Quizzes Lists Topics
European Documentation and Information Centre

The European Documentation and Information Centre, abbreviated CEDI (French: Centre Européen de Documentation et d'Information), was a former think tank founded in 1952 on the occasion of an international congress held in Santander, Spain. The objective of the organization was to unite various European conservative and Christian Democratic political organizations which formed in several Western European states during postwar reconstruction, the emerging Cold War and the beginnings of what would later be called European integration. During the 1950s and the 1960s, the CEDI was an important contact pool for European politicians. During its early years the CEDI's ideology and program was dominated by its first president, Otto von Habsburg, son of the last emperor of Austria. It was dissolved in 1990 following the collapse of the Iron Curtain.


The Franco regime in Spain made use of the CEDI to get in contact with high-ranking persons of the political, military, economic and cultural life from Western Europe and thus end its post-war international isolation. By preaching the necessity of cultural exchange and the religious unity of the occident, the CEDI aimed at a political, military and economic inclusion of Spain into the beginning process of European Integration.

Organization and members

The annual congresses of the CEDI, which were nearly always held in Spain, brought together many office bearers and dignitaries of the conservative milieu. Besides the Spanish initiators – hereunder Franco’s foreign minister Alberto Martín Artajo, the director of the Institute for Hispanic Culture Alfredo Sánchez Bella and José Ignacio Escobar Kirkpatrick Marqués de Valdeiglesias – there was a strong support for CEDI’s activities in Germany, Austria and France. The expelled Austrian Heir Apparent Otto von Habsburg was the founding and, later on, honorary president of the organization. Germany was represented by high-ranking members of the Christian Democratic and Christian Social Union of Bavaria parties, as for example the ministers Hans-Joachim von Merkatz and Richard Jaeger. The French section of the Documentation Centre was led by the Count François de la Noë and Michel Habib-Deloncle.

Among the first British supporters were William Teeling, Sir Frederick Corfield MP and Sir John Rodgers MP, who even held CEDI’s international presidency from 1965 to 1967. Over the years, the Austrian secretary general Georg von Gaupp-Berghausen turned more and more out to be the actual organizational and programmatic head of the Documentation Centre.

Ambitions and ideology

Besides the proclaimed Catholic Christian heritage, the traditional connections of the European upper nobility, military contacts and common economic interests, it was above all a virulent anticommunism which was tying together the members of the Documentation Centre. The scientific lectures given at the annual meetings of the CEDI dealt with questions of principle concerning European Integration, the Cold War and other subjects of social and international relevance.

National sections

Apart from Spain, Germany and France, national sections emerged in and Belgium and Austria, some years later also in Liechtenstein, Switzerland, Sweden and Portugal. In Britain, the conservative "March Club" fulfilled the tasks of a national section since the beginning of the 1960s. Among the most prominent members of this British section were apart from Teeling, Corfield and Rodgers, Peter Agnew and Geoffrey Rippon who both were to become international presidents of the CEDI later on. It seems quite likely that the contacts provided by the Documentation Centre played a not unimportant role in negotiating Britain’s entry into the European Community, since Rippon was the head of the British government’s delegation.


When the CEDI became a civil law association in 1957, its head office was officially moved to Munich, Madrid remaining nevertheless a central branch office of the organization. With General Charles de Gaulle returning to the political stage in 1958, his fellows transformed the CEDI into an international forum in order to diffuse their conceptions of European politics. The cooperation between French Gaullists and German Christian Democrats has also been prepared by CEDI’s initiatives.

The Gaullist engagement weakening by the end of the 1960s, Spanish influence in the Documentation Centre increased again. CEDI evolved into an instrument of Spanish interests in Latin America, reached out for Africa and Asia, and finally turned toward the domain of development policies.

Nevertheless, the organization had transgressed the zenith of its diplomatic activities. The urgent necessity of recruiting new members was perceived, but the CEDI did not find any solution to solve these problems. The political transformation process in Spain by the middle of the 1970s deprived the CEDI of its last material and organizational basics.

Further reading
  • Conze, Vanessa: Das Europa der Deutschen. Ideen von Europa in Deutschland zwischen Reichstradition und Westorientierung (1920–1970), München 2005, p. 169–206.
  • Gunzález Cuevas, Pedro Carlos: Neoconservatismo e identidad europea. Una aproximación histórica, in: Spagna contemporanea 13 (1998), p. 41–60.
  • Weber, Petra-Maria: Spanische Deutschlandpolitik 1945–1958. Entsorgung der Vergangenheit, Saarbrücken/Fort Lauderdale 1992, p. 205–268.
  • Johannes Großmann: Die Internationale der Konservativen. Transnationale Elitenzirkel und private Außenpolitik in Westeuropa seit 1945, Munich 2014.
Continue Reading...
Content from Wikipedia Licensed under CC-BY-SA.

European Documentation and Information Centre


The European Documentation and Information Centre , abbreviated CEDI ( French : Centre Européen de Documentation et d'Information ), was a former think tank founded in 1952 on the occasion of an international congress held in Santander , Spain . The objective of the organization was to unite various European conservative and Christian Democratic political organizations which formed in several Western European states during postwar reconstruction, the emerging Cold War and the beginnings of what would later be called European integration . During the 1950s and the 1960s, the CEDI was an important contact pool for European politicians. During its early years the CEDI's ideology and program was dominated by its first president, Otto von Habsburg , son of the last emperor of Austria. It was dissolved in 1990 following the collapse of the Iron Curtain . Backgrounds The Franco regime in Spain made use of the CEDI to get in contact with high-ranking persons of the political, military, economic and cultural life from

European Documentation Centre


A European Documentation Centre (EDC) is a body designated by the European Commission to collect and disseminate publications of the European Union for the purposes of research and education. There are 400 such centers in all member states of the EU. The mandate of an EDC is to receive all official EU publications, documents, contracts and electronic databases then make them available to researchers, educators, students, and interested members of the general public. The centers are also legal depositories of Acquis communautaire (EU law). Although primarily academic in nature, anyone can visit an EDC to consult official EU publications. History and organisation European Documentation Centres were founded in 1963 by the European Commission. They are predominantly located at universities , university libraries, affiliated academic institutions, and non-university research institutes , both public and private. EU policy is that at least one EDC should be located in each region of a European Union member state.

