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People with eidetic memory


Viswanathan Anand

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Viswanathan Anand

Viswanathan "Vishy" Anand (born 11 December 1969) is an Indian chess grandmaster and multiple times World Chess Champion in all three chess formats, Classical, Rapid, and Blitz. He became the first grandmaster from India in 1988, and is one of the few players to have surpassed a rating of 2800, a feat he first achieved in 2006.[2] Anand is a 6-time classical chess world champion[3]. He held the FIDE World Chess Championship from 2000 to 2002, becoming the first Asian to do so. He became the undisputed World Champion in 2007 and defended his title against Vladimir Kramnik in 2008. He then defended his title in the World Chess Championship 2010 against Veselin Topalov and in the World Chess Championship 2012[4] against Boris Gelfand. In the World Chess Championship 2013 he lost to challenger Magnus Carlsen and lost again to Carlsen in the World Chess Championship 2014.[5] He won the World Rapid Chess Championship in 2003 and 2017. In April 2006 Anand became the fourth player in history to pass the 2800 Elo ma

Chess players from Chennai

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Recipients of the Padma Shri in sports

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Recipients of the Padma Bhushan in sports

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Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati

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Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati

Quotation Let me not desire anything but the highest good for my worst enemy. Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Goswami (Bhaktisiddhānta Sarasvatī Gosvāmī; Bengali: ভক্তিসিদ্ধান্ত সরস্বতী; Bengali:  (listen); 6 February 1874 – 1 January 1937), born Bimla Prasad Datt (Bimalā Prasāda Datta, Bengali: ), was a Gaudīya Vaisnava Hindu guru (spiritual master), ācārya (philosophy instructor), and revivalist in early 20th century northeastern India. Bimla Prasad was born in 1874 in Puri (Orissa) a son of Kedarnath Datta Bhaktivinoda Thakur, a recognised Bengali Gaudiya Vaishnava philosopher and teacher. Bimla Prasad received both Western and traditional Indian education and gradually established himself as a leading intellectual among the bhadralok (Western-educated and often Hindu Bengali residents of colonial Calcutta), earning the title Siddhānta Sarasvatī ("the pinnacle of wisdom"). Under the direction of his father and spiritual preceptor, Bimla Prasad took initiation (diksha) into Gaudiya Vaishnavism from the Vaishna

19th-century Indian philosophers

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Indian male philosophers

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Oriental Seminary alumni

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Cenn Fáelad mac Ailella

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Cenn Fáelad mac Ailella

Cenn Fáelad mac Ailella (alias Cennfaeladh) (died 679) was an early medieval Irish scholar renowned for having his memory markedly improve and possibly becoming eidetic after suffering a head wound in battle. Ancestry He was a member of the Cenél nEógain, being a grandson of King Báetán mac Muirchertaig (King of Cenél nEógain), a great-great-great-great grandson of Niall Noígiallach, and a first cousin once removed of Aldfrith of Northumbria via his first cousin, Fina.[1] His father Ailill mac Báetán was murdered in Templeport in modern-day County Cavan, Republic of Ireland, according to the Annals of Ulster: "U620.1. The slaying in Magh Slécht in the territory of Connacht of the kindred of Báetán, i.e. of Ailill son of Báetán and of Mael Dúin son of Fergus son of Báetán; and the death of Fiachra son of Ciarán son of Ainmire son of Sétna." According to John Healy, Cenn Fáelad's sister Sabina was the mother of Saint Cuthbert of Lindisfarne.[2] Cath Magh Rath Cenn Fáelad fought at the crucial Battle of Moi

Irish scholars and academics

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7th-century Latin writers

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Alonzo Clemons

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Alonzo Clemons

Alonzo Clemons is an American animal sculptor and savant. He lives in Boulder, Colorado. Clemons suffered a severe brain injury as a child that left him with a developmental disability (with an IQ in the 40-50 range), but able to create very accurate animal sculptures out of clay. Clemons can create a sculpture of almost any animal, even if he has seen only a glimpse of it.[1] He is also able to create a realistic and anatomically accurate three-dimensional rendering of an animal after only looking at a two-dimensional image for mere moments.[2] He is most well known for his life-size renderings of a horse, but most of his works are smaller, and accomplished in less than an hour.[3] In 1986 he had a premiere exhibit in Aspen, Colorado. His works have sold for as much as $45,000. Clemons began sculpting in school, where he would sit silently in the back of the classroom, molding bits of clay into tiny animals. When his teachers took the clay from him, he began scraping bits of pliable tar from the pavement

