This is a list of notable events in music that took place in the year 1930.
The following songs achieved the highest sales in 1930 on the major record labels in the United States (i.e. Victor, Brunswick and Columbia). Record sales continued at 1929 levels up until July 1930. In the autumn 1930 the Great Depression began in earnest for the majority of the public who finally began to feel the economic downturn. This caused record sales to plummet in August and they would remain low for the remainder of the year.
|January||Helen Morgan||Why Was I Born? and Don't Ever Leave Me||Victor||Helen Morgan sings her songs from the hit show Sweet Adeline.|
|January||Dick Robertson (singer)||Singin' in the Bathtub and Lady Luck||Brunswick||From the film The Show of Shows.|
|January||Leo Reisman Orchestra||Why Was I Born? and Here I Am||Victor||Written by Jerome Kern for the show Sweet Adeline.|
|January||Roger Wolfe Kahn Orchestra||Why Was I Born? and Here I Am||Brunswick||Written by Jerome Kern for the show Sweet Adeline.|
|January||Nat Shilkret Orchestra||Don't Ever Leave Me and Twas Not Long Ago||Victor||Written by Jerome Kern for the show Sweet Adeline.|
|January||Paul Whiteman Orchestra||Great Day and Without a Song||Columbia||From the Broadway show Great Day.|
|January||Victor Arden and Phil Ohman Orchestra||Why? and It's You I Love||Victor||From the 1929-30 Broadway musical Sons o' Guns.|
|January||Rudy Vallee Orchestra||A Little Kiss Each Morning and I'll Be Reminded of You||Victor||From the musical film starring Rudy Vallee: The Vagabond Lover.|
|January||Meyer Davis and Earl Burtnett Orchestras||My Fate Is In Your Hands and Look What You've Done to Me||Brunswick|
|January||Guy Lombardo Orchestra||My Fate Is In Your Hands and A Little Kiss Each Morning||Columbia||Second song from the musical film: The Vagabond Lover.|
|February||The Revelers||Chant of the Jungle and Waiting at the End of the Road||Victor||From the musical films: Untamed and Hallelujah.|
|February||Marion Harris||Nobody's Using It Now and Funny, Dear, What Love Can Do||Brunswick||First song from the musical film: Playboy of Paris.|
|February||Marion Harris||Nobody's Sweetheart and My Fate Is in Your Hands||Brunswick|
|February||Leo Reisman Orchestra||Shepherd's Serenade and Charming||Victor||From the musical film: Devil-May-Care.|
|February||Leo Reisman Orchestra||I'll See You Again and If Love Were All||Victor||From Noël Coward's musical comedy Bitter Sweet.|
|February||Roger Wolfe Kahn Orchestra||Don't Ever Leave Me and Twas Not Long Ago||Victor||Written by Jerome Kern for the show Sweet Adeline.|
|February||Leo Reisman Orchestra||You Do Something to Me and You've Got That Thing||Victor||Written by Cole Porter for the show Fifty Million Frenchmen.|
|February||A. & P. Gypsies Orchestra||South Sea Rose and Only The Girl||Brunswick||Orchestra conducted by Harry Horlick.|
|February||Nat Shilkret Orchestra||Rogue Song and When I'm Looking At You||Victor||From the musical film: The Rogue Song.|
|February||Ben Bernie Orchestra||Crying for the Carolines and Have a Little Faith in Me||Brunswick||From the musical film: Spring Is Here.|
|February||Waring's Pennsylvanians||Crying for the Carolines and Have a Little Faith in Me||Victor||From the musical film: Spring Is Here.|
|February||Guy Lombardo Orchestra||Crying for the Carolines and Have a Little Faith in Me||Columbia||From the musical film: Spring Is Here.|
|February||Victor Arden and Phil Ohman Orchestra||Should I? and A Bundle of Old Love Letters||Victor||From the musical film: Lord Byron of Broadway.|
|February||Jesse Stafford Orchestra||The Woman in the Shoe and A Bundle of Old Love Letters||Brunswick||From the musical film: Lord Byron of Broadway.|
|February||Paul Specht Orchestra||I'm Following You and I'm Sailing on a Sunbeam||Columbia||From the musical film: It's a Great Life.|
|February||Rudy Vallee Orchestra||Gypsy Dream Rose and Mary, I Love Y-O-U||Victor|
|March||Lawrence Tibbett||The White Dove and When I'm Looking at You||Victor||Lawrence Tibbett sings his songs from the musical film: The Rogue Song; both songs accompanied orchestra directed Nathaniel (Nat) Shillkret .|
|March||Lawrence Tibbett||The Rogue Song and The Narrative||Victor||Lawrence Tibbett sings his songs from the musical film: The Rogue Song; both songs accompanied orchestra directed Nathaniel (Nat) Shilkret .|
|March||Ruth Etting||If He Cared and Crying for the Carolines||Columbia||From the musical films: Devil-May-Care and Spring Is Here.|
|March||Paul Whiteman||Song of India and Liebestraum||Columbia||Modern "up to date" versions of oldtime classics.|
|March||Ipana Troubadours||I Want to be Happy and Tea for Two||Columbia||From the musical film: No No Nanette.|
|March||Victor Arden and Phil Ohman Orchestra||Strike Up the Band and Soon||Victor||Composed by George Gershwin for the musical: Strike Up the Band.|
|March||Leo Reisman Orchestra||What Is This Thing Called Love? and She's Such a Comfort to Me||Victor||From the musical: Wake Up and Dream.|
|March||Ben Selvin Orchestra||Why? and Cross Your Fingers||Columbia||From the Broadway musical Sons o' Guns.|
|March||George Olsen Orchestra||T'aint No Sin and Can't You Understand?||Victor||First composed by Walter Donaldson.|
|April||John McCormack||A Pair of Blue Eyes and I Feel You Near Me||Victor||From the musical film Song o' My Heart.|
|April||John McCormack||The Rose of Tralee and Ireland, Mother Ireland||Victor||From the musical film Song o' My Heart; both songs accompanied orchestra directed Nathaniel (Nat Shilkret).|
|April||Al Jolson||To My Mammy and When the Little Red Roses Get the Blues for You||Brunswick||From the musical films Mammy and Hold Everything.|
|April||Al Jolson||Across The Breakfast Table, Looking At You and Let Me Sing and I'm Happy||Brunswick||From the musical film Mammy.|
|April||Brevities Male Quartet||The Woman in the Shoe and Wrapped in a Red, Red Rose||Brunswick||From the musical films Lord Byron of Broadway and Blaze o' Glory.|
|April||Chester Gaylord||Under a Texas Moon and When I'm Looking at You||Brunswick||From the musical films Under a Texas Moon and The Rogue Song.|
|April||Fannie Brice||Cooking Breakfast for the One I Love and When a Woman Loves a Man||Victor||From the musical film Be Yourself!.|
