George Alexander William Leith

Portrait of Sir George Alexander Leith

Major General Sir George Alexander William Leith, 2nd Baronet KCB (1766 – 25 January 1842)[1] was the first Lieutenant-Governor of Prince of Wales' Island (Penang Island), taking the reins over from George Caunter, a magistrate who was acting superintendent following the resignation and departure of the last governor, Superintendent Major Forbes Ross MacDonald. He served in that position from his arrival in 1800 until 1803.[2][3]

He was appointed an ensign in the 88th Foot in 1779 and served in Jamaica. He was promoted to lieutenant in 1780. He returned to England in November 1781 and moved to the 2nd Battalion of the Royals. He transferred to the 71st Foot in Madras in 1786. In 1789 he was appointed brigade-major and served under Major-General Sir William Meadows and Governor of India, Lord Cornwallis. He was at the sieges of Bangalore and Sevendroog, the Storming of Tippoo's lines and the surrender of Seringapatam. He was promoted to Captain-Lieutenant 74th Foot on 1 November 1792 and then to captain in the 73rd on 7 March 1795.[4][5]

He served as aide-de-camp to the Governor-General in 1793 and as brigade major to the King's troops in Bengal in 1794.[4][5]

In 1797 he sailed on the projected Manila expedition.[4][5]

In February 1800 he was appointed Governor of Prince of Wales' Island and invested with the whole civil and military authority and on 20 April he arrived and took charge of the government. The Governor-general in council had selected him for the office of lieutenant-governor from his personal knowledge of Sir George's integrity, prudence and firmness and by his lordship's conviction that the services of Sir George Leith would be eminently useful in securing to the company all advantages to be derived from the important settlements (on Prince of Wales' Island).[3] That year Sir George negotiated a further treaty with the Sultan for the cession of a strip of mainland Kedah which was then renamed Province Wellesley after Richard Wellesley, 1st Marquess Wellesley, the Governor-General of India.[6] He continued to govern till 1803 when he was succeeded by Sir Robert Townsend Farquhar. The Prince of Wales' Island, together with Province Wellesley now formed the Settlement of Penang (the island having been locally known as Pulau Pinang, where in the Malay language "pulau" means "island" and "pinang" is the name of a variety of local palm tree).

He received a majority in the 17th Foot on 1 January 1800 and a lieutenant-colonelcy in the 2nd West-India Regiment on 13 June 1805.[4][5] In 1805, because of his part in quelling a rebellion, he was presented with a set of porcelain by the King of Burma. At this time he had also completed and caused to be published, a book about his experiences on the island up to that point.[7] He continued as Lieutenant-Governor of Penang until 1806 when he received leave to return to England.[4][5]

He was on the point of embarking for the West Indies, when he was ordered to Ireland as Assistant Adjutant-General of the British forces there. He attained the brevet rank of colonel in 1813, major-general in 1819, and on 20 November the same year he was appointed colonel of the 9th Royal Veteran Battalion. He was made a Knight-Commander of the Order of the Bath.[4][5]

In 1805 he wrote and had published the book, "A Short Account of the Settlement, Produce, and Commerce of Prince of Wales Island, in the Straits of Malacca".[8]

In the 1830s he is recorded as living in a large townhouse, 41 Melville Street, in the west end of Edinburgh.[9]

He died in Scotland in 1842. Leith Street in Penang is named after him.

References
  1. Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage. Burke's Peerage Limited. 1914. p. 325. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
  2. Fort William-India House Correspondence and Other Contemporary Papers Relating Thereto By National Archives of India, Bengal (India), East India Company Published by Manager of Publications; Vols. 1-12: Public series; vols. 13-19: Foreign, political, and secret; vols. 20- : Military series; p. 445
  3. Lawrence Dundas Campbell, ed. (1809). "The Asiatic Annual Register For The Year 1807, Or, A View of the History of Hindustan, and of the Politics, Commerce and Literature of Asia: Or, A View of the History of Hindustan, and of the Politics, Commerce and Literature of Asia" (PDF). J. Debrett. pp. 22, 23, 160. Retrieved 2016-05-05.
  4. Annual Register Or A View Of History And Politics Of The Year 1842 edited by Edmund Burke Printed For J. G. F & J Rivington and &c., 1843; Item notes: v.84 1842; pp. 246, 247
  5. The Gentleman's Magazine Published by [s.n.], 1842; p. 552
  6. A History of Malaya: By J. Kennedy. 2nd Ed - by Joseph Kennedy - Malaya - 1970 - Page 79
  7. A short account of the settlement, produce, and commerce of Prince of Wales' island, in the straits of Malacca. By Sir George Leith. London, 1805.
  8. A Short Account of the ---Settlement, Produce, and Commerce of Prince of Wales Island, in the Straits of Malacca By George Leith, Sir George Leith Published by Printed for J. Booth, 1805
  9. "Edinburgh Post Office annual directory, 1832-1833". National Library of Scotland. p. 108. Retrieved 2016-05-05.
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Leith (UK Parliament constituency)

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Leith (UK Parliament constituency)

Leith was a burgh constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1918 to 1950. The constituency elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election. There was also an earlier Leith Burghs constituency, 1832 to 1918, and a later Edinburgh Leith constituency, 1950 to 1997. Boundaries The Leith constituency was created under the Representation of the People Act 1918, and first used in the 1918 general election, to cover the burgh of Leith, in the county of Midlothian.[1] The burgh was previously within the Leith Burghs constituency. 1918 boundaries were used also in the general elections of 1922, 1923, 1924, 1929, 1931, 1935 and 1945. The burgh was merged into the city of Edinburgh in 1920, and for the 1950 general election, under the House of Commons (Redistribution of Seats) Act 1949, the Edinburgh Leith constituency was created as one of seven constituencies covering the city and the Midlothian burgh of Musselburgh.[1] Members of Parliam ...more...

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Charlotte Square

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Charlotte Square

Charlotte Square from the SW Robert Adam's palace-fronted north side The central pavilion on the south side A statue of Prince Albert stands in the centre of Charlotte Square, in front of West Register House Charlotte Square is a garden square in Edinburgh, Scotland, part of the New Town, designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The square is located at the west end of George Street and was intended to mirror St. Andrew Square in the east. The gardens are private and not publicly accessible. History Initially named St. George's Square in James Craig's original plan, it was renamed in 1786 after King George III's Queen and first daughter, to avoid confusion with George Square, in the south of the city. Charlotte Square was the last part of the initial phase of the New Town to be "completed" in 1820 (note- the north-west section at Glenfinlas Street was not completed until 1990 due to a long-running boundary dispute). Much of it was to the 1791 design of Robert Adam, who died in 1792, just ...more...

