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Tsybin RSR

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Tsybin RSR

The Tsybin RSR (Reactivnyi Strategicheskii Razvedchik) was a Soviet design for an advanced, long-range, Mach 3 strategic reconnaissance aircraft. Development and design In 1954, the design bureau headed by Pavel Tsybin started development of a ramjet-powered supersonic strategic bomber, the RS. This design proved impracticable, and a smaller derivative, the 2RS was proposed, which would achieve intercontinental range by being air-launched from a modified Tupolev Tu-95 bomber.[1] This too was unsuccessful, with the aircraft unable to return to base if used on an intercontinental mission,[1] while being incapable of carrying a thermonuclear bomb.[2] The design was therefore revised again to a reconnaissance aircraft capable of operating from conventional runways, the RSR. As ramjets could not be used for take-off, they were replaced by turbofans.[1] The RSR was primarily of aluminium construction, with a long circular-section fuselage, which housed a pressurized cabin for the pilot together with cameras and ...more...

Aircraft first flown in 1959

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Abandoned military aircraft projects of the Sov...

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Yakovlev Yak-26

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Yakovlev Yak-26

The Yakovlev Yak-26, OKB designation Yakovlev 123, was a family of tactical supersonic bomber variants of the Soviet Yakovlev Yak-27 (NATO reporting name 'Flashlight') developed in 1956. It consisted of the Yak-123-1 and the Yak-26-3. Design and development Both the Yak-123-1 and Yak-26-3 were developed from the Yak-25, along with the Yak-27 aircraft family, with the main goal being to increase the speed to supersonic. Although the Yak-26 kept the Yak-25's layout, it had a more streamlined and longer fuselage with a glazed nose for a navigator/bombardier, replacing the Yak-25's radome along with modified engines and wings. Both variants lacked a tail barbette, excluding the initial Yak-26-1 prototype. The Nudelman N-37 cannon was replaced with four NR-23 23 mm weapons (two in the tail), and an internal weapons bay was added for 1,000 kg (2,200 lb) of bombs, including the nuclear bomb Tatyana. Additional bombs could be carried on underwing pylons. Although these designs showed potential for a supersonic bom ...more...

Aircraft first flown in 1956

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Mid-wing aircraft

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Ilyushin Il-276

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Ilyushin Il-276

The Ilyushin Il-276 (SVTS) (Russian: Средний военно-транспортный самолет [СВТС]) is a medium-airlift military transport aircraft initially planned by the United Aircraft Corporation (UAC) of Russia, and Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) of India.[2][3] The two companies began the joint venture in 2009, when it was expected that each would be investing US$300 million in the project.[4] The MTA was intended to replace the Indian Air Force's ageing fleet of Antonov An-32 transport aircraft. It is designed to perform regular transport duties and also to deploy paratroopers. The aircraft was expected to conduct its first flight by 2017, and to enter service by 2018.[5] In January 2016 it was announced that the India's HAL would no longer be involved in the project and that Russia would proceed with the project alone. Design and development In October 2009, former Indian Defence Minister A. K. Antony made an official visit to Russia, during which the two countries formally incorporated the joint venture. The ...more...

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High-wing aircraft

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Piaggio PD.808

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Piaggio PD.808

The Piaggio PD.808 was an Italian business jet built by Piaggio. It was designed as a joint venture between Piaggio and Douglas Aircraft Company of Long Beach, California, United States.[2] Design and development Originally named the PD.808 Vespa Jet the business jet was designed in a joint venture between Piaggio and the Douglas Aircraft Company.[2] The basic design work was carried out by Douglas and the prototype was built at the Piaggio factory at Finale Ligure.[3] The PD.808 was a low-wing cantilever cabin-monoplane with tip-tanks and powered by two rear-mounted Bristol Siddeley Viper 525 turbojets. It has retractable tricycle landing gear and was originally designed with a cabin for a pilot and six-passengers.[2] The first Viper 525-powered prototype (with Italian Serial Number MM577) first flew on 29 August 1965, this was followed by a second Viper 525 powered prototype and two civil demonstrators.[3] The company tried to interest commercial operators (including offering a General Electric CJ-610 ...more...

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Aircraft first flown in 1964

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Piaggio aircraft

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North American Sabreliner

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North American Sabreliner

BAE Systems Flight Systems T-39A flight test aircraft at the Mojave Airport NA-265-60 Series 60 Sabreliner at NTPS, Mojave The North American Sabreliner, later sold as the Rockwell Sabreliner, is an American mid-sized business jet developed by North American Aviation. It was offered to the United States Air Force (USAF) in response to its Utility Trainer Experimental (UTX) program. It was named "Sabreliner" due to the similarity of the wing and tail to North American's F-86 Sabre jet fighter.[1] Military variants, designated T-39 Sabreliner, were used by the USAF, United States Navy (USN) and United States Marine Corps (USMC) after the USAF placed an initial order in 1959.[3] The Sabreliner was also developed into a commercial variant. Design and development North American Aviation began development of the Sabreliner as an in-house project, and in response to the UTX request for proposals, offered a military version to the USAF. UTX combined two different roles, personnel transport and combat readiness ...more...

Aircraft first flown in 1959

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Grob G180 SPn

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Grob G180 SPn

Grob G180 SPn at ILA 2006 The Grob G180 SPn is a low-wing twin-engined composite corporate jet designed and built by Grob Aerospace. The second prototype was destroyed and the pilot killed after the aircraft crashed due to flutter in the elevators and tail-plane in 2006.[1][2] After the insolvency of Grob Aerospace in 2008, a continuation of the project was announced in 2009,[3] and revisited again in 2015, given the success of the Pilatus PC-24.[4] In September 2010, DAHER subsidiary SOCATA announced that it would be evaluating the G180 SPn during the next few months as it considers acquiring the aircraft from Allied Aviation Technologies, which currently holds the rights to the aircraft following Grob Aerospace's 2008 insolvency.[5] Specifications Data from Flug-Revue[6] General characteristics Crew: 1 pilot Capacity: 9 passengers Length: 14.81 m (48 ft 7 in) Wingspan: 14.86 m (48 ft 9 in) Height: 5.12 m (16 ft 9.5 in) Gross weight: 6,300 kg (13,889 lb) Powerplant: 2 × Williams FJ44-3A ...more...