|April||Tom Gerun Orchestra||Sing, You Sinners and In My Little Hope Chest||Brunswick||From the musical film Honey.|
|April||Bernie Cummins Orchestra||Everybody Tap and Lucky Little Devil||Victor||First song from the musical film Chasing Rainbows.|
|April||Ben Bernie Orchestra||Song of the Bayou and Black Eyes||Victor||First song won the Victor Company's $5,000 prize for best short jazz composition.|
|April||Ben Bernie Orchestra||Thank Your Father and Good for You, Bad for Me||Victor||From the Musical Comedy Flying High.|
|April||Guy Lombardo Orchestra||Lazy Lou'siana Moon and The Moon is Low||Columbia||Second song from the musical film Montana Moon.|
|April||Ipana Troubadours Orchestra||Kickin' a Hole in the Sky and Cooking Breakfast for the One I Love||Columbia||Second song from the musical film Be Yourself!.|
|May||Ruth Etting||Ten Cents a Dance and Funny, Dear, What Love Can Do||Columbia|
|May||The Rondoliers||Lazy Lou'siana Moon and Should I?||Columbia||Second song from the musical film Lord Byron of Broadway.|
|May||The High Hatters||Send for Me and Ten Cents a Dance||Victor||Orchestra conducted by Leonard Joy. RCA Victor's best selling record for May 1930.|
|May||George Olsen Orchestra||It Happened in Monterey and Song of the Dawn||Victor||From the musical film The King of Jazz.|
|May||Ben Bernie Orchestra||To My Mammy and Across The Breakfast Table, Looking At You||Brunswick||From the musical film Mammy.|
|May||Waring's Pennsylvanians||Thank Your Father and Good for You, Bad for Me||Victor||From the musical comedy Flying High.|
|June||Ruth Etting||Let Me Sing and I'm Happy and A Cottage for Sale||Columbia||First song from the musical film Mammy.|
|June||Grace Hayes||My Lover and I Like to Do Things for You||Victor||From the musical film The King of Jazz.|
|June||Harry Richman||Thank Your Father and Without Love||Brunswick||From the musical Flying High.|
|June||Wayne King Orchestra||On a Blue and Moonless Night and Promises||Victor||RCA Victor's best selling record for June 1930.|
|June||Paul Whiteman Orchestra||You Brought a New Kind of Love to Me and Livin' in the Sunlight||Columbia||From the musical film The Big Pond.|
|June||George Olsen Orchestra||Montana Call and The Moon is Low||Victor||From the musical film Montana Moon.|
|June||Abe Lyman Orchestra||You Will Come Back to Me and Worryin' Over You||Brunswick|
|June||Ipana Troubadours||Blue Is the Night and Whippoorwill||Columbia||First song from the musical film Their Own Desire.|
|June||Leo Reisman Orchestra||Happy Feet and I Like to Do Things for You||Victor||From the musical film The King of Jazz.|
|July||The Revelers||Sing, You Sinners and Across the Breakfast Table Looking at You||Victor||From the musical films Honey and Mammy.|
|July||Grace Hayes||On the Sunny Side of the Street and Exactly Like You||Victor||From Lew Leslie's International Revue.|
|July||Ruth Etting||On the Sunny Side of the Street and It Happened in Monterey||Columbia||From Lew Leslie's International Revue and the musical film The King Of Jazz.|
|July||Harry Richman||Ro-Ro-Rollin' Along and Dream Avenue||Columbia||The second song was composed by Harry Richman himself.|
|July||Leo Reisman Orchestra||Rollin' down the River and Mia Cara||Victor||RCA Victor's best selling record for July 1930. Second song from the musical film The Big Pond.|
|July||Victor Arden and Phil Ohman Orchestra||Ro-Ro-Rollin' Along and Kiss Me With Your Eyes||Victor||Second tune played by Nat Shilkret Orchestra.|
|July||Fred Rich Orchestra||For You and Dream Avenue||Columbia|
|July||Isham Jones Orchestra||What's The Use? and The Song Without a Name||Brunswick|
|July||Lloyd Huntley and his Isle o' Blues Orchestra||On a Blue and Moonless Night and Promises||Brunswick|
|July||Ben Selvin Orchestra||Kiss Me With Your Eyes and You Darlin'||Columbia|
|August||Noah Beery||One Little Drink and The Whip||Brunswick||From the musical films Song of the Flame and Golden Dawn.|
|August||Ethel Waters||You Brought a New Kind of Love to Me and My Kind of a Man||Columbia||From the musical films The Big Pond and The Florodora Girl.|
|August||Colonial Club Orchestra||Out of Breath and I Am Only Human After All||Brunswick||From the Garrick Gaieties. Orchestra conducted by Bob Haring.|
|August||Rudy Vallee Orchestra||Old New England Moon and How Come You Do Me Like You Do?||Victor|
|August||Henry Thies Orchestra||June Kisses and Under Vesuvian Skies||Victor|
|August||Leo Reisman Orchestra||Around the Corner and Bye-Bye Blues||Victor|
|September||Richard Crooks||L'Amour, Toujours, L'Amour and Serenade||Victor||From The Student Prince|
|September||Bob Haring Orchestra||All Through the Night and Swingin' in a Hammock||Brunswick|
|September||Bert Lown Orchestra||Under the Sun It's Anyone Under the Moon It's You and Bye Bye Blues||Brunswick|
|September||Waring's Pennsylvanians||Little White Lies and Gee, But I'd Like to Make You Happy||Victor||Second song from the musical film Good News|
|October||Ruth Etting||Don't Tell Her What's Happened to Me and The Kiss Waltz||Columbia||Second song from the musical film Dancing Sweeties.|
|October||Guy Lombardo Orchestra||Go Home and Tell Your Mother and I'm Doin' That Thing||Victor||From the musical film Love in the Rough|
|October||Hilo Hawaiian Orchestra||On a Little Street in Honolulu and All Through the Night||Victor||Orchestra conducted by Nat Shilkret. RCA Victor's best selling record for October 1930.|
|October||Paul Whiteman Orchestra||Nola and New Tiger Rag||Columbia|
|October||Tom Gerun Orchestra||A Big Bouquet for You and If I Could Be with You||Brunswick|
|October||Ozzie Nelson Orchestra||I Still Get a Thrill and Don't Mind Walking in the Rain||Brunswick|
|November||Libby Holman||Body and Soul and Something to Remember You By||Brunswick||From the musical Three's a Crowd.|
|November||Aileen Stanley||Wasn't it Nice? and I'll Be Blue Just Thinking of You||Victor|
|November||Jacques Renard Orchestra||Sing Something Simple and Lucky Seven||Brunswick||From the musical The Little Show.|
|November||Victor Arden and Phil Ohman Orchestra||Fine and Dandy and Can This Be Love?||Victor||From Joe Cook's musical show Fine and Dandy.|
|November||Leo Reisman Orchestra||Body and Soul and Something to Remember You By||Victor||From the Libby Holman musical Three's a Crowd.|
