Revolvy Trivia Quizzes Revolvy Lists Revolvy Topics

Dead letter queue

In message queueing the dead letter queue is a service implementation to store messages that meet one or more of the following criteria :

  1. Message that is sent to a queue that does not exist.[1] [2]
  2. Queue length limit exceeded.
  3. Message length limit exceeded.
  4. Message is rejected by another queue exchange.[3]
  5. Message reaches a threshold read counter number, because it is not consumed. Sometimes this is called a "back out queue".

Dead letter queue storing of these messages allows developers to look for common patterns and potential software problems.[4]

Queueing systems that incorporate dead letter queues include Microsoft Message Queuing,[1] WebSphere MQ,[5] Amazon Simple Queue Service.[4] HornetQ and Apache ActiveMQ

References
  1. Redkar, Arohi (2004). Pro MSMQ: Microsoft Message Queue Programming. Apress. p. 148. ISBN 1430207329.
  2. "Dead-letter queues". IBM. Retrieved 23 February 2014.
  3. RabitMQ dead letter queue"Dead Letter Exchanges".
  4. "Using Amazon SQS Dead Letter Queues". Amazon. Retrieved 23 February 2014.
  5. Böhm-Mäder, Johannes. WebSphere MQ Security: Tales of Scowling Wolves Among Unglamorous Sheep. BoD. p. 68. ISBN 3842381506.
Continue Reading...
Content from Wikipedia Licensed under CC-BY-SA.

Dead letter queue

topic

In message queueing the dead letter queue is a service implementation to store messages that meet one or more of the following criteria : Message that is sent to a queue that does not exist. Queue length limit exceeded. Message length limit exceeded. Message is rejected by another queue exchange. Message reaches a threshold read counter number, because it is not consumed. Sometimes this is called a "back out queue". Dead letter queue storing of these messages allows developers to look for common patterns and potential software problems. Queueing systems that incorporate dead letter queues include Microsoft Message Queuing , WebSphere MQ , Amazon Simple Queue Service . HornetQ and Apache ActiveMQ References Redkar, Arohi (2004). Pro MSMQ: Microsoft Message Queue Programming. Apress. p. 148. ISBN   1430207329 . "Dead-letter queues" . IBM . Retrieved 23 February 2014 . RabitMQ dead letter queue "Dead Letter Exchanges" . "Using Amazon SQS Dead Letter Queues" . Amazon . Retrieved 23 February 2014 . Böhm-Mäder, Joh ...more...



Microsoft Message Queuing

topic

Microsoft Message Queuing or MSMQ is a message queue implementation developed by Microsoft and deployed in its Windows Server operating systems since Windows NT 4 and Windows 95 . Windows Server 2016 and Windows 10 also includes this component. In addition to its mainstream server platform support, MSMQ has been incorporated into Microsoft Embedded platforms since 1999 and the release of Windows CE 3.0. Overview MSMQ is essentially a messaging protocol that allows applications running on separate servers/processes to communicate in a failsafe manner. A queue is a temporary storage location from which messages can be sent and received reliably, as and when conditions permit. This enables communication across networks and between computers, running Windows, which may not always be connected. By contrast, sockets and other network protocols assume that direct connections always exist. MSMQ has been available to developers on Microsoft platforms since 1997, and has commonly been used in enterprise software built ...more...



IBM WebSphere MQ

topic

IBM MQ is a family of network software products that IBM launched for the first time as an IBM product in December 1993. It was originally called MQSeries , and was renamed WebSphere MQ in 2002 to join the suite of WebSphere products. In April 2014, it was renamed IBM MQ. The products that are included in the MQ family are IBM MQ, IBM MQ Advanced, IBM MQ Appliance, and IBM MQ for z/OS. IBM MQ, (often referred to as "MQ"), is IBM's Messaging solution for Enterprise and IBM's Message Oriented Middleware offering. It allows independent and potentially non-concurrent applications on a distributed system to securely communicate with each other. MQ is available on a large number of platforms (both IBM and non-IBM), including z/OS ( mainframe ), OS/400 ( IBM System i or AS/400 ), Transaction Processing Facility , UNIX ( AIX , HP-UX , Solaris ), HP NonStop , OpenVMS , Linux , OS 2200 , and Microsoft Windows . Message-oriented middleware IBM MQ was the most popular system for messaging across multiple platforms in 20 ...more...



Cockney Alphabet

topic

The Cockney Alphabet , also known as the Surrealist Alphabet , is a humorous recital of the alphabet, parodying the way the alphabet is taught to small children. The humour comes from forming unexpected words and phrases from the names of the various letters of the alphabet. Clapham and Dwyer version In the 1930s, the comedy double act Clapham and Dwyer recorded the following version: B for mutton (beef or mutton) C for 'th highlanders ( Seaforth Highlanders ) D for 'ential (deferential) E for Adam ( Eve or Adam ) F for 'vescence (effervescence) G for police (chief of police) H for respect (age for respect) I for Novello ( Ivor Novello ) J for oranges ( Jaffa oranges ) K for 'ancis, ( Kay Francis ), or K for undressing L for leather (Hell for leather) M for 'sis (emphasis) N for 'adig (in for a dig, or infra dig. ) O for the garden wall (over the garden wall) P for a penny ( pee for a penny ) Q for a song (cue for a song), or Q for billiards ( cue for billiards) R for mo' (half a mo') S for you (it's for you ...more...



Maze solving algorithm

topic

There are a number of different maze solving algorithms , that is, automated methods for the solving of mazes . The random mouse, wall follower, Pledge, and Trémaux's algorithms are designed to be used inside the maze by a traveler with no prior knowledge of the maze, whereas the dead-end filling and shortest path algorithms are designed to be used by a person or computer program that can see the whole maze at once. Mazes containing no loops are known as "simply connected", or "perfect" mazes, and are equivalent to a tree in graph theory. Thus many maze solving algorithms are closely related to graph theory . Intuitively, if one pulled and stretched out the paths in the maze in the proper way, the result could be made to resemble a tree. Random mouse algorithm This is a trivial method that can be implemented by a very unintelligent robot or perhaps a mouse. It is simply to proceed following the current passage until a junction is reached, and then to make a random decision about the next direction to follow. ...more...