Aircraft first flown in 2005

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Grob aircraft

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Spectrum S-33 Independence

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Spectrum S-33 Independence

The Spectrum S-33 Independence is a new very light jet designed and built by Spectrum Aeronautical using a carbon fiber construction process that makes the airplane weigh about two thirds as much as a comparably sized aluminum-frame airplane.[1] The aircraft is designed to cruise at 45,000 ft. at speeds up to 415 knots (Mach 0.72) and fly as far as 2000 nm (3700 km) while using about half the fuel of comparably sized aluminum-framed business aircraft. FAA and JAA Type Certifications of the S-33 Independence were expected to be completed in 2009, but were not. The company has provided no press releases to explain the long delay in gaining certification. The aircraft is reported to be able to accommodate 5–6 passenger seats, a full-sized private lavatory, and will have a maximum take-off weight of 7,300 lb., with a range of over 2,000 miles. The retail sales price of the aircraft, which is equipped with Williams FJ-33 engines is supposed to be US-$3.95 million. The aircraft is to be released about 12 months ...more...

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Aircraft first flown in 2006

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Very light jets

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Embraer Phenom 300

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Embraer Phenom 300

The Embraer EMB-505 Phenom 300 is a light jet aircraft developed by the Brazilian aerospace manufacturer Embraer. It can carry up to 11 occupants.[3] Development Embraer began designing the Phenom 300 after finding that potential customers of the Phenom 100 would also like a bigger aircraft. It was a new design with the aim of allowing operation to smaller airports such as London City and Telluride Regional Airport. It first flew on 29 April 2008,[4] and received its type certification on 3 December 2009.[5] On 29 December 2009 Embraer delivered the first Phenom 300 to Executive Flight Services at the company's headquarters at São José dos Campos, Brazil.[6] Design Cabin From below, showing its swept wing Cockpit The Phenom 300 is a twin-engined cantilever monoplane with a low-positioned, swept wings. It has a horizontal stabiliser in a T-tail configuration and a retractable tricycle landing gear. It has two rear-pylon-mounted Pratt & Whitney Canada PW535E turbofan engines. The enclosed ca ...more...

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Aircraft first flown in 2008

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Airbus Beluga

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Airbus Beluga

The Airbus A300-600ST (Super Transporter) or Beluga, is a version of the standard A300-600 wide-body airliner modified to carry aircraft parts and oversized cargo. It received the official name of Super Transporter early on; however, the name Beluga, a whale it resembles,[2][3] gained popularity and has since been officially adopted. The Beluga XL, based on the Airbus A330 with similar modifications and dimensions, is being developed by Airbus to replace the type around 2020. Development Background Several major aircraft manufacturers are multinational, and it is not unusual for them to have plants in widely separated locations. Airbus is unique in that although it is today a standalone multinational corporation, it was originally a consortium formed by the major British, French, German, and Spanish aerospace companies. The geographic location of Airbus manufacturing is not only influenced by cost and convenience; it is also a matter of aviation history and national interest. Historically, each of the Airbu ...more...

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Aircraft first flown in 1994

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Airbus aircraft

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High Alpha Research Vehicle

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High Alpha Research Vehicle

The High Alpha Research Vehicle was an American modified McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 Hornet used by NASA in a 3-phase program investigating controlled flight at high alpha (angle of attack) using thrust vectoring, modifications to the flight controls, and with actuated forebody strakes. The program lasted from April 1987 to September 1996.[1][2] NASA reported that in one phase of the project, Armstrong Flight Research Center "research pilots William H. "Bill" Dana and Ed Schneider completed the envelope expansion flights in February 1992. Demonstrated capabilities included stable flight at approximately 70 degrees angle of attack (previous maximum was 55 degrees) and rolling at high rates at 65 degrees angle of attack. Controlled rolling would have been nearly impossible above 35 degrees without vectoring."[3] Performance figures were not listed for other phases. The aircraft is now on display at the Virginia Air and Space Center in Hampton, Virginia[4]. See also List of experimental aircraft List of milit ...more...

NASA aircraft

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Aircraft first flown in 1987

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Mid-wing aircraft

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Embraer ERJ family

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Embraer ERJ family

The Embraer ERJ family[a] is a series of twin-engine regional jets produced by Embraer, a Brazilian aerospace company. Aircraft in the series include the ERJ135 (37 passengers), ERJ140 (44 passengers), and ERJ145 (50 passengers), as well as the Legacy business jet and the R-99 family of military aircraft. Each jet in the series is powered by two turbofan engines. The family's primary competition comes from the Bombardier CRJ regional jets. Development The ERJ145 was designed for a perceived new market for regional jet aircraft, where the increased speed, comfort and passenger appeal would outweigh the inherent fuel economy of the turboprop aircraft which were in service and in development.[4] Early design The original EMB-145 Amazon design with a straight wing and overwing engines The 45–48 seat EMB145 was launched at the Paris Airshow in 1989 as an 18 ft (5.5 m) stretch of the EMB 120 Brasilia developed for $150M plus $50M for training and marketing, one third the cost of the cancelled Short Brothers ...more...

Aircraft first flown in 1995

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Embraer aircraft

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T-tail aircraft

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NASA AD-1

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NASA AD-1

The NASA AD-1 was both an aircraft and an associated flight test program conducted between 1979 and 1982 at the NASA Dryden Flight Research Center, Edwards California, which successfully demonstrated an aircraft wing that could be pivoted obliquely from zero to 60 degrees during flight. The unique oblique wing was demonstrated on a small, subsonic jet-powered research aircraft called the AD-1 (Ames-Dryden-1). The aircraft was flown 79 times during the research program, which evaluated the basic pivot-wing concept and gathered information on handling qualities and aerodynamics at various speeds and degrees of pivot. Project background The first known oblique wing design was the Blohm & Voss P.202, proposed by Richard Vogt in 1942.[1] The oblique wing concept was later promoted by Robert T. Jones, an aeronautical engineer at NASA's Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California. Analytical and wind tunnel studies Jones initiated at Ames indicated that a transport-size oblique-wing aircraft, flying at ...more...

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Aircraft first flown in 1979

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Individual aircraft

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Dassault Falcon 6X

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Dassault Falcon 6X

The Dassault Falcon 6X is a large, long-range business jet under development by Dassault Aviation in France. Development The design was unveiled in February 2018, is forecast to make its first flight in early 2021 and begin deliveries in 2022.[1] Dassault hopes to launch a larger and longer-range variant of the 6X, to compete with the 7,700nm (14,300km)-range Bombardier Global 7500 and the 7,500nm-range Gulfstream G650ER.[3] By October 2018, Dassault had started construction of the lower wing and rear fuselage parts.[4] By February 2019, its PW812D variants had accumulated 120h of flight tests.[5] Design The Falcon 6X is largely based on the Falcon 5X aerodynamics and systems, validated during its preliminary flight test program, but it is optimized to take advantage of its 13,000–14,000 lbf (58–62 kN) PW812D engines for a longer cabin and a greater 5,500 nmi (10,200 km) range, a Mach 0.90 top speed and a Mach 0.85 cruise. Its cabin is 12.3 m (40 ft) long, can accommodate 16 passengers in three zones with ...more...

