Carmine Pecorelli (September 14, 1928 – March 20, 1979), known as Mino, was an Italian journalist, shot dead in Rome a year after former prime minister Aldo Moro's 1978 kidnapping and subsequent killing. He was described as a "maverick journalist with excellent secret service contacts." According to Pecorelli, Aldo Moro's kidnapping had been organized by a "lucid superpower" and was inspired by the "logic of Yalta". Pecorelli's name was on Licio Gelli's list of Propaganda Due masonic members, discovered in 1980 by the Italian police. In 2002, former prime minister Giulio Andreotti was sentenced, along with Mafia boss Gaetano Badalamenti, to 24 years' imprisonment for Pecorelli's murder. The sentence was thrown out by the Italian Supreme Court in 2003.
Pecorelli was born in Sessano del Molise, a small municipality in the province of Isernia. During the German occupation of Italy in World War II he briefly enrolled in Junio Valerio Borghese's private fascist militia Decima Flottiglia MAS, forging contacts which would later come in handy during his career as journalist. After graduating in law, he began practicing as a bankruptcy lawyer. Later he became Minister Fiorentino Sullo's head of press service, thereby starting his career as a journalist. He founded a press agency, called Osservatore Politico (OP), which quickly became a weekly magazine, specializing in political scandals and publishing many first-hand stories that Pecorelli was able to obtain through his numerous contacts in the government, including in secret services. Pecorelli publicly acknowledged that his best pieces were the ones which had not been published on OP, due to agreements with the parts involved, which preferred to pay him hefty sums of money to ensure his silence. Pecorelli was able to describe with ease complex situations, often protecting facts and characters behind pseudonyms. For example, he referred to General Carlo Alberto Dalla Chiesa as "general Amen," explaining that it was he who, during the weeks of Aldo Moro's detention in the hands of his kidnappers, had informed Interior Minister Francesco Cossiga of the location of the hideout where Moro was being detained. In 1978, Pecorelli wrote that Dalla Chiesa was in danger and would be assassinated. Dalla Chiesa was murdered four years later, in September 1982.
After Aldo Moro's 1978 assassination, Mino Pecorelli published some confidential documents, mainly Moro's letters to his family. In a cryptic article published in May 1978, Pecorelli drew a connection between Operation Gladio, NATO's stay-behind anti-communist organization (whose existence was publicly acknowledged by Prime Minister Giulio Andreotti in October 1990) and Moro's death. During his interrogations by terrorists, Aldo Moro had made reference to "NATO's anti-guerrilla activities".
Mino Pecorelli was killed in Rome's Prati district with four gunshots, on March 20, 1979. The bullets used to kill him were Gevelot brand, a peculiarly rare type of bullets not easily found on gun markets, legal and clandestine alike. The same kind of bullets were later found in the Banda della Magliana 's weapon stock, concealed in the Health Ministry's basement.
Investigations targeted Massimo Carminati, member of the far-right organization Nuclei Armati Rivoluzionari (NAR) and of the Banda della Magliana; Danilo Abbruciati; the head of Propaganda Due, Licio Gelli; Antonio Viezzer; and Cristiano and Valerio Fioravanti.
On April 6, 1993, Mafia turncoat Tommaso Buscetta told Palermo prosecutors that he had learnt from his boss Gaetano Badalamenti that Pecorelli's murder had been carried out in the interest of prime minister Giulio Andreotti. The Salvo cousins, two powerful Sicilian politicians with deep ties to local Mafia families, were also involved in the murder. Buscetta testified that Gaetano Badalamenti told him that the murder had been commissioned by the Salvo cousins, as a favor to Andreotti. Andreotti allegedly was afraid that Pecorelli was about to publish information that could have destroyed his political career. Among the information was the complete memorial of Aldo Moro, which would be published only in 1990 and which Pecorelli had shown to general Carlo Alberto Dalla Chiesa before his death. Dalla Chiesa was also assassinated by Mafia in September 1982.
In 1999, a Perugia court acquitted Andreotti, his right-hand man Claudio Vitalone (a former Foreign Trade Minister), Badalamenti and Giuseppe Calò, as well as the alleged killers Massimo Carminati, one of the founder of the NAR, and Michelangelo La Barbera from the charges brought against them.
