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George Alexander William Leith

Portrait of Sir George Alexander Leith

Major General Sir George Alexander William Leith, the second Baronet, (1775), K.C.B. O.B was the first Lieutenant-Governor of Prince of Wales' Island (Penang Island), taking the reins over from George Caunter, a magistrate who was acting superintendent following the resignation and departure of the last governor, Superintendent Major Forbes Ross MacDonald. He served in that position from his arrival in 1800 until 1803.[1] [2]

He was appointed an ensign in the 88th Foot in 1779 and served in Jamaica. He was promoted to lieutenant in 1780. He returned to England in November 1781 and moved to the 2nd Battalion of the Royals. He transferred to the 71st Foot in Madras in 1786. In 1789 he was appointed brigade-major and served under Major-General Sir William Meadows and Governor of India, Lord Cornwallis. He was at the sieges of Bangalore and Sevendroog, the Storming of Tippoo's lines and the surrender of Seringapatam. He was promoted to Captain-Lieutenant 74th Foot on 1 November 1792 and then to captain in the 73rd on 7 March 1795.[3] [4]

He served as aide-de-camp to the Governor-General in 1793 and as brigade major to the King's troops in Bengal in 1794.[3] [4]

In 1797 he sailed on the projected Manila expedition.[3] [4]

In February 1800 he was appointed Governor of Prince of Wales' Island and invested with the whole civil and military authority and on 20 April he arrived and took charge of the government. The Governor-general in council had selected him for the office of lieutenant-governor from his personal knowledge of Sir George's integrity, prudence and firmness and by his lordship's conviction that the services of Sir George Leith would be eminently useful in securing to the company all advantages to be derived from the important settlements (on Prince of Wales' Island).[2] That year Sir George negotiated a further treaty with the Sultan for the cession of a strip of mainland Kedah which was then renamed Province Wellesley after Richard Wellesley, 1st Marquess Wellesley, the Governor-General of India.[5] He continued to govern till 1803 when he was succeeded by Sir Robert Townsend Farquhar. The Prince of Wales' Island, together with Province Wellesley now formed the Settlement of Penang (the island having been locally known as Pulau Pinang, where in the Malay language "pulau" means "island" and "pinang" is the name of a variety of local palm tree).

He received a majority in the 17th Foot on 1 January 1800 and a lieutenant-colonelcy in the 2nd West-India Regiment on 13 June 1805.[3] [4] In 1805, because of his part in quelling a rebellion, he was presented with a set of porcelain by the King of Burma. At this time he had also completed and caused to be published, a book about his experiences on the island up to that point.[6] He continued as Lieutenant-Governor of Penang until 1806 when he received leave to return to England.[3] [4]

He was on the point of embarking for the West Indies, when he was ordered to Ireland as Assistant Adjutant-General of the British forces there. He attained the brevet rank of colonel in 1813, major-general in 1819, and on 20 November the same year he was appointed colonel of the 9th Royal Veteran Battalion. He was made a Knight-Commander of the Order of the Bath.[3] [4]

In 1805 he wrote and had published the book, "A Short Account of the Settlement, Produce, and Commerce of Prince of Wales Island, in the Straits of Malacca".[7]

In the 1830s he is recorded as living in a large townhouse, 41 Melville Street, in the west end of Edinburgh.[8]

He died in Scotland in 1842. Leith Street in Penang is named after him.

References
  1. Fort William-India House Correspondence and Other Contemporary Papers Relating Thereto By National Archives of India, Bengal (India), East India Company Published by Manager of Publications; Vols. 1-12: Public series; vols. 13-19: Foreign, political, and secret; vols. 20- : Military series; p. 445
  2. Lawrence Dundas Campbell, ed. (1809). "The Asiatic Annual Register For The Year 1807, Or, A View of the History of Hindustan, and of the Politics, Commerce and Literature of Asia: Or, A View of the History of Hindustan, and of the Politics, Commerce and Literature of Asia" (PDF). J. Debrett. pp. 22, 23, 160. Retrieved 2016-05-05.
  3. Annual Register Or A View Of History And Politics Of The Year 1842 edited by Edmund Burke Printed For J. G. F & J Rivington and &c., 1843; Item notes: v.84 1842; pp. 246, 247
  4. The Gentleman's Magazine Published by [s.n.], 1842; p. 552
  5. A History of Malaya: By J. Kennedy. 2nd Ed - by Joseph Kennedy - Malaya - 1970 - Page 79
  6. A short account of the settlement, produce, and commerce of Prince of Wales' island, in the straits of Malacca. By Sir George Leith. London, 1805.
  7. A Short Account of the ---Settlement, Produce, and Commerce of Prince of Wales Island, in the Straits of Malacca By George Leith, Sir George Leith Published by Printed for J. Booth, 1805
  8. "(144) - Scottish Post Office Directories > Towns > Edinburgh > 1805-1834 - Post Office annual directory > 1832-1833 - Scottish Directories - National Library of Scotland". Digital.nls.uk. Retrieved 2016-05-05.
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George Alexander William Leith

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Portrait of Sir George Alexander Leith Major General Sir George Alexander William Leith , the second Baronet, (1775), K.C.B. O.B was the first Lieutenant-Governor of Prince of Wales' Island (Penang Island), taking the reins over from George Caunter , a magistrate who was acting superintendent following the resignation and departure of the last governor , Superintendent Major Forbes Ross MacDonald . He served in that position from his arrival in 1800 until 1803. He was appointed an ensign in the 88th Foot in 1779 and served in Jamaica. He was promoted to lieutenant in 1780. He returned to England in November 1781 and moved to the 2nd Battalion of the Royals. He transferred to the 71st Foot in Madras in 1786. In 1789 he was appointed brigade-major and served under Major-General Sir William Meadows and Governor of India, Lord Cornwallis . He was at the sieges of Bangalore and Sevendroog, the Storming of Tippoo 's lines and the surrender of Seringapatam . He was promoted to Captain-Lieutenant 74th Foot on 1 Novem ...more...



Alexander Leith

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Alexander Leith may refer to: General Sir Alexander Leith (British Army officer) (1774–1859) Sir Alexander Leith, 1st Baronet (1869–1956) Alexander Forbes-Leith, 1st Baron Leith of Fyvie (1847–1925), Baron Leith Sir Alexander William Wellesley Leith, 3rd Baronet (1806–1842), of the Leith-Buchanan Baronets Sir Alexander Wellesley George Thomas Leith-Buchanan, 5th Baronet (1866–1925), of the Leith-Buchanan Baronets Alexander Leith may refer to: General Sir Alexander Leith (British Army officer) (1774–1859) Sir Alexander Leith, 1st Baronet (1869–1956) Alexander Forbes-Leith, 1st Baron Leith of Fyvie (1847–1925), Baron Leith Sir Alexander William Wellesley Leith, 3rd Baronet (1806–1842), of the Leith-Buchanan Baronets Sir Alexander Wellesley George Thomas Leith-Buchanan, 5th Baronet (1866–1925), of the Leith-Buchanan Baronets ...more...