American artists

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Outsider artists

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People with intellectual impairment

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Leonhard Euler

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Leonhard Euler

Leonhard Euler ( OY-lər;[2] German: (listen); 15 April 1707 – 18 September 1783) was a Swiss mathematician, physicist, astronomer, geographer, logician and engineer who made important and influential discoveries in many branches of mathematics, such as infinitesimal calculus and graph theory, while also making pioneering contributions to several branches such as topology and analytic number theory. He also introduced much of the modern mathematical terminology and notation, particularly for mathematical analysis, such as the notion of a mathematical function.[3] He is also known for his work in mechanics, fluid dynamics, optics, astronomy and music theory.[4] Euler was one of the most eminent mathematicians of the 18th century and is held to be one of the greatest in history. He is also widely considered to be the most prolific mathematician of all time. His collected works fill 92 volumes,[5] more than anyone else in the field. He spent most of his adult life in Saint Petersburg, Russia, and in Berlin, the

Burials at Lazarevskoe Cemetery (Saint Petersburg)

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Fellows of the American Academy of Arts and Sci...

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Mathematical analysts

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Philip Emeagwali

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Philip Emeagwali

Philip Emeagwali Philip Emeagwali (born 23 August 1954) is a Nigerian-American computer scientist. [1] He won the 1989 Gordon Bell Prize for price-performance in high-performance computing applications, in an oil reservoir modeling calculation using a novel mathematical formulation and implementation.[2][3] Biography Emeagwali was born in Akure, Nigeria on 23 August 1954.[4] He was raised in Onitsha in the South Eastern part of Nigeria. His early schooling was suspended in 1967 as a result of the Nigerian Civil War. At 13 years, he served in the Biafran army. After the war he completed high-school equivalence through self-study. He is married to Dale Brown Emeagwali, a noted African-American microbiologist.[5] Education He traveled to the United States to study under a scholarship following completion of a correspondence course at the University of London. He received a bachelor's degree in mathematics from Oregon State University in 1977. He later moved to Washington DC, receiving in 1986 a master's de

Nigerian scientists

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Nigerian engineers

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Igbo scientists

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Rüdiger Gamm

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Rüdiger Gamm

Rüdiger Gamm (born July 10, 1971) is a German "mental calculator". He attained the ability to mentally evaluate large arithmetic expressions at the age of 21. He can also speak backwards, and calculate calendars. Featured on the Discovery Channel program The Real Superhumans,[1] he was examined by Allan Snyder, an expert on savants, who concluded that Gamm's ability was not a result of savant syndrome but connected to genetics. In terms of mental calculations, Rüdiger's most notable talent is the ability to memorize large powers. In the 2008 Mental Calculation World Cup in Leipzig, he recited 81100, which took approximately 2 minutes and 30 seconds. In the tournament itself, he performed strongly, finishing in 5th position overall. He also held a seminar in 2012 at the BOLDTalks event at DUCTAC (Dubai).[2] Early life Rüdiger Gamm was born on July 10, 1971, in Welzheim, Germany. Gamm stated that he learnt how to speak backwards before learning how to speak forwards which prompted classmates to tease him or

People with eidetic memory

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Mental calculators

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Kim Ung-yong

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Kim Ung-yong

Kim Ung-Yong (Hangul: 김웅용; born March 8, 1962)[1] is a South Korean professor and former child prodigy, who once held the Guinness World Record for highest IQ, at a score of 210.[2][3] Biography Childhood Kim Ung-yong was born on March 8, 1962 in Seoul, South Korea. His father was a physics professor and his mother was a medical professor.[1] By the time he was one year old, Kim had learned both the Korean alphabet and 1,000 Chinese characters by studying the Thousand Character Classic, a 6th-century Chinese poem.[4] At three years old, he was able to solve calculus problems, and he also published a best-selling book of his essays in English and German, as well as his calligraphy and illustrations.[1] By the age of five, Kim could speak Korean, English, French, German and Japanese.[4] That year, he enrolled at Grant High School in Los Angeles after an article was published about him in Look magazine that caught the attention of the school.[5] He also audited a physics class at Hanyang University.[1] Fuji T

