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Dead letter queue

In message queueing the dead letter queue is a service implementation to store messages that meet one or more of the following criteria :

  1. Message that is sent to a queue that does not exist.[1] [2]
  2. Queue length limit exceeded.
  3. Message length limit exceeded.
  4. Message is rejected by another queue exchange.[3]
  5. Message reaches a threshold read counter number, because it is not consumed. Sometimes this is called a "back out queue".

Dead letter queue storing of these messages allows developers to look for common patterns and potential software problems.[4]

Queueing systems that incorporate dead letter queues include Microsoft Message Queuing,[1] WebSphere MQ,[5] Amazon Simple Queue Service.[4] HornetQ and Apache ActiveMQ

References
  1. Redkar, Arohi (2004). Pro MSMQ: Microsoft Message Queue Programming. Apress. p. 148. ISBN 1430207329.
  2. "Dead-letter queues". IBM. Retrieved 23 February 2014.
  3. RabitMQ dead letter queue"Dead Letter Exchanges".
  4. "Using Amazon SQS Dead Letter Queues". Amazon. Retrieved 23 February 2014.
  5. Böhm-Mäder, Johannes. WebSphere MQ Security: Tales of Scowling Wolves Among Unglamorous Sheep. BoD. p. 68. ISBN 3842381506.
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Magical objects in Harry Potter

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The following is a list of magical objects used in the Harry Potter series. Communication Enchanted coins In Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix , Hermione Granger creates fake, enchanted Galleons that are used for communication between members of Dumbledore's Army . Like real Galleons, the coins have numerals around the edge; on normal Galleons these serial numbers aren't used the same way the enchanted coins are used, the numbers represent the time and date of the next meeting, and automatically change to match whatever numbers Harry Potter sets on his coin. Due to the coins being infused with a Protean Charm, once Harry Potter alters his, every coin changes to suit. The coins grow hot when the numbers change to alert the members to look at their coins. In Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince , Draco Malfoy uses a pair of enchanted coins to bypass the communication limits imposed on Hogwarts , thus managing to keep in contact with Madam Rosmerta , whom he had placed under the Imperius Curse. Draco ...more...



Jahangir Khoja

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Battle at the River Honbasi near Aksu, 1828 Jahanghir Khoja , Jāhangīr Khwāja , or Jihangir Khoja ( Uyghur : جهانگیر خوجا ‎ , جهانگير خوجة , Chinese : 張格爾 ; pinyin : Zhānggé'ěr ; 1788 – 1828) was a member of the influential East Turkestan Afaqi khoja clan, who managed to wrest Kashgaria from the Qing Empire's power for a few years in the 1820s. Career Burhan ad-Din, a Khoja of the White Mountain faction, was the grandfather of Jahangir. Before rebellion broke out in May 1826 and during a fortuitously timed earthquake that destroyed most towns in the Ferghana Valley , Jahangir Khoja managed to flee to Kashgar from Kokand , where he had been held in prison in accordance with a secret agreement concluded between the Khanate of Kokand and Qing dynasty China concerning descendants of Appak khoja . Among Jahangir's troops were Kirghiz, Tajiks and White Mountain fighters. After appearing in Kashgar with only several hundred of his followers, he quickly increased his force with volunteers, and within several month ...more...



Agile software development

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Agile software development (rapid application development RAD) describes a set of values and principles for software development under which requirements and solutions evolve through the collaborative effort of self-organizing cross-functional teams . It advocates adaptive planning, evolutionary development, early delivery, and continuous improvement, and it encourages rapid and flexible response to change. These principles support the definition and continuing evolution of many software development methods . The term agile (sometimes written Agile) was popularized by the Manifesto for agile software development , which defines those values and principles. Agile software development frameworks continue to evolve, two of the most widely used being Scrum and Kanban . History Iterative and incremental software development methods can be traced back to 1957. Evolutionary project management and adaptive software development emerged in the early 1970s. During the 1990s, a number of lightweight software dev ...more...



John de la Pole, 2nd Duke of Suffolk

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John de la Pole, 2nd Duke of Suffolk , KG (27 September 1442 – 14~21 May 1492), was a major magnate in 15th-century England. He was the son of William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk , and Alice Chaucer , the daughter of Thomas Chaucer (thus making John a great-grandson of the poet Geoffrey Chaucer ). His youth was blighted, in 1450, by the political fall and subsequent murder of his father, who had been a favourite of the king, Henry VI , but was increasingly distrusted by the rest of the nobility . Although the first duke of Suffolk had made himself rich through trade and – particularly – royal grants, this source of income dried up on his death, so John de la Pole was among the poorest of English dukes on his accession to the title. This was a circumstance which John felt acutely; on more than one occasion, he refused to come to London due to his impoverishment being such that he could not afford the costs of maintaining a retinue. As a youth, John de la Pole married twice; his first marriage was annulled ...more...



Good Game (TV program)

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Good Game is an Australian television gaming programme produced by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC), which aired on ABC2 . Created by Janet Carr, Jeremy Ray and Michael Makowski . The show began in 2006 and includes a mix of gaming news, reviews, and features. The original hosts were Jeremy "Junglist" Ray and Michael "Kapowski" Makowski ; the latter was replaced by Steven "Bajo" O'Donnell in 2007, and the former was replaced by Stephanie "Hex" Bendixsen in 2009. Other on screen presenters included field reporter Gus "Goose" Ronald and Dave Callan . The show is named after the friendly phrase gamers traditionally say after completing a competitive match. The show's producers maintained an online presence with the audience, often directly communicating and taking feedback from viewers; audience competitions and polls are also held. In addition, a mobile application and a book were created by the production team, to further cater the communication to the show's audience. Good Game received generall ...more...



