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Antisemitism in the United Kingdom


Wickham Steed

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Wickham Steed

Henry Wickham Steed (10 October 1871 – 13 January 1956) was an English journalist and historian. He was editor of The Times from 1919 to 1922. Early life Born in Long Melford, England, Steed was educated at Sudbury Grammar School and the universities of Jena, Berlin and Paris. While in Europe, he demonstrated an early interest in social democracy and met with a range of left-wing figures, including Friedrich Engels, Wilhelm Liebknecht, August Bebel, and Alexandre Millerand. His encounters formed the basis of his first book, The Socialist and Labour Movement in England, Germany & France (1894). Foreign correspondent Appointed by Joseph Pulitzer as Paris correspondent for the New York World, Steed joined The Times in 1896 as a foreign correspondent, working briefly out of Berlin before transferring successively to Rome (1897-1902) and then Vienna (1902-1913). In 1914, he moved to London to take over as foreign editor of The Times. During his time in Vienna he acquired a deep contempt for Austria-Hungar

Critics of Judaism

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People from Long Melford

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English anti-communists

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The War on Britain's Jews?

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The War on Britain's Jews?

The War on Britain's Jews? is a 2007 documentary film by British journalist, broadcaster, writer and Daily Mail columnist Richard Littlejohn. It was first broadcast on Channel 4 television on 9 July 2007. Overview The film was made in the wake of the September 2006 Report of the All-Party Parliamentary Inquiry into Antisemitism.[1] The findings raised concerns about the spread of antisemitism in Britain, and highlighted increase of violence, desecration of property and intimidation directed against British Jews.[2] Littlejohn's view Richard Littlejohn investigated trends of antisemitism as he travelled across the country. On 6 July 2007 he wrote in the Daily Mail: When some people heard I was making the programme, their first reaction was: 'I didn't know you were Jewish.' I'm not, but what's that got to do with the price of gefilte fish? They simply couldn't comprehend why a non-Jew would be in the slightest bit interested in investigating anti-Semitism. If I had been making a film about Islamophobia,

Documentary films about racism

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Jewish English history

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Antisemitism in the United Kingdom

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Arthur Wellesley, 5th Duke of Wellington

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Arthur Wellesley, 5th Duke of Wellington

Arthur Charles Wellesley, 5th Duke of Wellington, JP (9 June 1876 – 11 December 1941), known as Arthur Wellesley from 1876 to 1900, and styled as Marquess of Douro from 1900 to 1934, was a British nobleman and landowner. Background and military career Wellesley was born in 1876 to Arthur Charles Wellesley (youngest son of Lord Charles Wellesley) and his wife, Kathleen Bulkeley Williams. Wellesley's father inherited the ducal title and vast Wellington estates upon his elder brother's death in 1900, and became the 4th Duke of Wellington. Wellesley attended Eton between 1890 and 1895, and later attended Trinity College at Cambridge. He was commissioned as a lieutenant in the 4th (Militia) battalion of the Lincolnshire Regiment on 7 July 1897, and served as Aide-de-camp to the Earl of Ranfurly, Governor of New Zealand.[1] After the outbreak of the Second Boer War in late 1899, he joined the regular army as a second lieutenant in the Grenadier Guards on 17 January 1900,[2] and was part of a detachment sent to S

Earls of Mornington

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Princes of Waterloo

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Wellesley family

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Militant Christian Patriots

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Militant Christian Patriots

The Militant Christian Patriots (MCP) were a short-lived but influential anti-Semitic organisation active in the United Kingdom immediately prior to the Second World War. It played a central role in the ultimately unsuccessful attempts to keep the UK out of any European war. Formation The formation of the MCP has been disputed by historians. According to G.C. Webber the group was set up in 1928 by Lieutenant-Colonel Arthur H. Lane, who had previously been prominent in the Britons.[1] In contrast Hilary Blume sets its formation date as September 1935, and claims that it was established by Miss M.I. Nutt MacKenzie.[2] Barberis, McHugh and Tyldesley give its formation date as 1938, claiming it emerged soon after the Munich crisis.[3] Robert Benewick, writing in 1969, placed the group's formation as late as 1939.[4] Subsequently published information makes this date unlikely however. Development and ideology Upon its formation its avowed aim was opposing Zionism.[4] Soon however the group announced its suppor

Anti-communist organizations

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Political organisations based in the United Kin...

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Political organisations in the United Kingdom

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Henry Drummond Wolff (Basingstoke MP)

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Henry Drummond Wolff (Basingstoke MP)

Henry Maxence Cavendish Drummond Wolff (16 July 1899 – 8 February 1982), commonly known as Henry Drummond Wolff, was a British Conservative Party politician. Drummond Wolff was known for his close ties to the far right. Political career From early in his political career, Drummond Wolff's outlook was defined by his twin hatreds for laissez-faire capitalism and socialism, opinions that would lead him to become sympathetic to fascism as an alternative.[1] In 1934, Viscount Lymington resigned as MP for Basingstoke, after becoming disillusioned with party politics.[2] Nonetheless, he helped to ensure that his successor as Conservative candidate would be Drummond Wolff, a close political associate.[2] Drummond Wolff was duly elected in the resulting by-election, but he held the seat for only a year, resigning ostensibly due to ill health, although in fact because he shared Lymington's lack of faith in democracy.[2] Despite that, both men were involved in the selection of the next MP, Patrick Donner, who also ha

1899 births

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English industrialists

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British industrialists

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Engage (organisation)

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Engage (organisation)

Engage is a British website, and briefly an online journal (from 2006–7), that aims to help people counter the boycott Israel campaign.[1] Engage describes its mission as to "challenge left and liberal antisemitism in the labour movement, in our universities and in public life." Anti boycott activity In 2005, the Association of University Teachers (AUT) took a decision to boycott two Israeli universities.[2][3][4] Engage was founded, by David Hirsh, who teaches at Goldsmiths, University of London, and Jon Pike, who teaches at the Open University, in order to try to reverse this,[5] which, with the involvement of Academic Friends of Israel, occurred within a few weeks.[6][7] Supporters of Engage included the late Norman Geras[8] and the late David Cesarani.[9] In 2006, the AUT merged with the National Association of Teachers in Further and Higher Education, and proposed a Boycott Israel measure that Hirsh, speaking on behalf of Engage, called "nastier" than the 2005 proposal, because it proposed the boycott

