Border Guard Unit

The Border Guard Unit (reporting name: BGU) is a national security and paramilitary unit of the Customs Excise and Preventive Service Division of the Ghana Revenue Authority and the Ghana Armed Forces (GAF). Established in October 1964, BGU's primary role is to guard Ghana's international borders during peacetime and prevent trans-border crime.[1]

History

In October 1964, the Border Guard Unit (BGU) was formed as a police unit led by an assistant commissioner of police. The Border Guard Unit (BGU) acted as customs agents examining passengers and baggage aboard ships and aircraft.[1][2]

In 1988 the Border Guard Unit (BGU) was re-integrated into the Customs Excise and Preventive Service as a military unit. BGU designs and implements effective strategies and programmes to facilitate the movement of people across Ghana's international borders.[1][2]

Objectives
BGU (Border Guard Unit) Special Agent Badge.
Border Guard Unit Shield

The Border Guard Unit (BGU) ensures the security of Ghana's international borders and entry and exit points against illegal immigration and cross-border criminals.[3] Its tasks include:

Border patrol operations and corporate operations
Sergeant Major and Chief Warrant Officer Dickson Owusu; the current Director-general of the BGU (Border Guard Unit)

The BGU's primary operation is detection and apprehension of illegal aliens and smugglers of aliens at or near the land borders.[3] Some of the major BGU operational activities include maintaining traffic checkpoints and security checkpoints along highways (Ghana Road Network) leading from border areas, conducting snap checks and anti-smuggling within Ghana.[3] These BGU operational activities are performed with the use of UCAVs, UAVs, attack helicopters, armoured fighting vehicles, pick-up vehicles, and all purpose motorbikes .[3]

Customs operations

The BGU physically examines containerized goods at Boankra Inland Port, Akosombo Port, Takoradi Harbour and Tema Harbour.[2] BGU is working to streamline and fully automate customs processes and procedures under the Ghana Customs Management System (GCMS) and the Ghana Community Network (GCNET).[2]

References
  1. The Security Act (Act 202) 1963, Ghana.
  2. The Customs, Excise and Preventive Service (Management) Law 1993, PNDCL 330.
  3. "The Formative Stage of the Border Patrol Unit (BPU)". Ghanaimmigration.org. Archived from the original on 2 May 2014. Retrieved 27 April 2016.
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Guard mounting

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Guard mounting

The Band of the Life Guards during the Changing the Guard at Buckingham Palace. The Changing of the Guard at the Tomb of the Unknowns. Guard mounting, or changing the guard, is a formal ceremony in which sentries providing ceremonial guard duties at important institutions are relieved by a new batch of sentries. The ceremonies are often elaborate and precisely choreographed. They originated with peacetime and battlefield military drills introduced to enhance unit cohesion and effectiveness in the late 17th and early 18th centuries. Belarus In Minsk, Post #1 at Victory Square is the area where guard duty is carried out by members of the armed forces. Members of the Belarusian Republican Youth Union, cadets of the Military Academy of Belarus, the Border Guard Service Institute of Belarus, and soldiers of the Honor Guard of the Ground Forces, and the Honor Guard of the Internal Troops. Post #1 was initiated on July 3, 1984 on the occasion of the 40th anniversary of the liberation of Minsk.[1][2] Bulga ...more...

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United States Border Patrol

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United States Border Patrol

The United States Border Patrol (USBP) is a U.S. federal law enforcement agency whose mission is to detect and prevent illegal aliens, terrorists and terrorist weapons from entering the United States, and prevent illegal trafficking of people and contraband.[2] It is the mobile, uniformed law enforcement arm of U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), a component of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS).[3] With 19,437 agents,[4] the Border Patrol is one of the largest law enforcement agencies in the United States.[5] For fiscal year 2017, Congress enacted a budget of $3,805,253,000 for the Border Patrol.[6] The current acting chief of the Border Patrol is Carla Provost.[1] History Mounted watchmen of the United States Department of Commerce and Labor patrolled the border in an effort to prevent illegal crossings as early as 1904, but their efforts were irregular and undertaken only when resources permitted. The inspectors, usually called "mounted guards", operated out of El Paso, Texas. Though ...more...

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Ohio Army National Guard

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Ohio Army National Guard

Seal of the Army National Guard The Ohio Army National Guard is a part of the Ohio National Guard and the Army National Guard of the United States Army. It is also a component of the organized militia of the state of Ohio, which also includes the Ohio Naval Militia, the Ohio Military Reserve and the Ohio Air National Guard. The Ohio Army National Guard consists of a variety of combat, combat support and combat service support units. As of September 2010, its end strength exceeded 11,400 soldiers. Its headquarters is the Beightler Armory in Columbus, Ohio. Many units conduct Annual Training at Camp Grayling, Michigan. On May 4, 1970, Guard units infamously opened fire onto a crowd of both Vietnam War protestors and simple bystanders on the campus of Kent State University, killing four and wounding nine others, an event known as the Kent State shootings.[2] The President's Commission on Campus Unrest concluded that the Guard's actions were "unnecessary, unwarranted, and inexcusable."[3] History Founding m ...more...

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31st Infantry Regiment (Thailand)

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31st Infantry Regiment (Thailand)

The 31st Infantry Regiment, King's Guard (Thai: กรมทหารราบที่ 31 รักษาพระองค์) is a King's Guard regiment of the 1st Infantry Division, King's Guard of the Royal Thai Army. The regiment was created in 1955. The regiment, despite being designated an infantry regiment is in fact a rapid deployment force unit. The regiment is based in Lopburi. The regiment was honoured with the additional title of 'King Bhumibol Adulyadej's Guards'. History The regiment was founded on the 10 November 1955 as the 31st Combined Regiment (กรมผสมที่ 31). In 1956 the regiment became part of the 1st Infantry Division, King's Guard. The 1st Battalion of the regiment was transformed into a paratrooper unit in 1969, the rest of the battalions soon followed. In 1976 the regiment was designated a King's Guard unit. The regiment's name was changed from the '31st Combined Regiment' to '31st Infantry Regiment, King's Guard' in 1979. In 1980 the regiment was further honoured with the additional title of 'King Bhumibol Adulyadej's Own Guards' ...more...