Homelessness in the United States by state

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Homelessness in the United States is a social crisis. The different states within the United States have varying homeless populations. Homelessness by state Alabama Although throughout the United States panhandling is discouraged, passive panhandling falls under First Amendment rights to free speech. In Alabama the prohibition of aggressive panhandling and regulation of passive panhandling is controlled by individual cities, with many panhandlers being charged with loitering offences. Loitering for the purposes of begging and prostitution in Alabama is a criminal offense. An issue for Alabamans is the proportion of panhandlers defined as vagrants , who contrary to their implications, are not homeless but accept the generosity of the community under this false pretence. As the cities decide ordinances for the control of panhandling, there is a variety of methods used across the state depending on the issues in each city. Many cities such as Mobile , Alabama have introduced a set of ordinances to prohibit p ...more...



Game of Thrones (season 1)

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The first season of the fantasy drama television series Game of Thrones premiered on HBO on April 17, 2011, at 9.00 pm in the U.S., and concluded on June 19, 2011. It consists of ten episodes, each of approximately 55 minutes. The series is based on A Game of Thrones , the first novel in the A Song of Ice and Fire series by George R. R. Martin , adapted for television by David Benioff and D. B. Weiss . HBO had ordered a television pilot in November 2008; filming began the following year. However, it was deemed unsatisfactory and later reshot with some roles being recast. In March 2010, HBO ordered the first season, which began filming in July 2010, primarily in Belfast , Northern Ireland , with additional filming in Malta . The story takes place in a fictional world , primarily upon a continent called Westeros , with one storyline occurring on another continent to the east known as Essos . Like the novel, the season initially focuses on the family of nobleman Eddard Stark , who is asked to become chief adviso ...more...



Stuckism

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Stuckism is an international art movement founded in 1999 by Billy Childish and Charles Thomson to promote figurative painting as opposed to conceptual art . By May 2017 the initial group of 13 British artists had expanded to 236 groups in 52 countries. Childish and Thomson have issued several manifestos. The first one was The Stuckists, consisting of 20 points starting with "Stuckism is a quest for authenticity ". Remodernism , the other well-known manifesto of the movement, is a criticism of postmodernism ; it aims to get back to the true spirit of modernism , to produce art with spiritual value regardless of style, subject matter or medium. In another manifesto they define themselves as anti-anti-art which is against anti-art and for art. After exhibiting in small galleries in Shoreditch , London, the Stuckists' first show in a major public museum was held in 2004 at the Walker Art Gallery , as part of the Liverpool Biennial . The group has demonstrated annually at Tate Britain against the Turner Prize ...more...



Marie Thérèse of France

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Marie-Thérèse Charlotte of France (19 December 1778 – 19 October 1851), Madame Royale, was the eldest child of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette , and the only one to reach adulthood (her siblings all dying before the age of 11). She was married to Louis Antoine, Duke of Angoulême , who was the eldest son of the future Charles X , her father's younger brother; thus the bride and groom were also first cousins. After her marriage, she was known as the Duchess of Angoulême. She became the Dauphine of France upon the accession of her father-in-law to the throne of France in 1824. Technically she was Queen of France for twenty minutes, on 2 August 1830, between the time her father-in-law signed the instrument of abdication and the time her husband, reluctantly, signed the same document. Early life Marie-Thérèse was born at the Palace of Versailles on 19 December 1778, the first child (after seven years of her parents' marriage), and eldest daughter of King Louis XVI of France and Queen Marie Antoinette. As the daugh ...more...



Ramdev

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Baba Ramdev   pronunciation   (born as Ramkrishna Yadav on 25 December 1965) is a yoga guru known for his work in ayurveda , business , politics and agriculture . He founded the Patanjali Group of Institutions and has shown interest in political issues. Early life and education Ramdev was born on 25 December 1965 to Ram Niwas Yadav and Gulabo Devi at Hazaribag Ali Saiyad Pur village of Mahendragarh district , Haryana. Both of his parents were farmers. He claims he became paralyzed when he was two & half and was later cured by practicing Yoga. He studied Indian scripture , Yoga and Sanskrit in various Gurukuls (schools). He was the student of Acharya Baldevji in Gurukul Kalwa. Ramdev took sanyasi diksha and adopted the name Swami Ramdev from Swami ShankarDev Ji. While living in Kalwa Gurukul in Jind district , Haryana, Ramdev offered free yoga training to villagers. Then he moved to Haridwar in Uttarakhand , where he practiced self-discipline and meditation, and spent several years studying ancient I ...more...



Criticism of Tesco

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Criticism has been directed at Tesco from various groups, including national organisations, trade bodies, individuals, consumer groups and watchdogs, particularly since the early 2000s. One of the biggest criticisms it faces is the perceived threat it poses to small private owned businesses due to the monopoly it imposes over products. Other controversial areas concern the treatment of staff, trading deals with suppliers and customer relations, as well as their approach to foreign businesses. There is also a belief that they use aggressive tactics to gain land and/or planning permission for building new stores. Allegations against the company are varied, including: Corporate policy Eco-towns and the environment Local opposition to new stores and corporate expatiation Financial affairs Alleged health and safety issues Facebook and Tesco Overseas cases The Tesco supermarket chain is often involved in litigation, usually from claims of personal injury from customers, claims of unfair dismissal from staff, and ot ...more...



