Border Guard Unit

The Border Guard Unit (reporting name: BGU) is a national security and paramilitary unit of the Customs Excise and Preventive Service Division of the Ghana Revenue Authority and the Ghana Armed Forces (GAF). Established in October 1964, BGU's primary role is to guard Ghana's international borders during peacetime and prevent trans-border crime.[1]

History

In October 1964, the Border Guard Unit (BGU) was formed as a police unit led by an assistant commissioner of police. The Border Guard Unit (BGU) acted as customs agents examining passengers and baggage aboard ships and aircraft.[1][2]

In 1988 the Border Guard Unit (BGU) was re-integrated into the Customs Excise and Preventive Service as a military unit. BGU designs and implements effective strategies and programmes to facilitate the movement of people across Ghana's international borders.[1][2]

Objectives
BGU (Border Guard Unit) Special Agent Badge.
Border Guard Unit Shield

The Border Guard Unit (BGU) ensures the security of Ghana's international borders and entry and exit points against illegal immigration and cross-border criminals.[3] Its tasks include:

Border patrol operations and corporate operations
Sergeant Major and Chief Warrant Officer Dickson Owusu; the current Director-general of the BGU (Border Guard Unit)

The BGU's primary operation is detection and apprehension of illegal aliens and smugglers of aliens at or near the land borders.[3] Some of the major BGU operational activities include maintaining traffic checkpoints and security checkpoints along highways (Ghana Road Network) leading from border areas, conducting snap checks and anti-smuggling within Ghana.[3] These BGU operational activities are performed with the use of UCAVs, UAVs, attack helicopters, armoured fighting vehicles, pick-up vehicles, and all purpose motorbikes .[3]

Customs operations

The BGU physically examines containerized goods at Boankra Inland Port, Akosombo Port, Takoradi Harbour and Tema Harbour.[2] BGU is working to streamline and fully automate customs processes and procedures under the Ghana Customs Management System (GCMS) and the Ghana Community Network (GCNET).[2]

References
  1. The Security Act (Act 202) 1963, Ghana.
  2. The Customs, Excise and Preventive Service (Management) Law 1993, PNDCL 330.
  3. "The Formative Stage of the Border Patrol Unit (BPU)". Ghanaimmigration.org. Archived from the original on 2 May 2014. Retrieved 27 April 2016.
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Border Guard Unit

topic

Border Guard Unit

The Border Guard Unit (reporting name: BGU) is a national security and paramilitary unit of the Customs Excise and Preventive Service Division of the Ghana Revenue Authority and the Ghana Armed Forces (GAF). Established in October 1964, BGU's primary role is to guard Ghana's international borders during peacetime and prevent trans-border crime.[1] History In October 1964, the Border Guard Unit (BGU) was formed as a police unit led by an assistant commissioner of police. The Border Guard Unit (BGU) acted as customs agents examining passengers and baggage aboard ships and aircraft.[1][2] In 1988 the Border Guard Unit (BGU) was re-integrated into the Customs Excise and Preventive Service as a military unit. BGU designs and implements effective strategies and programmes to facilitate the movement of people across Ghana's international borders.[1][2] Objectives BGU (Border Guard Unit) Special Agent Badge. Border Guard Unit Shield The Border Guard Unit (BGU) ensures the security of Ghana's internation ...more...

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Border guard

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Border guard

Soviet Border Troops riding horses patrol a mountainous section of the border in 1984. A border guard of a country is a national security agency that performs border control, i.e., enforces the security of the country's national borders. Some of the national border guard agencies also perform coast guard (as in Germany or Ukraine) and rescue service duties. Name and uniform In different countries, names of particular border guard services vary significantly. The service may be called "police", "guard", "troops" or "sentinel" and the name would refer to the nation's official term for the state border - whether it is "frontier" or "border". Most border guards of the world use dark green-colored elements on their uniform, insignia or flags. Tasks Peacetime duties Chinese border guards' booth on the sea coast in Guangdong. Typical tasks of a Border Guard are: Controlling and guarding a nation's borders; Controlling border crossing persons, vehicles, and travel documents; Preventing illegal border cr ...more...

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Border Service of the Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation

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Border Service of the Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation

Flag of the Border Service of the FSB since 2003 and Border Troops of the Federal Border Service till 2003. Federal Border Service flag till 2003. Flag of the Coast Guard of the Border Service of the FSB. The Border Service of the Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation (Russian: Пограничная служба Федеральной службы безопасности Российской Федерации) is a branch of Federal Security Service of Russia tasked with patrol of the Russian border. The terms Border Service of Russia (Russian: Пограничная служба России) and Border Force of Russia (Russian: Пограничные войска России) are also common, while in English, the terms "Border Guards" and "Border Troops" are frequently used to designate this service. The Border service numbers around 170,000 active members,[1] which includes the Russian maritime border guard units (i.e., the coast guard). History Tsarist and Imperial Russia One can trace the origin of the Russian border service to 1571 and the work of Prince Mikhail Vorotynsky (died 1573) ...more...

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Soviet Border Troops

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Soviet Border Troops

Soviet Border Guard sleeve patch The Karpov frontier post Former Soviet Border Guard observation post in Estonia Soviet Border Troops (Russian: Пограничные войска СССР, Pograníchnyye Voiská SSSR) were the militarized border guard of the Soviet Union, subordinated to its subsequently reorganized state security agency: first to Cheka/OGPU, then to NKVD/MGB and, finally, to KGB. Accordingly, they were known as NKVD Border Troops and KGB Border Troops (with Russian abbreviations - НКВД СССР/- КГБ СССР added on the end of official names). Unlike border guards of many other countries, Soviet Border Troops also included the maritime border guarding units (i.e., a coast guard). The mission of the Border Troops included repulsing armed incursions into Soviet territory; preventing illegal crossings of the border or the transport of weapons, explosives, contraband or subversive literature across the border; monitoring the observance of established procedures at border crossing points; monitoring the observance b ...more...