|November||Nat Shilkret Orchestra||Moonlight on the Colorado and Don't Tell Her What's Happened to Me||Victor||RCA Victor's best selling record for November 1930.|
|December||The Revelers||Sing Something Simple and Happy Feet||Victor||Second song from the musical film King of Jazz.|
|December||Jack Hylton Orchestra||Body and Soul and With a Song in My Heart||Victor||Second song from the musical film Spring Is Here. First from the Libby Holman musical Three's a Crowd.|
|December||Victor Arden and Phil Ohman Orchestra||Embraceable You and I Got Rhythm||Victor||From the George Gershwin musical Girl Crazy.|
|December||Ipana Troubadours||Can This Be Love? and Three Little Words||Columbia||Second song from the musical film Check and Double Check. First from the musical Fine and Dandy.|
|December||Tom Gerun Orchestra||What a Fool I've Been and After All, You're All I'm After||Victor|
|December||Nat Shilkret Orchestra||Bolero and La Seduccion||Brunswick||RCA Victor's best selling record for December 1930.|
This page indexes the individual year in country music pages. Each year is annotated with a significant event as a reference point. 2010s - 2000s - 1990s - 1980s - 1970s - 1960s - 1950s - 1940s - 1930s - 1920s - Pre-1920s 2010s 2018 in country music 2017 in country music , Landmark chart accomplishments for Luke Bryan (most No. 1 hits from a single album) and Sam Hunt (longest run for a song at No. 1); deaths of Glen Campbell , Don Williams , Troy Gentry (of Montgomery Gentry ), Mel Tillis ; Las Vegas shooting . 2016 in country music , Release of " Forever Country "; deaths of Joey Martin Feek , Holly Dunn , Glenn Frey , Merle Haggard , and Jean Shepard . 2015 in country music , Keith Hill controversy; Cledus T. Judd retires; Blake Shelton and Miranda Lambert divorce; deaths of Lynn Anderson , Jim Ed Brown , Little Jimmy Dickens , and Daron Norwood . 2014 in country music , George Strait retires from touring; Garth Brooks releases new album and begins world tour ; Carrie Underwood announces pregnancy; Taylor ...more...
This is a summary of 1930 in music in the United Kingdom . Events 8 February - Singer Sam Browne makes his first recording with Bert Ambrose 's band on Decca. 5 April - 25-year-old Michael Tippett gives a concert at Oxted consisting entirely of his own works—a Concerto in D for flutes, oboe, horns and strings; settings for tenor of poems by Fry; Psalm in C for chorus and orchestra, again with a text by Fry; piano variations on the song "Jockey to the Fair"; and a string quartet. 7 June - The Daily Herald reports that Jack Hylton and his band sold nearly four million records in the previous year. 29 September - Roy Fox gives his first London performance. 22 October - The London-based BBC Symphony Orchestra gives its first concert in Queen's Hall , conducted by Adrian Boult . date unknown The Joe Loss Orchestra is established. Gerald Walcan Bright adopts the name " Geraldo " to further his career as a bandleader. Songwriter Fred Godfrey and Irish tenor Tom Finglass form a short-lived variety act. The Dagenham G ...more...
Music is an art form and cultural activity whose medium is sound organized in time. The common elements of music are pitch (which governs melody and harmony ), rhythm (and its associated concepts tempo , meter , and articulation ), dynamics (loudness and softness), and the sonic qualities of timbre and texture (which are sometimes termed the "color" of a musical sound). Different styles or types of music may emphasize, de-emphasize or omit some of these elements. Music is performed with a vast range of instruments and vocal techniques ranging from singing to rapping ; there are solely instrumental pieces , solely vocal pieces (such as songs without instrumental accompaniment ) and pieces that combine singing and instruments. The word derives from Greek μουσική (mousike; "art of the Muses "). See glossary of musical terminology . In its most general form, the activities describing music as an art form or cultural activity include the creation of works of music (songs, tunes, symphonies , and so on), the criti ...more...
The following is a list of notable events and releases of the year 1930 in Norwegian music . Events Deaths January 1 – Peter Brynie Lindeman , organist, cellist, and composer (born 1858). June 16 – Hannah Løvenskiold , composer (born 1860). December 1 – Michael Flagstad , violinist and conductor (born 1869). 29 – Oscar Borg , composer and conductor (born 1851). Births January 9 – Tone Groven Holmboe , composer and music teacher. April 14 – Ola Calmeyer , jazz pianist (died 2003 ). 23 – Mikkel Flagstad , jazz saxophonist (died 2005 ). May 6 – Kjell Bækkelund , classical pianist (died 2004 ). 11 – Elisabeth Granneman , singer, songwriter, children's writer and actress (died 1992 ). July 27 – Einar Iversen , jazz pianist and composer. September 27 – Gerhard Aspheim , jazz trombonist (died 2009 ). December 20 – Jan Elgarøy , organist and composer. See also 1930 in Norway Music of Norway References Karevold, Idar (2009-02-13). "Peter Lindeman" . In Helle, Knut . Norsk Biografisk Leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Kunn ...more...
Country is a musical genre that originated in the southern United States in the early 1920s. It takes its roots from genres such as folk music (especially Appalachian folk music ) and blues . Country music often consists of ballads and dance tunes with generally simple forms, folk lyric and harmonies accompanied by mostly string instruments such as banjos , electric and acoustic guitars , steel guitars (such as pedal steels and dobros ), and fiddles as well as harmonicas . Blues modes have been used extensively throughout its recorded history . According to Lindsey Starnes, the term country music gained popularity in the 1940s in preference to the earlier term hillbilly music; it came to encompass Western music , which evolved parallel to hillbilly music from similar roots, in the mid-20th century. In 2009, in the United States country music was the most listened to rush hour radio genre during the evening commute, and second most popular in the morning commute. The term country music is used today to descri ...more...
