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Chartered Certified Accountant

Chartered Certified Accountant (designatory letters ACCA or FCCA) was historically seen as a British qualified accountant designation awarded by the Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA). However, although ACCA is UK based, it is a global body for professional accountants with 170,000 qualified members and 436,000 students globally. Support offices/centres exist in 91 countries.[1]

The term Chartered Certified Accountant was introduced in 1996. Prior to that date, ACCA members were known as Certified Accountant. It is still permissible for an ACCA member to use this term. Members of ACCA with post-qualification experience of more than five years and have completed the required continued professional development are designated Fellows, and use the designatory letters FCCA in place of ACCA.

The term Chartered refers to the Royal Charter granted by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom.

Chartered Certified Accountants work in all fields of business and finance. Some are engaged in public practice work, others work in the private sector and some are employed by government bodies.

Since Chartered Certified Accountant is a legally protected term, individuals who describe themselves as such must be members of ACCA. If they carry out public practice engagements, they must comply with additional regulations such as holding a practising certificate, being insured against any possible liability claims and submitting to inspections.

Syllabus

The current syllabus is made up of 14 examinations, although some exemptions are available. The papers are split into two levels:

  • The fundamental level: 9 examinations consisting of
  • The Professional level - 5 examinations:
    • three compulsory papers:
      • P1 - Governance, Risk & Ethics
      • P2 - Corporate Reporting
      • P3 - Business Analysis
    • four optional papers, of which two must be selected:
      • P4 - Advanced Financial Management
      • P5 - Advanced Performance Management
      • P6 - Advanced Taxation
      • P7 - Advanced Audit and Assurance
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IFACnet

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IFACnet , the KnowledgeNet for Professional Accountants, is the global, multilingual search engine developed by the International Federation of Accountants (IFAC) and its members to provide professional accountants worldwide with one-stop access to good practice guidance , articles, management tools and other resources. This enterprise search engine was launched on October 2, 2006 by INDEZ. Originally marketed to professional accountants in business, IFACnet was expanded in March 2007 to provide resources and information relevant to small and medium accounting practices. It now includes resources and information for accountants in all sectors of the profession. The following 31 organizations participate in IFACnet: American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA) Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA) Canadian Institute of Chartered Accountants Certified General Accountants Association of Canada Chartered Institute of Management Accountants (CIMA) Chartered Institute of Public Finance ...more...



Jeremy Hanley

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Sir Jeremy James Hanley , KCMG (born 17 November 1945), is a politician and chartered accountant from the United Kingdom. He served as the Chairman of the Conservative Party from 1994 to 1995, and as a member of parliament (MP) representing the constituency of Richmond and Barnes from 1983 to 1997. Career Hanley was educated at Rugby School , and began his career with Peat Marwick Mitchell & Company (now KPMG ) as an articled clerk in 1963. He qualified as a chartered accountant in 1969, and as a certified accountant and chartered secretary in 1980. He joined the Financial Training Company, responsible for training chartered accountants, as a lecturer in Law and Accountancy (now Kaplan Financial Ltd ), and rose to become the organisation's deputy chairman. Hanley stood unsuccessfully as the Conservative Party candidate in the 1978 Lambeth Central by-election , and for the same seat in the general election the following year , before becoming the MP for Richmond and Barnes at the 1983 general election , n ...more...



Institute of Cost and Management Accountants of Bangladesh

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The Institute of Cost and Management Accountants of Bangladesh ( ICMAB ) at Nilkhet , Dhaka , Bangladesh is the only institution in the country dedicated to Cost and Management Accounting education and research. It is managed as an autonomous professional body under the Ministry of Commerce. As well as education, it is also engaged in regulating and promoting the profession of cost and management accountant in Bangladesh. The Institute is managed by a National Council of 16 members. It is a member of the International Federation of Accountants (IFAC), Confederation of Asian and Pacific Accountants (CAPA), and South Asian Federation of Accountants (SAFA). In 1972, the Institute was re-established in the name of Bangladesh Institute of Industrial Accountants (BIIA) again With the changing need of time the Government of Bangladesh renamed it as The Institute of Cost and Management Accountants of Bangladesh (ICMAB) through promulgation of The Cost and Management Accountants Ordinance 1977 (Ordinance No LIII of 19 ...more...



List of accountancy bodies

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This is a list of the various professional bodies and organisations that seek to provide regulation and oversight over individuals and firms operating in the accountancy industry. Accounting standard-setting bodies Accounting standard setting bodies are national or international organisations that have been delegated responsibility for setting Generally Accepted Accounting Principles by statute in a country or jurisdiction . International The International Accounting Standards Board issues IFRS The International Federation of Accountants (with its International Public Sector Accounting Standards Board - IPSASB) issues IPSAS for Government/ Public entities accounting. The IFRS Foundation Albania Albanian National Accounting Council Australia Australian Accounting Standards Board Botswana- Botswana Institute of Chartered Accountants Canada CICA 's Accounting Standards Board "AcSB" France Autorité des Normes Comptables ( ANC ) (formerly the Conseil National de la Comptabilité) Germany Accounting Standards Commit ...more...



Comparison of management accounting and financial accounting

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The differences between management accounting and financial accounting include: Management accounting provides information to people within an organization while financial accounting is mainly for those outside it, such as shareholders Financial accounting is required by law while management accounting is not. Specific standards and formats may be required for statutory accounts such as in the I.A.S International Accounting Standard within Europe. Financial accounting covers the entire organization while management accounting may be concerned with particular products or cost centres. Managerial accounting is used primarily by those within a company or organization. Reports can be generated for any period of time such as daily, weekly or monthly. Reports are considered to be "future looking" and have forecasting value to those within the company. Financial accounting is used primarily by those outside of a company or organization. Financial reports are usually created for a set period of time, such as a financ ...more...