George Leith

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George Leith may refer to: George Alexander William Leith (d. 1842), Lieutenant-Governor of Prince of Wales' Island (later Penang Island) George Esslemont Gordon Leith (1885-1965), South African architect George Leith of the Leith-Buchanan Baronets George Gordon Leith (1923–1996), a politician in Saskatchewan, Canada George Leith may refer to: George Alexander William Leith (d. 1842), Lieutenant-Governor of Prince of Wales' Island (later Penang Island) George Esslemont Gordon Leith (1885-1965), South African architect George Leith of the Leith-Buchanan Baronets George Gordon Leith (1923–1996), a politician in Saskatchewan, Canada ...more...



Leith

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Leith ; Scottish Gaelic : Lìte ; is an area to the north of the city of Edinburgh , Scotland, at the mouth of the Water of Leith . The earliest surviving historical references are in the royal charter authorising the construction of Holyrood Abbey in 1128. The medieval settlements of Leith had grown into a burgh by 1833, and the burgh was merged into Edinburgh in 1920. Historically part of the county of Midlothian , Leith is sited on the coast of the Firth of Forth and lies within the council area of the City of Edinburgh . The port remains one of its most valuable enterprises, handling over 1.5 million tonnes of cargo a year in 2003. South and North Leith Previous to the bridge being built in the late 15th century, Leith had settlements on either side of the river, lacking an easy crossing. South Leith was larger and was controlled by the lairds of Restalrig : the Logan family. It was based on trade and had many merchants' houses and warehouses. This was where ships offloaded their cargoes at The Shore whe ...more...



Leith-Buchanan baronets

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The Leith , later Leith-Buchanan Baronetcy , of Burgh St Peter in the County of Norfolk , is a title in the Baronetage of Great Britain . It was created on 21 November 1775 for Alexander Leith , Member of Parliament for Tregony . The third Baronet married Jemima, daughter of Hector Macdonald Buchanan. Their son the fourth Baronet assumed the additional surname of Buchanan in 1877. The presumed seventh Baronet never successfully proved his succession and was never on the Official Roll of the Baronetage . Likewise, as of 13 June 2007 the presumed eighth and present Baronet has not successfully proven his succession and is therefore not on the Official Roll of the Baronetage, with the baronetcy considered dormant since 1973. For more information, follow this link. The Leith family is of Scottish origin and descends from William Leith, Provost of Aberdeen in the 14th century. Leith, later Leith-Buchanan baronets, of Burgh St Peter (1775) Sir Alexander Leith, 1st Baronet (1741–1780) Sir George Alexander William L ...more...



Forbes baronets

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There have been five Baronetcies created for people with the surname Forbes , four in the Baronetage of Nova Scotia and one in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom . The first holder of the Burn Baronetcy of Jessfield, created in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom in 1923, assumed the surname of Forbes-Leith of Fyvie in 1925. Forbes, later Stuart-Forbes, of Monymusk (1626) The Forbes Baronetcy , of Pitsligo and Monymusk in the County of Aberdeen, was created in the Baronetage of Nova Scotia on 30 March 1626 for William Forbes , with remainder to heirs male whatsoever. He was a descendant of Duncan Forbes, second son of James Forbes, 2nd Lord Forbes (see the Lord Forbes ). The eighth Baronet assumed the additional surname and arms of Hepburn. He was the heir general of the last Lord Forbes of Pitsligo (his ancestor, the fourth Baronet, having married Hon. Mary, daughter of Alexander Forbes, 3rd Lord Forbes of Pitsligo). His only child, Harriet Williamina, married Charles Henry Rolle Trefusis, 20th Baron Clin ...more...



Leith Street, George Town

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Leith Street is a narrow road within the UNESCO World Heritage Site of the city of George Town in Penang , Malaysia . Once known as an enclave for rich Hakka tycoons, it is home to the famous Cheong Fatt Tze Mansion . The road was laid out in the early 19th century and named after one of the first Governors of Penang . Sir George Alexander William Leith , the Lieutenant-Governor of the Prince of Wales Island (1800-1803) Etymology Leith Street was named after George Alexander William Leith , who became the Lieutenant-Governor of Penang between 1800 and 1803. During Leith 's tenure, he succeeded in gaining a narrow hinterland on the Malay Peninsula directly opposite Penang Island from Kedah ; the land was subsequently named Province Wellesley (now Seberang Perai ). Leith also presided over the establishment of a committee of assessors in 1800. It was the first local authority to be founded in Malaya ; the committee would gradually evolve over the centuries into the present-day Penang Island City Council . When ...more...



Sir Alexander Leith, 1st Baronet (created 1775)

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Sir Alexander Charles George Leith, 1st Baronet (1741–1780) was a British soldier and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1774 and 1780. Leith was the son of Alexander Leith and his wife Anne who was the widow of John Milet of County Antrim. His father was killed at the siege of Havana in 1762. Leith joined the Royal Artillery and was lieutenant and fireworker in 1759. In 1764 he became 1st Lieutenant. He joined the service of the East India Company in 1768. He married firstly Margaret Wren, a widow and daughter of Thomas Hay of Huntington. He married secondly a daughter of General Sir John Cope, K.B. on 1 March 1775. At the 1774 general election Leith was returned unopposed as Member of Parliament for Tregony which was in the gift of the Treasury. He was a candidate at the last minute and was not one of the names that Lord North had put forward for the seat. Lord North, however, had him created baronet of Burgh St Peters, Norfolk on 21 November 1775. By 1778 however Leith had become a fierce ...more...



William Lindsay Alexander

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William Lindsay Alexander FRSE (24 August 1808 – 20 December 1884) was a Scottish church leader. Life He was born in Leith , the son of William Alexander, a wine merchant, and Elizabeth Lindsay. He was educated at Leith High School then the universities of St Andrews and Edinburgh , where he gained a lasting reputation for classical scholarship. He entered Glasgow Theological Academy under Ralph Wardlaw in September 1827, but in December of the same year he left to become classical tutor at the Blackburn Theological Academy, afterwards the Lancashire Independent College , in north-west England. He stayed at Blackburn until 1831, lecturing on biblical literature, metaphysics , Greek and Latin . After short visits to Germany and London, he was invited back to Edinburgh in November 1834 to become minister of North College Street church (afterwards Argyle Square), an independent church which had arisen in 1802 out of the evangelical movement associated with the Haldane brothers, Robert and James . When the church ...more...