Dassault Group aircraft

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McDonnell XF-88 Voodoo

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McDonnell XF-88 Voodoo

The McDonnell XF-88 Voodoo was a long-range, twin-engine jet fighter aircraft with swept wings designed for the United States Air Force. Although it never entered service, its design was adapted for the subsequent supersonic F-101 Voodoo. Design and development The XF-88 originated from a 1946 United States Army Air Forces requirement for a long-range "penetration fighter" to escort bombers to their targets. It was to be essentially a jet-powered replacement for the wartime North American P-51 Mustang that had escorted Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress bombers over Germany. It was to have a combat radius of 900 mi (1,450 km) and high performance. McDonnell began work on the aircraft, dubbed Model 36, on 1 April 1946. On 20 June the company was given a contract for two prototypes designated XP-88.[2] Dave Lewis was Chief of Aerodynamics on this project.[3] The engineering team stands after Flight 100. Supersonic jet-turboprop hybrid XF-88B Landing the XF-88B The initial design was intended to have straig ...more...

Aircraft first flown in 1948

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Mid-wing aircraft

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North American XF-108 Rapier

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North American XF-108 Rapier

The North American XF-108 Rapier was a proposed long-range, high-speed interceptor aircraft designed by North American Aviation intended to defend the United States from supersonic Soviet strategic bombers. The aircraft would have cruised at speeds around Mach 3 (3,200 km/h; 2,000 mph) with an unrefueled combat radius over 1,000 nautical miles (1,900 km; 1,200 mi), and was equipped with radar and missiles offering engagement ranges up to 100 miles (160 km) against bomber-sized targets. To limit development costs, the program shared engine development with the North American XB-70 Valkyrie strategic bomber program, and used a number of elements of earlier interceptor projects. The program had progressed only as far as the construction of a single wooden mockup when it was cancelled in 1959, due to a shortage of funds and the Soviets' adoption of ballistic missiles as their primary means of nuclear attack. Had it flown, the F-108 would have been the heaviest fighter of its era. Prior to the project's cancella ...more...

Tailless delta-wing aircraft

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North American Aviation aircraft

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Nakajima Kikka

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Nakajima Kikka

The Nakajima Kikka (中島 橘花 "Orange Blossom") was Japan's first jet aircraft. It was developed late in World War II and the first prototype had only flown once before the end of the conflict. It was also called Kōkoku Nigō Heiki (皇国二号兵器 "Imperial Weapon No.2"). Design and development After the Japanese military attaché in Germany witnessed trials of the Messerschmitt Me 262 in 1944, the Imperial Japanese Navy issued a request to Nakajima to develop a similar aircraft to be used as a fast attack bomber. Among the specifications for the design were the requirements that it should be able to be built largely by unskilled labor, and that the wings should be foldable. This latter feature was to enable the aircraft to be hidden in caves and tunnels around Japan as the navy began to prepare for the defense of the home islands. Nakajima designers Kazuo Ohno and Kenichi Matsumura laid out an aircraft that bore a strong but superficial resemblance to the Me 262.[1] The Kikka was designed in preliminary form to use the ...more...

Aircraft first flown in 1945

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Nakajima aircraft

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McDonnell Douglas F-15 STOL/MTD

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McDonnell Douglas F-15 STOL/MTD

The McDonnell Douglas F-15 STOL/MTD (Short Takeoff and Landing/Maneuver Technology Demonstrator) is a modified F-15 Eagle. Developed as a technology demonstrator, the F-15 STOL/MTD carried out research for studying the effects of thrust vectoring and enhanced maneuverability. The aircraft used for the project was pre-production TF-15A (F-15B) No. 1 (USAF S/N 71-0290), the first two-seat F-15 Eagle built by McDonnell Douglas (out of 2 prototypes[2]), the sixth F-15 off the assembly line, and was the oldest F-15 flying up to its retirement. It was also used as the avionics testbed for the F-15E Strike Eagle program.[3] The plane was on loan to NASA from the United States Air Force. This same aircraft would later be used in the F-15 ACTIVE (Advanced Control Technology for Integrated Vehicles) from 1993–1999, and later in the Intelligent Flight Control System programs from 1999 to 2008. While with NASA, the aircraft's tail number was 837; for the Quiet Spike program and Research Testbed it was 836, and 835 was ...more...

Canard aircraft

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Aircraft first flown in 1988

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Myasishchev M-55

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Myasishchev M-55

The Myasishchev M-55 (NATO reporting name: Mystic-B) is a high-altitude geophysical research aircraft developed by OKB Myasishchev in the Soviet Union, similar in mission to the Lockheed ER-2, but with a twin boom fuselage and tail surface design. It is a twin-engined development of the Myasishchev M-17 Stratosphera with a higher maximum take-off weight. Design and development During the 1950s and 1960s the United States instituted several programs using high-altitude reconnaissance balloons, released over friendly territory to ascend into the jetstream and be transported over the Soviet Union and People's Republic of China.[2] Subject 34 To combat these high-altitude balloons, Myasishchev proposed Subject 34 a single-seat turbojet-powered twin-boom high-aspect-ratio aircraft, nicknamed Chaika ("Seagull" in Russian) due to its anhedral wing design.[3] Armament of the single-seat balloon interceptor was to have been two air-air missiles (AAM) and two GSh-23 cannon with 600rpg in a dorsal turret. Before Sub ...more...

Twin-boom aircraft

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Aircraft first flown in 1988

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Myasishchev aircraft

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Cessna Citation Latitude

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Cessna Citation Latitude

The Cessna Citation Latitude (Model 680A) is a 2,700 nmi (5,000 km) range business jet built by Cessna. It was announced at the 2011 NBAA convention, the prototype first flew on 18 February 2014, it achieved FAA certification on June 5, 2015 and first deliveries begun on August 27. It keeps the Model 680 Sovereign wing, twin P&WC PW306D turbofans and cruciform tail, but its clean sheet stand-up circular fuselage has a flat floor. This new fuselage is kept in the later Cessna Citation Longitude. Development The $14.9 million Citation Latitude was announced by Cessna at the annual NBAA convention in October 2011, between the $12.6 million Citation XLS+ and the $17.5 million Citation Sovereign.[3] The prototype first flew on 18 February 2014 in Wichita, Kansas.[4] Cessna announced on June 5, 2015 that it had achieved FAA certification for the type.[5] On August 27, 2015, Cessna announced the first deliveries had begun.[6] Design It keeps the Citation Sovereign wing, twin Pratt & Whitney Canada PW30 ...more...

