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European Documentation and Information Centre

The European Documentation and Information Centre, abbreviated CEDI (French: Centre Européen de Documentation et d'Information), was a former think tank founded in 1952 on the occasion of an international congress held in Santander, Spain. The objective of the organization was to unite various European conservative and Christian Democratic political organizations which formed in several Western European states during postwar reconstruction, the emerging Cold War and the beginnings of what would later be called European integration. During the 1950s and the 1960s, the CEDI was an important contact pool for European politicians. During its early years the CEDI's ideology and program was dominated by its first president, Otto von Habsburg, son of the last emperor of Austria. It was dissolved in 1990 following the collapse of the Iron Curtain.

Backgrounds

The Franco regime in Spain made use of the CEDI to get in contact with high-ranking persons of the political, military, economic and cultural life from Western Europe and thus end its post-war international isolation. By preaching the necessity of cultural exchange and the religious unity of the occident, the CEDI aimed at a political, military and economic inclusion of Spain into the beginning process of European Integration.

Organization and members

The annual congresses of the CEDI, which were nearly always held in Spain, brought together many office bearers and dignitaries of the conservative milieu. Besides the Spanish initiators – hereunder Franco’s foreign minister Alberto Martín Artajo, the director of the Institute for Hispanic Culture Alfredo Sánchez Bella and José Ignacio Escobar Kirkpatrick Marqués de Valdeiglesias – there was a strong support for CEDI’s activities in Germany, Austria and France. The expelled Austrian Heir Apparent Otto von Habsburg was the founding and, later on, honorary president of the organization. Germany was represented by high-ranking members of the Christian Democratic and Christian Social Union of Bavaria parties, as for example the ministers Hans-Joachim von Merkatz and Richard Jaeger. The French section of the Documentation Centre was led by the Count François de la Noë and Michel Habib-Deloncle.

Among the first British supporters were William Teeling, Sir Frederick Corfield MP and Sir John Rodgers MP, who even held CEDI’s international presidency from 1965 to 1967. Over the years, the Austrian secretary general Georg von Gaupp-Berghausen turned more and more out to be the actual organizational and programmatic head of the Documentation Centre.

Ambitions and ideology

Besides the proclaimed Catholic Christian heritage, the traditional connections of the European upper nobility, military contacts and common economic interests, it was above all a virulent anticommunism which was tying together the members of the Documentation Centre. The scientific lectures given at the annual meetings of the CEDI dealt with questions of principle concerning European Integration, the Cold War and other subjects of social and international relevance.

National sections

Apart from Spain, Germany and France, national sections emerged in and Belgium and Austria, some years later also in Liechtenstein, Switzerland, Sweden and Portugal. In Britain, the conservative "March Club" fulfilled the tasks of a national section since the beginning of the 1960s. Among the most prominent members of this British section were apart from Teeling, Corfield and Rodgers, Peter Agnew and Geoffrey Rippon who both were to become international presidents of the CEDI later on. It seems quite likely that the contacts provided by the Documentation Centre played a not unimportant role in negotiating Britain’s entry into the European Community, since Rippon was the head of the British government’s delegation.

Development

When the CEDI became a civil law association in 1957, its head office was officially moved to Munich, Madrid remaining nevertheless a central branch office of the organization. With General Charles de Gaulle returning to the political stage in 1958, his fellows transformed the CEDI into an international forum in order to diffuse their conceptions of European politics. The cooperation between French Gaullists and German Christian Democrats has also been prepared by CEDI’s initiatives.

The Gaullist engagement weakening by the end of the 1960s, Spanish influence in the Documentation Centre increased again. CEDI evolved into an instrument of Spanish interests in Latin America, reached out for Africa and Asia, and finally turned toward the domain of development policies.

Nevertheless, the organization had transgressed the zenith of its diplomatic activities. The urgent necessity of recruiting new members was perceived, but the CEDI did not find any solution to solve these problems. The political transformation process in Spain by the middle of the 1970s deprived the CEDI of its last material and organizational basics.

Further reading
  • Conze, Vanessa: Das Europa der Deutschen. Ideen von Europa in Deutschland zwischen Reichstradition und Westorientierung (1920–1970), München 2005, p. 169–206.
  • Gunzález Cuevas, Pedro Carlos: Neoconservatismo e identidad europea. Una aproximación histórica, in: Spagna contemporanea 13 (1998), p. 41–60.
  • Weber, Petra-Maria: Spanische Deutschlandpolitik 1945–1958. Entsorgung der Vergangenheit, Saarbrücken/Fort Lauderdale 1992, p. 205–268.
  • Johannes Großmann: Die Internationale der Konservativen. Transnationale Elitenzirkel und private Außenpolitik in Westeuropa seit 1945, Munich 2014.
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European Documentation and Information Centre

topic

European Documentation and Information Centre

The European Documentation and Information Centre, abbreviated CEDI (French: Centre Européen de Documentation et d'Information), was a former think tank founded in 1952 on the occasion of an international congress held in Santander, Spain. The objective of the organization was to unite various European conservative and Christian Democratic political organizations which formed in several Western European states during postwar reconstruction, the emerging Cold War and the beginnings of what would later be called European integration. During the 1950s and the 1960s, the CEDI was an important contact pool for European politicians. During its early years the CEDI's ideology and program was dominated by its first president, Otto von Habsburg, son of the last emperor of Austria. It was dissolved in 1990 following the collapse of the Iron Curtain. Backgrounds The Franco regime in Spain made use of the CEDI to get in contact with high-ranking persons of the political, military, economic and cultural life from Western ...more...



European Documentation Centre

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European Documentation Centre

A European Documentation Centre (EDC) is a body designated by the European Commission to collect and disseminate publications of the European Union for the purposes of research and education. There are 400 such centers in all member states of the EU. The mandate of an EDC is to receive all official EU publications, documents, contracts and electronic databases then make them available to researchers, educators, students, and interested members of the general public. The centers are also legal depositories of Acquis communautaire (EU law). Although primarily academic in nature, anyone can visit an EDC to consult official EU publications. History and organisation European Documentation Centres were founded in 1963 by the European Commission. They are predominantly located at universities, university libraries, affiliated academic institutions, and non-university research institutes, both public and private. EU policy is that at least one EDC should be located in each region of a European Union member state. ...more...