Chungbuk National University alumni

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South Korean expatriates in the United States

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Child prodigies

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Thomas Babington Macaulay, 1st Baron Macaulay

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Thomas Babington Macaulay, 1st Baron Macaulay

Thomas Babington Macaulay, 1st Baron Macaulay, FRS FRSE PC (25 October 1800 – 28 December 1859) was a British historian and Whig politician. He wrote extensively as an essayist, on contemporary and historical sociopolitical subjects, and as a reviewer. His The History of England was a seminal and paradigmatic example of Whig historiography, and its literary style has remained an object of praise since its publication, including subsequent to the widespread condemnation of its historical contentions which became popular in the 20th century.[1] Macaulay served as the Secretary at War between 1839 and 1841, and as the Paymaster-General between 1846 and 1848. He played a major role in the introduction of English and western concepts to education in India, and published his argument on the subject in the "Macaulay Minute" in 1835. He supported the replacement of Persian by English as the official language, the use of English as the medium of instruction in all schools, and the training of English-speaking Indians

Pages with DOIs inactive as of 2019 August

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Members of the Athenaeum Club, London

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British classical liberals

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Norris McWhirter

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Norris McWhirter

Norris Dewar McWhirter CBE (12 August 1925 – 19 April 2004) was a British writer, political activist, co-founder of The Freedom Association, and a television presenter. He and his twin brother Ross were known internationally for the founding of Guinness World Records (as The Guinness Book of Records) which they wrote and annually updated together between 1955 and 1975. After Ross's assassination by the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA), Norris carried on alone as editor.[1] Early life Norris and Ross were the twin sons of William McWhirter, the editor of the Sunday Pictorial, and Margaret Williamson. In 1929, as William was working on the founding of the Northcliffe Newspapers chain of provincial newspapers, the family moved to "Aberfoyle", in Broad Walk, Winchmore Hill.[2] Like their elder brother, Kennedy (born 1923), Norris and Ross were educated at Marlborough College and Trinity College, Oxford. Norris chose to complete his law degree in two years rather than the usual three. Between 1943 and 194

English anti-communists

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Conservative Party (UK) parliamentary candidates

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English people of Scottish descent

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Kim Peek

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Kim Peek

Laurence Kim Peek (November 11, 1951 – December 19, 2009) was an American savant. Known as a "megasavant",[1][2][3] he had an exceptional memory, but he also experienced social difficulties, possibly resulting from a developmental disability related to congenital brain abnormalities. He was the inspiration for the autistic savant character Raymond Babbitt in the movie Rain Man. Although Peek was previously diagnosed with autism, it is now thought that he instead had FG syndrome.[4][5] Early life Peek was born in Salt Lake City, Utah,[6] with macrocephaly,[5] damage to the cerebellum, and agenesis of the corpus callosum,[7] a condition in which the bundle of nerves that connects the two hemispheres of the brain is missing; in Peek's case, secondary connectors such as the anterior commissure were also missing.[5] There is speculation that his neurons made unusual connections due to the absence of a corpus callosum, resulting in an increased memory capacity.[8][9] According to Peek's father, Fran (Francis) Pee

People from Salt Lake City

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American people with disabilities

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Cardiovascular disease deaths in Utah

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Orlando Serrell

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Orlando Serrell

Orlando L. Serrell (born 1968) is an "acquired savant" — someone who exhibits savant skills after CNS injury or disease, as opposed to a person born with autistic disorder or other developmental disability. Serrell did not possess any special skills until he was struck by a baseball on the left side of his head on August 17, 1979, when he was ten years old. Serrell fell to the ground, but eventually got up and continued playing baseball. He did not get any medical treatment because he did not tell his parents; for a long while, he suffered from a headache.[1] Eventually, the headache ended, but Serrell soon noticed he had the ability to perform calendrical calculations of amazing complexity.[2] He can also recall the weather,[3] as well as (to a varying degree) where he was and what he has done for every day since the accident.[4] References Minutes 9-10 from The boy with the incredible brain - Daniel Tammet The Transcranial Magnetic Stimulator, New York Times Magazine, June 22, 2003 Orlando Serre