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Military beret

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Military beret

Berets have been a component of the uniforms of many armed forces throughout the world since the mid-20th century. Military berets are usually pushed to the right to free the shoulder that bears the rifle on most soldiers, but the armies of some countries, mostly some counties within Europe, South America and Iran have influenced the push to the left. Berets are in some countries particularly associated with elite units, who often wear berets in more unusual colours. History US Army Private wearing black beret with Distinctive Unit Insignia on the US Army beret flash The use of beret-like headgear by the military of Europe dates back hundreds of years, the first example being the Scottish Blue Bonnet, that became a de facto symbol of Scottish Jacobite forces in the 16th and 17th centuries. As an officially required military headdress, its use dates back to the Carlist Wars of Succession for the Spanish Crown in the 1830s by order of Carlist General Tomás de Zumalacárregui who wanted a local and non-cos ...more...

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military police

(italiano)

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Sammarinese Armed Forces

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Sammarinese Armed Forces

San Marino has one of the smallest military forces in the world. Its different branches have varied functions including: performing ceremonial duties; patrolling borders; mounting guard at government buildings; and assisting police in major criminal cases. There is also a military Gendarmerie which is part of the military forces of the republic. The entire military corps of San Marino depends upon the co-operation of full-time forces and their retained (volunteer) colleagues, known as the Corpi Militari Volontari, or Voluntary Military Force. National defence in the face of an aggressive world power is, by arrangement, the responsibility of Italy's armed forces.[3] The component parts of the military (other than the purely historical Crossbow Corps) are distinguished (as in many nations) by distinctive cap badges, one each for the Fortress Guard (uniformed), Fortress Guard (artillery), Guard of the Council, Uniformed Militia, Military Ensemble (band), and Gendarmerie.[4] There is no compulsory service, howeve ...more...

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Texas Army National Guard

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Texas Army National Guard

The Texas Army National Guard is a component of the United States Army, the United States National Guard and the Texas Military Forces (along with the Texas Air National Guard and the Texas State Guard). Texas Army National Guard units are trained and equipped as part of the United States Army. The same ranks and insignia are used and National Guardsmen are eligible to receive all United States military awards. The Texas Guard also bestows a number of state awards for local services rendered in or to the state of Texas. The Texas Army National Guard is composed of approximately 12,000 soldiers, and maintains 117 armories in 102 communities. State duties include disaster relief, emergency preparedness, security assistance to state law enforcement agencies, and some aspects of border security. The Governor can activate the National Guard components under his control for state active duty in Texas, and in support of adjacent states. History The Texas Army National Guard has its roots in the Texas Militia for ...more...

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United States Coast Guard

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United States Coast Guard

The United States Coast Guard (USCG) is a branch of the United States Armed Forces[6] and one of the country's seven uniformed services. The Coast Guard is a maritime, military, multi-mission service unique among the U.S. military branches for having a maritime law enforcement mission (with jurisdiction in both domestic and international waters) and a federal regulatory agency mission as part of its mission set. It operates under the U.S. Department of Homeland Security during peacetime, and can be transferred to the U.S. Department of the Navy by the U.S. President at any time, or by the U.S. Congress during times of war. This has happened twice, in 1917, during World War I, and in 1941, during World War II.[7][8] Created by Congress on 4 August 1790 at the request of Alexander Hamilton as the Revenue Marine, it is the oldest continuous seagoing service of the United States.[Note 2] As Secretary of the Treasury, Hamilton headed the Revenue Marine, whose original purpose was collecting customs duties in the ...more...

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Imperial Guard (Japan)

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Imperial Guard (Japan)

The Japanese Imperial Guard (近衛師団 Konoe Shidan) is an organization which is dedicated to protection of the Emperor of Japan and his family, palaces and other imperial properties. Following the end of World War II the traditional Guard, which also served as a unit in the Imperial Japanese Army, was dissolved and in 1947 a civil Imperial Guard was formed as part of the National Police Agency in Japan. Imperial Guard of the Imperial Japanese Army The Imperial Guard of the Imperial Japanese Army was formed in 1867. It became the foundation of the Imperial Japanese Army after the Emperor Meiji assumed all the powers of state during the Meiji Restoration. The Imperial Guard, which consisted of 12,000 men organized and trained along French Military lines, first saw action in the Satsuma Rebellion. It was organized into the 1st Guards Infantry Brigade which had the 1st and 2nd Regiments. The 3rd and 4th Regiments belonged to the 2nd Guards infantry Brigade. By 1885 the Imperial Japanese Army consisted of seven div ...more...

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List of militaries by country

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List of militaries by country

This is a list of militaries by country, including the main branches and sub-branches. A  Afghanistan Afghan Armed Forces Afghan National Army Afghan Air Force  Albania Albanian Armed Forces Albanian Land Force Albanian Air Force Albanian Naval Force  Algeria Algerian People's National Armed Forces People's National Army Algerian National Navy Algerian Air Force Territorial Air Defence Force  Angola Angolan Armed Forces Army of Angola Angolan Navy National Air Force of Angola  Antigua and Barbuda Royal Antigua and Barbuda Defence Force Antigua and Barbuda Regiment Antigua and Barbuda Coast Guard Antigua and Barbuda Cadet Corps  Argentina Armed Forces of the Argentine Republic Argentine Army Argentine Air Force Argentine Navy  Armenia Armed Forces of Armenia Armenian Army Armenian Air Force Armenian Border Guard  Australia Australian Defence Force Royal Australian Air Force Australian Army Royal Australian Navy  Austria Austrian Armed Forces Austrian Army Aus ...more...

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Home Guard (India)

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Home Guard (India)

The Indian Home Guard is an Indian paramilitary police force. It is a voluntary force, tasked as an auxiliary to the Indian Police.[1] The Home Guards Organisation was reorganised in India in 1962 after the Sino-Indian War with the People's Republic of China, though it existed in smaller units individually in some places. Home Guards are recruited from various cross sections of the civil society such as professionals, college students, agricultural and industrial workers etc who give their spare time for betterment of the community. All citizens of India, in the age group of 18–50, are eligible. Normal tenure of membership in Home Guards is three to five years.[2] History The Home Guard was originally raised in the erstwhile Bombay Province in 1946. Apart from Army, Navy, Air Force and other security agencies, the twin voluntary organisations - Civil Defence & Home Guards were raised to provide protection to citizens in any untoward situation. Therefore, 6 December every year is celebrated throughout t ...more...