Aircraft first flown in 2014

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Cessna Citation family

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Airbus A330neo

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Airbus A330neo

The Airbus A330neo ("neo" for "New Engine Option") is a wide-body jet airliner developed by Airbus from the Airbus A330 (now A330ceo – "Current Engine Option"). A new version with modern engines comparable to those developed for the Boeing 787 was called for by owners of the current A330. It was launched on 14 July 2014 at the Farnborough Airshow, promising 14% better fuel economy per seat. It will exclusively use the larger Rolls-Royce Trent 7000. Its two versions are based on the A330-200 and -300: the -800 has a range of 8,150 nmi (15,090 km) with 257 passengers while the -900 covers 7,200 nmi (13,330 km) with 287 passengers. The -900 made its maiden flight on 19 October 2017, received its EASA type certificate on 26 September 2018, and was first delivered to TAP Air Portugal on 26 November. The -800 made its first flight on 6 November 2018, aiming for type certification in mid-2019 and first delivery in the first half of 2020. Development Studies The initial A350 concept, based on the A330ceo At the ...more...

Airbus A330

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Aircraft first flown in 2017

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Sukhoi Su-25

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Sukhoi Su-25

The Sukhoi Su-25 Grach (Russian: Грач (rook); NATO reporting name: Frogfoot) is a single-seat, twin-engine jet aircraft developed in the Soviet Union by Sukhoi. It was designed to provide close air support for the Soviet Ground Forces. The first prototype made its maiden flight on 22 February 1975. After testing, the aircraft went into series production in 1978 at Tbilisi in the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic. Early variants included the Su-25UB two-seat trainer, the Su-25BM for target-towing, and the Su-25K for export customers. Some aircraft were being upgraded to Su-25SM standard in 2012. The Su-25T and the Su-25TM (also known as the Su-39) were further developments, not produced in significant numbers. The Su-25, and the Su-34, were the only armoured, fixed-wing aircraft in production in 2007.[1] Su-25s are in service with Russia, other CIS members, and export customers. The type has seen combat in several conflicts during its more than 30 years in service. It was heavily involved in the Soviet–Afgh ...more...

Carrier-based aircraft

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Anti-tank aircraft

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Bell Model 65

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Bell Model 65

The Bell Model 65 Air Test Vehicle (ATV) was an experimental tiltjet VTOL aircraft built by Bell using parts from a number of commercial aircraft.[1][2] Design and development Bell used the fuselage of a Schweizer 1-23 glider with the wing of a Cessna 170 and the landing gear of a Bell 47 helicopter. Two 1,000 lbf (4.4 kN) thrust Fairchild J44 turbojet engines - as used on drones, missiles and for JATO - were mounted one on each side of the aircraft under the wing. These could be tilted from horizontal to vertical. A Turbomeca Palouste turbocompressor powered small thrusters at the tail and wingtips to provide a reaction control system during hover. The aircraft made its first hover on 16 November 1954. This was performed with the aircraft raised on a platform to avoid the reingestion of its exhaust gases. Wheeled landing gear - from a Cessna - was added to the aircraft, which went on to make horizontal flights in 1955. It proved able to make partial conversions at altitude, however it lacked sufficient e ...more...

Parasol-wing aircraft

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Bell aircraft

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Fouga CM.175 Zéphyr

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Fouga CM.175 Zéphyr

Fouga CM.175 Zéphyr at Toulon-Hyères Airport The Fouga Zéphyr (company designation CM.175) was a 1950s French two-seat carrier-capable jet trainer for the French Navy. It was developed from the land-based CM.170 Magister. It was replaced in 1994. Its function was taken over by the US Navy which is tasked to provide primary flight training. Design and development The French Navy's Aéronavale adopted a derivative of the Fouga CM.170-1 Magister as a basic trainer for carrier operations.[1] Originally designated CM-170M Esquif, the prototype first flew on 31 July 1956, and was redesignated as the CM.175 Zéphyr soon after. Carrier trials were conducted from HMS Eagle (R05) and HMS Bulwark (R08) off the French coast.[1] The Zéphyr differed from the Magister in being equipped with an arrester hook and a modified structure and undercarriage strengthened for carrier operations.[1] The Zéphyr also included a nose-mounted light. As it did not have ejection seats, the Zéphyr had new sliding canopy hoods which could ...more...

Fouga aircraft

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Carrier-based aircraft

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Aircraft first flown in 1956

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Dassault Falcon 10

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Dassault Falcon 10

The Dassault Mystère/Falcon 10 is an early corporate jet aircraft developed by French aircraft manufacturer Dassault Aviation. Despite its numbering sequence it was actually developed after the Falcon 20, and although it is sometimes considered as a scaled-down version of that aircraft, it was totally redesigned with a non-circular fuselage, a new wing with slotted flaps, a split passenger door and many simplified circuits compared to the Falcon 20.[1] Production began in 1971 and ceased in 1989, but it remains a popular business jet on the second hand market. By 2018, Falcon 10s from the 1970s were priced at $300,000 to $600,000.[2] Variants Minifalcon  This was the original name of the Dassault Falcon 10. Falcon 10  Executive transport aircraft. Falcon 10MER  Transport and communications aircraft for the French Navy. Falcon 100 Designed to replace the Falcon 10, the Series 100 had an increased takeoff weight, larger luggage compartment, and glass cockpit. Operators Civil operators Corporate Falcon ...more...

Twinjets

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Dassault Group aircraft

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Aircraft first flown in 1970

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Vickers Type 559

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Vickers Type 559

The Vickers Type 559 was a supersonic interceptor aircraft design by the British aircraft company Vickers-Armstrongs and was their submission for Operational Requirement F.155 in 1955. It was not accepted for further consideration; the most valued submissions being from Armstrong Whitworth and Fairey, however the F.155 requirement was dropped as a result of the 1957 Defence White Paper.[1] Design and development The Type 559 was an unorthodox canard design with a massive chin air intake, split vertically, for two reheated de Havilland Gyron engines of 20,000 pounds-force (89 kN) thrust each, placed as in the English Electric Lightning, one above the other. Two de Havilland Spectre Junior rockets were situated each side of the fuselage at wing level. Two Red Hebe or Blue Jay missiles were mounted alongside the upper part of the fuselage between the canard and the mainplane, which had endplates incorporating twin rudders. Specifications Data from Supermarine Aircraft since 1914 [2] General characteristics ...more...

