Revolvy Trivia Quizzes Revolvy Lists Revolvy Topics

George Alexander William Leith

Portrait of Sir George Alexander Leith

Major General Sir George Alexander William Leith, the second Baronet, (1775), K.C.B. O.B was the first Lieutenant-Governor of Prince of Wales' Island (Penang Island), taking the reins over from George Caunter, a magistrate who was acting superintendent following the resignation and departure of the last governor, Superintendent Major Forbes Ross MacDonald. He served in that position from his arrival in 1800 until 1803.[1] [2]

He was appointed an ensign in the 88th Foot in 1779 and served in Jamaica. He was promoted to lieutenant in 1780. He returned to England in November 1781 and moved to the 2nd Battalion of the Royals. He transferred to the 71st Foot in Madras in 1786. In 1789 he was appointed brigade-major and served under Major-General Sir William Meadows and Governor of India, Lord Cornwallis. He was at the sieges of Bangalore and Sevendroog, the Storming of Tippoo's lines and the surrender of Seringapatam. He was promoted to Captain-Lieutenant 74th Foot on 1 November 1792 and then to captain in the 73rd on 7 March 1795.[3] [4]

He served as aide-de-camp to the Governor-General in 1793 and as brigade major to the King's troops in Bengal in 1794.[3] [4]

In 1797 he sailed on the projected Manila expedition.[3] [4]

In February 1800 he was appointed Governor of Prince of Wales' Island and invested with the whole civil and military authority and on 20 April he arrived and took charge of the government. The Governor-general in council had selected him for the office of lieutenant-governor from his personal knowledge of Sir George's integrity, prudence and firmness and by his lordship's conviction that the services of Sir George Leith would be eminently useful in securing to the company all advantages to be derived from the important settlements (on Prince of Wales' Island).[2] That year Sir George negotiated a further treaty with the Sultan for the cession of a strip of mainland Kedah which was then renamed Province Wellesley after Richard Wellesley, 1st Marquess Wellesley, the Governor-General of India.[5] He continued to govern till 1803 when he was succeeded by Sir Robert Townsend Farquhar. The Prince of Wales' Island, together with Province Wellesley now formed the Settlement of Penang (the island having been locally known as Pulau Pinang, where in the Malay language "pulau" means "island" and "pinang" is the name of a variety of local palm tree).

He received a majority in the 17th Foot on 1 January 1800 and a lieutenant-colonelcy in the 2nd West-India Regiment on 13 June 1805.[3] [4] In 1805, because of his part in quelling a rebellion, he was presented with a set of porcelain by the King of Burma. At this time he had also completed and caused to be published, a book about his experiences on the island up to that point.[6] He continued as Lieutenant-Governor of Penang until 1806 when he received leave to return to England.[3] [4]

He was on the point of embarking for the West Indies, when he was ordered to Ireland as Assistant Adjutant-General of the British forces there. He attained the brevet rank of colonel in 1813, major-general in 1819, and on 20 November the same year he was appointed colonel of the 9th Royal Veteran Battalion. He was made a Knight-Commander of the Order of the Bath.[3] [4]

In 1805 he wrote and had published the book, "A Short Account of the Settlement, Produce, and Commerce of Prince of Wales Island, in the Straits of Malacca".[7]

In the 1830s he is recorded as living in a large townhouse, 41 Melville Street, in the west end of Edinburgh.[8]

He died in Scotland in 1842. Leith Street in Penang is named after him.

References
  1. Fort William-India House Correspondence and Other Contemporary Papers Relating Thereto By National Archives of India, Bengal (India), East India Company Published by Manager of Publications; Vols. 1-12: Public series; vols. 13-19: Foreign, political, and secret; vols. 20- : Military series; p. 445
  2. Lawrence Dundas Campbell, ed. (1809). "The Asiatic Annual Register For The Year 1807, Or, A View of the History of Hindustan, and of the Politics, Commerce and Literature of Asia: Or, A View of the History of Hindustan, and of the Politics, Commerce and Literature of Asia" (PDF). J. Debrett. pp. 22, 23, 160. Retrieved 2016-05-05.
  3. Annual Register Or A View Of History And Politics Of The Year 1842 edited by Edmund Burke Printed For J. G. F & J Rivington and &c., 1843; Item notes: v.84 1842; pp. 246, 247
  4. The Gentleman's Magazine Published by [s.n.], 1842; p. 552
  5. A History of Malaya: By J. Kennedy. 2nd Ed - by Joseph Kennedy - Malaya - 1970 - Page 79
  6. A short account of the settlement, produce, and commerce of Prince of Wales' island, in the straits of Malacca. By Sir George Leith. London, 1805.
  7. A Short Account of the ---Settlement, Produce, and Commerce of Prince of Wales Island, in the Straits of Malacca By George Leith, Sir George Leith Published by Printed for J. Booth, 1805
  8. "(144) - Scottish Post Office Directories > Towns > Edinburgh > 1805-1834 - Post Office annual directory > 1832-1833 - Scottish Directories - National Library of Scotland". Digital.nls.uk. Retrieved 2016-05-05.
Continue Reading...
Content from Wikipedia Licensed under CC-BY-SA.

Robert Logan of Restalrig

topic

Sir Robert Logan of Restalrig (c.1555-July 1606) was a Scottish knight involved in the Gowrie House affair of 1600 . Family Robert's father was also called "Robert Logan of Restalrig," his mother was Agnes Gray, daughter of Patrick Gray, 4th Lord Gray . In 1547, his father, Robert Logan of Restalrig was married to Agnes Seton. During the crisis of the Scottish reformation in 1559, this Robert Logan senior took his Leith followers to face the French troops of Henri Cleutin at Cupar Muir . Later he advised against resistance at Leith by the Protestant Lords of the Congregation against the French troops of Mary of Guise , which led to a short-lived truce by the terms of the articles of Leith . After Robert Logan senior died, his widow Agnes Gray married Alexander Home, 5th Lord Home . Robert the heir firstly married Elizabeth Makgill, daughter of David Makgill of Cranston-Riddell, then Jonet Ker and thirdly Marion Ker. Robert's first wife, Elizabeth Makgill, after their divorce, married Sir Thomas Kennedy of ...more...



List of Moderators of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland

topic

List of Moderators of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland is a complete list of Moderators of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland from the Reformation to the present day. Some listed below also currently have their own article. The location of the parish or other post during the Moderator's year in office is also listed (in brackets). Since 1714 the General Assembly has normally been held annually every May. Moderators-designate are nominated in the October of the previous year; a formal vote is taken at start of the General Assembly (in May), then the new Moderator takes the chair. He/she holds office for one year; his/her final act is to formally open the following year's General Assembly and preside over the formal election of a successor. The Moderator of the current year (when a minister ) is styled "The Right Reverend ", while past Moderators are styled "The Very Reverend ". 16th century 1560 none mentioned 1561 (May and December) none mentioned 1562 (June) and 1568 (Dec) John Knox ...more...