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National Guard of Ukraine

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National Guard of Ukraine

The National Guard of Ukraine (Ukrainian: Національна гвардія України, Natsionalna hvardiya Ukrayiny) or NGU is the Ukrainian national gendarmerie. It is part of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. It was originally created as an agency under the direct control of the Ukrainian parliament on 4 November 1991, following Ukrainian independence. It was later disbanded and merged into the Internal Troops of Ukraine on 11 January 2000 by then President Leonid Kuchma, as part of a "cost-saving" scheme. Following the early 2014 Ukrainian revolution on 13 March 2014, amidst the Russian intervention, the National Guard was reestablished and the Internal Troops were disbanded.[6] During the ongoing war in the Donbass region of Ukraine, the forces of the revived National Guard have fought against pro-Russian separatists and Russian troops disguised as separatists. Due to lack of reserves, earlier in the conflict Azov and Donbass battalions were the largest volunteer units by far with a strength of 1,000 and 900 soldiers r ...more...

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Inner German border

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Inner German border

The inner German border (German: innerdeutsche Grenze or deutsch-deutsche Grenze; initially also Zonengrenze) was the border between the German Democratic Republic (GDR, East Germany) and the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG, West Germany) from 1949 to 1990. Not including the similar and physically separate Berlin Wall, the border was 1,393 kilometres (866 mi) long and ran from the Baltic Sea to Czechoslovakia. It was formally established on 1 July 1945 as the boundary between the Western and Soviet occupation zones of former Nazi Germany. On the eastern side, it was made one of the world's most heavily fortified frontiers, defined by a continuous line of high metal fences and walls, barbed wire, alarms, anti-vehicle ditches, watchtowers, automatic booby traps and minefields. It was patrolled by 50,000 armed East German guards who faced tens of thousands of West German, British and US guards and soldiers.[1] In the hinterlands behind the border were more than a million North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NAT ...more...

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National Republican Guard (Portugal)

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National Republican Guard (Portugal)

The National Republican Guard (Portuguese: Guarda Nacional Republicana) or GNR is the national gendarmerie force of Portugal. Members of the GNR are military personnel, subject to military law and organisation, unlike the agents of the civilian Public Security Police (PSP). The GNR is responsible for the preventive police and highway patrol in the countryside and small towns of Mainland Portugal (large urban centers and all the Portuguese islands territory being patrolled by the PSP). At national level, GNR also has duties of customs enforcement, coastal control, nature protection, search and rescue operations and state ceremonial guards of honor. Since the 2000s, the GNR has provided detachments for participation in international operations in Iraq, East Timor and other theatres. Strength The GNR deploys over 26,000 personnel over 90 percent of Portuguese territory.[1] The GNR are deployed in Bosnia as part of IFOR/SFOR/EUFOR Althea.[1] and 140 GNR were also deployed between 2006 and 2012 in Timor-Leste ...more...

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King's Guard (Thailand)

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King's Guard (Thailand)

The King's Guard (Thai: ทหารรักษาพระองค์; RTGS: Thahan Raksa Phra Ong) is a ceremonial designation given to various regiments within the Royal Thai Armed Forces. This contingent is dedicated to the protection of the Royal Family of Thailand.[1] History The Royal Guards were established by King Chulalongkorn the Great of Thailand in 1859, when he was still crown prince. Initially, the Royal Guards were servants with duties such as scaring crows, which led to commoners referring to them as the "Mahat Lek Lai Ka," roughly translated as "Scarecrow Corps." When he succeeded his father in 1868, King Chulalongkorn took his Royal Guard and formed a 24-strong Royal Bodyguard, referred to as the "Thahan Song Lo" (Two-Dozen soldiers"). In 1870, the Royal Guard regiment were given the name the "King's Guard" and their duties included escorting the king while he travelled around the country. About the year 1875 the necessity for surveys in connection with improvements in the city of Bangkok, and for supervision in car ...more...

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Civil Guard (Spain)

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Civil Guard (Spain)

The Civil Guard (Spanish: Guardia Civil; ) is the oldest law enforcement agency in Spain. It is organised as a military force charged with police duties under the authority of both the Ministry of the Interior and the Ministry of Defence. The corps is colloquially known as the benemérita (reputable). In annual surveys, it generally ranks as the national institution most valued by Spaniards, closely followed by other law enforcement agencies and the military.[2] It has both a regular national role and undertakes specific foreign peace-keeping missions. As a national police force, the Guardia Civil is comparable today to the French Gendarmerie, the Italian Carabinieri, the Portuguese National Republican Guard and the Dutch Royal Marechaussee as it is part of the European Gendarmerie Force. As part of its daily duties, the Guardia Civil patrols rural areas (including highways and ports) and investigates crimes there, whilst the Policía Nacional deals with safety in urban situations. Most cities also have a Poli ...more...

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List of law enforcement agencies

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List of law enforcement agencies

A law enforcement agency (LEA) is any agency which enforces the law. This may be a special, local, or state police, federal agencies such as the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) or the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). Also, it can be used to describe an international organization such as Europol or Interpol. This is a list of law enforcement agencies, organized by continent and then by country. International – Africa – Asia – Europe – North America – Oceania – South America – Disbanded International Ameripol, (Police Community of the Americas or Ameripol) ASEANAPOL, (Inter-Asean Police)[1] CLACIP, (La Comunidad Latinoamericana y del Caribe de Inteligencia Policial)[2] EUROGENDFOR (European Gendarmerie Force) European Union Police Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina European Union Rule of Law Mission in Kosovo Europol (European Police Office) Interpol (International Criminal Police Organization) Law Enforcement Intelligence Unit United Nations Interim Administration Mission in ...more...

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1st Guards Brigade (Croatia)

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1st Guards Brigade (Croatia)

Croatia's First Mechanized Guard Brigade (Croatian: Prva mehanizirana gardijska brigada) - named "The Tigers" - was the most elite and best equipped military brigade of the Croatian Army. Its military base and headquarters was in the Croatian capital of Zagreb, origin of most of the brigade's personnel. In 2008, as part of a larger military restructuring, the brigade-sized unit was disbanded and reformed as a battalion of the Motorized Guard Brigade. Formation It was initially formed on November 5, 1990, at the military base in Rakitje. It was formed from volunteers and elements of the Croatian Police (which was to form the basis for the new Croatian army). Initially, lack of equipment forced the unit to be a wholly Infantry brigade, but this was soon corrected and the unit became a Motorized Infantry brigade by September 1991, when major military operations in the war begun. It was the part of the Croatian National Guard, the predecessor of the Croatian Army, and was initially referred to as the 1st "A" B ...more...

