European Documentation and Information Centre

The European Documentation and Information Centre, abbreviated CEDI (French: Centre Européen de Documentation et d'Information), was a former think tank founded in 1952 on the occasion of an international congress held in Santander, Spain. The objective of the organization was to unite various European conservative and Christian Democratic political organizations which formed in several Western European states during postwar reconstruction, the emerging Cold War and the beginnings of what would later be called European integration. During the 1950s and the 1960s, the CEDI was an important contact pool for European politicians. During its early years the CEDI's ideology and program was dominated by its first president, Otto von Habsburg, son of the last emperor of Austria. It was dissolved in 1990 following the collapse of the Iron Curtain.

Backgrounds

The Franco regime in Spain made use of the CEDI to get in contact with high-ranking persons of the political, military, economic and cultural life from Western Europe and thus end its post-war international isolation. By preaching the necessity of cultural exchange and the religious unity of the occident, the CEDI aimed at a political, military and economic inclusion of Spain into the beginning process of European Integration.

Organization and members

The annual congresses of the CEDI, which were nearly always held in Spain, brought together many office bearers and dignitaries of the conservative milieu. Besides the Spanish initiators – hereunder Franco’s foreign minister Alberto Martín Artajo, the director of the Institute for Hispanic Culture Alfredo Sánchez Bella and José Ignacio Escobar Kirkpatrick Marqués de Valdeiglesias – there was a strong support for CEDI’s activities in Germany, Austria and France. The expelled Austrian Heir Apparent Otto von Habsburg was the founding and, later on, honorary president of the organization. Germany was represented by high-ranking members of the Christian Democratic and Christian Social Union of Bavaria parties, as for example the ministers Hans-Joachim von Merkatz and Richard Jaeger. The French section of the Documentation Centre was led by the Count François de la Noë and Michel Habib-Deloncle.

Among the first British supporters were William Teeling, Sir Frederick Corfield MP and Sir John Rodgers MP, who even held CEDI’s international presidency from 1965 to 1967. Over the years, the Austrian secretary general Georg von Gaupp-Berghausen turned more and more out to be the actual organizational and programmatic head of the Documentation Centre.

Ambitions and ideology

Besides the proclaimed Catholic Christian heritage, the traditional connections of the European upper nobility, military contacts and common economic interests, it was above all a virulent anticommunism which was tying together the members of the Documentation Centre. The scientific lectures given at the annual meetings of the CEDI dealt with questions of principle concerning European Integration, the Cold War and other subjects of social and international relevance.

National sections

Apart from Spain, Germany and France, national sections emerged in and Belgium and Austria, some years later also in Liechtenstein, Switzerland, Sweden and Portugal. In Britain, the conservative "March Club" fulfilled the tasks of a national section since the beginning of the 1960s. Among the most prominent members of this British section were apart from Teeling, Corfield and Rodgers, Peter Agnew and Geoffrey Rippon who both were to become international presidents of the CEDI later on. It seems quite likely that the contacts provided by the Documentation Centre played a not unimportant role in negotiating Britain’s entry into the European Community, since Rippon was the head of the British government’s delegation.

Development

When the CEDI became a civil law association in 1957, its head office was officially moved to Munich, Madrid remaining nevertheless a central branch office of the organization. With General Charles de Gaulle returning to the political stage in 1958, his fellows transformed the CEDI into an international forum in order to diffuse their conceptions of European politics. The cooperation between French Gaullists and German Christian Democrats has also been prepared by CEDI’s initiatives.

The Gaullist engagement weakening by the end of the 1960s, Spanish influence in the Documentation Centre increased again. CEDI evolved into an instrument of Spanish interests in Latin America, reached out for Africa and Asia, and finally turned toward the domain of development policies.

Nevertheless, the organization had transgressed the zenith of its diplomatic activities. The urgent necessity of recruiting new members was perceived, but the CEDI did not find any solution to solve these problems. The political transformation process in Spain by the middle of the 1970s deprived the CEDI of its last material and organizational basics.

Further reading
  • Conze, Vanessa: Das Europa der Deutschen. Ideen von Europa in Deutschland zwischen Reichstradition und Westorientierung (1920–1970), München 2005, p. 169–206.
  • Gunzález Cuevas, Pedro Carlos: Neoconservatismo e identidad europea. Una aproximación histórica, in: Spagna contemporanea 13 (1998), p. 41–60.
  • Weber, Petra-Maria: Spanische Deutschlandpolitik 1945–1958. Entsorgung der Vergangenheit, Saarbrücken/Fort Lauderdale 1992, p. 205–268.
  • Johannes Großmann: Die Internationale der Konservativen. Transnationale Elitenzirkel und private Außenpolitik in Westeuropa seit 1945, Munich 2014.
Continue Reading...
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Statewatch

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Statewatch

Statewatch is a non-profit organization founded in 1991 that monitors the state, justice and home affairs (JHA), security and civil liberties in the European Union. It is composed of lawyers, academics, journalists, researchers and community activists. Its European network of contributors is drawn from 18 countries. Statewatch encourages the publication of investigative journalism and critical research in Europe in the fields of the state, justice and home affairs, civil liberties, accountability and openness. The organization has three free databases: a large database of all its news, articles and links since 1991,[1] the Statewatch European Monitoring and Documentation Centre (SEMDOC) which monitors all new justice and home affairs measures since 1993.[2][3] Among other activities, it monitors anti-terrorist legislation, has a Passenger Name Record observatory, is concerned about asylum issues, data privacy, biometrics, etc. The organization and its director, Tony Bunyan, have received awards for their ci ...more...