People with eidetic memory

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William James Sidis

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William James Sidis

William James Sidis (April 1, 1898 – July 17, 1944) was an American child prodigy with exceptional mathematical and linguistic skills. He is notable for his 1920 book The Animate and the Inanimate, in which he postulates the existence of dark matter, entropy, and the origin of life in the context of thermodynamics. Sidis was raised in a particular manner by his father, psychologist Boris Sidis, who wished his son to be gifted. Sidis first became famous for his precocity and later for his eccentricity and withdrawal from public life. Eventually, he avoided mathematics altogether, writing on other subjects under a number of pseudonyms. He entered Harvard at age 11 and, as an adult, was claimed to have an extremely high IQ, and to be conversant in about 25 languages and dialects. Some of these claims have not been verifiable, but many of his contemporaries, including Norbert Wiener, Daniel Frost Comstock and William James, supported the assertion that his intelligence was very high. Biography Parents and upbrin

American spiritualists

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Rice University faculty

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Giftedness

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Daniel Tammet

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Daniel Tammet

Daniel Tammet FRSA (born 31 January 1979) is an English essayist, novelist, poet, translator, and autistic savant. His 2006 memoir, Born on a Blue Day, about his life with Asperger syndrome and savant syndrome, was named a "Best Book for Young Adults" in 2008 by the American Library Association Young Adult Library Services magazine.[1] His second book, Embracing the Wide Sky, was one of France's best-selling books of 2009.[2] His third book, Thinking in Numbers, was published on 16 August 2012 by Hodder & Stoughton in the United Kingdom and on 30 July 2013 by Little, Brown and Company in the United States and Canada. Mishenka, his first novel, was published in France and Quebec in 2016. His books have been published in over 20 languages.[3] He was elected in 2012 to serve as a fellow of the Royal Society of Arts.[4] Personal life Tammet speaking at a TED event in 2011 Tammet was born Daniel Paul Corney[5] and raised in Barking and Dagenham,[6] East London, England, as the eldest of nine children

People with synesthesia

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Biography template using bare URL in website pa...

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British autobiographies

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Terence Tao

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Terence Tao

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Geobiography of Terence Tao. Terence Chi-Shen Tao FAA FRS (born 17 July 1975) is an Australian-American mathematician who has worked in various areas of mathematics. He currently focuses on harmonic analysis, partial differential equations, algebraic combinatorics, arithmetic combinatorics, geometric combinatorics, probability theory, compressed sensing and analytic number theory. As of 2015, he holds the James and Carol Collins chair in mathematics at the University of California, Los Angeles. Tao was a recipient of the 2006 Fields Medal and the 2014 Breakthrough Prize in Mathematics. He is also a 2006 MacArthur Fellow. Tao has been the author or co-author of 275 research papers.[2] Tao is the second mathematician of Han Chinese descent to win the Fields medal after Shing-Tung Yau, and the first Australian citizen to win the medal. Personal life Family Terence was born to an ethnic Chinese family in Australia. Tao's father, Dr. Billy Tao (Chinese: 陶象國; pinyin: Táo

Foreign associates of the National Academy of S...

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Harmonic analysis

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American scientists of Chinese descent

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Nikola Tesla

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Nikola Tesla

Nikola Tesla ([2] Serbo-Croatian: ; Serbian Cyrillic: Никола Тесла;[a] 10 July 1856 – 7 January 1943) was a Serbian-American[4][5][6] inventor, electrical engineer, mechanical engineer, and futurist who is best known for his contributions to the design of the modern alternating current (AC) electricity supply system.[7] Born and raised in the Austrian Empire, Tesla studied engineering and physics in the 1870s without receiving a degree, and gained practical experience in the early 1880s working in telephony and at Continental Edison in the new electric power industry. He emigrated in 1884 to the United States, where he became a naturalized citizen. He worked for a short time at the Edison Machine Works in New York City before he struck out on his own. With the help of partners to finance and market his ideas, Tesla set up laboratories and companies in New York to develop a range of electrical and mechanical devices. His alternating current (AC) induction motor and related polyphase AC patents, licensed by We

People of the Military Frontier

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History of science

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National Inventors Hall of Fame inductees