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Canard aircraft

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Tupolev Tu-16

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Tupolev Tu-16

The Tupolev Tu-16 (NATO reporting name: Badger)[3] was a twin-engined jet strategic heavy bomber used by the Soviet Union. It has flown for more than 60 years, and the Chinese licence-built Xian H-6 remains in service with the People's Liberation Army Air Force. Development Tu-16 bomber at the Monino Museum (1998) In the late 1940s, the Soviet Union was strongly committed to matching the United States in strategic bombing capability. The Soviets' only long-range bomber at the time was Tupolev's Tu-4 'Bull', a reverse-engineered copy of the American B-29 Superfortress. The development of the notably powerful Mikulin AM-3 turbojet led to the possibility of a large, jet-powered bomber. The Tupolev design bureau began work on the Tu-88 ("Aircraft N") prototypes in 1950. The Tu-88 first flew on 27 April 1952. After winning a competition against the Ilyushin Il-46, it was approved for production in December 1952. The first production bombers entered service with Frontal Aviation in 1954, receiving the service ...more...

Tupolev aircraft

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Mid-wing aircraft

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Textron AirLand Scorpion

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Textron AirLand Scorpion

The Textron AirLand Scorpion is an American jet aircraft proposed for sale to perform light attack and Intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) duties. It is being developed by Textron AirLand, a joint venture between Textron and AirLand Enterprises. A prototype was secretly constructed by Cessna at their Wichita, Kansas facility between April 2012 and September 2013 and first flown on 12 December 2013.[2][3][4] Development Background and design phase In October 2011, AirLand Enterprises approached Textron with the concept of building the "world’s most affordable tactical jet aircraft." The two companies created a joint venture called Textron AirLand and development of an aircraft began in January 2012. Neither Textron nor its subsidiaries had much experience designing fixed-wing combat aircraft. Textron saw a market for the type: while military aircraft typically grew more expensive, defense budgets declined.[5][6][7] Named Scorpion, the first concept had a single engine. In early 2012, engineer ...more...

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Aircraft first flown in 2013

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Tupolev Tu-124

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Tupolev Tu-124

The Tupolev Tu-124 (NATO reporting name: Cookpot) was a 56-passenger short-range twinjet airliner built in the Soviet Union. Design and development Developed from the medium-range Tupolev Tu-104, the Tu-124 was meant to meet Aeroflot's requirement for a regional airliner to replace the Ilyushin Il-14 on domestic routes. Resembling a 75% scaled-down Tu-104, the two were hard to tell apart at a distance but it was not a complete copy of the Tu-104. The Tu-124 had a number of refinements, including double-slotted flaps, a large centre-section airbrake and automatic spoilers. Unlike the Tu-104, the wing trailing edge inboard of the undercarriage was unswept.[1] The Tu-124 retained a drogue parachute to be used in an emergency landing or landing on a slippery surface and had low pressure tires to aid operation from unpaved airfields.[2][3] As on the Tu-104 the engines were integrated into the wings, but the turbofan engines were more fuel efficient. The placement of the engines amplified vibrations, which affec ...more...

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Aircraft first flown in 1960

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Tupolev aircraft

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Tupolev Tu-104

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Tupolev Tu-104

Aeroflot Tupolev Tu-104B at Arlanda Airport in 1968, with drag parachute deployed. The Tupolev Tu-104 (NATO reporting name: Camel) was a twinjet medium-range narrow-body turbojet-powered Soviet airliner. It was the second to enter in regular service, behind the British de Havilland Comet, and was the only jetliner operating in the world from 1956 to 1958, when the British jetliner was grounded due to safety matters.[1] In 1957, Czechoslovak Airlines – ČSA, (now Czech Airlines) became the first airline in the world to fly a route exclusively with jet airliners, using the Tu-104A variant between Prague and Moscow. In civil service, the Tu-104 carried over 90 million passengers with Aeroflot (then the world's largest airline), and a lesser number with ČSA, while it also saw operation with the Soviet Air Force. Its successors included the Tu-124, the Tu-134 and the Tu-154. Design and development At the beginning of the 1950s, the Soviet Union's Aeroflot airline needed a modern airliner with better capacity an ...more...

Aircraft first flown in 1955

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CRAIC CR929

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CRAIC CR929

The CRAIC CR929 (UAC: LRWBCA[4]), formerly known as Comac C929, is a planned long-range 250-to-320-seat wide-body twinjet airliner family to be developed by CRAIC, a joint-venture between Chinese Comac and Russian United Aircraft Corporation (UAC), to challenge the Airbus and Boeing duopoly. Development In June 2011, Comac was studying the 290-seat C929 and 390-seat C939 wide-body aircraft.[5] In June 2012, after assessing demand, Russia and China were to set up a joint venture between UAC and Comac to develop a successor to the Il-96. Development was expected to take at least seven years and cost $7–12 billion, with target production of several hundred aircraft. Russia would contribute its knowledge and China would provide the resources.[6] In May 2014, a memorandum on cooperation was reached and a feasibility study completed in autumn 2014. UAC estimated that wide-body demand worldwide through 2033 amounts to 8,000 aircraft, including 1,000 in China. In November 2014, UAC suggested a range of 12,000 km ( ...more...

Proposed aircraft of China

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United Aircraft Corporation

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SyberJet SJ30

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SyberJet SJ30

The SyberJet SJ30 is an American business jet built by SyberJet Aircraft. The SJ30 has been under development since the late 1980s and has been the subject of investment and partnership with a number of companies. Development An SJ30 prototype Ed Swearingen announced a new design for a light twin business jet in October 1986, the SA-30 Fanjet.[2] The SA-30 was to be a 6 to 8 person aircraft powered by two Williams FJ44 turbofans and with a highly swept wing of relatively small area. It was planned to be more efficient than contemporary business jets, and to sell for $2 million.[3] In October 1988 an agreement was signed with Gulfstream Aerospace with the SA-30 to be manufactured and sold by Gulfstream as the Gulfstream Gulfjet. Gulfstream withdrew from the project in September 1989, causing Swearingen to get backing from the Jaffe Group of San Antonio, with the aircraft to be built in a factory next to Dover Air Force Base, Delaware. This resulted in the aircraft again being redesignated as the SJ-30 (la ...more...