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State Border Guard Service of Ukraine

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State Border Guard Service of Ukraine

State Border Guard Service of Ukraine headquarters in Kyiv. State Border Guard Service of Ukraine (Ukrainian: Державна Прикордонна Служба України, Derzhavna Prykordonna Sluzhba Ukrayiny; abbr. ДПСУ, DPSU) or SBGS is the border guard of Ukraine. It is an independent law enforcement agency of special assignment, the head of which is subordinated to the President of Ukraine. The Service was created on July 31, 2003 after the reorganization of the State Committee in Affairs for Protection the State Border. During wartime, units of the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine fall under the command of the Armed Forces of Ukraine. The State Border Guard Service of Ukraine includes the Ukrainian Sea Guard (the country's coast guard). It is also responsible for running "Temporary Detention Centres", in which refugees are held. Structure Components Ground Forces Sea Guard Aerial support Directors (Commanders) of Border Guard Service (Border Troops) 2017-present Petro Tsyhykal[3] 2014-2017 Viktor Nazarenko[4] ...more...

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Border Guard (Poland)

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Border Guard (Poland)

The Polish Border Guard (Polish Straż Graniczna, also abbreviated as SG) is a state security agency tasked with patrolling the Polish border. It existed in the Second Republic era from 1928 to 1939 and was reestablished in the modern-day Third Republic in 1990, going into operation the following year. During the communist era lasting from 1945 to 1989, the role of the border guard was carried out by the Border Protection Troops (Wojska Ochrony Pogranicza). 1928-1939 The Straż Graniczna was founded in 1928. During the times of the Second Polish Republic, it was responsible for northern, western and southern border of Poland (with Germany, Free City of Gdańsk, sea border, Czechoslovakia and Romania). Eastern border, often raided by military bands supported by Soviet Union was under the jurisdiction of a separate, military formation (Border Protection Corps, Korpus Ochrony Pogranicza - KOP). Responsibilities of Straż Graniczna included: prevention of illegal crossing of the land and sea border by people and ...more...

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Coast guard

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Coast guard

USCG National Security Cutter USCGC Bertholf (WMSL-750) and a EADS HC-144 Ocean Sentry Russian Coast Guard vessel #183 A CH-149 Cormorant training with a Canadian Coast Guard cutter A Chinese Coast Guard Ship participating in an international exercise Multi-purpose vessel Arkona of the German Federal Coast Guard A Portuguese National Republican Guard Coastal Control Unit surveillance boat of the LVI type A coast guard or coastguard is a maritime security organization of a particular country. The term implies widely different responsibilities in different countries, from being a heavily armed military force with customs and security duties to being a volunteer organization tasked with search and rescue functions and lacking any law enforcement powers. However, a typical coast guard's functions are distinct from typical functions of both the navy (a pure military force) and a transportation police (a civilian law enforcement agency). History The HM Coastguard station at Girvan, Ayrshire, ...more...

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European Border and Coast Guard Agency

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European Border and Coast Guard Agency

  Schengen Area   Countries with open borders   Legally obliged to join The European Border and Coast Guard Agency, also known as Frontex[3] (from French: Frontières extérieures for "external borders"), is an agency of the European Union headquartered in Warsaw, Poland, tasked with border control of the European Schengen Area, in coordination with the border and coast guards of Schengen Area member states. Frontex was established in 2005 as the European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders, and primarily responsible for coordinating border control efforts. In response to the European migrant crisis of 2015-2016, the European Commission proposed on December 15, 2015, to extend Frontex's mandate and to transform it into a fully-fledged European Border and Coast Guard Agency.[1] On 18 December 2015, the European Council roundly supported the proposal,[4] and after a vote by the European Parliament, the European Border and Coast Guard was officially launched on 6 Octo ...more...

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Finnish Border Guard

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Finnish Border Guard

Finnish customs, Border Guard and Police have close inter-agency cooperation. Offshore patrol craft Turva. VL Uisko. Hover craft IA-202. Patrol boat PV 281. Rescue helicopter Agusta Bell AB-412. The Finnish Border Guard (Finnish: Rajavartiolaitos; Swedish: Gränsbevakningsväsendet) is the national security agency responsible for enforcing the security of Finland's borders. It is a paramilitary organization, subordinate to the Ministry of the Interior in administrative issues and to the President of the Republic in issues pertaining to the president's authority as Commander-in-Chief (e.g. officer promotions). The Border Guard has police and investigative powers in immigration matters and can independently investigate immigration violations. The Border Guard has search and rescue (SAR) duties, both maritime and inland. The Guard operates SAR helicopters that are often used in inland SAR, in assistance of a local fire and rescue department or other authorities. The border guard's active duty per ...more...

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List of national border guard agencies

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List of national border guard agencies

This is the list of the Border Guard agencies in different countries. Such agencies may also be known as Border Patrol, Border Police, Border Troops, Frontier Guard or Frontier Police. Asia Bangladesh Border Guards Bangladesh - 67,000 personnel China General Administration of Customs - Primary customs and excise agency. Ministry of Public Security - China Immigration Inspection People's Armed Police - Border patrol and control functions in remote regions. Hong Kong Hong Kong Immigration Department Hong Kong Customs & Excise India Border Security Force – 245,000 personnel on the Pakistan and Bangladesh Border Indo-Tibetan Border Police – 77,000 personnel Rashtriya Rifles – 40,000 personnel in Kashmir Special Frontier Force – 10,000 personnel primarily used for conducting clandestine intelligence gathering and commando operations along the India Chinese border. Officially constrained from operating within 10 km of the international border Assam Rifles – 50,000 personnel or ...more...

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Border Guard (disambiguation)

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Border Guard (disambiguation)

Border Guard may refer to one of the following border guards: the Finnish Border Guard the German Federal Border Guard the Polish Border Guard the Swiss Border Guard Corps ...more...