Left-wing activism

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Opposition to antisemitism in Europe

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Labour Party (UK)

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National Front (UK)

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National Front (UK)

The National Front (NF) is a far-right, fascist political party in the United Kingdom. It is currently led by Tony Martin. As a minor party, it has never had its representatives elected to the British or European Parliaments, although it gained a small number of local councillors through defections, and it has had a few of its representatives elected to community councils. Founded in 1967, it reached the height of its electoral support during the mid-1970s, when it was briefly the UK's fourth-largest party in terms of vote share. The NF was founded by A. K. Chesterton, formerly of the British Union of Fascists, as a merger between his League of Empire Loyalists and the British National Party. It was soon joined by the Greater Britain Movement, whose leader John Tyndall became the Front's chairman in 1972. Under Tyndall's leadership, it capitalised on growing concern about South Asian migration to Britain, rapidly increasing its membership and vote share in urban areas of East London and Northern England. Its

Anti-communist parties

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White nationalist parties

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Strasserism

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Joshua Bonehill-Paine

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Joshua Bonehill-Paine

Joshua Bonehill-Paine[2] (born 7 December 1992, also known as Joshua Bonehill) is an English far-right nationalist, internet troll, and convicted criminal from Yeovil, Somerset. Styling himself as a "nationalist, fascist, theorist and supporter of white rights",[3] he ran a blog called The Daily Bale ("Britons Against Left-wing Extremism") which published several racist and anti-immigration hoaxes, as well as false accusations against his opponents.[4] He has described himself as "a proud anti-semite".[5] Bonehill-Paine's online activity has led to criminal charges being brought against him for harassment, antisemitic commentary and hoaxing, including a 2013 online hoax that led to the owners of a Leicester pub receiving death threats,[6] and other false accusations, for which he received a suspended prison sentence.[4] He was described as an "internet troll" by the prosecutor at a 2014 court hearing. He was arrested in June 2015 for inciting racial hatred against Jews, for which he was found guilty in Decem

White supremacists

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Alt-right

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English conspiracy theorists

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Chakrabarti Inquiry

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Chakrabarti Inquiry

The Chakrabarti Inquiry was a 2016 investigation into allegations of antisemitism and other forms of racism in the United Kingdom's Labour Party. Chaired by barrister Shami Chakrabarti, the inquiry was launched following comments made by two high-profile Labour figures, Naz Shah and Ken Livingstone, that some asserted were antisemitic in nature; Shah, a Member of Parliament and Livingstone, the former Mayor of London, were subsequently suspended from the party pending an investigation. The inquiry presented its findings on 30 June 2016, stating that although antisemitism and other types of racism were not endemic within Labour, there was an "occasionally toxic atmosphere". Background The inquiry was established by Labour Party leader Jeremy Corbyn on 29 April 2016, following the suspension of Naz Shah, the Labour MP for Bradford West, and Ken Livingstone, the former Mayor of London, after media reports had emerged that Shah had reposted a graphic on Twitter during 2014 suggesting that Israel should be reloc

Jeremy Corbyn

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Antisemitism in the United Kingdom

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History of the Labour Party (UK)

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New Statesman

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New Statesman

The New Statesman is a British political and cultural magazine published in London.[2] Founded as a weekly review of politics and literature on 12 April 1913, it was connected then with Sidney and Beatrice Webb and other leading members of the socialist Fabian Society, such as George Bernard Shaw who was a founding director. Today, the magazine is a print-digital hybrid. According to its present self-description, it has a liberal, progressive political position.[3] Jason Cowley, the magazine's editor, has described the New Statesman as a publication "of the left, for the left".[4] The magazine was founded by members of the Fabian Society as a weekly review of politics and literature. The longest-serving editor was Kingsley Martin (1930–1960), and the current editor is Jason Cowley, who assumed the post in 2008. The magazine has recognized and published new writers and critics, as well as encouraged major careers. Its contributors have included John Maynard Keynes, Bertrand Russell, Virginia Woolf, Christoph

Antisemitism in the United Kingdom

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London magazines

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British news websites

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Nick Griffin

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Nick Griffin

Nicholas John Griffin (born 1 March 1959) is a British politician who represented North West England as a Member of the European Parliament (MEP) from 2009 to 2014. He served as chairman and then president of the far-right British National Party (BNP) from 1999 to 2014, when he was expelled from the party. Born in Barnet, Griffin was educated at Woodbridge School in Suffolk. He joined the National Front at the age of 14 and, following his graduation from the University of Cambridge, became a political worker for the party. In 1980 he became a member of its governing body, and later wrote articles for several right-wing magazines. He was the National Front's candidate for the seat of Croydon North West in 1981 and 1983, but left the party in 1989. In 1995 he joined the BNP and in 1999 became its leader. He stood as the party's candidate in several elections and became a member of the European Parliament for North West England in the 2009 European elections. In 1998, Griffin was convicted of distributing mate

English politicians convicted of crimes

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Opposition to Islam in the United Kingdom

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Anti-Muslim sentiment

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John Henry Clarke

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John Henry Clarke

John Henry Clarke (1853 – 24 November 1931) was a prominent English classical homeopath. He was also, arguably, the most important anti-Semite in Great Britain. He led The Britons, an anti-Semitic organisation.[1] Clarke was a busy practitioner. As a physician he not only had his own clinic in Piccadilly, London, but he also was a consultant at the London Homeopathic Hospital and researched into new remedies — nosodes. Politics Clarke was a leading advocate of anti-Semitism and served as president of The Britons from its formation in 1919 until his death as an associate of Henry Hamilton Beamish. He wrote several articles on Christianity that have a militant bent. When Beamish became a fugitive and fled England, Clarke became the head of The Britons, and formed with two others a splinter organization, the Britons Publishing Society. Works Clarke was keen in his writing and it is even said that he had a desk in his carriage. For many years, he was the editor of The Homeopathic World. He wrote many books,

English male non-fiction writers

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19th-century British male writers

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English fascists

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Jack Renshaw (far-right activist)

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Jack Renshaw (far-right activist)