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John Grey (politician, died 1777)

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John Grey (politician, died 1777)

John Grey (c. 1724 – 25 February 1777)[1] was a British politician, the younger son of Harry Grey, 3rd Earl of Stamford. He was the Clerk of the Green Cloth from 1754 until his death, and at the 1754 general election he was elected unopposed [2] as one of the two Members of Parliament (MPs) for Bridgnorth in Shropshire. He was re-elected unopposed in 1761,[2] and stood down in 1768 to be elected at Tregony instead.[2] In May 1748, he married Lucy, daughter of Sir Joseph Danvers, 1st Baronet.[3] They had no children. References Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 5) The Parliaments of England by Henry Stooks Smith (1st edition published in three volumes 1844–50), second edition edited (in one volume) by F. W. S. Craig (Political Reference Publications 1973), p.272 The Peerage of England, p.45, Edward Kimber, accessed through Google books, https://books.google.com/books?id=P7pAAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA45 Parliament of Great Britain Preceded byThomas Whi ...more...

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List of colonial governors in 1816

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List of colonial governors in 1816

This is a list of the governors of colonies, protectorates, or other dependencies in 1816. Where applicable, native rulers are also listed. Denmark Danish Gold Coast – Christian Schiønning, Governor of the Danish Gold Coast (1807–1817) Danish West Indies – Peter Lotharius von Oxholm, Governor-General of the Danish West Indies (1815–1816) Johan Henrik von Stabel, Governor-General of the Danish West Indies (1816) Adrian Benjamin Bentzon, Governor-General of the Danish West Indies (1816–1820) Iceland – Johan Carl Thuerecht Castenschiold, Governor of Iceland (1813–1819) North Greenland – Peter Hanning Motzfeldt, Inspector of North Greenland (1803–1817) South Greenland – Marcus Nissen Myhlenphort, Inspector of South Greenland (1802–1821) France French Guiana – under Portuguese rule (1809–1817) Guadeloupe – Occupied by British 10 August 1815 – 25 July 1816 Antoine Philippe de Lardenoy, Governor of Guadeloupe (1816–1823) Martinique – Pierre-René-Marie, comte de Vaugiraud, Governor of ...more...

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List of Knights and Ladies of the Thistle

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List of Knights and Ladies of the Thistle

The Most Ancient and Most Noble Order of the Thistle was founded in 1687. Dates shown are for election or installation. Probably incomplete. Founders18th Century 19th Century 20th Century 21st Century Name Image Life Date Notes Knights Founders James Drummond, 4th Earl of Perth 1648–1716 1687   George Gordon, 1st Duke of Gordon 1649–1716 1687   John Murray, 1st Marquess of Atholl 1631–1703 1687   James Hamilton, 4th Duke of Hamilton 1658–1712 1687   Kenneth Mackenzie, 4th Earl of Seaforth 1661–1701 1687   John Drummond, 1st Earl of Melfort 1650–1715 1687   George Douglas, 1st Earl of Dumbarton 1635–1692 1687   Alexander Stuart, 5th Earl of Moray 1634–1701 1687   Eighteenth Century John Campbell, 2nd Duke of Argyll 1680–1743 1704 Resigned 1710 when made KG John Murray, 1st Duke of Atholl 1659–1724 1704   William Johnstone, 1st Marquess of Annandale d. 1721 1704   James Scott, Earl of Dalkeith 1674–1705 1704   George Douglas-Hamilton, 1st Earl of Orkney ...more...

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Alexander Whyte

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Alexander Whyte

Portrait of Whyte, by John Moffat. 7 Charlotte Square, Edinburgh (right) The grave of Rev Dr Alexander Whyte, Dean Cemetery, Edinburgh Rev Dr Alexander Whyte DD (13 January 1836 – 6 January 1921) was a Scottish divine. Life He was born in Kirriemuir, Forfarshire to Janet Thomson, an unmarried girl. Janet declined to marry Alexander's father, John Whyte, who thereafter went to America. She did however give Alexander his father's surname. His mother joined the Free Church of Scotland at the Disruption of 1843. In 1848 he began an apprenticeship as a cobbler.[1] In 1854 he took on a role as schoolteacher at Padanarum in Forfar and the following year moved to teach in Airlie. In Airlie the local minister taught him Latin and Greek, enabling him to apply for university[2] He studied divinity at the University of Aberdeen and then at New College, Edinburgh[3] graduating in 1866. This was in part funded by his estranged father. His half-sister, Elizabeth Whyte, came to join him from America to help ...more...

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List of Governors of the Leeward Islands

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List of Governors of the Leeward Islands

This is a list of Governors of the Leeward Islands from the creation of the colony in 1671 until the Federation of the West Indies was formed in 1958. The Leewards Islands colony was dissolved in 1816, but reformed in 1833. Between 1833 and 1871, the Governor of Antigua performed the duties of viceroy in the Leeward Islands. Governors of the Leeward Islands (1671–1816) 1671–1686: Christopher Codrington, the Elder 1686-1689: Sir Nathaniel Johnson (Made Governor of South Carolina 1689) 1689-1699: Christopher Codrington, the Elder 1699–1704: Christopher Codrington, the Younger 1704: John Johnson (first time, acting) 1704: Sir William Mathew 1704–1706: John Johnson (second time, acting) 1706–1710: Daniel Parke 1710–1711: Walter Hamilton (first time, acting) 1711–1714: Walter Douglas 1714–1715: William Mathew, Jr. (first time, acting) 1715–1721: Walter Hamilton (second time) 1721–1728: John Hart 1728–1729: The Earl of Londonderry 1729: William Cosby (acting) 1729: George Forbes, 3rd Earl ...more...

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William Crichton, 1st Lord Crichton

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William Crichton, 1st Lord Crichton

William Crichton, 1st Lord Crichton (died 1454) was an important political figure in the late medieval Kingdom of Scotland. Life The son of Sir John Crichton of Crichton, William Crichton is first attested to as one of the Scots noblemen and gentry who were given safe passage into England to meet James I of Scotland, following the latter's release from captivity.[1] Crichton was one of eighteen gentlemen to receive the honour of knighthood at the coronation of King James on 21 May 1424, and was made a Gentleman of the Bedchamber.[2][3] In 1426, Crichton, described as a knight of the royal chamber, along with William Fowlis, the royal almoner, and Thomas de Cranston, King's squire were sent as envoys to the court of Eric III of Norway, to negotiate a continuation of the peace between their respective countries.[4][5] Upon his return he was appointed governor of Edinburgh Castle, Master of the Royal Household and by 1435 Sheriff of Edinburgh. In 1437 Crichton, as Keeper of Edinburgh, had control of the six ...more...

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Outline of Edinburgh

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Outline of Edinburgh

Flag of Edinburgh Coat of arms of Edinburgh The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Edinburgh: Edinburgh – General reference Pronunciation: English:  ( listen);[1] Scottish Gaelic: Dùn Èideann ; Scots: Edinburgh Common English name(s): Edinburgh Official English name(s): Edinburgh Adjectival(s): Edinburgensian Demonym(s): Edinburger Geography of Edinburgh Geography of Edinburgh Edinburgh is: a city capital of Scotland Population of Edinburgh: 507,170 Area of Edinburgh: 264 km2 (102 sq mi) Location of Edinburgh Edinburgh is situated within the following regions: Northern Hemisphere and Eastern Hemisphere Eurasia Europe (outline) Northern Europe United Kingdom (outline) Scotland Time zone(s): Greenwich Mean Time (UTC±0) In Summer: British Summer Time (UTC+01) Environment of Edinburgh Arthur's Seat Calton Hill The Castle Rock Climate of Edinburgh Natural geographic features of Edinburgh Canals in Edinbu ...more...

