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Franz Biebl

Franz Xaver Biebl (1 September 1906 – 2 October 2001) was a German composer of classical music. Most of his compositions were for choral ensembles.

Biebl was born in Pursruck, now part of Freudenberg, Bavaria, in 1906. He studied composition at the Musikhochschule in Munich. Biebl served as Choir Director at the Catholic church of St Maria in München-Thalkirchen from 1932 until 1939, and as an assistant professor of choral music at the Mozarteum, an academy of music in Salzburg, Austria, beginning in 1939, where he taught voice and music theory.

Biebl was drafted into the military beginning in 1943 during World War II. He was a prisoner of war from 1944 to 1946, being detained at Fort Custer in Battle Creek, Michigan. After the war, he moved from Austria to Fürstenfeldbruck, Germany, where he served as director of the town chorus.

Ave Maria

Biebl's best-known work is his Ave Maria (1964), which sets portions of the Angelus as well as the Ave Maria. The piece was brought to the United States by the Cornell University Glee Club in 1970. The ensemble met Biebl while on tour in Germany, during a recording session at a radio network where Biebl was music director. Conductor Thomas A. Sokol was given a number of Biebl's works, premiering them after returning home.[1] The Ave Maria quickly gained popularity, most notably after becoming part of the repertoire of Chanticleer. Although it was originally scored for male voices, after "Ave Maria" became popular the composer himself rearranged the piece for SATB and SSA choirs as well.

Program Note

Wilbur Skeels - who published some of Biebl's other works - prepared the following information about the piece for use in choral program notes.[2] All or parts of the information in this note are commonly cited by choirs recording or performing the piece.

Herr Biebl told me that when he was organist/choirmaster and teacher in the Fürstenfeldbruck parish near Munich he had in his church choir a fireman. It was common for companies, factories, police and fire departments, etc. to sponsor an employees' choir, which often would participate in choral competitions and festivals with other similar choirs. This fireman asked Biebl to please compose something for his fireman's choir for such an occasion. The result was the Ave Maria (double male choir version).

The piece gained practically no attention in Germany for many years. However, when Biebl was the head of choral programs for the Bayerischen Rundfunk (Bavarian Radio) he made a habit of inviting American choirs to come to Munich and sing on the radio and with other German choirs. One of these choirs [Wikipedia ed. - the Cornell University Glee Club, see above] was introduced to his Ave Maria and brought it back to the US, where it became increasingly popular. When Chanticleer recorded it, it became a hit, not only in the US but in Germany too, which now considered the piece must be special as it was such a hit in America! Biebl did arrangements for other voicings, and the seven-part mixed choir arrangement is now probably the most popular.

The text is unique in its conjoining of two sources. The first source is the thrice-daily devotional exercise called the Angelus in the Catholic Church. It is cued by the ringing of the "Angelus" bell, sometimes referred to as the "Peace Bell." It consists of a thrice-repeated "Hail Mary," each with an introductory versicle based on the Gospel, followed by a concluding versicle and prayer.

Here is the first part of the Angelus, the only part that Biebl uses:

Angelus Domini nuntiavit Mariae The Angel of the Lord announced to Mary

Et concepit de Spiritu Sancto. And she conceived by the Holy Spirit.

[Ave Maria, Sancta Maria.] [Hail Mary, Holy Mary.]

Behold the handmaiden of the Lord
Do to me according to your word.
[Hail Mary, Holy Mary.]
And the Word was made flesh
And dwelt among us.
[Hail Mary, Holy Mary]

In place of the 'Ave Maria, Sancta Maria' from the Angelus text, Biebl has substituted the first part of the even more familiar text of the standard 'Ave Maria' prayer [Ave Maria, gratia plena, Dominus tecum, etc.] and in lieu of the closing versicle and prayer of the 'Angelus' he has substituted the second part of the 'Ave Maria' [Sancta Maria, Mater Dei, ora pro nobis, etc.], so that the whole is a hybrid of the two ancient texts.

Instrumental Arrangements

The San Francisco Renegades, an all-age Drum and Bugle Corps, first adapted sections of Biebl's Ave Maria in their 2003 show: "Red Skies At Night". In 2005 they played the piece as the opener to their show, "The Days of Future Past". In 2006 the Phantom Regiment Drum and Bugle Corps, an International World Class Corps based in Rockford, Illinois, used the piece in its 2006 field show "Faust," further expanding awareness of Biebl's arrangement. Both drum and bugle corps continue to perform Franz Biebl's Ave Maria as part of their yearly repertoire.

A recent arrangement of the Biebl "Ave Maria" was transcribed by Jerry Brubaker, horn player and arranger for 30 years with the US Navy Band, after hearing the piece sung at a Navy funeral. It has been performed by the Navy Band horn section and the NIH Community Orchestra Horn Club on numerous occasions.

Pacific Crest Drum and Bugle Corps uses Franz Biebl's Ave Maria as their corps song.