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State Border Guard

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State Border Guard

The State Border Guard (Latvian: Valsts Robežsardze) is the border guard of Latvia.[1] The State Border Guard is an institution subordinated to the Minister of the Interior. The State Border Guard is an armed institution and it serves to ensure the security of the state border and to prevent illegal migration. Every day more than 2000 border guards and employees of the State Border Guard fulfil their duties of service. Currently the State Border Guard comprises the Central Board, territorial boards, including the Aviation Board. The State Border Guard College is an institution of higher education under the authority of the State Border Guard. The State Border Guard ensures surveillance of 276 km long border between the Republic of Latvia and Russian Federation, 172,9 km long border between the Republic of Latvia and the Republic of Belarus, and 498 km long sea border (external EU border), as well as monitoring of 343 km long border between the Republic of Latvia and the Republic of Estonia and 588 km long ...more...

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Israel Border Police

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Israel Border Police

The Israel Border Police (Hebrew: מִשְׁמַר הַגְּבוּל‬, Mišmar Ha-Gvul) is the gendarmerie and border security branch of the Israel National Police. It is also commonly known by its Hebrew abbreviation Magav (מג"ב‬), meaning border guard; its members are colloquially known as Magavnikim (מג"בניקים‬). Border Guard is often used as the official name of the Israel Border Police in English. While its main task is securing Israel's borders, it has also been deployed in assisting the Israel Defense Forces, and for counter-terrorism and law enforcement operations in the West Bank, as well as in Jerusalem. The Israeli Border Police is renowned for including a large number of soldiers from minority backgrounds, being a particularly popular choice with Druze recruits, but also includes many soldiers from Circassian, Arab Christian and Bedouin background.[1] History Magavniks in Jerusalem The Border Police was founded as the Frontier Corps (חיל הספר‬, Heil HaSfar), a gendarmerie under the IDF in 1949 with the tas ...more...

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Police and Border Guard Aviation Group

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Police and Border Guard Aviation Group

The Police and Border Guard Aviation Group (Estonian: Politsei- ja piirivalveameti lennusalk) is a mixed helicopter and airplane flight unit formerly operating under the Estonian Border Guard, but now subordinate to the Police and Border Guard Board. The squadron is a rapid response search and rescue unit, which also conducts medical transport and border patrol operations. History The creation of the unit began with the establishment of the Border Guard Flight Department in 1992. The unit was officially established on 8 February 1993, under the name of National Border Guard Squadron and the unit started operating from Tallinn Airport. Arvo Palumäe became the commander of the squadron. The squadron initially operated two Let L-410 airplanes, donated by Germany in 1992 and received on 23 February 1993. The airplanes started participating in HELCOM flights that same year. On 1 September 1994, based on the squadron, the Estonian National Aviation Group was established. The unit participated in the rescue effort ...more...

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Coast Guard (Russia)

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Coast Guard (Russia)

The Coast Guard of the Border Service of the FSB (Russian: Береговая охрана Пограничной службы ФСБ России, Beregovaya okhrana Pogranichnoy sluzhby FSB Rossii), previously known as the Maritime Units of the KGB Border Troops (Russian: Морские части Пограничных Войск КГБ СССР), is the coast guard of the Russian Federation. The Coast Guard is part of the Border Guard Service of Russia under the Federal Security Service of Russia (Береговая охрана Пограничной службы ФСБ России).[1] History The roots of the Coast Guard lie in the Russian Maritime Forces of the KGB's Border Services. Training and study The FSB Coast Guard Institute (Институт береговой охраны ФСБ России), located in Anapa, was established in 2007. Missions The Russian Coast Guard has various missions, such as the protection of Russian maritime borders, ensuring safe navigation in territorial waters, assisting vessels and aircraft, weather reconnaissance, fisheries protection, and fighting against smuggling and piracy. To perform these missions ...more...

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Border Guards Bangladesh

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Border Guards Bangladesh

The Border Guards Bangladesh (Bengali transliteration: বর্ডার গার্ড বাংলাদেশ; translated from English: বাংলাদেশ সীমান্ত রক্ষক; BGB), formerly known as the Bangladesh Rifles,[2] is the oldest uniformed force in Bangladesh. It is a paramilitary force under the Ministry of Home Affairs. BGB is primarily responsible for the border security of the country, in Bangladesh the force is known as "The Vigilant Sentinels of the National Frontier".[3] The Present Director General is Maj. Gen. Shafeenul Islam.[4] Border Guards Bangladesh, as a paramilitary force, is entrusted with the responsibility to defend the 4,427 kilometres (2,751 mi) border of Bangladesh.[5] BGB boasts a military history spanning over two centuries.[6] During peacetime this force is also responsible for anti-smuggling operations, investigating cross border crime and extending governmental authority to remote and isolated areas. From time to time BGB has also been called upon to assist the administration in the maintenance of internal law & or ...more...

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Border Troops of the German Democratic Republic

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Border Troops of the German Democratic Republic

Bestenabzeichen (enamel breast badge) (1986–1990) Border Troops The Border Troops of the German Democratic Republic, in German Grenztruppen der DDR, were a military force of the GDR and the primary force guarding the Berlin Wall and the border between East and West Germany. The Border Troops numbered at their peak approximately 47,000 troops. Except the Soviet Union, no other Warsaw Pact country had such a large border guard force. The border guards were responsible for many deaths at the Berlin Wall. At least 29 border guards were killed in the line of duty. History East German Grenzaufklärungszug (GAK) border trooper taking a photograph of US Army activities across the inner German border. By December 1945—within six months of the end of the war—each of the five states in the Soviet occupation zone had a central police force, in clear violation of the Yalta and Potsdam agreements. In early January 1946, the term Volkspolizei (People's Police) was applied publicly to the new police forces in East G ...more...