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Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe

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Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe

Visitors walking among the stelae The Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe[1] (German: Denkmal für die ermordeten Juden Europas), also known as the Holocaust Memorial (German: Holocaust-Mahnmal), is a memorial in Berlin to the Jewish victims of the Holocaust, designed by architect Peter Eisenman and engineer Buro Happold. It consists of a 19,000 m2 (4.7-acre) [2][3] site covered with 2,711 concrete slabs or "stelae", arranged in a grid pattern on a sloping field. The stelae are 2.38 m (7 ft 10 in) long, 0.95 m (3 ft 1 in) wide and vary in height from 0.2 to 4.7 m (7.9 in to 15 ft 5.0 in).[2] They are organized in rows, 54 of them going north–south, and 87 heading east–west at right angles but set slightly askew.[4][5] An attached underground "Place of Information" (German: Ort der Information) holds the names of approximately 3 million Jewish Holocaust victims, obtained from the Israeli museum Yad Vashem.[6] Building began on April 1, 2003, and was finished on December 15, 2004. It was inaugurated on Ma ...more...

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Centre national de la recherche scientifique

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Centre national de la recherche scientifique

The French National Center for Scientific Research (French: Centre national de la recherche scientifique, CNRS) is the largest governmental research organisation in France[3] and the largest fundamental science agency in Europe.[4] In 2016, it employed 31,637 staff, including 11,137 tenured researchers, 13,415 engineers and technical staff, and 7,085 contractual workers.[2] It is headquartered in Paris and has administrative offices in Brussels, Beijing, Tokyo, Singapore, Washington, D.C., Bonn, Moscow, Tunis, Johannesburg, Santiago de Chile, Israel, and New Delhi.[5] Organization CNRS operates on the basis of research units, which are of two kinds: "proper units" (UPRs) are operated solely by the CNRS, and "mixed units" (UMRs) are run in association with other institutions, such as universities or INSERM. Members of mixed research units may either be CNRS researchers or university employees (maîtres de conférences or professeurs). Each research unit has a numeric code attached and is typically headed by a u ...more...

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System for Information on Grey Literature in Europe

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System for Information on Grey Literature in Europe

The “System for Information on Grey Literature in Europe” (SIGLE) was established in 1980, two years after a seminar on grey literature organised by the European Commission in York (UK). Operated by a network of national information or document supply centres active in collecting and promoting grey literature, SIGLE was an on line, pan-European electronic bibliographic database and document delivery system. The objective was to provide access to European grey literature and to improve bibliographic coverage. From 1980 to 1985, SIGLE was funded by the Commission of the European Communities (CEC). When CEC financial support ended in 1985, the national centres formed a network for the acquisition, identification and dissemination of grey literature called “European Association for Grey Literature Exploitation” or EAGLE, who became the producer of the SIGLE database. Input to the database ended in 2005 when the EAGLE General Assembly decided the liquidation of the network. In 2007, together with the last EAGL ...more...

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Nordic Africa Institute

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Nordic Africa Institute

Nordic Africa Institute (Swedish: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet) serves as a research, documentation and information centre on modern Africa for the Nordic countries. The Institute also encourages research and studies on Africa. The institute was founded in 1962. The institute is financed jointly by the Nordic countries. Administratively, it functions as a Swedish government agency that answers to the Ministry for Foreign Affairs. It is located in Uppsala. The Nordic Africa Institute is part of AEGIS, a network of African Studies Centres in Europe, and organized its 4th international conference (ECAS) in 2011. The institute is headed by a Director, a position which is held by Iina Soiri since March 2013. See also Government agencies in Sweden. External links Official website AEGIS, network of African studies centres in Europe Nordic Africa Institute – via International Relations and Security Network (publications fulltext) ...more...

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Information retrieval

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Information retrieval

Information retrieval (IR) is the activity of obtaining information resources relevant to an information need from a collection of information resources. Searches can be based on full-text or other content-based indexing. Information retrieval is the science of searching for information in a document, searching for documents themselves, and also searching for metadata that describe data, and for databases of texts, images or sounds. Automated information retrieval systems are used to reduce what has been called information overload. An IR systems is a software that provide access to books, journals and other documents, stores them and manages the document. Web search engines are the most visible IR applications. Overview An information retrieval process begins when a user enters a query into the system. Queries are formal statements of information needs, for example search strings in web search engines. In information retrieval a query does not uniquely identify a single object in the collection. Instead, s ...more...

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List of library associations

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List of library associations

International Association of Caribbean University, Research and Institutional Libraries (ACURIL) Association of Christian Librarians Commonwealth Library Association[1] Information for Social Change International Association of Agricultural Information Specialists (IAALD) International Association of Aquatic and Marine Science Libraries and Information Centers (IAMSLIC) International Association of Law Libraries International Association of Music Libraries International Association of Music Libraries, Archives and Documentation Centres International Association of School Librarianship International Association of University Libraries International Council on Archives International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) Librarians for Fairness Masonic Library and Museum Association Progressive Librarians Guild Special Libraries Association (SLA) Africa African Library & Information Associations & Institutions AFLIA http://aflia.net/ Botswana Library Assoc ...more...

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Process safety management

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Process safety management

Process safety management is a regulation promulgated by the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). A process is any activity or combination of activities including any use, storage, manufacturing, handling or the on-site movement of highly hazardous chemicals (HHCs) as defined by OSHA and the Environmental Protection Agency. Fourteen elements of OSHA's process safety management program Definition Process safety management is an analytical tool focused on preventing releases of any substance defined as a "highly hazardous chemical" by the EPA or OSHA. Process Safety Management (PSM) refers to a set of interrelated approaches to managing hazards associated with the process industries and is intended to reduce the frequency and severity of incidents resulting from releases of chemicals and other energy sources (US OSHA 1993). These standards are composed of organizational and operational procedures, design guidance, audit programs, and a host of other methods. Elements of process saf ...more...

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Simple Knowledge Organization System

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Simple Knowledge Organization System

Simple Knowledge Organization System (SKOS) is a W3C recommendation designed for representation of thesauri, classification schemes, taxonomies, subject-heading systems, or any other type of structured controlled vocabulary. SKOS is part of the Semantic Web family of standards built upon RDF and RDFS, and its main objective is to enable easy publication and use of such vocabularies as linked data. HistoryDESIRE II project (1997–2000) The most direct ancestor to SKOS was the RDF Thesaurus work undertaken in the second phase of the EU DESIRE project [1]. Motivated by the need to improve the user interface and usability of multi-service browsing and searching,[2] a basic RDF vocabulary for Thesauri was produced. As noted later in the SWAD-Europe workplan, the DESIRE work was adopted and further developed in the SOSIG and LIMBER projects. A version of the DESIRE/SOSIG implementation was described in W3C's QL'98 workshop, motivating early work on RDF rule and query languages: A Query and Inference Service for RDF ...more...

