monro, Greyfriars Kirkyard Alexander Monro of Craiglockhart and Cockburn FRSE FRCPE (22 May 1733 – 2 October 1817) was a Scottish anatomist, physician and medical educator. To distinguish him as the second of three generations of physicians of the same name, he is known as secundus. His students included the naval physician and abolitionist Thomas Trotter. Alexander was from the distinguished Monro of Auchenbowie family. His major achievements included, describing the lymphatic system, providing the most detailed elucidation of the musculo-skeletal system to date and introducing clinical medicine into the curriculum. He is known for the Monro-Kellie doctrine on intracranial pressure, a hypothesis developed by Monro and his former pupil George Kellie, who worked as a surgeon in the port of Leith. Life Alexander Monro secundus, the third and youngest son of Alexander Monro primus and Isabella ...more...

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James Kinnear

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James Kinnear

James Kinnear WS FRSE (1810-1849) was a short-lived but influential Scottish lawyer. His legal title was Master Extraordinary in Chancery and Commissioner of English Affairs.[1] Life He was born on 2 December 1810 one of twelve children of George Kinnear (1751-1823), an Edinburgh banker, and his wife Fearne Gardner.[2] They lived at 31 Queen Street[3] in the New Town. He was apprenticed as a lawyer to Richard Mackenzie WS at 12 Thistle Street,[4] close to his family home, around 1825. The office later transferred to William Sharp WS at the same address (presumably on the death of Mackenzie).[5] He qualified as a Writer to the Signet in 1832 and thereafter set up his own premises at 81 George Street, a fairly prestigious address in the city centre and far grander than his previous employer’s premises. At this time he was living at 9 Doune Terrace on the Moray Estate on the west side of Edinburgh. In 1841 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. His proposer was George Augustus Borthwick.[6] ...more...

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George Ritchie Gilruth

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George Ritchie Gilruth

Dr George Ritchie Gilruth FRSE LRCP LRCSE (1842-1921) was a Scottish surgeon and author. Life 53 Northumberland Street, Edinburgh He was born on 24 October 1842 the son of John Gilruth a writing master in Leith just north of Edinburgh and living at 28 Constitution Street. His mother was Eliza Ritchie.[1] He is presumed to have qualified as a doctor at Edinburgh University. He qualified as a surgeon in 1865. In 1877 he was living at 9 Union Street in Edinburgh and is noted as a qualified surgeon. He was a Demonstrator in Anatomy at the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh. In 1880 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. His proposers were William Ferguson, Andrew Douglas Maclagan, Patrick Heron Watson and Thomas Alexander Goldie Balfour.[2] In June 1888 he is noted as an Acting Surgeon in the Edinburgh City Artillery Volunteer Corps.[3] He was then living at 48 Nothumberland Street.[4] In 1911 he is noted as living at 53 Northumberland Street in Edinburgh's Second New Town.[5] H ...more...

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William Fowler (architect)

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William Fowler (architect)

William Fowler (1824-1906) was a 19th-century Scottish architect closely linked to the northern town of Golspie and the surrounding area. Life The Fowler grave, New Calton Cemetery, Edinburgh He was born at 28 Jamaica Street[1] in Edinburgh's Second New Town the son of George Fowler (1798-1862) a builder, and his wife Margaret Kirk. His uncle Alexander Fowler was also a builder. He was apprenticed as an architect to David Bryce.[2] He received employment with the 2nd Duke of Sutherland as his estate surveyor (working with the architect George Devey), and later overseeing the vast building project at Dunrobin Castle, designed by Sir Charles Barry. During this period he began living in Golspie where he thereafter had a lifelong connection. From 1881 he lived at 7 Duke Street in Golspie. In 1891 he retired and moved to Greenend in Liberton, Edinburgh. In 1900 he moved to Mount Chasse (now 11) Broomieknowe in Lasswade, south of Edinburgh.[3] He died at Mount Chasse on 3 February 1906. He is buried with h ...more...

