Cann Quarry Canal

Cann Quarry Canal
Railway to Tavistock
River Plym
Earl Morley's Tramway
Cann Quarry Wharf
Railway Bridge
Lee Moor incline
Plymbridge Halt
Lee Moor Crossing
Rebuilt bridge 3
Rebuilt bridge 2
To China Clay Works
Marsh Mills Stn
Marsh Mills Wharf
1829 Branch
Tory Brook
Exeter to Plymouth line
River Plym
Crabtree Junction, P&DR

The Cann Quarry canal was a canal in Devon, England which ran for just under 2 miles (3.2 km) from Cann Quarry to the River Plym at Marsh Mills. It opened in 1829, and a short tramway connected it to the Plymouth and Dartmoor Railway at Crabtree Junction. It had been replaced by a tramway within ten years, but continued to be used as a mill leat to supply Marsh Mills corn mill, and most of it is still visible.

History

In 1778, the Cann Slate Quarry was owned by John Parker, and in order to make transport of the slate easier, he asked the engineer John Smeaton to survey a canal, to run from the quarry to the bridge at Marsh Mills. The River Plym between the bridge and Plymouth was navigable by barges. Although Smeaton carried out the work, he concluded that the canal, which would be 2.25 miles (3.62 km) long and would need several locks to accommodate the drop of 30 feet (9.1 m) in level, was unlikely to be economic, since the only trade would be the output from the quarry. He therefore suggested that a tramway would be a better solution, and could be built for about half the cost of the canal. Parker did not proceed with either option.[1]

In 1819, an Act of Parliament was obtained which authorised the construction of a horse tramway between Princetown and Plymouth. In 1821, the directors of the Plymouth and Dartmoor horse tramway applied for a second Act, to authorise a deviation to the route, and in order to obtain consent for the new route from Parker's son, also called John Parker and Earl of Morley since 1815, they agreed to build a branch, possibly including an inclined plane, to the quarry. The company ran into financial difficulties, and the branch was not built. Despite the fact that he was a member of the management committee for the tramway, Parker took legal action against the three directors who had proposed the branch. They suggested that he should build the branch himself, and in return, all goods transferring from it to the existing tramway would be subject to lower tolls.[2]

Parker proceeded to build a tub-boat canal from the quarry to Marsh Mills. It was about 6 feet (1.8 m) wide, and stopped above the bridge. He then wrote to the tramway company, suggesting that he was undecided whether to complete the canal by tunnelling under the turnpike road to connect it to the river, or to link it to their tramway at Crabtree by building a private branch. The letter resulted in an agreement on tolls, and the private tramway was built to complete the link. The canal was a little under 2 miles (3.2 km) long, and the tramway was about 0.5 miles (0.80 km) long. It crossed the river on a cast iron bridge with two arches.[3]

The canal was opened on 20 November 1829. Some time after 1834[4] and before 1839, Earl Morley's tramway was extended up the valley to Cann Quarry. Near the quarry, it was built on the canal bank, but lower down it was built further to the west. Once it was opened, the canal ceased to be used as a navigation and served as a mill leat for the corn mill at Marsh Mills. A branch of the tramway, which was built to the unusual gauge of 4 ft 6 in (1,372 mm), was constructed from Plym Bridge to the quarries at Lee Moor, and the whole railway became known as the Lee Moor Tramway. The South Devon and Tavistock Railway built a branch up the Plym Valley, which was completed in 1854. For most of its route between Marsh Mills and the quarry, it was built between Earl Morley's tramway and the canal. The new railway cut across the quarry, which closed the following year.[5][6] Marsh Mills corn mill continued to operate until 1927, when the owners became bankrupt.[7]

Route

Crabtree Junction, where Earl Morley's Tramway joined the Plymouth and Dartmouth Railway, has disappeared, covered by a motel and the interchange between the A38 road and the A374 road, although the two-arched cast iron bridge over the River Plym remains. The tramway towards the quarry has become a cycleway and long-distance footpath, known as the West Devon Way, while most of the canal is still visible, and is often filled with water after rainfall, although the final section at Marsh Mills is not visible. The South Devon and Tavistock Railway branch was abandoned, but the lower end is now part of the Plym Valley Railway. The current Marsh Mills Station is a little further to the north than the original one, as a mineral line which serves a china clay works still passes through the old site. The Plym Valley Railway is being extended to Plym Bridge, where the Lee Moor incline branched off. The railway crosses the route of the canal in two places on this section, and both of the bridges have been rebuilt as part of the restoration.[8] Beyond Plym Bridge, the cycleway leaves Earl Morley's tramway and follows the South Devon and Tavistock Railway instead, allowing it to cross the River Plym just beyond Cann Quarry, and continue on to Yelverton.[9]