Jack Andrew Renshaw (born 1995)[1] is a convicted child sex offender and former spokesperson for the neo-Nazi organisation National Action.[2] He is a former economics and politics student at Manchester Metropolitan University and a former organiser for the British National Party (BNP) youth wing, BNP Youth. On 12 June 2018, Renshaw pleaded guilty to preparing an act of terrorism with the intention of killing the Labour MP Rosie Cooper and to making a threat to kill a police officer.[3] Early life Renshaw was born in Ormskirk and raised in Skelmersdale. As a child, Renshaw moved to Blackpool and later became involved with the English Defence League (EDL), aged 15. Through the EDL, he became "involved with the 'Justice for Charlene Downes' cause", and met British National Party (BNP) members and their leader Nick Griffin at one of the memorials. Renshaw had previously been disillusioned with the EDL after he found Israeli and gay pride flags on prominent display during their marches, and lamented that EDL le

English people convicted of child sexual abuse

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21st-century English criminals

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English conspiracy theorists

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Ian Stuart Donaldson

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Ian Stuart Donaldson

Ian Stuart Donaldson (11 August 1957 – 24 September 1993), also known as Ian Stuart, was a white supremacy nationalist musician from Poulton-le-Fylde, Lancashire. He was best known as the front-man of Skrewdriver, an English Oi! band which, from 1982 onwards, he rebranded as a white power rock band. He raised money through white power concerts with his Blood and Honour network. Life and career Donaldson attended Baines School in Poulton, where he met Sean McKay, Phil Walmsley, and John Grinton. They formed the cover band Tumbling Dice, who played songs by The Rolling Stones and other bands. In 1975, they formed Skrewdriver, a band that gained a reputation for attracting violence at their concerts.[1] After the original Skrewdriver lineup disbanded in 1979, Donaldson formed a new lineup and began to write songs for a white power audience.[2] The new version of Skrewdriver openly promoted far-right groups such as the National Front and raised funds for them (and affiliated organisations) through the White No

English male guitarists

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British fascists

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Antisemitism in the United Kingdom

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David Icke

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David Icke

David Vaughan Icke (born 29 April 1952) is an English professional conspiracy theorist[1][2][3][4][5] and former footballer and sports broadcaster.[6] He is the author of over 20 books and numerous DVDs and has lectured in over 25 countries, speaking for up to 10 hours to audiences.[7][8] Originally working as a BBC television sports presenter, Icke claims he saw former British Prime Minister Ted Heath's eyes turn black while the two waited for a Sky News interview in 1989.[9][10] In 1990, while spokesman for the Green Party, he visited a psychic who he said told him he had been placed on earth for a purpose and would begin to receive messages from the spirit world.[11] The events led him to announce the following year that he was a "Son of the Godhead"[6] and that the world would soon be devastated by tidal waves and earthquakes, a prediction he repeated on the BBC's primetime show Wogan.[12][13] The show turned him from a respected household name into someone who received widespread public ridicule.[14] O

Climate change denial

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Ancient astronauts proponents

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Green Party politicians (UK)

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John Tyndall (politician)

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John Tyndall (politician)

John Hutchyns Tyndall (14 July 1934 – 19 July 2005) was a British fascist political activist. A leading member of various small neo-Nazi groups during the late 1950s and 1960s, he was chairman of the National Front (NF) from 1972 to 1974 and again from 1975 to 1980, and then chairman of the British National Party (BNP) from 1982 to 1999. He unsuccessfully stood for election to the House of Commons and European Parliament on several occasions. Born in Devon and educated in Kent, Tyndall undertook national service prior to embracing the extreme-right. In the mid-1950s, he joined the League of Empire Loyalists (LEL) and came under the influence of its leader, Arthur Chesterton. Finding the LEL too moderate, in 1957 he and John Bean founded the National Labour Party (NLP), an explicitly "National Socialist" (Nazi) group. In 1960, the NLP merged with Colin Jordan's White Defence League to found the first British National Party (BNP). Within the BNP, Tyndall and Jordan established a paramilitary wing called Spearh

Advocates of the Fourteen Words

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British people convicted of hate crimes

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English white nationalists

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Campaign Against Antisemitism

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Campaign Against Antisemitism

Campaign Against Antisemitism (CAA) is a United Kingdom non-governmental organisation established in August 2014 by members of the Anglo-Jewish community.[1][2][3] It publishes research, organises rallies and petitions and conducts ligitation. History The CAA was set up in early August 2014, after an increase in antisemitic incidents that accompanied the 2014 Israel–Gaza conflict.[4][5] A grassroots campaign, it grew largely out of social media activity among those who felt more should be done to promote the Jewish community's concerns after a meeting to discuss responses where a campaigner had her concerns dismissed by Board of Deputies president Vivian Wineman.[6] In January 2015, the then UK Home Secretary, Theresa May, praised CAA for its work and undertook to ensure that the law against antisemitism is "robustly enforced".[7] It was registered as a charitable incorporated organisation (CIO) on 1 October 2015.[8] Publications CAA publishes primary and secondary research based on polling and freedo

Opposition to antisemitism in Europe

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Jewish charities based in the United Kingdom

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Opposition to antisemitism

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Cuckservative

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Cuckservative

"Cuckservative" is a pejorative[1] formed as a portmanteau of "cuck", an abbreviation of the word cuckold, and the political designation conservative.[2] It has become a label used by white nationalists and the alt-right in the United States.[3][4][5][6] The word "cuckservative" reached a high level of mainstream political conversation around mid-July 2015, where it gained media attention just a few weeks before the start of the first Republican primary debate for the 2016 United States presidential election.[4][7] The term, as well as the shortened form "cuck" for cuckold, originated on websites such as 4chan (specifically the /pol/ imageboard) and 8chan, the right-wing message board My Posting Career,[1][3] the blog The Right Stuff,[8] and other sites in the alt-right movement.[3][9][10] Definition and origin One definition of "cuckservative" is a conservative who sells out,[11] having bought into all of the key premises of the left,[12] and sympathizes with liberal values.[7] According to white suprema

Donald Trump 2016 presidential campaign

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Anti-immigration politics in the United Kingdom

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White nationalism in the United Kingdom