Pets (TV series)

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Pets is an adult British puppet sitcom , produced by Fit2Fill Productions Limited. It was originally aired on Channel 4 and ran for two series, the first being broadcast in 2001, and the second in 2002. It was also sold to Fox in Australia, MTV in Italy, and the Middle East . The series was created and written by Andrew Barclay and Brian West (pen name Brian Luff), who had previously worked together at the Edinburgh Festival , winning an award for an advert for The Jerry Springer Show , and on the sketch show We Know Where You Live. A total of 26 episodes of Pets were aired, all approximately 11 minutes long. They were shown in the early hours of the morning, and as a result, the series was fairly unknown, although it did gain a significant cult following . There was a demand on the official website for Pets to be released on DVD . Eventually a limited edition DVD was made available to purchase via the official website. As well as the two series, the DVD included two unbroadcast episodes, a clip show named "T ...more...



J. K. Rowling

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Joanne Rowling , CH , OBE , FRSL , FRCPE ( ; born 31 July 1965), who writes under the pen names J. K. Rowling and Robert Galbraith , is a British novelist and screenwriter who is best known for writing the Harry Potter fantasy series. The books have won multiple awards, and sold more than 400 million copies. They have become the best-selling book series in history and been the basis for a series of films , over which Rowling had overall approval on the scripts and was a producer on the final films in the series. Born in Yate , Gloucestershire , England, Rowling was working as a researcher and bilingual secretary for Amnesty International when she conceived the idea for the Harry Potter series while on a delayed train from Manchester to London in 1990. The seven-year period that followed saw the death of her mother, birth of her first child, divorce from her first husband and relative poverty until the first novel in the series, Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone , was published in 1997. There were si ...more...

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Ho Chi Minh

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Hồ Chí Minh ( ; Vietnamese:   (   listen ) , Saigon:   (   listen ) ; Chữ nôm : 胡志明; 19 May 1890 – 2 September 1969), born Nguyễn Sinh Cung , also known as Nguyễn Tất Thành and Nguyễn Ái Quốc , was a Vietnamese Communist revolutionary leader who was Chairman and First Secretary of the Workers' Party of Vietnam . Hồ was also Prime Minister (1945–55) and President (1945–69) of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam ( North Vietnam ). He was a key figure in the foundation of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam in 1945, as well as the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN) and the Việt Cộng (NLF or VC) during the Vietnam War . Hồ Chí Minh led the Việt Minh independence movement from 1941 onward, establishing the Communist -ruled Democratic Republic of Vietnam in 1945 and defeating the French Union in 1954 at the battle of Điện Biên Phủ . He officially stepped down from power in 1965 due to health problems. After the war, Saigon, the former capital of the Republic of Vietnam , was renamed Hồ Chí Minh City . Any description ...more...



Yasujirō Ozu

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Yasujirō Ozu ( 小津 安二郎 Ozu Yasujirō, 12 December 1903 – 12 December 1963) was a Japanese film director and screenwriter. He began his career during the era of silent films . Ozu first made a number of short comedies, before turning to more serious themes in the 1930s. Marriage and family, especially the relationships between the generations, are prominent themes in Ozu's work. His most lauded films include Late Spring (1949), Tokyo Story (1953), Floating Weeds (1959), and An Autumn Afternoon (1962). His reputation has continued to grow since his death, and he is widely regarded as one of the world's most influential directors. In the 2012 Sight & Sound poll, Ozu's Tokyo Story was voted the greatest film of all time by world directors. Biography Early life Ozu was born in the Fukagawa district of Tokyo, the second son of five brothers and sisters. His father was a fertilizer seller. He attended Meiji nursery school and primary school. In March 1913, at the age of nine, he and his siblings were sent by hi ...more...



Andrew Jackson

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Andrew Jackson (March 15, 1767 – June 8, 1845) was an American soldier and statesman who served as the seventh President of the United States from 1829 to 1837. Before being elected to the presidency, Jackson gained fame as a general in the United States Army and served in both houses of Congress . As president, Jackson sought to advance the rights of the "common man" against a "corrupt aristocracy" and to preserve the Union. Born in the Waxhaws to Scotch-Irish migrants, Jackson became a frontier lawyer and married Rachel Donelson Robards . He served briefly in the U.S. House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate representing Tennessee . After resigning, he served as a justice on the Tennessee Supreme Court from 1798 until 1804. Jackson purchased a property later known as the Hermitage , and became a wealthy, slaveowning planter. In 1801, he was appointed colonel of the Tennessee militia and was elected its commander the following year. He led troops during the Creek War of 1813–1814, winning the Battle of ...more...



List of minor The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy characters

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The following is an alphabetical list of the minor characters in the various versions of The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy , by Douglas Adams . The descriptions of the characters are accompanied by information on details about appearances and references to the characters. Major characters— Arthur Dent , Ford Prefect , Zaphod Beeblebrox , Marvin the Paranoid Android , Trillian , and Slartibartfast —are separately described. Lists are also available for places in The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy , races and species in The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy , technology in The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy , phrases from The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy , and cast lists for The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy . Agrajag Agrajag is a piteous creature that is continually reincarnated and subsequently killed, each time unknowingly, by Arthur Dent . Agrajag is first identified in the novel Life, the Universe and Everything , but it is revealed that several of Arthur's encounters in the first and second n ...more...



February Revolution

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The February Revolution ( Russian : Февра́льская револю́ция , IPA:  ), known in Soviet historiography as the February Bourgeois Democratic Revolution was the first of two Russian revolutions in 1917. The main events of the revolution took place in Petrograd and its vicinity (Petrograd is now known as St. Petersburg ), then the Russian capital, where longstanding discontent with the monarchy erupted into mass protests against food rationing on 23 February Old Style (8 March New Style ). Revolutionary activity lasted about eight days. It involved mass demonstrations and armed clashes with police and gendarmes , the last loyal forces of the Russian monarchy. On 27 February O.S. (12 March N.S.) mutinous Russian Army forces sided with the revolutionaries. Three days later the result was the abdication of Tsar Nicholas II , the end of the Romanov dynasty, and the end of the Russian Empire . The Russian Council of Ministers was replaced by a Russian Provisional Government under Prince Georgy Lvov . The revolution ...more...