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Aircraft first flown in 1991

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Bombardier Global 7500

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Bombardier Global 7500

The Bombardier Global 7500 and Global 8000 are ultra long-range business jets under development by Bombardier Aerospace. Announced in October 2010, the programme has been delayed by two years by a wing redesign. The 7500, originally named the 7000, made its first flight on November 4, 2016, was type certified by Transport Canada on September 28, 2018, and entered service on 20 December 2018. The Global 8000 schedule should be determined later. Based on the Global 6000 with a new transonic wing, the longer, four-zone cabin 7500 has a range of 7,700 nmi (14,300 km), while the shorter three-zone 8000 was to reach 7,900 nmi (14,600 km). Development Announced in October 2010, the jets were initially scheduled for introduction in 2016 for the 7500 and 2017 for the 8000.[7] In 2015, Bombardier decided to redesign the aircraft's wing and, along other development challenges, delayed the programme by over two years.[8] The goal of the redesign was to reduce the wing's weight without altering its aerodynamic profile. ...more...

Aircraft first flown in 2016

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Bombardier Aerospace aircraft

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Airbus A220

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Airbus A220

The Airbus A220, previously known as Bombardier CSeries (or C Series), is a family of narrow-body, twin-engine, medium-range jet airliners marketed by Airbus but designed and originally built by the Canadian manufacturer Bombardier Aerospace. Following Airbus involvement the aircraft are built by CSeries Aircraft Limited Partnership (CSALP). The 108 to 133-seat CS100 (now A220-100) made its maiden flight on 16 September 2013, was awarded an initial type certification by Transport Canada on 18 December 2015, and entered service on 15 July 2016 with Swiss Global Air Lines. The 130 to 160-seat CS300 (now A220-300) first flew on 27 February 2015, received an initial type certification on 11 July 2016, and entered service with launch customer airBaltic on 14 December 2016. Early operators recorded better-than-expected fuel burn and dispatch reliability, as well as positive feedback from passengers and crew. Airbus acquired a 50.01% majority stake in the CSeries program in October 2017, with the deal closing in J ...more...

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Aircraft first flown in 2013

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Airbus Beluga XL

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Airbus Beluga XL

The Airbus Beluga XL (Airbus A330-743L) is a large transport aircraft due to enter into service in 2019. It is based on the A330 airliner, to be the successor to the Airbus Beluga. The XL has an extension on the fuselage top like the Beluga. It is being designed, built and will be operated by Airbus to move oversized aircraft components. The aircraft made its first flight on 19 July 2018. Development In 2013, the five original Belugas could not cope with production growth and Airbus evaluated the Antonov An-124 and An-225, Boeing C-17 or Dreamlifter, and A400M before choosing to modify one of its own.[4] The program was launched in November 2014 to build five aircraft to replace the existing five Belugas, the design freeze was announced on 16 September 2015.[5] Fleet The Beluga XL will replace the Airbus Beluga (pictured) The existing Belugas will not be withdrawn from service when the Beluga XL is introduced; a mixed fleet is to operate for at least five years as the increased production rate of singl ...more...

Aircraft first flown in 2018

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Kowsar (Fighter aircraft)

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Kowsar (Fighter aircraft)

The Kowsar (Persian: کوثر‎, "thunderbolt"), is an Iranian built domestically-built jet trainer and strike aircraft,[1][2][3] derived from the American Northrop F-5. The Kowsar will be produced in single and two-seater versions.[4][5][6] See also Military of Iran Iran Aviation Industries Organization Iranian military industry Current Equipment of the Iranian Army Qaher 313 Shafaq References "Iran unveils new domestically-produced fighter jet". BBC. 21 Aug 2018. Retrieved 26 Aug 2018. "Iran unveils new domestically-built fighter jet". CNBC. 21 Aug 2018. Retrieved 26 Aug 2018. "Eyeing U.S., Iran unveils new fighter jet". Reuters. August 22, 2018. Retrieved August 26, 2018. "European Defence Review magazine". European Defence Review magazine. 2018. Retrieved 24 August 2018. "New Fighter Jet Unveiled By Iranian Military". Forces Network. British Forces Broadcasting Service. 21 August 2018. Retrieved 22 August 2018. al-Atrush, Samer (21 August 2018). "Iran unveils new fighter jet as pre ...more...

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HESA Kowsar

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HESA Kowsar

Unveiling HESA Kowsar Production line of HESA Kowsar The HESA Kowsar (Persian: کوثر‎, "thunderbolt"), also known as Kosar,[1] is an Iranian fighter jet based on the American Northrop F-5.[2][3] The aircraft is equipped with new fourth generation avionics in combination with an advanced fire control system.[4][1] Western analysts have described the plane to be inefficient as a weapon, but having potential for training a new generation of Iranian fighter pilots.[5] According to the Iranian state-media, this fighter jet has "advanced avionics" and multipurpose radar, and it was "100-percent indigenously made".[6] It also uses digital data networks, a glass cockpit, heads-up display (HUD), ballistic computers and smart mobile mapping systems.[7][8] Development On November 3, 2018, there was a ceremony that inaugurated the launch of the Kowsar assembly line at the Iran Aircraft Manufacturing Industries Company with at least seven being made.[9] President Hassan Rouhani was present as he inspected the Kowsar ...more...



Shenyang FC-31

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Shenyang FC-31

The Shenyang FC-31[6][7], also known as the J-31[8] or Gyrfalcon (Simplified Chinese: 鹘鹰[9]) is a twin-engine, mid-size fifth-generation jet fighter currently under development by Shenyang Aircraft Corporation. It has also been referred to as the "F-60" or "J-21 Snowy Owl" (Simplified Chinese: 雪鸮) in some media reports[10][11][3][10][12], or "Falcon Hawk" by some military enthusiasts.[13][14] J-xx nomenclatures in the Chinese military are reserved to programs launched and financed by the army, while this plane was developed by a state-owned company.[15] Development A photo of a model labeled F-60 was posted on the Internet in September 2011.[16] In June 2012, photos and camera video clips started to emerge on internet about a heavily overwrapped possible F-60 prototype being road-transferred on a highway, earning the nickname "the zongzi plane" (粽子机) among Chinese netizens, though some suspect it of merely being an L-15 trainer aircraft.[17] Pictures of a possibly fully assembled aircraft parking on an airf ...more...