Andrew Leith Hay

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Sir Andrew Leith Hay of Rannes KH FRSE FRS (17 February 1785 – 13 October 1862) was a Scottish soldier, Scottish Liberal Party politician and writer on architecture. Biography Andrew Leith Hay was the eldest son of General Alexander Leith Hay of Rannes and Mary Forbes of Ballogie (died 1824), and was born at Aberdeen on 17 February 1785. He entered the army as an ensign in the 72nd Foot on 8 January 1806, went to the Peninsula in 1808 as aide-de-camp to his uncle, General Sir James Leith , and served through the war until 1814. He was much employed in gaining intelligence, and was present at many of the actions from Corunna to the storming of San Sebastian . Wherever he went he made sketches, and in 1831 worked up these materials into two volumes, entitled A Narrative of the Peninsula War. On General Leith being appointed to the governorship of Barbadoes in 1816, his nephew accompanied him, and discharged the duties of military secretary and also those of assistant quartermaster-general and assistant adjutant ...more...



William Younger (brewery)

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William Younger & Company , commonly known as Younger's , was an Edinburgh brewery which grew from humble beginnings in 1778 to become one of the city’s main commercial enterprises, supplying domestic and foreign markets. It should not be confused with another, less renowned Edinburgh brewery, that of Robert Younger, who also brewed in Holyrood at the St. Ann's Brewery or that of George Younger, who brewed in Alloa . In 1931 Younger's merged with McEwan’s to form Scottish Brewers, which in turn merged with Newcastle Breweries in 1960 to form Scottish & Newcastle . By the late 1960s the combine employed the largest single workforce in the city. The company’s UK operations were taken over by Heineken in 2008. In October 2011 the Bedford -based Wells & Young's Brewery announced that it had purchased the Younger's and McEwan's brands from Heineken UK. Younger family William Younger (1733–1769) The Younger family home was in the village of Linton (now West Linton ), Peeblesshire , where their hous ...more...



Alexander Marshal

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Longhorn beetle Alexander Marshal (c.1620 – 7 December 1682 in London ) was an English entomologist, gardener and botanical artist, noted for the florilegium he compiled, consisting of some 160 folios of plants cultivated in English gardens, and finally presented to George IV in the 1820s. Marshal belonged to a coterie of gentleman gardeners from London, who cultivated and studied rare plants. These previously unknown species were introduced to England from the Near East and the New World in the 1600s. Marshal worked on his florilegium for some thirty years, and despite his not being a professional artist, his book boasts some of the most pleasing images in botanical art. Samuel Hartlib , the German polymath, wrote that Marshal had by 1650 produced a florilegium for the botanist and gardener John Tradescant the Younger . Marshal was described as an accomplished painter of flowers and fruit in Sir William Sanderson's Graphice of 1658. Marshal painted for the pleasure it gave to him and his horticulturist frien ...more...



James Leith (British Army officer)

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Lieutenant-General Sir James Leith GCB (8 August 1763 – 16 October 1816) was a Scottish soldier who served in the British Army, commanding the 5th Division in the Duke of Wellington 's Anglo-Portuguese Army at several critical battles during the Peninsular War between 1810 and 1813. Family background and education He was born at Leith Hall , the third son of John Leith and his wife Harriot (née Steuart). His father was shot and killed during a drunken argument when he was only four months old. He was initially educated at home by a private tutor, before attending the grammar school at Elgin , and Marischal College in Aberdeen, and after deciding to join the army was sent to a military academy at Lille . Early career Leith entered the Army in 1780, first serving as an ensign in the 21st Regiment of Foot . He soon became a lieutenant in the 81st Regiment of Foot (Aberdeenshire Highland Regiment), in which he was made captain on 3 December 1782. At the end of the American War in 1783 his regiment was disbanded ...more...



George Outram

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George Outram (1805–1856), humorous poet, was a Scottish advocate, a friend of Professor Wilson , and for some time editor of The Herald in Glasgow. Life He was born on 25 March 1805 the son of Joseph Outram, manager of the Clyde Ironworks , and Elizabeth Knox (1779-1866). He was born in the parish of New Monkland and Coatbridge. In 1807 the family moved to Leith , the harbour area of Edinburgh . He attended Leith High School and then Edinburgh University . He qualified as an advocate in 1827. In the 1830s he is listed as living at 14 Fettes Row, on the northern fringe of Edinburgh's New Town . In 1837 he married Frances McRobbie (d.1880) who had been born in Jamaica . In the same year he took over the parent company which printed the Glasgow Herald . This had been founded in 1783 by John Mennons . Under Outram's leadership it grew considerably, becoming the "eponymous" Scottish printing company and renaming itself George Outram & Co . From 19 July 1839 the newspaper bore the name of Outram & Co as ...more...



Lickleyhead Castle

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Lickleyhead Castle is a well-restored L-plan castle , dating from around 1600, a little south of Auchleven , by the banks of the Gadie Burn, in Aberdeenshire , Scotland . Alternative names are Licklihead; and Licklyhead Castle. History The estate originally belonged to Clan Leslie , but William Leith, who had twice been Provost of Aberdeen , acquired it from George Leslie in the 13th century. It remained in that family until, in 1625, Patrick Leith sold it to William Forbes of Leslie , who is thought to have restored the main element of the building, perhaps with the help of John Bell of Aberdeen . While residing in the house, William Forbes, illegitimate son of John Forbes, accidentally shot off his hand. This was believed to be judgment on him for the murder of Alexander Irvine, who was thought to be a supporter of the Marquess of Montrose . After the Restoration , he was executed for the crime. The house was owned by the Hays for a period from the end of the 17th century. Patrick Duff of Craigston purchase ...more...



George Mackay of Skibo

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George Mackay of Skibo ( Skibo Castle ) (c. 1715 – 25 June 1782) was a Scottish lawyer, soldier and politician. He fought for the British Government during the Jacobite rising of 1745 and was later a Member of Parliament . Early life Mackay was a younger son of George Mackay, 3rd Lord Reay and his third wife Mary Dowell. He was educated at the University of Aberdeen and became an advocate in 1737. Jacobite rising of 1745 The Clan Mackay supported the British Government during the Jacobite rising of 1745 . George Mackay was Captain of the 1st Mackay Independent Highland Company that was raised by Duncan Forbes, Lord Culloden to oppose the Jacobites . George Mackay took an active part in the Skirmish of Tongue in March 1746 when money and supplies that were destined for the Jacobites were captured from a French ship. He also led his independent company in the Raids on Lochaber and Shiramore . This led to a commission in the regular British Army , from which he retired in 1748. Member of Parliament He was ...more...