Classical music is art music produced or rooted in the traditions of Western music , including both liturgical (religious) and secular music. While a more precise term is also used to refer to the period from 1750 to 1820 (the Classical period ), this article is about the broad span of time from before the 6th century AD to the present day, which includes the Classical period and various other periods. The central norms of this tradition became codified between 1550 and 1900, which is known as the common-practice period . The major time divisions of Western art music are as follows: the ancient music period, before 500 AD the early music period, which includes the Medieval (500–1400) including the ars antiqua (1170–1310) the ars nova (1310–1377) the ars subtilior (1360–1420) the Renaissance (1400–1600) eras. Baroque (1600–1750) the galant music period (1720s–1770s) the common-practice period, which includes Baroque (1600–1750) the galant music period (1720s–1770s) Classical (1750–1820) Romantic eras (c.1780– ...more...
This is the list of the top 100 highest-certified music artists in the United States based on album certifications by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA). RIAA certifications are based on wholesale shipments rather than retail sales. Since 2016, the RIAA album certification has also included on-demand audio/video streams (1,500 streams = 1 album unit ) and track sale equivalent (10 track sales = 1 album unit). Additionally, awards are only presented if and when a record company applies for certification. Therefore, the total certified units for a given artist may be incomplete or out of date. The RIAA began its certifications in 1958, therefore, popular artists from earlier eras are generally not represented on this list. Table References " ' Top Artists' By Certifications" . Recording Industry Association of America . Retrieved December 15, 2017 . http://www.billboard.com/articles/business/6859551/riaa-streaming-gold-platinum-certification-methodology See also List of best-selling music art ...more...
Rock music is a broad genre of popular music that originated as " rock and roll " in the United States in the early 1950s, and developed into a range of different styles in the 1960s and later, particularly in the United Kingdom and in the United States. It has its roots in 1940s and 1950s rock and roll, a style which drew heavily on the African-American genres of blues and rhythm and blues , and from country music . Rock music also drew strongly on a number of other genres such as electric blues and folk , and incorporated influences from jazz , classical and other musical styles. Musically, rock has centered on the electric guitar , usually as part of a rock group with electric bass and drums and one or more singers . Typically, rock is song -based music usually with a 4/4 time signature using a verse–chorus form , but the genre has become extremely diverse. Like pop music , lyrics often stress romantic love but also address a wide variety of other themes that are frequently social or political. By the la ...more...
This is a list of Academy Award–winning films . This list contains many films that won Academy Awards , up to and including the 89th Academy Awards held on February 26, 2017. List of films If a film won the Academy Award for Best Picture , its entry is listed in a shaded background with a boldface title. Any column in this list may be sorted by clicking the arrow symbol to the right of the desired column heading. Note: Competitive awards are separated from honorary awards; as such, any films that were awarded the latter will be shown in brackets next to the number of competitive wins. Film Year Awards Nominations Moonlight 2016 3 8 La La Land 2016 6 14 Hacksaw Ridge 2016 2 6 Manchester by the Sea 2016 2 6 Arrival 2016 1 8 Fences 2016 1 4 Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them 2016 1 2 The Jungle Book 2016 1 1 O.J.: Made in America 2016 1 1 Piper 2016 1 1 The Salesman 2016 1 1 Sing 2016 1 1 Suicide Squad 2016 1 1 The White Helmets 2016 1 1 Zootopia 2016 1 1 Spotlight 2015 2 6 Mad Max: Fury Road 2015 6 10 The ...more...
Antony Charles Robert Armstrong-Jones, 1st Earl of Snowdon , GCVO , RDI (7 March 1930 – 13 January 2017), commonly known as Lord Snowdon , was a British photographer and film maker. He was married to Princess Margaret , younger daughter of King George VI and the sister of Queen Elizabeth II . Early life Armstrong-Jones was the only son from the marriage of the barrister Ronald Armstrong-Jones (1899–1966) and his first wife Anne Messel (later Countess of Rosse). He was born at Eaton Terrace, Belgravia , in London. Armstrong-Jones's paternal grandfather was Sir Robert Armstrong-Jones , the British psychiatrist and physician. His paternal grandmother was the daughter of Sir Owen Roberts , the Welsh educationalist. A maternal uncle was Oliver Messel (1904–1978) and a maternal great-grandfather was the Punch cartoonist Linley Sambourne (1844–1910), and his great-great-uncle Alfred Messel was a well-known Berlin architect. Additionally, his great-great-grandmother, Frances Linley, was a first cousin of Elizabet ...more...
The Festival Puccini ( Puccini Festival ) is an annual summer opera festival held in July and August to present the operas of the famous Italian composer Giacomo Puccini . The Festival is located in Torre del Lago , Italy, a town located between Lago di Massaciuccoli and the Tyrrhenian Sea, 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) from the beaches of Viareggio on the Tuscan Riviera and 18 kilometres (11 mi) from Pisa and Lucca , Puccini's birthplace. In presenting four or five performances of up to four operatic productions each season, the Festival attracts about forty thousand spectators to its open-air theatre, the Teatro dei Quattromila (so named for its seating capacity, although 3,200 seats were actually installed), located very close to the "Villa Puccini," the house which the composer had built in 1900 and in which he lived and worked on his major operas until pollution from the lake forced him to settle in Viareggio in 1921. Along with other members of his family who died later, Puccini is buried in a small chapel insi ...more...
Henry Alexander Murray (May 13, 1893 – June 23, 1988) was an American psychologist at Harvard University . He was Director of the Harvard Psychological Clinic in the School of Arts and Sciences after 1930. Murray developed a theory of personality called personology, based on " need " and "press". Murray was also a co-developer, with Christiana Morgan , of the Thematic Apperception Test (TAT), which he referred to as "the second best-seller that Harvard ever published, second only to the Harvard Handbook of Music." Early life, education Henry Murray was born into a wealthy family in New York in 1893. He had an older sister and a younger brother. Carver and Scheier note that "he got on well with his father but had a poor relationship with his mother", resulting in a deep-seated feeling of depression . They hypothesize that the disruption of this relationship led Murray to be especially aware of people's needs and their importance as underlying determinants of behavior. At Harvard, he majored in history with a p ...more...
Sepia is a reddish-brown color , named after the rich brown pigment derived from the ink sac of the common cuttlefish Sepia . The word sepia is the Latinized form of the Greek σηπία, sēpía, cuttlefish . Sepia in culture Sepia ink used for writing, drawing and as a colored wash by Leonardo da Vinci Ink Sepia ink was commonly used as writing ink in Greco-Roman civilization . It remained in common use as an artist's drawing material until the 19th century. Magazines There was a magazine for African-Americans called Sepia , which existed from 1947 to 1983. Music In the late 1940s and early 1950s, R & B ( rhythm and blues ) music was called race music or sepia music. Painting Grisaille is a painting technique in which a painting is rendered solely in tones of gray , sepia, or dark green . In the last quarter of the 18th century, Professor Jacob Seydelmann of Dresden developed a process to extract and produce a more concentrated form of sepia for use in watercolors and oil paints . Photography Sepia tones are ...more...