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Battle of Dong Dang (1979)

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Battle of Dong Dang (1979)

The Battle of Dong Dang was the initial phase of the Battle of Lang Son during the Sino-Vietnamese War, taking place in the town of Đồng Đăng and vicinal positions between 17–23 February 1979. Battle The Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) began their operations at 05:00 on 17 February[2] with a barrage of more than 6,000 artillery shells pounding on Vietnamese strongpoints and gun positions.[3] The Chinese had paved the way for their offensive throughout the night before by infiltrating the Vietnamese territory, cutting telephone lines and conducting sabotages.[2] Waves of PLA troops from the 55th Army quickly overwhelmed Hill 386, a position situated 1.5  km south of the border, killing 118 Vietnamese soldiers.[4] Though pockets of resistance were continued near the Friendship Pass and in Đồng Đăng, most of the Vietnamese defense was by then undertaken by the Vietnam People's Army (VPA) 12th Regiment southerly in the area around the hamlet of Thâm Mô.[4] The hamlet was situated on a low hill nearby the ...more...

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Indo-Tibetan Border Police

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Indo-Tibetan Border Police

Indo-Tibetan Border Police. Sarahan, Himachal Pradesh, India. The Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) is one of the five Central Armed Police Forces of India, raised on 24 October 1962, under the CRPF Act, in the wake of the Sino-Indian War of 1962. The ITBP was intended for deployment along India's border with China's Tibet Autonomous Region. In September 1996, the Parliament of India enacted the "Indo-Tibetan Border Police Force Act, 1992" to "provide for the constitution and regulation" of the ITBP "for ensuring the security of the borders of India and for matters connected therewith".[4][5] The first head of the ITBP, designated Inspector General, was Balbir Singh, a police officer previously belonging to the Intelligence Bureau. The ITBP, which started with 4 battalions, has since restructuring in 1978 has undergone expansion to a force of 56 battalions as of 2017 with a sanctioned strength of 89,432.[6] The ITBP is trained in Civil Medical Camp, disaster management, and nuclear, biological and chemical ...more...

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Federal Police (Germany)

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Federal Police (Germany)

The Federal Police (Bundespolizei or BPOL) is a (primarily) uniformed federal police force in Germany. It is subordinate to the Federal Ministry of the Interior (Bundesministerium des Innern (BMI)).[1] Ordinary police forces, meanwhile, are under the administration of the individual German states (Bundesländer) and are known as the Landespolizei. The Bundespolizei was formerly known as the Bundesgrenzschutz (BGS) ("Federal Border Guard"), which had a more restricted role. Prior to 1994 BGS members also had military combatant status due to their historical foundation and border-guard role in West Germany. In July 2005 the law renaming the BGS as the BPOL was enacted. Missions The BPOL has the following missions: Border security (Grenzpolizei or Grepo), to include passport control (only at borders with non-EU member countries prior to September 2015) and the provision of coast guard services along Germany's 700 km (430 mi) of coastline. Protection of federal buildings such as Schloss Bellevue, the residen ...more...

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Women in Indian Armed Forces

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Women in Indian Armed Forces

Private Begum Pasha Shah (Noor Inayat Khan) of the Women's Auxiliary Corps (India) on duty in the Orderly Room of an RAF station in India, August 1943. Four women of the Naval Wing of the Women's Auxiliary Corps (India), 1945. All wings of the Indian Armed Forces allow women in combat roles (junior ranks) and combat supervisory roles (officers), except Indian Army (support roles only) and Special Forces of India (trainer role only) (c. 2017). Indian Air Force had 8.5%, Indian Army 3% and Indian Navy 2.8% women (c. 2014).[1] History In 1888, the role of women in the Indian army began when the "Indian Military Nursing Service" was formed during the British Raj.[2] During 1914-45, Indian Army nurses fought in World War I (1914–18) and World War II (1939-45), where 350 Indian Army nurses either died or were taken prisoner of war or declared missing in action.[2] This includes nurses who died when SS Kuala was sunk by the Japanese bombers in 1942.[2] Women's Auxiliary Corps (India) was formed in May 1942.[3] ...more...

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Battle of Lạng Sơn (1979)

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Battle of Lạng Sơn (1979)

The Battle of Lạng Sơn was fought during the Sino-Vietnamese War, days after the Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) advanced 15 to 20 kilometers deep into the northern provinces of Vietnam. The fighting occurred primarily at the city of Lạng Sơn, a few kilometers from the Sino-Vietnamese border. Although the Chinese eventually occupied Lạng Sơn and its nearby vicinities during the battle, it proved during that time that the Chinese regular units invading northern Vietnam were no match against militia and irregular Vietnamese units tenaciously harassing the Chinese advance southward to Hanoi, Vietnam's capital city, and eventually took Chinese forces days to occupy the city and dislodge its defenders. After capturing the northern heights above Lạng Sơn, the Chinese surrounded and paused in front of the city in order to lure the Vietnamese into reinforcing it with units from Cambodia. This had been the main strategic ploy in the Chinese war plan as Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping did not want to risk an escal ...more...

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3rd U.S. Infantry Regiment (The Old Guard)

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3rd U.S. Infantry Regiment (The Old Guard)

The 3rd United States Infantry Regiment is a regiment of the United States Army. It currently has three active battalions, and is readily identified by its nickname, "The Old Guard," as well as "Escort to the President". The regimental motto is Noli Me Tangere (from Latin: – "Touch Me Not"). The regiment is a major unit of the Military District of Washington (MDW). The regiment is the oldest active duty regiment in the US Army, having been first organized as the First American Regiment in 1784.[5][6] Mission The regiment's mission is to conduct memorial affairs to honor fallen comrades and ceremonies and special events to represent the U.S. Army, communicating its story to United States citizens and the world. Although The Old Guard primarily functions in a ceremonial role, it is an infantry unit and thus required to meet standards for certification in its combat role. The unit also trains for its support role to civil authorities in a wide range of scenarios and for deployments in support of overseas con ...more...