On November 17, 2002, on appeal, Andreotti and Badalamenti were sentenced to 24 years of reclusion for Pecorelli's murder. The sentence, however, was thrown out by the Supreme Court of Cassation on October 30, 2003.
Carmine Pecorelli Carmine Pecorelli (September 14, 1928 – March 20, 1979), known as Mino, was an Italian journalist, shot dead in Rome a year after former prime minister Aldo Moro's 1978 kidnapping and subsequent killing. He was described as a "maverick journalist with excellent secret service contacts." According to Pecorelli, Aldo Moro's kidnapping had been organized by a "lucid superpower" and was inspired by the "logic of Yalta". Pecorelli's name was on Licio Gelli's list of Propaganda Due masonic members, discovered in 1980 by the Italian police. In 2002, former prime minister Giulio Andreotti was sentenced, along with Mafia boss Gaetano Badalamenti, to 24 years' imprisonment for Pecorelli's murder. The sentence was thrown out by the Italian Supreme Court in 2003. Life Pecorelli was born in Sessano del Molise, a small municipality in the province of Isernia. During the German occupation of Italy in World War II he briefly enrolled in Junio Valerio Borghese's private fascist militia Decima
Sessano del Molise is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Isernia in the Italian region Molise , located about 30 kilometres (19 mi) northwest of Campobasso and about 9 kilometres (6 mi) northeast of Isernia . As of 31 December 2004, it had a population of 871 and an area of 24.7 square kilometres (9.5 sq mi). Sessano del Molise borders the following municipalities: Carpinone , Chiauci , Civitanova del Sannio , Frosolone , Miranda , Pesche , Pescolanciano . Demographic evolution People Carmine Pecorelli References All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat . Sessano del Molise is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Isernia in the Italian region Molise , located about 30 kilometres (19 mi) northwest of Campobasso and about 9 kilometres (6 mi) northeast of Isernia . As of 31 December 2004, it had a population of 871 and an area of 24.7 square kilometres (9.5 sq mi). Sessano del Molise borders the following municipalities: Carpinone , Chiauci , Civitanova del Sannio
The Banda della Magliana ( Italian pronunciation: , Magliana Gang) is an Italian criminal organization based in Rome founded in 1975. Given by the media , the name refers to the original neighborhood, the Magliana , of some of its members. The Banda della Magliana was involved in criminal activities during the Italian years of lead (anni di piombo). The Italian justice tied it to other criminal organizations such as the Cosa Nostra , Camorra or 'Ndrangheta , but most importantly also to neofascist activists such as the Nuclei Armati Rivoluzionari (NAR), responsible for the 1980 Bologna massacre , the secret services ( SISMI ) and political figures such as Licio Gelli , grand-master of the freemasonic lodge Propaganda Due (P2). Along with Gladio , the NATO clandestine anti-communist organization, P2 was involved in a strategy of tension during the years of lead which included false flag terrorist attacks. These ties, underground compared to their standard (i.e. "run-of-the-mill") activities (drug dealing, hor
The kidnapping of Aldo Moro (Italian: Rapimento di Aldo Moro) was a seminal event in Italian political history. On the morning of 16 March 1978, the day on which the new cabinet led by Giulio Andreotti was supposed to have undergone a confidence vote in the Italian Parliament, the car of Aldo Moro, former prime minister and then president of Christian Democracy (Italian: Democrazia Cristiana, or DC, Italy's relative majority party at the time), was assaulted by a group of Red Brigades (Italian: Brigate Rosse, or BR) terrorists in Via Fani in Rome. Firing automatic weapons, the terrorists killed Moro's bodyguards, (two Carabinieri in Moro's car and three policemen in the following car) and kidnapped him. On 9 May 1978 Moro's body was found in the trunk of a Renault 4 in Via Caetani after 55 days of imprisonment, during which Moro was submitted to a political trial by the so-called "people's court" set up by the Brigate Rosse and the Italian government was asked for an exchange of prisoners. Despite the commo