Pandit Jasraj (born 28 January 1930) is an Indian classical vocalist. He belongs to the Mewati gharana of Hindustani classical music . Biography Jasraj was born on 28 January 1930 in Pili Mandori, a village in the Hisar district of Haryana (now Fatehabad district ) in a middle-class family to Motiram, a classical singer. Motiram died in 1934 when Jasraj was four, on the day he was to be appointed as the state musician in the court of Osman Ali Khan . Jasraj spent his youth in Hyderabad, and travelled often to Sanand to study music with musicians of the Mewati gharana. In 1946, Jasraj moved to Kolkata, where he began singing classical music for radio. He is married Madhura Shantaram, the daughter of film director V. Shantaram , whom he had first met in 1960 in Mumbai. They married in 1962, initially living in Kolkata , and moved to Mumbai in 1963. They have two children, a son, Shaarang Dev Pandit, and a daughter, Durga Jasraj , a television anchor and presenter. Jasraj's wife Madhura has directed docu ...more...
Early record albums were multiple 78rpm discs packaged in book form, like a photograph album An album is a collection of audio recordings issued as a single item on CD , record , audio tape or another medium. Albums of recorded music were developed in the early 20th century, first as books of individual 78rpm records , then from 1948 as vinyl LP records played at 33 ⁄ rpm . Vinyl LPs are still issued, though in the 21st-century album sales have mostly focused on compact disc (CD) and MP3 formats. The audio cassette was a format used alongside vinyl from the 1970s into the first decade of the 2000s. An album may be recorded in a recording studio (fixed or mobile), in a concert venue, at home, in the field, or a mix of places. The time frame for completely recording an album varies between a few hours to several years. This process usually requires several takes with different parts recorded separately, and then brought or " mixed " together. Recordings that are done in one take without overdubbing are te ...more...
1930 January February March April May June July August September October November December The following events occurred in April 1930 : April 1, 1930 (Tuesday) The new German chancellor Heinrich Brüning openly threatened the Reichstag with dissolution if it failed to carry out his policies. "The cabinet has been formed for the purpose of solving problems of vital importance to the country in the shortest possible time", he told the parliament. "This is our last effort to solve these problems with the present Reichstag." The film The Blue Angel starring Marlene Dietrich premiered at Ufa-Palast in Berlin. Born: Grace Lee Whitney , actress and entertainer, in Ann Arbor, Michigan Died: Cosima Wagner , 92, daughter of Hungarian composer Franz Liszt , wife of German composer Richard Wagner and co-founder of the Bayreuth Festival April 2, 1930 (Wednesday) The Japanese ferry ship Wakato Maru capsized in a gale off Kyushu . The ship was overcrowded beyond its normal capacity and about 100 lives were lost. Ras Tafari ...more...
Trumpeter, bandleader and singer Louis Armstrong was an important innovator of early jazz. He introduced many contemporary popular songs to the jazz world that are now considered standards. Jazz standards are musical compositions that are widely known, performed and recorded by jazz artists as part of the genre's musical repertoire. This list includes compositions written in the 1920s that are considered standards by at least one major book publication or reference work. Some of the tunes listed were already well-known standards by the 1930s, while others were popularized later. The time of the most influential recordings of a song, where appropriate, is indicated on the list. A period known as the " Jazz Age " started in the United States in the 1920s. Jazz had become popular music in the country, although older generations considered the music immoral and threatening to old cultural values. Dances such as the Charleston and the Black Bottom were very popular during the period, and jazz bands typically co ...more...
The following is a list of events and releases that have happened or are expected to happen in 2018 in music in the United States. Events January 8 – Zac Brown Band will perform the National Anthem at the 2018 College Football Playoff National Championship in Atlanta, Georgia . 28 – The 60th Annual Grammy Awards will take place at Madison Square Garden in New York City . It will be the first time since 2003, that the show has took place in New York City. February 4 – Justin Timberlake will perform at halftime during Super Bowl LII at U.S. Bank Stadium in Minneapolis, Minnesota . March 16 – Scotty McCreery will release his first album in five years, Seasons Change. List of albums set to be released in 2018 January Date Album Artist Genre 12 Vale Black Veil Brides Rock Camila Camila Cabello Pop Encore Anderson East Country it's not us Umphrey's McGee Rock 19 M A N I A Fall Out Boy Rock Sweetzerland Manifesto Joe Perry Rock The House Porches Synth-pop Voicenotes Charlie Puth Pop I Like Fun They Might Be Giants F ...more...
Romantic music is a period of Western classical music that began in the late 18th or early 19th century. It is related to Romanticism , the European artistic and literary movement that arose in the second half of the 18th century, and Romantic music in particular dominated the Romantic movement in Germany. The title character from a 19th-century performance of Wagner 's opera Siegfried In the Romantic period, music became more expressive and emotional, expanding to encompass literary, artistic, and philosophical themes. Famous early Romantic composers include Beethoven (whose works span both this period and the preceding Classical period ), Schubert , Schumann , Chopin , Mendelssohn , Bellini , and Berlioz . The late 19th century saw a dramatic expansion in the size of the orchestra and in the dynamic range and diversity of instruments used in this ensemble. Also, public concerts became a key part of urban middle class society, in contrast to earlier periods, when concerts were mainly paid for by and performe ...more...
Soprano Jenny Lind by Eduard Magnus , 1862 Daguerreotype of Lind, 1850 Johanna Maria Lind (6 October 1820 – 2 November 1887), better known as Jenny Lind , was a Swedish opera singer , often known as the "Swedish Nightingale" . One of the most highly regarded singers of the 19th century, she performed in soprano roles in opera in Sweden and across Europe, and undertook an extraordinarily popular concert tour of America beginning in 1850. She was a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Music from 1840. Lind became famous after her performance in Der Freischütz in Sweden in 1838. Within a few years, she had suffered vocal damage, but the singing teacher Manuel García saved her voice. She was in great demand in opera roles throughout Sweden and northern Europe during the 1840s, and was closely associated with Felix Mendelssohn . After two acclaimed seasons in London, she announced her retirement from opera at the age of 29. In 1850, Lind went to America at the invitation of the showman P. T. Barnum . She gave 93 ...more...