List of professional associations in the United Kingdom

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The following is a list of professional bodies in the United Kingdom . Membership of a professional body does not necessarily mean that a person possesses qualifications in the subject area, nor that they are legally able to practice their profession. Many of these bodies also act as learned societies for the academic disciplines underlying their professions. In cases where membership of or a professional qualification from either a chartered or non-chartered professional body is necessary to practice a profession or to hold a certain title, the European Professional Qualification Directives require that suitably qualified people from other states (without any charter) in the European Union are also allowed to practise or hold a title in the UK and vice versa. Chartered The following professional bodies are incorporated under or with Royal Charter : A–B Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA) Association of Corporate Treasurers (ACT) Association for Project Management (APM) British Computer Soci ...more...



Chartered Institute of Public Finance and Accountancy

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The Chartered Institute of Public Finance and Accountancy ( CIPFA ) is a professional institute for accountants working in the public services , national audit agencies, in major accountancy firms, and in other bodies where public money needs to be managed. It has 14,000 members. It is the only UK professional accountancy body to specialise in public services. Its qualifications include a professional qualification for public sector accountants as well as a postgraduate diploma for people already working in management. CIPFA is a member of the Consultative Committee of Accountancy Bodies , the umbrella organisation for the British accountancy profession. It also belongs to the International Federation of Accountants . CIPFA’s regional branches cover the Channel Islands , Europe , Midlands , North East , North West & North Wales , Northern Ireland , Republic of Ireland , Scotland , South East , South West & South Wales and Yorkshire & the Humber . Designation Members of CIPFA are entitled to sty ...more...



Accountancy in Hong Kong

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Accountancy in Hong Kong is regulated by the HKICPA under the Professional Accountants Ordinance (Chapter 50, Laws of Hong Kong). The auditing industry for limited companies is regulated under the Companies Ordinance (Chapter 32, Laws of Hong Kong), and other Ordinances such as the Securities and Futures Ordinance, the Listing Rules, etc. Accounting standards The regulating of accountancy, auditing, membership, professional, licensing all falls under the HKICPA . However, in many cases, the HKICPA themselves are helpless in concluding what constitutes properly prepared financial statements . There were some attempts in obtaining external professional legal opinions on behalf of its members (e.g. what constitutes "true and fair") but they are non-binding in court. The ultimate True and Fair / True and Correct of a set of published financial statement falls under the Court system in Hong Kong, which relies on the generally accepted practice in Hong Kong. This is consistent with other common law practices. In 20 ...more...



Institute of Cost Accountants of India

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The Institute of Cost Accountants of India ( ICAI ), previously known as the Institute of Cost & Works Accountants of India ( ICWAI ), is a premier statutory professional accountancy body in India with the objects of promoting, regulating and developing the profession of Cost Accountancy. It is the only licensing cum regulating body of Cost & Management Accountancy profession in India. It recommends the Cost Accounting Standards to be followed by companies in India to which statutory maintenance of cost records applicable. ICAI is solely responsible for setting the auditing and assurance standards for statutory Cost Audit to be followed in the Audit of Cost statements in India. It also issues other technical guidelines on several aspects like Internal Audit , Management Accounting etc. to be followed by practising Cost Accountants while discharging their services. It works closely with the industries, various departments of Government of India , State governments in India and other Regulating Author ...more...



International Accounting Standards Committee

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The International Accounting Standards Committee ( IASC ) was founded in June 1973 in London and was replaced by the International Accounting Standards Board on 1 April 2001. It was responsible for developing the International Accounting Standards and promoting the use and application of these standards. The IASC was founded as a result of an agreement between accountancy bodies in the following countries: Australia ( Institute of Chartered Accountants in Australia (ICAA) and the CPA Australia (formerly known as Australian Society of Certified Practising Accountants (ASCPA)) Canada ( Canadian Institute of Chartered Accountants (CICA)) France ( Ordre des Experts Comptable et des Comptables Agrees (Order of Accounting Experts and Qualified Accountants)) Germany ( Institut der Wirtschaftsprüfer in Deutschland (IDW) (Institute of Auditors in Germany) and the Wirtschaftsprüferkammer (WPK) (Chamber of Auditors)) Japan Nihon Kouninkaikeishi Kyoukai ( Japanese Institute of Certified Public Accountants , JICPA)) Mexic ...more...



American Academy of Financial Management

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The American Academy of Financial Management was a US-based board of standards, certifying body, and accreditation council focused on the finance sector and management professionals. It has been criticized in the Wall Street Journal as having low requirements for the credentials it confers and for excessive claims of links to other associations and industry experts. History The AAFM was founded in 1996 through a merger of the American Academy of Financial Management & Analysts (AAFMA) and the Founders Advisory Committee of the Original Tax and Estate Planning Law Review. In January 2015, the AAFM sold its intellectual property to the Global Academy of Finance & Management – the logo for which is the same as that of the AAFM with different letters – and the International Board of Certification Standards, which now awards the AAFM's certifications in the United States. According to the GAFM website, George Mentz, the founder of the AAFM, is also the founder of GAFM/IBS brands. In some other countr ...more...