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William John McGee

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William John McGee

William John McGee, LL.D. (April 17, 1853 – September 4, 1912) was an American inventor, geologist, anthropologist, and ethnologist, born in Farley, Iowa.[1] Biography While largely self-taught, McGee attended a rural one-room schoolhouse north of Farley during the four winter months from about 1858 to 1867.[2] He devoting his early years to reading law and to surveying.[3] He invented and patented several improvements on agricultural implements.[3] He subsequently turned his attention to geology.[3] In 1877–1881, he executed a topographic and geological survey of 17,000 square miles (44,030 km²) in northeastern Iowa.[4][5][6] He then undertook an examination of the loess of the Mississippi Valley, researched the great Quaternary lakes of Nevada and California and studied a recent fault movement in the middle Atlantic slope.[3] He was appointed geologist for the United States Geological Survey (USGS) in 1881. In 1884 McGee authored the article Map of the United States exhibiting the present status of know ...more...

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Alexander Hunter Crawford

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Alexander Hunter Crawford

The Masonic Lodge on George Street, Edinburgh by A H Crawford Villas by A H Crawford, Primrose Bank Road, Edinburgh Alexander Hunter Crawford (1865-1945) was a Scottish architect and businessman. Closely associated with his father's firm of Crawford's Biscuits he designed many biscuit factories, and became owner of the company in 1931. Many of his villas are now listed buildings.[1] His masterpiece (although somewhat "old-fashioned" for its date) is probably the huge Masonic Lodge on George Street in Edinburgh. Life The grave of Alexander Hunter Crawford, Warriston Cemetery He was born on 10 August 1865 in Leith, the harbour area of Edinburgh, the son of William Crawford, owner of Crawford's Biscuits. They lived at 6 Wellington Place on the west side of Leith Links.[2] He was educated at Edinburgh Institution (now called Stewarts Melville College). In 1881 he was articled as a trainee architect to John Russell Walker, an Edinburgh architect based on Hanover Street in the New Town.[3] In 1886, ...more...

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List of Fellows of the Royal Society elected in 1839

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List of Fellows of the Royal Society elected in 1839

This page lists Fellows of the Royal Society elected in 1839.[1] Sir Thomas Dyke Acland, 10th Baronet George Barker Beriah Botfield Robert Carrington, 2nd Baron Carrington Arthur Conolly Charles Darwin Edward Davies Davenport Henry Mangles Denham Richard Drew Henry Drummond Arthur Farre Thomas William Fletcher William James Frodsham Thomas Gaskin George Godwin John Thomas Graves Edwin Guest George Gulliver James Halliwell-Phillipps Christopher Hansteen Peter Hardy James Heywood John Hilton John Hogg Gilbert Wakefield Mackmurdo Samuel Roffey Maitland Macedonio Melloni Henry Moseley H Alexander Ormsby Adolphe Quetelet William Reid Robert Rigg John Rogers George Leith Roupell Félix Savart[2] William Sharpey Clement Tudway Swanston James Joseph Sylvester[3] Charles Thorp Charles Turnor John Wesley Williams James Yates References "Fellows of the Royal Society". London: Royal Society. Archived from the original on 2015-03-16. O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Ed ...more...

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George Buchanan (diplomat)

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George Buchanan (diplomat)

Sir George William Buchanan, GCB, GCMG, GCVO, PC (25 November 1854 – 20 December 1924) was a British diplomat. Born in Copenhagen, Denmark, he was the youngest son of Sir Andrew Buchanan, 1st Baronet, diplomat and Frances, daughter of Very Rev Edward Mellish by Elizabeth Leigh. Diplomatic career Buchanan entered diplomatic service in 1876, and served as Second Secretary in Tokyo, Vienna and Bern, and as Secretary in Rome. By 1899 he was serving on the Venezuelan Boundary Commission, and later that year he was appointed Chargé d'affaires at Darmstadt and Karlsruhe. In late 1901 he moved to Berlin, where he was appointed First Secretary at the British embassy.[1] From 1903 to 1908 he was Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Bulgaria, and in 1909 he was appointed as Minister to the Netherlands and Luxembourg.[2] Invested with the Knight's Grand Cross of Royal Victorian Order in 1909, he was next sworn to the Privy Council In 1910 Buchanan was appointed as the British Ambassador to Russia. He kep ...more...

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List of Moderators of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland

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List of Moderators of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland

List of Moderators of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland is a complete list of Moderators of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland from the Reformation to the present day. Some listed below also currently have their own article. The location of the parish or other post during the Moderator's year in office is also listed (in brackets). Since 1714 the General Assembly has normally been held annually every May. Moderators-designate are nominated in the October of the previous year; a formal vote is taken at start of the General Assembly (in May), then the new Moderator takes the chair. He/she holds office for one year; his/her final act is to formally open the following year's General Assembly and preside over the formal election of a successor. The Moderator of the current year (when a minister) is styled "The Right Reverend", while past Moderators are styled "The Very Reverend".[1] 16th century 1560 none mentioned 1561 (May and December) none mentioned 1562 (June) and 1568 (Dec) ...more...

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Peter Pinkerton

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Peter Pinkerton

Dr Peter Pinkerton FRSE LLD (1870–1930) was an early 20th century Scottish mathematician who served as Rector of Glasgow High School. Life He was born on 8 June 1870 in Kilmarnock, the sixth son of John Pinkerton (born 1830) an Irish-born boiler-maker, and his wife, Mary Harvey (born 1835) from Orkney. He was educated at Kilmarnock Academy then studied Mathematics at Glasgow University graduating MA in 1890.[1] In 1893 he became Mathematics Master at Allan Glen's School in Glasgow. In 1899 he moved to Belfast then in 1903 returned to Scotland to teach at George Watson's College in Edinburgh. In 1905 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. His proposers were William Thomson, Lord Kelvin, William Jack, Andrew Gray and George Alexander Gibson.[2] At this time he lived at 36 Morningside Grove in southwest Edinburgh.[3] Glasgow University awarded him two honorary doctorates: DSc in 1909 and LLD in 1930. From 1914 until death he was Rector of Glasgow High School. He died in Glasgow on 21 N ...more...