Star Wars: Episode I – The Phantom Menace

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Star Wars: Episode I – The Phantom Menace is a 1999 American epic space opera film written and directed by George Lucas , produced by Lucasfilm and distributed by 20th Century Fox . It is the first installment in the Star Wars prequel trilogy and stars Liam Neeson , Ewan McGregor , Natalie Portman , Jake Lloyd , Ian McDiarmid , Anthony Daniels , Kenny Baker , Pernilla August , and Frank Oz . The film is set 32 years before the original film , and follows Jedi Knight Qui-Gon Jinn and his apprentice Obi-Wan Kenobi as they protect Queen Amidala , in hopes of securing a peaceful end to a large-scale interplanetary trade dispute. Joined by Anakin Skywalker —a young slave with unusually strong natural powers of the Force —they simultaneously contend with the mysterious return of the Sith . Lucas began production of this film after he determined that film special effects had advanced to the level he wanted for the fourth film in the saga. Filming started on June 26, 1997, at locations including Leavesden Film Studio ...more...



Criticism of The Walt Disney Company

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The Walt Disney Company 's media releases and company practices have prompted action from activists, artists, and causes around the world. Company officials Michael Eisner In 1977, Roy E. Disney , the son of Disney co-founder Roy O. Disney and nephew of Walt Disney , resigned as an executive due to disagreements with his colleagues' decisions at the time. As he claimed later, "I just felt creatively the company was not going anywhere interesting. It was very stifling." However he retained a seat on the board of directors. His resignation from the board in 1984, which occurred in the midst of a corporate takeover battle, was the beginning of a series of developments that led to the replacement of company president and CEO Ronald William Miller (married to Walt's daughter Diane Marie Disney ) by Michael Eisner and Frank Wells . Roy soon returned to the company as vice-chairman of the board of directors and head of the animation department. However Michael Eisner has been criticized for his management style. The ...more...



Netflix

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Netflix is an American entertainment company founded by Reed Hastings and Marc Randolph on August 29, 1997, in Scotts Valley, California . It specializes in and provides streaming media and video-on-demand online and DVD by mail. In 2013, Netflix expanded into film and television production as well as online distribution . It is headquartered in Los Gatos, California . Netflix's initial business model included DVD sales and rental, although Hastings jettisoned DVD sales about a year after Netflix's founding to focus on the DVD rental by mail business. In 2007, Netflix expanded its business with the introduction of streaming media, while retaining the DVD and Blu-ray rental service. The company expanded internationally, with streaming made available to Canada in 2010 and continued growing its streaming service from there; by January 2016, Netflix services operated in over 190 countries. Netflix entered the content-production industry in 2013, debuting its first series, House of Cards . It has greatly expan ...more...



Marks & Spencer

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Marks and Spencer plc (also known as M&S ) is a major British multinational retailer headquartered in the City of Westminster , London. It is listed on the London Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index . It specialises in the selling of clothing, home products and luxury food products. M&S was founded in 1884 by Michael Marks and Thomas Spencer in Leeds . The company also began to sell branded goods like Kellogg's Corn Flakes in November 2008. M&S currently has 979 stores across the U.K including 615 that only sell food products. In 1998, the company became the first British retailer to make a pre-tax profit of over £1 billion, although subsequently it went into a sudden slump, which took the company, its shareholders, who included hundreds of thousands of small investors, and nearly all retail analysts and business journalists, by surprise. In November 2009, it was announced that Marc Bolland , formerly of Morrisons , would take over as chief executive from executive cha ...more...



Malaysian passport

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The Malaysian passport ( Malay : Pasport Malaysia ) is the passport issued to citizens of Malaysia by the Immigration Department of Malaysia (Jabatan Imigresen Malaysia). They were formerly designated Paspot Malaysia, but the spelling was changed to Pasport in the 1980s. The main legislation governing the production of passports and travel documents, their possession by persons entering and leaving Malaysia, and related matters is the Passport Act 1966. Processing of Malaysian passport applications and renewals is very rapid, with new passports usually issued one hour after payment for normal cases. The introduction of passport renewal kiosks (KiPPas) at Immigration Department branches across the country allow passport applicaInts to apply and pay for their passports without queuing at the passport application counters. Regular international non-ICAO biometric passport issued from 1998 to 2010 Restricted passport Visa requirements Holders of Malaysian passports enjoy visa-free travel or visa on arrival to ma ...more...



Socialist Republic of Romania

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The Socialist Republic of Romania ( Romanian : Republica Socialistă România, RSR ) refers to Romania under Marxist-Leninist one-party Communist rule that existed officially from 1947 to 1989. From 1947 to 1965, the state was known as the Romanian People's Republic ( Republica Populară Romînă, RPR ). The country was a Soviet-aligned Eastern Bloc state with a dominant role for the Romanian Communist Party enshrined in its constitutions . As World War II ended, Romania , a former Axis member, was occupied by the Soviet Union , the sole representative of the Allied powers . On 6 March 1945, after mass demonstrations by communist sympathizers and political pressure from the Soviet representative of the Allied Control Commission , a new pro-Soviet government that included members of the previously outlawed Romanian Communist Party was installed. Gradually, more members of the Communist Party and communist-aligned parties gained control of the administration and pre-war political leaders were steadily eliminated fro ...more...