Huffman coding

topic

Char Freq Code space 7 111 a 4 010 e 4 000 f 3 1101 h 2 1010 i 2 1000 m 2 0111 n 2 0010 s 2 1011 t 2 0110 l 1 11001 o 1 00110 p 1 10011 r 1 11000 u 1 00111 x 1 10010 In computer science and information theory , a Huffman code is a particular type of optimal prefix code that is commonly used for lossless data compression . The process of finding and/or using such a code proceeds by means of Huffman coding , an algorithm developed by David A. Huffman while he was a Sc.D. student at MIT , and published in the 1952 paper "A Method for the Construction of Minimum-Redundancy Codes". The output from Huffman's algorithm can be viewed as a variable-length code table for encoding a source symbol (such as a character in a file). The algorithm derives this table from the estimated probability or frequency of occurrence (weight) for each possible value of the source symbol. As in other entropy encoding methods, more common symbols are generally represented using fewer bits than less common symbols. Huffman's method can be ...more...



Mr. Bean Rides Again

topic

" Mr. Bean Rides Again " is the sixth episode of the television series Mr. Bean , and consists of two small stories, the first consisting of two sketches, the second consisting of three. It was the last episode to credit both John Birkin and Paul Weiland as directors, as the former was later credited for all videotape scenes and the latter credited for all film scenes, while it was also the last to feature the episode title in the opening credits, as later episodes would display the episode's title after this on the first scene. In addition, later episodes after this would only credit Robin Driscoll and Rowan Atkinson as co-writers of the programme. The episode was originally aired on ITV on 17 February 1992. Plot Act 1: First Aid and the Letter Mr. Bean has a letter he wants to post, but upon unlocking his car through finding a number of keys hidden within it, he finds that the battery is dead, and so decides to take the bus. A few moments upon reaching the bus stop, a man waiting there suddenly has a heart ...more...



List of Haunted Mansion characters

topic

The following is a list of characters from The Haunted Mansion , a popular theme park attraction located at Disneyland , Walt Disney World (in the Magic Kingdom ), Tokyo Disneyland and Disneyland Paris (where the attraction is named Phantom Manor ). Ghost Host The Ghost Host serves as the unseen narrator of the attraction; present in the Stretching Room and in the ride itself. His voice provides commentary through the ride heard via onboard speakers in the Omnimover ride vehicle. The character is voiced with a Mid-Atlantic accented voice provided by Paul Frees that has been described as "gleefully sardonic". The hanging corpse seen in the Stretching Room implies that he committed suicide. The character is given the name 'Master Gracey' in some related media such as the 2003 film and the comics ; a name featured on a tombstone in the queue. This connection was originally popularized by fans. It is an homage to master effects designer Yale Gracey who created most of the special effects in the mansion. In the 1 ...more...



Eastern University massacre

topic

Eastern University massacre also known as Vantharamulai (also Vantharoomulai) campus massacre refers to the arrest and subsequent mass murder of 158 minority Sri Lankan Tamil refugees who had taken refuge in the Eastern University campus close to the city Batticaloa on September 5, 1990. A witness identified the Sri Lankan Army personnel as the perpetrator. The event is part of what is known amongst Sri Lankan Tamils as Black September series of civilian massacres . The Sri Lankan government eventually established a presidential commission of inquiry. The inquiry found evidence of illegal abduction and mass murders. It also named the responsible parties, currently there is no evidence of any judicial follow up to the inquiry. Background information Following the breakdown of peace talks between the government of Sri Lanka and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) in 1990, the Sri Lankan military mounted a series of operations against rebel-held territory in Eastern Province , mostly in Batticaloa Dist ...more...



Pirates of the Caribbean (attraction)

topic

Pirates of the Caribbean is a dark ride attraction at Disneyland , the Magic Kingdom , Tokyo Disneyland , and Disneyland Park in Paris. The original version at Disneyland, which opened in 1967, was the last attraction whose construction was overseen by Walt Disney ; he died three months before it opened. The ride, which tells the story of a band of pirates and their troubles and exploits, was replicated at the Magic Kingdom in 1973, at Tokyo Disneyland in 1983, and at Disneyland Paris in 1992. Each of the initial four versions of the ride has a different façade but a similar ride experience. A reimagined version of the ride, Pirates of the Caribbean: Battle for the Sunken Treasure , opened at the Shanghai Disneyland Park in 2016. The ride gave rise to the song " Yo Ho (A Pirate's Life for Me) " written by George Bruns and Xavier Atencio . The Vandals  use the song's melody briefly in their song "Pirate's Life", which is about riding the attraction under the influence of LSD. The song also became the basis for ...more...



Victor Sen Yung

topic

Victor Sen Yung and Willie Best in Dangerous Money (1946) Victor Sen Yung ( traditional Chinese : 揚 森 ; simplified Chinese : 扬森 ; pinyin : Yáng Sēn ; Jyutping : Joeng4 Sam1 ; October 18, 1915 – November 9, 1980) was an American character actor , best known for playing Hop Sing in the western series Bonanza . He was born in San Francisco, California to Gum Yung Sen and his first wife, both immigrants from China. When his mother died during the flu epidemic of 1919, his father placed Victor and his younger sister, Rosemary, in a children's shelter, and returned to his homeland to seek another wife. His father returned in 1922, with his new wife Lovi Shee, once again forming a household with his two children. During his acting career, Victor was given billing under a variety of names, including Sen Yung , Sen Young , Victor Sen Young , and Victor Young . Career Sen Yung made his first significant acting debut in the 1938 film Charlie Chan in Honolulu, as the Chinese detective's "number two son," Jimmy Chan. In ...more...



