Chartered Certified Accountant

Chartered Certified Accountant (designatory letters ACCA or FCCA) was historically seen as a British qualified accountant designation awarded by the Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA). However, although ACCA is UK based, it is a global body for professional accountants with 200,000 qualified members and 486,000 students globally. Support offices/centres exist in 91 countries.[1]

Overview

The term Chartered Certified Accountant was introduced in 1996. Prior to that date, ACCA members were known as Certified Accountant. It is still permissible for an ACCA member to use this term. Members of ACCA with post-qualification experience of more than five years and have completed the required continued professional development are designated Fellows, and use the designatory letters FCCA in place of ACCA.

The term Chartered refers to the Royal Charter granted by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom.

Chartered Certified Accountants work in all fields of business and finance. Some are engaged in public practice work, others work in the private sector and some are employed by government bodies.

Since Chartered Certified Accountant is a legally protected term, individuals who describe themselves as such must be members of ACCA. If they carry out public practice engagements, they must comply with additional regulations such as holding a practising certificate, being insured against any possible liability claims and submitting to inspections.

Syllabus

The current syllabus is made up of 13 examinations, although some exemptions are available. The papers are split into two levels:

  • The fundamental level: 9 examinations consisting of
  • The Professional level - 4 examinations:
    • Two compulsory papers:
      • SBL - Strategic Business Leader
      • SBR - Strategic Business Reporting
    • four optional papers, of which two must be selected:
      • P4 - Advanced Financial Management
      • P5 - Advanced Performance Management
      • P6 - Advanced Taxation
      • P7 - Advanced Audit and Assurance
See also
References
External links
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Association of Chartered Certified Accountants

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Association of Chartered Certified Accountants

ACCA advertising on a Hong Kong tram Founded in 1904, the Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA) is the global professional accounting body offering the Chartered Certified Accountant qualification (ACCA or FCCA). From Dec 2017, ACCA recorded that it has 200,000 members and 486,000 students in 180 countries. ACCA's headquarters are in London with principal administrative office in Glasgow. ACCA works through a network of over 100 offices and centres and more than 7,200 Approved Employers worldwide, who provide employee development. The term 'Chartered' in ACCA qualification refers to the Royal Charter granted in 1974. Chartered Certified Accountant is a legally protected term. Individuals who describe themselves as Chartered Certified Accountants must be members of ACCA and if they carry out public practice engagements, must comply with additional regulations such as holding a practising certificate, carrying liability insurance and submitting to inspections. The Association of Authorised P ...more...

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Chartered Certified Accountant

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Chartered Certified Accountant

Chartered Certified Accountant (designatory letters ACCA or FCCA) was historically seen as a British qualified accountant designation awarded by the Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA). However, although ACCA is UK based, it is a global body for professional accountants with 200,000 qualified members and 486,000 students globally. Support offices/centres exist in 91 countries.[1] Overview The term Chartered Certified Accountant was introduced in 1996. Prior to that date, ACCA members were known as Certified Accountant. It is still permissible for an ACCA member to use this term. Members of ACCA with post-qualification experience of more than five years and have completed the required continued professional development are designated Fellows, and use the designatory letters FCCA in place of ACCA. The term Chartered refers to the Royal Charter granted by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom. Chartered Certified Accountants work in all fields of business and finance. Some ar ...more...

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Chartered accountant

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Chartered accountant

Chartered Accountants were the first accountants to form a professional accounting body, initially established in Scotland in 1854. The Edinburgh Society of Accountants (1854), the Glasgow Institute of Accountants and Actuaries (1854) and the Aberdeen Society of Accountants (1867) were each granted a royal charter almost from their inception.[1] The title is an internationally recognised professional designation; the American certified public accountant designation is generally equivalent to it. Chartered accountants work in all fields of business and finance, including auditing, taxation, financial and general management. Some are engaged in public practice work, others work in the private sector and some are employed by government bodies.[2][3][4] Chartered accountants' institutes require members to undertake a minimum level of continuing professional development to stay professionally competitive. They facilitate special interest groups (for instance, entertainment and media, or insolvency and restructur ...more...

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Certified Accountant

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Certified Accountant

Look up certified accountant in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Certified Accountant may refer to: Certified Public Accountant, a statutory title of qualified accountants in several countries Certified General Accountant, a Canadian qualified accountant designation Certified Management Accountant, a qualified accountant designation in U.S. and Canada Certified National Accountant, a Nigerian qualified accountant designation Certified Practising Accountant, a title used by members of CPA Australia Chartered Certified Accountant or Certified Accountant, a British designation Certified Practising Accountant, accreditation offered by the Institute of Certified Practising Accountants in the UK See also Chartered accountant Chartered Professional Accountant ...more...



Accountant

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Accountant

An accountant is a practitioner of accounting or accountancy, which is the measurement, disclosure or provision of assurance about financial information that helps managers, investors, tax authorities and others make decisions about allocating resource(s). In many jurisdictions, professional accounting bodies maintain standards of practice and evaluations for professionals. Accountants who have demonstrated competency through their professional associations' certification exams are certified to use titles such as Chartered Accountant, Chartered Certified Accountant or Certified Public Accountant. Such professionals are granted certain responsibilities by statute, such as the ability to certify an organization's financial statements, and may be held liable for professional misconduct. Non-qualified accountants may be employed by a qualified accountant, or may work independently without statutory privileges and obligations. Cahan & Sun (2015)[1] used archival study to find out that accountants’ personal ...more...