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John von Neumann

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John von Neumann

John von Neumann (Hungarian: Neumann János Lajos, pronounced ; December 28, 1903 – February 8, 1957) was a Hungarian-American mathematician, physicist, computer scientist, and polymath. Von Neumann was generally regarded as the foremost mathematician of his time[2] and said to be "the last representative of the great mathematicians";[3] who integrated both pure and applied sciences. He made major contributions to a number of fields, including mathematics (foundations of mathematics, functional analysis, ergodic theory, representation theory, operator algebras, geometry, topology, and numerical analysis), physics (quantum mechanics, hydrodynamics, and quantum statistical mechanics), economics (game theory), computing (Von Neumann architecture, linear programming, self-replicating machines, stochastic computing), and statistics. He was a pioneer of the application of operator theory to quantum mechanics in the development of functional analysis, and a key figure in the development of game theory and the conce

Minecraft

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Giftedness

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Von Neumann family

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Stephen Wiltshire

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Stephen Wiltshire

Flatiron Building New York (2006) Big Ben on a rainy evening (2008) Venice (2008) Stephen Wiltshire MBE, Hon.FSAI, Hon.FSSAA (born 24 April 1974) is a British architectural artist and autistic savant.[1] He is known for his ability to draw a landscape from memory after seeing it just once. His work has gained worldwide popularity. In 2006, Wiltshire was made a Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE) for services to art.[2] In the same year, he opened a permanent gallery on the Royal Opera Arcade in London.[3] Early life Stephen Wiltshire was born in London, England, in 1974 to Caribbean parents; his father, Colvin, was a native of Barbados, and his mother, Geneva, is a native of St. Lucia.[2] He grew up in Little Venice, Maida Vale, London.[4] Wiltshire was mute when young. At the age of three, he was diagnosed with autism. The same year, his father died in a motorbike accident.[1][2] At the age of five, Wiltshire was sent to Queensmill School in London where he expressed interest in draw

Alumni of the City and Guilds of London Art School

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Memory processes

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Giftedness

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Andrew Wiles

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Andrew Wiles

Sir Andrew John Wiles KBE FRS (born 11 April 1953)[1] is an English mathematician and a Royal Society Research Professor at the University of Oxford, specializing in number theory. He is best known for proving Fermat's Last Theorem, for which he was awarded the 2016 Abel Prize[6] and the 2017 Copley Medal by the Royal Society.[3] He was appointed Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 2000, and in 2018 was appointed as the first Regius Professor of Mathematics at Oxford.[7] Wiles is also a 1997 MacArthur Fellow. Education and early life Wiles was born on 11 April[8] 1953 in Cambridge, England, the son of Maurice Frank Wiles (1923–2005), later the Regius Professor of Divinity at the University of Oxford,[1] and Patricia Wiles (née Mowll). His father worked as the chaplain at Ridley Hall, Cambridge, for the years 1952–55. Wiles attended King's College School, Cambridge, and The Leys School, Cambridge.[9] Wiles states that he came across Fermat's Last Theorem on his way home from school when h

Recipients of awards from the United States Nat...

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Recipients of the Copley Medal

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Publishing

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Kiyoshi Yamashita

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Kiyoshi Yamashita

Kiyoshi Yamashita on Ebisubashi Bridge, 1955 Kiyoshi Yamashita (山下 清, Yamashita Kiyoshi (born Seiji Obashi, 10 March 1922 – 12 July 1971)) was a Japanese artist. He is famous for his wanderings throughout Japan, during which he wore only a vest, garnering the nickname "The Naked General". Early life Yamashita was born in Asakusa, Tokyo. At the age of three, he suffered an acute abdominal disorder which, although not life-threatening, left him with a mild speech impediment and some neurological damage. At elementary school, Yamashita was the victim of bullying and on one occasion wounded a classmate with a knife. Because of this, his parents decided to move him to the Yahata institution for the mentally handicapped in Ichikawa, Chiba. His IQ was measured at 68.[1] It was here he started to experiment using torn pieces of paper to create pictures. His talent was recognised by mental health expert Ryuzaburo Shikiba, who organised an exhibition of Yamashita's work in Osaka which received wide praise. Tiring

Outsider artists

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Deaths from cerebrovascular disease

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20th-century Japanese painters