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David Irving

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David Irving

David John Cawdell Irving (born 24 March 1938) is an English author and Holocaust denier[1] who has written on the military and political history of World War II, with a focus on Nazi Germany. His works include The Destruction of Dresden (1963), Hitler's War (1977), Churchill's War (1987) and Goebbels: Mastermind of the Third Reich (1996). In his works, he argued that Adolf Hitler did not know of the extermination of Jews or, if he did, opposed it.[2] Though Irving's negationist views of German atrocities in World War II (and Hitler's responsibility for them) were never taken seriously by mainstream historians, he was once recognised for his knowledge of Nazi Germany and his ability to unearth new historical documents. Irving marginalised himself in 1988 when, based on his reading of the pseudoscientific[Note 1]  Leuchter report, he began to espouse Holocaust denial, specifically denying that Jews were murdered by gassing at the Auschwitz concentration camp.[3][4] Irving's reputation as a historian was disc

Historical negationism

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English neo-Nazis

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People educated at Brentwood School, Essex

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Antisemitism in the Labour Party

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Antisemitism in the Labour Party

Allegations of antisemitism in the UK Labour Party have been made since Jeremy Corbyn was first elected as Labour Party leader in September 2015, and after controversial comments by Naz Shah and Ken Livingstone under Corbyn's leadership of the party.[1] Following their comments, both Livingstone and Shah were suspended pending investigation. The controversy prompted Corbyn to establish the Chakrabarti Inquiry to investigate the allegations of antisemitism in the Labour Party. A number of party activists have either been expelled or suspended after allegations of antisemitism. While Labour Party investigations concluded that some had brought the party into disrepute, others were subsequently reinstated after disciplinary measures. One senior figure resigned from the party in 2018 after being suspended for two years. Corbyn himself was the subject of controversy in 2018 over his comments in 2012 concerning the removal of an allegedly antisemitic mural were brought to public notice and for being a member of thr

Anti-Zionism in the United Kingdom

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New antisemitism

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Labour Party (UK)

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Godfrey Bloom

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Godfrey Bloom

Godfrey William Bloom TD (born 22 November 1949) is a British politician who served as a Member of the European Parliament (MEP) for Yorkshire and the Humber from 2004 to 2014. He was elected for the UK Independence Party in the European elections of 2004 and 2009, representing UKIP until September 2013, when UKIP withdrew the party whip from him. He then sat as an Independent until the end of his term of office in May 2014. Bloom subsequently resigned his UKIP party membership on 13 October 2014.[4] During his tenure, he received attention for making remarks considered objectionable by his party leader, for his opinions concerning climate change and for making other controversial comments. On 20 September 2013, UKIP withdrew the party whip from Bloom after he hit journalist Michael Crick in the street with a conference brochure,[5] threatened a second reporter, and at the party's conference jokingly referred to his female audience as sluts.[6] Bloom resigned his party whip from UKIP on 24 September 2013 and

Painters from Odisha

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Antisemitism in the United Kingdom

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UK Independence Party parliamentary candidates

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Fagin

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Fagin

Fagin is a fictional character in Charles Dickens' novel Oliver Twist. In the preface to the novel, he is described as a "receiver of stolen goods". He is the leader of a group of children (the Artful Dodger and Charley Bates among them) who he teaches to make their livings by pickpocketing and other criminal activities, in exchange for shelter. A distinguishing trait is his constant—and insincere—use of the phrase "my dear" when addressing others. At the time of the novel, he is said by another character, Monks, to have already made criminals out of "scores" of children. Nancy, who is the lover of Bill Sikes (the novel's lead villain), is confirmed to be Fagin's former pupil. Fagin is a confessed miser who, despite the wealth he has acquired, does very little to improve the squalid lives of the children he guards, or his own. In the second chapter of his appearance, he is shown (when talking to himself) that he cares less for their welfare, than that they do not "peach" (inform) on him and the other childre

Literary characters introduced in 1838

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Male film villains

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Male literary villains

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Richard Williamson (bishop)

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Richard Williamson (bishop)

Richard Nelson Williamson (born 8 March 1940) is an English traditionalist bishop formerly in communion with the Catholic Church who opposes the changes in the Church brought about by the Second Vatican Council. He was originally a member of the Society of Saint Pius X (SSPX). He was subsequently excommunicated; this was lifted in 2009, but Williamson was convicted in German courts of denying the Holocaust and incitement related to those views, and the excommunication was reimposed by the Pope. Due to other actions, Williamson was expelled from the society in 2012 and once again excommunicated in 2015. In 1988, Williamson was one of four SSPX priests who were illegally ordained as bishops by Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre, for which they incurred ipso facto automatic excommunication.[4] The validity of the excommunication has always been denied by the SSPX, who argue that the consecrations were necessary due to a crisis in the Catholic Church. The excommunications, including that of Williamson, were lifted on 21

Critics of Islam

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Catholicism and far-right politics

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Late Modern Christian anti-Judaism

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Palestine Solidarity Campaign

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Palestine Solidarity Campaign

Palestine Solidarity Campaign logo The Palestine Solidarity Campaign (PSC) is an activist organisation in England and Wales that promotes solidarity with the Palestinian people. It was founded in 1982 during the build-up to the first war between Israel and Lebanon, and was incorporated in the UK in 2004 as Palestine Solidarity Campaign Ltd.[1] The PSC says it campaigns for peace and justice for Palestinians, in support of international law and human rights. The PSC's stated goals include the right of return for Palestinians and Israeli withdrawal from the occupied territories.[2] It has stated that it opposes both "Israel’s occupation and its aggression against neighbouring states".[3] The PSC has criticised Israel's practices when arresting children.[4] PSC states that it is "opposed to all forms of racism, including anti-Jewish prejudice and Islamophobia".[5] Whilst recognising differences between apartheid-era South Africa and Israel, PSC promotes the boycotting of Israeli goods as a method that it beli

British companies started in 2004

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Antisemitism in the United Kingdom

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Political advocacy groups in the United Kingdom