George Caunter

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George Caunter (1758 — April 1812) governed the Prince of Wales' Island ( Penang Island ) as Acting Superintendent in 1797 during Superintendent Major Forbes Ross MacDonald 's leave of absence and again in 1799 upon the resignation and departure of MacDonald. He served as Acting Superintendent until the arrival of Sir George Alexander William Leith in 1800. Life and family George Caunter was born in 1758" to George Caunter (1716 — 1767) and Esther, of Abham, Staverton, Devonshire in England. His siblings were Esther (b.1756), Priscilla (b.1760) and Richard (b.1763). He married Harriett Georgina Hutchings (b.1769 Devonshire — 1800 Govt. Hse, Penang). Their children were George Henry (b.1791), Harriett Georgina Hutchings (b.1793), (Rev.) John Hobart (1794 — 14 Nov. 1851), (Male child) and Richard MacDonald Caunter (21 Jul. 1794 — 14 Nov.1851). Career Caunter, a Second Lieutenant on 13 April 1781 became a Reduced Second Lieutenant (13 April 1781) in the Royal Marines, put on half-pay from 22 March 1792. Supe ...more...



George Kellie

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Dr George Kellie MD, FRSE (1770–1829) was a Scottish surgeon who, together with Alexander Monro secundus gave his name to the Monro-Kellie doctrine , a concept which relates intracranial pressure to the volume of intracranial contents and is a basic tenet of our understanding of the neuropathology of raised intracranial pressure . The doctrine states that since the skull is incompressible, and the volume inside the skull is fixed then any increase in volume of one of the cranial constituents must be compensated by a decrease in volume of another. Previous research about George Kellie (1720–1779) may have been hampered by a widely cited incorrect year of birth, by the spelling of his name as Kellie or Kelly and by confusion with his father, also a surgeon in Leith, with the same name and subject to similar spelling variations. Early life George Kellie was born in Leith , the seaport for Edinburgh which was at that time the fifth largest town in Scotland. His parents George Kellie (1742–1805), originally from ...more...



William Mitchell (Scottish entrepreneur)

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William Mitchell (16 March 1781 – 17 February 1854) was a Scottish entrepreneur. He was born in Alloa , Clackmannanshire , the second son of Alexander Mitchell and Janet Barrowman. He was a co-founder of the Alloa Coal Company later run by his sons Andrew and Alexander. He was an important investor (along with other members of his family) in the Leith shipping line William Thomson and Co; better known as the Ben Line . In the 1840s, the Ben Line was in the North Atlantic trade, taking Aloa coal to Canada and returning with timber. His more famous grandsons include the British civil servant in India John Ontario Miller (1857–1843), the founder of the Luscar Coal Company Colonel Alexander Mitchell (Scottish entrepreneur) (1871–1934), Sir Mitchell Mitchell-Thomson (1846–1918) a Lord Provost of Edinburgh and the noted Scottish Humanities scholar William Mitchell Ramsay (1851–1939). References George Blake, The Ben Line, Thomas Nelson and Sons Ltd; London, 1956 John L. Carvel, One Hundred Years in Coal, T and A Co ...more...



George Smith (1833–1919)

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George Smith CIE FRGS LLD (1833–1919) was a 19th Scottish historian and geographer who spent his working life in India . He was father to a family of eminent figures. Life The grave of George Smith LLD, Grange Cemetery, Edinburgh He was born in Leith on 28 April 1833 the son of Adam Smith (1809-1837) and his wife Isabella Anderson. His father died while he was a young child. He was educated at the High School in Edinburgh then studied at Edinburgh University graduating around 1850. In 1855 he moved to Calcutta , in India, to act as the first Principal of the Doveton College , a boys' school in Madras . In 1856, aged only 23, he became a Fellow of the University of Calcutta and also began to operate as their Examiner. From 1857 he was Editor of the "Calcutta Review". From 1860 he was the official Indian correspondent for The Times newspaper in Britain. By the 1870s he had returned to Scotland and was living at Scagrore House in Seafield , east of Leith . He was then editor of the journal, "Friends of India". F ...more...



List of provosts of Aberdeen

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The Lord Provost of Aberdeen is the convener of the Aberdeen City local authority in Scotland . They are elected by the city council and serve not only as the chair of that body, but as a figurehead for the entire city. They are equivalent in many ways to the institution of Mayor that exists in many other countries. Each of the 32 Scottish local authorities elects a Convener or Provost , but only the cities of Glasgow , Edinburgh , Aberdeen and Dundee have a Lord Provost . This was confirmed in the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973 and subsequently in the Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994 Since 1899, the Lord Provost of Aberdeen, has also been ex officio the Lord-Lieutenant of the city. Following local government re-organisation brought about by the Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994 , this arrangement was confirmed in the Lieutenancies Act 1997 . 13th Century (1272–1273) Richard Cementarius (1273–1274) Mathew Greatheued (1281–1282) Mathew Greatheued (1284–1285) Malcolm de Pelgoneni 14th Cen ...more...



Siege of Leith

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The Siege of Leith ended a twelve-year encampment of French troops at Leith , the port near Edinburgh , Scotland . The French troops arrived by invitation in 1548 and left in 1560 after an English force arrived to attempt to assist in removing them from Scotland. The town was not taken by force and the French troops finally left peacefully under the terms of a treaty signed by Scotland, England and France . Background James Hamilton, Earl of Arran, Regent of Scotland from 1542 to 1554 The Auld Alliance and Reformation of religion Scotland and France had long been allies under the " Auld Alliance ", first established in the 13th century. However, during the 16th century, divisions appeared between a pro-French faction at Court and Protestant reformers. The Protestants saw the French as a Catholic influence and, when conflict broke out between the two factions, called on English Protestants for assistance in expelling the French from Scotland. In 1542, King James V of Scotland died, leaving only a week-old daug ...more...



Visit of King George IV to Scotland

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The 1822 visit of King George IV to Scotland was the first visit of a reigning monarch to Scotland in nearly two centuries. Government ministers had pressed the King to bring forward a proposed visit to Scotland, to divert him from diplomatic intrigue at the Congress of Verona . The visit increased his popularity in Scotland, turning his subjects away from the rebellious radicalism of the time. However, it was Sir Walter Scott 's organisation of the visit, with the inclusion of tartan pageantry, that was to have a lasting influence, by elevating the tartan kilt to become part of Scotland's national identity . Background After nearly a decade of ruling as Prince Regent , George IV acceded to the throne and his coronation on 19 July 1821, was celebrated by splendid traditional pageantry, much of it invented for the occasion. He was obese and was widely unpopular, with many offended by his treatment of his wife . He had also been struggling to manipulate the government, which was seen as a corrupt oligarchy by R ...more...