European Centre for Parliamentary Research and Documentation

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European Centre for Parliamentary Research and Documentation

The European Centre for Parliamentary Research and Documentation (ECPRD) is a parliamentary network which was founded in 1977. Aims The Centre aims to facilitate the exchange of information, ideas, and experiences between the administrations of parliaments in Europe. Sharing successful practical experiences helps to intensify existing cooperation between parliaments in all areas of parliamentary business, including administration, legislation, information, research, and documentation. The Centre collects and distributes studies which are produced by the parliamentary services. It also cooperates with other European networks, e.g. IPEX or TAIEX. Members A parliamentary assembly can only become a member of ECPRD if it is already a member of the European Conference of Presidents of Parliaments. The Centre is composed of the following members (as at June 2016):[1] European Parliament Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and the following parliamentary chambers of Member States of the European Unio ...more...



Jewish Historical Documentation Centre

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Jewish Historical Documentation Centre

Simon Wiesenthal The Jewish Historical Documentation Centre (Zentrum für jüdische historische Dokumentation) was an office headed by Simon Wiesenthal in Linz. The centre collected and promulgated information about war crimes, specific mainly to crimes against the Jewish people as perpetrated by the Nazi Regime in Europe during the Second World War. The centre has been responsible for uncovering more than 1000 Nazi war criminals, including Adolf Eichmann, sometimes referred to as "the architect of the Holocaust".[1] The office was also interested in the whereabouts of alleged Nazi war criminals who may have escaped justice, including those individuals who escaped through the Nazi ratlines to havens in South America, particularly to Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil, and Chile. This Centre closed in 1954. History Simon Wiesenthal was a Holocaust survivor who was noted for his work as a Nazi hunter who pursued Nazi war criminals. After being liberated from the Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp by the U.S. Army ...more...



European Network of Information Centres for the Performing Arts

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European Network of Information Centres for the Performing Arts

The European Network of Information Centres for the Performing Arts (ENICPA) is an organisation dedicated to sharing information and documentation among art professionals in Europe and around the world. Headquartered in Brussels, it maintains a website which provides a database of European events, venues, publications, training opportunities, and information centres for the performing arts, according to the European Monitoring Centre on Change. External links Description of ENICPA from the website of the European Monitoring Centre on Change ENICPA website The European Network of Information Centres for the Performing Arts (ENICPA) is an organisation dedicated to sharing information and documentation among art professionals in Europe and around the world. Headquartered in Brussels, it maintains a website which provides a database of European events, venues, publications, training opportunities, and information centres for the performing arts, according to the European Monitoring Centre on Change. Externa ...more...



Documentation science

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Documentation science

Documentation science, or documentation studies, is the study of the recording and retrieval of information.[1] Documentation science gradually developed into the broader field of information science. Paul Otlet (1868–1944) and Henri La Fontaine (1854–1943), both Belgian lawyers and peace activists, established documentation science as a field of study. Otlet, who coined the term documentation science, is the author of two treatises on the subject: Traité de Documentation (1934) and Monde: Essai d'universalisme (1935). He, in particular, is regarded as the progenitor of information science. In the United States, 1968 was a landmark year in the transition from documentation science to information science: the American Documentation Institute became the American Society for Information Science and Technology, and Harold Borko introduced readers of the journal American Documentation to the term in his paper "Information science: What is it?". Information science has not entirely subsumed documentation science, ...more...



Geoffrey Rippon

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Geoffrey Rippon

Aubrey Geoffrey Frederick Rippon, Baron Rippon of Hexham, PC, QC (28 May 1924 – 28 January 1997) was a British Conservative politician. He is most known for drafting the European Communities Act 1972 which took the United Kingdom into the European Communities on 1 January 1973. He was Chairman of the European-Atlantic Group. Early life Born in Penn, Buckinghamshire, the son of the Somerset cricketer Sydney Rippon, Geoffrey Rippon was educated at King's College, Taunton, and Brasenose College, Oxford, where he was president of the University Conservative Association. He was called to the Bar in 1948 and was Mayor of Surbiton 1951–52 and a member of the London County Council from 1952. Parliamentary career After unsuccessfully contesting the seat of Shoreditch and Finsbury in both 1950 and 1951, he became MP for Norwich South in 1955. As Minister for Public Building and Works in 1962, Rippon controversially sought to demolish and redevelop the Italianate Foreign and Commonwealth Office main building designed ...more...



Documentation and Cultural Centre of German Sinti and Roma

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Documentation and Cultural Centre of German Sinti and Roma

The Documentation and Cultural Centre of German Sinti and Roma was established in Heidelberg, Germany, in the early 1990's ,as a memorial to Sinti and Roma people who were killed by the National Socialists Party.[1] After several years of extension work collecting stories from the victims, conducting research, and conversion, the building complex was ceremonially opened to the public on 16 March 1997, and was supported by the attendance of many Roma and Sinti survivors. It is the world's first permanent exhibition on the genocide perpetrated upon the Sinti and Roma by the Nazis.[2] The documentation Centre has three levels and covers an area of almost 700 square meters, and traces the history and stories of the persecution of the Sinti and Roma under National Socialism.[3] The institution is overseen by Central Council of German Sinti and Roma, supported by the city of Heidelberg, and is the beneficiary of special funds from the German Federal Government and the land of Baden-Württemberg. Description The fir ...more...