Ukraine ( ( listen ) yoo- KRAYN ; Ukrainian : Україна , translit. Ukrajina ), sometimes called the Ukraine , is a sovereign state in Eastern Europe , bordered by Russia to the east and northeast; Belarus to the northwest; Poland , Hungary , and Slovakia to the west; Romania and Moldova to the southwest; and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively. Ukraine is currently in a territorial dispute with Russia over the Crimean Peninsula , which Russia annexed in 2014 but which Ukraine and most of the international community recognise as Ukrainian. Including Crimea, Ukraine has an area of 603,628 km (233,062 sq mi), making it the largest country entirely within Europe and the 46th largest country in the world. Excluding Crimea, Ukraine has a population of about 42.5 million, making it the 32nd most populous country in the world. The territory of modern Ukraine has been inhabited since 32,000 BC. During the Middle Ages , the area was a key centre of East Slavic culture, with the ...more...
"Body and Soul" is a popular song and jazz standard written in 1930 with lyrics by Edward Heyman , Robert Sour and Frank Eyton ; and music by Johnny Green . History "Body and Soul" was written in New York City for the British actress and singer Gertrude Lawrence , who introduced it to London audiences. Published in England, it was first performed in the United States by Libby Holman in the 1930 Broadway revue Three's a Crowd. In Britain, the orchestras of Jack Hylton and Ambrose recorded the ballad first in the same week in February 1930. In the United States, the tune grew quickly in popularity, and by the end of 1930 at least 11 American bands had recorded it. Louis Armstrong was the first jazz musician to record "Body and Soul", in October 1930, but it was Paul Whiteman and Jack Fulton who popularized it in United States. "Body and Soul" remains a jazz standard , with hundreds of versions performed and recorded by dozens of artists. Classic vocal recordings include those of Ella Fitzgerald , Annette Hans ...more...
Film poster for Top Hat (1935) The musical film is a film genre in which songs sung by the characters are interwoven into the narrative, sometimes accompanied by dancing. The songs usually advance the plot or develop the film's characters, though in some cases they serve merely as breaks in the storyline, often as elaborate "production numbers". The musical film was a natural development of the stage musical after the emergence of sound film technology. Typically, the biggest difference between film and stage musicals is the use of lavish background scenery and locations that would be impractical in a theater. Musical films characteristically contain elements reminiscent of theater; performers often treat their song and dance numbers as if there is a live audience watching. In a sense, the viewer becomes the diegetic audience, as the performer looks directly into the camera and performs to it. Musical films in the Western world The Wizard of Oz (1939 film) is considered one of the greatest movies of all time. ...more...
Ainulindalë ( Quenya : ; "Music of the Ainur") is the creation account in J. R. R. Tolkien 's legendarium , published as the first part of the posthumously published The Silmarillion (1977). In many ways central to Tolkien's " subcreative " cosmology , the Ainulindalë gives an account of the Ainur , a class of angelic beings, who perform a great music prefiguring the creation of the material universe ( Eä ). Ilúvatar introduces the theme of the sentient races of Elves and Men, not anticipated by the Ainur, and gives physical being to the prefigured universe. Some of the Ainur decide to enter the physical world to prepare for their arrival, becoming the Valar and Maiar . Tolkien wrote the initial version of "Ainulindalë" from November 1919 to the spring of 1920 as "Music of the Ainur", completely rewriting it in 1930. After further revisions by the author, it was published by his son Christopher in The Book of Lost Tales (the first two volumes of The History of Middle-earth ). Synopsis Melkor , who spoils the ...more...
Folk music includes both traditional music and the genre that evolved from it during the 20th century folk revival . The term originated in the 19th century, but is often applied to music older than that. Some types of folk music are also called world music . Traditional folk music has been defined in several ways: as music transmitted orally , music with unknown composers, or music performed by custom over a long period of time. It has been contrasted with commercial and classical styles . Starting in the mid-20th century, a new form of popular folk music evolved from traditional folk music. This process and period is called the (second) folk revival and reached a zenith in the 1960s. This form of music is sometimes called contemporary folk music or folk revival music to distinguish it from earlier folk forms. Smaller, similar revivals have occurred elsewhere in the world at other times, but the term folk music has typically not been applied to the new music created during those revivals. This type of folk ...more...
Iddo Goldberg ( Hebrew : עדו גולדברג ; born 5 August 1975) is a British-Israeli actor. Career Goldberg has had several notable roles, including Brandon in the two series of Attachments and Ben on Secret Diary of a Call Girl , where his then girlfriend Ashley Madekwe also had a regular role. He appeared as semi-regular 15Peter20 in Chris Morris and Charlie Brooker 's short-lived comedy Nathan Barley . He also appeared in the 2008 war film Defiance starring Daniel Craig and Liev Schreiber . In 2013, Goldberg starred as Freddie Thorne in the first series of the BBC Two crime drama Peaky Blinders . He co-starred in the 2012 film And While We Were Here with Kate Bosworth . In addition to a Tumblr account that features his photographs, Goldberg makes short films that are posted there. He directed the short Supper (2012) with Joey Slotnick and Lauren Katz and music videos by James Rousseau, Anyone (Acoustic/Live) (2012) and Hair of the Dog (2012). Goldberg also made a film about his maternal grandmother called Lub ...more...
A big band is a type of musical ensemble that usually consists of ten or more musicians with four sections: saxophones , trumpets , trombones , and a rhythm section . Big bands originated during the early 1910s and dominated jazz through the 1940s, or roughly from World War I to World War II. The term "big band" is also used to describe a genre of music. One problem with this usage is that it overlooks the variety of music played by these bands. Big bands started as accompaniment for dancing. In contrast with the emphasis on improvisation, big bands relied on written compositions and arrangements. They gave a greater role to bandleaders, arrangers, and sections of instruments rather than soloists. Instruments Typical seating arrangement for a 17-piece big band Big bands have four sections: trumpets, trombones, saxophones, and a rhythm section of guitar, piano, double bass, and drums. The division in early big bands was likely to be two or three trumpets, one or two trombones, three saxophones, and a rhythm ...more...
Ketawang structure (a gendhing form) as a clock diagram. T = kethuk , P = kempul , N = kenong , Gong = gong ageng . The term musical form (or musical architecture ) refers to the overall structure or plan of a piece of music; it describes the layout of a composition as divided into sections. In the tenth edition of The Oxford Companion to Music , Percy Scholes defines musical form as "a series of strategies designed to find a successful mean between the opposite extremes of unrelieved repetition and unrelieved alteration." According to Richard Middleton , musical form is "the shape or structure of the work." He describes it through difference: the distance moved from a repeat ; the latter being the smallest difference. Difference is quantitative and qualitative: how far, and of what type, different. In many cases, form depends on statement and restatement , unity and variety, and contrast and connection. Levels of organization The founding level of musical form can be divided into two parts: The arrangemen ...more...