William Allan (painter)

topic

Sir William Allan RA (1782 – 23 February 1850) was a distinguished Scottish historical painter known for his scenes of Russian life. He became president of the Royal Scottish Academy and was made a Royal Academician. Life and work Sir Walter Scott, novelist and poet - painted by Sir William Allan Allan was born in Edinburgh , the son of William Allan Snr., macer - a humble officer of the Court of Session . He was educated at the High School, Edinburgh, under William Nicol (1744?-1797), the companion of Robert Burns . Showing an aptitude for art, he was apprenticed to a coach-painter, and studied under John Graham at the Trustees' Academy , with David Wilkie , John Burnet , and Alexander George Fraser . After a few years he came to London , and entered the schools of the Royal Academy . His first exhibited picture was a Gipsy Boy with an Ass (1803), in the style of John Opie . In 1805 he travelled, by ship, to Russia , but was wrecked at Memel , where he raised funds for the remaining journey by painting portr ...more...



George Reid (Scottish artist)

topic

Reid's house at 22 Royal Terrace, Edinburgh Sir George Reid (31 October 1841 – 9 February 1913) was a Scottish artist . Early life and education Reid was born in Aberdeen in 1841. He developed an early passion for drawing, which led to his being apprenticed in 1854 for seven years to Messrs Keith & Gibb, lithographers in Aberdeen. In 1861 Reid took lessons from an itinerant portrait-painter, William Niddrie, who had been a pupil of James Giles , R.S.A., and afterwards entered as a student in the school of the Board of Trustees in Edinburgh . Samuel Smiles (1891) by George Reid Career Reid returned to Aberdeen to paint landscapes and portraits for any trifling sum which his work could command. His first portrait to attract attention, from its fine quality, was that of George Macdonald , the poet and novelist, now the property of the University of Aberdeen . His early landscapes were conscientiously painted in the open air and on the spot. But Reid soon came to see that such work was inherently false, pain ...more...



Leith (UK Parliament constituency)

topic

Leith was a burgh constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1918 to 1950. The constituency elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election . There was also an earlier Leith Burghs constituency, 1832 to 1918, and a later Edinburgh Leith constituency, 1950 to 1997. Boundaries The Leith constituency was created under the Representation of the People Act 1918 , and first used in the 1918 general election , to cover the burgh of Leith , in the county of Midlothian . The burgh was previously within the Leith Burghs constituency. 1918 boundaries were used also in the general elections of 1922 , 1923 , 1924 , 1929 , 1931 , 1935 and 1945 . The burgh was merged into the city of Edinburgh in 1920, and for the 1950 general election , under the House of Commons (Redistribution of Seats) Act 1949 , the Edinburgh Leith constituency was created as one of seven constituencies covering the city and the Midlothian burgh of Musselburgh . Members of Parl ...more...



Leith Mullings

topic

Leith Mullings is an author, anthropologist and professor. She was president of the American Anthropological Association from 2011–2013, and is a Distinguished Professor of Anthropology at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York. Mullings has been involved in organizing for progressive social justice, racial equality and economic justice as one of the founding members of the Black Radical Congress and in her role as President of the AAA. Under her leadership, the American Anthropological Association took up the issue of academic labor rights. Her research and writing have focused on structures of inequality and resistance to them. Her research began in Africa and she has written about traditional medicine and religion in postcolonial Ghana, as well as about women’s roles in Africa. In the U.S. her work has centered on urban communities. She was recognized for this work by the Society for the Anthropology of North America, which awarded her the Prize for Distinguished Achievement in the Critic ...more...



Charles McBride

topic

Andrew Carnegie by Charles McBride, Edinburgh Central Library The Marquis of Argyll by Charles McBride, St Giles Cathedral, Edinburgh Charles McBride (1853- 17 December 1903) (sometimes known as Charles McBryde ) was a Scottish sculptor active in the second half of the 19th century. Life McBride was born in Edinburgh in June 1853. He lived at 8 Hope Street just off Charlotte Square , facing his stoneyard at 7 Hope Street Lane (now built over). He died in December 1903. He is buried in the northern extension of Dean Cemetery in western Edinburgh . His grave is on the south side of the north path, towards the centre of the path, in the second row back. It holds a fine bronze head depicting McBride, carved by Henry Snell Gamley . Notable Works See Figure of Dougal Cratur, one of the smaller figures on the west facade of the Scott Monument , Edinburgh Bust of Thomas Carlyle (1885) Figures on the Scottish National Portrait Gallery , Edinburgh (1885-1890) Bust of Sir Alexander Grant, Principal of Edinburgh Universi ...more...



Alexander Meadows Rendel

topic

The grave of Alexander Meadows Rendel in Brookwood Cemetery Sir Alexander Meadows Rendel (3 April 1828, Plymouth – 23 January 1918, London ) was an English civil engineer . Rendel was born in Plymouth . He was the eldest son of the engineer James Meadows Rendel and his wife Catherine Harris. Three of his brothers were civil engineers: George Wightwick Rendel , Stuart Rendel, 1st Baron Rendel (who was also a Liberal MP), and Hamilton Owen Rendel. He was educated at The King's School Canterbury and Trinity College , Cambridge . Rendel was the engineer of the London Dock Company in 1856, and was responsible for the Shadwell Basin , the Connaught Tunnel and the Royal Albert Dock in London, the Albert and Edinburgh Docks in Leith , Workington Dock and Harbour . In 1857-1858 he visited India , and was consulting engineer to the India Office , the East India Railway and other Indian railways, and was a member of the Commission to determine narrow gauge for Indian Railways, in 1870. He designed the Lansdowne Bridge R ...more...



William Orme (minister)

topic

William Orme (1787–1830) was a Scottish Congregational minister, known as a biographer of Richard Baxter and other nonconformist figures. Life He was born at Falkirk , Stirlingshire , on 3 February 1787. His parents moved to Edinburgh , where in 1792 he began his education under a schoolmaster named Waugh. On 1 July 1800 he was apprenticed for five years to a wheelwright and turner. His father died in October 1803. About this time Orme came under the influence of James Alexander Haldane , whose preaching at the Tabernacle in Leith Walk, Edinburgh, had attracted him. In October 1805 he was admitted by Robert Haldane as a student for the ministry at a seminary under George Cowie. The usual term of study was two years, but Orme's periods of study, interrupted by a preaching mission in Fife (1806), amounted to little more than a year in all. On 11 March 1807 he became pastor of the congregational church at Perth where he was ordained. About 1809 he broke with Robert Haldane, in consequence of Haldane's adoption o ...more...



