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American manufacturing businesspeople


Clessie Cummins

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Clessie Cummins

Clessie Lyle Cummins (December 27, 1888 – August 17, 1968) was the founder of the Cummins Engine Co. He was an entrepreneur who improved on existing diesel engines, created new diesel engine designs, was awarded 33 United States patents for his inventions, and set five world records for endurance and speed for trucks, buses and race cars. Early life Clessie Cummins was born on December 27, 1888. Cummins began his career as a rural Indiana farm boy, and had no formal higher education beyond the eighth grade. In the 1910s Cummins went to work for a banker named William Irwin in Columbus, Indiana, as a chauffeur and mechanic. Foundation of Cummins Engine Co. In 1919, Clessie Cummins founded the Cummins Engine Co, Inc (now Cummins, Inc). At the time of its founding, Cummins developed the first engine as licensee of R.M. Hvid Co. This engine was a 6 horsepower (4.5 kW) model designed for use on the farm. Cummins' former employer, Irwin, invested a great deal of money in Cummins' company. However, Irwin was n

Cummins people

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Automotive pioneers

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American company founders

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Jesse Besser

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Jesse Besser

Jesse Besser (1882–1970) was an inventor and manufacturer from Alpena in the U.S. state of Michigan. He is best known for inventing, and supervising a series of improvements to, a tamping machine used to rapidly press wet, flexible concrete into blocks, thereby making possible a new generation of applications in masonry construction. For decades, Besser block was a worldwide standard term for masonry construction blocks. The Alpena-based Besser Company, which inventor Besser ran for many decades, manufactured these machines and made a fortune for Besser and his family. Concrete block became a feature of worldwide construction solutions in World War II and following years. Commencing in 1964, Besser turned over part of his assets to the newly founded Jesse Besser Museum, now known as the Besser Museum for Northeast Michigan, as an endowment.[1] Biography Jesse Besser was born in metropolitan Buffalo, New York in 1882; his parents moved him when he was age 1 to what was then the North American frontier in Mon

20th-century American inventors

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20th-century inventors

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People from Alpena, Michigan

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John L. Smith (pharmaceutical executive)

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John L. Smith (pharmaceutical executive)

John Lawrence Smith (February 10, 1889 – July 10, 1950) was a German-born American chemist, pharmaceutical executive, and sportsman. He was born Johann Schmitz in Krefeld, Prussia, in Imperial Germany. When he was three years old, his family emigrated to the United States and settled in Stonington, Connecticut.[1] He became a naturalized U.S. citizen in 1908 and the family legally changed its name to Smith in 1918.[1] Smith first joined Charles Pfizer and Company at age 17 while he was studying at night at Cooper Union (he received his degree in chemistry in 1911),[2] and would spend almost his entire business career at Pfizer. He rose to the positions of director (1918), secretary (1925), vice president (1929), president (1945) and chairman of the board (1949). His only absence from Pfizer, from 1913–18, came when he was a general superintendent at E. R. Squibb and Sons.[2] In the early 1940s, he supervised Pfizer's successful development of a process for the large-scale manufacturing of penicillin[2][3] an

People from Park Slope

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20th-century American chemists

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Baseball executives

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Charles Henry Ingersoll

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Charles Henry Ingersoll

Charles Henry Ingersoll in 1917 Charles Henry Ingersoll (October 29, 1865 – September 21, 1948), co-founded the Ingersoll Watch Company in 1892.[1] Biography He was born on October 29, 1865 in Delta, Michigan to Orville Boudinot Ingersoll and Mary Elizabeth Beers.[1] His brother was Robert Hawley Ingersoll (1859-1928).[2] He married Eleanor Ramsey Bond (1869-1928).[1] He co-founded the Ingersoll Watch Company in 1892. The company went bankrupt in 1921.[3] He switched to manufacturing fountain pens. In 1926 he converted his home in Montclair, New Jersey into a hotel.[4] He died on September 21, 1948 in West Orange, New Jersey.[1] He was buried in Mount Hebron Cemetery in Upper Montclair, New Jersey. External links Charles Henry Ingersoll at Find a Grave References "C. H. Ingersoll, 82, Watchmaker, Dies. Co-Founder of the Firm That Produced 70,000,000 Dollar Timepieces in 29 Years". New York Times. September 22, 1948. Retrieved 2015-04-18. "Robert Ingersoll, Watchmaker, Dies. Originator of Fam

American manufacturing businesspeople

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Watchmakers (people)

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Burials at Mount Hebron Cemetery, Montclair, Ne...

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Walter Briggs Sr.

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Walter Briggs Sr.

Walter Owen Briggs Sr. (February 27, 1877 – January 17, 1952) was an American entrepreneur and professional sports owner. He was part-owner of the Detroit Tigers in Major League Baseball from 1919 to 1935, and then sole owner from 1935 to his death in 1952. Briggs also helped fund the Detroit Zoo in 1928, and personally paid for many of its first exhibits.[1] He was also a patron of Eastern Michigan University and the Detroit Symphony Orchestra.[2] Biography Briggs was born on February 27, 1877 in Ypsilanti, Michigan, to Rodney D. Briggs and Ada Warner.[2] He grew up a Detroit Tigers fan. In his early youth he worked at the Michigan Central Railroad and later opened Briggs Manufacturing Company in 1908, which specialized in the manufacturing of automobile bodies for the auto industry and later diversified into plumbing fixtures.[3] After the death of Tigers' part-owner Bill Yawkey in 1919, surviving partner Frank Navin arranged for Briggs and industrialist John Kelsey to buy a 25 percent stake in the club.

1877 births

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Businesspeople from Miami

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American manufacturing businesspeople

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Jon Huntsman Sr.

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Jon Huntsman Sr.

Jon Meade Huntsman Sr. (June 21, 1937 – February 2, 2018) was an American businessman and philanthropist. He was the founder and executive chairman of Huntsman Corporation, a global manufacturer and marketer of specialty chemicals. Huntsman plastics are used in a wide variety of familiar objects, including (formerly) clamshell containers for McDonald's hamburgers.[2] Huntsman Corporation also manufactures a wide variety of organic and inorganic chemicals that include polyurethanes, textiles, and pigments.[3] Huntsman's philanthropic giving exceeded $1.5 billion, focusing on areas of cancer research, programs at various universities, and aid to Armenia. Early life and education Jon Meade Huntsman was born in Blackfoot, Idaho, into a poor family.[4] His mother, Sarah Kathleen (née Robison; 1910–1969),[5] was a homemaker, and his father, Alonzo Blaine Huntsman Sr. (1910–1990),[6] was a school educator.[4][7] In 1950, the family moved to Palo Alto, California, where Alonzo pursued graduate studies at Stanford U

21st-century philanthropists

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Huntsman family

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Latter Day Saints from Pennsylvania

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August Mencken Sr.