16 mm film showing a "variable area" sound track at right A soundtrack , also written sound track , can be recorded music accompanying and synchronized to the images of a motion picture , book , television program or video game ; a commercially released soundtrack album of music as featured in the soundtrack of a film, video or television presentation; or the physical area of a film that contains the synchronized recorded sound . Origin of the term In movie industry terminology usage, a sound track is an audio recording created or used in film production or post-production . Initially the dialogue, sound effects, and music in a film each has its own separate track (dialogue track, sound effects track, and music track), and these are mixed together to make what is called the composite track, which is heard in the film. A dubbing track is often later created when films are dubbed into another language. This is also known as a M & E track (music and effects) containing all sound elements minus dialogue whi ...more...
Helen Kane born Helen Clare Schroeder (August 4, 1904 – September 26, 1966) was an American singer. Her signature song was " I Wanna Be Loved by You ". Kane's voice and appearance were an unlikely source for Fleischer Studios animator Grim Natwick when creating Betty Boop , itself a style originating from Baby Esther . Early life Born as Helen Clare Schroeder , Kane attended St. Anselm's Parochial School in the Bronx . She was the youngest of three children. Her father, Louis Schroeder, the son of a German immigrant , was employed intermittently; her Irish immigrant mother, Ellen (born Dixon) Schroeder, worked in a laundry. Kane's mother reluctantly paid $3 for her daughter's costume as a queen in Kane's first theatrical role at school. By the time she was 15 years old, Kane was onstage professionally, touring the Orpheum Circuit with the Marx Brothers in On the Balcony. She spent the early 1920s trouping in vaudeville as a singer and kickline dancer with a theater engagement called the "All Jazz Revue". She ...more...
Kyle Eastwood (born May 19, 1968) is an American jazz bass musician. He studied film at the University of Southern California for two years before embarking on a music career. After becoming a session player in the early 1990s and leading his own quartet, he released his first solo album, From There to Here, in 1998. His album, The View From Here, was released 2013 by Jazz Village. Eastwood plays fretted and fretless electric bass guitar and double bass. Early life Kyle Eastwood was born May 19, 1968, the son of Margaret Neville Johnson (born 1931) and actor-director Clint Eastwood . He was born in Los Angeles, California, and grew up in Carmel-by-the-Sea , California. He is the older brother of actress/director Alison Eastwood , and paternal half-brother of Scott Eastwood , Francesca Eastwood , Kathryn Eastwood, Kimber Eastwood, and Morgan Eastwood. Career Music Eastwood comes from a musical family, as explained in an October 27, 2006, article from The Independent newspaper: “ When I told my father, film ...more...
" Istanbul (Not Constantinople) " is a 1953 novelty song , with lyrics by Jimmy Kennedy and music by Nat Simon . Written on the 500th anniversary of the fall of Constantinople to the Ottomans, the lyrics humorously refer to the official 1930 renaming of the city of Constantinople to Istanbul . The song's original release certified as a gold record. Musical influences It is said to be a response to "C-O-N-S-T-A-N-T-I-N-O-P-L-E" recorded in 1928 by Paul Whiteman and his Orchestra. The Four Lads original version "Istanbul (Not Constantinople)" was originally recorded by the Canadian vocal quartet The Four Lads on August 12, 1953 . This recording was released by Columbia Records as catalog number 40082. It first reached the Billboard magazine charts on October 24, 1953, and it peaked at #10. It was the group's first gold record . Cover versions They Might Be Giants One of the better-known versions of "Istanbul (Not Constantinople)" is the cover by the alternative rock band They Might Be Giants (TMBG), who release ...more...
Two hip hop DJs creating new music by mixing tracks from multiple record players. Pictured are DJ Hypnotize (left) and Baby Cee (right). MC Hero performing rhythmic rhyming known as rapping in Huntsville, Alabama. Hip hop-style graffiti showing stylized, elaborate lettering and colourful cartoons. Hip hop or hip-hop is a subculture and art movement developed in The Bronx in New York City during the late 1970s. The origins of the word are often disputed. Some believe that the word was invented by Keith Cowboy of The Furious Five. Others believe it was a derogatory name for the people who practise the art and wear the relative clothing. It is also argued as to whether hip hop started in the South or West Bronx . While the term hip hop is often used to refer exclusively to hip hop music (also called rap ), hip hop is characterized by nine elements, however only four elements are considered most necessary to understand hip-hop musically. The main elements of hip-hop consist of four main pillars. The 5th ele ...more...
Donald Edmond Wahlberg Jr. (born August 17, 1969) is an American singer, songwriter, actor, record producer and film producer. He is a founding member of the boy band New Kids on the Block . Outside music, he has had roles in the Saw films , The Sixth Sense , Dreamcatcher , and Righteous Kill , also appearing in the World War II miniseries Band of Brothers as Carwood Lipton . From 2002 to 2003, he starred in the crime drama Boomtown . He has been starring in the drama series Blue Bloods as Danny Reagan with Tom Selleck (his TV father) and Bridget Moynahan (his TV sister) since 2010, and since 2014 is an executive producer of the TNT reality television show Boston's Finest . He was nominated for Choice Scream at the 2008 Teen Choice Awards for his work in the Saw films . He has also produced and starred in Rock this Boat, Donnie Loves Jenny and Return of the Mac on Pop TV. He also produces and stars in Wahlburgers on A&E TV. Early life Wahlberg was born in the Dorchester neighborhood of Boston. He is the ...more...
A music video is a short film that integrates a song with imagery, and produced for promotional or artistic purposes. Modern music videos are primarily made and used as a marketing device intended to promote the sale of music recordings . There are also cases where songs are used in tie-in marketing campaigns that allow them to become more than just a song. Tie-ins and merchandising can be used for toys or for food or other products. Although the origins of the music video date back to musical short films that first appeared in the 1920s, they again came into prominence in the 1980s when the channel MTV (originally "Music Television") based their format around the medium. Prior to the 1980s, these kinds of videos were described by various terms including " illustrated song ", "filmed insert", "promotional (promo) film", "promotional clip", "promotional video", "song video", "song clip" or "film clip". Music videos use a wide range of styles and contemporary video-making techniques, including animation , live ...more...