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Alexander Lauder (chemist)

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Alexander Lauder (chemist)

Dr Alexander Lauder FRSE FIC (1870-1943) was a Scottish agricultural chemist. Life3 He was born in Greenock in 1870. He studied at the Andersonian college in Glasgow under Prof William Dittmar then at Edinburgh University. He began as an assistant lecturer at University College Bangor in Wales. He then returned to Edinburgh University to lecture in Agricultural Chemistry, also lecturing at the East of Scotland College of Agriculture. During this period he lived at 13 George Square in Edinburgh.[1] In 1910 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. His proposers were Sir James Johnston Dobbie, Alexander Crum Brown, Sir James Walker and Arthur Pillans Laurie. He served as the Society’s Secretary 1923 to 1928.[2] He died in Greenock on 11 November 1943.[3] Publications Chemistry and Agriculture (1933) References Edinburgh and Leith Post Office Directory 1911-12 Biographical Index of Former Fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 1783–2002 (PDF). The Royal Society of Edinburgh. J ...more...

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Thomas Bonnar

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Thomas Bonnar

East Claremont Street by Thomas Bonnar Bellevue Terrace designed by Thomas Bonnar Thomas Bonnar ( d.1847) was a Scottish interior designer and architect of note, working in the Edinburgh area. He is particularly remembered for his outstanding ceilings. Thomas was father to William Bonnar RSA (1800-1853), artist, and Thomas Bonnar (1810-1873) engraver, who collaborated with William on several works. The group are also known by the family company name of Bonnar & Co. Life He was born in Edinburgh around 1770, the son of John Bonnar who had created the ceilings in Penicuik House.[1] His family lived in a then new house at 6 South St David Street during his teenage years.[2] He was appointed as a burgess of the city in 1795 and a "sworn measurer" in 1807 and Superintendent of Works for the city in 1809, operating from the Magdalene Chapel in the Cowgate. From 1810 he acted as architect and surveyor to George Heriot’s School. He lost all public posts in January 1819 due to a bungled execution on ...more...

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List of Scottish Victoria Cross recipients

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List of Scottish Victoria Cross recipients

The following people are Scottish recipients of the Victoria Cross. A Robert Bellew Adams – 1897; Nawa Kili, India Frederick Robertson Aikman – 1858; Amethi, India Robert Hope Moncrieff Aitken – 1857; Lucknow, India William Anderson – 1915; Neuve Chapelle, France William Herbert Anderson – 1918; Bois Favieres, France William Angus – 1915; Givenchy, France Adam Archibald – 1918; Ors, France B William Babtie – 1899; Battle of Colenso, South Africa Thomas Beach – 1854; Battle of Inkerman, Crimea William Davidson Bissett – 1918; Maing, France James Blair – 1857; Neemuch, India Robert Blair – 1857; Bolandshahr, India Frank Gerald Blaker – 1944; Taunghi, Burma (now Myanmar) William Anderson Bloomfield – 1916; Miali, Tanganyika (now Tanzania) Andrew Cathcart Bogle – 1857; Oonao, India Stanley Henry Parry Boughey – 1917; El Burf, Palestine Walter Lorrain Brodie – 1914; Becelaere, Belgium James Anson Otho Brooke – 1914; Gheluvelt, Belgium William Arthur McCrae Bruce – 1914; G ...more...

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Charles McBride

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Charles McBride

Charles McBride by Henry Snell Gamley Andrew Carnegie by Charles McBride, Edinburgh Central Library The Marquis of Argyll by Charles McBride, St Giles Cathedral, Edinburgh Charles McBride (1853- 17 December 1903) (sometimes known as Charles McBryde) was a Scottish sculptor active in the second half of the 19th century. Life McBride was born in Edinburgh in June 1853. He lived at 8 Hope Street just off Charlotte Square, facing his stoneyard at 7 Hope Street Lane (now built over).[1] He died in December 1903. He is buried in the northern extension of Dean Cemetery in western Edinburgh. His grave is on the south side of the north path, towards the centre of the path, in the second row back. It holds a fine bronze head depicting McBride, carved by Henry Snell Gamley. Notable Works See[2] Figure of Dougal Cratur, one of the smaller figures on the west facade of the Scott Monument, Edinburgh[2] Bust of Thomas Carlyle (1885) Figures on the Scottish National Portrait Gallery, Edinburgh (188 ...more...

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Baron Burgh

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Baron Burgh

Baron Burgh is a title that has been created twice in the Peerage of England. The first creation was for William de Burgh in 1327. The second, and still existing, peerage is of uncertain date. No Burgh sat in the House of Lords before 1529; the grandfather of that Lord Burgh had been summoned to the House in 1487, but did not sit; whether this was sufficient to create a barony by writ is debatable. The Barony was in abeyance for over three hundred years; when it was called out of abeyance, in 1916, it was accorded precedence as of 1487. 1327 creation William de Burgh, 3rd Earl of Ulster was summoned to the English Parliament in 1327 and 1328, by writs addressed Willelmo de Burgh, which, by modern law, would create a Barony of Burgh; he was also summoned in 1331 as Comes de Ulton' (that is, Earl of Ulster) for a Parliament discussing Irish affairs. Insofar as these created English peerages, they were merged in the Crown when Edward IV, his distant descendant, acceded to the throne in 1461.[1] 1487 creatio ...more...

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List of people from Edinburgh

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List of people from Edinburgh

This list contains famous or notable people who were either born, residents, or otherwise closely associated with the City of Edinburgh, Scotland. Architecture James Adam (1732–1794), architect, son of William Adam John Adam (1721–1792), architect, eldest son of William Adam Robert Adam (1728–1792), architect of Charlotte Square and other notable buildings, son of William Adam William Adam (1689–1748), architect of Edinburgh Royal Infirmary, and father of James, John, and Robert Adam Sir Robert Rowand Anderson (1834–1921), architect whose works include the Scottish National Portrait Gallery Isobel Hogg Kerr Beattie (1900–1970), possibly the first woman to practise architecture in Scotland Alexander Black (c. 1790–1858), architect, who acted as Superintendent of Works for George Heriot's School Hippolyte Blanc (1844–1917), architect Sir William Bruce (c. 1630–1710), designer of Holyrood Palace David Bryce (1803–1876), architect William Burn (1789–1970), architect Edward Calvert (c. ...more...

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Comely Bank

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Comely Bank

Tenements, Comely Bank Comely Bank Road Comely Bank (; Scottish Gaelic: Bruach Cheanalta) is an area of Edinburgh, the capital of Scotland. It lies southwest of Royal Botanic Garden and is situated between Stockbridge and Craigleith. History The ground was originally part of Sir William Fettes' estate. The original development was a terrace of Georgian town-houses built to face the main east-west road leading to Stockbridge. This was designed by Thomas Brown (architect) in 1817 and still stands today.[1] The Victorian writer Thomas Carlyle lived in Comely Bank Road between 1819 and 1821 before achieving literary success. At that time, the terrace at the western end of the road was the last row of houses in Edinburgh before the village of Blackhall. Although there was a burst of tenemental construction in the late 19th century, due to other more prestiguous developments around the city the area was not fully built out until the 1930s. Notable buildings Flora Stevenson School, Comely Bank Edinburgh ...more...