NS Documentation Centre of the City of Cologne

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NS Documentation Centre of the City of Cologne

NS-DOC logo The permanent exhibition Cellblocks in the cellar The NS Documentation Centre of the City of Cologne (German: NS-Dokumentationszentrum der Stadt Köln) was founded by a resolution passed by the Cologne city council on December 13, 1979 and has become the largest regional memorial site in all of Germany for the victims of the Nazis. Since 1988, it has been housed in "EL-DE Haus," the EL-DE building, named for the initials of its owner, Catholic businessman Leopold Dahmen. This building was the headquarters of the Cologne Gestapo (secret police) between December 1935 and March 1945. In the final months of the war, several hundred people, most of them foreign forced laborers, were murdered in the courtyard of the building. In a bit of historical irony, the EL-DE building remained largely untouched by the ravages of the war. The NS Documentation Centre (NS-DOC) is dedicated to memorializing the victims of the Nazi regime, as well as research and teaching about Cologne's history during th ...more...



Information science

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Information science

The Library of Alexandria, an early form of information storage and retrieval. Information science is a field primarily concerned with the analysis, collection, classification, manipulation, storage, retrieval, movement, dissemination, and protection of information.[1] Practitioners within and outside the field study application and usage of knowledge in organizations along with the interaction between people, organizations, and any existing information systems with the aim of creating, replacing, improving, or understanding information systems. Historically, information science is associated with computer science, library science, and telecommunications.[2] However, information science also incorporates aspects of diverse fields such as archival science, cognitive science, commerce, law, museology, management, mathematics, philosophy, public policy, and social sciences. Information science should not be confused with information theory. Information theory is the study of the types of communications we use ...more...



CVCE.eu

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CVCE.eu

The Centre Virtuel de la Connaissance de l'Europe (CVCE) is an interdisciplinary research and documentation centre dedicated to the European integration process. It acted as a digital library, housing documents related to the European integration efforts since World War II. The CVCE is headquartered in Sanem Castle in Luxembourg. It was a public corporation founded by the Law of 7 August 2002 establishing the Centre Virtuel de la Connaissance sur l’Europe. European NAvigator (ENA) was the former name of the digital library on the history of European integration and related institutions. The research project is now online at www.cvce.eu, a website dedicated to European integration studies. The project is developed by the CVCE (Centre Virtuel de la Connaissance sur l'Europe), a Luxembourg-based public undertaking that is actively supported by the Ministry of Culture, Higher Education and Research. The website is available in English and French, though some documents are available in other languages. Multim ...more...



Richard Jaeger

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Richard Jaeger

Richard Jaeger (left) and the former President of the Federal Republic of Germany/Bundespräsident Karl Carstens (right). Richard Jaeger (16 February 1913 in Berlin – 15 May 1998 in Munich) was a German politician of the Christian Social Union of Bavaria. Under Ludwig Erhard's second ministry, he was Minister of Justice (26 October 1965 - 1 December 1966). Richard Jaeger (Minister of Justice), were a part of Hitler's paramilitary organization, the SA since 1933. From 1949 to 1980 Jaeger was a member of German Bundestag. From 1972 to 1974, Jaeger was President of the European Documentation and Information Centre (CEDI). He was married and had six children. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Richard Jaeger. Richard Jaeger (left) and the former President of the Federal Republic of Germany/Bundespräsident Karl Carstens (right). Richard Jaeger (16 February 1913 in Berlin – 15 May 1998 in Munich) was a German politician of the Christian Social Union of Bavaria. Under Ludwig Erhard's second ministry, ...more...



REDIAL

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REDIAL

REDIAL (Red Europea de Información y Documentación sobre América Latina), the European Network of Information and Documentation on Latin America is an association formed by 43 libraries and documentation centres in 12 European countries: Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, United Kingdom, Spain, Slovakia, Sweden and Switzerland. REDIAL is a meeting platform aiming at contributing to the development of communication and support between institutions, and the exchange of information between researchers, librarians and archivists working in the areas of Latin American humanities and social sciences in Europe. REDIAL is a non-profit European association, regulated by the Belgium legislation. Its organizational structure is formed by an Executive Committee of national coordinators who are elected by the member institution of each European country and a Members General Assembly. Databases REDIAL webpage offers access to several European databases on Latin American information and investi ...more...



International Soil Reference and Information Centre

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International Soil Reference and Information Centre

(ISRIC - World Soil Information) Mission ISRIC - World Soil Information is an independent, science-based foundation. The institute was founded in 1966 following a recommendation of the International Society of Soil Science (ISSS, now International Union of Soil Sciences| (IUSS)) and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). It has a mission to serve the international community with information about the world’s soil resources to help addressing major global issues. Main focus areas Recent developments at ISRIC are succinctly described in a series of Annual Highlights. Together with partners, ISRIC produces, gathers, compiles and serves quality-assessed soil information at global, national and regional levels. ISRIC stimulate the use of this information to address global challenges through capacity building, awareness raising and direct cooperation with users and clients. Details re provided on the following website website. Data holdings and webservices Our referen ...more...



Topography of Terror

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Topography of Terror

The new building of the Topography of Terror Foundation, 2010 Aerial view of the building The Topography of Terror (German: Topographie des Terrors) is an outdoor and indoor history museum in Berlin, Germany. It is located on Niederkirchnerstrasse, formerly Prinz-Albrecht-Strasse, on the site of buildings which during the Nazi regime from 1933 to 1945 was the SS Reich Main Security Office, the headquarters of the Sicherheitspolizei, SD, Einsatzgruppen and Gestapo. The buildings that housed the Gestapo and SS headquarters were largely destroyed by Allied bombing during early 1945 and the ruins demolished after the war. The boundary between the American and Soviet zones of occupation in Berlin ran along the Prinz-Albrecht-Strasse, so the street soon became a fortified boundary, and the Berlin Wall ran along the south side of the street, renamed Niederkirchnerstrasse, from 1961 to 1989. The wall here was never demolished. Indeed, the section adjacent to the Topography of Terror site is the longest extan ...more...