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2015 Bangladesh–Arakan Army border clash

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2015 Bangladesh–Arakan Army border clash

The 2015 Bangladesh–Arakan Army border clash took place on 25 August 2015 in the Bandarban District, near the Bangladesh–Myanmar border, when insurgents of the Arakan Army attacked members of Border Guards Bangladesh.[1][2][3][4] Background The Arakan Army is a Rakhine insurgent group mainly active in Rakhine State, Myanmar (Burma). Earlier in 2015, several other insurgent groups had already violently clashed with the Myanmar Armed Forces, known locally as the Tatmadaw. In the year prior, the Arakan Army had created a settlement near Myanmar's border with Bangladesh, and hundreds of insurgents from the group crossed into Bangladesh. The group was allegedly involved in the illegal drug trade in the region, an area of 8,080 acres in Remakri near the border with only six BGB outposts. Because the region is extremely remote and inaccessible from Bangladesh's side of the border, the Arakan Army managed to gain a foothold in the area.[5] Insurgent groups from Myanmar are often accused of looting the houses of in ...more...

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Coast Guard of Georgia

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Coast Guard of Georgia

The Georgian Coast Guard is the maritime arm of the Georgian Border Police, within the Ministry for Internal Affairs. It is responsible for the maritime protection of the entire 310 km (190 mi) coastline of Georgia, as well as the Georgian territorial waters. The primary missions of the service are administration of the territorial waters, marine pollution protection, maritime law enforcement, search and rescue, port security and maritime defense. The former Georgian Navy was absorbed into the Coast Guard in 2009. The Georgian Navy (Georgian Naval Forces; Georgian: საქართველოს სამხედრო საზღვაო ძალები, sak'art'velos samkhedro-sazghvao dzalebi) was a branch of the Georgian Defense Ministry armed forces until 2009, when it was merged with the Coast Guard and transferred to the Ministry for Internal Affairs. Before the 2008 South Ossetia war, the Georgian Navy consisted of 19 vessels and 531 personnel of which 181 were officers, 200 NCOs, 114 conscripts and 36 civilians. The headquarters and a principal Coast G ...more...

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Border Patrol Police

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Border Patrol Police

The Border Patrol Police (Thai: ตำรวจตระเวนชายแดน); abbreviated BPP) is a Thai paramilitary under the jurisdiction of the Royal Thai Police, responsible for border security and counter-insurgency. History The Thai Border Patrol Police was organized in the 1951 with assistance from the United States Central Intelligence Agency. Although technically part of the Royal Thai Police (RTP), the BPP has always enjoyed a great deal of autonomy within the national headquarters as well as in its field operations. The royal family was a principal patron of the organization. This traditional relationship benefited both the palace and its paramilitary protectors. Many BPP commanders were former army officers.[1] Organization Thai Border Patrol Police uniform Presenting Border Patrol Police Colours Border Patrol Police Colours National Organization Headquarters Border Patrol Police Bureau General Staff Division Special Training Division Support Division Police Aerial Reinforcement Unit (PARU) Naresuan 2 ...more...

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Jupiter's Moon

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Jupiter's Moon

Jupiter's Moon (Hungarian: Jupiter holdja) is a 2017 Hungarian drama film directed by Kornél Mundruczó. It competed for the Palme d'Or in the main competition section at the 2017 Cannes Film Festival.[1][2] Plot Aryan Dashni from Homs, Syria, and his father are part of a group of refugees trying to cross the Hungarian border via boat. During the border crossing, Aryan and his father lose their papers and are separated when the group is discovered by a border guard unit and chaos ensues. Aryan is shot several times by police officer László, but instead of dying he mysteriously obtains the power to levitate. When he falls back down to earth he is apprehended and brought to the hospital ward of the closest refugee camp. Gábor Stern is a doctor who works at that hospital ward. He worked at a normal hospital before, but when he one night drunkenly made a mistake during surgery which killed a aspiring young athlete, he lost his job at the hospital and was sued by the victim's family. He is now trying to obtain e ...more...

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Border outpost

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Border outpost

Border outpost in Brest, Belarus A border outpost,[1] border out post,[2] border observation post[3] or BOP[4][5] is an outpost maintained by a sovereign state on its border, usually one of a series placed at regular intervals, to watch over and safeguard its border with a neighboring state with whom it may or may not have cordial relations. Such posts are manned by border guards and are at all times connected by radio communication with ongoing border patrols in their region and the force headquarters in the interior of the country for their day-to-day functioning, passing on intelligence and for requesting supplies and any needed reinforcements in emergencies. Depending on the length and breath of a country's borders and geography, are located in a wide variety of terrain, including the inhospitable areas that often mark political boundaries. Layout Border outposts, where available, are built on strategic locations which are usually elevated at the highest points in the local terrain and where possible ...more...

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Deployable Operations Group

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Deployable Operations Group

The Deployable Operations Group (DOG) was a United States Coast Guard command that provided properly equipped, trained and organized Deployable Specialized Forces (DSF) to Coast Guard, DHS, DoD and inter-agency operational and tactical commanders. Formerly headquartered in Arlington, Virginia, it was established on 20 July 2007, and was commanded by a captain and was decommissioned by the Commandant of the Coast Guard, Admiral Robert Papp on 1 October 2013. Although many of the units existed long before the 2007 commissioning. Upon decommissioning, the units previously assigned to the DOG were split between Coast Guard Pacific and Atlantic Area commands. From 2007-2013, the DOG and DSF deployed throughout the world in support of national interests and requirements as tailored and integrated force packages. This included response to the 2010 Haiti earthquake, in support of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico, and more recently deploying specialized counter piracy boarding teams to the Middle ...more...

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German Federal Coast Guard

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German Federal Coast Guard

The German Federal Coast Guard (German: Küstenwache des Bundes) is a civilian law enforcement organisation whose primary missions are border protection, maritime environmental protection, shipping safety, fishery protection and customs enforcement. The Küstenwache is an association of several federal agencies, not a single entity like the United States Coast Guard. The agencies that make up the Küstenwache have a common plan of action and direct their operations from two Coast Guard Centers (German: Küstenwachzentren), Neustadt (Holstein) for the Baltic Sea and Cuxhaven for the North Sea. Structure and responsibilities The Arkona multi-purpose vessel Customs Cruiser (Zollkreuzer) Helgoland (a SWATH-Vessel) Units and personnel from these federal agencies make up the coast guard: Bundespolizei (Federal Police), Ministry of the Interior Waterways and Shipping Offices, Federal Waterways and Shipping Administration (WSV), Federal Ministry for Transport, Construction and Urban Development Kontrolle ...more...