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Andrew Rutherfurd, Lord Rutherfurd

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Andrew Rutherfurd, Lord Rutherfurd

Andrew Rutherfurd and his wife, Sophia Lord Rutherfurd. Bust of Andrew Rutherfurd, Lord Rutherfurd, by William Theod Rome (1837) Old College, Edinburgh University Rutherfurd's home at 9 St Colme Street, Edinburgh (centre: blue door) The Right Hon. Andrew Rutherfurd, Lord Rutherfurd, PC, FRSE (born Andrew Greenfield; 21 June 1791–13 December 1852) was a Scottish advocate, judge and politician. Life Rutherfurd was born at Bristo Port[1] (near Greyfriars Kirkyard) in Edinburgh on 21 June 1791 to Janet Rutherfurd[2] and Reverend William Greenfield. In 1799 the family changed their name to Rutherfurd, his mother's maiden name, after his father was disgraced in a sex scandal.[3] Grave in the Dean Cemetery He was educated at the High School in Edinburgh then studied Law at the University of Edinburgh. He became an advocate in 1812. In the 1830s he is listed as an advocate living at 9 St Colme Street on the Moray Estate in Edinburgh's west end.[4] His house was remodelled by William Notman in 1835, w ...more...

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Lords of the Congregation

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Lords of the Congregation

The Lords of the Congregation, originally styling themselves "the Faithful Congregation of Christ Jesus in Scotland",[1] were a group of Protestant Scottish nobles who in the mid-16th century favoured a reformation of the church according to Protestant principles and a Scottish-English alliance. Historical events In December 1557 a group of Scottish lords opposed the marriage of the young Queen Mary of Scotland to the Dauphin of France (who became King Francis II of France from 1559 to 1560). The group signed the 'First Band' or Covenant to work to make Scotland Protestant.[2] The initial members were the Earl of Argyll, his brother Colin Campbell, the Earl of Glencairn, the Earl of Morton, and John Erskine of Dun, though others, such as William Douglas of Whittinghame quickly followed. Following religious riots in Perth, the Lords gained support and provided military help to John Knox in opposing the troops of Mary of Guise. Near Cupar, in Fife, the Lords fielded enough military strength to face off a Fre ...more...

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Sir John Gladstone, 1st Baronet

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Sir John Gladstone, 1st Baronet

Sir John Gladstone of Fasque, 1st Baronet, FRSE LLD (11 December 1764 – 7 December 1851) was a Scottish merchant, slave-trader, Member of Parliament, and the father of the British Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone. Through his commercial activities he acquired several large plantations in Jamaica and Guyana, worked initially by enslaved Africans. As a result of the Slavery Abolition Act 1833 which abolished slavery in the British Empire, Gladstone expelled most African workers from his estates and imported large numbers of indebted Indian indentured-servants, through false promises of providing them schools and medical attention. However, upon arrival they were paid no wages, the repayment of their debts being deemed sufficient, and worked under conditions that continued to resemble slavery in everything except name.[1] Active in politics he worked to secure compensation from the British Government for "property losses" (in this case slaves) incurred as a result of the Slavery Abolition Act 1833 and even ...more...

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Leith Mullings

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Leith Mullings

Leith Mullings is an author, anthropologist and professor. She was president of the American Anthropological Association[1] from 2011–2013, and is a Distinguished Professor of Anthropology at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York.[2] Mullings has been involved in organizing for progressive social justice, racial equality and economic justice as one of the founding members of the Black Radical Congress[3] and in her role as President of the AAA.[4] Under her leadership, the American Anthropological Association took up the issue of academic labor rights.[5] Her research and writing have focused on structures of inequality and resistance to them. Her research began in Africa and she has written about traditional medicine and religion in postcolonial Ghana, as well as about women’s roles in Africa. In the U.S. her work has centered on urban communities. She was recognized for this work by the Society for the Anthropology of North America, which awarded her the Prize for Distinguished Achievement ...more...

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William Douglas, 6th Earl of Morton

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William Douglas, 6th Earl of Morton

William Douglas, 6th Earl of Morton (c. 1540 – 1606) was the son of Sir Robert Douglas of Lochleven and Margaret Erskine, a former mistress of James V of Scotland. Career Connections Sir William's half-brother from his mother's liaison with the king was James Stewart, Earl of Moray, Regent of Scotland from 1567 until his assassination in January 1570. Sir William's cousin was another Regent of Scotland James Douglas, 4th Earl of Morton, and was closely associated with him in his career, the two men being occasionally confused in the histories. William's father was killed at the battle of Pinkie in September 1547. William suffered from breathing difficulties all his life. His wife was Agnes Leslie, daughter of George Leslie, 4th Earl of Rothes, by whom he had eleven children. The Leslies were active in Scottish Reformation.[1] Lochleven's prisoner Mary, Queen of Scots was a prisoner in the Glassin Tower at Lochleven Castle William Douglas was the owner of the island Loch Leven Castle, where Mary, Q ...more...

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List of World War I flying aces from the British Empire

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List of World War I flying aces from the British Empire

The following aviators from the British Empire were credited with five or more aerial victories during World War I. This list is complete. 20 or more victories (83 names) Billy Bishop Thomas H Wright Edward Mannock Raymond Collishaw James McCudden Andrew Beauchamp-Proctor Donald MacLaren William George Barker Robert A. Little George McElroy Roderic Dallas Albert Ball Tom F. Hazell Philip F. Fullard Charles George Gass John Inglis Gilmour William Lancelot Jordan Alfred Atkey William Gordon Claxton James Ira Thomas Jones Joseph Stewart Temple Fall Frederick McCall Henry Winslow Woollett Frank Granger Quigley Geoffrey Hilton Bowman Samuel Kinkead Andrew Edward McKeever Charles Dawson Booker Percy Jack Clayson Harry Cobby Leonard Henry Rochford Albert Desbrisay Carter John Everard Gurdon Reginald Hoidge Dennis Latimer Clifford McEwen Thomas Percy Middleton Frank Ormond Soden Arthur Whealy Ronald Malcolm Fletcher William Frederick James Harvey Elwyn King Gerald Joseph ...more...

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John Rhind (sculptor)

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John Rhind (sculptor)

for others with the same name see Rhind Medallion head of John Rhind and his wife on his grave in Warriston Cemetery Edinburgh Golden statue of Fame on top of the main dome, Bank of Scotland Head Office, Edinburgh by John Rhind John Rhind's signature John Rhind ARSA (1828–1892) was a Scottish sculptor, based in Edinburgh. He was born in Banff the son of a master mason. He was trained under Alexander Handyside Ritchie[1] (1804–1870). He was master of the masonic lodge on Hill Street in Edinburgh from 1864 to 1868.[2] He died on 5 April 1892 a few days after being elected an Associate of the RSA, and is buried in Warriston Cemetery, Edinburgh with a monument by his son John Massey Rhind. He was the father of the sculptors William Birnie Rhind and J. Massey Rhind, and of the architect Sir Thomas Duncan Rhind. Works The carving at Paisley Close Edinburgh Portrait heads (Victoria, Albert, James Watt, Charles Darwin, Michelangelo, and Sir Isaac Newton), National Museum of Scotland, Cha ...more...