Representation of the European Commission in Germany

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Representation of the European Commission in Germany

Representation of the European Commission in Europäisches Haus Berlin Europäisches Haus Berlin, Unter den Linden at Brandenburger Tor The Representation of the European Commission in Germany is a representation of the European Commission with the head office located in Berlin. There are two more regional representation offices in Bonn and Munich. Richard Kühnel is in charge of the representations in Germany since 1 June 2014, who was responsible of the representation office in Austria. History The representation of the European Commission started as a press liaison office of the European Coal and Steel Community in 1951 in Bonn. It was the first press liaison office followed by offices in Rome and Paris. The main task of the press liaison office was to maintain and strengthen contact to the press and other national sources of information. After the establishment of the European Economic Community and the European Atomic Energy Community in 1957, the office became responsible for representing their i ...more...



European Association of Libraries and Information Services on Addictions

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European Association of Libraries and Information Services on Addictions

The European Association of Libraries and Information Services on Addictions (ELISAD) – previously called, until end of 2011, European Association of Libraries and Information Services on Alcohol and other Drugs – was a European non-governmental and non-profit making social network of libraries, documentation centres and information services situated in Europe and specialised in alcohol, drugs, tobacco and all other behavioural addictions.[1] Aims and tasks ELISAD’s key purpose was to provide those working in the field of drug, alcohol, tobacco and other addictions information with a network for exchanging knowledge, ideas and sharing experiences. ELISAD's tasks were: To stimulate and enhance European cooperation between libraries, information services, documentation centres and individuals working in the field of addictions. To stimulate the use and the development of information management technologies. To promote the role of libraries and documentation centres as important means for communicating res ...more...



List of information schools

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List of information schools

This list of information schools includes members of the iSchools organization. iSchools organization This iSchools organization reflects a consortium of over 80 information schools in a dozen countries.[1] iSchools promote an interdisciplinary approach to understanding the opportunities and challenges of information management, with a core commitment to concepts like universal access and user-centered organization of information. The field is concerned broadly with questions of design and preservation across information spaces, from digital and virtual spaces such as online communities, social networking, the World Wide Web, and databases to physical spaces such as libraries, museums, collections, and other repositories. Degree programs at iSchools include course offerings in areas such as information architecture, design, policy, and economics; knowledge management, user experience design, and usability; preservation and conservation; librarianship and library administration; the sociology of information; ...more...



European institutions in Strasbourg

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European institutions in Strasbourg

Strasbourg (red dot) shown in relation to nearby European cities (circle shows 400 km distance) Plaque commemorating the first session of the Council of Europe Assembly in the grand aula of Strasbourg University There are a range of European institutions in Strasbourg (France), the oldest of which dates back to 1815. In all, there are more than twenty different institutions based in the Alsatian city.[1] Due to this concentration Strasbourg is a claimant to the title of "capital of Europe". Area The European Quarter is spread over an area covering the districts of Wacken, Orangerie and Robertsau in the north-west of the city and comprising the intersection of the River Ill and the Marne-Rhine Canal.[2] The first specific European building in the area was the Council of Europe's House of Europe in 1949, with the Rhine Commission being located towards the centre of the city. The Audiovisual Observatory and the Institute for Human Rights are the only institutions in the quarter to have moved into pre-e ...more...



Centre de recherche et de documentation sur l'Océanie

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Centre de recherche et de documentation sur l'Océanie

The Centre de Recherche et de Documentation sur l'Océanie, also known as CREDO (Center for Research and Documentation on Oceania) is a cross-disciplinary research laboratory in social and cultural anthropology, history and archaeology including researchers and lecturers from three institutions: the CNRS (National Center for Scientific Research), the EHESS (School for Advanced Studies in Social Sciences) and the University of Provence. Its main focus of research and teaching are the past and contemporary societies of the Pacific, Australia included. History The CREDO was created in 1995 as an UMR (Unité Mixe de Recherche) of the CNRS and the EHESS in Marseilles, France. The principal founders of the CREDO are Pierre Lemonnier and Serge Tcherkézoff, with Maurice Godelier. From the very first year of its creation, its membres wanted to be associated to the University of Provence in order to teach and supervise students from both major institutions in the South of France in the Humanities and Social Sciences. I ...more...



List of human rights organisations

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List of human rights organisations

The list is incomplete; please add known articles or create missing ones The following is a list of articles on the human rights organisations of the world. It does not include political parties, or academic institutions. The list includes both secular and religious organizations. International Non-governmental organizations Amazon Watch Amnesty International Anti-Slavery International Article 19 Avocats Sans Frontières Breakthrough (human rights) CARE Carter Center CCJO René Cassin Center for Economic and Social Rights Center for Human Rights and Humanitarian law Centre on Housing Rights and Evictions (COHRE) Civil Rights Defenders Coalition for the International Criminal Court Committee of Concerned Scientists Committee to Protect Journalists Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative CryptoRights Foundation Cultural Survival Disabled Peoples' International Enough Project Equality Now Every Human Has Rights Forum 18 Fourth Estate (association) Free the Slaves Freedom from Torture Fr ...more...



International concentration camp committees

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International concentration camp committees

Max Mannheimer, giving an address at the former Dachau concentration camp, May 5, 2002 International concentration camp committees are organizations composed of former inmates of the various Nazi concentration camps, formed at various times, primarily after the Second World War. Although most survivors have since died and those who are still alive are generally octogenarians, the committees are still active. Committees' history and purpose During the Nazi era, there were active, underground resistance organizations at several of the camps, such as those at Sachsenhausen, Buchenwald and Dachau. After liberation, these groups became the foundation of post-war survivor organizations for their respective camps.[1] The concentration camp committees are international organizations because their members come from and live in many different countries. The purpose of the committees is to educate the world about what was done under the Third Reich regarding the arrest and deportation of religious, political and soc ...more...