The Nuclei Armati Rivoluzionari ( Italian: , Armed Revolutionary Core), abbreviated NAR , was an Italian neofascist Militant organization active from 1977 to November 1981. It committed 33 murders in four years, and had planned to assassinate Francesco Cossiga , Gianfranco Fini and Adolfo Urso . The group maintained close links with the Banda della Magliana , a Rome-based criminal organization, which provided such logistical support as lodging, false papers, weapons, and bombs to the NAR. In November 1981, it was discovered that the NAR hid weapons in the basements of the Health Ministry. The first trial against them sentenced 53 persons on 2 May 1985, on charges of terrorist activities. Members The NAR were directed by former RAI child actor , Valerio Fioravanti , his brother Cristiano Fioravanti , Dario Pedretti , Francesca Mambro and Alessandro Alibrandi , who were previous militants of the Movimento Sociale Italiano (MSI). Other important members included: Luigi Ciavardini , Gilberto Cavallini , Stefano
Massimo Carminati (born May 31, 1958), allegedly nicknamed "the last king of Rome", is an Italian underworld figure and former associate of far-right terrorist group Nuclei Armati Rivoluzionari and criminal gang Banda della Magliana , which were at the centre of sensational allegations of state collusion and Masonic conspiracy during Italy's years of lead . Carminati was investigated for match fixing in 2012. In 2014 he was arrested with 36 others on allegations of running a corrupt network that infiltrated Rome 's public administration. He was charged with fraud, money laundering, embezzlement, and the bribing of public officials. In 2017, Carminati was sentenced to 20 years in jail. Background Carminati frequented a bar that was a haunt of Rome criminals and political extremists. He became a particular friend of Valerio Fioravanti , leader of the far right terrorist group Nuclei Armati Rivoluzionari ("Armed Revolutionary Nuclei" or NAR). Carminati introduced Fioravanti to some Banda della Magliana members,
This is a list of journalists from Italy : 20th century A–B Francesco Alberoni Barbara Alberti Luigi Albertini Magdi Allam Ilaria Alpi Corrado Alvaro Giulio Andreotti Alberto Angela Piero Angela Claudio Angelini Giovanni Battista Angioletti Lucia Annunziata Gaetano Arfé Bruno Arpaia Giovanni Arpino Sergio Atzeni Corrado Augias Enzo Baldoni Eugenio Balzan Paolo Barnard Antonio Barolini Ezio Bartalini Cesare Battisti Roberto Beccantini Oliviero Beha Maurizio Belpietro Arrigo Benedetti Stefano Benni Enrico Benzing Paolo Bertolucci Tommaso Besozzi Enzo Bettiza Alberto Bevilacqua Enzo Biagi Michele Bianchi Luciano Bianciardi Fausto Biloslavo Aldo Biscardi Giorgio Bocca Italo Bocchino Laura Boldrini Adriano Bolzoni Franco Bomprezzi Laudomia Bonanni Ivanoe Bonomi Giuseppe Antonio Borgese Roberto Bortoluzzi Giovanna Botteri Gianni Brera Paolo Brera Federico Buffa Dino Buzzati C–D Pietro Calabrese Piero Calamandrei Novella Calligaris Achille Campanile Candido Cannavò Paolo Carbone Lianella Carell Mario Carli Alberto C
General elections were held in Italy on June 3, 1979. This election was called just a week before the European vote : the lack of matching between the two elections caused much controversy for wasting public money. Terroristic attacks by the Red Brigades caused a result which was quite opposite than three years before : for the first time the Italian Communist Party lost a lot of votes, delaying that government change that was seeming imminent in 1976, and the Communist defeat gave a new strength to all the minor parties, a concentration of vote on the Christian Democracy seeming less urgent to stop the red progress. However, the catholic party remained stable, while neo-fascist Italian Social Movement was weakened by its spin-off National Democracy . Electoral system The pure party-list proportional representation had traditionally become the electoral system for the Chamber of Deputies. Italian provinces were united in 32 constituencies, each electing a group of candidates. At constituency level, seats wer