Edward C. Molina

topic

Edward Charles Dixon Molina (December 13, 1877 – April 19, 1964) was an American engineer, known for his contributions to teletraffic engineering . Biography He was born on December 13, 1877. He was self-taught in mathematics . He began working for the Western Electric Company in 1898 at the age of 21 and entered the AT&T research department (later Bell Labs ) in 1901. His invention of relay translators in 1906 resulted in the panel dial systems. Molina pioneered the use of throwdowns, which in essence were Monte Carlo simulations of telephone traffic to find optimal capacity assignments for trunk lines to central offices (Molina, 1922). He was awarded the Franklin Institute 's Elliott Cresson Medal in 1952. In his studies of telephone traffic, Molina independently rediscovered the Poisson distribution in 1908. It was briefly named in his honor among American telephone engineers until the prior art was recovered. In 1928 he was an Invited Speaker at the ICM in Bologna. Molina taught mathematics at the N ...more...



Indian black money

topic

Map of tax havens , using the 2007 proposed " Stop Tax Haven Abuse Act " In India, black money is funds earned on the black market , on which income and other taxes have not been paid. Also, the unaccounted money that is concealed from the tax administrator is called black money. The black money is accumulated by the criminals, smugglers, hoarders, tax-evaders and other anti-social elements of the society,who are not scared of the punishment given by the law for such crimes. Around 22000 crores of rupees are supposed to have been accumulated by the criminals for vested interests. The total amount of black money deposited in foreign banks by Indians is unknown. Some reports claim a total of US$100.06 trillion is held illegally in Switzerland. Other reports, including those reported by the Swiss Bankers Association and the Government of Switzerland , claim these reports are false and fabricated, and the total amount held in all Swiss bank accounts by citizens of India is about US$ 2 billion. In February 2012 ...more...



The Crying Game

topic

The Crying Game is a 1992 British-Irish-Japanese thriller film written and directed by Neil Jordan . The film explores themes of race, gender, nationality, and sexuality against the backdrop of the Troubles in Northern Ireland. The film is about the experiences of the main character, Fergus ( Stephen Rea ), a member of the IRA , his brief but meaningful encounter with a soldier, Jody ( Forest Whitaker ), who is held prisoner by the group, and his unexpected romantic relationship with Jody's girlfriend, Dil ( Jaye Davidson ), whom Fergus promised Jody he would protect. However, unexpected events force Fergus to decide what he wants for the future, and ultimately what his nature dictates he must do. A critical and commercial success, The Crying Game won the BAFTA Award for Best British Film as well as the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay , alongside Oscar nominations for Best Picture , Best Director , Best Actor for Rea, Best Supporting Actor for Davidson, and Best Film Editing . In 1999, the British ...more...



The Jungle Book

topic

The Jungle Book (1894) is a collection of stories by the English author Rudyard Kipling . Most of the characters are animals such as Shere Khan the tiger and Baloo the bear, though a principal character is the boy or "man-cub" Mowgli , who is raised in the jungle by wolves. The stories are set in a forest in India ; one place mentioned repeatedly is "Seonee" ( Seoni ), in the central state of Madhya Pradesh . A major theme in the book is abandonment followed by fostering, as in the life of Mowgli, echoing Kipling's own childhood. The theme is echoed in the triumph of protagonists including Rikki-Tikki-Tavi and The White Seal over their enemies, as well as Mowgli's. Another important theme is of law and freedom; the stories are not about animal behaviour , still less about the Darwinian struggle for survival, but about human archetypes in animal form. They teach respect for authority, obedience, and knowing one's place in society with "the law of the jungle", but the stories also illustrate the freedom to move ...more...



Peaky Blinders (TV series)

topic

Peaky Blinders is a British television action crime drama based upon the exploits of the Peaky Blinders gang, and is set in Birmingham , England in the aftermath of World War I. The series, created by Steven Knight and produced by Caryn Mandabach Productions and Tiger Aspect Productions , centres on stars Cillian Murphy as Tommy Shelby, the gang's leader, and Sam Neill as Chester Campbell, a commissioned detective tasked with suppressing the gang. The first series aired on BBC Two on 13 September 2013 and ran for six episodes. The second series premiered on 2 October 2014. The third series premiered on 5 May 2016. On 26 May 2016, the BBC announced they had ordered a fourth and fifth series of the show. The fourth series premiered on 15 November 2017; after the series finale broadcast on 20 December 2017, it was announced that series 5 will be shown in 2019. Overview Peaky Blinders is a gangster family epic set in Birmingham , England in 1919, just after the First World War . The story centres on the Peaky B ...more...



Battle of Dunkirk

topic

The Battle of Dunkirk was a military operation that took place in Dunkirk (Dunkerque) , France , during the Second World War . The battle was fought between the Allies and Nazi Germany . As part of the Battle of France on the Western Front , the Battle of Dunkirk was the defence and evacuation to Britain of British and other Allied forces in Europe from 26 May to 4 June 1940. After the Phoney War , the Battle of France began in earnest on 10 May 1940. To the east, the German Army Group B invaded the Netherlands and advanced westward. In response, the Supreme Allied Commander—French General Maurice Gamelin —initiated "Plan D" and entered Belgium to engage the Germans in the Netherlands. The plan relied heavily on the Maginot Line fortifications along the German–French border, but German forces had already crossed through most of the Netherlands before the French forces arrived. Gamelin instead committed the forces under his command, three mechanised armies, the French First and Seventh Armies and the British E ...more...



2018 in the United States

topic

Events in the year 2018 in the United States . Incumbents President Donald Trump ( R - New York ) Vice President Mike Pence ( R - Indiana ) Predicted and scheduled events See also References External links Media related to 2018 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons Events in the year 2018 in the United States . Incumbents President Donald Trump ( R - New York ) Vice President Mike Pence ( R - Indiana ) Predicted and scheduled events See also References External links Media related to 2018 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons ...more...