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Naresuan 261 Counter-Terrorism Unit

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Naresuan 261 Counter-Terrorism Unit

Naraesuan 261 (Thai: นเรศวร 261) is a special operations unit of The Royal Thai Police (RTP). History Special Operations Unit "Naraesuan 261" was set up in 1983, Buddhist year 2526, by a Thai cabinet resolution. The resolution, dated 1 February 2526 (1983), was a major policy decision designed to provide a force for counter-terrorism efforts. It was named in honor of King Naresuan the Great. The Royal Thai Police were given orders to set up training for a special division to accomplish these goals. The unit was founded in 1984, Buddhist year 2527, and placed under the control and responsibility of the Thai Border Patrol Police Police Aerial Reinforcement Unit (PARU). In late 1986, a royal decree, proclamation number 14, reorganized the Royal Thai Police and Naraesuan 261 was assigned as 4th company under the Border Patrol Police's Aerial Reinforcement Unit. In 2005, a royal decree, proclamation raised 4th company to the level of 3rd Sub-Division, Border Patrol Police Aerial Reinforcement Unit. Naresuan ...more...

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Organizations started in 1983

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Independent Honor Guard Battalion of the Ministry of Defence of Turkmenistan

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Independent Honor Guard Battalion of the Ministry of Defence of Turkmenistan

The Independent Honor Guard Battalion of the Ministry of Defence of Turkmenistan (Turkmen: Türkmenistanyň Goranmak Ministrligi Hormat Garawuly Batalyony; Russian: Отдельный батальон Почетного караула Министерства обороны Туркменистан) is the official ceremonial unit of the Armed Forces of Turkmenistan that serves as a Guard of honour unit. The battalion guards the Independence Monument, the National Museum of Turkmenistan and the Presidential Palace in Ashgabat. The battalion was formed in 1992 as one of the first purely ceremonial units of the Turkmen Armed Forces. The battalion is composed of two infantry companies and also maintains Cavalry company. The Turkmen Internal Troops, Turkmen Border Troops, and Turkmen National Guard aee excluded from the battalion. History of Activities The battalion in the 2010 Moscow Victory Day Parade. Dmitry Medvedev inspecting the battalion with his Turkmen counterpart in Ashgabat in 2008. One of the first events the battalion took part in was the independence day m ...more...

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Military units and formations started in 1991

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Directorate-General of Customs and Indirect Taxes

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Directorate-General of Customs and Indirect Taxes

The Directorate-General of Customs and Indirect Taxes (French: Direction générale des douanes et droits indirects, DGDDI), commonly known as les douanes, is a French law enforcement agency responsible for levying indirect taxes, preventing smuggling, surveilling borders and investigating counterfeit money. The agency acts as a coast guard, border guard, sea rescue organisation and a customs service.[1] In addition, since 1995, the agency has replaced the Border Police in carrying out immigration control at smaller border checkpoints, in particular at maritime borders and regional airports.[2] The Directorate-general is controlled by the Minister for the Budget, Public Accounts and the Civil Service (French: Ministère du Budget, des Comptes publics et de la Fonction publique) at the Ministry of the Economy, Industry and Employment. It is normally known simply as "la douane", individual officers being referred to as "douaniers". It is an armed service.[3] History Renault Mégane of the Douanes The first F ...more...

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Border Protection Corps

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Border Protection Corps

KOP soldier's uniform, to 1939 Poland's borders 1922-1938 The Border Protection Corps (Polish: Korpus Ochrony Pogranicza, KOP) was a Polish military formation that was created in 1924 to defend the country's eastern borders against armed Soviet incursions and local bandits. Other borders were under the jurisdiction of a separate, regular Border Guard state security agency. Though the corps was part of the Polish Army, it was commanded directly by the Ministry of Internal Affairs rather than the Ministry of National Defence. It consisted of elite soldiers from all parts of Poland. Initially KOP comprised 6 brigades and 5 regiments, each guarding part of the borders with the Soviet Union. KOP ceased to exist with the fall of Poland in September 1939. History Founding After the Polish-Bolshevik War the Polish eastern frontier was stretched from the border with Latvia to the north, to the Prut river and Romanian border to the south. Although the peace treaty had been signed, the eastern border of Poland wa ...more...

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Borders of Poland

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State Defense Guard (Czechoslovakia)

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State Defense Guard (Czechoslovakia)

Memorial in honour of State Defense Guard at state border in Lusatian Mountains State Defense Guard (in Czech Stráž obrany státu, SOS) was a military service established in 1936 to protect borders of Czechoslovakia. From 1918 to 1936 border of Czechoslovakia was protected by "finance guard" (finanční stráž), an armed branch of the Ministry of Finance. Their main task was to carry on customs duty, border protection was secondary. For over decade army and police leadership had suggested to set up an organisation of higher military value. Amid international tensions the new service was established in 1936. The roles of the defense guard were: border security law enforcement customs enforcement Members of the guard were local policemen (četníci), existing finance guards and members of state police. Later citizens loyal to Czechoslovakia were incorporated (for example, many members of the sports organisation Sokol or active anti-fascist Germans). Plans were created to support the guard with regular army un ...more...

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Military units and formations started in 1936

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Underwater Demolition Assault Unit

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Underwater Demolition Assault Unit

The Naval Special Warfare Command, Royal Thai Fleet[1] (Thai: หน่วยบัญชาการสงครามพิเศษทางเรือ กองเรือยุทธการ), commonly known as the Thai Navy SEALs[2][3][4][5][6] (an acronym for Sea–Air–Land),[1] is a 144-man special operations force within the military of Thailand. The unit was set up in the name of Underwater Demolition Assault Unit in 1956[7] with the assistance of the U.S. Government and has trained with the United States Navy SEALs. A small element within the Royal Thai Navy SEAL unit has been trained to conduct maritime counter-terrorism missions. This unit has close ties with the U.S. Navy's own SEAL teams. History A SEAL of the Underwater Demolition Assault Unit boarding a container ship during the annual Southeast Asia Cooperation Against Terrorism (SEACAT) exercises, 2008. During World War II, naval forces fighting for both the Axis and Allies used special warfare forces. They were small elite groups trained to destroy ships, buildings, and other strategic locations as well as conduct sabota ...more...