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Ghana Armed Forces

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Ghana Armed Forces

The Ghana Armed Forces (GAF) is the unified armed force of Ghana, consisting of the Army (GA), Navy (GN), and Ghana Air Force.[7] The GAF are supervised by the Ghanaian Ministry of Defence.[8] The Commander-in-Chief of the Ghana Armed Forces is the President of Ghana, who is also the supreme military commander of the President's Own Guard Regiment (POGR) and of the Border Guard Unit (BGU). The supervision of the Ghana Armed Forces (GAF) is managed by the Minister of Defence and the Chief of Defence Staff. History Internal operations GAF War Flag of the Ghana Regiment Operation Burma Campaign in the South-East Asian Theatre of World War II. The Ghana Armed Forces (GAF) were formed in 1957. Major General Stephen Otu is appointed GAF Chief of Defence Staff in September 1961. From 1966, the GAF was extensively involved in politics, mounting several coups. Kwame Nkrumah had become Ghana's first Prime Minister when the country became independent in 1957. As Nkrumah's rule wore on, he began to take actions whi ...more...

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Islamic Republic of Iran Border Guard Command

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Islamic Republic of Iran Border Guard Command

Islamic Republic of Iran Border Guard Command (Persian: فرماندهی مرزبانی جمهوری اسلامی ایران‎), commonly known as NAJA Border Guard (Persian: مرزبانی ناجا‎), is a subdivision of Law Enforcement Force of Islamic Republic of Iran (NAJA) and Iran's sole agency that performs border guard and control in land borders, and coast guard in maritime borders. The unit was founded in 2000, and from 1991 to 2000, the unit's duties was done by of Security deputy of NAJA. Before 1991, border control was Gendarmerie's duty.[1] References کلیاتی از تاریخ مرزبانی جمهوری اسلامی ایران (in Persian), Islamic Republic of Iran Border Guard Command, retrieved 1 April 2015 ...more...

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Lithuanian State Border Guard Service

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Lithuanian State Border Guard Service

The State Border Guard Service or SBGS (Lithuanian: Valstybės sienos apsaugos tarnyba) is the organisation under the authority of the Ministry of the Interior charged with controlling and maintaining the security of Lithuanian borders on land, in the Baltic Sea and the Curonian Lagoon. Since December 21, 2007, Lithuania is part of the Schengen Area and SBGS, partner of Frontex, controls about 1,070 kilometres (660 mi) of Area's external land border with Kaliningrad Oblast and Belarus. History 1920–1940 Following the declaration of independence on February 16, 1918, Lithuania had to ensure its border protection. This was a difficult task to fulfill, because the borders were changing (Lithuanian took over the Klaipėda Region in 1923 and was in a perpetual dispute with Poland over the Vilnius Region), and the bodies protecting the border were changing as well (the customs and patrol guards, militia and army). The formation of the first border regiment was started on 1 February 1920. On 26 January 1922, the Li ...more...

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Guard

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Guard

Look up Guard, guard, or Guards in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Guard or guards may refer to: Professional occupations Bodyguard, who protects an individual from personal assault Crossing guard, who stops traffic so pedestrians can cross the street Lifeguard, who rescues people from drowning Prison guard, who supervises prisoners in a prison or jail Security guard, who protects property, assets, or people Conductor (rail) § Train guard, in the UK, Australia, New Zealand, and India Governmental and military Border guard, a state security agency Coast guard, responsible for coastal defence and offshore rescue Colour guard, a detachment of soldiers assigned to the protection of regimental colors Commander-in-Chief's Guard, a unit of the Continental Army that protected General George Washington Foot guards, a senior infantry unit in some armies, often with ceremonial duties Garda Síochána, Irish police force informally known as Guards Guard of honour, primarily ceremonial Gua ...more...



Police and Border Guard Board

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Police and Border Guard Board

The Police and Border Guard Board (Estonian: Politsei- ja Piirivalveamet) is a unified governmental agency within the Estonian Ministry of Interior and is responsible for law enforcement and homeland security in the Republic of Estonia. The main tasks of the agency are to ensure and protect the integrity of the Estonian state and, since May 1, 2004, also the European Union border within the territories of the Republic of Estonia; to secure the state borders and the European Union outer border within the territories of the Republic of Estonia, to monitor and identify citizenship, along with handling the documentation, to preserve law and civil order within the borders of the Republic of Estonia and to detect and prevent crime. History Andrus Ansip's Government Cabinetm which was established after the 2005 parlamental elections, stated in its 2007–2011 coalition programme the need for a unified homeland security agency in order to reduce operating costs and upkeep[1] between the ministry and its organization ...more...

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State Border Service (Azerbaijan)

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State Border Service (Azerbaijan)

The State Border Service of Azerbaijan Republic (Azerbaijani: Azərbaycan Respublikası Dövlət Sərhəd Xidməti) also known as Border Guard[1] of Azerbaijan is a governmental law enforcement agency in charge of protecting the borders of Azerbaijan. History The State Border Service of Azerbaijan was established on July 31, 2002 by decree of the President of Azerbaijan Heydar Aliyev, by the removal of the border troops from jurisdiction of the Ministry of National Security of Azerbaijan.[2] The main function of the border guard is to guard the Azerbaijani borders against any illegal acts, and to prevent illegal arms, drugs and human trafficking in the country. Chief of State Border Service and Commander of Border Troops is General-Lieutenant Elchin Guliyev. Other law enforcement bodies in Azerbaijan include the Internal Troops of Azerbaijan and the Azerbaijani National Guard. Maritime Brigade (Azerbaijani Coast Guard) The international border crossing between Azerbaijan and Georgia at Balakan. An ex-U.S. ...more...