NIOD Institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide Studies

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NIOD Institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide Studies

The NIOD Institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide Studies (Dutch: NIOD Instituut voor Oorlogs-, Holocaust- en Genocidestudies) is an organisation in the Netherlands which maintains archives and carries out historical studies into the Second World War, the Holocaust and other genocides around the world, past and present. The institute was founded as a merger of the Netherlands Institute for War Documentation (Nederlands instituut voor oorlogsdocumentatie, NIOD, formerly Rijksinstituut voor oorlogsdocumentatie, RIOD) and the Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies (CHGS).[3] It has been part of the Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen (Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences) since January 1, 1999.[3] Duties According to its website, the NIOD Institute is intended to: Collect, manages, opens up and makes accessible archives and collections about the Second World War. Conduct academic research and publishes about it. Give information to government bodies and individual. Stimulate and ...more...



Centre d'étude des supports de publicité

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Centre d'étude des supports de publicité

The Centre d'étude des supports de publicité (CESP) is a Paris-based non-profit association of media and communications services in France. It is a French inter-professional body gathering the whole advertising market players concerned by studying audience of media: advertisers, agencies and media consulting houses, federation of ad purchasing space, medias and advertising sales houses. It is a center for documentation, information, training for professionals. Its missions are: conduct audit and labelize studies and researches on media and their audience. It brings its expertise both in France and internationally on works on media, on new tools and technics. At the international level, it is a member of several bodies: Esomar: The World Association of Research Professionals. EBU: Union Européenne Radio-Télévision Emro: Association of European Media Research Organisations I-JIC (previously EURO-JICs): Association internationale des organismes de certification et d’études des supports de publicité ...more...



European Environment Agency

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European Environment Agency

European Environment Agency Building in Copenhagen in winter The European Environment Agency (EEA) is the agency of the European Union (EU) that provides independent information on the environment, thereby helping those involved in developing, adopting, implementing and evaluating environmental policy, as well as informing the general public. The agency is governed by a management board composed of representatives of the governments of its 33 member states, a European Commission representative and two scientists appointed by the European Parliament, assisted by a committee of scientists. The EEA was established by the European Economic Community (EEC) Regulation 1210/1990 (amended by EEC Regulation 933/1999 and EC Regulation 401/2009) and became operational in 1994. It is headquartered in Copenhagen, Denmark. The current Executive Director of the agency is Professor Hans Bruyninckx, who has been appointed for a five-year term. He is the successor of Professor Jacqueline McGlade. The member states of the ...more...



Europa-Institut

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Europa-Institut

The Europa-Institut was founded at Saarland University in 1951, long before the signing of the Treaties of Rome, and it is consequently the second eldest institution focused on European Integration (after the College of Europe, Bruges, Belgium). Over 5,000 students from over 40 different countries have since graduated from the Institute. Having built on the content of its study program continuously and adapted to developments on the European level over time, the Europa-Institut today focuses on European law and international law with the possibility of specialization in specific study units. History[1]Initial focus on history and culture The Europa-Institut was intended to be the "jewel and symbol" of Saarland University, a university itself based on the merger of German and French educational traditions, founded under the aegis of France and the University of Nancy in 1948 and boasting personalities such as Robert Schuman amongst the first of its students. Aims and tasks of the Europa-Institut are to rese ...more...



Person-centered care

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Person-centered care

In health care, person-centred care is where the patients actively participate in their own medical treatment in close cooperation with the health professionals. Sometimes relatives are also included in creating the health plan[1] The person-centred model of health care is used both for in and out patients, emergency care, palliative care as well as in rehabilitation. Background The concept of person-centred care is clearly distinguished from a traditional treatment model which views the patient as a passive receiver of a medical intervention. Many health professionals are traditionally focused on the needs of the patients instead of their resources. Rather than the conventional way of making medical recommendations from health professionals to a patient, the person-centred care model allows for an inclusion of the patient and their relatives in making a joint design and mutual agreements of the medical plans and treatments. The person-centred care concept involves a partnership between the health care profe ...more...



Infoshop

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Infoshop

Interior of Left Bank Books, Seattle, Washington in 2006. Exterior of L'Insoumise/Documentations, Informations, Références et Archives (DIRA), an infoshop in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. An infoshop is a place where alternative, subcultural or radical literature is distributed.[1] Subjects often include activism, anarchism, libertarianism, animal rights, art, economics, environmentalism, feminism, politics, permaculture, socialism, communism, organized labor, vegetarianism and veganism. Additionally, infoshops often serve as a meeting space and resource hub for local groups and activists. Infoshops can be free standing or take the form of a store front or a few rooms that act as distribution, reading, library and meeting space. Alternatively, they may be part of a larger social center that provides other functions.[1] Facilities Often infoshops have a library of alternative, subcultural or radical literature. Infoshops also include a zine library, helping to preserve zine culture.[2] Origins According ...more...



Hans-Joachim von Merkatz

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Hans-Joachim von Merkatz

Hans-Joachim von Merkatz (7 July 1905 – 25 February 1982) was a German politician. He was Federal Minister of Justice from 1956 to 1957. He was a member of the Bundestag from 1949 to 1961. He was a member of the German Party before joining the Christian Democrats in 1960. Early life Merkatz was born at Stargard in the Prussian province of Pomerania into a family of Prussian officers and functionaries, ennobled in 1797. His father, Hauptmann in the German army, died near Vilnius in 1915, during World War I. Merkatz received his primary education in Wiesbaden (Hesse), Jena and Naumburg (both in Thuringia). Initially immatriculated for agriculture, he turned to study law and national economics at the University of Jena from 1928 to 1931. Third Reich Merkatz received his doctorate at the University of Jena in 1934 and his approbation as a lawyer in 1935. The same year, von Merkatz started lecturing foreign and international law at the Kaiser Wilhelm Society in Berlin. In 1938, he became secretary general of ...more...