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Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales

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Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales

The Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales (ICAEW) was established by royal charter in 1880.[5] It has over 147,000 members. Over 15,000 of these members live and work outside the UK. In 2015, 8,256 students joined ICAEW - the highest ever figure. 82 of FTSE 100 (the leading UK) companies have an ICAEW Chartered Accountant on the board. Overview The Institute is a member of the Consultative Committee of Accountancy Bodies (CCAB), formed in 1974 by the major accountancy professional bodies in the UK and Ireland. The fragmented nature of the accountancy profession in the UK is in part due to the absence of any legal requirement for an accountant to be a member of one of the many Institutes, as the term accountant does not have legal protection. However, a person must belong to the ICAEW, ICAS or CAI to hold themselves out as a chartered accountant in the UK (although there are other chartered bodies of British qualified accountants whose members are likewise authorised to conduct restricted w ...more...

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Certified Public Accountant

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Certified Public Accountant

Certified Public Accountant (CPA) is the title of qualified accountants in numerous countries in the English-speaking world. In the United States, the CPA is a license to provide accounting services to the public. It is awarded by each of the 50 states for practice in that state. Additionally, almost every state (49 out of 50) has passed mobility laws to allow CPAs from other states to practice in their state. State licensing requirements vary, but the minimum standard requirements include passing the Uniform Certified Public Accountant Examination, 150 semester units of college education, and one year of accounting related experience. Continuing professional education (CPE) is also required to maintain licensure. Individuals who have been awarded the CPA but have lapsed in the fulfillment of the required CPE or who have requested conversion to inactive status are in many states permitted to use the designation "CPA Inactive" or an equivalent phrase. In most U.S. states, only CPAs are legally able to provide ...more...

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Chartered Professional Accountant

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Chartered Professional Accountant

Chartered Professional Accountant (CPA; French: comptable professionnel agréé) is the professional designation which united the three Canadian accounting designations that previously existed: Chartered Accountant (CA), Certified General Accountant (CGA) Certified Management Accountant (CMA).[1] The CPA designation has been in use by members of all legislated provincial and territorial accounting bodies since 2014.[2][3] As of May 2017, CPA legislation was in place in all provinces, Yukon and Bermuda, replacing legislation previously in effect for the CA, CGA and CMA designations.[3] CPA Canada is the national organization that represents the profession. Background Origin of name "Chartered Professional Accountant" is borrowed from a similar but aborted Australian merger attempt in 1998.[4][5] It has been registered as an EU Community trademark by the Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales.[6] However, applications to register "CPA" as such were either withdrawn[7] or refused.[8] ...more...

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Certified Management Accountant

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Certified Management Accountant

Logo[1] IMA's CMA (Certified Management Accountant) certification is a professional certification credential in the management accounting and financial management fields. The certification signifies that the person possesses knowledge in the areas of financial planning, analysis, control, decision support, and professional ethics. The CMA is a U.S.-based, globally recognized certification offered by the Institute of Management Accountants. CMA-certified professionals work inside organizations of all sizes, industries, and types, including manufacturing and services, public and private enterprises, not-for-profit organizations, academic institutions, government entities, and multinational corporations. To date, more than 50,000 CMAs have been certified in more than 100 countries. To obtain certification, candidates must pass a rigorous exam, meet an educational requirement, experience requirement, and demonstrate a commitment to continuous learning through continuing professional education (CPE). The Cert ...more...

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Certified Practising Accountant

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Certified Practising Accountant

Certified Practising Accountant (CPA) is the title used by members of the CPA Australia professional accounting body. Accountants practising in Australia have the choice of becoming members of CPA Australia (and hence becoming a Certified Practising Accountant or "CPA"), joining the Institute of Chartered Accountants of Australia (and becoming a Chartered Accountant or "CA") or the Institute of Public Accountants (and becoming a Public Accountant or "MIPA"). International context The designation Certified Practising Accountant also exists as an accounting designation in the United Kingdom, unrelated to the Australian CPA designation. Accountants in the United Kingdom may obtain the Certified Practising Accountant designation through becoming a member of the Institute of Certified Practising Accountants (ICPA). The ICPA does not require its members to have achieved or possess any formal post-secondary accountancy education at the pre-qualification stage. It does however require a prospective member to have r ...more...

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Certified Financial Planner

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Certified Financial Planner

The Certified Financial Planner (CFP) designation is a professional certification mark for financial planners conferred by the Certified Financial Planner Board of Standards (CFP Board)[1] in the United States, and by 25 other organizations affiliated with Financial Planning Standards Board (FPSB),[2] the international owner of the CFP mark outside of the United States. To receive authorization to use the designation, the candidate must meet education, examination, experience and ethics requirements, and pay an ongoing certification fee.[3] The information relates specifically to CFP certification in the United States.[4] In the United Kingdom, the CFP licence/designation is available to financial planners through membership of the Chartered Institute of Securities & Investment (CISI).[5] Requirements for initial certification For initial certification, an individual must meet four categories of requirements: education, examination, experience, and ethics. Education requirements The candidate must ...more...

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Hong Kong Institute of Certified Public Accountants

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Hong Kong Institute of Certified Public Accountants

The Hong Kong Institute of Certified Public Accountants (Chinese: 香港會計師公會) (HKICPA) is the professional accounting body of Hong Kong. Its main responsibilities are: Registering accountants and issuing practising certificates. Regulating the professional conduct and standards of members. Setting codes of ethics and standards of accounting and auditing. Regulating the quality of entry to the profession through its qualification programme and related courses. Providing continuing education and other services to members. Promoting the accountancy profession both in Hong Kong and overseas. Recognition with other institutions Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA) Prior to 2002, Hong Kong accountants were allowed to obtain full memberships from both Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA) and HKICPA under a joint examination scheme between the two institutions. A mutual recognition agreement was then announced between the two institutions;[1] this has been renewed from 2010 u ...more...