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August Mencken Sr.

August Mencken Sr. (1854–1899) was the father of writer H. L. Mencken. August Mencken founded the "Aug. Mencken & Bro." cigar factory in 1873 with a starting capital of $44 ($23 of his own money, $21 of his brother's). A member of Baltimore's German American community, Mencken was recalled by his son as a high-tariff Republican who ran a nonunion factory and viewed the eight-hour day as "a project of foreign nihilists to undermine and wreck the American Republic". H. L. also recalled that his father downed a generous tumbler of rye whiskey before every meal, including breakfast. In about 1889 the Baltimore local Cigar Makers' International Union called a strike. The union did not have the funds to pay full benefits to members; the best it could manage was the $2.10 cost of a ticket to Philadelphia, which had so many cigar shops it was known as the Cigarmaker's Heaven. The only proof it required of a candidate's profession were the tools of the trade: a boxwood cutting-board and cutting tools. The anti-u

American people of German descent

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1899 deaths

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1854 births

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Carl Lindner Jr.

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Carl Lindner Jr.

Carl Henry Lindner Jr. (April 22, 1919 – October 17, 2011) was an American businessman from Norwood, Ohio, and one of the world's richest people. According to the 2006 issue of Forbes Magazine's 400 list, Lindner was ranked 133 and was worth an estimated $2.3 billion.[1] Biography After dropping out of school at 14 during the Great Depression, he helped to expand his family's dairy business into United Dairy Farmers, a large chain of convenience stores. With his three sons, he controlled roughly 42% of American Financial Group, a holding company based in Cincinnati, Ohio, whose primary business is insurance and investments. Lindner was a part owner and chief executive officer of the Cincinnati Reds until he sold a majority interest to a group led by Robert Castellini on November 2, 2005, and stepped down as CEO. Lindner remained an active partner in the organization after the transaction.[2] In 1997, Lindner was inducted into Junior Achievement's U.S. Business Hall of Fame. Philanthropy Lindner donated t

American businesspeople in insurance

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Baptists from the United States

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20th-century American businesspeople

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Chester Thordarson

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Chester Thordarson

Chester Hjortur Thordarson (May 12, 1867 – January 6, 1945) — born Hjörtur Þórðarson — was an Icelandic-American inventor and manufacturer of electrical apparatus who eventually held nearly a hundred technology patents[1][2] related to transformers, inductors, high voltage coils, and more. Biography Thordarson immigrated to the United States from Iceland in 1873 with his parents Gudrun Grimsdotter and Thordur Arnason. In 1887, Thordarson took a job in Chicago, Illinois working for Chicago Edison Co. In 1895, he founded the Thordarson Electric Manufacturing Company, a manufacturing company in Chicago that produced industrial and commercial transformers. Thordarson's company is now called Thordarson Meissner, Inc. and has locations in Mount Carmel, Illinois, and Henderson, Nevada.[3][4] He was instrumental in the development of the modern energy transmission grid with his work in transformers. He achieved his first distinction at the 1904 World's Fair in St. Louis, where for the Purdue University exhibit he

Engineers from Illinois

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Engineers from New York (state)

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Businesspeople from Chicago

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Joseph P. Kennedy Sr.

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Joseph P. Kennedy Sr.

Joseph Patrick Kennedy Sr. (September 6, 1888 – November 18, 1969) was an American businessman, investor, and politician known for his high-profile positions in United States government and for the political and other achievements of his children. Kennedy was born to a political family in East Boston, Massachusetts. He made a large fortune as a stock market and commodity investor and later rolled over his profits by investing in real estate and a wide range of business industries across the United States. During World War I, he was an assistant general manager of a Boston area Bethlehem Steel shipyard; through this position, he became acquainted with Franklin D. Roosevelt, who was the Assistant Secretary of the Navy. In the 1920s, Kennedy made huge profits by reorganizing and refinancing several Hollywood studios; several acquisitions were ultimately merged into Radio-Keith-Orpheum (RKO) studios.[1] Kennedy increased his fortune with distribution rights for Scotch whisky. He owned the largest privately owned

Federal Maritime Commission members

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McCarthyism

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Antisemitism in the United States

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Jacob S. Coxey Sr.

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Jacob S. Coxey Sr.

Jacob Sechler Coxey Sr. (April 16, 1854 – May 18, 1951), sometimes known as General Coxey, of Massillon, Ohio, was an American politician who ran for elective office several times in Ohio. Twice, in 1894 and 1914, he led "Coxey's Army", a group of unemployed men who marched to Washington, D.C. to present a "Petition in Boots" demanding that the United States Congress allocate funds to create jobs for the unemployed. Although the marches failed, Coxey's Army was an early attempt to arouse political interest in an issue that grew in importance until the Social Security Act of 1935 encouraged the establishment of state unemployment insurance programs. Biography Early years Jacob Sechler Coxey was born on April 16, 1854 in Selinsgrove, Pennsylvania, the son of the former Mary Ann Sechler and Thomas Coxey.[1] His father worked in a sawmill at the time Jacob was born, but the family pulled up stakes to move to industrially thriving Danville, Pennsylvania in 1860, with Jacob's father taking a job working in an iro

People from Selinsgrove, Pennsylvania

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People from Pennsylvania

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People from Snyder County, Pennsylvania

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Philip Haas (inventor)

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Philip Haas (inventor)

Philip Haas (1874–1927) was an American inventor and entrepreneur who lived in Dayton, Ohio. Altogether, he received 31 patents in connection with innovations in the field of plumbing.[1] His work was instrumental to the development of the modern toilet and was featured in the 2004 book Ingenious Inventions How They Work and How They Came to Be.[2][3] Early life Haas was born in Michelstadt, Odenwaldkries, Hesse, Germany on June 7, 1874. His parents were Michael Johann Haas (1840-1889), from the nearby village of Vielbrunn, and Albertina Brand (1844-1899), from Kleinheubach in Bavaria. He was the fifth of ten known children. The family emigrated to the United States in 1888, when Haas was 14 years of age. The family settled in Dayton, Ohio, which was, at the time, a center of innovation and invention. Haas apprenticed as a plumber shortly after his arrival. On October 25, 1895, he became a naturalized citizen of the United States in the Probate Court of Dayton. Marriage and children On August 26, 1900, 2