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Aircraft first flown in 2012

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Stealth aircraft

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New Generation Fighter

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New Generation Fighter

New Generation Fighter (NGF) is a sixth-generation jet fighter[1] under development by Dassault Aviation and Airbus Defence and Space that will eventually replace the current generation of Dassault’s Rafales, Germany’s Eurofighter Typhoons and Spain's F-18 Hornet aircraft by around 2035–2040.[2][3] With NGF comprising the fighter element of the system-of-systems, the Next-Generation Weapon System (NGWS) comprises the NGF and unmanned ‘wingmen’, while the wider Future Combat Air System comprises the NGWS and all other air assets in the future operational battlespace.[4][5] A new jet engine called Next European Fighter Engine (NEFE) is also under development.[6] A model of the aircraft was shown at Euronaval 2018. it is a delta wing aircraft, it has no vertical stabilizers or canards. Without vertical surfaces to reflect radar laterally, side aspect radar cross section will be reduced as well. It has rectangular air intakes like the F-22. This model is very similar to what was already presented by Dassault a ...more...

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Airbus Defence and Space

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Dassault Group aircraft

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Mikoyan MiG-41

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Mikoyan MiG-41

The Mikoyan MiG-41 or PAK DP (Russian: ПАК ДП, short for: Перспективный авиационный комплекс дальнего перехвата, translit. Perspektivny aviatsionny kompleks dal'nego perekhvata, lit. ''Prospective air complex for long-range interception'')[1][2][3] is an interceptor aircraft under development by Mikoyan. The aircraft is intended to replace the Mikoyan MiG-31 in the Russian Air Force in mid-2020s.[4][5][6] According to the Russian defense analyst Vasily Kashin, the MiG-41 would be considered as a 5++ or 6th generation project.[4] Development The work on the supersonic MiG-41 interceptor is making use of the MiG-701 (Izdeliye 7.01) Mikoyan MiG-301 and Mikoyan MiG-321 projects begun in the 1990s.[7] As of July 2016, not much information was available apart from the statement that such aircraft is planned for development, no official data was available concerning its capabilities. It was speculated that it could enter service by the mid-2020s or 2030s. As an interceptor, its primary mission was rumored to offs ...more...

Proposed military aircraft

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Proposed aircraft of Russia

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TAI TF-X

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TAI TF-X

The TF-X (Turkish Fighter – Experimental) is a proposed twin-engine[5] all-weather air superiority fighter[6] being developed by Turkish Aerospace Industries (TAI) with technological assistance from BAE Systems.[7][8] The aircraft is planned to replace F-16 Fighting Falcons of the Turkish Air Force and to be exported to foreign air forces.[9] The Turkish Ministry of National Defense has confirmed that the first TF-X aircraft is going to fly by 2023.[10] Development On December 15, 2010, Turkey's Defense Industry Executive Committee (SSIK) decided to design, develop and manufacture a national next generation air-superiority fighter which would replace Turkey's F-16 fleet and operate with other critical assets like F-35 Lightning II.[11] In 2011, Turkey’s Undersecretariat for Defense Industries (SSM), the procurement agency for Turkish Armed Forces, signed an agreement with the TAI for the conceptual development of basic capabilities. TAI and TUSAŞ Engine Industries (TEI) would lead the design, entry and dev ...more...

Proposed military aircraft

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Bombardier CRJ100/200

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Bombardier CRJ100/200

The Bombardier CRJ100 and CRJ200 (formerly known as the Canadair CRJ100 and CRJ200) are a family of regional airliners designed and manufactured by Bombardier Aerospace. The CRJ is Canada's second civil jet airliner after the Avro Canada C102. It was based on the Bombardier Challenger 600 series business jets. An initial effort to produce an enlarged 36-seat version of the aircraft, known as the Challenger 610E, was terminated during 1981. Shortly after Canadair's privatisation and sale to Bombardier, work on a stretched derivative was reinvigorated; during early 1989, the Canadair Regional Jet program was formally launched. On 10 May 1991, the first of three CRJ100 prototypes conducted its maiden flight. The type first entered service during the following year with its launch customer, German airline Lufthansa. The initial variant, the CRJ100, was soon joined by another model, designated as the CRJ200. It was largely identical to the CRJ100, except for the installation of more efficient turbofan engines, w ...more...

Bombardier Aerospace aircraft

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T-tail aircraft

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Aircraft first flown in 1991

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Embraer Legacy 450/500 and Praetor 500/600

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Embraer Legacy 450/500 and Praetor 500/600

The Embraer Legacy 450/500 (EMB-545/EMB-550) are Brazilian mid-size business jets launched by Embraer in April 2008, the first of their size with a flat-floor stand-up cabin and fly-by-wire. The longer 500, which typically carries 4 passengers over 3,125 nmi (5,790 km) with room for up to 12, first flew on November 27, 2012, and was certified on August 12, 2014. The shorter 450 first flew on December 28, 2013, was certified on August 11, 2015, carries 4 passengers over 2,900 nmi (5,370 km) and can accommodate up to 9. Introduced in October 2018, the Praetor 500/600 are variants of the Legacy 450 and 500, respectively, with more range. Development At the August 2007 NBAA convention, Embraer unveiled a cabin mock-up of two concepts positioned between the $7 million Phenom 300 and the $26 million Legacy 600, called midsize jet (MSJ) and midlight jet (MLJ), positioned on 22% of the market in units. They should share their flat floor, stand-up cabin but the MSJ should be 5 feet longer to accommodate 8 passengers ...more...

Aircraft first flown in 2012

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Arado E.583

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Arado E.583

The Arado E.583 (Arado Ar P.I ) was a project design from 1945 for a jet-powered night fighter aircraft of the German manufacturer Arado Flugzeugwerke. History The design of the E.583 goes back to the E.581, an earlier project by Arado, in which design variants for a single-beam, brushless (without tailplane) night fighter were also examined. The starting point for the E.581 was again the studies in connection with the project E.555 for a multi-beam long-range bomber. However, due to the long inlet and the large hull surface, the Heinkel HeS-011 jet engine of the E.581, which was integrated into the fuselage, could only expect inadequate performance in the high-speed sector. Arado then created two new project designs in accordance with the guidelines issued in January 1945 for the optimal solution of a night fighter. Under the overall designation E.583, the studies Ar-I and Ar-II - also referred to as Project I and II - were presented at the same time. The Ar-I was based on the draft E.581-5, but had much ...more...

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Arado E.560

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Arado E.560

The Arado E.560 was a series of multi-engined Arado medium-range tactical bombers projected during the Second World War.[1] The Arado E.560 designs were part of the propaganda-based Wunderwaffe concept. None of the projected bombers were built, as the project took place near the end of the Third Reich and was terminated by the end of the war in Europe.[2] History The Arado E.560 designs were a development based on the Arado 234, and they share some characteristics with that plane. Only five designs of Ar E.560 variants have survived; the remaining are unknown. Except for two variants which were propeller-driven aircraft, the other three E.560 designs were to have been powered by turbojets. They were all equipped with retractable tricycle undercarriage.[3] Variants All of the Arado E.560 variants had a pressurized cockpit for a crew of two, located at the front end of the fuselage.[1] Ar E.560 2 Four-engined bomber project, powered by four-row radial propeller engines. Data from Dieter Herwig & H ...more...