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Canadian Institute of Chartered Accountants

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Canadian Institute of Chartered Accountants

The Canadian Institute of Chartered Accountants (CICA) was incorporated by an Act of the Parliament of Canada in 1902,[1] which later became known as the Canadian Institute of Chartered Accountants Act.[2] The CICA developed and supported accounting, auditing and assurance standards for organizations in Canada, developed and delivered education programs, and issued the professional designation of Chartered Accountant. The CICA was a founding member of the International Federation of Accountants and the Global Accounting Alliance. In 2014, CICA merged with Canada's two other major accounting designations to form the Chartered Professional Accountants of Canada.[3] History 1902 – The Dominion Association of Chartered Accountants (DACA) is incorporated by Private Act of the Parliament of Canada. (SC 1902, c. 58) 1934 – The Canada Companies Act is amended to provide for the involvement of the DACA in setting standards for accounting policies. 1938 – All provinces agree that membership should be determined ...more...

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British qualified accountants

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British qualified accountants

British qualified accountants are full voting members of United Kingdom professional bodies that evaluate individual experience and test competencies for accountants. The term accountant does not have the same legal protection in the United Kingdom as that given to other professions such as doctors and lawyers. Only certain functions are restricted to professionally qualified accountants; for example, individuals who operate in the areas of audit and insolvency must be registered, and only members of certain accountancy bodies are eligible for such registration. If working in public practice, these qualified accountants must comply with additional regulations such as holding professional indemnity insurance (as accountants are one of the professions most at risk of professional indemnity[1]) and submitting to regular and independent inspections. CCAB-qualified accountants is an informal shorthand for full members of any of the UK accountancy bodies formed by royal charter. All six of these bodies founded th ...more...

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Certified Accounting Technician

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Certified Accounting Technician

The Certified Accounting Technician (CAT) UK qualification is offered by the Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA). Upon completion of the exams and required practical work experience the CAT graduate will be able to apply to use the letters CAT after his or her name. In addition, they will have the opportunity to join the CAT alumni. Although CAT can be obtained as a stand-alone qualification, it is often the case that individuals study for CAT as an introductionary qualification in accountancy prior to training to become a Chartered Certified Accountant through the ACCA Professional Scheme. It usually takes one and a half years to complete the nine CAT exams. However, there is no restriction on the number of papers that can be attempted in each sitting. CAT's rival is the Association of Accounting Technicians (AAT) qualification. ACCA was a sponsor of the AAT before breaking its links in the mid 1990s in order to form the CAT qualification.[1] The rationale behind this move was that it wan ...more...

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Chartered Institute of Management Accountants

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Chartered Institute of Management Accountants

The Chartered Institute of Management Accountants (CIMA) is a UK based professional body offering training and qualification in management accountancy and related subjects. It is focused on accountants working in industry, and provides ongoing support and training for members. CIMA is one of the professional associations for accountants in the UK and Ireland. Its particular emphasis is on developing the management accounting profession. CIMA is the largest management accounting body in the world with 106,095 members in 2016.[1] CIMA is also a member of the International Federation of Accountants. History In October 1944, the Institute of Cost and Works Accountants organisation in Ireland was formed.[2] The institute changed its name from ICWA to the "Institute of Cost and Management Accountants" (ICMA) in 1972 and subsequently to the "Chartered Institute of Management Accountants" (CIMA) in 1986, after it was granted a Royal Charter, a globally recognised accounting qualification, based in the UK and part ...more...

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Organizations started in 1919

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Institute of Chartered Accountants of India

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Institute of Chartered Accountants of India

The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) is the national professional accounting body of India. It was established on 1 July 1949 as a statutory body under the Chartered Accountants Act, 1949 enacted by the Parliament (acting as the provisional Parliament of India) to regulate the profession of Chartered Accountancy in India. ICAI is the second largest professional Accounting & Finance body in the world. ICAI is the only licensing cum regulating body of the financial audit and accountancy profession in India. It recommends the accounting standards to be followed by companies in India to National Advisory Committee on Accounting Standards (NACAS). and sets the accounting standards to be followed by other types of organisations. ICAI is solely responsible for setting the Standards on Auditing (SAs) to be followed in the audit of financial statements in India. It also issues other technical standards like Standards on Internal Audit (SIA), Corporate Affairs Standards (CAS) etc. to be followed ...more...

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Certified General Accountant

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Certified General Accountant

Certified General Accountant (CGA) is a professional designation granted to Canadian accountants. A person who meets the education, experience and examination requirements of the Certified General Accountants of Canada (CGA-Canada) is entitled to use the professional designation and add the letters "CGA" to their title. A CGA is jointly a member of CGA-Canada and a provincial or territorial CGA association, or a CGA association overseas. CGAs work throughout the world in industry, commerce, finance, government, public practice and the not-for-profit sector. CGA-Canada is working with the Chartered Professional Accountants of Canada (CPA Canada) to integrate operations under the CPA banner in 2014. Those with a CGA designation will be automatically granted the Chartered Professional Accountant (CPA) designation and are required to use both concurrently until 2024, (noted as CPA, CGA) and then adjust to the CPA designation alone just for it. History The national association, first known as the Canadian Accou ...more...