Charlotte Square

topic

Robert Adam's palace-fronted north side The central pavilion on the south side A statue of Prince Albert stands in the centre of Charlotte Square, in front of West Register House Charlotte Square is a garden square in Edinburgh , Scotland , part of the New Town , designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site . The square is located at the west end of George Street and was intended to mirror St. Andrew Square in the east. The gardens are private and not publicly accessible. History Initially named St. George's Square in James Craig 's original plan, it was renamed in 1786 after King George III 's Queen and first daughter , to avoid confusion with George Square, in the south of the city. Charlotte Square was the last part of the initial phase of the New Town to be completed in 1820. Much of it was to the 1791 design of Robert Adam , who died in 1792, just as building began. In 1939 a very sizable air-raid shelter was created under the south side of the gardens, accessed from the street to the south. In 2013 the south ...more...



List of Scottish Victoria Cross recipients

topic

The following people are Scottish recipients of the Victoria Cross . A Robert Bellew Adams – 1897; Nawa Kili, India Frederick Robertson Aikman – 1858; Amethi, India Robert Hope Moncrieff Aitken – 1857; Lucknow, India William Anderson – 1915; Neuve Chapelle, France William Herbert Anderson – 1918; Bois Favieres, France William Angus – 1915; Givenchy, France Adam Archibald – 1918; Ors, France B William Babtie – 1899; Battle of Colenso, South Africa Thomas Beach – 1854; Battle of Inkerman, Crimea William Davidson Bissett – 1918; Maing, France James Blair – 1857; Neemuch, India Robert Blair – 1857; Bolandshahr, India Frank Gerald Blaker – 1944; Taunghi, Burma (now Myanmar) William Anderson Bloomfield – 1916; Miali, Tanganyika (now Tanzania) Andrew Cathcart Bogle – 1857; Oonao, India Stanley Henry Parry Boughey – 1917; El Burf, Palestine Walter Lorrain Brodie – 1914; Becelaere, Belgium James Anson Otho Brooke – 1914; Gheluvelt, Belgium William Arthur McCrae Bruce – 1914; Givenchy, France John Crawford Buchan – 191 ...more...



John Hay Forbes, Lord Medwyn

topic

John Hay Forbes, Lord Medwyn (19 September 1776 – 25 July 1854) was a Scottish judge. Life Forbes was born in Edinburgh on 19 September 1776 the second son of Sir William Forbes, 6th Baronet , and his wife Elizabeth Hay. He studied Law at Edinburgh University and was admitted to the Scottish Bar as an advocate in 1799. He was for some time Sheriff Depute of Perthshire , and was made Lord of Session in January 1825, when he assumed the courtesy title of Lord Medwyn, from his estate in Perthshire. In the 1830s he is listed as living at 17 Ainslie Place on the Moray Estate in the west end of Edinburgh . In December 1830 he was made a Lord of Justiciary. He resigned that appointment in May 1849, retired from the bench in October 1852, and died in Edinburgh, 25 July 1854. He was a committed Episcopalian . Works He edited a new edition of ‘Thoughts concerning Man's Condition and Duties in this Life, and his Hopes in the World to come’, by Alexander Forbes, 4th Lord Forbes of Pitsligo (1678–1762), 1835, 4th ed. Edi ...more...



Baron Cobham

topic

The title Baron Cobham has been created numerous times in the Peerage of England ; often multiple creations have been extant simultaneously, especially in the fourteenth century. The earliest creation was in 1313 for Henry de Cobham , who hailed from the county of Kent . The eleventh baron was attainted in 1603, but the peerage became abeyant instead of becoming extinct. In 1916, the attainder was removed and abeyance terminated in favor of the fifteenth baron. Note that the twelfth to fourteenth barons never actually held the title. This creation became abeyant again in 1951. In 1324, Sir Ralph de Cobham was summoned to parliament as Baron Cobham , but this creation became extinct roughly a year later on his death. In 1326, Sir Stephen de Cobham was summoned to parliament, again as Baron Cobham. This Cobham came from Rundale , and was apparently of no relation to Sir Ralph. This creation became abeyant no later than 1429. A further creation came in 1342, when Reginald de Cobham was summoned to parliament. Ho ...more...



William Crichton (engineer)

topic

William Crichton (29 November 1827 – 10 April 1889) was a Scottish engineer and shipbuilder who spent most of his career in Turku , located in the Grand Duchy of Finland . Crichton moved to Turku at the age of 23 to lead a steam engine construction project at Cowie and Eriksson , a local engineering company. After two years, he moved to Helsinki to work for Fiskars , but because of the Crimean War he was arrested due to his nationality and transferred to Saint Petersburg . He was soon released with help from family connections and he remained working for Izhorsk Works for eight years. In 1862, Crichton returned to Turku after receiving an offer to buy half of Cowie & Eriksson Company. The company was renamed W:m Crichton & C:o and under Crichton's leadership it developed into the largest company in Turku. The company built predominantly ships and steam engines and its main customer was the Imperial Russian Navy . Crichton led the company until his death in 1889. He was survived by twelve children wh ...more...



1867 in Scotland

topic

Events from the year 1867 in Scotland . Incumbents Monarch – Victoria Law officers Lord Advocate – George Patton until February; then Edward Strathearn Gordon Solicitor General for Scotland – Edward Strathearn Gordon ; then John Millar Judiciary Lord President of the Court of Session and Lord Justice General – Lord Colonsay until 25 February; then Lord Glencorse Lord Justice Clerk – Lord Glenalmond , then Lord Moncreiff Events 29 April – the Caledonian Mercury newspaper is last published. 9 July – Queen's Park Football Club, Scotland's first senior football club, is formed. 29 August – John Hill Burton is appointed Historiographer Royal . 28 November – opening of Baylis's Royal Colosseum Theatre and Opera House, Glasgow , which becomes the Theatre Royal, Glasgow in May 1869. Edinburgh Crystal glass is first manufactured, by the Edinburgh and Leith Flint Glass Company. The West of Scotland Grand National, predecessor of the Scottish Grand National , moves to a new course, Bogside Racecourse near Irvine, North ...more...



Burney's Academy

topic

Dr. Burney's Academy , founded 1791 by Dr. William Burney (1762 – December 1832), was a preparatory school or " crammer " in Gosport , Hampshire , England, whose aim was to prepare young men for the Royal Navy 's entrance examinations and a naval career, though many of its students went on to Army or civilian careers. History On the death of Burney, his son Henry took over running of the school, followed by Henry's brother Edward (c.1817-1888), then William's grandson the Rev. Edward Amyatt Amyatt Burney, who became Rector of Rowner, to the north-west of Gosport (1848–1920). The school was sold in 1889. At some time before 1891 it received patronage of Queen Victoria , Prince Albert , the Prince of Wales and the Duke of Connaught, and was renamed the Royal Academy. The Rev. F. G. Johnson was Head Master from 1888 until the school closed in 1904. Notable alumni Thomas Murray-Prior (1819–1892) John Cowans (1862–1921) Charles Cooper Penrose Fitzgerald (1841–1921) Alexander Forbes-Leith, 1st Baron Leith of Fyv ...more...