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Marine Unit (Australian Border Force)

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Marine Unit (Australian Border Force)

The Bay class patrol boat Australian Customs Vessel (ACV) Storm Bay The Australian Customs Vessel (ACV) Ocean Protector Australian Customs Service armed patrol ship MV Oceanic Viking The Marine Unit, formerly the Australian Customs Service National Marine Unit, is a division of the Australian Border Force which acts as a Coast Guard in guarding Australia's coast. The Marine Unit focuses on surveillance and response activities within the Australian Economic Exclusion Zone (EEZ), and the operation and training of ships and crews to do so.[1] Operations The CMU and the Border Protection Division (formerly known as Coastwatch) make up the Customs contribution to Maritime Border Command, a joint command with the Australian Defence Force and incorporating assets from the Australian Fisheries Management Authority, the Australian Quarantine and Inspection Service, and state-level agencies.[2] Maritime Border Command is responsible for protecting Australia's maritime areas, offshore assets, and exte ...more...

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People's Armed Police

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People's Armed Police

The Chinese People's Armed Police Force (abbreviated: PAP) is a Chinese paramilitary police (Gendarmerie) force primarily responsible for internal security, law enforcement and maritime rights protection in China, as well as providing support to the PLA Ground Force during wartime. In the contrast to the People's Police officers in Public Security and other law enforcement agencies, PAP servicepersons, also called as "Armed Police officers and soldiers" (武警官兵), wear olive green instead of the blue uniforms of the People's Police. The PAP is estimated to have a total strength of 1.5 million. History The history of the People's Armed Police is as long as that of the People's Republic, and its origin can be traced back to the People's Liberation Army, which was responsible for both defending the nation from foreign invasions and internal security. Although the force was officially established in 1982, its constituent units stretch back to 1949.[1] After the establishment of the People's Republic of China, it ...more...

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Border Guard Forces

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Border Guard Forces

Border Guard Forces (Burmese: နယ်ခြားစောင့်တပ်; abbreviated BGF) are subdivisions of the Tatmadaw (Myanmar Armed Forces), consisting of former insurgent groups in Myanmar (Burma) under the instruction of Regional Military Commands. The government announced its plan to create Border Guard Forces in April 2009, in the hopes of ending hostilities between the government and insurgent groups leading up to the 2010 general election.[1] History In 2008 the new constitution made it mandatory for insurgent groups to transition into a BGF before the government would agree to engage in peace talks.[2] Following the government announcement on BGFs, the government set a deadline for all insurgent groups to transition into BGFs, and that all ceasefire agreements prior to the deadline would become "null and void". The deadline was originally set to be June 2009, but was delayed five times until September 2010.[1][3] In April 2009, Lieutenant General Ye Myint led a government entourage to meet with Kokang, Shan and Wa ins ...more...

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Border Security Force

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Border Security Force

The Border Security Force (BSF) is the primary border guarding force of India. It is one of the five Central Armed Police Forces of the Union of India, it was raised in the wake of the 1965 War on 1 December 1965, "for ensuring the security of the borders of India and for matters connected there with".[5][6] It is a Central Armed Police Force charged with guarding India's land border during peacetime and preventing transnational crime. It is a Union Government Agency under the administrative control of Ministry of Home Affairs. The BSF has its own cadre of officers but its head, designated as a Director-General (DG), since its raising has been an officer from the Indian Police Service. It is an Armed Force of the Union of India tasked with various assignments from time to time.[6] The BSF has grown exponentially from a few battalions in 1965, to 186 battalions with a sanctioned strength of 257,363 personnel including an expanding air wing, marine wing, artillery regiments, and commando units.[7][8] It current ...more...

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Shai Unit

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Shai Unit

This article is about the Israel Police unit. For the Haganah unit, see Shai (Haganah unit). The Shai Unit is a volunteer unit of the Israel Border Police. The name is an acronym, which, when translated into English, means "Guardians of Jerusalem". History In January 2006 the Jerusalem Border Guard (also known as Magav) took existing volunteer Border Guard soldiers from within their ranks and formed them into their own special fighting unit. While volunteers are nothing new to the Israel Border Guard, what makes the Yechidat Shai Border Guard unit unique is that it is the first ever all volunteer Border Guard unit in Jerusalem. Structure The majority of the Shai Unit are new immigrants that have come from all over the world, including places like America, France and Russia. These volunteer soldiers serve alongside the regular full-time Magav Border Guard units assigned to protect Jerusalem. The volunteer soldiers leave behind jobs and families on a regular basis in order to serve in this special combat ...more...

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Swiss Border Guard

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Swiss Border Guard

Vehicles of the Swiss Border Guard at the EuroAirport (2014). Swiss Border Guard (French: Corps des gardes-frontière, German: Grenzwachtkorps, Italian: Corpo delle guardie di confine) are a federal law enforcement agency, which acts as both the border guard and customs service for Switzerland. It is a uniformed section of the Federal Customs Administration, which is attached to the Federal Department of Finance. It is the largest civilian security agency on a federal level. Its members are subjected to military criminal law. The Swiss Border Guard is the federal administrations instrument for: Prevention, intervention and repression, concerning customs and migration related matters. Enforcing border security and national compensating measures under the Schengen treaty. Participation in international missions of the European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders (Frontex). Tasks The Swiss Border Guard controls people and merchandise crossing the Swiss border, wh ...more...

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Articles containing French-language text

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Air National Guard

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Air National Guard

The Air National Guard (ANG), also known as the Air Guard, is a federal military reserve force as well as the militia air force of each U.S. state, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and the territories of Guam and the U.S. Virgin Islands. It, along with each state's, district's, commonwealth's or territory's Army National Guard component, makes up the National Guard of each state and the districts, commonwealths and territories as applicable. When Air National Guard units are used under the jurisdiction of the state governor they are fulfilling their militia role. However, if federalized by order of the President of the United States, ANG units become an active part of the United States Air Force.[3] They are jointly administered by the states and the National Guard Bureau, a joint bureau of the Army and Air Force that oversees the National Guard of the United States. Air National Guard units are organized and federally recognized federal military reserve forces in each of the fifty ...more...