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Group of Seven

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Group of Seven

The Group of Seven (G7) is a group consisting of Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States. This group was created after the removal of Russia from the then Group of Eight.[a] These countries, with the seven largest advanced economies in the world,[1] represent more than 62% of the global net wealth ($280 trillion).[2][3] The G7 countries also represent more than 46% of the global gross domestic product (GDP) based on nominal values, and more than 32% of the global GDP based on purchasing power parity.[4] The European Union is also represented at the G7 summit. History Flags of G7 members as seen on University Avenue (Toronto). G7 leaders during the 2014 emergency meeting about the Russian annexation of Crimea, hosted by the Netherlands. The concept of a forum for the world's major industrialized countries emerged before the 1973 oil crisis. On Sunday, 25 March 1973, the U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, George Shultz, convened an informal gathering of finance ...more...

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Library

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Library

Library at Melk Abbey in Austria The Halifax Central Library, a modern city library A library is a collection of sources of information and similar resources, made accessible to a defined community for reference or borrowing.[1] It provides physical or digital access to material, and may be a physical building or room, or a virtual space, or both.[2] A library's collection can include books, periodicals, newspapers, manuscripts, films, maps, prints, documents, microform, CDs, cassettes, videotapes, DVDs, Blu-ray Discs, e-books, audiobooks, databases, and other formats. Libraries range in size from a few shelves of books to several million items. In Latin and Greek, the idea of a bookcase is represented by Bibliotheca and Bibliothēkē (Greek: βιβλιοθήκη): derivatives of these mean library in many modern languages, e.g. French bibliothèque. The first libraries consisted of archives of the earliest form of writing—the clay tablets in cuneiform script discovered in Sumer, some dating back to 2600 BC. Priv ...more...

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Patent family

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Patent family

A patent family is "a set of patents taken in various countries to protect a single invention (when a first application in a country – the priority – is then extended to other offices)."[1] In other words, a patent family is "the same invention disclosed by a common inventor(s) and patented in more than one country."[2] Patent families can be regarded as a "fortuitous by-product of the concept of priorities for patent applications".[3] Definitions The International Patent Documentation Centre (INPADOC), the European Patent Office (EPO) and WIPO recognize the following definitions of simple and extended patent families: Simple patent family: All patent documents have exactly the same priority date or combination of priority dates.[4] Extended patent family: All patent documents are linked (directly or indirectly) via a priority document belonging to one patent family. The extended families allow for additional connectors to link other than strictly priority date. These include: domestic application numbers, ...more...

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List of information schools

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List of information schools

This list of information schools includes members of the iSchools organization. iSchools organization This iSchools organization reflects a consortium of over 80 information schools in a dozen countries.[1] iSchools promote an interdisciplinary approach to understanding the opportunities and challenges of information management, with a core commitment to concepts like universal access and user-centered organization of information. The field is concerned broadly with questions of design and preservation across information spaces, from digital and virtual spaces such as online communities, social networking, the World Wide Web, and databases to physical spaces such as libraries, museums, collections, and other repositories. Degree programs at iSchools include course offerings in areas such as information architecture, design, policy, and economics; knowledge management, user experience design, and usability; preservation and conservation; librarianship and library administration; the sociology of information; ...more...

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Sir Peter Agnew, 1st Baronet

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Sir Peter Agnew, 1st Baronet

Commander Sir Peter Garnett Agnew, 1st Baronet (9 July 1900 – 26 August 1990) was an officer in the Royal Navy and a Conservative Party politician. BiographyEducation and naval career Agnew was born in Bucklow, Cheshire,[1] a son of C.L. Agnew of Knutsford.[2] Educated at Repton School, he entered the Royal Navy on 25 October 1918, trained at the Royal Naval College, Dartmouth, and was commissioned as a sub-lieutenant on 15 May 1921.[1][2] Receiving promotion to lieutenant on 15 April 1923, he served on the sloop Bluebell on the China Station from August 1923 until January 1925, before serving on the battlecruiser Renown from March 1926 until July 1927. After a term as Aide-de-camp to the Governor of Jamaica, he was assigned to the battleship Queen Elizabeth in August 1928, transferring to the Royal Yacht Victoria and Albert in May 1930. On 15 April 1931 he was promoted to lieutenant-commander, but retired from the Navy on 29 May at his own request.[1] Election to Parliament Agnew was elected as Member of ...more...

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E-GIF

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E-GIF

An e-GIF, or eGovernment Interoperability Framework, is a scheme for ensuring the inter-operation of computer-based systems. It is intended to resolve and prevent (or at least minimise) problems arising from incompatible content of different computer systems. An e-GIF may aim to facilitate government processes at local, national or international levels. International implementations About 30 countries and international bodies are known to have implemented some form of e-GIF,[1] most, but not all, using the "e-GIF" acronym. Within the EU many of these were supported by the European Interoperability Framework (EIF) of the IDABC.[2] These included Denmark,[3] Greece,[4] the United Kingdom and the Reach "Public Services Broker" in Ireland.[5] [6] In Africa COMESA and Ghana provide examples of similar initiatives,[7][8] whilst Bhutan and Thailand are examples from Asia.[9] [10] New Zealand and Australia, similarly, implemented their own frameworks.[11][12] In the United States the National Information Exchange M ...more...

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Wiki

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Wiki

Interview with Ward Cunningham, inventor of the wiki A wiki ( ( listen) WIK-ee) is a website on which users collaboratively modify content and structure directly from the web browser. In a typical wiki, text is written using a simplified markup language and often edited with the help of a rich-text editor.[1] A wiki is run using wiki software, otherwise known as a wiki engine. A wiki engine is a type of content management system, but it differs from most other such systems, including blog software, in that the content is created without any defined owner or leader, and wikis have little implicit structure, allowing structure to emerge according to the needs of the users.[2] There are dozens of different wiki engines in use, both standalone and part of other software, such as bug tracking systems. Some wiki engines are open source, whereas others are proprietary. Some permit control over different functions (levels of access); for example, editing rights may permit changing, adding or removing material. Oth ...more...