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Naval special forces units

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Law enforcement in Finland

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Law enforcement in Finland

The sword and lion emblem is the symbol of the Police of Finland A Finnish police van in the old livery featuring vanity plates promoting the common European emergency telephone number 1-1-2 Law enforcement in Finland is the responsibility of several agencies. The Police of Finland, a national police agency, is responsible for most tasks.[1] The two other main agencies are the Finnish Border Guard and the Finnish Customs. Examples of other agencies with limited policing powers are the Finnish Defence Forces, municipal parking inspectors and railway staff. Law enforcement agencies Police of Finland The Police of Finland is subordinate to the Ministry of the Interior and divided into the National Police Board, two national units and 11 local police departments. Within departments, there is a division between uniformed patrol police (järjestyspoliisi, "order police") and criminal investigation (rikospoliisi, "criminal police"). The function of each police department is to maintain general law and order, ...more...



National Guard of Russia

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National Guard of Russia

The National Guard of the Russian Federation or Rosgvardia (Russian: Федеральная служба войск национальной гвардии Российской Федерации) is the internal military force of the government of Russia, comprising an independent agency that reports directly to the President under his powers as Supreme Commander-in-Chief and Chairman of the Security Council. The National Guard is separate from the Russian Armed Forces.[2] The federal executive body was established in 2016 by a law signed by President Vladimir Putin to secure borders, take charge of gun control, combat terrorism, organized crime, protect public order and guard important state facilities.[3][4] The establishment of the National Guard is seen an effort to enhance efficiency and avoid duplication of responsibilities within the Russian security system.[5] The National Guard numbers approx. 340,000 personnel in 84 units across Russia and consolidated the forces of the MVD Internal Troops, SOBR, OMON and other internal military forces outside of the Russi ...more...

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Gendarmerie

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Shadow Wolves

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Shadow Wolves

The "Shadow Wolves" is a unit of Native American trackers. The law enforcement unit is part of the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE). The Shadow Wolves' primary task is tracking smugglers through a 76-mile (122 km) stretch of the Tohono O'odham Nation territory that runs along the Mexico – United States border in the state of Arizona.[1] History The "Shadow Wolves" law enforcement unit was created in 1972 by an Act of Congress, after the U.S. federal government agreed to the Tohono O'odham Nation's demand that the officers have at least one fourth Native American ancestry.[2] The Shadow Wolves became the first federal law enforcement agents allowed to operate on Tohono land.[2] The unit is congressionally authorized to have as many as 21 members but, as of March, 2007, it consisted of only 15 members.[2] Members of the unit come from nine different tribes, including the Tohono O'odham, Blackfeet, Lakota, Navajo, Omaha, Sioux, and Yaqui.[2][3] In 2003, the Shadow Wolves became part of the Depa ...more...

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Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps

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Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps

The Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) (Persian: سپاه پاسداران انقلاب اسلامی‎, translit. Sepâh-e Pâsdârân-e Enghelâb-e Eslâmi, lit. 'Army of Guardians of the Islamic Revolution' or Sepâh for short) is a branch of Iran's Armed Forces founded after 1979 Revolution on 22 April 1979 [2] by order of Ayatollah Khomeini.[3] Whereas the regular military (or Artesh) defends Iran's borders and maintains internal order, according to the Iranian constitution, the Revolutionary Guard (pasdaran) is intended to protect the country's Islamic Republic system.[4] The Revolutionary Guards state that their role in protecting the Islamic system is preventing foreign interference as well as coups by the military or "deviant movements".[5] The Revolutionary Guards have roughly 125,000 military personnel including ground, aerospace and naval forces. Its naval forces are now the primary forces tasked with operational control of the Persian Gulf.[6] It also controls the paramilitary Basij militia which has about 90,000 active p ...more...

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Organizations designated as terrorist by the Un...

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Battles of Khalkhin Gol

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Battles of Khalkhin Gol

The Battles of Khalkhyn Gol were the decisive engagements of the undeclared Soviet–Japanese border conflicts fought among the Soviet Union, Mongolia, Japan and Manchukuo in 1939. The conflict was named after the river Khalkhyn Gol, which passes through the battlefield. In Japan, the decisive battle of the conflict is known as the Nomonhan Incident (ノモンハン事件 Nomonhan jiken) after Nomonhan, a nearby village on the border between Mongolia and Manchuria. The battles resulted in the defeat of the Japanese Sixth Army. Background After the Japanese occupation of Manchuria in 1931, Japan turned its military interests to Soviet territories that bordered those areas. The first major Soviet-Japanese border incident, the Battle of Lake Khasan, occurred in 1938 in Primorye. Clashes between Japanese and Soviet forces frequently occurred along the border of Manchuria. In 1939, Manchuria was a puppet state of Japan known as Manchukuo, and Mongolia was a communist state allied with the Soviet Union, known as the Mongolian P ...more...

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Conflicts in 1939

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Kentucky Army National Guard

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Kentucky Army National Guard

Seal of the Army National Guard The Kentucky Army National Guard is a component of the United States Army and the United States National Guard. Nationwide, the Army National Guard comprises approximately one half of the US Army's available combat forces and approximately one third of its support organization. National coordination of various state National Guard units are maintained through the National Guard Bureau. Kentucky Army National Guard units are trained and equipped as part of the United States Army. The same ranks and insignia are used and National Guardsmen are eligible to receive all United States military awards. The Kentucky Guard also bestows a number of state awards for local services rendered in or to the state of Kentucky. The Kentucky Army National Guard is composed of approximately 61 armories and is present in 53 communities, with its headquarters located in Frankfort, Kentucky.[1] Structure Joint Force Headquarters Kentucky 63d Aviation Brigade 75th Troop Command (appears to dra ...more...

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United States Army National Guard by state

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Republican Guard (Kazakhstan)

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Republican Guard (Kazakhstan)

The Republican Guard of the Republic of Kazakhstan (Kazakh: Қазақстан Республикасының Республикалық ұланы; Russian: Республиканская гвардия Республики Казахстана) is one of the branches of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Kazakhstan, along with Land Forces, Naval Forces, Air Defense Forces and the Border Guards. The Republican Guard is designed for protection and defense of residence of the President of Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayev in Almaty and Astana. The Republican Guard was established on March 16, 1992, when the President of Kazakhstan signed a decree on their creation.Thus, the Day of the Republican Guard has been set as March 16.[2] The Republican Guard was established on the basis of a separate brigade of operational designation of the Internal Troops deployed in the village of Ak Zhar, Kaskelen district of Almaty region. On April 21, 2014, Republican Guard and the Presidential Security Service were merged to form the State Security Service of Kazakhstan.[3] The brigades can be compared to a r ...more...