Businesspeople from Dayton, Ohio

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American plumbers

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Businesspeople from Ohio

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Gustav A. Schneebeli

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Gustav A. Schneebeli

Gustav Adolphus Schneebeli (May 23, 1853 – February 6, 1923), was a U.S. Representative from the state of Pennsylvania. Schneebeli was born in Neusalz, Prussian Silesia. He immigrated to the United States with his parents, who settled in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. He attended the Moravian Parochial School. They later moved to Nazareth, Pennsylvania, and entered upon a mercantile career. He founded the knit-goods industry of the Nazareth Waist Co. In 1888 he established a lace manufacturing company, of which he became sole owner. Schneebeli was elected as a Republican to the 59th Congress. He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1906. He continued in the lace manufacturing business until his death in Nazareth in 1923. Interment in Moravian Cemetery. Sources United States Congress. "Gustav A. Schneebeli (id: S000134)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. The Political Graveyard U.S. House of Representatives Preceded byJoseph H. Shull Member of the U.S. House of Repres

Prussian emigrants to the United States

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19th-century American businesspeople

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American manufacturing businesspeople

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Moses Bensinger

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Moses Bensinger

1888 Brunswick-Balke-Collender company factory on State Street in downtown Chicago Moses Bensinger (August 17, 1839 – October 14, 1904) was an American merchant and manufacturer. He was president of the Brunswick-Balke-Collender Company from 1890 until his death in 1904. He helped found the American Bowling Congress, which set in place a legislative body to establish the rules and regulations used in modern ten-pin bowling. Bensinger was also an innovator of billiard table design and manufacture. Early life Bensinger was born August 17, 1839, in Louisville, Kentucky. He was the son of Nathan and Lena Bensinger. Bensinger went to Louisville public schools while a child. Upon graduation, he apprenticed to a jeweler. He started his own jewelry business in 1859.[1] Mid life Bensinger became an employee of Brunswick, a manufacturer of billiard and pool tables, in 1869. Brunswick's headquarters for his business was in Cincinnati, Ohio, and he had a branch office in Chicago. Bensinger, Brunswick and a couple o

19th-century American businesspeople

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American company founders

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American manufacturing businesspeople

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Oliver Winchester

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Oliver Winchester

Oliver Fisher Winchester (November 30, 1810 – December 10, 1880) was an American businessman and politician, best known as being the founder of the Winchester Repeating Arms Company. Birth and marriage He was the son of Samuel Winchester and Hannah Bates and was born in Boston on November 30, 1810. He married Jane Ellen Hope in Boston on February 20, 1834. Their children were: Ann Rebecca Winchester (1835–1864) who married Charles B. Dye William Wirt Winchester (1837–1881) who married Sarah Lockwood Pardee Hannah Jane Winchester who married Thomas Gray Bennett Career Winchester was known for manufacturing and marketing the Winchester repeating rifle, which was a much re-designed descendant of the Volcanic rifle of some years earlier. Winchester started as a clothing manufacturer in New York City and New Haven, Connecticut. During this period he discovered that a division of Smith & Wesson firearms was failing financially with one of their newly patented arms. Having an eye for opportunity, Win

American industrial designers

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American manufacturing businesspeople

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19th-century American businesspeople

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William S. Harley

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William S. Harley

William Sylvester Harley (December 29, 1880 – September 18, 1943) was an American mechanical engineer and businessman. He was one of the co-founders of the Harley-Davidson Motor Company. Early life Harley was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, in 1880 to William Harley Sr., a railway engineer, and Mary Smith from Littleport, Cambridgeshire, England who emigrated to the United States in 1860.[1][2] Career After moving to Milwaukee's north side on Burleigh Avenue, Harley first worked at the Meiselbach bicycle factory at the age of 15. In 1901, Harley drew up plans for an engine to be mounted on an ordinary bicycle, while working as an apprentice draftsman at the Barth Mfg. Co. Over the next few years, Harley and his childhood friend Arthur Davidson worked on their motor-bicycle with the help of Henry Melk, who owned a machine shop in northside Milwaukee. They later received help from Ole Evinrude, who was then building gas engines of his own design for automotive use on Milwaukee's Lake Street.[3] Harley receiv

American business biography, 19th-century birth...

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Businesspeople from Milwaukee

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Businesspeople from Wisconsin

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Arthur Davidson (motorcycling)

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Arthur Davidson (motorcycling)

Arthur Davidson Sr. (February 11, 1881 – December 30, 1950)[1] was an American businessman. He was one of the four original founders of Harley-Davidson. Early life Davidson was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, to William C Davidson (1846–1923), who was born and grew up in Angus, Scotland, and Margaret Adams McFarlane (1843–1933) of Scottish descent from the small Scottish settlement of Cambridge, Wisconsin, and raised five children together: Janet May, William A., Walter, Arthur and Elizabeth.[2] Arthur's grandfather Alexander "Sandy" Davidson (from Aberlemno, Scotland) and Margaret Scott[3] immigrated from Scotland to the United States in 1858 with their six children, including Arthur's father William. Eventually they settled in Wisconsin, and it was there that, in 1903, Arthur, went into business with William S. Harley, making motorcycles in his family shed.[4] One of Davidson's favorite pastimes was fishing in the Wisconsin wilderness, which inspired him to create a motorcycle that would, "take the hard wo

Businesspeople from Wisconsin

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American chief executives in the automobile ind...