Tax advisor

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A tax advisor or tax consultant is a person with advanced training and knowledge of tax law . The services of a tax advisor are usually retained in order to minimize taxation while remaining compliant with the law in complicated financial situations. Tax Advisors are also retained to represent clients before tax authorities to resolve tax issues. World Austria In Austria , Steuerberater is the professional license for tax advisors. Germany In Germany , Steuerberater is the professional license for tax advisors. Italy In Italy , tax advisors are called commercialisti, and provide assistance on business management , business law , economics , finance , tax, accounting , commercial, corporate and administrative matters. Dottori commercialisti, who have a degree in economics , and ragionieri commercialisti, who have a diploma from an istituto tecnico economico , were members of two different professional orders , but they were merged together in 2008 and it is now impossible to become a commercialista without ...more...



National Board of Accountants and Auditors

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The National Board of Accountants and Auditors ( NBAA ) is an accounting professional and regulatory body operating under the Ministry of Finance and Economic Affairs, the sole body to certify accountants in Tanzania . It began operating on 15 January 1973. Accounting standards All non-government business entities in Tanzania have been required to use International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) since 2004, while until May 2010 government business entities were required to use International Public Sector Accounting Standards . As of May 2010, the NBAA clarified that some government-owned entities was now required to use full IFRS and others were allowed to use IFRS for SMEs. When using the IFRS standards, the entities had to use them in full and without modification from the form issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB). Professional qualifications The NBAA is an examining body for professional accountancy qualifications, but does not train candidates seeking to qualify as accountan ...more...



Consultative Committee of Accountancy Bodies

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The Consultative Committee of Accountancy Bodies ( CCAB ) is an umbrella group of chartered professional bodies of British qualified chartered accountants . Members Since 2012, CCAB has five member bodies: Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA) Chartered Institute of Public Finance and Accountancy (CIPFA) Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales (ICAEW) Chartered Accountants Ireland (CAI, formerly ICAI) Institute of Chartered Accountants of Scotland (ICAS) There was previously a sixth founder member, the Chartered Institute of Management Accountants (CIMA). CIMA gave notice in March 2011 of its intention to leave the CCAB. The five remaining bodies committed themselves to ensure that the CCAB "is the sole voice for the profession on those issues which affect our combined membership." Many job advertisements for accountants in the United Kingdom used to specify "CCAB qualified" in cases where an employer wishes to hire a professional accountant, but has no specific preference as t ...more...



Institute of Public Accountants

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The Institute of Public Accountants ( IPA ) is one of the three legally recognised professional bodies for accountants in Australia . The IPA represents more than 35,000 members and students working in industry, commerce, government, academia and professional practice. The organisation rebranded from its previous title, the National Institute of Accountants (NIA), on May 2, 2011. In 2012, the IPA was ranked 19th in the BRW Most Innovative Companies list. The IPA launched its digital hub pubacct.org.au , an expanded digital edition of its flagship journal Public Accountant, in early 2013. History The old NIA Coat of Arms represented integrity, respect, teamwork and a dedication to knowledge and education. The Institute of Public Accountants (IPA) is one of Australia's oldest representative professional bodies, formed in 1923. 1923 - Institute of Factory and Cost Accountants, formed in Melbourne, Victoria . 1950 - Institute of Taxation and Cost Accountants, name change. 1957 - National Institute of Accountants ...more...



Master of Accountancy

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The Master of Accountancy (M.Acc. or M.Acy.), alternatively Master of Science in Accountancy (M.S.Acy.) or Master of Professional Accountancy (M.P.Acy.) is a graduate professional degree designed to prepare students for public accounting and to provide them with the 150 credit hours of classroom, but mostly clinical hours, required by most states before taking the Uniform Certified Public Accountant Examination . Similar graduate programs exist in Canada , where certain universities such as University of Waterloo 's School of Accounting and Finance , or Carleton University 's Sprott School of Business , offer the MAcc and waive all required education requirements up until the Common Final Examination (CFE) in order to become a Canadian CPA . A Master of Professional Accounting can also be obtained from Australian universities to qualify for the Australian CPA , IPA or CA . This specialty program usually runs one to two years in length and contains from ten to twelve three semester credit courses (30 to 36 sem ...more...



Association of International Accountants

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The Association of International Accountants ( AIA ) is a professional accountancy body. It was founded in the UK in 1928 and since that date has promoted the concept of ‘international accounting’ to create a global network of accountants in over 85 countries worldwide. AIA is recognised by the UK Government as a Recognised Qualifying Body for statutory auditors under the Companies Act 2006, as a Prescribed Body under the Companies (Auditing and Accounting) Act 2003 in the Republic of Ireland, and members qualified as a statutory auditor and registered with a Recognised Supervisory Body (RSB) are able to seek registration as a statutory auditor across the European Union. In the UK, AIA also has supervisory status for its members in the Money Laundering Regulations 2007 and has recognition to operate in the Qualifications and Credit Framework (QCF) as an Awarding Body. The AIA professional qualification is currently recognised in over 30 countries worldwide. The AIA's Head Office is in the UK, and it has estab ...more...



Chartered IT Professional

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Chartered IT Professional (in full, Chartered Information Technology Professional ) denoted by CITP is a professional qualification awarded under Royal Charter to IT professionals who satisfy strict criteria set by the British Computer Society (BCS), which is a professional body for IT in the United Kingdom . In order to qualify for this award a person normally needs to have at least 8 to 10 years professional experience in IT, with evidence of experience at a senior level (5) in the Skills Framework for the Information Age (SFIA), have passed a professional competency examination and successfully completed a skills assessment interview with two BCS assessors. The title Chartered IT Professional is aligned with The Skills Framework for the Information Age (SFIA), the UK Government backed competency framework, CITP is the benchmark of IT excellence and is terminal (final/top most) qualification in IT. CITP status is gaining increasing national and international recognition as the benchmark of excellence for IT ...more...