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List of Knights and Dames Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George

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List of Knights and Dames Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George

Below is a list of Knights and Dames Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George.   This indicates that the appointment was Honorary. An asterix (*) indicates a Dame Grand Cross. George III (Regency) Appointment Name Notes 27 April 1818 Lieutenant-General Sir Thomas Maitland Grand Master 1818–1824, Governor of Malta and Lord High Commissioner of the Ionian islands 18 November 1818 Emanuel, Baron Theotoky President of the Ionian Senate Stamo Calichiopulo Senator of the Ionian Islands Antonio, Count of Comuto 16 December 1818 Vice-Admiral Sir Charles Vinicombe Penrose Naval Commander-in-Chief in the Mediterranean Giuseppe Borg Olivier President of the Court of Appeal of Malta Raffaele Crispino Xerri Member of the Supreme Council of Justice of Malta 26 October 1819 Vice-Admiral Sir Thomas Francis Fremantle Naval Commander-in-Chief in the Mediterranean Frederick North, 5th Earl of Guilford Chancellor of the Ionian Academy George IV Appointment Name Notes 28 September 1820 A ...more...

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James Burgess Readman

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James Burgess Readman

Dr James Burgess Readman FRSE FCS FSSA (c.1850–1927) was a Scottish chemist who invented an electric furnace for creating phosphorus invented in 1888[1] and patented in 1889.[2][3] Life He was born in Glasgow the son of George Readman, a bank manager with the Clydesdale Bank. The family lived at 16 Queens Crescent in Glasgow, an attractive terraced townhouse in the north-west of the city.[4] He was educated at Glasgow Academy. He then studied Science at Edinburgh University graduating BSc and MD in 1888[5]. In 1871 he is listed as a creditor in relation to the Port Dundas Oil Company.[6] In 1879 he is living with his older brother George Readman, an advocate[7] at 20 Great Stuart Street on the Moray Estate in west Edinburgh.[8] In 1883 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. His proposers were James Robertson, Baron Robertson, James King, William Wallace and Alexander Crum Brown.[9] He was then still living with his brother (but separately listed) at 9 Moray Place, a huge townhouse on t ...more...

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Leith (UK Parliament constituency)

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Leith (UK Parliament constituency)

Leith was a burgh constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1918 to 1950. The constituency elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election. There was also an earlier Leith Burghs constituency, 1832 to 1918, and a later Edinburgh Leith constituency, 1950 to 1997. Boundaries The Leith constituency was created under the Representation of the People Act 1918, and first used in the 1918 general election, to cover the burgh of Leith, in the county of Midlothian.[1] The burgh was previously within the Leith Burghs constituency. 1918 boundaries were used also in the general elections of 1922, 1923, 1924, 1929, 1931, 1935 and 1945. The burgh was merged into the city of Edinburgh in 1920, and for the 1950 general election, under the House of Commons (Redistribution of Seats) Act 1949, the Edinburgh Leith constituency was created as one of seven constituencies covering the city and the Midlothian burgh of Musselburgh.[1] Members of Parliame ...more...

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List of governors of Bengal

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List of governors of Bengal

From 1690, a governor represented the British East India Company in Bengal, which had been granted the right to establish a trading post by the Nawabs of Bengal. Robert Clive : Governor of Bengal during 1757–60 and again during 1765–67 and established Dual Government in Bengal from 1765 to 1772. (True founder of British Political dominion in India). Vanisttart (1760–65) : The Battle of Buxar (1764). Cartier (1769–72) : Bengal Famine (1770) Chief agents, 1681–84 Name Took office Left office William Hedges 1681 1684 John Beard 1684 1684 Presidents, 1684–94 Name Took office Left office William Gyfford 1684 1685 Job Charnock 1685 1693 Francis Ellis 1693 1693 Charles Eyre 1693 1694 Chief Agents, 1694–1700 Name Took office Left office Charles Eyre 1694 1698 John Beard 1698 1699 Charles Eyre 1699 1700 Presidents, 1700 - 1758 Name Took office Left office Charles Eyre 1700 1701 John Beard 1701 1705 Edward Littleton 1705 1705 'Ruled by a council' 1705 1710 Anthony Weltden 17 ...more...

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List of Scottish Victoria Cross recipients

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List of Scottish Victoria Cross recipients

The following people are Scottish recipients of the Victoria Cross. A Robert Bellew Adams – 1897; Nawa Kili, India Frederick Robertson Aikman – 1858; Amethi, India Robert Hope Moncrieff Aitken – 1857; Lucknow, India William Anderson – 1915; Neuve Chapelle, France William Herbert Anderson – 1918; Bois Favieres, France William Angus – 1915; Givenchy, France Adam Archibald – 1918; Ors, France B William Babtie – 1899; Battle of Colenso, South Africa Thomas Beach – 1854; Battle of Inkerman, Crimea William Davidson Bissett – 1918; Maing, France James Blair – 1857; Neemuch, India Robert Blair – 1857; Bolandshahr, India Frank Gerald Blaker – 1944; Taunghi, Burma (now Myanmar) William Anderson Bloomfield – 1916; Miali, Tanganyika (now Tanzania) Andrew Cathcart Bogle – 1857; Oonao, India Stanley Henry Parry Boughey – 1917; El Burf, Palestine Walter Lorrain Brodie – 1914; Becelaere, Belgium James Anson Otho Brooke – 1914; Gheluvelt, Belgium William Arthur McCrae Bruce – 1914; Giv ...more...