Alexander Carse

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Alexander Carse (c. 1770 – February 1843) was a Scottish painter known for his scenes of Scottish life. His works include a large canvas of George IV's visit to Leith and three early paintings of football matches. Life Carse was born in Innerwick in East Lothian to William and Catherine Carse, and was baptised early in 1770. Carse started at the Trustees Drawing Academy of Edinburgh in 1801; here he studied Dutch painting , which influenced his later representations of interiors. He was taught by David Allan , who was a strong influence on his early style. By 1808 he was described as the best painter of village scenes by the Scottish antiquarian the 11th Earl of Buchan . Covenanters in a Glen, c. 1800 The Foot-ball Play, c. 1830 In 1795 Carse painted a group portrait of himself and what are believed to be his mother and sister. The painting shows a painter's room, with his mother reading the Bible to her two children, now adults. This work is currently in the National Galleries of Scotland collection. By his ...more...



Alexander Whyte

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7 Charlotte Square, Edinburgh (right) Rev Dr Alexander Whyte DD (January 13, 1836 – January 6, 1921) was a Scottish divine . Life He was born in Kirriemuir , Forfarshire to Janet Thomson, an unmarried girl. Janet declined to marry Alexander's father, John Whyte, who thereafter went to America. She did however give Alexander his father's surname. His mother joined the Free Church of Scotland at the Disruption of 1843 . In 1848 he began an apprenticeship as a cobbler . In 1854 he took on a role as schoolteacher at Padanarum in Forfar and the following year moved to teach in Airlie . In Airlie the local minister taught him Latin and Greek, enabling him to apply for university He studied Divinity at the University of Aberdeen and then at New College, Edinburgh graduatring in 1866. This was in part funded by his estranged father. His half-sister, Elizabeth Whyte, came to join him from America to help him keep house. There she met his colleague, Rev Thomas Macadam, whom she married. Alexander entered the ministry ...more...



Warriston Cemetery

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Central vaults, Warriston Cemetery The railway bridge, Warriston Cemetery Warriston Cemetery looking down the south-west path to the war memorial Warriston Cemetery lies in Warriston , one of the northern suburbs of Edinburgh , Scotland. It was built by the then newly formed Edinburgh Cemetery Company, and occupies around 14 acres (5.7 ha) of land on a slightly sloping site. It contains many tens of thousands of graves, including notable Victorian and Edwardian figures, the most eminent being the physician Sir James Young Simpson . It is located on the north side of the Water of Leith , and has an impressive landscape; partly planned, partly unplanned due to recent neglect. It lies in the Inverleith Conservation Area and is also a designated Local Nature Conservation Site. The cemetery is protected as a Category A listed building . In July 2013 the Friends of Warriston Cemetery was inaugurated to reveal the heritage and to encourage appropriate biodiversity. History The 8m high granite cross to Robertson McL ...more...



Deputy Lieutenant of Aberdeenshire

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A Deputy Lieutenant of Aberdeenshire is commissioned by the Lord Lieutenant of Aberdeenshire . The Lieutenancy Area of Aberdeenshire was previously known as the County of Aberdeen - not to be confused with the former County of the City of Aberdeen . Deputy Lieutenants support the work of the Lord-Lieutenant. There can be several deputy lieutenants at any time, depending on the population of the county. Their appointment does not terminate with the changing of the Lord-Lieutenant, but they usually retire at age 75. 19th Century (30 June 1849) The Right Honourable Francis Alexander Keith Falconer, Earl of Kintore (30 June 1849) Alexander Bannerman (30 June 1849) James Gordon (27 May 1861) The Honourable Arthur Hamilton Gordon (27 May 1861) Colonel Charles Leslie (27 May 1861) Mountstuart Elphinstone Grant Duff (27 May 1861) Sir James Horn Burnett of Leys (27 May 1861) Francis Farquharson (27 May 1861) James Dyce Nicol (27 May 1861) Arthur Forbes Gordon (27 May 1861) Lieutenant-Colonel Henry Knight Erskine of Pi ...more...



James Kinnear

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James Kinnear WS FRSE (1810-1849) was a short-lived but influential Scottish lawyer. His legal title was Master Extraordinary in Chancery and Commissioner of English Affairs . Life He was born on 2 December 1810 one of twelve children of George Kinnear (1751-1823), an Edinburgh banker, and his wife Fearne Gardner. They lived at 31 Queen Street in the New Town . He was apprenticed as a lawyer to Richard Mackenzie WS at 12 Thistle Street, close to his family home, around 1825. The office later transferred to William Sharp WS at the same address (presumably on the death of Mackenzie). He qualified as a Writer to the Signet in 1832 and thereafter set up his own premises at 81 George Street, a fairly prestigious address in the city centre and far grander than his previous employer’s premises. At this time he was living at 9 Doune Terrace on the Moray Estate on the west side of Edinburgh. In 1841 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh . His proposer was George Augustus Borthwick . In later li ...more...



Leith Burghs (UK Parliament constituency)

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Leith Burghs was a district of burghs constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1832 to 1918. The constituency represented the parliamentary burghs of Leith , Musselburgh and Portobello . In 1918 Leith was included in Leith , while Musselburgh and Portobello were merged into Edinburgh East . Members of Parliament Election Member Party 1832 John Murray Liberal 1839 by-election Andrew Rutherfurd Liberal 1851 by-election James Moncreiff Liberal 1859 Sir William Miller Liberal 1868 Robert Andrew Macfie Liberal 1874 Donald Robert Macgregor Liberal 1878 Andrew Grant Liberal 1885 William Jacks Liberal 1886 Liberal Unionist 1886 William Ewart Gladstone Liberal 1886 Ronald Munro Ferguson Liberal 1914 George Welsh Currie Unionist 1918 constituency abolished Election results Decades: 1830s 1840s 1850s 1860s 1870s 1880s Elections in the 1830s General Election 1832 : Leith Burghs Party Candidate Votes % ± Liberal John Murray Unopposed Registered electors 1,624 Liberal win (new seat) ...more...



Alexander Black (architect)

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Alexander Black (c. 1790 – 19 February 1858) was a Scottish architect, born in Edinburgh around 1790, and who rose to fame principally due to his association with George Heriot’s School where he acted as Superintendent of Works for most of his active life. Life In 1832 he is shown as a surveyor living at 17 Calton Place in Edinburgh . He operated as an architect for George Heriot's School from 1833, taking over from Thomas Bonnar on his retiral. He is particularly noteworthy for his Heriot Trust Schools, built by the school to serve the poorer children of Edinburgh. His work is identifiable in its reuse of detailing from the main school particularly on the corner “quoins”. Two of the schools (Broughton Street and Cowgate/Pleasance) were notable for including their playground under the buildings behind an arcaded front, their being sited on tight urban plots with no space for conventional playgrounds. This device was later copied by Edward Robert Robson for some of his London School Board buildings, where lan ...more...