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Swami Vivekananda

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Swami Vivekananda

Quotation "Arise, awake, and stop not till the goal is reached"(more in Wikiquote) Swami Vivekananda (Bengali:  (listen); 12 January 1863 – 4 July 1902), born Narendranath Datta (Bengali: ), was an Indian Hindu monk, a chief disciple of the 19th-century Indian mystic Ramakrishna.[4][5] He was a key figure in the introduction of the Indian philosophies of Vedanta and Yoga to the Western world[6][7] and is credited with raising interfaith awareness, bringing Hinduism to the status of a major world religion during the late 19th century.[8] He was a major force in the revival of Hinduism in India, and contributed to the concept of nationalism in colonial India.[9] Vivekananda founded the Ramakrishna Math and the Ramakrishna Mission.[7] He is perhaps best known for his speech which began with the words - "Sisters and brothers of America ...,"[10] in which he introduced Hinduism at the Parliament of the World's Religions in Chicago in 1893. Born into an aristocratic Bengali Kayastha family of Calcutta, Vivekanand

People in interfaith dialogue

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Indian Freemasons

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Hindu new religious movements

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Charles Nalder Baeyertz

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Charles Nalder Baeyertz

Charles Nalder Baeyertz (15 December 1866 – 5 June 1943) was a New Zealand teacher, journalist, editor, publisher and music critic. He was born on 15 December 1866 in Richmond, Victoria, to bank manager Charles Baeyertz and his wife Emilia Baeyertz. When his father died in a shooting accident, Baeyertz was put into boarding school and his mother became a famous evangelist. He graduated with a licentiate from the London College of Music and moved to New Zealand with his wife Bella. Whilst in New Zealand, Baeyertz founded a journal, The Triad, which he edited and co-owned for 32 years. The journal became the most successful literary magazine of the time, supposedly found "in every club, hotel and reading-room throughout Australasia". Biography [The] lasting impact of Emilia's intensity, and the extent to which Charles followed her example, are demonstrated by the 'Apostolic fire' which imbued his cultural mission to New Zealand and promoted him to found his critical magazine, The Triad. Strains of his moth

Australian people of British-Jewish descent

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New Zealand people of Jewish descent

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Australian people of Jewish descent

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Jacques Bergier

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Jacques Bergier

Jacques Bergier (French: ; maybe born Yakov Mikhailovich Berger; (Russian: Я́ков Миха́йлович Бéргер); Odessa, 21 August [O.S. 8 August] 1912[1] – Paris, 23 November 1978) was a chemical engineer, member of the French-resistance, spy, journalist and writer. He co-wrote the best-seller The Morning of the Magicians with Louis Pauwels about fantastic realism. Early life Yakov Mikhailovich Berger, who later adopted the name Jacques Bergier,[2] was born in Odessa in 1912. Mikhail Berger, his father, was a Jewish wholesale grocer and his mother, Etlia Krzeminiecka, was a former revolutionary. A grand-uncle of his was a miraculous rabbi and in his autobiography, Je ne suis pas une légende,[3] Bergier says he was a cousin of nuclear physicist George Gamow and of a certain Anatoly, a member of the firing squad that shot Tsar Nicholas II. He was a gifted child: in his autobiography he said that at two he read his first newspaper and at four he could easily read Russian, French and Hebrew. He was a speed reader (until

20th-century French male writers

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20th-century French engineers

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French people of Ukrainian-Jewish descent

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Akira Haraguchi

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Akira Haraguchi

Akira Haraguchi (原口 證, Haraguchi Akira) (born 1946, Miyagi Prefecture), a retired Japanese engineer, is known for memorizing and reciting digits of pi. Memorization of pi He holds the current unofficial world record (100,000 digits) in 16 hours, starting at 9 a.m (16:28 GMT) on October 3, 2006. He equaled his previous record of 83,431 digits by nightfall and then continued until stopping with digit number 100,000 at 1:28 a.m. on October 4, 2006. The event was filmed in a public hall in Kisarazu, east of Tokyo, where he had five-minute breaks every two hours to eat onigiri to keep up his energy levels. Even his trips to the toilet were filmed to prove that the exercise was legitimate. His previous world record of 83,431 was performed from July 1, 2005, to July 2, 2005. On Pi Day, 2015, he claimed to be able to recite 111,701 digits.[1] Despite Haraguchi's efforts and detailed documentation, the Guinness World Records have not yet accepted any of his records set. Haraguchi views the memorization of pi as