Romance languages

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The Romance languages (sometimes called the Romanic languages , Latin languages , or Neo-Latin languages ) are the modern languages that evolved from Vulgar Latin between the sixth and ninth centuries and that thus form a branch of the Italic languages within the Indo-European language family . Today, around 800 million people are native speakers worldwide, mainly in Europe , Africa and the Americas , but also elsewhere. Additionally, the major Romance languages have many non-native speakers and are in widespread use as lingua francas . This is especially the case for French, which is in widespread use throughout Central and West Africa , Madagascar , Mauritius and the Maghreb . The five most widely spoken Romance languages by number of native speakers are Spanish (470 million), Portuguese (250 million), French (150 million), Italian (60 million), and Romanian (25 million). Because of the difficulty of imposing boundaries on a continuum, various counts of the modern Romance languages are given; for example, ...more...



John Quincy Adams

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John Quincy Adams (  (   listen ) ; July 11, 1767 – February 23, 1848) was an American statesman who served as a diplomat , minister and ambassador to foreign nations, and treaty negotiator, United States Senator , U.S. Representative (Congressman) from Massachusetts , and the sixth President of the United States from 1825 to 1829. He was a member of the Federalists like his famous influential father, but later switched to the Jeffersonian Democratic-Republican , National Republican , and later the Anti-Masonic and Whig parties when they were organized. He was the son of second President John Adams (1735-1826, served 1797-1801), and his wife, Abigail Adams . Adams shaped early American foreign policy using his ardently nationalist commitment to U.S. republican values . As a diplomat, Adams played an important role in negotiating key treaties, most notably the Treaty of Ghent , which ended the War of 1812 (1812-1815). As Secretary of State , he negotiated with Great Britain over the United States' northern bo ...more...



Characters of Casualty

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Casualty is a British medical drama television series that premiered on 6 September 1986 on BBC One . The series was created by Jeremy Brock and Paul Unwin . It is set in the fictional Holby City Hospital , in the equally fictitious city of Holby , and features occasional crossovers of characters and plots with spin-off show Holby City . Casualty follows the professional and personal lives of the doctors, nurses, paramedics, hospital management and patients at Holby General. It features an ensemble cast of regular characters, and began with 10 main characters in its first series , all but two – Charlie Fairhead (played by Derek Thompson ) and Lisa "Duffy" Duffin (played by Cathy Shipton ) – have since left the show. Many main characters have been written in and out of the series since. In addition, Casualty features guest stars each week, as well as recurring guests that take part in story arcs that span a portion of a series or multiple series'. Main characters A Jez Andrews Jeremy "Jez" Andrews , played b ...more...



Arthur Berry (playwright)

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Arthur Berry (7 February 1925 – 4 July 1994) was an English playwright, poet, teacher and artist, who was born in Smallthorne , Stoke-on-Trent . His individual creative work became deeply rooted in the culture, people and landscape of the industrial pottery town of Burslem . Life Burslem School of Art Berry was the son of a publican and grew up in the potteries city of Stoke-on-Trent during the Depression . He was born with a crippled arm; as he could not work as a miner or manual labourer Berry was enrolled at the Burslem School of Art in the city. Despite a rebellious start there, he came under the care of Gordon Mitchell Forsyth (1879–1952), director of art education and a successful pottery designer. Studies at Royal College of Art Berry gained a place at the Royal College of Art , as did a number of the more talented Burslem students. During his time at the Royal College the institution was evacuated from Kensington to Ambleside in the Lake District , to escape the German bombing of London during the ...more...



List of Curb Your Enthusiasm episodes

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The HBO comedy television series Curb Your Enthusiasm premiered with an hour-long special on October 17, 1999. It was followed by a ten-episode first season that began airing on HBO on October 15, 2000. The series was created by Larry David , who stars as a fictionalized version of himself. The series follows Larry in his life as a semi-retired television writer and producer in Los Angeles. Also starring are Cheryl Hines as his wife, Cheryl; Jeff Garlin as his manager, Jeff; and Susie Essman as Jeff's wife, Susie. Curb Your Enthusiasm features numerous celebrity guest star appearances, fictionalized to varying degrees. As of December 3, 2017, 90 episodes of Curb Your Enthusiasm have aired, concluding the ninth season. On December 14, 2017, HBO renewed the series for a tenth season. Series overview Season Episodes Originally aired First aired Last aired Special October 17, 1999 1 10 October 15, 2000 December 17, 2000 2 10 September 23, 2001 November 25, 2001 3 10 September 15, 2002 November 17, 2002 4 10 Janua ...more...



Spencer Perceval

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Spencer Perceval , KC (1 November 1762 – 11 May 1812) was a British statesman who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from October 1809 until his assassination in May 1812 . Perceval is the only British prime minister to have been murdered. He was also the only Solicitor General or Attorney General to become Prime Minister. The younger son of an Irish earl , Perceval was educated at Harrow School and Trinity College, Cambridge . He studied Law at Lincoln's Inn , practised as a barrister on the Midland circuit and in 1796 became a King's Counsel before entering politics aged 33 as a Member of Parliament for Northampton . A follower of William Pitt , Perceval always described himself as a "friend of Mr Pitt" rather than a Tory . Perceval was opposed to Catholic emancipation and reform of Parliament ; he supported the war against Napoleon and the abolition of the slave trade . He was opposed to hunting, gambling and adultery, did not drink as much as most members of Parliament at the time, gave generously ...more...



Atommash

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Atommash ( Russian : «Атоммаш» ) is a multidisciplinary engineering company located in Volgodonsk , Rostov Oblast , Russia. It was established in 1973 as a nuclear engineering corporation. Following privatization and bankruptcy in 1999, the industrial facilities of the enterprise were owned and managed by ZAO Energomash–Atommash, a part of the diversified engineering company Energomash . Since 2015 the company has been part of Atomenergomash , the mechanical engineering division of Rosatom . Its current name is AEM-Technologies Volgodonsk . Manufacturing 1982, Treatment of the interior part of a VVER-1000 reactor frame. Being one of Russia's biggest industrial complexes and having 6 million m of production facilities, Atommash was equipped with unique imported modern equipment, over 80% of which was purchased in Germany, Japan, France, UK , Italy, Austria, Sweden, United States and other countries, from concerns like Italimpianti, ESAB , Varian Associates , Mannesmann AG . One of the early successes of Atom ...more...