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Ranked voting

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Ranked voting

Sample ballot of ranked voting using written numbers Sample ballot of ranked voting using column marks Sample ballot of ranked voting using written names Sample ballot of ranked voting using touch screen Ranked-choice voting describes certain voting systems in which voters rank outcomes in a hierarchy on the ordinal scale (ordinal voting systems). In some areas ranked-choice voting is called preferential voting, but in other places this term has various other meanings.[1] When choosing between more than two options, preferential ballots collect more information from voters than first-past-the-post voting (also called plurality voting). This does not mean that preferential voting is intrinsically the best system; see Arrow's impossibility theorem.[Mankiw 1][2] There is, accordingly, no consensus among academics or public servants as to the best electoral system.[3] There are many types of preferential voting, with several used in governmental elections: Instant-runoff voting is employed in ...more...

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Paul Otlet

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Paul Otlet

Paul Marie Ghislain Otlet (; French: ; 23 August 1868 – 10 December 1944) was a Belgian author, entrepreneur, visionary, lawyer and peace activist; he is one of several people who have been considered the father of information science, a field he called "documentation". Otlet created the Universal Decimal Classification, one of the most prominent examples of faceted classification. Otlet was responsible for the widespread adoption in Europe of the standard American 3x5 inch index card used until recently in most library catalogs around the world (by now largely displaced by the advent of the online public access catalog (OPAC)). Otlet wrote numerous essays on how to collect and organize the world's knowledge, culminating in two books, the Traité de Documentation (1934) and Monde: Essai d'universalisme (1935).[1][2] In 1907, following a huge international conference, Otlet and Henri La Fontaine created the Central Office of International Associations, which was renamed to the Union of International Associatio ...more...

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MoReq2

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MoReq2

MoReq2 is short for “Model Requirements for the Management of Electronic Records”, second version. It consists of a formal requirements specification for a generic electronic records management system, accompanied by testing documentation and related information. Published in 2008 by the European Commission, it is intended for use across the European Union, but can be used elsewhere. MoReq2 is generally considered a de facto standard in Europe but it does not have any formal status as a standard. Purpose The MoReq2 specification is intended for users and suppliers of electronic records management systems and services, and educators. Its main intended usages are to serve as a basis for invitations to tender (also known as requests for proposal) and as a framework to guide development of new electronic records management systems. It can also be used to provide a basis for auditing existing electronic records management systems or services, and as a resource for academic or commercial trainers. Availability Al ...more...

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Centre for Equal Opportunities and Opposition to Racism

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Centre for Equal Opportunities and Opposition to Racism

The Centre for Equal Opportunities and Opposition to Racism (CEOOR), also referred to as Centre for Equal Opportunities and Fight against Racism (CEOFR) or translated as Centre for Equal Opportunities and Struggle against Racism[1] (Dutch: Unia (Interfederaal Gelijkekansencentrum), before: Centrum voor gelijkheid van kansen en voor racismebestrijding or CGKR, French: Centre pour l'égalité des chances et la lutte contre le racisme or CECLR) is a Belgian government agency under the responsibility of the Prime Minister of Belgium. Its director is Jozef De Witte. The Centre was founded in 1993 by an Act of the Belgian Chamber of People's Representatives.[2] Tasks and goals The Centre lists as its principal tasks: Fighting Racism and Discrimination Spotlight on Integration Policy Foreigners' Rights and Recent Immigration Fighting Poverty Fighting Human Trafficking Training / Documentation / Information Campaigns The CEOOR has as its main goal to aid victims of discrimination, after an act of discriminat ...more...

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Value measuring methodology

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Value measuring methodology

Value measuring methodology (or VMM) is a tool that helps financial planners balance both tangible and intangible values when making investment decisions, and monitor benefits. Formal methods to calculate the Return on investment (ROI) have been widely understood and used for a long time, but there was no easy and widely known way to provide a formal justification for decisions based on intangible values, which can include the reputation of an organization, the wellbeing of staff, or the impact on society or the environment at large. It was particularly difficult for decision makers to work through the trade-offs between costs and intangible benefits, especially for long-term investments by commercial organizations, and for governments and non-profit organizations who are primarily concerned with intangible values without wasting limited funds. Even within commercial organizations, units traditionally viewed as "cost centres" found it difficult to get acceptance of proposals for projects that would lead to g ...more...

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Hans-Joachim von Merkatz

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Hans-Joachim von Merkatz

Hans-Joachim von Merkatz (7 July 1905 – 25 February 1982) was a German politician. He was Federal Minister of Justice from 1956 to 1957. He was a member of the Bundestag from 1949 to 1961. He was a member of the German Party before joining the Christian Democrats in 1960. Early life Merkatz was born at Stargard in the Prussian province of Pomerania into a family of Prussian officers and functionaries, ennobled in 1797. His father, Hauptmann in the German army, died near Vilnius in 1915, during World War I. Merkatz received his primary education in Wiesbaden (Hesse), Jena and Naumburg (both in Thuringia).[1] Initially immatriculated for agriculture, he turned to study law and national economics at the University of Jena from 1928 to 1931.[1][2] Third Reich Merkatz received his doctorate at the University of Jena in 1934 and his approbation as a lawyer in 1935. The same year, von Merkatz started lecturing foreign and international law at the Kaiser Wilhelm Society in Berlin. In 1938, he became secretary gener ...more...