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Chartered Global Management Accountant

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Chartered Global Management Accountant

Chartered Global Management Accountant (CGMA) is a professional management accounting designation issued beginning in January 2012.[1] The Chartered Global Management Accountant's mission is to promote the science of management accounting on global stages. Overview The Chartered Global Management Accountant "distinguishes professionals who have advanced proficiency in finance, operations, strategy and management".[2] Chartered Global Management Accountant, a proprietary designation for management accountants, is powered by two accounting bodies, and advances the global discipline of management accounting. The Chartered Global Management Accountant demonstrates management accounting expertise, determination and commitment to achieving sustainable business success. The issuing body is a joint venture owned by the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA) and the Chartered Institute of Management Accountants (CIMA).[3] The designation is available through either an AICPA or CIMA Pathway. The ...more...

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Chartered Financial Planner

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Chartered Financial Planner

The CII's title "Chartered Financial Planner" is a widely accepted 'gold standard' qualification for professional financial planners and financial advisers in the United Kingdom. By definition, holders of the Chartered Financial Planner qualification are among the most experienced and most qualified advisers in the profession. As at May 2016, there were over 36,000 members of the Personal Finance Society (the principal professional body for financial advisers in the UK), of which over 5,000 hold Chartered Financial Planner status.[1] Since 2012, financial adviser firms can apply for corporate Chartered Financial Planners status, if they qualify under a number of criteria. Fewer than 500 firms can boast corporate Chartered Financial Planners status.[2] The titles of Chartered Financial Planner and Chartered Financial Planners were granted by the Chartered Insurance Institute (CII). The Privy Council authorised the CII to issue the Chartered title in 2005. Thus, a Chartered Financial Planner now carries com ...more...

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Institute of Singapore Chartered Accountants

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Institute of Singapore Chartered Accountants

The Institute of Singapore Chartered Accountants (ISCA), formerly the Institute of Certified Public Accountants of Singapore, is the national professional body for accountants in Singapore. It sets out to develop, support and enhance the integrity, status and interests of the accountancy profession in Singapore.[1] Membership Base Established in 1963, the professional body now has over 28,000 members. Requirement for registration as a practising public accountant Currently, the Singapore Public Accountants Oversight Committee (PAOC) of the Accounting and Corporate Regulatory Authority,[2] established under the Accountants Act to determine, prescribe and review the requirements to be satisfied by people seeking to be registered as public accountants in Singapore, will not register any person as a public accountant unless the person is a member of ISCA.[3] Working with Government and Stakeholders to Transform Singapore into a Global Accountancy Hub The Singapore Government has plans to develop Singapore i ...more...

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FCCA

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FCCA

FCCA may refer to: Chartered Certified Accountant, postnominal initials Federal Circuit Court of Australia Federal Communications Commission Act, otherwise known as the Communications Act of 1934 Ferrocarril Central Andino Ferrocarril Central Argentino Film Critics Circle of Australia Florida-Caribbean Cruise Association FCCA may refer to: Chartered Certified Accountant, postnominal initials Federal Circuit Court of Australia Federal Communications Commission Act, otherwise known as the Communications Act of 1934 Ferrocarril Central Andino Ferrocarril Central Argentino Film Critics Circle of Australia Florida-Caribbean Cruise Association ...more...

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Four-letter disambiguation pages

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Assurance services

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Assurance services

Assurance service is an independent professional service, typically provided by Chartered or Certified Public Accountants or Chartered Certified Accountant, with the goal of improving information or the context of information so that decision makers can make more informed, and presumably better, decisions. Assurance services provide independent and professional opinions that reduce information risk (risk from incorrect information).[1] Definition and distinction from other services The technical definition of assurance requires five components set out in the International Framework for Assurance Engagements: A three-party relationship – the responsible party who prepares the information to be assured; the independent practitioner who assures the information; and the users who are expected to rely on the information. In the case of an audit, the responsible party is the management of the company, the practitioner is the audit firm and the users are primarily the shareholders. Agreed subject matter – in th ...more...

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Certified Management Accountants of Canada

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Certified Management Accountants of Canada

The Society of Management Accountants of Canada (French: La Société des comptables en management du Canada), also known as Certified Management Accountants of Canada (French: Comptables en management accrédités du Canada) and CMA Canada, awards the Certified Management Accountant designation in Canada. Activities Until September 2015,[2] CMA Canada, through its provincial and territorial affiliates, granted the CMA professional designation in accounting and was responsible for standards-setting, accreditation and the continuing professional development of CMAs. CMAs applied expertise in accounting, management and strategy to ensure corporate accountability and help organizations maintain a long-term competitive advantage. In that regard, CMA Canada offered executive development programs, online courses, and knowledge management publications.[3] Management Accounting Guidelines[4] and Management Accounting Practices[5] were published by CMA Canada to specify the best practice on key topics in management ac ...more...

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Chartered (professional)

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Chartered (professional)

A Chartered professional is a person who has gained a specific level of skill or competence in a particular field of work, which has been recognised by the award of a formal credential by a relevant professional organization.[1] Chartered status is considered a mark of professional competency, and is awarded mainly by chartered professional bodies and learned societies. Common in Britain, it is also used in Ireland, the United States and the Commonwealth, and has been adopted by organizations around the world. Chartered status originates from Royal Charters issued to professional bodies in the UK by the British Monarch, although such is the prestige and credibility of a chartered designation that some non-UK organisations have taken to issuing chartered designations without Royal or Parliamentary approval. In the UK, chartered titles may still only be awarded by institutions that have been incorporated under Royal Charter, with the permission of the Privy Council.[2] The standards for chartered titles in the ...more...