Mr. Mercedes

topic

Mr. Mercedes is a crime novel by American writer Stephen King . It is his 62nd novel and the 44th published under his own name. He calls it his first hard-boiled detective book. It was published on June 3, 2014. On June 10, 2014 the author described Mr. Mercedes on Twitter as the first volume of a projected trilogy, to be followed in the first half of 2015 by Finders Keepers , the first draft of which was finished around the time Mr. Mercedes was published, and End of Watch . The novel won the 2015 Edgar Award for Best Novel from the Mystery Writers of America and Goodreads Choice Awards for 2014 in the "Mystery and Thriller" category. Background information During his Chancellor's Speaker Series talk at University of Massachusetts Lowell on December 7, 2012, King indicated that he was writing a crime novel about a retired policeman being taunted by a murderer. With a working title Mr. Mercedes and inspired by a true event about a woman driving her car into a McDonald's restaurant, it was originally meant ...more...



11 Years Later

topic

" 11 Years Later " is the first episode of the ninth season of the American sitcom Will & Grace . The episode first aired on September 28, 2017, on NBC , and was watched by 10.2 million people during its original broadcast. Plot The scene opens in Will's apartment with Will and Grace playing Heads Up with Jack and Karen, who has a daydream of the events of the past years, involving Will and Grace getting married to other people and having kids who start their own families. When she comes to, Will and Grace admit they recently got divorced but had no kids from their respective marriages, and Grace is staying at Will's place temporarily while she recovers from her divorce. Will writes an angry letter to a congressman who is gutting the Environmental Protection Agency , and tells Jack he's flirting; Jack then gets them to one of the congressman's speaking engagements. Will and Jack arrive in the Rose garden for the congressman's talk. Will has no idea how Jack managed to get them there, which Jack infor ...more...



Carol Vorderman

topic

Group Captain Carol Jean Vorderman MBE RAFVR(T) (born 24 December 1960) is a Welsh media personality , best known for co-hosting the popular game show Countdown for 26 years from 1982 until 2008. Vorderman's career began in 1982 when she joined Channel 4 game show Countdown. She appeared on the show most recently with Des O'Connor , and previously with Des Lynam and before that Richard Whiteley (from 1982 until his death in 2005). Vorderman left the show in 2008. Whilst appearing on Countdown, Vorderman began presenting other shows for various broadcasters including Better Homes and The Pride of Britain Awards for ITV , as well as guest hosting shows such as Have I Got News for You , The Sunday Night Project and Lorraine . Vorderman was a presenter of ITV's Loose Women from 2011 until 2014. Early life and education Vorderman was born in Bedford , Bedfordshire , the youngest of three children to Dutch father Anton 'Tony' Vorderman (1920–2007) and Welsh mother Edwina Jean (née Davies, 1928–2017). Her parents ...more...



Cherie Blair

topic

Blair with Lubna Khalid Al Qasimi Theresa Cara "Cherie" Blair , CBE , QC (née Booth ; born 23 September 1954), also known professionally as Cherie Booth , is a British barrister and lecturer . She is married to Tony Blair , who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom . Early life and education Booth was born in 23 September 1954 at Fairfield General Hospital , Bury , Lancashire, England, and brought up in Ferndale Road, Waterloo , Merseyside, just north of Liverpool . Her father, British actor Tony Booth , left her mother, actress Gale Howard (14 February 1933 – 5 June 2016) (née Joyce Smith), when Cherie was 8 years old. Cherie and her younger sister Lyndsey were then brought up by Gale and their paternal grandmother Vera Booth, a devout Roman Catholic of Irish descent. The sisters attended Catholic schools in Crosby , Merseyside. Cherie Booth attended Seafield Convent Grammar , which is now part of Sacred Heart Catholic College , where she achieved 4 Grade-A GCE A Level passes. She read law at the L ...more...



Application Interface Specification

topic

The Application Interface Specification ( AIS ) is a collection of open specifications that define the application programming interfaces (APIs) for high-availability application computer software. It is developed and published by the Service Availability Forum (SA Forum) and made freely available. Besides reducing the complexity of high-availability applications and shortening development time, the specifications intended to ease the portability of applications between different middleware implementations and to admit third party developers to a field that was highly proprietary in the past. History The AIS is part of the Service Availability Interfaces (SAI) of the SA Forum. The original specifications, released on April 14, 2003, were the Availability Management Framework (AMF), the Cluster Membership Service (CLM) and four other utility services (Checkpoint, Event, Message, Lock). Classification of AIS services. Additional services were added in subsequent releases. Release 3 (January 18, 2006) added the ...more...



Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother

topic

Elizabeth Angela Marguerite Bowes-Lyon (4 August 1900 – 30 March 2002) was the wife of King George VI and the mother of Queen Elizabeth II and Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon . She was Queen of the United Kingdom and the Dominions from her husband's accession in 1936 until his death in 1952, after which she was known as Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother , to avoid confusion with her daughter. She was the last Empress of India . Born into a family of British nobility , she came to prominence in 1923 when she married the Duke of York, the second son of King George V and Queen Mary . The couple and their daughters embodied traditional ideas of family and public service. She undertook a variety of public engagements and became known for her consistently cheerful countenance. In 1936, her husband unexpectedly became king when his brother, Edward VIII , abdicated in order to marry the American divorcée Wallis Simpson . Elizabeth then became queen. She accompanied her husband on diplomatic tours to France an ...more...