Alexander Campbell Fraser

topic

Rev Prof Alexander Campbell Fraser , FRSE DCL LLD D.Litt. (3 September 1819 – 2 December 1914) was a Scottish philosopher . Life He was born in the manse at Ardchattan , Argyll , the son of the parish minister, Rev Hugh Fraser, and his wife, Maria Helen Campbell. He was the eldest of twelve children. Due to ill-health he was educated by his mother then sent to Glasgow aged 14 to study Divinity at the University of Glasgow under Prof James Mylne . However, he did not find Glasgow to his liking as a city and stayed there only one year. He completed his studies at University of Edinburgh , graduating at Divinity Hall in 1843. This was a tumultuous year in the Scottish church and Fraser decided to join the Free Church following the Disruption . He was ordained in 1844 and became minister of the small parish of Cramond on the Firth of Forth just on the outer edge of Edinburgh. Remaining in Edinburgh he succeeded Sir William Hamilton as Professor of Logic at New College in 1846 and remained in this role until 1856 ...more...



John Steell

topic

The Duke of Wellington on Princes Street , Steell's most famous work Alexander & Bucephalus by John Steell (Edinburgh City Chambers) Sir Walter Scott statue at Scott Monument Statue of Allan Ramsay in West Princes Street Gardens, close-up Sir John Robert Steell RSA ( Aberdeen 18 September 1804 – 15 September 1891) was a Scottish sculptor. He is best known for a number of sculptures displayed in Edinburgh , including the statue of Sir Walter Scott at the base of the Scott Monument . Biography Steell was born in Aberdeen , but his family moved to 5 Calton Hill in Edinburgh in 1806. He was one of the thirteen children (eleven surviving beyond infancy) of John Steell senior (1779–1849), a carver and guilder, and Margaret Gourlay, the daughter of William Gourlay, a Dundee shipbuilder. As the family grew they moved to a larger house at 20 Calton Hill. Due to his father's own fame as a sculptor, for much of his early working career he is referred to as John Steel Junior . Steell initially followed his father ...more...



Lords of the Congregation

topic

The Lords of the Congregation , originally styling themselves "the Faithful Congregation of Christ Jesus in Scotland", were a group of Protestant Scottish nobles who in the mid-16th century favoured a reformation of the church according to Protestant principles and a Scottish-English alliance. Historical events In December 1557 a group of Scottish lords opposed the marriage of the young Queen Mary of Scotland to the Dauphin of France (who became King Francis II of France from 1559 to 1560). The group signed the ' First Band ' or Covenant to work to make Scotland Protestant. The initial members were the Earl of Argyll , his brother Colin Campbell , the Earl of Glencairn , the Earl of Morton , and John Erskine of Dun , though others, such as William Douglas of Whittinghame quickly followed. Following religious riots in Perth , the Lords gained support and provided military help to John Knox in opposing the troops of Mary of Guise . Near Cupar , in Fife , the Lords fielded enough military strength to face off ...more...



Lord Lyon King of Arms

topic

The Right Honourable the Lord Lyon King of Arms , the head of Lyon Court , is the most junior of the Great Officers of State in Scotland and is the Scottish official with responsibility for regulating heraldry in that country, issuing new grants of arms, and serving as the judge of the Court of the Lord Lyon , the oldest heraldic court in the world that is still in daily operation. The historic title of the post was the High Sennachie, and he was given the title of Lord Lyon from the lion in the coat of arms of Scotland . The post was in the early nineteenth century held by an important nobleman, the Earl of Kinnoull , whose functions were in practice carried out by the Lyon-Depute. The practice of appointing Lyon-Deputes, however, ceased in 1866. Responsibilities The Lord Lyon is responsible for overseeing state ceremonial in Scotland, for the granting of new arms to persons or organisations, and for confirming proven pedigrees and claims to existing arms as well as recognising clan chiefs after due diligenc ...more...



Edinburgh, Leith and Newhaven Railway

topic

Edinburgh, Leith and Newhaven Railway   Duke of Buccleuch's harbour tramway North Leith Granton Junction Road Trinity Bonnington Goods Trinity Junction Bonnington Caledonian Railway East Junction North Junction Warriston Junction South Junction Rodney Street Tunnel Powderhall Scotland Street Leith Walk abandoned Scotland Street tunnel with incline railway Leith Walk Goods Canal Street ( Edinburgh Waverley ) Leith Central to Edinburgh Waverley Easter Road Abbeyhill Caledonian Railway Lochend Junction to Edinburgh Waverley Piershill East Coast Main Line The Edinburgh, Leith and Newhaven Railway was a railway company formed in 1836 to connect the city of Edinburgh with the harbours on the Firth of Forth. When the line connected to Granton, the company name was changed to the Edinburgh, Leith and Granton Railway . It opened part of its route in 1846, but reaching the centre of Edinburgh involved the difficult construction of a long tunnel; this was opened in 1847. It was on a steep incline and was worked by rope ...more...



James Craig (architect)

topic

James Craig (31 October 1739 – 23 June 1795) was a Scottish architect who worked mostly in lowlands of the country and especially his native city of Edinburgh . He is remembered primarily for his layout of the first Edinburgh New Town . Date of birth James Craig's birth date is traditionally given as 1744, as his baptism is recorded in parish register as Tuesday 13 November 1744. However, more recent research has shown that his birth date was 31 October 1739, as recorded in the registers of George Watson's Hospital , where Craig was educated. As well as his date of birth, the records show he entered the school in 1748, and left in 1755. The 1744 date must therefore be incorrect, as it would mean he started school aged four, and left aged eleven. The baptism year, although not the date, has been shown to be in error, as 13 November fell on a Tuesday in 1739 also. Early life James Craig was the son of William Craig (1695–1762), a merchant, and Mary Thomson (1710–1790), sister of the poet James Thomson (1700–174 ...more...



Burning of Edinburgh

topic

The Burning of Edinburgh in 1544 by an English sea-borne army was the first major action of the war of the Rough Wooing . A Scottish army observed the landing on 3 May 1544 but did not engage with the English force. The Provost of Edinburgh was compelled to allow the English to sack Leith and Edinburgh . However, the Scottish artillery within Edinburgh Castle harassed the English forces, who had neither the time nor the resources to besiege the Castle. The English fleet sailed away loaded with captured goods, and with two ships that had belonged to James V of Scotland . The Plan Henry VIII Henry VIII of England wished to unite the Kingdom of Scotland with the Kingdom of England , or at least bring the kingdom under his hegemony. He had contracted with the Regent Arran that Mary, Queen of Scots would marry his son, Prince Edward . But Arran allowed the Parliament of Scotland to revoke this agreement prompting Henry to declare war in December 1543, and now the Regent was making ground against his rebels who sti ...more...