Documentation science


Documentation science , or documentation studies , is the study of the recording and retrieval of information . Documentation science gradually developed into the broader field of information science . Paul Otlet (1868–1944) and Henri La Fontaine (1854–1943), both Belgian lawyers and peace activists, established documentation science as a field of study. Otlet, who coined the term documentation science, is the author of two treatises on the subject: Traité de Documentation (1934) and Monde: Essai d'universalisme (1935). He, in particular, is regarded as the progenitor of information science. In the United States, 1968 was a landmark year in the transition from documentation science to information science: the American Documentation Institute became the American Society for Information Science and Technology , and Harold Borko introduced readers of the journal American Documentation to the term in his paper "Information science: What is it?". Information science has not entirely subsumed documentation science

European Centre for Parliamentary Research and Documentation


The European Centre for Parliamentary Research and Documentation (ECPRD) is a parliamentary network which was founded in 1977. Aims The Centre aims to facilitate the exchange of information, ideas, and experiences between the administrations of parliaments in Europe . Sharing successful practical experiences helps to intensify existing cooperation between parliaments in all areas of parliamentary business, including administration, legislation, information, research, and documentation. The Centre collects and distributes studies which are produced by the parliamentary services. It also cooperates with other European networks, e.g. IPEX or TAIEX . Members A parliamentary assembly can only become a member of ECPRD if it is already a member of the European Conference of Presidents of Parliaments . The Centre is composed of the following members (as at June 2016): Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and the following parliamentary chambers of Member States of the European Union and the Council of Euro

Information science


The Ancient Library of Alexandria , an early form of information storage and retrieval . Information science is an interdisciplinary field primarily concerned with the analysis, collection, classification , manipulation, storage, retrieval , movement, dissemination, and protection of information . Practitioners within and outside of the field study application and usage of knowledge in organizations along with the interaction between people, organizations, and any existing information systems with the aim of creating, replacing, improving, or understanding information systems. Information science is often (mistakenly) considered a branch of computer science ; however, it predates computer science and is a broad, interdisciplinary field, incorporating not only aspects of computer science, but often diverse fields such as archival science , cognitive science , commerce , communications , law , library science , museology , management , mathematics , philosophy , public policy , social sciences , as well as all

Jewish Historical Documentation Centre


The Jewish Historical Documentation Centre (Zentrum für jüdische historische Dokumentation) was an office headed by Simon Wiesenthal in Linz . The centre collected and promulgated information about war crimes, specific mainly to crimes against the Jewish people as perpetrated by the Nazi Regime in Europe during the Second World War . The centre has been responsible for uncovering more than 1000 Nazi war criminals, including Adolf Eichmann , sometimes referred to as "the architect of the Holocaust ". The office was also interested in the whereabouts of alleged Nazi war criminals who may have escaped justice, including those individuals who escaped through the Nazi ratlines to havens in South America, particularly to Argentina , Paraguay , Brazil , and Chile . This Centre closed in 1954. History Simon Wiesenthal was a Holocaust survivor who was noted for his work as a Nazi hunter who pursued Nazi war criminals. After being liberated from the Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp by the U.S. Army , Wiesenthal beg

Topography of Terror


Aerial view of the building The Topography of Terror ( German : Topographie des Terrors ) is an outdoor and indoor history museum in Berlin , Germany . It is located on Niederkirchnerstrasse , formerly Prinz-Albrecht-Strasse, on the site of buildings which during the Nazi regime from 1933 to 1945 were the headquarters of the Gestapo and the SS , the principal instruments of repression during the Nazi era. The buildings that housed the Gestapo and SS headquarters were largely destroyed by Allied bombing during early 1945 and the ruins demolished after the war. The boundary between the American and Soviet zones of occupation in Berlin ran along the Prinz-Albrecht-Strasse, so the street soon became a fortified boundary, and the Berlin Wall ran along the south side of the street, renamed Niederkirchnerstrasse, from 1961 to 1989. The wall here was never demolished. Indeed, the section adjacent to the Topography of Terror site is the longest extant segment of the outer wall (the longer East Side Gallery section in

European Network of Information Centres for the Performing Arts


The European Network of Information Centres for the Performing Arts (ENICPA) is an organisation dedicated to sharing information and documentation among art professionals in Europe and around the world. Headquartered in Brussels , it maintains a website which provides a database of European events, venues , publications , training opportunities, and information centres for the performing arts , according to the European Monitoring Centre on Change . External links Description of ENICPA from the website of the European Monitoring Centre on Change ENICPA website The European Network of Information Centres for the Performing Arts (ENICPA) is an organisation dedicated to sharing information and documentation among art professionals in Europe and around the world. Headquartered in Brussels , it maintains a website which provides a database of European events, venues , publications , training opportunities, and information centres for the performing arts , according to the European Monitoring Centre on Change . Ext