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American founders of automobile manufacturers

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Leverett Candee

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Leverett Candee

Leverett Candee (June 1, 1795 – November 27, 1863) was an industrialist, businessman, and pioneer rubber manufacturer.[1] Life Trade card for Candee Rubber Co. Candee went to New Haven at the age of fifteen after receiving a minimal education at the local school in Oxford, Connecticut. There he obtained employment first with a Gad Peck who was a merchant in foreign trade. His next position was with a firm named Root & Atwater. They were dealers in dry-goods. This began his twenty-five-year career with the dry-goods business.[1] Candee soon organized the firm of "Candee, Dean & Cutler" with two co-workers named James E. P. Dean and William Cutler. They then took over the business of their employer. Candee retired from the company in 1833 and moved to New York. In New York Candee he was a partner in a dry-goods jobbing house for two years. He then returned to New Haven in 1835 and entered into a partnership with Timothy Lester and Abraham Murdock. They all formed a general merchandise business w

19th-century American inventors

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People from New Haven, Connecticut

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People from Oxford, Connecticut

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Carl Icahn

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Carl Icahn

Carl Celian Icahn (born February 16, 1936) is an American businessman, investor, and philanthropist. He is the founder and controlling shareholder of Icahn Enterprises, a diversified conglomerate holding company based in New York City, formerly known as American Real Estate Partners. He is also Chairman of Federal-Mogul, an American developer, manufacturer and supplier of powertrain components and vehicle safety products. In the 1980s Icahn developed a reputation as a "corporate raider" after profiting from the hostile takeover and asset stripping of the American airline TWA.[2][3] According to Forbes magazine, Icahn had a net worth of $17.5 billion in 2019, making him the 26th-wealthiest person on the Forbes 400, and the 5th-wealthiest hedge fund manager.[4] Icahn served as special economic adviser on financial regulation to U.S. President Donald Trump briefly in 2017, leaving amid concerns of conflicts of interest.[5][6][1][7][8] Early life and education Icahn was raised in a Jewish family[9][10] in the

American financial company founders

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21st-century philanthropists

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Philanthropists from New York (state)

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Levi Strauss

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Levi Strauss

Levi Strauss (, born Löb Strauß, German: ; February 26, 1829 – September 26, 1902) was a German-American businessman who founded the first company to manufacture blue jeans. His firm of Levi Strauss & Co. began in 1853 in San Francisco, California.[1][2] Family background Birthplace of Levi Strauss Levi Strauss was born to an Ashkenazi Jewish family in Buttenheim on February 26, 1829 in the Franconia region of the Kingdom of Bavaria in the German Confederation.[3] He was the son of Hirsch Strauss and his second wife Rebecca Strauss (née Haas).[4][5] At age 18, Strauss traveled with his mother and two sisters to the United States to join his brothers Jonas and Louis, who had begun a wholesale dry goods business in New York City called J. Strauss Brother & Co.[6] Business career Levi's sister Fanny and her husband David Stern moved to St. Louis, Missouri, while Levi went to live in Louisville, Kentucky and sold his brothers' supplies there.[7] Levi became an American citizen in January 1853.[8]

Manufacturing company founders

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Jeans

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Retail company founders

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Marina von Neumann Whitman

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Marina von Neumann Whitman

Marina von Neumann Whitman (born March 6, 1935) is an American economist, writer and former automobile executive. She is a Professor of Business Administration and Public Policy at the University of Michigan's Ross School of Business as well as The Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy.[2] From 1979 until 1992 she was an officer of the General Motors Corporation, first as vice president and chief economist, and later as vice president and group executive for public affairs, which included the Economics, Environmental Activities, Industry-Government Relations and Public Relations staffs. She also serves or has served as a director of several leading multinational corporations and research and policy institutions, including the Institute for Advanced Study and Peterson Institute for International Economics. Prior to her appointment at GM, Whitman was a member of the faculty in the Department of Economics at the University of Pittsburgh, beginning as an instructor in 1962 and becoming Distinguished Public Ser

Von Neumann family

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American women economists

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American women writers

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Anna Sui

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Anna Sui

Anna Sui (Chinese: 蕭志美; )[10][11] is an American fashion designer from Detroit. She was named one of the "Top 5 Fashion Icons of the Decade"[12] and in 2009 earned the Geoffrey Beene Lifetime Achievement Award from the Council of Fashion Designers of America (CFDA), joining the ranks of Yves Saint Laurent, Giorgio Armani, Ralph Lauren, and Diane von Furstenberg.[13] Her brand categories include several fashion lines, footwear, cosmetics, fragrances, eyewear, jewelry, accessories, home goods[14][15] and a gifts line. Anna Sui products are sold through her free-standing stores and distributors around the world in over 50 countries. In 2006, Fortune estimated the collective value of Sui's fashion empire at over $400 million.[16] Early life and family origins Sui is a first-generation Chinese born in Detroit, Michigan. Her father, Paul Sui (Chinese: 蕭惠光, pinyin: Xiāo Huìguāng) and mother, Grace Sui Fang (方光琪, Fāng Guāngqí) met while studying at the Sorbonne in Paris where Sui's father was studying engineering a

Parsons School of Design alumni

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Women fashion designers

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Eyewear brands of the United States

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William Plankinton

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William Plankinton

William Plankinton (November 7, 1843 – March 29, 1905) was an American businessman, manufacturer, and industrialist. He followed in his father's footsteps in the meat packing and meat processing industry. As a businessman he was associated with the Milwaukee museum, public library, industrial exposition and Chamber of Commerce. He was also a banker. Early life Plankinton was born in Allegheny, Pennsylvania, on November 7, 1843.[1] He was the son of John Plankinton and Elizabeth Bracken Plankinton. While he was still a baby his parents moved to Milwaukee, Wisconsin Territory. He received his early education in the Milwaukee public schools. After graduating from high school he attended a college in Milwaukee.[2][3] Career Plankinton was employed by his father after he graduated from the Milwaukee college. He soon became a partner in his father's pork and beef packing company. He helped to establish branches in Chicago, Kansas City and New York.[2][3] The firm became known in 1893 as the Plankinton Packing C

American industrialists

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American manufacturing businesspeople

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Businesspeople from Pittsburgh

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Sidney Howe Short

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Sidney Howe Short

Sidney Howe Short (October 8, 1858 – October 21, 1902) was an electrical engineer, inventor, professor and businessman. He is known for electrical apparatus construction in the development of electric railway equipment. His inventions were so successful that even his competitors dubbed him "The Trolley King". Early life Short was born on October 8, 1858, at Columbus, Ohio. He was the second son of John Short (a manufacturer) and Elizabeth (Cowen) Short.[1] He attended the Columbus public schools.[1] He followed in his father's footsteps in mechanical technology through his father's manufacturing business in his a teenage years, as he showed that he had an aptitude towards electrical and mechanical technology of his time. He experimented with an electrical burglar alarm and other electrical devices at his home. He became an expert telegraph operator at the age of fourteen.[2] Mid-life Short attended Capital University for a few semesters after graduating from high school. He then attended Ohio State Univer