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Started in 1947 in the United States

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Guard of honour

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Guard of honour

Vietnamese honour guards. Chinese military honour guards. Jamie Carragher receiving a guard of honour from teammates and opposition players on the final match of his career with Liverpool FC. A guard of honour (en-GB), guard of honor (en-US), also honour guard (en-GB), honor guard (en-US), also ceremonial guard, is a guard, usually military in nature, appointed to receive or guard a head of state or other dignitary, the fallen in war, or to attend at state ceremonials, especially funerals. In military weddings, especially those of commissioned officers, a guard, composed usually of service members of the same branch, form the Saber arch. In principle any military unit could act as a guard of honour. However, in some countries certain units are specially designated for guard of honour duty. Guards of Honour also serve in the civilian world for fallen police officers and other civil servants. Certain religious bodies, especially Churches of the Anglican Communion and the Methodist movement, have the tr ...more...

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List of army units called Guards

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List of army units called Guards

This is a list of past and present army units whose names include the word guard. Border Guards, Coast Guards, Home Guards, National Guards, Presidential Guards, Red Guards, Republican Guards, and Royal Guards are listed under their own articles. Active Australia Federation Guard Austria Guard Battalion Bahrain Royal Guard Bulgaria National Guards Unit of Bulgaria Canada Governor General's Foot Guards The Governor General's Horse Guards The Canadian Grenadier Guards. Denmark Royal Life Guards Guard Hussar Regiment Mounted Squadron Estonia Guard Battalion Finland Guard Jaeger Regiment Germany Wachbataillon India Brigade of the Guards Israel Knesset Guard (Hebrew: Mishmar HaKnesset) responsible for the security of the Knesset building and the protection of its members (MKs). Jordan Royal Guard Brigade Netherlands Garderegiment Fuseliers Prinses Irene Grenadiers' and Rifles Guard Regiment North Korea Guard Units 105th Guards Seoul Ryu Kyong Su Tank Division 1st Guards I ...more...

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Ukrainian Sea Guard

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Ukrainian Sea Guard

Ukrainian Sea Guard (Ukrainian: Морська охорона, Mors’ka Okhorona; full name Морська охорона Державної прикордонної служби України, Sea Guard of the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine) is the coast guard service of Ukraine, subordinated to its Border Guard Service.[1] Sea Guard vessels bear the Морська охорона inscription on their boards. Ukrainian Sea Guard is the local successor of the Soviet Border Troops Naval Units that have been similarly responsible for coast guard tasks. However, there were some interchanges in units, ships and personnel between Sea Guard and the Ukrainian Navy. Service persons of the Sea Guard wear either the black uniform similar to Ukrainian Navy, but decorated with some green elements (traditional for border guard), or a common uniform of the Border Guard. Organization The Sea Guard operates four sea guard detachments: in Balaklava, Odessa, Izmail and Kerch; a sea guard cutters division in Mariupol; a special-purpose sea guard cutters division in Yalta; and a riverine Dnie ...more...

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Coast guards

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Coast guards in Australia

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Coast guards in Australia

Responsibilities for traditional coast guard duties in Australia are distributed across various federal, state and community agencies. The de facto coast guard of Australia is the Maritime Border Command, a joint command of the Australian Defence Force and the Australian Border Force which works alongside the Australian Federal Police, the Australian Fisheries Management Authority, and the Australian Maritime Safety Authority. Each state and territory government have specific maritime safety agencies and police marine units. In addition, there are several private volunteer coast guard organisations which act as auxiliary search and rescue services and maritime safety educators with the largest organisations being the Royal Volunteer Coastal Patrol established in 1937, the Australian Volunteer Coast Guard established in 1961, and Marine Rescue New South Wales established in 2009. Federal agencies Maritime Border Command The Maritime Border Command is the de facto coast guard of Australia. The Maritime Border ...more...

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Australian Border Force

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Australian Border Force

The Australian Border Force (ABF), is a part of the Department of Home Affairs, responsible for offshore and onshore border control enforcement, investigations, compliance and detention operations in Australia. The Force was established on 1 July 2015 merging the Australian Customs and Border Protection Service with the immigration detention and compliance functions of the then Department of Immigration and Border Protection. The ABF is a law enforcement agency operating under the Australian Border Force Act 2015 with broadened legislative powers including the introduction of sworn officers.[2] A new uniform was introduced and following the transition there was an increase in the number of officers authorised to carry firearms.[3][4] As of 2016, approximately 15% of the Force is firearms trained which will increase by 2020 to less than 25%.[1] Immigration and Border Protection Minister Scott Morrison announced the establishment of the Force on 9 May 2014 to be based on a hybrid of the United Kingdom Border ...more...

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Commonwealth Government agencies of Australia

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Military organization

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Military organization

Military organization or military organisation is the structuring of the armed forces of a state so as to offer such military capability as a national defense policy may require. In some countries paramilitary forces are included in a nation's armed forces, though not considered military. Armed forces that are not a part of military or paramilitary organizations, such as insurgent forces, often mimic military organizations, or use ad hoc structures, while formal military organization tends to use hierarchical forms. History The use of formalized ranks in a hierarchical structure came into widespread use with the Roman Army. In modern times, executive control, management and administration of military organization is typically undertaken by governments through a government department within the structure of public administration, often known as a Ministry of Defense, Department of Defense, or Department of War. These in turn manage Armed Services that themselves command formations and units specialising in ...more...

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Presidential Unit Citation (United States)

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Presidential Unit Citation (United States)

The Presidential Unit Citation (PUC), originally called the Distinguished Unit Citation, is awarded to units of the Uniformed services of the United States, and those of allied countries, for extraordinary heroism in action against an armed enemy on or after 7 December 1941 (the date of the Attack on Pearl Harbor and the start of American involvement in World War II). The unit must display such gallantry, determination, and esprit de corps in accomplishing its mission under extremely difficult and hazardous conditions so as to set it apart from and above other units participating in the same campaign. Since its inception by Executive Order on 26 February 1942, retroactive to 7 December 1941, to 2008, the Presidential Unit Citation has been awarded in conflicts such as World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam War, Iraq War, and the War in Afghanistan. The collective degree of valor (combat heroism) against an armed enemy by the unit nominated for the PUC is the same as that which would warrant award of the ...more...