Documentation and Cultural Centre of German Sinti and Roma


The Documentation and Cultural Centre of German Sinti and Roma was established in Heidelberg , Germany , in the early 1990's ,as a memorial to Sinti and Roma people who were killed by the National Socialists Party. After several years of extension work collecting stories from the victims, conducting research, and conversion, the building complex was ceremonially opened to the public on 16 March 1997, and was supported by the attendance of many Roma and Sinti survivors. It is the world's first permanent exhibition on the genocide perpetrated upon the Sinti and Roma by the Nazis . The documentation Centre has three levels and covers an area of almost 700 square meters, and traces the history and stories of the persecution of the Sinti and Roma under National Socialism. The institution is overseen by Central Council of German Sinti and Roma, supported by the city of Heidelberg, and is the beneficiary of special funds from the German Federal Government and the land of Baden-Württemberg . Description The first



REDIAL (Red Europea de Información y Documentación sobre América Latina), the European Network of Information and Documentation on Latin America is an association formed by 43 libraries and documentation centres in 12 European countries: Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, United Kingdom, Spain, Slovakia, Sweden and Switzerland. REDIAL is a meeting platform aiming at contributing to the development of communication and support between institutions, and the exchange of information between researchers, librarians and archivists working in the areas of Latin American humanities and social sciences in Europe. REDIAL is a non-profit European association, regulated by the Belgium legislation. Its organizational structure is formed by an Executive Committee of national coordinators who are elected by the member institution of each European country and a Members General Assembly. Databases REDIAL webpage offers access to several European databases on Latin American information and investig

European Association of Libraries and Information Services on Addictions


The European Association of Libraries and Information Services on Addictions ( ELISAD ) – previously called, until end of 2011, European Association of Libraries and Information Services on Alcohol and other Drugs – was a European non-governmental and non-profit making social network of libraries , documentation centres and information services situated in Europe and specialised in alcohol , drugs , tobacco and all other behavioural addictions . Aims and tasks ELISAD’s key purpose was to provide those working in the field of drug, alcohol, tobacco and other addictions information with a network for exchanging knowledge, ideas and sharing experiences. ELISAD's tasks were: To stimulate and enhance European cooperation between libraries , information services, documentation centres and individuals working in the field of addictions . To stimulate the use and the development of information management technologies. To promote the role of libraries and documentation centres as important means for communicating rese

Barcelona Centre for International Affairs


CIDOB , acronym of the Barcelona Centre for International Affairs , is a Spanish think-tank based in Barcelona , Catalonia , Spain , dedicated to research and divulge contents of the different areas of international relations and development studies. The centre defines itself as an organisation that is «an independent, non partisan centre that contributes to ongoing international debates from the perspective of a major Mediterranean metropolis». Legally speaking, CIDOB is a public foundation with a Board of Trustees that includes among its members the main political institutions and universities of Catalonia and Barcelona, in addition to a number of ministries of the Spanish Government. CIDOB is currently the oldest think-tank in Spain, and one of the most influential in its field, so they claim. The acronym CIDOB and the centre’s name The centre's original name was, from 1973 onwards, Centre d'Informació i Documentació Internacionals a Barcelona (translated into English, Barcelona Centre for International I

NS Documentation Centre of the City of Cologne


The permanent exhibition Cellblocks in the cellar The NS Documentation Centre of the City of Cologne ( German : NS-Dokumentationszentrum der Stadt Köln ) was founded by a resolution passed by the Cologne city council on December 13, 1979 and has become the largest regional memorial site in all of Germany for the victims of the Nazis. Since 1988, it has been housed in " EL-DE Haus ," the EL-DE building, named for the initials of its owner, Catholic businessman Leopold Dahmen. This building was the headquarters of the Cologne Gestapo (secret police) between December 1935 and March 1945. In the final months of the war, several hundred people, most of them foreign forced laborers, were murdered in the courtyard of the building. In a bit of historical irony, the EL-DE building remained largely untouched by the ravages of the war. The NS Documentation Centre (NS-DOC) is dedicated to memorializing the victims of the Nazi regime , as well as research and teaching about Cologne's history during the Nazi era. The forme

Centre de recherche et de documentation sur l'Océanie


The Centre de Recherche et de Documentation sur l'Océanie , also known as CREDO ( Center for Research and Documentation on Oceania ) is a cross-disciplinary research laboratory in social and cultural anthropology, history and archaeology including researchers and lecturers from three institutions: the CNRS (National Center for Scientific Research), the EHESS (School for Advanced Studies in Social Sciences) and the University of Provence . Its main focus of research and teaching are the past and contemporary societies of the Pacific, Australia included. History The CREDO was created in 1995 as an UMR (Unité Mixe de Recherche) of the CNRS and the EHESS in Marseilles, France . The principal founders of the CREDO are Pierre Lemonnier and Serge Tcherkézoff, with Maurice Godelier. From the very first year of its creation, its membres wanted to be associated to the University of Provence in order to teach and supervise students from both major institutions in the South of France in the Humanities and Social Sciences

Person-centered care


In health care , person-centred care is where the patients actively participate in their own medical treatment in close cooperation with the health professionals. Sometimes relatives are also included in creating the health plan The person-centred model of health care is used both for in and out patients, emergency care , palliative care as well as in rehabilitation. Background The concept of person-centred care is clearly distinguished from a traditional treatment model which views the patient as a passive receiver of a medical intervention. Many health professionals are traditionally focused on the needs of the patients instead of their resources. Rather than the conventional way of making medical recommendations from health professionals to a patient, the person-centred care model allows for an inclusion of the patient and their relatives in making a joint design and mutual agreements of the medical plans and treatments. The person-centred care concept involves a partnership between the health care profes