Robert Burns

topic

Robert Burns (25 January 1759 – 21 July 1796), also known as Rabbie Burns , the Bard of Ayrshire , Ploughman Poet and various other names and epithets , was a Scottish poet and lyricist. He is widely regarded as the national poet of Scotland and is celebrated worldwide. He is the best known of the poets who have written in the Scots language , although much of his writing is also in English and a light Scots dialect , accessible to an audience beyond Scotland. He also wrote in standard English, and in these writings his political or civil commentary is often at its bluntest. He is regarded as a pioneer of the Romantic movement , and after his death he became a great source of inspiration to the founders of both liberalism and socialism , and a cultural icon in Scotland and among the Scottish diaspora around the world. Celebration of his life and work became almost a national charismatic cult during the 19th and 20th centuries, and his influence has long been strong on Scottish literature . In 2009 he was cho ...more...



Henry Raeburn

topic

Sir Henry Raeburn FRSE RA RSA ( ; 4 March 1756 – 8 July 1823) was a Scottish portrait painter and Scotland 's first significant portrait painter since the Union to remain based in Scotland. He served as Portrait Painter to King George IV in Scotland. Biography Raeburn's studio in Edinburgh's New Town Raeburn was born the son of a manufacturer in Stockbridge , on the Water of Leith : a former village now within the city of Edinburgh . He had an older brother, born in 1744, called William Raeburn. His ancestors were believed to have been soldiers, and may have taken the name "Raeburn" from a hill farm in Annandale , held by Sir Walter Scott 's family. Orphaned, he was supported by William and placed in Heriot's Hospital , where he received an education. At the age of fifteen he was apprenticed to the goldsmith James Gilliland of Edinburgh, and various pieces of jewellery, mourning rings and the like, adorned with minute drawings on ivory by his hand, still exist. Soon he took to the production of carefully fini ...more...



Alexander Hunter Crawford

topic

Villas by A H Crawford, Primrose Bank Road, Edinburgh Alexander Hunter Crawford (1865-1945) was a Scottish architect and businessman. Closely associated with his father's firm of Crawford's Biscuits he designed many biscuit factories, and became owner of the company in 1931. Many of his villas are now listed buildings . His masterpiece (although somewhat "old-fashioned" for its date) is probably the huge Masonic Lodge on George Street in Edinburgh . Life The grave of Alexander Hunter Crawford, Warriston Cemetery He was born on 10 August 1865 in Leith , the harbour area of Edinburgh , the son of William Crawford, owner of Crawford's Biscuits. They lived at 6 Wellington Place on the west side of Leith Links . He was educated at Edinburgh Institution (now called Stewarts Melville College). In 1881 he was articled as a trainee architect to John Russell Walker, an Edinburgh architect based on Hanover Street in the New Town . In 1886, he moved to London to work as assistant to Ralph Selden Wornum . In February 18 ...more...



Timeline of Edinburgh history

topic

View of Arthur's Seat from Edinburgh Castle This article is a timeline of the history of Edinburgh , Scotland, up to the present day. It traces its rise from an early hill fort and later royal residence to the bustling city and capital of Scotland that it is today. First millennium Pre-1st century AD: Late Bronze Age (c.600 BC) weapons were found in Duddingston Loch in 1778. Traces of four Iron Age forts have been identified at Arthur's Seat , Dunsapie Crag, Salisbury Crags and Samson's Ribs. 2nd century AD: Roman forts were built and manned at Cramond and Inveresk on the western and eastern margins of the present-day city. c.600: The traditional date of the military campaign, starting out from Edinburgh ("Din Eydin"), commemorated in the Old Welsh poem Y Gododdin by the poet Aneirin. At this time the inhabitants of the region spoke predominantly Old Welsh (the ancestor of modern Welsh). The name of the king or chief whom the poem names as the leader of the Gododdin was Mynyddawc Mwynvawr . c.638: Edinburgh i ...more...



List of World War I flying aces from the British Empire

topic

The following aviators from the British Empire were credited with five or more aerial victories during World War I. This list is complete. 20 or more victories (83 names) Billy Bishop Thomas H Wright Edward Mannock Raymond Collishaw James McCudden Andrew Beauchamp-Proctor Donald MacLaren William George Barker Robert A. Little George McElroy Roderic Dallas Albert Ball Tom F. Hazell Philip F. Fullard Charles George Gass John Inglis Gilmour William Lancelot Jordan Alfred Atkey William Gordon Claxton James Ira Thomas Jones Joseph Stewart Temple Fall Frederick McCall Henry Winslow Woollett Frank Granger Quigley Geoffrey Hilton Bowman Samuel Kinkead Andrew Edward McKeever Charles Dawson Booker Percy Jack Clayson Harry Cobby Leonard Henry Rochford Albert Desbrisay Carter John Everard Gurdon Reginald Hoidge Dennis Latimer Clifford McEwen Thomas Percy Middleton Frank Ormond Soden Arthur Whealy Ronald Malcolm Fletcher William Frederick James Harvey Elwyn King Gerald Joseph Constable Maxwell William Ernest Staton Willia ...more...



Alexander Seton, 1st Earl of Dunfermline

topic

Alexander Seton, 1st Earl of Dunfermline (1555–1622) was a Scottish lawyer, judge and politician. He served as Lord President of the Court of Session from 1598 to 1604, Lord Chancellor of Scotland from 1604 to 1622 and as a Lord High Commissioner to the Parliament of Scotland . Career Entrance to Seton's Fyvie Castle Born at Seton Palace , East Lothian , Alexander was the son of George Seton, 7th Lord Seton and Isobell Hamilton. The Setons remained a Roman Catholic family after the Scottish Reformation of 1560, and continued to support Mary, Queen of Scots after her abdication and exile in England. Alexander was educated at the German and Roman College in Rome from June 1571 to December 1578. Alexander was noted learning Italian and science (philosophy) in Rome by Baptista da Trento in 1577 in a letter describing plots to marry Elizabeth I of England to the Earl of Leicester and re-instate Mary in Scotland. The family historian Viscount Kingston heard it said that he was skilled in mathematics, heraldry and ...more...



Rosebank Cemetery

topic

The old western entrance to Rosebank Cemetery (now sealed) Rosebank Cemetery general view Rosebank Cemetery is a 19th-century burial ground in Edinburgh , Scotland. It is located at the junction of Pilrig Street and Broughton Road in the Pilrig area, close to the historical boundary of Leith . The cemetery is protected as a category C listed building . History The cemetery was developed by the Edinburgh and Leith Cemetery Company, with David Cousin as architect, and opened on 20 September 1846. It covers an area of 4.37 hectares (10.8 acres). Originally known as the Edinburgh and Leith Cemetery, the cemetery proved popular and was extended eastwards around 1880. The main entrance was originally from the north-west (Broughton Road) but this has been sealed. The sole entrance is now from the north-east (Pilrig Street). The latter originally had an entrance lodge above the gate, but this was demolished around 1975. The cemetery was in independent private ownership until around 1980 when the City of Edinburgh ...more...