Giovanni Spampinato , (6 November 1946 – 27 October 1972), an Italian investigative journalist for the Italian newspaper L'Ora (Translated: "The Hour") in Ragusa , Province of Ragusa , Sicily , Italy , who brought to attention mafiaso Roberto Campria's connection to a murder in February 1972, before his own murder eight months later. Personal As children, the Spampinato brothers were influenced by the politics of their father Peppino, who had fought in Yugoslavia and was an active communist. Giovanni and his brother Alberto Spampinato both became journalists. Giovanni Spampinato took a job at the newspaper L'Ora after graduating with a degree in philosophy from the University of Catania in 1969. He was a member of the Italian Communist Party and ran for a political office but lost. Career Giovanni Spampinato was an investigative journalist for the L'Ora, a communist newspaper. There he reported on fascists in Ragusa and Catania . Among his reports for L'Ora was a connection between the Sicilian mafia and
This list of victims of the Sicilian Mafia includes people who have been killed by the Sicilian Mafia while opposing its rule. It does not include people killed in internal conflicts of the Mafia itself. 2000s 1990s 1996 January 11 – Giuseppe Di Matteo , son of Mafia member Santo Di Matteo was killed by Giovanni Brusca and Gaspare Spatuzza after being kidnapped on November 23, 1993 due to Santo acting has an pentito (informer to the police) after his arrest. Giuseppe's body was subsequently dissolved in a barrel of acid - a practice known colloquially as the lupara bianca . 1993 September 15 – Pino Puglisi , the pastor of San Gaetano's Parish in the rough Palermo neighborhood of Brancaccio , the stronghold of Graviano clan , who spoke out against the Mafia. July 27 – The firemen Carlo La Catena , Stefano Picerno and Sergio Pasotto , the traffic policeman Alessandro Ferrari , and Driss Moussafir , a homeless Moroccan citizen, in the so-called Via Palestro massacre in Milan in a series of terrorist bomb attack
Giuseppe Valerio "Giusva" Fioravanti (born 28 March 1958) is an Italian who, with Francesca Mambro , was a leading figure in a far right terrorist group Nuclei Armati Rivoluzionari ("Armed Revolutionary Nuclei" or NAR). Fioravanti appeared in films and television from a young age, and in his early teens was the most famous child in Italy. He and Mambro were fugitives wanted for terrorist offences by their early twenties, they spent a further period on the run while wanted for the Bologna bombing. Both were captured after gunfights with police. Although Fioravanti, Mambro and a third NAR mamber were convicted of the bombing, there were those who thought that a higher level of the conspiracy was never uncovered. Fioravanti and Mambro admit carrying out terrorist murders, but have always denied any involvement in the Bologna station bomb. Biography Background Fioravanti was born in Rovereto to a Roman family, his father was a television presenter. As a child actor, Fioravanti starred in a popular series of the 1
This is an incomplete list of notable Italian lawyers : A Alberico Gentili Silvestro Aldobrandini Giorgio Ambrosoli B Alessandro Bonta Antonio Barbieri Olinto Barsanti Tina Lagostena Bassi Lelio Basso Mario Berlinguer Enzo Bianco Ivanoe Bonomi Mario Borghezio Giovanni Braschi C Sergio Campana (footballer) Ferdinando Carabba Tettamanti Alberto Caramella Roberto Cassinelli Michele Cianciulli D Enrico De Nicola Antonio Di Pietro F Dario Franceschini G Luigi Gasparotto Niccolò Ghedini Pier Michele Giagaraccio Franzo Grande Stevens Guglielmo Gulotta I Mario Ielpo L Domenico Lanza M Louis Marinos O Angelo Oliviero Olivetti Leoluca Orlando P Carlo Palermo Giuseppe Palmisano Luca Pancalli Giuseppe Paratore Alfonso Pecoraro Scanio Carmine Pecorelli Camillo Porzio Cesare Previti Giuseppe Prisco R Guido Raimondi Attilio Ruffini S Giuseppe Saracco Mario Scaramella Francesco Spiera T Filippo Turati V Lelio Vittorio Valobra Gustavo Venturi Bruno Villabruna Bruno Visentini This is an incomplete list of notable Italian lawye
Giulio Andreotti OMI SMOM OCSG OESSH ( Italian: ; 14 January 1919 – 6 May 2013) was an Italian politician and statesman who served as the 41st Prime Minister of Italy and leader of the Christian Democracy party; he is the sixth longest-serving Prime Minister since the Italian Unification . Andreotti is widely considered the most powerful and prominent politician of the so-called First Republic . Beginning as a protégé of Alcide De Gasperi , Andreotti achieved cabinet rank at a young age and occupied all the major offices of state over the course of a forty-year political career, being seen as a reassuring figure by the civil service, business community, and Vatican. In foreign policy, he guided Italy's European Union integration, and established closer relations with the Arab world. Admirers of Andreotti saw him as having mediated political and social contradictions, enabling the transformation of a substantially rural country into the fifth-biggest economy in the world. Critics said he had done nothing agai