CORDIS is the Community Research and Development Information Service . It is the European Commission's primary public repository and portal to disseminate information on all EU-funded research projects and their results in the broadest sense. The website and repository include all public information held by the Commission (project fact-sheets, publishable reports and deliverable), editorial content to support communication and exploitation (news, events, success stories, magazines, multilingual "results in brief" for the broader public) and comprehensive links to external sources such as open access publications and websites. Advisory services on conducting research using CORDIS is available at European Documentation Centres across the European Union . Services and activities CORDIS offers access to a broad range of information and services on EU research, including: The primary repository of EU-funded research projects and their results, including the formal deliverables collected by the European Commission

Europe Direct


Europe Direct is a European information network designated by the European Commission . The target group is all citizens of the European Union . Network Europe Direct includes Europe Direct Information Centre (short: EDI or EDIC), European Documentation Centre (EDC) and the EU Team Europe speakers bureau . The network was created in 2005 and restructured in February 2009. Costs All European Direct offers are free of charge. Team Europe may require travel costs and a fee. Mission The main aim of Europe Direct is to provide European citizens with general information on the European Union. Other aims include the answering of questions on political activities of the European Union and promoting European integration . Advice and practical tips on rights entitled to Union citizens are provided. Inquiries, in any of the current 24 official languages, are processed in a central contact point and answered in the same language. The customer service staff must be fluent in at least three languages and have a universi

Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement


The Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement ( CETA ) is a free-trade agreement between Canada and the European Union . If enacted, the agreement will eliminate 98% of the tariffs between Canada and the EU. The negotiations were concluded in August 2014. All 28 European Union member states approved the final text of CETA for signature, with Belgium being the final country to give its approval. Justin Trudeau , Prime Minister of Canada, traveled to Brussels on 30 October 2016 to sign on behalf of Canada. The European Parliament approved the deal on 15 February 2017 . The remaining parts of the agreement are subject to ratification by national legislatures. The European Commission indicates the treaty will lead to savings of just over half a billion euros in taxes for EU exporters every year, mutual recognition in regulated professions such as architects, accountants and engineers, and easier transfers of company staff and other professionals between the EU and Canada. The European Commission claims CETA

European Environment Agency


European Environment Agency Building in Copenhagen in winter The European Environment Agency ( EEA ) is the agency of the European Union (EU) that provides independent information on the environment, thereby helping those involved in developing, adopting, implementing and evaluating environmental policy, as well as informing the general public. The agency is governed by a management board composed of representatives of the governments of its 33 member states, a European Commission representative and two scientists appointed by the European Parliament , assisted by a committee of scientists. The EEA was established by the European Economic Community (EEC) Regulation 1210/1990 (amended by EEC Regulation 933/1999 and EC Regulation 401/2009) and became operational in 1994. It is headquartered in Copenhagen , Denmark . The current Executive Director of the agency is Professor Hans Bruyninckx , who has been appointed for a five-year term. He is the successor of Professor Jacqueline McGlade . The member states of th

Catholic Office of Information and Initiative for Europe


The Catholic Office of Information and Initiative for Europe (OCIPE) is a research and documentation center on ethics and European integration founded in 1956. History The predecessor of OCIPE was founded in 1950 at the request of Strasbourg Bishop Jean-Julien Weber and with the initiative of lay Catholics dedicated to the cause of the emerging Europe ( Pierre Pflimlin , Marcel Rudloff , Theo Braun ), and Bishop Maurice Nédoncelle . A member of the "Conference of International Catholic Organizations" (OIC), it ceased operations in 1954 for lack of funds. In 1956, the Jesuits founded the "Catholic Office for Information on European Issues" (OCIPE) in Strasbourg. Its purpose has been to establish a research and documentation center on European issues, placing itself at the disposal of national and international Catholic organizations to inform them about the activities of European institutions and to facilitate their participation in these activities. From 1963, besides Strasbourg activity, primarily with the

Asia-Pacific Network Information Centre


APNIC APNIC (the Asia Pacific Network Information Centre) is the not-for-profit Regional Internet address Registry ( RIR ) for the Asia Pacific region. APNIC provides number resource allocation and registration services that support the global operation of the Internet. It is a not-for-profit, membership-based organization whose members include Internet Service Providers, National Internet Registries, and similar organizations. APNIC's main functions are: allocating IPv4 and IPv6 address space, and Autonomous System Numbers , maintaining the public Whois Database for the Asia Pacific region, reverse DNS delegations, representing the interests of the Asia Pacific Internet community on the global stage. Structure Elections are held at each APNIC Annual General Meeting (AGM), which is conducted during the APNIC Member Meeting (AMM) in February. Voting takes place both on site at these meetings and prior to the meeting via online voting. APNIC Executive Council Each APNIC Executive Council (EC) member serves as a

List of library associations


International Association of Caribbean University, Research and Institutional Libraries (ACURIL) Association of Christian Librarians Commonwealth Library Association Information for Social Change International Association of Agricultural Information Specialists (IAALD) International Association of Aquatic and Marine Science Libraries and Information Centers (IAMSLIC) International Association of Law Libraries International Association of Music Libraries International Association of Music Libraries, Archives and Documentation Centres International Association of School Librarianship International Association of University Libraries International Council on Archives International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) International Organization for Standardization (ISO) Librarians for Fairness Masonic Library and Museum Association Progressive Librarians Guild Special Libraries Association (SLA) Africa African Library & Information Associations & Institutions AFLIA http://aflia.net