Points of interest See also Bibliography
  • Hadfield, Charles (1985). The Canals of Southwest England (2nd ed.). Newton Abbot, Devon: David & Charles. ISBN 0-7153-8645-X.
References
  1. Hadfield 1985, p. 122
  2. Hadfield 1985, pp. 122–123
  3. Hadfield 1985, p. 123
  4. Moseley, Brian (January 2011). "Cann Quarry Canal". The Encyclopaedia of Plymouth History. Plymouth Data. Archived from the original on 28 September 2013. Retrieved 14 February 2015.
  5. Hadfield 1985, pp. 123–124
  6. Ordnance Survey, 1:2500 and 1:10560 maps, 1907
  7. Moseley, Brian (August 2011). "Marsh Mill/Woodford Mill". The Encyclopaedia of Plymouth History. Plymouth Data. Archived from the original on 28 September 2013. Retrieved 14 February 2015.
  8. "The Line Today". Plym Valley Railway. Archived from the original on 26 April 2012. Retrieved 19 December 2011.
  9. Ordnance Survey, 1:25,000 map
External links

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Cann Quarry Canal

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Cann Quarry Canal

Cann Quarry Canal Railway to Tavistock River Plym Earl Morley's Tramway Cann Quarry Wharf Railway Bridge Lee Moor incline Plymbridge Halt Lee Moor Crossing Rebuilt bridge 3 Rebuilt bridge 2 To China Clay Works Marsh Mills Stn Marsh Mills Wharf 1829 Branch Tory Brook Exeter to Plymouth line River Plym Crabtree Junction, P&DR The Cann Quarry canal was a canal in Devon, England which ran for just under 2 miles (3.2 km) from Cann Quarry to the River Plym at Marsh Mills. It opened in 1829, and a short tramway connected it to the Plymouth and Dartmoor Railway at Crabtree J ...more...

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1965 New Year Honours

The New Year Honours 1965 were appointments in many of the Commonwealth realms of Queen Elizabeth II to various orders and honours to reward and highlight good works by citizens of those countries. They were announced in supplements to the London Gazette of 29 December 1964 to celebrate the year passed and mark the beginning of 1965.[1][2][3][4][5][6] At this time honours for Australians were awarded both in the United Kingdom honours, on the advice of the premiers of Australian states, and also in a separate Australia honours list.[2] The recipients of honours are displayed here as they were styled before their new honour, and arranged by honour, with classes (Knight, Knight Grand Cross, etc.) and then divisions (Military, Civil, etc.) as appropriate. United Kingdom and CommonwealthBaron (Life Peer) George James Cole, Chairman, Unilever Ltd. Sir Howard Walter Florey, MD. For services to Medicine. Sir Christopher Hinton, KBE, lately Chairman, Central Electricity Generating Board. Sir William Graham Ho ...more...

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South Dublin County Council

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South Dublin County Council

The area governed by the council South Dublin County Council (Irish: Comhairle Contae Baile Átha Cliath Theas[1]) is the authority responsible for local government in the county of South Dublin, Ireland. It is one of three local authorities that comprised the former Dublin County Council before its abolition and one of four councils in the Dublin Region. As a county council, it is governed by the Local Government Act 2001. The council is responsible for housing and community, roads and transportation, urban planning and development, amenity and culture, and environment. The council has 26 elected members. Elections are held every five years and are by single transferable vote. The head of the council has the title of Mayor. The county administration is headed by a Chief Executive, Daniel McLoughlin. The county town is Tallaght, with a civic centre at Monastery Road, Clondalkin.[2] It serves a population of approximately 192,000. The council is the third largest local authority in Ireland with a population ...more...

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Local government in County Dublin

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North River Wildlife Sanctuary

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North River Wildlife Sanctuary

Observation platform on the North River The North River Wildlife Sanctuary is a wildlife sanctuary owned by the Massachusetts Audubon Society, the largest conservation organization in New England, in the town of Marshfield, Massachusetts. The sanctuary contains 184 acres (0.74 km2) of mixed cultural grasslands, red maple swamps, oak-pine woodland and access to the North River. The North River Wildlife Sanctuary came to Mass Audubon as a gift of the Killam and Rodgers families in 1977. Natural history The North River Wildlife sanctuary has two major sections, marked by the Woodland Loop trails and the River Loop trails. The dominant trees of the Woodland Loop are members of the black oak family, towering white pines and American beech. The under story has American holly, highbush blueberry, sweet pepperbush and, along the Hannah Eames Brook, American hornbeam or “musclewood” trees. In warmer weather approximately fifteen species of ferns can be seen along the Woodland Loop. There is a witch-hazel grove a ...more...