Baron Burgh

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Baron Burgh is a title that has been created twice in the Peerage of England . The first creation was for William de Burgh in 1327. The second, and still existing, peerage is of uncertain date. No Burgh sat in the House of Lords before 1529; the grandfather of that Lord Burgh had been summoned to the House in 1487, but did not sit; whether this was sufficient to create a barony by writ is debatable. The Barony was in abeyance for over three hundred years; when it was called out of abeyance, in 1916, it was accorded precedence as of 1487. 1327 creation William de Burgh, 3rd Earl of Ulster was summoned to the English Parliament in 1327 and 1328, by writs addressed Willelmo de Burgh, which, by modern law, would create a Barony of Burgh; he was also summoned in 1331 as Comes de Ulton' (that is, Earl of Ulster) for a Parliament discussing Irish affairs. Insofar as these created English peerages, they were merged in the Crown when Edward IV , his distant descendant, acceded to the throne in 1461. 1487 creation? Sir ...more...



Alexander Monro (secundus)

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The grave of Alexander Monro, Greyfriars Kirkyard Alexander Monro of Craiglockhart and Cockburn FRSE FRCPE (22 May 1733 – 2 October 1817) was a Scottish anatomist, physician and medical educator. To distinguish him as the second of three generations of physicians of the same name , he is known as secundus. His students included the naval physician and abolitionist Thomas Trotter . Alexander was from the distinguished Monro of Auchenbowie family. His major achievements included, describing the lymphatic system, providing the most detailed elucidation of the musculo-skeletal system to date and introducing clinical medicine into the curriculum. He is known for the Monro-Kellie doctrine on intracranial pressure, a hypothesis developed by Monro and his former pupil George Kellie , who worked as a surgeon in the port of Leith. Life Alexander Monro secundus, the third and youngest son of Alexander Monro primus and Isabella Macdonald of Sleat , was born at Edinburgh on 20 May 1733. He was sent with his brothers to M ...more...



Alexander Morgan (mathematician)

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Alexander Morgan PEIS FRSE OBE LLD (1860–1946) was a Scottish mathematician and educator. He was President of the Educational Institute of Scotland 1911/12. He was involved in the creation of the Education Act 1918 . Life He was born in Leith on 21 August 1860 the son of Ann and William Morgan originally from Aberdeenshire . The family returned to Aberdeen during his infancy and he was educated there at the North Parish School. Returning to Edinburgh he initially studied for the ministry at the Church of Scotland Training College but then abandoned this and instead studied Mathematics and Natural Philosophy (Physics) at Edinburgh University , graduating MA in 1886. Upon graduating he began lecturing in mathematics at the Church of Scotland TRaining College and became its Principal in 1903. In 1896 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh . His proposers were George Chrystal , Simon Somerville Laurie , John Sturgeon Mackay and Peter Guthrie Tait . He was President of the Edinburgh Mathematical ...more...



George Ritchie Gilruth

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Dr George Ritchie Gilruth FRSE LRCP LRCSE (1842-1921) was a Scottish surgeon and author. Life 53 Northumberland Street, Edinburgh He was born on 24 October 1842 the son of John Gilruth a writing master in Leith just north of Edinburgh and living at 28 Constitution Street. His mother was Eliza Ritchie. He is presumed to have qualified as a doctor at Edinburgh University . He qualified as a surgeon in 1865. In 1877 he was living at 9 Union Street in Edinburgh and is noted as a qualified surgeon. He was a Demonstrator in Anatomy at the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh . In 1880 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh . His proposers were William Ferguson , Andrew Douglas Maclagan , Patrick Heron Watson and Thomas Alexander Goldie Balfour . In June 1888 he is noted as an Acting Surgeon in the Edinburgh City Artillery Volunteer Corps. He was then living at 48 Nothumberland Street. In 1911 he is noted as living at 53 Northumberland Street in Edinburgh's Second New Town . He later worked as ...more...



Lord Lieutenant of Aberdeenshire

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The Lord Lieutenant of Aberdeenshire , is the British monarch 's personal representative in an area consisting of the county of Aberdeen as it existed immediately prior to abolition for local government purposes by the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973 except that part within Aberdeen City . The office was created on 6 May 1794. List of Lord Lieutenants of Aberdeenshire Alexander Gordon, 4th Duke of Gordon 17 March 1794 – 1808 George Gordon, 5th Duke of Gordon 12 April 1808 – 28 May 1836 William Hay, 18th Earl of Erroll 6 June 1836 – 19 April 1846 George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen 21 April 1846 – 14 December 1860 Charles Gordon, 10th Marquess of Huntly 13 February 1861 – 18 September 1863 Francis Keith-Falconer, 8th Earl of Kintore 28 December 1863 – 18 July 1880 John Hamilton-Gordon, 1st Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair 17 September 1880 – 7 March 1934 George Gordon, 2nd Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair 11 May 1934 – 1959 Sir Ian Forbes-Leith, 2nd Baronet 29 January 1959 – 17 March 1973 David Gor ...more...



Trinity Academy, Edinburgh

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Trinity Academy is a state-run secondary school in the north of Edinburgh , Scotland. It is located on the border between Trinity and Leith , next to Victoria Park, and a short distance from the banks of the Firth of Forth at Newhaven . Admissions Trinity Academy was formerly a Senior Secondary school, prior to the abolition of the selective Qualifying exam, which was normally taken in Primary 7 at age 12 years. It is fed from three main primary schools ; Trinity Primary (which is immediately adjacent), Victoria Primary in Newhaven, and Wardie Primary in Wardie. The school colours are black and yellow. History Craighall Road School On 4 September 1893, Craighall Road School was opened with Thomas Trotter, formerly of North Fort Street, as rector. With a frontage deemed ‘of a superior kind to most other schools’ it had cost £18,850 and five shillings, (excluding the purchase of the land from the Laird of Bonnington, James Clerk-Rattray) and had electric bells and voice tubes connecting the Rector's room to the ...more...



List of colonial governors in 1816

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This is a list of the governors of colonies , protectorates , or other dependencies in 1816. Where applicable, native rulers are also listed. Denmark Danish Gold Coast – Christian Schiønning , Governor of the Danish Gold Coast (1807–1817) Danish West Indies – Peter Lotharius von Oxholm, Governor-General of the Danish West Indies (1815–1816) Johan Henrik von Stabel, Governor-General of the Danish West Indies (1816) Adrian Benjamin Bentzon, Governor-General of the Danish West Indies (1816–1820) Iceland – Johan Carl Thuerecht Castenschiold, Governor of Iceland (1813–1819) North Greenland – Peter Hanning Motzfeldt , Inspector of North Greenland (1803–1817) South Greenland – Marcus Nissen Myhlenphort , Inspector of South Greenland (1802–1821) France French Guiana – under Portuguese rule (1809–1817) Guadeloupe – Occupied by British 10 August 1815 – 25 July 1816 Antoine Philippe de Lardenoy , Governor of Guadeloupe (1816–1823) Martinique – Pierre-René-Marie, comte de Vaugiraud , Governor of Martinique (1814–1818) Ré ...more...