List of human rights organisations


The following is a list of articles on the human rights organisations of the world . It does not include political parties, or academic institutions. The list includes both secular and religious organizations. International Non-governmental organizations Amazon Watch Amnesty International Anti-Slavery International Article 19 Avocats Sans Frontières Breakthrough (human rights) Carter Center CCJO René Cassin Center for Economic and Social Rights Center for Human Rights and Humanitarian law Centre on Housing Rights and Evictions ( COHRE ) Coalition for the International Criminal Court Committee of Concerned Scientists Committee to Protect Journalists Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative CryptoRights Foundation Cultural Survival Disabled Peoples' International Enough Project Equality Now Every Human Has Rights Forum 18 Free the Slaves Freedom from Torture Freedom House Friends of Peoples Close to Nature Front Line Defenders Society for Threatened Peoples GIRCA Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect Glob

European Interoperability Framework


The European Interoperability Framework (EIF) is a set of recommendations which specify how Administrations , Businesses and Citizens communicate with each other within the EU and across Member States borders. The EIF 1.0 was issued under the Interoperable Delivery of European eGovernment Services to public Administrations, Businesses and Citizens programme ( IDABC ). The EIF continues under the new ISA programme, which replaced the IDABC programme on 31 December 2009. EIF in effect is an Enterprise architecture framework targeted at the largest possible scale, designed to promote integration spanning multiple sovereign Nation States , specifically EU Member States. For further examples of Enterprise Architecture frameworks designed operate at different levels of scale, see also Alternative Enterprise Architecture Frameworks Versions EIF Version 1.0 EIF Version 1.0 was published in November 2004. Further non-technology obstacles that stand in the way of greater EIF adoption include the facts that EU Member

Rolex Learning Center


EPFL Learning Centre, in 2012. The Rolex Learning Centre ("EPFL Learning Centre") is the campus hub and library for the École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), in Lausanne , Switzerland. Designed by the winners of 2010 Pritzker Prize , Japanese-duo SANAA , it opened on 22 February 2010. History Kazuyo Sejima and Ryue Nishizawa , partners of the Tokyo -based design firm SANAA , were selected as the lead architects in EPFL's international competition of December 2004. The team was selected among famous architects and even some Pritzker Prize Laureates such as Zaha Hadid , Rem Koolhaas , Diller Scofidio + Renfro , Jean Nouvel , Herzog & de Meuron and Ábalos & Herreros . The construction took place between 2007 and 2009. It cost 110 million Swiss francs and was funded by the Swiss government as well as by private sponsors ( Rolex , Logitech , Bouygues Construction , Crédit Suisse , Nestlé , Novartis and SICPA ). The building opened on 22 February 2010 and was inaugurated on 27 May 2010. Library

Eurydice Network


The Eurydice Network is the Education Information Network in Europe. It consists of a coordinating European Unit and a series of national units; its aim is to provide policy makers in the member states of the European Union with up-to-date and reliable information on which to base policy decisions in the Education field. Specific studies and reports are available free of charge on the Eurydice website , along with Eurypedia , a comprehensive online Encyclopedia on national education systems in Europe. Origins The Eurydice Network is the Education Information Network in Europe. It was established by the European Commission in 1980, following a request by the then European Community Ministers of Education in their resolutions of 1976. In those early days of Education policy within the European Community there was considerable suspicion among some Ministers of Education of what the European Commission might do; their original action programme thus limited actions at European level to those that could not impinge

European University Centre


The European University Centre is a historical institute for European Studies part of Nancy 2 University . It was created in 1950 and it celebrated its 50th Anniversary in 2000. For its 60th Anniversary in 2010, it also celebrated the 50th Anniversary of Alumni CEU ( French : Association des anciens du CEU , Spanish : Asociación de Antiguos Alumnos del CEU ), which has become the main engine of this institute. Location The European Centre is located in Nancy , France. This city is located in Lorraine , which borders the countries of Belgium , Germany and Luxembourg as well as the French Region of Alsace . Nancy is very well served by the high-speed train line "TGV East Europe", which connects the city to Paris in 1.5 hours and to Strasbourg in 1 hour. In addition, since the city and its area have 40,000 university students from over 260,000 people, Nancy is the 5th largest university town in France. History The European Centre was established in 1950 with a clear objective by leading academics and with the s

AIDS Information Centre


AIDS Information Centre-Uganda (AIC) is a Non-Governmental Organization in Uganda established in 1990 to provide Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT) for Human Immune Deficiency Virus (HIV). The Organization was founded as a result of growing demand from people who wanted to know their HIV status. At this time the HIV/AIDS in Uganda was high. AIC currently offers HIV counselling and testing services through 8 branches of Kampala, Jinja, Mbale, Mbarara, Arua, Lira, Soroti and Kabale, selected hospitals, health centres, and antenatal clinics. AIC also conducts HCT outreaches to communities and institutions targeting the Most-at risk populations. AIC supported the Uganda Ministry of Health to extend HCT services nearer to the communities by supporting HCT in 33 districts in Uganda with over 200 district health facilities benefiting. By December 2010 AIC had served over 2,959,193 clients. The number keeps growing and for the last 3 years over 300,000 clients annually are being served using the different appro



VET-Bib is a bibliographic database covering European vocational education and training (VET) literature maintained by the European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training (Cedefop). The Cedefop library exists since 1975. One of its main tasks is to provide reference services on VET. Database content VET-Bib contains over 80.000 references on the topics related to Cedefop's priorities: vocational education and training (VET) policy and systems qualifications, competences and skills vocational guidance and career counselling skill needs and shortages adult education , continuous and lifelong learning informal learning and nonformal learning training research VET teachers and trainers assessment and recognition of learning outcomes and diplomas European tools such as the European Qualifications Framework , Europass , and the European Credit System for Vocational Education and Training labour mobility and migrant workers Approximately two thirds of the complete VET-Bib collection is available in full