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Centre de recherche et de documentation sur l'Océanie

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Centre de recherche et de documentation sur l'Océanie

The Centre de Recherche et de Documentation sur l'Océanie, also known as CREDO (Center for Research and Documentation on Oceania) is a cross-disciplinary research laboratory in social and cultural anthropology, history and archaeology including researchers and lecturers from three institutions: the CNRS (National Center for Scientific Research), the EHESS (School for Advanced Studies in Social Sciences) and the University of Provence. Its main focus of research and teaching are the past and contemporary societies of the Pacific, Australia included. History The CREDO was created in 1995 as an UMR (Unité Mixe de Recherche) of the CNRS and the EHESS in Marseilles, France. The principal founders of the CREDO are Pierre Lemonnier and Serge Tcherkézoff, with Maurice Godelier. From the very first year of its creation, its membres wanted to be associated to the University of Provence in order to teach and supervise students from both major institutions in the South of France in the Humanities and Social Sciences. I ...more...

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Icelandic passport

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Icelandic passport

Icelandic passports are issued to citizens of Iceland for the purpose of international travel. Physical Appearance Icelandic passports are blue, with the Icelandic coat of arms emblazoned in the centre of the front cover. The words "ÍSLAND" (Icelandic), "ICELAND" (English) and "ISLANDE" (French) are inscribed above the coat of arms and the words "VEGABRÉF" (Icelandic), "PASSPORT" (English) and "PASSEPORT" (French) are inscribed below the coat of arms. Icelandic passports have the standard biometric symbol at the bottom.[3] Vegabréf literally means "road letter" and is a word used in Scandinavia in historic centuries meaning internal passport. Identity Information Page The biodata page of the previous machine readable version The Icelandic passport includes the following data: Photo of Passport Holder Type (PA) Code (ISL) Passport No. Surname Given Names Nationality Height Date of Birth Personal code number Sex Place of Birth Date of Issue Date of Expiry Authority The information pag ...more...

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Health information management

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Health information management

Health information management (HIM) is information management applied to health and health care. It is the practice of acquiring, analyzing and protecting digital and traditional medical information vital to providing quality patient care. With the widespread computerization of health records, traditional (paper-based) records are being replaced with electronic health records (EHRs). The tools of health informatics and health information technology are continually improving to bring greater efficiency to information management in the health care sector. Both hospital information systems and Human Resource for Health Information System (HRHIS) are common implementations of HIM. Health information management professionals plan information systems, develop health policy, and identify current and future information needs. In addition, they may apply the science of informatics to the collection, storage, analysis, use, and transmission of information to meet legal, professional, ethical and administrative records ...more...

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Association Antigone

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Association Antigone

The Association Antigone is a non-governmental association whose head office is in Rome. It deals with the protection of civil rights and the guarantee of the penal system. Particularly, it fosters processing and debates on the model of criminal and procedural law in Italy and its evolution. It collects and dissiminates information about prison life, it is responsible for the preparation of draft laws and the definition of possible lines of amendments in pending approval. Moreover, it promotes campaigns of information and awareness on issues or particular aspects, however, always related to the legal culture of our country. Antigone has been granted the status of non-profit organization of social utility. The association also develops its own activities thanks to a network of regional offices : Abruzzo, Calabria, Campania, Emilia Romagna, Lombardy, the Marches, Apulia, Piedmont, Sicily, Tuscany, Umbria, Veneto. The national organs of the Association are : the shareholders Assembly, the president, the direct ...more...

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Started in 1991 in Italy

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Centre d'étude des supports de publicité

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Centre d'étude des supports de publicité

The Centre d'étude des supports de publicité (CESP) is a Paris-based non-profit association of media and communications services in France. It is a French inter-professional body gathering the whole advertising market players concerned by studying audience of media: advertisers, agencies and media consulting houses, federation of ad purchasing space, medias and advertising sales houses. It is a center for documentation, information, training for professionals. Its missions are: conduct audit and labelize studies and researches on media and their audience. It brings its expertise both in France and internationally on works on media, on new tools and technics. At the international level, it is a member of several bodies: Esomar: The World Association of Research Professionals. EBU: Union Européenne Radio-Télévision Emro: Association of European Media Research Organisations I-JIC (previously EURO-JICs): Association internationale des organismes de certification et d’études des supports de publicité ...more...

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Organizations based in France

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A. R. D. Prasad

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A. R. D. Prasad

Prof. ARD Prasad at OSOD Workshop Dr A.R.D. Prasad is an Indian Library and Information Science Academic, Information professional and Information scientist. Dr Prasad teaches at Documentation Research and Training Centre (DRTC), Bangalore as Professor of Library and Information Science and at present he is the Head of DRTC, which is India's only "proper" ischool with a very strong research program. His areas of specialisation include Artificial intelligence-Applications in LIS, Natural language processing, Digital Libraries, Hypertext and Multimedia applications, Institutional repository, Open-source software used in Libraries, Open Access to Information, Semantic Web Technology, Free and open source software etc. His other area of interests are Mythology, Buddhism, Philosophy and Indian History. He is pioneer in the promotion and development of Open-source software used in Libraries and Information Centres in India, Open access (publishing) and Open Access movement. He is visiting Faculty of University of ...more...

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Indian academics

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University of Malta

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University of Malta

The University of Malta (Maltese: L-Università ta' Malta) is the highest educational institution in Malta. It offers undergraduate bachelor's degrees, postgraduate master's degrees and postgraduate doctorates (PhD). It is a member of the European University Association, the European Access Network, Association of Commonwealth Universities, the Utrecht Network, the Santander Network, the Compostela Group, the European Association for University Lifelong Learning (EUCEN) and the International Student Exchange Programme (ISEP).[2] In post-nominals the University's name is abbreviated as Melit; a shortened form of Melita (a Latinised form of the Greek Μελίτη). History The precursor to the University of Malta was the Collegium Melitense, a Jesuit college which was set up on 12 November 1592.[3] This was originally located in an old house in Valletta,[4] but a purpose-built college was constructed between 1595 and 1597. This building is now known as the Old University Building or the Valletta Campus.[4] The Jesui ...more...