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List of Knights and Ladies of the Thistle

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List of Knights and Ladies of the Thistle

The Most Ancient and Most Noble Order of the Thistle was founded in 1687. Dates shown are for election or installation. Probably incomplete. Founders18th Century 19th Century 20th Century 21st Century Name Image Life Date Notes Knights Founders James Drummond, 4th Earl of Perth 1648–1716 1687   George Gordon, 1st Duke of Gordon 1649–1716 1687   John Murray, 1st Marquess of Atholl 1631–1703 1687   James Hamilton, 4th Duke of Hamilton 1658–1712 1687   Kenneth Mackenzie, 4th Earl of Seaforth 1661–1701 1687   John Drummond, 1st Earl of Melfort 1650–1715 1687   George Douglas, 1st Earl of Dumbarton 1635–1692 1687   Alexander Stuart, 5th Earl of Moray 1634–1701 1687   Eighteenth Century John Campbell, 2nd Duke of Argyll 1680–1743 1704 Resigned 1710 when made KG John Murray, 1st Duke of Atholl 1659–1724 1704   William Johnstone, 1st Marquess of Annandale d. 1721 1704   James Scott, Earl of Dalkeith 1674–1705 1704   George Douglas-Hamilton, 1st Earl of Orkney ...more...

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Robert Townsend Farquhar

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Robert Townsend Farquhar

Sir Robert Townsend Farquhar, 1st Baronet (1776 – 16 March 1830) was an influential British merchant of the early nineteenth century who served as a colonial governor and Member of Parliament. During his lengthy service for both the East India Company and the British government, Farquhar gained a reputation as an efficient and ambitious administrator and he notably served as Lieutenant-Governor of Prince of Wales Island (Penang Island) from January 1804 to 1805 and as governor of Île de Bourbon, now known as Réunion from 1810 to 1811. He was the 1st Governor of Mauritius from 4 December 1810 to 20 May 1823.[1] During his tenure on Mauritius, Farquhar became well known for his operations against French slave traders, having previously investigated the possibility of replacing slaves with paid Chinese labourers. After returning to Britain Farquhar, who was made a baronet in 1821, sat in Parliament for Newton and later for Hythe. Early life In 1787, at the age of 11, Farquhar joined Westminster School. He then ...more...

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John Grey (politician, died 1777)

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John Grey (politician, died 1777)

John Grey (c. 1724 – 25 February 1777)[1] was a British politician, the younger son of Harry Grey, 3rd Earl of Stamford. He was the Clerk of the Green Cloth from 1754 until his death, and at the 1754 general election he was elected unopposed [2] as one of the two Members of Parliament (MPs) for Bridgnorth in Shropshire. He was re-elected unopposed in 1761,[2] and stood down in 1768 to be elected at Tregony instead.[2] In May 1748, he married Lucy, daughter of Sir Joseph Danvers, 1st Baronet.[3] They had no children. References Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 5) The Parliaments of England by Henry Stooks Smith (1st edition published in three volumes 1844–50), second edition edited (in one volume) by F. W. S. Craig (Political Reference Publications 1973), p.272 The Peerage of England, p.45, Edward Kimber, accessed through Google books, https://books.google.com/books?id=P7pAAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA45 Parliament of Great Britain Preceded byThomas Wh ...more...

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Alexander Lauder (chemist)

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Alexander Lauder (chemist)

Dr Alexander Lauder FRSE FIC (1870-1943) was a Scottish agricultural chemist. Life3 He was born in Greenock in 1870. He studied at the Andersonian college in Glasgow under Prof William Dittmar then at Edinburgh University. He began as an assistant lecturer at University College Bangor in Wales. He then returned to Edinburgh University to lecture in Agricultural Chemistry, also lecturing at the East of Scotland College of Agriculture. During this period he lived at 13 George Square in Edinburgh.[1] In 1910 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. His proposers were Sir James Johnston Dobbie, Alexander Crum Brown, Sir James Walker and Arthur Pillans Laurie. He served as the Society’s Secretary 1923 to 1928.[2] He died in Greenock on 11 November 1943.[3] Publications Chemistry and Agriculture (1933) References Edinburgh and Leith Post Office Directory 1911-12 Biographical Index of Former Fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 1783–2002 (PDF). The Royal Society of Edinburgh. J ...more...