Ahmad Abdullah

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Dato' Ahmad bin Abdullah (28 February 1941 – 28 September 2005), usually known as Dato' Ahmad , was a Malaysian politician and accountant. Career In 1976, Dato' Ahmad (a Chartered Accountant with the Malaysian Institute of Accountants and a Certified Public Accountant with the Malaysian Institute of Certified Public Accountants ) co-founded chartered accountancy firm Ahmad Abdullah & Goh with chartered accountant Michael Goh, and remained a partner of the firm until 1982. The firm has since become a leading local firm delivering a full range of chartered accountancy services. Michael Goh now serves as the managing partner of the firm. In 1982, Dato' Ahmad was elected a Johor State Assemblyman for Kukup. He was subsequently re-elected for 3 further consecutive terms until 1999. From 1986 to 1995 he also served on the Johor State Executive Council and as Acting Chief Minister ( Menteri Besar ) on 4 occasions. In 1999, Dato' Ahmad (also a Certified Financial Planner with the Financial Planning Association ...more...



Registered professional accountant

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The Registered Professional Accountant (RPA) is a Canadian accounting designation granted by the Society of Professional Accountants of Canada (SPAC). The designation requires passing a set of four exams including Taxation , Accounting, Finance and Auditing and a completion of University or College courses set by the Society. Direct admission as a RPA into the society is also offered to those holding recognized accounting designations including the CMA, CGA, CA and CPA. The RPA qualifies to act as a Canadian passport guarantor and is recognized for admission as an associate member to the Institute of Certified Management Accountants of Australia . RPAs are also eligible to write the Forensic Certified Public Accountant exam offered by the Forensic CPA Society in the state of Washington USA . The RPA designation is recognized by the Ontario Civil service, Ministry of Education and Training Ontario and Management Board of Cabinet of Ontario for employment purposes. The RPA designation is not as well known as th ...more...



Arthur Isiko

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Arthur Isiko is an accountant and bank executive in Uganda . He is the managing director and chief executive officer of the Bank of Africa in Uganda . Background and education He was born in the Eastern Region of Uganda, Jinja 1977. He studied commerce at Makerere University , graduating with a Bachelor of Commerce degree. He followed that with a Master of Business Administration degree obtained from the University of Warwick . Later, he obtained the title of Fellow of Chartered Certified Accountants from the Association of Chartered Certified Accountants . Career He joined BOAU in 2003 as manager in internal audit. Later, he served as head of finance and then as assistant general manager. From there, he was promoted to executive director in charge of all areas of the bank's back office operations. In 2015, he was appointed managing director, having served in that position in acting capacity since 2014. From 1999 until 2003, he worked at PricewaterhouseCoopers . See also List of banks in Uganda Banking in ...more...



Parvataneni Brahmayya

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Parvataneni Brahmayya or P Brahmayya (b. Oct 2, 1908 - d. 1980) was a chartered accountant, former ICAI president and founded Brahmayya & Co., a firm of Chartered accountants in 1932. Education and professional career An alumnus of the Madras Loyola College and trained in the Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales , he was President (1962-63) and a part of the Central Council, the highest decision making body of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India for about 15 yrs; was a trustee of Unit Trust of India ; a board member of the State Bank of India apart from being on several government advisory committees. According to the Managing Director of The Hindu, N. Murali, Brahmayya's generosity, especially towards young chartered accountants was legendary. A hall in the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India building at Chennai was named after him. He was a man of varied interests and a lover of both books and sports. Personal life He is survived by his son, P S Kumar, a partner ...more...



International Qualification Examination

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The International Qualification Examination (IQEX) is an examination sat by certain non-U.S. qualified accountants seeking the Certified Public Accountant designation in the United States . The examination is set by the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA) and administered by the National Association of State Boards of Accountancy (NASBA). Eligibility In principle the following members of the following overseas bodies are eligible [1] : Institute of Chartered Accountants in Australia Canadian Institute of Chartered Accountants Chartered Accountants Ireland Instituto Mexicano de Contadores Publicos New Zealand Institute of Chartered Accountants Hong Kong Institute of Certified Public Accountants Note: The Mutual Recognition Agreement between the U.S. International Qualifications Appraisal Board and CPA Australia (Australian Certified Practicing Accountants) has expired and is not being considered for renewal. Members of CPA Australia interested in becoming licensed as a CPA in the U.S. mu ...more...



Index of accounting articles

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This page is an index of accounting topics . A Accounting ethics - Accounting information system - Accounting research - Activity-Based Costing - Assets B Balance sheet - Big Four auditors - Bond - Bookkeeping - Book value C Cash-basis accounting - Cash-basis versus accrual-basis accounting - Cash flow statement - Certified General Accountant - Certified Management Accountants - Certified Public Accountant - Chartered accountant - Chart of accounts - Common stock - Comprehensive income - Construction accounting - Convention of conservatism - Convention of disclosure - Cost accounting - Cost of capital - Cost of goods sold - Creative accounting - Credit - Credit note - Current asset - Current liability D Debitcapital reserve - Debit note - Debt - Deficit (disambiguation) - Depreciation - Diluted earnings per share - Dividend - Double-entry bookkeeping system - Dual aspect E E-accounting - EBIT - EBITDA - Earnings per share - Engagement Letter - Entity concept - Environmental accounting - Expense - Equity - Equ ...more...