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International concentration camp committees

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International concentration camp committees

Max Mannheimer, giving an address at the former Dachau concentration camp, May 5, 2002 International concentration camp committees are organizations composed of former inmates of the various Nazi concentration camps, formed at various times, primarily after the Second World War. Although most survivors have since died and those who are still alive are generally octogenarians, the committees are still active. Committees' history and purpose During the Nazi era, there were active, underground resistance organizations at several of the camps, such as those at Sachsenhausen, Buchenwald and Dachau. After liberation, these groups became the foundation of post-war survivor organizations for their respective camps.[1] The concentration camp committees are international organizations because their members come from and live in many different countries. The purpose of the committees is to educate the world about what was done under the Third Reich regarding the arrest and deportation of religious, political and soc ...more...

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Anti-fascist organizations

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Palace of Versailles Research Centre

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Palace of Versailles Research Centre

Jussieu Pavilion - home of the Palace of Versailles Research Centre The Palace of Versailles Research Centre (in French: Centre de recherche du château de Versailles - CRCV) is the first research centre established in a French palace.[1] It originated as part of a French government project called "Digital Great Versailles" (in French, "Grand Versailles Numérique") to improve public access to the Palace of Versailles.[2][3] It is located in the Jussieu pavilion, near the Grand Trianon and the Petit Trianon, on the grounds of the Palace of Versailles, which is in the Île-de-France region of France. The Centre serves as a resource to scholars and curators researching European court culture of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.[1] For example, such research would seek to explore the sites and expressions of power, such as those represented at Versailles and in other European courts of the same era, and join together researchers interested in this era.[4] In addition to facilitating research, it also org ...more...

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French culture

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Henri La Fontaine

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Henri La Fontaine

Henri La Fontaine (French pronunciation: ​; 22 April 1854 – 14 May 1943), was a Belgian international lawyer and president of the International Peace Bureau. He received the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1913 because " he was the effective leader of the peace movement in Europe".[1] Biography La Fontaine was born in Brussels on 22 April 1854 and studied law at the Free University of Brussels (now split into the Université libre de Bruxelles and the Vrije Universiteit Brussel). He was admitted to the bar in 1877 and established a reputation as an authority on international law. He and his sister Léonie La Fontaine were early advocates for women's rights and suffrage, founding in 1890 the Belgian League for the Rights of Women.[2] In 1893, he became professor of international law at the Free University of Brussels and two years later was elected to the Belgian Senate as a member of the Socialist Party. He served as vice chairman of the Senate from 1919 to 1932. La Fontaine took an early interest in the Internation ...more...

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Nobel Peace Prize laureates

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Letterenhuis

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Letterenhuis

Facade of the Letterenhuis The Letterenhuis ("House of Literature") is a Belgian non-profit organization located in Antwerp. The Letterenhuis collects and archives information of Flemish writers and artists, and portraits concerning Flemish culture as from 1750. The Letterenhuis fulfills two tasks: on the one hand it is an archiving and documentation centre and on the other hand it is a museum. The most interesting part of its collection are the manuscripts of famous Belgian authors like Hendrik Conscience, Willem Elsschot and the contemporary writer Tom Lanoye. In 2012 the Letterenhuis featured a theme exhibition about Louis Paul Boon to honor his one hundredth birth year. History The organization was founded in 1933 as the Museum van de Vlaamsche Letterkunde ("Museum of Flemish Literature"). The collection was based on the Conscience-archive and the Hugo Verriest legacy. Just after World War II the name was changed into Archief en Museum voor het Vlaamse Cultuurleven ("Archive and Museum for the Flemish ...more...

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Museums in Antwerp

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Bolanle Awe

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Bolanle Awe

Bolanle Awe (born 26 January 1933) is a Nigerian history professor. Life Awe was born in Nigeria in 1933. She attended Holy Trinity School, Imofe-Ilesha, St James Primary School, Okebola, Ibadan, and St Anne's School, Ibadan.[1] She took her A-levels at the Perse School in Cambridge. She went to St Andrews University in Scotland where she obtained a masters in history, before taking a doctorate in history at Oxford University. Awe then returned to Nigeria, where she became a lecturer at the University of Ibadan. She rose to be a professor at the same university.[2] She was one of the historians who allowed their evidence to include oral traditions. This meant that she was able to trace back histories before the arrival of Europeans. She was also active in idetifying how the role of women in history was being overlooked and she co-founded the Women's Research and Documentation Centre (WORDOC) to promote the coordination of women's studies research and new methodologies to study Nigerian women.[3] In 1982 she ...more...

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Alumni of the University of St Andrews

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Central Information Technology Office

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Central Information Technology Office

The Central Information Technology Office (or CITO ) is an office under the Ministry of Finance in the country of Belize, located in the capital city of Belmopan. The office manages the government’s primary accounting system (SmartStream), as well as the application for the Income Tax and Sales Tax departments (SIGTAS). The office is also responsible for the implementation of the eGovernment policy. Other CITO responsibilities include, server hosting, for a number of government offices, management of the government's gov.bz email servers, and also the phone and fax services for the government offices in Belmopan. The office was established in the early 1980s, and was originally called the Belmopan Computer Centre, or BCC. Back then the office's main purpose was to produce electronic financial reports and trade statistics for the government. The source of the data were from paper copies of financial forms, and customs entry transactions that were already processed. These copies would then be sent to BCC for d ...more...

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Defence Research and Development Organisation

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Defence Research and Development Organisation

DRDO Bhawan, New Delhi, The Headquarters of DRDO A view of DRDO Bhavan The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) is an agency of the Republic of India, charged with the military's research and development, headquartered in New Delhi, India. It was formed in 1958 by the merger of the Technical Development Establishment and the Directorate of Technical Development and Production with the Defence Science Organisation. It is under the administrative control of the Ministry of Defence, Government of India. With a network of 52 laboratories, which are engaged in developing defence technologies covering various fields, like aeronautics, armaments, electronics, land combat engineering, life sciences, materials, missiles, and naval systems, DRDO is India's largest and most diverse research organisation. The organisation includes around 5,000 scientists belonging to the Defence Research & Development Service (DRDS) and about 25,000 other scientific, technical and supporting personnel.[7][8] ...more...