Edison Chen

topic

Edison Chen Koon-hei (born 7 October 1980) is a Hong Kong - Canadian film actor, musician, producer, entrepreneur, and fashion designer. Chen is also the founder of CLOT Inc., and the CEO of Clot Media Division Limited. His native language is English, but he can speak and sing in Cantonese and in Mandarin and is conversational in Japanese, which allows him to be a part of multiple entertainment industries around the world. On 21 February 2008 he publicly announced that he intended to step away "indefinitely" from the Hong Kong entertainment industry due to the sex photo scandal in 2008 , in which numerous photographs of his naked body and private parts, and those of several Hong Kong Chinese actresses, were published online. He returned in 2010 but other than a brief cameo in the 2014 film Golden Chickensss , he did not make a complete comeback to the Hong Kong film industry until 2016. Early life Chen was born in Vancouver , British Columbia, Canada, of Chinese and 1/8 Portuguese descent. Chen's father is ...more...



Mad Max

topic

Mad Max is a 1979 Australian dystopian action film directed by George Miller , produced by Byron Kennedy , and starring Mel Gibson as "Mad" Max Rockatansky , Joanne Samuel , Hugh Keays-Byrne , Steve Bisley , Tim Burns, and Roger Ward . James McCausland and Miller wrote the screenplay from a story by Miller and Kennedy. The film presents a tale of societal collapse , murder, and revenge set in a future Australia, in which a policeman becomes embroiled in a violent feud with a savage motorcycle gang. Principal photography took place in and around Melbourne , Australia, and lasted six weeks. The film initially received a polarized reception upon its release in April 1979, although it won three AACTA Awards and attracted a cult following , while its critical reputation has grown since. The film earned more than US$ 100 million worldwide in gross revenue. It held the Guinness record for most profitable film and has been credited for further opening up the global market to Australian New Wave films. The film became ...more...



George Orwell

topic

Eric Arthur Blair (25 June 1903 – 21 January 1950), better known by his pen name George Orwell , was an English novelist, essayist, journalist, and critic. His work is marked by lucid prose, awareness of social injustice , opposition to totalitarianism , and outspoken support of democratic socialism . Orwell wrote literary criticism , poetry, fiction, and polemical journalism. He is best known for the allegorical novella Animal Farm (1945) and the dystopian novel Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949). His non-fiction works, including The Road to Wigan Pier (1937), documenting his experience of working class life in the north of England, and Homage to Catalonia (1938), an account of his experiences in the Spanish Civil War , are widely acclaimed, as are his essays on politics, literature, language , and culture. In 2008, The Times ranked him second on a list of "The 50 greatest British writers since 1945". Orwell's work continues to influence popular and political culture , and the term Orwellian – descriptive of total ...more...



Endorsements in the United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, 2016

topic

A number of politicians, public figures, newspapers and magazines, businesses and other organisations endorsed either the United Kingdom remaining in the EU or the United Kingdom leaving the EU during the United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, 2016 . Remain Government Territories voting in referendum Government of the United Kingdom Scottish Government Welsh Government Government of Gibraltar Other Crown dependencies Government of Jersey Government of Guernsey Non-UK governments Government of Japan Government of Ireland Registered political parties Parties organised in more than one of the Home Nations: Green Party of England and Wales Labour Party Left Unity Liberal Democrats Parties in Scotland: Scottish National Party (SNP) Scottish Green Party Scottish Socialist Party Parties in Northern Ireland: Alliance Party of Northern Ireland Green Party in Northern Ireland NI21 Sinn Féin Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP) Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) Parties in Wales: Plaid Cymru Parties in Gibra ...more...



Mafia (party game)

topic

Mafia , also known as Werewolf , is a party game created by Dmitry Davidoff in 1986 modelling a conflict between an informed minority, the mafia , and an uninformed majority, the innocents. At the start of the game, each player is secretly assigned a role affiliated with one of these teams. The game has two alternating phases: night, during which the mafia may covertly "murder" an innocent, and day, in which surviving players debate the identities of the mafia and vote to eliminate a suspect. Play continues until all of the mafia have been eliminated or until the mafia outnumbers the innocents. History Dmitry Davidoff ( Russian : Дми́трий Давы́дов , Dmitry Davydov) is generally acknowledged as the game's creator. He dates the first game to spring 1987 at the Psychology Department of Moscow State University , spreading to classrooms, dorms, and summer camps of Moscow University . Wired attributes the creation to Davidoff but dates the first game to 1987, with 1986 being the year in which Davidoff was start ...more...



Wab Kinew

topic

Wabanakwut Kinew MLA (born December 31, 1981), better known as Wab Kinew , is the Leader of the Manitoba New Democratic Party and Leader of the Opposition in the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba . Before entering politics, he was a musician, broadcaster and university administrator, best known as a host of programming on CBC Radio and CBC Television . Background Originally from the Onigaming First Nation in Northwestern Ontario , he is the son of Tobasonakwut Kinew, a former local and regional chief and a professor of indigenous governance at the University of Winnipeg , and Kathi Avery Kinew, a policy analyst. Kinew moved to suburban Winnipeg with his parents in childhood and attended Collège Béliveau , a French immersion school, and vacationed in Onigaming in the summers. He graduated from the University of Winnipeg Collegiate which Kinew said in a 2014 interview was "a private high school, one of the best in Winnipeg." Kinew earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in economics from the University of Manitob ...more...



Breaking Stalin's Nose

topic

Breaking Stalin's Nose is a 2011 children's historical novel written and illustrated by Eugene Yelchin . It is set in Moscow during the Stalin era and shows a boy's disillusion with his hero Stalin after his father is unjustly arrested. The novel was given a 2012 Newbery Honor award for excellence in children's literature along with numerous other awards and distinctions. Translations of the novel into Russian, Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Spanish, French, Estonian, Italian, Romanian and Turkish have been published. Plot The book opens in either the late 1940s or early 1950s in Moscow with 10 year old Sasha Zaichik, a devoted Communist youth, writing a letter of praise to current Soviet leader, Joseph Stalin , on the eve of his induction into the mandatory organization the Young Pioneers. His American mother is dead and he resides in a communal apartment with his high ranking party member father. He believes his mother died naturally of illness, but it is strongly implied throughout the book that his father w ...more...