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Institute of Certified Management Accountants

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Institute of Certified Management Accountants

The Institute of Certified Management Accountants (ICMA) is an Australian organisation focused on management accounting, it differs from other Australian Accounting societies: CPA Australia, Institute of Chartered Accountants of Australia, Institute of Public Accountants due to this focus. Overview The Institute has offices and members outside of Australia, in Asia, India, Lebanon, UK, UAE, Africa and Cyprus. It features worldwide distribution of network education program, including China, India, Indonesia, Lebanon, Malaysia, Dubai, Singapore, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Canada and the European Union.[1] (Note that some countries have established CMA-equivalent organisations such as CMA Canada now CPA Canada (Chartered Professional Accountants), ICWAI India and CMA Sri Lanka.) The proposed merger of CMA Australia with IMA (USA) abandoned in 2006. Some discussion of becoming an IFAC member. There are four grades of membership (designations) within the Association: · Certified Management Ac ...more...

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Professional accounting body

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Professional accounting body

A professional accounting body is an organization or association of accountants in a particular jurisdiction. Usually a person needs to be a member of such professional body to hold out to the public of the jurisdiction as an accountant. The designations for qualified accountants vary from jurisdiction to jurisdiction, such as Chartered Accountant (CA/ACA), Chartered Certified Accountant (ACCA), Chartered Professional Accountant (CPA), Certified Public Accountant (CPA), Certified Practising Accountant (CPA), Chartered Management Accountant (ACMA), Certified Management Accountant (CMA), (CMA), Certified Commercial Professional Accountant (CCPA), Chartered Public Finance Accountant (CPFA) and International Business Accountants (iBA). For Example in UK Certain bodies, known under the Companies Acts 1989 and 2006 as Recognised Qualifying Bodies (RQBs), award the qualifications necessary for audit work, as an entry requirement. A similar but not identical list of Recognised Supervisory Bodies (RSBs) may authorise ...more...

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Institute of Chartered Accountants of Pakistan

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Institute of Chartered Accountants of Pakistan

Institute of Chartered Accountants of Pakistan (ICAP) is a professional accountancy body in Pakistan. As of July 2016, it had 8,819 members working in and outside Pakistan.[1] The institute was established on July 1, 1961 to regulate the profession of accountancy in Pakistan. It is a statutory autonomous body established under the Chartered Accountants Ordinance 1961. With the significant growth in the profession, the CA Ordinance and Bye-Laws were revised in 1983. In view of globalization of the accountancy profession, the Institute is in the process of updating the Ordinance and Bye-Laws once again. The course of ICAP involves a blend of theoretical education and practical training which run concurrently for a period of 3.5 years and equips a student with knowledge, ability, skills and other qualities required of a professional accountant. The head office of the institute is in Clifton, Karachi where it has its own premises. The institute also has regional offices at Lahore, Islamabad, Peshawar, Multan, ...more...

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Chartered Financial Analyst

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Chartered Financial Analyst

The Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA) Program is a professional credential offered internationally by the American-based CFA Institute (formerly the Association for Investment Management and Research, or AIMR) to investment and financial professionals. The program covers a broad range of topics relating to investment management, financial analysis, stocks, bonds and derivatives, and provides a generalist knowledge of other areas of finance. A candidate who successfully completes the program and meets other professional requirements is awarded the "CFA charter" and becomes a "CFA charterholder". As of June 2016, there are approximately 132,000 charterholders around the world.[1] Successful candidates take an average of four years to earn their CFA charter.[2][3] According to the CFA Institute, fewer than 20% of candidates who begin the program receive the CFA Charter.[4] The top employers of CFA Charterholders globally are JP Morgan, UBS, RBC, Bank of America, and Wells Fargo.[5] Functions of CFA Charterhol ...more...

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Accounting analyst

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Accounting analyst

An accounting analyst evaluates public company financial statements. Public companies issue these (10-K) annual financial statements as required by the Security and Exchange Commission. The statements include the balance sheet, the income statement, the statement of cash flows and the notes to the financial statements. Specifically, the notes to the financial statements contain considerable quantitative detail supporting the financial statements along with narrative information. Description This individual has extensive training in understanding financial accounting principles for public companies based on generally accepted accounting principles as provided by the Financial Accounting Standards Board. Or, he/she may have additional experience in applying international accounting standards based on the rules put out by the International Accounting Standards Board. As an example, the accounting analyst may work for a financial research company evaluating differing financial accounting principles and how the ...more...

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International Accounting Standards Committee

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International Accounting Standards Committee

The International Accounting Standards Committee (IASC) was founded in June 1973 in London and was replaced by the International Accounting Standards Board on 1 April 2001. It was responsible for developing the International Accounting Standards and promoting the use and application of these standards. The IASC was founded as a result of an agreement between accountancy bodies in the following countries:[1] Australia (Institute of Chartered Accountants in Australia (ICAA) and the CPA Australia (formerly known as Australian Society of Certified Practising Accountants (ASCPA)) Canada (Canadian Institute of Chartered Accountants (CICA)) France (Ordre des Experts Comptable et des Comptables Agrees (Order of Accounting Experts and Qualified Accountants)) Germany (Institut der Wirtschaftsprüfer in Deutschland (IDW) (Institute of Auditors in Germany) and the Wirtschaftsprüferkammer (WPK) (Chamber of Auditors)) Japan Nihon Kouninkaikeishi Kyoukai (Japanese Institute of Certified Public Accountants, JICPA) ...more...