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Nuclear weapons programme of India

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FUSE

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Spatial data infrastructure

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Spatial data infrastructure

A spatial data infrastructure (SDI) is a data infrastructure implementing a framework of geographic data, metadata, users and tools that are interactively connected in order to use spatial data in an efficient and flexible way. Another definition is "the technology, policies, standards, human resources, and related activities necessary to acquire, process, distribute, use, maintain, and preserve spatial data".[1] A further definition is given in Kuhn (2005):[2] "An SDI is a coordinated series of agreements on technology standards, institutional arrangements, and policies that enable the discovery and use of geospatial information by users and for purposes other than those it was created for." General Some of the main principles are that data and metadata should not be managed centrally, but by the data originator and/or owner, and that tools and services connect via computer networks to the various sources.[3] A GIS is often the platform for deploying an individual node within an SDI. To achieve these objec ...more...

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Geographic information systems

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Jyväskylä University Library

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Jyväskylä University Library

Jyväskylä University Main Library is designed by Arto Sipinen. Jyväskylä University Library is a multidisciplinary university library in Finland. It is an independent institute of the University of Jyväskylä and one of the oldest libraries in Finland. Key information Jyväskylä University Library is a Depository Library for Finnish publications, and a European Documentation Centre for EU resources (EDC Library). It includes the Main Library and two Campus Libraries. Over a half million customers visit the library annually.[1] References https://kirjasto.jyu.fi/yleista-en External links Jyväskylä University Library Website Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jyväskylä University Library. ...more...

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Libraries in Finland

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IUCN Red List

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IUCN Red List

The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (also known as the IUCN Red List or Red Data List), founded in 1964, has evolved to become the world's most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of biological species. It uses a set of criteria to evaluate the extinction risk of thousands of species and subspecies. These criteria are relevant to all species and all regions of the world. With its strong scientific base, the IUCN Red List is recognized as the most authoritative guide to the status of biological diversity. A series of Regional Red Lists are produced by countries or organizations, which assess the risk of extinction to species within a political management unit. The IUCN Red List is set upon precise criteria to evaluate the extinction risk of thousands of species and subspecies. These criteria are relevant to all species and all regions of the world. The aim is to convey the urgency of conservation issues to the public and policy makers, as well as help the international community to t ...more...

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Biota by conservation status

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Helsinki University Library

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Helsinki University Library

Helsinki University Library is the largest multidisciplinary university library in Finland. Helsinki University Library is an independent institute of the University of Helsinki and open to all information seekers. Helsinki University Library includes the Main Library in the Kaisa House, Kumpula, Meilahti and Viikki Campus Libraries, as well as internal library services. The library offers information and library services in the fields of science of all four campuses of University of Helsinki. Key information About 1.9 million customers visit Helsinki University Library annually. There are about 40,400 active borrowers per year, and of them 11,000 are new customers. Everyone has the right to use the library, and persons over the age of 15 who live in Finland have the right to borrow books. Electronic materials are available for use to all customers in the library facilities and for the university community also online. The library offers its customers wide collections of printed and electronic materials. ...more...

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University of Helsinki

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List of GIS data sources

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List of GIS data sources

This is a list of GIS data sources (including some geoportals) that provide information sets that can be used in geographic information systems (GIS) and spatial databases for purposes of geospatial analysis and cartographic mapping. This list categorizes the sources of interest. Global GIS data for global datasets Name Description Natural Earth Public domain vector and raster dataset. Supported by the NACIS.[1] Global Map Provides consistent coverage of all the Earth's land cover area. Includes different thematic maps such as: transportation, elevation, drainage, vegetation, administrative boundaries, land cover, population centres, and land use. Registration required.[2] UNEP Environmental Data Explorer Includes global forest cover, global potential evapotranspiration, global average monthly temperatures, dams, watershed boundaries, and much more. Use the advanced search to select geospatial data sets. Provided by the United Nations Environment Programme.[3] GSHHG Global Self-consistent, Hier ...more...

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Geographic information systems

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UNESCO

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UNESCO

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO;[2] French: Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris. Its declared purpose is to contribute to peace and security by promoting international collaboration through educational, scientific, and cultural reforms in order to increase universal respect for justice, the rule of law, and human rights along with fundamental freedom proclaimed in the United Nations Charter.[1] It is the successor of the League of Nations' International Committee on Intellectual Cooperation. UNESCO has 195 member states[3] and ten associate members.[4][5] Most of its field offices are "cluster" offices covering three or more countries; national and regional offices also exist. UNESCO pursues its objectives through five major programs: education, natural sciences, social/human sciences, culture and communication/information. Projects sponsored by UNESCO include ...more...

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Articles containing French-language text

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Jason Farradane

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Jason Farradane

Jason Farradane, born Jason Lewkowitsch (29 September 1906 – 27 June 1989)[1] was a British librarian of Polish descent.[2] Life The son of the chemical engineer Julius Lewkowitsch,[3] Farradane graduated in chemistry in 1929 at what is now Imperial College and started work in industry as a chemist and documentalist. After working in research at the Ministry of Supply and the Admiralty during World War II, he first made an impact with a paper on the scientific approach to documentation at a Royal Society Scientific Information Conference in 1948. He was instrumental in establishing the Institute of Information Scientists in 1958 and the first academic courses in information science in 1963 at what eventually became City University, London and where he became Director of the Centre for Information Science in 1966. Of Central European origin, his commitment to science was reflected in the name he created for himself - a combination of Faraday and Haldane, two scientists he particularly admired. On the researc ...more...

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Norwegian Centre Against Racism

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Norwegian Centre Against Racism

The Norwegian Centre Against Racism or Anti-Racism Centre (Norwegian: Antirasistisk Senter; NCAR) is a non-governmental organization based in Oslo, Norway established in 1983. [1] The organization’s main objective is to achieve a socially just society[1] through the fight against racism and discrimination.[2] The Centre works toward its objective through the documentation and prevention of racism, racism awareness, and the mobilization of the minority population in Norway.[2][3] Main activities The Norwegian Centre Against Racism consists of a political management structure and three main departments:[4] Agenda X: An activity center for the minority youth population of Norway in which lifeskill workshops and summer camps are organized.[5] JobbX: A free job application course for minorities between the ages 16 and 26 in Norway. The course teaches how to search for jobs, create a CV, fill out job applications, and interview skills.[5] The Counseling Office: The office offers counseling to those who have ...more...