Propaganda Due (Italian pronunciation: ; P2) was a Masonic lodge founded in 1945 that, by the time its Masonic charter was withdrawn in 1976, had transformed into a clandestine, pseudo-Masonic, ultraright   organization operating in contravention of Article 18 of the Constitution of Italy that banned secret associations. In its latter period, during which the lodge was headed by Licio Gelli, P2 was implicated in numerous Italian crimes and mysteries, including the collapse of the Vatican-affiliated Banco Ambrosiano, the murders of journalist Mino Pecorelli and banker Roberto Calvi, and corruption cases within the nationwide bribe scandal Tangentopoli. P2 came to light through the investigations into the collapse of Michele Sindona's financial empire. P2 was sometimes referred to as a "state within a state" or a "shadow government". The lodge had among its members prominent journalists, members of parliament, industrialists, and military leaders—including Silvio Berlusconi, who later beca
Utopia is a British thriller drama action television series that was broadcast on Channel 4 from 15 January 2013 to 12 August 2014. The show was written by Dennis Kelly and starred Fiona O'Shaughnessy , Adeel Akhtar , Paul Higgins , Nathan Stewart-Jarrett , Alexandra Roach , Oliver Woollford, Alistair Petrie and Neil Maskell . A second six-episode series was commissioned by Channel 4 and went into production in late 2013. Series 2 started airing with a double-bill spread over two nights on Monday 14 July and Tuesday 15 July 2014. It ended on 12 August 2014. On 9 October 2014, it was revealed by the official Utopia Twitter feed (and later by Channel 4) that there would not be a third series. An American adaptation was planned for HBO , but budget disputes between HBO and director David Fincher led to the project being cancelled in July 2015. Synopsis Series Episodes Originally aired First aired Last aired 1 6 15 January 2013 19 February 2013 2 6 14 July 2014 12 August 2014 The story follows a small gro
The Citroën CX is an executive car produced by the French automaker Citroën from 1974 to 1991. Citroën sold nearly 1.2 million CXs during its 16 years of production. The CX was voted European Car of the Year in 1975. The name CX is the French equivalent abbreviation of Cd for drag coefficient in English, drawing attention to the car's aerodynamic styling, which was uncommon in 1974. It is considered by some enthusiasts as the last " real Citroën " before Peugeot took control of the company in 1976. The CX was also the final successful model of the "big Citroën" era, which began in 1934. Available models were a four-door fastback , a station wagon (shooting brake, or estate car), and a long- wheelbase model built on the estate chassis. The CX employed Citroën's unique hydropneumatic self-leveling suspension system. History The CX was initially a huge success in Europe, more than 132,000 being produced in 1978. It found customers beyond the loyal Citroën DS customer base and brought the technology of the adva
The Years of Lead ( Italian : Anni di piombo ) is a term used for a period of social and political turmoil in Italy that lasted from the late 1960s until the early 1980s, marked by a wave of both left-wing and right-wing incidents of political terrorism . The left-wing autonomist Marxist movement in Italy which was involved in many events of the period lasted from 1968 until the end of the 1970s. The Years of Lead are considered to have begun with the death of the policeman Antonio Annarumma who was killed in a leftist demonstration in November 1969, and the Piazza Fontana bombing in December that year, which killed 17, both in Milan. The term's origin possibly came as a reference to the vast number of bullets fired during the period, or a popular 1981 German film Marianne and Juliane , released in Italy as Anni di piombo, which centered on the lives of two members of the West German militant far-left group Red Army Faction which had gained notoriety during the same period. The "Hot Autumn" and widespread un