Government of Vladimir Lenin

topic

Under the leadership of Russian communist revolutionary Vladimir Lenin , the Bolshevik Party seized power in the Russian Republic during a coup known as the October Revolution . Overthrowing the pre-existing Provisional Government , the Bolsheviks established a new administration, the Council of People's Commissars ("Sovnarkom"), with Lenin appointed as its governing chairman. Ruling by decree , Lenin’s Sovnarkom introduced widespread reforms confiscating land for redistribution among the peasantry, permitting non-Russian nations to declare themselves independent, improving labour rights, and increasing access to education. The party continued with the previously scheduled November 1917 election , but when it produced a Constituent Assembly dominated by the rival Socialist Revolutionary Party the Bolsheviks lambasted it as counter-revolutionary and shut it down. The Bolshevik government banned a number of centrist and right-wing parties, and restricted the activities of rival socialist groups, but entered int ...more...



Fortran

topic

Fortran ( ; formerly FORTRAN , derived from Formula Translation ) is a general-purpose, imperative programming language that is especially suited to numeric computation and scientific computing . Originally developed by IBM in the 1950s for scientific and engineering applications, Fortran came to dominate this area of programming early on and has been in continuous use for over half a century in computationally intensive areas such as numerical weather prediction , finite element analysis , computational fluid dynamics , computational physics , crystallography and computational chemistry . It is a popular language for high-performance computing and is used for programs that benchmark and rank the world's fastest supercomputers . Fortran encompasses a lineage of versions, each of which evolved to add extensions to the language while usually retaining compatibility with prior versions. Successive versions have added support for structured programming and processing of character-based data (FORTRAN 77), array pr ...more...



Timeline of the 2017 Venezuelan protests

topic

The 2017 Venezuelan protests began in late January following the abandonment of Vatican -backed dialogue between the Bolivarian government and the opposition. The series of protests originally began in February 2014 when hundreds of thousands of Venezuelans protested due to high levels of criminal violence, inflation, and chronic scarcity of basic goods because of policies created by the Venezuelan government though the size of protests had decreased since 2014. Following the 2017 Venezuelan constitutional crisis , protests began to increase greatly throughout Venezuela. The opposition protests demanded immediate presidential elections to be held following controversy surrounding the failure to recall President Nicolás Maduro . The protests are listed below according to the month they had happened. January 9 January  – The National Assembly declares President Maduro of abandoning his office, accusing him of "breach of the constitutional and democratic order, the violation of Human Rights and the devastation o ...more...



Presentation Manager

topic

Presentation Manager (PM) is the graphical user interface ( GUI ) that IBM and Microsoft introduced in version 1.1 of their operating system OS/2 in late 1988. History Microsoft began developing a graphic user interface (GUI) in 1981. After it persuaded IBM that the latter also needed a GUI, Presentation Manager (PM; codenamed Winthorn) was co-developed by Microsoft and IBM's Hursley Lab in 1987-1988. It was a cross between Microsoft Windows and IBM's mainframe graphical system ( GDDM ). Like Windows, it was message based and many of the messages were even identical, but there were a number of significant differences as well. Although Presentation Manager was designed to be very similar to the upcoming Windows 2.0 from the user's point of view, and Presentation Manager application structure was nearly identical to Windows application structure, source compatibility with Windows was not an objective. For Microsoft, the development of Presentation Manager was an opportunity to clean up some of the design mist ...more...



Santa Claus

topic

1881 illustration by Thomas Nast who, along with Clement Clarke Moore's poem A Visit from St. Nicholas , helped to create the modern image of Santa Claus The modern portrayal of Santa Claus frequently depicts him listening to the Christmas wishes of different children. Santa Claus , also known as Saint Nicholas , Kris Kringle , Father Christmas , or simply Santa , is a legendary figure originating in Western Christian culture who is said to bring gifts to the homes of well-behaved ("good" or "nice") children on Christmas Eve (24 December) and the early morning hours of Christmas Day (25 December). The modern Santa Claus grew out of traditions surrounding the historical Saint Nicholas (a fourth-century Greek bishop and gift-giver of Myra ), the British figure of Father Christmas and the Dutch figure of Sinterklaas (himself also based on Saint Nicholas). Some maintain Santa Claus also absorbed elements of the Germanic god Wodan , who was associated with the pagan midwinter event of Yule and led the Wild Hunt , ...more...



Patti Boulaye

topic

Boulaye in 2014 Patti Boulaye, OBE (born Patricia Ngozi Ebigwei , 3 May 1954) is a British-Nigerian singer, actress and artist who rose to prominence after winning New Faces in 1978, and was among the leading black British entertainers in the 1970s and 1980s. In her native Nigeria, she is best remembered for starring in Lux commercials and Bisi, Daughter of the River, as well as her own series The Patti Boulaye Show. Early life Boulaye was born after her mother went into labour in a taxi that was passing through two towns in Mid-Western Nigeria , and was raised in a strict Catholic household with nine children, including airline pilot Tony Ebigwei who was killed in the Nigerian Airways plane crash of 1978. As a teenager, Boulaye survived the Biafran war, and attributes this to her strong faith. At sixteen, she left Nigeria for the United Kingdom where she decided to become a nun , but during a sightseeing trip in London, Boulaye stood in a queue for what she assumed was Madame Tussauds , but turned out to b ...more...



Juan Almeida Bosque

topic

Juan Almeida Bosque (February 17, 1927 – September 11, 2009) was a Cuban politician and one of the original commanders of the insurgent forces in the Cuban Revolution . After the rebels took power in 1959, he was a prominent figure in the Communist Party of Cuba . At the time of his death, he was a Vice-President of the Cuban Council of State and was its third ranking member. He received several decorations, and national and international awards, including the title of " Hero of the Republic of Cuba " and the Order of Máximo Gómez . Early life and revolution Almeida was born in Havana . He left school at the age of eleven and became a bricklayer . Whilst studying law at the University of Havana in 1952, he became close friends with the revolutionary Fidel Castro and in March of that year joined the anti-Batista movement. In 1953 he joined Fidel and his brother Raúl Castro in the assault on the Moncada Barracks in Santiago . He was arrested and imprisoned with the Castro brothers in the Isle of Pines Prison. ...more...