Barcelona Centre for International Affairs

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Barcelona Centre for International Affairs

CIDOB, acronym of the Barcelona Centre for International Affairs, is a Spanish think-tank based in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain, dedicated to research and divulge contents of the different areas of international relations and development studies. The centre defines itself as an organisation that is «an independent, non partisan centre that contributes to ongoing international debates from the perspective of a major Mediterranean metropolis».[1] Legally speaking, CIDOB is a public foundation with a Board of Trustees that includes among its members the main political institutions and universities of Catalonia and Barcelona, in addition to a number of ministries of the Spanish Government. CIDOB is currently the oldest think-tank in Spain, and one of the most influential in its field, so they claim. The acronym CIDOB and the centre’s name The centre's original name was, from 1973 onwards, Centre d'Informació i Documentació Internacionals a Barcelona (translated into English, Barcelona Centre for International Inf ...more...



Sir Peter Agnew, 1st Baronet

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Sir Peter Agnew, 1st Baronet

Commander Sir Peter Garnett Agnew, 1st Baronet (9 July 1900 – 26 August 1990) was an officer in the Royal Navy and a Conservative Party politician. BiographyEducation and naval career Agnew was born in Bucklow, Cheshire,[1] a son of C.L. Agnew of Knutsford.[2] Educated at Repton School, he entered the Royal Navy on 25 October 1918, trained at the Royal Naval College, Dartmouth, and was commissioned as a sub-lieutenant on 15 May 1921.[1][2] Receiving promotion to lieutenant on 15 April 1923, he served on the sloop Bluebell on the China Station from August 1923 until January 1925, before serving on the battlecruiser Renown from March 1926 until July 1927. After a term as Aide-de-camp to the Governor of Jamaica, he was assigned to the battleship Queen Elizabeth in August 1928, transferring to the Royal Yacht Victoria and Albert in May 1930. On 15 April 1931 he was promoted to lieutenant-commander, but retired from the Navy on 29 May at his own request.[1] Election to Parliament Agnew was elected as Member of ...more...



European Interoperability Framework

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European Interoperability Framework

The European Interoperability Framework (EIF) is a set of recommendations which specify how administrations, businesses and citizens communicate with each other within the European Union and across Member State borders. The EIF 1.0 was issued under the Interoperable Delivery of European eGovernment Services to public Administrations, Businesses and Citizens programme (IDABC). The EIF continues under the new ISA programme, which replaced the IDABC programme on 31 December 2009. EIF in effect is an Enterprise architecture framework targeted at the largest possible scale, designed to promote integration spanning multiple sovereign Nation States, specifically EU Member States. For further examples of Enterprise Architecture frameworks designed operate at different levels of scale, see also Alternative Enterprise Architecture Frameworks VersionsEIF Version 1.0 EIF Version 1.0[1][2][3] was published in November 2004. Further non-technology obstacles that stand in the way of greater EIF adoption include the fac ...more...



Center of Contemporary Jewish Documentation

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Center of Contemporary Jewish Documentation

The Center for Contemporary Jewish Documentation is an independent French organization founded by Isaac Schneersohn in Grenoble, France in 1943 during the Second World War to preserve the evidence of Nazi war crimes for future generations.[1][2] After the Liberation, the center was moved to Paris in 1944 where it remains today. The goal of the CDJC is to conduct research, publish documentation, pursue Nazi war criminals, seek restitution for victims of the Nazis, and to maintain a large archive of Holocaust materials, especially those concerning events affecting French Jewry.[3] Part of the efforts of the CDJC include providing educational materials to students and teachers, guided museum visits and field trips, participation in international conferences, activities and commemorations, maintaining monuments and sites like the Mémorial de la Shoah and the monument at Drancy, and most importantly collecting and disseminating documentation about the Holocaust in their extensive archives.[1] Background While th ...more...



Process safety management

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Process safety management

Process safety management is a regulation promulgated by the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). A process is any activity or combination of activities including any use, storage, manufacturing, handling or the on-site movement of highly hazardous chemicals (HHCs) as defined by OSHA and the Environmental Protection Agency. Fourteen elements of OSHA's process safety management program Definition Process safety management is an analytical tool focused on preventing releases of any substance defined as a "highly hazardous chemical" by the EPA or OSHA. Process Safety Management (PSM) refers to a set of interrelated approaches to managing hazards associated with the process industries and is intended to reduce the frequency and severity of incidents resulting from releases of chemicals and other energy sources (US OSHA 1993). These standards are composed of organizational and operational procedures, design guidance, audit programs, and a host of other methods. Elements of process saf ...more...



European Institute for Gender Equality

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European Institute for Gender Equality

The European Institute for Gender Equality is a Vilnius-based agency of the European Union inaugurated in 2007. It was established by Council Regulation (EC) No 1922/2006 of 20 December 2006. Recruitment of its Director was advertised in April 2007. Funded by the Commission, with a proposed budget of €52.5 million for the period 2007 to 2013, this new European Institute will support the EU institutions and the Member States in promoting equality between women and men and combating sex discrimination. The Institute will gather, analyse and disseminate reliable and comparable research data and information needed by policy-makers. It will have a documentation centre and a library which will be open to the public. The Management Board of the institute consists of eighteen representatives of the EU Member States appointed by the Council and of one member representing the European Commission. An Experts' forum as further body of the institute consists of delegates designated by the Member States (28), the Europea ...more...



S. R. Ranganathan

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S. R. Ranganathan

Siyali Ramamrita Ranganathan (S.R.R.)[1] ( listen [2] August 1892 – 27 September 1972) was a mathematician and librarian from India.[3] His most notable contributions to the field were his five laws of library science and the development of the first major faceted classification system, the colon classification. He is considered to be the father of library science, documentation, and information science in India and is widely known throughout the rest of the world for his fundamental thinking in the field. His birthday is observed every year as the National Librarian's Day in India.[4] He was a university librarian and professor of library science at Banaras Hindu University (1945–47) and professor of library science at the University of Delhi (1947–55). The last appointment made him director of the first Indian school of librarianship to offer higher degrees. He was president of the Indian Library Association from 1944 to 1953. In 1957 he was elected an honorary member of the International Federation for In ...more...