Nandala Mafabi

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Nathan Nandala Mafabi is a Ugandan accountant, lawyer, and politician. He represents Budadiri County West in Sironko District in the Ugandan parliament . From May 2011 until January 2014, he was the leader of the opposition in the parliament. Background and education He was born in Busamaga Village, Sironko District on 17 January 1966. After attending local primary schools, he transferred to Mbale Secondary School for his O-Level studies. For his A-Level education, he attended Busoga College, Mwiri in Jinja District . He graduated from Makerere University in 1988 with a Bachelor of Statistics and Economics degree. He followed that with a Postgraduate Diploma in Education in 1989, also from Makerere. In 1993, he obtained a Diploma in Income Tax Administration from the Uganda Management Institute in Kampala. In 1993, he passed the certified public accountant examinations in both Kenya and Uganda. In 1995, he was admitted to the Association of Chartered Certified Accountants as a Fellow of the Association of C ...more...



Selestino Babungi

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Selestino Babungi is an accountant and corporate executive in Uganda , the third-largest economy in the East African Community . He is the managing director and chief executive officer of Umeme , whose shares are traded on both the Uganda Securities Exchange and the Nairobi Stock Exchange , and is the largest independent power distribution company in Uganda. He was appointed in March 2015 and he assumed his current position on 1 April 2015, replacing Charles Chapman, whose term ended. Background and education He was born in Uganda circa 1977. He studied at Makerere University , Uganda's oldest and largest public university, graduating with the degree of Bachelor of Statistics , circa 1999. He is a Fellow of the Association of Chartered Certified Accountants of the United Kingdom. He is also a certified public accountant of the Certified Public Accountants of Uganda. Career From 1999 until 2006, he worked with Ernst & Young at its Kampala office. He joined Umeme in 2006 and served as a regional operatio ...more...



List of professional designations in the United States

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Accounting and finance Name Post-nominal Agency Certificate in Investment Performance Measurement CIPM CFA Institute Chartered Financial Analyst CFA Chartered Market Technician CMT Market Technicians Association Chartered Alternative Investment Analyst CAIA Chartered Alternative Investment Analyst Association Chartered Management Consultant ChMC Chartered Institute of Management Consultants Chartered Global Management Accountant CGMA American Institute of CPAs and Chartered Institute of Management Accountants Certified Public Accountant CPA Certified Financial Planner CFP Certified Financial Planner Board of Standards Certified Financial Consultant CFC Institute of Financial Consultants Chartered Life Underwriter CLU American College of Financial Services Certified Fraud Examiner CFE Association of Certified Fraud Examiners Certified Internal Auditor CIA Institute of Internal Auditors Certification in Risk Management Assurance CRMA Certified Government Auditing Professional CGAP Certified Payroll Professional ...more...



Association of Accounting Technicians

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The Association of Accounting Technicians , or AAT , is a UK qualification and professional body for vocational accountants, with over 140,000 members worldwide. It was created by the merger of two founding institutes in 1980: the Institute of Accounting Staff (then a subsidiary of ACCA ) and the Association of Technicians in Finance and Accounting (then a subsidiary of CIPFA ). It is a technician level qualification offering higher apprenticeships which entitles those who have completed the exams and obtained relevant supervised work experience to become an accounting technician. The AAT is based in London, but has branches with membership all over the UK and the rest of the world including Hong Kong and South Africa. Professional recognition The body was sponsored by four UK chartered accountancy bodies; CIPFA, ICAEW, CIMA and ICAS. From May 2017, ICAEW, CIPFA, CIMA and ICAS no longer participated in AAT’s governance structure and AAT took the decision to bring their sponsoring body partnerships to a clos ...more...



Chartered Alternative Investment Analyst

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Chartered Alternative Investment Analyst ( CAIA ) (pronounced "KAI-ah") is a professional designation offered by the CAIA Association to investment professionals who complete a course of study and pass two examinations. The " alternative investments " industry is characterized as dealing with asset classes and investments other than standard equity or fixed income products. Alternative investments can include hedge funds , private equity , real assets , commodities , and structured products . The CAIA curriculum is designed to provide finance professionals with a broad base of knowledge in alternative investments. The Chartered Alternative Investment Analyst Association was founded in 2002 by the Alternative Investment Management Association (AIMA) and the Center for International Securities and Derivatives Markets (CISDM). The CAIA Association is an independent, not-for-profit, global organization committed to education and professionalism in the field of alternative investments. CAIA designees are required ...more...



James Mworia

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James Mwirigi Mworia is a Kenyan lawyer, accountant, and business executive. He is the managing director and chief executive officer of Centum Investments , the largest publicly traded private capital firm in eastern Africa. He has served in that capacity since 2008. Background and education Mworia was born in 1978. He attended Alliance High School, Strathmore University , and the University of Nairobi . He has a Bachelor of Laws from Nairobi University. He is also a certified public accountant and a chartered financial analyst . Work history In 2001, Mworia began working as a filing clerk at Centum Investments. Despite having a law degree and several other financial and accounting diplomas and certificates, he accepted this entry-level position. He gradually rose through the ranks, and in 2005 he was appointed chief investment officer at Centum Investments. He served in that position until December 2006, when he joined TransCentury Investments as its head of investments. In 2008, at age 30, he was appointe ...more...



Project accounting

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Project accounting is a specialised form of accounting that corresponds to the ever-evolving needs of project delivery , which helps adequately track, report and analyse financial results and implications . This includes the practice of creating financial reports specifically designed to track the financial progress of projects , which can then be used by managers to aid project management . Traditionally, project accounting and its principles were largely used to track and report predominantly large construction, engineering and government projects. Today, project management delivery methodologies have expanded into several other sectors, including financial, technology and legal. Subsequently, project accounting has needed to follow to cover these areas to ensure corresponding financial tracking and financial implications are understood and considered. The need for project accounting arose as a specialised field from the nature of projects being treated as separate temporary individualised entities set up f ...more...