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BGU

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BGU

BGU may refer to: Bangassou Airport, a public use airport located near Bangassou, Mbomou, the Central African Republic Ben-Gurion University of the Negev in Beersheba, Israel Birla Global University in Bhubaneswar, India Bishop Grosseteste University, a public university in the city of Lincoln England Border Guard Unit of the Ghana Armed Forces ...more...



Bundesgrenzschutz

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Bundesgrenzschutz

BGS Federal Eagle (Bundesadler) worn from 1952 until 1976 Bundesgrenzschutz (BGS; English: Federal Border Guard) was the first federal police organization in West Germany after World War II permitted by the Allied occupation authorities. In July 2005, the BGS was renamed Bundespolizei (Federal Police) to reflect its transition to a multi-faceted police agency. This was controversial due to the German constitution expressly granting law enforcement power to the states. The fact that the border guard function was so limited allowed its formation notwithstanding this restriction, however in the modern day it has become a fully fledged police force. History The BGS was established in 1951 after the Cold War had begun but travel between East and West Germany was not yet restricted by the Berlin Wall (1961). There was no German Army in 1951; it had been abolished in 1945 on the surrender of the Third Reich and the authorities of Allied-occupied Germany did not authorize a German Army until 1955. When German nati ...more...

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Paramilitary organizations

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Special forces of Thailand

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Special forces of Thailand

Royal Thai Army Special Warfare Command 1st Special Warfare Division 1st special forces group 2nd special forces group 3rd special forces group Ranger Battallion Task Force 90 (Special Operation Company) 4th special forces group 5th special forces group LRRP Long Range Reconnaissance Patrols Company 31st Infantry Regiment Royal Thai Navy Underwater Demolition Assault Unit (UDAU) Royal Thai Marine Corps 1st Reconnaissance Battalion Royal Thai Air Force Special Operations Regiment Royal Thai Air Force Security Force Regiment Royal Thai Police Arintharat 26 Naresuan 261 Border Patrol Police Bureau (BPPB) Police Aerial Reinforcement Unit (PARU) Long Range Surveillance Unit (LRSU) External links "Thailand". Nation, Religion, King. Retrieved 2011-10-12. References ...more...

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Articles needing cleanup from February 2017

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New Mon State Party

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New Mon State Party

The New Mon State Party (NMSP) (Burmese: မွန်ပြည်သစ်ပါတီ) is an opposition party in Myanmar. Its armed wing, the Mon National Liberation Army (MNLA), has fought the government of Myanmar since 1949, but under different names. The NMSP has attempted many times unsuccessfully to push for constitutional and political reforms through the government sponsored National Convention. NMSP had signed a ceasefire pact with the government in 1995 but the pact turned invalid when the party refused to accept to transform itself into a border guard unit.[1] Current chair-person is Nai Htaw Mon. References Myanmar Peace Monitor: Stakeholders - NMSP ...more...

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Politics of Myanmar

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Saudi Arabian Border Guards

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Saudi Arabian Border Guards

General Directorate of Saudi Arabian Border Guards (Arabic: المديرية العامة لحرس الحدود السعودية) History The late King Abdulaziz Al Saud laid the foundation of the organs of the state. In 10/7/1331.H (14 June 1913) The late king was preoccupied and first concerned about the formation and setting up land and maritime patrols and surveillance centers in the Eastern region. The patrols and the centers were consisting of small sailing boats that sail along the coast supported by land patrols on camel’s back to watch the land. In 1344 H, (c.1925) the core of the Coast Guard Authority was established in Jeddah and it was tasked with organizing the duties, roles and responsibilities of patrols, seaports and harbors. In 1347 H, (c.1928) the work of the patrols, seaports and harbors in Jeddah was unified under one leadership, which was "Coast Guard"; and its work was limited to the Red Sea coast. Coast Guard was entitled to carry out its duties on foot or on camels back, these patrols were tasked with inspecting wil ...more...

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Military units and formations started in 1913

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2nd Infantry Division (Thailand)

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2nd Infantry Division (Thailand)

The 2nd Infantry Division, Queen's Guard (Thai: กองพลทหารราบที่ 2 รักษาพระองค์) (พล.๒ รอ.) is an infantry division of the Royal Thai Army. It is currently part of the First Army Area. The division was founded by King Chulalongkorn (Rama V) in 1910. In 1988 the division was designated a King's Guard unit by cabinet order, however, as a mark of distinction the division and all its subsidiary units were put under the patronage of Queen Sirikit and has since been known as the Queen's Guard. The division is composed of three infantry regiments and three attached units, the 2nd Infantry Regiment, Queen's Guard, the 12th Infantry Regiment, Queen's Guard, and the 21st Infantry Regiment, Queen's Guard. The division and its subsidiary units are all based east of Bangkok, headquartered in Prachinburi, with other units in Chonburi and Sa Kaeo. History The 2nd Infantry Division was formed in 1910 at the command of King Chulalongkorn, as a part of the newly reorganised Siamese army. After the Siamese revolution of 1932 ...more...

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Military units and formations started in 1910

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Border Police of Georgia

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Border Police of Georgia

The Border Police of Georgia (Georgian: შსს საქართველოს სასაზღვო პოლიცია) is the primary border guarding force and coast guard in the country of Georgia, and is under command of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. It is responsible for patrolling the entire 1839 km (1142.7 mi) land border of Georgia, as well as the country's 310 km (192.6 mi) coastline and territorial waters in the Black Sea.[1] However, border control at checkpoints is instead performed by the Patrol Police department.[2] The current chief is Temur Kekelidze.[3] History Formation of the Border Police began shortly after Georgia regained its independence from the Soviet Union in 1991, and was officially formed in 1992 as a paramilitary unit within the Ministry of Defense. In 1994, the agency separated from the Ministry of Defence to become the independent State Border Defence Department. In the following years, the Coast Guard Service and the Border Aviation Service were formed as part of the new department, in 1998 and 1999 respectively. On ...more...