Statewatch

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Statewatch

Statewatch is a non-profit organization founded in 1991 that monitors the state, justice and home affairs (JHA), security and civil liberties in the European Union. It is composed of lawyers, academics, journalists, researchers and community activists. Its European network of contributors is drawn from 18 countries. Statewatch encourages the publication of investigative journalism and critical research in Europe in the fields of the state, justice and home affairs, civil liberties, accountability and openness. The organization has three free databases: a large database of all its news, articles and links since 1991,[1] the Statewatch European Monitoring and Documentation Centre (SEMDOC) which monitors all new justice and home affairs measures since 1993.[2][3] Among other activities, it monitors anti-terrorist legislation, has a Passenger Name Record observatory, is concerned about asylum issues, data privacy, biometrics, etc. The organization and its director, Tony Bunyan, have received awards for their ci ...more...



Catholic Office of Information and Initiative for Europe

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Catholic Office of Information and Initiative for Europe

The Catholic Office of Information and Initiative for Europe (OCIPE) is a research and documentation center on ethics and European integration founded in 1956. History The predecessor of OCIPE was founded in 1950 at the request of Strasbourg Bishop Jean-Julien Weber and with the initiative of lay Catholics dedicated to the cause of the emerging Europe (Pierre Pflimlin, Marcel Rudloff, Theo Braun), and Bishop Maurice Nédoncelle. A member of the "Conference of International Catholic Organizations" (OIC), it ceased operations in 1954 for lack of funds. In 1956, the Jesuits founded the "Catholic Office for Information on European Issues" (OCIPE) in Strasbourg. Its purpose has been to establish a research and documentation center on European issues, placing itself at the disposal of national and international Catholic organizations to inform them about the activities of European institutions and to facilitate their participation in these activities. From 1963, besides Strasbourg activity, primarily with the Coun ...more...



Paul Otlet

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Paul Otlet

Paul Marie Ghislain Otlet (; French: ; 23 August 1868 – 10 December 1944) was a Belgian author, entrepreneur, visionary, lawyer and peace activist; he is one of several people who have been considered the father of information science, a field he called "documentation". Otlet created the Universal Decimal Classification, one of the most prominent examples of faceted classification. Otlet was responsible for the widespread adoption in Europe of the standard American 3x5 inch index card used until recently in most library catalogs around the world (by now largely displaced by the advent of the online public access catalog (OPAC)). Otlet wrote numerous essays on how to collect and organize the world's knowledge, culminating in two books, the Traité de Documentation (1934) and Monde: Essai d'universalisme (1935).[1][2] In 1907, following a huge international conference, Otlet and Henri La Fontaine created the Central Office of International Associations, which was renamed to the Union of International Associatio ...more...



AIDS Information Centre

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AIDS Information Centre

AIDS Information Centre-Uganda (AIC) is a Non-Governmental Organization in Uganda established in 1990[1] to provide Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT) for Human Immune Deficiency Virus (HIV). The Organization was founded as a result of growing demand from people who wanted to know their HIV status. At this time the HIV/AIDS in Uganda was high. AIC currently offers HIV counselling and testing services[2] through 8 branches of Kampala, Jinja, Mbale, Mbarara, Arua, Lira, Soroti and Kabale, selected hospitals, health centres, and antenatal clinics. AIC also conducts HCT outreaches to communities and institutions targeting the Most-at risk populations. AIC supported the Uganda Ministry of Health to extend HCT services nearer to the communities by supporting HCT in 33 districts in Uganda with over 200 district health facilities benefiting. By December 2010 AIC had served over 2,959,193 clients. The number keeps growing and for the last 3 years over 300,000 clients annually are being served using the different ...more...



Information and communication technologies for development

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Information and communication technologies for development

An OLPC class in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. Information and communication technologies for development (ICT4D) refers to the application of information and communication technologies (ICT) toward social, economic, and political development, with a particular emphasis on helping poor and marginalized people and communities. It aims to help in international development by bridging the digital divide and providing equitable access to technologies. ICT4D is grounded in the notions of "development", "growth", "progress" and "globalization" and is often interpreted as the use of technology to deliver a greater good.[1] Another similar term used in the literature is "digital development".[2] ICT4D draws on theories and frameworks from many disciplines, including sociology, economics, development studies, library, information science, and communication studies.[3] History A telecentre in Gambia ICT4D grew out of the attempts to use emerging computing technologies to improve conditions in the developing countri ...more...

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Medical certificate

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Medical certificate

A medical certificate or doctor's certificate[1][2] is a written statement from a physician or other medically qualified health care provider which attests to the result of a medical examination of a patient.[3] It can serve as a "sick note" (documentation that an employee is unfit for work) or evidence of a health condition.[4] An aegrotat (; from Latin aegrotat, meaning 'he/she is ill')[5] or sick note is a type of medical certificate excusing a student's absence from school for reasons of illness. Purpose and applications Medical certificates are sometimes required to obtain certain health benefits from an employer, to make an insurance claim, for tax purposes, or for certain legal procedures. Medical certificates are used to indicate eligibility of activity, such as the use of disabled parking. Medical certificates can also be used to describe a medical condition a person has, such as blindness. Medical certificates are often used to certify that someone is free of contagious diseases, drug addiction, m ...more...



Persona

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Persona

In Latin, persona originally meant "[mask]".]A persona (plural personae or personas), in the word's everyday usage, is a social role or a character played by an actor. The word is derived from Latin, where it originally referred to a theatrical mask.[1] The Latin word probably derived from the Etruscan word "phersu", with the same meaning, and that from the Greek πρόσωπον (prosōpon). Its meaning in the latter Roman period changed to indicate a "character" of a theatrical performance or court of law, when it became apparent that different individuals could assume the same role, and legal attributes such as rights, powers, and duties followed the role. The same individuals as actors could play different roles, each with its own legal attributes, sometimes even in the same court appearance. According to other sources, which also admit that the origin of the term is not completely clear, persona could possibly be related to the Latin verb per-sonare, literally: sounding through, with an obvious link to the above- ...more...