FCCA

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FCCA may refer to: Chartered Certified Accountant , postnominal initials Federal Circuit Court of Australia Federal Communications Commission Act, otherwise known as the Communications Act of 1934 Ferrocarril Central Andino Ferrocarril Central Argentino Film Critics Circle of Australia Florida-Caribbean Cruise Association FCCA may refer to: Chartered Certified Accountant , postnominal initials Federal Circuit Court of Australia Federal Communications Commission Act, otherwise known as the Communications Act of 1934 Ferrocarril Central Andino Ferrocarril Central Argentino Film Critics Circle of Australia Florida-Caribbean Cruise Association ...more...



Accounting

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Accounting or accountancy is the measurement, processing, and communication of financial information about economic entities such as businesses and corporations . The modern field was established by the Italian mathematician Luca Pacioli in 1494. Accounting, which has been called the "language of business", measures the results of an organization's economic activities and conveys this information to a variety of users, including investors , creditors , management , and regulators . Practitioners of accounting are known as accountants . The terms "accounting" and "financial reporting" are often used as synonyms. Accounting can be divided into several fields including financial accounting , management accounting , external auditing , tax accounting and cost accounting . Accounting information systems are designed to support accounting functions and related activities. Financial accounting focuses on the reporting of an organization's financial information, including the preparation of financial statements , ...more...



CCA

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CCA may refer to: Culture Canadian Centre for Architecture , in Montreal, Quebec Canadian Comedy Awards Center for Contemporary Art Kitakyushu , Kitakyushu, Japan Centre for Contemporary Arts , in Glasgow, Scotland Centre for Curating the Archive at the University of Cape Town, South Africa Client commission agreement Comics Code Authority Council for Cultural Affairs , Taiwan (now the Ministry of Culture) Economics and finance Capital Consumption Allowance Capital Cost Allowance Chartered Certified Accountant (designatory letters ACCA or FCCA) Chartered Cost Accountant Education California Charter Academy California College of the Arts California Culinary Academy Canyon Crest Academy Cape Cod Academy Chandigarh College of Architecture Co-curricular activity (Singapore) Community College of Aurora Law Child Citizenship Act of 2000 Civil Contingencies Act 2004 Clinger–Cohen Act Communist Control Act of 1954 Consumer Credit Act 1974 (UK) Corrections Corporation of America Court of Criminal Appeal Religion Catho ...more...



Fabian Kasi

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Fabian Kasi is an accountant, bank executive , and businessman in Uganda , the third-largest economy in the East African Community . He is the managing director and chief executive officer of the Centenary Bank , the fourth-largest commercial bank in the country as of 31 December 2013, with over US$573 million in assets. Background and education Kasi was born in 1967 in the town of Matugga in Wakiso District in the Central Region of Uganda. He attended St. Charles Lwanga Primary School Matugga for his elementary schooling. He studied at St. Mary's College Kisubi for his O-level and A-level education. In 1988, he entered Makerere University , the oldest and largest public university in the country, graduating in 1991 with a Bachelor of Commerce degree in accounting. Later, he studied at the University of Newcastle (Australia) , graduating with a Master of Business Administration degree. He is a fellow of the Association of Chartered Certified Accountants of the United Kingdom and a member of the Association o ...more...



Finance

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Finance is a field that deals with the study of investments . It includes the dynamics of assets and liabilities over time under conditions of different degrees of uncertainty and risk. Finance can also be defined as the science of money management . Finance aims to price assets based on their risk level and their expected rate of return . Finance can be broken into three sub-categories: public finance , corporate finance and personal finance . Areas of finance Frankfurt Stock Exchange , European Center of finance, Frankfurt am Main. Wall Street , American centre of finance. London Stock Exchange , British centre of finance. Personal finance Questions in personal finance revolve around: Protection against unforeseen personal events, as well as events in the wider economies Transference of family wealth across generations (bequests and inheritance) Effects of tax policies (tax subsidies or penalties) management of personal finances Effects of credit on individual financial standing Development of a savings pla ...more...



Logic School of Management

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Logic School of Management (LSM) , a management training institute of South India, in association with WILEY is giving training for Certified Management Accountants (CMA). LSM claims a success rate of 75%. The main courses offered includes CA (Foundation, Intermediate & FINAL), CPA (USA), CMA (USA), CMA (INDIA), CS, M.Com (Finance & Taxation). Certification Logic School of Management is the first institute in Kerala to receive approval from IMA – USA for CMA USA coaching. LSM has an International Partnership with Wiley, USA and is also an approved learning partner of ISDC direct for ACCA coaching in Kochi and Kottayam. History Logic, started as training provider in Information Technology and Software Industry started in the year 1996 with Cochin as the business headquarters. It was incorporated as private limited company and its first promoter – directors were Mr. Jose Ouseph, Mr. Nitto Joseph, Biju Joseph jacob and Paul Joseph. The objective of the business was Computer Sales, Import of Computer pa ...more...