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Ministry of Interior (Egypt)

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Ministry of Interior (Egypt)

The Ministry of Interior of Egypt is a part of the Cabinet of Egypt. It is responsible for law enforcement in Egypt. On March 5, 2015 Magdy Abdel Ghaffar was appointed Minister of Interior.[2] The Ministry of Interior directs the Central Security Forces, around 410,000 in 2012; the National Police, around 500,000; and the Egyptian Homeland security, around 200,000 strong. [3] The Border Guard Forces are organised in 18 border guard regiments totaling approximately 25,000 members. The Border Guard Forces are a lightly armed paramilitary unit, mostly Bedouins, responsible for border surveillance, general peacekeeping, drug interdiction, and prevention of smuggling. During the late 1980s, the force was equipped with remote sensors, night-vision binoculars, communications vehicles, and high-speed motorboats. The Border guards Were originally under the control of the Ministry of Defense, however control was almost immediately given to the Ministry of Interior after their creation. Ministers Muhammad Tawfiq N ...more...

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Internal affairs ministries

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Public Forces of Costa Rica

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Public Forces of Costa Rica

The Public Force of Costa Rica is the country’s law enforcement force, which performs policing and border patrol functions.[1] History On December 1, 1948, President José Figueres Ferrer of Costa Rica abolished the military of Costa Rica after victory in the civil war in that year.[2] In a ceremony in the Cuartel Bellavista, Figueres broke a wall with a mallet symbolizing an end to Costa Rica's military spirit. In 1949, the abolition of the military was introduced in Article 12 of the Costa Rican Constitution. The budget previously dedicated to the military now is dedicated to security, education and culture. Costa Rica maintains Police Guard forces. The museum Museo Nacional de Costa Rica was placed in the Cuartel Bellavista as a symbol of commitment to culture. In 1986, President Oscar Arias Sánchez declared December 1 as the Día de la Abolición del Ejército (Military abolition day) with Law #8115. Unlike its neighbors, Costa Rica has not endured a civil war since 1948. Costa Rica maintains small forces ...more...

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Armed Forces of the Republic of Tajikistan

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Armed Forces of the Republic of Tajikistan

The Armed Forces of the Republic of Tajikistan (Tajik:Қувваҳои Мусаллаҳи Ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон) is the national military of the Republic of Tajikistan. It consists of National Army, Mobile Forces, Air Force, Presidential National Guard, border and internal troops. There are also significant Russian forces in the country principally the 201st Motor Rifle Division. Unlike the other former Soviet states of Central Asia, Tajikistan did not form armed forces based upon former Soviet units on its territory. Instead, the Russian Ministry of Defence took control of the Dushanbe-based 201st Motor Rifle Division. Control simply shifted from the former district headquarters in Tashkent, which was in now-independent Uzbekistan, to Moscow. Also present in Tajikistan was a large contingent of Soviet border guards, which transitioned into a Russian-officered force with Tajik conscripts. For a long period a CIS peacekeeping force, built around the 201st MRD, were in place in the country. Due to the presence of Russian forces ...more...

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42nd Infantry Division (United States)

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42nd Infantry Division (United States)

The 42nd Infantry Division (42ID) ("Rainbow"[1]) is a division of the United States Army National Guard. The 42nd Infantry Division has served in World War I, World War II and the Global War on Terrorism (GWOT). The division is currently headquartered at the Glenmore Road Armory in Troy, New York. The division headquarters is a unit of the New York Army National Guard. The division currently includes Army National Guard units from fourteen different states, including Connecticut, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Rhode Island, and Vermont. As of 2007, 67 percent of 42ID soldiers are located in New York and New Jersey.[2] Rainbow Division The 42ID came to be known as the "Rainbow Division". When the United States declared war on Germany in 1917, it federalized National Guard divisions to quickly build up an Army. In addition, Douglas MacArthur, then a major, suggested to William A. Mann, the head of the Militia Bureau, that he form another division from the non-divisional ...more...

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United States Army divisions of World War I

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National Guard (Kyrgyzstan)

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National Guard (Kyrgyzstan)

The National Guard of Kyrgyzstan (Kyrgyz:Кыpгыз Pecпyбликacынын Улуттук гвардия; Russian:Национальной гвардии Киргизии) is the National Guard of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Kyrgyzstan. The national guard was founded on December 6, 1991 by order of President Askar Akayev. The troops took their first oath July 20, 1992.[1][2]It carries out functions of a representative and protocol nature, protection and protection of strategic facilities of the country, liquidation of the consequences of natural disasters and emergency situations.[3][4] Composition Headquarters Command Scorpion 25th Special Force Brigade Ilbirs brigade Bars Unit Edelweiss Unit Panther Airborne Battalion Special Forces of the National Guard Special regiment of the Ministry of Internal Affairs "Shumkar" Special Forces of the State Service for Control of Drug Trafficking Special Forces of the Border Guard Service Honor Guard Battalion (Military Unit No. 701) 1st company (subordinated to the President) 2nd company 3rd comp ...more...

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Order of battle of the Bulgarian Army in the First Balkan War (1912)

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Order of battle of the Bulgarian Army in the First Balkan War (1912)

The following is the Bulgarian Order of Battle at the beginning of the First Balkan War as of October 8, 1912. After its mobilization the field army counted for 366,209 men[1] and represented half the field forces of the Balkan League. Its greater part was deployed in the main theater of the war in Thrace[2] but the army also contributed to the allied war effort in Macedonia. This order of battle includes all combat units, including engineer and artillery units, but not medical, supply, signal and border guard units. GHQ The nominal commander in chief of the Bulgarian Army was Tsar Ferdinand I but de facto its control and leadership were in the hands of his deputy Lieutenant-General Mihail Savov. The Chief of the General Staff was Major-General Ivan Fichev with Colonel Stefan Nerezov as his Deputy Chief. Thracian Theater First Army Types of Bulgarian soldiers during the Balkan Wars First Army was commanded by lieutenant-general Vasil Kutinchev. 1st Sofia Infantry Division ( Major-General Toshev) ...more...

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