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Lord Alfred Douglas

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Lord Alfred Douglas

Lord Alfred Bruce Douglas (22 October 1870 – 20 March 1945) was a British poet and journalist best known as the lover of Oscar Wilde. While studying at Oxford, he edited an undergraduate journal, The Spirit Lamp, which carried a homoerotic subtext, and met Wilde, with whom he started a close but stormy relationship. Douglas’s father, the Marquess of Queensberry, disapproved strongly of the affair, and set out to humiliate Wilde, publicly accusing him of homosexuality. Wilde sued him for criminal libel, but some of his intimate notes were discovered, and he was duly jailed. On his release, he briefly lived with Douglas in Naples, but they were separated by the time Wilde died in 1900. Douglas married Olive Custance in 1902, and they produced a son Raymond. Converting to Roman Catholicism in 1911, he openly repudiated Wilde’s homosexuality, and in a High-Catholic magazine, Plain English, he expressed views that were openly anti-semitic, though he rejected the extreme policies of Nazi Germany. He was also jail

LGBT memoirists

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Roman Catholic conspiracy theorists

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Muses

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Archibald Maule Ramsay

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Archibald Maule Ramsay

Ramsay in 1937 Captain Archibald Henry Maule Ramsay (4 May 1894 – 11 March 1955) was a British Army officer who later went into politics as a Scottish Unionist Member of Parliament (MP). From the late 1930s, he developed increasingly strident antisemitic views. In 1940, after his involvement with a suspected spy at the United States embassy, he became the only British MP to be interned under Defence Regulation 18B. Family and early life Ramsay was from a Scottish aristocratic family; his grandfather was Sir Henry Ramsay, younger brother of George Ramsay, 12th Earl of Dalhousie. He attended Eton College and the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, joining the Coldstream Guards in 1913.[1] After the outbreak of World War I, he served in France for two years. He received a severe head injury before being invalided out and transferred to the War Office in London. Here he met and married on 30 April 1917 Lady Ninian Crichton-Stuart, née Hon. Ismay Preston, daughter of Viscount Gormanston and widow of Lord Ninia

People detained under Defence Regulation 18B

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Scottish unionists

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Unionist Party (Scotland) MPs

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Aliens Act 1905

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Aliens Act 1905

The Aliens Act 1905 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.[2] The Act for the first time introduced immigration controls and registration, and gave the Home Secretary overall responsibility for immigration and nationality matters.[2] While the Act was ostensibly designed to prevent paupers or criminals from entering the country and set up a mechanism to deport those who slipped through, one of its main objectives was to control Jewish immigration from Eastern Europe.[3] Jewish immigration from Eastern Europe saw a significant increase after 1880[4] which served as some basis for the creation of the Aliens Act 1905. Although it remained in force, the 1905 Act was effectively subsumed by the Aliens Restriction Act 1914, which introduced far more restrictive provisions. It was eventually repealed by the Aliens Restriction (Amendment) Act 1919. Demands for restriction Anti-immigration poster, from 1902 In the 19th century, the Russian Empire was home to about five m

Antisemitism in the United Kingdom

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Immigration law in the United Kingdom

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Jews and Judaism in England

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Antisemitism in the UK Labour Party

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Antisemitism in the UK Labour Party

Allegations of antisemitism in the Labour Party of the United Kingdom (UK) have been made since Jeremy Corbyn was elected as leader of the party in September 2015. After comments by Naz Shah in 2014 and Ken Livingstone in 2016 resulted in their suspension from membership pending investigation, Corbyn established the Chakrabarti Inquiry, which concluded that the party was not "overrun by anti-Semitism or other forms of racism", although there was an "occasionally toxic atmosphere" and "clear evidence of ignorant attitudes".[1][2] The Home Affairs Select Committee of Parliament held an inquiry into antisemitism in the UK in the same year and found "no reliable, empirical evidence to support the notion that there is a higher prevalence of antisemitic attitudes within the Labour Party than any other political party", though the leadership's lack of action "risks lending force to allegations that elements of the Labour movement are institutionally antisemitic".[3] In 2017, Labour Party rules were changed to make

Antisemitism in the United Kingdom

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Left-wing antisemitism

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Oswald Mosley

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Oswald Mosley

Sir Oswald Ernald Mosley, 6th Baronet (16 November 1896 – 3 December 1980) was a British politician who rose to fame in the 1920s as a Member of Parliament and later in the 1930s became leader of the British Union of Fascists (BUF).[1] Mosley inherited the title 'Sir' by virtue of his baronetcy; he was the sixth baronet of a title that had been in his family for centuries.[2] After military service during the First World War, Mosley was one of the youngest Members of Parliament, representing Harrow from 1918 to 1924, first as a Conservative, then an independent, before joining the Labour Party. At the 1924 General Election he stood in Birmingham Ladywood against future Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain, coming within 100 votes of beating him. Mosley returned to Parliament as Labour MP for Smethwick at a by-election in 1926 and served as Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster in the Labour Government of 1929–31. He was considered a potential Labour Prime Minister but resigned due to discord with the Governme

Mosley family

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Independent members of the House of Commons of ...

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Renegade Tribune

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Renegade Tribune

Renegade is an American white nationalist, conspiracy theorist and anti-Semitic media platform, based in Deltona, Florida. Founded by Kyle Hunt, the project consists of two main outlets; Renegade Broadcasting, an internet radio network founded in October 2012 and Renegade Tribune, founded in 2013. The project broke off from an older media network Oracle Broadcasting. As of August 2018, Renegade Tribune had a global Alexa ranking of 77,269.[3] Renegade has promoted Holocaust denial, and has portrayed the Third Reich and Adolf Hitler's NSDAP in a positive light,[4] claiming that Germans, not Jews, were the victims of the Second World War.[5][6] In 2014 founder Kyle Hunt promoted "the White Man March", advocating that White people across the world spontaneously protest in public with signs bearing phrases related to the white genocide conspiracy theory. Renegade has criticized Donald Trump and Vladimir Putin. It also claims that both homosexuality and misogyny are rife within the alt-right and alt-lite. Renega

Anti-Christian sentiment in the United States

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American conservative websites

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White genocide conspiracy theory

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Freedom for Humanity

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Freedom for Humanity

Freedom for Humanity was a temporary mural by the American artist Mear One (Kalen Ockerman), painted on a wall in Hanbury Street, London in mid September 2012. The mural was criticized as antisemitic for its apparent depiction of Jews with stereotypically enlarged noses and others seated around a table in suits under an Eye of Providence playing the board game Monopoly resting on the backs of bent over workers.[1] Several years later, Jeremy Corbyn, who had subsequently become leader of the British Labour Party, was challenged by Luciana Berger on why he had asked why it was being removed on being sent a social media post from the artist at the time.[2][3] The mural has since been removed.[4] Reactions A local Conservative Jewish councillor likened it to antisemitic propaganda in pre-war Germany.[5][6] Lutfur Rahman, then Mayor of Tower Hamlets, said "the images of the bankers perpetuate antisemitic propaganda about conspiratorial Jewish domination of financial and political institutions", and sought to rem