British soldiers in the eighteenth century

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Redcoat soldier of the 29th Regiment of Foot in 1742 A redcoat soldier in the British Army during the 18th century would have faced war in a number of theatres throughout the European continent, the Americas and the colonies of the British Empire ; the Jacobite rising of 1745 , the Seven Years' War between 1756–63, the American War of Independence between 1775–83, and the French Revolutionary Wars between 1792–1802. At the start of the 19th century, and as part of an army going through extensive gradual reform, he would face the ensuing Napoleonic Wars from 1803–15. Life for a redcoat soldier was often tough and challenging. Plenty of training was needed before a soldier could enter the battlefield; drills and exercises had to be strictly followed as punishments were applied for even the most minor of mistakes. A soldier in the army British Grenadier of the 40th Regiment of Foot in 1767 The British Army in the 18th century was commonly seen as disciplined, regimented and harsh. Camp life was dirty and cramp ...more...



James Wilkinson

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James Wilkinson (March 24, 1757 – December 28, 1825) was an American soldier and statesman , who was associated with several scandals and controversies. He served in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War , but he was twice compelled to resign. He was twice the Senior Officer of the U.S. Army , appointed to be the first Governor of the Louisiana Territory in 1805, and commanded two unsuccessful campaigns in the St. Lawrence River theater during the War of 1812 . After his death, he was discovered to have been a paid agent of the Spanish crown . Wilkinson's actions have since been severely condemned by a number of historians and politicians such as Theodore Roosevelt , who posited that "[I]n all our history, there is no more despicable character." Personal life James Wilkinson was born about three miles (5 km) northeast of Benedict, Charles County, Maryland , on a farm south of Hunting Creek. His grandfather had been sufficiently wealthy to buy a large property known as Stoakley Manor in ...more...



Dell

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Dell Inc. (stylized as DELL) was a multinational computer technology company based in Round Rock, Texas and, along with Dell EMC , is a subsidiary of Dell Technologies , one of the largest technology companies in the world with 138,000 employees. Dell manufactured, sold, repaired, and supported personal computers (PCs), servers , data storage devices , network switches , computer software, computer peripherals , high-definition televisions , cameras, printers , and electronics built by other manufacturers. The company was known for its innovations in supply chain management and e-commerce , particularly its direct-sales model and its "build-to-order" or "configure to order" approach to manufacturing—delivering individual PCs configured to customer specifications. Dell was eponymously named after its founder, Michael Dell . With a market share of 15.9%, Dell was the third largest PC vendor in the world in the first quarter of 2017, after Lenovo and HP Inc. (formerly The Hewlett-Packard Company ). In the firs ...more...



Bradford City stadium fire

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The Bradford City stadium fire occurred during an English League Third Division fixture between Bradford City and Lincoln City on Saturday, 11 May 1985, killing 56 and injuring at least 265. The Valley Parade stadium, long-established home to Bradford City Football Club , was known for its antiquated design and facilities, including the wooden roof of the main stand. Warnings had been given about a major build-up of litter just below the seats. The stand had been officially condemned and was due for demolition. The match against Lincoln City had started in a celebratory atmosphere, with the home-team receiving the Football League Third Division trophy. At 3.40 p.m., a small fire was reported by TV commentator John Helm , but in less than four minutes, in windy conditions, it had engulfed the whole stand, trapping some people in their seats. In the panic that ensued, fleeing crowds had to break down locked exits to escape, and many were burnt to death at the turnstiles, which were also locked. There were many ...more...



Zimbabwean general election, 2013

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General elections were held in Zimbabwe on 31 July 2013. The incumbent President, Robert Mugabe , was re-elected, whilst his ZANU–PF party won a two-thirds majority in the House of Assembly . Background This was the first election held under the new constitution approved in a referendum in March 2013 and signed into law by President Robert Mugabe on 22 May. The Supreme Court ruled on 31 May that President Mugabe should set a date as soon as possible, and that presidential and parliamentary elections must be held by 31 July. The ruling followed an application to the court by a Zimbabwean citizen, Jealousy Mawarire, demanding that the country's president set the date for elections before the expiry of the tenure of the seventh parliament, on 29 June 2013. Under the new constitution the winner of the presidential election would serve a five-year term. Candidates Presidential candidates Robert Mugabe , ZANU-PF Welshman Ncube , MDC-N Morgan Tsvangirai , MDC-T Dumiso Dabengwa , ZAPU Kisinoti Mukwazhe (also spe ...more...



Alfred Denning, Baron Denning

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Alfred Thompson “ Tom ” Denning , Baron Denning, OM , PC , DL (23 January 1899 – 5 March 1999) was an English lawyer and judge who has been called “the greatest judge of the century” and “probably the greatest English judge of modern times”. Called to the bar in 1923 as a barrister he became a King's Counsel in 1938. Denning became a judge in 1944 with an appointment to the Probate, Divorce and Admiralty Division of the High Court of Justice and was made a Lord Justice of Appeal in 1948 after less than five years in the High Court. He became a Lord of Appeal in Ordinary in 1957 and after five years in the House of Lords returned to the Court of Appeal as Master of the Rolls in 1962, a position he held for twenty years. In retirement he wrote several books and continued to offer opinions on the state of the common law through his writing and his position in the House of Lords . Mark Garnett and Richard Weight argue that he was a conservative Christian who "remained popular with morally conservative Britons w ...more...