Transition from Ming to Qing

topic

The transition from Ming to Qing or the Ming–Qing transition , also known as the Manchu conquest of China , was a period of conflict between the Qing dynasty , established by Manchu clan Aisin Gioro in Manchuria (contemporary Northeastern China ), and the Ming dynasty of China in the south (various other regional or temporary powers were also associated with events, such as the short-lived Shun dynasty ). Leading up to the Qing conquest, in 1618, Aisin Gioro leader Nurhaci commissioned a document entitled the Seven Grievances , which enumerated grievances against the Ming and began to rebel against their domination. Many of the grievances dealt with conflicts against Yehe , which was a major Manchu clan, and Ming favoritism of Yehe. Nurhaci 's demand that the Ming pay tribute to him to redress the seven grievances was effectively a declaration of war, as the Ming were not willing to pay money to a former tributary. Shortly afterwards, Nurhaci began to rebel against the Ming in Liaoning in southern Manchuria. ...more...



List of computing and IT abbreviations

topic

This is a list of computing and IT acronyms and abbreviations . 0–9 #! —Shebang /. —Slashdot 1GL —First-Generation Programming Language 1NF —First Normal Form 10B2 —10BASE-2 10B5 —10BASE-5 10B-F —10BASE-F 10B-FB —10BASE-FB 10B-FL —10BASE-FL 10B-FP —10BASE-FP 10B-T —10BASE-T 100B-FX —100BASE-FX 100B-T —100BASE-T 100B-TX —100BASE-TX 100BVG —100BASE-VG 286 —Intel 80286 processor 2B1Q —2 Binary 1 Quaternary 2FA —Two-factor authentication 2GL —Second-Generation Programming Language 2NF —Second Normal Form 3GL —Third-Generation Programming Language 3GPP — 3rd Generation Partnership Project —'3G comms 3GPP2 — 3rd Generation Partnership Project 2 3NF —Third Normal Form 386 —Intel 80386 processor 486 —Intel 80486 processor 4B5B LF—4 Byte 5 Byte Local Fiber 4GL —Fourth-Generation Programming Language 4NF —Fourth Normal Form 5GL —Fifth-Generation Programming Language 5NF —Fifth Normal Form 6NF —Sixth Normal Form 8B10BLF —8 Byte 10 Byte Local Fiber 802.11 —Wireless LAN A AAA —Authentication Authorization, Accounting AABB ...more...



Dell

topic

Dell Inc. (stylized as DELL) was a multinational computer technology company based in Round Rock, Texas and, along with Dell EMC , is a subsidiary of Dell Technologies , one of the largest technology companies in the world with 138,000 employees. Dell manufactured, sold, repaired, and supported personal computers (PCs), servers , data storage devices , network switches , computer software, computer peripherals , high-definition televisions , cameras, printers , and electronics built by other manufacturers. The company was known for its innovations in supply chain management and e-commerce , particularly its direct-sales model and its "build-to-order" or "configure to order" approach to manufacturing—delivering individual PCs configured to customer specifications. Dell was eponymously named after its founder, Michael Dell . With a market share of 15.9%, Dell was the third largest PC vendor in the world in the first quarter of 2017, after Lenovo and HP Inc. (formerly The Hewlett-Packard Company ). In the firs ...more...



Ramdev

topic

Baba Ramdev   pronunciation   (born as Ramkrishna Yadav on 25 December 1965) is a yoga guru known for his work in ayurveda , business , politics and agriculture . He founded the Patanjali Group of Institutions and has shown interest in political issues. Early life and education Ramdev was born on 25 December 1965 to Ram Niwas Yadav and Gulabo Devi at Hazaribag Ali Saiyad Pur village of Mahendragarh district , Haryana. Both of his parents were farmers. He claims he became paralyzed when he was two & half and was later cured by practicing Yoga. He studied Indian scripture , Yoga and Sanskrit in various Gurukuls (schools). He was the student of Acharya Baldevji in Gurukul Kalwa. Ramdev took sanyasi diksha and adopted the name Swami Ramdev from Swami ShankarDev Ji. While living in Kalwa Gurukul in Jind district , Haryana, Ramdev offered free yoga training to villagers. Then he moved to Haridwar in Uttarakhand , where he practiced self-discipline and meditation, and spent several years studying ancient I ...more...



George Carey

topic

George Leonard Carey, Baron Carey of Clifton , PC , FRSA (born 13 November 1935 ) is a retired Anglican bishop who was the Archbishop of Canterbury from 1991 to 2002, having previously been the Bishop of Bath and Wells . During his time as archbishop the Church of England ordained its first women priests and the debate over attitudes to homosexuality became more prominent, especially at the 1998 Lambeth Conference of Anglican bishops . In June 2017 he resigned from his last formal role in the church after a finding that he had covered up sex abuse allegations against bishop Peter Ball . Early life George Carey was born on 13 November 1935 in the East End of London in the United Kingdom . He attended Bonham Road Primary School in Dagenham , then failed his 11-plus . He then attended Bifrons Secondary Modern School in Barking before leaving at the age of 15. He worked for the London Electricity Board as an office boy before starting his National Service at age 18 in the Royal Air Force as a wireless operator, ...more...



History of Poland (1945–1989)

topic

The history of Poland from 1945 to 1989 spans the period of Soviet communist dominance imposed after the end of World War II over what had become the Polish People's Republic . These years, while featuring general industrialization and urbanization and many improvements in the standard of living in Poland, were marred by social unrest and severe economic difficulties. Near the end of World War II, the advancing Soviet Red Army pushed out the Nazi German forces from occupied Poland . In February 1945, the Yalta Conference sanctioned the formation of a provisional government of Poland from a compromise coalition, until postwar elections. Joseph Stalin , the leader of the Soviet Union , manipulated the implementation of that ruling. A practically communist-controlled Provisional Government of National Unity was formed in Warsaw by ignoring the Polish government-in-exile based in London since 1940. During the subsequent Potsdam Conference in July–August 1945, the three major allied powers ratified the colossal we ...more...