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Adam Marshall Diston

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Adam Marshall Diston

Adam Marshall Diston (1893–1956; born in Scotland[1]) was a journalist for the Sunday Dispatch and ghostwriter for Winston Churchill.[2][3][4] He had 'close affinities'[5] to Oswald Mosley's British Union of Fascists.[4] He had a military background,[6] serving in a Scottish regiment from 1914 to 1918.[1] British Union of Fascists Diston had been involved with the Independent Labour Party (ILP), becoming a treasurer of its London and Southern Counties Division.[6][7] Later, however, he became involved with Oswald Mosley's New Party, running in the 1931 general election as the party's prospective parliamentary candidate for Wandsworth Central.[4] He received 424 votes (a 1.6% share). That same year, he wrote literature for the New Party, including The Sleeping Sickness of the Labour Party (1931) and, with Robert Forgan (one of the organisers of the January Club), The New Party and the ILP (1931) (written as an appeal to ILP members[7]).[8] He was also part of Mosley's British Union of Fascists (BUF),[6][7][9

Anti-Judaism

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Goldwin Smith

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Goldwin Smith

Goldwin Smith (13 August 1823 – 7 June 1910) was a British historian and journalist, active in the United Kingdom and Canada.[1] Life and career Early life and education Smith was born at Reading, Berkshire.[2] He was educated at Eton College and Magdalen College, Oxford, and after a brilliant undergraduate career he was elected to a fellowship at University College, Oxford.[3] He threw his energy into the cause of university reform with another fellow of University College, Arthur Penrhyn Stanley. On the Royal Commission of 1850 to inquire into the reform of the university, of which Stanley was secretary, Smith served as assistant-secretary; and he was then secretary to the commissioners appointed by the act of 1854. His position as an authority on educational reform was further recognised by a seat on the Popular Education Commission of 1858.[4] In 1868, when the question of reform at Oxford was again growing acute, he published a pamphlet, entitled The Reorganization of the University of Oxford. In 1865

Antisemitism in Canada

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Antisemitism in the UK Conservative Party

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Antisemitism in the UK Conservative Party

Antisemitism is alleged to have existed within the Conservative party since its founding in 1834, when the party rose out of the previous Tory Party. The party is officially titled the Conservative and Unionist Party, while its members are still colloquially called Tories. This article details the various alleged antisemitism events in relation to each of the successive Conservative party leaders in office at the time. Peel leadership (1834–1846) Parliamentary level Hostility to Jewish emancipation In 1830, Robert Peel spoke in Parliament in opposition of the emancipation of the Jews.[1] During this time, a Jew could not open a shop within the city of London, become a barrister, graduate from university, or be a member of Parliament.[1] Peel commented: The Jew is not a degraded subject of the state; he is rather regarded in the light of an alien - he is excluded because he will not amalgamate with us in any of his usages or habits - he is regarded as a foreigner. In the history of the Jews ... we find enou

Right-wing antisemitism

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Douglas Reed

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Douglas Reed

Douglas Lancelot Reed (11 March 1895 – 26 August 1976) was a British journalist, playwright, novelist and author of a number of books of political analysis. His book Insanity Fair (1938) was one of the most influential in publicising the state of Europe and the megalomania of Adolf Hitler before the Second World War. By the time of his death, Reed had been largely forgotten except for various remarks about Jews. Thus, when The Times ran his obituary, it condemned Reed as a "virulent anti-Semite,"[1] although Reed himself claimed that he drew a distinction between opposition to Zionism and antisemitism.[2] Reed believed in a long-term Zionist conspiracy to impose a world government on an enslaved humanity.[3] He was also staunchly anti-Communist, and once wrote that National Socialism was a "stooge or stalking horse " meant to further the aims of the "Communist Empire."[4] Biography At the age of 13, Reed began working as an office boy, and at 19 a bank clerk. At the outbreak of the First World War he enlist

The Times journalists

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Antisemitism in the United Kingdom

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English conspiracy theorists

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2019 University of Essex anti-semitism controversy

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2019 University of Essex anti-semitism controversy

The 2019 University of Essex anti-semitism controversy relates to events in February 2019, where more than 200 students at the University of Essex voted against the establishment of a Jewish society and a lecturer, Maaruf Ali, was suspended for allegedly posting anti-semitic material on Facebook. Vote to ratify Jewish Society A proposal for the establishment of a Jewish society for students at the University of Essex was published on the university's Student Union website on 11 February 2019.[1] More than 200 students voted against ratification of the society following advice from a university Amnesty society member that "The society has mentioned it will celebrate Israeli national day which has nothing to do with Judaism.[...] Until the society is politically neutral like every other religious society we will take a stance on this. So we urge you to please vote no until they are politically neutral."[2] About 600 students voted on the ratification of the society, with approximately 64% voting in favour.[3]

University of Essex

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Antisemitism in the United Kingdom

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British Jews

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Thomas Carlyle

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Thomas Carlyle

Thomas Carlyle (4 December 1795 – 5 February 1881) was a British historian, satirical writer, essayist, translator, philosopher, mathematician, and teacher. In his book On Heroes, Hero-Worship, and The Heroic in History (1841), he argued that the actions of the "Great Man" play a key role in history, claiming that "the history of the world is but the biography of great men".[1] Other major works include The French Revolution: A History, 3 vols (1837) and The History of Friedrich II of Prussia, Called Frederick the Great, 6 vols (1858–65).[2] A respected historian, his 1837 The French Revolution was the inspiration for Charles Dickens' 1859 novel A Tale of Two Cities, and remains popular today. Carlyle's 1836 Sartor Resartus is a notable philosophical novel. A great polemicist, Carlyle coined the term "the dismal science" for economics, in his essay "Occasional Discourse on the Negro Question," which remains controversial.[3][4] He also wrote articles for the Edinburgh Encyclopaedia.[5] Once a Christian, Car