William Mossman

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William Mossman (18 August 1793 – 23 June 1851) was a Scottish sculptor operational in the early 19th century, and father to three sculptor sons. Life Said to be a descendant of James Mossman (1530–1573), Mossman was born in West Linton , the son of the local schoolmaster, John Mossman (died 1808) and Jean Forrest. He apparently trained under Sir Francis Chantrey in London before returning to Scotland in 1823, where he first lived in Edinburgh , working as a marble cutter on Leith Walk before moving Glasgow in 1830, where he lived for the remainder of his life. In 1833 he began his own company "William Mossman", renamed to "J G & W Mossman" in 1854, when he embraced his sons into the firm as partners. From 1857 the firm was known as J & G Mossman Ltd. During the boom of cemetery development in Glasgow Mossman received many commissions for monuments in the Glasgow Necropolis , Sighthill Cemetery and the Southern Necropolis. Mossman died in 1851 and was buried in Sighthill Cemetery in north Glasgow , ...more...



William Fowler (architect)

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William Fowler (1824-1906) was a 19th-century Scottish architect closely linked to the northern town of Golspie and the surrounding area. Life The Fowler grave, New Calton Cemetery , Edinburgh He was born at 28 Jamaica Street in Edinburgh's Second New Town the son of George Fowler (1798-1862) a builder, and his wife Margaret Kirk. His uncle Alexander Fowler was also a builder. He was apprenticed as an architect to David Bryce . He received employment with the 2nd Duke of Sutherland as his estate surveyor (working with the architect George Devey ), and later overseeing the vast building project at Dunrobin Castle , designed by Sir Charles Barry . During this period he began living in Golspie where he thereafter had a lifelong connection. From 1881 he lived at 7 Duke Street in Golspie. In 1891 he retired and moved to Greenend in Liberton, Edinburgh . In 1900 he moved to Mount Chasse (now 11) Broomieknowe in Lasswade , south of Edinburgh . He died at Mount Chasse on 3 February 1906. He is buried with his parent ...more...



Alexander Hugh Freeland Barbour

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4 Charlotte Square, Edinburgh The grave of Alexander Hugh Freeland Balfour, Dean Cemetery Alexander Hugh Freeland Barbour MD LLD FRSE FRCPE (1856 - 11 June 1927) was a Scottish gynaecologist and noted medical author. He was President of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh and co-author of the world-acclaimed Manual of Gynaecology. Life He was born in Edinburgh the youngest son of George Freeland Barbour of Bonskeid (1810-1887), a Director of the North British Railway , and Margaret Fraser Sandeman. He received an MA and BSc in Natural Science before then studying Medicine, all within Edinburgh University . He graduated MD in 1884 having won a gold medal for his thesis: On Spinal Deformity in relation to Obstetrics. He was attracted to obstetrics and gynaecology through the influence of Professor Sir Alexander Russell Simpson, his brother-in-law, to whom he became University Assistant. Later he was appointed physician to the Simpson Memorial Maternity Hospital and gynaecologist to the Royal Infirmary; ...more...



George Panton

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George A. Panton FRSE (d. 1902) was a 19th century British botanist. He is thought to have been born in Edinburgh around 1840, possibly the son of William Panton, a clothier. In 1863 he is noted as a member of the Botanical Society of Edinburgh and was living at 31 Gayfield Square at the top of Leith Walk . In 1877 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh . His proposers were Sir Charles Wyville Thomson , Sir Archibald Geikie , John Hutton Balfour , and Alexander Buchan . In 1882 he is noted as Secretary of the Birmingham branch of the Botanical Society of Edinburgh and is living at 95 Colmore Row. References Transactions and Proceedings of the Botanical Society of Edinburgh 1863 BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OF FORMER FELLOWS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF EDINBURGH 1783 – 2002 (PDF) . The Royal Society of Edinburgh. July 2006. ISBN   0 902 198 84 X . http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/03746608609468248?journalCode=tped18 George A. Panton FRSE (d. 1902) was a 19th century British botanist. He is thoug ...more...



William Crichton, 1st Lord Crichton

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William Crichton, 1st Lord Crichton (died 1454) was an important political figure in the late medieval Kingdom of Scotland . Life The son of Sir John Crichton of Crichton , William Crichton is first attested to as one of the Scots noblemen and gentry who were given safe passage into England to meet James I of Scotland , following the latter's release from captivity. Crichton was one of eighteen gentlemen to receive the honour of knighthood at the coronation of King James on 21 May 1424, and was made a Gentleman of the Bedchamber . In 1426, Crichton, described as a knight of the royal chamber, along with William Fowlis, the royal almoner , and Thomas de Cranston, King's squire were sent as envoys to the court of Eric III of Norway , to negotiate a continuation of the peace between their respective countries. Upon his return he was appointed governor of Edinburgh Castle , Master of the Royal Household and by 1435 Sheriff of Edinburgh. In 1437 Crichton, as Keeper of Edinburgh, had control of the six-year-old J ...more...



List of British generals and brigadiers

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This is a list of people who held general officer rank or the rank of brigadier (together now recognized as starred officers) in the British Army , Royal Marines , British Indian Army or other military force. It does not include English Army generals or Scottish Army generals. Neither England nor Scotland has had its own army since the Acts of Union in 1707. Generals promoted by the Kingdom of Great Britain (1707–1800), United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (1801–1922) and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (1922-present) are included. See also Category:British generals - note that a "Brigadier" is not classed as a "general" in the British Army, despite being a NATO 1-star equivalent rank. Hence, in the lists below: 1* = Brigadier General/Brigadier 2* = Major General 3* = Lieutenant General 4* = General (dates after the name are birth and death) A Rank Name Born Died Notes Major-General Abadie, Henry Richard Henry Richard Abadie 1841 1915 Major-General Abbott, Herbert Edward Stacy ...more...



Andrew Rutherfurd, Lord Rutherfurd

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Lord Rutherfurd. Bust of Andrew Rutherfurd, Lord Rutherfurd, by William Theod Rome (1837) Old College, Edinburgh University Rutherfurd's home at 9 St Colme Street, Edinburgh (centre: blue door) Andrew Rutherfurd, Lord Rutherfurd , PC , FRSE (born Andrew Bervie ; 1791–1852) was a Scottish advocate, judge and politician. Life He was born at Bristo Port in Edinburgh on 21 June 1791. His father was the minister Rev William Greenfield FRSE but the family changed their name to Rutherfurd, his mother's maiden name (Janet Rutherfurd, Mrs Bervie ), in 1799 after his father was disgraced in a sex scandal. Grave in the Dean Cemetery Educated at the Royal High School and Edinburgh University , he became an advocate in 1812. In the 1830s he is listed as an advocate living at 9 St Colme Street on the Moray Estate in Edinburgh 's west end. His house was remodelled by William Notman in 1835, whilst working in the offices of William Henry Playfair . He was appointed Solicitor General for Scotland from 1837, becoming Lord Ad ...more...