Role in First Amendment Litigation

In 2009–10, an arrangement of the Ave Maria for wind ensemble was the subject of litigation that reached the United States Supreme Court. At issue was whether a school district was justified in prohibiting an instrumental performance of the piece (without lyrics) at a high school graduation ceremony due to its underlying religious nature. The United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit upheld the school district's actions.[3] The Supreme Court declined to hear the case, but Justice Samuel Alito issued a rare written opinion dissenting from the Court's decision.[4] In a footnote, Alito described Biebl's setting of the Ave Maria text as "relatively obscure" in comparison to settings by Franz Schubert, Charles Gounod, and other more well-known composers.

External links
References
  1. Michael Slon, Songs from the Hill - A History of the Cornell University Glee Club.
  2. ChoralNet Forums (visited March 5, 2012). Wilbur Skeels (1938-2011) was a pastor, accompanist, composer, and music publisher who knew Biebl and published some of his works through Skeels' Cantus Quercus Press. See H. Wilbur Skeels online obituary (visited March 5, 2012) and Cantus Quercus Press (visited March 5, 2012 - website now largely defunct, except for downloadable catalog with section on Biebl's works)
  3. Nurre v. Whitehead, 580 F.3d 1087 (9th Cir. 2009), available at http://scholar.google.com/scholar_case?case=16640877058818770540
  4. 130 S. Ct. 1937 (2010), available at https://www.supremecourt.gov/opinions/09pdf/09-671.pdf
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Franz Biebl

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Franz Xaver Biebl (1 September 1906 – 2 October 2001) was a German composer of classical music . Most of his compositions were for choral ensembles. Biebl was born in Pursruck , now part of Freudenberg, Bavaria , in 1906. He studied composition at the Musikhochschule in Munich . Biebl served as Choir Director at the Catholic church of St Maria in München-Thalkirchen from 1932 until 1939, and as an assistant professor of choral music at the Mozarteum , an academy of music in Salzburg , Austria , beginning in 1939, where he taught voice and music theory . Biebl was drafted into the military beginning in 1943 during World War II . He was a prisoner of war from 1944 to 1946, being detained at Fort Custer in Battle Creek, Michigan . After the war, he moved from Austria to Fürstenfeldbruck , Germany, where he served as director of the town chorus. Ave Maria Biebl's best-known work is his Ave Maria (1964), which sets portions of the Angelus as well as the Ave Maria . The piece was brought to the United States by the



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United Team of Germany at the 1964 Winter Olympics

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Athletes from East Germany (German Democratic Republic; GDR) and West Germany (Federal Republic of Germany; FRG) competed together as the United Team of Germany at the 1964 Winter Olympics in Innsbruck , Austria . Medalists Medal Name Sport Event  Gold Schnelldorfer, Manfred Manfred Schnelldorfer Figure skating Men's singles  Gold Köhler, Thomas Thomas Köhler Luge Men's singles  Gold Enderlein, Ortrun Ortrun Enderlein Luge Women's singles  Silver Kilius, Marika Marika Kilius Bäumler, Hans Jürgen Hans Jürgen Bäumler Figure skating Pairs  Silver Bonsack, Klaus-Michael Klaus-Michael Bonsack Luge Men's singles  Silver Geisler, Ilse Ilse Geisler Luge Women's singles  Bronze Bartels, Wolfgang Wolfgang Bartels Alpine skiing Men's downhill  Bronze Plenk, Hans Hans Plenk Luge Men's singles  Bronze Thoma, Georg Georg Thoma Nordic combined Men's individual Alpine skiing Men Athlete Event Race Time Rank Fritz Wagnerberger Downhill 2:21.03 12 Willy Bogner 2:20.72 9 Luggi Leitner 2:19.67 5 Wolfgang Bartels 2:19.48 Willy Bo



Speed skating at the 1960 Winter Olympics – Men's 5000 metres

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Speed skating at the 1960 Winter Olympics 500 m men women 1000 m women 1500 m men women 3000 m women 5000 m men 10,000 m men The 5000 metres speed skating event was part of the speed skating at the 1960 Winter Olympics programme. The competition was held on the Squaw Valley Olympic Skating Rink and for the first time at the Olympics on artificially frozen ice. It was held on Thursday, February 25, 1960. Thirty-seven speed skaters from 15 nations competed. Medalists Gold Silver Bronze   Viktor Kosichkin   ( URS )   Knut Johannesen   ( NOR )   Jan Pesman   ( NED ) Records These were the standing world and Olympic records (in minutes) prior to the 1960 Winter Olympics. World Record 7:45.6(*) Boris Shilkov Medeo ( URS ) January 9, 1955 Olympic Record 7:48.7(*) Boris Shilkov Cortina d'Ampezzo / Lake Misurina ( ITA ) January 29, 1956 (*) The record was set in a high altitude venue (more than 1000 metres above sea level) and on naturally frozen ice. Results Place Speed skater Time 1   Viktor Kosichkin   ( URS ) 7:51