Myanmar Institute of Certified Public Accountants

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Myanmar Institute of Certified Public Accountants ( Burmese : မြန်မာနိုင်ငံ လက်မှတ်ရ ပြည်သူ့စာရင်းကိုင်များအသင်း ; abbreviated MICPA ) is a professional body of Certified Public Accountants in Myanmar . It was first formed in 2003 in association and permission of the Ministry of Home Affairs of Myanmar. The function of the body is to communicate with international accountancy bodies and to distribute information to its members. MICPA was founded under the Myanmar Accountancy Council (MAC), a policymaking body of accountants and auditors. On June 13, 2013, the Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales ( ICAEW ) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with MICPA to work more closely together. The formal agreement was signed in Yangon, Myanmar by Mark Billington, the ICAEW South East Asia Regional Director, and U Wan Tin, the MICPA Chairman. It provides the foundation for MICPA and ICAEW to support each other and improve the accounting field in Myanmar. On January 30, 2014 MICPA became an inde ...more...



Sarah Achieng Opendi

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Sarah Achieng Opendi , sometimes Sarah Opendi Achieng , is a Ugandan accountant and politician . She is the State Minister of Health for General Duties in the Ugandan cabinet , since 6 June 2016. Prior to that, from 15 August 2012 until 6 June 2016, she served as the Miniter of State for Primary Healhcare. Prior to that, from 27 May 2011 until 15 August 2012, she served as the State Minister for Lands . In the cabinet reshuffle of 1 March 2015, she retained her cabinet post. Background and education She was born in Tororo District on 26 September 1968. She studied accounting, graduating from the National College of Business Studies, in 1994, with the Diploma in Accounting . In 1998, she successfully passed the examinations of the Association of Chartered Certified Accountants , leading to award of the title of Associate Chartered Certified Accountant Level II . That same year, she graduated from Makerere University with the degree of Bachelor of Business Administration . In 2005, she received the degree of ...more...



Global Accounting Alliance

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The Global Accounting Alliance ( GAA ) is an international coalition of accounting organisations that was formed in 2006. The GAA aims to promote standards of quality professional services, support their members, and share information and collaborate on international accounting issues. The members of the alliance represent over 775,000 of professional accountants. The GAA provides members with a GAA Passport which provides access to other member bodies so they can access restricted areas of the local institute website, training and development, and publications at member rates when visiting their country. Member organisations Australia - Chartered Accountants Australia and New Zealand (CAANZ) United States of America - American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA) New Zealand - Chartered Accountants Australia and New Zealand (CAANZ) Canada - CPA CANADA South Africa - South African Institute of Chartered Accountants (SAICA) Ireland - Chartered Accountants Ireland Scotland - Institute of Chartered ...more...



Patricia Ojangole

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Patricia Ojangole BCom, MBA, FACCA , is a Ugandan accountant and bank executive. She is the Chief Executive Officer of Uganda Development Bank , Uganda's only national development finance institution. Education She holds a Bachelor of Commerce degree awarded by Makerere University , in Kampala , Uganda's capital city. Her Master of Business Administration was received from the Eastern and Southern African Management Institute in Arusha , Tanzania. She is a Fellow of the Association of Chartered Certified Accountants of the United Kingdom . She is also a member of the Institute of Certified Public Accountants of Uganda and the Institute of Internal Auditors . Career Prior to joining UDB in 2012, Patricia Ojangole had worked for 13 years in various African countries including Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Namibia, Swaziland, Lesotho and Botswana. Her work had covered diverse business areas including credit, risk management and finance. She joined Uganda Development Bank Limited as Head, Internal Audit. Controversy ...more...



Institute of Accounting Technicians

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The Institute of Accounting Technicians (Canada) is a not-for-profit professional body for those working as accounting technicians and in accounting fields. The Institute’s educational program is recognized for exemptions by: Association of Accounting Technicians (AAT) Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA) Chartered Institute of Management Accountants (CIMA) References "CIMA Global Exemption IAT Canada" . Chartered Institute of Management Accountants . Retrieved 16 July 2011 . External links The Institute of Accounting Technicians – Official website The Institute of Accounting Technicians (Canada) is a not-for-profit professional body for those working as accounting technicians and in accounting fields. The Institute’s educational program is recognized for exemptions by: Association of Accounting Technicians (AAT) Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA) Chartered Institute of Management Accountants (CIMA) References "CIMA Global Exemption IAT Canada" . Chartered Institute of Mana ...more...



Accounting in Malaysia

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The accountancy profession in Malaysia is regulated by the Malaysian Institute of Accountants (MIA) through the powers conferred by the Accountants Act, 1967. The MIA is an agency under the Ministry of Finance and reports directly to the Accountant General Office. As at 4 February 2016, MIA has 32,618 members of which 68% are involved in commerce and industry, 22% in public practice and 10% in government and academia. Selangor and the Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur]] Federal Territory have the largest concentration of MIA membership with 13,125 and 7,351 members respectively. http://www.mia.org.my/new/members_statistics_state.asp MIA sets the By-Laws (On Professional conduct & Ethics ) and auditing standards for the accountancy profession in Malaysia , which are in line with the standards issued by the International Federation of Accountants (IFAC) and the International Auditing and Assurance Standards Board ( IAASB ). Other Accountancy Bodies in Malaysia The Malaysian Institute of Certified Public Ac ...more...



Company secretary

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A company secretary is a senior position in a private sector company or public sector organisation, normally in the form of a managerial position or above. In large American and Canadian publicly listed corporations, a company secretary is typically named a corporate secretary or secretary . The company secretary is responsible for the efficient administration of a company, particularly with regard to ensuring compliance with statutory and regulatory requirements and for ensuring that decisions of the board of directors are implemented. Despite the name, the role is not clerical or secretarial . The company secretary ensures that an organisation complies with relevant legislation and regulation, and keeps board members informed of their legal responsibilities. Company Secretaries are the company’s named representative on legal documents, and it is their responsibility to ensure that the company and its directors operate within the law. It is also their responsibility to register and communicate with sharehold ...more...