Los Angeles International Airport

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Los Angeles International Airport ( IATA : LAX ,  ICAO : KLAX ,  FAA LID : LAX ) is the largest and busiest airport in both the Greater Los Angeles Area and in the state of California , second busiest airport in the United States , and one of the largest international airports in the world. The airport is most often referred to by its IATA airport code (and FAA LID) LAX , with the letters pronounced individually. LAX is in the southwestern Los Angeles area along the Pacific Ocean between the neighborhood of Westchester to its immediate north, the city of El Segundo to its immediate south and the city of Inglewood its immediate east. It is owned and operated by Los Angeles World Airports , an agency of the government of Los Angeles , formerly known as the Department of Airports. Covering 3,500 acres (1,416 ha) of land, LAX is also notable for its four parallel runways. In 2016, LAX handled 80,921,527 passengers, an increase of 8% from the previous year, making it the world's fourth busiest airport by passenge ...more...



List of Latin words with English derivatives

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This is a list of Latin words with derivatives in English (and other modern languages). Ancient orthography did not distinguish between i and j or between u and v. Many modern works distinguish u from v but not i from j. In this article, both distinctions are shown as they are helpful when tracing the origin of English words. See also Latin spelling and pronunciation . Nouns and adjectives The citation form for nouns (the form normally shown in Latin dictionaries) is the Latin nominative singular, but that typically does not exhibit the root form from which English nouns are generally derived. Latin nouns and adjectives A–M Citation form Declining stem Meaning English derivatives abdomen abdomin- belly abdomen, abdominal, abdominous, intraabdominal accipiter accipitr- hawk Accipiter , accipitrine acer acer- maple aceric ācer ācr- sharp acrid, acridine, acridity, acrimonious, acrimony, acritude, acrity, acrolein, eager, vinegar acerbus • acerbior • acerbissimus acerb- bitter acerbic, acerbity, exacerbate, exa ...more...



R101

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R101 was one of a pair of British rigid airships completed in 1929 as part of a British government programme to develop civil airships capable of service on long-distance routes within the British Empire . It was designed and built by an Air Ministry -appointed team and was effectively in competition with the government-funded but privately designed and built R100 . When built it was the world's largest flying craft at 731 ft (223 m) in length, and it was not surpassed by another hydrogen-filled rigid airship until the Hindenburg flew seven years later. After some trial flights and subsequent modifications to increase lifting capacity, which included lengthening the airship by 46 ft (14 m), it crashed on 5 October 1930 in France during its maiden overseas voyage, killing 48 of the 54 people on board. Among the deceased passengers were Lord Thomson , the Air Minister who had initiated the programme, senior government officials, and almost all the dirigible's designers from the Royal Airship Works . The cras ...more...



Death in June

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Death in June are a neofolk group led by English folk musician Douglas Pearce, better known as Douglas P. The band was originally formed in Britain in 1981 as a trio, but after the other members left in 1984 and 1985 to work on other projects, the group became the work of Douglas P. and various collaborators. Douglas P. now lives in Australia . Over the band's three decades of existence, they have made numerous shifts in style and presentation, resulting in an overall shift from initial post-punk and Industrial Records influence to a more acoustic and folk music-oriented approach. They are sometimes considered controversial (largely due to usage of themes and imagery relating to Nazi Germany ). Douglas P.'s influence was instrumental in sparking neofolk , of which his music has subsequently become a part. History Origin Pearce formed Death in June in 1981 in England , along with Patrick Leagas and Tony Wakeford . Pearce and Wakeford had been members of the political punk band Crisis , which formed in 1977. Cr ...more...



Romo

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Romantic Modernism , more commonly known as Romo , was a musical and nightclubbing movement, of glam /style pop lineage, in the UK circa 1995–1997, centred on the twin homes of Camden-based clubnight Club Skinny and its West End clone Arcadia, as well as concerts by the chief associated bands. The Romo movement was essentially a derivation of late-1970s disco and early-1980s club music, with an emphasis on the extroverted sartorial style and decadent air of New Romantic -era bands such as Japan and Soft Cell . Nonetheless, contemporary features in Melody Maker (where the genre was championed mainly by Simon Price and Taylor Parkes – it was dismissed by the rival NME) tended to downplay the nostalgic connection with New Romantic, emphasising Romo's newness and contemporary relevance. Much championed by the aforesaid writers at the Melody Maker as a stylish and poppy backlash against the dressed-down style of the Britpop movement, while variously feted and lambasted by others in the media as a New Romantic re ...more...



2008 Chinese milk scandal

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The 2008 Chinese milk scandal was a food safety incident in China. The scandal involved milk and infant formula along with other food materials and components being adulterated with melamine . A Fonterra director had given San Lu management a document detailing the European Union's permitted levels of melamine, but Fonterra chief executive Andrew Ferrier has stated that at no time did Fonterra say small amounts of melamine were acceptable. Of an estimated 300,000 victims in China, six babies died from kidney stones and other kidney damage and an estimated 54,000 babies were hospitalized. The chemical gives the appearance of higher protein content when added to milk, leading to protein deficiency in the formula. In a separate incident four years prior, watered-down milk had resulted in 12 infant deaths from malnutrition. The scandal broke on 16 July 2008, after sixteen babies in Gansu Province were diagnosed with kidney stones. The babies were fed infant formula produced by Shijiazhuang -based Sanlu Group ...more...