1982 Star World Championships

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The 1982 Star World Championships were held in Medemblik , Netherlands in 1982. Results Results of individual races Pos Crew Country I II III IV V VI Pts Gorostegui, Antonio Antonio Gorostegui  ( H ) José Doreste   Spain 12 1 13 3 1 3 29.4 Hagen, Alexander Alexander Hagen  ( H ) Vincent Hoesch   West Germany 1 4 7 18 YMP 9 45 Buchan, Jr., Bill Bill Buchan, Jr.  ( H ) Steve Erickson   United States 3 13 PMS 7 3 7 56.4 4 Wrede, Jens-Peter Jens-Peter Wrede  ( H ) Matthias Borowy   West Germany 4 6 4 28 11 11 61.7 5 Menkart, Andrew Andrew Menkart  ( H ) Steve Calder   United States 5 14 14 5 9 4 63 6 Douze, Kees Kees Douze  ( H ) Willem Nagel   Netherlands 16 2 2 14 37 14 68 7 Griese, Joachim Joachim Griese  ( H ) Jurgen Homeyer   West Germany 14 17 9 8 2 12 70 8 Christensen, Jens Jens Christensen  ( H ) Morten Nielsen   Denmark 2 15 18 8 18 5 72 9 Wright, Peter Peter Wright  ( H ) Todd Cozzens   United States 13 7 3 13 19 - 81.7 10 Bate, Colin Colin Bate  ( H ) Phil Baker   Australia 20 12 36 2 4 25 86 11 Schwar



List of alpine skiing world champions

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The FIS Alpine World Ski Championships are organized by the International Ski Federation (FIS). History The first world championships in alpine skiing were held in 1931. During the 1930s, the event was held annually in Europe, until interrupted by the outbreak of World War II , preventing a 1940 event. An event was held in 1941, but included competitors only from nations from the Axis powers or nations not at war with them. The results were later cancelled by the FIS in 1946 because of the limited number of participants, so they are not considered official. Following the war, the championships were connected with the Olympics for several decades. From 1948 through 1982 , the competition was held in even-numbered years, with the Winter Olympics acting as the World Championships through 1980 , and a separate competition held in even-numbered non-Olympic years. The 1950 championships in the United States at Aspen were the first held outside of Europe and the first official championships separate of the Olympics



St. Martin, Idstein

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St. Martin is the name of a Catholic parish and church in Idstein , Rheingau-Taunus-Kreis , Germany. The official name of the church is Katholische Pfarrkirche St. Martin . The name of the parish became on 1 January 2017 St. Martin Idsteiner Land , when it was merged with five other parishes. The parish is part of the Diocese of Limburg . St. Martin is the patron saint of Idstein, to whom a Gothic church was dedicated in 1330. The present building designed by architect Johannes Krahn was consecrated in 1965. It replaced a church built in 1888 in Gothic revival style and dedicated to Mary Magdalene which was too small for the congregation growing after World War II. After restoration in 2003, a new organ was installed in 2006. Church music in services and concerts, performed by several groups including children's choir and ensembles on historic instruments, have received attention in the Rhein-Main Region . The parish is in long-term ecumenical contact with the main Protestant church of the town, Unionskirche



Cornell University Glee Club

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The Cornell University Glee Club (CUGC) is the oldest student organization at Cornell University , having been organized shortly after the first students arrived on campus in 1868. The CUGC is a sixty-member chorus for male voices, with repertoire including classical , folk , 20th-century music , and traditional Cornell songs . The Glee Club also performs major works with the Cornell University Chorus such as Beethoven's Missa Solemnis , Handel's Messiah , and Bach's Mass in B Minor . Achievements Performances at two American Choral Directors Association (ACDA) conventions as an auditioned choir: the 2008 ACDA Eastern Division Convention in Hartford, CT, and the 2009 ACDA National Convention in Oklahoma City, OK. First American collegiate ensemble to tour the Soviet Union , traveled to the Soviet Union and England from December 1960 to January 1961. Performed for national television and radio on such networks as Television Moscow, BBC , Educational Television Network, Radio Leningrad, Frankfurt Radio Network,



Germany at the Winter Olympics

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Athletes from Germany (GER) have appeared in only 20 of the 22 editions of the Winter Olympic Games as they were not invited to two events after the World Wars, in 1924 and 1948 . Germany hosted the 1936 Winter Olympics in Garmisch-Partenkirchen and had been selected to host in 1940 again. The nation appeared 11 times as a single country (IOC code GER), before World War II and again after German reunification in 1990. Three times, from 1956 to 1964, German athletes from the separate states in West and East competed as a United Team of Germany , which is currently listed by the IOC as EUA, not GER. Due to partition under occupation that resulted in three post-war German states, German athletes took part seven times for the contemporary states they lived in, in 1952, and from 1968 to 1988. The all-time results of German athletes are thus divided among the designations GER, EUA, FRG, GDR and also SAA (the Saarland only took part in the 1952 Summer games and won no medal). Including the Winter Games of 2014, Germ





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