John Rhind (sculptor)

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Medallion head of John Rhind and his wife on his grave in Warriston Cemetery Edinburgh Golden statue of Fame on top of the main dome, Bank of Scotland Head Office, Edinburgh by John Rhind John Rhind's signature John Rhind ARSA (1828 – 1892) was a Scottish sculptor, based in Edinburgh. He was born in Banff the son of a master mason. He was trained under Alexander Handyside Ritchie (1804-1870). He was master of the masonic lodge on Hill Street in Edinburgh from 1864 to 1868. He died on 5 April 1892 a few days after being elected an Associate of the RSA, and is buried in Warriston Cemetery , Edinburgh with a monument by his son John Massey Rhind. He was the father of the sculptors William Birnie Rhind and J. Massey Rhind , and of the architect Sir Thomas Duncan Rhind . Works The carving at Paisley Close Edinburgh Portrait heads (Victoria, Albert, James Watt , Charles Darwin , Michelangelo , and Sir Isaac Newton ), National Museum of Scotland , Chambers Street , Edinburgh (1859) Carving on West Bow Well, Grassmar ...more...



Alexander Henry (gun maker)

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Alexander Henry (1818-1894) was a Scottish gun maker, based in Edinburgh , and designer of the Henry rifling and barrel used in the Martini–Henry rifle. He submitted a rifle to the competition organised by the British government for a replacement to their existing Snider–Enfield service weapon. Ironically, his breech action and barrel were both judged to be the best (and won the prizes) but the War Office did not adopt its action, preferring that of von Martini, but did adopt its seven-grooved barrel rifling scheme. The resulting Martini-Henry rifle is named after von Martini and himself. Henry is a fascinating character – from a number of personal tragedies in his family, to some disastrous other business ventures, but he also was the "First Volunteer" – the first signatory to the creation of the Queen’s Edinburgh Rifle Volunteers , moderator of the High Constables of Edinburgh , a Justice of the Peace , freemason and Edinburgh town councillor . He was admitted to The Royal Scottish Society Of Arts in March ...more...



Alexander Lauder (chemist)

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Dr Alexander Lauder FRSE FIC (1870-1943) was a Scottish agricultural chemist. Life3 He was born in Greenock in 1870. He studied at the Andersonian college in Glasgow under Prof William Dittmar then at Edinburgh University . He began as an assistant lecturer at University College Bangor in Wales . He then returned to Edinburgh University to lecture in Agricultural Chemistry, also lecturing at the East of Scotland College of Agriculture. During this period he lived at 13 George Square in Edinburgh . In 1910 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh . His proposers were Sir James Johnston Dobbie , Alexander Crum Brown , Sir James Walker and Arthur Pillans Laurie . He served as the Society’s Secretary 1923 to 1928. He died in Greenock on 11 November 1943. Publications Chemistry and Agriculture (1933) References Edinburgh and Leith Post Office Directory 1911-12 BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OF FORMER FELLOWS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF EDINBURGH 1783 – 2002 (PDF) . The Royal Society of Edinburgh. July 2006. ISBN ...more...



Thomas Bonnar

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Bellevue Terrace designed by Thomas Bonnar Thomas Bonnar ( d.1847) was a Scottish interior designer and architect of note, working in the Edinburgh area. He is particularly remembered for his outstanding ceilings. Thomas was father to William Bonnar RSA (1800-1853), artist, and Thomas Bonnar (1810-1873) engraver, who collaborated with William on several works. The group are also known by the family company name of Bonnar & Co . Life He was born in Edinburgh around 1770, the son of John Bonnar who had created the ceilings in Penicuik House . His family lived in a then new house at 6 South St David Street during his teenage years. He was appointed as a burgess of the city in 1795 and a "sworn measurer" in 1807 and Superintendent of Works for the city in 1809, operating from the Magdalene Chapel in the Cowgate . From 1810 he acted as architect and surveyor to George Heriot’s School . He lost all public posts in January 1819 due to a bungled execution on 30 December (part of his wide scope of duties) which ...more...



Burney's Academy

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Dr. Burney's Academy , founded 1791 by Dr. William Burney (1762 – December 1832), was a preparatory school or " crammer " in Gosport , Hampshire , England, whose aim was to prepare young men for the Royal Navy 's entrance examinations and a naval career, though many of its students went on to Army or civilian careers. History On the death of Burney, his son Henry took over running of the school, followed by Henry's brother Edward (c.1817-1888), then William's grandson the Rev. Edward Amyatt Amyatt Burney, who became Rector of Rowner, to the north-west of Gosport (1848–1920). The school was sold in 1889. At some time before 1891 it received patronage of Queen Victoria , Prince Albert , the Prince of Wales and the Duke of Connaught, and was renamed the Royal Academy. The Rev. F. G. Johnson was Head Master from 1888 until the school closed in 1904. Notable alumni Thomas Murray-Prior (1819–1892) John Cowans (1862–1921) Charles Cooper Penrose Fitzgerald (1841–1921) Alexander Forbes-Leith, 1st Baron Leith of Fyv ...more...



List of Fellows of the Royal Society elected in 1839

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This page lists Fellows of the Royal Society elected in 1839. Sir Thomas Dyke Acland, 10th Baronet George Barker Beriah Botfield Robert Carrington, 2nd Baron Carrington Arthur Conolly Charles Darwin Edward Davies Davenport Henry Mangles Denham Richard Drew Henry Drummond Arthur Farre Thomas William Fletcher William James Frodsham Thomas Gaskin George Godwin John Thomas Graves Edwin Guest George Gulliver James Halliwell-Phillipps Christopher Hansteen Peter Hardy James Heywood John Hilton John Hogg Gilbert Wakefield Mackmurdo Samuel Roffey Maitland Macedonio Melloni Henry Moseley H Alexander Ormsby Adolphe Quetelet William Reid Robert Rigg John Rogers George Leith Roupell Félix Savart William Sharpey Clement Tudway Swanston James Joseph Sylvester Charles Thorp Charles Turnor John Wesley Williams James Yates References "Fellows of the Royal Society" . London: Royal Society. Archived from the original on 2015-03-16. O'Connor, John J. ; Robertson, Edmund F. , "Félix Savart" , MacTutor History of Mathematics archiv ...more...




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