19th-century American inventors

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Engineers from Ohio

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American patent holders

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Coleman Sellers II

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Coleman Sellers II

Coleman Sellers II Coleman Sellers II (January 28, 1827 – December 28, 1907) was a prominent American engineer, chief engineer of William Sellers & Co., professor of mechanics at the Franklin Institute, professor of engineering practice at Stevens Institute of Technology and inventor. He obtained more than thirty letters-patent for inventions of his own, and served as president of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers from 1886 to 1887. Biography Early life Sellers was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, as the youngest son of Coleman and Sophonisba (Peale) Sellers and a direct descendant of Samuel Sellers, who in 1682 received one of the first grants of land in Pennsylvania. His father and a number of paternal ancestors had been engineers; his maternal grandfather was Charles Willson Peale. He was educated at common schools and studied for five years with Anthony Bolmar at his academy in West Chester, Pennsylvania. Early career In 1846, Sellers became draughtsman in the Globe Rolling Mill in

19th-century American inventors

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Engineers from Pennsylvania

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Businesspeople from Pennsylvania

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George Escol Sellers

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George Escol Sellers

Sellers' birthplace – Mulberry Court George Escol Sellers (November 26, 1808 – January 1, 1899) was an American businessman, mechanical engineer, and inventor. He is associated with designing railroad locomotives and related equipment. He was the target of a confusing name appropriation by author Mark Twain. Early life Sellers was born on November 26, 1808, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.[1] His birthplace was near the Philadelphia Mint in a neighborhood known as Mulberry Court. Sellers' parents were Coleman Sellers and Sophonisba. He had one older brother Charles, born in 1806; two younger sisters Elizabeth, born in 1810; and Anna, born in 1824; and two younger brothers Harvey, born in 1813; and Coleman II, born in 1827. His paternal grandfather Nathan Sellers (wife Elizabeth Coleman) was known for artwork of wire paper molds.[2] His father and many ancestors had been engineers; his maternal grandfather was Charles Willson Peale. He was educated at public schools and studied for five years with tutor Ant

19th-century American inventors

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Engineers from Pennsylvania

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People from Chattanooga, Tennessee

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Robert J. Warren

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Robert J. Warren

Robert J. Warren (born 1933) is the president emeritus of LECO Corporation, a pioneer in the development of carbon determination instrumentation for use in the iron and steel industry, and other types of analytic instrumentation for use in organic and metallographic analysis and separation science. He is the recipient of the 2017 Pittcon Heritage Award for his contributions to scientific instrumentation.[2][3][4] Career In 1968, Robert J. Warren joined the family-owned Laboratory Equipment Corporation (LECO).[2] LECO was founded in 1936[5] by Carl E. Schultz, Charles Schullz, George J. Krasl and Joseph Sauer.[6] Carl E. Schultz's sister was Olga S. Krasl, George Krasl's wife. Robert Warren was also part of the family: his wife Elizabeth was Carl Schultz's daughter.[7] LECO was already recognized as a leader in materials analysis.[4] The company's first product was a carbon analyzer, a rapid carbon determinator designed to analyze the amount of carbon in steel or iron automatically in minutes. They expanded

American scientists

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Alexander Bonner Latta

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Alexander Bonner Latta

Alexander Bonner Latta, circa 1865 Alexander Bonner Latta (June 11, 1821 – April 28, 1865) was an American manufacturer and inventor. He produced the first practical steam fire engine that was successfully used as a routine part of a city's fire department equipment. Early life Latta was born on a farm just outside the city limits of Chillicothe, Ohio, on July 11, 1821.[1] He was the youngest of six children and went by the nickname "Moses". When five years old his father, John Latta, was killed in an accident. This left his mother, Rebecca Latta, a penniless widow. Latta started schooling and attended a country school in Ohio until he was thirteen years old.[2] He was forced to quit school to help support his mother and brothers and worked at a cotton factory woolen mill for seventy-five cents per week. Three years later he worked at a shipyard, starting at three dollars per week. Three years later he then went to work at a brass foundry.[2] He worked much with machinery and became a mechanic.[3] His mo

19th-century American inventors

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Engineers from Ohio

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Find a Grave template using Wikidata

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Anthony Harkness

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Anthony Harkness

Anthony Harkness (July 10, 1793 – May 10, 1858) was an American businessman, machinist, and inventor associated with pioneering the railroad locomotive industry of Cincinnati, Ohio. Early life Harkness was born on July 10, 1793, in Portsmouth, Rhode Island.[1] Mid Life A. Harkness & Sons Foundry circa 1848 is 2-story with smoke stack and 3-story building in foreground on Front Street, east of Lawrence St. Harkness became a machinist in Paterson, New Jersey in his early twenties.[2] He was an industrial person with an excellent reputation.[3] Harkness went to Cincinnati in 1820 when he was 27 years old and with James Goodloe established a machine-shop and copper foundry on the northeast corner of Broadway and Pearl Streets. He manufactured steam-engines for all kinds of uses, mostly steamboats. Harkness retired from that partnership in 1828 and accumulated a large fortune of $4,000. He borrowed another $2,000 and with this $6,000 total in the summer of 1828 built a new shop on the north side of Fro

19th-century American inventors

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Engineers from New Jersey

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Engineers from Ohio

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Charles Henry Jones (businessman)

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Charles Henry Jones (businessman)

Charles H. Jones (April 10, 1855 – January 4, 1933), was an American capitalist and philanthropist, who amassed a fortune engaging in many fields of business and industry including leather and shoe manufacturing, cattle breeding, dairy farming, and real estate development.[1] Born to Isaac Rodney Jones and Harriet (Sears) Jones, Charles married Bessie Roberts of Boston in December 1882, and fathered four children.[2] Leather & Shoe Manufacturing Charles H. Jones began work in the shoe industry in his mid-teens. In 1881 at the age of 26, he and Henry B. Endicott established the shoe manufacturing company Charles H. Jones & Co. in Whitman, Massachusetts. By 1885, the partners’ business had merged with the Bay State Shoe & Leather Co. to form the Commonwealth Shoe and Leather Co, and had begun manufacturing what became the hugely popular Bostonian shoe.[3] Known for high quality and comfort, The Bostonian is still sold today.[4] By 1902 the manufacturing company had begun to sell directly to sh

American manufacturing businesspeople

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Jeff Harmening

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Jeff Harmening

Jeffrey L. Harmening is president and chief executive officer of General Mills, having taken over from Ken Powell in June 2017.[1][2][3] He served as Chief Operating Officer of General Mills, Inc. since July 1, 2016 until May 31, 2017.[4] He has a bachelor's degree from DePauw University (1989), and an MBA from Harvard Business School (1994).,[5][4] References "General Mills announces new CEO Jeff Harmening". Minneapolis/St.Paul Business Journal. May 3, 2017. Retrieved May 6, 2017. "General Mills names Jeff Harmening CEO". The Drum. April 26, 2017. Retrieved May 5, 2017. "One of the world's largest food companies". General Mills. Retrieved May 5, 2017. "Jeffrey L. Harmening: Executive Profile & Biography". Bloomberg. Retrieved January 30, 2019. "General Mills, Inc. - Corporate Governance". investors.generalmills.com. Retrieved September 28, 2018.