People with eidetic memory

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People from Miyagi Prefecture

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Hitachi

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Robert Evans (astronomer)

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Robert Evans (astronomer)

Robert Owen Evans, OAM (born 20 February 1937) is a minister of the Uniting Church in Australia and an amateur astronomer who holds the record for visual discoveries of supernovae (42).[1][2] Ministry Evans was born in Sydney, Australia. He graduated from the University of Sydney, majoring in philosophy and modern history. Coming from a religious family, Evans trained to become a Methodist minister and was ordained by the New South Wales Conference in 1967. He served as a circuit minister until his retirement in 1998. He is the author of a number of books on the history of evangelism.[3] Supernova search Evans took up supernova hunting around 1955, but his first adequate instrument, was a 10-inch (25 cm) Newtonian telescope he had assembled only about 1968. He made his first official supernova discovery in 1981 and found nine more before using larger telescopes. While living in Coonabarabran, New South Wales he used his own 16 inch (40 cm) telescope. From early 1995 to mid-1997 he also had limited access

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Uniting Church in Australia ministers

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Australian astronomers

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Ferdinand Marcos

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Ferdinand Marcos

Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralin Marcos Sr. (,[2] September 11, 1917 – September 28, 1989) was a Filipino politician and kleptocrat[3][4][5][6][7][8][9] who was the tenth President of the Philippines from 1965 to 1986.[10] A leading member of the New Society Movement, he ruled as a dictator[4][11][12][13] under martial law from 1972 until 1981.[14] His regime was infamous for its corruption,[15][16][17][18] extravagance,[19][20][21] and brutality.[22][23][24] Marcos claimed an active part in World War II, including fighting alongside the Americans in the Bataan Death March and being the "most decorated war hero in the Philippines".[25] A number of his claims were found to be false[26][27][28][29][30] and the United States Army documents described Marcos's wartime claims as "fraudulent" and "absurd".[31] Marcos started as an attorney, then served in the Philippine House of Representatives from 1949 to 1959 and the Philippine Senate from 1959 to 1965. He was elected President in 1965, and presided over a growing ec

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Politicians of Chinese descent

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Said Nursî

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Said Nursî

Said Nursi (Ottoman Turkish: سعيد نورسی‎ / Kurdish: Seîdê Nursî ,سەعید نوورسی‎[13][14]‎; 1877[1] – 23 March 1960), also spelled Said-i Nursî and commonly known with the honorific Bediüzzaman (بديع الزّمان, Badī' al-Zamān), meaning "wonder of the age"; or simply Üstad, "master")[15] was a Kurdish Sunni Muslim theologian. He wrote the Risale-i Nur Collection, a body of Qur'anic commentary exceeding six thousand pages.[16][17] Believing that modern science and logic was the way of the future, he advocated teaching religious sciences in secular schools and modern sciences in religious schools.[16][17][18] Nursi inspired a religious movement[19][20] that has played a vital role in the revival of Islam in Turkey and now numbers several millions of followers worldwide.[21][22] His followers, often known as the "Nurcu movement" or the "Nur cemaati",[23] often call him by the venerating mononymic Üstad ("the Teacher"). Nursi displayed an unusual ability to learn from an early age, completing the normal course of Madr

Sunni Sufis

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Muslim creationists

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Articles containing Sorani Kurdish-language text

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Sukarno

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Sukarno

Sukarno[a] ([2] born Kusno Sosrodihardjo, Javanese: ; 6 June 1901 – 21 June 1970)[3] was an Indonesian politician who was the first president of Indonesia, serving from 1945 to 1967. Sukarno was the leader of the Indonesian struggle for independence from the Dutch Empire. He was a prominent leader of Indonesia's nationalist movement during the Dutch colonial period and spent over a decade under Dutch detention until released by the invading Japanese forces in World War II. Sukarno and his fellow nationalists collaborated to garner support for the Japanese war effort from the population, in exchange for Japanese aid in spreading nationalist ideas. Upon Japanese surrender, Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta declared Indonesian independence on 17 August 1945, and Sukarno was appointed as its president. He led Indonesians in resisting Dutch re-colonisation efforts via diplomatic and military means until the Dutch recognition of Indonesian independence in 1949. Author Pramoedya Ananta Toer once wrote, "Sukarno was the on