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Anti-racist organizations in Europe

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Athens University of Economics and Business

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Athens University of Economics and Business

Athens University of Economics and Business (AUEB; Greek: Οικονομικό Πανεπιστήμιο Αθηνών, Oikonomiko Panepistimio Athinon, abbrev. ΟΠΑ, OPA) was founded in 1920 in Athens, Greece. Its buildings are housed on Patision Street. Before 1989, the university was known in Greek as the Supreme School of Economics and Business (Ανωτάτη Σχολή Οικονομικών και Εμπορικών Επιστημών, Anotati Scholi Oikonomikon kai Emborikon Epistimon, abbrev. ΑΣΟΕΕ, ASOEE). Though the university of business's official name has changed, it is still known popularly in Greek by this former acronym. History The main building of Athens University of Economics and Business. Backview of the building. The Athens University of Economics and Business (AUEB) was founded in 1920 under the name of Athens School of Commercial Studies. It was renamed in 1926 as the Athens School of Economics and Business, a name that was retained until 1989 when it assumed its present name, the Athens University of Economics and Business.[1] It is the oldes ...more...

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Educational institutions started in 1920

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List of intelligence agencies

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List of intelligence agencies

This is a list of intelligence agencies. It includes only currently operational institutions. Agencies by country Afghanistan National Directorate of Security (NDS) Albania State Intelligence Service (SHISH) – Sherbimi Informativ Shteteror Military Intelligence Service (SHIU) – Shërbimi Informativ Ushtarak Argentina President's Office Federal Intelligence Agency (AFI) – Agencia Federal de Inteligencia National Intelligence School (ENI) – Escuela Nacional de Inteligencia Directorate of Judicial Surveillance (DOJ) – Dirección de Observaciones Judiciales Federal Counternarcotics Service (SEFECONAR) – Servicio Federal de Lucha contra el Narcotráfico Argentine National Gendarmerie Intelligence (SIGN) – Inteligencia de la Gendarmería Nacional Argentina Ministry of Defense National Directorate of Strategic Military Intelligence (DNIEM) – Dirección Nacional de Inteligencia Estratégica Militar Ministry of Justice Federal Penitentiary Service Intelligence – Inteligencia ...more...

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Lists of government agencies

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European Music Council

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European Music Council

The European Music Council (EMC) is a regional group of the International Music Council (IMC) representing Europe. It was established in 1972 as the 'European regional group of the IMC' and was renamed the European Music Council in 1992. The IMC was founded by UNESCO in 1949, and is, today, a non-governmental organisation (NGO), which still retains formal relations with UNESCO.[1] Until 2000 the secretariat was based in Aarau, Switzerland, and is now in Bonn, Germany. The EMC functions as a non-governmental advisory body on musical matters. The membership includes National Music Councils from 15 European countries (including countries outside the European Union such as Azerbaijan, Israel, Russia, and Ukraine); 18 European music organisations; 19 international music organisations and 26 national music organisations or organisations that specialise in specific areas of music. Members As of March 2018, The European Music Council has 78 members based in 31 countries. National Music Councils National music coun ...more...

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Design Museum of Barcelona

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Design Museum of Barcelona

The Museu del Disseny de Barcelona (Catalan naming, English: "Design Museum of Barcelona"), is a new center of Barcelona's Institute of Culture, which works to promote better understanding and good use of the design world, acting as a museum and laboratory. It focuses on 4 branches or design disciplines: space design, product design, information design and fashion. The Museum is the result of the merging of several previous existing museums, such as the Museu de les Arts Decoratives, the Museu Tèxtil i d'Indumentària and the Gabinet de les Arts Gràfiques collection. The opening of the new headquarters, located on Plaça de les Glòries, was set gradually during 2014. History Barcelona is a city historically linked to design, with old institutions such as the Foment de les Arts Decoratives. That is why the city of Barcelona was raised earlier in the decade of 2000 to create a single center, an integral space to allow the public to understand design in a broader consideration. It was decided to build a single s ...more...

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Disseny Hub Barcelona

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ITIL

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ITIL

ITIL (formerly an acronym for Information Technology Infrastructure Library) is a set of detailed practices for IT service management (ITSM) that focuses on aligning IT services with the needs of business. In its current form (known as ITIL 2011), ITIL is published as a series of five core volumes, each of which covers a different ITSM lifecycle stage. Although ITIL underpins ISO/IEC 20000 (previously BS 15000), the International Service Management Standard for IT service management, there are some differences between the ISO 20000 standard, ICT Standard by IFGICT and the ITIL framework. ITIL describes processes, procedures, tasks, and checklists which are not organization-specific or technology-specific, but can be applied by an organization for establishing integration with the organization's strategy, delivering value, and maintaining a minimum level of competency. It allows the organization to establish a baseline from which it can plan, implement, and measure. It is used to demonstrate compliance and to ...more...

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NIOD Institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide Studies

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NIOD Institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide Studies

The NIOD Institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide Studies (Dutch: NIOD Instituut voor Oorlogs-, Holocaust- en Genocidestudies) is an organisation in the Netherlands which maintains archives and carries out historical studies into the Second World War, the Holocaust and other genocides around the world, past and present. The institute was founded as a merger of the Netherlands Institute for War Documentation (Nederlands instituut voor oorlogsdocumentatie, NIOD, formerly Rijksinstituut voor oorlogsdocumentatie, RIOD) and the Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies (CHGS).[3] It has been part of the Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen (Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences) since January 1, 1999.[3] Duties According to its website, the NIOD Institute is intended to: Collect, manages, opens up and makes accessible archives and collections about the Second World War. Conduct academic research and publishes about it. Give information to government bodies and individual. Stimulate and ...more...

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Netherlands in World War II

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