DePauw University alumni

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Jim Clayton (businessman)

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Jim Clayton (businessman)

James L. Clayton, Sr. (born 1934) is an American businessman, investor, and philanthropist. He founded Clayton Homes in 1966 and built it into the United States' largest producer and seller of manufactured housing, a publicly traded company that was sold to Berkshire Hathaway in 2003 for $1.7 billion.[1] Early life James L. Clayton was born March 2, 1934 in Finger, Tennessee. His father was a sharecropper. As a child, he aspired to become a country music singer.[1] After high school, he went to Memphis to attend college and perform in honky tonks.[2] After becoming ill at the end of the first year, he transferred[2] to the University of Tennessee in Knoxville, where he was a member of the Sigma Phi Epsilon fraternity[3] and received an engineering degree in 1957. He received a law degree from the University of Tennessee College of Law in 1964.[4] Career While a student, Clayton started an informal business of fixing and reselling used cars,[1] establishing a used-car business in 1956. That business grew i

People from McNairy County, Tennessee

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Founders of companies of the United States

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James Hackett (businessman)

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James Hackett (businessman)

James Patrick "Jim" Hackett (born April 22, 1955) is an American businessman. He is the president and chief executive officer of Ford Motor Company.[1][2] Early life, education, and family The Hackett family was originally from Central Ohio via County Carlow and County Galway in Ireland.[3] Hackett is a 1977 graduate of the University of Michigan, where he played center on the football team. He holds a bachelor's degree in general studies. He and his wife, Kathy, have two sons. They reside in Grand Rapids, Michigan.[4] Career From 1977 to 1981, Hackett held sales and management positions at Procter & Gamble in Detroit, Michigan. Hackett spent thirty years with the Grand Rapids-based office furniture company Steelcase. He joined Steelcase in 1981, holding a variety of sales and marketing positions. In 1994, Hackett was named CEO at age 39, making him the youngest leader in the history of the company. He held the position for nearly twenty years before retiring in 2014. During his tenure, Steelcase el

University of Michigan College of Literature, S...

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Vic Edelbrock Jr.

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Vic Edelbrock Jr.

Otis Victor "Vic" Edelbrock Jr. (August 23, 1936  – June 9, 2017) was the son and only child of famed mechanic and Edelbrock founder, Vic Edelbrock. He was the president of Edelbrock from 1962 until his death in his home in Rolling Hills, California at age 80. Early years After graduating from Dorsey High School, Vic received a football scholarship to the University of Southern California(USC)[1] and joined the Delta Tau Delta fraternity[2] and graduated in 1958 with a degree in business from USC.[3] Vic joined the Reserve Officers' Training Corps (ROTC), hoping to become a fighter pilot. Vic was scheduled to graduate second lieutenant and had been accepted to flight school.[4] After Congress passed a law making it mandatory to serve five years to earn combat wings, instead of three years, Vic gave up his dream and went back to helping his father run the family business.[2] Vic met his wife Nancy Crook during his senior year during rehearsals for Songfest charity show at the Hollywood Bowl. She was a membe

Susan Miller Dorsey High School alumni

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University of Southern California alumni

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Marshall School of Business alumni

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B. F. Sturtevant

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B. F. Sturtevant

The B. F. Sturtevant Company was a Boston-based manufacturer of fans. It became a leader in the manufacture of industrial air cooling and ventilation systems. Origins A Sturtevant Company ventilation system installed at a Montreal lumber planing mill, ca. 1920 The company was founded in 1860 in Boston by inventor Benjamin Franklin Sturtevant (born 1833 in Norridgewock, Maine–died 1890 in Boston); the plant was located near the present Government Center area. The company at first manufactured wooden pegs used in shoemaking. The process created much sawdust, and Sturtevant invented a mechanical fan that was effective at keeping the work area sawdust-free. By 1864 Sturtevant was manufacturing the first commercially-successful blower, and by 1866 the company employed 50 workers and worked exclusively on making fans.[1] In 1869 the company introduced the "Sturtevant system," still the basis for much interior heating of buildings. Sturtevant adapted hot blast technology for indoor heating, using ductwork to s

1945 mergers and acquisitions

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Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning comp...

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Amory Maynard

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Amory Maynard

Amory Maynard, founder and namesake of Maynard Massachusetts USA Amory Maynard (1804-1890) was a textile manufacturer who was the namesake of Maynard, Massachusetts. Early life Amory Maynard was born in Marlborough, Massachusetts in 1804 to Isaac and Lydia Howe Maynard. The Maynards were descendants of a Puritan, John Maynard, who came to Massachusetts from England in 1635. At age fourteen, Amory Maynard left school to work in his family's farm and saw mill at Fort Meadow Pond. At age sixteen, Maynard took over management of the family saw mill when his father died. Maynard also started a large construction business. In 1826 Maynard married Mary P. Priest. They had three sons: Lorenzo, William and Harlan.[1] Creation of Assabet Woolen Mill and Town of Maynard Maynard's first mill was forced to close when the City of Boston acquired Fort Meadow Pond for the City's water supply. With the money he received from the buy-out, Amory Maynard partnered with William Knight to buy land and water rights for the Ass

People from Maynard, Massachusetts

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R. Tom Sawyer

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R. Tom Sawyer

Robert Thomas Sawyer, known as R. Tom Sawyer, (June 20, 1901 – January 19, 1986) was the inventor of the first successful gas turbine locomotive.[1] R. Tom Sawyer He also assisted in development of the diesel locomotive while he worked for General Electric, which led him to be known as the "Father of the Diesel Locomotive".[2] Sawyer was the founder of what is now the modern-day International Gas Turbine Institute (IGTI),[3] and among industry professionals was known as "Mr. Gas Turbine".[4] Sawyer authored books about gas turbines, locomotives, and atomic power,[5][6][7][8][9][10] and was awarded three U.S. Patents.[11][12][13] The ASME established the R. Tom Sawyer Award[14] to honor him for advancing gas turbine technology in all of its aspects for over 40 years. The award in his name is the highest award given by the IGTI,[4] and is awarded annually at their international Turbo Expo.[15] Education and early work Sawyer was born on June 20, 1901, in Schenectady, New York, but lived most of his life