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Royal Terrace, Edinburgh

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Royal Terrace, Edinburgh

View of the western end of Royal Terrace, from London Road Gardens, formerly Royal Terrace Gardens Royal Terrace is a grand street in the city of Edinburgh, Scotland, on the north side of Calton Hill within the New Town and part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site inscribed in 1995,[1] built on the south side of a setted street, facing the sloping banks of London Road Gardens, formerly Royal Terrace Gardens, with views looking north towards Leith and the Firth of Forth. Showpiece of the Eastern New Town A section of Royal Terrace at the west end of the street, with six Ionic columns. This contains two townhouses: number 4 with the central entrance and two bays to the left, and number 3 with the right two bays and an entrance in the un-colonnaded section to the right (just out of view). William Henry Playfair designed Royal Terrace between 1820 and 1824. Together with the adjoining Carlton and Regent Terraces, the three streets are in a continuous line, cut only by Carlton Terrace Lane giving access to ...more...

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Category A listed buildings in Edinburgh

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George Outram

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George Outram

George Outram's grave, Warriston Cemetery George Outram (25 March 1805 – 15 September 1856) was a humorous poet, Scottish advocate, friend of Professor John Wilson, and for some time editor of The Herald in Glasgow. Life Outram was born on 25 March 1805 the son of Elizabeth Knox (1779-1866) and Joseph Outram, manager of the Clyde Ironworks. He was born in the parish of New Monkland and Coatbridge. In 1807 the family moved to Leith, the harbour area of Edinburgh. He attended Leith High School and then the University of Edinburgh. He qualified as an advocate in 1827.[1] In the 1830s he is listed as living at 14 Fettes Row, on the northern fringe of Edinburgh's New Town.[2] In 1837 he married Frances McRobbie (d.1880) who had been born in Jamaica. In the same year he took over the parent company which printed the Glasgow Herald, founded in 1783 by John Mennons. Under Outram's leadership the company grew considerably, becoming the "eponymous" Scottish printing company and renaming itself George Outram & ...more...

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Edward VIII

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Edward VIII

Edward VIII (Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David; 23 June 1894 – 28 May 1972) was King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Empire, and Emperor of India, from 20 January 1936 until his abdication on 11 December the same year, after which he became the Duke of Windsor. Edward was the eldest son of King George V and Queen Mary. He was named Prince of Wales on his sixteenth birthday, nine weeks after his father succeeded as king. As a young man, he served in the British Army during the First World War and undertook several overseas tours on behalf of his father. Edward became king on his father's death in early 1936. However, he showed impatience with court protocol, and caused concern among politicians by his apparent disregard for established constitutional conventions. Only months into his reign, he caused a constitutional crisis by proposing marriage to Wallis Simpson, an American who had divorced her first husband and was seeking a divorce from her second. The prime minis ...more...

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List of Fellows of the Royal Society elected in 1839

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List of Fellows of the Royal Society elected in 1839

This page lists Fellows of the Royal Society elected in 1839.[1] Sir Thomas Dyke Acland, 10th Baronet George Barker Beriah Botfield Robert Carrington, 2nd Baron Carrington Arthur Conolly Charles Darwin Edward Davies Davenport Henry Mangles Denham Richard Drew Henry Drummond Arthur Farre Thomas William Fletcher William James Frodsham Thomas Gaskin George Godwin John Thomas Graves Edwin Guest George Gulliver James Halliwell-Phillipps Christopher Hansteen Peter Hardy James Heywood John Hilton John Hogg Gilbert Wakefield Mackmurdo Samuel Roffey Maitland Macedonio Melloni Henry Moseley H Alexander Ormsby Adolphe Quetelet William Reid Robert Rigg John Rogers George Leith Roupell Félix Savart[2] William Sharpey Clement Tudway Swanston James Joseph Sylvester[3] Charles Thorp Charles Turnor John Wesley Williams James Yates References "Fellows of the Royal Society". London: Royal Society. Archived from the original on 2015-03-16. O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edm ...more...

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