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1892 deaths

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Timeline of Edinburgh history

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Timeline of Edinburgh history

View of Arthur's Seat from Edinburgh Castle This article is a timeline of the history of Edinburgh, Scotland, up to the present day. It traces its rise from an early hill fort and later royal residence to the bustling city and capital of Scotland that it is today. First millennium Pre-1st century AD: Late Bronze Age (c.600 BC) weapons were found in Duddingston Loch in 1778. Traces of four Iron Age forts have been identified at Arthur's Seat, Dunsapie Crag, Salisbury Crags and Samson's Ribs.[1] 2nd century AD: Roman forts were built and manned at Cramond and Inveresk on the western and eastern margins of the present-day city. c.600: The traditional date of the military campaign, starting out from Edinburgh ("Din Eydin"), commemorated in the Old Welsh poem Y Gododdin by the poet Aneirin. At this time the inhabitants of the region spoke predominantly Old Welsh (the ancestor of modern Welsh). The name of the king or chief whom the poem names as the leader of the Gododdin was Mynyddawc Mwynvawr. c.638: Edin ...more...

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William Lowrie Sleigh

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William Lowrie Sleigh

Sir William Lowrie Sleigh JP DL (1866–1945) was a Scottish businessman who co-founded the bicycle company the Ross & Sleigh Cycle Company (later renamed Rossleigh and expanding to sell cars). The company later evolved into Lowrie Sleigh Chaffeur Services. Sleigh served as Lord Provost of Edinburgh from 1923 to 1926. Life The grave of William Sleigh, Grange Cemetery, Edinburgh He was born in 1866 the son of Peter Sleigh (1823–1892), a farmer in Lauder, and his wife, Mary Millar. The family lived at Marion Villa on Sciennes Hill in the Grange, Edinburgh.[1] Sleigh worked with his friend, Thomas Fraser Ross, in the Post Office, but they decided to leave to set up a company together, selling cycles (originally Penny Farthings) founding the Ross and Sleigh Cycle Company in 1889.[2] They established a shop at 28 Elm Row at the head of Leith Walk.[3] In 1910 he lived at 50 Lauder Road in the Grange.[4] In 1923 he replaced Sir Thomas Hutchison as Lord Provost of Edinburgh, and was replaced in turn by ...more...

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Edinburgh

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Edinburgh

Edinburgh ( ( listen);[6][7][8] Scottish Gaelic: Dùn Èideann ; Scots: Edinburgh) is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 council areas. Historically part of the county of Midlothian (or Edinburghshire), it is located in Lothian on the Firth of Forth's southern shore. Recognised as the capital of Scotland since at least the 15th century, Edinburgh is the seat of the Scottish Government, the Scottish Parliament and the supreme courts of Scotland. The city's Palace of Holyroodhouse is the official residence of the Monarchy in Scotland. The city has long been a centre of education, particularly in the fields of medicine, Scots law, literature, the sciences and engineering. It is the second largest financial centre in the United Kingdom (after London)[9] and the city's historical and cultural attractions have made it the United Kingdom's second most popular tourist destination, attracting over one million overseas visitors each year.[10] Edinburgh is Scotland's second most populous city and the seventh ...more...

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Alexander Marshal

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Alexander Marshal

Sunflower Longhorn beetle Alexander Marshal (c.1620 – 7 December 1682 in London) was an English entomologist, gardener and botanical artist, noted for the florilegium he compiled, consisting of some 160 folios of plants cultivated in English gardens, and finally presented to George IV in the 1820s. Marshal belonged to a coterie of gentleman gardeners from London, who cultivated and studied rare plants. These previously unknown species were introduced to England from the Near East and the New World in the 1600s. Marshal worked on his florilegium for some thirty years, and despite his not being a professional artist, his book boasts some of the most pleasing images in botanical art.[1] Samuel Hartlib, the German polymath, wrote that Marshal had by 1650 produced a florilegium for the botanist and gardener John Tradescant the Younger. Marshal was described as an accomplished painter of flowers and fruit in Sir William Sanderson's Graphice of 1658. Marshal painted for the pleasure it gave to him and h ...more...

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Stereotype (printing)

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Stereotype (printing)

A stereotype mold ("flong") being made Stereotype casting room of the Seattle Daily Times, ca. 1900 In printing, a stereotype, also known as a cliché, stereoplate or simply a stereo, was originally a "solid plate of type metal, cast from a papier-mâché or plaster mould (called a flong) taken from the surface of a forme of type"[1] used for printing instead of the original. The composition of individual cast metal types into lines with leading and furniture, tightly locked into a chase, was labor-intensive and costly. Cumulatively, this full setup for printing a single page was called a forme. The printer would incur further expense through loss of the type for other uses while held in formes. However, once the flong and stereotype were created, the individual type, furniture, leading and chasing could be disassembled, and used for another project. Previously, publishers who did not accurately predict sales were forced into the expense of paying for the type to be reset for subsequent editions. The stere ...more...

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Burney's Academy

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Burney's Academy

Burney's Academy at Gosport Dr. Burney's Academy, founded 1791 by Dr. William Burney (1762 – December 1832), was a preparatory school or "crammer" in Gosport, Hampshire, England, whose aim was to prepare young men for the Royal Navy's entrance examinations and a naval career, though many of its students went on to Army or civilian careers.[1] History On the death of Burney, his son Henry took over running of the school, followed by Henry's brother Edward (c.1817-1888), then William's grandson the Rev. Edward Amyatt Amyatt Burney, who became Rector of Rowner, to the north-west of Gosport (1848–1920).[2] The school was sold in 1889.[2] At some time before 1891 it received patronage of Queen Victoria, Prince Albert, the Prince of Wales and the Duke of Connaught, and was renamed the Royal Academy.[2] The Rev. F. G. Johnson was Head Master from 1888 until the school closed in 1904.[2] Notable alumni Thomas Murray-Prior (1819–1892) John Cowans (1862–1921) Charles Cooper Penrose Fitzgerald (1841–1921) ...more...

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Ben Line Agencies

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Ben Line Agencies

Ben Line Agencies (previously Ben Line Steamers) is a Singapore-based shipping agency, operating across Asia. As of 2013, the company had over 110 offices and 2000 employees. Ben Line Agencies operates four specific areas: Port Agency, Liner Agency, Offshore Support and Project Logistics services. The company in its previous form was founded in Scotland in 1825 under the name of Ben Line. The Ben Line or Ben Line Steamers, Limited was a Scottish shipping company based in Leith, Scotland which pioneered the Far East Europe trade. A private company, it was largely owned by members of the Thomson family from Leith and the Mitchell family from Alloa. History The company was founded in 1825 as ship-brokers by two brothers, William Thomson (1806-1889) and Alexander Thomson (1795-1880). Their sister Jemima married Thomas Henderson, an older brother of Patrick Henderson. Originally the Thomson brothers were "merchants and marble-cutters" and were involved in importing Carrara marble from Leghorn, Italy, with assi ...more...