20th-century American inventors

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Engineers from New Jersey

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Ron Johnson (American politician)

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Ron Johnson (American politician)

Ron Johnson may refer to: Politics Ron Johnson (Wisconsin politician) (born 1955), Republican United States Senator for Wisconsin Ron Johnson (Florida politician) (born 1949), Democrat, served in the Florida House of Representatives Ronald Johnson (Alabama politician) (born 1943), Republican member of the Alabama House of Representatives Ron Johnson (Ontario politician) (born 1966), Canadian politician Gridiron football Ron Johnson (running back) (born 1947), former American football halfback (Cleveland Browns, New York Giants) Ron Johnson (cornerback) (1956-2018), cornerback for the Pittsburgh Steelers Ron Johnson (defensive end), Shippensburg University player Ron Johnson (wide receiver, born 1958), American football player Ron Johnson (wide receiver, born 1980), American football player Ron Johnson (quarterback), Canadian football quarterback Ronald Johnson (American football) (born 1988), American football wide receiver Other professions Ron Johnson (Australian footballer

Recipients of the Star of Romania Order

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1955 births

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People associated with the Tea Party movement

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Fred Carl Jr.

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Fred Carl Jr.

Fred E. Carl Jr. is an American entrepreneur and the founder of Viking Range Corporation, a manufacturer of commercial-style kitchen appliances for the home. With the introduction of the first Viking range in 1987, Carl is credited with creating the popular professional category of domestic appliances, which later evolved into stainless steel becoming the dominant finish for high-end kitchen appliances.[1] Early life Born February 14, 1948, in Greenwood, Mississippi, United States, Carl is a lifelong resident of his hometown, except for a period in the military and some period living in Jackson, Mississippi, following college. He attended Greenwood High School, graduating in 1966, and continued his education at Mississippi State University. He worked summers for his father's construction business during junior high and high school and his first two years of college. The Vietnam war interrupted his education and he spent two years in active duty in the Naval Air Reserve as a search and rescue helicopter crew

American chief executives

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Charles L. Young Sr.

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Charles L. Young Sr.

Charles L. Young Sr. (August 27, 1931 – April 29, 2009)[1] was an American businessman, veteran of the Korean War who earned a Bronze Star, and politician in Mississippi. He advanced in the family business started by his father, becoming president in 1969 and expanding the sale of E.F. Young Jr. Manufacturing Company products into markets in Canada and the Caribbean. In 1980 he was elected to the Mississippi State Legislature, and was repeatedly re-elected, serving more than 20 years from Meridian, Mississippi until his death. Biography Charles Lemuel Young Sr. was born in Meridian, Mississippi in Lauderdale County, Mississippi,[1] the eldest son and second of three children of E. F. Young Jr., an African-American entrepreneur and Velma Beal (November 4, 1902–February 1987).[2] The year he was born, his father E. F. Young Jr. founded the E. F. Young Jr. Manufacturing Company in Meridian, Mississippi. Within a few years, he built it up as one of the most prominent black-owned businesses in the South.[3] Lik

People from Lauderdale County, Mississippi

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American manufacturing businesspeople

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Tennessee State University alumni

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Richard S. Reynolds Sr.

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Richard S. Reynolds Sr.

Richard Samuel Reynolds Sr. was the founder of the U.S. Foil Company. Early life Reynolds was born on August 15, 1881 in Madison County, North Carolina. He was the nephew of leading tobacco producer R.J. Reynolds and the son of Major Abraham David Reynolds (August 13, 1847 – September 1925). He married Julia Louise Parham on December 21, 1904. Reynolds was the father of Richard S. Reynolds Jr. (1909–1969) was the founder of Reynolds & Co., a brokerage firm that merged with Dean Witter & Co. in 1978 to form Dean Witter Reynolds.[1] Career Reynolds left the University of Virginia in 1903 to join the R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company, working for his uncle, who had founded the company. Reynolds was in part responsible for the company's switch from the production of chewing to smoking tobacco and the launch of Camel cigarettes. In 1912, Reynolds left R.J. Reynolds to go into business for himself.[2] Shortly after World War I, Reynolds founded the U.S. Foil Company in Louisville, Kentucky. Among the co

American business biography, 19th-century birth...

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1881 births

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R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company

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Alexander D. Henderson Jr.

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Alexander D. Henderson Jr.

Alexander Dawson Henderson Jr. (February 16, 1895 – July 8, 1964), was a business leader, financier and philanthropist, and long-time mayor of Hillsboro Beach, Florida. He was Vice President and Director of the California Perfume Company (CPC), which later became Avon Products.[1] Early life Alexander D. Henderson was born on February 16, 1895, in Brooklyn, New York,[2] the son of Alexander. D. Henderson Sr. and Ella Margaret Brown. He was the grandson of Joseph Henderson (pilot) and brother to Girard B. Henderson. Because of his military experience while at the New York Military Academy, he became a Lieutenant in the Cavalry, stationed at Fort Dix, New Jersey. He was also stationed at Company D, Hughes High School in Cincinnati, Ohio.[3] On February 14, 1920, Henderson married Mary Barnes Anthony at her parents Ridgewood home in New Jersey. They had two children, Alexander D. Henderson III and Mary Ella Henderson. Mary and Henderson were divorced in Las Vegas in 1935. In 1936, he married Lucia Maria Erns

20th-century philanthropists

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Philanthropists from New York (state)

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1895 births

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John C. Lincoln

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John C. Lincoln

John C. Lincoln (July 17, 1866 – May 24, 1959) was an American inventor, entrepreneur, philanthropist and in 1924, the Vice-Presidential candidate under the Commonwealth Land Party ticket. He held 55 patents on several electrical devices, founded the Lincoln Electric Co., invested in the construction of the Camelback Inn, presided over the Bagdad Mine and funded two hospitals in Phoenix, one which bears his name. Early years Lincoln (birth name: John Cromwell Lincoln) was born in Painesville, Ohio to William Edward Lincoln, (1831–1920), an abolitionist minister and Frances Louise Marshall Lincoln (1839–1918), a physician. There he received his primary and secondary education. In 1888, he graduated from Ohio State University with a degree in Electrical Engineering and soon after became a construction superintendent. He trained under Charles F. Brush, who invented the arc light and engineered America's first electric street car. In 1891,Lincoln patented his first invention, an electric brake for street-railwa

Georgists

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20th-century American inventors

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Engineers from Ohio

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Clement Studebaker Jr.