Heads of regimes who were later imprisoned

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Survivors of assassination attempts

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Arturo Toscanini

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Arturo Toscanini

Arturo Toscanini, c. 1900 Arturo Toscanini (, Italian: ; March 25, 1867 – January 16, 1957) was an Italian conductor. He was one of the most acclaimed musicians of the late 19th and of the 20th century, renowned for his intensity, his perfectionism, his ear for orchestral detail and sonority, and his eidetic memory.[1] He was at various times the music director of La Scala in Milan, the Metropolitan Opera in New York, and the New York Philharmonic. Later in his career he was appointed the first music director of the NBC Symphony Orchestra (1937–54), and this led to his becoming a household name (especially in the United States) through his radio and television broadcasts and many recordings of the operatic and symphonic repertoire. Biography Early years Toscanini was born in Parma, Emilia-Romagna, and won a scholarship to the local music conservatory, where he studied the cello. Living conditions at the conservatory were harsh and strict. For example, the menu at the conservatory consisted almost entirely

Italian communists

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Italian male conductors (music)

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Leonardo da Vinci

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Leonardo da Vinci

Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci (Italian:  (listen); 14/15 April 1452[a] – 2 May 1519),[3] known as Leonardo da Vinci (English: LEE-ə-NAR-doh də VIN-chee, LEE-oh-, LAY-oh-),[4] was an Italian polymath of the Renaissance whose areas of interest included invention, drawing, painting, sculpture, architecture, science, music, mathematics, engineering, literature, anatomy, geology, astronomy, botany, paleontology, and cartography. He has been variously called the father of palaeontology, ichnology, and architecture, and is widely considered one of the greatest painters of all time (despite perhaps only 15 of his paintings having survived).[b] Born out of wedlock to a notary, Piero da Vinci, and a peasant woman, Caterina, in Vinci, in the region of Florence, Italy, Leonardo was educated in the studio of the renowned Italian painter Andrea del Verrocchio. Much of his earlier working life was spent in the service of Ludovico il Moro in Milan, and he later worked in Rome, Bologna and Venice. He spent his last three y

CS1 maint: location

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16th-century Italian mathematicians

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15th-century Italian mathematicians

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Shas Pollak

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Shas Pollak

The first page of the Vilna Edition of the Babylonian Talmud, Tractate Berachot, folio 2a. Shas Pollak were Jewish mnemonists who, according to the 1917 report of George Stratton in the Psychological Review, memorized the exact layout of words in more than 5,000 pages of the 12 books of the standard edition of the Babylonian Talmud. Stratton's report consists of accounts of and comments on testimonials of three eyewitnesses. Two of the eyewitnesses stated that the memorizing was related to the Talmud part, printed in the centers of the pages, and not the surrounding commentary.[1] "Shas" is a Hebrew acronym for the words shishah sedarim, "six orders", or Mishnah; "shas" is also a colloquial reference to the Talmud. "Pollak" means "Pole" in Yiddish, referring to a Polish Jew, so the term literally means "The Talmud-Pole" or the "Polish Talmudist." G.M. Stratton quotes a letter from a Reverend Dr. David Phillipson of Cincinnati who described the so-called "pin test":[1] ...A pin would be placed on a word,

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Mnemonists

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Abubakar Shekau

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Abubakar Shekau

Abu Mohammed Abubakar bin Mohammad al-Sheikawi, also known by the alias Darul Akeem wa Zamunda Tawheed, or Darul Tawheed ("the abode of monotheism") (Arabic: دار التوحيد‎), thought to be born between 1965 and 1975,[1] is a Kanuri man known as the leader of Boko Haram, a Nigerian militant group that has declared loyalty to the Islamist militant group, Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIS).[2][3] He served as deputy leader to the group's founder, Mohammed Yusuf, until Yusuf was executed in 2009. Nigerian authorities believed that Shekau was killed in 2009 during clashes between security forces and Boko Haram until July 2010, when Shekau appeared in a video claiming leadership of the group.[3] He has subsequently been reported dead with regularity, and is thought to use body doubles. In March 2015, Shekau pledged allegiance to ISIL leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi. Shekau is a Salafi.[4] He has been described as possessing a photographic memory.[5] Biography Early years Shekau was born in Shekau town, in Tarm

Salafi jihadists

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