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Bomber aircraft

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Dassault MD.750

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Dassault MD.750

The Dassault MD.750 (Mirage 6000 or Mega Mirage, Spectre) was a twinjet tailless delta wing concept for an interceptor aircraft developed by Dassault Aviation in the 1960s. Among the design goals were a maximum speed of Mach 3.5, with a high rate of climb of about 5 or 6 minutes to 16000 metres' altitude. It bears a strong resemblance to the Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-25, the main difference being a single vertical stabilizer instead of the MiG-25's twin fins.[1][2] The project was confirmed by Dassault Aviation Vice-president for Communication Stéphane Fort.[3] See also Dassault Mirage 4000 Avro Canada CF-105 Arrow References Le Fana de l'Aviation nr. 461 April 2007 "Dassault MD-750 Mirage Mach III". aviationsmilitaires.net. Retrieved 4 Jan 2018. "Tweet from Stéphane Fort". Twitter. 10 Nov 2015. Retrieved 4 Jan 2018. ...more...

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Twinjet

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Twinjet

Boeing 737 Twinjet The Vought F7U Cutlass was one of the first modern twinjet fighters. A twinjet or twin-engine jet is a jet aircraft powered by two engines. A twinjet is able to fly well enough to land with a single working engine, making it safer than a single-engine aircraft in the event of failure of an engine.[1] Fuel efficiency of a twinjet is better than that of aircraft with more engines.[2] These considerations have led to the widespread use of aircraft of all types with twin engines, including airliners, fixed-wing military aircraft, and others. Aircraft configurations As of today, there are three most common configurations of twinjet aircraft. The first, common on large aircraft such as airliners, has a podded engine usually mounted beneath, or occasionally above or within, each wing. The second has one engine mounted on each side of the rear fuselage, close to its empennage, used by many business jets. In the third configuration both engines are within the fuselage, side-by-side, used by ...more...

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Aircraft configurations

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Tupolev Tu-330

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Tupolev Tu-330

The Tupolev Tu-330 is a proposed modern medium-transport aircraft from the Russian airplane manufacturer Tupolev PSC. The aircraft is intended to replace the aging An-12 tactical airlift fleet, filling a niche between the Il-112 and the Il-76; it is similar in size class to the Antonov An-70. The Tu-330 will have a swept high-mounted wing design with two high-bypass ratio PS-90A engines mounted below the wings. An optional powerplant system has also been proposed, using NK-93 engines that can operate on LNG (liquefied natural gas) fuel. The aircraft is also designed for commonality with the Tu-204/Tu-214 civilian airliner series, in order to simplify production and minimize costs of manufacturing, maintenance and parts. Variants Tu-300 PS-90A-engined freighter Tu-330K Started as the Tu-338, the 330K is a proposed liquid natural gas-fuelled variant with a Samara NK-94 engine. Specifications Data from [1]Jane's All the World's Aircraft 2008–2009 General characteristics Crew: two Length: 42.00 m (137 ...more...

Twinjets

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Proposed aircraft of Russia

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Tupolev aircraft

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Shenyang J-16

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Shenyang J-16

The Shenyang J-16 (Chinese: 歼-16) is a tandem-seat, twinjet, all-weather, multirole strike fighter[3] designed and manufactured by Shenyang Aircraft Corporation, China. Description The Shenyang J-16 is a multi-role highly maneuverable variant based on the J-11BS with longer range and upgraded avionics, a concept equivalent to Sukhoi Su-35. The J-16 has a slightly different vertical stabilizer compared to J-11 fighter or J-15 naval fighter. It is also equipped with missile pylons for Chinese PL-8 air-to-air missiles, another difference compared to earlier J-11 variants. The J-16 is able to carry a full range of indigenous Chinese equipment including super and subsonic anti-ship missiles, air to air missiles, satellite guided bombs, cruise missiles and electronic countermeasure (ECM) jammers.[4] It has been speculated that the J-16's WS-10 engines lack sufficient power for the aircraft, given their design faults and the greater weight of the airframe compared to other Chinese Su-27 variants, and that an engi ...more...

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Xi'an JH-7

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Xi'an JH-7

The Xi'an JH-7 (Jianjiji Hongzhaji – fighter-bomber; NATO reporting name Flounder),[3] also known as the FBC-1 (Fighter/Bomber China-1) Flying Leopard, is a tandem two-seat, twin-engine fighter-bomber in service with the People's Liberation Army Naval Air Force (PLANAF), and the People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF).[4] The main contractors are Xi'an Aircraft Industrial Corporation (XAC) and the 603rd Aircraft Design Institute (later named the First Aircraft Institute of AVIC-I). The first JH-7s were delivered to the PLANAF in the mid-1990s for evaluation, with the improved JH-7A entering service in 2004.[5] Development history A new fighter bomber In the early 1970s, the PLAAF required a new fighter-bomber to replace the Harbin H-5 and Nanchang Q-5. A request was duly submitted to the Ministry of Aviation Industry (later renamed to the Aviation Industry Corporation of China), which organized a domestic development program when efforts to secure a joint venture with foreign partners failed. The progra ...more...

Xian aircraft

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Aircraft first flown in 1988

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Twinjets

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Sukhoi Superjet 100

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Sukhoi Superjet 100

The Sukhoi Superjet 100 (Russian: Сухой Суперджет 100, tr. Sukhoy Superdzhet 100) or SSJ100 is a regional jet designed by Sukhoi, a division of the United Aircraft Corporation. Its development started in 2000, it made its maiden flight on 19 May 2008 and its first commercial flight on 21 April 2011 with Armavia. The 46–49 t (101,000–108,000 lb) MTOW plane typically seats 87 to 98 passengers and is powered by two 77 to 79 kN (17,000 to 18,000 lbf) PowerJet SaM146 turbofans developed by a joint venture between French Safran and Russian NPO Saturn. By May 2018, 127 were in service and by September the fleet had logged 300,000 revenue flights and 460,000 hours. Development Background Development began in 2000.[5] On 19 December 2002, Sukhoi Civil Aircraft and Boeing Commercial Airplanes signed a medium-term Cooperation Agreement to work together on the design. Boeing consultants had already been advising Sukhoi for a year.[6] On 10 October 2003, the suppliers of major subsystems were selected.[7] On 12 March 20 ...more...

Sukhoi aircraft

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Aircraft first flown in 2008

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Twinjets

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