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Clement Studebaker Jr.

Clement Studebaker Jr. (August 11, 1871 – December 3, 1932) was an American businessman and the son of wagon, carriage and automobile manufacturer Clement Studebaker. He held executive positions in the family's automobile business, Studebaker Corporation, and later became the president and chairman of several other important companies.[1] Life and career Clement Studebaker Jr. was born in South Bend, Indiana into a Pennsylvania Dutch family. In 1893 he married Alice Rhawn of Philadelphia. They had two children, Clement Studebaker III (1894–1975), and Esther (1898–1989).[2] According to historian Albert Russel Erskine, young Clement served an apprenticeship with Studebaker, working in several departments and rising to a board position[3] and treasurer.[4] He is elsewhere recorded as having been the E-M-F company's vice-president,[1] presumably after that company's take-over by Studebaker in 1910. By 1916, he had moved on to become president and chairman of the utility, North American Light and Power Company

1871 births

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1932 deaths

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20th-century American businesspeople

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Henry Phipps Jr.

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Henry Phipps Jr.

Henry Phipps Jr. (September 27, 1839 – September 22, 1930) was an American entrepreneur known for his business relationship with Andrew Carnegie and involvement with the Carnegie Steel Company. He was also a successful real estate investor. After selling his stock in Carnegie Steel, he devoted a great deal of his time and money to philanthropic works. Early life Henry Phipps Jr. was born on September 27, 1839 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was the son of English born Hannah Frank[2] and Henry Phipps, an English shoemaker who migrated to Philadelphia in the early part of the 19th century before settling in Pittsburgh in 1845.[3] He was educated at public schools in Allegheny City, Pennsylvania.[4] He had one sister, Amelia Phipps Walker (Mrs. John Walker; 1846-1887), and two brothers: William Henry Phipps (1825-1902), and John Phipps (1833-1860), who was also friends with Carnegie and who died young.[5] Career Phipps began working as a young man as an office boy and later a bookkeeper with Dillworth �

1839 births

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American philanthropists

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1930 deaths

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Cleveland E. Dodge Jr.

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Cleveland E. Dodge Jr.

Cleveland E. Dodge Jr. (March 7, 1922 – January 28, 2007) was an industrialist and businessman, and a pioneer of manufacturing temperature-resistant wire coatings using Teflon in the 1950s. He founded Dodge Fibers Corporation in 1955 to manufacture Teflon-coated fabrics. He later founded Dodge Machine Co., which manufactured Rope Grips and other products. Biography After his father's death in 1982,[1] Dodge became president of the Cleveland H. Dodge Foundation, established in 1917 by his grandfather Cleveland Hoadley Dodge. He developed an interest in the many New York City organizations which it helped fund. He served as director on boards including Phelps Dodge, Atlantic Mutual Insurance Company, the YMCA of New York, Springfield College, Key Bank, the Bennington Museum and the Thousand Islands Antique Boat Museum. Cleveland Dodge was the great-grandson of William E. Dodge and cousin of David S. Dodge. He was born in New York, but lived much of his life in Pownal, Vermont, with his wife, Phyllis Boushall

American manufacturing businesspeople

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Alfred L. Tubbs

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Alfred L. Tubbs

Alfred Lovering Tubbs (1827-1896) was a pioneering entrepreneur who founded Chateau Montelena Winery in Calistoga, California. Early life Alfred L. Tubbs was born in Deering, New Hampshire, on December 17, 1827. His parents were Michal and Mehitable Tubbs. Tubbs had an older brother named Hiram. Following the birth of Alfred, the family moved to Concord, New Hampshire. Career After completing his grade school education, Tubbs decided to pursue a career in merchandising; first working at a wholesale grocery store in Baltimore, Maryland, before moving on to a bookkeeping job in Boston, Massachusetts. The firm that employed him sent him along with two ships bearing assorted cargoes to California in early 1850 following the California Gold Rush. Tubbs foresaw the potential for commercial growth upon his arrival in San Francisco, and along with his brother Hiram decided to establish a chandlery business, which became successful. In 1858 they partnered with a mercantile firm and established a cordage factory n

People from Deering, New Hampshire

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People from Concord, New Hampshire

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People of the California Gold Rush

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James Gayley

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James Gayley

James Gayley (October 11, 1855 – February 25, 1920) was an American chemist and steel metallurgist who served as a managing director of the Carnegie Steel Company, and as the first vice president of U.S. Steel from 1901 to 1908. He is credited with many inventions which greatly improved the fields of steel and iron making. For his contributions in the field of metallurgy, he was awarded the Elliott Cresson Medal in 1909, and the Perkin Medal in 1913. Early life Gayley was born on October 11, 1855, in Lock Haven, Pennsylvania, to Samuel and Agnes Gayley; Samuel was a Presbyterian minister who emigrated to the United States from Ireland at around 1840.[1] Gayley spent much of his youth in West Nottingham, Maryland, where he attended West Nottingham Academy.[2] He entered Lafayette College at age 16, where he graduated with a degree in mining engineering in 1876.[1][3][4] Career Gayley spent much of his early career working at various iron and steel companies throughout the northern United States. He began h

Businesspeople from Pennsylvania

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Oliver B. Shallenberger

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Oliver B. Shallenberger

Oliver Blackburn Shallenberger Oliver Blackburn Shallenberger (May 7, 1860 – January 23, 1898) was an American electrical engineer and inventor. He is associated with electrical inventions related to alternating current. He is most noted for inventing the first successful alternating current electrical meter, the forerunner of the modern electric meter. This was critical to general acceptance of AC power.[1] Early life Shallenberger was born in Rochester, Pennsylvania, on May 7, 1860. His parents were Aaron T. Shallenberger and Mary (Bonbright) Shallenberger.[2] He attended public schools of Rochester in Beaver County. He also went to Beaver College in Beaver County for a short time. He then attended the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis as a cadet engineer in 1877. William Shadrack Shallenberger, a member of Congress, was his uncle and helped him get into the Academy. He was head of a list of 126 candidates and took special interest in their physics courses. For the first year he was at the top of

Engineers from Pennsylvania

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19th-century American inventors

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