Data center


An operation engineer overseeing a network operations control room of a data center A data center is a facility used to house computer systems and associated components, such as telecommunications and storage systems . It generally includes redundant or backup power supplies , redundant data communications connections, environmental controls (e.g. air conditioning, fire suppression) and various security devices. A large data center is an industrial-scale operation using as much electricity as a small town. History NASA mission control computer room circa 1962 Data centers have their roots in the huge computer rooms of the early ages of the computing industry. Early computer systems, complex to operate and maintain, required a special environment in which to operate. Many cables were necessary to connect all the components, and methods to accommodate and organize these were devised such as standard racks to mount equipment, raised floors , and cable trays (installed overhead or under the elevated floor). A sin

Representation of the European Commission in Germany


Representation of the European Commission in Europäisches Haus Berlin Europäisches Haus Berlin, Unter den Linden at Brandenburger Tor The Representation of the European Commission in Germany is a representation of the European Commission with the head office located in Berlin . There are two more regional representation offices in Bonn and Munich . Richard Kühnel is in charge of the representations in Germany since 1 June 2014, who was responsible of the representation office in Austria. History The representation of the European Commission started as a press liaison office of the European Coal and Steel Community in 1951 in Bonn. It was the first press liaison office followed by offices in Rome and Paris. The main task of the press liaison office was to maintain and strengthen contact to the press and other national sources of information. After the establishment of the European Economic Community and the European Atomic Energy Community in 1957, the office became responsible for representing their interes

European Institute for Gender Equality


The European Institute for Gender Equality is a Vilnius -based agency of the European Union inaugurated in 2007. It was established by Council Regulation (EC) No 1922/2006 of 20 December 2006. Recruitment of its Director was advertised in April 2007. Funded by the Commission, with a proposed budget of €52.5 million for the period 2007 to 2013, this new European Institute will support the EU institutions and the Member States in promoting equality between women and men and combating sex discrimination. The Institute will gather, analyse and disseminate reliable and comparable research data and information needed by policy-makers. It will have a documentation centre and a library which will be open to the public. The Management Board of the institute consists of eighteen representatives of the EU Member States appointed by the Council and of one member representing the European Commission. An Experts' forum as further body of the institute consists of delegates designated by the Member States (28), the European



The Europa-Institut was founded at Saarland University in 1951, long before the signing of the Treaties of Rome , and it is consequently the second eldest institution focused on European Integration (after the College of Europe , Bruges , Belgium ). Over 5,000 students from over 40 different countries have since graduated from the Institute. Having built on the content of its study program continuously and adapted to developments on the European level over time, the Europa-Institut today focuses on European law and international law with the possibility of specialization in specific study units. History[1] Initial focus on history and culture The Europa-Institut was intended to be the "jewel and symbol" of Saarland University, a university itself based on the merger of German and French educational traditions, founded under the aegis of France and the University of Nancy in 1948 and boasting personalities such as Robert Schuman amongst the first of its students. Aims and tasks of the Europa-Institut are to re

List of information schools


This list of information schools includes members of the iSchools organization. iSchools organization This iSchools organization reflects a consortium of over 80 information schools in a dozen countries. iSchools promote an interdisciplinary approach to understanding the opportunities and challenges of information management, with a core commitment to concepts like universal access and user-centered organization of information. The field is concerned broadly with questions of design and preservation across information spaces, from digital and virtual spaces such as online communities, social networking, the World Wide Web, and databases to physical spaces such as libraries, museums, collections, and other repositories. Degree programs at iSchools include course offerings in areas such as information architecture , design, policy, and economics; knowledge management , user experience design, and usability ; preservation and conservation ; librarianship and library administration; the sociology of information;



ITIL , formally an acronym for Information Technology Infrastructure Library , is a set of detailed practices for IT service management (ITSM) that focuses on aligning IT services with the needs of business. In its current form (known as ITIL 2011), ITIL is published as a series of five core volumes, each of which covers a different ITSM lifecycle stage. Although ITIL underpins ISO/IEC 20000 (previously BS 15000), the International Service Management Standard for IT service management, there are some differences between the ISO 20000 standard and the ITIL framework. ITIL describes processes, procedures, tasks, and checklists which are not organization-specific, but can be applied by an organization for establishing integration with the organization's strategy, delivering value, and maintaining a minimum level of competency. It allows the organization to establish a baseline from which it can plan, implement, and measure. It is used to demonstrate compliance and to measure improvement. Since July 2013, ITIL ha

List of cities by sunshine duration


The following is a list of cities by sunshine duration . Sunshine duration is a climatological indicator, measuring duration of sunshine in given period (usually, a day or a year) for a given location on Earth, typically expressed as an averaged value over several years. It is a general indicator of cloudiness of a location, and thus differs from insolation , which measures the total energy delivered by sunlight over a given period. Sunshine duration is usually expressed in hours per year, or in (average) hours per day. The first measure indicates the general sunniness of a location compared with other places, while the latter allows for comparison of sunshine in various seasons in the same location. Another often-used measure is percentage ratio of recorded bright sunshine duration and daylight duration in the observed period. An important use of sunshine duration data is to characterize the climate of sites, especially of health resorts. This also takes into account the psychological effect of strong solar