Nordic Africa Institute

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Nordic Africa Institute

Nordic Africa Institute (Swedish: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet) serves as a research, documentation and information centre on modern Africa for the Nordic countries. The Institute also encourages research and studies on Africa. The institute was founded in 1962. The institute is financed jointly by the Nordic countries. Administratively, it functions as a Swedish government agency that answers to the Ministry for Foreign Affairs. It is located in Uppsala. The Nordic Africa Institute is part of AEGIS, a network of African Studies Centres in Europe, and organized its 4th international conference (ECAS) in 2011. The institute is headed by a Director, a position which is held by Iina Soiri since March 2013. See also Government agencies in Sweden. External links Official website AEGIS, network of African studies centres in Europe Nordic Africa Institute – via International Relations and Security Network (publications fulltext) Nordic Africa Institute (Swedish: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet) serves as a researc ...more...



Rolex Learning Center

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Rolex Learning Center

EPFL Learning Centre, in 2012. The Rolex Learning Centre ("EPFL Learning Centre") is the campus hub and library for the École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), in Lausanne, Switzerland. Designed by the winners of 2010 Pritzker Prize, Japanese-duo SANAA, it opened on 22 February 2010.[2] History Kazuyo Sejima and Ryue Nishizawa, partners of the Tokyo-based design firm SANAA, were selected as the lead architects in EPFL's international competition of December 2004. The team was selected among famous architects and even some Pritzker Prize Laureates such as Zaha Hadid, Rem Koolhaas, Diller Scofidio + Renfro, Jean Nouvel, Herzog & de Meuron, Ábalos & Herreros and Xaveer De Geyter. The construction took place between 2007 and 2009. It cost 110 million Swiss francs and was funded by the Swiss government as well as by private sponsors (Rolex, Logitech, Bouygues Construction, Crédit Suisse, Nestlé, Novartis and SICPA).[1] The building opened on 22 February 2010 and was inaugurated on 27 May 20 ...more...



DOGE (database)

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DOGE (database)

DOGE (French: Documentation en Gestion des Entreprises) is an academic bibliographic database, which is maintained by INIST (Institute of Scientific and Technical Information), French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), in collaboration with the "Réseau d’Information en Gestion des Entreprises" (Information Network for Business Management) – under the coordination of the Institut Européen de Données Financières, EUROFIDAI (European Financial data Institute), and the CNRS Department of Humanities and Social Sciences (SHS). DOGE covers research documents in all aspects of business management with special emphasis on European literature. See also DOGE's page on the INIST official website INIST (official website) EUROFIDAI Homepage ...more...



Simple Knowledge Organization System

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Simple Knowledge Organization System

Simple Knowledge Organization System (SKOS) is a W3C recommendation designed for representation of thesauri, classification schemes, taxonomies, subject-heading systems, or any other type of structured controlled vocabulary. SKOS is part of the Semantic Web family of standards built upon RDF and RDFS, and its main objective is to enable easy publication and use of such vocabularies as linked data. HistoryDESIRE II project (1997–2000) The most direct ancestor to SKOS was the RDF Thesaurus work undertaken in the second phase of the EU DESIRE project [1]. Motivated by the need to improve the user interface and usability of multi-service browsing and searching,[2] a basic RDF vocabulary for Thesauri was produced. As noted later in the SWAD-Europe workplan, the DESIRE work was adopted and further developed in the SOSIG and LIMBER projects. A version of the DESIRE/SOSIG implementation was described in W3C's QL'98 workshop, motivating early work on RDF rule and query languages: A Query and Inference Service for RDF ...more...



Sirtex

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Sirtex

Sirtex Medical Limited is an Australian-based medical device company, providing a radioactive treatment for inoperable liver cancer called SIR-Spheres microspheres.[1] The company is currently headed by Andrew McLean, who was appointed as CEO on June 5, 2017[2]. Sirtex was established in 1997. How the SIR-Spheres microspheres work When SIR-Spheres microspheres are used to treat liver cancer, the treatment is called selective internal radiation therapy (called SIRT). This is a relatively new treatment option for people suffering inoperable liver cancer.[3] SIR-Spheres are very small radioactive beads about one third the size of a human hair width that are injected into tumors within the liver. How they are used The radioactive microspheres have a half-life of about 64 hours. They are administered by a trained interventional radiologist who specialises in minimally invasive, targeted treatments. The procedure is usually performed under local sedation. A small incision is made in the patient's groin and a flex ...more...



United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute

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United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute

The United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI) is one of the five United Nations Research and Training Institutes. The Institute was founded in 1968 to assist the international community in formulating and implementing improved policies in the field of crime prevention and criminal justice. History In 1965, the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) outlined in Resolution 1086 B (XXXIX) the organizational arrangements for a United Nations Social Defence Programme. In 1967 UN Secretary-General U Thant issued Bulletin ST/SGB/134 which established the United Nations Social Defence Research Institute (UNSDRI), mandated to develop "new knowledge and the application thereof in advancing policy and practice in the prevention and control of both juvenile delinquency and adult criminality" through research and technical support. In 1968, the United Nations and the Italian Government signed an agreement for the establishment of UNSDRI's Headquarters in Rome and the Instit ...more...



Asia-Pacific Network Information Centre

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Asia-Pacific Network Information Centre

APNIC APNIC (the Asia-Pacific Network Information Centre) is the Regional Internet address Registry (RIR) for the Asia-Pacific region. It is one of the world's five RIRs and is part of the Number Resource Organization. APNIC provides numbers resource allocation and registration services that support the global operation of the Internet. It is a not-for-profit, membership-based organization whose Members include Internet Service Providers, telecommunication providers, data centres, universities, banks, National Internet Registries, and similar organizations that have their own networks. Functions APNIC's main functions are: Allocating IPv4 and IPv6 address space, and Autonomous System Numbers Maintaining the public APNIC Whois Database for the Asia Pacific region, Reverse DNS delegations Training in technical skills Representing the interests of the Asia Pacific Internet community on the global stage APNIC manages Internet number resources according to policies developed through an open process o ...more...




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