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List of professional associations in the United Kingdom

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List of professional associations in the United Kingdom

The following is a list of professional bodies in the United Kingdom. Membership of a professional body does not necessarily mean that a person possesses qualifications in the subject area, nor that they are legally able to practice their profession. Many of these bodies also act as learned societies for the academic disciplines underlying their professions. In cases where membership of or a professional qualification from either a chartered or non-chartered professional body is necessary to practice a profession or to hold a certain title, the European Professional Qualification Directives require that suitably qualified people from other states (without any charter) in the European Union are also allowed to practise or hold a title in the UK and vice versa. Chartered The following professional bodies are incorporated under or with Royal Charter:[1] A–B Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA) Association of Corporate Treasurers (ACT) Association for Project Management (APM) Britis ...more...

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American Institute of Certified Public Accountants

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American Institute of Certified Public Accountants

AICPA offices in Durham, North Carolina. Founded in 1887, the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA) is the national professional organization of Certified Public Accountants (CPAs) in the United States, with more than 418,000 members in 143 countries in business and industry, public practice, government, education, student affiliates and international associates.[2] It sets ethical standards for the profession and U.S. auditing standards for audits of private companies, non-profit organizations, federal, state and local governments. It also develops and grades the Uniform CPA Examination. The AICPA maintains offices in New York City; Washington, DC; Durham, NC; and Ewing, NJ.[2] The AICPA celebrated the 125th anniversary of its founding in 2012. The AICPA's founding defined accountancy as a profession characterized by educational requirements, professional standards, a code of professional ethics, and alignment with the public interest. History The AICPA and its predecessors date back ...more...

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Institute of Chartered Accountants of Guyana

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Institute of Chartered Accountants of Guyana

The Institute of Chartered Accountants of Guyana (ICAG) is a professional body in Guyana that regulates the accountancy industry and arranges for ongoing training of its members. History Until 1956, accountants in Guyana belonged to the UK-based Association of Certified Corporate Accountants. On 9 November 1966 the Guyana Association of Accountants was incorporated by eight professional accountants. On 11 July 1974 the organization was renamed the Institute of Chartered Accounts of Guyana.[1] The current institute is incorporated under the Institute of Chartered Accountants of Guyana Act 1991, which defines the structure, duties, powers and so on.[2] Activities The institute is engaged in training and regulation of professional accountants in Guyana.[3] ICAG is a joint examination scheme partner of the Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA).[4] ICAG and ACCA jointly run a practice-monitoring programme, and by the end of 2010 all members had been visited once.[5] ICAG is a member of the Intern ...more...

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Margaret Mwanakatwe

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Margaret Mwanakatwe

Margaret Mhango Mwanakatwe is the Zambian Minister of Finance. She worked previously as a businesswoman, accountant, and bank executive. She was the director for business development in Anglophone Africa at the United Bank for Africa at the bank's headquarters in Lagos, Nigeria. In this role, she supervised business development in Cameroon, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ghana, Kenya, Liberia, Mozambique, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zambia.[1] Before that, she served as the managing director and chief executive officer of the United Bank for Africa Uganda Limited from March 2009 until May 2011.[1] Overview Mwanakatwe is a business executive and banker, with a professional career spanning over twenty years. She has been a banking chief executive in her native Zambia, Ghana, and Uganda and a senior executive at the United Bank for Africa (UBA) in Nigeria.[3] Background and education She was born in Zambia on 1 November 1961.[4] She holds a Bachelor of Business Administration degree. She is also a Chartered ...more...

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Forensic accounting

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Forensic accounting

Forensic accounting, forensic accountancy or financial forensics is the specialty practice area of accounting that describes engagements that result from actual or anticipated disputes or litigation. "Forensic" means "suitable for use in a court of law", and it is to that standard and potential outcome that forensic accountants generally have to work. Forensic accountants, also referred to as forensic auditors or investigative auditors, often have to give expert evidence at the eventual trial.[1] All of the larger accounting firms, as well as many medium-sized and boutique firms and various police and government agencies have specialist forensic accounting departments. Within these groups, there may be further sub-specializations: some forensic accountants may, for example, just specialize in insurance claims, personal injury claims, fraud, anti-money-laundering, construction,[2] or royalty audits.[3] Financial forensic engagements may fall into several categories. For example: Economic damages calculatio ...more...

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IFACnet

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IFACnet

IFACnet, the KnowledgeNet for Professional Accountants, is the global, multilingual search engine developed by the International Federation of Accountants (IFAC) and its members to provide professional accountants worldwide with one-stop access to good practice guidance, articles, management tools and other resources. This enterprise search engine was launched on October 2, 2006 by INDEZ. Originally marketed to professional accountants in business, IFACnet was expanded in March 2007 to provide resources and information relevant to small and medium accounting practices. It now includes resources and information for accountants in all sectors of the profession. The following 31 organizations participate in IFACnet: American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA) Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA) Canadian Institute of Chartered Accountants Certified General Accountants Association of Canada Chartered Institute of Management Accountants (CIMA) Chartered Institute of Publi ...more...