Racism in the United Kingdom

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Conservatism in the United Kingdom

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London Forum (far-right group)

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London Forum (far-right group)

The London Forum is a loose organisation of alt-right and far-right individuals based in London but with regional headquarters across the United Kingdom. It maintains links with and has inspired similar formations in the United States. Meetings held by the organisation have been met with significant protest by anti-fascist activists[1] and have been infiltrated by journalists. Anti-fascist groups such as Searchlight and Hope not Hate have included the group in their research on far-right politics in the United Kingdom. History and ideology The London Forum emerged in 2011[2] as a split from the New Right, a series of far-right meetings in London which took place in the 2000s. It describes itself as "the home of the UK alt-right";[3] Searchlight says the group bridges "the fascist and Tory right".[4] Board of Deputies of British Jews vice-president, Jonathan Arkush, described the group as white supremacist.[5] Forum organiser[6] Stead Steadman told The Independent that while the group is not "credally defi

Neo-Nazism in the United Kingdom

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Far-right politics in Europe

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Anti-immigration politics in the United Kingdom

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Tyson Fury

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Tyson Fury

Tyson Luke Fury (born 12 August 1988) is a British professional boxer. In 2015, he won the unified WBA (Super), IBF, WBO, IBO, The Ring magazine, and lineal heavyweight titles by defeating long-reigning world champion Wladimir Klitschko in Germany. The victory earned him Fighter of the Year and Upset of the Year awards by The Ring. As of December 2019, Fury is ranked as the world's best active heavyweight by The Ring, second by the Transnational Boxing Rankings Board, and fourth by BoxRec. As an amateur, Fury represented both England and Ireland, as he was born in Manchester to an Irish Traveller family and traced his family lineage to relatives in Belfast and Galway.[2] He won the ABA super-heavyweight title in 2008 before turning professional later that year at 20 years of age. After winning the English heavyweight title twice, he became the British and Commonwealth champion in 2011 by defeating the 14–0 Dereck Chisora. He then won the Irish and WBO Inter-Continental titles, before defeating Chisora again

International Boxing Organization champions

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Irish Traveller sportspeople

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Arnold Leese

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Arnold Leese

Arnold Spencer Leese (1878 – 18 January 1956) was a British fascist politician. Leese was initially prominent as a veterinary expert on camels. A virulent anti-Semite, Leese led his own fascist movement and he was a prolific author and publisher of polemics both before and after the Second World War. Veterinary surgeon Leese was born in Lytham St Annes, Lancashire, England, and educated at Giggleswick School.[2][3] An only child, his childhood was characterised by loneliness.[4] Leese was a nephew of Sir Joseph Francis Leese, 1st Baronet.[5] After qualifying as a veterinary surgeon in 1903, he first worked in London then accepted a post in 1907 in India, where he became an expert on the camel.[6] He worked in India for six years before becoming Camel Specialist for the British East Africa Protectorate, present day Kenya.[7] He published articles on the camel and its maladies, the first appearing in The Journal of Tropical Veterinary Science in 1909. He was recognised as a leading authority on the camel.[4]

Antisemitism in the United Kingdom

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Royal Army Veterinary Corps officers

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Victor E. Marsden

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Victor E. Marsden

The Protocols of the Elders of Zion (1923), The Britons, Victor E. Marsden Victor Emile Marsden (8 June 1866 – 28 October 1920) was a journalist and translator, known for translating what became the most read English language version of The Protocols of the Elders of Zion.[1] According to Robert Singerman, the earliest known imprint of this translation was published in 1923, posthumously. Translated Protocols The first English language publication of this text was in London in 1920. However, prior to its publication, the conservative London daily newspaper Morning Post, in 1920, used the text as a basis of 17 or 18 (depending on which authority is cited) articles making antisemitic allegations that Jewish people controlled the engines of commerce, and were conspiring to take over the world. That same year, the Post published a book, entitled The Cause of World Unrest, which also purported to describe a Jewish conspiracy to achieve world domination. Marsden is generally credited with a translation of the P

Antisemitism in the United Kingdom

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Imperialism (Hobson)

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Imperialism (Hobson)

Imperialism: A Study (1902), by John A. Hobson, is a politico–economic discourse about the negative financial, economic, and moral aspects of imperialism as a nationalistic business enterprise. The Taproot of Imperialism Hobson states that what he called the "taproot of imperialism" is not in nationalist pride, but in capitalist oligarchy; and, as a form of economic organization, imperialism is unnecessary and immoral, the result of the mis-distribution of wealth in a capitalist society. He argues that the so-called dysfunction of the political economy created the socio-cultural desire to extend the national markets into foreign lands, in search of profits greater than those available in the Mother Country. In the capitalist economy, rich capitalists received a disproportionately higher income than did the working class. He argues that if the owners invested their incomes to their factories, the greatly increased productive capacity would exceed the growth in demand for the products and services of said fac

1902 non-fiction books

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Change UK

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Change UK

The Independent Group for Change, also known as Change UK,[1] was a centrist, pro-European Union political party, founded in February 2019 and dissolved ten months later, shortly after all its MPs lost their seats in the 2019 general election. Its principal policy was support for a second referendum on European Union membership, in which it would campaign to remain in the EU. On economic issues it expressed a commitment to the social market economy. It was led at its dissolution by the former Conservative Party MP Anna Soubry. In February 2019, seven MPs resigned from the Labour Party to sit as The Independent Group. They were dissatisfied by Labour's leftward political direction under Jeremy Corbyn's leadership, its approach to Brexit, and its handling of allegations of antisemitism within the party. They were soon joined by four more MPs, including three from the governing Conservative Party who disliked their party's approach to Brexit and its perceived move rightward. That April the group registered as a

Defunct political parties in the United Kingdom

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Ended in 2019 in the United Kingdom

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Edward VIII

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Edward VIII

Edward VIII, later Prince Edward, Duke of Windsor (Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David; 23 June 1894 – 28 May 1972), was King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Empire, and Emperor of India, from 20 January 1936 until his abdication on 11 December of that year. Edward was born during the reign of his great-grandmother Queen Victoria as the eldest child of the Duke and Duchess of York, later King George V and Queen Mary. He was created Prince of Wales on his sixteenth birthday, nine weeks after his father succeeded as king. As a young man, Edward served in the British Army during the First World War and undertook several overseas tours on behalf of his father. While Prince of Wales, he engaged in a series of affairs that worried his father and the British Prime Minister, Stanley Baldwin. Edward became king on his father's death. As king, he showed impatience with court protocol, and caused concern among politicians by his apparent disregard for established constitutional c