List of governors of Bengal

topic

From 1690, a governor represented the British East India Company in Bengal, which had been granted the right to establish a trading post by the Nawabs of Bengal . Robert Clive : Governor of Bengal during 1757–60 and again during 1765–67 and established Dual Government in Bengal from 1765 to 1772. (True founder of British Political dominion in India). Vanisttart (1760–65) : The Battle of Buxar (1764). Cartier (1769–72) : Bengal Famine (1770) Chief agents, 1681–84 Name Took office Left office William Hedges 1681 1684 John Beard 1684 1684 Presidents, 1684–94 Name Took office Left office William Gyfford 1684 1685 Job Charnock 1685 1693 Francis Ellis 1693 1693 Charles Eyre 1693 1694 Chief Agents, 1694–1700 Name Took office Left office Charles Eyre 1694 1698 John Beard 1698 1699 Charles Eyre 1699 1700 Presidents, 1700 - 1758 Name Took office Left office Charles Eyre 1700 1701 John Beard 1701 1705 Edward Littleton 1705 1705 ' Ruled by a council' 1705 1710 Anthony Weltden 1710 1711 John Russell 1711 1713 Robert Hedge ...more...



William Brodie (sculptor)

topic

"Hercules", a bronze statue by William Brodie, in Portmeirion "The Genius Of Architecture Rewarding At Once The Science And The Practice Of The Art" by William Brodie in Edinburgh The John Spier memorial, designed by F T Pilkington and sculpted by William Brodie, now at Beith Auld Kirk. It had been in Spier's school . Figures by Brodie representing 'The Nobility' on the Prince Albert Memorial, Edinburgh John Graham-Gilbert by William Brodie, Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum Buchanan Memorial, Dean Cemetery (Brodie's largest work) A bust of John Hill Burton as portrayed on his wife's grave in Dean Cemetery in Edinburgh (carved by William Brodie in 1881) William Brodie (22 January 1815 – 30 October 1881) was a Scottish sculptor, operational in Edinburgh in the 19th century. Life He was the son of John Brodie, a Banff shipmaster, and elder brother of Alexander Brodie (1830–1867), another sculptor. He was elected Associate of the Royal Scottish Academy (RSA) in 1857, and Royal Scottish Academician in 1859 . In ...more...



List of Governors of the Central Provinces and Berar

topic

Below is a list of Governors of the Central Provinces and Berar and the precursor offices associated with that title: Chief Commissioners of Nagpur Province and Saugor Nerbudda territories 1861-1862: Edward King Elliot Chief Commissioners of the Central Provinces 1862-1864: Edward King Elliot 1864-1867: Sir Richard Temple, Bt. 1867-1883: Sir John Henry Morris 1883-1884: William Bence Jones 1884-1885: Sir Charles Haukes Todd 1885-1887: Dennis Fitzpatrick 1887-1889: Alexander Mackenzie 1889-1893: Sir Antony Patrick Macdonnell 1893-1895: Sir John Woodburn 1895-1898: Sir Charles James Lyall 1898-1899: Sir Denzil Charles Jelf Ibbetson 1899-1902: Sir Andrew Henderson Leith Fraser 1902-1904: John Prescott Hewett 1904-1905: Frederic Styles Philpin Ley 1905-1906: John Ontario Miller 1907-1912: Reginald Henry Craddock 1912-1920: Sir Benjamin Robertson 1920: Sir Frank George Sly Governors of the Central Provinces 1920-1925: Sir Frank George Sly 1925-1932: Sir Montagu Sherard Dawes Butler 1932-1936: Sir Hyde Balwant Shar ...more...



Sir John Gladstone, 1st Baronet

topic

Sir John Gladstone of Fasque, 1st Baronet , FRSE LLD (11 December 1764 – 7 December 1851) was a Scottish merchant , slave-trader , Member of Parliament, and the father of the British Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone . Through his commercial activities he acquired several large plantations in Jamaica and Guyana, worked initially by enslaved Africans . As a result of the Slavery Abolition Act 1833 which abolished slavery in the British Empire, Gladstone expelled most African workers from his estates and imported large numbers of indebted Indian indentured-servants , through false promises of providing them schools and medical attention. However, upon arrival they were paid no wages, the repayment of their debts being deemed sufficient, and worked under conditions that continued to resemble slavery in everything except name. Active in politics he worked to secure compensation from the British Government for "property losses" (in this case slaves) incurred as a result of the Slavery Abolition Act 1833 and ...more...



Hay (surname)

topic

Hay is an English and Scottish surname shortened from the Scoto-Norman de la Haye . Notable people with the surname Hay include: Alexander Hay (disambiguation) , several people Andrew Leith Hay (1785–1862), Scottish soldier, politician and author Ann Hawkes Hay (1745–1785), American soldier Arthur Hay , several people Barry Hay (born 1948), Dutch musician Bill Hay (born 1935), Canadian ice hockey player Colin Hay (born 1953), Scottish-Australian musician Cody Hay (born 1983), Canadian figure skater Dennis Hay (born 1940), Scottish field hockey player and coach Danny Hay (born 1975), New Zealand soccer player David Hay (disambiguation) , several people Denys Hay (1915–1994), British historian Douglas Hay (1876–1967), New Zealand cricket player and administrator Edward Hay (disambiguation) , several people Elizabeth Hay (disambiguation) , several people Erin Hay (born 1970), American country singer Fernando Soto-Hay y Garcia Florence Hay . American baseball player Garry Hay (born 1977), Scottish footballer Geor ...more...



Stereotype (printing)

topic

A stereotype mold ("flong") being made Stereotype casting room of the Seattle Daily Times, ca. 1900 In printing, a stereotype , also known as a cliché , stereoplate or simply a stereo , was originally a "solid plate of type metal , cast from a papier-mâché or plaster mould (called a flong ) taken from the surface of a forme of type" used for printing instead of the original. The composition of individual cast metal types into lines with leading and furniture , tightly locked into a chase , was labor-intensive and costly. Cumulative, this full setup for printing a single page was called a forme. The printer would incur further expense through loss of the type for other uses while held in formes. However, once the flong and stereotype were created, the individual type, furniture, leading and chasing could be disassembled, and used for another project. Previously, publishers who did not accurately predict sales were forced into the expense of paying for the type to be reset for subsequent editions. The stereoty ...more...



Stockbridge, Edinburgh

topic

Stockbridge road sign, Edinburgh View of old Stockbridge St Stephen Street (east) looking towards St Stephen's Church, Edinburgh Stockbridge is a suburb of Edinburgh , located towards the north of the city, bounded by the New Town and by Comely Bank . The name is Scots stock brig from Anglic stocc brycg, meaning a timber bridge. Originally a small outlying village, it was incorporated into the City of Edinburgh in the 19th century. The current "Stock Bridge", built in 1801, is a stone structure spanning the Water of Leith . The painter Henry Raeburn (1756–1823) owned two adjoining estates, Deanhaugh and St Bernard's, which he developed with the assistance of the architect James Milne. Milne was also responsible for the fine St Bernard's Church (1823) in Saxe Coburg Street. Ann Street, designed by Raeburn and named after his wife, is a rare early example of a New Town street with private front gardens. Notable streets and buildings St. Stephen's Church The eastern route into Stockbridge is marked by the local ...more...