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Protected areas of Plymouth County, Massachusetts

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1966 Birthday Honours

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1966 Birthday Honours

The Queen's Birthday Honours 1966 were appointments in many of the Commonwealth realms of Queen Elizabeth II to various orders and honours to reward and highlight good works by citizens of those countries. The appointments were made to celebrate the official birthday of The Queen. The announcement date varies from year to year. The 1966 Queen's Birthday Honours were announced on 11 June 1966 for the United Kingdom,[1] Australia,[2] New Zealand,[3] Sierra Leone,[4] Jamaica,[5] Malawi,[6] and The Gambia.[7] United Kingdom and CommonwealthLife Peer Baroness Dame Evelyn Adelaide Sharp, GBE, lately Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Housing and Local Government. Baron Peter Ritchie Calder, CBE, Professor of International Relations, University of Edinburgh. John Cooper, JP, General Secretary and Treasurer, National Union of General and Municipal Workers. Sir (Henry Cecil) John Hunt, CBE, DSO. For services to Youth. Sir William Hunter McFadzean, Chairman, British National Export Council. Arthur Moyle, ...more...

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1983 New Year Honours

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1983 New Year Honours

The New Year Honours 1983 were appointments by most of the Commonwealth realms of Queen Elizabeth II to various orders and honours to reward and highlight good works by citizens of those countries, and honorary ones to citizens of other countries. They were announced on 31 December 1982 to celebrate the year passed and mark the beginning of 1983 in the United Kingdom,[1] Australia,[2] New Zealand and Cook Islands,[3] the Bahamas,[4] Fiji,[5] Papua New Guinea,[6] Solomon Islands,[7] Tuvalu,[8] St. Lucia,[9] St. Vincent & Grenadines,[10] and Antigua & Barbuda.[11] The recipients of honours are displayed here as they were styled before their new honour, and arranged by honour, with classes (Knight, Knight Grand Cross, etc.) and then divisions (Military, Civil, etc.) as appropriate. United Kingdom and CommonwealthBaron Life Peers Marshal of the Royal Air Force Sir Neil Cameron, GCB, CBE, DSO, DFC, AE, Principal of King's College, London. Sir Derek Ezra, MBE. Lately Chairman, National Coal Board. ...more...

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1964 Birthday Honours

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1964 Birthday Honours

The Queen's Birthday Honours 1964 were appointments in many of the Commonwealth realms of Queen Elizabeth II to various orders and honours to reward and highlight good works by citizens of those countries. The appointments were made to celebrate the official birthday of The Queen. They were announced on 13 June 1964 for the United Kingdom,[1] Australia,[2] New Zealand,[3] Sierra Leone,[4] and Jamaica.[5] The recipients of honours are displayed here as they were styled before their new honour, and arranged by honour, with classes (Knight, Knight Grand Cross, etc.) and then divisions (Military, Civil, etc.) as appropriate. United Kingdom and ColoniesViscount The Right Honourable John Scott Maclay, CH, CMG, MP, Member of Parliament for Renfrewshire West since 1950; Member for Montrose Burghs, 1940–1950. Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Production, 1945; Minister of Transport and Civil Aviation, 1951–1952; Minister of State for Colonial Affairs, 1956–1957; Secretary of State for Scotland, 1957–1962. ...more...

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Upper Pine Bottom State Park

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Upper Pine Bottom State Park

Upper Pine Bottom State Park is a 5-acre (2.0 ha) Pennsylvania state park in Lycoming County, Pennsylvania in the United States. The park is in Cummings Township on Pennsylvania Route 44 and is surrounded by the Tiadaghton State Forest. It is on Upper Pine Bottom Run, which gave the park its name and is a tributary of Pine Creek. Upper Pine Bottom State Park is in the Pine Creek Gorge, where the streams have cut through five major rock formations from the Devonian and Carboniferous periods. The earliest recorded inhabitants of the area were the Susquehannocks, followed by the Iroquois, Lenape, and Shawnee. Upper Pine Bottom Run was the site of a furnace for pig iron in 1814, the first sawmill was built on it in 1815, and in 1825 an earlier bridle path across its headwaters became a turnpike. The lumber industry led to the clearcutting of the area in the 19th century. The state forest was started in 1898 and the park was formed from it by 1923 as a Class B public camp. The Civilian Conservation Corps had a ca ...more...

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Protected areas started in 1924

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