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Institute of Chartered Accountants of Nigeria

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Institute of Chartered Accountants of Nigeria

The Institute of Chartered Accountants of Nigeria (ICAN) is a professional accountancy body in Nigeria. It is one of the two professional accountancy associations with regulatory authority in Nigeria, the other being the Association of National Accountants of Nigeria (ANAN).[1] The relationship between the two organizations has been tense. In 2007 ICAN attempted to have the bill establishing ANAN declared void.[2] Foundation and growth The Association of Accountants in Nigeria (AAN) was formed in 1960 with the goal of training accountants. Chief Akintola Williams playing a leading role in establishing the organization.[3] ICAN was created by an Act of Parliament No. 15 of 1 September 1965 from existing accounting and auditing organizations including the AAN.[3][4] At time of foundation, ICAN had 250 members.[5] ICAN has the mission statement: "To Produce World-Class Chartered Accountants, Regulate and Continuously Enhance Their Ethical Standards and Technical Competence in the Public Interest".[6] It has h ...more...

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Institute of Management Accountants

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Institute of Management Accountants

The Institute of Management Accountants (IMA) is a professional membership organization headquartered in Montvale, New Jersey, United States. The organization also has offices in Zurich, Switzerland; Dubai, UAE; Shanghai and Beijing, China, and Singapore. IMA members work in business, with job responsibilities distinct from those in public accounting. IMA raises awareness of management accounting, which includes jobs in decision support, planning and control positions. With a network of more than 90,000 professionals, IMA provides certification, the Certified Management Accountant (CMA), for internal financial management responsibilities, including planning, budgeting, business reporting, decision analysis and risk management. Members can achieve career development through access to one of IMA's 200 local chapters, online professional communities, continuing education, information and resources. The Institute of Certified Management Accountants (ICMA), the certification division of IMA, awards the Certifie ...more...

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New Zealand Institute of Chartered Accountants

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New Zealand Institute of Chartered Accountants

The New Zealand Institute of Chartered Accountants (NZICA) was the operating name for the Institute of Chartered Accountants of New Zealand. The Institute represented over 33,000 members in New Zealand and overseas. Most accountants in New Zealand belonged to the Institute. New Zealand Institute of Chartered Accountants and the Institute of Chartered Accountants in Australia (ICAA) amalgamated to become Chartered Accountants Australia and New Zealand. The Institute adopted the name Institute of Chartered Accountants of New Zealand in 1996. Prior to that, it was known as the New Zealand Society of Accountants. In November 2013 Members of The Institute of Chartered Accountants in Australia and the New Zealand Institute of Chartered Accountants voted yes on a proposal to create One New Institute: "Institute of Chartered Accountants Australia and New Zealand".[1] Structure There are three "Colleges" or membership groupings within the Institute. New Zealand is unusual among the major CA Institutes worldwide i ...more...

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CCA

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CCA

CCA may refer to: Culture Canadian Centre for Architecture, in Montreal, Quebec Canadian Comedy Awards Center for Contemporary Art Kitakyushu, Kitakyushu, Japan Centre for Contemporary Arts, in Glasgow, Scotland Centre for Curating the Archive at the University of Cape Town, South Africa Client commission agreement Comics Code Authority Council for Cultural Affairs, Taiwan (now the Ministry of Culture) Economics and finance Capital Consumption Allowance Capital Cost Allowance Chartered Certified Accountant (designatory letters ACCA or FCCA) Chartered Cost Accountant Education California Charter Academy California College of the Arts California Culinary Academy Canyon Crest Academy Cape Cod Academy Chandigarh College of Architecture Co-curricular activity (Singapore) Community College of Aurora Law Child Citizenship Act of 2000 Civil Contingencies Act 2004 Clinger–Cohen Act Communist Control Act of 1954 Consumer Credit Act 1974 (UK) Corrections Corporation of Americ ...more...



Institute of Certified Management Accountants of Sri Lanka

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Institute of Certified Management Accountants of Sri Lanka

The Institute of Certified Management Accountants of Sri Lanka, (CMA Sri Lanka) is a professional body offering qualification in management accountancy in Sri Lanka. It mainly focuses of development and promoting the study of Management Accountancy, establishing management accountancy standards and promote the profession of management accountancy in Sri Lanka. History. The institute was initially established as "Society of Certified Management Accountants of Sri Lanka", on 3 June 2000 in Colombo Sri Lanka with the help technical assistance and the guidelines of Certified of Management Accountants of Canada (CMA Canada), now CPA Canada and the Institute of Management Accountants (IMA) of USA and International Federation of Accountants (IFAC) which is the global organization for the accountancy profession. Initially the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) was funded the formulating of the new educational syllabus, preparation of study material and other related inauguration works. The CMA Sri L ...more...

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Management accounting

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Management accounting

In management accounting or managerial accounting, managers use the provisions of accounting information in order to better inform themselves before they decide matters within their organizations, which aids their management and performance of control functions. Definition IFAC Definition of enterprise financial management concerning three broad areas: cost accounting; performance evaluation and analysis; planning and decision support. Managerial accounting is associated with higher value, more predictive information.[1] Copyright July 2009, International Federation of Accountants One simple definition of management accounting is the provision of financial and non-financial decision-making information to managers.[2] According to the Institute of Management Accountants (IMA): "Management accounting is a profession that involves partnering in management decision making, devising planning and performance management systems, and providing expertise in financial reporting and control to assist management i ...more...

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Professional qualifications in the United Kingdom

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Professional qualifications in the United Kingdom

Professional qualifications in the United Kingdom are titles or awards granted by professional bodies.[1] Many British professional qualifications are subject to the European directives on professional qualifications.[1] Most, but not all, professional qualifications are 'Chartered' qualifications, and follow on from having been admitted to a degree (or having an equivalent qualification). The term "professional qualification" can also be used to refer to higher-level vocational qualifications in "professional" roles.[2][3] Regulation and levels There are four forms of regulated profession in the UK, with respect to the European directives on professional qualifications: professions regulated by law or public authority; professions regulated by professional bodies incorporated by royal charter; professions regulated under Regulation 35; and the seven sectoral professions with harmonised training requirements across the European Union.[4] The European directives are given force of law in the UK via regulatio ...more...