Leith Burghs by-election, 1914

topic

The Leith Burghs by-election was a Parliamentary by-election . It returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the United Kingdom , elected by the first past the post voting system. Vacancy Munro Ferguson had been the Liberal MP for Leith Burghs since 1886 when he succeeded William Gladstone. In February 1914, he was appointed to the post of Governor-General of Australia and thus resigned his seat. Electoral history This was the result at the last election; Ferguson General Election December 1910 Party Candidate Votes % ± Liberal Ronald Munro Ferguson 7,069 57.2 +7.6 Liberal Unionist Frederick Alexander Macquisten 5,284 42.8 +11.3 Majority 1,785 14.4 Turnout 68.7 Liberal hold Swing 9.5 The result of the previous election is worth noting because it was a three-way contest; General Election January 1910 Party Candidate Votes % ± Liberal Ronald Munro Ferguson 7,146 49.6 -11.6 Liberal Unionist Robert Cranston 4,540 31.5 -7.3 Labour William Walker 2,724 18.9 n/a Majority 2,606 18.1 Turnout 83.0 Lib ...more...



John Chesser (architect)

topic

Learmonth Terrace in Edinburgh's West End John Chesser (1819-1892) was a nineteenth-century Scottish architect largely based in Edinburgh . He was described as "the prime exponent of terrace design at the time". A very high number of his works are now category A listed buildings , evidencing the quality of his work, particularly in the West End of Edinburgh. Life The grave of John Chesser, Cramond churchyard He was born on 18 September 1819 on the Dalmeny House estate, a few miles west of Edinburgh, his elderly father, William Chesser (1757-1849), being Clerk of Works there. After spending some years working on the Revesby House estate in Lincolnshire he returned to Dalmeny to fill his father’s shoes on his death. By 1852 he appears to have been working for the City Architect, David Cousin . Through his experience, in 1858, he then gained a post as Superintendent of Works at George Heriot’s School following the death of Alexander Black . This role included developing the huge swathes of land around the city ...more...



Aberdeen (UK Parliament constituency)

topic

Aberdeen was a burgh constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1832 until 1885. It was represented by one Member of Parliament (MP) , elected by the first past the post voting system. Boundaries As created in 1832, the constituency covered the burgh of Aberdeen , which was previously within the Aberdeen Burghs constituency. Together with Aberdeenshire , Aberdeen was one of two constituencies covering the county of Aberdeen . The boundaries of the constituency, as set out in the 1832 Act, were- In 1885, the Aberdeen constituency was divided between Aberdeen North and Aberdeen South . Members of Parliament Election Member Party 1832 Alexander Bannerman Whig 1847 Alexander Fordyce Liberal 1852 George Thompson Liberal 1857 William Henry Sykes Liberal 1872 by-election John Farley Leith Liberal 1880 John Webster Liberal 1885 Redistribution of Seats Act : constituency abolished Note:- F. W. S. Craig , in his compilations of election results for Great Britain, classified Whig , ...more...



List of people from Edinburgh

topic

This list contains famous or notable people who were either born, residents, or otherwise closely associated with the City of Edinburgh , Scotland . Architecture James Adam (1732–1794), architect, son of William Adam John Adam (1721–1792), architect, eldest son of William Adam Robert Adam (1728–1792), architect of Charlotte Square and other notable buildings, son of William Adam William Adam (1689–1748), architect of Edinburgh Royal Infirmary , and father of James, John, and Robert Adam Sir Robert Rowand Anderson (1834–1921), architect whose works include the Scottish National Portrait Gallery Isobel Hogg Kerr Beattie (1900–1970) Alexander Black (c. 1790–1858), architect, who acted as Superintendent of Works for George Heriot’s School Hippolyte Blanc (1844–1917), architect Sir William Bruce (c. 1630–1710), designer of Holyrood Palace David Bryce (1803–1876), architect William Burn (1789–1970), architect Edward Calvert (c. 1847 – 1914), domestic architect Stewart Henbest Capper (1859–1925), architect of Ramsay ...more...



Alexander Moody Stuart

topic

Alexander Moody Stuart (15 June 1809 – 31 July 1898) was a minister of the Free Church of Scotland . He served as Moderator of the General Assembly to the Free Church of Scotland in 1875. Life 43 Queen Street, Edinburgh He was born Alexander Moody at Paisley . On 9 September 1839 he married Jessie Stuart (died 27 April 1891), eldest daughter of Kenneth Bruce Stuart of Annat. Jessie inherited the family estate at Rait on the braes of the Carse of Gowrie , which was named Annat after an old family estate, with the condition that her husband should take the surname Stuart of Annat. Hence Alexander Moody took the name Alexander Moody Stuart. Moody was a missionary in Holy Island , Northumberland, from 1831 to 1835. Under the Kirk session of St George's, Edinburgh, he began, in 1835, the work of gathering a congregation in Young Street. He was ordained to his first ministry at St Luke's, Young Street, on 27 July 1837. After the Disruption of 1843 he joined the Free Church of Scotland on his return from a trip to M ...more...



William MacGregor Henderson

topic

Sir William MacGregor Henderson FRS FRSE PZS MRCVS (17 July 1913 - 29 November 2000) was a Scottish veterinary expert on foot and mouth disease . He was also President of the Zoological Society of London , 1984–1989. He was in charge of controlling foot and mouth disease in South America from 1957 to 1966. In his life he was generally called Gregor Henderson . Life Henderson was born in Edinburgh the son of William Simpson Henderson and his wife, Catherine Alice Marcus Berry. His father was managing director of the company which printed bank-notes for the Royal Bank of Scotland . They lived at 123 Dalkeith Road in the south of the city. He was educated at George Watson's College in Edinburgh . He studied at the Royal (Dick) Veterinary College in Edinburgh . During his career at the Animal Virus Research Institute at Pirbright , which he joined in 1939, Henderson developed an improved foot and mouth vaccine and developed a method of determining the virus content in a sample of infected material, which beca ...more...