Accounting analyst

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An accounting analyst evaluates public company financial statements . Public companies issue these ( 10-K ) annual financial statements as required by the Security and Exchange Commission . The statements include the balance sheet , the income statement , the statement of cash flows and the notes to the financial statements. Specifically, the notes to the financial statements contain considerable quantitative detail supporting the financial statements along with narrative information. Description This individual has extensive training in understanding financial accounting principles for public companies based on generally accepted accounting principles as provided by the Financial Accounting Standards Board . Or, he/she may have additional experience in applying international accounting standards based on the rules put out by the International Accounting Standards Board . As an example, the accounting analyst may work for a financial research company evaluating differing financial accounting principles and ho ...more...



Kenneth Maillard

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Kenneth Jean Georgy Maillard (born 1972) is a Mauritian accountant who is one of the principals of the Belvedere Management group . Career Maillard worked for the offshore department of Arthur Andersen Mauritius and other companies. He is the co-founder and managing director of Belvedere Management Limited and serves as its managing director. Since 2007 he has been a non-executive director of TransAfrika Resources Limited. Maillard is also a director of Fulhold Pharma plc subsidiary Ful Hold Ltd. Professional affiliations Maillard is a fellow of the Association of Chartered Certified Accountants and also an associate member of the Society of Trusts and Estate Planners . See also Cobus Kellermann David Dawson Cosgrove References EXPOSED: Belvedere Management's massive criminal enterprise. David Marchant, OffshoreAlert , 17 March 2015. Retrieved 25 March 2015. CWMFX’s Parent Group Linked to Massive Offshore Ponzi Scheme, Researcher Says. Victor Golovtchenko, Forex Magnates, 24 March 2015. Retrieved 25 March 2 ...more...



Chief financial officer

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The chief financial officer ( CFO ) or chief financial and operating officer ( CFOO ) is a corporate officer primarily responsible for managing the financial risks of the corporation. This officer is also responsible for financial planning and record-keeping, as well as financial reporting to higher management. In some sectors the CFO is also responsible for analysis of data . The title is equivalent to finance director ( FD ), a common title in the United Kingdom. The CFO typically reports to the chief executive officer and to the board of directors , and may additionally sit on the board. The CFO supervises the finance unit and is the chief financial spokesperson for the organization. The CFO reports directly to the president/chief executive officer (CEO) and directly assists the chief operating officer (COO) on all strategic and tactical matters as they relate to budget management, cost–benefit analysis, forecasting needs and the securing of new funding. Qualification Most CFOs of large companies have fina ...more...



Greg Abel

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Gregory Edward Abel (born 1961/62) is a Canadian businessman, and the chairman and CEO of Berkshire Hathaway Energy . Early life Abel was born in Edmonton , Alberta . Abel earned a bachelor's degree in accounting from the University of Alberta in 1984, and is a certified public accountant from AICPA. Career After university, Abel trained as a chartered accountant with PricewaterhouseCoopers , and worked in their San Francisco office, before in 1992 joining CalEnergy , a geothermal electricity producer. In 1999, CalEnergy acquired MidAmerican Energy , adopting its name, before later that year Berkshire Hathaway acquired a controlling interest, with Abel becoming CEO in 2008. In January 2018, Abel was appointed as Berkshire Hathaway 's vice chairman for non-insurance operations, and made a main board director. References "Executive Profile: Gregory Edward Abel" . Bloomberg LP . Retrieved 10 January 2018 . "Warren Buffett's Canadian lieutenant eyes Alberta expansion" . Retrieved 10 January 2018 – via The Globe ...more...



Omar A. Ali

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Omar Abdi Ali ( Somali : Cumar Cabdi Cali , Arabic : عمر عبدي علي ‎) is a Somali entrepreneur , accountant , financial consultant , philanthropist , and a leading specialist on Islamic finance . From 1986 to 1999, he was CEO of Dar al-Maal al-Islami Trust (DMI Trust), a Middle Eastern financial and banking group, which under his management increased its assets from $1.6 billion USD to $4.0 billion USD. Omar is currently the chairman and founder of the multinational real estate corporation Integrated Property Investments Limited and its sister company Quadron Investments. Biography Omar graduated in 1964 as a certified accountant from the Leeds College of Commerce in the United Kingdom . He returned to Somalia , where he joined the Ministry of Finance and became a Deputy Accountant General. He also assumed the role of Director of Finance in the African Development Bank Group , helping transform the pilot project into a multi-regional initiative. Career From 1974 to 1983, Omar would take up positions in the Gu ...more...



Institute of Chartered Accountants of Trinidad and Tobago

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The Institute of Chartered Accountants of Trinidad and Tobago (ICATT) is a professional accountancy body in Trinidad and Tobago . It is the sole organization in Trinidad and Tobago with the right to award the Chartered Accountant designation. ICATT is a member of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of the Caribbean . ICATT is also a member of the International Federation of Accountants (IFAC). Trinidad and Tobago was one of the first countries to fully adopt International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) in 1999. More recently the country adopted IFRS for SMEs in 2010. References "Members And Affiliates" . ICAC . Retrieved 2011-07-01 . "IFAC's Members" . IFAC . Retrieved 2011-07-01 . "About Us - History" . ICATT . Retrieved 2011-07-01 . The Institute of Chartered Accountants of Trinidad and Tobago (ICATT) is a professional accountancy body in Trinidad and Tobago . It is the sole organization in Trinidad and Tobago with the right to award the Chartered Accountant designation. ICATT is a member of the ...more...




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