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Finance

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Finance

Finance is a field that is concerned with the allocation (investment) of assets and liabilities (known as elements of the balance statement) over space and time, often under conditions of risk or uncertainty. Finance can also be defined as the science of money management. Market participants aim to price assets based on their risk level, fundamental value, and their expected rate of return. Finance can be broken into three sub-categories: public finance, corporate finance and personal finance. Areas of finance Frankfurt Stock Exchange, European Center of finance, Frankfurt am Main. Wall Street, American center of finance. London Stock Exchange, British centre of finance. Personal finance Questions in personal finance revolve around: Protection against unforeseen personal events, as well as events in the wider economies Transference of family wealth across generations (bequests and inheritance) Effects of tax policies (tax subsidies or penalties) management of personal finances E ...more...

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Institute of Chartered Accountants of Scotland

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Institute of Chartered Accountants of Scotland

The Institute of Chartered Accountants of Scotland (ICAS) is the world's first professional body of Chartered Accountants (CAs). It is a regulator, educator, influencer and thought leader. ICAS act as a thought leader and voice of the professional business community. Although other British accounting bodies use the title Chartered Accountant, the CA designation is unique to ICAS in the UK. ICAS has more than 21,000 members and students worldwide. ICAS provides support, advice and services to its CAs throughout their professional lives. ICAS members are business advisors, business leaders and entrepreneurs. They play leading roles in 80% of the FTSE 100 companies.[1] Half of ICAS members are based in Scotland; the other half work in England and around the globe.[1] History The Institute of Chartered Accountants of Scotland (ICAS) is the world's first professional body of accountants, receiving its Royal Charter in 1854. The institute originated from: The Edinburgh Society of Accountants, formed in 1854;[ ...more...

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List of accountancy bodies

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List of accountancy bodies

This is a list of the various professional bodies and organisations that seek to provide regulation and oversight over individuals and firms operating in the accountancy industry. Accounting standard-setting bodies Accounting standard setting bodies are national or international organisations that have been delegated responsibility for setting Generally Accepted Accounting Principles by statute in a country or jurisdiction. International The International Accounting Standards Board issues IFRS The International Federation of Accountants (with its International Public Sector Accounting Standards Board - IPSASB) issues IPSAS for Government/Public entities accounting. The IFRS Foundation Albania Albanian National Accounting Council Australia Australian Accounting Standards Board Bhutan Accounting and Auditing Standard Board of Bhutan Botswana- Botswana Institute of Chartered Accountants Canada CICA's Accounting Standards Board "AcSB"[1] France Autorité des Normes Comptables (ANC ...more...

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Chinese Institute of Certified Public Accountants

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Chinese Institute of Certified Public Accountants

The Chinese Institute of Certified Public Accountants or CICPA is a professional accounting organization based in Beijing with oversight responsibility for accountants in China. The Chinese Institute of Certified Public Accountants (CICPA) is an organization under the guidance of the Ministry of Finance and the State Council. Founded in November 1988 in accordance with The Law of the People’s Republic of China for Certified Public Accountants and The Regulations for the Registration and Administration of Social Organizations, the CICPA exercises the professional management and service functions by virtue of the powers vested in The Law of the People’s Republic of China for Certified Public Accountants, stipulated by The Charter of the Chinese Institute of Certified Public Accountants and the duties assigned by the Ministry of Finance. Presidents Yang Jiwan (Professor), (楊紀琬), founding president. Duties and Responsibilities To examine and approve applications for CICPA membership, and provide guidance to ...more...

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Organizations started in 1988

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Professional certification

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Professional certification

Professional certification, trade certification, or professional designation, often called simply certification or qualification, is a designation earned by a person to assure qualification to perform a job or task. Not all certifications that use post-nominal letters are an acknowledgement of educational achievement, or an agency appointed to safeguard the public interest. Overview A certification is a third-party attestation of an individual's level of knowledge or proficiency in a certain industry or profession. They are granted by authorities in the field, such as professional societies and universities, or by private certificate-granting agencies. Most certifications are time-limited; some expire after a period of time (e.g., the lifetime of a product that required certification for use), while others can be renewed indefinitely as long as certain requirements are met. Renewal usually requires ongoing education to remain up-to-date on advancements in the field, evidenced by earning the specified number ...more...

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Tax advisor

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Tax advisor

A tax advisor or tax consultant is a person with advanced training and knowledge of tax law. The services of a tax advisor are usually retained in order to minimize taxation while remaining compliant with the law in complicated financial situations.[1] Tax Advisors are also retained to represent clients before tax authorities and tax courts to resolve tax issues. World Austria In Austria, Steuerberater is the professional license for tax advisors. Germany In Germany, Steuerberater is the professional license for tax advisors.[2] Italy In Italy, tax advisors are called commercialisti, and provide assistance on business management, business law, economics, finance, tax, accounting, commercial, corporate and administrative matters.[3][4] Dottori commercialisti, who have a degree in economics, and ragionieri commercialisti, who have a diploma from an istituto tecnico economico, were members of two different professional orders, but they were merged together in 2008 and it is now impossible to become a comme ...more...

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