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Companies based in Edinburgh

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Edinburgh, Leith and Newhaven Railway

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Edinburgh, Leith and Newhaven Railway

Edinburgh, Leith and Newhaven Railway   Schematic map Locale Scotland Dates of operation 31 August 1842 – 1986 Successor line North British Railway Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄ in) Duke of Buccleuch's harbour tramway North Leith Granton Junction Road Trinity Bonnington Goods Trinity Junction Bonnington Caledonian Railway East Junction North Junction Warriston Junction South Junction Rodney Street Tunnel Powderhall Scotland Street Leith Walk abandoned Scotland Street tunnel with incline railway Leith Walk Goods Canal Street (Edinburgh Waverley) Leith Central to Edinburgh Waverley Easter Road Abbeyhill ...more...

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Stromness, South Georgia

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Stromness, South Georgia

Stromness Bay with (left to right) Husvik, Stromness, and Leith Harbour (NASA imagery) Stromness is a former whaling station on the northern coast of South Georgia Island in the South Atlantic. It was the destination of Ernest Shackleton's rescue journey in 1916. It is the central of three harbours in the west side of Stromness Bay, South Georgia. The name "Fridtjof Nansen" or Nansen appeared for this harbour on some early charts, but since about 1920 the name Stromness has been consistently used. The name Stromness comes from the town of that name in Orkney, Scotland. History In 1907 a "floating factory" was erected in Stromness Harbour; the land station being built in 1912. From 1912 until 1931 Stromness operated as a whaling station, the first manager of which was Petter Sørlle. In 1931 it was converted into a ship repair yard with a machine shop and a foundry. It remained operational until 1961 when the site was abandoned. Historical and modern settlements of South Georgia Island. In 1916, Ern ...more...

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Alexander Meadows Rendel

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Alexander Meadows Rendel

The grave of Alexander Meadows Rendel in Brookwood Cemetery Sir Alexander Meadows Rendel (3 April 1828, Plymouth – 23 January 1918, London) was an English civil engineer. Rendel was born in Plymouth. He was the eldest son of the engineer James Meadows Rendel and his wife Catherine Harris. Three of his brothers were civil engineers: George Wightwick Rendel, Stuart Rendel, 1st Baron Rendel (who was also a Liberal MP), and Hamilton Owen Rendel. He was educated at The King's School Canterbury and Trinity College, Cambridge.[1] Rendel was the engineer of the London Dock Company in 1856, and was responsible for the Shadwell Basin, the Connaught Tunnel and the Royal Albert Dock in London, the Albert and Edinburgh Docks in Leith, Workington Dock and Harbour. In 1857-1858 he visited India, and was consulting engineer to the India Office, the East India Railway and other Indian railways, and was a member of the Commission to determine narrow gauge for Indian Railways, in 1870. He designed the Lansdowne Bridge Roh ...more...

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Hay (surname)

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Hay (surname)

Hay is an English and Scottish surname shortened from the Scoto-Norman de la Haye. Notable people with the surname Hay include: Alexander Hay (disambiguation), several people Andrew Leith Hay (1785–1862), Scottish soldier, politician and author Ann Hawkes Hay (1745–1785), American soldier Arthur Hay, several people Barry Hay (born 1948), Dutch musician Bill Hay (born 1935), Canadian ice hockey player Colin Hay (born 1953), Scottish-Australian musician Cody Hay (born 1983), Canadian figure skater Dennis Hay (born 1940), Scottish field hockey player and coach Danny Hay (born 1975), New Zealand soccer player David Hay (disambiguation), several people Denys Hay (1915–1994), British historian Douglas Hay (1876–1967), New Zealand cricket player and administrator Edward Hay (disambiguation), several people Elizabeth Hay (disambiguation), several people Erin Hay (born 1970), American country singer Fernando Soto-Hay y Garcia Florence Hay. American baseball player Garry Hay (born ...more...

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Lord Clerk Register

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Lord Clerk Register

The office of Lord Clerk Register is the oldest surviving Great Officer of State in Scotland, with origins in the 13th century. The Clerk-Register was from ancient times the principal Clerk in the kingdom, from whom all other clerks, whatever their government positions, and who were essentially his deputies, derived their immediate authority. He acted also as Clerk to the parliament and Privy Council, where in the old registers and proceedings of parliament he is referred to as Clericus Rotulorum, because the ancient scripts were in rolls of paper (as opposed to codices). These later became termed Rotuli parliamenti, the rolls of court, but were thereafter ordered to be made up into Register books and the respective clerks instructed to transmit those books to the Clerk-Register to be preserved by him in the public archives.[1] The Treaty of Union in 1707 provided for the preservation of public records; and the election and management thereof of the sixteen Scottish peers to the House of Lords in the new Br ...more...

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Lord Lyon King of Arms

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Lord Lyon King of Arms

The Right Honourable the Lord Lyon King of Arms, the head of Lyon Court, is the most junior of the Great Officers of State in Scotland and is the Scottish official with responsibility for regulating heraldry in that country, issuing new grants of arms, and serving as the judge of the Court of the Lord Lyon, the oldest heraldic court in the world that is still in daily operation. The historic title of the post was the High Sennachie, and he was given the title of Lord Lyon from the lion in the coat of arms of Scotland.[1] The post was in the early nineteenth century held by an important nobleman, the Earl of Kinnoull, whose functions were in practice carried out by the Lyon-Depute. The practice of appointing Lyon-Deputes, however, ceased in 1866. Responsibilities The Lord Lyon is responsible for overseeing state ceremonial in Scotland, for the granting of new arms to persons or organisations, and for confirming proven pedigrees and claims to existing arms as well as recognising clan chiefs after due dilige ...more...

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Westminster Shorter Catechism

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Westminster Shorter Catechism

Facsimile of the title page of the first printing of the Shorter Catechism on 25 November 1647 without Scripture citations printed for distribution in Parliament The Westminster Shorter Catechism is a catechism written in 1646 and 1647 by the Westminster Assembly, a synod of English and Scottish theologians and laymen intended to bring the Church of England into greater conformity with the Church of Scotland. The assembly also produced the Westminster Confession of Faith and the Westminster Larger Catechism. A version without Scripture citations was completed on 25 November 1647 and presented to the Long Parliament, and Scripture citations were added on 14 April 1649. Background Catechesis is a practice of teaching the Christian faith. New converts to Christianity were taught through lectures during the first four centuries of the Church's existence, but this practice was largely abandoned with the rise of Christendom. Christian humanists and Protestant Reformers sought to revive the practice, including t ...more...