Interparliamentary EU Information Exchange


IPEX , the InterParliamentary EU information eXchange , is a platform for the exchange of information between EU national parliaments as well as the European Parliament concerning issues related to the European Union , especially in light of the provisions of the Treaty of Lisbon . The Treaty of Lisbon explicitly sets out the role of the national parliaments in the Protocol on the role of national Parliaments in the European Union and in the Protocol on the application of the principles of subsidiarity and proportionality . History and Role IPEX came about as the result of a recommendation made by the Conference of the Speakers of the European Union Parliaments in Rome in 2000. In accordance with the Guidelines for interparliamentary cooperation , agreed in The Hague in 2004, the official launch of the website took place in June 2006 during the EU Speakers Conference in Copenhagen. The website was later redesigned, launching its new format in 2011. IPEX aims to support: the Speakers Conference; the Confere

Safety data sheet


An example SDS in a US format provides guidance for handling a hazardous substance and information on its composition and properties. A safety data sheet ( SDS ), material safety data sheet ( MSDS ), or product safety data sheet ( PSDS ) is an important component of product stewardship , occupational safety and health , and spill-handling procedures. SDS formats can vary from source to source within a country depending on national requirements. SDSs are a widely used system for cataloging information on chemicals , chemical compounds , and chemical mixtures . SDS information may include instructions for the safe use and potential hazards associated with a particular material or product. The SDS should be available for reference in the area where the chemicals are being stored or in use. There is also a duty to properly label substances on the basis of physico-chemical, health or environmental risk. Labels can include hazard symbols such as the European Union standard symbols. A SDS for a substance is not prim



Nokia Corporation ( Finnish : Nokia , Finnish pronunciation:  , UK : , US : ), stylised as NOKIA , is a Finnish multinational communications , information technology and consumer electronics company, founded in 1865. Nokia's headquarters are in Espoo , Uusimaa , in the greater Helsinki metropolitan area. In 2016, Nokia employed approximately 101,000 people across over 100 countries, did business in more than 130 countries, and reported annual revenues of around €23.6 billion. Nokia is a public limited company listed on the Helsinki Stock Exchange and New York Stock Exchange . It is the world's 415th-largest company measured by 2016 revenues according to the Fortune Global 500 , and is a component of the Euro Stoxx 50 stock market index . The company has had various industries in its 152-year history. It was founded as a pulp mill , but since the 1990s focuses on large-scale telecommunications infrastructures , technology development and licensing. Nokia is also a major contributor to the mobile telephony

S. R. Ranganathan


Siyali Ramamrita Ranganathan (S.R.R.) (   listen   Tamil : சீர்காழி இராமாமிருதம் ரங்கநாதன் , Hindi : शियाली राममृत रंगनाथन ; 12 August 1892 – 27 September 1972) was a mathematician and librarian from India . His most notable contributions to the field were his five laws of library science and the development of the first major faceted classification system, the colon classification . He is considered to be the father of library science , documentation , and information science in India and is widely known throughout the rest of the world for his fundamental thinking in the field. His birthday is observed every year as the National Library Day in India. He was a university librarian and professor of library science at Banaras Hindu University (1945–47) and professor of library science at the University of Delhi (1947–55). The last appointment made him director of the first Indian school of librarianship to offer higher degrees. He was president of the Indian Library Association from 1944 to 1953. In 1957 he

Simple Knowledge Organization System


Simple Knowledge Organization System ( SKOS ) is a W3C recommendation designed for representation of thesauri , classification schemes , taxonomies , subject-heading systems , or any other type of structured controlled vocabulary . SKOS is part of the Semantic Web family of standards built upon RDF and RDFS , and its main objective is to enable easy publication and use of such vocabularies as linked data . History DESIRE II project (1997–2000) The most direct ancestor to SKOS was the RDF Thesaurus work undertaken in the second phase of the EU DESIRE project . Motivated by the need to improve the user interface and usability of multi-service browsing and searching, a basic RDF vocabulary for Thesauri was produced. As noted later in the SWAD-Europe workplan, the DESIRE work was adopted and further developed in the SOSIG and LIMBER projects. A version of the DESIRE/SOSIG implementation was described in W3C's QL'98 workshop, motivating early work on RDF rule and query languages: A Query and Inference Service fo

International Soil Reference and Information Centre


(ISRIC - World Soil Information) Mission ISRIC - World Soil Information is an independent, science-based foundation. The institute was founded in 1966 following a recommendation of the International Society of Soil Science (ISSS, now International Union of Soil Sciences | (IUSS)) and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) . It has a mission to serve the international community with information about the world’s soil resources to help addressing major global issues . Main focus areas Recent developments at ISRIC are succinctly described in a series of Annual Highlights. Together with partners, ISRIC produces, gathers, compiles and serves quality-assessed soil information at global, national and regional levels. ISRIC stimulate the use of this information to address global challenges through capacity building, awareness raising and direct cooperation with users and clients. Details re provided on the following website website . Data holdings and webservices Our reference c



'> Interview with Ward Cunningham , inventor of the wiki A wiki ( WIK -ee ) is a website on which users collaboratively modify content and structure directly from the web browser . In a typical wiki, text is written using a simplified markup language and often edited with the help of a rich-text editor . A wiki is run using wiki software , otherwise known as a wiki engine. A wiki engine is a type of content management system , but it differs from most other such systems, including blog software , in that the content is created without any defined owner or leader, and wikis have little implicit structure, allowing structure to emerge according to the needs of the users. There are dozens of different wiki engines in use, both standalone and part of other software, such as bug tracking systems . Some wiki engines are open source , whereas others are proprietary . Some permit control over different functions (levels of access); for example, editing rights may permit changing, adding or removing material. Others



The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization ( UNESCO ) ( French : Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture ) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris . Its declared purpose is to contribute to peace and security by promoting international collaboration through educational, scientific, and cultural reforms in order to increase universal respect for justice, the rule of law , and human rights along with fundamental freedom proclaimed in the United Nations Charter . It is the successor of the League of Nations ' International Committee on Intellectual Cooperation . UNESCO has 195 member states and ten associate members. Most of its field offices are "cluster" offices covering three or more countries; national and regional offices also exist. UNESCO pursues its objectives through five major programs: [education], natural sciences , social / human sciences , culture and communication/information. Projects sponsored by UNESCO inc