Net neutrality

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Net neutrality is the principle that Internet service providers must treat all data on the Internet the same, and not discriminate or charge differently by user, content, website, platform, application, type of attached equipment, or method of communication. For instance, under these principles, internet service providers are unable to intentionally block, slow down or charge money for specific websites and online content. The term was coined by Columbia University media law professor Tim Wu in 2003, as an extension of the longstanding concept of a common carrier , which was used to describe the role of telephone systems. A widely cited example of a violation of net neutrality principles was the Internet service provider Comcast 's secret slowing ( "throttling" ) of uploads from peer-to-peer file sharing (P2P) applications by using forged packets. Comcast did not stop blocking these protocols, like BitTorrent , until the Federal Communications Commission ordered them to stop. In another minor example, The ...more...



Eton College

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Eton College is an English independent boarding school for boys in Eton , Berkshire , near Windsor . It educates more than 1,300 pupils, aged 13 to 18 years. It was founded in 1440 by King Henry VI as "The King's College of Our Lady of Eton besides Wyndsor", making it the 18th oldest Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference (HMC) school. Eton is one of the original seven public schools as defined by the Public Schools Act 1868 . Following the public school tradition, Eton is a full boarding school, which means all pupils live at the school, and it is one of four such remaining single-sex boys' public schools in the United Kingdom (the others being Harrow , Radley , and Winchester ) to continue this practice. Eton has educated 19 British prime ministers and generations of the aristocracy and has been referred to as the chief nurse of England's statesmen. Eton charges up to £12,910 per term, with three terms per academic year, in 2017/18. Eton was noted as being the sixth most expensive HMC boarding school ...more...



Easter egg (media)

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An Easter egg is an intentional inside joke , a hidden message or image, or a secret feature of a work (often found in a computer program , video game , or DVD / Blu-ray Disc menu screen). The name is used to evoke the idea of a traditional Easter egg hunt . The term was coined to describe a hidden message in the Atari video game Adventure that led Atari to encourage further hidden messages in later games, treating them as Easter eggs for players to find. Origin The use of the term "Easter egg" to describe secret features originates from the 1979 video game Adventure for the Atari 2600 game console, programmed by employee Warren Robinett . At the time, Atari would not include programmers' names in the game credits, fearing that competitors would attempt to steal away their employees. Robinett, who disagreed with his supervisor over the lack of acknowledgment as well as other issues, secretly inserted the message "Created by Warren Robinett" which would only appear if a player moved their avatar over a specif ...more...



List of Home and Away characters (2017)

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Home and Away is an Australian television soap opera. It was first broadcast on the Seven Network on 17 January 1988. The following is a list of characters that appeared in 2017, by order of first appearance. All characters are introduced by the soap's executive producer, Lucy Addario. The 30th season of Home and Away began airing from 30 January 2017. Riley Hawkins was introduced during the following episode. Scarlett Snow made her debut in May, while June saw the arrival of the four-strong Astoni family consisting of parents Ben and Maggie Astoni , and their daughters Coco and Ziggy Astoni . Robbo made his first appearance in July, and Beth Ellis was introduced in August. Ryder Jackson make his debut in October. November saw the first appearance of Willow Harris , and Jasmine Delaney arrived in December. Riley Hawkins Riley Hawkins , played by Ryan O'Kane , made his first appearance on 31 January 2017. O'Kane's housemate Rob Mills also auditioned for the role. He was waiting for his agent to let him know ...more...



List of bank runs

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2007 run on Northern Rock , a UK bank This is a list of bank runs . A bank run occurs when a large number of bank customers withdraw their deposits because they believe the bank might fail. As more people withdraw their deposits, the likelihood of default increases, and this encourages further withdrawals. This can destabilize the bank to the point where it faces bankruptcy . 1600s In 1656, after several attempts, Johan Palmstruch was given permission by the Crown of Sweden to start a bank, Stockholm Banco. In 1661 it became the first in Europe to give out banknotes. As lending rose rapidly in just a few years, the value of the banknotes began to fall. In 1664 the bank closed operations, unable to give back the customers money. Palmstruch was imprisoned, the Crown took over the bank, and formed what is still today Rikets Ständers Bank, the national bank of Sweden, operated by the parliament. 1800s In 1866, Overend, Gurney and Company suffered a bank run. It incorporated as a limited liability company in 1865, ...more...



Traffic light

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An LED traffic light in Portsmouth , England A traffic light for pedestrians in Switzerland Traffic lights , also known as traffic signals , traffic lamps , traffic semaphore , signal lights , stop lights , robots (in South Africa and most of Africa ), and traffic control signals (in technical parlance), are signalling devices positioned at road intersections , pedestrian crossings , and other locations to control flows of traffic. The world's first, manually operated gas-lit traffic signal was short lived. Installed in London in December 1868, it exploded less than a month later, injuring or killing its policeman operator. Traffic control started to seem necessary in the late 1890s and Earnest Sirrine from Chicago patented the first automated traffic control system in 1910. It used the words "STOP" and "PROCEED", although neither word lit up. Traffic lights alternate the right of way accorded to users by displaying lights of a standard colour (red, amber (orange), and green) following a universal colour c ...more...



Fox News controversies

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Fox News (officially, Fox News Channel, FNC) is an American basic cable and satellite television channel. It has been the subject of several controversies and allegations. General Fox News has been alleged by academics, media figures, political figures, and watchdog groups of having conservative bias in their news coverage as well as perpetuating more general views of a conservative bias . Fox News has publicly denied such charges, stating that the reporters in the newsroom provide separate, neutral reporting, while acknowledging their opinion programming is not intended to be neutral. At times, the allegations of bias have led to back and forth conflicts between Fox commentators and political and media figures. For example, in 2009 the Fox News Channel engaged in a verbal conflict with the Obama administration . Allegations of bias Political figures Former Democratic National Committee chairman Howard Dean has referred to Fox News as a "right-wing propaganda machine," and several Democratic Party p ...more...




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