Grand Crosses of the Order of Aviz

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Knights of the Golden Fleece of Spain

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Monarchs of the Isle of Man

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Labour Against the Witchhunt

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Labour Against the Witchhunt

Labour Against the Witchhunt (LAW) is a group formed in late 2017 to campaign against what it regards as politically motivated allegations of antisemitism in the UK Labour Party,[1] which it calls a “witchhunt”. It also campaigns against what it regards as unfair disciplinary action taken by the Labour Party against its members, particularly in relation to such allegations of antisemitism.[2] The group supports individual members facing disciplinary action and has called for changes to the party's disciplinary procedures and code of conduct. LAW is led by former members of the party, and has campaigned through demonstrations, meetings and appeals to the Labour party leadership and members. It has attracted some criticism from MPs, the media and other organizations. Formation and purpose LAW was launched in late 2017 to challenge what they saw as unjustified suspensions and expulsions of Labour party members, particularly in relation to allegations of antisemitism.[2] They also call for disciplinary rules t

Anti-Zionism in the United Kingdom

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J. A. Hobson

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J. A. Hobson

John Atkinson Hobson (6 July 1858 – 1 April 1940) was an English economist and social scientist. Hobson is best known for his writing on imperialism, which influenced Vladimir Lenin, and his theory of underconsumption.[1] His principal and earliest contribution to economics was the theory of underconsumption, a scathing criticism of Say's law and classical economics' emphasis on thrift. However, this discredited Hobson among the professional economics community from which he was ultimately excluded. Other early work critiqued the classical theory of rent and anticipated the Neoclassical "marginal productivity" theory of distribution. After covering the Second Boer War as a correspondent for The Manchester Guardian, he condemned British actions and characterised it as acting under the influence of mine owners. In a series of books, he explored the associations between imperialism and international conflict and asserted that imperial expansion is driven by a search for new markets and investment opportunities

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Limerick boycott

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Limerick boycott

The Limerick boycott, also known as the Limerick pogrom,[1][2] was an economic boycott waged against the small Jewish community in Limerick, Ireland, for over two years in the first decade of the twentieth century. It was accompanied by assaults, stone throwing and intimidation, which caused many Jews to leave the city. It was instigated in 1904 by a Redemptorist priest, Father John Creagh. According to a report by the Royal Irish Constabulary, five Jewish families left Limerick "owing directly to the agitation" while another 26 families remained.[3] Background There were seven Jews living in Limerick City in 1790.[4] Census returns record one Jew in Limerick in 1861. This doubled by 1871 and doubled again by 1881. Increases to 35, 90 and 130 are shown for 1888, 1892, and 1896 respectively.[5] A small number of Lithuanian Jewish tradespeople, fleeing persecution in their homeland, began arriving in Limerick in 1878. They formed an accepted part of the city's retail trade, centred on Colooney St.[6] The comm

Antisemitism in the United Kingdom

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Antisemitic boycotts

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Seventy-Two Virgins

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Seventy-Two Virgins

Seventy-Two Virgins: A Comedy of Errors is a 2004 novel by politician, journalist and writer Boris Johnson.[1] At the time, Johnson was MP for Henley, shadow arts minister, and editor of The Spectator. Since then, he has been Mayor of London (2008–16) and Foreign Secretary (2016–18), and is currently UK Prime Minister (2019). This book makes Johnson the third novelist to be Prime Minister, the first two being Benjamin Disraeli (17 novels) and Winston Churchill (Savrola). Plot “To a man like Roger Barlow, the whole world just seemed to be a complicated joke … everything was always up for grabs, capable of dispute; and religion, laws, principle, custom – these were nothing but sticks from the wayside to support our faltering steps.” Seventy-Two Virgins: A Comedy of Errors The President of the United States plans to visit the Palace of Westminster. A Lebanese-born terrorist aims to assassinate him; Roger Barlow, a hapless, bicycle-riding, tousled-haired MP (obviously based on the author) aims to foil the

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Enid Riddell

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Enid Riddell

Enid Mary Riddell was a British socialite and racing driver during the 1930s and '40s. She was also a member of some far-right political groups in England and was imprisoned for violating the Official Secrets Act during World War II. Biography Early years Riddell was born in Marylebone, London, on 23 March 1903.[1] Middle years Described as a striking and poised young woman-about-town, Riddell pursued two interests; motor racing and fascism.[2][3] She was a member of the Nordic League, a far-right, pro-Nazi organisation that worked to coordinate similarly-minded groups in England.[4] Riddell was also a member of the Right Club (RC), a British fascist and antisemitic group established by Scottish Unionist Member of Parliament (MP) Archibald Maule Ramsay, often referred to as "Captain Ramsay". Riddell had been recruited into the RC by Anna Wolkoff, daughter of Admiral Nikolai Wolkoff (1870–1954), the last Imperial Russian naval attaché posted to London before the revolution.[5] Wolkoff held right-wing, an

People detained under Defence Regulation 18B

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Far-right politics in the United Kingdom

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British fascists

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Robert Hugh Benson

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Robert Hugh Benson

Robert Hugh Benson AFSC KC*SG KGCHS (18 November 1871 – 19 October 1914) was an English Anglican priest who in 1903 was received into the Roman Catholic Church in which he was ordained priest in 1904. He was a prolific writer of fiction and wrote the notable dystopian novel Lord of the World (1907). His output encompassed historical, horror and science fiction, contemporary fiction, children's stories, plays, apologetics, devotional works and articles. He continued his writing career at the same time as he progressed through the hierarchy to become a Chamberlain to Pope Pius X in 1911 and gain the title of Monsignor. Early life Benson was the youngest son of Edward White Benson (Archbishop of Canterbury) and his wife, Mary, and the younger brother of Edward Frederic Benson and Arthur Christopher Benson.[1] Benson was educated at Eton College and then studied classics and theology at Trinity College, Cambridge, from 1890 to 1893.[2] In 1895, Benson was ordained a priest in the Church of England by his fath

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