Youth unemployment

topic

Youth unemployment is the unemployment of young people, defined by the United Nations as 15–24 years old. An unemployed person is defined as someone who does not have a job but is actively seeking work. In order to qualify as unemployed for official and statistical measurement, the individual must be without employment , willing and able to work, of the officially designated 'working age' and actively searching for a position. Youth unemployment rates tend to be higher than the adult rates in every country in the world. Background There are 1.2 billion youth in the world aged between 15 and 24, accounting for 17% of the world's population. 87% of them live in developing countries. The age range defined by the United Nations addresses the period when mandatory schooling ends until the age of 24. This definition remains controversial as it not only impacts unemployment statistics but also plays an important role in the targeted solutions designed by policy makers in the world. Two main debates are ongoing t ...more...



Pets (TV series)

topic

Pets is an adult British puppet sitcom , produced by Fit2Fill Productions Limited. It was originally aired on Channel 4 and ran for two series, the first being broadcast in 2001, and the second in 2002. It was also sold to Fox in Australia, MTV in Italy, and the Middle East . The series was created and written by Andrew Barclay and Brian West (pen name Brian Luff), who had previously worked together at the Edinburgh Festival , winning an award for an advert for The Jerry Springer Show , and on the sketch show We Know Where You Live. A total of 26 episodes of Pets were aired, all approximately 11 minutes long. They were shown in the early hours of the morning, and as a result, the series was fairly unknown, although it did gain a significant cult following . There was a demand on the official website for Pets to be released on DVD . Eventually a limited edition DVD was made available to purchase via the official website. As well as the two series, the DVD included two unbroadcast episodes, a clip show named "T ...more...



Jahangir Khoja

topic

Battle at the River Honbasi near Aksu, 1828 Jahanghir Khoja , Jāhangīr Khwāja , or Jihangir Khoja ( Uyghur : جهانگیر خوجا ‎ , جهانگير خوجة , Chinese : 張格爾 ; pinyin : Zhānggé'ěr ; 1788 – 1828) was a member of the influential East Turkestan Afaqi khoja clan, who managed to wrest Kashgaria from the Qing Empire's power for a few years in the 1820s. Career Burhan ad-Din, a Khoja of the White Mountain faction, was the grandfather of Jahangir. Before rebellion broke out in May 1826 and during a fortuitously timed earthquake that destroyed most towns in the Ferghana Valley , Jahangir Khoja managed to flee to Kashgar from Kokand , where he had been held in prison in accordance with a secret agreement concluded between the Khanate of Kokand and Qing dynasty China concerning descendants of Appak khoja . Among Jahangir's troops were Kirghiz, Tajiks and White Mountain fighters. After appearing in Kashgar with only several hundred of his followers, he quickly increased his force with volunteers, and within several month ...more...



The Years of Rice and Salt

topic

The Years of Rice and Salt is an alternate history novel written by science fiction author Kim Stanley Robinson and published in 2002. The novel explores how world history might have been different if the Black Death plague had killed 99% of Europe's population, instead of a third. Divided into ten parts, the story spans hundreds of years, from the army of the Muslim conqueror Timur to the 21st century, with Europe being re-populated by Muslim pioneers, the indigenous peoples of the Americas forming a league to resist Chinese and Muslim invaders, and a 67-year-long world war being fought primarily between Muslim states and the Chinese and their allies. While the ten parts take place in different times and places, they are connected by a group of characters that are reincarnated into each time but are identified to the reader by the first letter of their name being consistent in each life. The novel explores themes of history, religion, and social movements. The historical narrative is guided more by social hi ...more...



London

topic

London  (   listen ) is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom . Standing on the River Thames in the south east of the island of Great Britain, London has been a major settlement for two millennia. It was founded by the Romans , who named it Londinium . London's ancient core, the City of London , largely retains its 1.12-square-mile (2.9 km ) medieval boundaries. Since at least the 19th century, "London" has also referred to the metropolis around this core, historically split between Middlesex , Essex , Surrey , Kent and Hertfordshire , which today largely makes up Greater London , a region governed by the Mayor of London and the London Assembly . London is a leading global city in the arts, commerce, education, entertainment, fashion, finance, healthcare, media, professional services, research and development, tourism and transportation. It is the world's largest financial centre and has the fifth- or sixth-largest metropolitan area GDP in the world . London is a ...more...

Member feedback about London:

Folder: My folder

(Kasperkool)

Need to know


Aki Aleong

topic

Assing "Aki" Aleong (born December 19, 1934) is a Trinidad and Tobago -born American character actor and singer who has also been active in songwriting and musical production. His first important role was in the 1957 movie No Down Payment , which starred Joanne Woodward and Jeffrey Hunter . He is probably best known for portraying Senator Hidoshi during the first season of Babylon 5 , as well as portraying Mr. Chiang, the aide to Nathan Bates in the weekly series of V: The Series . He also portrayed the character of Colonel Mitamura in Farewell to the King . He owned the Gingham Dog fast food restaurant in Hollywood , California , c. 1965. He co-wrote and produced the nonsense-doo wop record "Shombalor" by Sheriff and the Ravels for Vee-Jay records in 1958. He has a listing in the current "Joel Whitburn's Top Pop Singles 1955-2008" with "Trade Winds, Trade Winds" appearing in November 1961. The song peaked at #101 in Billboard Magazine on the "Bubbling Under the Hot 100" charts, and it remained on the chart f ...more...




Next Page
Javascript Version
Revolvy Server https://www.revolvy.com