Holley Medal

topic

The Holley Medal is an award of ASME (the American Society of Mechanical Engineers) for "outstanding and unique act(s) of an engineering nature, accomplishing a noteworthy and timely public benefit by one or more individuals for a single achievement, provided the contributions are equal or comparable." The award was established in 1924 in honor of the American mechanical engineer, inventor and charter member of ASME Alexander Lyman Holley (18132-1888). List of recipients[1] 1924, Hjalmar G. Carlson 1928, Elmer Ambrose Sperry 1930, Baron Chuza-buro Shiba 1934, Irving Langmuir 1936, Henry Ford 1937, Frederick Gardner Cottrell 1938, Francis Hodgkinson 1939, Carl Edvard Johansson 1940, Edwin Howard Armstrong 1941, John Garand 1942, Ernest Lawrence 1943, Vannevar Bush 1944, Carl Norden 1945, Sanford Alexander Moss 1946, Norman Gibson 1947, Raymond D. Johnson 1948, Edwin H. Land 1950, Charles Gordon Curtis 1951, George R. Fink 1952, Sanford Lockwood Cluett 1953, Philip M. McKenna 1954, Walter A. Shewhart 1955, Geor ...more...



Charles Kenneth Leith

topic

Charles Kenneth Leith (January 20, 1875 – September 13, 1956) was an American geologist . He was head of the University of Wisconsin–Madison geology department for thirty years. In 1942, he won the Penrose Medal , the highest award given in the geosciences. Biography Leith was born in Trempealeau, Wisconsin . He was hired by Charles R. Van Hise as a stenographer in 1892 to work on his publications, and was so taken by the work that he completed a bachelor's degree in geology at the University of Wisconsin in 1897 and a Ph.D. in 1901. In 1903, when Van Hise became president of the University of Wisconsin, he hired Leith as head of the geology department at the age of 28. Leith was chair until 1934 (31 years), and remained with the department until he retired in 1945. He also lectured on structural and metamorphic geology at the University of Chicago beginning in 1905. His early research focused on the geology of the Lake Superior region, including the ore deposits of the Mesabi range . He served as a consulta ...more...



Lord Clerk Register

topic

The office of Lord Clerk Register is the oldest surviving Great Officer of State in Scotland , with origins in the 13th century. The Clerk-Register was from ancient times the principal Clerk in the kingdom, from whom all other clerks, whatever their government positions, and who were essentially his deputies, derived their immediate authority. He acted also as Clerk to the parliament and Privy Council , where in the old registers and proceedings of parliament he is referred to as Clericus Rotulorum , because the ancient scripts were in rolls of paper (as opposed to codices ). These later became termed Rotuli parliamenti, the rolls of court, but were thereafter ordered to be made up into Register books and the respective clerks instructed to transmit those books to the Clerk-Register to be preserved by him in the public archives. The Treaty of Union in 1707 provided for the preservation of public records; and the election and management thereof of the sixteen Scottish peers to the House of Lords in the new Bri ...more...



Duncan Johnston

topic

Johnston's birthplace and childhood home, 32 Heriot Row, Edinburgh Colonel Sir Duncan Alexander Johnston KCMG CB CBE FRSE (25 June 1847 – 21 October 1931) was a Royal Engineers officer who became Director General of the Ordnance Survey . He also played first-class cricket for Derbyshire in 1882. Life Duncan Johnston was born at 32 Heriot Row in Edinburgh on 25 June 1847 the son of Henry Johnston, a surgeon in the Honourable East India Company. His brothers included Henry Johnston, Lord Johnston and the high-ranking advocate and cricketer, Sir William Campbell Johnston FRSE . Duncan trained as a chartered accountant but instead chose a military career and joined the Royal Engineers. He became a lieutenant on 8 January 1868, and a captain on 24 December 1879. Earlier in 1879 he played cricket for the Royal Engineers against the Royal Marines . Johnston made his cricketing debut for Derbyshire in the 1882 season against Lancashire in May and played in the next three matches. He was an opening batsman for Derby ...more...



Andrew Macdonald (poet)

topic

Andrew Macdonald (1757–1790), pen name Matthew Bramble, was a Scottish clergyman , poet and playwright . Early life and education Andrew MacDonald was born on 27 February 1757, the son of George Donald, a gardener. The family lived in Leith , the busy port for Edinburgh on the Firth of Forth , and Andrew Donald (as he was then) attended the Grammar School in Leith ; at an early age he demonstrated a flair for music. The Donald family was Episcopalian; the non-juror Scottish Episcopal Church at this time was heavily proscribed following its support for Bonnie Prince Charlie in the Jacobite rising a few years before. Laws had been passed to prevent clergy from officiating, and punished anyone who attended services. Another resident in Leith at this period was the Scottish Episcopalian bishop , Robert Forbes . The precocious gardener’s son impressed Bishop Forbes, who sent him to study at the University of Edinburgh with a view to ordination . Although Scottish Episcopal ordination was officially banned at the ...more...



Alexander Handyside Ritchie

topic

The tomb of John Henry Alexander by Handyside Ritchie, Glasgow Necropolis Monument to Rev Dickson, St Cuthberts Churchyard, Edinburgh by A H Ritchie Statues by A H Ritchie, St Andrew Square, Edinburgh Martyr's Monument, Valley Cemetery, Stirling Grave of Alexander Handyside Ritchie, St Michael's, Inveresk Alexander Handyside Ritchie (15 April 1804 – 24 April 1870) was a Scottish sculptor born in Musselburgh in 1804, the son of James Ritchie, a local brickmaker and ornamental plasterer, and his wife Euphemia. The father in turn was the son of a fisherman and amateur sculptor. Life Ritchie was born in Musselburgh in 1804. After studying architecture he turned to sculpture. In 1823 he studied under Samuel Joseph at the Edinburgh School of Arts . He briefly also studied anatomy at Dr. John Barclay 's Anatomy School in 1822. He studied in Rome under Bertel Thorvaldsen (1826-1830), under the sponsorship of Walter, 5th Duke of Buccleuch . A favourite of Thorvaldsen he was awarded a gold medal under his tutorship. In ...more...



List of Governors of the Leeward Islands

topic

This is a list of Governors of the Leeward Islands from the creation of the colony in 1671 until the Federation of the West Indies was formed in 1958. The Leewards Islands colony was dissolved in 1816, but reformed in 1833. Between 1833 and 1871, the Governor of Antigua performed the duties of viceroy in the Leeward Islands. Governors of the Leeward Islands (1671–1816) 1671–1686: Christopher Codrington, the Elder 1686-1689: Sir Nathaniel Johnson (Made Governor of South Carolina 1689) 1689-1699: Christopher Codrington, the Elder 1699–1704: Christopher Codrington, the Younger 1704: John Johnson (first time, acting) 1704: Sir William Mathew 1704–1706: John Johnson (second time, acting) 1706–1710: Daniel Parke 1710–1711: Walter Hamilton (first time, acting) 1711–1714: Walter Douglas 1714–1715: William Mathew, Jr. (first time, acting) 1715–1721: Walter Hamilton (second time) 1721–1728: John Hart 1728–1729: The Earl of Londonderry 1729: William Cosby (acting) 1729: George Forbes, 3rd Earl of Granard 1729–1752: Will ...more...




Next Page
Javascript Version
Revolvy Server https://www.revolvy.com