Yamaha U1 piano mute A mute is a device fitted to a musical instrument to alter the sound produced: by affecting the timbre (or "tone"), reducing the volume, or most commonly both. The use of a mute is usually indicated in musical notation by the Italian direction con sordino ("with mute") and removed with the direction senza sordino ("without mute") or via sordino ("mute off"). On string instruments of the violin family, the mute takes the form of a device attached to the bridge of the instrument, dampening vibrations and resulting in a "softer", darker and more somber sound. On the cello and double bass , a wolf mute is often attached to the G-string (on the cello) and on the A-string (on the bass) between the bridge and the tailpiece to eliminate the wolf tone . On the guitar , a player may palm mute their guitar. Some instruments, such as the Fender Jaguar and the Rickenbacker 4001 and 4003 electric bass guitars have built-in string mutes. A variety of mutes have been used on brass instruments , most of w ...more...
'> " Swing dance " is a group of dances that developed with the swing style of jazz music in the 1920s-1940s, with the origins of each dance predating the popular "swing era". During the swing era, there were hundreds of styles of swing dancing, but those that have survived beyond that era include: Lindy Hop , Balboa , Collegiate Shag , and Charleston . Today, the most well-known of these dances is the Lindy Hop , which originated in Harlem in the early 1930s. While the majority of swing dances began in African American communities as vernacular African American dances , some swing era dances, like Balboa, developed outside of these communities. Somewhat surprisingly, "swing dance" was not commonly used to identify a group of dances until the latter half of the 20th century. Historically, the term "Swing" referred to the style of jazz music, which inspired the evolution of the dance. Jitterbug is an umbrella term that denotes all forms of swing dance, though it is often used as a synonym for the six-count ...more...
Joni James (born Joan Carmella Babbo , September 22, 1930 in Chicago, Illinois ) is an American singer of traditional pop music . Biography Joan Carmella Babbo was born to an Italian-American family in Chicago, one of six children supported by her widowed mother. As an adolescent , she studied drama and ballet , and on graduating from Bowen High School , located in the South Chicago neighborhood, went with a local dance group on a tour of Canada . She then took a job as a chorus girl in the Edgewater Beach Hotel in Chicago. After doing a fill-in in Indiana, she decided to pursue a singing career. Some executives at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM) spotted her in a television commercial , and she was signed by MGM in 1952. Her first hit , " Why Don't You Believe Me? " sold over two million copies. She had a number of hits following that one, including " Your Cheatin' Heart " (a cover of Hank Williams ' hit) and " Have You Heard? ". She was the first American to record at London 's Abbey Road Studios , and recorded f ...more...
Look up Grand Tour in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Grand Tour is a tour of European cultural centres that once was a standard feature of the education of the British elite. Grand Tour may also refer to: Arts and entertainment Grand Tour (novel series) , series of science fiction novels by Ben Bova Dragon Ball GT , a 1996 anime series Grand Tour: Disaster in Time , a 1992 time-travel-themed film (theatrically released as Timescape) The Grand Tour (TV series) , a 2016 motoring television series by Amazon Prime Music The Grand Tour (album) , 1974 album by George Jones "The Grand Tour" (song) , title track from Jones' 1974 album The Grand Tour, a 1993 album by Aaron Neville , which featured a cover version of the George Jones song Grand Tour: The Return , a 2012 Asian live concert tour of South Korean boyband Shinhwa Grand Tour: The Classic , a 2013 Asian live concert tour of South Korean boyband Shinhwa Theatre Grand Tour, a 1959 musical with music by David Shire The Grand Tour (musical) , a 1979 Broadway mu ...more...
Brighton ( listen ) is a seaside resort on the south coast of England. It is part of the city of Brighton and Hove and the ceremonial county of East Sussex , within the historic county of Sussex . Archaeological evidence of settlement in the area dates back to the Bronze Age , Roman and Anglo-Saxon periods. The ancient settlement of "Brighthelmstone" was documented in the Domesday Book (1086). The town's importance grew in the Middle Ages as the Old Town developed, but it languished in the early modern period , affected by foreign attacks, storms, a suffering economy and a declining population. Brighton began to attract more visitors following improved road transport to London and becoming a boarding point for boats travelling to France. The town also developed in popularity as a health resort for sea bathing as a purported cure for illnesses. In the Georgian era , Brighton developed as a fashionable seaside resort, encouraged by the patronage of the Prince Regent, later King George IV , who spent much ti ...more...
The ragtime progression (E7-A7-D7-G7) often appears in the bridge of jazz standards ( Play ). The III7-VI7-II7-V7 (or V7/V/V/V - V7/V/V - V7/V - V7) circle progression leads back to C major (I) but is itself indefinite in key. In music , especially western popular music , a bridge is a contrasting section that prepares for the return of the original material section. In a piece in which the original material or melody is referred to as the "A" section, the bridge may be the third eight- bar phrase in a thirty-two-bar form (the B in AABA), or may be used more loosely in verse-chorus form , or, in a compound AABA form , used as a contrast to a full AABA section. The term comes from a German word for bridge, Steg, used by the Meistersingers of the 15th to the 18th century to describe a transitional section in medieval bar form . The German term became widely known in 1920s Germany through musicologist Alfred Lorenz and his exhaustive studies of Richard Wagner 's adaptations of bar form in his popular 19th ...more...
The Academy Awards , also known as the Oscars , are a set of 24 awards for artistic and technical merit in the American film industry, given annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), to recognize excellence in cinematic achievements as assessed by the Academy's voting membership. The various category winners are awarded a copy of a golden statuette, officially called the "Academy Award of Merit", which has become commonly known by its nickname "Oscar". The sculpture was created by George Stanley . The awards, first presented in 1929 at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel , are overseen by AMPAS. The awards ceremony was first broadcast on radio in 1930 and televised for the first time in 1953. It is now seen live in more than 200 countries and can be streamed live online. The Academy Awards ceremony is the oldest worldwide entertainment awards ceremony. Its equivalents – the Emmy Awards for television, the Tony Awards for theater, and the Grammy Awards for music and recording – are mode ...more...
Frances Densmore recording Blackfoot chief Mountain Chief on a cylinder phonograph for the Bureau of American Ethnology (1916) Sound recording and reproduction is an electrical , mechanical , electronic, or digital inscription and re-creation of sound waves, such as spoken voice, singing, instrumental music , or sound effects. The two main classes of sound recording technology are analog recording and digital recording . Prior to the development of sound recording, there were mechanical systems for encoding and reproducing instrumental music, such as wind-up music boxes and, later, player pianos . Acoustic analog recording is achieved by a microphone diaphragm that can detect and sense the changes in atmospheric pressure caused by acoustic sound waves and record them as a mechanical representation of the sound waves on a medium such as a phonograph record (in which a stylus cuts grooves on a record). In magnetic tape recording, the sound waves vibrate the microphone diaphragm and are converted into a varying ...more...