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William Orme (minister)

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William Orme (minister)

William Orme (1787–1830) was a Scottish Congregational minister, known as a biographer of Richard Baxter and other nonconformist figures. Life He was born at Falkirk, Stirlingshire, on 3 February 1787. His parents moved to Edinburgh, where in 1792 he began his education under a schoolmaster named Waugh. On 1 July 1800 he was apprenticed for five years to a wheelwright and turner.[1] His father died in October 1803. About this time Orme came under the influence of James Alexander Haldane, whose preaching at the Tabernacle in Leith Walk, Edinburgh, had attracted him. In October 1805 he was admitted by Robert Haldane as a student for the ministry at a seminary under George Cowie. The usual term of study was two years, but Orme's periods of study, interrupted by a preaching mission in Fife (1806), amounted to little more than a year in all. On 11 March 1807 he became pastor of the congregational church at Perth where he was ordained.[1] About 1809 he broke with Robert Haldane, in consequence of Haldane's adop ...more...

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John Brown (artist)

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John Brown (artist)

John Brown (1752 – September 5, 1787) was a Scottish artist. Biography John Brown by Alexander Runciman c.1785 John Brown was born around 1752, in Edinburgh, Scotland, the son of a watchmaker. He studied in Edinburgh at the Trustees’ Academy.[1] Around 1769 he traveled to Rome, where he became a pupil of Alexander Runciman. They became strong friends. For the next eleven years he lived in Rome. In Italy and Sicily he made sketches of the ruins of ancient buildings for his Scottish patrons, William Townley and Sir William Young,[1] and sent drawings to the Royal Academy. Brown worked on a small scale and favoured pencil, pen and wash as his media. Notable among his drawings are a number of genre scenes, such as Two Men in Conversation (c. 1775–80; Courtauld Institute, London), which show the influence of Henry Fuseli, with whom Brown was friendly.[1] In 1780 Brown returned to Scotland, and over the next several years drew many portraits of dignitaries, including twenty-five portraits of members of t ...more...

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Lord Lieutenant of Aberdeenshire

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Lord Lieutenant of Aberdeenshire

The Lord Lieutenant of Aberdeenshire, is the British monarch's personal representative in an area consisting of the county of Aberdeen as it existed immediately prior to abolition for local government purposes by the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973 except that part within Aberdeen City.[1] The office was created on 6 May 1794. List of Lord Lieutenants of Aberdeenshire Alexander Gordon, 4th Duke of Gordon 17 March 1794 – 1808[2] George Gordon, 5th Duke of Gordon 12 April 1808 – 28 May 1836 William Hay, 18th Earl of Erroll 6 June 1836 – 19 April 1846 George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen 21 April 1846 – 14 December 1860 Charles Gordon, 10th Marquess of Huntly 13 February 1861 – 18 September 1863 Francis Keith-Falconer, 8th Earl of Kintore 28 December 1863 – 18 July 1880 John Hamilton-Gordon, 1st Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair 17 September 1880 – 7 March 1934 George Gordon, 2nd Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair 11 May 1934 – 1959 Sir Ian Forbes-Leith, 2nd Baronet 29 January 1959 ...more...

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109th (Aberdeenshire) Regiment of Foot

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109th (Aberdeenshire) Regiment of Foot

The 109th (Aberdeenshire) Regiment of Foot was an infantry regiment of the British Army from 1794 to 1795. Raised by Alexander Leith Hay for service in the French Revolutionary Wars the regiment was briefly deployed in Jersey before it was disbanded in England and its men sent to reinforce the 53rd (Shropshire) Regiment of Foot. The disbandment was controversial as Leith-Hay believed it contravened an assurance given to him in his original letter of service to raise the regiment. Establishment Alexander Leith-Hay, founder of the regiment, pictured later in his career as a general The 109th was one of fifty-eight regiments of foot raised in 1793–95 as part of a recruiting drive. The majority of these units had a short and uneventful existence as it was decided in 1795 to "reduce" all regiments numbered above 100, and to draft their members into existing senior regiments.[1][2] The establishment of the regiment had been proposed to the House of Commons committee of supply on 19 November 1793 by Major-G ...more...

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Leith Burghs by-election, 1914

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Leith Burghs by-election, 1914

The Leith Burghs by-election was a Parliamentary by-election. It returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the United Kingdom, elected by the first past the post voting system. Vacancy Munro Ferguson had been the Liberal MP for Leith Burghs since 1886 when he succeeded William Gladstone. In February 1914, he was appointed to the post of Governor-General of Australia and thus resigned his seat. Electoral history This was the result at the last election; Ferguson General Election December 1910 Party Candidate Votes % ± Liberal Ronald Munro Ferguson 7,069 57.2 +7.6 Liberal Unionist Frederick Alexander Macquisten 5,284 42.8 +11.3 Majority 1,785 14.4 Turnout 68.7 Liberal hold Swing 9.5 The result of the previous election is worth noting because it was a three-way contest; General Election January 1910 Party Candidate Votes % ± Liberal Ronald Munro Ferguson 7,146 49.6 -11.6 Liberal Unionist Robert Cranston 4,540 31.5 -7.3 Labour William Walker 2,724 18. ...more...

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Aberdeen (UK Parliament constituency)

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Aberdeen (UK Parliament constituency)

Aberdeen was a burgh constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1832 until 1885. It was represented by one Member of Parliament (MP), elected by the first past the post voting system. Boundaries As created in 1832, the constituency covered the burgh of Aberdeen, which was previously within the Aberdeen Burghs constituency. Together with Aberdeenshire, Aberdeen was one of two constituencies covering the county of Aberdeen. The boundaries of the constituency, as set out in the 1832 Act, were- "From the Point, on the North-west of the Town, at which the Scatter Burn joins the River Don, down the River Don to the Point at which the same joins the Sea; thence along the Sea Shore to the Point at which the River Dee joins the Sea; thence up the River Dee to a Point which is distant One hundred Yards (measured along the River Dee) above the Bridge of Dee; thence in a straight Line to the Point at which the March between the Parishes of Old Machar and Banchory Davenick crosse ...more...

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George Reid (Scottish artist)

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George Reid (Scottish artist)

Sir George Reid Reid's house at 22 Royal Terrace, Edinburgh Sir George Reid (31 October 1841 – 9 February 1913) was a Scottish artist. Early life and education Reid was born in Aberdeen in 1841. He developed an early passion for drawing, which led to his being apprenticed in 1854 for seven years to Messrs Keith & Gibb, lithographers in Aberdeen. In 1861 Reid took lessons from an itinerant portrait-painter, William Niddrie, who had been a pupil of James Giles, R.S.A.,[1] and afterwards entered as a student in the school of the Board of Trustees in Edinburgh. Samuel Smiles (1891) by George Reid Career Reid returned to Aberdeen to paint landscapes and portraits for any trifling sum which his work could command. His first portrait to attract attention, from its fine quality, was that of George Macdonald, the poet and novelist, now the property of the University of Aberdeen. His early landscapes were conscientiously painted in the open air and on the spot. But Reid soon came to see that such ...more...

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