European institutions in Strasbourg


Plaque commemorating the first session of the Council of Europe Assembly in the grand aula of Strasbourg University There are a range of European institutions in Strasbourg (France), the oldest of which dates back to 1815. In all, there are more than twenty different institutions based in the Alsatian city. Due to this concentration Strasbourg is a claimant to the title of "capital of Europe". Area The European Quarter is spread over an area covering the districts of Wacken, Orangerie and Robertsau in the north-west of the city and comprising the intersection of the River Ill and the Marne-Rhine Canal . The first specific European building in the area was the Council of Europe 's House of Europe in 1949, with the Rhine Commission being located towards the centre of the city. The Audiovisual Observatory and the Institute for Human Rights are the only institutions in the quarter to have moved into pre-existing premises: a 1900 villa and an 18th-century former postal relay station and inn turned conventual bui

University of Luxembourg


Campus Limpertsberg   The  University of Luxembourg  (Luxembourgish: Universitéit vu Lëtzebuerg ; French:  Université du Luxembourg ), is a  public   research university  with a distinctly international, multilingual and interdisciplinary character, situated on Belval Campus and in Luxembourg City , Luxembourg .  Founded in 2003, the university has already built a reputation as being among the best young universities in the world. It was ranked 11th in the Times Higher Young University Rankings 2017, and 178 in the Times Higher World University Rankings 2016. The University offers many bilingual and multilingual study programmes in French, English and German, as well as several master courses and doctoral schools entirely taught in English. With 6,200 students from 120 countries and 250 academics from all over the globe, the university provides a cosmopolitan learning experience. Moreover, all Bachelor’s students have to spend a mandatory semester abroad, reflecting the importance attached to mobility. The U

Medical record


The terms medical record , health record , and medical chart are used somewhat interchangeably to describe the systematic documentation of a single patient 's medical history and care across time within one particular health care provider's jurisdiction. The medical record includes a variety of types of "notes" entered over time by health care professionals, recording observations and administration of drugs and therapies, orders for the administration of drugs and therapies, test results, x-rays, reports, etc. The maintenance of complete and accurate medical records is a requirement of health care providers and is generally enforced as a licensing or certification prerequisite. The terms are used for both the physical folder that exists for each individual patient and for the body of information found therein. Medical records have traditionally been compiled and maintained by health care providers, but advances in online data storage have led to the development of personal health records (PHR) that are main

Sanjoy Bandopadhyay


Sanjoy Bandopadhyay (born September 16, 1954) is a Bengali Hindustani classical sitar player. He is primarily a disciple of Radhika Mohan Maitra and Bimalendu Mukherjee. His performance is a unique synthesis of Senia-Shahjehanpur, Rampur-Senia and Etawah gharana. Works He is Chair Professor (Ustad Allauddin Khan Chair) at the Department of Instrumental Music , of Rabindra Bharati University , Kolkata India . He is also the Director, S.M. Tagore Centre of Documentation & Research of Languishing & Obsolescent Musical Instruments. This centre is created for ethnological mapping of the world through obsolescent musical instruments. The project will run with scholars support from all over the world. Professor Bandopadhyay visited the University of Illinois at Urban Champaign as George A. Miller Visiting Professor (October 2005). In the same year he also visited the University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada as Distinguished India Focus Visitor. He visited the University of Colorado at Colorado Springs [USA

Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe


The Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe ( German : Denkmal für die ermordeten Juden Europas ), also known as the Holocaust Memorial (German: Holocaust-Mahnmal), is a memorial in Berlin to the Jewish victims of the Holocaust , designed by architect Peter Eisenman and engineer Buro Happold . It consists of a 19,000 m (4.7-acre) site covered with 2,711 concrete slabs or " stelae ", arranged in a grid pattern on a sloping field. The stelae are 2.38 m (7 ft 10 in) long, 0.95 m (3 ft 1 in) wide and vary in height from 0.2 to 4.7 m (7.9 in to 15 ft 5.0 in). They are organized in rows, 54 of them going north–south, and 87 heading east–west at right angles but set slightly askew. An attached underground "Place of Information" ( German : Ort der Information ) holds the names of approximately 3 million Jewish Holocaust victims, obtained from the Israeli museum Yad Vashem . Building began on April 1, 2003, and was finished on December 15, 2004. It was inaugurated on May 10, 2005, sixty years after the end of W

Centre Georges Pompidou


Centre Georges Pompidou ( French pronunciation: ​ , commonly shortened to Centre Pompidou and also known as the Pompidou Centre in English, is a complex building in the Beaubourg area of the 4th arrondissement of Paris , near Les Halles , rue Montorgueil , and the Marais . It was designed in the style of high-tech architecture by the architectural team of Richard Rogers and Renzo Piano , along with Gianfranco Franchini . It houses the Bibliothèque publique d'information (Public Information Library), a vast public library; the Musée National d'Art Moderne , which is the largest museum for modern art in Europe; and IRCAM , a centre for music and acoustic research. Because of its location, the Centre is known locally as Beaubourg ( IPA:  ). It is named after Georges Pompidou , the President of France from 1969 to 1974 who commissioned the building, and was officially opened on 31 January 1977 by President Valéry Giscard d'Estaing . As of 2006, the Centre Pompidou has had over 180 million visitors since 1977

Next Page
Javascript Version
Revolvy Server https://www.revolvy.com