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Border guards of the inner German border

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Border guards of the inner German border

The border guards of the inner German border comprised tens of thousands of military, paramilitary and civilian personnel from both East and West Germany, as well as from the United Kingdom, the United States and initially the Soviet Union. East Germany Grenzaufklärungszug (Border Reconnaissance) soldier taking photographs across the border The East German side of the border was guarded initially by the Border Troops (Pogranichnyie Voiska) of the Soviet NKVD (later the KGB). In 1946, the Soviets established a locally recruited paramilitary force, the German Border Police (Deutsche Grenzpolizei or DGP), under the administration of the Interior Ministry for Security of the State Frontier (Innenministerium zum Schutz der Staatsgrenze). Soviet troops and the DGP shared responsibility for patrolling the border and crossing points until 1955/56, when the Soviets handed over control to the East Germans.[1] The DGP became increasingly militarised as the East German government decided that protecting the border ...more...

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Inner German border

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Praetorian Guard

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Praetorian Guard

The Praetorian Guard (Latin: cohortes praetorianae) was an elite unit of the Imperial Roman army whose members served as personal bodyguards to the Roman emperors. During the era of the Roman Republic, the Praetorians served as a small escort force for high-ranking officials such as senators or provincial governors like Procurators. With the Republic's transition into the Roman Empire, however, the first emperor Augustus founded the Guard as his personal security detail. Although they continued to serve in this capacity for roughly three centuries, the Guard became notable for its intrigue and interference in Roman Politics, to the point of overthrowing emperors and proclaiming their successors. In 312 the Guard was ultimately disbanded by Constantine the Great. Under the Roman Republic The designation originated during the Roman Republic, for the guards of Roman generals as early as the rise to prominence of the Scipio family around year 275 BC. There was no permanent guard charged with the protection of m ...more...

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Awards and decorations of the United States Armed Forces

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Awards and decorations of the United States Armed Forces

Service ribbons, ribbon devices, and badge awards displayed on a U.S. Navy service uniform The United States Armed Forces awards and decorations are primarily the medals, service ribbons, and specific badges which recognize military service and personal accomplishments while a member of the U.S. Armed Forces. Such awards are a means to outwardly display the highlights of a service member's career. Order of precedence While each service has its own order of precedence, the following general rules typically apply to all services: U.S. military personal decorations U.S. military unit awards [1a][1b] U.S. non-military personal decorations (in order of receipt; if two or more from the same agency, the applicable agency precedence listing should be consulted)[2] Presidential awards (i.e., Presidential Medal of Freedom, Presidential Citizen’s Medal) National Medals (i.e., National Security Medal, National Science Medal, Gold Lifesaving Medal, Silver Lifesaving Medal) DoD and JCS Distingushed Service awards ...more...

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Military awards and decorations of the United S...

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Sissi (Finnish light infantry)

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Sissi (Finnish light infantry)

Sissi is a Finnish term for light infantry which conducts reconnaissance, sabotage and guerrilla warfare operations behind enemy lines. The word sissi, first attested in the modern meaning "patrolman, partisan, spy" in 1787, comes to Finnish from Slavic and refers either to a forest bandit or his yew bow.[1] The Finnish Army Sissi units are trained to conduct long range reconnaissance patrols, gather intelligence from concealed observation posts, raid enemy installations (especially supply depots), conduct road side ambushes and pursue and destroy enemy special forces units. In wartime, an unspecified number of reservists assigned to Sissi battalions would deploy and operate as small groups up to company size. They are meant to stay behind and covertly operate against enemy forces in their area of responsibility even if regular friendly troops have been forced to retreat. Sissi battalions are part of Finnish Army local troops, unlike the jäger and armored brigades meant for operational use. Sissi units are ...more...

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Paramilitary

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Paramilitary

An Oregon Sheriff's Department SWAT team in full tactical gear. A paramilitary is a semi-militarized force whose organizational structure, tactics, training, subculture, and (often) function are similar to those of a professional military, but which is not included as part of a state's formal armed forces.[1] Legality Under the law of war, a state may incorporate a paramilitary organization or armed agency (such as a national police, a private volunteer militia) into its combatant armed forces. The other parties to a conflict have to be notified thereof.[2] Though a paramilitary is not a military force, it is usually equivalent to a military's light infantry force in terms of intensity, firepower, and organizational structure. A paramilitary may also commonly fall under the command of a military, even despite not being part of the military or play an assisting role for the military in times of war. Types Depending on the definition adopted, "paramilitaries" may include: Irregular military forces: mi ...more...

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Guardia alla Frontiera

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Guardia alla Frontiera

The Guardia alla Frontiera (GaF), was an Italian Army Border guard created in 1937[1] who defended the 1.851 km of northern Italian frontiers with the so-called "Vallo Alpino Occidentale" (487 km with France), "Vallo Alpino Settentrionale" (724 km with Switzerland and 420 km with Austria) and "Vallo Alpino Orientale" (220 km with Yugoslavia). In 1940 the GaF had 21,000 military personnel, deployed in eight commands, 27 sectors and seven regiments of artillery. It manned 1,000 fortifications, 6,000 machine guns, 1,000 mortars, 100 Cannone da 47/32 M35 , and another thousand other medium and small-caliber cannons (75/27 and 149/35). The GaF was divided into the following "Corpi d'Armata": I-Torino II-Alessandria III-Milano IV-Bolzano V-Trieste XI-Udine XIV-Treviso XV-Genova By 10 June 1940 (Italy's entry into the war) the GaF (not counting colonies in Libya and Albania) contained 23 sectors, 50,000 men, 28 battalions "Vallo Alpino", 22 battalions of fascist militia. Field organization Each comman ...more...

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